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New African magazine’s list of 100 Most Influential Africans, #AbiyAhmed November 30, 2018

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
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Gender parity in New African magazine’s list of 100 Most Influential Africans

 New African APO

For the first time since publishing the list, there is an equal amount of men and women featuring in this year’s one hundred

Nigerians once again dominate this year’s list in terms of entries, followed by Kenyans; For the first time the list is gender balanced; Four covers featuring Mo Salah, Bogolo Joy Kenewendo, Denis Mukwege and Ahmed Abiy.

For the first time since publishing the list, there is an equal amount of men and women featuring in this year’s one hundred. Although this year’s listing is dominated by entries from Nigeria and Kenya, outstanding personalities from several other African countries are also featured.

The December issue is published with four different covers featuring: Ethiopia’s Prime Minister, Ahmed Abiy, arguably Africa’s person of the year; the 2018 Nobel Peace Prize co-winner DR Congo’s Dr Denis Mukwege;  Botswana’s 32-year old Minister of Trade  Investment  Bogolo Joy Kenewendo; and Egypt’s soccer superstar, Mo Salah whose influence goes well beyond football.

The annual list has become an industry and the magazine readers’ much-awaited collation – revealing Africans who contributed in shaping the African narrative in the concluding year and envisaged to play a big role in the coming year, both on the continent and in the Diaspora.

Collated by and from its global network of correspondents and industry insiders, this year’s listing consists of some regular names, and some of them returning for the second, even third year. The final 2018 tally sees a drop in the number of entries for politicians, but an increase in the Arts and culture section at 16 and 22 entries respectively.

When whittling down the nominees and choosing our hundred, we ended with an equal number of women and men

In terms of countries, entries are led by Nigeria with18 names followed by Kenya (11) South Africa (10) Egypt (8) and Ethiopia (7).

“One yardstick which we often employ when coming up with the final list is to emphasise that influence is not about popularity and popularity is not always influential. The influencer’s impact on public, social and political discourse, however, is what largely helps us determine their influence. Most importantly we focus mainly on people who have been influential for Africa’s good,” says reGina Jane Jere – Editor of the magazine’s sister publication – New African Woman, who leads and oversees the 100 Most Influential Africans project.

With many reports indicating how gender parity improves the quality of governance and accelerates development, and in a year that has seen the emboldening of gender issues, with countries such Ethiopia even taking a lead in achieving gender parity in Cabinet, and appointing its first ever female President under its new reformist Prime Minister Ahmed Abiy, the magazine felt it apt to produced a 50/50 ratio in this year’s list. According to the editor of the magazine, Anver Versi, this happened as much by chance as it did by design. “When whittling down the nominees and choosing our hundred, we ended with an equal number of women and men. That was the premise of this year’s ranking but it happened naturally!”

One other outstanding feature of this year’s list is the increased inclusion of people of African descent making their mark at a global level in the African Diaspora. “This is a clear indication of the wealth of talent that our continent possesses and shows that given the slightest opportunity, our men and women can eclipse their peers worldwide in their chosen fields of endeavor,” explains Versi.

Also of note is the inclusion of men and women in the seemingly unglamorous fields such as conservation and climate change, whose work is often overlooked by the media.

The December issue of New African is available on newsstands in 75 countries and via the app store and the magazine’s digital channels.

To read this month’s edition and our full archives shop at: shop.exacteditions.com/new-african

Distributed by APO Group on behalf of New African Magazine.

Media Contact:regina@icpublications.com

Click here to read at APO

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Oromia: Obbo Leencoo Lataa eebba kitaaba isaanii irratti dhamsa guddaa saba Oromoo maraaf dabrsaan. Waa jaha (6) of keessa qaba. November 30, 2018

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
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Oromia: Magaalota Wallagga Bahaafi Horroo Guduruutti hiriirri ajjeechaa lammilee mormuun gaggeffamaa jira November 29, 2018

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Magaalota Wallagga Bahaafi Horroo Guduruutti hiriirri ajjeechaa lammilee mormuun gaggeffamaa jira. BBC Afaan Oromoo

Hiriira magaalaa Naqamtee ajjeechaa lamilee mormuun bahame

Jiraattonni magaalota Godina Wallaga Bahaafi Horroo Guduruu Wallaggaa hiriira ba’uun ajjeechaa uummata lammiileerra gahaa jiru akka dhaabatu gaafachaa oolan.

Ajjechaan raawwatamaa jiruun uummanni nagaa dhabeera kan jedhan jiraattonni magalaaa gara garaatti bahan kunneen qaama hawwaasaa hunda kan hammate yommuu ta’u hojjetoota mootummaallee waajira cufanii hiriira kana akka ba’an jiraatan magaalaa Naqamtee dubbateera.

Hiriira ajjeechaa miseensoota poolisiifi uummata nagaa irratti qaqqabee balaalefachuun bahame irratti miseensoota poolisii Oromiyaa dabalatee jiraatoonni magaaloota akka Naqamteefi Shaambuu hirmaataniiru.

Jiraataan magaala Naqamtee BBC’n haasofsiise wayita ajjeechaan raawwatamutti mootummaan gahee isaa hin bahanne, uummannis nagaa dhabeera jechuun jiraatoonni hiriira bahu isaanii himeera.

Jiraataan magaalaa Naqamtee inni biraan immoo “Olaantummaan seeraa kabajamaa hin jiru, uummanni ajjeefamaafi buqqa’aa jira kanaaf hiriira baannera,” jechuun hime.

Mormii Magaalaa Naqamtee

Miseensi poolisii magaala Shaambutii yaada isaanii BBC’f kennan mootummaan naannoo Oromiyaas ta’e mootummaan federaalaa, rakkoo nageenyaafi ajjeechaa tibbanna raawwatamaa ture callisanii ilaalaa turan jedhan.

Magaalota kunneen keessatti guyyaa har’aa sochiin daldalaa kan hin jirreefi dhaabbileen daldalaas cufamanii akka jiran jiraatootni dubbatu.

Rakkoo nageenyaa naannoo daangaatti uummameen miseensotni poolisii Oromiyaa digdamatti siiqan ajjeefamuu isaanii, hogganaan dhimmoota komunikeeshinii komishinii poolisii Oromiyaa Komishinar Soorii Dinqaa BBC’ti himuun isaanii ni yaadatama.

ባለፈው ሳምንት በቤኒሻንጉል ጉሙዝ ያሶ ከተማ በፈፀመ ጥቃት ስምንት የአንድ ቤተሰብ አባላት መገደላቸውን የሟች ቤተሰቦች ለቢቢሲ ተናገሩ።

ህዳር 11 ቀን 2011 ማታ ከሶስት ሰዓት በኋላ ታጣቂዎች የቤተሰብ አባላቱን በጥይት ገድለው ቤታቸውንም እንዳቃጠሉ በጥቃቱ ባለቤታቸውንና የባለቤታቸውን ወንድሞች ያጡት የስምንት ልጆች እናት ወ/ሮ ልኪቱ ተፈራ ይናገራሉ።

“መጀመሪያ ተኩስ ከከፈቱብን በኋላ ቤት ውስጥ ጭድ ጨምረው እሳት ለኮሱብን። እኔና ልጆቼ በጓሮ በር በኩል አመለጥን። ሌሎቹ ግን እዚያው ተቃጠሉ” በማለት ሁኔታውን ያስታውሳሉ።

• “ጥፍር መንቀል ሕጋዊ አይደለም ስንለው ብሔሩ ውስጥ ለመደበቅ ይሞክራል” ጠ/ሚ ዐብይ

• የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝባዊ አመፅን በፎቶ

ልጃቸው አቶ ወጋሪ ፈይሳ በመኖሪያ ቤታቸው በወቅቱ ሃያ አንድ የቤተሰብ አባላት እንደነበሩና ቤታቸውም ፖሊስ ጣቢያ አቅራቢያ በመሆኑ ደህንነት ተሰምቷቸው እንደነበር ይናገራል።

ነገር ግን ያልጠበቁት ነገር መከሰቱንና በተፈጠረው ነገርም ህፃናት ልጆች ከፍተኛ ድንጋጤ ውስጥ እንዳሉም ይገልፃሉ።

የቤኒሻንጉል ጉሙዝ ክልል የፀጥታና አስተዳደር ቢሮ ሃላፊ አቶ ሙሳ አህመድ ከተማው ውስጥ ግድያ ስለ መከሰቱ መረጃ እንዳላቸው ነገር ግን ዝርዝር ጉዳዮችን እንደማያውቁ ገልፀዋል።

ከጥቃቱ የተረፉ የቤተሰቡ አባላት ሸሽተው የተጠለሉበት አዋሳኝ የምሥራቅ ወለጋ ሃሮ ሊሙ ወረዳ አስተዳዳሪ አቶ ጋሮማ ቶሎሳ ግድያው ስለመፈፀሙ ማረጋገጫ እንዳላቸው ለቢቢሲ ተናግረዋል።

“አባቴ ፈይሳ ዲሳሳ፣ ወንድሙ ዲንሳ ዲሳሳን ጨምሮ ስምንት የአጎቶቼ ልጆችን አጥተናል። ግድያው በጣም አሰቃቂ ነበር” ይላሉ አቶ ዋጋሪ።

በተመሳሳይ እለት የቤተሰብ አባላቱን ግድያ ጨምሮ በያሶ ከተማ በተፈፀመ ጥቃት አርባ የሚሆኑ ሰዎች መገደላቸውን ኗሪዎችና የአዋሳኝ ወረዳ አስተዳዳሪው ቢናገሩም የቤኒሻንጉል ጉሙዝ ክልል ፀጥታና አስተዳደር ቢሮ ሃላፊው አቶ ሙሳ ግን አስር ሰው ብቻ ስለመገደሉ መረጃ እንዳላቸው ይገልፃሉ።

ሆኖም ግን ጉዳዩን በሚመለከት ተጨማሪ መረጃ እንደሚያስፈልጋቸው “መንገድ በመዘጋቱ ነገሮችን በቅርበት ማጣራት አልቻልንም” በማለት ተናግረዋል።

More from Oromian Economist social media sources

Why are TPLFites using Benishangul-Gumu as new proxy?

– It is part of Getachew Asefa’s strategy of destablizing the country to make the federal government busy putting off fire rather than chase him.
– Much of the fertile land in Benishangul-Gumuz have been taken, in the name of investment, by retired Tigrean military and intelligence officers. They fear they will loose this loot if the change takes root in the region. So they finance Getachew Asefa’s operations.

The fed, Oromia and Benshangul states made serious of lousy mistakes creating vacuum being exploited.

TPLF/ Getachew might be exploiting these weaknesses. But these are just tactical gains but strategic blunders. They are digging their own grave deeper. The feds will now take the gloves off !!

That Meles dude took the password with him leaving TPLF as headless chicken. It remains so even after loosing its 2 trenches now endangering the last 🙂 TPLFites think the last battle will be fought in Kamashi. Wrong. it will be at their last trench !!

The West has now become the new frontier for TPLF’s proxy war on OPDO. Last year it was the East. Back then they were using Abdi Illey’s liyu police. Now they are using former Ethiopian army soldiers as mercenary fighting force.

More than 80,000 people displaced from Benishangul Gumuz and Western Oromia. Wallaga Bahaa: Lakkoofsi namoota ajjeefamanii 44 ol yoo ta’u, 80,000 ol qe’eerraa buqqa’aniiru. Click here to read article in Oromia Economist, October 2, 2018

Ethiopia: U.S. State Department Sanctions ex-Intelligence Chief, Getachew Assefa November 28, 2018

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Ethiopia: U.S. State Department Sanctions ex-Intelligence Chief

Ethiopia: U.S. State Department Sanctions ex-Intelligence Chief

The U.S. State Department is set to impose travel, assets and financial sanctions against the fugitive former Ethiopian Intelligence chief Getachew Assefa under the Global magnitsky act.

BY ANDUALEM SISAY | THE EAST AFRICAN/ TESFA NEWS

The US has imposed a travel ban travel and assets freeze on the fugitive former Ethiopian Intelligence head Getachew Assefa.

The sanctions follow the House of Representatives (HR) 128 Bill passed by the US Congress against Mr Getachew’s violation of human rights.

The request to the State Department was made by the House of Representatives’ Mike Coffman (R), who sponsored the HR 128 bill and finally got it passed by the Congress.

Gang Rape

Mr Getachew is accused for orchestrating the assassination attempt on the Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed in Addis Ababa during the rally called in support of the reformist leader. The charges against him also include crimes against humanity on thousands of prisoners across the country such as allowing gang rape of both males and females, torturing and killings using different techniques in secrete jails.

The US federal prosecutor recently indicated that many secrete prisons used for torturing inmates had been found in Ethiopia, seven of which were in Addis Ababa.

While about a dozen former intelligence officers were arrested recently, Mr Getachew, whose face was not known by the public, was reportedly hiding in Tigray region.

Reports show that billions of dollars have been stolen from Ethiopia and stashed abroad over the past few decades, mainly by officials who run political party mega businesses and their affiliates, including holders of foreign passports.

Illicit Money

Over $2 billion was reportedly stolen from Metal Engineering Corporation, owned by the military.

Ethiopia lost $11.7 billion in illegal capital flight from 2000 through to 2009, according to Global Financial Integrity report released in 2011.

More worrying, according to the study, is that Ethiopia’s losses due to illicit capital flows were on the rise. In 2009, illicit money leaving the economy totalled $3.26 billion, which was double the amount in each of the two previous years and more than its $2 billion annual export earnings at the time.

As Ethiopia went through political crisis and instability over the past few years, the amount of money that left the country was estimated to exceed far more than was the case in 2009.

Read more at TESFA NEWS

      U.S. govt asked to sanction Ethiopia’s ex-spy boss, Getachew Assefa,  Africa  news

Oromia: OMN: Marii Hawaasaa Galma Abbaa Gadaa (Adaamaa ) November 25, 2018

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
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OMN: Marii Hawaasaa Galma Abbaa Gadaa (Adaamaa ) Sad. 25, 2018

Making Ethiopia’s Electoral Board Independent November 23, 2018

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New Appointment Furthers Gender, Political Reform

Felix Horne, HRW, Senior Researcher, Horn of Africa

Birtukan Mideksa Appointment
Birtukan Mideksa, a former judge and leading opposition figure, named head of the National Electoral Board of Ethiopia (NEBE).  @PMEthiopia/Twitter

There was good news from Ethiopia as former opposition leader, lawyer and judge Birtukan Midekssa was named head of the National Electoral Board of Ethiopia (NEBE). Following years of almost completely closed political space, Ethiopia’s government continues to institute an important series of reforms. The appointment of a highly respected – and crucially, independent – new elections chair is another step in the right direction.

The NEBE, like many of Ethiopia’s supposedly independent institutions has been regularly criticized for being controlled by the ruling coalition and political interference in party and candidate registration has been a long-standing problem.

Birtukan understands all too well the ruling Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front’s (EPRDF)  stifling political control. Following the 2005 elections, she was sentenced to life imprisonmenton politically motivated charges. After receiving a pardon in 2007, she founded and became the chair of the opposition Unity for Democracy and Justice (UDJ) party. But in 2008, she was again detained and only released after the 2010 elections, when the EPRDF won 99.6% of parliamentary seats. Birtukan had been living in exile ever since.

Birtukan’s nomination is also another win for women’s rights in Ethiopia, following a number of appointments of women to senior government positions, including Sahle-Work Zewde to the post of President and Meaza Ashenafi to head the Supreme Court. Dr Abiy Ahmed, Ethiopia’s prime minister who came to power in April, has now achieved gender parity in his cabinet, which used to be made up almost exclusively of male party loyalists.

But Birtukan has her work cut out for her. While there have been many positive reforms since Dr Abiy took power, Ethiopia still faces enormous challenges. The last seven months have seen a rise in violence and ethnic tensions in many parts of the country, contributing to the displacement of some 1.4 million people  from their homes between January and June. This is compounded by a growing breakdown in law and order and increasing flows of firearms. Birtukan will oversee crucial and potentially volatile local elections scheduled for 2019 and national elections scheduled for 2020.

Creating an environment where Ethiopians have faith in the electoral process and in institutions like the electoral board is critical, and Birtukan’s appointment is a step towards creating that reality. But whether much needed reforms to electoral laws will be made and she will be given the tools to create a more inclusive elections system will be another test of the government’s true commitment to reform.

More from Oromian Economist sources:-

Ethiopia parliament approves Birtukan Mideksa as elections boss | Africanews

Aadde Birtukaan walittiqabduu Boordii Filannoo ta’uun filatamuurratti maaltu jedhamaa jira? BBC Afaan Oromoo

Ethiopia: የህወሓቶች ቁጥር የበዛው የሌብነቱ ፈር-ቀዳጅ እና ፈቃጅ ስለነበሩ ነው! November 21, 2018

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ላለፉት አመታት በከፍተኛ የሌብነትና ሙስና ተግባር የተሰማሩት በተለያየ ደረጃ የሚገኙ የመንግስት ባለስልጣናትና ኃላፊዎች፣ ከመንግስት እና ገዢው ፓርቲ ጋር የቀረበ ግንኙነት ያላቸው በተለያየ የግል ባለሃብቶችና ድርጅቶች፣ እንዲሁም በአገልግሎት ሰጪ ተቋማት የሚሰሩ ሰራተኞች በግንባር ቀደምትነት ይጠቀሳሉ። ይሁን እንጂ መንግስታዊ መዋቅርና የተቋማት ሥራና አሰራር የተዘረጋው፣ የሀገሪቱ የኢኮኖሚ እንቅስቃሴ የሚመራው በህወሓት መሪነት የፖለቲካ አቋምና አመለካከት ነው። ከህወሓት የፖለቲካ አቋምና አመለካከት የተለየ ወይም የሚቃወም ሰው የፖለቲካ ስልጣን ሊኖረው አይችልም።

ከህወሓት የተለየ የፖለቲካ አመለካከት ያለው ግለሰብ በተቀሩት የኢህአዴግ አባል ድርጅቶች ውስጥ አንኳን ወደ አመራርነት መምጣት አይችልም። በመሆኑም የኢህአዴግ አባል ድርጅቶች አባላትና አመራሮች በሙሉ የህወሓት የፖለቲካ እና ኢኮኖሚ የበላይነትን የተቀበሉ እና የሚያገለግሉ ናቸው። ከህወሓት ጋር የቀረበ ግንኙነትና የጥቅም ትስስር የሌላቸው የሀገር ውስጥ እና የውጪ ቢዝነስ ተቋማት ኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ በነፃነት መስራትና መንቀሳቀስ አይችሉም።

የህወሓት አመራሮች፣ አባላትና ደጋፊዎች እንደ ሌሎች የኢህአዴግ አባል ድርጅቶች ሁሉ በሙስና እና በህገ ወጥ ዘረፋ ተግባር ተሰማርተዋል። ሆኖም ግን ሌሎች የኢህአዴግ አባል ድርጅቶች በሙስና እና ዘረፋ ተግባር የተሰማሩት በህወሓት ፍቃድ እና ይሁንታ ነው። ስለዚህ ሌሎች የኢህአዴግ አባል ድርጅቶች አመራሮች፣ አባላት እና ደጋፊዎች ያለ ህወሓት ፍቃድና ይሁንታ በዘረፋና ሌብነት ተግባር ውስጥ መሰማራት አይችሉም። ምክንያቱም የህወሓትን የበላይነት የሚቃወሙ ሰዎች እንኳን መስረቅ በሀገራቸው ሰርተው መብላት አይችሉም።

በተመሳሳይ የህወሓት የሙስና እና ዘረፋ ተግባር የሚቃወሙ እና የሚያጋልጡ ሰዎች በነፃነት መናገር፣ መፃፍና መደራጀት አይችሉም። ከዚህ በተጨማሪ ከህወሓት ጋር የጠበቀ የጥቅም ትስስር የሌላቸው ተቋማትና ድርጅቶች እንኳን በህገወጥ ተግባር በህጋዊ መንገድ መስራትና መንቀሳቀስ አይችሉም። የህወሓት የበላይነት እና ጭቆና የሚቃወሙ ሰዎች በመንግስት ተቋማት ውስጥ ቀርቶ በግል ተቋማት ውስጥ እንኳን ተቀጥረው መስራት አይችሉም።

በአጠቃላይ ባለፉት 27 አመታት ያለ ህወሓት እውቅና እና ፍቃድ በህገወጥ ዘረፋና ሙስና ተግባር የተሰማራ የመንግስት ባለስልጣን፣ የንግድ ድርጅት ወይም አገልግሎት ሰጪ ድርጅት የለም። በዚህ መሰረት የህወሓት አመራሮች፣ አባላትና ደጋፎዎች በራሳቸው በሙስና እና ህገወጥ የንግድ እንቅስቃሴ ከመሰማራታቸው በተጨማሪ ሌሎች የፖለቲካ ድርጅቶች፣ የንግድ ተቋማት፣ የመንግስት እና የግል ሰራተኞች በዘረፋና ሌብነት ተግባር እንዲሰማሩ አድርገዋል። ስለዚህ የህወሓት አባላትና አመራሮች መጠየቅ በራሳቸው ለፈፀሙት ዘረፋና ሌብነት ብቻ ሳይሆን ሌሎች የፖለቲካ ቡድኖች፣ ተቋማት እና ሰራተኞች በተመሳሳይ ህገወጥ ተግባር እንዲሰማሩ ፈር-ቀዳጅ እና ፈቃጅ በመሆናቸው ጭምር ነው። ከዚህ አንፃር በህግ የሚጠየቁ የህወሓት አመራሮች፣ አባላትና ደጋፊዎች ቁጥር ከሌሎች አንፃር ሲታይ ብዙ ቢሆን ሊገርመን አይገባም። 

የህወሓቶች ቁጥር የበዛው የሌብነቱ ፈር-ቀዳጅ እና ፈቃጅ ስለነበሩ ነው!

Oromia: Kantiibaa Mooyyalee: “Magaala Mooyyalee keessaa uummanni ganda afurii buqqa’eera”, BBC Afaan Oromoo November 19, 2018

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“Magaala Mooyyalee keessaa uummanni ganda afurii buqqa’eera”, BBC Afaan Oromoo,  16 Sadaasa 2018

Rakkoo nageenyaa magaalaa Mooyyalee keessatti Dilbata darbee eegalee lubbuun namootaa akka darbuufi baayyeenis akka madaa’aniif sababa ta’e hanga har’aatti tasgabbii waara’aa hin arganne.

Jiraataan maagaalichaa tokko haalli magaalattiin itti jirtu BBC Afaan Oromootti akka himanitti, sochiin daldalaafi hojiin hedduu hin mullatu.

Namoonni gara waaree boodaa gadi ba’ani miillaan wayita deeman mullatan malee konkolaataafi baajaajiin socho’aa akka hin jirre dubbata jiraataan kun.

Guyyoota darbanirra har’a nagaadha jedhaniyyu jiraataan kun gara saatii afuriitti humni ittisaa nama tokkotti dhukaasanii madeessaniiru jedha.

Waraanni ittisa biyyaa baay’inaan daandiirratti mullachuu himanii jiraattonni gandoota Qabbanaa, Maddoo Miigoo, Shawaa Barrii, Barbaree, Ganda 01 guutummaan guutuutti buqqa’aniiru jedhe jirataan magaalaa Mooyyalee kun.

Jiraataan kun humni ittisa biyyaa guyyaa kaleessaa uummata keenya haadhaa oole jedhee uummanni komee kaasuus dubbateera. Akka ragaatti kan uummanni dhiyeesses namoonni lama jalaa du’uu akka ta’e ibseera jiraataan kun.

Kantiibaan magaalaa Mooyyalee Obbo Fugicha Dheenge kaleessa galgala irraa eegalee dhukaasni akka hin jirre dubbatanii, “Magaala Mooyyalee keessaa uummatni ganda afurii buqqa’eera. Namootni buqqa’an mootummaadhaan deeggaramaa hin jiran” jedhan.

Lubbuun namootaa hedduu darbuu, kaan madaa’uu akkasumas qabeenyi gubachuu dubbatanii miidhaan qaqabe hanga kanaati jedhanii gabaasuudhaaf garuu koreen dura qoratee adda baasuu qaba jedhan Obbo Fugichaan.

Kantiibaan Mooyyalee kun akka jedhanitti meeshaa humni poolisii Addaa naannoo Somaalee hidhatan kun ciccimaa waan ta’eefis, humni ittisa biyyaa hanga barbaadameen gidduu seenee tasgabeessuun hin milkoofne jedhaniiru.

Rakkoon kun kan baroota darban furmaata osoo argachuu malanii awwaalamanii turanitu hanga guyyaa harraatti rakkoo nageenyaa ta’ee waggaa darbe irraa kaasee magaalattiin nagaan irraa fagaachuu dubbatan.

Kana furuudhaaf, tokkummaadhaan ta’anii hojjenaan furmaata ni argama jedhanii, yeroo ammaa kana ammoo namoota buqqa’aniif deggersa nyaataafi qorichaa waan barbaachisuf qaamni danda’u akka nuuf birmatu jechuun gaafataniiru.

Waldhabdee erga gaafa Dilbataa eegale as lubbuun namoota hedduu darbeera, madoonis ni jiru.

‘Haleellaa Mooyyaleetti Ta’een Lubbuun Namoota 4 Darbeera’ Hospitaala Mooyyalee, VOA AFAAN OROMOO

OMN, Arreessa Boorana! Liibani haga Mooyyale! 

Security remains a challenge to access IDPs in Benishangul Gumuz, OCHA Humanitarian Bullet in Ethiopia November 14, 2018

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Security remains a challenge to access IDPs inBenishangul Gumuz

OCHA Humanitarian Bullet in Ethiopia Issue 67| 29 October-11 November 2018

Access constraints continue to prevent humanitarian partners from reaching some 57,000 displaced persons within Oda (15,000) and Kamashi (42,000) zones of Benishangul Gumuzregion. Due to continuing security concerns in Benishangul Gumuz region, only government officials, with armed escort, were able to provide a one-time humanitarian assistance to IDPs in the two zones. Government and partners were able to provide limited assistance to some 182,000 people who have been displaced from Benishangul Gumuz region to East Wollega(101,000) and West Wollega (81,000) zones of the neigbouring Oromia region. The National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC) has delivered first-round emergency relief food to IDPs in East and West Wollega, but resource shortfall remains. Meanwhile, the humanitarian country team encouraged partners to mobilize additional human resources and also increase prepositioning in Assosa to allow speedy response once access is possible. This will help to address critical needs of food and nutrition, NFIs,WaSH, Health and education services of IDPs in Benishangul Guzmuz region. An estimated 240,000 people who were displaced from Benishangul Gumuz region are in urgent need of humanitarian assistance. The unprecedented violence that started in Kamashi zone on 26 September and continued through October and November forced. FOR MORE CLICK HERE

Ethiopia: Shocking news of the unfolding TPLF’s corruption, crimes and political scandal November 14, 2018

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Shocking news of the unfolding TPLF’s corruption, crimes and political scandal in Ethiopia 

Recap of Monday’s shocking news of the unfolding TPLF’s corruption, crimes and political scandal in #Ethiopia via Mohammed Ademo, Executive director of Oromia Broadcast Network (OBN) :

♦ 63 suspects accused of corruption and human rights abuses appeared in court on Monday. 27 of the detainees, including former METEC deputy CEO B/Gen. Tena Kurunde, are accused of years of embezzlement at the state-owned conglomerate; whereas 36 are former officials at the National Intelligence and Security Service (NISS), federal and Addis Ababa police officers, and prison administration officials implicated in egregious rights violations.

♦- Per Addis Fortune, one of the suspects brought before the judge today was a spouse of Yared Zerihun, former deputy head of NISS. She’s accused of (attempt) to help her husband flee arrest.

♦- A federal judge on Monday evening denied all of the suspects the right to bail. Investigators were granted 14 days to finish investigation/file charges. More arrests (reportedly higher up the chain) are expected in the days (and weeks) ahead.

♦- Ethiopia’s Attorney General @BerhanuTsegaye alleges senior leaders of NISS orchestrated the Meskel Square plot to kill PM Abiy Ahmed in June using paid Oromo agents. Pretext: The killing of the PM, an ethnic Oromo, by an Oromo would give the impression that his own constituents did not support him.

♦- A five-month long investigation by the AG’s office uncovered 7 CIA blacksite-style secret prisons (villas and houses) across Addis Ababa that were used by NISS agents to torture victims —particularly terrorism suspects and political opponents — in order to extract false confessions.

♦- Opposition party members were tortured at the 7 secret dungeons until they withdrew their memberships. Those who refused were severely beaten. Some died from the torture. Suspects were forced to confess to owning illegal weapons and to sign documents admitting to various crimes.

♦- Torture methods: Electric shock, pulling male genitals with pins or hanging bottle waters on them, rape, hanging suspects on a tree and beating them, tying naked suspects to trees and leaving them in the forest overnight, waterboarding, pulling fingernails, putting pen in suspects noses, etc.

♦- Suspects were held alongside wild beasts. Female interrogators peed on the faces of male suspects. Detainees were routinely forced to drink a pee and gang raped. Victims were denied medical attention for life threatening injuries. Some were amputated, paralyzed as a result.

♦- On METEC: internal and external procurement, $2 billions worth in 6yrs, made without any formal bidding. Traffickers, who are relatives of government officials and who were paid commission, intervened in procurement decisions at times demanding and forcing a 400 % price increase.

♦- METEC imported used cranes from Singapore and China without any bidding (ጨረታ). One of the five cranes is now being used by an individual. Individuals, companies and merchants known as “affiliates” were routinely called by phone to purchase materials at highly inflated prices.

♦- METEC purchased two old ships valued at $3.3 million from Ethiopian Shipping Lines at a reduced price…to use the ships to transport heavy metals. It renovated the ships at the cost of 513 million birr. But the ships may have been used to transport weapons and other contraband between Somalia and Iran.

♦- The Ethiopian flag bearing ships apparently had temporary permits only to move between ports for maintenance. Yet they made several unauthorized and illegal voyages, including to China, for unknown missions. METEC eventually sold the ships for $2.6 million but the money was never deposited into the company’s corporate account.

♦- METEC allegedly purchased a number of airplanes without any formal bid. The private rides were used by government officials, primarily METEC chair Gen. Kinfe Dagnew. At least one of the airplane is now untraceable. The extravagant purchase left the state-owned corporation at least 24 million birr in the red.

♦- In sum, the detained METEC officials are suspected of money laundering, illegal hotel purchase, organized corruption and other grand thefts. In court, the suspects reportedly complained they were arrested without a court warrant after being called to attend a meeting. During a subsequent operation, police recovered bombs, other weapons, house deeds and car titles. Many incl. Kinfe are still on the loose.

*Folks, this is but the tip of the iceberg of the heinous rights abuses, grand national theft and institutionalized robbery. More scary, mind-numbing and dizzying details expected to come to light as the investigation unfolds. Buckle up..!

More from Oromian Economist sources:-

Dokumantarrii Addaa gocha Malaamaltummaa hooggantoonni METEC raawwatan kan agarsiisuu dhiyaachaa jira Daawwadhaa.
OBN Sagalee Uummataa!



Over 40 officials of corruption riddled METEC, members of intelligence under arrest

Meejar Jenaraal Kinfee Daanyaw to’annoo jala oolanii Finfinnee dhufaa jiru, BBC AFAAN OOROMOO

Meejer Jeneraal Kinfee Daanyew

Daarektarri Olaanaa duraanii Korporeeshinii Sibiilaafi Injiinaringii (MeTEC) Meejar Janaraal Kinfee Daanyaw to’annaa jala oolan.

Erga to’annaa jala oolfamanii booda gara Finfinnee fidamuu isaanii miidiyaan biyya keessaa gabaasanii jiru.

Aanga’aan kun naannoo Tigiraay bakka Humaraa jedhamutti wayita to’annoo jala oolchan miidiyaan biyyaalessaa ETV’n kallattiin tamsaasee jira.

Hojii Korporeeshinichaa waliin walqabateen kan shakkaman Daarekteerichi gama Lixa Tigiraayitti kan argamtu Baataar bakka jedhamtutti tumsa hawwaasaafi humna ittisaatiin ture kan to’annaa jala oolan.

Guyyaa kaleessaa Abbaan Alangaa Mootummaa Federaalaa saamicha maallaqaa guddaatiin kan shakkaman gaggeessitoota ol aanoo MeTEC  namoota 27 akkasumas ogeessota to’annoo jala oolfamuu ibsa kennee ture.

Presentational grey line

Akka Abbaan Alangaa Federaalaa Kaleessa jedhetti ‘METEC’ birrii biiliyoona 37 oliin dorgommii caalbaasii malee biyya alaatii bittaa raawwateera.

Adeemsi bittaa kun hariiroo faayidaa dhuunfaafi firummaan kan raawwatame ta’uus himaniiru.

Bittaan kun gatii meeshaalee hanga dachaa 400tti guddisuun kan raawwatame ta’uus qorannoon argamuu himaniiru.

Bittaan biyya keessaas dhaabbilee hoogganoota ‘METEC’ waliin hidhata michummaa fi firummaa qaban irraa caal-baasii malee raawwatame jedhan Obbo Birhaanuun.

Dooniiwwan lama Abbaay fi Andinnat jedhaman waggoota baay’eef tajaajiluu isaaniirraa kan ka’e faayidaa kennuu hin qaban jedhamee dhaabbata biyya alaaf wayita gurguramuf jedhutti ‘METEC’ sibiila dooniiwanii caccabsee fayyadamuuf gaaffii dhiyeessee dooniiwwan lamaan bituu himaniiru.

Boodas dooniwwan kanneen caccabsee sibila isaa itti fayyadamuu dhiisuun dooniwwan kanaan hojii daldalaa seeraan alaa hojjechuun maallaqa doolaara kuma dhibba shan galii argatullee maallaqichi mootummaaf galii hin taanes jedhaniiru.

Kana malees bittaawwan xiyyaaraa fi hoteelootaa irrattis yakkawwan hojjetamusaani abbaan alangaa federaalaa himan.

Dhaabbatichi xiyyaara tajaajilaa ala ta’an shan kaampanii biyya Israa’el irraa bitee Afran isaanii hojiin ala ta’anii dhaabatani kan jiran yoo ta’u tokko eessa akka jiru hin beekamu jedhan Obbo Birhaanuun.

Yakkawwan malaammaltumaa kunneenin walqabatees namootni 27 to’annoo jal oolaniiru jedhan.

Yakkawwan kunneenin walqabate shakkamtootni biyya keessatti dhokatan fi gara biyya biraatti baqatanis ni jiru kan jedhan Obbo Birhaanu Tsagaaye hojiin namoota kunneen to’annoo jala oolchus hojjetamaa jira jedhan.

Kanneen biyya keessa bakka garagaraa dhokatanii jiranis to’annoo jala akka oolfaman himaniiru.

Kan biyya alaatti argaman to’annoo jala oolchuuf biyyaalee keessa jiran waliin dubbataa jirra, biyyaaleenis dabarsanii nuuf kennuuf waadaa galaniiru jedhan Obbo Birhaanuu Tsagaaye.

Yakkawwan kunneenin walqabatee konkolaataawwan, kaartaan manaa, eyyamawwan daldalaa, meeshaaleen waraanaa fi sanadootni biroos to’annoo jala oolaniiru jedhan.

To’annaa jala oolun namoota kunneeni dhimma sabummaa namootaa walin hidhata kan hin qabne akka ta’es Obbo Birhaanu Tsagaaye himaniiru.

Yakkamtoota kanneen qabanii seeratti dhiyeessuuf hawaasni akka tumsus gaafatanii jiru.

BBC in its research into fake news discovered that the USA based Ethiopian Satellite Television and Radio (ESAT) has been fabricating and spreading fake News that has ignited ethnic violences November 12, 2018

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A year in fake news in Africa

What was the story?

In July, the US-based Ethiopian Satellite Television (ESAT) station broadcast a video which it said showed ethnic Oromos in Ethiopia pushing the bodies of ethnic Somalis into a shallow grave.

It claimed that the footage was taken in Ethiopia’s Oromia region, where there has been deadly violence between the two groups this year.

What impact did it have?

BBC
Cameroon videoImage copyrightYOUTUBE
Image captionThe film showed bodies being rolled into a shallow grave
BBC

The BBC’s Afaan Oromo language service reported that the broadcast and subsequent widespread circulation of the video on social media in Ethiopia resulted in deadly attacks on ethnic Oromo people living in neighbouring Djibouti and Somalia.

Oromo refugees in neigbouring Djibouti told the BBC that they had been beaten and their shops looted after the video was aired there.

How do we know it was fake?

After an uproar on social media with many questioning its authenticity, ESAT admitted that the video was not real and described it as “deliberately misleading” in an official apology on its YouTube channel.

The same unverified video had been widely shared in June on social media in relation to the current conflict between Anglophone separatists and the government in Cameroon, some 3,000km (1,800 miles) west of Ethiopia.

The video aired on ESAT TV had apparently also been doctored, with audio of what were supposedly Oromo youths chanting inserted on top of the video’s original sound.

BBC
Presentational grey line

Oromiyaa, Official Music,Isqiyaas Mazammir November 10, 2018

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Oromia: Athletic Nation Report: Oromo Athlete Lelisa Desisa Wins the 2018 New York City Marathon in a Sprint Finish November 4, 2018

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Oromo Athlete Lelisa Desisa Wins the 2018 New York City Marathon in a Sprint Finish.png

Lelisa Desisa Wins New York City Marathon in a Sprint Finish

He holds off a late charge from Shura Kitata, his Ethiopian countryman.

GETTY IMAGESTIMOTHY A. CLARY

Lelisa Desisa started with cool judgment, held on with stern resolve, and finished with blazing passion to win the New York City Marathon today. The Ethiopian’s 2:05:59 is the second fastest time in the race’s 48 years. His training partner and protégé, Shura Kitata, chased him to the last drop of willpower up the draining final incline to Tavern on the Green, and will follow Desisa in the record book, as the third fastest ever on this demanding course, 2:06:01.

Both disappeared after the finish into a gleeful three-man hug with their coach, Haji Adillo Roma. They had plenty to celebrate. It was Ethiopia Strikes Back, a dramatic riposte against what until today seemed total Kenyan dominance of the world men’s marathon in 2018.

Mary Keitany, Lelisa Desisa Win 2018 New York City Marathon
by Runner’s World US

Everyone read this race wrong, except Desisa. Prerace, Geoffrey Kamworor of Kenya was universally the hot favorite. He was the defending champion, possessed of stellar track and road times, close friend of the godlike world-record holder Eliud Kipchoge, whom he has recently matched in training. Through 24 miles, moving smoothly, he appeared to have things under control, just as we all expected.

We were wrong. While Kamworor was leading the anxious-looking Desisa through Central Park with three miles to go, he seemed to be holding the pressure, waiting for his moment to break the chain. In cold stats reality, in mile 24 Kamworor slowed to 4:45, after running 4:29 for mile 23. He was hurting. It was Desisa who chose the moment. Near mile 25, as we waited for Kamworor to thrust in the sword, Desisa looked ahead, tossed away his woolen hat, and threw in the fierce surge that seized the race.

Desisa knew what he wanted, and only he believed possible. He has twice won the Boston Marathon, and is beloved there for returning his 2013 medal to the city as a gesture of support after the bombings that year. But in five attempts at New York, he has always been the gallant loser, three times standing on the podium, without a victory. He neatly summed up his New York history after the race, in willing but less than perfect English.

“I think this year to be champion,” he said. “In New York, I am number 2, number 3, one year I did not finish, again number 3. This year I decide to be the champion. I am tired for champion here. This is my dream.”

While Desisa has been winning marathons since 2013, Kitata is the rising force. He hit the headlines in April as the surprise challenger and runner-up to Kipchoge in London in a personal best of 2:04:49, burned a fast solo 59:16 half marathon in Philadelphia in September, and started out today with youthful confidence and aggression. Perhaps youthful folly. It’s not often that anyone risks putting a gap on a world-class field up the quite steep first mile on the Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge.

“I did everything my coach told me,” Kitata said through an interpreter. “I was extremely confident of a fast time, so I was happy to lead the race. Later I felt that effort in my legs, so dropped behind Lelisa and Geoffrey. But when my legs felt better, I was confident I could be second.”
image

Lelisa Desisa falls to the ground after claiming his first NYC Marathon victory.

© 2018 KEVIN MORRIS

Kamworor had no response, though he has the consolation that his 2:06:26 for third is the fourth-fastest New York time ever, and four minutes faster than his winning time in 2017. At the postrace media conference, Kamworor looked more disappointed than he was willing to admit.

“I am happy. I gave out the best I could,” he said. But he will need a bit more of the Kipchoge magic if he is to emulate his mentor.

Or perhaps Kamworor was simply outsmarted by a well-drilled team. The early miles were a display of collaborative running by the Ethiopians. At three miles, they had the first four places. Kitata was usually out front by about 30 yards, arms pumping, smiling cheerfully, sometimes even seeming to interact with Ethiopian spectators. Training buddies Desisa and Tamirat Tola sometimes moved alongside, most often when Kitata slowed at drink tables, exchanging hand signals. All are coached in Addis Ababa by Roma, who told Runner’s World before the race “they are all well prepared.”

Desisa described how carefully they ran their accelerating race.

“We ran halfway on pace for 2:06-plus. Then we increase after halfway, especially after 35K,” Desisa said. The “we” is significant. Kamworor had no Kenyan company, once former London champion Daniel Wanjiru drifted back at halfway, and then the little-known Festus Talam just before 20 miles.

The Ethiopia/Kenya rivalry in major marathons is unofficial and usually unnoticed, but when Desisa won Boston in 2013 and 2015, the way he worked with his compatriots shaped both races. This time it looked as if Kitata, 22, was the star, and the older Desisa, 28, was there to support and protect him.

Wrong again. When Kamworor first attacked at 22 miles, it was Desisa who moved right with him, and Kitata who drifted. In the last 800 meters, when the resurgent Kitata swept past Kamworor into second, and closed within strides of Desisa, it took one glance for Desisa to dig even deeper and drive himself to the tape, two seconds clear. It was the closest men’s finish at New York since 2005.

“At 800 to go, I saw him. I know him. We train together. He is a young and strong guy. I am afraid of him. But this is my dream,” Desisa said.

Desisa won $100,000 for the victory, plus a $45,000 bonus for going sub-2:06.


More from Oromian Economist sources,

The Sidama people take another step towards statehood and Konso has become Special Zone November 4, 2018

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Sidama people (the 3rd largest nation in Ethiopia), one of the ancient African (Kushitic) people.

Sidama take another step towards statehood,  Ethiopia Insight, November 3, 2018

 

The Council of Southern Nations region yesterday accepted Sidama Zone’s request to become a state and restructured other administrative districts.

A referendum in the zone of perhaps four million people now needs to be organized before August. London-based activist Seyoum Hameso believes the course is set for the Sidama to form the tenth federal state.

“The demand for regional status is long-standing. It is the first time in over two decades the democratic and constitutional order is being implemented. The reformist government of Dr Abiy Ahmed is walking the talk to democratize Ethiopia and uphold the rule of law,” he said in an interview.

Ethiopia’s federal constitution provides for “unconditional” self-determination including secession for communities that share a “large measure” of language, culture or other traits and inhabit the same territory.

A request to pursue statehood was accepted by zonal authorities on July 18, although the campaign also reached that stage in 2006.

Federal restructure

SNNP’s Council restructured the region of around 20 million people and more than 80 groups, adding three zones and 44 woredas. Konso was made a zone in a split from Segen Zone, which was itself a 2011 amalgamation of three special woredas. Alaba Zone was created from out of Kembata Tembaro Zone and Gamo-Gofa Zone has been split into two.

Ethiopia has nine federal regions and two self-governing cities, Addis Ababa and Dire Dawa. Each state has its own legislative chamber and revenue-raising powers. They range in size from Oromia’s population of around 40 million to Harari, which has less than 300,000 people. Zonal authorities are generally responsible for planning services, while woredas primarily delivery them. Elections for woreda leaders and also for the councils of kebeles, the lowest administrative tier, were postponed this year due to instability. Ethiopia’s four-party region-based ruling coalition and affiliated parties virtually monopolize the federation’s millions of elected seats. According to a 2007 census, the population of Sidama Zone, which has an area of 10,000 square kilometers, was three million people who were 93 percent Sidama. The district is bordered by Oromia region and SNNP’s Gedeo Zone on the south, Wolayta Zone to the west, and on the north and east by Oromia.  Click here to read more


More from Oromian Economist sources:-

#የምስጋና_መልዕክት!!
“””””””””””‘””””””””””””””””””
የምስጋና መልዕክት #ለቄሮና ለመላው #የኦሮሚያ ወንድሞቻችን:-

የሲዳማ ህዝብ ላለፉት 130 አመታት በአጠቃላይና ለ27 አመታት ደግሞ በተለይ ለማንነቱ ብዙ መስዋዕትነት መክፈሉ ይታወሳል፡፡
ላለፉት 3 አመታት ቄሮ በዋናነት ታግሎ በጀመረው ትግል መላው የክልላችሁ ህዝብ እንዲሁም ኤጄቶና ሙሉ የሲዳማ ህዝብም የማይናቅ ትግል አድርገን ተጨባጭ ለውጥ መጥቷል፡፡

እንዴ እኛም ሁኔታ ከእናንተ ጋር Strategically ባደረግነው አስደናቂ ትግል ዛሬ ጥቅምት 23/2011 የደቡብ ምክር ቤት ባደረገው ስብሰባ የክልል መንግሥት መመስረቻ ጥያቄያችንን በህገ መንግስቱ መሠረት በህዝበ ዉሣኔ እንድጠናቀቅ ወስኗል፡፡

ከፈጣሪና በ27 አመታት ውስጥ በትግሉ ከተሰው ጀግኖች በመቀጠል ለእናንተ ታላቅ ክብር አለን፡ ለዶ/ር አቢይ፡ ለኦቦ #ለማ፡ ለኦቦ ወርቅነህ ለአቶ ደመቀ፡ ለአቶ ገዱ፡ ለኦቦ #ጃዋር ፡ዶ/ር #ፀጋዬ እጅ ነስተናል፡፡

በተለይ ደግሞ #የምዕራብ አርሲ ቄሮና ህዝብ ፈጣሪ አብዝቶ ይባርካችሁ፡ለቀሪ ጥቂት ሂደቶችም እንደማትለዩን እንተማመናል፡፡

ላለፋት 27 አመታት የሲዳማ ክልል ጥያቄ በኢህአዴግ መቃብር ብቻ ይመለሳል ሲሉ የነበሩትን ኣይተ መለስ ዜናዊ(ነብሳቸውን ይማር): አቶ ሀይለማርያም ደሳለኝ፡ ኣይተ ቢተው በላይ፡ ኣይተ አባይ ፀሀይ፡ ኣይተ በረከት ስምዖን፡ ኣይተ ስበብሀት ነጋ፡ ኣይተ ጌታቸው አሰፋ፡ በጥቅሉ ወያኔ፡ ካላ ሽፈራው ሽጉጤና የእናንተና የኛ ጠላቶች የሆኑ ኢሳትና አንዳንድ የሀገር መሪን ጥቁር ለብሰው የሚቀበሉ አሳፋሪ ተላላኪዎቻቸው አይናቸው እያየ ጆሮያቸው እየሰማ ድል በድል ሆነናል፡፡

በተጨማሪም OMN and SMN ምስጋናችን ከልብ ነው፡፡
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Ethiopia’s New Leader Relies on Support from Youth November 3, 2018

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7 million strong freedom-loving #Oromo have converged onHulluuqoo Kormaa, Dirree Masqalaa (Meskel Square) in Finfinnee to welcom OLF leaders, 15 sept. 2018#OromoProtests, Oromo students movement for freedom

Ethiopia’s New leader Relies on Support from Youth

Reuters


They were tortured for their political beliefs. They saw friends shot dead by security forces. They were forced to cut their hair and give up other cultural traditions. This year, they say, they caused a revolution.

Young men from Ethiopia’s Oromo, the country’s largest ethnic group, proudly declare “we won” when describing their role in the rise of 42-year-old reformer Abiy Ahmed, also an Oromo, to become prime minister.

Across the Oromiya region, many of those young men claiming victory now want Abiy to deliver – and fast. The “Qeerroo”, an Oromo term meaning “bachelor” adopted by politically active young men, are demanding answers.

Will there be justice for friends who died during strikes and protests over the past three years? Will their rights as Oromos be respected? When will Abiy’s pledges of change help their impoverished communities?

Whether Abiy can answer those demands without favouring his home region over the rest of the country will dictate whether the young men remain an asset to him or become a dangerous liability. Before he came to power, the Oromo youths had already demonstrated they could shut down parts of the country with protests and strikes, and that pressure on the ruling EPRDF culminated in the resignation of Abiy’s predecessor in February.

Even as they celebrate Abiy, the Oromo youth are still frustrated with life under the EPRDF, a one-time Marxist-Leninist movement which has controlled nearly every aspect of Ethiopians’ lives since seizing power 27 years ago.

Frustration has spilled into violence. In September, Oromo youths were reported by Amnesty International to have carried out deadly mob attacks on other ethnic groups near Addis Ababa. Police said 28 died.

Elsewhere in Oromiya, young men are starting to challenge the state. They want local officials sacked and have booed them out of rallies.

“I appreciate Abiy for the reform he brought, and blame him for not removing those corrupt and evil killers from their positions and bringing them to court,” said unemployed accountant Dambal Dejene, 26, at a rally in the town of Woliso.

Abiy became prime minister in April after the EPRDF decided reforms were essential for its survival.

His appointment was a small step towards breaking the power of the Tigrayan elite who have controlled the state since they took power in 1991 and founded the EPRDF as a coalition with other ethnic political parties.

Youths wearing traditional Oromo costumes attend an Oromo Liberation Front rally asked what they want from the government, more than a dozen young Oromo men told Reuters:

“Freedom.”

“No more torture.”

“Justice.”

“Economic opportunity. Jobs.”

“End to corruption and unfair land deals.”

“Respect for our culture. Dignity.”

“Democracy.”

“Free and fair elections.”

A man wearing traditional Oromo costume rides a horse during an Oromo Liberation Front rally.

Abiy announced reforms several months ago but these have stalled in part due to a spike in ethnic violence.

More than one million people have been forced to flee their homes since Abiy took office. In the most serious violence, Oromo communities have clashed with other groups.

Acknowledging a breakdown of the rule of law, the EPRDF said last month: “Anarchy is witnessed in the country.” In a speech to parliament, Abiy said: “Lawlessness is the norm these days. It is something that is testing the government.” He has reshuffled his cabinet and formed a “Ministry of Peace”.

Gelana Emana (right), 36, the leader of a group of politically active youth from the Oromo ethnic group, sits in a cafe with fellow activists Alemu Kumarra (center), 26, and Dinaol Dandaa, 27.

Some young Oromos seem emboldened to settle old ethnic scores, said Felix Horne, Ethiopia researcher at Human Rights Watch.

“Since Abiy came to power, things have changed,” he said. “The ethno-nationalist narrative is much more dominant than it used to be … a lot of the young Oromos are not willing to take ‘second place’,” Horne said.

“The youth have already shown that they can be very influential. How they choose to be influential is an important question,” said a senior western diplomat in Addis Ababa. “Their support, or non-support, for the reform agenda will directly impact how quickly and how well the reform agenda succeeds.”

Abiy’s chief of staff, Fitsum Arega, did not respond to requests for comment.

A spokesman for Abiy’s political party said changes were needed at the grassroots.

“Anyone who was slapping you, shouting at you, seeing that face may dissatisfy the people. We feel it,” said Taye Dendea, public affairs head for the Oromo Democratic Party.

He requested patience from the youths while the ruling coalition implements change.

Magarsa Kanaa teaches in his classroom.

But like many young Oromos, Magarsa Kanaa, a 28-year-old teacher, said he is still very upset at the crimes committed by security forces against his friends.

He named one who was shot dead at a protest last year, and said he and other young men “are starting a committee to seek justice for him and other guys”.

Magarsa Kanaa stands on a hill.

Proud to be wearing his hair in an Afro, he spoke bitterly of how the government had not allowed Oromos to practice their culture. Men his age, he explained, like to wear their hair in the shape of the “Odaa”, the Oromo word for the sycamore tree that is significant as the site of rituals and meetings to resolve disputes.

Instead, he said: “We were forced to cut our hair.”

Activist Jawar Mohammed promotes an “Oromo first” ideology. Click here for the images

The 32-year-old with 1.4 million Facebook followers returned to Ethiopia in August from the United States. He told Reuters that although he used social media to coordinate Oromo youths in strikes and protests, he also “built a solid ground network” in every town in the region. Jawar is the movement’s hero.

“Jawar Mohammed is my pride,” said Dambal, the accountant. “He took the Oromo struggle to the next level. We were lacking someone to lead the youth … he made us line up all together all over Oromiya and win.”

Interviewed in a villa in Addis Ababa surrounded by bodyguards provided by the government, Jawar justified Oromo nationalism: “When the state particularly represses an ethnic identity, you are forced to defend it.”

But his “Qeerroo” are disciplined, he said, and will stick to non-violent resistance.

At a rally in the town of Kemise, north of the capital, Jawar told thousands of young men chanting “Qeerroo’s Father is here!”: “Obey Abiy. Don’t be emotional in order to help the reforms.” But on social media, his language is often less restrained.

Speaking to Reuters, he argued that Ethiopia is experiencing a “promising and terrifying” moment where the “power of the people” is rising and the state’s legitimacy has collapsed.

“People power” – particularly from the Oromo – is a strength for Abiy, but rebuilding and controlling the state is an urgent problem, Jawar said.

“If (Abiy) doesn’t move quickly to take full control of state power, so that he can use it to answer some of the demands of the youth … these people will turn against him.

“They think this is their government … So it’s just a ticking time bomb. We’ve gotta move fast,” he said, referencing elections that are due in 2020. He said Abiy “has good intentions, but he has no plan, no deadline.”

Older Oromo politicians agree.

“The youth moved the struggle we have been undertaking for the last 50 years one step forward,” said Merera Gudina, 62, leader of the Oromo Federalist Congress. “The PM makes a lot of promises. If he cannot walk his talk, then he’ll face the youth, definitely.”