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Ethiopia: Abdi Iley, TPLF’s Liyu Police Militia head who killed tens of thousands and displaced millions in the Somali and Oromia has been officially arrested. August 27, 2018

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Odaa Oromoooromianeconomist

tplf-ethiopias-federal-army-abbay-tsehaye-and-samora-yunus-are-architects-of-the-ongoing-ethnic-cleansing-against-oromo-in-south-and-eastern-oromia

Head of the mass killer militia, Ethiopia Liyu Police, Abdi Illey has been officially arrested.png

Abdi Iley,  the notorious TPLF’s Liyu Police Militia head who killed tens of thousands and displaced millions in the Somali and Oromia  states has been officially arrested. Click here to read Ethiopia’s Liyyu Police – Devils on Armored Vehicles.

Ethiopia arrests ex-Somali region head over rights abuses

Abdi Mohamed Omar arrested on charges of human rights abuses and stoking deadly ethnic clashes in restive region. Click here to read Aljazeera news


 

 

Akka maddeen amanamoon jedhanitti Abdi Ileen kan toyannoo jala oole tureera, garuu labsuun hin barbaachifne. Walgahii EPRDF dheengaddaatu eegamaa ture. Warri TPLF walgahii sana fayyadamanii dhiibbaa gochuudhaan Abdi Ilee hiiksisuu fi immunity isaa eegsisuuf hidhatanii falmaa turaniif. Yoo Abdi Ileen tuqame naannoo san tasgabbeessuun hin danda’amu, inumaa naannochi Itoopyiyaa irraa akka fottoqu godhama olola jedhuun warri Wayyaanee dachii balleessaa turani. Garuu walgahicha irratti yaadni gama kaanii waan moohateef hireen Abdi Ilees seeratti dhihaachuu taate. Har’a akka hidhamuun isaa labsamu kan godhames eega haalli naannoo Soomaalee toyannaa jala ooluun mirkanaawee booda.

Miidiyaan Sagalee Wayyaanee kan dur yoo titiifni illee Abdi Ilee irratti teesse akkam tuqama jedhee dheekkamu har’a gab jedhee jira. Rogeeyyiin Wayyaanees akka dur xaxxaaxa’aa hin jiran. Hanga ammaatti yaada hin kennanne. Dhugaan oolee bulee akkasumatti injifanta. Kan itti aanus walumaan laaluuf umrii nuuf haa kennu.


Akka maddeen amanamoon jedhanitti Abdi Ileen kan toyannoo jala oole tureera, garuu labsuun hin barbaachifne. Walgahii EPRDF dheengaddaatu eegamaa ture. Warri TPLF walgahii sana fayyadamanii dhiibbaa gochuudhaan Abdi Ilee hiiksisuu fi immunity isaa eegsisuuf hidhatanii falmaa turaniif. Yoo Abdi Ileen tuqame naannoo san tasgabbeessuun hin danda’amu, inumaa naannochi Itoopyiyaa irraa akka fottoqu godhama olola jedhuun warri Wayyaanee dachii balleessaa turani. Garuu walgahicha irratti yaadni gama kaanii waan moohateef hireen Abdi Ilees seeratti dhihaachuu taate. Har’a akka hidhamuun isaa labsamu kan godhames eega haalli naannoo Soomaalee toyannaa jala ooluun mirkanaawee booda.

Miidiyaan Sagalee Wayyaanee kan dur yoo titiifni illee Abdi Ilee irratti teesse akkam tuqama jedhee dheekkamu har’a gab jedhee jira. Rogeeyyiin Wayyaanees akka dur xaxxaaxa’aa hin jiran. Hanga ammaatti yaada hin kennanne. Dhugaan oolee bulee akkasumatti injifanta. Kan itti aanus walumaan laaluuf umrii nuuf haa kennu.

 

የቀድሞ የኢትዮጵያ ሱማሌ ክልል ርዕሰ መስተዳድር አቶ አብዲ መሐመድ ኦማር በቁጥጥር ስር ዋሉ


ግለሰቡ አዲስ አበባ አትላስ ከሚገኛው መኖሪያ ቤታቸው ነው ዛሬ በፌደራል ፖሊስ ቁጥጥር ስር የዋሉት፡፡

እንደ ፌደራል ጠቅላይ አቃቤ ሕግ ገለጻ አቶ አብዲ በሕግ ጥላ ስር እንዲውሉ ካደረጓቸው የወንጀል ተግባራት መካከል የሰብአዊ መብት ጥሰት፣ የብሔር ግጭት፣ በሃይማኖት መካከል ግጭት እንዲፈጠር ማድረግ የሚሉት ተጠቅሰዋል፡፡

ፖሊስ እሳቸውን ጨምሮ በድርጊቱ ተሳትፈዋል የተባሉ ሌሎች አካላትን በቁጥጥር ስር እያዋለ ነው፡፡

በአቶ አብዲ መኖሪያ ቤት 5 ክላንሽኮቭ እና 4 ሽጉጦች በቁጥጥር ስር ውሏል፡፡

መኖሪያ ቤታቸው በፖሊስ ቁጥጥር ስር መዋሉንም ለማወቅ ተችሏል፡፡

ፖሊስ እርሳቸውን ጨምሮ በድርጊቱ ተሳትፈዋል የተባሉ ሌሎች አካላትን በቁጥጥር ስር እያወለ መሆኑን ጠቅላይ አቃቤ ሕግ መግለጹን ሪፖርተራችን ጥላሁን ካሳ ዘግቧል፡፡ – EBC

 

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Oromia: Ethiopia must end its political, economic and social exclusion and marginalization of Afaan Oromo speakers from federal institutions and the Addis Ababa city administration August 26, 2018

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
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Odaa OromoooromianeconomistThe six widely spoken languages in Africa

There is no law or policy that prohibits the Federal Government from conducting its business in Afaan Oromo!


Ethiopia must end its political, economic and social exclusion and marginalization of Afaan Oromo speakers from federal institutions and the Addis Ababa city administration claiming non-existing language laws and language policies as the basis of these exclusions.

Ethiopia never had formal language laws and language policy in its history to exclude the use of Afaan Oromo. The so-called language related provision in the federal constitution is not self-executing law. It needs language policy and language law for it to be legally enforced in the court of law or followed by any government institutions.

Alternatively, even if one claims that there is constitutional self-executing law, it does not bar the use of Afaan Oromo by federal institutions and Addis Ababa City Administration.

More importantly, Addis Ababa city administration does not need any federal authorization to adopt right away Afaan Oromo as its working language on equal footing with Amharic.

There are many Ethiopia’s own language use practices that will enable the federal government to adopt Afaan Oromo as its working language without needing any law or policy.

For instance, there is no law or language policy that says Ethiopia will use English in its international communication. Yet, the country is using English in its international communication in spite of the absence of language law or language policy.

Similarly, if we look at Ethiopia’s medium of instruction both at secondary and university levels, there is no language law or language policy issued to mandate Ethiopian academic institutions to teach in English.

If we look at the past practices of the Ministry of Education, there is no law that mandated the inclusion of Geez, a language used in church liturgy with zero living speakers, on Ethiopian School Leaving Certificate Exam(ESLCE) while willfully excluding Afaan Oromo or other languages with tens of millions of speakers from ESLCE.

If there is any legal basis for all these unregulated language uses, the only document one may find is the educational curriculum prepared by the Ethiopian Ministry of Education. That means, all these messes were done at the free will of unelected and unauthorized experts at the Ministry of Education whom the Ethiopian people have zero knowledge even about their existence.

Similarly, there is no clearly drawn language use policy that regulates the Ethiopian federal media outlets to broadcast in any given languages including in Afaan Oromo. It is pretty much the discretionary decision of these entities.

If unelected, unauthorized and obscure curriculum developing experts at the Ministry of Education or media companies were given so much power in deciding on what languages our educational system or media uses or not uses; we expect our elected, legally authorized and publically known officials including the Ethiopian federal parliament, the federal judicial and executive organs to use Afaan Oromo in conducting their business.

Afaan Oromo speakers who constitute more than 50% of the Ethiopian population cannot wait until the constitution is amended or language use laws or policies are issued to get services from the federal government and Addis Ababa city administration.

The degree of exclusion and marginalization of the Oromo people in Ethiopia is unbearable. The Oromo people cannot remain excluded from their own country. All cities, religious institutions, media outlets and federal government entities in Oromia, including in Addis Ababa, must serve the Oromo people in Afaan Oromo.

Furthermore, since both the federal government institutions and Addis Ababa City Administration are exclusively located in the Oromia National Regional Government where the working language is legally Afaan Oromo, there is no federal law or policy that prohibits the federal government and the Addis Ababa City Administration from conducting their Business in Afaan Oromo.

In fact, both the federal institutions and the Addis Ababa City Administration must use Afaan Oromo, the official working language in Oromia, to conduct their business in Oromia Region according to the Ethiopian federal constitution which recognizes the rights of regional governments to use the language of their choosing as their working language.



ጠ/ሚ ዶ/ር አብይ አህመድ በዛሬው መግለጫቸው የኦሮሞ ህዝብን ቅስም ሰብረውታል ::

በኦሮሞ ህዝብ ዘንድ አንደኛ ደረጃ የሚባለው የህዝብ ጥያቄ የቋንቋ ጥያቄ ነው :: ኦሮምኛ ቋንቋ የፌደራሉ የስራ ቋንቋ እስካልሆነ ድረስ የኦሮሞ ህዝብ በዕውቀት በኢኮኖሚ እና በማንኛውም የማህበራዊ ህይወቱ ዝቅተኛ ነው :: እንዲህ ያፈጠጠ የኦሮሞ ህዝብ ችግርን ጠ/ሚ ዶ/ር አብይ ኦሮምኛ ቋንቋ የፌደራል የስራ ቋንቋ አሁኑኑ ይሁን ማለት አግባብ አይደለም ማለታቸው ደሙን የገበረውን የኦሮሞን ህዝብ ቅስም የሰበረ ሆኖ አግኝቼዋለው :: ጠቅላይ ሚንስተሩ ኦሮምኛ ቋንቋ የፌደራሉ የስራ ቋንቋ አሁኑኑ ይሁን የሚለውን ጥያቄ አግባብ አይደለም ብለው ያስቀመጡበት ምክንያት የህግ ማሻሻያ የሚፈልግ ስለሆነ ብለዋል :: ነገር ግን ኦሮምኛ ቋንቋ የፌደራሉ የስራ ቋንቋ ለማድረግ የህግ ማሻሻያ ሳይሆን ተጨማሪ ህግ ብቻ ነው የሚያስፈልገው ::
በአጠቃላይ በመግለጫቸው ኦሮምኛ ቋንቋ የፌደራሉ የስራ ቋንቋ እንደማይሆን ነው እጅግ በጣም ያሳዝናል ::

ጠ/ሚ ዶ/ር አብይ አህመድ አሁንም የኦሮሞን ህዝብ ሊሰሙት እና ጥይቄዎቹን በአፋጣኝ ሊመልሱለት ይገባል ::

አሁንም ታስረናል


JT: China’s creditor imperialism. #Africa August 26, 2018

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
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 Odaa Oromoooromianeconomist

“Unlike International Monetary Fund and World Bank lending, Chinese loans are collateralized by strategically important natural assets with high long-term value (even if they lack short-term commercial viability). Hambantota, for example, straddles Indian Ocean trade routes linking Europe, Africa and the Middle East to Asia. In exchange for financing and building the infrastructure that poorer countries need, China demands favorable access to their natural assets, from mineral resources to ports.”


China’s creditor imperialism

BY BRAHMA CHELLANEY,  The Japan Times, 21 December 2017
China’s creditor imperialism
Police in Sri Lanka use water cannon to disperse people protesting a government plan to grant a 99-year lease of Hambantota port to a Chinese company on Jan. 7. Nations caught in debt bondage to China risk losing both their most valuable natural assets and their very sovereignty. | AP

This month, Sri Lanka, unable to pay the onerous debt to China it has accumulated, formally handed over its strategically located Hambantota port to the Asian giant. It was a major acquisition for China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) — which President Xi Jinping calls the “project of the century” — and proof of just how effective China’s debt-trap diplomacy can be.

Unlike International Monetary Fund and World Bank lending, Chinese loans are collateralized by strategically important natural assets with high long-term value (even if they lack short-term commercial viability). Hambantota, for example, straddles Indian Ocean trade routes linking Europe, Africa and the Middle East to Asia. In exchange for financing and building the infrastructure that poorer countries need, China demands favorable access to their natural assets, from mineral resources to ports.

Moreover, as Sri Lanka’s experience starkly illustrates, Chinese financing can shackle its “partner” countries. Rather than offering grants or concessionary loans, China provides huge project-related loans at market-based rates, without transparency, much less environmental or social impact assessments. As U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson put it recently, with the BRI China is aiming to define “its own rules and norms.”

To strengthen its position further, China has encouraged its companies to bid for outright purchase of strategic ports where possible. The Mediterranean port of Piraeus, which a Chinese firm acquired for $436 million from cash-strapped Greece last year, will serve as the BRI’s “dragon head” in Europe.

By wielding its financial clout in this manner, China seeks to kill two birds with one stone.

First, it wants to address overcapacity at home by boosting exports. Second, it hopes to advance its strategic interests, including expanding its diplomatic influence, securing natural resources, promoting the international use of its currency and gaining a relative advantage over other powers.

China’s predatory approach — and its gloating over securing Hambantota — is ironic, to say the least. In its relationships with smaller countries like Sri Lanka, China is replicating the practices used against it in the European-colonial period, which began with the 1839-1860 Opium Wars and ended with the 1949 communist takeover — a period that China bitterly refers to as its “century of humiliation.”

China portrayed the 1997 restoration of its sovereignty over Hong Kong, following more than a century of British administration, as righting a historic injustice. Yet, as Hambantota shows, China is now establishing its own Hong Kong-style neocolonial arrangements. Apparently Xi’s promise of the “great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation” is inextricable from the erosion of smaller states’ sovereignty.

Just as European imperial powers employed gunboat diplomacy to open new markets and colonial outposts, China uses sovereign debt to bend other states to its will, without having to fire a single shot. Like the opium the British exported to China, the easy loans China offers are addictive. And, because China chooses its projects according to their long-term strategic value, they may yield short-term returns that are insufficient for countries to repay their debts. This gives China added leverage, which it can use, say, to force borrowers to swap debt for equity, thereby expanding China’s global footprint by trapping a growing number of countries in debt servitude.

Even the terms of the 99-year Hambantota port lease echo those used to force China to lease its own ports to Western colonial powers. Britain leased the New Territories from China for 99 years in 1898, causing Hong Kong’s landmass to expand by 90 percent. Yet the 99-year term was fixed merely to help China’s ethnic-Manchu Qing Dynasty save face; the reality was that all acquisitions were believed to be permanent.

Now, China is applying the imperial 99-year lease concept in distant lands. China’s lease agreement over Hambantota, concluded this summer, included a promise that China would shave $1.1 billion off Sri Lanka’s debt. In 2015, a Chinese firm took out a 99-year lease on Australia’s deep-water port of Darwin — home to more than 1,000 U.S. Marines — for $388 million.

Similarly, after lending billions of dollars to heavily indebted Djibouti, China established its first overseas military base this year in that tiny but strategic state, just a few kilometers from a U.S. naval base — the only permanent American military facility in Africa. Trapped in a debt crisis, Djibouti had no choice but to lease land to China for $20 million per year. China has also used its leverage over Turkmenistan to secure natural gas by pipeline largely on Chinese terms.

Several other countries, from Argentina to Namibia to Laos, have been ensnared in a Chinese debt trap, forcing them to confront agonizing choices in order to stave off default. Kenya’s crushing debt to China now threatens to turn its busy port of Mombasa — the gateway to East Africa — into another Hambantota.

These experiences should serve as a warning that the BRI is essentially an imperial project that aims to bring to fruition the mythical Middle Kingdom. States caught in debt bondage to China risk losing both their most valuable natural assets and their very sovereignty. The new imperial giant’s velvet glove cloaks an iron fist — one with the strength to squeeze the vitality out of smaller countries.


Brahma Chellaney, a professor of strategic studies at the New Delhi-based Center for Policy Research and a fellow at the Robert Bosch Academy in Berlin, is the author of nine books, including “Asian Juggernaut,” “Water: Asia’s New Battleground,” and “Water, Peace, and War: Confronting the Global Water Crisis.” © Project Syndicate, 2017


Related article from Financial Times:

The Chinese model is failing Africa

Beijing’s plans for Africa do not stop there. President Xi Jinping is keen for China to serve as an economic and political model for the developing world. He hopes that China’s infrastructure finance and manufacturing investment in Africa will spur industrialisation and development. But to be productive and contribute to economic development, infrastructure needs to be high-quality and high-performing. And the evidence shows that China’s infrastructure-driven economic model has been far from efficient and is one to avoid rather than emulate. Over half of China’s infrastructure projects are under-performing, damaging rather than fuelling growth and leaving an enormous debt burden for the domestic economy.

Shira habashaan Afaan Oromoo irratti xaxamaa jiru hayyootni Oromummaa qaban mormaniiru August 20, 2018

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
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Odaa Oromoooromianeconomist

 

 

#Oolmaa Har’aa: on the Roadmap and Afaan Oromoo issue


“Shira habashaan xaxamaa jiru, hayyootni Oromummaa qaban mormaniiru. Shirri ‘education road map’ haaraatiin xaxamee, “Afaan dhalootaan barachuun hanga kutaa 6tti ga’aadha, Afaan Amaaraa immoo kutaa 1 eegalee kennamuu qaba” jedhu, sabboontota Oromoo, pirezedaantota yuunivarsiitiitiin mormii guddaan irratti ka’eera. Gaaffileen ka’aa turanis:
1. Dhuguma Afaan dhalootaan barachuun qulqullina barnootaa miidheeraa?
2. Qorataan tokko akkamittiin mirga heeraan naannoleef kenname diiguu danda’a?
3. Afaan Oromoo ol guddataa deema jennee utuu abdannuu, isin akkamittiin hanga 6 qofaatti murteessitu?
4. Abbaan dhimmaa Afaanii, warra afaan Sana dubbatu ta’ee utuu jiruu, akkamittiin qaamni afaanicha hin beekiin murtee dabarsuu danda’a?
5. Qorannoon kun haaromsaan dura waan eegaleef, akkamittiin amanamuu danda’a?
6. Compositioniin qorattootaa sirriidha?
7. Dookumentii kana erga waggaa 3 dura eegaltanii maaliif hanga ammaa dhoksitan? fi gaaffilee kanneen biroo gaafataa oolaniiru. Pirezedaantota yuunivarsiitilee Oromiyaa keessaa dhufanii dhimma Oromoo miidhu balaaleffataniifi kan habashota gammachiisuuf dubbatan adda baasuun saaxilaa deemuunis dirqama. Kanaaf, gantoota akka Dr Saamu’eel Kiflee(kan ministeera barnootaa keessaa hojjetu), Silashii Geetahuun(kan dhiyeenya koree giddugaleessaa DHDUO keessaa ari’ame) fi Dr Jeyluun Umar(itti aanaa pirezedaantii yuunivarsiitii Finfinnee), namoota akka qorannoon kun guutummaatti hojiirra ooluuf hirmaattota walga’ii har’aa sossobaa oolanidha. Kanaaf, dhimma Oromoo keessa galanii murteessaa waan jiraniif akka irraa of qusatan jenna. Dr Abiyi immoo rakkoon qulqullina barnootaa jiraachuu malee Shira habashoonni xaxuuf deeman kana Waan hubate hin fakkaatu. BBO immoo dhimma qorannoo kana quba akka hin qabne odeeffanneerra. Walumaagalatti, hayyuun Oromoo, qorannoo Oromoo miidhu xiinxalee yoo hin mormine, Oromoof hayyuu ta’uu hin danda’u.
Galatoomaa.
FB irratti share taasisuun Oromoo nuuf dhageessisi maaloo.”

The Guardian: Jawar Mohammed’s red-carpet return signals Ethiopia’s political sea change #Qeerroo August 20, 2018

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Odaa Oromoooromianeconomist

Jawar Mohammed’s red-carpet return signals Ethiopia’s political sea change

Two years ago, the state branded him a terrorist. Now, after years in exile, activist Jawar Mohammed is back – and determined to see democracy in his country

A man holds an Oromo Liberation Front flag as people in Addis Ababa celebrate the triumphant return of Oromo activist Jawar Mohammed
 A man holds an Oromo Liberation Front flag as people in Addis Ababa celebrate the triumphant return of Oromo activist Jawar Mohammed. Photograph: Tiksa Negeri/Reuters


Jawar Mohammed never travels alone. When the US-based Ethiopian activist returned to his home country on 5 August, he was treated like royalty. A posse of sharply suited young men hovered by him at all times. Jeeps carrying security guards patrolled his hotel in central Addis Ababa, the Ethiopian capital. Supporters from the provinces arrived in droves to pay their respects. Over the course of a two-week visit he held about 25 to 30 meetings a day, according to an exhausted aide.

After meeting with the Guardian in his hotel suite he rushed off to give a lecture at the capital’s main university, entourage in tow.

Nothing demonstrated the breathtaking transformation in Ethiopian politics over the past four months quite like the red-carpeted return of a figure who was once the ruling Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front’s (EPRDF) most wanted man.

From a studio in Minneapolis, where he founded the controversial Oromia Media Network, Jawar has spent the past decade agitating over social media for political change back home in Ethiopia, which he left as a scholarship student in 2003. This was his first time in Ethiopia since 2008.

Jawar Mohammed, U.S.-based Oromo activist and leader of the Oromo Protest, addresses a news conference upon arriving in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia August 5, 2018. REUTERS/Tiksa Negeri
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 Jawar Mohammed addresses a news conference upon arriving in Addis Ababa in August. Photograph: Tiksa Negeri/Reuters


So effective was he as an activist that by late 2016, as anti-government protests billowed across the country compelling the EPRDF to impose a state of emergency, the Oromia Media Network was banned and Mohammed declared a terrorist.

By early 2018 the revolutionary fervour had grown so loud that Hailemariam Desalegn was forced to resign as prime minister, paving the way for his enormously popular successor Abiy Ahmed, a young reformist from Oromia, Jawar’s home and the country’s largest and most populous region.

The Oromia Media Network, along with some smaller outlets and activists, has used social media to devastating effect over the past few years, coordinating boycotts and demonstrations and bringing Ethiopia’s large and often brutal security apparatus close to its knees.

“We used social media and formal media so effectively that the state was completely overwhelmed,” Jawar says. “The only option they had was to face reform or accept full revolution.”

During the course of a triumphant homecoming, the former terrorist (charges were dropped in May) toured the country, mostly around Oromia, where he was welcomed by vast and jubilant crowds. On his first day he led a tub-thumping rally in the capital’s main concert hall.

Later he travelled to Ambo, the epicentre of the Oromo protest movement – a struggle for political freedom and for greater ethnic representation in federal structures, which Jawar played a main role in orchestrating. Tens of thousands arrived to greet him, more than when Abiy visited the town shortly after his inauguration in April.

As Jawar had promised his supporters – mostly young, politically active Oromo men known as the Qeerroo – he took off his shoes and walked prophet-like through the streets of the city. He then planted a tree at the site where a young man was killed by security forces nearly 15 years ago, long before the rise of the movement that threw him into the national spotlight.

“They used to make me so happy and proud with what they did,” he said of Ambo’s Qeerroo. “So I told them: ‘One day I will come to your city and show my respect by walking barefoot.’ That day came and I had to deliver.”

Few doubt the importance of Jawar in recent Ethiopian history. Perhaps more than any other single individual, he took the once-marginal politics of Oromo nationalism and made it mainstream. Today, Oromos – the country’s largest ethnic group – dominate the highest offices of state, and Jawar enjoys significant personal influence over the country’s new leaders, including Abiy himself.

In a recent interview with local media he claimed – to the dismay of many Ethiopians – that the country now effectively has two governments: one led by Abiy, the other by the Qeerroo. This puts him in a position of extraordinary responsibility, since he is “one of the Qeerroo” and “a significant portion of the country listens to me”, he admits.

Many are uncomfortable with the whiff of demagoguery that accompanies Jawar. One Ethiopian journalist (who asked to remain anonymous) notes his “Trumpian sense of truth when inconvenient facts surface”.

He has been accused of inflating the numbers of protesters killed by security forces and, infamously, telling his followers (73,000 on Twitter and more than 1.4m on Facebook) that army helicopters fired live bullets at civilians during the tragic stampede that occurred during an Oromo cultural festival in October 2016. Independent journalists present confirmed this did not happen. He has a history of smearing journalists he disagrees with as government “agents”.

He has also been accused of inciting ethnic and religious violence. In a 2013 video, for example, he is heard saying: “My village is 99% Muslim. If someone speaks against us, we cut his throat with a machete.”

In recent years, he has whipped up his supporters against the Tigrayan People’s Liberation Front, the once dominant ethnic Tigrayan wing of the ruling coalition, which critics argue led to attacks against Tigrayan civilians as well as those of other ethnic groups. Jawar says that he has long sought to steer his supporters towards “non-violent resistance”, and adds that “even when TPLF was in power and actively killing our civilians we ensured Tigrayan civilians were not subject to attacks”.

These days, Jawar comes across as a more moderate and conciliatory figure. He says he plans for the Oromia Media Network to set up offices across Ethiopia and become a professionalised outfit. He points to the BBC and NPR as models. He insists he has no intention to enter formal politics, preferring to remain an activist.

“I want to help us in the next couple of years transition to democracy. And for that I want to use my influence over the population so that they can calm down, contain themselves, and ensure peace while the political leadership works out arrangements for transition,” Jawar says.

The last point is especially significant. In recent weeks instability across Ethiopia has escalated sharply, especially in his own region. The day after his interview with the Guardian a rally in the town of Shashamene turned violent, as a crowd of Jawar followers publicly hung a man they suspected of carrying a bomb. Two more died in the carnage that followed. Many Ethiopians blame him for the unrest, and he was compelled to cancel the rest of his tour.

Jawar nonetheless remains optimistic about the country’s future, and about the prospect of a peaceful politics free from violent expressions of ethnic identity. “I do believe if we democratise the Ethiopian state – allowing people of all ethnicities to participate in the political process and to get a fair share of power and wealth – there is a possibility the next generation will be proud Oromo and proud Ethiopian at the same time. I think that is possible.”

 


 

Ethiopia Violence A Concern Despite Reform Promises, – Human Rights Watch August 16, 2018

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Odaa Oromoooromianeconomist

Ethiopia Violence A Concern Despite Reform Promises

Government Should Address Killings in Somali and Oromia Regions



Read Related Articles from Oromian Economist  sources:

Ethiopia: Abusive police unit must be stopped, – Amnesty  International

The spectre haunting Ethiopia: Unbridled torture, impunity in Somali region,– The East African

 

Ethiopia: At least 37 people killed and more than 44 wounded after attack by the Liyu police in at least three separate localities in Eastern Hararghe zone of the Oromia State. Over 30,000 Oromos displaced from Djibouti.August 13, 2018,  Oromian Economist

HARARHGE :
This week at least 50 people have been killed and tens of thousands are displaced and are once again facing catastrophic situations in East Hararghe zone. They need different humanitarian support. Among these a top urgent is medical support. I demand Federal Ministry of Health and Oromia Regional Health Bureau to provide immediate medical assistance to those injured and internally displaced in different districts of East Hararghe Zone of Oromia National Regional State. – Oromo Federalist Congress

Ethiopia: At least 37 people killed and more than 44 wounded after attack by the Liyu police in at least three separate localities in Eastern Hararghe zone of the Oromia State. Over 30,000 Oromos displaced from Djibouti. August 13, 2018

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Six people have also died in Shashemene city and in East Wellega zone of the Oromia regional state on Sunday and Saturday respectively. See the scoop below. 


The number of people killed after attack by the Liyu police in at least three separate localities in Eastern Hararghe zone of the Oromia regional state has climbed to 37, according to Tizita Abay, communication officer of the Mayu Muluke Wereda where more than 30 of the causalities were from. More than 44 have been wounded.  Abdulahi Ahmedi Kawo, another official from Mayu Muluke Wereda also told the BBC News Afaan Oromo service that ten of the wounded were currently receiving treatment at Gara Muleta hospital, in Gara Muleta town while some 36 are being treated at a local clinic.

The attacks happened on Sunday from 10 AM to late afternoon and Sunday to Monday night, in what Mohammed Aliyi, a police officer in the Mayu Muluke town said were a military assault by members of Ethiopia’s controversial Liyu Police “for reasons we are not clear with yet,” he told Addis Standard by phone. However, Taye Dendea, the region’s justice bureau communication head wrote on facebook page yesterday that 31 people were killed, of whom five were women. Children and the elderly were among the victims. Negeri Lencho, Oromia region communication bureau head, confirmed to OBN this afternoon the number of victims and said the attack was in line with the larger pattern of the Liyu Police’s track record in attacking civilians. But the government was working to bring a lasting solution, he said.

Ibsa Abdella, a nurse who is currently coordinating the emergency section for the wounded, told Addis Standard that eight of the victims were admitted yesterday and two were admitted on various times since Friday afternoon. According to Ibsa, sixteen people were also treated for light injuries. “All of them have sustained bullet wounds; of the ten currently being treated at the hospital two are in critical condition: one who is shot is his genitalia area and a second who was shot in his chest area,” Ibsa said by phone from Gara Muleta hospital.  “The second who was hit in his chest is Sergent Mustefa Jamal, a member of the Oromia region riot police.”  Three more of the wounded are also police officers, he said.


ADDIS ABABA (Reuters 13 August 2018) – At least 40 people were killed by security forces in eastern Ethiopia at the weekend, a senior regional official said on Monday.

“The victims were all ethnic Oromos. The perpetrators were members of a paramilitary force,” said Negeri Lencho, spokesman for the Oromiya state administration.

The area has been plagued by instability.

Reporting by Aaron Maasho; editing by John Stonestreet


At least 37 people were killed in a Sunday morning raid in Ethiopia’s eastern Oromia region by the Somali special paramilitary force known as Liyu police, a local official has told the BBC.

More than 40 others were injured, the head of communication for Mayu Mulukke district, Tizita Abay, said.

Women, children under a year and blind elders are among the dead, officials say.

A witness, who survived several shots and a cut on his ear, said the paramilitary troops left him, thinking he was dead.

‘‘While we were sleeping they opened the door and killed my wife, son and neighbour’s child [who was sleeping at his house],’’ he added.

Somali officials have not yet commented on the allegations.

Human Right groups have long accused the special paramilitary force of killings, rapes and other abuses.

The border conflict between the Somali and Oromia region has left thousands of people dead and has forced more than one million to flee their homes in the past year.

Federal government troops have set up a base in the region as they carry out operations to curb the conflict.



Ethiopia: Paramilitaries ‘kill at least 40’ in Oromia region,  Aljazeera

Officials say paramilitary forces from the Somali region carried out cross-border attacks in Oromia’s East Hararghe.


Humna Poolisii Addaa Naannoo Somalee Meeshaa Hikkachiisuf Murteeffame

Oromia: Simannaa Jawar Mohammed: Amboo fi Shashamannee August 12, 2018

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Odaa Oromoooromianeconomist

 

ህወሀት አጥምዶ መቀሌ ላይ በመቀመጥ የሚችለውን እያደረገ ነው:: በእጅ አዙር የእርስ በእርስ ግጭት የጥፋት ተልዕኮን ማራመድና የተዛቡና ሀሰተኛ መረጃዎችን በስፋት በማስራጨት ህዝቡ ላይ የስነልቦና ቀውስ መፍጠር ነው August 11, 2018

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ህወሃት ሁለት ግንባሮችን ከፍቶ በሰፊው እየሰራበት ነው (መሳይ መኮንን)

 

Abraha Desat of Arena Tigray and Abay Tsehaye, Debretsion Gebremichael of TPLF.

ህወሀት ከቤተመንግስት ተባሮ መቀሌ ከመሸገ ወዲህ ሁለት ግንባሮችን ከፍቶ በሰፊው እየሰራበት ነው። አንደኛው ግንባር የቀድሞውን መዋቅር በመጠቀም ከፍተኛ ገንዘብ ውጪ አድርጎ በየአከባቢው አለመረጋጋትን መፍጠር ነው። ሁለተኛ ደግሞ በማህበራዊ መገናኛ መድረኮች የተዛቡ፡ ሀሰተኛና ህዝብን ሰላም የሚነሱ መረጃዎችን የሚያሰራጩ ወደ 100ሺህ የሚጠጉ አካውንቶችን በዘመቻ ከፍቶ መረበሽ ነው። በቅርቡ መቀሌ የመከሩት የህወሀት ”ምሁራን” ላይ አንዱ የፌስ ቡክ አዛማቻቸው ቃል በቃል ያለውም ይሀው ነው። ” በ100ሺዎች ሆነን መረጃው ላይ መዋጋት አለብን” ያለው ልጅ አሁን አሜሪካ መጥቶ ምን እያደረገ እንዳለ ግልጽ ነው። በይፋ ኤታ ማዦር ሹሙ ጄነራል ሳዐረ መኮንን ለዶ/ር አብይ እንዳይታዘዙ አደገኛ መልዕክት እያሰተላለፈ ነው።

አዎን! ህወሀት በሁለቱም ግንባሮች እረፍት አጥቶ በመስራት ላይ ነው። የምንዋጋው ሁለቱንም ግንባሮች መሆን አለበት። ሁለቱ ግንባሮች ተደጋጋፊ ናቸው። አንደኛው ለአንደኛው እንደፍግ፡ ማዳበሪያ ሆኖ እያገለገለ ነው።

ህወሀት የሚከተለው የቀውስ አመራር ነበር። ህዝብ ከህዝብ ጋር ካልተጋጨ በስልጣን የመቆየት እድል እንደሌለው ስለሚያምን የአመራር ስልቱን ማጋጨት ላይ አተኩሯል። ባይዘልቅበትም ለተወሰኑ ዓመታት ዕድሜን አግኝቷል። አሁን ያለው አመራር በተቃራኒው የቆመ ነው። ከግጭት ይልቅ ሰላምን የሚመርጥ አስተዳደር ነው። ህወሀት የማወከ ስትራቴጂ ነድፎ፡ በግልጽ ጦርነት እያወጀ እንኳን የሚታገስ አመራር ነው ቤተመንግስት ያለው። በእርግጥ ትዕግስት ድንበር አለው። ሀገርን ወደ ለየለት ቀውስ ለመክተት ሁለት ግንባሮችን የከፈተ አጥፊ ቡድንን መታገሱ እስከመቼ ሊዘልቅ ይችል ይሆን? እነአብይ የመረጡት መንገድ ህወሀትን ከጥፋት ጉዞው ያስቆመዋልን?

ጠ/ሚር አብይ ህወሀትን እያፈራረሱት መሆኑ ግልጽ ነው። በጥበብና በድፍረት በፌደራል መንግስቱ ያሉትን የህወሀትን መዋቅሮች በማወላለቅ በአጭር ጊዜ ከመንግስትነት ወደተራ ሽፍታ ቡድን እንዲቀየር ማድረጋቸው አስደማሚ ነው። በዚህ ፍጥነት ህወሀት ተሰባብሮ ከነጥቁር ታሪኩ ወደ መፈጠሪያ ዋሻው ደደቢት እንዲጠጋ የተደረገበት ድምጽ አልባው መፈንቅለ መንግስት በሆሊውድ መንደር ቢሆን ጥሩ ፊልም የሚወጣው ታሪክ ነው። ህወሀት ከእንግዲህ ወደ አራት ኪሎ ቤተመንግስት የሚመመለስበት አንድም እድል የለውም። በምርጫ አይችልም። ለምርጫ የሚያበቃ ተፈጥሮአዊ ባህሪ የለውም። ሌላው መንገዱ ሃይል ነው። ሞትን የማይፈራው ትውልድ በእነዶ/ር አብይ እየተመራ ህወሀት በሀይል ልሞክር ቢል ትርፉ እስከወዲያኛው መጥፋት ነው። አጉል አሟሟት ነው። ቢሞክሯት ጥሩ ነበር።

ህወሀት ለጊዜው ያለው ምርጫ መረበሽ ነው። ማወክ ነው። የስነልቦና ጦርነት ማወጅ ነው። በዝርፊያ በተከማቸ ገንዘብ በየአቅጣጫው ብጥብጥ መፍጠር ነው። ለዚህም ሁለት ግንባሮችን በይፋ ከፍቷል። ሁለቱ ግንባሮች ጊዜያዊ ሰላም መደፍረስን እያስከተሉ ነው። ለሰላም፡ እርቅና እድገት የሚውለውን ጊዜና ገንዘብ መብላት ጀምረዋል። እናም ነቅተንና አስምረን የተከፈቱትን ግንባሮች ልንዋጋቸው ይገባል። ከምንጊዜውም በላይ ጥንቃቄ የሚፈልግ ዘመን ላይ ነን። ከስሜት ግልቢያ ወጥተን፡ በዕውቀትና በእርጋታ፡ ከአንድ ሰሞን ዘመቻ ተላቀን በራዕይና ተልዕኮ በተቀረጸ የተግባር እርምጃ ላይ እናተኩር ዘንድ የሁላችን ቅን ልቦናና ዝግጁነት የሚጠይቅበት ወቅት ላይ ነን።

ህወሀት በአንደኛው ግንባሩ የሚችለውን እያደረገ ነው። በሶማሌ ክልል በእጅ አዙር የከፈተበትን የእርስ በእርስ ግጭት እንደተፈራው ሀገርን የሚገነጣጥል ባይሆንም ጠባሳ አሳርፎብናል። በቅማንት አከባቢ የቀበረው ፈንጂም በአግባቡ ካልተነቀለ የፈነዳ ዕለት ጥፋቱ አደገኛ ሊሆን ይችላል። በሌሎች አከባቢዎችም ተመሳሳይ የልዩነት ቦምቦችን አጥምዶ መቀሌ ላይ በመቀመጥ የሚፈነዱበትን ሰዓት እየጠበቀ ነው። የዶ/ር አብይ አስተዳደር ይህን ግንባር ብቻውን አይመክተውም። የኢትዮጵያውያን ድጋፍና ደጀንነት ለጥያቄ የሚቀርብ አይደለም። የህወሀትን የጥፋት ተልዕኮ ማሳካትም፡ ማምከንም የሚችለው ህዝባችን ነው። እነዶ/ር አብይ በጥበብ የሚያደርጉትን የማረጋጋት ሀገራዊ ስራ ትንሽ ፍጥነት ጨምረውበት ከቀጠሉና የህዝባቸውን ድጋፍ ካገኙ የህወሀት አንደኛው ግንባር ድባቅ መመታቱ አይቀርም።

ሁለተኛው ግንባር የተዛቡና ሀሰተኛ መረጃዎችን በስፋት በማስራጨት ህዝቡ ላይ የስነልቦና ቀውስ መፍጠር ነው። ጦር ከፈታው ወሬ የፈታው እንዲሉ በተባራሪ፡ አፍና ጭራ በሌላቸው ሀሰተኛ ወሬዎች ህዝባችን ምን ያህል እንደሚደናገጥ የሰሞኑን ”የአብይ የመግደል ሙከራ” ወሬ አይነተኛ ማሳያ ይሆናል። ዶ/ር አብይ ዛሬ በቴሌቪዥን መስኮት ቀርበው ”ህዝባችን ሰምቶ ከሚወስን ለምን አይመርምርም?” ዓይነት ወሳኝ ነጥብ አንስተዋል። ግጭቶች የሚከሰቱት እውነት ላይ ተመስርተው እንዳልሆነና በስማ በለው በሚሰራጭ ሀሰተኛ መረጃዎች መሆኑን ጠ/ሚር አብይ ጠቆም አድርገዋል። እውነት ለመናገር የሚቀርበን የምንሰማው እንጂ የምናየው አይደለም። በገሀድ ከሚታየው ይልቅ በሹክሹክታ የምንሰማው ቀልባችንን ይገዛዋል። ህወሀት ይህችን ደካማ ጎናችንን ጠንቅቆ አውቆታል። በመቶ ሺዎች የሚቆጠሩ የፌስቡክና የቲውተር አካውንቶችን በመክፈት ካለፈው ሳምንት መጀመሪያ አንስቶ በሰፊው የተሰማራበትን ግንባር ከፍቷል።

የህወሀት የፌስ ቡክ ሰራዊት በብዛት የገባበት በተሳሳተ መረጃ የስነልቦና ሽብር የመፍጠር ጦርነት የሰሞኑ ግርግርና ብዥታን አስከትሏል። የፌስቡክ ሰራዊቱ አባላት ማለያ እየቀያየሩ፡ የብሄር ታፔላ እየያዙ ህዝብን ከህዝብ የሚያጋጩ፡ አንዱን ብሄር የሚያጥላሉ፡ በሌላው ብሄር ማለያ ተከስተው የሚያነግሱ፡ ፍጹም ሃላፊነት በጎደለው መልኩ ሀገርን በሀሰተኛ መርጃዎች በማጥለቅለቅ ደረቱን ለጥይት ያልሳሳውን ትውልድ በወሬ ለማንበርከክ በሰፊው ተሰማርተዋል። በአማራና በኦሮሞ ስም በተከፈቱት እነዚህ አካውንቶች ስር የመሸጉት የህወሀት የጥፋት ሃይሎች ሰርግና ምላሽ ሆኖላቸዋል። በቀላሉ በፈጠራና አሉባልታ ወሬዎች የሚሸበር ህዝብ አግኝተዋል። ከመጀመሪያ ግንባር የበለጠ አደጋ ሊፈጥር የሚችለው ሁለተኛው ግንባር ነው። በህወሀት የስነልቦና ጦርነት እጅ ሰጥቶ መሸበርን የመሰለ ሽንፈት የለም።


Related:

TPLF: Stabbing Ethiopians in the Back

Furthermore, using their former influence, strong ties with security and police agents and other groups, they will spare no efforts to bring chaos and upset peace and order in Ethiopia (for example the present instability in Somali region) by instigating protests, killings, riots and stirring up street politics, to say the least.

Finally, holding all the aces of Ethiopia enabled the nefarious group of the TPLF to feather their nest quite comfortably. In addition to this, they are now attempting to destabilize Ethiopia by sponsoring and financing violence in many parts of the country to create another Yugoslavia in the Horn of Africa. … Click  here to read more


 

Oromia: Mootummaan Itoophiyaa fi Addi Bilisummaa Oromoo Waliigalan August 7, 2018

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SBO: Ibsa Waloo Waliigalatee Mootummaa Itoophiyaa fi Adda Bilisummaa Oromoo

Jila Mootummaa Itoophiyaa Pireezdaantii Naannoo Oromiyaa Dr. Lammaa Magarsaan durfamuu fi Ministeerri Haajaa Alaa Itoophiyaa Dr. Warqinee Gabayyoo keessatti argamu, Jila ABO Hayyu-duree Adda Bilisummaa Oromoo Jaal Daawud Ibsaatin durfamu Jaal Ibsaa Nagawoo, Jaal Atoomsaa Kumsaa, Jaal Toleeraa Adabaa fi Jaal Gammachuu Ayyaanaa keessatti argaman Hagayya 7 bara 2018 Asmaraa Eertiraatti wal arguun marii araaraa kan hafuurri obbolummaa irraa calaqqise, wal amantaa guutuun gaggeeffameen wal tahiinsaa fi wal hubannoota armaan gadii irra gahame.

Gareen lameenuu dhimma Oromoo fi Oromiyaa akkasumas dhimma Itoophiyaa kan ilaalu irratti mariin waliin hojjechuuf wal tahan.

Lolli waggoota dheeraaf ABO fi Mootummaa Itoophiyaa jidduu ture dhaabbatee armaan booda haalli Itoophiyaa keessatti uumame ABOn biyya keessatti ifatti hojjechuu kan dandeessisu tahuu hubatamee, qabsoo isaa karaa nagaa akka itti fufu waliigalame.

Dhumarratti, dhimmoota irratti waliigalaman hojiirra oolchaa kanneen qormaataa fi yeroo gaafatan dhawaataan fixachuuf koreen itti fufee xumura itti godhu shaffisaan akka dhaabbatu wal tahan.


የኢትዮጵያ መንግስትና የኦሮሞ ነጻነት ግንባር ስምምነት የጋራ መግለጫ

በኦሮሚያ ክልላዊ መንግስት ፕሬዝዳንት ዶር. ለማ መገርሳ የሚመራውና የኢትዮጵያ የውጪ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትር ዶር. ወርቅነህ ገበየሁ የሚገኙበት የልዑካን ቡድን፣
በኦሮሞ ነጻነት ግንባር ሊቀ-መንበር ኣቶ ዳውድ ኢብሳ ከሚመራውና ኣቶ ኢብሳ ነገዎ፣ ኣቶ ኣቶምሳ ኩምሳ፣ ኣቶ ቶሌራ ኣደባና ኣቶ ገመቹ ኣያና የሚገኙበት የልዑካን ቡድን ነሃሴ 7 ቀን 2018ዓም በኣስመራ ኤርትራ በመገናኘት ወንድማዊ መንፈስ በተንጸባረቀበትና በሙሉ መተማመን በተካሄደ የእርቅ ውይይት ከዚህ በታች ያሉ ስምምነቶችና መግባባቶች ላይ ተደርሷል።

ሁለቱም ቡድን ስለኦሮሞና ኦሮሚያ እንዲሁም ኢትዮጵያን በሚመለከቱ ጉዳዮች ላይ በውይይት ኣብረው ለመስራት ተስማምተዋል።

ለረዥም ዓመታት በኦነግና በኢትዮጵያ መንግስት መካከል የነበረው ጦርነት ተገትቶ፡ ካሁን በኋላ በኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ የተፈጠረው ሁኔታ ኦነግ በሃገር ውስጥ በግልጽ ሊሰራ የሚያስችለው መሆኑ ከግንዛቤ ገብቶ፡ ትግሉን በሰላማዊ መንገድ እንዲቀጥል ከስምምነት ተደርሷል።

በመጨረሻም ከስምምነት የተደረሰባቸውን ጉዳዮች ስራ ላይ እያዋሉ ምርመራና ጊዜ የሚጠይቁትን ቀስ በቀስ ለመጨረስ በቀጣይነት ከፍጻሜ የሚያደርስ ኮሚቴ በኣስቸኳይ እንዲቋቋም ተስማምተዋል።


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MX-MCHq2ZvQ

ABOfi Mootummaan Itoophiyaa waliigalan, BBC Afaan Oromoo

Oromia: Eebba OMN Finfinnee fi Simannaa Direektara Olaanaa OMN Obbo Jawaar Mohammad August 5, 2018

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Odaa OromoooromianeconomistOromia Media Network

 

 

OMN:Hag-05/2018

Jilli Xiinxalaa Siyaasaa fi Daarektara OMN Obbo Jawaar Mohammed’n durfamu ganama har’aa barraaqaan Finfinnee seeneera.

Jilli kun waytii Oromiyaa Dirree Xayyaaraa Idil-Addunyaa Boolee gahanitti simannaan hoo’aan Qondaalota Mootummaa,Qeerroo,Qarree fi hawaasa bal’aan isaniif taasifameera.

Yeroo ammaa jilli kun Hoteela Ilillii International’tti Gaazexeessitoota biyya keessaa fi alaa kanneen achitti argamaniif ibsa kennaa jiru.

Akkuma asiin dura ibsamaa ture har’aa gara Saafayatti Eebbi Studio OMN Finfinnee ni gaggeeffama.

Sirni baniinsaa Galma Barkuummetti Hagayya 05/2018 galgaluma har’aa bakka Qondaalonni Mootummaa olaanoo fi Namoonni 25,000 ol argamanitti Obbo Jawaar Mohammed hawaasa bal’aan galma kanatti wal arguuf jiru.

Boru Hagayya 06/2018 Yaadannoo woreegamtoota fi gootota qabsoo fincila diddaa gabrummaa irratti dabraniif sagantaa qophaa’etu adeemsifama.

(Usmaan Baayyuu)

 

 

Click here for Africa News: Ethiopian activist Jawar Mohammad returns home from exile

 

Ethiopia’s Abiy Ahmed: Lessons for Nigeria, New Telegraph August 1, 2018

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Ethiopia’s Abiy Ahmed: Lessons for Nigeria


 


Ethiopia’s Abiy Ahmed: Lessons for Nigeria

Good governance exemplars in Africa continue to evolve, even if slowly. An African country, Ethiopia, has the youngest democratically elected Head of State on the continent; who happens also to be one of the 20 youngest Heads of State in the world. Africa should be proud. Yet it seems Africa failed to take sufficient notice.

In the past 18 months, Africa has seen 15 leadership changes averaging approximately one per month. One of the remarkable transition was in Ethiopia. Its run up was not seamless, but the end result is predictably remarkable. Ethiopia’s leadership evolution started with the former Prime Minister, Hailemariam Desalegn, who decided to step aside in the aftermath of mass protests on the streets of Ethiopia, and evident failure to quell the restiveness, despite deploying various drastic measures. In surrendering power, he yielded to the voice of reason and democratic dictates.

In stepping aside, Desalegn was cognizant that such gesture had the capacity to create the political and conciliatory space required to bring about new solutions and certainly stem the bloodletting and wanton killing of Ethiopian defenseless civilians from Oromo ethnic stock, who would not stop protesting.

By resigning, the former Prime Minister gave Ethiopia a new lease of life to move forward. In comparative terms and given African realities, he deserves credit. After all, when last did an African Head of State willingly resign from office. Robert Mugabe and Jacob Zuma remain very awkward examples. Desalegn leaving stoke the embers of effective succession planning amidst conflict.

Inevitably, the question became who will replace him? Who will the nation accept? And had the capacity and persona to quell turmoil and rally the nation to reconciliation and healing? The lot fell on Dr. Abiy Ahmed, who was chosen by the ruling Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) coalition, as its Chairman with 108 of 180 possible votes. Ethiopia’s ruling party is made up of four ethnic parties including Oromo Peoples’ Democratic Organisation, (OPDO), Amhara National Democratic Movement (ANDM); the Southern Ethiopian People’s Democratic Movement (SEPDM) and the Tigrayan People’s Liberation Front (TPLF). Indisputably, with Abiy Ahmed’s emergence, Ethiopia struck the proverbial gold and netted four giant birds with one cage. First, Ahmed is of the Oromo ethnic stock, which has been at the root of the antigovernment protests.

The Oromos are the largest ethnic group in Ethiopia constituting about 34% of the country’s 100 million population, but have never ruled the country. They have accused the government repeatedly of neglect and humiliation. Now, their son, who interestingly was the chairperson of the Oromo Peoples’ Democratic Organisation (OPDO), is now the Prime Minister. Psychologically, his emergence ought to solve at least half of the problem, or nothing else will.

Ahmed is a pacifist thrown up by conflict. He is also a paradox. In him, Ethiopia has her first Muslim Prime Minister who interestingly, hails from a home with a Muslim father and a Christian mother. Suffice to say that while he checks off on both boxes, he had consistently identified with his Muslim roots. This latter disposition underlines his broad acceptability. But there’s more to his bonafides.

Ahmed arrived at his new job, wellschooled and with the requisite expertise. He served as a former Minister of Science and Technology under Desalegn, he just completed his doctorate in peace and security from Addis Ababa University in 2017 and comes from a military/intelligence background where he last ranked as a colonel in the Ethiopian army. Add to that the fact that he speaks fluent English and three Ethiopian languages, you find sufficient expertise written all over him. He possesses the skill and grit that is of immediate need to Ethiopia. Also, you have a Prime Minister with all expertise at 42. He’s dynamic, energetic, thinking and the youngest in the continent. He is well-equipped to drive an already progressive Ethiopia to the next level. Ethiopians must be beating their chest in cheers to such a win.

There is much for Nigeria to learn if she truly yearns for a way forward. Hardly in our national history have we been as divided along ethnic lines as today. There are alleged cases of ethnic cleansing going on in some states including Benue, Taraba and Zamfara under the watch of the government, yet the troubling silence from quarters that should defend justifies Nigerians’ suspicion of conspiracy.

Nigeria is not officially at war, but the number of deaths recorded from the killing of the Fulani herdsmen in the last three years is more than enough casualties for most wars. In the face of these all, and with the latest killing in Plateau State, President Muhammadu Buhari continue to give credence to criticisms that he is incapable of finding solutions to Nigeria’s problems. Even changing cabinet members or appointees who have failed in their responsibility seems too arduous. Increasingly, there is pressure for the President to resign both from those who mean well and those who are purely politicking. However, if the President truly cares about Nigeria, he knows the choice to make.

For Nigerian youths who are getting ready to contest elective positions on the basis of the ‘Not Too Young To Run’ bill allowing them to do so now that the bill have been passed into law, becomes imperative. Age is not necessarily the problem. It’s about competence and experience. Look at Ahmed. He served previously as minister and led his own party before becoming the Prime Minister. He was close to power and understood the challenges; now his experience is evident in his reforms. He’s taking the bold step of putting a limit to the tenure of Prime Ministers, which was hitherto unchecked. There’s great optimism in Addis Ababa that the right man is on the saddle.

Look at Emmanuel Macron: he served first as minister; formed and led his own party with which he became the President. We witnessed his meetings with President Donald Trump a few weeks ago in the U.S. He bossed it despite being 32 years younger than Trump.

If you’re serious about taking back your country, chat little about age on Facebook and go to work. Form your party or join existing ones. Reform them to suit modern ideologies and lead them. Stay genuinely close to power. Fight for the Youth Minister position to be truly yours first. Fight for a percentage of National Assembly positions in your party. Slowly, you will take over. Nobody will hand you power, there’s no free lunch anywhere. Being young will never win you an election; there must be a story to your youth that stands you out, something that clearly defines you and that can easily predict what the future will be with you. You must be strategic fellow young people.

A look at Ethiopia’s party structure reveals something interesting. In all the parties, there are four ethnic/regional parties that form the coalition. Leaders of each party stand the chance of becoming the next Prime Minister. In the Nigerian context, that should mean there will be a leader for the Northern group in APC, PDP and all other parties, same for Middle Belt, South-East, South-South and the West. With the regional leaders, you already know who is likely to emerge as the President and begin to fight early if that choice will not do the country any good. It does look like a great example but it reminds us one thing, we can’t escape restructuring for Nigeria to become functional. Ethiopia looks set to continue in its development trajectory especially in infrastructure.

Despite the protest against the previous government and internet shut down, the country continued to implement her development plan building top infrastructure for its cities. Every visit to Ethiopia, offers one the chance of encountering incremental development, especially in infrastructure. Recently, Ethiopia opened Africa’s first energy plant that converts trash into electricity.

It will incinerate 80 per cent of Addis Ababa’s waste and supply electricity to 30 per cent of its household. It will also recover 30 million litres of water and averting the release of 1.2 million tons of carbon emissions. It was opened casually. The Prime Minister didn’t even attend. Such a project in Nigeria will leave the Presidency on the brink of inviting God to physically attend the lavish commissioning. Ethiopia is leading; Nigeria, when will you Arise?


 

•Udeh is a Research Associate at Selonnes Consult Ltd; Obaze is MD/CEO Selonnes Consult Ltd