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Oromia: Torbee Afran Qalloo, Anaa Dhufuu Artistoota Oromoo Afran Qalloo. #AfranQallooweek, 18-25 January 2019. Pioneers of Oromo resistance music January 18, 2019

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In 1962, when it was still illegal to sing in the Oromo language, one of the most widely spoken languages in all of Africa, a small group of activists risked persecution by forming the first-ever Oromo music band, in Dire Dawa, a bustling city in eastern Oromia, Ethiopia.

Afran Qallo, whose historical name derives from the collective reference to four of Qallo’s sons – Alaa, Babile, Daga and Oborra – soon struck the chord with locals when the troupe began performing cultural songs at weddings and holidays, often hidden from the watchful eyes of government officials.

At the time, in the city of Dire Dawa, the Somalis, Amharas and Hararis had their own music bands – but the Oromo did not. “Whenever there was a need for wedding celebration, Oromo families had to either pay for the Somali or Harari musical bands because generally, in those days, the Amhara bands did not deal well with the Oromo and did not have any respect for our people,” said Dr. Mohamed Hassan, a professor of history at Georgia State University. “It was the absence of any cultural space for the Oromo which inspired Oromo individuals to form an organization and create a musical space for themselves.”

Initially, four musical bands emerged almost simultaneously in different neighborhoods of Dire Dawa, namely: Mascob Tokkumma Jaalala, Hiriyaa Jaalala, Biftu Ganama and Urji Bakkalcha, which was later renamed Afran Qallo, according to Ismail Mummad Adam, one of the founding members of Urji Bakkalcha.

What happened next, no one — not even the founders — expected. “For the first time, there was this general feeling that Oromo music was as good as anyone’s music,” said Dr. Hassan. “It created a tide of anger against the Ethiopian government because the Oromo realized they were denied the opportunity to enjoy their own music.”  

The 1960s was a tumultuous decade in Ethiopia. The Ethiopian students’ call for land reform, mainly coming from then Haile Silassie I University, was reverberating, and the dispossessed peasantry – who were condemned to a life of serfdom by absentee feudal landlords – were beginning to take notice of their plight, which was dismal. The Oromo, Ethiopia’s largest ethnic group, was getting organized in various forms in different parts of the country.

In the center of the country, formed in 1963, the Macha Tulama self-help association, whose main aim at the time was educational empowerment and infrastructural development, was gathering momentum. In the southeast, the Bale people’s revolt, under the chairmanship of General Waqo Gutu, was threatening to take back a vast swath of land from the regional nobility that was taking away their pristine land in the name of the crown and levying heavy taxes on the peasantry.

Individuals like Shaykh Bakri Sapalo, a prominent scholar who invented an Oromo language writing system, were creating a stir by writing poems aimed at awakening the Oromo. “By producing powerful poems, that demonstrated the richness and beauty of the Oromo language, he set in motion a generation of famous poets and singers,” Dr. Hassan wrote in the Journal of Oromo Studies. “Shaykh Bakrii’s ideas, his poems, his teaching and cultural nationalism dominated the thinking of Oromo elite in Hararghe, especially in urban areas such as Dire Dawa.”

As such, the formation of Afran Qallo in Eastern Oromia was a watershed moment — a welcome addition to the Oromo movement. Soon, leaders of Afran Qallo musical band established links with the Macha Tulama association and other Oromos to unify its opposition against Haile Silassie’s imperial rule.

There was also the Oromo radio program broadcast into Ethiopia from Mogadishu, Somalia’s capital, by famed Oromo journalist Ayub Abubakar. “The radio program was so effective in mobilizing public opinion against Emperor Haile Selassie, that the regime sent a secret agent to Mogadishu and murdered Ayub Abubakar in 1966,” Hassan said. Abubakar, who himself was one of the founding members of Afran Qallo, was one of Shaykh Barkri’s protege.

In its heyday, the Afran Qallo cultural group did not limit itself to singing and music production. “We started doing theatre, making a mockery of the government’s mistreatment of the Oromo,” said Mr. Adam, 72, who has written a forthcoming book about the history of the group. When officials threatened to shut them down, Oromo elders asked the band “to sing songs of praise for the king,” according to Mr. Adam. They buckled under pressure and produced a song called, “Mooti biyya teenya yaa Haile Silassie, si garaan Xaliyaanin dheefa dhuke kaase” – loosely translated, oh! Haile Silassie, the king of our country, Italians ran for their life when they saw you coming. The song is an inference to the emperor’s return from his brief exile, after Italy invaded Ethiopia, and the Italians defeat in 1941.

But as the group gained unprecedented momentum among the Oromo, pressure from regional bureaucrats continued, Mr. Adam recalled. Members of the band, including Mr. Adam, were even detained and interrogated to name civilian leaders of the band who were supplying them with modern musical instruments.

Amid continued harassment from local lords, who accused the group of narrow nationalism and separatism, and a subsequent injunction against its members, the Afran Qallo band eventually fell apart around 1965, according to Mr. Adam. But by then, he says, some of its star artists had found a voice, and more importantly, a calling to contribute to the Oromo peoples struggle for freedom.

“Before the government started harassing them, the band traveled to places like Haromaya, Awaday, Dadar, Qobo, Hirna, Ciro, and several places in Hararghe providing the necessary cultural service that the community needed at weddings, cultural events, holidays and so on,” said Dr. Hassan.

Unable to continue working in the country, some including Abubaker Musa and Yonis Abdullahi left for Somalia where they continued writing and producing songs. “Ali Birra, Ali Shabbo, Usmail Mummad, Mohammed Yusuf, Salah Mohamud, Shantam Shubisa and others kept marching forward…using their penetrating melody and captivating lyrics to reunify the disjointed Oromo regions to rise up in unison against national subjugation,” the jubilee organizing committee said in a statement on Jun. 22.

The birth of the Afran Qallo cultural troupe is also said to have inspired other Oromo performers in different parts of the Oromo country. Zarihun Wadajo, one of the earliest Oromo vocalists, who was born in Western Oromia, sang his timeless song, “Koottaa Aramaa Aramnaa,” at the age of fifteen in 1977, according to Shawn Mollenhauer, who recently completed his PhD thesis at the University of California-Riverside on Oromo music. “Zarihun was immediately placed in prison for eight months for his song,” wrote Mollenhauer. Click here to read more from the Opride, the original source of this article.

Oromiyaa, Official Music,Isqiyaas Mazammir November 10, 2018

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Qeerroo: Hawwii Tazarraa New Oromo Music 2018 January 6, 2018

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Odaa OromooOromianEconomist

 

hawi-tazara-our-sister-our-music-our-famous-oromo-artist1

Jirra Jirraa: Oromia music video premiere 2017 by Oromo music star, Hacaaluu Hundeessaa October 22, 2017

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Odaa Oromoooromianeconomist

Jirra.png

 

 

Oromia: “Finfinnee Karri Shani” Galaanee Bulbulaa. New Oromo Music June 19, 2017

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Finfinnee: Karaa Aloo, Karaa Qallittii, Karaa Gafarsaa, Karaa, Qoree, Karaa Qirxii 


 

 

 

Related:

Hanisha Solomon: New Oromo Music: Geerarsa May 6, 2017

Posted by OromianEconomist in Muscians and the Performance Of Oromo Nationalism, Music, Oromo Music.
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Oromia: OMN: Qophii Jiruuf jireenyaa Artist Dirribee Gadaa Bit 28, 2017. OMN: Interview with one of the most creative minds in Oromo music and art, artist singer Dirribee Gadaa March 29, 2017

Posted by OromianEconomist in Muscians and the Performance Of Oromo Nationalism, Music.
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JIRUU FI JIREENYAA

OMN: Artisti Dirribee Gadaa (Bit 28, 2017)

 

 

 

 

Oromo music legend Hayluu Disaasaa (Haylu Disasa) died age 61. May his soul rest in peace January 18, 2017

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Odaa OromooOromianEconomistoromo-music-legend-hayluu-disaasaa

Wallisaan Oromoo hangafaa fi beekamoon dhalatee waggaa 61tti adunyaa kana irraa boqochuun ibsame. Hayluun kan dhalate Lixa Oromiyaa,  Wallaggaa,  Qellem, Qaaqetti.  Manni jirrenya isaa Finfinnee, Birbirsa Goorooti. Hayluun abbaa ilma tokkichaa, Sanyi Hayluu Disaasaati.

Hayluun hamma adunyaa kana irraa boqotutti aadaa fi aartii Oromoo calaqqisiisuu fi dagaagsuu irratti shoora  guddaa taphachaa ture. Sirboota Afaan Oromoo barreesuu fi  sagalee isaa kiloleen surbuudhan, diraamaa, fiilmii fi tiyaatira Afaan  Oromoo adda addaa hojjechuun jiruu seenaa qabeessa saba isaaf dalagaa ture. Hayluun kana hundaa kana rawwachaa kan ture dhibbaa Oromummaa isaatiif isa irra gahaa turan hundaa danda’ee irra aanuu dhaani. Jirreenyi isaa hamma boqotutti inni keesa turesi kanuma mul’isa.

Sirboota Hayluu Disaasaa ittiin beekamu keessa muraasni: Geerarsa, yaa warra baddaa, yaa finna koo, naggaaden haa dabartuu, yaa damma koo, amma yaa marii, shaggee tiyyaa fa’i.

Biyyoon isatti haasalphatu.

 

 

Bilisee boqochuu artist Hayiluu disaasaa dhaggeesse jirta??
Dhaamsa mucaa isaa sanyii Hayiluu
Ergaa karaa keessaa dhuftee,
mee oromoota nannoo finfinnee jiraniitti naaf dhaamigiiftiiko. kaleessa boqochuu Weeellisaa angafaa kana dhagahee awwaalchi isaas kaleessuma se’en gara finfinnee naanno birbirsa pihassaa jarri jedhan bakka itti galaa ture iyyaafadhee dhaqe. Garuu anoo ofittan qaana’e waanan argeen eenyummakoo jibben sitti hima mana osoo hin taanee qooxii handaqqoorra gargar hin jiru. gootichi aartii Oromoo kun achuma keessa taa’eet waggaa 42 baandii hagar fiqir keessatti masaanuuwwan afaanifii aadaa oromoon mormaa aartii oromoof gumaachaa ture. garuu harkasaa hin arganne uummata kanarraa.silaa goonni mana hin qabu jedhu mana gaarii teesso bareeda jiruu dhuufaa mijataa dhabuunsaa omaamiti. baga dhes seenaan isaa siidaa ta’et yaadma. innoo uummataaf jiraataa turee. kan na ajaa’ibsiise garuu osoo mana hinqabaatii waltajjiirratti yoo bahu fuulsarra kolfafi qoosaa wallee malee miirri dhabaa fi kadhaa hin mul’atu.goodo inni itti galu keessa wanti tokko hin jiru.garuu inni dhukkubsachuus erga eegalee irra bubbule jedhan takkaa mootummaanis ta’e namoota dhuunfaan nagargaaraa yoo jedhu hin dhageenye hin jennes. Garuu baandii sana keessatti yeroo heddu hacuucamaa gidirfamaa hidhamaa tuffatamaa akka jiru carra argatetti fayyadamee himatee ture roorroo sabaaf naa birmadhaa jedhaa ture.keessattu sirba yaa warra badda jedhurratt fi yeroo waltajjirratti sirbitu jechota qineen nuarrabsita jedhamee hidhamas hojirra hari’ames ture. Wellisa Hayiluu Disaasaa tokkicha qixxee kumaa bara 1963 waltajjiirratti bahee afaan oromoo afaan aartii afaan midiyaaf tolu kanittin sirbanii bashannan ta’u agarsiise. wagga 40 oromoo bakka bu’e tiyaatiran welluun diraamaan baandii agar fiqir keessa tajaajile xuratas bahe ture. yaa dhaloota qubee goota kanatu du’ee awwaalcha dhabe nurraa. uuuuuu….https://www.facebook.com/bilise.gadisa.7/posts/1852571331693986?pnref=story.unseen-section

 


አንጋፋው የኦሮሚኛ ሙዚቃ አቀንቃኝ ኃይሉ ዲሳሳ አረፈ

(ዘ-ሐበሻ) ከአንጋፋ የኦሮሚኛ ሙዚቃ አርቲስቶች መካከል አንዱ የሆነው አርቲስት ኃይሉ ዲሳሳ ትናንት ምሽት ጃንዋሪ 18, 2017 ማረፉ ተሰማ::

ድምጻዊ ሃይሉ ዲሳሳ በተለይ በሀገር ፍቅር ትያተር በኦሮሚኛ ዘፈኖች ዝነኛ ድምፃዊ ነበረ:: ኃይሉ በ61 አመቱ ህይወቱ ሲያልፍ የ1 ልጅ አባት እንደነበር የሕይወት ታሪኩ ያስረዳል::

ነብስ ይማር!!


Oromo music legend artist Hayluu Disaasaa died  18 January 2017, age 61. He is survived by his only son.

The following are some of Hayluu Disaasaa’s popular  music works:- Yaa damma koo,  geerarsa, na fuute, shaggee tiyya, amma yaa marii.





 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qYR0viwi9Fk


 

Si malee eenyu na aanaa: New Oromo music Masho Abduraman & Temam Tekalinyi 2016 June 7, 2016

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Odaa OromooMasho Abduraman, famous Oromo artist singer

 

Lammii too Oromoo sin abdadhee boonaa! Motuma Mahdi Sheekaa New Oromo Music February 2, 2016

Posted by OromianEconomist in Africa, Oromo Artists, Oromo Culture, Oromo Music.
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Odaa Oromoo

Dirree armaa gadii tuqaatii wallistuu Motuma Mahdi Mohamediif   ‘VOTE’ godhaaf. Oromummaan haa calaqqisu adunyaa irratti.
http://www.misseastafrica.nl/finalisten/