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ጥሪ ለነፍጠኛ መንግሥት May 31, 2020

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
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አየለ ደጋጋ ለነፍጠኛ መንግሥት ጥሪ አቀረበ።

አየለ ደጋጋ መንግሥት አማጺያን አጥፍቶ ሰላም መፍጠር አለበት ወይም ተሰማምቶ ሰላም መፍጠር አለበት የሚለው የአሮሞ ነጻነት ጦር በሕዝብ ላይ አንዳችም ጉዳት አላደረሰም ሰላም አላደፈረሰም። በነጻነት ታጋዮች በቄሮና ቀሬ የተገነባ ነጻአውጭ ጦር እንኳን አቢይ መንግሥት የደርግ መንግሥት ቢመጣ ሊያጠፋው አይችልም።

ኦፕዴኦ በደደቢት ድንጋይ ውሰጥ ከተፈጠረበት ቀን ጀምሮ እስከ ዛሬ ድረስ አንደ ሰው አስቦ ራሱን ችሎ የኦሮሞ ጉዳዮችን በሰላም ፈቶ የኖረበት ቀን የለም። ምክንያቱም የደደቢት ድንጋይ ነው የወለደው። በዚህ ምክንያት 27 ዓመት ሙሉ እንደ እውር በወያኔ እየተመራ በኦሮሞ ላይ የዘር ፍጅት ሲፈጽም ኖረ። ወያኔ ሲወድቅ የኦሮማራ እድር ፈጥሮ በነፍጠኞች እየተመከረ ኦሮሞን በመፍጀት ላይ ይገኛል።

ከኦፕዴኦ ከባድ ወንጀሎች መካካል ትልቁ የኦሮሞ ነጻአውጭ ጦር በትኖ ለማጥፋት መነሳቱ ነው።ወያኔና ብአዴን ከኤርትራ የተመለሱ ታጣቂዎችን በሰላም ተቀብለው ከመደበኛ ጦራቸው ጋር ቀላቅለው ደህንነታቸውን ይጠብቃሉ። እንደ ሰው የማያስበው ኦፕዴኦ በዲያቆን ዳንኤል ክብረት እየተመከረ በነፍጠኞች ትእዛዝ እየተመራ የአሮሞ ነጻነት ጦር አልቀበልም አለ። በጀዋር መሐመድ ፕሮፖጋንዳ ተሞኝተው ትጥቃቸውን ፈተው የገቡ ታጣቂዎችን መርዝ አጠጥቶ ልፈጃቸው ሞክሮ ከሸፈበት። ኦፕዴኦ በፈጠረው ቀውስ የአሮሞ ነጻነት ጦር የትጥቅ ትግሉን ቀጠለ።

በነፍጠኞች ጭንቀላት የሚያስበው አፕዴኦ = ፕዴኦ= ፕፕ= ነፍጠኛ የሰራውን ወንጀል ደብቆ የአሮሞ ነጻነት ጦር ተጠያቂ ለማድረግ የማይዋሸው ውሸት የማይሸርበው ተንኮል የለም። አየለ ደጋጋ እንደሚለው ነጻ አውጭው ጦር የሚታገለው ለሥልጣን አይደለም። ዓላማው ኦሮሞን ከኦፕዴኦ እስር ቤት ከነፍጠኞች ባርነት ነጻ ለማውጣት ነው። ለኦሮሞ ነጻነት አንድም ቀን ታግሎ የማያውቀው የድል አጥቢያ ባንዳ አፕዴኦ 20,000 ጦር አደራጅቶ ሥልጣኑን ለመጠበቅ የነጻነት ጦር ይወጋል የማይደግፉት የኦሮሞዎችን ይጨፈጭፋል። የአሚኒስት ኢንተርናሽናል ውግዘትና 64 የዓለም ጋዜጠኞች በትችት መንጋጋውን ያወለቁት ጥፋተኛ በመሆኑ ነው።

አየለ ደጋጋ መንግሥት አማጺዎችን አጥፍቶ የሕዝብ ሰላም መጠበቅ አለበት ወይም ከአማጺዎች ጋር መደራደር አለበት የሚለው ትክክል አይደለም። አቢይ አህመድ በነፍጠኛ መንግሥት የሚመራ ኮማንድ ፖስት መከላከያ ልዩ ፖሊስና የኦሮሚያ ፖሊስ የሚባሉትን አሰማርቶ ቤቶችን እያቃጠለ ንብረት እያወደመ ኦሮሞዎችን እየጨፈጨፈ የሕዝብ ሰላም የሚያደፈርስ ጥፋተኛ ነው።

መንግሥት አማጺያን አጥፍቶ ሰላም መፍጠር አለበት የሚለው የአሮሞ ነጻነት ጦር በሕዝብ ላይ አንዳችም ጉዳት አላደረሰም ሰላም አላደፈረሰም። በነጻነት ታጋይ በቄሮና በቀሬ የተገነባ ነጻአውጭ ጦር እንኳን አቢይ መንግሥት የደርግ መንግሥት ቢመጣ ሊያጠፋው አይችልም።

በቅርብ ጊዜ የሚጠፋው በጂምላ ሕዝብ የሚጨፈጭፍ ኦሮሞን ገድሎ ሬሣ እንደይነሳ የሚያደርግ ጅብ የሚያስበላ የአራት ልጆች እናት የሚገድል ወጣቶችን አርዶ በደማቸው እጁን ታጥቦ የሚበላ የነፍጠኞች ተላላኪ ፋሽስት የአቢይ መንግሥት ነው።

AS: NEWS: OLF,OFC URGE GOV’T TO TAKE REPORT BY AMNESTY SERIOUSLY; HEED RECOMMENDATIONS TO REVERSE TROUBLING HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSE RECORD May 29, 2020

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
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Addis Standard (Addis Abeba, May 29/2020 )– In a joint statement released by opposition parties Oromo Liberation Front (OLF) and Oromo Federalist Congress (OFC) on Amnesty International’s Report, the parties urged “the federal and regional authorities to take the report by Amnesty International seriously, heed the recommendations put forth and promptly reverse the government’s deeply troubling record on rights and liberty.”

“In a new report, Beyond law enforcement: human rights violations by Ethiopian security forces in Amhara and Oromia, Amnesty International documents how security forces committed grave violations between December 2018 and December 2019 despite reforms which led to the release of thousands of detainees, expansion of the civic and political space and repeal of draconian laws, such as the Anti-Terrorism Proclamation, which were previously used to repress human rights,” Amnesty International.

Below is the full text of the joint statement sent to Addis Standard.

In its first comprehensive report since Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed’s government came into office, Amnesty International has presented a detailed account of the gross human rights violations perpetrated by the Ethiopian security forces against dissidents and perceived political opponents particularly in the Oromia and Amhara regions. The report titled “Ethiopia: Beyond Law Enforcement” and released on May 29, 2020, has precisely exposed the wanton destruction of property, rampant extrajudicial killings, arbitrary arrest and imprisonment of members of the opposition, mass detentions and forced political indoctrinations, and the application of torture and gender-based violence by state actors as a means of stamping out dissent in the last two years.  The report is a further proof that the new administration has not parted ways with the practice of forcefully stifling dissent, committing egregious human rights violations and carrying out extrajudicial killings common under its predecessor-the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Front- despite taking over in April 2018 off the back of a much touted promise to reform itself.

Although the report provides a very good and consolidated highlight of the continued human rights violations under the current regime, it doesn’t come close to disclosing the full extent of the horrendous abuses and gruesome atrocities committed by the security forces. The report covers mostly the period up to the end of 2019. However, the situation in Oromia region specifically has gotten progressively worse this year (2020), with a substantial rise in mass incarcerations, extrajudicial killings and destructions of property in provinces that were not previously affected. The Amnesty Report highlights abuses carried out by the federal army. Nevertheless, the regime has also been using newly trained regional militia forces named ‘Liyu Police’ (Special Police) which have unleashed a reign of terror in parts of Oromia. As we speak, these forces are carrying out gross human rights violations against political prisoners and perceived political adversaries, with some being held without due process, the whereabouts of many is still not known after their abduction and on several instances relatives are finding the human remains of some of the abductees in the bushes. Reports of systematic disappearances and gruesome killings at the hands of security forces is a daily occurrence, not only in western and Southern provinces  but also in Central and Eastern Oromia. Far worse, in what appears to be to terrorize others, killing and leaving dead bodies of the victims on the streets or throwing away to the bush where they were being eaten by hyenas  have become a disturbing reality.  We condemn with the strongest terms these wanton killings and terrorizing of citizens, and we appreciate Amnesty International  for investigating and exposing  them.

Amnesty International’s reports warn that such violations and abuses could exacerbate out of control as the election nears and advises the government to take corrective measures. Indeed, as we were the election and before it was postponed due to Covid-19, crackdown on the population, restriction of movement and assembly by opposition was worsening. Although the election has been postponed, restriction of movement of the opposition, incarceration of our  leaders and members has continued unabated. 

Therefore, we 

  • Urge the federal and regional authorities to take the report by Amnesty International seriously, heed the recommendations put forth by it and promptly reverse the government’s deeply troubling record on rights and liberty of citizens;
  • Would like to remind the government that continuing along this dangerous path of wanton disregard for human life and dignity and rampant violation of rights will have far reaching consequences for the country and its people;
  • Challenge the Ethiopian government to stop denying the blatant violations of human rights in broad daylight and create an independent Inquiry Commission to absolve itself;
  • Demand the Ethiopian government to immediately release all political prisoners held at federal and local detention centers. 
  • Call upon local and international human rights organizations to conduct further investigations and expose the worsening situation across the country, particularly in recent months;
  • Call upon the United Nations Human Rights Commission to review the ongoing human rights violations in Ethiopia.
  • Call upon the international community to hold Ethiopian authorities to account for clearly reneging on their promise to help the country’s transition towards a peaceful and democratic order, and for choosing to chart an authoritarian path in keeping with the tradition of previous regimes.  

Finally, we would like to remind all stakeholders that human rights violations, the use of extrajudicial killings, torture and intimidation is what got Ethiopia into the current multifaceted socio-economic and political crisis. We believe continuing with such abuse will only deepen the crisis, fracturing the society, paralyzing the economy and paving the way for potential disintegration of the country itself. Therefore, we urge the government to refrain from repeating mistakes by past regimes and ask internal development partners to exert maximum pressure to ensure the transition towards a democratic state so as to put it back on track before it’s too late. 

Oromo Liberation Front (OLF)

Oromo Federalist Congress (OFC)

AI: Ethiopia: Rape, extrajudicial executions, homes set alight in security operations in Amhara and Oromia May 29, 2020

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Ethiopia: Rape, extrajudicial executions, homes set alight in security operations in Amhara and Oromia

29 May 2020

Ethiopian security forces committed horrendous human rights violations including burning homes to the ground, extrajudicial executions, rape, arbitrary arrests and detentions, sometimes of entire families, in response to attacks by armed groups and inter-communal violence in Amhara and Oromia, Amnesty International said today.

In a new report, Beyond law enforcement: human rights violations by Ethiopian security forces in Amhara and Oromia, Amnesty International documents how security forces committed grave violations between December 2018 and December 2019 despite reforms which led to the release of thousands of detainees, expansion of the civic and political space and repeal of draconian laws, such as the Anti-Terrorism Proclamation, which were previously used to repress human rights.The Ethiopian authorities have made notable progress in changing the country’s bleak human rights record. However, it is unacceptable that the security forces should be allowed to carry on committing human rights violations with impunity. Deprose Muchena, Amnesty International’s Director for East and Southern Africa

“The Ethiopian authorities have made notable progress in changing the country’s bleak human rights record. However, it is unacceptable that the security forces should be allowed to carry on committing human rights violations with impunity,” said Deprose Muchena, Amnesty International’s Director for East and Southern Africa. 

“With elections on the horizon, these violations and abuses could escalate out of control unless the government takes urgent measures to ensure security forces act within the law and remain impartial in undertaking their duties.”

In 2018, Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed’s government lifted a ban on opposition parties, some of which had been designated terrorist organisations and forced into exile, allowing them to take part in elections initially scheduled for August 2020 but postponed due to COVID-19.With elections on the horizon, these violations and abuses could escalate out of control unless the government takes urgent measures to ensure security forces act within the law and remain impartial in undertaking their duties. Deprose Muchena, Amnesty International’s Director for East and Southern Africa

In trying to mobilize support, politicians have however been stirring up ethnic and religious animosities, sparking inter-communal violence and armed attacks in five of the country’s nine regional states; Amhara, Benishangul-Gumuz, Harari, Oromia and the Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples Region (SNNPR), and in the Dire Dawa administrative state.

In response, the government set up security Command Posts in 2018 to coordinate the operations of the Ethiopian Defense Forces (EDF), federal police, regular and special (Liyu) police units in regions, and local administration security officers called kebele militia.  

Complicity in the killings

Tensions have been high in Amhara after the Qimant, a minority group, voted for their own autonomous administrative unit in September 2017, resulting in clashes between the Amhara and Qimant communities. Amnesty International’s report reveals that the Liyu police, local administration militia and two Amhara youth vigilante groups joined forces to attack members of the Qimant community in January 2019, and again in September-October 2019, leaving at least 100 people dead and hundreds displaced. Qimant homes and property were also destroyed.

From 10-11 January 2019, the security forces and vigilante groups attacked a Qimant settlement in Metema with grenades and guns and set homes on fire. Fifty-eight people were killed within 24 hours as soldiers in a nearby camp failed to respond to cries for help. Flyers and leaflets telling Qimant civil servants to leave the area had been circulating since September 2018, but the authorities took no action.Armed Amhara youth came and killed three of my brothers and my cousin and wounded my other brother. They killed them at point-blank range while I watched. They died instantly. Dinqie Tekeda, 25, victim of attacks on Qimant community

Dinqie Tekeda, 25, escaped from her burning house with four of her brothers and a cousin only for Amhara guards at Bunna International Bank, where they had sought refuge, to expose them to vigilante youths. “Armed Amhara youth came and killed three of my brothers and my cousin and wounded my other brother. They killed them at point-blank range while I watched. They died instantly,” she said.

Another attack on 29 September 2019 left 43 more Qimants dead and 12 injured. At least one family was burnt alive in their home, a witness told Amnesty International. “Just 100 metres from my home, the youth burnt Endihnew Nega, his mother, his sister and her baby at around 10pm,” Tsedal Abate said.Just 100 metres from my home, the youth burnt Endihnew Nega, his mother, his sister and her baby at around 10pm on 29 September 2019. Tsedal Abate, a witness to attacks against Qimants

Businessman Abebe Tilahun, 38, sustained multiple injuries after a grenade was hurled into his house and the house set on fire forcing him out into a barrage of gunfire that hit his shoulder and hand. “I saw the Amhara Police Special Force and the local militia attacking the Qimant neighbourhood together with the Amhara vigilante youth. They were going from home to home to kill Qimant people,” he said.

Extrajudicial executions

Amnesty International documented the extrajudicial execution of at least 39 people in Oromia including 17-year old Seid Sheriff who was shot in the head outside a café in Harqelo, Goro Dola for allegedly alerting a motor-bike driver of an impending arrest.

Three other men – Debeso Megada (27), Ararso Gobena (16) and Qalicha Jarso (22), were killed while riding on a motorbike in January 2019 in Duqisa Megada kebele, Dugda Dawa. And yet another man, Aga Uddessa, was shot dead on 3 February 2019 as he rode past the Command Post in Harqelo, Goro Dola.The authorities must immediately stop these horrific killings. They must also ensure that those responsible for these callous and brutal acts face justice. Deprose Muchena, Amnesty International’s Director for East and Southern Africa

In Finchawa, Dugda Dawa, two truckloads of soldiers drove into town on 28 December 2018, and indiscriminately shot at people for an hour, killing 13. Witnesses told Amnesty International the attack was in retaliation for a soldier stoned to death three weeks earlier.

“The authorities must immediately stop these horrific killings. They must also ensure that those responsible for these callous and brutal acts face justice,” said Deprose Muchena.

Brutal beatings, lifetime scars

At least 10,000 people, including entire families, were arbitrarily arrested and detained in 2019 as part of the government’s crackdown on armed attacks and inter-communal violence in Oromia Region. They were accused, but never charged, for “supporting, sharing information with and feeding” members of an armed group calling itself the Oromo Liberation Army (OLA) that splintered from the Oromo Liberation Front’s (OLF) military wing.

A gunshot wound  on the arm of victim of excessive force
A bullet wound sustained on the arm of one victim we interviewed

Many people were arrested multiple times, some detained for up to five months and put through political indoctrination to compel them to support the ruling party. Most were subjected to brutal beatings. For Momina Roba, who was beaten while four months pregnant, the ordeal ended in a miscarriage.

“I was beaten on the day I was arrested and the next day. I told them I was pregnant when they were beating me. But they said it does not matter whether I am pregnant or not. They said they may even kill me,” she said.I was beaten on the day I was arrested and the next day. I told them I was pregnant when they were beating me. But they said it does not matter whether I am pregnant or not. They said they may even kill me. Momina Roba, was beaten until she miscarried

Ebise Eba was arrested in January 2019 by two local administration security officials who took her to the Duqisa Megada administration office and raped her. They said if she did not sleep with them, they would hand her over to EDF soldiers and she would be killed. “One of them, I only know his nickname ‘Qeyo’. He is from the kebele peace and security department. The other is the commander of the militia in the kebele,” she told Amnesty International.

Forced evictions, burnt homes

Since March 2019, security officers forcibly evicted at least 60 families from Oromia’s East and West Guji zones by burning down homes, often while families were inside, leaving them stranded homeless. Amnesty International further confirmed that another 300 families were forcibly relocated from their rural homes into peri-urban areas leaving being everything – household items, harvests and crops on farms.

“We are not able to come back though this is the season for harvesting coffee. We sent elders to petition the local officials to allow us to return. They told the elders we cannot return since we support (OLA),” Faysal Udo said.

“Failure to prevent inter-communal violence and the use of unlawful force by security forces against ordinary people in response to either inter-communal violence or armed attacks is tragic. Law and order measures should never harm people or deprive them of their livelihoods driving them into poverty. The authorities must ensure all evicted and relocated families can immediately and safely return to their homes and farms,” said Deprose Muchena.Failure to prevent inter-communal violence and the use of unlawful force by security forces against ordinary people in response to either inter-communal violence or armed attacks is tragic. Deprose Muchena, Amnesty International’s Director for East and Southern Africa

“The authorities must also recognize that holding diverse political views and opinions is legal. Everyone has the right to choose whom to support and these rights to freedom of expression must be guaranteed, upheld and protected. The authorities must stop killing and criminalizing people for their political choices.”

Ethiopia’s security forces accused of torture, evictions and killings – The Guardian report May 29, 2020

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Ethiopia’s security forces accused of torture, evictions and killings – report

Prime minister Abiy Ahmed has been lauded for his democratic reforms. But Amnesty International are now urging him to investigate allegations of serious human rights abuses

A man waves an Oromo flag

A man waves an Oromo flag as people from the community gather in Addis Ababa in October 2019, on the eve of Irreecha, their thanksgiving festival. Photograph: Yonas Tadesse/AFP Tom Gardner in Addis Ababa Published on Fri 29 May 2020 06.15 BST

Ethiopia’s Nobel peace prize-winning prime minister Abiy Ahmed has been urged to investigate allegations that state security forces have committed a raft of serious human rights abuses including torture and unlawful killings since he came to power in 2018.

According to a report by Amnesty International, published on Friday, Ethiopia’s military and police in its two most populous regions arbitrarily detained more than 10,000 people, summarily evicted whole families from their homes – some of which were burnt and destroyed – and in some cases were complicit in inter-communal violence targeting minorities.

Federal authorities have not responded to the report, which focuses on the period between January and December 2019 in the regions of Amhara and Oromia.

“Given the gravity and the duration [of the period in which abuses were reported] I cannot believe top officials are not aware of what was happening,” the report’s author, Fisseha Tekle, told the Guardian. “And if they are not then it is a dereliction of duty.”

In Oromia, security forces are waging a counter-insurgency campaign against rebels from the Oromo Liberation Army (OLA), an armed guerrilla movement demanding more autonomy for Oromos, which returned from exile in 2018 after Abiy removed it from Ethiopia’s list of terrorist organisations.

The move was part of a package of democratic reforms which won the prime minister widespread acclaim and, along with making peace with neighbouring Eritrea, secured him the Nobel peace prize last year. Shortly after becoming prime minister Abiy also confessed that security officials had in the past committed torture, and promised to ensure the sector was fully accountable in the future. 

But the OLA has since returned to armed conflict, and accuses the government of failing to deliver its promises of more democracy and self-rule for Oromos. 

Fighting in western and southern parts of Oromia has involved targeted killings of local officials and community leaders and what the UN has described as “serious human rights violations”. In Oromia’s Guji district the unrest had driven 80,000 people from their homes by the start of this year.

Amnesty said it had a list of 39 people suspected of supporting the OLA who had been unlawfully executed in two parts of Guji since January 2019. It also said that on a single day in December 2018, soldiers from the federal military killed 13 people in the town of Finchawa in West Guji. One of those killed was an old woman selling milk on the street, according to an eyewitness who spoke to Amnesty.

Security forces are estimated to have detained more than 10,000 men and women suspected of supporting or working for the OLA, among other abuses documented by the organisation.

Many were detained for several months without being charged, in violation of both national and international human rights laws, under conditions which at times amounted to torture, the report found. Detainees were made to undergo two months of “training” in subjects such as constitutionalism, the rule of law and the history of the Oromo people’s struggle. 

In Amhara, according to the report, regional police, militia and local vigilante groups engaged in targeted attacks on ethnic Qemant, a minority group demanding more autonomy, in inter-communal violence which resulted in at least 130 deaths last year. In January 2019, at least 58 people were reportedly killed in less than 24 hours and buried in mass graves. 

Nobody has yet been held accountable for the atrocity.

Amnesty said it had sought responses to its findings from nine government offices including the defence ministry and the attorney-general’s office but had only received a response from Amhara’s regional security bureau, which denied that state security forces had been involved in any atrocities. Suspicion and fear linger as Ethiopia’s campus wars go quietRead more

The rights group called on the government to carry out full investigations into human rights violations and to order security forces to stop carrying out unlawful executions, arbitrary arrests and detention, as well as forced evictions and destruction of property belonging to people suspected of supporting opposition political parties or armed groups.

In February last year the former head of the Ethiopian army said it had embarked on “deep institutional reform” as part of the democratic changes sweeping the nation.

The head of the Ethiopian Human Rights Commission, Daniel Bekele, told the Guardian: “While the Amnesty findings and ongoing reports of killings and arrests in parts of Oromia region should be taken seriously and fully investigated, it is also important to understand the complex nature of the security operations where armed groups are seriously destabilising the affected areas.”

The prime minister’s office said it would put the Guardian’s request for official comment to the peace ministry, which did not respond in time for publication.

More from Oromian Economist Sources:

ከኦሮሞ ወጣቶች ግድያ ጀርባ ማነው ያለው? May 28, 2020

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ከኦሮሞ ወጣቶች ግድያ ጀርባ ማነው ያለው?

ሰሞኑን በሙላቷ ጉዳታ፣ በመሐመድ አሚን ሲራጅ፣ በለሊሳ ተፈሪ፣ በካዮ አቦሴ የጭካኔ ግድያ የተሰበረ ልባችን ሳያገግም ሃይማኖት በdhaadha የተባለች ለግላጋ ወጣት አውሬአዊ መንፈስ በተጠናወታቸው ጨካኞች ታረደች።
በበጋው ወራት በወልዲያ፣ በጎንደር፣ በደብረ ብርሃንና በድሬዳዋ ዩኒቨርሲቲዎች የኦሮሞ ወጣቶች ለትምህርት ወጥተው በጩቤ፣ በዱላ፣ በብረት እንደ እባብ ተቀቅጠው ወይም ከፎቅ ተወርውረው ሲገደሉ ነበር። አንድም የመንግሥት አካል የፌደራሉም ይሁን የክልል ያንን አስነዋሪ ድርጊት አላወገዘም። ወንጀለኞችን ለፍርድ አላቀረበም። ብልጥግናዎች ይህንን ነውረኛ ወንጀል አላማውገዛቸው የራሳቸውንም ነውረኝነት የሚያጋልጥ ነው። ይህንን ውንብድና ያላወገዘ፣ ተከታትሎ ያላጣራ፣ ውድ ልጆቻቸውን ያጡ ወላጆችን እግዚአብሔር ያጥናችሁ ለማለት ያልደፈረ አስተዳደር ነውረኛ ነው። በወለጋ፣ በጉጂና ቦረና በሚካሄደውን መንግስታዊ ሽብር እየተቀጠፉ ያሉ ወጣቶቻንን፣ በቤታቸው፣ በጓሮአቸው የሚረሸኑ እናቶችንንና አባቶችን ቤት ይቁጠራቸው። መቼም በነዚህ አካባቢዎች የሚንቀሳቀሱ አማጽያን ለመንግሥታዊ ሽብር እንደሰበብ ቢታሰበ እንኳን በሐረርና በሸገር ሰላማዊ ምሁራን ላይ የሚካሄደው ግድያ ምን ግብ፣ ምን ፖለቲካዊ አላማ ቢኖረው ነው?
እሺ ወንድ ልጅ የሆነ ነገር ተወራጭቶ ጉዳት ያደርሳል ተብሎ ይታሰብ። የጨቅላ ህፃናት እናትና ሀገር ደህና ብላ በምርምር ሥራዋ ላይ ደፋ ቀና የምትል ወጣት ለምን ትገደል?
ይህንን አረመኔያዊ ድርጊት የማያወግዝ፣ ወንጀለኛን ተከታትሎ ህግ ፊት የማያቀርብ መንግሥት የድርጊቱ አቀናባሪ ነው ከማለት ውጭ ሌላ ፍች አይኖረውም። ምንድነው እየተካሄደ ያለው?
እንዲህ ዓይነት አንድን ማህበረሰብ ለይቶ የጥቃት ዒላማ ያደረገ አገዛዝ ኢትዮጵያን ለዘላለም አስከብሮ ለዘላለም ሊያቆያት ይችላልን? ወይስ ኢትዮጵያን ሊያፈርሳት ዕቅድ ይዞ እየተንቀሳቀሰ ነው?
እኔ እስከሚገባኝ ድረስ ፖለቲካ የአስተዳደር ጥበብ ነው። ሽብር፣ መግደል፣ ማዋከብ፣ ማሰር፣ ማሸማቀቅ ጥበብ አይደለም። ይህንንም ማንም ዶማ ራስ ይከውነዋል። ለመግደል ምን ጥበብ ይፈልጋል? ለማሰቃየት ምን ጥበብ ይፈልጋል? ደደቦች የተፈጠሩት ለንዲህ አይነት የህሊናን ምርምር ለማይጠይቅ ተግባር አይደለምን?
የብልፅግና መንግሥት ሆይ ንፁሃን በመግደል ትከስራላችሁ እንጂ አታተርፉም። እናንተ ካልሆናችሁ (ወታደሮቻችሁን ማለቴ አይደለም፣ በናንተ ዋናይነት የሚካሄድ) ከዚህ ሽብር ጀርባ ያላችሁ፣ ገዳዮችን አሁኑኑ ለፍርድ አቅርቡ።

Oromia (Ethiopia): EXCLUSIVE: Health woes, outrage, and toxins near Ethiopia gold mine: ‘We are the walking dead.’ May 28, 2020

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EXCLUSIVE: Health woes, outrage, and toxins near Ethiopia gold mine

‘We are the walking dead.’

Click the links to read the article https://www.thenewhumanitarian.org/investigation/2020/05/27/Ethiopia-Oromia-Shakiso-gold-mine-health-problems

Oromia: Arbitrary Arrests and Extra-Judicial Killings of Political Dissents Continued in Ethiopia May 27, 2020

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Oromia: Arbitrary Arrests and Extra-Judicial Killings of Political Dissents Continued in Ethiopia

According to HRLHA’s Urgent Appeal, no progress to arrest of political dissents in Oromia. “Arbitrary arrest and forced disappearance of political dissents have been escalating throughout Oromia region compared to other regions of the country at this critical moment when the danger of Corona virus is highly threatening the country.”

HRLHA also revealed the details of many innocent citizens, supporters and members of the two vanguard oppositions namely Oromo Federalist Congress (OFC) and Oromo Liberation Front (OLF)
who have been languishing in different known and unknown detention centers for several months.

“Hundreds have been mercilessly killed and even some of them were denied burial and eaten by hyena,” says the appeal.

According to the HRLHA’s argent appeal, journalists of Sagalee Qeerroo Bilisummaa Oromoo (Voice of Oromo Youth for Freedom) among others, Adugna Kesso and Gada Bulti; as well as Oromia News Network (ONN) journalists Dasu Dula and Wako Nole were arbitrarily arrested, denied safeguards of due process of law and remain suffering behind the Bar.

It also added that top OLF leadership and senior members such as Kayyo Fufa, Yaasoo Kabada, Dandi Gabroshe, Efrem Geleta, Mo’a Abdisa, Tariku Abdisa, Bayana Ruda (Prof), Aliyi Yusuf, Abdi Ragassa, Batire File, Gada Gabisa, Blisumma Ararsa, Olika Chali etc have been languishing in known and unknown prisons for several months without charge.

This Urgent Appeal addresses recent detailed arbitrary arrests, extra judicial killings and physical assaults where each cases are substantiated by photograph and important facts of the violations.

Source: advocacy4oromia

Mohammedamin Siraj brutally murdered and thrown in the bush

On Thursday, May 14th, 2020, Mohammedamin Siraj was abducted by the Ethiopian government securities from his office in Harar city. He was an employee of Oromia cooperative work office of eastern Hararge province (waldaya Hojii gamtaa Oromiyaa godina Haragee bahaa). He was arrested under a pretext of ‘quarantining for suspicion of contracting #COVID-19’; which turned out to be an outright lie; brutally murdered and thrown his body out in the bush around Babile town. After few days of disappearance, on Monday 18th of May, local farmers found a leftover of a human remains partially eaten by scavengers and reported the scene to the police. Later that day, the police buried a partially scavenged body without a proper investigation and consent of his family.

Mohammedamin Siraj was a brave soul. He was an outspoken critic of the government. He has never been silenced to speak out against the injustice perpetrated to the Oromoo people from the successive Ethiopian regimes. Because of that, he had suffered numerous intimidation, death threats, tortures and detentions.

Mohammedamin Siraj was born in Galamso town of eastern Oromia; graduated from Jimma university. He was a family man and he is a father of two minor children. 

OMN:Oduu Guyyaa Caamsaa 27,2020https://www.facebook.com/OromiaMedia/videos/3100735399947554/

Kun oduu akkaan gaddisiisaadha.
Hayimaanot Badhaadhaa,mormaa fi laphee ishii irra sibiilaan waraanamtee ajjeefamte.

Hayimaanot barattuu digirii lammaffaa hospitaala addaa “Black lionl” keessatti, barnoota digrii lammaffaaf qorannoorra turtee dha.
Haymaanot Shamarree Oromiyaa, Adaamaa kan waggaa 27 turte.
Haga yoonaatti ajjeechaa kanaaf waanti ifatti himame hin jiru.

Poolisiin garuu akka himetti,Hayimaanot, bakka lama waraanamtee ajjeefamuu mirkaneeffatee jira.
Uumaan maatii ishiif obsa, lubbuu wareegamteef boqonnaa haa kennu.
RIP😭!

Magaalaa #DambiDoolloo ti mucaa Kaayyoo Abboosee jedhamu erga qabanii mooraa waraana keessatti hidhanii ji’a lama (2) ol ta’ee jira, har’a ganama raasaan tumanii ajjeessanii.

DW: በኦሮሚያ ክልል የምዕራብ ወለጋው የጸጥታ ችግር እና የነዋሪዎች አቤቱታ

በምዕራብ ወለጋ ዞን ላሎ አሳቢ ወረዳ ከባለፈው ማክሰኞ አንስቶ የመንግስት በጸጥታ ሐይሎች በወሰዱት እርምጃ   በላሎ አሳቢ ስር በሚገኙ   በዋንጆ፣ኬላይ እና ጃርሶ ዳሞታ በተባሉ ስፍራዎች አምስት ሰዎች ህይወት ማለፉን የአካባቢው ነዋሪዎች ተናግረዋል፡፡

በምዕራብ ወለጋ ዞን ላሎ አሳቢ ወረዳ ከባለፈው ማክሰኞ አንስቶ የመንግስት በጸጥታ ሐይሎች በወሰዱት እርምጃ   በላሎ አሳቢ ስር በሚገኙ   በዋንጆ፣ኬላይ እና ጃርሶ ዳሞታ በተባሉ ስፍራዎች አምስት ሰዎች ህይወት ማለፉን የአካባቢው ነዋሪዎች ተናግረዋል፡፡  የንግድ ድርጅቶችን ጨምሮ አራት መኖሪያ ቤቶችም መቃጠላቸውን የአካባቢው  ነዋሪዎች አክለዋል፡፡ የምዐራብ ወለጋ ዞን ዋና አስተዳዳሪ አቶ ኤሊያ ኡመታ በበኩላቸው መንግስት በአካባቢው የህግ የበላይነት በማስከበር ላይ ይገኛል ብለዋል፡፡ የመንግሰት ጸጥታ ሀይሎች ህግን ከማስከበር ውጭ  በነዋሪው ላይ ያደረሱት ጉዳት እንደሌለም አክለዋል፡፡ በመንግስት ጸጥታ ኃይሎች እና ሸማቂዎች መካካል በነበረው ግጭት ምክንያት ጉዳት የደረሰባቸው ካለም አጣርተን ይፋ እናደርጋለን ብለዋል፡፡

ከምዕራብ ወለጋ ዞን  ግምቢ ከተማ በ23 ኪ.ሜ ርቀት ላይ በሚትገኘው ላሎ አሳቢ ወረዳ  ከሸማቂዎች ጋር ግንኙነት አላችሁ በማለት የመንግስት ጸጥታ ሀይሎች በወረዳዋ ውስጥ በሚትገኙ ወንጆ በተባለች ስፋራ በተለያዩ የስራ ዘርፍ በተሰማሩ ግለሰቦች ላይ ጉዳት ማድረሱን ነዋሪቹ ገልጸዋል፡፡ አንድ ስማቸው እዲገለጽ ያልፈለጉ   በላሎ አሳቢ ወረዳ ዋንጆ ከተማ ነዋሪ  የመንግስት ጸጥታ ሀይሎች አደረሱት ባሉት ጥቃት በዋንጆ ከተማ ብቻ የሶስት የሰዎች ህይወት ሲያልፍ  አራት ቤቶች ደግሞ ተቃጥለዋል፡፡

…ድርጊቱ የተፈጸመው በምዕራብ ወለጋ ዞን ላሎ አሳቢ ወረዳ ዋንጆ ከተማ ነው፡፡ ታጠቃዎችን ትቀልባላቹ፣ደብቃቹል፣ መረጃም  አቀብላቹል ተብለው ሰላማዊ ሰው ማሰር፣ ቤት ማቃጠል እና በሰዎች ላይ ከፈተኛ ድብደባ አድረሰዋል፡፡ በሰላም ወጥቶ በሰላም መግባት አሳሳቢ በሆኔ ሁኔታ ውስጥ ነው ህዝቡ ያለው፡፡ ቤት ከተቃጠለበቸው መካከልም አቶ ደሳለኝ የተባሉ ሀኪም ሲሆኑ ክሊኒክም ነበራቸው፡፡ አቶ ከፍያለው እና አቶ ኪዳኑ  የሚባሉ ደግሞ በንግድ ስራ የተሰማራ ሲሆኑ ቤታቸውና ያለቸውን ቡና ሳይቀር  ተቃጥለባቸዋል፡፡ ከሞቱት መካካልም አቶ አበያ ቀልበሳ የእንስሳት ሀኪም የነበሩ  ፣አቶ ጋማችስ ጫላ፣  ወጣት መርጋ የተባለውም  የዋንጆ ከተማ  ነዋሪና  ተማሪ የነበረ ሲሆን kትናት በስቲያ  ስራተ ቀብራቸው ተፈጽመዋል፡፡ ፣ቃኖ ኤፍረም የተባለው ደግሞ  በላሎ አሳቢ ወረዳ ጃርሶ ዳሞታ ቀበሌ ነዋሪና ዘምድ ለመጠየቅ ወደ ዋንጆ እያቀና ባለበት ሰዓት ነበር የተገደለው፣   አንዲት ሴትም  ትናት ጠዋት በላሎ አሳቢ ኬላይ በተባለ ስፋራ ህይወቷ አልፏል ፡፡ ከሟቶቹ መካከል ቃኖ ኤፍረም የተባለው  የወለጋ ዩኒቨርሲቲ ሶስተኛ ዓመት ተማሪ እንደነበርም ተናግረዋል፡፡

በከተማው በንግድ ስራ የተሰማሩ ሌላው የላሉ አሳቢ ነዋሪ  ሸማቂዎችን በገንዘብ ትደግፋለ ተብለው ቤታቸው እና ሱቃቸውም መቃጠሉን ተናግረዋል፡፡ ….  እኔ በንግድ ስራ ነው የሚተዳደረው ያለኝን ንብረት በሙሉ ነው ያቀጠሉብኝ ያለኝም ሱቅናና አንድ መኪና ሙሉ ንብረት አቃጥለዋል፡፡  ሰላማዊ ሰው ይደበድባሉ፣ሸኔ አለ እያሉ ያስረራራሉ ለዚህ ነው አካባቢውን ለቀን የሸሸነው፡፡ አሁን በርካታ ሰዎች ቤታቸውን ለቀው ወደ ሌላ አካባቢ እየሸሹ ነው፡፡

የምዕራብ ወለጋ ዞን ዋና አስተዳዳሪ አቶ ኤሊያስ ኡመታ በዚው ጉዳይ ላይ በሰጡት ማብራሪያ  በአካባቢው የመንግስት ጸጥታ ሐይል ህግን ለማስከበር ከተሰማራ ረጅም ጊዜ እንደሆነ  ተናግረዋል፡፡ በአካባውም የተሰማራው የመንገስት ወታሮች  እና በሸማቂዎች መካካል በተለያዩ  ስፋራዎች ሰሞኑን  ግጭቶች እንደነበሩ የገለጹ ሲሆን ሰላማዊ ሰዎች በመንግስት ጸጥታ ሀይሎች  ስለመሞታቸውና ቤት ስለመቃጡም ደግሞ የተጣራ መረጃ የለንም ብለዋል፡፡  

በአካባቢው ያለውን ችግር ሰላማዊ መንገድ መፍታት ባለ መቻሉ መንግስት እርምጃ እየወሰደ መሆኑን ኃላፊው ጠቆመዋል፡፡ በምዕራብ ወለጋ እና ሌሎችም አካባቢዎች  ከዚህ ቀደም መንግስት በአካባው ሰላም ለማስፍን ሲባል ለሶስት ወራት ያህል  የስልክና ኢንተርኔት አገልግሎት አቋርጦ እንደነበረም የሚታወስ ነው፡፡

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Ethiopia: IOLAC Commentary: The Constitution should be interpreted, if at all, to re-constitute, co-govern & co-conduct a post-COVID-19 national election May 18, 2020

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
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A commentary submitted to Addis Standard on behalf of International Oromo Lawyers Association (IOLA). Click the link to read

https://addisstandard.com/commentary-the-constitution-should-be-interpreted-if-at-all-to-re-constitute-co-govern-co-conduct-a-post-covid-19-national-election-iola/amp/?__twitter_impression=true

Region in danger: Saving Oromiyaa is in the interest of the world May 10, 2020

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
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Region in danger: Saving Oromiyaa is in the interest of the world. Colonialism is refusing to go away from Oromiyaa. Oromo land and resources are still in the hands of alien government or its agents. Gleam of hope that has come increasing ever after fall of the last emperor has never been under so much threat of extinction as the present. Reversal of all the gains of half a century is underway. Supporting one of theirs to power made the matter worse than when power was in the hands of aliens. Culling of Oromo youth is going on daily to deny Oromiyaa stable, strong organization and leadership. Oromo nationalists are being accused of provoking killings of the youth and grieving of mothers in anticipation of own more plans ahead. This should have been an era when past oppressed and oppressors reconcile and build new relations, not campaigning to retake what the oppressor lost. Sovereignty belongs to all peoples not to old Ethiopia. To whine about it is not the wisest thing to do for it amounts to call for arms. Whatever was left of EPRDF was entrusted to what was referred to as “Team Lammaa” till power is transferred to peoples peacefully. That trust is betrayed with the trustee dashing peoples’ hopes. The Oromo nationalist that gave his name to the team, Lammaa Magarsaa is not tolerated even for his grief to a compatriot to be aired. This is never done in democratic country. How can one trust the establishment which has no harmony even between its functionaries? Over all, present attitudes of politicians of empire Ethiopia does not give hope for any meaningful relation, rather eminent danger is looming over her. All nations, nationalities and peoples of the region have to build together a new sovereign union of the willing and equal, not a chip of Old Nafxanyaa empire Ethiopia. It is their sovereignty not of a myth that peoples should uphold. Oromiyaa will never give up her sovereignty again and be governable without Oromo expressed free will.
Temperature and craving for power of some is high, rationality is getting zero. Concern for peoples’ interest is at its lowest. All are unable to relate today with yesterdays. The road taken to reach here has its own irreversible history. It is only if we could accept that reality that we can talk about togetherness of today and tomorrow. Still there are Amharic speaking groups that are clinging to old Ethiopia and are refusing genuine federal system which only could cement relations of colonies and their former colonizers. That constitution is not a gift like all in the past but a result of blood and sweat of the oppressed. Today the oppressed cannot cite that right without getting barrages of verbal attacks branding them as “Zaranyaa”; imprisonments and killings from Amharic speaking organizations and the rulers. Many contemptuous demands are being forwarded as if they can pass without a fight back, as in the dark yesteryears. Oromiyaan haa jiraattu.
Until consensus is achieved, the Oromo says let us sleep over it and group or individual does not say I know all for you and decide. Now strange thing is happening; to force his own will on them PP chairman has started threatening the opposition and calling names. He is probably seriously taking that he has divine mandate to lead the empire. What does rebuke and warning a senior freedom fighter in public for politely presented opinion imply? As heir to an autocracy, reverting to tradition seems inevitable and that is force not will of the ruled. That seems the way resolving the present cris is going to be tried. There is no article to twist for face saving; a lame duck illegitimate government cannot meddle with the constitution. Unprecedented arrogance and furry cannot cover the shortfall. It is good to realize that uncontrolled power leads to absolute power which in turn leads to downfall. The empire is going berserk; it is getting more dangerous than COVID 19.
It requires selfless group to avert the danger. Some fails to understand that there is no force in the empire that can now try to impose its will on others and expect to remain unscathed. On the contrary no one will be spared from hurting by the resulting chaos and destruction. Losers from democratic transformation are trying hard to destabilize Oromiyaa in perpetuity because of its potentials to bring peace, freedom, equality and stability to the region. When push comes to shove Oromo will have the least to lose. Preparing to face the worst could save not only the nation but also the region as well. That is why we say, “Saving Oromiyaa is in the interest of the world”. For the sake of peace, let all beseech the PM to save his furry and bow for reason and look for solution with all others not only the Neo-Nafxanyaa. Any aggressor Virus or Human shall be defeated by cooperation of forces of peace and freedom. Oromiyaan haa

Ibsaa Guutamaa

https://m.facebook.com/story.php?story_fbid=2953339398093263&id=100002516941123

https://m.facebook.com/story.php?story_fbid=2922381564514994&id=100002295369234

HRW: Ethiopia: Free Speech at Risk Amid Covid-19New Emergency Law Raises Concerns of Further Arrests, Prosecutions May 7, 2020

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
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Ethiopia: Free Speech at Risk Amid Covid-19

New Emergency Law Raises Concerns of Further Arrests, Prosecutions click the link to read from Human Rights Watch https://www.hrw.org/news/2020/05/06/ethiopia-free-speech-risk-amid-covid-19

And viewpoint from the Ethiopia Insight: From his pulpit, amid a crisis, Abiy regally dismisses all opponents

Itti dabaleesi, ajjeechaa daguugsa sanyii Oromoo irratti raawwachaa jiru raadyoo kana irra caqasaahttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZjJQ0MaUleQ&fbclid=IwAR0pUTr4X3R9DjCRgZRN4peN_nZNGu28HNaM3RatlSSmJ4iC1qGpxXBxXTI

Miseensota KFO irratti hidhan hammata jira
https://www.facebook.com/turune.gamtaa/posts/239495730706785

Ethiopia: Empire political crisis or constitutional crisis? May 4, 2020

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
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When we talk of Oromiyaa we talk about the once upon a time free and independent country where many come to visit, trade with or take residence in it. One for which millions gave their lives in her defense. Country of heroines and heroes and numerous braves. And at another time a dependent one that lost its independence with neighboring African countries like, Jibuuti, Somalia, the Sudan etc. As a dependent country it has no choice than giving its freedom and the best it had for the invaders. A proud people which were reduced to serfdom overnight. With the invader many came to enjoy what Oromo have lost. Now informally the occupation seems to end. There are many descendants of the occupier and those engaged in different trades that came with its permission left behind and live in peace with natives. They have the right to live where they found themselves provided, they obey Oromo laws and become no tool of external force. The same is advised to Oromo that live in other countries. There are many Oromo and others that took citizenship or residence of other countries of the world and claim equal rights with those that were there before them. Such Oromo cannot be loyal to Oromiyaa as much as they are for their new country. The same have to apply to aliens living in Oromiyaa as well. There shall be no especial treatment because they are Habashaa or not.

Every time we look into Oromo problem let us not shy from looking deep into nature of the society. There is no other society in the surrounding that has more uniting ingredients than the Oromo. Despite, dialect variations for staying apart forced on them for more than a hundred years it did not take them much to catch up to each other in communication. That indicates how deep their history, culture, tradition and language were. They had not only physical distance for that long but they were forced to forget their identity and erase all that remind them about it. Their land was taken away from them but they didn’t lose its memory by clinging on it. It is the love and reverence they have for land and the natural environment that they did not run away from it even under cruel serfdom. Though legally disowned they kept it as a part of their bone. That is probably why they say “Lafti keenya lafee keenya” (Our land is our bone). And that is why evicting them is genocidal. All that is memory left from the humiliation as a result of continuous dehumanization and brainwashing.

The brainwashing has left some damages on individual outlook on existence. Some have taken that their being free human beings is done with. Those are the types Malcom X calls “House Niger”. No one can convince them of having different existence from their masters. They spend their day barking at Oromo nationalists spiting all distorted information they are stuffed with by their mentors. The second are those that believe in having separate history from the colonizer but have no confidence to stand alone without being surrounded by spirit of their old masters. These seem under strong “Digimti” (spell) of Daftaraa. The third are proud “Birmaduu”, that have self-confidence with liberated mind and take Oromummaa as their only guiding principle. They believe in the right of all nations to national self-determination up to and including independence. They believe in unity of free Africans with them in it as equals.

So far there is no Oromo political organization that has articulated the vision of Oromo nation better than the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF). The OLF, at the very beginning of its creation did not envisage only Independent Republic Oromiyaa but also the possibility of the willing, to form a union based on principles of equality, freedom and democracy. That is the vision the enemy hates to this day; the confidence of the Oromo to be independent and their claim of unity on the basis of equality and freedom. They do not believe that Oromo have any land to declare independent and people with right to be free. They have such ridiculous

thought which are often expressed by Habashaa in particular Amaaraa activists. Oromo modesty not to claim more is not appreciated by aggressors that keep on pushing them. The Oromo say, “Haqaa guddaan udaan fidaa” (too much wiping brings down shit).

The Oromo need the original OLF that speaks for them and them alone, without divided allegiance. Oromo cannot rely on organizations or individuals with divided loyalty. Even all other organizations with Oromo names that joined the opposite camp will be listened to if there is one strong party loyal only to Oromummaa. Aliens are afraid of Oromo because of their numbers and their resources and their culture of tolerance and Safuu (ethical values). They do not believe even those that joined them for they could not understand what is there they don’t have they want to get from them? That is why their service time is usually short and humiliating. The genocide on Oromo and the curving out urban centers from their surrounding rural area of the national state by all colonial governments is to reduce their numbers. That was how one leader of EPRDF publicly vowed to turn majority into minority. Therefore, not only with aliens they embraced, they work on setting Oromoo against Oromoo on character, tribe, creed etc. But because Oromo have several means of handling contradictions like araaraa and ilaa fi Ilaamee it will be a waste of effort for divisive elements.

When it comes to present day Ethiopian empire, on the ground Oromo relation with Ethiopia did not conceptually change from the day of the emperors. With peoples struggle the federal constitution is proclaimed. Some adjustments were made to administrative superstructure based on it. Legally the federal system is not fully practiced. However, most parts of Oromiyaa have come under one state administration. But they are governed by agents of neo-colonial government. They are allowed to use their language for work and education. Now the pending question is about the federation which if not solved in time could have far reaching consequence for peace of the region. Progressive forces have accepted sovereignty of nations, nationalities and peoples of the empire. They are only the ones that give power to any one individual or group. Source of sovereignty used to be seat of power or throne. That is gone with old Ethiopia, trying to bring it back remains wish of reactionaries.

Now the Ethiopian EPRDF is replaced by another Ethiopian party, prosperity Party (PP) which did not dare to call itself Ethiopian openly. It is to fool nationalists, otherwise it is not less Ethiopian than its mother organization if not more. It wants to say I am Oromo in Oromiyaa, Amaaraa in Amaaraa etc. Attitude of its leader is worrying. He is envious of his authority to Biblical proportion. He dislikes Oromo organization, Oromo investors and Oromo youth and Oromo elders as meddlers in his assumed power base. It was his party that called those elders ungrateful for allowing them walk home before their death. He also expressed his disgust with Oromo elders who “avoid death for themselves but push the young to die”. He is afraid of their experience and wisdom which they can impart to the young, Qeerroo nemesis of his party.

Persecution of educated Oromo, investors and “the petty bourgeois” is EPRDF policy he has implemented starting from very young age. That is what is feared, that the chicken may come home to roost. That was the agenda for collecting “birds of the same feather” from low and highland to form Prosperity. He with his peers had taken many ups downs, spent much blood and sweat but to destroy Oromummaa but did not succeed. At an era when majority is unemployed, when life became mor frightening than death, when threat became useless, when world information is in everybody’s pocket, what sort of contempt is it, to think of forcing Oromummaa on its knees? This is the time to sit down and assess oneself. Oromoo are not what they were, now they have started thinking not only about freedom of oneself alone, but also that of neighbors as well. The Oromo are merciful they know how to forgive those that erred against them. One can present

oneself without holding grudge and being transparent. The Oromo are now too politically conscious to be fooled by alien and “bandaa” propaganda. One has to stand for justice which is the way of freedom or with injustice which is the way of enslavement; there is no middle way. The way of justice is the only way that takes out Ethiopia from perennial crisis.

The present Ethiopian government will be the last government to practice old Ethiopian political tradition. Ethiopian government had never been democratic or could it soon become. EPRDF tried to pretend as one but failed. It cheated on the constitution, used the process it provided but short-circuited it. The outcome was a dictatorial government. Dr. Abiy cannot be different for he came to power using the same procedure. Though he cannot change the nature of the system that caused his rise, he had so many pressures, like those that supported him to come to power, relations he formed with international community, prophesy he may still think will materialize, and the Nobel prize he won, those made him act differently so far from his predecessors. But since the infrastructure he is using is dictatorial he cannot help acting that way. One should not criticize him for being dictator but for pretending not to be one. Let him be whatever he likes, but let him make stop to summary killings of Oromo, be impartial and secular in governing, sincerely believe in the rule of law, unless it is an ongoing project, he should not plan new one.

Therefore, all talks about the constitution and his power expiring are untraditional and unprecedented political exercise by those fledgling dictators called opposition. The solution is not looking for face-saving device but to act like dictator he is. He has to suspend the constitution, dissolve parliament and rule alone till next election. Since he cannot stay in power in that way for long, he has to set election in short time. Proving his being Nobel Laurette, he may act like a magnanimous monarch, by giving back power to peoples of Ethiopian empire; let them do whatever they like with it, thereby decolonizing Ethiopia. Oromo struggle for national self-determination will then get final rest by signing a treaty with new Ethiopia. By withdrawing from the election, he can he can use the opportunity to correct mistakes he possibly did in the past years. He will then remain celebrated.

Political crises are not strange for Ethiopia. Whenever the throne shakes crisis was resolved by force. All Ethiopian leaders from Tedros to the present lived and ended with crisis. Some of them claimed to have written constitution for name sake. But no one of them respected those and entered into crisis because of them. Therefore, what one encounters in Ethiopia is political crisis not constitutional because there was no tradition of rule of law. It was over confidence, over ambitiousness, over greediness and contempt for the people they govern that tempts leaders to ignore human and Devine laws, leading to crisis. Today, raising constitutional shortcoming as cause of crisis is to give it weight among international legal community who may not believe their Nobel laurate would make the other silly errors. If not for that the attempt will be made to resolve the crisis by force as usual only to lead to another crisis.

Trying to control Oromiyaa from the center had made them overlook fifty years of struggle causing withdrawal of people’s support and fueling Oromummaa. Oromummaa that became a formidable challenge to all colonial thinkers and reactionaries is young and indomitable result of Oromo civilization renaissance. It was crisis forced by Oromummaa that gave birth to the present government. Fed up of too much oppression the people rose in unison and launched what was known as Oromo Protest. They asked in one voice for trampling on birth rights and plunder of resources to stop and asserted “Oromiyaa belongs to the Oromo”. As long as human rights are not respected no one can sit on other’s shoulder in peace.

When they saw that the EPRDF government cannot stand against it, and that the Protest also lacks leadership Oromo within EPRDF known as “Team Lammaa” joined the people’s protest. By that action it was able to provide leadership and divert it from its victorious course. With that it forced EPRDF change its leaders. The changed government instead of responding to peoples’ grievances started to mend the empire and making it conducive to mount. It rather began to suppress Oromo more, raising up and dusting those they defeated with fifty years of struggle and honoring; getting rid of wealthy Oromo and impoverishing them. Just as usual it started to kill Oromoo nationalists summarily, harming and imprisoning. Camouflaged as Oromo, it is trying to accomplish what TPLF failed to do. The Oromo matter thus went back where it started. Believing the changed government supported change favorable to the people, many nationalists that used to exert pressure on OLA group that remained in the mountains to join peaceful struggle; more of those are now sending warning not to take a foot. Killings because one is Oromo alone has brought that change of sides.

All rulers after the emperor are autocratic at heart though they have constitutions for face-saving in relation with third parties and also deceive the fool. They never even tried to imitate pretention of TPLF to simulate democracy, because they chose to become continuation of Minilik’s old Ethiopia. Though their heart knows the truth, Amharic speaking Nafxanyaa system hopefuls started to protest declared Oromo taking over Ethiopian power without hiding his backbone. They said Oromo has no legitimacy to be “taranyaa” or next in line. The same group accuse Oromo of being “zaranyaa”. Zaranya is one favoring only own nationality. What can we call them opposing Oromo taking power as Ethiopian? Internationalist? In that case “zaranyaa” could mean one who refuses to submit to Amaaraa superiority. If that is so, Oromo nationalist will be proud to attach that adjective to their being. When they say “Zaranyaa” from Nafxanyaa camp all have to know that it is a code word for Oromo.

Knowingly or unknowingly there is nothing the changed leader did not do to empower them. Unless the empire is dismantled and replaced by union of the willing all that come to power cannot abandon the objective of keeping their old colonies under them. On paper they have pretended of assuring the colonies of equal treatment by forming federal system and recognition of the right to national self-determination. But their nature does not allow them to carry that promise through. Therefore, the colonies are not de facto federated states but second-class members. Power people relations in Ethiopia remained as they were under the emperors. The political crisis talked much about therefore, remains internal affairs for the Habashaa. To associate with non- Ethiopians, they have to erase from their mind Ethiopian superiority. If they like to live together, they need to accept that superiority is something to be shared among all peoples. Nations, nationalities and people have sovereignty in their areas. Federal government will have such sovereign power that they agree to give it from their own. Any declaration contradicting this is unconstitutional and violation of peoples’ rights. The Oromo individuals in government are only Habashaa made and have the same colonial mentality. It is their ambivalent position that is bringing havoc on Oromo nation. The have made themselves straw and straw has no embers.

In Ethiopia written constitutions began as gifts from rulers and went on till this present constitution. Justice was also assumed to flow down from above. The “Federal” constitution is also a gift from rulers though Oromo freedom fighters had initially contributed to the idea before they were betrayed. It was the thought in Transitional Charter that fertilized the constitution. Despite that, for the sake of peace they have taken it as starting point to end hundred years of subjugation. Therefore, it is assumed that forces representing Ethiopia

and all old colonies have to sit down and negotiate on how to implement it. As to the crisis facing the present government, they need to settle it by themselves whether politically or by force as was their tradition.

The controversy on legitimacy of the present government is only hangover from old Ethiopian kingdom mixed with modern aspiration of constitutionalism. It does not reflect this period of liberation movements or the New World Order. Now the game is changed. It should have been how to make peoples that had been oppressed for more than a hundred years and those that had been oppressing them live together in harmony, not about who among the groups aspiring for power according to the old system, shall we raise and pull down. We should not look for panacea only in the constitution given us by TPLF/EPRDF but in what the just solution should be? Principle of the constitution had problem it aimed at to solve. Suggestion expected should not fall short of that. Trying to renew Old Ethiopia system would also be inviting trouble from majority. The way of the present transitional government did not produce the expected result. Therefore, a method of transferring power to peoples’ representatives the soonest possible has to be devised. To find solution before more blood is spilt is wisdom. It requires good faith and selflessness. That will settle, let us hope, problems inherited from old Ethiopia once for all. The non-Ethiopians will negotiate with any ones saved from the political and Corona crisis. Until then they have to keep safe from COVID 19 and also be ready to defend their freedom as not to be fooled again. They have to consider using all forms of resistance, civil disobedience, withholding taxes etc. and making Oromiyaa ungovernable without will Oromiyaans. For now, Oromiyaa demands withdrawal of all alien forces and bringing to justice those that killed any unarmed human being. Oromiyaan haa jiraattu!

Honor and glory for the fallen heroines and heroes; liberty equality and freedom for the living and nagaa and araaraa for the Ayyaanaa of our fore parents! Oromiyaan haa jiraa

Ibsaa Guutama

May 2020

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