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Indigenous Federation: The Case of Borana Oromo, Oromia (Ethiopia) August 20, 2017

Posted by OromianEconomist in Gadaa System.
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Indigenous Federation: The Case of Borana Oromo, Ethiopia

Abstract

This article draws attention to the Borana Oromo gadaa system as an Indigenous federation. Gadaa is an Indigenous democratic political system used by the Oromo in which leaders are elected and their term in office is strictly fixed. Data for this research were generated through interviews, observations, and focus group discussions. The findings of this research indicate that the Borana have three gadaa councils at two levels: one at the center for the entire Borana and two named after two Borana clans. The later have relative autonomy under the cardinal law of the Borana gadaa. This structure has been serving as a means of managing conflict, maintaining internal unity, and ensuring better governance and power devolution. Finally, suggestions are made on how to support Indigenous governance systems, which in this case includes acknowledging the values and principles of the gadaa system, as well as designing a legal framework that retains and protects the integrity and legitimacy of the system.

Acknowledgments

I would like to acknowledge several individuals and institutes for they contributed to the success of this work. The Volkswagen Foundation sponsored my PhD study through the project entitled “Traveling Models of Conflict Management.” I was able to generate part of the data for this article during my stay in the field as part of my dissertation. Being sponsored by Jimma University, I was also able to attend the 40th Gumii Gaayoo in the summer 2012. Furthermore, Jimma University sponsored a research project entitled “Borana’s Response to Local and Global Changes: Amending Gadaa Law” in 2013/14, which enabled me to collect enriching data on the issue under discussion. I must express my deepest thanks to the Borana Elders and ritual leaders who assisted me accessing important information on Borana gadaa federation.  Click here to read the full article: Indigenous Federation: The Case of Borana Oromo, in International Indigenous Policy Journal

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Oromia: Qallačča and Bokkuu: Themes in the ancient Qaallu institution and rock paintings of Hararqee— implications for social semiosis and history of Ethiopia July 23, 2017

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
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Qallačča and Bokkuu: Themes in the ancient Qaallu institution and rock paintings of Hararqee— implications for social semiosis and history of Ethiopia


In Journal of Sociology and Anthropology
Vol. 1(4), pp. xxx – xxx, July 2013 DOWNLOADED

By Dereje Birbirso (PhD)
School of Foreign Language, College of Social Science and Humanities, Haramaya University

 Little or none is known about the social origin and meaning of the ancient rock paintings of Ethiopiaand Horn of Africa. This article critically analyzed some of the ancient rock paintings of Hararqee (Eastern Ethiopia) with the intention to understand the social semiotical and rhetorical structures that underlie beneath these social ‘texts’. It did so through using the ancient Qaallu Institution of the Oromo of East and Horn of Africa as analytical device. Multi-disciplinary approach that combined concepts
from various disciples was adopted as a guiding theoretical framework, while the Eurocentric approach that mystifies and de-Ethiopinizes them was rejected. Field data was collected from various sites besides archival data. Informants expert with the local’s social epistemology or wisdom were selected and used as ‘critical friends’. The results revealed both substantive and methodological insights.
Substantively, it suggests that the Oromo Qaallu Institution and its sub-themes such as the preChristian belief in Black Sky-God, line of descent and identity, kingdomization, pastoral festival, and bovine symbolism crosscutting all of these. Methodologically, the unique Oromo social semiosis which can be referred to as ‘metaplasmic witticism’ appeared as the underlying rhetorical structure.
Key words: Oromo, Qaallu institution, Horn of Africa, Ethiopia, ancient rock paintings, language, social semiosis, Laga Oda.

Sidama Nation: Fichee- Cambalaalaa New Year Revelation June 29, 2017

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
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The Sidma are one of the ancient and indigenous  Kemetic (Kushitic) African people. They are the 3rd largest nation in Ethiopia. Fichee- Cambalaalaa is the UNESCO registered heritage festivity simbolizes the Sidama nation New Year and national event. The Sidama people celebrated the 2017 event colorfully  on 21st and 22nd June in Hawasa (the Sidama people capital) and all over the Sidama Land.

Here is the report (video)  from Oromia Media Network (OMN) in Afaan Oromoo:


Fichee-Chambalaalla, New Year festival of the Sidama people

Inscribed in 2015 (10.COM) on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity

© 2014 by the Authority for Research and Conservation of Cultural Heritage (ARCCH)

Fichee-Chambalaalla is a New Year festival celebrated among the Sidama people. According to the oral tradition, Fichee commemorates a Sidama woman who visited her parents and relatives once a year after her marriage, bringing ”buurisame”, a meal prepared from false banana, milk and butter, which was shared with neighbours. Fichee has since become a unifying symbol of the Sidama people. Each year, astrologers determine the correct date for the festival, which is then announced to the clans. Communal events take place throughout the festival, including traditional songs and dances. Every member participates irrespective of age, gender and social status. On the first day, children go from house to house to greet their neighbours, who serve them ”buurisame”. During the festival, clan leaders advise the Sidama people to work hard, respect and support the elders, and abstain from cutting down indigenous trees, begging, indolence, false testimony and theft. The festival therefore enhances equity, good governance, social cohesion, peaceful co-existence and integration among Sidama clans and the diverse ethnic groups in Ethiopia. Parents transmit the tradition to their children orally and through participation in events during the celebration. Women in particular, transfer knowledge and skills associated with hairdressing and preparation of ”buurisame” to their daughters and other girls in their respective villages.  Click here to read more.

 

 

 

Photos from Saliha Sami’s upcoming Oromo music video: Diinni fira hintahu May 1, 2017

Posted by OromianEconomist in Oromo Artists, Oromo Music.
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The award-winning musician and Oromo recording artist Saliha Sami is working on a new music video;  titled ‘diinni fira hintahu’. The following photos are released from the set of the video production on her Facebook page. Click here for more at Finfinne Tribune | Gadaa.com.

Answers Africa: Interesting facts about Oromo ethnic group of Ethiopia April 13, 2017

Posted by OromianEconomist in Oromia, Oromiyaa, Oromo.
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Interesting facts about Oromo ethnic group of Ethiopia

Click here  to read at answers Africa

Oromia: OMN: Qophii Jiruuf jireenyaa Artist Dirribee Gadaa Bit 28, 2017. OMN: Interview with one of the most creative minds in Oromo music and art, artist singer Dirribee Gadaa March 29, 2017

Posted by OromianEconomist in Muscians and the Performance Of Oromo Nationalism, Music.
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JIRUU FI JIREENYAA

OMN: Artisti Dirribee Gadaa (Bit 28, 2017)

 

 

 

 

Neith the Hunting Goddess July 26, 2016

Posted by OromianEconomist in Africa, Uncategorized.
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Odaa OromooNeith the Goddess

 

And more at:

 

https://tyrannoninja.wordpress.com/2016/07/22/goddesses-gonna-slay-it/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tyrannoninja's Art and Writing

Neith the Goddess

My portrayal of Neith, the ancient Egyptian goddess of hunting, warfare, and weaving. You could say she was the Egyptian counterpart to the Greek Athena, and indeed some scholars such as Martin Bernal have hypothesized that the Greeks god the idea of Athena from Neith.

I drew this while installing the game Smite, wherein she is one of a number of gods you can play in a sort of mythological, multiplayer battle arena. It sounds like a fun concept, but I’m personally not a fan of how they depicted Neith and the other Egyptian gods. So here’s my alternative take on her.

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AFRICA- AN EXAMPLE OF WOUNDED CULTURE AND ECONOMY July 25, 2016

Posted by OromianEconomist in Africa, Uncategorized.
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Odaa Oromoo

It is known that the development of language as a medium of expression is the key factor of communication and is also responsible for the growth of a culture as well as education. History itself is the witness in case of Africa, where language originated initially.It is accepted in almost every part of the world that the language of Egypt influenced the Greek and Latin languages; even though these two languages are Indo-European. On a broader scale, the roots of most of the European languages like Greek, Latin, German and English are present in Cush African languages itself. But, these languages were further developed in the Central European area.Most of the historians believe that the word “Africa” is derived from ‘Afri-uka’ which is from the ancient Egyptian language and it means ‘motherland’.Before moving ahead, I would like to tell you one thing- the people of south east India, specially Andaman and Nicobar have a striking resemblance in their genetic aspects with the African natives, proving that we are not so different from the Africans.

Source: AFRICA- AN EXAMPLE OF WOUNDED CULTURE AND ECONOMY

OBSTV:Oromia: Seenaa Odaa Kaarraa kan Innaaggoo, Laaloo Assaabii. July 5, 2016

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Odaa Oromoogadaa system, parties

Hoo yaa lubaa Gadaan booka roobee

Hoo yaa lubaa Gadaan quufa roobee