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Oromia: #OromoProtests: Gabaasa Fincila Xumura Garbummaa (FXG) Oromiyaa 2016 ( July) July 31, 2016

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Odaa OromooOromianEconomistOMN on NILESATOromo Protests defend Oromo National Interest

#OromoPRotests tweet and share#OromoProtests against the Ethiopian regime fascist tyranny. Join the peaceful movement for justice, democracy, development and freedom of Oromo and other oppressed people in EthiopiaOromo Students protest @ Mandii, Western Oromia 25th November 2015Oromo Students protest @ Ambo, Oromia 25th November 2015 picture1Gaaffiiwwan yeroo ammaa


 

Gincii, Amboo, Jalduu, Gudar, Giddaa Ayyaanaa, Mandii, Najjoo, Laaloo Assaabii, Jaarsoo, Gullisoo, Bojjii, Gujii, Dambi Doolloo, Gimbii, Naqamtee, Buraayyuu, sabbataa, Dirree Incinnii, Adaamaa, Harammayyaa, Mattuu, Baale (Robee), Madda Walabu, Walliisoo, Tulluu Boolloo, Sulultaa (Caancoo), Horroo Guduruu, Buuraayyuu, Dirree Dhawaa, Calanqoo, Ada’aa Bargaa, Baddannoo, Holootaa, Shaashee, Awaday (E. Harargee), Hara Qallo (Goro Dola, Gujii), Gaasaraa (Baalee), Bulee Hora, Jimmaa, Arjo, Heebantuu, Giddaa Ayyaanaa ,Kiiramuu, Ciroo, Dodolaa, Anfilloo (Mugii), Walqixxee, Diillaa, Bishooftuu, Finfinnee,  Yuniversiitii Finfinnee, Geedoo, Asallaa,  Shaambuu, Agaarfaa, Sibuu Siree, Kotobee, Wacaalee, Saalaalee, Machaaraa, Ammayyaa, Tokkee  Kuttaayee, Innaangoo, Baabbichaa, Laaloo Qilee, Hiddii Lolaa, .Mugii, Arsi Nagallee, Baabbichaa, Shukutee, Baakkoo,  Baakkoo, Jalduu, Gindoo, Buun’dho Beddellee, Grawwaa, Gaara Mul’ataa, Qarsaa, Qobboo (Dardar, Eastern Oromia), Sinaanaa (Baalee), Jimmaa Arjoo, Bojjii, Kombolcha,  Aggaaroo,Tajji (Iluu), Qilxuu Kaarraa, Baabboo Gambel, Daawoo,Tulu Milki (Warra Jarso), Hirnaa, Xuulloo,  Masalaa, Galamso, Bordode, Mi’esso, Waheel, Diggaa, Arjoo Guddattuu, Guraawa, waamaa Adaree, Shabee Somboo, Limmuu Saqaa, Amuruu (Agamsa), Daroo Labuu (Gaadulloo), Yaabelloo, Aliboo (Jaartee Jardagoo), Saasigga, Magaalaa Dafinoo, Dhumugaa, Daroo Labuu (Buraysaa) Begii (Kobor), Mardida Halo Guba (Daroo Labuu), Qassoo, Bonayyaa Boshee, Baalee  (Dalloo Mannaa), Jimmaa Raaree (Magaalaa Gobaan), Nophaa (Iluu), Bordoddee, Togowacaalee, Dooguu, Metekel, Asaasaa, Waabee, Heeraroo, Doguu, Quufanziq (Dadar), Boku Luboma (Miyo, Borana), Eddoo, Dirree (Ada’aa)  ……………



 

Gabaasa FDG Oromiyaa Sadaasa (November) 12, 13,  25,  26, 27, 28, 30, Muddee (December) 1, 2, 3, 4,5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13,14, 15, 16, 17/18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25,  26, 27,28, 29,30, 31….    2015

Amajii (January) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13,14, 15, 16, 17,18,19, 20,21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29,30, 31……2016

Guraandhala (February) 1,  2, 3,4, 5, 6, 7, 8,9, 10,11,12,13, 14, 15, 16, 17,18,19, 20, 21,22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28,29………… 2016

 

Bitootessa (March) 1, 2, 3,4, 5,6,7,8,9, 10, 11,12, 13,14,15, 16,17, 18, 19,20,  21,  22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 2,28, 29, 30, 31 …………2016

Ebla (April) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5,6, 7,8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17,18, 19,20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30……… 2016

Caamsaa (May) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12,13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19,20, 21,22, 23, 24, 25, 26,27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 2016

 

Waxabajjii (June) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10,11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30 …………………………….2016

Adoolessa (July) 1, 2, 3,4, 5, 6, 7,8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31……..2016


 

 #OromoProtests: International Community Alarmed as Ethiopia Crisis Worsens

#OromoProtests. International Community Alarmed as Ethiopia Crisis WorsensEthiopia's scores in freedom in the world 2016, freedom House World Report, January 2016.

Ethiopian regime guilty of crime against humanity

Click here for #OromoProtests Updates, 1st June – 30 June 2016 PDF

Click here for #OromoProtests updates, 1st – 31st May 2016

Click here for #OromoProtests updates, 1st – 30 April 2016

Click here for #OromoProtests updates, 1st – 31st March, 2016

Click here for #OromoProtests updates, November 2015- February 29, 2016



The Tigran fascism: Its State repression, violence and genocide in Oromia

https://oromianeconomist.com/2016/07/29/the-tigran-fascism-its-state-repression-violence-and-genocide-in-oromia/


OSA’s letter to Secretary of State John Kerry. #Oromoprotests

https://oromianeconomist.com/2016/07/29/osas-letter-to-secretary-of-state-john-kerry-oromoprotests/


Human Rights: Oromia: Dispatches: Ethiopia’s Opposition Leaders on Hunger Strike. #OromoProtests

https://oromianeconomist.com/2016/07/29/human-rights-oromia-dispatches-ethiopias-opposition-leaders-on-hunger-strike-oromoprotests/


Freedom House: Ethiopia: Attack on Civil Society Escalates as Dissent Spreads. #OromoProtests

https://oromianeconomist.wordpress.com/2016/07/22/freedom-house-ethiopia-attack-on-civil-society-escalates-as-dissent-spreads-oromoprotests/


Global Voices: Ethiopia Locks Down Digital Communications in Wake of #OromoProtests

https://oromianeconomist.wordpress.com/2016/07/15/global-voices-ethiopia-locks-down-digital-communications-in-wake-of-oromoprotests/


S.Res.432 – A resolution supporting respect for human rights and encouraging inclusive governance in Ethiopia.

Committee on Foreign Relations. Ordered to be reported without amendment favorably.

Wixineen Labsii 432 dhiittaa mirga namoomaa Itoophiyaa murtee itti aanuuf dabre.

https://www.congress.gov/bill/114th-congress/senate-resolution/432/text

https://www.congress.gov/bill/114th-congress/senate-resolution/432/all-actions?overview=closed#tabshttps://www.congress.gov/bill/114th-congress/senate-resolution/432/all-actions?overview=closed#tabs

foreign relation commite voted unanimously in support of S. RES. 432


Al Jazeera Stream: Protests and state violence: Felix Horne, HRW, and President Jimmy Carter speak on #OromoProtests

https://oromianeconomist.wordpress.com/2016/06/23/al-jazeera-stream-protests-and-state-violence-felix-horne-hrw-and-president-jimmy-carter-speak-on-oromoprotests/

 


HRW: Ethiopia: Protest Crackdown Killed Hundreds. #OromoProtests

https://oromianeconomist.wordpress.com/2016/06/16/hrw-ethiopia-protest-crackdown-killed-hundreds-oromoprotests/

 


IBTimes: There is a violent repression in Ethiopia – so why is the UK government silent about it? #OromoProtests

https://oromianeconomist.wordpress.com/2016/06/16/ibtimes-there-is-a-violent-repression-in-ethiopia-so-why-is-the-uk-government-silent-about-it-oromoprotests/


ALJAZEERA: The ‘Ethiopia rising’ narrative and the #OromoProtests

https://oromianeconomist.wordpress.com/2016/06/20/aljazeera-the-ethiopia-rising-narrative-and-the-oromoprotests/

 


HRW: Scale of crackdown on Ethiopia’s Oromo ‘unprecedented’

http://www.dw.com/en/hrw-scale-of-crackdown-on-ethiopias-oromo-unprecedented/a-19335562

 

Global community solidarity with #OromoProtests, New Zealand police officers, 6 July 2016

 

 

Global solidarity for #OromoProtests, New Zealand, 6 July 2016

The Oromo Studies Association at its annual conference at Howard University stands with #OromoProtests. #OSA30, 30/31 July 2016

The Oromo Studies Association at its annual conference at Howard University stands with #OromoProtests. #OSA30, 30 July 2016


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0rC0rLb9zV8&feature=share

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XjwfJZbqhaI


Awaday people massacre 31 July 2016.

IYYAA IYYA DABARSAA QOMOO KEENYA AWADAYIIF HAA BIRMANNUUFI.

#OromoProtests, Awaday, IYYAA IYYA DABARSAA. 31 July 2016#OromoProtests, Awaday, Oromia 31 July 2016. Fascist Ethiopia's regime forces killed 6 people and injured 26. p1#OromoProtests, Awaday, Oromia 31 July 2016. Fascist Ethiopia's regime forces killed 6 people and injured 26.

 

 

 
Dargaggoon Muaz Abdulhamid kan guyyaa harraa magaala Awadayitti rasaasa diinaatiin wareegame kana.

Oromo youth Muaz Abdulhamid, killed by fascist Ethiopia’s regime in Awaday, 31 July 2016.Oromo youth Muaz Abdulhamid, killed by fascist Ethiopia's regime in Awaday, 31 July 2016.


 

 

#OromoProtests 31 July  2016: The city of Awaday in East Hararge, Oromia has erupted in renewed protest. The main road from Addis Ababa to Hararr and Jigjiga is closed.


FXG Hadoolessa 30 bara 2016: Awwadaay keessatti hiriirri mormii haarayani dhoohee jira. Daandiin kara Harariifi Jigjigaa demu cufameera.

#OromoProtests in Awaday, Oromia, 31 July 2016#OromoProtests, Awaday, Oromia 31 July 2016#OromoProtests, Awaday, Oromia 31 July 2016 p1
Ummaatafi qeerroon awaadaay maneen basaastotaa wayyannee haala kanaan barbaadeessanii jiru.
#OromoProtests, Awaday, Oromia 31 July 2016 Ummaatafi qeerroon awaadaay maneen basaastotaa wayyannee haala kanaan barbaadeessaa jiru.

#Oromoprotests 31 July 2016: TPLF  Fascist Ethiopia’s regime forces are roaming in Watar town in Harargee, curfews have been imposed.

Magaalaa Watar g/Harargee bahaa waraana wayaaneetiin dorsifamaa jirtii…karaara deemuun dhaweemee jira.


#OromoProtets Adoolessa (July) 30, 2016: Breaking news: Manni basaastootaa ummataan hoggaa gubatu.

 

 Farmers in Gurawa district, East Hararge burbed down a house owned by a militia who killed two people two days go.

Dhiyoo kana Harargee Bahaa Aanaa Gurawaa magaalaa Dogutti ergamtoonni Wayyaanee dhukaasa banuun ilmaan Oromoo 5 madeessani lama ajjeesuun ni yaadatama. Kaleessaa galgala dargaggoonnifi ummanni Araddaa Dursituu mana milishaa Bishrii Mohammed Qallii jedhamu kan joollee san gaafas rasaasaan dhahee gubuudhaan tumaalessa re’ee 4 jalaa qalatanii jiran.

 https://youtu.be/64FC80rfqQ0

 

#OromoProtests July 30, 2016: intense protest underway in two towns of West Arsi, Edo Waqantera and Xiyo. People have kicked out the military from the town. Witnesses saw more reinfrocement arriving and regrouping outside the town. Three people have been shot and wounded so far.



Arsii Lixaa magaalota lama, jechuunis Edo Waqanxeeraffi Xiyyoo keessatti mormiin cimaan geggeeffamaa jir. Ummanni loltoota mootummaa magaalaa ari’ee ture. Ammaa humna dabalataatin deebi’anii too’achuuf yaalaa jiran.

#OromoProtests inin two towns of West Arsi, Edo Waqantera and Xiyo, Oromia, 30 July 2016.#OromoProtests inin two towns of West Arsi, Edo Waqantera and Xiyo, Oromia, 30 July 2016. p1

 #Oromoprotets july 30/31, 2016: In the mean time protesters in Tijo-Waqantera town in Gadab Asasa district, West Arsi destroyed every fascist (TPLF) Ethiopia’s regime local they could find. They also burned down homes of government officials including that of Dawano Kadir, State Minister for Foreign Affairs.

 

 

 

#OromoProtests in Tijo-Waqantera town in Gadab Asasa district, West Arsi destroyed every fascist Ethiopia's regime local office they could find. 30 July 2016. p1#OromoProtests in Tijo-Waqantera town in Gadab Asasa district, West Arsi (Oromia) destroyed every fascist Ethiopia's regime local office they could find. 30 July 2016. p2#OromoProtests in Tijo-Waqantera town in Gadab Asasa district, West Arsi (Oromia) destroyed every fascist Ethiopia's regime local office they could find. 30 July 2016. p3

 

 

#OromoProtests 30 July 2016, Jamal Kadirwas wounded in Tijo-Waqantera town yesterday. One Agazi soldier was reportedly killed and another was injured.

#OromoProtests, Jamal Kadir was wounded in Tijo-Waqantera town 31 July 2016

 


#AmharaProtests in Gondar in solidarity with #OromoProtests, 31 July 2016

 

#AmharaProtests in Gondar in solidarity with #OromoProtests, 31 July 2016


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=64FC80rfqQ0&feature=share

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0j_A08XDr94


#OromoProtests  Adoolessa (Jul) 30, 2016:

Ummata nagaayaa irrati nannoo Baha Oromia magaalaa Harar keeysaati Bombii wayyaaneen darbamteen Oromooni 3 ol madeeyfaman.

 

 

Godina Wallaggaa Aanaa Jaarsoo Keessatti FXG Bifa Qindaayeen Deemsifamaa Oole

FXGGuyyaaa 30/07 /2016 G/W/Lixaa Aanaa Jjaarsoottii galgalaa keessa sa’a 2;30 irraa egallee Qeerroo Magaalaattiin FXG hangaa sa’aa amma kanattii geeggeeffamaa jira gutumaan magaalaa Jaarsoo dirree warrannaa ta’ee jira Qeerroon magaalaa Jaarsoos humnaa warrannaa Wayyannee irraattii tarkanfii fudhate jira… Abbaan biyyaa ABO , hoo balaa shunkurttii Wayyaneen lafaa gurgurttii jechuun sirbaa mormii jabaa ummannii jiru….dhukkasiis akkaa rooba gadii namaa namaa jira namonnii hedduun midhamanii jiru garuu addaa basuun hin dandamee.

 

Duulli Hammeenyaa Ummata Oromoo Irratti Jabeeffamaa Jiru, Xumurri Sirna Bittaa Alagaa Dhiyaachuu Mirkaneessa!

Ibsa Adda Bilisummaa Oromooasxaa_oromoQabsoon Ummanni Oromoo mirga abbaa biyyummaa, Bilisummaa fi Walabummaa isaatiif gaggeessaa jiru gulantaa murteessaa irra gahuu, haalli Oromiyaa keessaa sirriitti agarsiisa. Sochiin warraaqsaa ummanni Oromoo gaggeessaa jiru gootummaa, bilchina jaarmayaa fi tooftaan akkasumas Impaayerattii keessattis tahe naannawa Gaanfa Afrikaatti fakkeenya murteessaa tahuu ummata Oromoo dirreetti baasee agarsiiseera. Keessumaa dhaloonni haaraan Gabrummaan Nu irratti Xumura Argachuu Qaba jechuun gootummaa fi murannoon bilisummaa Oromoo mirkaneessuuf muxannoo qabsoo fi jaarmayaa hunda sochoosaa agarsiisaa jiran lammiif abdii, mootummaa gabroomfataaf ammoo naasuu akka malee itti ta’e.Wayta ammaa kana goleen Oromiyaa fincilaa fi mormii hin keessummeessine hin jiru jechuun ni danda’ama. Magaalotaa fi baadiyyaalee Oromiyaa keessaa sagalee fedhii bilisummaa fi mormii gabrummaatu dhaga’ama. Alaabaa ABO waggoottan kudhanoota dabran goototni kumaatamni hedduun irratti wareegamanii asiin gahan tan faajjii bilisummaa taate qabatanii hiriira bahuu fi bakkoota addaa addaatti fannisanii balaliisuun, alaabaa Impaayerattii mallattoo gabrummaa taate irra ol kaasanii aduun gabroomsaa dhihuu, bilisummaan Oromoo dhiyaatuu labsaa jiru. Walumaagalatti warraaqsa gabrummaatti xumura gochuu akeekkatetu wareegama ilmaan oromoo qaqqaaliidhaan guutuu Oromiyaatti gaggeeffamaa jira.Ibsa ABO Adoolessa 29 2016

#OromoProtests Adoolessa (July) 30,  2016: Fincila Xumura Garbummaa
Waamaa Hagaloo Bakkee Jila Gadaa Odaa Qumbii/Naannoo Bakkee Jabbiitti itti fufe


Odeessi Qeerroo Wallaggaa Bahaa Aanaa Waamaa Hagaloo #‎Qassoo akka eeretti giddu gala magaalaa Moxee fi Qassootti naannoo Jila bakkee Gadaa argamu bakkejabbii bakka jedhamutti fincilli itti fufee oole jedha Odeessi bakkichaa!



Fincilli kun qophii cidhaa irratti gara fincilatti kan fufameefi mootummaan wayyaanee torbee lammaffaaf humna waraanaan magaalaa Qassoo eegaa akka jiruufi hawaasi Naannichaa magaalaa Moxee tti guuramee hidhaa akka jiru gabaasuun keenya ni yaadatama!


ODUU

OMN: Oduu Ado. 30, 2016

 https://www.oromiamedia.org/2016/07/31/omn-oduu-ado-30-2016/



#OromoProtests Adoolessa (July) 30,  2016: Guyyaa Hardhaa Godina Arsii Lixaa Aanaa Gadab Hasaasaa magaalaa Xijoo Waqanxeeraa keessatti Hawaasinii mormii cimaa kan geggeeysaniif Agaazi Tokko kan ajeeysaniif Tokko ammoo ilkaan issaa keeysa jigsaniiru .

Mormii Cimmaa guyyaa hardhaa gegeeyfame kanaan Loltoota Mootummaa hedduu qeeron kan madeeysitef tarkaanfii kan fudhate yommu tahu , Waajiroota sadii ibidaan guban kan barbadeeysaniif akkasummas Maneen jireenya Basaastota Woyaanme Sadii gubuun issaan bekkameerra .

Mormii Guyyaa hardhaa gubbat Qeeron tokko seenaa hooji Dinqisiisaa dalageera inis Poolisoota Woyaane irraa meesha woraana Sadii Eegi booji’e booda Jilba issa gubbaa Rasaasan dhawameera .

Waajiraalen Mootummaa Tarkaanfin gubbat fudhatamee keeysaa Waajjiraa bulchiinsa magalaa kanii balbala shan qabu ,waajira bulchiinsa gandaa,Buusaa gonofaa,Mana yalaa kan obboo Shifarraa kan gurraa wayyanee tahuun hawaasa roorisa ture fi mana Obboo Isheetu akkasummas mana jireenya Taffasaa kan gurraa dinaa ta’e ibiddaan gubanii jiru.

Mormii Guyyaa hardhaa gubbat qaamon akka Dargageeyin rasaasan rukutaman taasisaa turan
1. Obbo Hajjoo Arrii
bulchiinsa magalaa kan ta’ee
2. Obboo Jamaal Kendhaa
Hojjataa b/m kan ta’ee Ijoolee harka duwwaa kan
kitaaba qabatanii deeman 3 rasaasan akka rukkuchiisan bekkameerra .

Dargagoota Guyyaa hardhaa Rasaasan rukutaman muraasa keeysaa

1. Dargaggoo kaddii Abdaalaa Oogatoo
2. Muktar Abdaalaa Oogatoo
3.Dawud Abdaalaas rukutamee akka jiruu maddeen gabasaniiru .

Qabsoon keenya Hamma Diree Injifanoot itti fufaa!!!


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cjqWM8l7dto&feature=share


ODUU

OMN: Oduu Ado. 29, 2016

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2016/07/30/omn-oduu-ado-29-2016/

#OromoProtests 29 July 2016, Eddoo, Oromia.


https://www.facebook.com/kamal.gishee/videos/1782950011949125/?pnref=story


 #OromoProtests in Adda’aa, Dirree town, East Shawa, Oromia, 29 July 2016.

#OromoProtests has errupted in  Dirree, Eastern Shawa Zone, Oromia).TPLF’s  detention center  in Dirre town  was set ablaze over the night. 

FXG Addoolessa 29 bara 2016: Mormiin cimaan magalaa Adda’aa, Dirree Godinaa Shawaa Bahaa Kibbaa Bushoftutti argamatuutti.Eda halkan manni hidhaa dargagoota naannoo kana walitti qaban hidhuuf yeroof qophayee ibiddaan gubatee jira.

 

#OromoProtests in Adda'aa, Dirree town, East Shawa, Oromia, 29 July 2016.


#OromoProtests: Fascist Ethiopia’s regime forces breaking into residence cruely attacked Saalih Ahmad, Oromo youth in Gadab, Asaasaa, Arsi, Oromia on 29 July 2016.

Suuraan Asii Gadiiti Agartaan kun Mormii Arsii lixaa gadab Asaasaaitti godhame irratti Agaaziin mana cabsanii itti seenanii sadafiin dhayanii ija balleessani Maqaan isaa Saalih Ahmad jedhama.

 

#OromoProtests, fascist Ethiopia's regime forces breaking into residence cruely attacked Saalih Ahmad, Oromo youth in Gadab, Asaasaa, Arsi, Oromia on 29 July 2016

 Genocidal crimes of Ethiopia’s regime. Fascist TPLF is killing Oromo men, women and children.

#OromoProtests Adoolessa (July), 28, 2016: Daa’imti tun arsii lixaa magaalaa nageellee sigaaliitti abbaa isii tumaa odoo jiran argitee fiigdee daandii irratti konkolaataan rukutamte.

Genocidal crimes of Ethiopia's regime. Fascist TPLF is killing Oromo Children


#OromoProtests Adoolessa (July) 29, 2016 in Haramaayaa, Hararghe, Oromia:

“Ammaan kana Konkolaataan Salaam bus kan gara Harargee deemaa ture Tarkaanfii magaalaa Haramaayaa keessatti irratti fudhatameen osoo Harar hin ga’in magaalaa awwadaay waajjira poolisii jalatti uummata harcaasee uummanni konkolaataa birootiin akka deeman taasifamaa jira.Foddaan isaa caccabee jira haala hin taaneen harkaa ba’ee waajjira poolisii jalaa seene.”

#OromoProtests,Haramayyaa, Hararghe, Oromia, 29 July 2016.#OromoProtests,Haramayyaa, Hararghe, Oromia, 29 July 2016. p2

 

 

 

 

#OromoProtests in Lajjee town: Guyyaa har’aa Adoolessa (July) 29, 2016 Godina Arsii Lixaa Aanaa Adaabbaa Magaalaa Lajjee keessatti alaabaan Adda Bilisummaa Oromoo ABO haala kanaan mirmirfamaa jirti.

#OromoProtests, Lajjee town, Adaabbaa, Arsi, Oromia, 29 July 2016


Ethiopia’s regime TPLF (Tigray) ethnic apartheid soldiers attacking Oromo civilians in Holeta, Oromia, 29 July 2016. #OromoProtests.

Magaalaan Holataa guyyaa ar’aa bifa kanaan mooraa waraanaa guddoo fakkaattee bariitee, haaluma kanaaniis oolte.

Ethiopia, a country where has ruled by ethnic-apartheid soldiers. But it is taken as democratic country by Western for their interests around East Africa. We Ethiopians know our country more than what Obama is telling us.
Itoophiyaan, biyya loltoonni saba tokkoo saboota biraa cunqursuun bulaa jiruudha. Garuu Itoophiyaan tun, biyyoota Lixaa biratti fedhii faranjoonni Baha Afrikaa irraa qabaniif jecha biyya dimookiraasiin keessatti guddatee jiruufi biyya guddataa jirtu fakkeessaneeran. Nuuti biyya teenna faranjii caalaa beekna.
ኢትዮጵያ፣ የአንድ ብሄር ወታደሮች ሌሎችን እየጨቆኑና እየረገጡ በወታደር የሚትተዳደር ሀገር ናት። ፈረንጆቹ በምስራቅ አፍርካ አከባብ ላላቸው ልዩ ጥቅም ሲባል ይህች ኢትዮጵያ ዲሞክራሲ የሰፈነባትና ያደገች አስመሰሉት እንጂ እኛ ፈረንጅ ከምነግረን በላይ ሀገራችንን እናዉቃታለን! Comments from social media

Ethiopia's regime TPLF (Tigray) ethnic apartheid soldiers attacking Oromo civilians in Holeta, Oromia, 29 July 2016


As the regime fears renewed protest across Oromia, more reinforcement of Ethiopia’s regime fascist ( Agazi) soldiers arrived in Begi, West Walaga, Oromia, 29 July 2016.

More reinforcement of Ethiopia's regime fascist ( Agazi) soldiers arrived in Begi, West Walaga, Oromia, 29 July 2016

More reinforcement of Ethiopia's regime fascist ( Agazi) soldiers arrived in Begi, West Walaga, Oromia, 29 July 2016. p2


https://youtu.be/hOl6-_LSJkM

 https://www.oromiamedia.org/2016/07/29/omn-oduu-ado-28-2016/

 https://youtu.be/afZ37ast2WU

You might recall the report about incarceration of Dekeba Wario, a renown elder from Shashemene. Today they arrested his daughter, Bontu. 28 July 2016.



Baatii lama dura manguddoo beekkamaa Dhaqqaboo Waariyoo naannoo Shaashamanneetii qabanii maa’ikalaawitti hiraarsaa akka jiran gabaafamuun ni yaadatama. Guyyaa har’aa ammoo intala isaa Boontu qabanii hidhan. Jawar Mohammed

Oromo elder Dekeba WarioBontuu Dekeba Wario



#OromoProtests adoolessa (July) 28, 2016: Qeerroon Harargee akkas jecha turan.
Harargeen bilisa baatee
Wayyaaneen diina dhamatee
Oromoon bilisa baatee
Wayyaannee diinii dhaamatee
Jechaa zoonni gooroo re’ee, araddoota shan irraa waalitti
dhufaani dhaddannoo dhageessiisa turani jiran bifa video kanaa:

https://www.facebook.com/plugins/video.php?href=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.facebook.com%2FSirkanan.Ahmed%2Fvideos%2F1409938012366011%2F&show_text=1&width=560

#OromoProtests Adoolessaa (July) 28, 2016: Sirna awwaalachaa Ibsaa Adam kan Harargee Bahaa, aanaa Gurawaa magaalaa Doguu keessatti ajjeefame bifa kannaan Alaaba ABO/Alaaba oromoo dhabbatani gootummaa isaani wayyannee garsiisaa goota Ibsaa Adem Awwaalachaa jiran. Rabbiin jannaata siif haa kannuu!

#OromoProtests 26 July 2016, sirna awwalcha Ibsaa Adam in Gurawa, Oromia.


‪#‎OromoProtests‬ 28 July 2016:Road from Asasa to Boqoji is closed at Negelle Sigalo town, Gadab Asasa District, West Arsi.


Karaan Asaasaa irra gama Boqojjii magaalaa Nageellee Sigaaloo keessatti haala kanaan cufamee.

#OromoProtests 28, July 2016, Road from Asasa to Boqoji is closed at Negelle Sigalo town, Gadab Asasa District, Arsi, Oromia
#OromoProtests 28, July 2016, Road from Asasa to Boqoji is closed at Negelle Sigalo town, Gadab Asasa District, Arsi, Oromia. p2#OromoProtests 28, July 2016, Road from Asasa to Boqoji is closed at Negelle Sigalo town, Gadab Asasa District, Arsi, Oromia. p3


#OromoProtests 28 July 2016 in Adami Tulu-Jido Kombolcha, East Shawa, Oromia.

#OromoProtests 28 July 2016 in Adami Tulu-Jido Kombolcha, East Shawa, Oromia.


Godina Lixa Shaggar Aanaan Baakkoo Tibbee Humna Waraana Agaazii fi Kora Bittinneessaan Sakkatta’insii Guddaan Irratti Gaggeeffamaa jira .

Adoolessa 27/2016 Godina Lixa Shaggaar  Sodaa Guddaa Sochii Warraaqsaa Biyyoolessaa Oromiyaa FXG irraa kan Ka’een Aanaan Baakkoo Tibbee Humna Waraana Agaazii fi Kora Bittinneessaan Sakkatta’insii Guddaan Irratti Gaggeeffamaa jira .

Sochiin warraaqsaa Biyyoolessaa Oromiyaa baatii 8f itti fufinsaan adeemaa jiru; Godinaalee Oromiyaa Hedduu keessatti akkuma itti fufeen gara baatii 9ffaatti tarkaanfachaa wayita jiru kanatti Biyyattiin Caalmatti raafama guddaa keessa galtee jiraachuun beekame  Aanaan Baakkoo Tibbee Wallaggaa Bahaa Horroo Guduruu Wallaggaa fi Lixa Shaggar Iluu galaanii fi Calliyaa Daangessitee  kan Argamtuu Daandii Guddaa Gara Wallagga Bahaa Naqamtetti geessuu fi Daandii guddaa Gara Horroo Guduruu Shaambuutti geessuu irratti kan argamtuu guyyaa kaleessa human waraanaa guddaan weeraramtee sakkatta’insii guddaan Magaalaa Bakkoo daandii bakkoo fi iluu galaan Gidduu fi Daandii Gara Horroo Guduruutti geessuu irratti gaggeeffama kan olee guyyaa ha’aas ittuma fufee jira. Humni waraana Wayyaanees gara Aanota Lixa Shaggar  Iluu Galaan Ijaajjii, Calliyaa Geedoo, Midaa Qanyii Baallammii, Daannoo fi Godina wallaggaa Bahaa fi Godina Horroo guduruu Wallaggaa Shambuu, Haratoo, Amuruu, Jaartee, Guduruu, Fincaa’aa fi Habaaboo Guduruu  dabalataan qubsiifamaa jiraachuu madden keenya Godinaalee dhihaa Oromiyaa garaagaraa irraa gabaasaan.
Akka guutummaa Godina Lixa Shaggarii fi Gidduu Galeessa Oromiyaa , fi Godinaalee Oromiyaa Bahaa Arsii Lixaa fi Harargee Bahaa fi Lixaa,
Godina Booraanaa , Gujii fi Baaleetti  jabaachuu Sochii warraaqsaa biyyoolessaa Oromiyaa FXGn cinatti Duullii gabaa lagachuu fi uggura
dinagdee buusuu itti fufee jiraachuu Maddeen keenyaa kutaalee Oromiyaa garaagaraa irraa gabaasa jiru, Guutummaa gabaasa kanaan walitti
deebina.


#OromoProtests 28 July 2016: Adoolessa 28,2016 Godna Wallaggaa magaalaa Madiin keessatti FXG itti fufee jira.

Odeessi Qeerroo Mandii akka eeretti, maqaa hidha abbayy jedhuun Wayyaaneen Ummata magaalaa Mandii sossobuuf yeroo ta’u uummati itti ba’ee waajjiraalee wayyaanee gube FXG finiinse akka jiru beekameera.


 

 


#OromoProtests:  Respond to their demands and STOP the hunger strike NOW!!

 

#OromoProtests 27 July 2016, Respond to their demand

 

#OromoProtests 27 July 2016: It has been 8 days since Bekele Gerba and other political prisoners held at Qilinto prison began hunger strike in protest against violation of their rights by prison officials. Instead of addressing their legitimate demands to stop the strike, the prison officials have prevented their families and lawyers from seeing and speaking to them.

We call on the Ethiopian government to immediate and positively respond o their demands and stop the hunger strike. If the regime refuses this call, The Oromo people will be forced to take nonviolent direct action against all prisons and jails in Oromia in order to exert pressure on the system as way of saves the lives of these leaders.

Gabaasa Obbo Abduljebar Hussien, abukaatoo Baqqalaa Garbaa faa kunooti
“Maamiloota keenya obbo Baqqalaa Garbaa, obbo Dajanee Xaafaa, Obbo Gurmeessaa Ayyaanoo fi Obbo Aaddisuu Bullaallaa wajjiin beellama waan qabnuuf,kaleessa immoo karaa maatii isaaniitii fi hoggintoota KFO tiin waan nutti dhaamaniif har’a obbo Ammahaa Mokonni wajjiin Qiliinxoo dhaqnee turre. Erga galmoofneen booda nuuf yaamuu deemanii yoo deebi’an bahuu didan jechuun nutti himan. Lakki kaleessa nutti dhaamataniiru beellamas qabnaa akkas hin jedhan jennaan bulchiinsa gaafanna jechuun deeman, achi booda immoo walgahii irra jiran jechuun nutti himan. Bulchiinsatti achi fiiguun isaanii bulchiinsi dhoorguu isaa agarsiisa. Tanaan duras ajaja MM tiin walarguun keenya ni yaadatama. Jarri kun abukaatoo ofiitiin walarguun mirga heeraa fi seera tarreeffamaatiin xiyyeeffannoo argate waan beekan hin fakkaatan ykn beekaa godhu. Kanaaf waan maamiloota keenya irra gahu hundumaafuu ittigaafatamummaa akka qaban beekuu qabu.”

Bekele Gerba, Dejene Tafa, Desta Dinka, Addisu Bulala, Oromo political prisoners in hunger strike 22 July, 2016


የዜጎችን ሕይወት ለመታደግ አስቸኳይ ጥሪ እናደርጋለን:: ከኦሮሞ ፌዴራላዊ ኮንግሬስ የተሰጠ መግለጫ

ከሕገመንግስታዊ አግባብ ዉጭ በዜጎች ላይ የሚወሰዱ የመንግስት እርምጃዎች እንዲቆሙ በፓርቲያችንም ሆነ የትግል ጓዶቻችን በሆኑ በኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ አንድነት መድረክ ሲሰጡ የቆዩ ጋዜጣዊ መግለጫዎችንና ጋዜጣዊ ኮንፌረንሶች እናስታዉሳለን፡፡ በተለይም የዜጎቻችን ከፊንፊኔ ዙሪያ የማፈናቀል ድርጊት እንዲቆም ሲቀርቡ የቆዩ ተማፅኖዎች የመንግስት ባለሥልጣኖች ጆሮ እንዳልገባ አረጋግጠናል፡፡ በሥልጣን ላይ ያለዉ ሥርአት ደጋፊዎች ጥቂት የማይባሉና ከአንድም በላይ ቤት ሲኖራቸዉ በመኖሪያ ቤት እጦት የሚቸገሩ ዜጎች ቁጥር የትየሌለ መሆኑና እነዚህም ዜጎች ከራሳቸዉና ከልጆቻቸዉ ጉሮሮ ቆጥበዉ የሰሩት መጠለያ፤ ለዚያዉም የክረምቱ ጊዜ ከፍተኛ ደረጃ ላይ በደረሰበት ጊዜ ላይ ሲፈርስባቸዉ ማየት ምን ያህል ዘግናኝና አሳዛኝ እንደሆነ መድረክ ከሰጠዉ መግለጫ ለመረዳት ይቻላል፡፡
 

ምንም እንኳን መንግስት ሕግና ሕጋዊነትን የማስከበር ግዴታ ቢኖርበትም፤ ሰርቶ ለአገሪቱ ገቢ እያመጣ ጎጆዉን የሚቀልስ ብቻ ሳይሆን በእንፉቅቅ እየተንቀሳቀሰ ጎሮሮዉን ለሚዘጋ ዜጋ ሳይቀር መንግስት ኃላፊነት እንዳለበት ተዘንግቶ ዜጎች በድቅድቅ ጨለማ ክረምት ሜዳ ላይ መጣላቸዉ አሳዝኖናል፡፡

ቀደም ሲልም በልማትና እንቬስትመንት ስም በተለይም በአዲስ አበባ ማስተር ፕላን ስም ሁሉንም ዜጎች ተጠቃሚ የማያደርገዉንና በፊንፊኔ ዙሪያ የሚገኙ የኦሮሞ ሕዝብን ከቀዬያቸዉ የሚያፈናቅል ልማት ተብዬ እንቅስቃሴ እንዲቆም የኦሮሞ ሕዝብና የኦሮሞ ፌዴራላዊ ኮንግሬስ ከ2006 ጀምሮ በመቃወማችን በኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፑብሊክ መንግስት በተወሰደዉ የኃይል እርምጃ 74 ዜጎች ተገድለዋል፡፡ በዚህ በ2008፤ በተለይም ከስምንት ወራት ወዲህ መንግስት ከሕዝብ ፍላጎት ዉጭ ጥቂቶች የሥርአቱ ደጋፊዎችን ብቻ ተጠቃሚ የሚያደርገዉን፤ ነገር ግን መላዉ የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝቦች፤ በተለይም የኦሮሚያ ክልል ሕዝብ በነቂስ ወጥቶ የተቃወመዉን የሕዝብን ድምፅ እንደመስማት በማን አለብኝነት በወሰደዉ ያልተገባ እርምጃ እስካሁን ከ400 በላይ የኦሮሞ ዜጎች በመንግስት ኃይሎች ተገድለዋል፤ በብዙ መቶዎች የሚቆጠሩ ታስረዋል፤ ከቀዬያቸዉና ከሥራቸዉ የተፈናቀሉና የተሰደዱ ዜጎች ቁጥር ማወቅ አይቻልም፡፡

በመንግስት ኃይሎች በተወሰደዉ እርምጃ ነፍሰ ጡሮች፣ ዕድሜያቸዉ ከ18 ዓመት በታች የሆኑ ለጋ ወጣቶች፣ ምሁራን፣ እናቶችና አዛዉንቶች ተገድለዋል፡፡ በቅርቡ እንኳን በምዕራብ ሸዋ ዞን በግንጪና በእጃጂ ወረዳዎች እንዲሁም በምስራቅ ሐረርጌ ዞን በጉራዋና ሐረማያ ወረዳዎች ታዳጊ ወጣቶች የሆኑ ተማሪ እሸቱ ወርቁ ሞረዳ፣ ተማሪ ታረቀኝ ላቺሳ፣ ተማሪ ሣብሪና አብደላ እና ተማሪ ሪሐና አህመድ የተባሉት ራሳቸዉን በኦሮሞ ሕዝብ ጠላትነት በፈረጁ የመንግስት ኃይሎች ተገድለዋል፡፡ የእነዚህ ለጋ ወጣቶች ሕይወት መቀጠፍ የሚፈጥረዉን ስሜት ምን ሊመስል እንደሚችል የወላድ አንጀት ይፍረድ ከማለት ባለፈ ምንም ሊባልአይቻልም፡፡ የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝቦችም ሆኑ የዓለም ሕብረተሰብ እንደሚመሰክረዉ የኦሮሞ ሕዝብ በበቀል ስሜት ተነሳስቶ በአንዳችም የሌላ ብሔር ዜጎች ላይ ግድያ መፈጸም ቀርቶ ያሳየዉ የጥላቻ እርምጃ እስካሁን አልነበረም፡፡ ይህ ደግሞ የኦሮሞ ሕዝብን አርቆ አስተዋይነት ከማሳየቱም በላይ፤ ላቅ ባለ ደረጃ ደግሞ የኦሮሞ ሕዝብ ትግል ከአፋኝ ሥርአት ጋር እንጂ ከጠባብ ፍላጎት ያልመነጨና ከንፁኃን ዜጎች ጋር አንዳች ቅራኔ እንደሌለዉ ያሳያል፡፡

ዛሬ በመቶዎች የሚቆጠሩ የኦፌኮ አባላትና ደጋፊዎች እንዲሁም የኢህአዴግን አገዛዝ የተቃወሙ የኦሮሞ ዘጎች በየእስር ቤቶች ታጉረዉ መገኘታቸዉ የሚታወቅ ሲሆን፤ ከነዚህ ዉስጥም አቶ በቀለ ገርባ፣ አቶ ደጀኔ ጣፋ፣ አቶ ጉርሜሳ አያኖ፣ አቶ አዲሱ ቡላላ፣ እነዮናታን ተስፋዬ፣ በረሃብ አድማ ላይ ናቸዉ፡፡ እነዚህ ዜጎች ያለ ወንጀል የታሰሩ መሆኑ እየታወቀም ቢሆንም፤ ነገር ግን በፍርድ ቤት የተያዘ ጉዳይ ስለሆነ ቤተሰቦች፣ የትግል ጓዶችና ወገኖች ዉሳኔዉን እየተጠባበቁ ይገኛሉ፡፡ ታሳሪዎቹ ወገኖቻችን በታሰሩበት ቦታ ላይ የሚደርስባቸዉን የሰብአዊ መብት ረገጣ በመቃወም ለፍትሕ አካል ያቀረቡት አቤቱታ ሰሚ በማጣቱ በራሳቸዉ ላይ የወሰዱት ቀጣይ የተቃዉሞ እርምጃ እንጂ የቅንጦት አይደለም፡፡

እነዚህም ሆኑ ሌሎች ዜጎች ፍትሕ የማግኘት መብታቸዉ እንደተጠበቀ ሆኖ፤ አቤቱታቸዉ እንዲሰማላቸዉ በራሳቸዉ ላይ በወሰዱት የምግብ አለመመገብ አድማ መሞት የለባቸዉም፡፡ የሕክምናና የነፍስ ማዳን ዕርዳታ ሊደርግላቸዉ ይገባል፡፡ እነዚህ ዜጎች በእንክብካቤ እጦት ቢሞቱ ዉሎ አድሮ የሚያስከትለዉ ጉዳት ቀላል እንደማይሆን ለማስገንዘብ እንወዳለን፡፡ ስለሆነም የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝቦች፣ የኢፌዲሪ መንግስት፣ የሃይማኖት መሪዎች፣ የሰብአዊ መብት ተከታታዮችና የዓለም ሕብረተሰብ በተለይም በአገር ዉስጥም ሆነ ከአገር ዉጭ የሚትገኙ ዜጎች ይህንን የይድረሱልን ጥሪያችንን በመቀበል የእነዚህ ንፁኃን ዜጎች ሕይወት ከሞት አፋፍ እንዲያተርፉልን የበኩላችሁን ድጋፍ እንዲታደርጉልን በእግዚአብሔርና በኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ ስም እንማፀናለን፡፡

በመብት ረገጣና እንግልት የሕዝቦች የመብትና የነፃነት ትግል አይገታም!

የኦሮሞ ፌዴራላዊ ኮንግሬስ
ሐምሌ 20 ቀን 2008
ፊንፊኔ

#OromoProtests 27 July 2016, OFC statement.

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nu0GMyprPY0&feature=share

 https://www.oromiamedia.org/2016/07/28/omn-oduu-ado-27-2016/
https://www.oromiamedia.org/2016/07/27/omn-oduu-amma-nu-gahe-ado-272016/

AMHARIC PROGRAM

በወቅታዊ ጉዳይ ላይ ከአቶ ጀዋር መሐመድ እና ከዶ/ር ፀጋዬ አራርሣ ጋር የተደረገ ዉይይት ክፍል አንድ (27, 07,2016)

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2016/07/27/%E1%89%A0%E1%8B%88%E1%89%85%E1%89%B3%E1%8B%8A-%E1%8C%89%E1%8B%B3%E1%8B%AD-%E1%88%8B%E1%8B%AD-%E1%8A%A8%E1%8A%A0%E1%89%B6-%E1%8C%80%E1%8B%8B%E1%88%AD-%E1%88%98%E1%88%90%E1%88%98%E1%8B%B5-%E1%8A%A5/

Oromo student Ibsaa Adama who was shot by Ethiopia’s regime fascist forces in Dogu town, Gurawa District, East Hararge has  died.  27 July 2016.

GADDA!-Barataa Ibsaa Adamaiif Adoolessa 27 bara 2016.

Oromo student Ibsaa Adama killed by Ethiopia's regime fascit forces, 27 July 2016.Oromo student Ibsaa Adama , from Hararghe (Gurawa, Oromia) killed by Ethiopia's regime fascit forces, 27 July 2016.

Akka namaa dhalattee lafa kanatti dhuftee
Jiruu gaariif hammeenya hirmaachuun itti fuftee
Osoo adeemaa jirtuu yaa ishee gidduutti kuftee!!
Gadda garaa koo waade akkamittan himadhaa
***
Abbaan kee ciree qotee dhama’ee si guddisee
Dhamaatii keen milkeessa anis hedduu dubbisee
Abdiin na eegi abboo atis illee harmee koo
Dhiiga keetu nama ta’e cimsuun kaa’i galmee koo
Jettee kaayyoo qabattee kaayyoo kee galmaan ga’uuf
Ulfa waggoota hedduu ciniinsifattee da’uuf
***
Yommuu qarqara geessu budittiin si nyaatte kaa
Jalloon jallina hojjettee bineensaaf si laatte kaa
Way kichuu dhala Oromoo ishee bakkeetti baddee
Atoo abdiidhaaf deemta kuni dhufaa yoom yaaddee
Ji’a fulbaanaa barii maatiirraa addaan baatee
Fira, lammii fi biyya kee ijaan arguuf hawwitee
Haadha kee irraa fagaatte, morma isheetti marmite
Osoo dhungattee hin quufiin addunyaa irraa darbitee
Lubbuu keetiif nan hawwa boqonnaadhaaf jannata
Hojii ati addaan kutte lammiin kee siif raawwata

Nagaatti!
Yaadannoo Barataa Ibsaa Adamiif

Seenaa Oromoo Goshuu’tiin

 

OMN: Oduu Amma Nu Gahe Ado. 27,2016

 

#OromoProtests 27 July 2016: Fascist Ethiopia regimes is continue killing peacefull Oromo protesters  in Oromia.  This video is in Borana, Miyo District,  Boku Luboma town. At the time of this report, 3 people  were injured and in critical condition. One is died.

#OromoProtests 27 July 2016: Captured on camera while soldiers are firing on peaceful protesters in Boku Luboma town, Miyo District, Borana Province, Oromia state. Three people have been critically wounded and one person died.

 

Fascist Ethiopia’s regime forces shot and killed Oromo youth QAAMAR QARBATOO in Bokku Lubom, Borana, 27 July 2016, #OromoProtests.

Goodinaa booranaa magalaa bokkuluboomatti waranni wayyanee hirirtoota ajjeessa jira.uummatni soda tokko malee duraa dhabbacha jira. Ethiopia military is killing peace protests in borana zoni bokuluboma town
Namoota rasasaan rukkutaman sadi(3) yoo ta’an isaan keessa dargaggeessi QAMAAR QARBATOO jedhamuu ajjeefamee jira agaziidhan. 1:Fatuma waqoo fi 2:Sora Halake Haala badaa keessa jiruu
Suura kun hiirara magalaa Bokkuu Luboma keessatti kan ajjeefama DARGAGGOOTA QAAMAR QARBATOOTTI

Fascist Ethiopia's regime force killed Oromo youth QAAMAR QARBATOO in Bokku Lubom, Borana, 27 July 2016


#OromoProtests 27 July 2016,  Miyo District,  Boku Luboma, Borana, Oromia.

 

#‎OromoProtests‬ Adoolessa(July) 27, 2016: Mormii  Shawa Bahaa  magaalaa Ejeersa, maagala Mojoo irraa KM 5 fagaate argaamutti geggeeffameen guyyaa har’aa haala kanaan daniidi konkoolata saati 2 oliif cufaan turaaniru.
https://www.facebook.com/plugins/video.php?href=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.facebook.com%2Fmaali.jiruun%2Fvideos%2F1707075796209522%2F&show_text=0&width=400


OromoProtests Adoolessa (July) 27, 2016: Qeerron Arsii Injifannoo Cululuqaa Galmeessa jiran.
Ajaa’iba qeerroo kokkossaa ajajaa poolisaa Insipeektara Ambassee Saaffayyoo I/G poolisa Aanaa kokkossaa qeerroon qabdee qawwee irraa hiikattee tumtee jennaan maaloo na dhiisaa anis oromoodha kunoo asuma Aanaa kofaleetti jedhee watwatee jennaan Isaa wajjiin poolisa lama irraa qawwee hiikattee bosonatti galtee jirti qeerroon Arsii liixaa Aanaa kokkossaa.


ODUU MAGAALA ROBEE GARJEEDA IRRAA DHUFTE: Adoolessaa (July) 27,2016

#‎OROMOPROTESTS:Warronni hanga Ammaa Gara Aanaatti fudhataman keessaa muraasni:-
1. H/Qaadii Jaarsoo
2. Aliyyii korroosoo
3. Amiin Ibraahim
4. Amaanaa Goobanaa
5. Muusaa m/Awwal
6. Xayyuu Ibraahim
7. A/rahmaan Aadam
8. Gammachuu waaqeeti.
kan lakkoofsi hin beekamne immoo gara Manaa hiidha kampii M/waakkanatti fudhatamani jiru.warroonni namoota kana Diinaaf kennan immo:
1ffa:Abdaa Gishuu Bulchiinsa Magaalati
2ffa:Baatirii Bariisoo immoo Kantiiba Magaala robee garjeedaati

INJIFANNOO UMMATAA OROMOOF

 


 

#OromoProtests, Masalaa, Hararghe, Oromia, 27 July 2016.

#OromoProtests Adoolessa (July) 27,   Masalaa, Haraghe, Oromia:

Millishaan tokkoo Aanaa masalaa aradaa abbaa salamaa jedhamtu kessatti rasaasan nama dhahee hawaasni aanaa masalaa bifa kanan hiriraa bahani mormii isaanii gaggeessan.

#OromoProtests, Masalaa, hararghe, Oromia, 27 July 2016.

#OromoProtests 26 July 2016: Arsii Lixaa aaanaa Dodolaa ganda Qacama Caree keessatti dargaggooni gaafa Wiixataa yeroo karaa cufan.

#OromoProtests 26 July 2016 in Qacama Caree, Dodola, Arsi, Oromia.#OromoProtests 26 July 2016 in Qacama Caree, Dodola, Arsi, Oromia. p1#OromoProtests 26 July 2016 in Qacama Caree, Dodola, Arsi, Oromia. p2#OromoProtests 26 July 2016 in Qacama Caree, Dodola, Arsi, Oromia. p3


OMN: Oduu Ado. 26, 2016

 

 

 

#OromoProtests 26 July 2016 in Ciroo, Hararghe, Oromia:

Hararge Lixaa Magaala Cirootti galgala Adoolessa 26 bara 2016 karaan bakka heddutti cufamee Ture. Waranni dafte dhaqabde banuu dandeesse malee.

#OromoProtests 26 July 2016 Qufanziq town, Dadar, East Hararge, Oromia.


Harargee Bahaa Aanaa Dadar magaalaa Quufanziq keessati mormii har’a godhame Via Naf-tanan Gaadullo
https://www.facebook.com/plugins/video.php?href=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.facebook.com%2Fnaftanan.gadullo.5%2Fvideos%2F263681177346663%2F&show_text=1&width=560


 


#OromoProtests on 26 July 2016, the road from Robe Gerjeda town to Bokoji and Hasasa has been closed, Arsi, Oromia.

#OromoProtests on 26 July 2016, the road from Robe Gerjeda town to Bokoji and Hasasa has been closed, Arsi, Oromia..png

#OromoProtests, Raising the Resistance Flag Robe-Gerjeda, Arsi, Oromia July 26, 2016

#OromoProtests, Raising the Resistance Flag Robe-Gerjeda, Arsi July 26, 2016


#OromoProtests 26 July 2016: Oromo child  Lencho Abdi Abdulkarim is , one of the 6 people shot in Dogu town, Gurawa District, East Hararge when fascistTPLF’s soldiers opened fire on wedding party on 25 July 2016. The irony is his father, Abdi Abdulkarim is serving in TLF’s army stationed in Badme ( Eritrean border).

 


Mucaan kun Leencoo Abdii Abdulkariim jedhama. Namoota jaha kan Hadoolessa 25 bara 2016 Harargee Bahaa Aanaa Gurawaa, Magaalaa Doguu keessatti dhahaman keessaa tokko. Wanni ajaa’ibaa ammoo abbaan mucaa kanaa Abdi Abdulkariim yeroo ammaa loltuu Wayyaanee ta’ee daangaa Baadimmee irra jira. Kun warra qawwee Wayyaanee baatee sirna kana tiksaa jiruuf barnoota gaarii ta’uu qaba.

This Oromo child is Lencho Abdi Abdulkarim, one of the 6 people shot in Dogu town, Gurawa District, East Hararge when fascist Ethiopia's regime forces opened fire on wedding party on July 25, 2016


Body of Rihaanaa Ahmad, Kombolcha College student, Oromia, shot and killed by fascist Ethiopia’s regime force on 25 July 2016

Kun reeffa Rihaanaa Ahmad, barattuu Koollejji Kombolchaa, kan Adoolessa 25 bara 2016 Aanaa Gurawaa Magaalaa Doguu keessatti ajjeefamteeti. Reeffi isii yeroo ammaa gara iddoo dhaloota ishii Aanaa Haramaayaa geeffamaa jira.

Body of Rihaanaa Ahmad, Kombolcha College student, Oromia, shot and killed by fascist Ethiopia's regime force on 25 July 2016


#OromoProtests 26 July 2016: Update on Oromo Prisoners in Kalitti and Makelawi


The revolution is underway in Oromia, Ethiopia. The fact that the Oromo non-violent leader, a man of peace, human rights defender BEKELE Gerba and his comrades fainted in their 5th day of hunger strike made the #‎OromoProtests intensified fiercely and more protests is going to happen through out Oromia. The where about of BEKELE and his comrades is not known according to family members. They were taken out of the prison and are not in hospitals. (At least not in police or major hospitals).

In another news, Oromo Prisoners in Makelawi started a hunger strike demanding end to human right violations committed to them and seeking justice today. You all may know that more than 95% of prisoners in Makelawi are Oromo prisoners of conscience.


Dubbistanii waliif daddabarsuu hindagatinaa!
Guyyaa har’aa waaree duraa kaasee ummanni Oromoo ma’akalawwiitti sababa ati shororkeessaadha jedhamanii hidhaman hundi nyaata isaaniis ta’ee kan maatiin isaanii geessaniif didanii dhaabanii jiru! Sababni isaa ifatti beekkamuu baatus akka odeeffannoo dhagahetti, Nuti badii tokko malee askeessatti hindararamnu! Mirgi wabii ta’ee mirgi keenya nu eegamuu qaba! Nuti himata fi gaaffii tokko malee ji’oota afurii ol sarbamuun keenyaaf itti gaafatamaan mootummaadha kan jedhuudha! Rabbi isin waliin haata’u! Kaayyoon keessan galma haageessu jennaan! Hidhaa fi ajjeechaan ummata Oromoo duubatti hin deebisu! Nageessaa Oddoo Duubee irraa.

Bekele Gerba, Dejene Tafa, Desta Dinka, Addisu Bulala, Oromo political prisoners in hunger strike 22 July, 2016


 

#OromoProtests Adoolessa (July) 26, 2016: Harargee Lixaa Magaalaa Baddeessatti poolisoonni dargaggota lama kan Jaafar Mahammadsani fi Abaadir Mahammad jedhaman yoo qabuuf dhufanitti ummanni akka jirutti bahee harkaa buusee jira.

 

 

#OromoProtests 26 July 2016, Baddeessaa, Hararghe, Oromia

 

 

 

 

#OromoProtests 26 July 2016, Hiddi Lolaa, Borana, Oromia.

 #OromoProtests 26 July 2016, Hiddi Lolaa, Borana, Oromia#OromoProtests 26 July 2016, Hiddi Lolaa, Borana, Oromia. p2#OromoProtests 26 July 2016, Hiddi Lolaa, Borana, Oromia. p1


OMN:Oduu Amma Nu Gahe Harargee Irraa (Adoolessa (July). 26, 2016).#OromoProtests continues in Eastern Oromia.

https://www.facebook.com/OromiaMedia/videos/1792426614303531/?pnref=story


#OromoProtests is disconnecting the fascist regime (TPLF Ethiopia)..

FXG Qeerroo Jabaachuun Xurree Walquunamtii Wayyaanotaa Addaan Kutaa Jira.

qeerroo1Adoolessa 25,2016 Waraani Wayyaanee humna jabaa agaazii jedhamu sun uummata godina Arsii fi Harargee shororkeessuuf har’a konkolaataa hedduudhaan hiriiree daangaa irraas gara sanatti ergamaa jira. Harargeen Lixaa alaabaadhaan faayamtee jirti.  Uummanni xiqqaa fi guddaan Alaabaa ABO qabatee jira. Kaan hucuudhaan faayamee jira. Daandiin humna uummataan cufamaa jira.
Qeerroonis uummata godinaalee kanneen hunda qabatee bahee jira. Har’a akka Qeerroon gabaasaa jirutti Arsii lixaa fi Hararee Lixaatti FXG itti fufee waan jiruuf meeshaa gurguddaan konkolaataadhaan fe’amee gara godinaalee kanaatti guuramaa jira. uummannis Qeerroon sirba qabsoo fi dhaadannoo ABOn Abbaa Biyyaa Tahuu dhaadachaa jira.
Uummata irratti dhukaasni banamuuf jedha. Shawaa lixaa ona hedduutti bulchiinsi Wayyaanee diigamaa jira. injifannoo uummatichaan networkiin diinaa godina Shaggar  keessatti addaan cituu irraan caasaan mootummas gara FXGtti makamaa akka jiru gabaafamee jira.

Injifannoo Qeerroo Oromiyaa Godina kibbaa fi Bahaatti FXG har’a Adoolessa 26/2016 Oromiyaa godinoota kanatti:
–       Arsii Lixaa,
–       Arsii Bahaa
–       Harargee Lixaa
–       Harargee Bahaa
–       Gujii
–       Booranaa fi
–       Baaletti
Seenaa keessatti addatti kan yaadatamuu fi yeroo xumura sirna gabroonfataa mootummaa abbaa irreetti taasisuu injifannoo guddaa
galmeessee ooleera.  Guyyaa har’aa guyaa seena qabeessa tahee Qeerroo godinaalee kanaan kan yaadatamu FXG marsaa 8ffaa oromiyaa keessatti
itti fufee jiruun humna diinaa kumaatama guddaa fi meeshaalee gurguddaadhaan ijaarame dura harka qullaa dhaabbatuun har’a faajjii Alaabaa ABO olkaasee mul’isee jira. Uummanni bal’aan uummanni oromoo Oromiyaa Bilisa baasuun yeroo isaa amma jechuun murteeffatee ka’ee jira.  Guyyaa har’aa akka odeessa Qeerroo godinaalee kana irraa gabaasa taasiseen
–       Ammas tahu yoomillee mootummaa wayyaaneef hin bullu barbaachisaa yoo tahe seera ofiin bulla ykn sirna gadaatiin jedheera.
–       Mootummaa TPLF/OPDO waliin jiraachuun kana booda waan hin yaadamneedha. Mootummaan kun kana booda jaallatu kara nagaatin
oromiyaa gadhiisee deemuu jibbus tarkaanfii dhumaa qabnuun fonqolchinee biyyatti ishee galchina jechuun uummanni Oromoo murteeffatee ka’eera.
–       Karaa nagaatiin hidhamtoota keenya nuuf baasaa kan ajjeefame nuyyuu gumaa isaa ni baafannaa jedhee uummatni gaafateef deebiin hin kennamne murtoon uummata Oromoo FXG finiinsuu keessatti hidhamtoota manneen hidhaa hundarraa baasisuun Bilisummaas gonfachuuf murteeffatee ka’ee jira.
–       Qabeenyaan diinaa, alaabaan wayyaanee fi OPDO, waajjirri wayyaanee fi waanti Wayyaanee fakkaatu kamuu Oromiyaa keessaa dhabamuu qabu tarkaanfii barbadeessuutiin kanas uummanni oromoo sodaa tokko malee afaan qawwee dura dhaabbatee tarkaanfii kana fudhachuu itti fufee
jira.
–       Godinaalee kanneen keessatti daandiiwwan akkuma beeknu guutummmaati cufamanii jiru. Kun gahaa tahuu baatuus riqicha garagaraas addaan kutamee jira. Oromoon martuu gantuu fi ergamtuu diinaa irraa kan hafe gara FXGtti hiriiree jira. FXG har’a godinoota olitti tarreessine keessatti uummataan itti fufee oolee fi murannoo uummataa qabxiiwwan olii kanaan ibsamu yoommu tahu godinaalee kanneen akka Shaggar kaabaa, lixaa fi Wallaggattis FXG bifuma kanaan itti fufee jira. Uummanni wayyaanee hin feenu kana booda jechuunis FXG wal fakkaataa daandii cufuu fi tarkaanfii adeemsisuun guutummaa Oromiyaatti deemaa jiraachuun Qeerroon gabaasee jira.  Humni waraana Wayyaanee agaazii jedhamus uummata godina Arsii fi Harargeetti konkolaataa hedduudhaan fe’amee jiraachuunis Qeerroodhaan gabaafamee jira.
Dhukaasni naannoo Harargee, Gaara Mul’ataatti uummata irratti baname jiru namootni hedduun miidhamuunis kan gabaafame ammatti kan du’es jiraatuu baatu namootni madoo tahan jiraachuunis gabaasni nu gahe addeessa. Halkan kanas odeessa Qeerroo shawaa bahaa Adaamaarraa addeessuun humni waraanaa dabalataan karaa Asellaa fi shaashimanneen gara Arsii seenaa jira. kutees gara Harargee fi Gujiittis fe’amaa akka jiru odeessi Qeerroo qaqqabee jira.
Dhukaasni naannoo magaala shaashimannee irraa nu gahes magaalichi haalaa sodaachisa kan mootummaan itti raafamaa jiru humna uummata
keessaan diina irratti tarkaanfii fudhatus  mul’inatti tarkaanfii fudhataa jiraatuun kan beekameedha. Injifannoon Galla Jechuun Uummanni Dhaadannoos Dhageesisuun Itti Fufeera.

 


 

OMN: Oduu Amma Nu Gahe Ado. 25,2016


#OromoProtests Adoolessa (July) 25, 2016: Bekele Gerba & Other Oromo Political prisoners  are on their 6th day of hunger strike.


 

Bekele Gerba, Dejene Tafa, Desta Dinka, Addisu Bulala, Oromo political prisoners in hunger strike 22 July, 2016


#OromoProtests in Dirre Dhawaa, Hararghe, Oromia, 25 July 2016 residents fighting back against the regime’s force that came to demolish homes.


“Dirre Dhawaa jarbaa ganda maammad hassan kan ja’amu keessatti mootummaan gabroomfataan jiraattota keeysaa gad yaasuun mana seeraan alatti jaarame ja’anii jiiysaa jiran ummanniis. Ummata mana duraa jiiysaniis fuudhanii hidhutti jiran nama karaarra deemuus tokko hin dabarsan ummanniis daandii cufanii gaara seenanii jiran”

 

#OromoProtests 25 July 2016, Dirree Dhawa, Eastern Oromia.


#OromoProtests in Dodola, Heeraroo andTiijii : Arsi, Oromia, Adoolessa (July) 25, 2016:

Guyyaa Har’aa Godina Arsii Magaalaa Dodolaa Keessatti FXG Gaggeefama Jira.

Dodoaadodolaa
dodolaaa#OromoProtests in Dodola, Arsi, Oromia, 25 July 2016#OromoProtests in Arsi, Oromia, 25 July 2016 p1

dodoooooo
dooo

 

 

 

 

As #OromoProtests continued in Arsi, Oromia, 25 July 2016, track load of fascist TPLF Ethiopia’s regime forces were deployed from Shashemene to Dodola to terrorize and attack the people.

As #OromoProtests continued in Arsi, Oromia, 25 July 2016, track load of fascist TPLF Ethiopia's regime forces were deployed from Shashemene to Dodola to quell the situation.

Bashir Nure is one  of the victims of TPLF fascist forces,  from Dodola.  #OromoProtests 25 July 2016,Arsi, Oromia.

 

Bashir Nure is one of the victims of TPLF fascist forces, from Dodola. #OromoProtests 25 July 2016, Arsi, Oromia.

 


#Oromoprotests  Adoolessa (July) 24, 2016: HUBADHAA! Oromiyaa aanaalee hedduu keessatti kaabineen aanaafi gandaa ummataan qawwee dhuunfaa hiikkadhaa jechuu eegaltee jirti. Kun seeraa ala ta’uu qofa osoo hin taane yakka saba kana gaaga’ama guddaaf saaxiluuf godhamuudha. Yeroon ammaa kan qawwee harkaa qaban hiikkatan osoo hin taane kan kufanii caphanii harkatti galfatani. Kan maallaqa qabu bitattee kan humna qabu diinarraa hiikkatee awwaalachuu feesisa malee kaabinee gowwaa kara biyti itti deemaa jirtu hin agarretti itti kennanni miti. Irran deebi’a. Yeroo ammaa kanatti qawwee dhiisaati shimalawuu hiikkachurra du’uu wayya. Kaabinee aanaafi gandaa ajaja ‘dahininatii’ Wayyaaneetiin ummatarraa qawwee hiikuu yaaltuuf, rabbi ija keessan haa banu, banadhaa laalaa jennaan. Ummataan ammoo irra deebi’ee gara hundaanuu qawwee caphxuus taatu harkatti galfadhaa jenna.


 

#Oromo Protests, Masalaa, Hararghe, 24 July 2016

#Oromo Protests, Masalaa, Hararghe, 24 July 2016

OMN: Oduu Ado. 24, 2016

Sagalee Qeerroo Bilisummaa Oromoo Adoolessa 23, 2016

Godina Wallaggaa Aanaa Giddaa Ayyaanaa Keessatti FXG Itti Fufee Jira.

Adoolessa 24,2016 Godina Wallaggaa Aanaa Giddaa Ayyaana Ganda Ijeeree jedhamtu keessa cimee itti fuufe jira  eda halkaan biroo bulchinsa ganda ejeree kan ta’e cabsuun gootonni galmee maqaa ijoolloota basaastuun qopheesite fi ragalee heeddu fi teessuma biroon sun qabduf meeshaa degersa ishee hunda abdiin keessumeessani jiru amma yoonatti qamni kana godhee adda ba’ee hin beekamu garuu namoota gurguddoo fi dubartoota naannoo sanatti argaman hunda irraatti reebbaan cimaan gaggeeffama akkasumas da’immaan ol demtoota dandii irraatti jiksani aleella cima irraan ga’a jiru dabalees achumaan kan akeekkachisuu barbaannu polisiin Tesfa’ee jedhamu kan dhalataa naannoo Gaba Jimaata ta’e akka Uummata keenyaaf of eeggatu beeksifame.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fXImPS199-Q


OMN: Oduu Ado. 23, 2016


#OromoProtests in Shukute , West Shewa, Oromia, 23 July 2016

People closed all roads leading to Shukute and marching to the town center.

FXG Adooleessaa 23 bara 2016 Shawwaa Lixaa  magaalaa Shukutetti geggeefameen daandiin kallattii hundaanuu cufamee jiran. Agaziinis akka magaalaa hin seenne dhorkan.

 

#OromoProtests in Shukute, West Shewa, Oromia, 23 July 2016 p3

#OromoProtests in Shukute, West Shewa, Oromia, 23 July 2016#OromoProtests in Shukute, West Shewa, Oromia, 23 July 2016 p1#OromoProtests in Shukute, West Shewa, Oromia, 23 July 2016 p2


#OromoProtests in Awwaaday, Oromia, 22 July, 2016

Qeerroon harargee baha magaalaa Awwaaday gumaa barattoota keenya hangaa baafnuu mormiin FXG itti fufa ja’an.

#OromoProtests in Awwaaday, Oromia, 22 July, 2016


#OromoProtests 22 July 2016: Bekele Gerba & Other Oromo Political prisoners are on the 3rd day of their latest hunger strike. They are too weakened to even converse with their lawyer. Below is a status update from one of their attorney’s Abduljebar Hussien:-

“It is my first visit after the court ruling. Before getting my clients the prison administration has given me orientation (the dos and undos ).I have been with my clients Bekele Gerba, Dejene Tafa, Gurmesa Ayano Adisu Bulala in Qilinto prison an hour and half minutes ago. They told me that they are on hunger strike for third day. They have no enough energy to discuss with me as usual. with the little energy they have we tried to discuss on the next step to be taken on the court ruling on our petition. They also told me why and how long they will continue the hunger strike. I will let you know sooner because am on the way to Adama.”

Bekele Gerba, Dejene Tafa, Desta Dinka, Addisu Bulala, Oromo political prisoners in hunger strike 22 July, 2016


#OromoProtests Adoolessa (July) 22 bara 2016: Aanna Masalaa araddaa Coomaa injiifannoo galmesaaniin wal qabatee marii isaanii xumuranii yeroo galan.


#OromoProtests 22 July 2016: youth marching in Choma Village, Masala District, West Hararghe, Oromia.

 

in Choma Village, Masala District, West Hararghe, Oromia, 22 July 2016

 


 

Guyyaa Har’aa Adoolessa 22,2016,Waraanni Wayyaanee Aanaa Ada’aa Bargaa fi Mugar Goolaa Jiraachuu Qeerroon Gabaase

Adoolessaa 22/2016 Godina Lixa Shaggarii fi Gidduu Galeessa Oromiyaa kan taate Aanaan Ada’aa Bargaa Mogoorii fi Meettaa Roobiitti Warraaqsii Biyyoolessaa Oromiyaa FXG itti jabachuun daandiileen konkolaataa bakkoota hedduutti Cufuu fi humni ittisa Uummataa Tarkaanfiilee rifaachisoo fudhachuu irraa Abbaan irree Waraanaa isaa Gara kanatti bobbaasee uummata gooluu irratti argama. Magaalootni Aanaa Adaa’aa Bargaa fi Mogoor Baadiyyaa dabalatee Waraanaan goolamaa jirti, Suuraan Argitan Kun Suuraa waraana Wayyaanee Mogorii fi Magaalota Naannoo ishee irraa fudhatamedha!! Gabaasaan itti fufa


13817092_1646466409014179_1625900335_n
13823715_1646465605680926_2057075700_n - Copy

Barattootni 20 Humna Waraana Wayyaaneen Qellem, Magaala Muggiirraa Ukkaamfaman

Because I am OromoAdoolessa 21,2016/ Qeerrooo Qellem, Anfilloorraa Barattootni bara kana qormaata kutaa 12ffaa fudhatan keessaa barattootni qormaata dhumaa sababeeffachuun nagaa walitti dhaamuu kan jedhuu fi yaadannoof jecha walitti dhufanii osoo jiranii barattootni 20 humna waraana wayyaaneetiin dhiira 8 fi dhalaa 20 kan tahan ukkaamfamanii jiru. Isin ABOdha FXG qindeessuuf walitti dhuftan jechuun barattootni kunneen ukkaamfamuun Qeerroon gabaasee jira.
Liistiiwwan ijoollee kanaa akka nu gaheen qilleensarra oolchina. Uummanni magaalicha barattootni keenya bakka itti hidhamanii nuuf haa deebihan jechun FXG kaasuun dhaga’ame. Walgahiin Wayyaanee sababa kanaaf magaalicha fi gandoota hedduu aanicha keessatti feshelataa
jiraatuun gabaafameera.

Guyyaa Har’aa Adoolessa 21,2016 Godina Harargee Magaalaa Hirnaa Ganda Dinquu Keessatti FXG Gaggeefamaa Jira.

harharar

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

OMN: Oduu Ado. 21, 2016


 

 

 

 

 


#OromoProtests 21 Adoolessa (July) 2016: Oduu naannoo keenyatti FXG ilaalchisee godina ilubabor magaala daarimmu keessatti ummatni tokkummaqn ba’uun gaaffii abbaa biyyummaa isaa mirkaneeffachuu gaafatee jira. Haaluma kanaan waraanni mootummaa namni sadii kan du’an yoo ta’u uummata keessaa garuu kan due hanga yonaa yoo hin jiraatinis garuu namni hedduun mana yaalaa akka seenan himame.kanaaf kun fincila guyyaa haraa deemsifamaa ooldha kanaaf akka qilleensarra nuuf oolchitu kabajaan iin gaafanna dirqama” lammummaa wajjin.


#OromoProtests 21 Adoolessa (July) 2016:  beekamu hara magaala ginciifi naanno ishe kan akka magala xiqqo mogor keessatti woraana cimaatu ademsifamuu jira. Worana motumma garasanatti bobbae oraali 12 caala. Polisin federala hanga ani argefi dhagaetti nama 6 due kanadaemmoo gara nama 18 caalu jedhamee yaadama. Ummata keessaas kan du’e hanga ammaatti nama 3.woraana cimaatu geggeffamaa jira. Lolli kun humna woraana WBO ti wajjin yeroo ammaa kana aagalee meeshaa gurguddaatu dhaga’ama jira. Galgala kanallee baayee woraanni cimaadha. Kanaaf akkati waan heddu post godhaa jirtu waanin argeefin siif erge ganamas haala itti bulame ilaaleen siif erga. Jireenyakof waan risk qabuufin iccitiin kara inbox kee siif erge.kan ani amma siif erge kun waan qabatamaafi qulqullaaedha. Adaraa post nuuf godhi nuti qeerron oromoos as biyya keesaa qabsoo finiinsaa jirra information jiru maras isiniin geenya. Bilisummaan uummata” oromoof.


#OromoProtests, taltallee, Boranaa, Oromia, 21 July 2016

#OromoProtests 21 (Adoolessa) July 2016: Oolmaa Mormii Magaala Taltallee Godina Booranaa  Adoolessa 21, 2016

#OromoProtests, taltallee, Boranaa, Oromia, 21 July 2016#OromoProtests, taltallee, Boranaa, Oromia, 21 July 2016 p2


#OromoProtests:Gabaasa FXG: FXGn Godinaalee Oromiyaa Hedduutti Itti Fufe

(SBO/VOL – Adoolessa 21,2016) FXG marsaa 6ffaa Godinaalee Oromiyaa maratti baatii 8 oliif osoo wal irraa hin cinne itti fufee jira. Dhiyoo godina Harargee fi Arsii keessatti FXGn haala diina hundeen raasutti finiinaa turuun ni yaadatama.

Godinoota kanneenitti ummanni jala muree wayyaanee akka hin barbaanne gadi bahee himatee jira. Wayyaaneen aangoo ishee gadhiisuurra lubbuu hedduu bal’eessuu fi duula hidhaatti fuulleffattee jirti. Ummanni godinaalee kanneen keessa jiraatu hidhaa fi ajjechaa lubbuu, hedduun wareegamus ilaalee duubatti kan hin deebine ta’uu mul’isuun Qeerroo waliin hiriiree FXG itti fufee jira.

Haaluma kanaan godina Shawaa Lixaatti torban tokko dura FXGn marsaa 6ffaa baatii kana keessa jabaatee itti fufuun gabaasuun keenya ni yaadatama. Amma godinni Shawaa Lixaa magaalonni Jalduu, Gindabarat, Gincii, Amboo fi Goojootti ummanni ammaan booda sirni wayyaanee nu keessatti hin hojjetu jechuun murteeffateera.

Godina kana keessaa yeroo ammaa daandii konkolaataan wayyaanee kan humna waraanaa irra deddeebistu nageenyaan keessa deemtu hin jiru; daandiileen hedduun cufaa akka tahan Qeerroon gabaasaa jira. Itti dabalee ummanni karaa konkolaataa wayyanee guutummaatti akka hin dabarsine huursee cufataa jira.
Lixi Shawaa yeroo ammaa bulchiinsa diinaa onaa fi gandatti barbaadeessaa daandii bilisummaa babal’isaa jira. Loltuu wayyaanee meeshaa baattee naannofturraa kan hafe caasaan diinaa ummata keessatti QBO dura dhaabbachuuf ummata Oromoo dabarsee diinaaf saaxilaa ture murannoo ummatichaa sodaadhaan bakka jijjiirrataa jiraatuus Qeerroon gabaasee jira.

Deggeraan mootummaa wayyaanee godina kana keessa jiraatu yeroo amma afaan qabatee ummata waliin hiriiree jiraatuunis argameera.


#Oromoprotests 20 July 2016: Tekalign Lechisa, a top 11th grade bright Oromo student has  been shot killed in Ejaji town, West Shewa, Oromia.

Shawaa Lixaa magaalaa Ijaajjii keessatti Takkaalinyi Lachisaa barataan Oromoo  qarroon kutaa 11ffaa loltoota wayyaaneetin ajjeefamee jira.  Adoolessa 20 bara 2016.

Tekalign Chalchisa the 11th grade bright oromo student who was killed by fascist Ethiopia's regime forces in Ijaji town, West Shewa, Oromia, July 20, 2016

 


Barataa Department injineringii waggaa 5ffaa Yunversty Haromayaa kan tureTolasaa Iddossaa reebicha Agaaziitin wareegame. Barataan kun ennaa ibiddi mooraa Yinivarsitii Haromaayaatti ka’ee turehumnoota Agaaziitiin fudhatamee ture. Sana bodoa rebamee cacabee du’a fi jirenya giddu ta’ee hospilata seenee ture. Garuu midhaan isaa baayee cimaa waan tureef gara hospitala Tikur Anbasatti ergame. Maatiin garuu hordofe qaqabuun hospitala Yordanositti yaalchisa turan. Haata’uutii erga yaalamee boodde maatin gara Manditti fudhatanii hospitala Manditti otoo yaalamaa jiru irra hafuu waan hin danda’iniif gaafa 28/10/2008 A.L.H wareegame. Maatii isaa fi hiriyoota isatiif jajabina hawwina.
Qabsoon itti fufa


#OromoProtests: Road closure in action in Hirna, West Hararge,Oromia, July 20, 2016.

#OrmoProtests:  Godina Harargee Lixaa magaalaa Hirnaa keessatti Adoolessa (July) 20, 2016  mormiin jabaate itti fufa jira. Poolisoonni wayyaaneen dargaggoota keenya reebaa jiru. Mucaan tokko rukutamuus gabaafameera.

 

#OromoProtests, road closure in action in Hirna, West Hararge, Oromia, July 20, 2016


Barattootni 20 Humna Waraana Wayyaaneen Qellem, Magaala Muggiirraa Ukkaamfaman

Because I am OromoAdoolessa 21,2016/ Qeerrooo Qellem, Anfilloorraa Barattootni bara kana qormaata kutaa 12ffaa fudhatan keessaa barattootni qormaata dhumaa sababeeffachuun nagaa walitti dhaamuu kan jedhuu fi yaadannoof jecha walitti dhufanii osoo jiranii barattootni 20 humna waraana wayyaaneetiin dhiira 8 fi dhalaa 20 kan tahan ukkaamfamanii jiru. Isin ABOdha FXG qindeessuuf walitti dhuftan jechuun barattootni kunneen ukkaamfamuun Qeerroon gabaasee jira.
Liistiiwwan ijoollee kanaa akka nu gaheen qilleensarra oolchina. Uummanni magaalicha barattootni keenya bakka itti hidhamanii nuuf haa deebihan jechun FXG kaasuun dhaga’ame. Walgahiin Wayyaanee sababa kanaaf magaalicha fi gandoota hedduu aanicha keessatti feshelataa
jiraatuun gabaafameera.


#Oromoprotest 20 July  2016: Bekele Gerba and his colleagues are at hunger strike. They were very disappointed by the decision of the court on their appeal on bad treatment by prison administration and against the violations of their human rights. They started the strike yesterday according to the sources.

 

Bekele gerba speaksBekele Gerba, Dejene Tafa, Desta Dinka, Addisu Bulala, Oromo political prisoners in hunger strike January 25, 2016

 

 


#OromoProtests Adoolessa (July) 20 bara 2016: Godina Booranaa magaalaa yaa’aballootti barattonnii fi uummannii hiriira nagaa ba’anii gocha mootummaa wayyannee balalleffachaa oolan.

#OromoProtests in Yabello, Borana, Oromia, July 20, 2016#OromoProtests in Yabello, Borana, Oromia, July 20, 2016 p2

 

 

 

ODUU

OMN: Oduu Ado. 19, 2016

OMN: Oduu Ado. 19, 2016


#OromoProtests has re-irrupted in Awaday town, East hararge, Oromia. 19 July 2016.
===============
Harargee Bahaa magaalaa Awwadaay keessatti mormiin haaraan  Adoolessa 19 bara 2016 eegale jira. 


#OromoProtests continues  Asabot, west Hararghe, July 19,2016.

Hiriira Mormii Aanaa Jimmaa Gannatii, Magaalaa Haratoo Keessatti Geggeessame

#OromoProtests Adoolessa(July)  19, 2016

Faayilii - Mormii Oromiyaa

Faayilii – Mormii Oromiyaa

Godinaa Horroo Guduruu Wallaggaa, aanaa Jimmaa Gannatii, magaalaa Haratoo keessatti humni ibsaa yeroo dheeraaf dhamamee turuu isaa irraa kan ka’e kaleessa hiriirri mormii geggeessame humnoota poolisiin bittimsame, jedhu jiraattonni magaalattii fi itti-gaafatamaan Koongiresa Federaalawa Oromoo, kan aanichaa Obbo Dagabaas Waaqayyoo. Akka Obbo Dagabaas jedhanitti, humni ibsaa sun eega magaalaa Haratoo keessaa bade baatii sadi’ii ol ta’ee jira. Eega sanaa naannawa waajira bulchiisa aanichaatti malee ibsaan ifee hin beeku. Jiraattonni midhaan daaksifachuuf illee gidiraa guddaa argaa jiran. “Rakkoon ummata magaalaa Haratoo, uummata aanaa Jimmaa Gannatii fi kan aanaalee ka biroo mudatee jiru ka biraan hidhaa fi hiraarsa humnoota mootummaatiin jiraattota, keessumaa dargaggoota irratti geggeessamaa jiru” kan jedhan – Obbo Dagabaas, humnoonni mootumaa sababaa ga’aa tokko malee “ati ABO dha” jedhanii nama yakkuu fi hidhuun waanuma aanaalee mara keessatti mul’ataa jiru ta’uu dubbatan.“Hiriira kaleessa barattoonnii fi jiraattonni magaalaa karaa nagaa ba’aniif deebii qajeelaa fi nagaa kennuu mannaa humnoonni poolisii aanichaa hiriirtota reebuu fi hari’achuudhaan adda facaasan. Kanneen miidhaman hedduu dha. Kaan immoo bosonatti baqatanii haga ammaatti dhokatanii jiru,” jedhu – Obbo Dagabaas. Bulchaan aanaa Jimmaa Gannatii, Obbo Gadafaa Goshuu garuu, ibsaan gara baatii tokkoo fi torban lamaaf bade ture sababaa traansfoormeriin gubateefi. Amma garuu, mootummaan jijiiruuf deebii kennee jira. Ogeessi dhufee qorachuuf jira.” Jedhu. Kanneen hiriira geggeessanis magaalattii keessaa garee xiqqoo – godinaa tokko qofa akka ta’etti dubbatu. Poolisiin hiriirtota addaan facaase – ka jedhames ni haalan.

http://www.voaafaanoromoo.com/a/mormii-aanaa-jimmaa-gannatii-wallagga/3424898.html


OromoProtests Adoolessa (July)  19, 2016
Warraaqsi Biyyaalesaaa Guutummaa Oromiyaa Keessatti Hidda Gad Fageeffachuun Damee Godhachuun Daran Jabaatee Itti Fufee Jira.
Godina Wallagga Bahaa Magaalaa Naqamtee Fi Naannoo Ishee Keessattis Fincilli Xumura Garbummaa Bifa Qindoomina Qabuun Jabaatee Itti Fufee Jira.
Fincilli Kun Jabaachuu Isaafis Sababa Kan Ta’e Gidduu Kana Qorumsi SOS Jedhamuun Beekamu Akka Godina Wallagga Bahaatti Magaalaa Naqamtee Keessatti Kennamaa Waan Jiruuf Garuu Qorumsi Kennamaa jiru Kun Kan Duraa Irraa Baayyee Adda Kan ta’e waan ta’eef Barattoonni heedduun Kufaatiif Saaxilamanii jiru. Kanaan Wal Qabatees Fincilli jabaan Dhohuudhaan Mootummaan Wayyaanee Sodaa Guddaa Keessa Galee Akka Jiru Beekamee jira.
Akkasumas
Shawaa Lixaa Aanaa Jalduu Magaalaa Bonii keessatti qonnaan bultoonni alabaa qabatanii mormii gaggeessaa oolaniiru qeerroo bayyee rakkisaa jirti wayyane. //////////// in the restless town of Asabot in West Hararge July 19, 2016

 


#OromoProtests in Boni town, Jaldu district, West Shewa, Oromia. Farmers rallying behind the Oromo freedom. July 19, 2016


Shawaa Lixaa Aanaa Jalduu Magaalaa Bonii keessatti qonnaan bultoonni alabaa Oromoo qabatanii bifa kanaan mormitti jiran.

#OromoProtests in Boni town, Jaldu, Oromia, 19 July 2016


Wallagga,Qellem, Jimmaa Horroottii Namooti Hidhaman Muraasni Wabiidhaan Gadhiifaman, Namootni Hedduun Ammooo Reebichi Irratti Raawwataa Jira

Because I am OromoAdoolessa 19,2016 FXG godina Qellem aanaa Jimmaa Horrootti torbanoota kanneen wal irraa osoo hin citiin itti fufee jira. Waraanni wayyaanee uummata nagaa shororkeessaa jira. Adoolessa 17 uummanni hedduun mana hidhaatti guuramee jira. dhukaasni uummata irratti yeroodhaa yerootti banamuun qonnaan bulaa gara mana hidhaatti guuraatti jiru. Namootni guyyoota lama dura hidhaman keessaa har’a wabiidhaan gadhiifaman keessaa kan Qeerroon gabaase
1.      Lataa Wiirtuu
2.      Daagim Warataa
3.      Shumata Danuu
4.      Takkaaliny Waraatuu
5.      Takkilee Tadale
6.      Dastaa
Kanneen jedhaman wabiidhaan yoo gadhiifaman kanneen mana hidhaatti hafanii fi reebichi itti hammaatee jiru
1.      Sanbata Oljirraa
2.      Kibiruu Oljirraa
3.      Raammataa Tashoomee
4.      Nuuree Tashoomee
5.      Nabiyyuu Tashomee
6.      Caalii Ganjoosaa
7.      Sharinnat Tamasgen
8.      Geetuu Tasfaayee
9.      Isayyas Addisuu
10.     Kalile Idiris
11.     Zelalem Asawuu
12.     Minala Kadir
13.     Abdisa Indaaluu
14.     Amanuel Israel
15.     Gammachuu Bantii
16.     Naatoo Girmaa
Isaan kunneen mana hidhaatti reebichi irratti raawwataa akka jirus Qeerroon gabaasee jira. Har’as  itti fufee waraanni Wayyaanee naannicha shororkeessaa akka jiru Qeerroon gabaasee jira. Humni WBOs naanicha qubatee jiraatuun wayyaaneetti shakkii uumeen poolisoota
naannoo irraa haga waraana humna agaaziitiin ona Jimmaa Horroo buufatee jiraatuun Qeerroon gabaase.


Diddaan Ummata Naannoo Amaaraa Itti Fufee Jira,Barruuleen Waamicha Diddaa Sirna Wayyaanees Garee Paartii Siyaasaan Faca’aa Jiraachuun Beekame.

TglAdoolessa 19,2016  Akkuma beekamu torban kun naannoo Amahaaratti uummanni gaaffii mirgaa kaasee halkani guyya wal irraa odoo hin citin hanga har’aatti itti fufee jiraatuun waan uummanni  martuu argaa jiruudha. Paartiin kun maadhewwan naannoo kanatti qabu dammaqsuun quunnamtii bakka interneetiin hin jirrettis qaamaan walitti dhufuun fincila eegalame kana keessumaa magaalaa Dabrataaboritti uummanni kamuu ka’ee fincila naannichaa wal qixxeessuu akka qabu kaka’umsa taasisanii jiru. Kanumaanis uummanni Tigraay naannicha keeysa buufatee jiru olaantummaan Tigree kana booda akka gadi deebihu qabeenyaan isaan naannichaa qaban gubuu fi daandii itti cufuun konkolaattota isaaniibarbaadeessuutti waamichi waliif taasisaa jiru. kanumaanis wal qabsiisuun waaichi “Taallaq Yetigil Xirrii” jedhus waraqaa bittimsanii jiru.
Naannoo Tigraay zoonii dhiyaa aanaa Humaraatti uummanni gara Gondoritti konkolaataan koodii Tigraay qabdu irratti tarkanfiin uummata Amaaran fudhatama jira konkolaataan koodii Tigraay ofirraa qabsu socho’uu hin dandeessu garuu kan naannoo Amaaraa gara feetetti socho’aa jirti kun maaliif taha? jechuun uummanni naannoo Tigraay kaasee jira.  Kanumaan kaadiroonni Tigree naannichaa kan naannoo Amaraa irrattis tarkaanfii fudhachuun ni danda’ama jechun uummata force gochaa akka jirus hubatamee jira.

Konkolaataa koodii Amaaraa dhaabsisuu qabna jechaa jiru.  Uummanni naannoo Shiree jiraatu yeroo fincilli ka’u uummanni Tigraay maaliif rukutama? Maalifis qabeenyi isaa gubama? Uummanni Tigraay maaliif reebamaa? Mootummaa gaaffii hin deemnu gara tarkaanfiitti seenna jechuun jiraattotni naannichaa wal qindeessani ka’aa jiru. Mootummaan maaliif mirga tokko nuuf kennu didee jechaa jiran jedha odeessi nu gahee jiru.

Jallaa Keenyatu Nu Fixe Jedhe Mukni.

Damee Boruutiin

Barreessaa dhugaa baasa!Makmaaksaa Oromoo keessa haala har’a uummatni Oromoo keessa jiru kan  calaqisiisu tokko makmaaksa waa’ee mukaa himamu dha. “Mukkunni yaa’ii walitti bahee qottoon nu fixxee Maal haa goonu?” jedhee wal gaafatee jedhama. “ Kan nu fixe qottoo miti jallaa keenya jedhe jaarsii” jedhan.  Nuyis kunoo Wayaanee nu fixxee jennee waakkachaa jira. Garuu kan nu fixxaa jiru jallaa keenya warra garaa itti nyaatan malee sammuu itti yaadan hin qabne.

Sabni tokko bilisa tahee hiree mataa isaa ofiin murteefatee kan biyya dhaabbachuu danda’u  yoo uummatni isaa harka wal qalabate kaayyoo bilisummaaf dhaabbate dha. Namni tokko akk a nama tokkotti fedhii adda ddaa qabachuu danda’a.  Fedhii isaa kana guutachuuf dantaa uummata isaa ganee kan mataa hordofuudhaan dhiiga obbolaa isaan jiraachuuf fedhii kan qabu jira. Haalli kana fakkaatuu uummta qabsoo gochaa jiruu keessatti mul’achuun waan haaraa miti.

Kan Saba Oromoo kan haaraa godhuu gurmuudhaan ijaaramanii ifatti dantaa haalgaa tiksuuf dhaabbachuu dha. Uummatni Oromoo qabsoon isaa inni duraa warra dhalootan Oromoo tahanii yookan Oromoo ofiin jedhanii qabsoo uummata Oromoo gufachiisan of jalaaa qulqulleessuu dha. Warraa kan irratti karaa lama hojjechuu qabna. Inni duraa karaa danda’amu maraa akka badii uummata isaanii irratti hojjechaa jiran kana hubatanii uummataa isaanii wajjin hiriiro qabsoo galan dhiibaa irratti gochuu dha. Inni lammaffaa yoo didanii badii uummata isaanii irratti hojjetan kana itti fufuu filtan qabsoon uummata Oromoo dura isaan barbadeessuu qaba.

Midhaa guddaa kan ilaamaan Oromoo irraan gahaa jiru warra dhalootan Oromoo tahee, uummata Oromoo keessaa jiraachaa diinaaf odduu keenu dha. Uummatni Oromoo uummataa nagaa jaalatuu fi mirga dhala namaaf kabajaa guddaa qabu dha. Warra jallaa isa keessaa dhalate miti orma isa miidhaa jiru irratti iyyuu tarkaanfii murteessaa fudhachuun jaalala  isaa akka hin taane ni agarra .Jallaa Keenyatu Nu Fixe Jedhe Mukunni (2)

Konkolaachiftooti Hojii Dhaabuun Sirna Wayyaanee Mormaa Jiru,Waraanni Wayyaanees Kutaalee Oromiyaa Keessatti Bobba’e.

received_1043747925733185Adoolessa 18,2016/ Magaalaa Adaamaattis mormiin konkolaachiftootaa eegaluun konkolachiftoonni gara  Finfinnee fi gara Arsii bahaa dalagan dalagaa dhaabuun mormii sirna Wayyaanee eegalanii jiru.

Kana maleess galgala kana ammoo waraanni Wayyaanee humni guddaan gara magaalaa Itayyaa fi magaalaa Shaashamannee konkolaataan yaa’aa jiraachun himame. Har’a galgala keessa Saa’atii 5:30wb Naannoo Asallaatti dhukaasi meeshaa dhagahamaa jira.  Waraanni Wayyaanees galgala kana baay’innaan magaalattii guutee jiraachuu gabaasi Qeerroo addeessa. 

 


 

Fascist Ethiopia’s (TPLF) regime has lost all the people legitimacy and is not governing the country but terrorizing the people of Ethiopia.18 July 2016

Fascist Ethiopia's (TPLF) regime is not governing the country but terriorazing the people of Ethiopia.18 July 2016


 

#OromoProtests, road closure in action in Shukute, West Shawa, Oromia, July 18, 2016

Adoolessa 18 bara 2016 gootonni  Oromoo Shukkutee bifa kanaan daandii mara cufuun waraanni gara Goojjoo deemu akka hin dabarre danqan.

#OromoProtests, road closure in action in Shukute, West Shawa, Oromia, July 18, 2016

 


#OromoProtests 18 July 2016: Jaldu and shukutee are  in intense situations.  Fascist Ethiopia’s  agazi forces were  shooting on people indiscriminately and several people were  injured.

#OromoProtests 18 Adoolessa (July) 2016: Shawaa Lixaa Aanaa Jalduu keessatti ganama kanarraa kaasee mormii cimaatu geggeeffamaa jira. Magaalaa Gojoo keessatti namonni shan rasaasaan rukutamanii jiran.
1. Birhaanuu Caalaa bakki dhaloota magaala shukkutee gandaa Tassoo
2. Baayisa Qalbeesa bakki dhaloota Bichoo
3. Abushaa Nagaasa, gandaa Goojjoo
4. Dajanee Bulchaa, bakki dhaloota Bichoo
5. Sisaay Dabaala, bakki dhaloota Goojjoo
6. Baayisa Olgaa, bakki dhaloota Goojjoo

Yeroo amma kana mormii cimaatu magaalaa Shukkutee keessatti geggeeffamaa jira.

Fascist Ethiopia's agazi's force s were shooting on people discrminately, Jaldu, Oromia, 18 July 2016.


 

This is Birhanu Chala, one of the person who was shot in Jaldu West Shawa, last night, 17  July 2016

 

Oromo National Birhanu Chala was murdered by fascist Ethiopian regime forces on 17 July 2016

 



Kun Baayisaa Qalbeessaa har’a rasaasa Loltoota motummaa wayyaaneen rukutame .

Oromo national Bayissa Qalbessa, one of the people was wounded by fascist Ethiopia's regime forces in Jaldu District, West Shawa, Oromia, 18 July 2016


#OromoProtests in Gindabarat and Abuna, Oromia, 18 July 2016.
Aana Gindibaratii fi Abunaa tti mormiin itti fufee jira. Dandiin Anaa
kana gessuu akka gariitti konkolataa Awuraa godaanaa fi
Boottee ykn tankeetii Awuraa godanaa akkasumaas mukeen
gurgguddaadhaan cufameeraxayyara malee omtuu darbuu hin
danda’u.

#OromoProtests in Gindabarat and Abuna, Oromia, 18 July 2016.


#OromoProtests 18 (Adoolessa) July 2016: Waraqan lafarraa mul’aatu/ addaatu tun Galmeelee waajjira araddaatti sobaan wayyaaneen qeerroo irraatti ragaa sobaattin himaata ilmaan oromoo irratti dhiheessitee Qeerroon Harargee lixaa Aanaa Masalaa zoonii Coomaa araddaa Waltasis keessatti waajjira araddaa caccabsuun galmeelee sobaa tan wayyaaneen dargaggoota irratti himannaa banan gad guuranii taan gubanii tan haala suuraa irrati mul’aatu kanaan daraa godhan.

#OromoProtests in Masalaa, Oromia, 18 July 2016.


#OromoProtests 18 July 2016: Wayyaaneen saaminsa isii karaa addaatiin itti fufte.
Kan dallaya keessatti argitan kun yakkamtoota osoo hin tahin imaltoota karaa yaa’u konkolaataa irraa buufasanii waajjira Bulchiisaatti himannaa itti banan warri OPDO.

Dubbiin akkana. Imaltoota Finfinnee irraa karuma seeraatiin konkolaatan gara Harar imalaa jiran Harargee Bahaa magaalaa Qobboo keessatti haala dur hin baraminiin warri milishaa konkolaataa lama dhaabsisanii imaltoota irraa gad buusan. Imaltoonni maali rakkoon jedhanii gaafannaan seera malee imalaa jirtan jedhaniinii haala suuraa irratti argitan kanaan konkolaataa irraa buusanii waajjira bulchiisa magaalaa Qobbootti akka yakkamtootaatti hidhaa naqan.

Imaltoota mara tokko tokkoon sakattaa’uun maallaqa irraa saamanii kan maallaqa wayyaa irraa argatan immoo gad lakkisanii warra irraa dhaban immoo mana hidhaatti guuraa jiran jarri. Warri gaafii gaafateefi rincice immoo uleen feeddagaa jiran. Hanga tokko kan akka ija jabaatuu immoo gara Dadar oofuufi jedhan odeessi kun. Ajaa’iba! Haalli akkanaa kun gama biraatiin mallattoo kufaatii mootummaa sanii tahuu ibsa. Biyyatti yetoo ammaa mootummaa dhabdee saamtootaan bulaa jirti.

#Fascist Ethiopia's forces terrorzing passangers, Oromia, 18 July 2016.


#OromoProtests 18 July 2016: Passengers stranded at Ginchi bus station as drivers strike.

Passengers stranded at Ginchi bus station as drivers strike in Oromia, 18 July 2016.


#OromoProtests continues, 18 July 2016: FXG Itti fufu qaba, qeerroon waadaa isaani akka galmaan gahan dhaamata jiran bakkaayyuu!

#OromoProtests continues, 18 July 2016


#OromoProtests continues in Oromia, 19 July 2016.

 

 

 


#OromoProtests 18 July 2016:  Shawaa Lixaa Aanaa Jalduu keessatti ganama kanarraa kaasee mormii cimaatu geggeeffamaa jira. Magaalaa Gojoo keessatti namonni shan rasaasaan rukutamanii jiran.
1. Birhaanuu Caalaa bakki dhaloota magaala shukkutee gandaa Tassoo)
2. Baayisa Qalbeesa bakki dhaloota Bichoo
3. Abushaa Nagaasa, gandaa Goojjoo
4. Dajanee Bulchaa, bakki dhaloota Bichoo
5. Sisaay Dabaala, bakki dhaloota Goojjoo
6. Baayisa Olgaa, bakki dhaloota Goojjoo

Yeroo amma kana mormii cimaatu magaalaa Shukkutee keessatti geggeeffamaa jira.


#OromoProtests 18 July 2016: Harargee Lixaa magaalaa Asaboot keessatti guyyaa arraa Adooleessa 18, 2016 loltoonni Wayyaanee nama Jamaal Husseenaa jedhamu tokko rasaasan rukutamee jiraachuun dhagayame.

 


Godina Wallaggaa Kellem Aanaa Jimmaa Horroo, magaalaa Nuunnutti Namootni Hedduun Hidhaatti Guuramaa Jiru. FXG Aanaa Kanatti Itti Fufee Jira.

Because I am OromoAdoolessa 18/2016/ Godina Kellem Wallaggaa aanaa Jimmaa Horroo Magaala Nuunnuutti torbanoota kanaa kaasee FXG uummataa fi barattoota yeroo boqonnaa isaanii galaniin itti fufee waraana mootummaa hanga hundeen raasutti gaheetu jira. Adoolessa 12 irraa kaaseee humnoonni Wayyaanee garagaraa raayyaa ittisa biyyaa,kora bittinneessaa fi poolisoota naannoo waliin wal tahuun uummatatti ramadanii guyyaa guyyaattis dachaadhaan dabalaa
dhufuu baayina uummataa Qeerroon godina Kellem magaala Dambi Doolloo jiru gabaase.  Qonnaan bulaa, hojjetaa mootummaa keessa barsiisota,
dargaggoota hedduunis mana hidhaatti funaanama jiru. Reebichi hamaa raawwatee n namootni lama amma magaala Dambiilloo Hospitaalatti geeffamanii jiru. Namootni kunis miidhaa jabaan isaaan quunnamee du’aa ffi jireenya gidduu jiru.  Namootni kunis Alii Kadirii fi Akkattii Magarsaa jedhamu. Isaan kun raayyaa ittisa biyyaatiin hedduu miidhamanii jiru. Namootni magaala fi baadiyaarraa humneen kanaan
miidhamaa fi hidhaa jala jiranis haga ammaatti maqaa Qeerroon magaala Dambi Doolloo irraa nuuf gabaasee jirun
1.      Caalii Ganjoosaa
2.      Lataa Wiirtuu
3.      Daagim Warataa
4.      Abdiisaa Indaaluu
5.      Isaayas Addisuu
6.      Taliilee Abdulqaadir
7.      Miiftaa’uu Abdulqaadir
8.      Nashoo Tashoomee
9.      Abuuttee Tashoomee
10.     Kibiruu Oljirraa
11.     Dastaa
Kanneen jedhaman maqaan yeroof nun gahinis kan miidhaman caalaa ukkaamfamanii fudhatamanii eessa buuteen isaanii dhabameera. FXG godina Kellem aanaalee biraattis itti fufee akka jiru Qeerroon gabaasee jira.

Naannoo Finfinnee fi Magaala Fiinfinne Keessa Waraanni Wayyaanee Buufatee Eegaa Jira. Qellem Ona Jimmaa Horrootti Uummanni Miidhaa Guddaan Irra Gahee Jira.

2016-07-06 21.04.38-12016-07-12 20.33.48Adoolessa 18,2016 Humni waraana wayyaanee naannoo magaala Finfinnee keessa buufatee jira. kutaa magaalaa Bulchiinsa Finfinnee baayinnii ummataa itti heddumatutti waraana ishee bobbaastee magaala Finfinnee waardiyaa gootee jirti.
Kutaaleen kannen akka magaala Boolee, Nifaas silkii, Makkanniinsaa, Aqaaqii Qalliittii kun hundii humna waraana Wayyaaneetin marfamtee eegamaa jirti.
Dhiyoo sababa diigumsa manaan wal qabatee kutaa magaala Nifaas silkiitti taheen fincilli uummataa, uummanni osoo wal hin oodin tokkummaan mootummaa dura dhaabbatee flamii gaggeessuun isaa ni yaadatama.  Haaluma  kana fakkaatuun Wayyaaneen meeshaa qabduu fi aangoo qabdutti dhima bahuudhaan manneen jireenyaa gara kuma 31 olii diguuf ammas karoorsuun uummanni naannawaa Finfinnee kana dura dhaabbachuuf yeroo ammaa fincilaaf waamicha waliif dhiyeessuu jiraattota naannowaa Finfinnee hubattee Wayyaaneen yeroo ammaa kana humna waraana qabdu magaala Finfinnee keessa naanneessaa jirti.
Doorsisaa fi sodaachisa tahuunis uummanni garuu karoora wayyaanee kana fesheleessuuf kallatti hundaan of qopheesee jira. Dhiyoo akkuma gabaafame godina Qellem wallaggaa ona Jimma Horrootti FXG jabaatee itti fufuu irraan humni waraanaa magaala keessa bufatee jiru
uummata shororkeessaa jiraatuun gabaafame. Har’as Qeerroon ona JImmaa Horroo irraa gabaasuun uummanni qonnaan bulaan miidhaa gurguddaan irra gahaa, uummanni hedduun hidhaatti guuramuu fi manneen namoota heddun caccabee manca’aa akka jiru Qeerroon gabase. Shamarran oromoo magaala Jimma Horroo hedduunis miidhamaa jiru uummannis baayeen isaa madoo taheera har’a ganama irraa kaasee waraanni wayyaanee konkolaataa 10 oliin buufatee jira. Dargaggoonni hedduunis hidhamaa jiru. FXG itti fufee jira.

Maqaa Industiritiin lafti uummataa naannoo Kibbaa,Hawaasatti alagaatti gurguramaa jira.

Adoolessa 18,2016 , Naannoo Kibbaa Hawaastti maqaa Industiriin lafti uummata irraa fuudhamee waan jiruuf Qeerroo sidaamaatiin maqaa saamicha lafa tooftaa kanaan bahe mormuuf fincilli eegalee jira. lafti qonnaan bulaa irraa fuudhamee kennamaa jiru lammii biyyattiin ala kan lammii biyya alaatiif waan kennamaa jiruuf mootummaan kana dhaabuu baannaan Fincilli itti fufuu fi tarkaanfii uummanni naannoo kibbaa fudhatuuf deemutti itti gaafatama kan fudhatuu qabu wayyaanee tahuu qaba jechuudhan Qeerroon sidaamaa akeekkachiisee jira.
Akkauma gaaffiin uummataa gaaffii xayyaaraa miti gaaffiin uummata biyyattii yeroo ammaa gaaffii misoomaan wal qabatu miti Wayyaneen garuu maqaa buufata xayyaaraa jedhuun uummata gowomsuuf yaalaa jirtuun uummanni gaaffii qabuuf booodatti akka hin deebinee fi gowomsaa W ayyaanee kanaaf bakka akka hin laanne uummanni fincila isaa itti fufee jira.
Oromiyaa keessattis akkuma beekamu buufataale kanaan dura badan bakka 5ni ol deebisuuf wayyaaneen buufata xayyaaraa oromiyaa keessatti jettee dhagaa bu’uuraa kaa’uun xaaraa jirti.  Olitti akkuma gaaffin uummataa kana hin taane xuqe ammas oromiyaa keessattis gaaffiin
uummataa gaaffii buufata xayyaaraa dhabuu osoo hin taanee gaaffii BILISUMMAA FI WALABUMMAATI. Kana wayyaaneen beekuu qabdi. Gaaffin
kunis yeroo gabaabaa keeysatti deebii argatee kan wayyaanee duguugee biyyaa ishee baasuun Fincilli kun itti fufaa jira.  buufata xayyaaraaf lafti naannoo Kibbaa Hawaasatti dhagaa’aan bu’uuraa knaan dura kaa’amee ture yeroo ammaa uummata naannichaa harka galee bakka dheedinsa horii fi haroo uummanni irra qonnaan qotatuu qabu sodaa malee uummatni bakkicha dura dhaabbatee fesheleessee jira.
Yeroo gabaabaa keeysattis saamichi lafaa  kan maqaa Industitiin Tigreen gurgurataa jirtu fi waliifis kennaaa jirn uummanni tokkummaan
ka’ee dura dhaabbataa jiraatuun qeeyroon sidaamaa beeksisee jira.


#OromoProtests 18 July 2016: Shawaa Lixaa Aana Ada’aa Bargaa ganda Muka Odaa keessatii kaanpii agaazi bonbidha gubanii jiru.


An Agazi military camp located in Muka Oda village, Ada Barga District of West Shawa has been destroyed when grenades hit it setting fire to the building. The Agazi commandos were station there for the last months now forced to leave the area.

Kampiin Agazii gubate. 18 July 2016

 


Naanoo Amaaratti Fincilli Guutummaan Guututti Itti Fufee Jiraatuu Odeessi Qeerroo Naannichaa Gabaasee Jira

Adoolessa 18,2016,Naannoo Amaaraa guutummaatti Fincilli uummataa fi barattootaan itti fufee akka jiru har’as caasaan naanoo Amaaraa gabaasee jira.   Goojjam bahaa aanaa Dajan magaalaa Dajan keessatti barattootni yuuniversitii fi koollejjii adda addaarraa eebbifaman nus nu gabroomsuu kan barbaadu mootummaa abbaa irree kana ofirraa kaasuu qabna jechuun fincila itti fufanii jiru. Leenjii yeroo gannaa barattoota walitti qabuuf yaalames barattootni magaalicha keessaa fesheleessanii jiru. Kaffaltiin kamuu jiraatu nuti walgahii Wayyaanee hin feenu jechuudhaan fincila kaasuun dhaga’ame

Itti fufees dhiyoo kaaba Gondoritti gaaffii jiraattotni walqayitti kaasaniin fincilli itti uummanni gamtaadhaan qabeenyaa wayyaanee fi miseensota poolisii wayyaanee irrattis tarkaanfii fudhatuun gabaafamee jira.  Kaleessa konkolaattotni wayyaanee magaala Gondor irraa gara Shiree godaanaa jirtu konkolaattotni wayyaanee lama qabeenyaa wayyaanee tahuun addatti beekamee waan jiruuf dargaggootni naannichaa konkolaattota lamaan kana dhaabun ibiddaan gubanii caasaa mootummaa konkolaataa sana keessatti argamu irrattis tarkaanfii wal fakkaataa fudhatuun hojiin ala taasisanii jiraatuun caasaan naannichaa gabaasee jira.

Itti fufee dhalattootni Tigree naannichatti argamu hunduu uummata magaalichaan reebamaa jira. Qabeenyaan tigree magaalicha keessatti argamus kanneen akka suuqiwwa warqii fi kkf barbaadeffamaa jiru kunis deggersa poolisoota naannoo Amaaraa waliin uummanni tokkummaa uumee Wayyaanee barbadeessaa jiraatuun gabaafame.

Aaanaa Dabaarqi jedhamutti dhalattootni ilmaan Tigree ta’an yeroodhaan akka gadhiisan tahuus baatus tarkaanfiin irratti akka fudhatamuu fi galaa mootummaa keessaniin bulaa kan nu bulchu Tigree miti jechuun akeekkachiisa itti kennuun tarkanfiin itti fufee fudhatamaa jira.
Namootni hidhamanis irree uummataan mana hidhaatii akka gadhiifamu taasifamaa jira. Fincilli naannoo Amaaratti itti fufee jiru daran
jabaatee akka jiru caasaan har’a gabaasee jira.

 

#OromoProtests, in Gurawa, Dooguu, Gaara mul’ataa, Hararghe, Oromia, 17 July 2016.

Godina Harargee bahaa Gaara Mullataa Aanaa Gurawaa Magaalaa Dooguutti Qeerroon keenya galgala kana Adoolessa 17, 2016 hiriiira bahuudhaan mormii isaanii itti fufanii jiran. Qeerroon kunneen kaleessaas mormii geeggeessaa ooluun isaanii ni yaadatama.

 

#OromoProtests, in Gurawa, Dooguu, Gaara mul'ataa, Hararghe, Oromia, 17 July 2016.

#OromoProtests 17 July 2016 Continues in Western Hararghe, Baddessaa, Oromia.

Lixa harargee magaala baddeessa FXG finiinsaa jiruu.

#OromoProtests, in Baddessa, Hararghe, Oromia, 17 July 2016.


(SBO/VOL – Adoolessa 16,2016) Naannawa Benishaangul Ona Goobaatti mormii ummataa mootummaa wayyaanee irratti deemaa jiruu fi tarkaanfii lukkeelee sirnichaa irratti fudhatamu itti fufee jira. Haaluma kanaan Ona Goobaa ganda Alutaatti tarkaanfii adabbii fudhatameen ergamtoonni wayyaanee miseensota Kaabinee Onichaa tahan 3 ajjeefamanii, kanneen biro 2 ammoo madeeffamanii jiru.

Oduudhuma walqabatee nu gaheen, naannawa Gaambeellaattis ummanni mootummaa wayyaanee jalatti hin bullu jechuun mormii gaggeessaa kan jiru yoo tahu, waraqaaleen ummata falmaaf kakaasanii fi wayyaanee balaaleffatanis facaafamaa jiru.

 

 

ODUU

OMN News: Oduu Adoolessa (July) 17, 2016

OMN: Oduu Ado. 17, 2016

 


 #OromoProtests Alerts, Oromia, 16 July (Adoolessa) 2016


Kun dhaamsa hatattamaa Qeerroon dabarse! “Yeroo ammaa keessatti waantoti hedduu jijjiiramaa jira. Keesssoon Wayyaanee immoo hedduu jeeqamaa jira. Sababa kanaan humni Wayyaanee gochaa badanii balleessuu dalaguuf qopheeffamaa jiru gudddaa ta’uu bira geenyeerra. Kanaaf, karoora Wayyaanee kamuu tokkummaa fi kutannoon fashalsuuf namuu akka walbeekuu fi walhubatutti naannoo isaa eeguu fi waleeguu irratti hojjachuu qaba.
Qabsoon Oromoo waggootaaf finiinaa jiru gara galii isaatti dhiyaachaa jira. Ummati Oromoo keessaa fi alaan wal’aansoo murteessaa kanaaf biramachuuf of-qopheessee tarkaanfachuu qaba. Kan hidhannoo qabu hidhannoo qopheeffachuu, kan hin qabne, garuu kan danda’u immoo daddaffiin hidhannoo malchiisu bitachuu, bakka jirutti of eeguu fi waleeguun hojii keenay duraa ta’uu qaba.”
Gaabbii fi eegeen booda deemti!!

#OromoProtests Alerts, Oromia, 16 July 2016

#OromoProtests Adooleessaa(July) 16 bara 2016 mormii haawasnifi qeerroon harargee baha Aanaa Dadar araddaa Quufan-ziq ammaas yeroo lammaffaaf bifa kanaan itti oolan.

 #OromoProtests, Dadar, Quufan-ziq, Hararghe, Oromia, 16 July 2016


 #OromoProtests Adoolessa (July) 16 bara 2016: Kun Dirree Oromyaa bahaa magaalaa Harar keessaatti ilmaan Oromoo alaabaa ABO‬ bifa kanaan tolchaanii gurguraa jiran.

 Alaabaa ABO Baha Oromiyaatti Gabaa irratti. 15 July 2016


Sagalee Qeerroo Bilisummaa Oromoo Qophii Adoolessa 14,2016

Sagalee Qeerroo Bilisummaa Oromoo Qophii Adoolessa 14,2016

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ODUU

Qeellem Wallaggaa Magaalaa Nuunnutti mormiin jabaatee itti fufee jira

OMN: Oduu Bit. 29, 2016

#OromoProtests (15 July 2016, OMN:Oduu Adoolessa 15 bara 2016):  Godina Qellem Wallaggaa aanaa Jimma Hoorroo magaalaa Nuunnuutti mormii geggeeffameen, namoonni shantama yoo hidhaman, afur ammoo reebicha loltoota mootummaatiin miidhamuun himame.

Kana males buufata fayyaa, manniin daldaltootaa fi waajjiraaleen mootummaa hundi yoo cufamu, sa’aatii murtaaheen alatti akka jiraattoonni magaalaa keessa hin sochoone loltoota kanaan dhoorgamanii jiru.

Mormiin ummata Oromoo wayta ammaa haalaan jabaatee geggeeffamaa kan jiru yoo ta’u, yeroo gara yerootti hidhaa, reebichaa fi ajjeechaan mootummaan irratti raawwatamaa jirus hammaatee jira.

Guyyaa kaleessa Adoolessa 14 bara 2016 barattoonni mana barumsa sadarkaa lammaaffaa Qeellem xumura qormaata biyyaalessaa kutaa 12ffaa irratti mormii jabaa geggeessaa oolan.

Gaffiin mirga abbaa biyyummaa fi abbaa qabeenyummaa nuuf kabajamuu qaba jechuun ammas barattoonni kun mormii isaanii geggeessaa ooluu jiraataan magaalaa Nuunnuu tokko nuuf himan.

Haata’u malee loltoonni mootummaa akkuma amala isaanii mormii barattootaa kana bittinsuuf yaalanii jiru jedhan.

Mormii guyyaa kaleessaa geggeeffamee ture irratti, korri bittinneessaa fi poolisoonni Federaalaa boombii aaraa barattoota fi jiraattota irratti darabtuun namoonni hedduun miidhamanii jiru.

Kanniin miidhaan isaan irra gahe manniin yaalaa adda addaatti waldhaanamaa jiraachuullee namni kun dubbatan.Kana males hidhamiinsi haalaan jabaatee akka jirus himamaa jira.

Namni biraa gama isaaniitiin akka nuuf himanitti, magaalaa isaanii keessatti guyyaa dheengaddaa irraa jalqabee loltoota mootummaatiin reebichi hamaan namoota nagaa irratti raawwatamaa jira.

Reebicha kanaan namoonni afur yoo miidhaman guyyaa kaleessatis barattoonni mormii isaanii finiinsan.

Namni biroo akka dubbatanitti, reebichaa fi roorroon hammeenyaa jiraattoota irratti fuulleffatee waan jiruuf eentu qabamee hidhamee fi kamtu miidhameen beekuun hedduu rakkisaadha jedhan.

Sababa loltoonni kun sa’aatii murtaaheen alatti namni kamuu magaalaa keessa akka hin sochoone uggura nurra kaayaniif jecha wal iyyaafachuun ammoo rakkisaadha jedhan.

Erga guyyaa kaleessaa mormiin magaalaa Nuunnuu keessatti geggeeffamee jalqabee haga ammaatti namoonni shantama loltootaan qabamanii hidhamuu isaanii kan nuuf himan jiraataa magaalattii kanaati.

Humnootiin meeshaa waraanaa hidhatan kun dhimma nageenyaatiin wal qabsiisanii guyyaa kaleessaa akka laakkofsa biyyattiitti waaree booda sa’aatii saddeet irraa kaasee haga ammaatti namoonni magaalaa keessa akka hin sochoone dhoorganii jiru.

Kana males waajjiraalee mootummaa dabalatee manniin jiraattotaa hundi cufamee jira jedhan.

Loltoonni meeshaa waraanaa hidhatan kun biyyuma nagaya qabdu ufii isaaniitii hookkara uumanii nagaya dhoorgaa jiru kan jedhan jiraattonni, kanarraa ka’uun namoonni hundi mana isaaniitii gadi bahuu hin dandeenne.

Manniin daldalaa, buufata fayyaa fi waajjiraaleen mootummaa hundi cufamee jira. Tajaajila kennaa kan jiru waajiira buufata poolisii qofa jedhan. Loltoonni kun manniin jirrattotaa irra deemuun namoota hedduu qabanii hidhaa jiru.

Ajaja loltoota kanaatiin wayta manniin jiraattotaa, daldaltootaa fi buufanni fayyaa hundi cufamee jiru kanatti, buufanni waajjira poolisii qofti banamuun, namoota nagayaa reebuu fi qabanii itti hidhuudhaaf malee waan bira miti jedhan.

Mootumma biyyattii bulchaa jiruun roorroon daangaa darbe ummata Oromoo irratti geggeeffamaa jira kan jedhan namoonni kun, kana keessaa bahuuf ammoo mormiin diddaa gabrummaadhaa jabaatee itti fufuu qaba jechuun dhaamsa isaanii dabarfatanii jiran.


ODUU

Aanaa Odaa Bultumitti Saamichaa fi hidhaan hammaate.

OMN: Oduu Ado. 12,2016

#OromoProtests 15 July 2016 (OMN:Oduu Adoolesssa  15 bara 2016): Godina Harargee lixaa aanaa Odaa Bultum Araddaa Gabiibaa jedhamutti hidhattoonni saboota Somaalee loon jiraattota saamanii, reebicha geggeessuun himame.

Jiraattoonnis loon isaanii saamtota kana harkaa yoo deebifatanitti mootummaan biyyattii bulchaa jiru ammoo bulchaa araddaa dabalatee namoota soddoma qabee hidhuun himame.

Godina Harargee lixaa aanaa Odaa Bultum araddaa Gabiibaa jedhamutti guyyoota sadii dura ture, hidhattoonni saba Somaalee ta’an kan jiraattota jalaa loon saaman.

Loon saamtota kanaan saamame kan bulchaa araddaa Gabiibaa yoo ta’u, mucaa isaaniillee reebuun himamee jira. Kanarraa ka’uun jiraattoonnis dallanananii loon nama isaanii saamame deeffatanii turan.

Haata’u malee mootummaan biyyattii bulchaa jiru qabeenya saboota biroo saamtan jechuun dubbii faallaa uumee namoota nagayaa qabee hidhee jira kan jedhan jiraataa aanaa Odaa Bultumiiti.

Bulchaa araddaa Gabiibaa qabeenyi isaanii jalaa saamame dabalatee namoonni nagayaa 30 ol hidhamuullee namni kun dubbatan.

Akka namni kun jedhanitti jalqaba saamicha kana kan geggeesse hidhattoota saboota Somaaleeti. Garuu kan reebamaa jiruu fi hidhamaa jiru ammoo jiraattoota aanaa isaanii ta’uu himan.
Kana raawwachuun mootummichaa akka ummanni Oromoo mirga abbaa qabeenyummaa isaatiif hin dubbanne nu dararaa jira jedhan.

Mootummaan kun jibbiinsa hammeenyaa nurraa qabaachuu isaa arginee jirra jedhan.
Kana males saboota baroota dheeraaf wal wajjiin jiraatan kana jidduu seenee mootummaan kun walitti buusaa jiraachuullee himanii jiru.
Dhiheennuma kana godina Harargee bahaa aanaa Qumbitti poolisoonni Liyyuu hayil weerara daangaa Oromiyaa irratti geggeessuun qabeenya hedduu kan saaman yoo ta’u, namoota 21 ammoo ajjeessuun kan dagatamuu miti.

Akkasumas poolisoonni kun mootummaa Itiyoophiyaatiin gargaaramanii namoota 14 rasaasaan madeessuu isaanii gabaasuun keenna ni yaadatama.


ODUU

Dambi Doollootti mormiin ciminaan gaggeeffamaa jira.

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#OromoProtests 15 July 2016 (OMN:Oduu Adoollessa 15 bara 2016): Godina Qeellam Wallaggaa magaalaa Dambi Doollotti xumura qormaata biyyaalessaa kutaa kudha 12ffaa booda barattoonni mormii isaanii yoo geggeessaa turanitti, poolisoonni Federaalaa hidhaa fi reebichaan barattoota miidhuun himame.

Magaalaa Dambi Doolloo irraa barataan nuti dubbifne tokko akka jedhutti, barattoonni mana barumsa sadarkaa lammaaffaa magaalaa isaanii guyyaa kaleessaa xumura qormaata kutaa 12ffaa booda mormii geggeessaa oolan.

Barattoonni kun karaa magaalattii hedduu cufuun mormii jabaa finiinsaa kan oolan yoo ta’u, poolisoonni Federaalaa ammoo akkuma amala isaanii hidhaa fi reebicha hamaa barattoota kanarraan gahanii jiru.
Kanarraa ka’uun dargaggoonni hafan hedduun magaalaa keessaa baqatanii jiru jedheera.

Magaalaan isaanii wayta ammaa poolisoota Federaalaatiin guuttamtee jiraachuu nuuf himee, ammayyuu hidhaan itti fufee akka jiru ragaa bahee jira.

Daraggoonni hafan lamaa sadii ta’anii magaalaa keessa socho’uun hin danda’amne kan jedhu barataan kun, dararaan hammeenyaa biyyuma keennarratti nu muudataa jira.
Mormiin barattootaa kun maal ture gaaffii jedhuuf barataan kun yoo deebisu.

Akka barataan kun jedhutti poolisoonni Oromiyaa fi Federaalaa magaalaa Dambi Doolloo keessa naannayuun dargaggoota adamsaa jiran.
Jiraattoonnis mormii isaanii wayta dhageesisanitti poolisoota kanaan reebamaa jiraachuullee nuuf himee jira.

Mootummaa biyyattii bulchaa jiruun hidhaa fi reebichi kamuu mormii keennarraa duubatti nu hin deebisu jechuun barataan kun murannoo isaa ibsatee jira.

Akka inni jedhutti, gaaffiin mirga abbaa biyyummaa fi abbaa qabeenyummaa Oromoo haga deebii hin argatinitti mormiin ummatichaa guutummaa biyyattii keessatti finiinee geggeeffamuu qaba jedhaa jira.


 

ODUU

OMN: Gabaasa Addaa (Ado. 14, 2016)

 

OMN: Gabaasa Addaa (Ado. 14, 2016)


#OromoProtests July 14, 2016: after completing their 12th grade exam students at Asasa Preparatory school marched to town chanting ‘ We want Freedom Today.’

Arsii Lixaa magaalaa Asaasatti barattoonni kutaa 12ffaa akkuma qormaata xumuraniin bifa kanaan dhaadannoo dhageessisaa magaalaa seenan.

#Oromoprotests, Asasa Preparatory school, Arsi, oromia, 14 July 2016

 


#OromoProtests 14 July 2016: Interesting form nonviolent resistance in Arsi. Here is the story. A government soldier shot two young boys who were caring for cattle. In response women from the village drove their cattle and sheep to the town closing all roads for hours demanding justice. Creative resistance at its best!!


Godina Arsii Aanaa leemmuu fi Bilbiloo ganda Boqojjii Nageessootti hidhataan/milshaan gandaa kan bosona Gaalama eegu tissee lamaa itti dhukaasuun rukutee dabalataan namoota biraatis gareen tumuun namni lamaa yeroo ammaa du’aaf jiruu jidduutti Hospitaala Asaallatti jiru. ummanni dallansuu saniin horii, hoolaa, ree’ee fi fardi osoo hin hafne hunda isaanii oofanii dubartiin siinqee qabattee afotti deemaa Magaala Boqojjii geessanii jiru. Poolisoonnif qaamni bulchiinsaa isin yakkamtoota qaama siyaasaattu isin duuba jiraa dhimma keessan laaluun dura beellada gara qe’ee galchaa jedhamanii sodaachifamnii duraa furmaata akka nuuf hin kennine ni beeknaa haga nu miitaniif isin jibbine dhageessifachuuf jechaa beelada isaanii dachaasanii galchan.

 

#Oromoprotests, Leemmuu and Bilbiloo district, Boqojjii village, Arsi, oromia, 14 July 2016#Oromoprotests, Leemmuu and Bilbiloo district, Boqojjii village, Arsi, Oromia, 14 July 2016. p2#Oromoprotests, Leemmuu and Bilbiloo district, Boqojjii village, Arsi, Oromia, 14 July 2016. p3#Oromoprotests, Leemmuu and Bilbiloo district, Boqojjii village, Arsi, Oromia, 14 July 2016. p4


 

#OromoProtests Report, 14 July 2016: Ijoolleen armaan gaditti maqaan isaanii tarrifame mana barumsa sadarkaa lammaffaafi qopha’inaa Mattuu irraa sababa daree keessatti sirbitan jedhuun mana murtiitti himatamanii deddebi’aa jiru
1.Abel Fantahun kutaa…..
2.Tashale Tesemma kutaa 12ffaa
3.Hayat Jihad kutaa 11ffaa
4.Hayat Girma kutaa 12ffaa
5.Kazina Abdu kutaa 12ffaa
6. Samuel Aseffa kutaa 9ffaa
7.Tilahun kutaa 9ffaa
8. Getahun kutaa 9ffaa
9.Kennesaa Qannoo kutaa 10ffaa
10.Abdisaa Aagaa kutaa 12ffaa
11. Mintesinot Waase kutaa 12ffaa
12. Mintrsinot Befiqadu kutaa12ffa
13. Lalise Alemgena kutaa 12ffaa
Ijoollee kichuun kunniin badii sobaatiin yakkamuun akka ariyaman iif sochii cimaa kaadireen OPDO gootuus qabsoo barattootni fi maatiin godhaniin ariyamuu irraa hafanii qorumsa kutaa kudha lammaaffaarra taa’uu danda’aniru . Qeerroon Magalaa mattuu yeroo rakkooleen akkasii muudatan midiaa hawaasaarratti baasuun mootummaan kun shira lammiilee ol-guddattuu doomsuf godhu saaxiluu akka qaban dhaamuu barbaaanna.


ODUU

Aanaa Qumbiitti namoonni 21 yemmuu ajjeefaman 14 immoo mada’an.

OMN:Oduu Adoolessa 13 bara 2016 Weerara daangaa Oromiyaa fi ajjeechaa poolisoonni Liyyuu Hayil jiraattota godina Harargee bahaa aanaa Qumbii irratti raawwataniin namoonni ajjeefaman 21 yoo ta’an, 14 ammoo madaayuun himame.

Magaalaan Minoo guutumaan guututti hidhattoota naannoo Ogaadeniin yoo dhuunfatamtu, haalli naannawa sanitti muldhataa jiru ammayyuu yaaddeessaa ta’uu jiraattonni dubbatan.

Godina Harargee bahaa aanaa Qumbitti Poolisoonni Liyyuu Hayil kan mootummaa Itiyoophiyaatiin leenjifamanii daangaa Oromiyaa weeraruun alatti qabeenya saamuu fi namoota ajjeesuu ammas itti fufanii jiru.

Tarkaanfii ajjeechaa jiraattota aanaa Qumbii irratti raawataniin haga ammaatti namoonni 21 yoo ajjeefaman 14 ammoo madaayuu isaanii jiraattonni dubbatan.

Guyyaaa hardhaa Adoolessa 13 bara 2016ttis hidhattoonni kun dabalataan gara daangaa Oromiyatti fe’amaa akka jiranillee jiraataan aanichaa tokko himan.

Namni kun akka nuuf himanitti lola guyyoota sadiif itti fufee jiruun magaalaan Minoo guutumatti poolisoota liyyuu hayil jala galtee jirti jedhan.

Akkasumas namoonni ajjeefamanii fi madaayan hedduu ta’uu nuuf himanii, kun lola marsaa lamaaf isaan irratti geggeeffameen akka ta’ellee dubbatan.

Poolisoonni kun aanaa Qumbitti lola geggeessaniin jiraattoonni hedduun qe’ee isaanii dhiisanii baqatanii jiru.
Eddoowwaan namoonni keenna irraa baqatan kana namoota isaanii irra qubsiifatanii jiru jedhan.

Hidhattoonni liyyuu Hayil magaalaa Minoo kan weeraran yoo ta’u, kana males magaalaa Minoo irraa gara fageenna kiilo meetira 60 gahus daangaa Oromiyaa ceehanii argamuu isaanii namni kun ibsan.

Wayta poolisoonni Liyyuu hayil kun ajjeechaa, saamichaa fi weerara daangaa Oromiyaa irratti geggeessaa jiran kanatti, bulchiinsi mootummaa Oromiyaa maal jedhaa jira gaaffii jedhuuf namni kun yoo deebisan.

Loltoonni naannoo shanii ykn Ogaaden irraa dhufan kun, meeshaa waraanaa gurguddaa hidhachuun kan isaan jiraattota aanaa Qumbii irratti weeraraa fi tarkaanfii ajjeechaa raawwataa jiran.

Hidhattonni kun mootummaa Itiyoophiyaatiin gargaaramanii nurratti bobbaafamanii jiru jedhan.

Poolisoonni kun ammayyuu lola jabaa geggeessuuf qophaayaa waan jiraniif walii galatti haalli aanaa isaanii muudatee jiru hedduu yaaddessaa ta’uu namni kun dubbatanii jiru.


 

 https://youtu.be/cFC_M7a35Po


Fascist Ethiopia’ regime (TPLF/ Liyu Police) has continued its genocidal mass killings and land grabs against Oromo people in East Hararghe, Oromia. As of 11 July 2016, 16 Oromo nationals were reorted killed and several injured. 
ODUU

Harargee Bahaa Aanaa Qumbiitti namoonni 16 ajjeefaman.

OMN: Oduu Ebla 25,2016

(OMN:Oduu Adoolessa 11 bara 2016): Godina Harargee bahaa aanaa Qumbiitti, poolisoonni Liyyuu Hayil weerara daangaa Oromiyaa irratti raawwataniin namoonni kudha jaha yoo ajjeefaman namoonni jaha ammoo madaayuun himame.

Qabeenyi hedduun kan saamame yoo ta’u, namoonni hafanis qe’ee isaanii irraa baqachuu jiraattoonni dubbatan.

Waggoota shanan darban irraa jalqabee poolisoonni Liyyuu Hayil kan mootummaa Itiyoophiyaatiin deeggaraman jiraattota godina Harargee bahaa aanaalee gara garaa irratti weerara geggeessaa akka turan beekkamaadha.

Poolisoonni Liyyuu Hayil kun wayta adda addaattii daangaa Oromiyaa seenuun tarkaanfii ajjeechaa raawwataa kan turan yoo ta’u, ammas haala hamaa ta’een namoota nagaa ajjeesaa jiran.

Guyyaa dheengaddaa irraa jaqlabee wal waraansa polisoota liyyuu Hayilii fi jiraattota godina Harargee bahaa aanaa Qumbii jiddutti geggeeffamaa jiruun, namoonni kudha jaha yoo ajjeefaman, qabeenyi hedduun poolisoota kanaan saamamee jira.
Lola geggeeffamaa jiru kana jalaa jiraattoonni hundi qe’ee isaanii gadi dhiisanii baqatanii jiru.

Lolli jiraattota aanaa Qumbii irratti baname kun guyyoota sadii dura kan jalqabe yoo ta’u, haga ammaatti akkuma itti fufetti jiraachuullee jiraattoonni dubbatan.

Wal waraansa achitti geggeeffamaa jiru kana keessaa mootummaan Itiyoophiyaa harka qabaachuu isaatis himame.

Lola ta’e kanaan namoonni kudha jaha poolisoota liyyuu Hayiliin kan ajjeefaman yoo ta’u, haga ammaatti reeffi namoota kudha shanii awwaalamee jira.
Reeffi nama tokkoo ammoo danqaraa keessatti waraabessaan yoo nyaattamu, namoonni jaha madaayuu isaanii namni kun mararfatanii dubbatanii jiru.

Akka isaan jedhanitti, gochaa mootummaan Ityoophiyaa nurratti raawwateen reeffa nama keennaa awwalachuu dadhabnee jirra.
Qabeenyi hedduun nu jalaa samaamee jira. Qe’ee dhaloota keennaa dhiifnee lubbuu keennaan baqachuuf ammoo dirqamnee jirra jedhan.
Wayta lolli hamaan poolisoota Liyyuu Hayiliin nurratti raawwatamaa jiru kanatti qaama nuuf birmatu dhabnee ajjeefamaa jirra jechuun dubbatan.

Sababaan lolli kun jiraattota aanaa Qumbii irratti banameef maalii gaaffii jedhuuf namni kun yoo deebisan.

Bakki lillo kun ammaan kana haalaan jabaatee itti geggeeffamaa jiru aanaa Qumbii naannawa magaalaa Minoo akka ta’es namni kun himanii jiru.

Haalli ammaan kana muldhataa jiru hedduu yaaddessaa ta’uu kan nuuf himan namni kun, keessumattuu wayta poolisoonni naannoo shanii duula hamaa nurratti geggeessaa jiranitti, poolisoonni Federaalaa daanagaa lamaan jidduu jiran ammoo qaamota mootummaan nutti bobbaasee kanaaf tumsa ta’anii jiru jedhan.

Itti dabaluun akka namni kun jedhanitti, lafaa fi qabeenya isaaniirratti ajjeefamuu qofa osoo hin taane, daangaan Oromiyaa poolisoota kanaan weeraramee jira.
Lola guyyoota sadiif geggeeffamaa jiru kanaan poolisoonni kun lafa baldhinni isaa kiilo meetira 40 ta’u daangaa Oromiyaa ufi jalatti dhuunfatanii jiru.
Bulchiinsi mootummaa Oromiyaa ufiin jedhus haga ammaatti furmaata kenneef tokkos akka hin jirre himan.

Poolisoonni kun mootummaa Itiyoophiyaatiin leenjifamanii meeshaa waraanaa gurguddaa hidhachuudhaan kan jiraattoota irratti tarkaanfii ajjeechaa raawwaataa turan. Ammas akkasuma.

Maqaa babaldhifannaa lafaa jedhuun loltoonni Liyyuu hayil kun, daangaa Oromiyaa humnaan weeraruun qabeenya hedduu saamaa jiru.
Lola geggeeffamaa jiruun ammoo namoonni hedduun qe’ee isaanii irraa baqatanii jiran.
Rakkoo kana furuuf qaamni birmateef tokkos akka hin jirre jiraattoonni dubbatan.

Wayta gara garaatti milishoonni mootummaa Itiyyophiyaatiin gargaaraman kun daangaa godina Harargee bahaa seenuun duula jabaa geggeessaa kan turan yoo ta’u, inni ammaa kun haalaan yaadessaa ta’uullee jiraattonni himanii jiru.

 


 

 

 

#OromoProtests 13 July 2016: Funeral Ceremony for Haji Guye Dula, a respected elder who died yesterday as a result of the injuries he suffered during the protest in Adaba 6 months ago.

Sirna awwaalchaa haji Guyyee Duulaa magaalaa Adaabbaa keessatti bifa kanaan raaw’atamee jira. haji Guyyeen manguddoo biyyaa kan ji’a jaha dura gaafa mormii magaalaa Adaabbaa miidhamanii kaleessa boqotan.

#OromoProtests, Funeral Ceremony for Haji Guye Dula, Arsi, Oromia, 13 July 2016


#OromoProtests 12 July 2016: Magoddoon biyyaa bekkamaan Haaji Guyyee Duulaa, kan gaafa mormii magaala Arsii Lixaa magaalaa Adaabbaa miidhaman har’a gara fuula rabbii dabranii jiran. Loltoonni Agaazii mormii cimaa magaalatti ka’ee akka qabbaneessnii Haji Guyee fi manguddoota biraa waamtee ajaja dabarsinaan manguddoonni didan. Yeroo kana sadafiidhaan akka malee tuman. haji Guyyeen reebichuma saniin dhibamanii ji’a jahan dabran kanaaf hospitaala Asallaatti waldhaanamaa turanis lubbuu baraarsuun hin danda’ame. Guyyaa har’aa lubbuun dabartee jirti.Haaji Guyyee rabbiin wareegamtoota kenyaa waliin jannataan haa qananiisu. Maatiif firoottaan isaanii akkasumas ummata Adaabbaa kan manguddoo utubaa biyyaa ta’an kana dhabaniif jajjabina haa laatuuf jenna. Awwaalli isaanii boru waan ta’eef ummanni keenya Adaabbaaf naannawa sanii sirna awwaalchaa gaaddisa biyyaa wareegame kanaan malu akka godhaniif abdii qabna.

magoddoon Oromo bekkamaa Obbo Haaji Guyyee miidhaa diinni irran gaheen kan ka'e boqotan

 


#OromoProtests 12 July 2016: Mormii ummata godina Arsii aanaa Xiyyoo konkolaataa madaabaraa (daappii) fe’ee gara baalee deemu akka hindeemne dhoorkanii nuuf ta’a malee jedhan.


In Arsi Zone, Xiyyoo district,  OromoProtesters block a road and  stop trucks carrying fertilizer demand they must be given before it passes to other parts of the country.

#OromoProtests in Arsi, Xiyyoo, Oromia, 12 July 2016.


Adoolessa 11/2016 Irraa Eegaluun Qormaatni Kutaa 12ffaa Seensa Yuunibarsiitii Qormaatni qulqullina hin qabnee fi shiraan guutame Oromiyaa keessatti Waraanaa Wayyaanee Komand Post dhaan Kennamuu Eegale.

Akka Guutummaa Oromiyaatti Qormaatni kutaa 12ffaa kun Waraana Wayyaanee Agaazii Komand Poostiin hooganamaa jiruun eegamaa fi kennamaa kan jiruu yoo ta’uu, Barsiisootni dabbaallootni Olaanoo Wayyaanee fi kanneen dhalootaan Oromoo hinta’iin Manneen barnootaa Oromiyaa keessa jiruu irratti Sadarkaa Supervisor mallaqni guddaan kanfalameefii kanneen ramadamani qorumsicha kennaa jiran addatti namoota dhalootaan Amaraa fi Tigree fi Oromoo hin taaneetti akka baay’atan saaxilamee jira. Supervisor dabballootni wayyaanee kunis waraanaa agaazii Komand Post hogganamuun kanneen eegamaa jiran ta’uun mirkanaa’era.

Mootummaan Wayyaanee Sochiin Qeerroo Dargaggootaa barattoota Oromoo fi uummata oromoo keessaa duubaan hudhee kan isaa qabee, sodaa guddaa sochii warraaqsaa Biyyooleessa Oromiyaa FXG irraa qabuu fi Qorumsa kanarrattis Warraaqsii kun daran natti cimaa jira jechuun Hoomaa waraanaa isaa Godinaalee oromiyaa Gidduugaleessaa Oromiyaa fi Godina Lixa Shaggar amboo fi Naannoo ishee, Godina Horroo Guduruu Fincaa’aa fi naannoo ishee, godina wallaaggaa bahaa Naqemtee fi Naannoo ishee, Godina Wallaagga Lixaa Gimbii, Godinaa Qeellaam Wallaggaa Danbii Doolloo fi Naannoo ishee, Godina Kibbaa Lixa Shawaa Walisoo fi Naannoo Ishee fi Godinaalee Bahaa Oromiyaa Harargee Bahaa fi lixaa fi Godina arsii Lixaa irraa Waraanaa hedduminaan Qubsiisaa jiraachuun hubatamee jira.

Adeemsii Mootummaan Wayyaanee Waraanaan sochii biuyyoolessaa Oromiyaa ukkamsuuf Bulchiinsa Oromiyaa Zoonii Waraanaa 8 jala galchuun Hooggansa Waraanaa komand Post jedhuun uummata Oromoo irratti yakka waraanaa rawwachaa jiruu kufaatii mootummaa wayyaanee kan saffisiisuu malee Sochii warraaqsaa Biyyooleessaa Oromiyaa kan Bilisummaa Uummata Oromoo fi walabummaa Oromiyaa kan dhaabuu hin dandeenyee ta’uu; Hoggansii warraaqsaa Biyyooleessa Oromiyaa FXG Dhaamsaa diinaa abdii kutachiisuu gadi jabeessuun dabarsee jira.

Injifannoon Uummata Oromoof!!


#AmharaProtests, 12 July 2016: Amhara people of Gondar protests fascist TPLF Ethiopia’s regime, 12 July 2016. Tigray Peoples Liberation Front declared war on Amhara people in Gondar. Residents of Gonder block roads, burn TPLF’s Selam Bus and torch other TPLF’s vehicles.

Amhara people of Gondar protests fascist TPLF Ethiopia's regime, 12 July 2016


#OromoProtests reports 11,  July 2016: Case settled. 12th grade students just took the English exam in Oromia/ Ethiopia, 11 July 2016. The booklet ( code 18) that was reported as leaked and circulated was the wrong one. I am glad to have trusted the assessment of our teachers and university students who reviewed the booklet and concluded it to be fake. They made the right call for the second time. They have helped our students avoid distraction based on uncorroborated report.
Good luck to all students on the rest of the exams!!

Hadoolessa keesa qorumsi hatamee bahe hin jiru. Kan hatame jedhame soba wayyaanee ta’u mirakanaa’ee jira. Hadoolessa 11 Bara 2016.

No exam is leaked in July. TPLF is deceicing students in its propagand. 12 July 2016

 


 

 

 

 

 

 


TPLF land grab has continued in Buraayyuu, Oromia. Evidence, 11 July 2016.

Saamichi lafa Oromoo Ammas Ittifuufee jira!!


Eessaa? Magaalaa Buraayyuurraa.
Eenyuuf?-Abrihaam T/Mariyam (Tigirechaaf)

TPLF land grab has contoinued in Buraayyuu, Oromia. Evidence, 11 July 2016


NEWS (11 July 2016)  FROM METEKEL OROMO!!!
Recently in the District of Dangab or Dibati the Oromo of Metekel established the Wakefana Association at a place called Galessa or Chancho with the recognition of Federal and Benshangul Gumuz Regional state govermment agencies. And then they got a strong support from thier own people and thier neighbours.The reason was as part of this religion association they inplaced the original structure of Gada system and the Oromo people saw their every cases before the nine representatives of Aba Gada who were represented from different clans of Metekel Oromo.This brought unity and trust among the Oromos and the nearby people.on the other hand it brought strong suspection from government and put in prison the following members of Galessa or Chancho Wakefana Association.
1.Debelo Hika
2.Abdisa Dhuguma
3.Kusa Tolera
4.Oljira Amante
5.Abebe Gobana
Title of their accusation:
1.”Doing magic”
2.Establishing an association with out the knowledge of government
3. Strong mischief
Let’s all stand together with the Oromo of Metekel.



(SBO/VOL – Adoolessa 11,2016) Guyyaa har’aa kan jalqabe qormaatni kutaa 12ffaa barattootni humna waraanaatiin marfamanii fudhachaa jiru. Akkasumas namootni qoran garmalee to’annaa waan itti cimsaniif barattoonni bilisa ta’anii hojjechuu hin dandeenye. Namootni qormaata kana qoranis nama muraasarraan kan hafe Tigiroota waan ta’aniif barattootni si’a qormaata jalqabaa ykn kan ganama kenname fudhatanii yeroo bahanitti dhaadannoo jechuudhaan wayyaaneen nu hin qortu jedhanii akkasumas sirba Caalaa Bultumee sirbaa yeroo deemanitti humni waraanaa bittinneesseera. Haalli kun Dhiha Oromiyaa keessatti mul’ateera.


#OromoProtests 11 July 2016: Guyyaa har’aa, Hadoolessa 11 bara 2016 Alaaban ABO/Alaaban Oromoo Godina shawaa lixaa aanaa Gincii magaalaa Gaalessaa keessaattii bifa kanaan balalli’aa jira.

 

Oromo National flag raise High up in Gincii, Gaalessaa town, Central Oromia, July 2016.


#OromoProtests, Mass rally at Eshetu Worku Moroda’s funeral service in Gincii, West Shewa, Oromia, 10 July 2016. Eshetu was a 9th grade Oromo student when he was murdered by the fascist Ethiopia’s regime Federal Police Force.

#Oromo Protests continues. The Oromo people’s demands remain the same: stop the killing of our youth and stop stealing away their lives and futures other; stop the arbitrary mass arrest and incarceration; stop the eviction from ancestral lands; bring perpetrators to justice; remove the army from the region; compensate or otherwise restate the farmers; restore peace; restore legality and order to communities; stop using the fascist state apparatus to terrorize the people; restore civil administration to Oromia; people have clearly rejected the tyrannic regime, and so take steps to organize election to enable the people to form a legitimate government; and take steps to address all contemporary and historic demands of justice and human rights of the people.

Sirna awwaalcha Asheetuu Warquu Morodaa Gincitti har’a geggeeffamee jira.


 

OMN: Oduu Ado. 10, 2016

Sagalee Qeerroo Bilisummaa Oromoo (SQ) Qophii Adoolessa 9, 2016


Ebba Barattoota Yuuniversitii Finfinnee Taasifamaa Jiru Irratti Waraanaa fi Humna Poolisa Wayyaaneen Marfame.

Adoolessa 9,2016 Sirna eebbaa barattootaa bara kana eebbifaman kan Yuuniversitii Finfinnee ha’aa fi boruu gaggeeffamu sababeessuudhaan Qeerroon halkan edaa mooraa guddicha kiiloo 6tti dhaadannoo fi sirboota qabsoo dhageesisaa buleen wal qabatee har’a ganama irraa kaasee naannoon Yuuniversitii kiiloo 6 hudhaa waraanaa fi poolisii wayyaanee jala jirti.

Maatiwwan ijoolle isaanii eebbisiisuuf dhufan gara mooraa seensisuu diduudhaan sakatta’amaa jiru barataa eebbifamuu fi maatiwwan barataa osoo hin taanee waraanaa fi poolisii Wayyaaneetu naannichatti argama yeroo ammaa kana. Bakka ijoolleen oromoo itti wal gahanittis poolisiin marsee akka waliin hin dhaabbanne taasisaa jira.
Qeerroon kaan mooraa keessa namni seenuu baatus ijoollen Oromo bara kana eebbifaman yaadannoo wareegamtootaa taasiisuu fi dhaadannoos NUTI KAN BARANUUF BILISUMMAA ITTIIN MIRKANEEFFACHUUF jedhanii sagalee isaanii dhageesisaa jiru.
Namootni hucuu aadaadhaan dhufan waanuma isaan hucuu aadaa uffataniif soda FXG qindeessitoota jedhamaniin qoratamaa jiru.

https://youtu.be/EpA_KOauHRA


Hubachiisa Qeerroo Bilisummaa

13439078_1650840838571810_5802236579212269780_n (1)Adoolessaa 8/2016 Gidduugalessi Oromiyaa Shaggar Lixaa Magaalaan Giincii Gara Dirree Waraanaatti Jijjiiramtee Jirti. Waraannii Agaazii Guddaan Halka kana illee Dabalataan gara Gidduu galeessa Oromiyaa fi Lixa Oromiyaa Lixa Shaggar Magaalaa Giincii , Amboo, Meexxii, Olaankomii, Ejeree, Gudar, Baabbicha, Geedoo ,Baallammii, Dirree Incinnii , Daannoo, Ijaajjii , Baakkoo, Holootaa , Jalduu, Adaa’aa Bargaa Mogor , Meettaa fi  Gindaabarati fi Lixa Oromiyaa Horroo Guduruu wallaggaa: Shaambuu, Finca’aa, Amuuruu, Guduruu, wallaggaa Bahaa Naqemtee fi Naannoo  Ishee irra socho’aa jiraachuu fi Bifa haaraan Qubsiifamuuf kan jiruu  ta’uun saaxilamee waan jiruuf Qeerroon Dargaggootni  Barattootni Oromoo fi Uummatni Oromoo  bakka jirtaan hundatti gamtaa keessan jabeeffachuun utuu Waraannii kun gandoota  Baadiyyaa fi maayibaasii adda addaa irra hin qubsiifamiin daandii itti cufuun of irraa ittisuufi  Waan Dandeenyuu hundaan humna
uummata Oromoo gooluu fi Shororkeessuuf socho’uu kana of irraa deebisuufi Warraaqsaa  biyyooleessa Oromiyaa FXG Marsaa 6ffaa itti jirru  itti jabeessuun furmaata ta’uu wal hubachuun hiriirree haa falmannu!!

Godina addaa naannoo Finfinnee Ummanni Manni jireenyaa keenya hin diigamu kan jedhanii lafa isaanii falmatan hidhaatti guuramaa jiran.

GefersaaAdoolessa 8,2016 , Torban darbe kutaa Finfinnee kutaa bulchiinsa Nifaas silkii Laaftootti manneen seera ala ijaaraman jedhaman jedhamuun wayyaaneen diiguuf humna qabduutti fayadamuudhaan uummannis dura dhaabbatuun Fincila ka’een lubbuun namoota hedduu darbuun ni yaadatama. Wayyaaneen afaan qawweetti fayadamuudhaan mana iyyeessaa diiguu irratti kan xiyyeeffate ammalllee kan hin dhaabne manni amma diigamuuf karoora keessa seenee jiru mana uummataa 1550 oliidha,  Akka odeeffannaan ibsutti kumaatama hedduutti kan lakkaawamu uummanni bakkeetti gatamee jiraatuunis ifaadha. Ammas haaluma kana fakkaatuun yeroo ammaa kutaa magaala Aqaaqittis manneen uummataa diigamuuf karoorfamee jiru adda durummaadhaan uummanni 500 ol tahu bahee dura kan dhaabbate mana isaanii keessaa guuruudhaan mana hidhaatti guuranii erga hidhanii booda gara manneen isaanii diiguutti tarkaanfataa jiraatuunis odeessi gamasii nu gahe adddeessa. Mana keenya hin diignu mana keessan diigaa jechuunis adda durummaanis uummata keessaa abbootii manaa walitti qabuunis dura dhaabbanne falmuu qabna kan jedhanis isin ABO dha jechuun namootni 21 yakka siyaasaatiin hidhamanii jiru. Wayyaaneen namoota jajjaboo tahan kan sodaa irraa qabdu diigamuu mana isaanii dura kan dhaabbatan addatti oromoo qofa walitti qabdee isin ABO fi Qeerroo deggertu jechuunis hidhaatti guuraa jirti.
Godina addaa oromiyaatti s waraqaan Qeerroon kaleeysa bittimse
–       Lafa keenya kenhuu hin qabu
–       Dhimmi lafa keenya lafee keenya
–       Wayyaanee hin ilaallatu lafti oromiyaa
–       Abbaa biyyummaa keenya haa mirkanneeffamu
–       OPDOn bakka nun buune
Jedhu godina addaa oromiyaa Buraayyuu fi Laga xaafoo keessa bittimfamuun Qeerroon gabaasee jira. kanaaf wayyaaneen dhimma babal’ina lafaa yaaduu miti amma gara FXG sodaatti deebitee konkolaataadhaan waraana ishee keessa deddeebisaa jirti. Laga Xaafoottis guyyoota muraasa dura diigumsa mana jireenya kuta amagaala Laaftoo balaaleffanna jechuun waraqaan tamsa’ee ture Wayyaaneef yaaddoo taheera.
FXG godinaalee shiyaattis itti fufuun shawaa lixaa keessa daandiin cufamuun tarkaanfiin konkolaattota wayyanee irratti fudhatamaa
jiraatun Qeerroon gabaasee jira.

Adoolessa 8/2016 Godina Lixa Shaggar Gidduu Galeessa Oromiyaa Magaalaa Gincii Keessatti Warraaqsii Biyyoolessaa Oromiyaa FXG Marsaa 6ffaan Itti Fufe

13615248_1116940115040042_6628805341103642323_nAdoolessa 8/2016 Godina Lixa shaggar Gidduu Galeessa Oromiyaa magaalaa Gincii Keessatti  Warraaqsii Biyyoolessaa Oromiyaa FXG Marsaa 6ffaan bifa ho’aa  ta’een jabaachuun kan itti fufe  yoo ta’uu barataan kutaa 9ffaa barataan Oromoo  Asheetuu Warquu Morodaa  dhukaasaa loltoota
wayyaanee irraa uumatarratti banameen Wareegame jira, kanneen mada’anis kan jiran yoo ta’u yeroof maqaan adda baafame kan nu hin qaqqabne ta’uu ni hubachiifna.
Sochiin Warraaqsaa Biyyoolessaa Oromiyaa FXG roga Hundaan Jabaachuun Marsaan 6ffaa finiinaa jiraachuun cinatti  Mootummaan Abbaa irree Wayyaanee kan gaaffii mirgaaf deebii kennuu hin dandeenye abdii kutannaa isa dhumaarra waan ga’ee waan jiruuf  Waraanaa agaazii uummatarratti bobbaasuun dhukaasee Dargaggoota Oromoo ajjeesuun fi madeessuun, kaan ukkaamsee hidhatti darbuun  yakka waraanaa uummata Sivilii irratti rawwachuu itti fufe jira.  Ummatni Giincii fi Qeerroon Dargaggootni Oromoo  Gaaffiilee armaan gadii dhaadannoo godhachuun warraaqsaa finiinsaan, Daandiin konkolaataa gara lixa Oromiyaatti geessuu fi Lixa Shaggar bakkoota Hedduutti cufamee Oleera.,
1.      Hidhamtootni Oromoo Hundii haa hiikaman!!
2.      Duulli duguuginsa Sanyii (Genocide) Loltoota Agaaziin ji’otaa 8f nurratti gaggeeffama jiru nurraa dhaabbachuu qaba!!
3.      OPDO’n Aangoo gadi lakkisuun  Oromiyaa ficiisiisuufi saamsisuu irraa dhaabbachuu qabdi!! 13606493_10102403716998663_5670426932318423395_n
4.      Ajjeechaa Seeraan Alaa Oromiyaa Bahaa Harargee fi Arsii akkasumas Oromiyaa kutaa garaagaraa keessatti itti fufinsaan gaggeeffamaa jiruuf
OPDO fi Mootummaan Wayyaanee EPRDF/TPLF itti gaafatamoodha, seeraatti dhiyaachuu qabu!!
5.      Gaaffii mirga abbaa biyyummaaf deebiin nuuf kennamu qaba!!
6.      Ajjeechaan, hidhaa fi Doorsifni Waraanaa Agaazii fi poolisii federaalaa qabsoo mirga abbaa biyyummaa keenya irraa duubatti nu hin deebisu!!
7.      Master pilaaniin Finfinnee fi Qe’eerraa uummata buqqisuufi mana jireenyaa uummataa irratti diiguun dhaabbachuu qaba, kanneen balaa kanaan gaaga’amaa jiraniif wayyaaneen itti gaafatamuu qaba!! Jechuun warraaqsa finiinsuun Daandiin konkolaataa gara lixa Oromiyaatti geessuu fi Lixa Shaggar bakkoota hedduutti cufamee oleera, Qeerroon dargaggootni hedduun Madaa’aniru, hedduun hidhaatti guuramaniiru.
Magaalaan Giincii Sochii Warraaqsaa Biyyoolessa Oromiyaa keessatti hangafummaa kan qabduu Sochiin warraaqsaa biyyoolessa Oromiyaa marsaa 6ffaaf utuu wal irraa hin citiin ji’otaa 8ffaaf itti fufinsaan warraaqsaa finiinsuun wareegama qaalii kanfaluun abbaa irree Wayyaanee dura dhaabbachuun bifa adda ta’een warraaqsaa FXG  finiinsan.

Gincii,Dirree Dawaa,Kofalee fi Shashamannee keessatti Sochiin FXG Itti Fufee Jira.

Itti fufaAdoolessa 8,2016 Magaala Dirre Dawaa ganda 02 bakka addaa Saabiyaan jedhamee waamamu ganama halkan waxabajii 5/2016tti Alaabaan ABO bakka sadii olitti kan fannifame hanga har’aatti turuun Qeerroon kan gabaase akkasuma naannoo buufata poolisiitti alaabaan fannifames humna poolisii Wayyaaneetiin kan bakka fannoorraa bu’e tahuun Qeerroon gabaase.
Alaabaan ABO fannifamuun dabalatti uummanni qabatee yeroo Iidaadha galutti dhaadannoo waliin dhagesisuun gabaasni Qeerroo magaalicha irraa addeessa. Dabalatuudhaan godina Arsii lixaa naannoo Shaashimannee fi Shaalatti bakka 4tti waraqaan waamichaa bittimfamuu Qeerroon gabaasee jira. Waamichi Qeerroon waraqaa balaliituudhaan magaala shaashimanneetti bittimse
–    Qeerroon dargaggootni ka’i
–    Wayita ramadaanaa kanatti namootni  13 nujalaa ajjeefamaniif itti Wayyaaneen itti gaafatamuu qaba
–    Qabsoo keenya itti fufuu qabna
–    FXG finiinsuu qabna
–    Uummanni oromoo ka’aa nu waliin hiriiraa
–    Mootummaan wayyaanee ajjeesaadha
Uummanni naannichaa FXG itti fufuu keessattis tarkaanfii gara fuula duraatti fudhatamu qabuuf qopohii barbaachisaaf of qopheessaa jiraatuun Qeerroon gabaasee jira. Haaluma kanaan FXG waan itti fufeef ergamtootni diinaa magaala Shaashimannee keessa jiraatu miliquun naannicha akka gadhiisan gabaasni Qeerroo addeessa.  Jiraatootni kanneen gara mootummaa dhaabbatanii fi deggertotni mootummaa sochii Qeerroon magaala Shaashimannee taasisaa jiruu fi dhaadannoo garagaraa irraan magaalicha gadhiisuun gabaafame.
Aanaa Kofaleetti FXG kaleessa itti fufe irraa kaasee har’a humni waraana agaazii uummata keessa deddeebihaa ooluun namootni hedduun
hidhaatti guuramuun Qeerroon gabaase.  Daandiiwwan konkolaataa yeroo humni waraana wayyaanee uummata keessa faca’etti cufamuudhaan humni addaa uummata keessa utuu faca’ee hiraarsuu har’as FXG itti fufee ooleera.

Gama biraan guyyaa har’aa Adoolessa 8,2016 godina lixa Shaggar magaalaa Gincii keessatti bifa qindaayaa ta’een sochiin FXG hanga ammaa itti jirtama.


Raadiyoo Simbirtuu Gaaffii fi Deebii Miseensa Qeerroo Bilisummaa Jaal Noolee Buttaa Waliin Taasise.


 https://youtu.be/A4vDN4hsRMM


Breaking News/ሰበር ዜና (July 8, 2016)

OMN:Oduu Amma nu gahe/Breaking News/ Adol.08,2016

 https://www.oromiamedia.org/2016/07/08/breaking-news%E1%88%B0%E1%89%A0%E1%88%AD-%E1%8B%9C%E1%8A%93-july-8-2016/

ODUU

OMN: Oduu Ado. 7, 2016

OMN: Oduu Ado. 7,2016


Harargee Bahaa fi Lixatti Alaabaan Onoota Hedduutti Fannifame Torban Tokkoo Ol Lakkoofsise, Shaggar Lixaatti FXG Itti Fufuun Waraqaan Qeerroodhaan Bittimfame

BarsiisotaAdoolessa 7,2016 Baha Oromiyaatti FXG jabaatuun yeroo wal irraa hin cinneen gabaasuun keenya ni yaadatama.  Odeessa Qeerroon Harargee lixaa
–       Aanaa Boordadee
–       Mi’eessoo
–       Ciroo
–       Meecataa
–       Hirnaa
Akkasuma Harargee Bahaatti
–       Qarsaa
–       Haromayyaa
–       Awwaaday
–       Kombolchaa
Godinaalee Hararge lamaan aanaalee kanatti Waxabajii 2/2016 qophi ramaadanaan kan wal qabateen Qeerrroon akkuma gabaasaa turre FXGf haala mijeessuun daandiwwan onoota kana keessaa cufuudhaan alaabaa fannisee tureen alaabaan keenya (ABO) torban tokkoo oliif ona kanneen keessatti waajjiraalee garagaraa fi mannen barnootaa birattis akkasuma magaalaa keessatti fannifamee kan ture yoommuu tahu kaleessa akkuma
gabaasne uummannis dabalataan kaleessa guyyaa Edi Mubarak onoota kanneen irraa alaabaa qabatee bahee jira. walumaa galatti Qeerroon
onoota kanneen irraa akka karooraatti kan milkaawen injifannoo guddaa gonfatuun olaantummaa isaa kan beeksifate Qeerroon bulchiinsa diinaa
haga diigamutti bulchiinsa mataa isaanii dhaabbatuun uummanni ofiin of bulcaa akka jiru har’a Qeerroon gabaasee jira.
Godinaalee lixa Oromiyaa Shaggar  lixaattis FXG itti fufuun wayyaaneen manneen jireenyaa uummataa sakatta’uun Qeerroon gabaaasera. Har’a
daandii gara wallaggaa geessuu shawaa lixaa keessatti kan cufamee ture  humni diinaa banachuunis Qeerroon gabaasee jira.
Barruun warraaqsaa “OROMIYAAN NI BILISOOMTI” jedhus Amboo fi bakkoota garagaraatti darbatamuunis kan mul’ate waraana wayyaanee naannicharra jiruun funaanamuunis gabaasni Qeerroo achirraa nu gahe addeessa.


Adoolessa 7/2016 Magaalaan Finfinnee fi Magaalotni Addaa Naannawaa Finfinnee Waraana Agaazii fi Poolisii Federaalaan Shororkeffamaa jiru, Addatti Magaalaa Finfinnee Keessatti Guyyaa Ha’aa Waraanni Agaazii, Poolisiin Federaalaa fi Poolisootni Magaalaa Finfinnee Fageenyaa 1km tokkoo hin Caalleen wal irraa fagaachuun fi Hidhannoo guutuun  Daandii qabatanii uummata shororkeessa kian olaanii fi Guutummaan Magaalaa Finfinnee fi Magaalota Addaa Oromiyaa naannawaa Finfinneetti argaman raafama guddaa keessa galanii  jiraachuun ibsame!!
Mootummaan Abbaa Irree Master pilaanii Finfinnee fi Magaalota Oromiyaaf qopheesse dirqamaan hojiirra olchuuf kan carraaquu yoo ta’uu, Waraanaa humnaa oliii Oromiyaa Keessa Bobaasee ilmaan Oromoo Manguddoonnii fi hawwaan illee ulfina dhorkuun dhaabaa sakkaatta’insaa
seeraan alaa gaggeessa jira. warraaqsii biyyooleessa oromiyaa FXG golee Oromiyaa garaagaraa fi addatti Bahaa Oromiyaa fi naannoo Finfinnee fi Finfinnee  keessatti jabaachuun  sirnicha caalmatti raafama keessa kan galche jiru ta’uun hubatame jira.

Sagalee Qeerroo Bilisummaa Oromoo (SQ) Qophii Adoolessa 6, 2016


#OromoProtests in Hiddii Lolaa, Boranaa, Oromia, 6 July 2016

OromoProtests in Hiddii Lolaa, Boranaa, Oromia, 6 July 2016


#OromoProtests in Asaboot and Bordoddee towns, Hararghe, oromia, July 6, 2016

Oromo Protests in Asaboot and Bordoddee towns, Hararghe, oromia, July 6, 2016Oromo Protests in Asaboot and Bordoddee towns, Hararghe, oromia, July 6, 2016 p2Oromo Protests in Asaboot and Bordoddee towns, Hararghe, oromia, July 6, 2016 p3


“ABOn Keenya” Jechuun Guyyaa Har’aa Qeerroon Magaalaa Awadaay Keessatti Farreen ABO Irratti Ololanii fi Wayyaanee Garaa Gubaa Oolan.

Guyyaa har’aa Adoolessa 6,2016, Harargee Bahaa Magaalaa Dadar keessatti FXG gaggeefamaa jiru itti fufuun daa’immaan Oromoo rasaasa Wayyaaneen wareegamaa jiru. FXG gaggeefaa jiru keessatti daa’imi Oromoo umurii waggaa 9 kan ta’e Seyfuddiin Abdallaa loltoota Wayyaaneen wareegamee jira.

Dadar

Adoolessa 6,2016 Harargee Bahaa magaalaa Awwadaay keessatti FXG gaggeefamaa jiru kana fakkaata.

 Oromo national Lachiisaa Beenyaa was  kidnapped by fascist TPLF Ethiopia’s regime forces on July 6, 2016 from his residence in Naqamtee city, Oromia and his where about is not yet unknown.

Sabboonaa Oromoo Lachiisaa Beenyaa namni Jedhamu Oromummaa isaatti Yakkamee bakka jireenya isaa magaalaa Naqamtee keessaa achi buuteensaa dhabame jira .

20160709061038Adoolessa 6,2016 Sabboonaa Oromoo Lachiisaa Beenyaa Namni Jedhamu  Oromummaa isaatti Yakkamee Bakka jireenya isaa Magaalaa Naqamtee Keessaa Achi buuteensaa dhabame jira .Maqaan isaa Lachiisaa Beenyaa jedhama.Bakki DHaloota isaa Godina Wallaggaa lixaa Magaalaa Gimbii keessatti dhalatee guddate.

Sabboonaa lachiisaan Yeroo baayyee Magaalaa Gimbii keessatti humnoota tikaa Wayyaaneen adamoon waan itti cimeef imala isaa Oromiyaa keessa oliif gadi deemuun hojii guyyaa hojjetee nama of jiraachisaa tureedha.Akkasumas sabboonaa lachiisaan hojii qophee qulqulleessuu ,asoosamoota garaa garaa oliif gadi deemuun nama gurguree ittiin jireenyasaaf jiraachisaa tureedha.Haa ta’u Malee Adoolessa 06/07/2016 Magaalaa Naqamtee keessaa osoo kophee qulqulleessaa jiruu Humnoota tikaa Wayyaaneen butamee achi buuteensaa dhabamee jira.

Godina Arsii bahaa magaalaa Seeruu Habee,Saddiiqa fi Arsii lixaa magaalaa Kofalee keessatti ummanni haala qindaayeen FXG gaggeessaa jira.

13584783_1047405708678131_2406918600514535795_o13613343_1047405608678141_3179390358770090091_o

 

 



Barattootni Boqonnaaf Gara Maatii Galan Humna Waraana TPLFn Ukkaamfamaa Jiru.

because-i-am-oromoAdoolessa 5,2016 Wayyaaneen barattootni gara maatii isaaniitti boqonnaaf galan ergama Qeerroo fi ABO fudhatanii galan jechuun barattoota baadiyaalee fi magaalota Oromiyaa keessaa hidhaa jirti.

Akka odeessi Qeerroo nu gahaa jiru ibsutti barattootni bara kana manneen barnootaa irraa boqonnaaf galan godina shawaa lixaa aanaalee hedduu irraa addatti ona Gindabarat irraa barattootni gara qe’eetti galaa jiran hedduun mana hidhaatti darbamaa jiru. Guutummaan dargaggootaa ona kana keessatti dhalatee guddatee Qeerroo fi ABO dha jechuun gaaffii tokko malee dhaabbilee barnootaa olanoo irraa kan gara qe’eetti galan yeroon boqonnaa isaanii amma mana hidhaa wayyaanee tahaa jira. bakka kana qofa miti ona fi godina hedduutti kun mul’ataa jira.

Qellem, Jimmaa Horrootti miseensa WBO jechuunis Qeerroon ona Jimma Horroo keessa jiratus duuchaatti hidhaatti guuramuu fi qabamaa akkasuma reebichi suukkanneessan irra gahaa jiraatuunis himame. Kana malees shamarran hedduunis humnaan waraana wayyaaneen gudeedamaa jiraatuunis odeessi achi nu gahe addeessa.

Barattootni yeroo ammaa boqonnaaf gara maatii galaa jiran dabalatee kan bara kana eebbifamanis yeroon kun wayyaaneef dhumaatii waan taheef hidhaa gaaffii malee kanaan dura akka itti barattoota argatuu dhabee amma akkaataa ittiin barattoota kana qabu maatii biraa tikoota isaatiin waan qabataa jiruuf of eeggannoo taasifamuu qabu waliin socho’uudhaan FXG itti fufuu Qeerroon asumaan  gadi jabeessee dhaama.


Godina Lixa Shaggar Magaalaa Amboo Keessatti Waraanaa Poolisii Federalaa Dhalootaan Oromoo Ta’anii fi kanneen Ergamtoota Wayyaanee Ta’aan Gidduutti Wal Haleellaan Dhalachuun Gabaafame

Adoolessa 4,2016
13619802_1805632289658862_4195461769731475766_nHumni Poolisii Federaalaa fi Waraanii Agaazii lakkoofsaan heddumina qabu magaalaa Amboo irra qubsiifamuun uummata Oromoo Shororkeessuun kan beekaamu poolisoota Federaalaa Wayyaanee fi ilmaan Oromoo achi keessatti argamaan waliin walitti bu’insii guddaan dhalachuun sabboontootni Poolisootni Oromoo ta’anii fi kanneen ergamtuu  wayyaanee ta’an waliin dhukaasaa wal irratti banuun poolisootni ergamtuu wayyaanee lamaa ol kan ajjeefaman yoo ta’uu Poolisoota dhalootaan Oromoo ta’an keessaa tokko wareegamuun ibsamee, poolisootni hedduun madeeffamuun du’aa fi jireenya gidduutti kan argaman ta’uun ibsame jira.!! Yakki Waraanaa Uummata Oromoo ummata sivilii irratti gaggeeffamaa jiraachuu irra waraanaa sirnichaa fi poolisootaa Sirnicha keessatti argamaan gidduutti wal shakkii guddaan dhalachuun afaan qawwee walitti naanneessuun wal haleeluun kan eegalamee jiru ta’uun hubatamera. Poolisiin Federaalaa dhalootaan Afaar jedhamu tokkos poolisootaa ajjeechaaf barbaadu ,barbaadee waan dhabeef haadha manaa isaatti dhukaasuun haalaan madooftee hospitaalaa jiraachuu maddeen gabaasaan. poolisoota dhukaasa wal irratti banaan keessaan kanneen wareegaman keessa

1. Poolisii  Tasfaayee Bahaaruu dhalootaan Oromoo, Bakki Dhaloota isaa Baalee, Agaarfaa ta’uun mirkanaa’era.

2.Poolisiin 2ffaan kan ajjeefame dhalootaan uummata kibbaa Sidaamaa yoo ta’uu, yeroof maqaa isaa kan hin arganne ta’uun ibasame jira.

3.Poolisootni Ergamtuu wayyaanee dhalootaa tigree ta’an lamaa olitti lakka’aman kanneen dhukaasaa poolisoota Oromoo waliin wal irratti bananiin ajjeefaman yeroof maqaan isaanii kan gargar hin baane ta’uun ibsamera.

4. Poolisootni hedduun kanneen madeeffaman jiraachuun ibsamera!!

Haaluma kanaan Magaalaan Amboo caalmaatti gara Dirree waraanaatti jijjiiramtee jiraachuun raafama guddaa keessa galtee kan jirtu ta’uun hubatamera!! Suuraa poolisii Federaalaa Keessa kan hojjetu ilma Oromoo kan maqaan isaa ‘Tasfaayee Bahaaruu’; attach goone jirra.


Godina Arsii Bahaa Magaalaa Seeruu Keessatti FXG Jabaatee Itti Fufuu Qeerroon Gabaase.

Itti fufaAdoolessa 5,2016 Qondaalotii fi loltooti Wayyaanee TPLF Godina  Arsii bahaa magaalaan Seeruu keessatti sagalee mormii Qeerroon dhageessisaa jiruun raafamaa jirti. Kanumaanis wal qabatee waraanni Wayyaanees ummata akka malee reebaa jiraachuun dhagahamaa jira, achuma Seeruu keessatti humni addaa yookan gareen tarkaanfii basaastota Wayyaanee sadii kanneen maqaan isaanii:-

  1. Girmaa Mulaatuu,
  2. Taaddasaa Aayyaalew fi
  3. Abdoo Huseen

Jedhamanii fi kanneen hojiin isaanii achuma magaalaa Seeruutti daldalarratti bobba’anii gama kaanin itti gaafatamtoota gareef gooxii ta’an irraatti uummanni qabeenyii fi maatiin isaanii jalaa miidhaman aarii irraa ka’uun tarkaanfii fudhateen miidhaan cimaan irra gahee Hospitaala Roobee diida’aatti yaalamuuf geeffamuun dhagahamee jira jarri kunniin yeroo garagaraaatti uf eeggannoon kennameefii gocha kanarraa deebi’uu diduun isaanillee himame.


#OromoProtests 5 July 2016:Agazi soldiers, all in red hat, deployed throughout Shashamanne city today, according to reports coming in. Tensions running high between them and the general public. The soldiers trying to terrorize the youth, whom they target if seen in groups of two or more. What’s going on in Shashanmane indeed needs to be closely observed and monitored.“Magaalli Shaashamannee guyyaa har’aa yeroo kamiiyyuu caalaa Agaazii warra qoobii Diimaatiin weeraramtee jirti. Ummanni Garuu yaalii mootummaan isa shororkeessuuf taasisaa turee fi jiruuf utuu bakka hin kennin sodaa tokko malee socho’aa jira. dargaggoonni lamaa fi sanaa ol. ta’anii yoo deeman doorsisni cimaan wayta halkanii agaazota irraa isaan mudataa jira. Ajjeechaan duguuggaa sanyii kan mootummaan qindaahe erga oromoota magaalattii irratti raawwatamee booda ummanni xiiqiidhaan mootummaa irratti ilkaan ciniinnatee gaarrifataa kan jiru ta’uusaa waan bareef murni tplf kan Abbaay Tsahaayyeetiin durfamu ummata shaashamannee irratti xiyyeeffatee hojjataa jira. kuni ajjeechaa oromoota irratti torban darbe raawwate kan qindeesses kan durses mootummaa ta’uusaa ifaan ifatti kan mul’isuudha.

https://youtu.be/mjuXxYUtaAs
ODUU

Harmeen Obbo Dajanee Xaafaa akka Ilma isaanii hingaafanne dhorkaman.

13528247_264208403935396_471041593647273769_o

OMN:Oduu Adol.05,2016 Waraqaa Eenyummaa Sooramaan Mana Adabaa Seenanii Ilama Isaanii dubbisuu kan dhorkaman nama Umuriin ganna 85 Haati Obbo Dajanee Xaafaa Abbaan Murtii akka Isaan Waraqaa Eenyummaa qabaniin seenanii dubbisaniif ajaja dabarsus// Manni Adabaa Fudhachuu Diduun himame.

Haati Warraa Obbo Dajanee Xaafaa// Biyya ajaji Manni Murtii hin kabajamne Keessatti Maaliif akka Hidhamtoota gara Mana Murtiitti deddeebisaniif nuuf hin galuu jedhan.

Tibba Darbe abukaattoon Himatamtootaa dhittaa Mirga namoomaa Mana Hidhaa Qilinxoo keesatti Maamiloottan Isaanirra ga’aa jiru barreeffamaan erga Mana Murtiitti dhiheessaniin booda,  Manni Murtii akka bulchinsi Mana adabaa deebii itti laatuuf kaleessatti beellamee ture.

Torbanuma darbe – Obbo Dajanee Xaafaa Himatamtoota galmee tokko jalatti himataman bakka bu’uun rakkoo Mana dukkanaa sana keessati isaanirra ga’aa jiru erga abbaa Murtiif himanii booda,  Harmeen koo namni ganna 85 Mana Hidhaa seentee na dubbisuu hin dandeenyee, Karaa fagoo deemtee na ilaaluu dhuftee otuu na hin argin deemuun baayyee na gaddisiiseeraa jechuun abbaa Murti duratti himatani turan. Akkasumas Maatiin keenya dhaddacha seenanii Adeemsa Seeraa hordofuufillee isaani hayyamamaa hin jiru jechuun Mana Murti sanas ta’e, Bulchinsa Mana adabaa himatanii turan. Beellamni kaleessa tures, Manni adabaa sun akka isa kanaaf deebii laatuuf ture kan beellamame.

Bulchiinsi Mana Adabaa Qilinxoo Kaleessa isa kanatti deebii laatee Jira akka Aadde Assallafach Mulaatuu Jedhanitti. Mana Adabaa Qilinxoo keessa manni Dukkanaa hin jiruu. Dhiittaan Mirgaa isaan irratti raawataa jirus hin jiru jechuun barreeffamaan bulchinsi Mana Adabaa sub Obbo Abrahaan Mana Murtiif deebii deebisanii jedhan aadde Assallafach Mulaatuu. Manni Murtii akka Haati obbo Dajanee Xaafaa Waraqaa Eenyummaa Soorama ittin fudhataniin seenanii Ilma isaanii dubbisaniif ajaja dabarsee, bulchinsi Mana adabaa sunis ajaja sana erga fudhantaniin booda Har’a garuu Ilma koon arga jedhanii gammachuun Yoo walii wajjin Mana adabaa Deemnu Seerri nuun nu ajaju hin jiru jedhanii ol seensisuu didanii jedhu.

Dajaneen erga Hidhamee baatii Torba. Baatii kana guutuu keessatti si’a tokko Qofa Maa’ikelaawiitti dhaqanii ijaan arganii jedhu aadde Assallafach. Umuriin Isaanii deemeera. Ganna 85. Manni Murtiis kan ajaja dabarse fageenya isaan irraa dhufaniif Umurii isaani ilaalcha keessa galcheetu akka  Aadde Assallafach Mulaatuu nuu himanitti. Hata’uutii garuu,  Manni Adabaa ajaja Mana Murtiitiin geggeeffamaa akka hin jirre qofaa osoo hintaane, manuma Murtii sanayyuu kan achi ol ajaju Mana Adabaa sana hanga nutti fakkaatutti Itiyoophiyaa keessa ol aantummaan seeraa bakka dhabeeraa jedhan.

Mootummaan Itiyoophiyaa keessa seerri jira haa jedhu Malee Paartii aangoorra jiru sana Seerri bulchu hin jiruu jedhu aadda Assallafach. Achuma mana Adabaa sana keessatti Murtoo barbaadan itti murteessuu otuu danda’anii Maalif akka Hidhamtoota kana Mana Murtiitti deddeebisaa jiraniyyuu nuuf ifa mitii jedhu.

Murtiin Abbaa seeraa waan biraa dha. Gocha nuti  Mana Adabaa Yoo geenyu arginu ammoo kan biraadha. Yoo balbala Mana Adabaa sana geenyu akka namaatti kan nu hin ilaalanii jedhan.
Nama gaaffii gaafannu hinqabnu.

Akka isaan jedhanitti qaamni walaba ta’e biyyatti keessa otuu jiraatee haala qabiyyee Mana Hidhaa sanaa seenanii daawwachuu danda’u. Garuu Hin jiru. Ol aantummaan Seeraa Jiraatee bakki itti himatanis hin jiru. Namooti kun harka isaanii keessa jiru waan ta’eef dararaa barbaadan irraan ga’anii mana Murtii duratti haaluu jedhu aadde Asallafach.

Akka Isaan Jedhanitti – Abaan Murtiiyyuu – Abbaa Alangaa Mootummaas ta’e, bulchinsa Mana adabaa Sana Sodaarraan kan ka’e ija jabaatee ol jedhee Ija keesa isaan hin ilaalu. Abbootiin murtii suniyyuu hidhaa keessa waan jiraniif isaaniinuu bilisummaa feesisaa jedhan.


ODUU

Qeellam Wallaggaa Mugiitti mormii geggeeffameen barataan tokko garamalee midhamee jira.

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OMN:Oduu Adol.04,2016 Godina Qeellem Wallaggaa aanaa Anifilloo magaalaa Mugitti guyyaa hardhaa mormiin geggeeffamaa oolee jira.

Poolisoonni Oromiyaa fi korri bittinneessaa reebicha geggeessaniin barataan tokko gar-malee kan miidhame yoo ta’u, barattoonni shan ammoo hidhamuun himame.

Wayta manniin barumsaa biyyattii keessatti cufamaa jirutti mormiileen gara garaa itti fufaa akka jiru himame.

Barattoonni xumura barnootaa isaanii irratti mootummaa biyyattii bulchaa jiruun hidhaa fi ajjeechaa nurraa dhaabbatuu qaba jechuun ammas mormiin geggeeffamaa jira.

Guyyaa hardhaa Adoolessa 4 bara 2016 godina Qeellem Wallaggaa aanaa Anifilloo magaalaa Mugitti barattoonni mana barumsa sadarkaa lammaffaa fi qophaahinaa waliin ta’uun mormii isaanii itti fufan.

Barattoonni kun wayta mana barusmaa itti cufaa jiranitti, barattoota guutuu Oromiyaa keessatti woreegamaniif dungoo qabsiisuun ittin yaadataa osoo jiranii poolisoonni Oromiyaa fi korri bittinneessaa mooraa mana barumsaa itti seenuun reebicha irraan gahanii jiru.

Barattoonnis reebicha kanarraa dallanuun mooraa mana barumsaatiin alatti bahuudhaan mormii isaanii geggeessaa oolan.

Sagalee jabaa dhageesisuun gara magaalatti yoo socho’aa turanitti, humnootiin meeshaa waraanaa hidhatan dhukaasa irratti roobsuu fi reebicha isaanirratti hammeessuullee barataan tokko nuuf himee jira.

Barataan kun akka jedhutti, barattoonni hagi tokko qabamanii kan hidhaman yoo ta’u, hedduun isaanii magaalaa keessaa baqatanii jiru. Kanniin reebichaan miidhaan hamaan isaan irra gahe ammoo mana yaalatti waldhaanamaa jiraachuullee ni dubbata.

Barattononi kun mormii isaanii kanaan humnootiin waraanaa tarkaanfii ajjeechaa ummata Oromoo irratti raawwatan seeratti dhihaachuu qabu.
Obbo Baqqalaa Garbaa dabaaltee hidhamottonni siyaasaa hundi nuuf hiikkamuu qabu jechuun wayta mormii isaanii geggeessaa oolanitti, jiraattoonni magaalattis qooda irraa fudhatanii jiru.

Jiraattoonni magaalaa Mugii wayta barattoonni isaanii mormii dhageesisaa jiranitti baratoonni keenna reebamuu hin qaban jechuun yaada barattootaa deeggaranii jiran.
Haata’u malee raayyaa ittisa biyyaa itti bobbaasuun jiraattonni doorsifmaa jiru.

Mormiin kun bifa itti fufiinsa qabuun guutuu magaalaa Mugii keessatti ni geggeeffama jedhamee eeggamaa osoo jiruu, bokkaa jabaa roobeen addaan cituu akka danda’ellee barataan kun nuuf himee jira.

Magaalaa Shaashamannee keessatti qondaaltota mootummaa Wayyaanee Shifarraaw Shugguxee fi Warqinaa Gabayyoo Saphatan

Adoolessa 3,2016 Magaalaa Shaashamannee keessatti qondaaltota mootummaa Wayyaanee Shifarraaw Shugguxee fi Warqinaa Gabayyoo dhagaa bu’uuraa Yuunivarsiitii Madda Walaabuu damee Shaashamannee jiaaruf yeroo kaayanitti Qeerron sagalee dheekkamsaatin isaan salphisee jira.

Kana malees Godina Arsii dhihaa magaalaa qoree keessatti namoota nagayaa qabdee hidhaa jiraachun dhagahame, mootummaan Wayyaanee waan qabatuuf waan gadhiisu wallaalee jira namoonni hidhaman kuni namoota hojii humnaatin magaalattii keessa jiraatan yoo ta’uu sababa ummata hiriiraf kakasaa jirtu jedhuun qabamanii kan hidhaman isaanis

1, Abdii Ibraahim abbaa maatii fi ujoollee sadihii

2, Fiqaaduu Shibbiruu abbaa maatii ilma tokko kan qabu,

3 Abdulaxiif Ahmad abbaa ujoollee sadihii,

4,Misbahaa Awwal maatii hin qabu dargaggeessa

Kuni kanaan osoo jiruu Seeruu Abbaas keessattis reebichi fi ummata bahaa gala dhoorgun waraana Wayyaanee akkuma itti fufetti kan jiru yoo ta’uu halkan saa’atii tokko booda ummanni magaalaa keessa deddeemuu hin dandeenne.

Godina Arsii bahaa magaalaa Diksiisa hamdaa keessatti kantiibaan magaalaa hamdaa diksiis obbo Kaamil H/ Sulxoo bosona ummataa fi qabeenya biyyattii magaalaa Hamdaa cirsiisee lafa liiziin gurguruuf akka qopheesse fi ummanni kanaaf dubbate caraan isaa hidhamuu qofa jedhu jiraattoonni kuni akkanaan osoo jiruu humni addaa halkan edaa uf eeggannoo cimaa akka kenneef dhagamee jira.


ODUU

Aanaa Dirree Inciniitti mormiin jabaa gaggeeffamaa jira.

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OMN:Oduu Adol.03,2016 Jiraattonni Godina Shawaa Lixaa Aanaa Dirree Incinnii ajjeechaa daa’imman Oromoo irratti gidduu kana Magaalaa Awwadaayiitti raawwatame  mormuun hiriira jabaa gaggeessaniin cimsanii kan balaaleeffatan ta’uu beeksisan.

Hanga oduu kana waliitti qindeeffanneettis  mormiin kun kan gaggeeffamaa jiru yemmuu ta’u,hirirrtoota  irra miidhaan gahe hin jiru jedhameera.

Mormiin kun gara magaalaa Giincii,aanaalee Jalduu fi Gindabarattiits ni babal’ata jedhanii waan sodataniif daraggoota hedduu waliitti guuranii hidhanii hiraarsaa jirus jedhameera.

Jiraattoonni kun hiriira mormii kana kan eegalan kaleessa galagala irraayi.Ajjeechaan daa’immaan Oromoo irratti godina Harargee bahaa Magaalaa Awwadaayiitti raawwatamee fi torbee dabre keessa barattoota oromoo 65 mana brumsaa sadarkaa 2ffaa gudar irraa ari’aman ilaalchisee hiriira mormii jabaa gaggeessaniin cimsanii kan balaaleeffataniiru.

Keessattuu Ajjeechaa Mucayyoo durbaa umurii waggaa 9 dabalatee lubbuu dargaggoota umurii gadii aanaa 5 irratti ajjeechaa raawwatame daran akka isaan arsee balaaleeffannaadhaaf bahan jiraataan godina shawaa lixaa aanaa dirree incinnii magaalaa dirree hincinnii tokko akks jechuun nuuf himeera.

Ajjeechaan goleewwan Oromiyaa keessatti raawwatamaa jiru haa dhaabbatu.Gochaan lawwiiwwan keenya jiraattoota magaalaa Shaashamnnee irratti raawwatame ni balaaleeffanna,Opdoon bakka nuu hinbuutu kan jedhuu fi kanneen biro keessatti argamu jedhan.

Hanga yeroo oduu kana walitti qabneettis miidhaan hirirootta kana irra gahe hinjiru jedhameera.inumaayyuu baayi’ina hirtootaa sadachuun kabinootni aanichaa magaalaa dhisanii kan bahan fakkaata jedha

Oduu walqabateen mormiin kun garra aanaa Dandii magaalaa giincii fi Gaaleessaa ,aanaa Jladuu magaalaa Shukutee fi nannawaashii,akkasumas aanaa Abunaa gindabaratitti loltoonni sirniichaa dargaggoota Oromoo manarra naanna’anii adamsuun ukkamsanii guuranii hidhaanii hiraarsaa jiru.

Haaluma kanaan guyyaa kaleessaa magaalaa giinciirraa irraa Dargaggoo Hingaabbuu kan jedhamuu fi maqaa abbaa isaa yeroof addaan baafachuu kan hinarganne, qabanii harka isaanii cancalaan hidhanii mana hidhaatti geessanii garmalee erga reebaa turanii booda achi buuteen isaa dhabameera jechuun jiraataan magaalaa giincii tokko nauuf hime..Maatiin isaa lubbuu isaatiifuu yaadda’aa akka jirus jedhameera.

Kanamalees Kaleessa galgala loltoonni Agaazii daandii magaalaa Ambootti geessu magaalaa Meexxii irratti cufuudhaan sakkata’a akka turan namoonni ijaan argan kun dabalanii nuuf dhaamaniiru.Kun hunduu ta’ee mormiin godina shawaa lixaa keessatti cimee akka itti fufee jiru odeefannoo jiraattoonni nuuf ergan irraa hubatuu danda’ameera.

 



ODUU

Magaalaa Baddalleetti hidhaanis mormiinis cimee itti fufee jira.

OMN: Oduu Waxabajjii 20,2016

OMN:Oduu Adol.03,2016 Mormii Godina Iluu Abbaabooraa Magaalaa Baddalleetti gaggeeffamaa jiruun walqabatee Barattoonni 11 hidhamanii hiraarfamaa jiraachuun himame.

Loltoonni Agaazii magaalaa Baddallee qubatanii jiran, ABO deeggartu sababa jedhuun jiraattoota dararaa jiru.Mormiin Uummataas haala adda addaatiin akka itti fufetti jira jedhameera

Jiraattuun magaalaa Baddallee tokko akka nuuf himtetti loltoonni sirniichaa barattoota 11 qabanii mana hidhaatti ukkamsanii hiraarsaa jiru.isaan keessaa shammarreen kutaa 10 waajira poolisaatti olgalchanii maarakii biraanuu jedhamtu reebicha irra gaheen gurri ishii miidhameetu jira.
Barattoonni mana hidhaa keessatti daramaa jiran kunis

-Barataa Muraad Jamaal ,
-Barataa Eebbisaa Gabbisaa
-Barataa Awol Tamasgeen
-Barataa Biqilaa Abarraa
-Barataa Habtaamuu Bayyanaa
-Barataa Mitikkuu Takkaa
-Barataa Dirribaa Takkaa
-Barataa Jaliil Sulxaan
-Barataa Siraaj Taajjuu
-Barataa Takkachew Tujubaa fi
-Barataa Fuad Nasir

Walumaagala haalli magaalaa Baddallee keessatti deemaa jiru haalaan ulfaatadha kan nuun jette shamrreen yaada nuuf kennite tokko dararaan hangama jabaatu illee qabsoo mirgaa gaggeessa jiran cimsanii kan itti fufan ta’uu beeksifteetti.

 


https://youtu.be/dPc-lDEMfss
https://youtu.be/MZUTCkqVQNA

https://youtu.be/h7A9xUXuR5U

Barattooti Oromoo Yuniversitii Wallaggaa Irraa Eebbifaman Waraqaa Eebbaa (Teempoo) Dhorkataman.

received_1766061040305670Adoolessa 2,2016  Yuunibarsiitii Wallaggaatti barattooti waraqaa eebbaa dhorkatamani!

Odeessi Qeerroo yuunibarsiitii wallaggaa akka addeessetti yuunibarsiitichi barattoota erga eebbifamanii waraqaa dhowwatee jira.Barattooti kun afaan qawwee jalaa hafanii kan eebbifaman yeroo ta’u, guyyaa eebba isaanii maatiin isaanii fi hawaasi eebba barattootaa kanarratti argame reebamuun kan yaadatamudha!

Yeroo ammaa kana barattooti kun waan nyaataniifi bakka bulanis dhabuun rakkachaa akka jiran beekameera!

#OromoProtests 1 July 2016: Godina Harargee Bahaa Magaalaa Aawwadaay keessatti fincila ganama kana Adoolessa 1, 2016 taasifameen namoonni 4 kan ajjeefaman yoo tahu namoonni madaawanis hedduudha
Namoota du’an keessa daa’imni waggaa 7 akka jiru beekame.


 

 

Fascist Ethiopia ‘s regime has been conducting mass killings in Awaday, Oromia. Fascist Ethiopia’s regime forces killed several Oromo children in Awaday, Oromia, 1 July 2016.

Suuraa asi gadiitti kan argamu maqaan isaa Saayfuu Abdusabuur Hassoo, umrii 15, barataa kutaa 9ffaa rasaasa wayyaaneen wareegamee jira. Wareegamtoota keenya kaanii waliin jannata haa qubsiisu. Aaliif fira isaaf jajjabina haa laatu.

Saayfuu Abdusabuur Hassoo, 15 years old , 9th grade Oromo  student was killed by fascist Ethiopia’s regime forces in Awaday, Oromia,  1st July 2016.

Fascist Ethiopia 's regime has been conducting mass killings in Awaday, Oromia. People killed including 7 years old child.


This 9 year old girl is identified as Muna Duri. She was gunned down by Agazi soldiers this morning in Awaday, East Hararge. July 1, 2016



ይቺ የ 9 አመት ህጻን ሙና ዱሪ ትባላለች. ዛሬ ጥዋት በምስራቅ ሀረርጌ አወዳይ ከተማ በ አጋዚ ጥይት ተደብድባ ህይወቷል አልፏል።

Daa’imni tun maqaan ishii Munaa Durrii akka jedhamtu beekamee jira. Umriin isii waggaa 9 yoo ta’u ganama kana diinni galaafate.

Fascist Ethiopia's regime forces killed several Oromo children in Awaday, Oromia, 1 July 2016


#OromoProtests:  Mass protest in Awaday town July 1, 2016


Adoolessa 1, 2016 Hiriira mormii cimaa Magaalaa Aawwadaay keessatti geggeeffamaa jira
Wayyaaneen waraana isii konkolaataa hedduudhaan fe’anii Magaalaa Haramaayaa irraa akka ummanni warra Aawwadaayiif hin dirmanneef daandii Haramaayaa fi Aawwadaay wal qunnamsiisu qabatanii jiran
Ummanni keenya of eeggannoo barbaachisu akka godhu dhaamsa dabarsaa

OromoProtests, Awaday, Oromia, 1 July 2016OromoProtests, Awaday, Oromia, 1 July 2016 p2

#OromoProtests in Awaday, 1 July 2016 p2

#OromoProtests in Awaday, 1 July 2016


 https://youtu.be/8IuY8pTeaPk

https://youtu.be/0d3wb5ibguo

 https://youtu.be/4iL4BTtfEjI


OromoProtests, Haromaya, Oromia, 1 July 2016OromoProtests, Haromaya, Oromia, 1 July 2016 p2

 

Godina Wallaggaa Qellem, Anfilloo Magaalaa Muggii Keessatti Alaabaan ABO (Oromoo) Fannifame, Basaastoni Wayyaanee Sodaan Guutaman.

Adoolessa 1,2016

Qellem Wallaggaa,Anfillootti Alaabaan fannifame. Odeessa Qeerroo magaala Anfilloo Muggii irraa addeessuun kaleessa Waxabajii 30/2016 Muggi Bulchiinsa magaalichaa fi bakka addaa Gabaa Dafinoo jedhamee waamamutti alaabaan fannifamee oolee buleen har’a poolisiin Wayyaanee Aannicharra jiru buusuun gabaafame. Alaabaan ABO yeroodhaa yerootti irra deddebiin magaala Anfilloo, Muggiitti fannifamuu fi guyyaa gabaa sanbata darbe gaba kamisaa bakka jedhamee waamamutti dhaadannoon dhageesifamuu fi waajjirri OPDO diigamu fi barreefamni sirna mootummaa Wayyaanee balleessaa jedhus barreeffameen poolisoonni wayyaanee guyaya kaasun olii fi gadi fiiguun kan beekames uummanni yeroo kana walgayii wayyaanee diiguu fi walumaa galatti sirna mootichaa magaalicha keessaa balleessuuf qabsoo Qeerroon taasisaa jiruu fi guyyuudhaan alaabaan fannifamuunis ergamtoota Wayyaanee kaabinoota tahanii jiraatan yaaddessuu odeessi Qeerroo adeessa.
Haaluma kanaan amanamaa fi ilmaan oromoo aanicharraa kan hiisisaa jiru waajira nageenyaa aanicha Israael Fayisaa kan jedhamu WBOn aanicha keessa seenera jechuun humna waraanaa mootummaan akka aanicharra qubachiisu iyyannoo taasisaa jira.
Barruuwwan hedduunis faca’a jiru. Alaabanis manneen barnootaa fi waajjiralee garagaraatti fannifamuun FXG aanichatti itti fufaa
jiraatuun Qeerroon gabaasee jira. Uummanni ifatti mootummaa wayyaanee hin feenu jedhees walgayii tahurrattis dubbatuu  itti fufe.

 


Dhaamsaa goota eebbifamtootaa Oromoo yuunivarsitii Oromiyaa: Tokkummaan falmachuuf qophoofnee jirra. Hidhaan, ajjeechan, saamichi ilmaan Oromoo boodatti nun deebisu.

#OromoProtests, graduates protesting against fascist Ethiopia's regime mass killings in Oromia, 1 July 2016

 

Godina Arsii Aanaa Dodolaa Keessatti Uummanni Qondaalota Wayyaanee Dura Dhaabbachuun Salphisan.

dodolaaGodina Arsii  dodolatti qondaalota mootummaa kan akka Bakar Shaalee salphisee galche ummanni aanaa Dodolaa kan gandoota Shanirraa walitti yaa,e gaafilee jaarsonni gaafatan keessaa

1,mootummaan keessan ummata oromoo irratti sababa maalitiif miidhaa addaa addaa geessaa jiraa?

2,lafa keenna irratti maaf jibbamna maaf tumamna maaf duunaa?

3, barattoonni oromoo adamsamanii maaf ajjeefamii

4, isin hanga yoom nu bulchuuf karoora baafattan? fi kanneen kana fakkaataniin cinqaa oolee jira

 

ODUU

OMN: Oduu Waxabajjii 30 bara 2016

OMN: Oduu Waxabajjii 329.2016

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Obbo Tarfaa Dibabaa, the father of Oromo Relief Association (ORA), passed away July 31, 2016

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Odaa OromooObbo Tarfaa Dibaabaa 1940-2016It is along way, a book by Tarfaa Dibaabaa


We are deeply saddened by the news of Obbo Tarfaa Dibabaa passing, the father of ORA whose life long dedication saved thousands of Oromo refugees in the Horn of Africa.  May our beloved hero rest in peace!


 

Oduu Gaddisiisaa

Obbo Tarfaa Dibaabaa, har’a Adoolessa 29, 2016, magaalaa Hamburg, Jarmanii, keessati addunyaa kana irraa dhukkubaan boqoochuu isaanii gadda guddaan isin beeksisna. Obbo Tarfaan, Amajjii 6, 1940 magaalaa Dambidoollo, Wallaga, Oromiyaa tti dhalatan.

Obbo Tarfaan abbaa manaa Adde Arfaasee Gammadaa, abbaa Yared, Benjamin fi Talile, fi akaakayyuu Gilcha, Galan Hirtz-Dibaba, Hawani Yonas and Yadani Yonas turan. Maatii fi firootin isaanii jaalala fi kabaja guddaanisaan yaadatu.

Sirna, bakka fi yeroo awwaalcha isaanii yeroo dhihooti beeksisna.

Maatii Oboo Tarfaa Dibaabaa


Sad News

Our family is deeply saddened to inform every one of the passing of our beloved Obbo Tarfaa Dibaaba, on July 29, 2016 in Hamburg, Germany. Obbo Tarfaa was born on January 6, 1940 in Dambidollo town, Wallaga, Oromia.

Obb Tarfaa is survived by his dear wife Adde Arfaasee Gammadaa, his loving adult children Yared, Benjamin and Talile, and his beloved grandchildren Gilcha, Galan Hirtz-Dibaba, Hawani Yonas and Yadani Yonas. He will be missed terribly and remembered fondly by his family and friends.

Obbo Tarfa’s funeral arrangements will be announced soon.

Obbo Tarfa’s Family


 

A reflection on history of ORA by Obbo Tarfaa Dibaaba

Read with free App

https://www.amazon.co.uk/Long-Way-Terfa-Dibaba/dp/3842359160


 

Oromo Studies Association: OSA 30th Annual Conference #OSA30:Theme: Knowledge, Collective Consciousness & Transformation of Oromo Politics:Peace, Governance & Dev’t in the Horn of Africa July 30, 2016

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Odaa OromooOromianEconomistOSA

Oromo Studies Association Annual Conference 2016 key note speaker, Dr. Merera

 

 

https://oromianeconomist.com/2016/08/03/oromoprotests-and-the-future-of-oromo-strugglea-keynote-speech-of-dr-merera-gudina-chairman-of-ofc-at-osa-annual-conference-2016/


The 2016 annual conference of Oromo Studies Association  in Washington D.C. July 30-31, 2016 Blackburn Center Ballroom, Howard University 2397 Sixth Street NW, Washington, DC 20059

#OSA30 30th Annual Conference theme: Knowledge, Collective Consciousness & Transformation of Oromo Politics:Peace, Governance & Dev’t in the Horn of Africa


 This conference offers a unique opportunity to reflect on and celebrate the 30th anniversary of the Oromo Studies Association (OSA). For three decades, OSA has successfully engaged in knowledge production and dissemination about the Oromo people. It has been instrumental in deconstructing exclusionary Ethiopianist narratives that justified the suppression of the Oromo and other southern nations, many of which were overtly antagonistic to people’s identity, politics, language and history. At this stage in its history, OSA is pleased that it continues to provide a discursive platform for generating new discussions concerning a broad range of issues that affect the Oromo, non-Oromo Ethiopians and other peoples in the Horn of Africa. As OSA celebrates its 30th anniversary, we recognize we are at a conjuncture in the Oromo nation’s history. OSA is marking its achievements as the Oromo nation is undergoing epochal transformation in the wake of the Oromo protests of 2014-16. In light of three decades of scholarship and advocacy and in the wake of the transformative events of the Oromo protests, it is an apt time for OSA to take stock. This year’s conference will highlight the trajectories of change as the Oromo and other marginalized peoples in Ethiopia continue their inexorable movement from the political periphery to the center. OSA’s annual conference has proven to be a productive platform for lively exchange among scholars on what is required to imagine and design innovative/alternative frameworks for understanding and shaping events and processes that bring about sustainable change for the Horn of Africa region. Oromo scholarship since OSA’s founding has effectively refuted the distortions and misrepresentations of the past. Anthropologists, sociologists, historians and other scientists have presented descriptions and analyses of demographic dynamism, theories of economic growth, democratic political culture, cultural and religious expressions, and indigenous views on cosmology, time-reckoning systems and moral traditions. Oromo literature is flourishing, creative arts are thriving and various other genres of Oromo aesthetic heritage are prospering. To date, there has been a dialectical relationship between Oromo scholarship and rising Oromo collective consciousness. In the next decades, we trust that these symbioses will continue with greater determination, purpose and confidence.

More at:- OSA 2016 Annual Conference program

OSA’s letter to Secretary of State John Kerry. #Oromoprotests July 29, 2016

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Odaa OromooOromianEconomist

OSA

 


RE: Political prisoners in Ethiopia, Bekele Gerba, et.al on tenth day of hunger strike


Dear Mr. Secretary:


On behalf of the Oromo Studies Association, the Board of Directors, Executive Committee and the membership of our scholarly organization, we are sending this urgent request that the U.S. Department of State, under your able leadership, use its significant influence with the government of Ethiopia to save the lives of Bekele Gerba, Deputy Chairman of Oromo Federalist Congress (OFC), other senior members of that organization and their fellow prisoners at Qilinto prison near Addis Ababa. These are entering the tenth day of a hunger strike joined to bring to light the deplorable conditions at the prison and the excruciating injustice inflicted upon the prisoners. Several of them including Bekele Gerba collapsed into unconsciousness on July 26, 2016. Today it is reported that those political prisoners, who were already in a very fragile condition are dangerously weak and deteriorating.
We ask that you use the good offices of the US State Department to gain access to Bekele and the others directly or through the Red Cross, to investigate the prisoners’ condition, interview them and to witness the conditions that have driven them to take this compelling coordinated action.

Bekele Gerba himself is highly respected and greatly loved among the Oromo and Ethiopian peoples as a humble man of courage and devotion to the plight of the oppressed. He is deeply committed to nonviolence and has translated the speeches of Martin Luther King, Jr. into the Oromo language. As keynote speaker at the last OSA conference, held at Howard University, August 1-2, 2015, Bekele Gerba left a lasting impression on our members with an inspiring and memorable message. A focus of the conference were the ongoing forms of resistance emerging in direct response to the ruling party’s policy of removing millions of Oromo farmers from their ancestral lands without their participation, agreement or compensation. Bekele Gerba urged the Oromo people to follow a course of nonviolence in response to the injustices they experience at the hands of the Ethiopian authorities. This address was the highlight of that event.
His presence and his message concerning the paths to peaceful democratic change in Ethiopia had an impact beyond our expectation and provided a historic and lasting contribution to our scholarly organization. We remain committed to find ways to sustain the development of knowledge that makes it possible to create understanding and ensure the wellbeing of the Oromo and other peoples in Ethiopia and the Horn of Africa. Bekele Gerba upheld his commitment to nonviolent peaceful protest and worked with members to open doors of cooperation between groups fully devoted to developing forms of mutual support in the region.

Upon the completion of the conference Bekele Gerba traveled to several US cities at the invitation of members of the Oromo and other Ethiopian diaspora and American communities. He inspired his audiences with a consistent message of nonviolent struggle for promoting respect for human rights and democratic governance in Ethiopia. He gave interviews in a wide range of media – in English, Amharic and Oromo languages. His interviews (including to Michele Keleman of National Public Radio and Periscope program of Al Jazeera American TV) stressed the importance of consolidating democratic governance in Ethiopia. It became clear that Bekele is loved and respected by millions of Oromo and other Ethiopians around the world as a man of vision, integrity and courage.

Many of us who admire Bekele Gerba’s leadership in advocating nonviolence in Ethiopia are deeply concerned about his well-being and the fate of others who are imprisoned there. OSA members are apprehensive about whether Bekele Gerba and his colleagues will receive adequate care either in prison or in a hospital, and horrified at the thought that harm might befall him and his colleagues.

Under the circumstance, we request you to take the following practical measures to spare the lives of political prisoners who have been on this hunger strike for ten days now.

· We request that the United States urge the leaders of the Ethiopia government to provide immediate relief for the conditions that drive them to this point and offer life-saving medical care for Bekele Gerba, his colleagues and the other prisoners at Qilinto.

· We ask that the U.S. Department of State under your leadership apply its enormous political, economic and diplomatic influence on Ethiopia to effect the release Bekele Gerba and his colleagues.

· We request that the State Department urge Ethiopian government leaders to respects their own constitution, release all political prisons currently in detention and bring an immediate halt to extrajudicial killings and arbitrary arrests of innocent people who face prolonged detention without trial.

Finally, we appeal to the US State Department to employ its considerable influence and diplomatic prowess to encourage a political environment conducive to respect for of the rule of law and inclusive government in Ethiopia. We earnestly believe that as America’s top diplomat and principal voice on international issues, you have an extraordinary opportunity to encourage policies that alleviate the incredible suffering of the Oromo and other people in Ethiopia in the long term. In the current moment, the most effective action to that end is to highlight the plight of Bekele Gerba, man of peace whose life and legacy is precious to us, and the plight of his fellow prisoners, and to intervene on their behalf with those who hold Bekele in custody. We appreciate your interest in their well-being.

Sincerely,

Henok Gabisa, President Bonnie Holcomb, Chair, Board of Directors


Oromia (WBO): Tarkaanfii WBO Kibbaa July 29, 2016

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Odaa OromooOromianEconomist

SBO Oduu Ammeefb367-alaabaanew


(SBO/VOL – Adoolessa 29,2016) —  Irree fi Gaachanni Ummata Oromoo WBOn Zoonii Kibbaa Waraana Sirna Gabroomfattuu Mootummaa Wayyaanee Irratti Tarkaanfii Fudhateen Injifannoo Galmeessee Jira.

Qabsoo of irratti hirkannoon bilisummaa ummata Oromoo mirkaneessuuf falmaa gochaa kan jiru WBOn, Adoolessa 28,2016 Godina Booranaa Ona Mooyyalee keessatti bakkoota adda addaatti tarkaanfilee waraana sirna gabroomfattuu wayyaanee irratti fudhateen loltoota diinaa 28 ol hojiin ala gochuu Ajaji WBO Zoonii Kibbaa beeksise.

Haaluma kanaan WBOn Zoonii Kibbaa Adoolessa 28,2016 halkan keessaa sa’aa 3:30 hamma 4:00tti Ona Mooyyalee ganda Malab jedhamu keessatti kan argamu moonaa waraana wayyaanee weeraruun diina irraa lama ajjeesee, garii madoo taasisee jira.

Guyyuma kana WBOn Ona Mooyyalee araddaa Dhaddacha Cameetti lola waraana wayyaanee waliin geggeesse irratti loltoota diinaa 2 ajjeesee, 4 madeessee jira.

WBOn Zoonii Kibbaa tarkaanfii isaa itti fufuun Adoolessuma 28,2016 Godina Booranaa Ona Mooyyalee bakka Maansa Baddoolee jedhamutti waraana wayyaanee waliin lola jabaa kan geggeesse oggaa ta’u, miidhaa guddaan humna diinaa irra gahuunis gabaafameera.

Guyyuma kana Adoolessa 28,2016 WBOn Godina Booranaa Onuma Mooyyalee araddaa Rakkoo Waayyuu Hamaa bakka Gaara Gadamsaa jedhamutti ganama keessaa sa’aa 8:00 irratti waraana wayyaanee irratti lola baneen loltoota diinaa 8 ajjeesee, 12 ol ammoo madoo taasisuu Ajaji WBO Zoonii Kibbaa ifa godhee jira.

WBOn qabsoo of irratti hirkannoon falmaa hadhawaa gama hidhannoon geggeessu jabeessuu fi babal’isuuf kan of booda hin deebinee fi hin boqonne, wareegamni kamuu kan sochii isaa irraa duuba isa hin deebisne, falmaan haga bilisummaan ummata Oromoo fi Oromiyaa mirkanaa’utti kan itti fufu ta’uus ABOn beeksiseera.


 

The Tigran fascism: Its State repression, violence and genocide in Oromia July 29, 2016

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 Odaa Oromoo

OromianEconomist


The Tigran fascism: Its State repression, violence and genocide in Oromiyaa

 

Oromia under brutal fascist TPLF (Ethiopia's regime) ruleOromo children, victims of fascist TPLF mass killings in Oromia, 2015 and 2016No To Fascist TPLF Ethiopia's genocidal militarism and mass killings in Oromia, Ethiopia

Oromia: Under the brutal regime’s rule


Make the male lines like trees that have had their roots cut;
Make the female lines like rooks that have dried up in winter;
Make the children and grandchildren like eggs smashed against rooks;
Make the servants and followers like heaps of grass consumed by fire; ….
In short, annihilate any traces of them, even their names.

–The Fifth Dalai Lama’s instruction to repress Tibetan rebels in 1660.

The Tigran genocidal extremist political elites have learned the methods of committing genocide from the above instruction. This instruction has become for the Tigran political elites a political religious faith book. It adopted this instruction to implement in Oromiyaa against the Oromo people. One need to understand, the nature of Tigran culture from their successive political leaders like Ras Mikael Sehul, Emperor Yohannes IV and Meles Zenawi and his political collogues.

Tigran fascism has a long history. Its history of fascism extends back to Ras Mikael Sehul of the 18th century and Emperor Yohannes IV of the 19th century. Both men sowed seeds of fascism to which Meles Zenawi and his TPLF are the heirs. Indeed, todays Tigran genocidal elites are the products of their history. It is for this, the current Tigran elites have been continuously following the legacies of Ras Mikael Sehul and Emperor Yohannes IV.Ras Mikael Sehul was said to have killed Oromo and Amhara prisoners of war and then peeled their skins off; made the skins into sacks; then he filled those sacks with straws and displayed in public in Gondar to be seen. Emperor Yohannes IV was said to have used “force, fire, and sword” to eliminate Oromo Muslims and Waqeftaa in Wollo who were refused to be converted to Christianity. He mutilated the limbs of those who refused. That is, he cutoff the breasts of women and hands, ears, and tongues of men. It has been said he pulled out one eye from each of his victims. The purpose was to force them into accepting the religion of his choice and at the same time to teach the others the consequence of refusal to accept. Similarly, in 1991, Meles Zenawi, upon entering Finfinnee/Addis Ababa, ordered his army to set on fire Military depot (storage of chemical weapons) in the city. The explosion of the storage of chemical weapons terrorized residents, killed many of them and destroyed many homes. The toxic chemical that released into the air and water is still today causing serious harm to the residents of the city and its vicinities. With this, the brutality of TPLF accelerated with murder, violence, and terror, and the seeds of its plan for the extermination of the Oromo implemented Oromiyaa wide. And, the Oromo people are exposed to the ruthless slaughter. This consistent pattern of crime shows time and again that the Tigrans have inherently greater cultural propensity for hatred, violence and cruelty. Hence, it is clear that the Tigrans political elites have an insatiable propensity to commit crimes of genocide, ethnic cleansing, and crime against humanity.

Since 1991 to date, the Tigran political elites-led regime, its state, and its military and security forces have been committing genocide against the Oromo people. These genocidal fascist elites have already exterminated hundreds of thousands of the Oromo men, women and including pregnant women, children and elderly for no reasons than being Oromo. Not on this, millions have been evicted from their lands. Being an Oromo in and of itself is seen by the Tigran political elites as their enemy. Since Oromiyaa is placed under the administration of military Command Post, marshal law is declared. With this, mass murder, kidnapping, torture, and disappearances without trace have been carried out both in towns, villages, and rural areas. The Tigran army’s and security forces’ savagery, barbarism and ruthless cruelty in rural areas include the killing of the infants grabbing by the leg from mothers’ arms and dashing head on the ground and then shooting the mothers to death are common occurrence. In Oromiyaa, kidnappings, forced disappearances, eviction from homes and lands, arrest, torture and killings have been institutionalized. In addition to the annihilation of men, women, children and elderly, it has also targeted the Oromo political leaders, religious leaders, academics and intellectuals and business and communal leaders and journalists at all levels for annihilation. Its centrally planned, centrally organized and state-sponsored violence, killings and evictions of people from their land and homes have touch all nations and nationalities in Ethiopia. This annihilation is and has been undertaken by the centrally organized and government-directed forces.

The TPLF’s target of killing is not just only Oromo men who might organize themselves to fight back in order to defend their people and country, but it also targeted women and children. It targeted women because they are the bears of the next generation and the children are targeted because they are the next generation. The purpose of killing women and children is to destroying a nation “root and branch” of a targeted population. In this case, the targeted population is the Oromo people and the aim is to destroy the “root and branch” of the Oromo nation. This is a policy of exterminating current generation and the future generation of the Oromo nation. Furthermore, today the fascist TPLF’s murderous political repression, violence, genocide, ethnic cleansing and crime against humanity have plagued Ethiopian empire state. Hence, the nations and nationalities in Ethiopia are under the extremist genocidal elites’ state-organized physical extermination. No one is spared from this except the Tigran ethnic group. Particularly, the annihilation of the Oromo people has become the state policy in the Tigran extremist led Ethiopian state. As it is clear to all, State violence has been institutionalized in Oromiyaa. Genocide has become the ultimate expression of the Tigran led state’s aim to annihilate the Oromo population. This policy of repression, violence and genocide is not spontaneous but it is the outgrowth of the decisions made by the Tigran powerful political and economic elites who have access to the significant state resources-the judiciary, the army, the police force, the security, intelligence and the economy. In order to implement this policy, the institution of violence- the notorious Agazi Special Force has been created; military and concentration camps have been expanded; technique of torture have been refined and organizational criminal intelligence networks and killing squads have been established throughout the country whose purpose are to destroy nations and nationalities in Ethiopia.

Genocide, ethnic cleansing, crimes against humanity and war crime Genocide

The general framework for analysis on the question of genocide in Ethiopia is the following based on the UN Convention on Prevention and Punishment of crime of genocide Article II of 1948. It is oftentimes referred as crime of crimes. It states “genocide means any of the following acts Committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such:

  1. Killing members of the group;
  2. Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;
  3. Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part;
  4. Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;
  5. Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.”

On basis of this article, the two fundamental elements of the crime are the first is intention, and the second is the act committed include at least one of the five criteria cited above. Based on the Article II the UN Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of crimes of genocide, under the TPLF, the Oromo people have been intentionally killed (Article II a); the regime’s inhumane treatment of a serious bodily and mental harm have been inflicted upon the Oromo, Sidama, Somali, Gambella, Amhara and etc. (Article II b). Furthermore, this Tigran perpetrator regime has been subjecting the Oromo, Anuak and the Amhara to a systematic expulsion, eviction and forced removal from their homes and farmlands and subsequently settling its nationals on those lands. It has undertaken deprivation of means of livelihood by confiscating property, destruction of homes, looting and denial of housing that are tantamount to a deliberate act to inflict on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction (Article II c). Furthermore, land is the life of the people. Hence, expulsion of the people from their land is a deliberately inflicting on the people, conditions of life calculated to bring about their physical destruction in whole, or in part (Article II c). It is therefore clear according to Article II a, b, and c, genocide is clearly committed by the TPLF led-regime of Ethiopia.

Here it is important to understand the basic difference between crime against humanity, genocide and ethnic cleansing and crimes of war. Genocide is understood to be the state-organized, state-sponsored systematic mass murder of innocent and helpless men, women, and children with the purpose of eradicating a group from a territory and subsequently populating that territory by the nationals of the perpetrators. For this, it commonly describes campaigns of mass extermination. It is a form of annihilation. It includes physical disappearance (the body destruction) and symbolic disappearance (the destruction of the memory of their existence). For these, it is oftentimes said that the main objective of genocidal destruction is the transformation of the victims into “nothing” and the survival into “nobodies.”

Ethnic cleansing

Ethnic cleansing is defined as forcible removal, unlawful displacement, relocation, deportation, forced transfer and expulsion of an ethnic group from a given territory. It is a forced permanent removal of one group of people by another from a region or territory and the subsequent occupation of that territory by ethnic group of the perpetrator as though the target group had never existed there. It includes the removal of all physical reminders of the targeted group through the destruction of historical sites such as shrines, monuments, cemeteries, and houses of worship. With ethnic cleansing, the group’s attachment to the land and its environment will be destroyed through destruction of the group’s homes, social service centers, farms, institutions and the societal infrastructures. Methods for carrying out ethnic cleansing among other things include, such as:

  • forced expulsion, or voluntary evacuation through violence, intimidation, fear and genocide;
  • Murder;
  • Torture;
  • Arbitrary arrest and detention;
  • Extra‐judicial executions;
  • Rape and sexual assaults’ as well as deportation and military assaults against civilians and etc.

Ethnic cleansing is related to genocide. It is a form of genocide. If so, one may ask a question as to what makes genocide distinct from ethnic cleansing. One distinctive difference is ethnic cleansing is focused more closely than genocide on territory and on forced removal of ethnic groups from specific areas. The purpose is to create ethnically homogeneous geographic areas belonging to perpetrator ethnic group. Another difference between the two is the intent of genocide is to destroy the group, whereas the intent of ethnic cleansing is to displace the group. Hence, intent to displace is not intent to destroy. However, the overlap between ethnic cleansing and genocide takes place when forced removal of population leads to a group’s physical and symbolic destruction. In this case, ethnic cleansing becomes genocide. Genocide is the ultimate form of permanent removal.

Again another similarity is ethnic cleansing takes on extermination. At this stage mass killings begin. Killing becomes sport. At this time, the perpetrators dig up the mass graves, burn the bodies, cover up evidence, and intimidate witnesses. Leaders of the guilty regimes block investigations of crimes, and often remain free from punishment of their crimes. The question one may raise is as to causes for ethnic cleansing. The primary objective for ethnic cleansing are ethnic difference, pursuit of land-grab, economic goal and political power. It is the function of unchecked political power-the power that commits crime of ethnic cleansing to achieve its objective of land-grabbing, of capturing natural resources, economic wealth and consolidate its political power base. Not only these, the TPLF’s ethnic cleansing also based on its hate, prejudice, intolerance for other ethnic groups and on its complete disregard for the sanctity of human life. These are what the Tigran political elites have been doing in against the nations and nationalities in the Ethiopian empire state

Crime against humanity

Crime against humanity means atrocities and offences committed against any civilian population. It constitutes mass killings of large number of individuals. It is a crime committed as a part of a widespread or systematic attack directed against any civilian population. Methods of committing crime against humanity include:

  • Torture;
  • Murder;
  • Extermination;
  • mass systematic rape;
  • Enslavement;
  • enforced disappearance of persons;
  • Forcible transfer of population;
  • Persecution against collectivity on racial, national, ethnic, cultural, gender, religion, political
    or other grounds;
  • Imprisonment or other severe deprivation of physical liberty and etc.
  • Arbitrary arrest and detention;
  • Extra‐judicial executions; and etc.

Here one may raise question as to what makes genocide distinct from crimes against humanity. The answer is this, contrary to the crime against humanity, genocide has different focus. It focuses not on killing of individuals, but on the physical destruction of the groups. This means the intent of genocide is to destroy, to annihilate the group. That is to deny a particular group of people the right to exist. Thus, the victims of genocide is the group, not individual. For instance, a single isolated act could be qualified as a genocide (e.g. Sidama massacre at Loque in 2002), whereas a single isolated act against a civilian does not qualify as a crime against humanity because the crime against humanity must be committed within the context of a widespread or systematic attack on any population. Sometimes, persecution is combined and intertwined with genocide. For instance, a charge with crime against humanity is attached to the individual who is charged. Whereas a charge with genocide is attached not only to that person who is charged but to his or her ethnic group as well. The legal definitional criteria for genocide is intent. That is, intent is what distinguishes genocide from crimes against humanity. For example, the late PM Meles Zenawi’s statement of the “Majority can be made minority” is the statement of intent to destroy the majority in whole, or in part. This statement was made in reference to the Oromo people. It is the intent to commit crimes of genocide to reduce the majority to a minority status. On the basis of this, his regime has been committing genocide against the Oromo people since 1991 to-date. It must, therefore, be clear that a charge of the Tigran political elites with genocide not only attaches with the elites themselves, but also to their ethnic group as well.

War crimes

War crimes are the wilful violations of the laws or customs of war, including:

  • Atrocities or offences against persons or property;
  • Murder, ill treatment of the civilian population in occupied territory;
  • Murder or ill treatment of prisoners of war;
  • killing of hostages;
  • Torture or inhumane treatment, including biological experiments;
  • maiming;
  • plunder of public or private property;
  • Wanton destruction of cities, towns or villages; and etc.

With the understanding of the fundamental distinctions between the types of these crimes, the question then remains as to under which type of crime the TPLF, its associates and allies be charged with upon the fall and demise of the TPLF fascist regime. Here, the associates include-among others, accomplices, aider and abettors, conspirators, crime facilitators, accessories, land-grabbers and etc. These are individuals with the actual and full knowledge of genocide, ethnic cleansing, crime against humanity and war crimes committed against Oromo and other peoples and yet choose to benefit or profit from such crimes. The fact is, such are individuals who have been involved in committing crimes against their own people in alliance or in association with the fascist TPLF colonial regime. For instance, if diaspora based individuals’ bought a piece of Oromo land or properties or received the land or property from the TPLF led fascist regime in the name of “investor”, they will be charged with either genocide, or ethnic cleansing or crime against humanity or with war crime depending upon the type of the crime committed. The fact is this, these individuals have been and are willingly and voluntarily engaged in the Oromo land-grab for selfish reasons with actual and full knowledge of crime being committed against the Oromo people. Consequently, these land-grabbers deprived our people life, liberty, land, and homes. These benefits or profits are made on the blood of the Oromo people. Under this condition, one thing must be clear that upon the demise of the TPLF led fascist regime, the people who were evicted from their lands or properties were taken from have full right to retake their lands or properties back.

The failure of International Community

The international community has a responsibility to use appropriate means to prevent genocide, ethnic cleansing, crimes against humanity and war crimes in Ethiopia. However, it has failed to stop the Tigran fascism. It knew the early warning for these crimes. It knew, the Tigrans are a minority that constitutes four and half percent of 102 million population. Despite this, this minority totally controls the government. Hundred percent of the leadership is concentrated in the hands of Tigran minority ethnic group with hostility toward other ethnic groups. This minority has a complete monopoly over the Army, police forces and security and intelligence. Furthermore, the parliament is hundred percent its party, no opposition. Judicial system services the state. The Foreign Service are populated with the Tigran ethnic group. This minority ethnic group has also a total control over the economy and finance. At the same time, there is no free press. In the light of all these, the international community has overlooked the factors that should have drawn its attention about the likelihood of genocide, ethnic cleaning, crimes against humanity and war crimes in Ethiopia. This failure of international community has encourage, the TPLF led-regime to commit crimes of genocide, ethnic cleansing, crimes against humanity and war crimes against the peoples in the Ethiopian empire.

In sum, the TPLF is a megamurder regime. It is a radical bloodthirsty regime. Since it militarily seized power in 1991, it has been committing genocide, crimes against humanity, ethnic cleansing and war crimes against the people. The cruelty, savagery and intensity of its crimes against the peoples are unparalleled in the history of Ethiopian state. Hence, it is not a mischaracterization to call it, the regime of death and destruction the Ethiopian empire has ever seen. As it is stated in the above paragraphs, genocide has been perpetrated by the Tigran genocidal elites against the Oromo people. It has planned, coordinated and executed a policy of violence, terror, and annihilation of the Oromo and other peoples, their supporters, and their sympathizers. Such crimes have been carried out both domestically and beyond national borders. It has failed to comply with the UN Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the crime of genocide, crimes against humanity and other crimes to which the Ethiopian state is a signatory. At the same time, the Ethiopian judicial system is at the service of national security state. Consequently, it has also failed in Ethiopia with regard to human rights violations and crimes against humanity. Moreover, the international community is also not willing to confront the Tigran led-regime for its crimes against humanity, ethnic cleansing and genocide. This means it turned a blind eye and a deaf ear to the crimes that the Tigran fascist regime is and has been committing against the peoples. Consequently, it too has failed to defend the people against genocide, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity in the case of Ethiopia. The only way of bringing justice to the people of Ethiopian empire state regarding the crimes of genocide and crimes against humanity is through the establishment of Special International Tribunals. It is, therefore, time for the international community to confront head on and stop this genocidal violence against the people before it reaches catastrophic proportions.

However, one thing must be clear. No one will come to stop the genocide, crime against humanity and ethnic cleansing against the Oromo and other peoples. As history has shown time and again, no a nation ever came to save the Armenians from the Ottoman Empire committed genocide as one and half million were destroyed in three years; no a nation came to save the Jews from German committed genocide until after six million were perished; and no a nation came to save Tutsi from Hutu committed genocide until after one million were perished in three months. So, it is to be naive to expect the world community to come to the Oromo’s aid to stop genocide that the genocidal fascist Tigran elites are being committing against them. The genocide committed against the Jews, the Armenians and Tutsi were committed by the majority, whereas today the genocide against the Oromo people is being committed by the minority regime. The TPLF’s genocide against the Oromo people can only be stopped by the Oromo people alone. This demands organization, leadership, and a political will to act. For this, the Oromo people must be organized and armed in order to fight and removal this enemy and its horror of genocide from Oromiyaa. At the same time, it is incumbent upon the peoples of the Ethiopian empire state to join together in the fighting against this barbarous common enemy, to remove its horror of genocide, its crime against humanity and its ethnic cleansing and to bring it to justice. Here one has to be realistic that there is no help coming from external powers to stop the TPLF genocide against the Oromo and other peoples. Hence, it is time to take ones destiny into one’s own hands in order defend oneself, to fight and defeat this dangerous enemy-the TPLF. For this, it is time to organize, mobilize and army the population to fight in order to dismantle the TPLF led genocidal fascist regime, to remove its horror of genocide, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity, its laws and its institutions.

Oromiyaa Shall BE Free!


 

5 More Ways To Stay Creative! July 29, 2016

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Odaa Oromoo

 

A lot of the time, we start a project and stop halfway through because we’ve lost inspiration. Other times, we have ideas but never start because we either don’t have faith in our ideas…

Source: 5 More Ways To Stay Creative!

Human Rights: Oromia: Dispatches: Ethiopia’s Opposition Leaders on Hunger Strike. #OromoProtests July 29, 2016

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Odaa OromooHRW#OromoProtests 27 July 2016, Respond to their demand


Dispatches: Ethiopia’s Opposition Leaders on Hunger Strike

Protesting Against Mistreatment in Prison


Felix Horne
Researcher, Horn of Africa 

(Human Rights Watch) — It has been nine days since prominent Ethiopian opposition leader Bekele Gerba and several other senior members of the Oromo Federalist Congress (OFC) went on a hunger strike to protest their treatment in detention. Bekele, who is the deputy chairman of the OFC, and his colleagues are currently being held in Kilinto prison near Addis Ababa on terrorism charges. Their health has reportedly deteriorated significantly in recent days.

Bekele Gerba p1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bekele and his associates were detained on December 23, 2015 and latercharged under Ethiopia’s terrorism law for allegedly belonging to the banned Oromo Liberation Front (OLF) – a charge that is regularly used to silence ethnic Oromos who are critical of the government. They were first taken to the notorious Maekalawi prison, where torture and other ill-treatment are routine. Since moving to Kilinto, Bekele and his colleagues have repeatedly petitioned the courts to investigate their mistreatment in detention, to allow their families visiting rights, and to provide them with proper medication.

Bekele is a staunch advocate of non-violence and is one of tens of thousands who were detained during the mostly peaceful proteststhat have swept through Oromia since November. Many of those who have since been released reported being tortured in custody.

Since the protests began, the security forces have killed over 400 people, most of them students. Yet, there has been no meaningful investigation into the killings and no effort to hold security forces accountable. Instead, the state-affiliated Human Rights Commission in an oral report to parliament in June concluded that the level of force used by security forces was proportionate to the risk the forces faced, sending an ominous message to Ethiopians that security force members can shoot unarmed protesters with impunity.

As it is clear that the Ethiopian government is either not willing or not able to conduct a credible investigation into the conduct of its security forces, there is increasing need for international involvement in any investigation.

Unfortunately, the authorities’ failure to treat Bekele and his colleagues with the most basic respect for their rights is indicative of a government that shows little willingness to right the wrongs it has committed. Their continued detention sends a message to young Ethiopians that the government equates peaceful protest with terrorism, putting Ethiopia on a dangerous trajectory.


https://www.hrw.org/news/2016/07/28/dispatches-ethiopias-opposition-leaders-hunger-strike

All Africa: #OromoProtests – the “Oromo Street” and Africa’s Counter-Protest State – Part II July 26, 2016

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 Odaa OromooOromianEconomistAddis Standard#OromoProtests in Shukute, West Shewa, Oromia, 23 July 2016 p2OromoProtests, Awaday, Oromia, 1 July 2016#OromoProtests in Dodola, Arsi, Oromia, 25 July 2016


Africa: #oromoprotests – the “Oromo Street” and Africa’s Counter-Protest State – Part II


OPINION  

In the first part of this series, I explored in historic perspectives (particularly with developments in Oromia regional state) the Ethiopian government’s road to becoming a counter-protest state, and proceeded to discuss the systematic ways in which the regime further bolstered its role as a counter-protest state in Oromia. Taking the recent #OromoProtests as a point of departure, in this part of the series I discuss a more recent surge of popular protests, and the socio-political and party architecture in which #OromoProtests first took shape.

The EPRDF-led regime’s ‘decentralization of power’ down the hierarchical administrative structures of the regional states discussed in the first part was also the beginning of how the so called rural, previously isolated communities, experienced the heavy handedness of a central repressive government (the falsification of ‘nation’, and its clearly underlying failures). It is an expression of failures because this type of response is a mark of states that ignore an alternative to their texts of national dialogue and whose intents exemplify regional and ethnic primacies.

The “Oromo Street”: A force derailing Africa’s counter-protest state

By going beyond economic and development topics – which remain very important – this section explores concepts that better explain the roots and trends of these protests, it then outlines dimensions of confrontations between protesters and the Ethiopian counter-protest state.

The importance of looking inward at the course of modern Oromo political activism and its relations with the Ethiopian state cannot be underestimated: tounderstand the roots of Oromo protests we must focus on specific demands in the process and progress of modern Oromo political activism. There are society-state relations toreflectupon that reveal some of the underlying patterns that have made up and shapedthismovement.

Three closely associated features underlying Ethiopia’s society-state relations take form mainly during the incumbent’s rule of the last 25 years: growth of coherent consciousness,decades of simmering tensions,and ’emergence of the Oromo street,’. In an attempt to look inside the Oromo nation at various levels it is important to analyze salient factors in decades of ‘constructions’ that led up to the recent Oromia wide protests.

The modern shaping of ‘the Oromo Street’

Worldwide, the upsurge in popular protest became a powerful tool of global political movements. People throughout the world have been taking to the streets, giving new life to a form of political movement ‘often thought of as a historical relic in today’s era of expanding security states and the apparent triumph of global elites.’ Given recent global protest movements mentioned in the first part of this series, Ethiopia by any standard is not alone in encountering an upsurge in popular movement.

All the major waves of protests in Africa have been by and large limited to urban centers, and when they involve rural areas it has been termed as ‘isolated’ movements. The same is true with the 2005 post election protests in Ethiopia. Oromo protests however have created in Ethiopia a unique ‘street of protests,’ which I refer to as “the Oromo Street.”

The Oromo Street brought together rural and urban protests – those on the ground and online via social media. Areas previously believed to have been ‘isolated and disparate’ have found themselves at the centerof the protest because of the combination of the ground and online (new media technologies and platforms, such as Facebook, Twitter and Instagram). (Daniel Miller’s, Tales From Facebook expands upon the concept of individuals as networking sites, and examines in detail how Facebook transforms the lives of particular individuals).

Merely seven months after Ethiopia’s ruling party declared a 100 per cent landslide victory in the national election, Oromia, the country’s largest federal state, was placed under full military ‘control’ as protesters swept through the streets in an unprecedented opposition against the ruling EPRDF.

Ignited on 12 November 2015 at Gincii Senior secondary School in central Oromia, the peaceful protests quickly spread as far west asOromia’s outer margins neighboring the Sudan. It then turned north and took the Tuulama Oromo on the train. Whilst continued unabated in the west and north, protests swiftly engulfed eastern Oromo provinces before they reached southern Oromia. Waves of protests quickly engulfed the whole region in merely three weeks between 12 November and 5 December. As rural Oromia and higher education institutions became the scene of Oromo protests, elementary school children and secondary school students also joined the protests – rare in Ethiopian history. In the following weeksthe movement captured, in a rather unusual fashion, federal universities beyond Oromia – Dilla and Hawassa Universities in Ethiopia’s south. Much like federal universities in Oromia, junior colleges, technical and agricultural colleges in Oromia also joined, forming the first and most important “Oromo Street.”

After taking all of Oromia student protests instead took the shape of a well-organized Oromo national movement. This illustrates a distinction from all of its precedents in another feature — it enjoyed a considerable size of support from the Oromo public. Peasants, merchants, unemployed urban youth and some government employees were seen rallying behind student protesters.

That the protests were triggered by a scheme that the Horn of African state called “the Addis Abeba Integrated Development Master Plan,” commonly known as ‘the Master Plan,’ is now exhausted and need not be repeated here. Rural Oromia, and of course urban centers become another productive dimension of the ‘Oromo Street.’

In less than four weeks what the Oromo people regarded as a serious threat to their national identity caused a massive popular movement that engulfed the whole of Oromia. On this occasion no political party made a call; no underground national leadership seem to exist either. The only Oromo opposition party, OFC, live under a constant threat from the state. All but two or three of its national leadership were imprisoned in the waves of arbitrary arrests the regime launched following the start of the movement. Almost all of its members, supporters and sympathizers throughout Oromia have also been jailed, exiled or at the worst killed.

In the course of this popular Oromo movement we heard of OFC’s voice only rarely for understandable reasons. There is no readily available institution to have caused such a regime shaking popular movement. This geographical spread suggests that Oromo protests, despite many precedents in Ethiopia, and Africa at large, are not limited to urban centers; it is at the same time a phenomenon in the rural areas. Even goingbeyond these locations Oromo protest movement gave birth to another productive dimension to its ‘Street’: supporters from the country and an Oromo diaspora connected on social media.

But there is another equally important “Oromo Street.” When modern Oromo political activism was denied a space and every element it possessed began to be systematically criminalized by the same state which legitimized and fostered its growth, it found another informal space as the ruling party opened its door widely for Oromo nationalists to join it as OPDO members.

Ignore at own peril

Between 2006 and 2010 in particular, stifling voices of dissent came to a systematic twist when OPDO invitedthe Oromo youth to become its party members and undertook appointments of middle level cadres from the so called new generation. Given such compelling circumstances however OPDO’s inflated membership turned out to be an instrument of economic, social and political mobility than agenuine political loyalty.

It is at this point that the architecture of repression the regime has built over the last decade under the name of ‘development’ unequivocally met its match: Oromo nationalism.Young nationalist Oromo civil servants, intellectuals and bureaucrats who, before 2006, were sought after, detained and persecuted on allegations of being “OLF members,” “anti-development,” or “anti-peace” were given an opportunity to join the rank and file of OPDO. In doing so, the ruling party believed that it could afford to use- within its structures and leadership – active and politically conscious Oromo nationalists to speak on its behalf and in the process restrain Oromo nationalism. Alas, as events gradually unfolded, this perception of the ruling party rather tended to be counterproductive.

When the EPRDF recently commended its national membership having reached seven million, it failed to realize that hundreds of thousands of Oromo nationalists who wished to work in earnest – and even openly through #OromoProtests – towards the interests and narratives of an Oromo national construct and against the regime, make up a significant portion of that number. When the regime took for granted that it had successfully silenced dissenting voices (particularly in Oromia), it felt safe and relaxed as an electoral authoritarian regime in declaring landslide victories in two consecutive national elections (2010 and 2015). In contrast, modern Oromo political activism was now brewing in its own turf than it has been among the opposition. When the protests broke out in November 2015 and engulfed the whole of Oromia in early December, there was little surprise that one of its immediate achievements was the dismantling of the sub-kebele institutions (gooxii and garee), the main vehicles of control and repression.

While the regime’s policy of claiming Oromo nationalists by recruiting theminto the rank and file as well as into middle level leadership of the OPDO went unabated, in practice it became a creation of formal forum where unconscious and semi-conscious Oromos meet politically conscious and articulate Oromo nationalists. The result was that the OPDO rank and file from kebele levels to the regional bureaus over the last ten years became heavily politicized and very much indoctrinated with the narratives of Oromo nationalism.

Although aware of what was going on within the OPDO, the TPLF dominated EPRDF and the state intelligence structure appear to have perceived it as insignificant; after all, all were de factomembers of the ruling party which had ‘their hands tied and their mouth muzzled’ with party rules and regulation. Besides, since party bylaws allow a process of free discussions, debates and arguments within party members at all levels there has not been any unified method with which the ruling EPRDF can tackle or even hinder these processes. A participant in the processes who was once an OPDO cell leader at one of Oromia’s regional bureaus tells me his experience:

Using the forums set aside for lower level political cadres, ideas raised by participating members, friction of thoughts as well as deficiencies and mistakes of EPRDF were widely reflected upon; the structure allowed for the members to [openly] argue that the overall objective of their party has been wrong. This gave them more opportunity to see internal deficiencies of the party more closely than when they had been outsiders. When they saw that the party has been unresponsive to the demands of their people and more importantly their suggestions many, in the years after 2005, seem to be convinced that the Oromo people need to look for alternative [forums]. I personally know the fact that many young party members became aware of the complex internal problems of the party- both horizontal and vertical (OPDO-TPLF) – has no solution at all. More importantly, participation in the party by the new generation of [politically conscious] Oromo youth called into question political opinions of senior politicians regarded as founders of the party. It is safe to say that most of pre-2005 OPDO members were people of very low education; many of them do not question legality and validity of existing principles and directives under which they serve. Those who joined the party after 2005 were the same students who had been in various schools and universities protesting against the government on behalf of their people and some of them were even leaders of such movements. Since the new members perceive themselves more as part of the society than the party itself, the political debate and arguments they injected into the party structures through the same forums of discussion the party offers at various levels made many members to squeeze their own regime with serious questions. This I believe contributed to the growth of political consciousness within the party and more broadly within the Oromo people, and can safely be stated as having contributed to the on-going Oromo protests.

These circumstances suggest that narratives of the Oromo national struggle centred on Oromummaa/Oromoness (Oromo national identity) have become nurtured through state resources. Clear evidence of this is how in April 2014, the OPDO party structure along with the Oromia regional state bureaucracy made the region’s TV to quickly televise a highly contested debate by OPDO officials openly rejecting, on behalf of Oromo national interests, the state proposed-turned-controversial “Master Plan.”

That Oromo nationalism has raised enough political consciousness not only within the masses of Oromo youth – especially college and university students – but also within the OPDO rank and file. This was demonstrated when an OPDO member who was the mayor of Sulultaa, north of the capital Addis Abeba, boldly aired his objection in a televised meeting allegedly convened to launch “training of trainers” on “the Master Plan.” He openly and eloquently spoke against the proposed “Master Plan” saying: “The question of [how to handle] Addis Abeba city and the surrounding towns [of Oromia] is not an issue of urban matter, it is a matter of identity. When we raise about identity we have to pursue a fundamentally necessary route in which the development of Addis Abeba and the surrounding towns can be addressed in a way that the rights of the Oromo nation can be protected and where the identity politics and history cannot be ignored… “

The way the mayor conceptualized issues surrounding “the Master Plan,” and expressed his fierce opposition to it, has exactly been the same way Oromo protesters spoke against it throughout Oromia. As thesemiddle level cadres strongly tied the subject to some looming danger on the Oromo identity in its entirety, the federalgovernment resorted to reject all concerns underlining that “the Master Plan” would be implemented regardless of what OPDO or the Oromo public may think. This proved the public discourse that “the Master Plan” is a deliberate attempt to dissect Oromia and was perceived throughout the region as a blunt offensive on Oromo identity by the regime. In fact, this time the protest against “the Master Plan” in its finest form began within the EPRDF, not among the Oromo students at various colleges and Universities. Indeed, the first round of the April-May 2014 Oromo protests against “the Master Plan” began in Ambo, 120kms west of the capital, and spread to other parts of Oromia immediately after this fierce debate between OPDO party members against the plan was first televised.

There is very little doubt that Oromo nationalist members of OPDO, now the larger part of its rank and file, were able to manipulate the inner circles of the party for that meeting to be quickly televised. This is so partly because the discipline and mechanisms of control required to advance this kind of argument and debate are very much linked to the interests of the de facto ruling party which will not allow such objections to last long; and partly becausethe act carries sizeable risk for few OPDO officials. Given the fact that the state intelligence, federal police and many other powerful state structures were and are under TPLF control, some of those who spoke against “the Master Plan” in public could have risked death and disappearance. To throw it to an Oromo pubic packed with grievances was, therefore, a safe political bet and a powerful instrument to fight againstthe ever growing manipulative political asymmetry within the EPRDF.

The Adama meeting of April 2014 was a typical manifestation of deep-seated tensions between the Oromo people and the regime in power. While OPDO officials who sided with demands of the Oromo people used the country’s constitution as “weapon of the weak,” only to ask for previously suspended right of Oromia’s self-rule, senior members of the central government used thinly veiled language to express their right of rule over the whole country. The course of the current #Oromoprotests movement to win over the proposed “Master Plan” became a manifestation of growth in coherent consciousness mobilized under the shade of Oromo national identity. By November 2015 there is little surprise that the situation throughout Oromia was ripe for a fully-fledged uprising.

In the third and final part of this series, I will take a close look at the decades old simmering tensions between parties, discovering what they reveal about the politics of the Ethiopian counter-protest state.


Ed’s Note: Etana Habte is a PhD Candidate at the Department of History, SOAS, University of London. He can be reached at:ittaanaa@gmail.com


Read more at All Africa :-

Part II at:-

http://allafrica.com/stories/201607260104.html

 

 

Read part I at:- commentary-oromoprotests-oromo-street-africas-counter-protest-state, part I

NI: One woman’s victory against a mining giant in Peru July 26, 2016

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Odaa OromooOromianEconomist


‘Violence Against Women Is Linked To Violence Against The Earth.’ NI

‘Because I defend my lakes, they want to take my life.’  Máximasang her story


One woman’s victory against a mining giant in Peru

   

New Internationalist WEB EXCLUSIVE

Máxima Acuña has just won the Goldman Prize for her resistance against a gold mine – but why are women’s bodies on the frontlines of resistance to extractivism? asks Sian Cowman.

27-04-16-Maxima-Acuna-590.jpg [Related Image]
Máxima Acuña, a farmer from Peru’s northern highlands, recently won the 2016 Goldman Environmental Prize. NC under aCreative Commons Licence

Máxima Acuña, a farmer from Peru’s northern highlands, recently won the 2016 Goldman Environmental Prize for her resistance against the mining consortium Yanacocha in Cajamarca, Peru.

At the prize acceptance ceremony in San Francisco on 18 April, in lieu of a speech Máximasang her story: ‘Because I defend my lakes, they want to take my life.’

Goldman Environmental Prize
Máxima Acuña, 2016 Goldman Environmental Prize winner for South and Central America. Goldman Environmental Prize

Yanacocha is the largest gold mine in Latin America and fourth largest in the world, operating since 1993. The mine is now owned by the USNewmont Mining Corporation, a Peruvian mining company, and the World Bank’s International Finance Corporation.

Gold mining causes ‘toxic mine drainage’ – when you break up rock that’s been underground for a long time chemical reactions cause it to release toxic metals and acids. And at Yanacocha cyanide-laced water isused to separate the gold from the rock.

Locals have been complaining for years of contaminated water and the disappearance of fish in the rivers, lakes and streams. Reinhard Seifert, an environmental engineer who spent years investigating the effects of the Yanacocha mine on the area’s water quality found traces of lead, arsenic, cyanide and mercury in the drinking water, linked to the rising rates of gastrointestinal cancer amongst residents of Cajamarca.

One Woman’s Story of Resistance

In 2011, Yanacocha bought up lands in Cajamarca in order to expand their operations into a new mine, Conga. Yanacocha claims legal ownership of Máxima’s land while Máxima says she never sold any of her land to the company, and the land deeds bear her name.

Quoted in these pages in 2012, Máxima said: ‘I may be poor. I may be illiterate, but I know that our mountain lakes are our real treasure… Are we expected to sacrifice our water and our land so that the Yanacocha people can take gold back to their country? Are we supposed to sit quietly and just let them poison our land and water?’

The Conga mine had plans to dry up five lakes, including the one that Máxima’s land borders. It became the highest profile environmental conflict in Peru amongst an estimated 200 such conflicts in 2012, with several deaths of defenders at the hands of the police.

In 2012, Yanacocha sued Máxima and her family for alleged illegal occupation of their own land, and the court ruled in Yanacocha’s favour. The judge sentenced four members of the family to suspended jail sentences, which were then overturned in December 2014 with a verdict that saw Máxima victorious against Yanacocha’s claim to her land.

The family had already suffered numerous eviction attempts and physical violence on their property, and after the 2014 verdict things intensified. On 3 February 2015, agents from the Peruvian police special operations division and private security forces destroyed parts of Máxima’s house that were undergoing construction. One year later, and the family was still suffering intimidation: on 5 February 2016 Máxima’s home was again stormed by security forces, this time to destroy her crop of potatoes.

But since then, the company has said ‘We do not anticipate development of Conga for the foreseeable future,’ a statement which has been hailed as a victory for Máxima and those who are resisting Conga.

What Does Extractivism Mean In Latin America?

Sadly, this story is not unique to Cajamarca. Mining for minerals such as gold, silver and copper is common across the continent – Latin America consistently tops the global list for mining exploration, and in 2014 had one of the largest shares of total global exploration budget, at over 26 per cent. Fossil fuel extraction shows a similar picture. In 2011, the Latin American Energy Organization released figures that placed Latin America as the region with the second largest oil reserves after the Middle East, with 20 per cent of global reserves.

This kind of mining and fossil fuel exploitation is referred to as extractivism in Latin American contexts. It is the base of many Latin American neoliberal economies such as in Peru and Colombia. In countries like Ecuador and Bolivia, it’s referred to as neo-extractivism – when government taxes from extractive activities are invested into health and education programs.

But the meaning of extractivism is not just about extraction: it is also about the conditions under which extraction takes place, and in whose interests. In Latin America, the conditions are often situated within a rural and/or indigenous context. This means communities in these areas live principally off the land and are subject to the forces of nature to access water and grow crops, forces of nature that become distorted by extractive activities and ever more sharpened by climate change impacts.

License CC By NC 2.0
A protest against Conga, 2014. License CC By NC 2.0

Why Does Extractivism Affect Women More?

Because of socially assigned gender roles, women are often the principal caregivers of the family – responsible for growing or providing food – in the kinds of community contexts where extractivism usually takes place. And so when water is contaminated and/or scarcer, women feel the negative impacts more. The declaration from the 2014 Gathering of Women against Extractivism and Climate Change in Ecuador said that ‘the impacts of extractive activities alter the cycle of the reproduction of life, whose regeneration falls on the shoulders of women.’ The altering of natural cycles, such as the contamination of water near the Yanacocha mine, manifests as more work in women’s lives.

The impacts of extractivism on women not only include an increased burden to the work women do to provide food and water to their families, but permeate deep into the social fabric of communities. At the gathering on extractivism in Ecuador, women gave testimonies: ‘When the mining and fossil fuel companies come to our territories they cause huge problems, they break the social weave and replace it with conflict in families, division in the communities, and confrontation between us.’

In these situations, the gendered divisions of labour show up in starker relief as men take on jobs in the industry. The local economy now revolves more around the masculinized wage labour in the mine and reduces importance of the shared economy of caring for the practical and emotional needs of the community. The existing gender divide of labour creates power imbalances, worsened by extractivism: as ‘women’s work’ mostly goes unpaid, the waged work in the mine that men can access lends increased power to men’s voices in the community (though they also suffer from extractivism in a dangerous, unhealthy, exploitative workplace).

Extractivism breaks the social fabric of communities in other, more violent, ways. As respected Uruguayan environmental analyst Eduardo Gudynas writes: ‘There is no such thing as neutral or inoffensive extractivism…Violence is always present in one way or another, ending up affecting above all the weakest, the local communities, especially campesino small farmers and indigenous groups.’

The violence permeates the entire community, but affects women particularly because of gender-based violence. Melissa Wong Oveido, a representative of the Latin American Union of Women (ULAM, a regional network of women affected by extractive activities and policies), quoted in El País said:

In Latin America psychological, physical and environmental violence against indigenous, rural and Afro-descendent women on the part of extractive industries is on the rise. Women are dispossessed of their lands; they are victims of sexual abuse and trafficking.

Rising Up In Resistance

With the upswing in extractive projects in Latin America and its negative impacts on local communities there’s been a corresponding rise in socio-environmental conflict on the continent. Resisting extractive projects is a dangerous business, and more land and environmental defenders died in 2014 in Latin America than anywhere else in the world, with 88 out of 114 total recorded deaths.

More and more women are joining and leading resistance movements: and as women, this comes with certain risks linked to their gender. In a comprehensive 2015 report (PDF) on criminalization of women environmental defenders in the Americas, the authors state that:

In all of the cases presented women suffered an attack linked to their gender: rape threats, public shaming linked to sex and sexuality, harassment of several types, and infamies against their honour. These attacks prevent women from developing their activism in surroundings favourable to the rights of people, of territory, and of nature.

It might not be immediately apparent why the intimidation in Máxima’s case is particular to her being a woman. But when women resist extractivism, they become easier targets for retaliation by those in power. For example, they are less likely than men to have the resources to deal with court cases – as Máxima herself has said, she is illiterate. For a woman who doesn’t have the title deed to her land, as Máxima has, the outcome is likely to be dispossession. And much of the intimidation that Máxima has suffered focused on destruction to her home and crops – women’s traditional domain, and Máxima’s source of income.

Violence Against Women Is Linked To Violence Against The Earth

Women feel negative impacts of extractivism more because of their roles as caregivers. But there are more subtleties at play here: why are women obliged to take care of the family, the home, the sick, and children? Similarly, why is the earth obliged to be a provider of ‘environmental services’; to give up its buried riches to profit transnationals? The logic of exploitation of women’s work and of the earth is the same: they are resources to be profited from. The struggles of women to free themselves from the cycle of unpaid labour as caregivers are linked to the struggles to protect the earth from desperate over-exploitation.

There is another subtlety. Extractivism is inherently violent, and tears not only at the earth but at the fabric of whole communities. Women already experience everyday gender-based violence, which is exacerbated by extractivism with impacts such as sexual harassment from migrant workers. But when women resist in their communities, the violence they already face increases: it is used as a tactic against them.

Máxima’s refusal to bow to the intimidation she faces because of her struggle only increased the violence against her. But she, like so many women, is not going to give up the fight. Máxima’s connection to her land underlies her decision to fight the corporation. As she said to El País: ‘I won’t be quiet. I know they’ll come after me and they’re going to disappear me. But on the land I was born and on the land I’ll die.’


Read more at:-

https://newint.org/features/web-exclusive/2016/04/27/one-womans-victory-against-a-mining-giant-in-peru/

 

Neith the Hunting Goddess July 26, 2016

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Odaa OromooNeith the Goddess

 

And more at:

 

https://tyrannoninja.wordpress.com/2016/07/22/goddesses-gonna-slay-it/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tyrannoninja's Art and Writing

Neith the Goddess

My portrayal of Neith, the ancient Egyptian goddess of hunting, warfare, and weaving. You could say she was the Egyptian counterpart to the Greek Athena, and indeed some scholars such as Martin Bernal have hypothesized that the Greeks god the idea of Athena from Neith.

I drew this while installing the game Smite, wherein she is one of a number of gods you can play in a sort of mythological, multiplayer battle arena. It sounds like a fun concept, but I’m personally not a fan of how they depicted Neith and the other Egyptian gods. So here’s my alternative take on her.

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AFRICA- AN EXAMPLE OF WOUNDED CULTURE AND ECONOMY July 25, 2016

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Odaa Oromoo

It is known that the development of language as a medium of expression is the key factor of communication and is also responsible for the growth of a culture as well as education. History itself is the witness in case of Africa, where language originated initially.It is accepted in almost every part of the world that the language of Egypt influenced the Greek and Latin languages; even though these two languages are Indo-European. On a broader scale, the roots of most of the European languages like Greek, Latin, German and English are present in Cush African languages itself. But, these languages were further developed in the Central European area.Most of the historians believe that the word “Africa” is derived from ‘Afri-uka’ which is from the ancient Egyptian language and it means ‘motherland’.Before moving ahead, I would like to tell you one thing- the people of south east India, specially Andaman and Nicobar have a striking resemblance in their genetic aspects with the African natives, proving that we are not so different from the Africans.

Source: AFRICA- AN EXAMPLE OF WOUNDED CULTURE AND ECONOMY

Time: Hillary Clinton’s First National Splash: LIFE Magazine in 1969 July 25, 2016

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Odaa Oromoo

This week’s Democratic National Convention will be far from the first time that Hillary Clinton will find herself the center of attention. As the crowning moment—so far—of a life in politics, her presumed nomination as the party’s nominee for president will put her in a familiar spot beneath the nation’s spotlight. In 1969, however, things…

via Hillary Clinton’s First National Splash: LIFE Magazine in 1969 — TIME

The Oromo Nation: Toward Mental Liberation and Empowerment July 24, 2016

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OromianEconomistDr. Asafa Jalata and Dr. Harwood Schaffer

 

The Oromo Nation:  Toward Mental Liberation and Empowerment

By  Dr. Asafa Jalata and Dr. Harwood Schaffer,  in The Journal of Oromo Studies, 2016)*


In the second decade of the 21st Century, the Oromo people face a monumental national crisis that requires their urgent recognition and resolution. The Tigrayan-led Ethiopian government has clearly recognized the potential of the Oromo nation and is determined to destroy and/or suppress it by engaging in state terrorism and genocidal massacres, conducting mass arrests, violating human rights, and eliminating opposition leaders and their potential successors while replacing them with Afaan Oromo speaking nafxanyas (colonial settlers) and Oromo collaborators. The current regime continues to expropriate Oromo economic resources—including land—and transfer them to Tigrayans and their regional and global capitalist supporters. This regime has also begun the practice of enslaving and selling young Oromo girls and girls of other nationalities to Arab countries that have no respect for human dignity and rights. All these have  occurred in the era of globalization or transnational capitalism, as global, regional, and local forces have been integrated through the intensification of globalizing processes known as deepening and broadening.[2] As a result, with the financial, military, diplomatic, and intelligence support of global and regional powers, the Tigrayan-led Ethiopian regime has been focused on dismantling and destroying the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF)—the hallmark, symbol, pride, and hope of the Oromo nation—and other independent Oromo civic and political organizations.[3]

The attack on independent Oromo political and civic organizations and institutions was intensified before the Oromo national movement managed to achieve maturity. The consolidation of the Oromo national leadership and the maturation of Oromummaa (Oromo nationalism) are still incomplete. As such, the movement’s ability to defend itself from internal and external enemies has been significantly compromised. These challenges confronted the Oromo national struggle before the Oromo leadership was able to develop the ideological coherence and organizational capacity to catapult the Oromo national movement to an advanced stage. The crisis of the Oromo national leadership has emerged from both external and internal sources and Oromo nationalists urgently need to address both in order to find an appropriate solution. The impacts of external forces (e.g. Amhara-Tigray colonial structures and global capitalism) have been adequately addressed in books and scholarly articles.[4] We now need to focus on the internal crises facing the movement’s leadership.

In our attempt to examine this internal dilemma, we address four major interrelated issues. First, we provide historical and cultural background to contextualize the problem in question. Second, we explore how Ethiopian colonialism has affected the process of the formation of Oromo elites and leaders. Third, we identify and examine the connections between liberation knowledge, the inferiority complex, and mental liberation in the development of a revolutionary consciousness. Fourth, we share some ideas on how to promote the development of mental liberation as a means of constructing a revolutionary consciousness. In addition, we suggest ways to cultivate Oromummaa (culture, identity, and nationalism) so that a united Oromo national leadership may be forged—from the bottom up—around a common denominator, thus ensuring the survival and liberation of the Oromo nation and other captive nations from the yoke of Ethiopian colonialism and global imperialism.[5]

Conquest and colonial subjugation within the Ethiopian Empire

Before Abyssinia/Ethiopia colonized the Oromo and other nations in the Horn of Africa with the help of European powers in the late 19th century, the Oromo presided over a form of republican government known as the gadaa/siqqee system.[6] From the 15th until the mid-17th century, the gadaa/siqqee government was organized on three levels: national, regional, and local. According to Lemmu Baissa, the Oromo government “was led by an elected luba council formed from representatives of the major Oromo moieties…under the presidency of the abba gadaa and his two deputies…. The national leadership was responsible for such important matters as legislation and enforcement of general laws, handling issues of war and peace and coordinating the nation’s defense, management of intra-Oromo clan conflicts and dealing with non-Oromo peoples.”[7]

However, due to the geographical expansion of the Oromo territory and an increasing population, the central gadaa/siqqee government declined beginning in the mid-17th century and autonomous regional and local republics took its place. These regional and local governments formed pan-Oromo confederations to defend themselves from external enemies.[8] The rule of law and social equality were the guiding principles of thegadaa/siqqee system.[9] Although we have limited knowledge of Oromo history before the sixteenth century, it is reasonable to think that these people did not invent the gadaa/siqqeesystem while they were establishing Biyyaa Oromoo (what we now call Oromia). Historical studies suggest that during the 16th and 17th centuries, while various peoples were fighting over economic resources in the Horn of Africa, the Oromo were effectively organized under the national gadaa government for both offensive and defensive wars. According to Virginia Luling, “from the mid-16th to the mid-19th century the  [Oromo] were dominant on their own territories; no people of other cultures were in a position to exercise compulsion over them.”[10]

The gadaa/siqqee government organized and ordered society around political, economic, social, cultural, and religious institutions.[11] Bonnie Holcomb notes that the gadaa system “organized the Oromo people in an all-encompassing democratic republic even before the few European pilgrims arrived from England on the shores of North America and only later built a democracy.”[12] This system exhibits the principles of checks and balances (through periodic succession of leaders every eight years), division of power (among executive, legislative, and judicial branches), balanced opposition (among five parties), and power sharing between higher and lower administrative organs to prevent power from falling into the hands of despots.[13] Other principles of the system included balanced representation of all clans, lineages, regions and confederacies; the accountability of leaders; the settlement of disputes through reconciliation; and respect for basic rights and liberties.[14] There were five miseensas (parties) in gadaa; these parties have different names in different parts of Oromia.[15] All gadaa officials were elected for eight years by universal adult male suffrage.

Colonialism and the Underdevelopment of Oromo Leadership 

The Ethiopian colonial state destroyed the leaders of the conquered nations in the Horn of Africa who fought against Abyssinian/Ethiopian colonialism, co-opting those leaders who would collaborate with the system as intermediaries.[16] Abyssinian access to European guns, cannons, technology, diplomacy, and administrative skills were utilized in colonizing these various nations, the largest of which was the Oromo. This paper focuses on the experience of the Oromo as a case study of the ways the Abyssinian/Ethiopian rulers have systematically destroyed the leadership capacity of the conquered peoples.

The Abyssinians systematically engaged in massacring and repressing Oromos while reorganizing Oromo society in order to control and exploit the Oromo people and their resources. Since the colonization of the Oromo people (as we shall see below), one of the goals of the Ethiopian state has been the destruction and underdevelopment of the Oromo people and their leadership; the Amhara-Tigray state has used both violent and institutional mechanisms to ensure that the Oromo people remain leaderless while it continues to repress and exploit them. To ensure its colonial domination, the Ethiopian state destroyed and/or suppressed Oromo institutions (e.g. the aforementioned gadaa/siqqee system, as well as an indigenous Oromo religion known as Waaqeefata) while glorifying, establishing, and expanding the Amhara-Tigray government and Orthodox Christianity. The state also sought to suppress Oromo history, culture, and language while promoting that of the Abyssinians.

Ethiopian settler colonialism was firmly established in Oromia through the imposition of five institutional arrangements in order to tightly control Oromo society and intensify its exploitation: (1) garrison cities and towns, (2) slavery, (3) the colonial landholding system, (4) the nafxanya-gabbar system (semi-slavery), and (5) the Oromo collaborator class.[17]The colonialists have been concentrated in garrison cities and towns and formulated political, economic, and ideological programs that they used to oppress their colonial subjects.[18] The settlers expropriated almost all Oromo lands, and forced most Oromos to work on these lands without payment. The Oromo intermediaries have been used in subordinating the Oromo people to the colonial society. Many people were enslaved and forced to provide free labor to the colonial ruling class, while others were reduced to the status of semi-slaves so they could provide agricultural and commercial products and free labor for their colonizers. As a consequence of these efforts, the Ethiopian state successfully destroyed and/or suppressed Oromo institutions and independent leaders and replaced them with its own leaders and political, religious, and educational institutions; colonialism also fractured Oromo culture and identity.

The Ethiopian state targeted any sense of Oromoness (Oromummaa) for destruction and established colonial administrative regions to suppress the Oromo people and exploit their resources. As a result, Oromo relational identities were localized and disconnected from the collective identity of national Oromummaa. On a national level, the Oromo were separated from one another and prevented from exchanging goods and information for more than a century. As a result, their identities were localized into clan families and colonial regions. They were also exposed to different cultures (i.e., languages, customs, values, etc.) and religions and have adopted some elements of these cultures and religions because of the inferiority complex that Ethiopian colonialism sought to create in them. Consequently, until Oromo nationalism emerged, Oromoness primarily remained on the personal and the interpersonal levels since the Oromo were denied the opportunity to form national institutions. In addition, today there are members of Oromo society and elites who have internalized clan and externally-imposed regional and/or religious identities because of their low level of political consciousness or because of opportunism on their part, exhibiting the lack of a clear understanding of Oromummaa or Oromo nationalism.

Overcoming several obstacles, the founding fathers and mothers of Oromummaa created two pioneering organizations in the 1960s and 1970s: the Macha-Tulama Self-Help Association and the Oromo Liberation Front respectively. These organizations acted as a roadmap for the burgeoning Oromo national movement. Unfortunately, the national movement has since been confronted externally by the forces of Ethiopian colonialism – with assistance from their global supporters – and internally by an Oromo collaborator class that serves the interests of the oppressor of the Oromo people. Some Oromo elites have become raw materials for the Tigrayan-led Ethiopian regime and have implemented its terrorist and genocidal policies in the puppet parliament, the administration, and the army, and have participated in imprisoning and killing Oromo nationalists. These internal agents of the Ethiopian government have also participated in robbing Oromo economic resources. As Frantz Fanon notes, “The intermediary does not lighten the oppression, nor seek to hide the domination…he is the bringer of violence into the home and into the mind of the native.”[19] The Oromo national struggle has to solve the internal problem of Oromo society before it can fully confront and defeat its joined external enemies.

It is estimated that the Oromo intermediary elites are the numerical majority at the lower echelons of the Ethiopian colonial institutions. These intermediaries have joined the Tigrayan-created and -led organization known as the Oromo People’s Democratic Organization (OPDO) to satisfy their personal interests at the cost of the Oromo nation. It is true that every colonized nation has a collaborator class that fulfills its interests and the interest of its colonial masters. However, a few elements of this class clandestinely defend the interest of their people. For example, some Eritrean and Tigrayan intermediaries under the Amhara-led Ethiopia protected the interests of their respective people. What makes the Oromo collaborator class different, however, is its total commitment to serve the oppressor (except in a few cases) without being sympathetic to their own people. Ethiopian history demonstrates that key Oromo collaborators have been king makers and have protected the Ethiopian Empire without seeking authority for themselves and their people. “The oppressed learn to wear many masks for different occasions;” Frantz Fanon notes, “they develop skills to detect the moods and wishes of those in authority, learn to present acceptable public behaviors while repressing many incongruent private feelings.”[20]

Most Oromo members of the OPDO clearly exhibit such public behaviors. In every colonized society, those who collaborate with the dominant society are less competent and less accomplished, and yet they are “rewarded extravagantly with fame, fortune and celebrity status simply by their confirmation that the master’s consciousness and his reality is the correct way to think.”[21] While imprisoning or killing independent Oromo leaders, the successive Ethiopian regimes have promoted to positions of authority less competent Oromo collaborators who have internalized and manifested their masters’ worldviews. The Oromo collaborator elites are politically ignorant and harbor an inferiority complex that has been imposed on them by the Amhara-Tigray colonial institutions. According to Hussein Abdilahi Bulhan, “Prolonged oppression reduces the oppressed into mere individuals without a community or a history, fostering a tendency to privatize a shared victimization.”[22] Since they have been cut from their individual biographies and the collective Oromo history, members of the Oromo collaborator class only know what Amhara or Tigrayans have taught them and, as a result, they constantly wear “Ethiopian masks” that have damaged their psyches.

The colonizer was never content with occupying the land of indigenous peoples and expropriating their labor; he also declared war on the psyches of the oppressed.[23] By introducing an inferiority complex, the Amhara-Tigray state attacked the Oromo culture and worldview in order to alter the perspective of the colonized Oromo from independence to dependence; consequently, every colonized Oromo subject who has not yet liberated his/her mind wears an Ethiopian mask by associating his/herself with Ethiopian culture and identity. As Fanon asserts, “All colonized people—in other words, people in whom an inferiority complex has taken root, whose local cultural originality has been committed to the grave—position themselves in relation to the civilizing language…. The more the colonized has assimilated the cultural values of [the colonizer], the more he [or she] will have” imitated his/her masters.[24]  As European colonialists did, the Amhara-Tigrayan colonizers have manufactured the Oromo collaborator elites in order to use them in their colonial projects. According to Bulhan, “in prolonged oppression, the oppressed group willy-nilly internalizes the oppressor without. They adopt his guidelines and prohibitions, they assimilate his image and his social behavior, and they become agents of their own oppression. The oppressor without becomes…an oppressor within…. They become auto-oppressor as they engage in self-destructive behavior injurious to themselves, their loved ones, and their neighbors.”[25] It is no wonder that some members of the OPDO, from ordinary individuals to high officials, engage in imprisoning, killing, and robbing members of Oromo society, particularly those whom they suspect of sympathizing with or supporting the Oromo national struggle.

The Oromo self has been attacked and distorted by Ethiopian colonial institutions. The attack on Oromo selves at personal, interpersonal and collective levels has undermined the self-confidence of some Oromo individuals by creating an inferiority complex within them. Consequently, the manufactured Oromo elites are abusive to their people and they confuse their individual ambitions and interest with those of the Oromo nation. What Fanon says about other colonial intermediary native elites applies to the Oromo elites: “The European elite undertook to manufacture native elite. They picked out promising adolescents; they branded them, as with a red-hot iron, with the principles of Western culture; they stuffed their mouths full with high-sounding phrases, grand glutinous words that stuck to the teeth.”[26] Since most Oromo elites who have passed through Ethiopian colonial institutions have not yet achieved psychological liberation, they consciously or unconsciously prefer to work for their colonial masters rather than work as a team on the Oromo liberation project.

What Walter Rodney says about the consequences of the colonial educational system in Africa also applies to the situation of Oromo intermediaries: “The colonial school system educated far too many fools and clowns, fascinated by the ideas and way of life of the European capitalist class,” he says. “Some reached a point of total estrangement from African conditions and the African way of life…. ‘Colonial education corrupted the thinking and sensibilities of the African and filled him with abnormal complexes.’”[27] Similarly, some Oromo intermediaries who have passed through the Ethiopian colonial education system have been de-Oromized and Ethiopianized, and have opposed the Oromo struggle for national liberation. Colonial education creates submissive leaders who facilitate underdevelopment through subordination and exploitation.[28]  Considering the similar condition of the African Americans in the first half of the 20th century, Carter G. Woodson characterized the educated Black as “a hopeless liability of the race,” and schools for Blacks as “places where they must be convinced of their inferiority.”[29] He demonstrated how White oppressors controlled the minds of Blacks through education: “When you control a man’s [or a woman’s thinking] you do not have to worry about his [or her] actions. You do not have to tell him [her] not to stand here or go yonder. He [or she] will find his [or her] ‘proper place’ and will stay in it.”[30] The behaviors and actions of the educated Oromo intermediaries parallel what Woodson claims about the educated African-Americans. But, starting in the mid-20th century, most African-American elites developed nationalist political consciousness by overcoming their inferiority complex and participating in their national struggle for liberation.

There are also biologically and culturally assimilated elements that like to disassociate themselves from anything related to the Oromo. Most biologically and culturally assimilated former Oromos, like their Habasha masters, are the defenders of Habasha culture, religion, and the Amharic language and the haters of Oromo history, culture, institutions, and Afaan Oromoo.  Explaining similar circumstances, Fanon notes, “The individual who climbs upinto white, civilized society tends to reject his black, uncivilized family at the level of the imagination.”[31] The slave psychology of such assimilated Oromos has caused them also to prefer the leadership of the Amhara or Tigrayan oppressor.[32] Through his seven years of experimentation and observation in Martinique, Frantz Fanon concluded that the dominated “black man’s behavior is similar to an obsession neurosis…. There is an attempt by the colored man to escape his individuality, to reduce his being in the world to nothing…. The [psychologically affected] black man goes from humiliating insecurity to self-accusation and even despair.”[33]

These conditions apply to all colonized, repressed, and exploited peoples. Therefore, some Oromos also face similar problems. Furthermore, the attack on Oromo families and national structures introduced psychological disorientations to Oromo individuals, and incapacitated their collective personality. The family—as a basic institution of any society—provides guidance in values, norms, and worldviews and acts as the educational and training ground for entry into that society.[34] Because Oromo families have lived for more than a century under colonial occupation and because Oromo national institutions were intentionally destroyed or disfigured by Ethiopian colonial institutions, the Oromo people lack the educational, cultural, ideological, and experiential resources to guide their children in the process of building national institutions and organizational capacity. Oromo individuals who have lived under such conditions face social, cultural, and psychological crises and become conflict-ridden.

Due to these complex problems, the low level of political consciousness, and an imposed inferiority complex, those who claim that they are nationalists sometimes confuse their sub-identities with the Oromo national identity or with Ethiopian identity. According to Fanon, “The neurotic structure of an individual is precisely the elaboration, the formation, and the birth of conflicting knots in the ego, stemming on the one hand from the environment and on the other from the entirely personal way this individual reacts to these influences.”[35] The Ethiopian colonial system—as well as cultural and religious identities—was imposed on the Oromo creating regional and religious boundaries. Under these conditions, personal identities (e.g. religious affiliation) replaced Oromoness—with its unique values and self-schemas—and Ethiopianism replaced Oromummaa. Colonial rulers saw Oromoness as a source of raw material that was ready to be transformed into other identities. Since most of these individuals are psychologically damaged, they run away from the Oromo national identity. Are genuine Oromo nationalists free of these psychological crises?

The Psychological Legacy of Ethiopian Colonialism

Through political, educational, and religious institutions and the media, the Ethiopian colonial elites and their successive governments have continuously created and perpetuated negative stereotypes and racist values regarding the Oromo people[36] and have led some Oromos to think negatively about themselves. That is why some Oromo parents reject Oromo names and give Amhara or Arab names to their children in order to assimilate them into the cultures they consider superior. Some educated Oromos also develop self-hatred and self-contempt and wear the masks of other people. Ethiopian colonialism and racism have made some Oromo elites hate their culture and language and avoid self-discovery. The process of de-Oromization creates alienation among some Oromos and imbues them with distorted perceptions of their own people. Everything Amhara-Tigray is praised and everything Oromo is rejected and denigrated; the colonialists have depicted the Oromo as barbaric, ignorant, evil, pagan, backward, and superstitious.

In order to avoid these perceived characteristics, some Oromo elites who pass through the Ethiopian colonial education system are Amharized and Ethipianized The colonization of the Oromo mind has indoctrinated Oromo students in order to isolate them from their families and communities and distort their identities by disconnecting them from their heritage, culture, and history.[37] Oppressors don’t just want to control the body of the oppressed; they want to control their minds, thus ensuring the effectiveness of domination and exploitation. Na’im Akbar succinctly explains how the mental control of the oppressed causes personal and collective damage: “The slavery that captures the mind and imprisons the motivation, perception, aspiration and identity in a web of anti-self-images, generating a personal and collective self-destruction, is [more cruel] than shackles on the wrists and ankles. The slavery that feeds on the mind, invading the soul of man [or woman], destroying his [or her] loyalties to himself [or herself] and establishing allegiance to forces which destroys him [or her], is an even worse form of capture.”[38]

The mental enslavement of most Oromo elites is the major reason why the Oromo, who comprise the majority of the population, are brutalized, murdered, and terrorized by the minority Tigrayan elites. What about the Oromo nationalist elites who are struggling for Oromo national self-determination? Are they mentally free? Why have they failed to build a united Oromo national leadership? There is no question that most of the founding fathers and mothers of Oromummaa or Oromo nationalism were mentally liberated heroes and heroines; that was why they created the Macha-Tulama Self-Help Association and the Oromo Liberation Front and paid the ultimate sacrifice. There have been thousands of Oromo nationalists who have followed in their footsteps and paid dearly. What about other Oromo nationalists (particularly leaders) who have partitioned the Oromo national movement by dividing it into different political factions? Oromo nationalists have failed to unite Oromo divided communities, which have been easily infiltrated by the enemies through clan and/or religious bonds. In addition, because of the inferiority complex that the enemies have inculcated in the Oromo mind, some Oromos have failed to respect Oromo leadership, just as Oromo leaders have failed to respect their followers. The nationalist Oromo elites, by failing to overcome the deeply entrenched divisions that the enemies of the Oromo created, have drastically failed to establish a united national movement.

Generally speaking, the necessity of liberating the Oromo mind from psychological oppression through liberation knowledge and consciousness-raising is totally ignored or unrecognized. Due to their political ignorance and ineptitude, Oromo intellectuals and political leaders have failed to organize the masses into a grassroots movement. As a result of psychological crises and oppressive institutions, Oromo collective norms and organizational culture are at a rudimentary level at this historical moment. Therefore, the enemies of the Oromo have found ample political opportunity to mobilize some Oromos against the Oromo national movement. Without the emancipation of Oromo individuals from the inferiority complex and without overcoming the ignorance and the worldviews that the enemies of the Oromo have imposed on them, the Oromo cannot have the self-confidence necessary to facilitate individual liberation and Oromo emancipation. Although it is uncomfortable to recognize the impacts of the psychology of oppression on the Oromo minds, the Oromo national struggle must engage in mental liberation by building liberation knowledge and political consciousness.

Liberation Knowledge, Consciousness-building, and the Politics of Empowerment

In order to achieve psychological liberation via the development of political consciousness, it is essential to understand the process of oppression by learning about the bankruptcy of assimilated Oromo elites and the crises in both individual Oromo biographies and collective Oromo history. As Bulhan asserts, “The experience of victimization in oppression produces, on the one hand, tendencies toward rebellion and a search for autonomy and, on the other, tendencies toward compliance and accommodation. Often, the two tendencies coexist among the oppressed, although a predominant orientation can be identified for any person or generation at a given time.”[39] The oppressed are chained physically, socially, culturally, politically, and psychologically; hence it is difficult to learn about these problems and search for ways to overcome them. Conscious elements of the oppressed “opts for an introspective approach and emphasizes the need to come to terms with one’s self—a self historically tormented by a formidable and oppressive social structure.” [40]

As the current national crisis unfolds, Oromo nationalists in general and leaders in particular should start to engage in critical self-evaluation in order to identify the impact of oppressive and destructive values and behaviors on the Oromo political performance. Psychological liberation from ideological confusion and oppression requires fighting against the external oppressor and the internalized oppressive values. Most oppressed individuals understand what the oppressor does to them from outside, but it is difficult to comprehend how the worldviews of the oppressor are imposed on them and control them from within. As Bulhan explains, “institutionalization of oppression in daily living … entails an internalization of the oppressor’s values, norms, and prohibitions. Internalized oppression is most resistant to change, since this would require a battle on two fronts: the oppressor without and the oppressor within.”[41]

The Ethiopian colonial system has denied education to almost all the Oromo in order to keep them ignorant and submissive. Even those few who have received colonial education have not been provided with a critical education and knowledge for liberation. As Woodson says, colonial education is “a perfect device for control from without.” [42] So it has been difficult and challenging for most Oromo elites to engage in a two-front struggle—liberating themselves from the values and worldviews of Ethiopians and Ethiopian colonial institutions and structures. Because of the lack of political consciousness, the oppressed individuals and groups learn the behavior of the oppressor, engage in conflict, and abuse one another. Attaining a critical political consciousness enables the oppressed individuals and groups to regain their identity, reclaim their history and culture, and regain self-respect internally while fighting against the oppressor externally. Those people who are disconnected from their social and cultural bonds are disorganized, disoriented, and alienated; lacking a critical understanding of individual biographies and collective history, they cannot effectively organize and fight against the values and institutions of their oppressors.

If the occupation of land…entailed the occupation of psyches, then the war for liberation had to be waged on two fronts: The colonizer residing not only without, but also within had to be confronted on both fronts. Otherwise, the vicious cycle of domination would continue. To battle the colonizer without first assumes a degree of self-respect and self-validation, a conviction that one is at least as good and as human as he is. It also assumes the existence of a bond with others, a sharing of similar experiences and determination…. The colonized had been reduced to individuals without an anchor in history, alienated from themselves and others. So long as this alienation prevailed, the colonizer without could not be challenged. His abuses, humiliations, and suffocating repression permeated everyday living, further undermining the colonized [person’s] self-respect and collective bonds.[43]

Colonialism attacks the individual psyche and biography, as well as the collective history, of a given people. These damaging processes occur through various forms of violence, including colonial terrorism. “Violence is any relation, process, or condition by which an individual or a group violates the physical, social, and/or psychological integrity of another person or group. From this perspective, violence inhibits human growth, negates inherent potential, limits productive living, and causes death” [Emphasis given in original].[44]Nationalist projects of the oppressed emerge to deal with these complex problems. A few Oromo nationalists who gained political consciousness and self-respect by overcoming the psychological and cultural impacts of Ethiopian colonialism in the 1960s and the 1970s began to engage in Oromo nationalist projects by creating a self-help association, a musical group, and a liberation front, while most Oromo elites were serving their own interests and the interests of their colonial masters.

When some elements of the colonized people develop political consciousness, organize, and engage in the struggle for freedom, they turn their internalized anger, hostility, and violence that destroyed relationships among them against the colonizers. The nascent Oromo nationalists face monumental political problems as the result of the decadent Ethiopian political system. In addition to brutal violence and repression, the oppressor uses various methods of social control. “The oppressed is made a prisoner within a narrow circle of tamed ideas, a wrecked ecology, and a social network strewn with prohibitions. Their family and community life is infiltrated in order to limit his capacity for bonding and trust. His past is obliterated and his history falsified to render him without an origin or a future. A system of reward and punishment based on loyalty to the oppressor is instituted to foster competition and conflict among the oppressed.”[45] The Oromo have been living under political slavery for more than a century; they have been denied the freedom of self-expression, organization, and assembly. The colonialists and their collaborators have committed various crimes against Oromo culture, history, language, and psychology. The founding fathers and mothers of Oromo nationalism understood these complex problems and tried to solve them by developing social, economic, cultural, and political projects.

Human beings have basic attributes that Bulhan characterizes as “essential human needsand essential human powers,” both of which are necessary in order to survive and fully develop.[46] The people who were colonized and dominated cannot adequately satisfy their basic needs and access their self-actualizing powers. These include “(a) biological needs, (b) sociability and rootedness, (c) clarity and integrity of self, (d) longevity and symbolic immortality, (e) self-reproduction in praxis, and (f) maximum self-determination.”[47] Human beings must satisfy their basic biological needs, such as food, sex, clothing, and shelter in order to survive. However, these biological needs can only be satisfied in a culture that provides sociability and rootedness. Those people whose culture has been attacked and disfigured by colonialism are underdeveloped; their basic needs are not satisfactorily met and their self-actualizing powers are stagnated; “For to acquire culture presupposes not only a remarkable power of learning and teaching, but also an enduring capacity for interdependence and inter-subjectivity. Not only the development of our higher power of cognition and affect, but also the development of our basic senses rest on the fact that we are social beings.”[48]

Colonialism can be maintained by committing genocide or ethnocide and/or by organized cultural destruction or mental genocide and the assimilation of a sector of the colonized population. Ethiopian colonialists expropriated Oromo economic resources and destroyed Oromo institutions and cultural experts and leaders; they have also denied the Oromo the opportunity to develop the Oromo system of knowledge by preventing the transmission of Oromo cultural experiences from generation to generation. All these colonial policies were designed to uproot the Oromo cultural identity and to produce individuals who lack self-respect and are submissive and ready to serve the colonialists. Under these conditions, the Oromo basic needs and self-actualizing powers have not been fulfilled. In other words, the Oromo biological and social needs have been frustrated. “If failure to satisfy biological needs leads to disease and physical death,” Bulhan notes, “then denial of human contact, communication, and affirmation … leads to a social and psychological ‘starvation’ or ‘death’ no less devastating than, and conditioning, physical death.”[49]

The Ethiopian colonialists—having caused the physical death of millions—have further attempted to introduce social and cultural death to the Oromo people. Both the Amhara and Tigrayan elites have attempted to destroy or control the Oromo selfhood in order to deny the Oromo both individual and national self-determination. From all angles, the Habasha have tried their best to prevent the Oromo from achieving clarity and integrity of the Oromo self; they have prevented the Oromo from establishing cultural and historical immortality through the reproduction and recreation of their history, culture and worldview, and from achieving maximum self-determination. “The pursuit of self-clarity is … intimately bound with the clarity developed first about one’s body, the body’s boundary and attributes, and later one’s larger world. This pursuit of clarity has survival, developmental, and organizing value. It entails both a differentiation from as well as integration with others and with one’s past. Without some clarity of the self, however tentative and tenuous, there can be no meaningful relating with others, no expression of inherent human potentials, no gratification of essential needs.”[50]

The founding fathers and mothers of Oromo nationalism purposely engaged in political praxis to save the Oromo from psychological, social, cultural, and physical death. Without a measure of self-determination, a person cannot fully satisfy his/her biological and social needs, self-actualize, and engage in praxis as an active agent to transform society and oneself. “Self-determination refers to the process and capacity to choose among alternatives, to determine one’s behavior, and to affect one’s destiny. As such, self-determination assumes a consciousness of human possibilities, an awareness of necessary constraints, and a willed, self-motivated engagement with one’s world.”[51] As individuals and groups, the Oromo must struggle to achieve their personal and national self-determination. The Oromo have the internal power to make their choices from the best possible alternatives and to have control over what they do. The Ethiopian colonialists have assumed almost complete control over the Oromo in an attempt to deny them the right of self-determination, both individually and collectively.

Unfortunately, the oppression is not limited to national borders. Ethiopian colonialists have had psychological impacts on some Oromos in the diaspora, and have infiltrated diaspora communities and their organizations in order to dismantle them. Oromo individuals and groups who do not clearly comprehend the essence of self-determination and who do not struggle for it are doomed to both psychological and cultural death. “History and social conditions present [not only] alternatives but also constraints. We can choose to act or not act. But even when we lack alternatives in the world as we find it, we do possess the capacity to interpret and reinterpret, to adopt one attitude and not another. Without the right of self-determination, we are reduced to rigid and automatic behaviors, to a life and destiny shorn of human will and freedom.”[52] At this historical moment, most of the Oromo in the diaspora are passive; they do not struggle effectively for their individual and national self-determination. This has left their communities vulnerable to infiltration by Oromo collaborators, who then attempt to turn Oromos against one another.

The founding fathers and mothers of Oromo nationalism as a social group reclaimed their individual authentic biographies and Oromo collective history and defined the Oromo national problem; they sought the political solution of national self-determination. In order to continue the policy of social, cultural, psychological, and physical death and control the Oromo society, the Ethiopian colonial state killed or destroyed these leaders. The present Tigrayan-led regime of Ethiopia has continued the same policy. Without psychological liberation and organized, conscious, and collective action, the Oromo people cannot fulfill the objectives of the Oromo national movement. Currently, most Oromo elites and leaders do not realize the problems they are causing for the Oromo national struggle because of their socio-cultural and psychological crises and their failure to critically understand the national crisis. The continuation of these crises and the absence of a united Oromo national leadership allow the continuation of the psychological, social, cultural, and physical death of the Oromo people.

Physical, social, or psychological death is too heavy a price for an accustomed passivity, a corrosive apathy, self-defeating individualism, and predictability of stagnation. Psychological work with the oppressed must give priority to organized and collective activity to regain power and liberty. One critical focus of intervention has to do with unraveling, through active involvement and demonstrations in the social world, the self-defeating patterns of relating, the tendency toward betrayal of the self and/or others, the internalized script for failure and disaster, as well as the conditioned fear of taking a stand or even fear of freedom—all of which derive from a contrived system of socialization, and elaborate formula to produce willing victim. Another crucial focus is the comprehension and refinement of strategies as wells as tactics for regaining power and liberty.[53]

In the capitalist world system, might is right. Those people who cannot empower themselves through liberation knowledge, psychological recovery, and the will to organize and defend themselves in a united movement cannot survive as a people.  We know that one of the major reasons why the colonialists were able to destroy most indigenous peoples in the world was the result of these peoples’ lack of unity and strong organization. It is not enough to know about the impact of colonialism without recognizing and solving the internal crises of the colonized or the oppressed. “A psychology of liberation would give primacy to the empowerment of the oppressed through organized and socialized activity with the aim of restoring individual biographies and a collective history derailed, stunted, and/or made appendage to those of others. Life indeed takes on morbid qualities and sanity becomes tenuous so long as one’s space, time, energy, mobility, and identity are usurped by dint of violence.”[54] The Oromo elites and leaders must realize that the Oromo cannot achieve the liberation objectives without understanding and overcoming the internalized values that they have learned from their oppressors and the inferiority complex that they are suffering from: “To transform a situation of oppression requires at once a relentless confrontation of oppressors without, who are often impervious to appeals, to reasons or compassion, and an equally determined confrontation of the oppressor within, whose violence can unleash a vicious cycle of auto-destruction to the self as well as to the group.”[55]

For instance, vicious cycles of auto-destruction recently arose in the Oromo diaspora communities due to clan and regional politics, as some Oromo groups engaged in the destruction of the OLF from a distance. This was the result of a failure on the part of the Oromo leadership to confront the oppressor within. Without using the tool of liberation knowledge to build political consciousness and restore their usurped biographies and history, the Oromo cannot confront and defeat the oppressor within. The Oromo national movement is still suffering from the oppressor within and the lack of effective leadership. Since the Oromo masses are not organized and educated in the politics and psychology of liberation, they have been passive participants in the Oromo national movement. They have been waiting to receive their liberation as a gift from Oromo political organizations. This is a serious mistake. Oromo liberation can only be achieved by the active participation of an effective portion of the Oromo people. As Gilly Adolfo states, “Liberation does not come as a gift from anybody; it is seized by the masses with their own hands. And by seizing it they themselves are transformed; confidence in their own strength soars, and they turn their energy and their experience to the tasks of building, governing, and deciding their own lives for themselves.”[56] Developing Oromummaa or Oromo nationalism among the Oromo elites and masses is required to increase Oromo self-discovery and self-acceptance through liberation education. Without overcoming the political ignorance and inferiority complex among all sectors of the Oromo people, the Oromo national movement continues to face multi-faceted problems. The Oromo can challenge and overcome multiple levels of domination and dehumanization through multiple approaches and actions. As Patricia Hill Collins puts, “People experience and resist oppression on three levels: the level of personal biography; the group or community level of the cultural context…and the systematic level of social institutions.”[57] Developing individual political consciousness through liberation knowledge generates social change. This is essential to the creation of a sphere of freedom by increasing the power of self-definition, which is absolutely necessary for the liberation of the mind. Without the liberated and free mind, we cannot resist oppression on multiple levels.

The dominant groups are against mental liberation, and they use institutions such as schools, churches or mosques, the media, and other formal organizations to inculcate their oppressive worldviews in our minds. According to Collins, “Domination operates by seducing, pressuring, or forcing … members of subordinated groups to replace individual and cultural ways of knowing with the dominant group’s specialized thought. As a result … ‘the true focus of revolutionary change is never merely the oppressive situation which we seek to escape, but that piece of the oppressor which is planted deep within each of us.’ Or…‘revolutionary begins with the self, in the self.’”[58] Every Oromo must be educated and acquire liberation knowledge to fight for his/her individual freedom and empowerment. Without the liberation and empowerment of the individual, we cannot overcome the docility and passivity of our people and empower them to revolt and liberate themselves. “Empowerment involves rejecting the dimensions of knowledge, whether personal, cultural, or institutional, that perpetuate objectification and dehumanization … individuals in subordinate groups become empowered when we understand and use those dimensions of our individual, group, and disciplinary ways of knowing that foster our humanity as fully human subjects.”[59] As Oromos, we have been objectified and made raw materials for others who have state power. How much longer will we tolerate such deplorable conditions?

Discussion and Conclusion

The only way the Amhara-Tigrayan state elites continue their colonial domination and exploitation of our people is by controlling our mental power and preventing our mental liberation. They have continued to disrupt our consciousness-building process through different mechanisms, particularly by infiltrating our communities and organizations and dividing and turning us against one another. These colonial elites have imprisoned and tortured or killed our self-conscious individuals and bribed and promoted those Oromos who are not politically conscious or those opportunists who cannot see beyond their individual self-interests. According to Akbar, “Human beings have consistently worked to create the circumstances to maximize their consciousness and to insure that each subsequent generation will know fully who and what they are. On the other hand, whenever human beings chose to oppress or capture other human beings, they also did all that they could do to undermine any expansion of consciousness by the oppressed…. They understand that ultimately the control of the people was in the control their thinking, in control of their minds, in control of their consciousness.”[60]

By preventing the restoration of the Oromo heritage, culture, history, and institutions, the colonialists have limited the expansion of Oromo consciousness and self-knowledge. These colonialists have also continued to disseminate lies or distorted information to the Oromo people and others using the media, education, and religion, leading to their continued acceptance of the worldviews of their oppressor.  Every Oromo must know and understand Oromo history, culture, heritage, worldview, and religion from antiquity to the present time in order to build his/her national consciousness and self-knowledge. We also need to learn about all of our heroes and heroines and Oromo accomplishments throughout history. People who do not know their culture and history are mentally dead, and any group that has military power and knowledge can easily impose its worldview on those who do not.

We must teach our people and children the correct information about their conditions. Explaining the conditions of African Americans, Akbar notes, “It is through self-celebration that we heal our damaged self-esteem. Yes, feeling good about oneself is a legitimate activity of cultures. In fact, any culture, which does not make its adherents feel good about them, is a failure as a culture. It is through the energy of self-worth that humans are motivated to improve and perpetuate themselves.”[61] The process of mental liberation requires courage, hard work, discipline, and commitment; it involves individual, family and community. “Since the new consciousness can take a lifetime to begin to show tangible results,” Akbar writes, “it takes a great deal of courage to persist in breaking the chains of the old consciousness and developing a new consciousness.”[62]

Those of us who are a part of the diaspora beyond Ethiopian political slavery must not waste our time and energy on trivial and unproductive issues; we must build our brains and communities to overcome the lonely and ill-equipped road to freedom. We do not need to wait for activists or politicians to engage us in mental liberation and community building since they are not any better than we are. Every Oromo nationalist has a moral and national obligation to promote and engage in consciousness-building projects. Colonialists use community divisions to keep mental shackles on their subjects, even in the diaspora. They use divide-and-conquer strategies, replete with tricks and deceit, in order to destroy Oromo community life. This is one of the reasons why many Oromo communities in the diaspora face substantial problems and are overwhelmed by perpetual conflicts.

Most Oromos—despite the fact that they brag about it—forget their gadaa/siqqee tradition, which was based on democracy, solidarity, and collectivity. We must realize that there is strength in democracy, solidarity, and unity, and there is weakness in loneliness and fragmentation. “As we gain greater knowledge and information, many of those divisions will disappear because they cannot stand under the light of Truth and correct information.”[63]In the capitalist world system, the less informed are the less organized. The less organized are the ones who are physically and mentally controlled by those who are organized. In forming solidarity and building our communities, we do not need to agree on everything; our unity must be built on our common denominator. As Akbar states, “In the process of liberation, it is important to recognize that unity does not require uniformity. We can stand together and preserve our separate qualities which serve to enhance further the objectives of freeing ourselves and all of our people.”[64]

We need to have faith in ourselves, both individually and collectively. We have many talented individuals in many areas, which can play central roles in the process of mental liberation and consciousness- and community-building. “We must work to re-educate ourselves and our young people by seeking and studying new information. We must find every opportunity to celebrate ourselves and we must challenge the fear that causes us to hesitate in taking the chains out of our minds. We must work together and we must have faith that our struggle will be successful, regardless of the opposition.”[65] We must also stand with our heroes and heroines who have broken the Ethiopian physical and psychological prison house by shedding their blood and sacrificing their precious lives to send us around the world as Oromo diplomats to contribute toward the liberation of the politically enslaved, psychologically chained, and economically impoverished Oromos.

At this historical moment, we the Oromo in the Diaspora should overcome our passivity, political ignorance, individualism, naiveté, anarchism, fatalism, perceived inferiority, and community divisions by actively engaging in our psychological and mental liberation. How can we accomplish all these urgent tasks? We must attack the internalization of oppression and victimization by rejecting the worldview of our oppressors through un-brainwashing our entire people. This can be made possible by promoting quality informal and formal education through establishing alternative schools, study circles, cultural centers, and related institutions for engaging in small group workshops, discussion groups, seminars, lectures, etc. These kinds of engagements help us in overcoming our weaknesses and in fighting the basis of our powerlessness through participating in political actions that can be demonstrated every day. This array of activities can facilitate the further mobilization of our material, cultural, and intellectual resources to further develop Oromo communities. Once our communities are internally built and consolidated, it will be possible to disempower the agents of our oppressors who stand among us.

If we continue to allow these agents to divide and demobilize us, we will remain a weak society that always serves the interests of others. On the contrary, if we build strong communities, we can easily build alliances with progressive individuals and communities based on our political and social objectives. This is an important step forward for securing recognition for our nation and national movement from the international community. Furthermore, our political activism and actions must be expanded. We, the Oromo in the diaspora, must immediately take the following concrete steps to contribute to the survival and liberation of our people:

First, we must initiate town hall meetings in every town where an Oromo community lives and discuss the fate of the Oromo people, focusing on their achievements, failures, challenges, opportunities, and constraints as a nation. This is not openly possible in Oromia because the Oromo people are denied the freedom of self-expression, organization, and the media.

Second, the Oromo in the diaspora must stop the politics of self-destruction by refusing to engage in inter-clan, inter-religious, and inter-regional politics, and by isolating the Oromo mercenaries from every Oromo community. Since the Oromo mercenaries use clan, religious, and regional politics to divide the Oromo people and turn them against one another, the Oromo community must reject them and their politics. The Oromo community must disempower them by maintaining a sense of the unity of the Oromo community across clan, religious and regional identities in the face of their self-destructive ideologies. The Oromo must achieve a sense of Oromummaa at the deepest level[66] so that they are not distracted from the task of achieving psychological and physical liberation.

Third, the Oromo Diaspora must challenge the Oromo activists, who have built their separate organizations, to break down barriers among different Oromo organizations and unite them—around a common denominator under one structured organization and leadership.

Fourth, Oromo youth and women should be encouraged to actively participate in national dialogues and town hall meetings. They must play a leading role, since they are less corrupted by the ideologies of egoism, clan, religious and regional politics.

Fifth, Oromo nationalists must establish a rule of law based on the principles ofgadaa/siqqee and other democratic traditions and use them in the administration of their community and national affairs.

Sixth, since unconscious people cannot liberate themselves from the internalization of the inferiority complex, victimization, and colonial domination, the Oromo diaspora should cultivate liberation knowledge through regular dialogues, seminars, conferences, workshops, lectures, and study circles. We must learn about our history, culture, language, and traditions from antiquity to the present, and about the world around us. At this historical moment, the number one enemy of our people is political ignorance; Oromo nationalists must smash this enemy. By building our political consciousness and organizing ourselves, we are going to play a historic role commensurate with our number. When our sleeping giant nation is awakened, others cannot use us as raw material. One of the main reasons why the forty million Oromos are terrorized and ruled by the elites that emerged from about four million Tigrayans is the low level of our political consciousness. A low level of political consciousness results in passivism and fatalism.

Seventh, every self-respecting Oromo must realize that he or she has the power to determine the destiny of Oromia. Every Oromo must be educated about his or her potential power and what he or she must do to translate it to real power.

Eighth, the Oromo diaspora movement must start building from bottom-up a confederation of Oromo political, religious, community, and self-help organizations to create a Global Gumii Oromiyaa that will contribute ideological, organizational, and financial resources for consolidating the Oromo struggle, the Oromo Liberation Army, and self-defense militias in Oromia. The Global Gumii Oromiyaa will play a fundamental preparatory role in creating and building an Oromiyaa state fashioned after our gadaa/siqqee system. This state will be a key element of a democratic, federated multinational state in the Horn of Africa. In order to do this, the Oromo national movement needs to retrieve, refine, adapt, and practice the principles of our gadaa/siqqe system.

The idea of creating and building a national Gumii Oromiyaa must be given top priority by all progressive and revolutionary Oromos in order to revitalize, centralize, and coordinate the Oromo national movement. All nationalist Oromos should be encouraged and invited to participate in a united Oromo national movement and to own their movement. All Oromo activists and nationalist leaders should begin to search for ways of enabling Oromos to participate in the united Oromo national movement by providing ideas, resources, expertise, and labor. Although the fire of Oromo nationalism was lit by a few determined revolutionary elements, the Oromo national struggle has reached a level where mass mobilization and participation is required. In this mobilization, the united Oromo national movement should use the ideology and principles of democracy which must be enshrined in Oromummaa in order to mobilize the entire nation spiritually, financially, intellectually, ideologically, militarily, and organizationally to take a centralized and coordinated political and military action.

Ninth, most members of the Oromo diaspora must engage in public diplomacy by introducing the Oromo and their plight to the international community. In order to successfully do this, every Oromo in the diaspora must adequately learn about Oromo history, culture, and civilization and be able to teach others by refuting the lies and propaganda of the colonialists and their supporters.

Tenth, Oromo nationalists in the diaspora must start to build a well-regulated system that can provide support and security for individual Oromos who are determined to advance the Oromo national interest whenever they face hardship beyond their control.

Finally, the Oromo must believe that they will liberate themselves. There is no doubt that, despite hardships and sacrifices, the Oromo “social volcano” that is fermenting will soon burn down the Ethiopian colonial structures that perpetuate terrorism, genocide, disease, absolute poverty, and malnutrition in Oromia and beyond. The Oromo people and their leaders must intensify their commitment, hard work, and determination, and be ready to make the necessary sacrifices to restore Oromo democracy and to achieve national self-determination, sovereignty, statehood, and multinational democracy.


*(L) Dr. Asafa Jalata, Professor of Sociology and Global and Africana Studies, University of Tennessee, Department of Sociology, Knoxville, Tennessee USA; (R) Dr. Harwood Schaffer, Research Assistant Professor, University of Tennessee Institute of Agriculture, Knoxville, Tennessee USA


Endnotes

[1] Paper Presented at the Oromo Community Meeting of the United Kingdom, May 19, 2012.
[2] For further understanding of transnational capitalism and its impacts, see William I. Robinson, A Theory of Global Capitalism: Production, Class, and State in a Transnational World, (Baltimore: The John Hopkins University Press, 2004); William I. Robinson, Latin America and Global Capitalism: A Critical Globalization Perspective,(Baltimore: The John Hopkins University Press, 2008).
[3] See Asafa Jalata, Contending Nationalisms of Oromia an Ethiopia, (Binghamton, NY: Global Academic Publishing of Binghamton University, 2010); Asafa Jalata, “The Tigrayan-Led Ethiopian State, Repression, Terrorism and Gross Human Rights Violations in Oromia and Ethiopia,” Horn of Africa, vol. xxviii, 2010, pp. 47-82.
[4] For example, see Asafa Jalata, Oromia & Ethiopia, (Trenton, NJ: The Re Red Sea Press, 2005); Bonnie Holcomb and Sisai Ibssa, The Invention of Ethiopia, (Trenton: NJ: The Red Sea Press, 1990).
[5] The liberation of the Oromo is inextricably intertwined with the liberation of all of the peoples under the rule of the rule of the TPLF-led government. For a discussion of the relationship of Oromummaa to liberation of all oppressed nationalities in the Ethiopian Empire see Asafa Jalata, “Theorizing Oromummaa,” Journal of Oromo Studies 22 (1), 2015: 1-35.
[6] For further understanding, see Asafa Jalata and Harwood Schaffer,  “The Oromo,Gadaa/Siqqee and the Liberation of Ethiopian Colonial Subjects,” with Harwood Schaffer,AlterNative: An International Journal of  Indigenous Peoples, Vol. 9, Issue 4: 2013, 277-295.
[7] Lemmu Baissa, “The Oromo Gada System of Government: An Indigenous African Democracy,” Ed. Asafa Jalata, State Crises, Globalisation and National Movements in Northeast Africa, (New York: Routledge, 2004), p. 101.
[8] Tsega Etefa, “Pan-Oromo Confederations in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries,”The Journal of Oromo Studies 15 (1), 2008: 19-40; Tsega Etefa, “A Great African Nation: The Oromo in European Accounts,” The Journal of Oromo Studies, 17(1), 2010: 87-110.
[9] Virginia Luling, “Government and Social Control Among Some Peoples of the Horn of Africa,” (MA. Thesis, the University o London); Asmarom Legesse, Gadaa: Three Approaches to the Study of African Society, (New York: The Free Press, 1973).
[10] Virginia Luling, ibid. 191.
[11] See, Asmarom Legesse, Gada: Three Approaches to the Study of Africa Society,(New York: Free Press, 19730.
[12] Bonnie K. Holcomb, “Akka Gadaatti: The Unfolding of Oromo Nationalism-Keynote Remarks,” Proceedings of the 1991 Conference on Oromia, (University of Toronto, Canada, 3-4 August, pp. 1-10.
[13] Asmarom Legesse, ibid.
[14] Lemmu Baissa, The Democratic Political System of the Galla [Oromo] of Ethiopia and the Possibility of its use in Nation-Building, MA Thesis, George Washington University, 1971); Lemmu Baissa, “The Political Culture of Gada: Building Blocks of Oromo Power,)Paper Presented at the Oromo Studies Association Conference, (University of Toronto, Canada, 31 July- 1, August 1993).
[15] Dinsa Lepisa, “The Gada System of Government and Sera Cafee Oromo,” (LLB Thesis, Addis Ababa University, 1975); Sisai Ibssa, “Implications of Party and Set for Oromo Political Survival,” Paper Prsented at the 35th Annual Meeting of the African Studies Association, (Seattle, Washington, Nov. 20-23, 1992).
[16] For further discussion, see Asafa Jalata, Contending Nationalisms of Oromia and Ethiopia; and Asafa Jalata, Oromia and Ethiopia.
[17] For further discussion, see Asafa Jalata, Oromia and Ethiopia.
[18] For detailed discussion, see Asafa Jalata, Contending Nationalisms of Oromia and Ethiopia.
[19] Frantz Fanon, The Wretched of the Earth, translated by Constance Farrington, (New York: Grove Press, Inc., 1963[1961]), p. 38.
[20]Hussein Abdilahi Bulhan, Frantz Fanon and the Psychology of Oppression,      (New York: Plenum Press, 1985), p. 123.
[21] Na’im Akbar, Breaking the Chains of Psychological Slavery, (Tallahassee, FL: Mind Productions and Associates, 1996), p. 41.
[22]Ibid.
[23]Fanon, Frantz, A Dying Colonialism, translated by Haakon Chevalier, (New York: Grove Press, Inc., 1967[1965]), p. 65.
[24]Frantz Fanon, Black Skin, White Masks, translated by Richard Philcox, (New York: Grove Press, Inc., 2008[1952]), pp. 2-3.
[25] Hussein Abdilahi Bulihan, ibid. pp. 125-126.
[26] Frantz Fanon, The Wretched of the Earth, p. 7.
[27] Walter Rodney, How Europe Underdeveloped Africa, (Washington, D.C.: Howard University Press,), pp. 248-249.
[28] Walter Rodney, ibid. p. 241.
[29] Carter G. Woodson, The Mis-education of the Negro, (Trenton, N.J.: Africa World Press, Inc., 1990 [1933], pp. xiii, 2.
[30] Ibid.
[31] Walter Rodney, Ibid. p. 42.
[32] Carter G. Woodson explains similar conditions in the African American society, ibid.
[33] Ibid.
[34] Ibid. p. 127.
[35] Ibid. p. 62.
[36] For detailed discussion, see Asafa Jalata, Fighting against the Injustice of the State and Globalization: Comparing the African American and Oromo Movements, (New York: Palgrave MacMillan, 2012[2001].
[37] Begna F. Dugassa, “Colonialism of Mind: Deterrent of Social Transformation,”Sociology Mind, 1(2): 55-64.
[38] Na’im Akbar, Breaking the Chains of Psychological Slavery, (Tallahassee, FL: Mind Productions and Associates, 1996), pp. v-iv.
[39] Hussein Abdilahi Bulhan, Frantz Fanon and the Psychology of Oppression, p. 55.
[40] Ibid. p. 56.
[41] Ibid. p. 123.
[42] Carter G. Woodson, ibid., p. 96.

[43] Ibid. p. 139.
[44] Ibid. p. 135.
[45] Ibid. p. 123.
[46] Hussein Abdilahi Bulhan, Frantz Fanon and the Psychology of Oppression, p. 262.
[47] Ibid.
[48] Ibid. p. 263.
[49] Ibid.
[50] Ibid. p. 264.
[51] Ibid. p. 265.
[52] Ibid. pp. 265-266.
[53] Ibid. p. 276.
[54] Ibid. p. 277.
[55] Ibid. pp. 277-278.
[56] Gilly Adolfo. [1965] 1967. “Introduction,” A Dying Colonialism, ibid. p. 2.
[57] Patricia Hill Collins, Black Feminist Thought, (New York: Routledge, 1990), p. 227.
[58] Patricia Hill Collins, ibid., p. 229.
[59] Ibid., p. 230.
[60] Na’im Akbar, Breaking the Chains of Psychological Slavery, p. 30.
[61] Ibid. p. 39.
[62] Ibid. p. 41.
[63] Ibid. p. 42.
[64] Ibid. p. 43.
[65] Ibid. p. 46.
[66] Jalata, Asafa, “Theorizing Oromummaa,” Journal of Oromo Studies, 22 (1), 2015, pp. 1-35.

 


 

The good diagnosis leads to the perfect treatment July 24, 2016

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Odaa OromooOromianEconomist

The good diagnosis leads to the perfect treatment


By Dr. Baaroo Keno Deressa


In medical terminology diagnostic means the act of identifying a disease, illness, or problem by examining someone or something. Diagnosis is a statement or conclusion that describes the reason for a disease, illness, or problem. Treatment is the remedie to cure the disease.

The Oromo people are the forefront champion of peace and nonviolent nation in Ethiopian empire. The powerful evidence of these fact is the way of life that Oromo people exercise: Oromo means peace, Oromo means love, Oromo means equality, Oromo means democracy, Oromo means generosity, Oromo means honesty, Oromo means transparency, Oromo means happiness, Oromo means OLF, OLF means Oromo. Despite all unhuman atrocities against the Oromo people by Ethiopian colonialist leaders, the Oromo nation committed to defend his qualities. The Oromo people paid/paying enormous sacrifice to be free in his own country and free from brutality of the colonizers to exercise his golden gifts (mentioned above).

To mention some of the Oromo people struggle to defend his qualities:

  • Raya and Azebo during 1928-30
  • Bale revolt led by hero of the Oromo people general Waqo Guutu in 1960th
  • Mecha-Tulema movement led by hero of the Oromo people general Tadesse Biru in 1965
  • OLF leadership with popular mass movement and imprinting Oromummaa
  • Qube generations supported by Qeerroo leadership with historic mobilization of the Oromo people.

This paper try to explore the current ongoing peace movement led by some Oromo political organization:

My question is who deny the peace?

Who reject the democracy?

Who promote hate?

Who is mother of greediness? ….the answer to all this question is the Ethiopian empire leaders. If really the Ethiopian empire elite try to implement the true peace for all oppressive nation they have to come to the Oromo people and other nations with reconciliation and peace plan (because they are the master of the disaster). But, the Oromo leaders has to concentrate further mobilization of Oromummaa to defend his qualities instead of touring around the western world to promote Ethiopianst agenda. So, the history teach Oromo people, the way of the Ethiopian empire approach brought us again and again death award before the war is started.

The Ethiopian empire (TPLF majesty) Constitution is theoretically sweat but in practice its bitterness is remarkable:

  • It says federalism: but act in a unitary fashion by brushing aside all the divisions of powers between different levels of federation.
  • Federation resource and power control is according to the constitution in the hand of regional state but in practice in the hand of TPLF junta.
  • Constitutionally respect of democracy. While most of Oromo’s support the principles of democracy such as the forming of government based on the will of the majority, respect for the rule of law, and respect for basic freedoms of citizens, the fact remains that in practice, we have tended to have TPLF military rule.
  • Sharing power at the different levels of government from all nations are constitutionally guaranteed, but in practice all key powers are in the hands of TPLF militia’s.

The essential difference between Ethiopian empire leaders and Oromo people is:

One of the greatest challenges of Ethiopian empire leaders is fail to understand the Oromo people. Oromo people is a nation who was created by God for good. A nation who believe in managing political and social disputes peacefully, without lapsing into conflict, or sustain economic growth without creating huge inequalities and respect the rule of law. To do that, setting the rules; hiring persons with the technical expertise and moral competence to interpret the rules or implement the goals of the organizations; and ensuring that the institutions inspire public confidence by being transparent, fair and consistent. But the Ethiopian elite assume this golden gift of Oromo people as ignorance and naïve. That is why the play dirty game always when the Oromo people struggle come to the boiling point.

The real question is why has the task of consensus-building been so difficult among Oromo leaders in order to build our nation. The Oromo people have enormous human and natural resources, patriotic aspirations, let us look at three critical areas:

1-Threats and challenges posed by colonizers and international force: Colonizers claim that there were no Oromo nations exist before and there is no future existence. International force acknowledge that Oromia is the heart of Ethiopia, so their fear is that, if the existence of Oromia become real the imminent death of Ethiopia is guaranteed.

2) The quality of leadership that has confronted these challenges: Our leaders are changed/changing their tactic and strategy time to time due to the enormous pressure by internal and external forces.

3) The fragility of the Oromo political organizations: Some of the Oromo political Organizations are structurally weak, historically poor, their determination is measured by their personal happiness, ego and pocket instead of promoting their people interest; vision less and guided by dormant leaders.

Nations are an important part of a modern society. Nations just don’t happen by historical accident; rather they are built by men and women with vision and resolve. Nation-building is therefore the product of conscious statecraft, not happenstance. Nation-building is always a work-in-progress; a dynamic process in constant need of nurturing and re-invention. Nation-building never stops and true nation-builder never rest because all nations are constantly facing up to new challenges. Nation-building is therefore about building the tangible and intangible threads that hold a political entity together and gives it a sense of purpose.

What is to be done?

Historical experience teaches us that a successful struggle against a colonial state depends on the linking of the socio-economic struggles that engage the attention of the masses with the pro-democracy, freedom fighters, intellectuals with diverse professionalism.

Yes I agree with respected hero of the Oromo people Mr Bekele Gerba who says we have to persistent in demanding and defending our right in our land and in our backyard. So dear brothers and sisters at this critical point instead of continuing this aspiration of our hero at this boiling point, touring in the western country in the name of peace, it seems to me ignoring historic quality of Oromummaa.

Here is my proposition:

-Call our mothers to take her cooking material and come to the Finfinnee palace

-Call our brothers and sisters to take their torture signs on their body and come to the Finfinnee palace

-Call our students to take their pen and paper to come to the Finfinnee palace

-Call our farmers to take their farming tools and come to the Finfinnee palace

-Call our doctors to take their white coat and come to the Finfinnee palace

-Call our lawyers to take the article of respect the rule of law and come to the finfinne palace

-Call our nurses to take the infusion material and come to the Finfinnee palace

-Call our politicians to take the truth of Oromo people and their deeds in defending

their people to Finfinnee palace

-Call our rich people to take their heart and mind and throw their fear in the garbage and come to the Finfinnee palace

-Call all defenders of human rights and peace lovers to take flag of peace and come to the Finfinnee palace.

-Call our elderly and sick people to lay down in front of their doors

If we are working to this end we will unify the fighting forces and peace movement and unity of our people to enhance our freedom and freedom of all oppressive nations.

I would like to end my letter by reiterating that nations are built by men and women who have the will and vision to accomplish greatness, not for themselves, their immediate families and friends, but for their country. I believe that if we can find the will to offer such a leadership, and support it by strong and dependable political and economic institutions, we will find a way to our national greatness.

Victory to the Oromo people!


Dr. Baaroo Keno Deressa is a medical doctor studied internal medicine. Specialized in gastro-hepatology disease. He can be reached: bkderessa@gmail.com


 

Oromia Today July 23, 2016

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Odaa OromooNo To Fascist TPLF Ethiopia's genocidal militarism and mass killings in Oromia, Ethiopia


Already the Oromo are subjected to genocide under Tigray Tigriny gang rule, a crime that is condemned by the world body and many culprits from different countries with lesser magnitude had been brought to justice at international courts. But that of the Oromo, Sidaamaa, Mazhangir, Gambeela is overlooked for not publicly declared reason, though the Oromo suspects it is part of the conspiracy that led to Oromiyaa’s colonization. Therefore the youth has to remember the Oromo saying about the snake that said “Abbaatu of maraa” (it is up to one to coil oneself) when suggested cutting it because it is too long. It is they that take the initial step for survival; help will come depending on their continued determination and commitment for human cause.


 

 

Oromia Today

By Obbo Ibsaa Gutamaa


The continued colonial status of Oromiyaa cannot be understood without understand the nature of the colonizer, the Abyssinian state. The power struggle within that state has lived not only creating tension to the Habashaa but also affecting the peaceful life of its neighbors in one way or other, more so since an era known as The Scramble for Africa. The catalyst in it, international conspiracy that started early is also still actively engaged exasperating the misery. Since then much had changed in structure and function of Habashaa state not for the colonies. Now suffice to try and see the relation of Eritrea and Ethiopia in context of Tigray Tigriny in the eyes of a mute observer.

Eritrean highland known as Kabasaa is occupied by Tigrinya speaking population similar to those in present Tigray sate. Both together are referred to as Tigray Tigriny and are majority population in Eritrea while minority in Abyssinia and Ethiopian Empire. Their last king that ruled both at the same time were Yohannis IV, (1872-1889) who was able to extend his rule over the rest of Abyssinian state and also sanctioned colonization of Oromiyaa by Shawaan king. Part of Tigray Tigriny and the whole present Eritrea fell to Italy after the battle of Adwa, 1896. It was transferred to Ethiopian empire in 1956. It is now an independent country. Its independence did not come easily. It has taken so many lives among who were gallant, brilliant and intimate friends of this writer with who they have experienced the ups and downs of student life at Haile Sillaasee I University. The dead also include his compatriots who were mobilized by the opposite side. This writer shall cherish the memory of his friends and never forgets the victimized compatriots as long as he lives. Let their soul rest in peace.

The Tigray Tigrinys are now in power in both Ethiopia and Eritrea. They are historically and culturally interconnected for thousands of years. Their country is a land mass bordered by Amaaraa, Agawu, Oromo, Saahoo, Afar, Kunaamaa and Beejjaa, almost all Kuusaa people’s land. In short they are the heart lands of Abyssinia mostly sharing the same political, social and economic life. For the first time they were politically separated when a part became Italian colony. It is historical accidents that separated them and when another similar accident brought them together megalomania of their leadership could not keep them together. From experience there is no win, win position in dealings of their elites. One has always to win by force or deceit. There cruelty against anyone challenging them has no bounds.

Their king Yohannis IV pulled out eyes of the Agawu king before him who was his brother in law and cut tongues of Oromo in Walloo from hate; he betrayed the trust of people like Waldamicha’el, chief of Bahiree Nagaash and killed them. TPLF is a copy of him. Because of such traditional lack of moral inhibition and democratic political culture problems were observed between the two comrades in arms. They overthrew the most brutal tyrant but did not to bring fundamental change to the system and liberate the peoples but to replace him in exploiting the colonies. Tyranny got more fertile ground in them. Both groups have their eyes on the colonies’, in particular Oromiyaa’s precious metals and cash crops and raw material for their presumed industries. During the Transitional Tigrean Government their combined force overpowered Oromo Liberation Army (OLA) and massacred gallant Oromo heroes and sent thousands to concentration camps to advance this ambition of theirs. Oromo are better than the steer that licks the hand of one that drives it to slaughter house to forget this. However, their authoritarian personality did not permit them to enjoy their victory together.

Since then we have seen against all expectations, how they went to the most devastating war few years after their shared victory over OLA. The devastation was of course mostly on recruits from other peoples, majorly Oromo not on their kin. So they did not feel the pinch much. During the emperor and the Darg the Army was dominated by Amaaraa core officers with few assimilado. In the present government it is totally Tigrinya dominated officer core for they had no assimilado to trust. They did not also trust their cousins, the Amaaraa whom they were rather out to break their morale. In both Habashaa periods the army belonged to the dominant group, though Amaaraa have given them some representation.

The previous army was loyal to the regime that ruled the empire, but separately organized from the civilian leadership up to the Darg. The Tigray Tigriny army is the regime; it is the total guerrilla force composed of one nationality. Historically no Habashaa rebel has dismissed the whole army of the vanquished like TPLF did but was embraced by the victor and remained army of the Habashaa. “We are the dead and also the leaving, so follow us” was their transitional slogan. Tigray Tigriny on both sides of Marab agreed on the dismissal. They changed that code and established all Tigray Tigriny army. They also agreed on short transitional arrangement in which different Organizations other than those of the Amaaraa will participate. But with understanding that power will be monopolized by TPLF in Ethiopia and Eritrea will be declared independent. No genuine Amaaraa independent parties will ever raise their head as long as the Tigrinyaas are in power. The new rulers had a policy that the empire will be geared towards supplying the needs of Tigray Tigrinys.

Though both Amaaraa and Tigray Tigrinys are called Habashaa after their place of origin in Yemen, they claim separate territory and language despite being political partner since they crossed the Red Sea. As a senior partner Amaaraa has led them to grandeur and victories over the neighboring peoples. It was the Amaaraa that pushed the Kuusaa people to farther south and expanded their boundary to Shawaa. It is Amaaraa that renewed the myth of Sheba to give Habasha ideological basis. Unlike Tigray Amaaraa have been growing by assimilating other nationalities as a result of which some have started to say there are no people called Amaara. In reality that is what is making them cling to the ancient civilization, Ethiopia, to cover ethnographic weakness. It is that weakness that the Tigrinyaa hammered on to reduce them to Amaaraa ethnicity and ending their disguising under the name Ethiopia. Without the assimilado their number will not be much greater than Tigray Tigriny as it seems. Now the assimilado and the opportunist who together call themselves “forces of unity” (FU) (euphemism for Amaaraa) are making the most noise against Oromo liberation; the assimilado remember the disgraceful chasing out from Gondar by Teedros of Ejjuu warlords branded as aliens after years of service to Habashaa Crown, in which they improved the system of justice in a way never seen. They are afraid the same might happen to them if colonies are gone.

Be that as it may, rulers of Tigray Tigrinys have deprived the Amaaraa of all their gains of the last century including the hard won colonies, three thousand year extension to empire Ethiopia, and sea outlets. Demanding from all individuals to register their ethnic identity, the assimilado which comfortably passed for Amaaraa, claiming to be Ethiopian now could not find roots to attach to. The lost sheep is back to its owner. Except the few that have nostalgia for the old Nafxanyaa days many appreciated regaining their lost identity. Thus Amaaraa is trimmed down numerically and psychologically. Amaaraa activists now are of two types; remnant of ancient occupying army (Nafxanyaa) and Amaaraa from the homeland. Most Nafxanyaa remnants residing in the rural towns except for calling themselves Amaaraa for being Orthodox Christians, cannot tell from where their ancestors were recruited or if they are really ethnically Amaaraa. Even if the family had mentioned a country of origin those that went to investigate will not be that much. The truth is they know only the countries they are born, brought up and live in. If not moles, they have equal rights with the natives.

But some of the remnants may not feel comfortable without super imposed Ethiopia in spite of the natives showing them love and tolerance on many occasions. Despite that there are those that feel the pain of oppression and identify with natives and believe only what they personally experienced not scare mongers’ tales. Some others yet feel insecure from their racist mentality and fear of retaliation for abuses they heard their forebears committed on the natives. Such have nostalgia for the past they never lived and will have a hard time to adjust. It is from these that “FU” recruit their vocal members. They are dangerous for any peace efforts that Amaaraa may try to make with the Oromo, because they are neither Oromo nor Amaaraa. Oromo means people, Oromiyaa knows no discrimination no hate, and any one that cries foul will be ashamed. Incidents could happen here and there but that could not be a reason to smear the good name of their generous hosts. It is against basic Oromo tradition to harm any human being, it is a safuu. Oromiyaa supports all peoples whoever they are that struggle for their liberation without any string attached.

The Habashaa from homeland had come into contact with the Oromo in schools, in particular high schools and colleges. Some did not believe their eyes Oromo having normal physical features different from the monstrous one they well told back home. Except for childhood racist bias which they had opportunity to correct, they had no direct physical confrontation as colonizer and colonized. That doesn’t mean childhood brainwashing did not leave stigma on their memory about the colonized. The psychologically formed glory of greater Ethiopia by propaganda of monks, daftaraas and opportunist historians doesn’t go easily. Those concerned have to find a way out to bright and peaceful future. Since they cannot revers what years of revolution by the down trodden has done to the empire, they have to accept the fact and try to heal existing wounds rather than rubbing salt on them.

Therefore, it is hoped they will be wiser than crying over spilt milk. Ethiopia is not the only country that lost colonies and adjusted themselves to their new size geographically, psychologically, as well as economically. Only self-reliance pulling back to their original holding can make one independent and proud. The Nafxanyaa days are long gone. Just like the Boer is not problem of Holand Nafxanyaa descent should not be Habashaa or Amaaraa problems; they are problems of the colonies. Unless they have intention of continuing dominating Oromiyaa further, they have to fight for their own liberation not claiming those Nafxanyaa decendants as excuse for their hidden agenda. The shrinking of the British Empire and recent UK withdrawal from EU can be a harbinger for future possibilities.

The Tigray Tigriny has at least recognized on paper that the colonial people have separate history and identity from the colonizers. This was criticized by Amaaraa elites and later by some Tigrinyaa elites. Though they have historical and blood relations Eritrean elites had fought for the right of nations to national self-determination and got it. It is surprising to hear them saying that for Oromiyaa is a distortion of history and blamed TPLF despite their earlier concurrence with it when they were buddies, in accepting that the empire was only a century old. No one can easily turn this back and retain the colonies under domination. They won it not as a charity from any Habashaa group but by their own sweat and blood. It is the culmination of century old struggle. It is what brought down the emperor and the Darg. Not realizing they are losing Abyssinia itself Amaaraa elites are growling about the loss of an empire. Tigray Tigriny, despite showing deceptive face now will eventually unite for wider hegemonic venture. Their saying, “Ya qooxuun awurd bilaa ya bibbituwaan xaalech” (To get more from the raft she lost what was in her arm pit) is happening to the Amaaraa.

Amaaraa have all the potentials to stand on their own. They have the resources; demography and experience to enable them do that. Therefore they are an entity to reckon with in that region. With Oromia they are neighbors with extensive boundary line. They are the vanguard of the Habashaa expedition that colonized Oromiyaa and so nearest enemy which if reformed can become strategic friends. Both can guarantee freedom peace, stability and prosperity for the region if they can stand together as equals. For both the initial priority must not be relation within Ethiopia but friendship as independent neighboring countries. Amaaraa should beware of organizations with baseless power mongering Nafxanyaa influence. Amaaraa’s longtime partner the remaining part of Tigray Tigriny is almost gone. The empire had no control over them for over twenty five years. TPLF is building its power base as never seen. Infrastructures for all activities are laid down. Social and economic institutions are built. They are at stage to declare independence or merger with Tigray Tigriny in Eritrea. No propaganda or appeal to history of “FU” can stop them. Amaaraa has to make peace with itself before trying to make peace with others. It is not easy to get rid of the illusion of being custodian of Ethiopianism that has rusted in subconscious.

The Oromo do not see their country as a periphery of Ethiopia but as its neighbor and a country with its own peripheries. Oromo do not feel marginalized in relation to Habashaa power but as occupied and deprived of their freedom by them. They are not complaining of being denied participation in their authoritarian system but of their loss of freedom. Thinking otherwise undermines how Oromo view themselves and all the sacrifices Oromo patriots paid and are paying to liberate their nation from occupation. It is disgusting when some Oromo claim expertise and air opinion contrary to vision of majority population only to be embraced by Habasha peers. The Oromo is determined that no Habashaa group can any more present itself as dictator on the life of other nations and nationalities in the region albeit as a neighbor with equal rights Distracting suggestions about Oromo rights and democracy are pouring from Ethiopianist Organizations. But no nationalist will be moved by those suggestions as long as Oromiyaa is under occupation and cannot freely express its will.

It now seems for the moment that only the two Tigray Tigriny rivals seem to be the only leading bulls in Abyssinian kraal. They mobilize all nations and nationalities under them to serve as cannon fodders in their senseless wars of dominating the kraal. For the Oromo such wars do not bring any material or spiritual benefit. Whoever wins Oromo remains the loser. The boarder points they are taking as pretexts for clashes now are all in Tigray Tigriny land. Though legally international, in reality it is a domestic Tigrinya affair. Now, for all nations and nationalities in the horn a task of liberating and developing themselves is awaiting them. The hegemonic plan of Tigray Tigriny groups for the Horn of Africa has to be stopped. The border issue is their own problem, no others should any more sacrifice their youth for others interest. Their fight will go on until one bull remains to head the kraal and that should be taken as their own business not of the colonies. Every other people in the empire are responsible not to serve force of tyranny dangerous to pan Africanism.

Tigray Tigriny was broken up when their partner, the Amaaraa colonized countries to its south like Oromiyaa. Their leader, Minilik probably did not want to risk his newly gained colonies when he agreed with another colonizer not to cross the Marab creek. Minilik was a proxy partner in conspiracy for the Scramble for Africa. Tigray elites had no power to challenge their new king but gave up on their siblings and part of their domain for which only few years ago Yohannis and Aluulaa were engaged in battles with Egypt and Italy in its defense. Despite Tigrinya leaders not supporting independence of Oromiyaa, Minilik’s colonies are on their way to freedom. The Tigrinya do not seem to give up on Amaaraa holdings as the Amaaraa gave up on theirs in the 19th century but will try to replace them as colonial masters and superpowers in Abyssinia and the Horn. This should be thwarted by all means. The time now has come to reorganize The Horn of Africa under a new order.

Instead of making peace with their nearest neighbor the Oromo, Amaaraa elites preferred to go after their vanguard organization, the OLF with smear campaign. They think they can win the Oromo by attracting some misguided unreliable renegade activists. The objective or “kaayyoo” articulated by the OLF were those in the hearts and minds of each free thinking Oromo, which even defecting of some of the founding fathers did not erase. That shows whether OLF is there or not the Oromo independence movement cannot be stopped. Therefore to address the concern will be to advantage of all sides. Any among the Habasha groups that respects Oromo interest can be a friend and partner for peace and freedom. Oromo have no special preference between them. Both together had caused Oromo people suffer for over a century. Now their falling apart means nothing as long as one remains confronting them. They want to be free and independent.

The overall changing world order as a result of technological revolution, do not tolerate old and archaic colonial relations to continue. The colonies likewise have awakend and demanding for their rights. Habashaa internal and colonial relations are cracking. The last two centuries had brought big fundamental change to Amaaraa than on Tigrinya. As a result it is imperative for Tigray Tigrinys to rethink and get reorganized for enduring security. Their internal conflict will be there only as long as guerrilla leaders of TPLF and EPLF are around. Their present quarrel in addition to power struggle between guerilla leaders is majorly over the booty of war that is left over from what they shared initially. They have no intention to destroy each other. As minority more inclined to group interest than Ethiopianism they have more chance of getting support from big powers. This follows the same logic of history of the British that left strengthening Yohannis IV of Tigray Tigriny with gift of arms favoring him over Oromo chieftains, Warqit and Mastawat of Walloo that defeated Teedros for them.

The seeming quarrel with one and friendliness with the other of big powers are not more than a temporary leer on kids. There is no country in the world that does not violate human rights but vary in degree. One Tigray Tigriny government have no less count in abuses than the other but there is double standard judgement by big powers. One is favored against the other to force it submit to their dictates and has nothing to do with alleged abuses. They are overlooking even genocide being committed when it comes to TPLF. Tigray Tigriny area is seen as strategic zone for global interests. Today we might think it to be at a distance because we are not feeling the strength and they are not taking Oromiyaa as a nation of interest. Even then any change in the territorial, political and religious formation in Middle East and in particular around the Red Sea is going to affect Oromo interest. If the Amaaraa stop whining about lost imperial glory and join the others in defense of the region then only can a fair and new political game start in the Horn of Africa.

When we talk about Habasha we cannot help to right away talking about their leadership that had been crooked, cruel, passionless and greedy all the time. But we don’t talk about the common Habasha people who are bigger than that. They are one of the kindest, humble, passionate, and generous and God fearing peoples of the region. This is what this writer who had travelled around in their country can attest. They can have biases against the colonized peoples from brainwashing of the leaders and lack of information. However they are as oppressed as the colonized people by those thugs and need fundamental reform. How did such snakes come out of dove’s eggs is so far an answered question. They have been sacrificing innocent farmers senselessly for their group’s glory from time immemorial. Over and above that, those leaders have brainwashed them to praise and be proud of those that subjected them to wretched life for centuries. That empty pride from ignorance and lack of information has made many to develop the attitude of being superior to peoples of the colonies. But people of the oppressor nation, have no excuse to go on keeping silent when crime is committed in their name.

In the present world the struggle for survival has prominence over the rule of law. Human beings had been trying to put rein over greed that could be detrimental to survival of the race if left unchecked. That is why civilizations had emphasized the rule of law for peaceful coexistence. There is no civilization that gave prominence to rule of law than Oromoo civilization. But when they encountered those that believe in rule of the muscles they became at disadvantage. The word “law” has especial place in their thought so they revered alien laws as if they were their own. But when they realized they were devoid of safuu (ethical considerations) they rejected them. That is Habashaa tradition carried down to this day as exemplified by TPLF elections.

Democracy is said to be government of the people for the people by the people. TPLF claiming to implement what culturally it has no clue for ended up forming, government of itself, for itself, by itself. Somehow the Oromo survived colonizers greed and cruelty for over a century. Now with increased challenge to survival, Oromo nation has no choice but fight back hard until independent Republic Oromiyaa, is formed.

Peaceful struggle for over six months did not bear fruit. Few voices from democratic centers have tried to make the voice of the voiceless Oromo to be heard. But those that could stop the tragedy gave more attention to self-interests’ strategic advantage and rather continued building abusive capacity of the dictators rather than alleviating human suffering. During the last six months conservatively estimating more than five hundred have died but TPLF argues that number is exaggerated as if killing any number is justified. They have made killing style of administration, forgetting its criminal dimension even when they talk in public. Unlike the old Nafxanyaa these can do anything to build their national capacity and destroy that of the colonies. The old Nafxanyaa developed a theory that all the land up to Lake Victoria was theirs, part of the motherland. So, most of their exploit were not invested in Amaaraa homeland. Tigray Tigriny are classical colonialist, they are not only taking the resources but even had dismantled factories, and removed all moveable even soil and taken them away just like colonizers did to Eritrea. They have now superb infrastructures, hydroelectric power, sea ports etc. that could give them capacity for self-reliance if they were reunited or even if they make peace. That is done at the expense of Oromiyaa with its raw material and market in their mind for their fledgling industries. Is it not said, “The wise cuts wood for yoke from the threshold of a fool”?

The Oromo, including those who think are lodged in alien court comfortably, must realize that their identity is under threat. Trying to stabilize what struggling oppressed people have put out of balance is to dig ones grave. It is only revolutionary Oromiyaa that could keep them afloat. Hegemony of any group of colonizer will strive more to turn them into individuals that it could turn around at will. If that happens, individual rights and “one man one vote” will be emphasized and peoples’ rights pushed down to the level of self-help organization. No true child of the Oromo will give up on the sovereignty of the nation for a second class right of Ethiopian citizenship. After destroying their national (group) identity all the injurious defamatory and derogatory references will come back to dehumanize them as usual. So far those have affected self-confidence and determination of most of them. Unless it is cleansed, the nation will turn to a nation of quitters and swindlers. Only better offer than the Tigray Tigriny constitution is henceforth acceptable and that is independence.

Already the Oromo are subjected to genocide under Tigray Tigriny gang rule, a crime that is condemned by the world body and many culprits from different countries with lesser magnitude had been brought to justice at international courts. But that of the Oromo, Sidaamaa, Mazhangir, Gambeela is overlooked for not publicly declared reason, though the Oromo suspects it is part of the conspiracy that led to Oromiyaa’s colonization. Therefore the youth has to remember the Oromo saying about the snake that said “Abbaatu of maraa” (it is up to one to coil oneself) when suggested cutting it because it is too long. It is they that take the initial step for survival; help will come depending on their continued determination and commitment for human cause.

It cannot also be forgotten that thousands of Oromo youth have been butchered between Eritrea and Amaaraa junta run Ethiopia, in wars that did not concern them. They never got proper burial for they were the concern of no body. Now also the same history is repeating itself under Tigray Tigriny gang domination. Fresh bones are scattered from Bure to Aqordaat added to the older ones from Ambaalagee to Qaaroora. The same is happening in Somalia. Henceforth, no self-respecting, patriotic Oromiyaan should participate on either side, they have own country called Oromiyaa to die for. Let the Tigray Tigriny kill each other for theirs if they wish. Oromo youth have to resist all temptations and coercions for recruitment. It will be a blessing if their carrion were fed by hyenas and vultures of Oromiyaa rather than alien scavengers. Colonization has left on Oromiyaans scar that cannot easily wished away with continued exasperation of the misery just like its beginning. They have come so far dying, dodging and humiliating themselves to survive. They can no more continue like that. Tigray Tigriny rule has to be the end of all abuses they can bear. Oromiyaa’s patriots like American liberation activist Henry Patrick of 1775, are saying “Give me liberty, or give me death!”. Henceforth no one could tell the Oromo what they want unless they ask for it. There is no turn back from the path of liberation. After seeing how a part of Tigray Tigrinys gang subjected them to untold misery it will not be hard to imagine what their prolonged combination could do. They are hungry vultures that know no consideration. To fear death facing extinction and humiliation is not Oromo way. The clandestine plan of Tigray Tigriny to extend colonial rule further, not only replacing but destroying the Amaaraa if not today will happen tomorrow. Readiness to combat it is imperative, because whatever happens to them could affect their interest, Oromo have to watch out their neighborhood.

Long Live free and independent Oromiyaa! Victory to the oppressed! Justice shall prevail!

Honor and glory for the fallen heroines and heroes; liberty equality and freedom for the living and nagaa and araaraa for the Ayyaanaa of our fore parents!

Obbo Ibsaa Guutamaa; goota Afaan Oromoo Oromiyaa keessatti bobeesse nama jabaafi seenaan barabaraan yaadatudha!

Oromia: OBS: Harka Fuune: Interview with Abraaham Raayyaa July 23, 2016

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Odaa OromooAbraahaam RaayyaaRaayyaa Studio

 

 

Freedom House: Ethiopia: Attack on Civil Society Escalates as Dissent Spreads. #OromoProtests July 22, 2016

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Odaa OromooFreedom House

 

#OromoProtests in Yabello, Borana, Oromia, July 20, 2016 p2#OromoProtests continues in Oromia, 19 July 2016.


Ethiopia: Attack on Civil Society Escalates as Dissent Spreads


Freedom House 22 July 2016

by Yoseph Badwaza, Program Officer, Africa and
Jennifer Charette, Senior Program Associate, Africa


Amid discontent, sometimes violent protests, and a drought of historic proportions that has left more than 15 million Ethiopians in need of urgent food aid, the Ethiopian government is tightening its stranglehold on domestic politics.

In the wake of the large-scale protests that rocked the Oromia region from November to March, the government, led by the Ethiopian Peoples’ Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), has taken a number of measures aimed at stifling dissent. While consistent with EPRDF’s authoritarian posture, these steps are a devastating blow to the country’s independent media and civil society.

Protests in Oromia and growing ethnic tensions in the Amhara and South regions are viewed as indications that EPRDF’s model of governing through complete control over all levels of political and economic life could soon reach its breaking point. The government’s intolerance of alternative political views is pushing the country’s diverse ethnic and political communities to take to the streets to air their grievances.

While the initial trigger for the protests in Oromia was opposition to an unpopular government development plan, the scale and persistence of the protests in the country’s largest and most populous region point to a deeper ethnic discontent after years of misrule. These developments are even more worrisome as deadly protests began to emerge in several parts of the country less than six months after EPRDF and its allies claimed to have won all 547 parliamentary seats in the latest general elections in May 2015.

Ethiopia’s perceived stability and its much-touted role in the global fight against terrorism in the Horn of Africa are at stake if EPRDF continues to ignore the dangers of suppressing citizens’ legitimate demands for inclusive and accountable governance. Any economic progress can only be sustained with a genuine commitment to political reform that adequately responds to the demands of Ethiopia’s diverse political, ethnic, and religious groups for participation at all levels of public life.

Tools of repression tightened

The protests brought a violent response from authorities. In addition toextrajudicial killings of hundreds of protesters in the Oromia and Amhara regions, security forces arrested thousands of students, social media activists, and opposition party leaders and supporters. As protests continue in some parts of Oromia, authorities have filed criminal charges against dozens of Oromo students and political activists under the country’s Anti-Terrorism Proclamation (ATP). Hundreds more remain in custody without charges.

In response to the role social media played in publicizing human rights violations perpetrated during the protests in Oromia, Ethiopia’s parliament rushed through a cybercrimes law in June. The law stipulates serious penalties for a wide range of online activities and gives authorities greater surveillance and censorship powers that will limit access to information on digital platforms. The adoption of this law followed a shutdown of Facebook, Viber, and WhatsApp in parts of the Oromia region. Authorities also cited social media posts as evidence in criminal charges brought against digital activists. These social media posts were images, videos, and audio recordings made during the protests that documented numerous incidents of heavy-handed response to peaceful demonstrators.

Last week the government publicly stated for the first time that it is blocking these social media applications nationwide, claiming that they are adistraction to students taking university entrance exams.

Civil society under renewed attack

In June, the Charities and Societies Agency, the government body that regulates nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), announced that it hadshut down more than 200 NGOs in the last nine months. The agency cited failure to comply with numerous requirements of the Charities and Societies Proclamation (CSP) and lack of funding as reasons for the closures. The announcement followed the agency issuing a directive that seeks to impose penalties for noncompliance with the CSP. By issuing this directive, the agency effectively gave itself quasi-judicial powers in criminal proceedings.

Although it is not clear what triggered this latest directive, the move exacerbates the harsh conditions under which civil society organizations are operating. By paving the way for increased imposition of penalties, the Charities and Societies Agency will further undermine civil society’s ability to operate independently. Furthermore, these measures suggest a reversal of the willingness that the government had shown in the past few years to engage in a dialogue aimed at revising some of the directives previously issued by the agency.

Citizen support for civil society remains strong

While the government continues to take measures that undermine civil society, popular support for civil society remains strong. According to arecent online survey conducted by Freedom House, two-thirds of those polled believe that civil society organizations should engage in human rights and democracy promotion. The survey also found that Ethiopians are unaware of the significant challenges facing civil society and of the crippling effects of the CSP. The survey findings underscore how a blackout of information from independent sources and constrained civic space curtail citizens’ ability to organize and participate in matters that affect their daily lives.

Years of government attacks, relentless smear campaigns, and extremely cumbersome rules and regulatory frameworks have crippled Ethiopia’s civil society. NGOs are denied access to resources and the ability to network with each other and mobilize support. As demand for democratic reforms in Ethiopia gains momentum, a vibrant civil society will be essential. It is therefore critical that, despite the challenges they are facing, NGOs move beyond mere survival and focus on making themselves more accessible, relevant, and accountable to the public, and that their allies at home and abroad support these efforts to build strong constituencies and press ahead for a democratic opening in Ethiopia.

AS: Ethiopia’s ‘Miraculous’ Economic Growth: Dancing While Standing Still July 20, 2016

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Odaa OromooAddis Standard

 

 

 

TPLF Ethiopia's regime's economic record, the growth of Garbage in Finfinnee (Addis Ababa, picture, 20 July 2016

TPLF Ethiopia’s regime’s economic record, the growth of poverty, pollution, disease  & Garbage in Finfinnee (Addis Ababa), picture, 20 July 2016.


Ethiopia’s ‘Miraculous’ Economic Growth: Dancing While Standing Still

By J. Bonsa, Addis Standard, 20 July 2016


The 25th episode of “Ginbot 20” was on show in Addis Abeba on May 28th. This is a melodramatic event, an anniversary of the 28th May 1991 when the EPRDF rebel forces ousted the Military regime.  Ethiopians have much to celebrate as far as the demise of theDerge regime was concerned. Perhaps this is the only element that unites public opinion toward this anniversary.

But May28th is celebrated with a mixed feeling. For some it is a “victory day”, a military success, a day to remember the lives lost during the civil war, and the dawn of Ethiopia’s renaissance. For others, it is a day when all hopes and promises brought about by that victory day have already been shattered one by one; a day that left Ethiopia under the iron fist of a group no less dictatorial than the regime they deposed.  Such rare admissions are beginning to be heard even from among critics within the EPRDF inner circles.

In order to seek legitimacy, it has been customary for EPRDF to engage the general public by propaganda campaign, often contrasting their achievements in socio-economic progresses with those under their predecessor. At a press briefing he gave to state media on the eve of May 28, Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn claimed, once again, that the economic policy and the multi-party system introduced by the current regime has brought about tremendous socio-economic progress.  He stressed specifically that Ethiopia’s agriculture has been “growing at all levels and market oriented farmers were created and these are vital for the advancement of the economic policy of the country”.

In this piece, I will focus on Ethiopia’s economic success story and examine its validity.  I will then highlight broader claims related to multi-party system.  Unless stated differently, most data and charts presented in the subsequent sections are taken from the World Bank Development Indicators database.

GDP growth rate

The jury is still out on the credibility of Ethiopia’s double digit GDP growth rate. On the one hand, government official data have presented double digit growth for more than a decade.  The official version has often been reflected in flagship reports regularly published by the multilateral agencies such as the World Bank and the IMF.

On the other hand, analysts have utilized credible empirical evidences to raise serious questions about the validity of the official data.  For instance, in its March 2nd 2012 issue, the Economist warned that Ethiopia’s GDP growth figures cannot be taken seriously:

“Just how sustainable is Ethiopia’s advance out of poverty? This is a vexed topic among bankers and others in Ethiopia who hold large wads of birr, the oft devalued currency. Despite hard work by the World Bank, oversight from the International Monetary Fund, and studies by economists from donor countries, it is not clear how factual Ethiopia’s economic data are. Life is intolerably expensive for Ethiopians in [Addis Abeba], the capital, and its outlying towns. Some think Ethiopia’s inflation figures are fiddled with even more than those in Argentina. Even if the data are deemed usable, the double-digit growth rates predicted by the government of Prime Minister Meles Zenawi look fanciful.”

In another piece, published on London School of Economics blog, I have provided compelling empirical evidences to suggest that at least agricultural GDP was substantially inflated. The best way to confirm whether or not the growth figures were factual is to triangulate it by examining other economic variables closely related to it. Now let us shift our attention from growth rate based discussion and anchor the policy debate on change in the size of the economy during the post 1991 period.

GDP per capita

It proves useful to begin by examining changes in GDP per capita since it combines changes in the sizes of two variables – economic and demographic.

Real GDP per capita changed from $129 in 1991 to $315 in 2014.  “Real” because the influence of inflation is filtered out.  Thus, if Ethiopia’s GDP was equally divided among all citizens, then income of every Ethiopian would have more than doubled between 1991 and 2014. I will return to the likelihood of equitable distribution.

But is the doubling of income per person such a big deal, given what we know about Ethiopia’s potential growth? Here I am not talking about abundant national resource endowments. The analysis here is confined to opportunities offered by the exceptionally high rates of capital inflows, the official development assistance and aid (ODA).

Ethiopia received $1.7 and $3.5 billion respectively in 1991 and 2014.  The cumulative total inflow was $53.6 billion. Real GDP in 2014 was only $30.6 billion, that is less than two-third of the total ODA.  In other words, Ethiopia’s GDP is only a fraction of the amount of its cumulative ODA.

A dollar injected into any economy would have a multiplier effect, that is to say “the capacity of new money to initiate chain reactions – generate jobs and hence income as it keep circulating in the economy”.  There is a ripple effect emanating from it, like a piece of stone thrown onto a still water, causing a motion in some predicable way in all directions. The size of the multiplier would depend on productive utilization.

The World Bank estimates the sizes of such multipliers to range between two and five.  Hence, the $53.6 billion should have generated between $107 billion and $268 billion. The sum of Ethiopia’s GDP over the entire period comes to about $320 billion. We normally expect ODA to constitute a small fraction of the size of an economy. Above all, ODA is meant to boost GDP, not to replace it.  Clearly, there is something seriously bizarre about the way ODA has been utilized in Ethiopia. GDP does not rise even proportionately with ODA, let alone in multiple of it.

In order to put matters in perspective, I would draw a parallel with South Korea which is known for using ODA for recovery from the Korean War as well as to propel itself onto a sustainable growth path.  It is estimated that the total amount of ODA [South] Korea received from foreign countries was US$12 billion. As economic policies took effect, however, the dependence on foreign grant assistance lessened. In less than ten years, South Korea’s economy grew so rapidly that the United States decided to phase out its aid program to Seoul. Starting from late 1980s, South Korea graduated from recipient to donor status.

This means South Korea achieved so much with less than a fourth of the ODA Ethiopia received. In a nutshell, the size of Ethiopia’s GDP (and GDP per capita) should have expanded by a multiple of what has been reported, as miraculous achievement at that!

Structural transformation

The livelihood of about 85% of Ethiopia’s population is supported by agriculture. Economic development in such countries is accompanied with two concurrent changes:  the size of GDP, and the composition of GDP.  The latter means the structure of the economy changes from predominantly traditional, rural and agricultural to modern, urban and industrial. This is what is called structural transformation. The art of devising sound economic development policy lies in balancing these two changes, without necessarily putting one ahead of the other.

EPRDF initially indicated a policy commitment to give priority to the Agricultural sector, when “Ethiopia had formally adopted Agriculture Development Led Industrialization (ADLI)as its development strategy in 1994”.  Through ADLI, agriculture was supposed to pave the way for industrialization.

However, enabling agricultural policy instruments such as fertilizer subsidy were withdrawn just three years into the launch of ADLI.  Government affiliated companies used “strong-handed promotion of the credit-fertilizer packages… [A]gricultural output continued to fall behind population growth.” Agricultural Extension and credit-fertilizer have been extensively used “as a means of control over smallholder producers”.

This culminated onto yet another bold program called the Growth and Transformation Program (GTP). This involved major departure from the previous policy commitment to small holder agricultural development. Small holder supports have largely become an exercise in trivia e.g. teaching farmers how to sow teff in rows! Horticulture and large scale farming have got precedence over small holder farming. However, large scale farming caused incalculable damages to the livelihoods of farming households who are evicted from their ancestral lands.

ethiopia's economy

The above chart (Fig.1) displays a litmus test of Ethiopia’s economic success story. I plotted the share of various economic sectors in aggregate GDP (1991-2014). Clearly, the relative shares of the industrial sector and manufacturing subsector are both stuck at around 10% and 4% marks respectively. Each barely moved from where it was in 1991!

Agriculture’s share was about 60% in 1991 but it dropped to around 40% in 2014. The initial share of services was about 30% in 1991 but now it increased to 40%.  The sharply contrasting shapes of the lines give the impression that the service sector expands almost exclusively at the expense of the agricultural sector. Since almost nothing happened to the share of the industrial sector, it follows that any transformation that has occurred is only between agriculture and services. De-industrializing advanced economies can afford to specialize in services, but certainly this should not apply to a traditional economy.

The external sector

The preceding sections have focused on the structure and performance of the domestic economy.  Now I proceed to examining how sectoral policy bias in the domestic economy has adversely affected the external sector.  Rhetoric aside, EPRDF has never favored commodity producing sectors, that is why agriculture shrank and industry stagnated.

ethiopia's economy, external trade

However, the construction and service sectors have grown considerably as a direct consequence of favorable policy toward them.  This is a cocktail of catastrophic policy blunder – promoting non-tradable services (non-exportables) and discriminating against tradable commodities (or exportables).  Critically, the sectoral policy bias is inevitable outcome of regional development policy bias, for instance, against the now decaying coffee growing regions such as Jimma.

Fig. 2 displays the outcome of these policy blunders. It shows an ever widening gap between earnings from exports and payments for imports.  In 1991, the external sector gap was only $305 million, but it rose to $8.1 billion, a gigantic 27 fold increase. The balance of payment deficit has been growing every year by more than the initial amount.  So, the regime has nothing to celebrate as achievements in export promotion.

ethiopia's economy, external debt

In addition to generous ODA, Ethiopia has received exceptional treatment in debt cancellations.  These assistances and grants should have helped close the external sector gap displayed in Fig. 2.  One would not expect a piling up of external debt stocks.  The fact is Ethiopia’s debt is hitting the roof, as shown in Fig. 3.  It is incomprehensible why this happens.  In 1991, the Derge regime left behind a debt stock of $8.8 billion. It was thought such a high debt pile was scandalous. The matter seems to have gotten from bad to worse under the EPRDF regime.  Now the size of debt stock has doubled, currently standing at $16 billion.  This constitutes 31% of GDP (both in current prices).

Income distribution

At this juncture, it is appropriate to refer back to the nearly two and a half fold real increase in GDP per capita.  I have provided tangible evidence to suggest that Ethiopia’s GDP could have increased by a substantially greater magnitude if internal and external resources were utilized effectively and efficiently.  Be that as it may, it is essential to know to what extent all Ethiopians have experienced fairly balanced and equitable changes in their incomes.

Income distribution has been the least studied aspect of the Ethiopian economy.  Of course, there is abundant literature on poverty metrics. But they often rely on household survey data which are conducted under the auspices of government officials. Results from a few thousand persons are, more often than not, hastily generalized to arrive at “amazing and almost miraculous sounding conclusions”. For instance, IMF’s recent report on Ethiopia concluded: “Unlike other rapidly growing economies, the country has not experienced a significant increase in inequality, as measured by the Gini coefficient, even as poverty reduction occurred at a rapid pace”.

However, given what Ethiopians know about their country’s situation, it is mind boggling to read such statements from a reputable multilateral agency. In any event, it is not a difficult task to triangulate the issues and establish some balance in the argument. A report compiled by the World Bank in 2005 states that “real wages in Oromia declined by 36% followed by Amhara (31%).” This refers to wages of civil servants.

EPRDF has an explicit policy to keep wages low in all sectors, public or private, in order to attract foreign investment. For instance, in a recent interview, PM Hailemariam reiterated that “to achieve our advantage in light manufacturing, we have kept such costs low. This … starts with government wages. If you make government wages large, it impacts and inflates the market.” Perhaps it is fair to say that inflation is the only economic variable that has been persistently growing in double digits in Ethiopia.  Now given that the government has such an explicit policy to keep nominal wages low, how can real wage even stagnate or stay at the same level, let alone grow?

The civil servants and other fixed income groups, although their livelihoods have stagnated or worsened due to the wage policy, are actually in a relatively better off positions compared to the 85% of rural farming households.  The declining wage of the civil servants supports not just the employee and his/her immediate families in cities but also their extended families often residing in rural areas.  The fact that rural farming households depend on their salaried relatives living in cities confirms that actually their income and hence livelihoods are in a worse situation compared to those of their relatives earning fixed income.

This in turn tells us that the lion’s share of the cake, per capita GDP whose size more than doubled, must have gone to a tiny section of the population who depend neither on farming nor on wage income. After all, it is reported that “Ethiopia is creating millionaires at a faster rate than any other country on the continent.”

Fallacy of composition

Economic policy discussion on Ethiopia’s success story is becoming a philosophical debate in a fallacy of composition.  To begin with, for proponents of the EPRDF regime whether or not the success story does actually exist is proving to hinge more on faith than evidence.  Although I have not covered it in this piece, the contradictions in Ethiopia’s political economy start with the governance system.  In addition to “achievements in economic progress”, PM Hailemariam stated that EPRDF established a multi-party system as well as “a government structure which accommodates diversity and entertains the rights of nations and nationalities”. In fact nothing could be further from the truth.

NPR journalist, Gregory Warner, paraphrased the late PM Meles Zenawi’s speech in 2005 and stated that EPRDFwaits until the opposition assemble and grow legs, that is establish leaders and constituency. They then cut off those legs and make the head (the leader) float on air with no root to give semblance of multiparty democracy in the country. Continue the same vicious policy over and over until the opposition is fully dismantled. It is by using such diabolically smart tactics that EPRDF “wins” elections. In fact, it is nonsensical to talk about multi-party democracy existing in Ethiopia.

Some overzealous reporters have hailed Ethiopia as “African Lion”, presumably to draw a parallel with Asian Tigers. However, one can only draw an analogy with a sick lion which cannot hunt and kill to feed itself, and always on a lookout to scavenge for leftover from other carnivore.

EPRDF officials and some gullible foreign analysts are seriously discussing that the country will join the middle income group by 2025 but manufacturing has barely moved from where it was 25 years go.  There are compelling empirical evidences emerging from reviews of progress in GTP I achievements that indicate nothing miraculous can happen in the remaining nine or so years.  Similarly, the EPRDF claims a dramatic fall in the poverty rate and improvements in living standards of Ethiopians but there are equally compelling evidences to suggest that the benefits of economic growth must have gone to only a tiny group of elites.

At every “victory day” anniversary, the EPRDF reminds Ethiopians that the country has turned into a paradise.  Yet, youth unemployment in Addis Abeba alone is at least around 30%, according to a December 2014 research paper by Beshir Butta Dale.  Ethiopia’s youth are departing in droves to different parts of the world. At least half a million have migrated to Saudi Arabia in recent years alone. Between 2008 and 2012, about 164 thousand Ethiopians have migrated to the USA.  These provide some clues to obtain rough estimates of the total size of labor force that have migrated over the years to different destinations, including other Middle East Countries, South Africa, and Europe, and including those who perished along the way in the deserts and high seas.

In the finale of Francis Spufford’s novel, Red Plenty, set in the Soviet Union, and referring to Khrushchev’s angry remarks while in retirement: “Paradise … is a place where people want to end up, not a place they run from. What kind of socialism is that? What kind of [s**t] is that, when you have to keep people in chains? What kind of social order? What kind of paradise?”


ED’s Note: J. Bonsa is an economist by training. He can be reached atdinade0612@gmail.com


 

Shukrii Jamaal: ‘Ammayyaa Bulloo Boshee’: New Oromo Music Premier July 19, 2016

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Odaa Oromoo


Ammayyaa Bulloo Boshee

Kuulanii koo,

Bareedduu xiqqoo rosee.


Nice Oromo pictures from Shukri Jamal's music, Bullo Boshee. p2Nice Oromo pictures from Shukri Jamal's music, Bullo Boshee. p9Nice Oromo pictures from Shukri Jamal's music, Bullo Boshee. p8Nice Oromo pictures from Shukri Jamal's music, Bullo Boshee. p10

Nice Oromo pictures from Shukri Jamal's music, Bullo Boshee. p3Nice Oromo pictures from Shukri Jamal's music in 2016, Bullo Boshee. p11

 

Nice Oromo pictures from Shukri Jamal's music, Bullo Boshee

Nice Oromo pictures from Shukri Jamal's music, Bullo Boshee. p1

 

 

Nice Oromo pictures from Shukri Jamal's music, Bullo Boshee. p4

Nice Oromo pictures from Shukri Jamal's music, Bullo Boshee. p6

Nice Oromo pictures from Shukri Jamal's music, Bullo Boshee. p5Nice Oromo pictures from Shukri Jamal's music in 2016, Bullo Boshee. p12

Nice Oromo pictures from Shukri Jamal's music, Bullo Boshee. p7

 

Manaa hin baatu jedhanii

Gabaa hin baatuu jedhanii

Koo yaa hintaloo,

Kan si eegu gutuntumaa

Namaa hin naatu jedhanii

Maal wayyaa koo

Kan odeessan  dhuguma moo

Sifan kophaa gunguma anoo.

Arjoo fi Begii Naqamtee,

Shaambuu fi Horroon imaltee,

Waan ofii koo  maaloo,

Lafa qeerroon dhaadatuu,

Waan barbadde si bitaa,

Wanta feete si bitaa,

Ati tiiyya taanaan isa yaanni jaallatuu.

Ichilbee daarii Gobbuu,

Maroolee koo maaloo,

Ya sinnaara sararaa,

Sitti obsee kee na godhuu,

Waan ofii koo maaloo,

Waltaana baranaa.

Jaarsi sawwan yaafatee,

Maroolee koo,

Dirreetti ooffatee dheechisaa,

Wayi nama wal jaallatee,

Waan ofii koo maaloo,

Ija irratti beeksisaa.

Ammayyaa Bulloo Boshee

Kuulanii koo,

Bareedduu xiqqoo rosee.

Maal wayya magaaltittii,

Najjoo irraa moo Ginbitti si eegaa,

Eessatti naaf dhuftaa,

Barrisii na koottuu,

Yoo tiyya taatee,

Maaliif na dhibsitaa………..

……………………


Related:-

https://oromianeconomist.wordpress.com/2015/09/27/oromia-osoo-walbeennuu-nuu-wal-wallaalchisanii-shukrii-jamaal-and-magartuu-warqinaa-oromo-music-by-raayyaa-studio-via-lagatafo-studio/

The Irrationality of Rationality July 19, 2016

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Odaa Oromoorational constrained choice


The confined view of rationality regarding humans has strong relevance while carrying out activities like trade and exchange. Although rationality must not be ignored, understanding other key drivers behind transactions could widen our approach to comprehending and applying economics.

For instance, why do some universities conduct exams without an invigilator? Or why do most people value products they use beyond their monetary value (such as a coffee mug or passes for a cricket match)? Or even with no waste bins, why do some roads stay significantly cleaner than the others?

To answer the above questions, one would have to move away from the usual notion of maximising self-interest. Much literature has come to light during last few decades by behavioural economists and psychologists such as D. Kahneman, A. Tversky and others, in the field of psychological sensitivity. They suggest that various characteristics determine the choices that one makes. Most importantly, they point out that these reasons are beyond the maximisation of self-interest of the individual. Some of these characteristics include attitudes of people, such as higher aversion to losses of wealth and possessions than to identical amounts of gains, or a bias towards an unlikely or a rare event, or any limitation of memory due to biological factors……. Read more at:-

http://theindianeconomist.com/the-idea-of-rationality-2/


 

Oromia: Ibsa Ejjannoo Gurmuu Deeggarsa Kongiressii Federaalistii Oromoo Idil-addunyaa irraa kenname July 17, 2016

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Odaa OromooOromo Federalist  Congress

OFC International Support Group


Dhiyeenya kana Adoolessa 12, 2016 ykn Adoolessa 4, 2008 ALH gaafa ji’a saddeetessoo Warraaqsi Oromoo kan Oomiyaa handaara arfaniinuu raasa bahe  itti eegalametti mormiin Goondar keessatti jalqabeera. Mormiin kun kan bu’uura godhate gaaffii eennummaa akka ta’e himameera. Gaaffiin kun uummanni naannoo Wolqaayit-Xegedee jiraatu nu Amaara malee Tigree moti jechuudhaan wolqabatee ta’uun beekkameera. Humnoonni mootummaa Woyyaanee gaaffii tana seeraan furuu dhiisanii ajjeechaa fi hidhaa raawwachuuf yo socho’an uummataan wolitta bu’uu isaaniitiin lubbuun nama 10 ol galaafatamuunille beekkameera. Haala kana gad-fageenyaan xiinxaluudhaan, haalli ollaa keenya keessatti deemu kamuu qabsoo keennarrattille dhiibbaa kan qabu waan ta’eef ibsa armaan gadii kennineerra.

  1. Gaaffii mirgaa kan uummanni kaasu kan eenyummaa ta’e kan biraa murtee uummataatiin deebisuu malee humnaan ukkamsuu yaaluu cimsinee mormina. Ajjeechaa Hawaasa Goondar irratti fudhatamaa jiru ni balaaleffanna.
  2. Hidhamtoonni siyaasaa kan gaaffii mirgaa gaafachuu isaanii qofaan, yaada ofii bilisaan waan ibsataniif qofa hidhaman marti haa hiikaman. Humnoonni ji’oota saddeettan darban keessa yakka ajjeechaa raawwatan gocha yakkaa isaaniitiif itti haa gaafataman.
  3. Mootummaan wayyanee ummattoota biyya Sanaa dabaree dabareen ajjeesaa fi dararaa garaagaraa irraan gahaa jira. Kanaafuu yeroo sabni tokko miidhamu inni ollaa taa’uu hin qabu. Keessattuu qabsoon uummata ollaa keennaatiin gaggeeffamaa jiru irree woyyaanee kan laaffisuu fi humna ishii kan bittimsu waan ta’eef qabsoo teennaaf tumsa malee gufuu moti. Qabsoon Uummanni biyyittii Sanaa Wayyaanerratti gaggeessu kan wal-tumsu malee kan wal-faallessu waan hin taaneef qindaawuu qaba. Uummani keennalleen haala kanaan akka hubatu feena.
  4. ”Uummanni Dammaqe, kan ijaaramee fi kan hidhate ni moo’a” dubbiin jettu tan Hayilee Fidaa tun yoomiyyuu ni hojjatti. Kanarratti hundaa’uudhaan dargagoonni Oromoo fi deeggartoonni qabsoo kanaa bakka jiran hundatti wali ijaaruuniifii gurmuudhaan qabsoo kana akka finiinsan gaafanna. Caasaa cimaa kan diinaan akka salphaatti hin diigamneen walcimsee deemamuu qaba.

Injifannoon Uummata Bal’aaf!

Gurmuu Deeggarsa Kongiressii Federaala Oromoo Idil-addunyaa
Adoolessa 16, 2016
Minneapolis, Minnesota


 

Genocide: The rogue regime in Ethiopia Poising Rivers and Water wells in Oromia. #OromoProtests. @hrw #Africa July 17, 2016

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Odaa Oromoo

 

The fascist Ethiopia’s regime (TPLF) poising the Oromo people through rivers and water wells.

Fascist Ethiopia's regime poisoning Oromo people through water wells and rivers. Report of 17 July 2016

Recently it has been found and reported that in  Qaachan district of Oromia’s  Baalee zone, the fascist Ethiopia’s regime has poisoned the water well in the locality of Gola Qararrii. As a result, five Oromo nationals  were died instantly after drinking water from the poisoned well.


Faashistootni TPLF waan mormii siyaasaa fi lola kamuu keessatti akkaan dhorkamaa fi heera mootumoota waltahannii keessatti yakka ool aanaan nama gaaffachiisuu hojjachuun ishii muranii TPLF kun murana faashistootaa itti gaafatamnii namoomaa itti hin dhagahamneen guutamuudha mirkanneessa. Waan ta’eefis, lageen, Horaa fi bishaan dhugaatti osoo hin dhugiin of irraa dhugaatiif toluu isaa mirkanneeffatuun dirqii ta’ee jira. Beekttootni Oromoo dhimma kanatti beekumsa qabanniis karaa danda’an hundaa bishaan dhugaatti ummata isaannii kana qulqulluu fi dhugaatiif toluu isaa jala deemuun ummata isaanniif bifa danda’annii fi isaaniif toluun beeksiisuun dirqama dhalootaa fi dirqama barnoota isaannii akka ta’ees ni hubatu. Mootummaan faashistoota TPLF dhimma kana irratti yeroo sadaffaaf yakka kana hojjachuu isaati. Darguun al tokko yakka kana hojjate. Loli Kaaba warra Habashaa gidduutti ta’ee hedduu dha. Hanga haraatti yakka bishaan summeesu kana wal irratti hin hojjanne. Oromoo irratti maaliif hojjatuuu gaafii jedhuuf deebbiin herreegu qabaadhuu illee ammaaf isinumaaf dhiisa.

 

Global Voices: Ethiopia Locks Down Digital Communications in Wake of #OromoProtests July 15, 2016

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Odaa OromooGlobalVoicesViber, twitter, Facebook and WhatsApp Are strictly forbidden in Fascist regime (TPLF) Ethiopiatweet tweet #OromoProtestsOromo students Protests, Western Oromia, Mandii, Najjoo, Jaarsoo,....

Ethiopia Locks Down Digital Communications in Wake of #OromoProtests

By Endalk, Global Voices, 14 July 2016


When students in Ginchi, a small town 75 km west of Addis Ababa, organized a demonstration in November 2015, US-based opposition media activist Jawar Mohammed, began posting minute-to-minute ‘live’ updates of the protest on his massively popular Facebook page, which has over 500k followers.

What started as a small-scale student protest over Ethiopian government’s plan to expand Addis Ababa into adjacent farm lands of Oromia, Ethiopia’s largest constitutionally autonomous state, evolved into a series of largest and bloodiest demonstrations against Ethiopian government in a decade leaving at least 400 people killed, many more injured, and thousands jailed.

Along with Jawar’s live updates about the protests on Facebook, netizens saw a flood of digital photos, videos, blog posts, and tweets on other social media platforms coming from inside Ethiopia, mostly under the hashtag #OromoProtests.

For over a decade, the Ethiopian government has been violently cracking down on protesting students in Oromia, but these incidents have never garnered the online attention they did this time around. With scant coverage by foreign media from the front lines, and silence and misinformation coming from Ethiopia’s largely pro-government media outlets, the Internet emerged as the main channel used to disseminate information about protests. Jawar’s Facebook page and Twitter feedbecame the official-yet-unofficial story of the protest, leading diaspora writers to identify Jawar as a key shaper of public opinion on the events.

Though these networked communication dynamics are commonplace in many parts of the world, they are novel in Ethiopia, where Internet penetration hovered just below 5% in 2013, which is the last time that Internet access data was collected there by the International Telecommunication Union, a UN agency.

The steady stream of #OromoProtests content triggered various attempts by the government to limit digital traffic and block telecom services in Oromia.

In a bid to quell the growing role of social media in magnifying the stories of protests and to regain the upper hand, Ethiopia’s state-owned telecommunication monopoly EthioTelcom blocked social media platforms including Twitter, WhatsApp and Facebook Messenger in Oromia for at least two months. Around the same time, EthioTelecom also announced plans to begin charging customers for using popular voice over internet protocol (VoIP) applications such as Viber, Facebook messenger, Skype, and Google hangouts.

According to local media reports, EthioTelecom plans to enforce a new price scheme for VoIP data usage by deploying technologies that will more heavily regulate data plans and what kinds of apps operate on devices of each subscriber active on EthioTelecom network. In an unprecedented move, EthioTelecom also announced a plan to track, identify and ban mobile devices that are not purchased from the Ethiopian market. This move will allow EthioTelecom to keep a track of exactly what data is being sent to and from each subscriber active on the network. It remains unclear exactly how this technology will work, but it unquestionably demonstrates EthioTelecom’s intention to take full political advantage of its monopoly.

Despite being one of the poorest countries in terms of Internet penetration in Africa, #OromoProtests garnered wall-to-wall coverage by the US based Ethiopian diaspora satellite television stations, particularly OMN and ESAT. Both stations picked various stories of #OromoProtests from social media and rebroadcast them to millions of Ethiopians living off the grid of mobile phone infrastructure.

To top all this off, on the heels of the protests, the parliament passed a stringent computer crimes law that looks very much like an effort to criminalize protest-related online speech and to more effectively utilize digital communication as a tool of public surveillance.

In a critical piece about the new law, the Electronic Frontier Foundation wrote,

Ethiopia’s prosecutors have long demonized legitimate uses of technology, claiming in court that the use of encryption, and knowledge of privacy-protecting tools is a sign of support for terrorists….By criminalizing everyday actions it ensures that anyone who speaks online, or supports online free expression, might one day be targeted by the law…. [This regulation] will intimidate ordinary Ethiopian citizens into staying offline, and further alienate Ethiopia’s technological progress from its African neighbors and the rest of the world.

According to reports, the new legislation further limits already-diminished digital rights such as freedom of expression and privacy, criminalizing and levying severe punishments for defamatory speech online. The legislation also obliges service providers to store records of all communications along with their metadata for at least a year.

 

How political interference keeps hurting Africa’s universities July 14, 2016

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Odaa OromooCODESRIABecause I am Oromo

How political interference keeps hurting Africa’s universities


By Dr. Ibrahim Oanda, Codesria, Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa


Political interference in Africa’s universities is not new. Universities’ governance was seen as “captured” for narrow political rather than academic ends during the 1980s and 1990s. Politics shaped everything: patterns of student access, curriculum content and teaching methods. Vice-chancellors’ political affiliations mattered far more than their academic standing or vision.

The continent’s universities started changing from the middle of the 1990s. Strong governance structures were prioritised. Governments promised to help steady institutions so they could focus on their academic missions. They also handed over the financial reins, supposedly allowing universities more freedom to generate new income streams.

But studies funded by the Carnegie Corporation of New York and conducted by the Council for the Development of Social Sciences in Africa (CODESRIA) suggest that not much has changed. The governance and leadership of universities in several countries remains troubled. The same tensions and crises associated with the old political order – student disturbances, harassment of academic staff and widespread academic corruption – persist. Our research suggests there hasn’t been much more than cosmetic autonomy at most African universities.

Political interests rule

We found some deeply worrying trends.

First, Africa’s politicians still see universities as critical outposts for building political clients. They have a deep interest in who becomes a university vice-chancellor. They want to manage who ascends the academic ranks and who serves in student leadership. They also try to assess which academics can be conscripted to offer positive political commentary in the popular media. On the surface, universities’ governance organs appear free to make decisions about academic and leadership appointments. But our data suggests that opaque networks rather than merit determine such appointments at all levels.

It goes further. Universities have money to spend on procuring goods and services. This attracts businesspeople. Politicians, our studies showed, encourage university leaders to employ service providers from their own networks. These practices have turned some vice-chancellors’ offices into bureaucracies that are more interested in business than in academic advancement.

Vice-chancellors also appear to have become more autocratic. This is in reaction to the internal dissent caused by the political meddling described above. Staff and students are routinely subjected to unfair disciplinary processes. Vice-chancellors apply the lessons they learn from becoming bureaucrats to manage academic appointments. Some extend favours to certain internal “clients” – academics – by appointing them to lucrative administrative positions or promoting them without merit. Such positions are highly sought after because they pay better than most teaching posts.

Our research found that many African universities rely on younger academics to occupy senior teaching, research and administrative posts. They do not have the courage or experience to confront a university management gone astray.

Finally, and crucially, African universities lack data. There is little information collated about governance and leadership. This includes such basic statistics as student enrolments and staff numbers. Minutes related to critical governance and management issues, including those involving budgetary processes, remain classified. They can’t be scrutinised by the public – let alone by staff and students at the university.

So what’s gone wrong?

Shortcomings of the ‘reforms’

Part of the problem stems from how “politics” was conceptualised and defined as a problem in university governance. If a country’s president was also a public university’s chancellor, this was seen as political interference. Logically, then, people thought that cutting such visible political links would settle governance issues.

But political interests run far beyond the presidency. Most of Africa’s political and economic elites retain a keen interest in determining how universities’ leadership is constituted. More and more student activities at universities are being organised along political party lines, which attests to new forms of politicisation.

As I explained earlier, universities make good business sense for the elite. These people create networks that extend into universities’ governance structures. Political interference persists. It sets institutions up as little more than business outposts.

There was also an assumption that academics – once freed from narrowly defined political interference – would meaningfully and responsibly utilise their new autonomy. The hope was that they’d emerge as protectors and promoters of the greater public good in higher education. This hasn’t been the case. CODESRIA’s research found that many senior academics have embraced post-1990s reforms only if these offer a stream of extra income. Most academics, we found, prefer administrative to academic appointments because these are more lucrative. This has left most institutions without an experienced professoriate. A senior layer of academics is a critical body for any institution. It can stand up against management’s excesses and act as a vanguard for the institution’s academic mission.

Here the continent’s older institutions – like the universities of Ibadan, Legon, Nairobi, Makerere and Dar es Salaam – have fared better than newcomers. Older universities tend to have a greater number of highly trained academics still in their service. Institutions that were established during the 1980s, 1990s and more recently haven’t been able to build a robust professoriate. These younger institutions tend to be battling most with governance and management issues, as well as the attendant erosion of academic reputations.

Tackling the problem

There are several ways to start making universities’ “autonomy” from politics more than cosmetic.

University managers must be required by law to open up their systems to broad public scrutiny. For example, they should conduct some aspects of their affairs through public hearings. Most countries’ constitutional provisions already insist on public participation around budgetary and policy issues. Parliamentary committees undertake their work in public, but most African universities seem reluctant to embrace such aspects of accountability.

This sort of transparency would tackle claims of bias in academic appointments and financial improprieties that are emerging as the “new face” of corruption in most universities. Imagine if prospective vice-chancellors and senior professors were interviewed publicly? Ordinary citizens could also be called on to make suggestions about a public university’s development and direction. These institutions are, after all, funded from the public purse.

Another area that needs attention is data governance: the collection, storage and dissemination of data for decision-making. Our research has found that most African universities are strangely casual about data. There’s no accurate record of admissions, so no plans are made about building infrastructure to keep up with student numbers.

This comes at a time when the use of open data is being encouraged as a benchmark for university quality. Studies have pointed out how open data can open opportunities for improving higher education’s governance and provide evidence that improves policy.

Africa is lagging behind. Universities claim, for instance, that they’re producing graduates ready for the job market. But we couldn’t find a single credible graduate tracer study or labour market survey to back such claims. Better data governance structures would lessen the chances of backroom deals and political interference in the running of Africa’s universities.

https://theconversation.com/how-political-interference-keeps-hurting-africas-universities-58387#comment_975851

 

Related article:

https://oromianeconomist.wordpress.com/2014/05/22/oromiaethiopia-crackdown-on-student-protests-taints-higher-education-success/

 

 

N.E. Africa: Washington’s Closest Ally on the Horn of Africa Has a Terrible Human Rights Record July 12, 2016

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Odaa Oromoo

Washington’s Closest Ally on the Horn of Africa Has a Terrible Human Rights Record

ayyaantuu.net    11 July 2016


Tiny Djibouti is a key U.S. ally in the “war on terror.” But that doesn’t mean Washington should stay silent on its abuses.

Djibouti's dictator

On the Horn of Africa, tucked between quarrelsome neighbors who receive the lion’s share of the regional spotlight, lies the nondescript and mostly forgotten Republic of Djibouti. The country rarely makes its way into international headlines — and this is exactly what the government and its allies, namely the United States, prefer. Washington has been content to keep its close collaboration with the government in Djibouti City under the radar, thereby avoiding the need to publicly defend its alliance with a highly repressive regime.

The United States’ investment in the country — which amounts to over $70 million per year, including economic aid — has everything to do with its strategic location on the Gulf of Aden. Indeed, what Djibouti lacks in size (it is about the size of Massachusetts and has a population of about 900,000) it more than makes up for with its status as a “geographical goldmine.” The government is a key contributor of troops to the African Union force in Somalia, which combats Al Shabaab and other armed opposition groups. It is also an important staging area for attacks against suspected terrorists, especially through its role as host of a base for U.S. drones that operate in the region. In March 2014, President Obama announced plans for a “Binational Forum” in which senior officials from both countries committed to building a “vibrant 21st century strategic partnership grounded in friendship, mutual trust, and common security.”

Djibouti’s president, Ismail Omar Guelleh, has been a regular guest in the White House.

Djibouti’s president, Ismail Omar Guelleh, has been aregular guest in the White House. They also explain why his government has managed to dodge criticism of its dismal record on human rights, democratic governance, and the rule of law.Guelleh has quietly ruled Djibouti since 1999 (his uncle, who had reigned since 1977, personally anointed him) and he stands today as one of Sub-Saharan Africa’s longest-serving leaders. Like some of his fellow autocrats, Guelleh appears to have no qualms about openly and violently rigging his country’s so-called “democratic elections” in his favor, often winning absurdly unrealistic majorities. This April, Guelleh and his ruling coalition, the Union for the Presidential Majority, reportedly won 87 percent of all votes cast. This impressive showing surpassed the 80 percent he won in 2011 after the country’s National Assembly amended the constitution to allow him to run for a third term in office.

According to many international observers,

Guelleh will leave office only “when he feels like it.”

Guelleh will leave office only “when he feels like it.” His government has repeatedly been accused of myriadhuman rights abuses, including documented cases of torture and arbitrary detention of opposition supporters, as well as the denial of fair public trials, severerestrictions on freedom of the press, deliberate targetingof human rights activists, and high levels of corruption. Most recently, during the lead-up to the presidential election in April, authorities used deadly force to break up public demonstrations, including an incident in December 2015 during which 19 people were reportedly killed after police opened fire. To its credit, the United States condemned the disproportionate and deadly use of force, and also called for the release of opposition leaders who were unjustly detained in the country.

In what has become a routine defense of the indefensible, authorities justified the killings by blaming the victims, claiming the peaceful protesters had tried to “destabilize our nation.” The rationale for gunning down citizens in broad daylight was also premised on combating “armed individuals from abroad” (subtext: terrorists). Of course, this designation is no accident. It is meant to placate the international community and particularly the United States, which since 2009 has headquartered its East African Terrorism Task Force at Camp Lemonnier on the outskirts of the capital, Djibouti City. The base is so crucial to U.S. military operations in the region that, in 2014, the Pentagon signed an agreement to secure its lease through 2044. Since 9/11, the base has grown in “almost every conceivable fashion,” with more than$600 million allocated or already awarded for related projects.

All told, Djibouti is a classic case of how a fundamentally undemocratic and abusive government can appeal to the so-called “war on terror” to justify its repression and secure its legitimacy. As recently as May 2014,

President Obamapraised the Guelleh regime and expressedhis “strong support” for its“leadership in the Horn of Africa.”

President Obama praised the Guelleh regime and expressed his “strong support” for its “leadership in the Horn of Africa.” By turning a blind eye to Guelleh’s attempts to seal off avenues of democratic participation, the United States is raising the prospects of future unrest in Djibouti — the very outcome that it and other shareholders in the country, and region writ large, are ostensibly working to prevent. Indeed, the Fund for Peace, which publishes the annual Fragile States Index, already registers Djibouti as having a “very high warning” risk of state collapse.

The U.S. government should reject the notion that allying with brutal regimes in the short-term somehow pro