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Human Rights League: Ethiopia: How Many More Must Die Before there is an Intervention? November 6, 2016

Posted by OromianEconomist in #OromoProtests.
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Odaa Oromoooromianeconomistoromoprotests-image-from-financial-timesFascist TPLFAgazi forces shooting #Oromprotsters in Babbile town, East Hararge . 14 March 2016oromo-youth-murdered-by-fascist-ethiopias-agaziforces-in-arsi-kokosaa-dstrict-on-17-october-2016Oromo child murdered by Fascist TPLF Ethiopia forces in Jimma, Oromia on 16 May 2016 p2

 


Ethiopia: How Many More Must Die Before there is an Intervention?

HRLHA  Calls for  International Intervention to end Human Tragedy in Ethiopia


November 6, 2016

As is well known, the current state of volatility in Ethiopia  was sparked off  when the Killing squad “Agazi special force” started shooting directly at  the Oromo high school students  peacefully protesting in Ginchi town in Oromia on November 12, 2015.

The crisis that followed has been characterized by senseless killings, torture, abduction and unwarranted imprisonments in concentration camps of those who vehemently opposed the actions of the government force against peaceful protests by those demanding that the government of Ethiopia stop its injustices against the Oromo people and respect their fundamental rights.

This reckless action of TPLF/EPRDF against protestors reignited the grievances of injustice and inequality the Oromo population has faced for over two decades from minority Tigrian elites. In the next few days, the protest quickly spread all over the Oromia regional state. Since then, the protests have included Oromos from all walks of life. After nine months of protests  in Oromia Regional State, the Amhara Regional State joined the protest.  Meanwhile, the special force Agazi has continued killing indiscriminately the people of both regional states.

International and regional human rights organizations have continued to shed light on the killings, torture, detentions and abductions in Oromia and Amhar Regional States  while the world community has remained silent.

The massacre on October 2, 2016 at Irecha, an Oromo Thanksgiving festival  where over 1000 Oromos were massacred and thousands wounded- on the ground and from gunships in the air- has changed the situation dramatically. The peaceful protests have turned violent and several government owned properties have been destroyed and more killings and detentions have followed.

On October 8, 2016, the TPLF/EPRDF government declared a State of Emergency to cool down the situation. As the actions of the government show, the State of Emergency was introduced as a cover to continue the killings, torture and detain in concentration camps more Oromos and Ahmaras instead of cooling down the situation. After the State of Emergency was declared, thousands of Oromos  and Amharas have been killed and tens of thousands arrested.

The HRLHA  has received from its informants  a partial list of those picked up from different  showa zones (centeral Oromia) from October 8 – November 2, 2016 and held in Tolai Military camp .

The following are the numbers of abducted Oromo youths detained in Tolai Military Camp presently.

partial-lists-of-the-numbers-of-abducted-oromo-youths-detained-in-tolai-military-camp-october-8-november-2-2016

The following are the names of Oromos,  mostly youths  among the abducted and their whereabouts are unknown

few-of-the-names-of-oromos-mostly-youths-among-the-thousands-abducted-and-theire-whereabouts-are-unknown-october-8-november-2-2016

The 2003/2004 Genocide against Darfur in Sudan is a striking lesson; the people there were killed indiscriminately and, more sadly, the perpetrators would go unpunished until it culminated in a full genocide. What is happening in Oromia and Ahmara  regional states today resembles more or less what happened at the embryonic stage of the Darfur genocide in Sudan.

Even the AU, whose headquarters is in the center of Oromia/Addis Ababa, gave late voice after thousands of Oromo children, seniors, men and women had been massacred by the TPLF/EPRDF killing squads.

The donor governments such as USA, UK, Canada and government agencies (African Commission  on Human and Peoples’ Rights, EU Human Rights Commission and  UN human rights council) have expressed  their concerns without taking  any concrete actions. Such inaction doesn’t reflect the AU’s  and the UN’s obligation under their own Constitutive Act, which provides for intervention inside a member state against genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes.

This is a cosmopolitan ideal of protecting people inside states against mass atrocities as a matter of common obligation. The Responsibility to Protect (R2P), coined in 2001 under the leadership of the Canadian government and adopted by 150 heads of states and governments in 2005, obliged the international community to intervene to stop atrocities.

As a matter of principle, a state shoulders the primary responsibility to prevent and protect its own citizens against horrific acts, but if it is unable or unwilling to prevent and protect its population from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity, the responsibility is thus shifted to the international community.  It states, “ when a state is unable or unwilling to protect its population from genocide, war crimes, crime against humanity and ethnic cleansing, the international community has the responsibility to intervene”.

The UN Charter’s first and most essential aim is to “maintain international peace and security”. However, when the UN was first created, it was an enormous undertaking based on hope.

The most immediate motivation for the creation of the UN was to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war, just the kind of war in which Allied powers were then embroiled, and to reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights which were being so fragrantly and brutally violated by the Axis powers.

Today, one critical question on everyone’s lips is whether the United Nations is living up to its mandate, more particularly, of maintaining international peace and security. Amid ongoing human rights crises in Ethiopia it is hard to figure out what exactly the UN & AU have done to uphold their responsibilities. Nevertheless, it is not too late to act today.  

For the Ethiopian human rights crisis, two ways can be helpful in restoring peace and stability. In this, the international communities and agencies (AU, EU & UN) can play a decisive role:

  • Major donor governments, including USA, UK & Canada, should stop funding the authoritarian TPLF/EPRDF government
  • Put pressure on the TPLF/EPRDF government to allow neutral investigators to probe into the human rights crisis in the country as the precursor to international community intervention

Therefore, the HRLHA again calls upon the international community to act collectively in a timely and decisive manner – through the UN Security Council and in accordance with the UN charter on a case-by – case basis to stop the human tragedy in thiopian.

Copied To:

  • International Committee of the Red Cross
    19 Avenue de la paix
    1202 Geneva
    Switzerland
    Tel: +41 22 734 60 01
    Fax: +41 22 733 20 57
  • UN Security Council
    Office of the Ombudsperson
    Room DC2 2206
    United Nations
    New York, NY 10017
    United States of America
    Tel: +1 212 963 2671
    E-mail: ombudsperson@un.org
  • UN Human Rights Council
    OHCHR address:
    Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)
    Palais Wilson
    52 rue des Pâquis
    CH-1201 Geneva, Switzerland.
  • Africa Union (AU)
    African Union Headquarters
    P.O. Box 3243
    Roosevelt Street (Old Airport Area) | W21K19
    Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Tel: (251) 11 551 77 00 | Fax: (251) 11 551 78 44
    Webmaster: webmaster@africa-union.org
  • African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights
    31 Bijilo Annex Layout, Kombo North District
    Western Region,
    P.O. Box 673 Banjul, The Gambia
    Tel: (220) 441 0505, 441 0506
    E-mail: au-banjul@africa-union.org
  • The US Department of State Secretarate Secretary
    His Excellency Mr. John Kerry
    WASHINGTON, D.C. HEADQUARTERS
    (202) 895-3500
    OFMInfo@state.gov
    Office of Foreign Missions
    2201 C Street NW
    Room 2236
    Washington, D.C. 20520Customer Service Center
    3507 International Place NW
    Washington, D.C. 20522-3303
  • UK Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
    The Rt Hon Philip Hammond MP
    Parliamentary
    House of Commons, London, SW1A 0AA
    Tel: 020 7219 4055
    Fax: 020 7219 5851
    Email: hammondp@parliament.ukDepartmental
    Street,
    London, SW1A 2AH
    Tel: 020 7008 1500
    Email: fcocorrespondence@fco.gov.uk
  • Minister of Foreign Affairs (Canada)
    His Excellency Stéphane Dion
    Write to:
    Enquiries Service (BCI)
    Global Affairs Canada
    125 Sussex Drive
    Ottawa, ON
    K1A 0G2
    Email: Enquiry Service – On line form
    Canada
  • Minister for Foreign Affairs (Sweden)
    Her Excellency Margot Wallström
    Switchboard: +46 8 405 10 00
    Street address: Rosenbad 4
    Postal address: SE 103 33 Stockholm
  • Minister of Foreign Affairs (Normway)
    His Excellency BørgeBrende
    Ministry of Foreign Affairs
    E-mail: post@mfa.no
    Phone: + 47 23 95 00 00
    Address: 7. juniplassen 1, N-0032 Oslo
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