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Ethiopia: 2014 Trafficking in Persons Report. #Oromo #Africa December 31, 2014

Posted by OromianEconomist in Africa, Domestic Workers, Human Traffickings, Slavery, The Tyranny of TPLF Ethiopia, Youth Unemployment.
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Ethiopia: 2014 Trafficking in Persons Report

http://www.state.gov/j/tip/rls/tiprpt/countries/2014/226721.htm#.VKOCop-RPe0.facebook

 

usdos-logo-seal(31ST DECEMBER 2014, US DEPARTMENT OF STATE: OFFICE TO MONITOR AND COMBAT TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS) — Ethiopia is a source and, to a lesser extent, destination and transit country for men, women, and children who are subjected to forced labor and sex trafficking. Girls from Ethiopia’s rural areas are exploited in domestic servitude and, less frequently, prostitution within the country, while boys are subjected to forced labor in traditional weaving, herding, guarding, and street vending. The central market in Addis Ababa is home to the largest collection of brothels in Africa, with girls as young as 8-years-old in prostitution in these establishments. Ethiopian girls are forced into domestic servitude and prostitution outside of Ethiopia, primarily in Djibouti, South Sudan, and in the Middle East. Ethiopian boys are subjected to forced labor in Djibouti as shop assistants, errand boys, domestic workers, thieves, and street beggars. Young people from Ethiopia’s vast rural areas are aggressively recruited with promises of a better life and are likely targeted because of the demand for cheap domestic labor in the Middle East.

Many young Ethiopians transit through Djibouti, Egypt, Somalia, Sudan, or Yemen as they emigrate seeking work in the Middle East; some become stranded and exploited in these transit countries, and are subjected to detention, extortion, and severe abuses—some of which include forced labor and sex trafficking—while en route to their final destinations. Young women are subjected to domestic servitude throughout the Middle East, as well as in Sudan and South Sudan. Many Ethiopian women working in domestic service in the Middle East face severe abuses, including physical and sexual assault, denial of salary, sleep deprivation, withholding of passports, confinement, and even murder. Ethiopian women are sometimes exploited in the sex trade after migrating for labor purposes—particularly in brothels, mining camps, and near oil fields in Sudan and South Sudan—or after fleeing abusive employers in the Middle East. Low-skilled Ethiopian men and boys migrate to Saudi Arabia, the Gulf States, and other African nations, where some are subjected to forced labor. In October 2013, the Ethiopian government banned overseas labor recruitment. Preceding the ban, Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs (MOLSA) officials reported that up to 1,500 Ethiopians departed daily as part of the legal migration process. Officials estimated this likely represented only 30 to 40 percent of those migrating for work; the remaining 60 to 70 percent were smuggled with the facilitation of illegal brokers. Brokers serve as the primary recruiters in rural areas. Over 400 employment agencies were licensed to recruit Ethiopians for work abroad; however, government officials acknowledged many to be involved in both legal and illegal recruitment, leading to the government’s ban on labor export. Following the ban, irregular labor migration through Sudan is believed to have increased. Eritreans residing in Ethiopia-based refugee camps, some of whom voluntarily migrate out of the camps, and others who are lured or abducted from the camps, face situations of human trafficking in Sudan and Egypt’s Sinai Peninsula.

Since November 2013, the Saudi Arabian government has deported over 163,000 Ethiopians, including over 94,000 men working mostly in the construction sector and over 8,000 children working in cattle herding and domestic service; international organizations and Ethiopian officials believe thousands were likely trafficking victims. Many migrants reported not having repaid debts to those who smuggled them to Saudi Arabia, rendering some of them at risk for re-trafficking.

The Government of Ethiopia does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking; however, it is making significant efforts to do so. The Federal High Court convicted 106 traffickers and worked with international partners to shelter and provide emergency care to trafficking victims. In 2013, following an influx of trafficking victims returning to Ethiopia, the government recognized problems with its oversight of Ethiopian-based employment agencies, which were failing to protect workers sent overseas. In response, the government temporarily banned labor recruitment and began to revise the relevant employment proclamation to ensure improved oversight of these agencies and better protection of its citizens while working abroad. The government facilitated the return of thousands of Ethiopians, including many likely trafficking victims, deported from Saudi Arabia and elsewhere during the reporting period, and coordinated with NGOs and international organizations to provide services to the returning migrants. The government relied on NGOs to provide direct assistance to both internal and transnational trafficking victims and did not provide financial or in-kind support to such organizations. The government did not deploy labor attachés or improve the availability of protective services offered by its overseas diplomatic missions. The absence of government-organized trainings in 2013 was a concern. The government also did not effectively address child prostitution and other forms of internal trafficking through law enforcement, protection, or prevention efforts. It did not report on the number of victims it identified in 2013.

Recommendations for Ethiopia:

Complete amendments to the employment exchange proclamation to ensure penalization of illegal recruitment and improved oversight of overseas recruitment agencies; strengthen criminal code penalties for sex trafficking and amend criminal code Articles 597 and 635 to include a clear definition of human trafficking that includes the trafficking of male victims and enhanced penalties that are commensurate with other serious crimes; enhance judicial understanding of trafficking and improve the investigative capacity of police throughout the country to allow for more prosecutions of internal child trafficking offenses; increase the use of Articles 596, 597, and 635 to prosecute cases of labor and sex trafficking; improve screening procedures in the distribution of national identification cards and passports to ensure children are not fraudulently acquiring these; allocate appropriate funding for the deployment of labor attachés to overseas diplomatic missions; institute regular trafficking awareness training for diplomats posted abroad, as well as labor officials who validate employment contracts or regulate employment agencies, to ensure the protection of Ethiopians seeking work or employed overseas; incorporate information on human trafficking and labor rights in Middle Eastern and other countries into pre-departure training provided to migrant workers; engage Middle Eastern governments on improving protections for Ethiopian workers; partner with local NGOs to increase the level of services available to trafficking victims returning from overseas, including allocating funding to enable the continuous operation of either a government or NGO-run shelter; improve the productivity of the national anti-trafficking taskforce; and launch a national anti-trafficking awareness campaign at the local and regional levels.

Prosecution

The Government of Ethiopia maintained its anti-trafficking law enforcement efforts during the reporting period, but its efforts continued to focus wholly on transnational trafficking, with little evidence that the government investigated or prosecuted sex trafficking or internal labor trafficking cases. Ethiopia prohibits sex and labor trafficking through criminal code Articles 596 (Enslavement), 597 (Trafficking in Women and Children), 635 (Traffic in Women and Minors), and 636 (Aggravation to the Crime). Article 635, which prohibits sex trafficking, prescribes punishments not exceeding five years’ imprisonment, penalties which are sufficiently stringent, though not commensurate with penalties prescribed for other serious crimes, such as rape. Articles 596 and 597 outlaw slavery and labor trafficking and prescribe punishments of five to 20 years’ imprisonment, penalties which are sufficiently stringent. Articles 597 and 635, however, lack a clear definition of human trafficking, do not include coverage for crimes committed against adult male victims, and have rarely been used to prosecute trafficking offenses. Instead, Articles 598 (Unlawful Sending of Ethiopians to Work Abroad) and 571 (Endangering the Life of Another) are regularly used to prosecute cases of transnational labor trafficking. The absence of a clear legal definition of human trafficking in law impeded the Ethiopian Federal Police’s (EFP) and Ministry of Justice’s ability to investigate and prosecute trafficking cases effectively. Officials began drafting amendments to the Employment Exchange Services Proclamation No. 632/2009, which governs the work of approximately 400 licensed labor recruitment agencies; planned amendments will prohibit illegal recruitment and improve oversight of recruitment agencies.

During the reporting period, the EFP’s Human Trafficking and Narcotics Section, located within the Organized Crime Investigation Unit, investigated 135 suspected trafficking cases—compared to 133 cases in the previous reporting period. The federal government reported prosecuting 137 cases involving an unknown number of defendants relating to transnational labor trafficking under Article 598; of these cases, the Federal High Court convicted 106 labor traffickers—compared to 100 labor traffickers convicted in the previous reporting period. Officials indicated that these prosecutions included cases against private employment agencies and brokers, but did not provide details on these cases or the average length of applied sentences. Between June and July 2013, courts in the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples Region (SNNPR) reportedly heard 267 cases involving illegal smugglers and brokers. In addition, in Gamo Gofa, a zone within SNNPR, the zonal court convicted six traffickers in 2013—the first convictions in that area’s history. The EFP investigated allegations of complicity in trafficking-related crimes involving staff at several foreign diplomatic missions in Addis Ababa; the EFP arrested several staff at these missions.

In 2013, the government did not initiate any sex trafficking prosecutions, including for child prostitution. It also did not demonstrate adequate efforts to investigate and prosecute internal trafficking crimes or support and empower regional authorities to effectively do so. Regional law enforcement entities throughout the country continued to exhibit an inability to distinguish human trafficking from human smuggling and lacked capacity to properly investigate and document cases, as well as to collect and organize relevant data. In addition, the government remained limited in its ability to conduct international investigations. The government did not provide or fund trafficking-specific trainings for law enforcement officials, though police and other officials received training from international organizations with governmental support during the year. Seventy-seven judges also received training on both child labor and human trafficking. The government did not report any investigations, prosecutions, or convictions of public officials allegedly complicit in human trafficking or trafficking-related offenses. For example, reports suggest local kabele or district level officials accepted bribes to change the ages on district-issued identification cards, enabling children to receive passports without parental consent; passport issuance authorities did not question the validity of such identification documents or the ages of applicants.

Protection

The government did not provide adequate assistance to trafficking victims—both those exploited internally or after migrating overseas—relying almost exclusively on international organizations and NGOs to provide services to victims without providing funding to these organizations. However, following the Saudi Arabian government’s closure of its border and massive deportation of migrant workers, officials worked quickly and collaboratively with international organizations and NGOs to repatriate and accommodate over 163,000 Ethiopian returnees from Saudi Arabia and several hundred from Yemen. The government did not report the number of victims it identified and assisted during the year. It remained without standard procedures for front-line responders to guide their identification of trafficking victims and their referral to care. During the reporting period, following the return of Ethiopians exploited overseas, the Bole International Airport Authority and immigration officials in Addis Ababa referred an unknown number of female victims to eleven local NGOs that provided care specific to trafficking victims. Typically such referrals were made only at the behest of self-identified victims of trafficking. One organization assisted 70 trafficking victims during the year—often from Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Qatar, Yemen, and Lebanon—providing shelter, food, clothing, medical and psychological treatment without government support. The government’s reliance on NGOs to provide direct assistance to most trafficking victims, while not providing financial or in-kind support to such NGOs, resulted in unpredictable availability of adequate care; many facilities lacked sustainability as they depended on project-based funding for continued operation. Despite its reliance on NGOs to provide victims care, the government at times created challenges for these organizations as a result of its 2009 Charities and Societies Proclamation. This proclamation prohibits organizations that receive more than 10 percent of their funding from foreign sources from engaging in activities that promote—among other things—human rights, the rights of children and persons with disabilities, and justice. These restrictions had a negative impact on the ability of some NGOs to adequately provide a full range of protective services, including assistance to victims in filing cases against their traffickers with authorities and conducting family tracing.

The government operated child protection units in the 10 sub-cities of Addis Ababa and six major cities, including Dire Dawa, Adama, Sodo, Arba Minch, Debre Zeit, and Jimma; staff at the units were trained in assisting the needs of vulnerable children, including potential trafficking victims. Healthcare and other social services were generally provided to victims of trafficking by government-operated hospitals in the same manner as they were provided to other victims of abuse. The government continued to jointly operate an emergency response center in the Afar Region jointly with the IOM, at which police and local health professionals provided medical and nutritional care, temporary shelter, transport to home areas, and counseling to migrants in distress, including trafficking victims. While officials reportedly encouraged victims to assist in the investigation and prosecution of their traffickers, there were no protective mechanisms in place to support their active role in these processes. For example, Ethiopian law does not prevent the deportation of foreign victims to countries where they might face hardship or retribution. There were no reports of trafficking victims being detained, jailed, or prosecuted in 2013. The limited nature of consular services provided to Ethiopian workers abroad continued to be a weakness in government efforts. Although Employment Exchange Services Proclamation No. 632/2009 requires licensed employment agencies to place funds in escrow to provide assistance in the event a worker’s contract is broken, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) has never used these deposits to pay for victims’ transportation back to Ethiopia. Nonetheless, in one case, a young woman in domestic servitude was pushed off the fifth story of a building by her employer in Beirut; once the victim was out of the hospital, the Ethiopian Embassy assisted in her repatriation, and upon her arrival, officials referred her to an NGO for assistance.

While officials worked to facilitate the return of stranded migrants and detainees, many of whom are believed to be trafficking victims, its focus was solely emergency assistance, with minimal direct provision of or support for longer-term protective services necessary for adequate care of trafficking victims. In April 2013, through a bilateral agreement with Yemeni officials, the Ethiopian government facilitated the return of 618 Ethiopian migrants stranded in Yemen after having failed to cross the Saudi Arabian border or been deported from Saudi Arabia. The government did not coordinate humanitarian assistance for these returnees upon their arrival in Addis Ababa. IOM coordinated subsequent returns, providing shelter at the IOM transit center in Addis Ababa, where returnees received medical care and psycho-social support while UNICEF conducted family tracing. The government did not provide financial or in-kind support to these IOM-led operations.

Beginning in November 2013, the Saudi Arabian government began massive deportation of foreign workers, who lacked proper visas or employment papers. The Ethiopian government led the repatriation and closely collaborated with IOM as part of an emergency response to the deportation of 163,000 Ethiopians from Saudi Arabia—many of whom were likely trafficking victims. Ethiopian diplomats worked to identify Ethiopian detainees stuck in 64 Saudi detention camps and various ministries met twice a week in an effort to return the migrants as rapidly as possible because of inhumane conditions within Saudi deportation camps. With a peak of 7,000 returning each day, the government partnered with IOM to provide food, emergency shelter, and medical care, and facilitate the deportees’ return to their home areas. Those requiring overnight stays in Addis Ababa were accommodated in IOM’s transit center and three transit facilities set up by the government; two of these were on government training campuses and one was rented at the government’s expense. The Disaster Risk Management and Food Security Section of the Ministry of Agriculture set up incident command centers at transit centers where representatives from all ministries addressed issues among returnees. The Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Women, Children, and Youth Affairs provided blankets, food, and the approximate equivalent of $12,000 to a local NGO that assisted 87 severely traumatized trafficking victims identified among this population—believed to be only a mere fraction of the total number of victims needing comprehensive counseling and reintegration support among these deportees. Regional governments established committees to provide returnees basic assistance and planned to support their reintegration via the establishment of cooperatives and small businesses. For example, in Addis Ababa, 3,000 returnees received psychological support and 1,743 graduated from technical skills training. While the government contributed the equivalent of approximately $2.5 million towards repatriation costs, it requested reimbursement from IOM via donors for the equivalent of approximately $27,000 worth of food.

Prevention

The government made moderate efforts to prevent human trafficking. It coordinated both regional and national awareness raising campaigns. In 2013, nationally-owned media companies aired a drama series which portrayed the dangers of being trafficked. The Women’s Development Army, a government run program, raised awareness of the dangers of sending children to urban areas alone and of the potential for abuse when illegal brokers facilitate migration. Working-level officials from federal ministries and agencies met weekly as part of the technical working group on trafficking, led by MOLSA. The inter-ministerial taskforce on trafficking met quarterly and was extensively involved in responding to the deportation of Ethiopians from Saudi Arabia.

Officials acknowledged that licensed employment agencies were involved in facilitating both legal and illegal labor migration and, as a result, enacted a temporary ban on the legal emigration of low-skilled laborers in October 2013. The ban is set to remain in place until draft amendments to the employment exchange proclamation are enacted to allow for greater oversight of private employment agencies, to mandate the placement of labor attachés in Ethiopian embassies, and to establish an independent agency to identify and train migrant workers. The government monitored the activities of labor recruitment agencies and closed an unknown number of agencies that were identified as having sent workers into dangerous conditions. Officials acknowledged that the ban may encourage illegal migration; as a result, the EFP mobilized additional resources to monitor Ethiopia’s borders. In February 2014, the EFP intercepted 101 Ethiopians led by an illegal broker at the border with Sudan. In early November 2013, the government sent a delegation of officials to Saudi Arabia to visit various camps where Ethiopians were being held. Due to the poor conditions in the camps and numerous reports of abuse, the Ethiopian government acted to remove all of their citizens swiftly. During the year, a planned government-funded, six-week, pre-departure training for migrant workers was suspended due to lack of funding. Labor migration agreements negotiated in the previous reporting period with Jordan, Kuwait, and Qatar remained in place; the government negotiated new agreements in 2013 with the Governments of Djibouti, Sudan, the UAE, and Kenya. However, these agreements did not explicitly contain provisions to protect workers—such as by outlining mandatory rest periods, including grounds for filing grievances, and prohibiting recruitment fees.

In 2013, the government established the Office of Vital Records to implement a June 2012 law requiring registration of all births nationwide; however, the lack of a uniform national identification card continued to impede implementation of the law and allowed for the continued issuance of district-level identification cards that were subject to fraud. MOLSA’s inspection unit decreased in size during the reporting period from 380 to 291 inspectors as a result of high turnover rates and limited resources. In 2013, the government’s list of Activities Prohibited for Young Workers became law. MOLSA inspectors were not trained to use punitive measures upon identifying labor violations, and expressed concern that such efforts would deter foreign investment. The government provided Ethiopian troops with anti-trafficking training prior to their deployment abroad on international peacekeeping missions, though such training was conducted by a foreign donor.

http://www.state.gov/j/tip/rls/tiprpt/countries/2014/226721.htm#.VKOCop-RPe0.facebook

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Short term effect on the average consumer as oil prices drop. (Theoretical approach) December 28, 2014

Posted by OromianEconomist in Economics, Uncategorized.
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Most economists agree that Oil is considered to be a normal good, by normal we mean that as your income goes up you would buy more of that good, that is a basic definition. As oil prices fall you would expect that oil consumption would increase, however in the short-run that is not the case. Oil in fact is inelastic in the short run, inelastic means that its consumption is not sensitive to price. Companies still need to operate at the same rate to satisfy their operations and people still need to drive to get to work. It takes time for markets to adjust and people to change their way of living. The long run is a different topic by itself and is out of the scope of this post. You are not going to buy a 8 cylinder pick up after you hear oil fell this month are you?

We can then agree that oil consumption would not change in the short run. Now we can check the graph that I have made to illustrate a theoretical approach of what consumers are going through at this point of time.

The Irrational Observer

Most economists agree that Oil is considered to be a normal good, by normal we mean that as your income goes up you would buy more of that good, that is a basic definition. As  oil prices fall you would expect that oil consumption would increase, however in the short-run that is not the case. Oil in fact is inelastic in the short run, inelastic means that its consumption is not sensitive to price. Companies still need to operate at the same rate to satisfy their operations and people still need to drive to get to work. It takes time for markets to adjust and people to change their way of living. The long run is a different topic by itself and is out of the scope of this post. You are not going to buy a 8 cylinder pick up after you hear oil fell this month are you?

We can…

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Oromia: Untwist the Twisted History December 28, 2014

Posted by OromianEconomist in Africa, Development, Gadaa System, Humanity and Social Civilization, Ideas, Language and Development, Oromia, Oromo, Oromo Identity, Oromo Nation, Oromo Social System, Qubee Afaan Oromo, Sirna Gadaa, The Oromo Governance System, The Oromo Library, Theory of Development, Wisdom.
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Sof Omer Bale

Sof  Umar Wall, Bale Oromia (Ancient and magnificent past and present)

 

Oromo women necklaces1

Oromo women necklaces2

Parts of ancient kemetic (Kushitic), Egyptian, material culture (fashion accessories), courtesy of British Museum sources

Traditionally, Oromo women wear necklaces with telsum amulets, triangular and crescent shaped pendants protect from the evil eye and attract the power of the moon or to improve fertility.

PhotoPhoto

Farming in past and present Oromo (Oromia, modern kemet)Farming in ancient kemetic (Ancient Egypt)

Oromia: The continuity of farming in Oromo society from ancient Kemetic (Kushitic) to present Oromia

Ancient Oromo culture, Irreechaa from the time before the  Pyramid

 

As some indeed suspect, that the science which we see at the dawn of recorded history, was not science at its dawn, but represents the remnants of the science of some great and as yet untraced civilisation. Where, however, is the seat of that civilisation to be located? (J. W. S. Sewell, 1942)

Conquest and dominations are social phenomenon as are dying elsewhere will die in Oromia (Author’s Remark).

 

JEL: O5, D2

Oromia: Untwist the Twisted History

The topic is about Oromia’s location   in space and allocation in humanity and society.  It is concerned with Oromia’s physical position in terms of geography and relational to issues of economic conditions, social justices, cultural values, political history and destiny. Civilisation, Colonisation and Underdevelopment are presented in historical and geo-political perspectives.  They capture both the space and time perceptions. They are also representing the economic and social conditions and positions. The portrayal we procure the present of the Oromo nation, the core of the Cush (Cushite/ Kemet)/Ham (Hamite), the children of Noah, in North & East Africa in past age from the phantom of the Solomonic dynasty, the history thought in Abyssinian high schools, their text books and elsewhere in the invaders’ literature, abusive literary and oral discourses is that they   were savages and that, though Abyssinians and Europeans overrun their lands and have made mere subjects of them, they have been in a way, bestowing  a great  favour on them, since they have  brought  to them the benisons of Christian Enlightenment. With objective analysis, however, this paper obliterates and unmakes that inaccurate illustration, wanton falsifications, immorality, intellectual swindle, sham, mischievous tales, the bent and the parable of human reductionism. Hence, it is the step to delineate an authentic portrait of a human heritage, which is infinitely rich, beautiful, colourful, and varied in the retrograde of orthodox misconceptions.  The paper is not only a disinclination itself but also a call for and a provocation of the new generation of historians to critically scrutinise and reinvestigate the orthodox approaches to the Oromo history and then to expose a large number of abusive scholarship authorities on the Oromo and Cushitic studies and it detects that they do not really know the intensity and profoundness of the history of these black African people and nations and the performance these Africans registered in the process of creating, making and shaping  the prime civilisations of  human societies. The study acknowledges and advances a strict contest to an orthodox scholarship’s rendition of Egypt as a white civilisation, which arose during the nineteenth century to fortify and intensify European imperialism and racism. Depending on massive evidences from concerned intellectual works from linguistic to archaeology, from history to philosophy, the study authenticates that   Egypt was a Cushitic civilisation and that Cushite civilisation was the authentic offspring of the splendid Upper Nile/ Oromian legacy. The Greek civilisation, which has been long unveiled as the birthplace of Western philosophy and thought, owes its roots to the Cushites thoughts and achievements.  The original works of Asfaw Beyene (1992) and F. Demie (in Oromia Quarterly, 1998 & 2000) are giving motivations and also greatly acknowledged. The study also expresses that radical thinkers and multi-genius African historians such as Diop (1991) have not given due attention to the epic centre of Cushitic civilisation, Oromia, the land after and Eastern and South Eastern to Nubia, pre-Aksum central Cush, Aksumite Cush and Cushites civilisation southern to Aksum, etc. The method of enquiry is qualitative and the eclectics of formal and the informal sources, rigorous, casual and careful scholarship argument. Oral history and written documents on history, economy, sociology, archaeology, geography, cosmology and anthropology are based on as references. The paper studies the Oromo history and civilisation in horizontal approach and challenges the reductionist and Ethiopianist (colonialist, racist) vertical approach (topsy-turvy, cookkoo). It goes beyond the Oromo Oral sources (burqaa mit-katabbii) and Africanist recorded studies and western civilisational studies. The approach is to magnify, illuminate and clarify the originality of humanity and civilisation to this magnificent Cushitic (African) beauty. The Origin of Humanity When and where did human life first surface on our cosmos? Who contrived the original and prime human culture and civilisation? Ancient Egyptians contended that it was in their homeland, the oldest in the world, the God modelled the first of all human beings out of a handful of ooze soddened by the vivacity of the life giving sanctified and blessed water, the Nile  (see, Jackson, 1995). “The ancient Egyptians called the river Ar or Aur (Coptic: Iaro), “Black,” in allusion to the colour of the sediments carried by the river when it is in flood. Nile mud is black enough to have given the land itself its oldest name, Kem or Kemi, which also means “black” and signifies darkness. In The Odyssey, the epic poem written by the Greek poet Homer (7th century bce), Aigyptos is the name of the Nile (masculine) as well as the country of Egypt (feminine) through which it flows. The Nile in Egypt and Sudan is now called Al-Nīl, Al-Baḥr, and Baḥr Al-Nīl or Nahr Al-Nīl.”http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/415347/Nile-River Ar or Aur (Coptic: Iaro)  is Booruu in modern Afaan Oromo which means turbid in English translations. Lagdi Nayili jedhamee amma waamamu maqaan kun kan akkanatti moggaasameefi, bowwaa jechuudha. Warri kushii, warri biyyaa, waarri durii laga isaanii Aur (Ooruu) jedhanii waamu. Afaan Oromoo amma uni dubbannuutti booruu jechuudha. Booruu (turbid) jechuuni gurri’aacha (Kami) jechuu miti. Booruu (Ooruu, Aur) jechuun kan taliila hin taane kan hin calaliini jechuudha. Dameen laga kanaa kan Moromor (dhidheessa) irraa maddu galaana biroo itti burqan dabalatee biyyoo loolan haramaniin waan booraweef. kaartumitti yoo damee isa (isa taliila) garba Viktooriyaati karaa Ugaanda dhufutti makamu kanasi booressee misiriitti godaana. Dameen Garba Viktooriyaati dhufu iyyuu adii (white) jedhamee mogga’uuni irra hin turre. Bishaani adiini hin jiru. Bishaani hin boora’iini bishaan taliila. Bishaani taliilatu bishaan guri’aacha. Inni ‘Blue’ jedhanisi ‘Blue’ mitti. Bishaan taliilatu, gurri’aacha ‘Blue’ dha. ‘Blue Nile’ jechuu irra ‘Brown’ Nile (Mormor Booruu, Ar, Aur) yoo jedhani ille itti dhiyaata.

The word (Africa) Afrika itself  derived from kemetic (Oromo) language. In Oromo, one of the ancient black people (kemet), Afur means four. Ka (Qa, Waqa) means god. Afrika Means the four children of god. It describes the four sub groups of kemet people. Such type of naming system is very common in Oromo even today  such as Afran Qallo, Shanan Gibee, Salgan Boorana, Macca Shan, Jimma Afur, Sadan Soddoo, etc. For other theories in this topic please refer to   http://atlantablackstar.com/2014/09/23/9-theories-africa-got-name/

One of the oldest Cushites histories to account for the origin and early development of man and his culture survives in a Greek version of the thesis advanced by the ancient Cushites, Oromians and the rest. This marvellous people paraded in golden times in the region called Kush (Punt) in the Hebrew Scriptures and stamped on the present-day upper Nile Oromia (see, Jackson, 1995). Diodorus Siculus, wrote that the Cushites were of the opinion that their country was not only the birthplace of human race and the cradle land of the world’s earliest civilisation, but, indeed, the primal Eden where living things first appeared on Earth, as reported by the Scriptures. Thus, Diodorus was the first European to focus attention on the Cushites asseveration that Upper Nile (Oromia) is the cradle land of world’s earliest civilisation, the original Eden of the human race. Whether by almighty (God) or nature/ evolution (Darwin’s natural selection and survival of the fittest), Oromia was not only the birth place of man himself (e.g., Lucy) but also for many hundred years thereafter is in the vanguard of all world progress (see Diop, 1991 in his African Civilisation; Martin Bernal, 1987). These are also authenticated by the present archaeological inferences in Oromo tropical fields and rivers valleys. The original natives of Egypt, both in old and in the latter ages of development, were Cushite and there is every raison d’être for the discourse that the earliest settlers came from upper Nile Oromia. The original homeland of the Oromians and other Cushites including Chadic, Berber, Egyptian, Beja, Central Cushitic, East Cushitic, South Cushitic, Omotic and Nilotic was the present day upper Nile Oromia. It was from the original Oromo (Madda Walaabu) that the rest of humanity descended diffused to other parts of the world.  This can be understood in the analogue of the diffusion of two Oromo families (Borana and Barentuma). While those who expanded to other regions latter taken new family names like Macha, Tulama, Karayyu, etc and those who stayed in original place kept the original name such as Borana. In terms of linguistic, like most scholars, we believe that it is impossible to judge between the theories of monogenesis and polygenesis for human, though the inclination is towards the former.  On the other hand, recent work by a small but increasing number of scholars has convinced us that there is a genetic relationship between European, Asian, and African and Cushite languages. A language family originates from a single dialect, proto Cushitic/ Oromo. From such language and culture that must have broken up into Africa, Asiatic, and European and within them a very long time a go. Professor Bernal (1987, in Black Athena, p. 11) confirmed that the unchallenged originality of Oromians and other Cushites nativity to the region and put forward that the latest possibility for initial language break up would be the Mousterian period, 50- 30,000 years Before the Present (BP), however, it may well have much earlier. He further observed that the expansion and proliferation of Cushitic and other Afroasiatic as the promulgation of a culture long pioneered in the East African Rift valley (South Eastern Oromian) at the end of the last Ice Age in the 10th and 9th millennia BC. According to Bernal (1987, p.11) the polar ice caps caged the water within itself, which was during the Ice ages, thus water was significantly less than it is nowadays. He reports that the Sahara and Arabian deserts were even bigger and more inhospitable then than they are presently. In the centuries that ensued, with the rise of heat and increase in the rainfall, greatly the regions became savannah, into which adjoining peoples voyaged. The most successful of these were, the speakers of Proto-Afroasiatic from upper Nile Oromia.  Bernal further confirmed that these people not only possessed flourishing and effective   skills and techniques of hippopotamus hunting with harpoons but also had domesticated cattle and food crops. The following is quoted from Black Athena: ‘Going through the savannah, the Chadic speakers renched lake Chad, the Berbers, the Maghreb, and the Proto-Egyptians, upper Egypt…. With long-term desiccation of the Sahara during the 7th and 6th millennia BC, there were movements into the Egyptian Nile Valley from the west and east as well as from the Sudan. … A similar migration took place from the Arabian savannah into lower Mesopotamia ‘(Bernal, pp.11-12).

The Origin of Civilisation

There are many things in the manners and   customs and religions of the historic Egyptians that suggest that the original home of their human ancestors was in the Upper Nile region and the biblical land of Punt/ Kush (Cush) Or Oromia which include the present day of Cushitic North and East of Africa. Hence, historical records showed that the antiquity of   upper Nile Cushitic Oromian civilisation had a direct link with the civilisation of ancient Egypt, Babylonian and Greece. Hence, the Egyptian and Babylonian civilisations are part and parcel of the entire Cushite civilisation. As it is described above, there is wide understanding that Cushites = Egyptians + Babylon + Oromo+ Agau + Somalis + Afars + Sidama + Neolithic Cush + other Cush. There is also an understanding that all the Cushites are branched out (descended) from their original father Oromo which can be described as Oromo = Noah=Ham= Cush= Egyptian + Bablyon+ Agau + Somali + Afar + Sidama + Neolithic Cush + other Cush. Boran and Barentuma, the two senior children and brothers were not the only children of the Oromo. Sidama, Somali, Agau, Afar and the others were children of the big family. Wolayita and the Nilotics were among the extended family and generations of the Cushite. As a hydro-tower of Africa, the present Oromia is naturally gifted and the source of Great African rivers and hosts the bank and valleys of the greatest and oldest civilisations such as Nile (Abbaya), Baro (Sobat), Gibe, Wabe, Dhidhesa, Ganale, Wabi-shebele, Omo, and Awash among others. Oromian tropical land, equatorial forest and Savannah have been the most hospitable ecology on the earth and conducive environment to life and all forms of human economic and social practices. According to Clarke (1995), many of the leading antiquarians of the time, based largely on the strength of what the classical authors, particularly Diodorus Siculus and Stephanus of Nabatea (Byzantium after Roman colonisation and Christianisation), had to say on the matter, were exponents of the vista that the Cushite, the ancient race in Africa, the Near East and the Middle East, or at any rate, the black people of remote antiquity were the earliest of all civilised peoples and that the first civilised inhabitants of ancient Egypt were members of what is referred to as  the black,  Cushite race who had  entered the land as they expanded in  their geographical space from the their birthplace in upper Nile Oromia, the surrounding Cushite river valleys and tropical fields. It was among these ancient people of Africa and Asia that classical technology advanced, old world science and cosmology originated, international trade and commerce was first developed, which was the by-product of   international contacts, exchange of ideas and cultural practices that laid the foundations of the prime civilisations of the ancient world. Cushite  Africa and also of the Middle East and West Asia was the key and most responsible to ancient civilisations and African history. It must also be known that there were no such geographical names, demarcations and continental classification at that time.  As a whole, Cushite occupied this region; there was the kernel and the centre of the globe, the planet earth, and the universe. African history is out of stratum until ancient Cushites looked up on as a distinct African/ Asian nations.  The Nile river, it tributes, Awash, Baro and Shebele or Juba, etc., played a major role in the relationship of Cushite to the nations in North, South and East Africa. The outer land Savannah, Nile, other Oromian rivers with it Adenian ecology were great cultural highways on which elements of civilisation came into and out of inner North East Africa. After expansions, there was also an offshoot, a graft, differentiation, branching out, internal separation, semi-independence and again interactions, interdependence and co-existence of the common folks.  Cushites from the original home made their relationships with the people of their descendants in the South, the North, East and the West, which was as both good, and bad, depending on the period and the regime in power they formed and put in place in the autonomous regions. Cushite Egypt first became an organised autonomous nation in about 6000 B.C. In the Third Dynasty (5345-5307 B.C.) when Egypt had an earnest pharaoh named Zoser and Zoser, in turn, had for his chief counsellor and minister, an effulgent grand named Imhotep (whose name means ‘he who cometh in peace”). Imhotep constructed the famous step pyramid of Sakkarah near Memphis. The building techniques used in the facilitation of this pyramid revolutionised the architecture of the ancient world (Clarke, 1995). Of course, Independent Egypt was not the original home of these ancient technology. However, it was an extension, expansion, advancement and the technological cycle of the Upper Nile Oromia, Nubia, Beja, Agau and other Cushites.  Ideas, systems, technologies and products were invented, tested and proved in upper Nile then expanded and adopted elsewhere in the entire Cush regions and beyond. . Bernal (1987, pp. 14-15) has identified strict cultural and linguistic similarities among all the people around   the Mediterranean. He further attests that it was south of the Mediterranean and west to the Red Sea’s classical civilisation that give way to the respective north and east. Cushite African agriculture of the upper Nile expanded in the 9th and 8th century millennia BC and pioneering the 8th and 7th of the Indo-Hittite. Egyptian civilisation is Cushite and is clearly based on the rich pre-dynastic cultures of Upper Egypt, Nubia and upper Nile, whose Cushite African and Oromian origin is uncontested and obvious. Of course, Cushite Egypt gave the world some of the greatest personalities in the history of mankind. In this regard, Imhotep was extraordinary discernible. In ancient history of Egypt, no individual left a downright and deeper indentation than Imhotep. He was possibly the world’s first mult-genuis.  He was the real originator of new medicine at the time.  He revolutionised an architect of the stone building, after which the Pyramids were modelled. He became a deity and later a universal God of Medicine, whose images charmed the Temple of Imhotep, humanity’s earliest hospital. To it came sufferers from the entire world for prayer, peace, and restorative. Imhotep lived and established his eminence as a curative at the court of King Zoser of the Third Dynasty about 5345-5307 B.C. (Duncan, 1932). When the Cushite civilisation through Egypt afar crossed the Mediterranean to become the foundation of what we think of as Greek culture, the teachings of Imhotep were absorbed along with the axioms of other great Cushite African teachers.  When Greek civilisation became consequential in the Mediterranean area, the Greeks coveted the world to ponder they were the originators of everything in its totality. They terminated to acknowledge   their liability to Imhotep and other great Cushites. Imhotep was forgotten for thousands of years, and Hippocrates, a mythical posture of two thousand years latter, became known as the father of medicine. Regarding to Imhotep’s influence in Rome, Gerald Massey, noted poet, archaeologist, and philologist, says that the early Christians cherished him as one with Christ (Massey, 1907). It should be understood that, while the achievements of Cushite Egypt were one of the best, these are not the only achievements that Cushite Africans can claim. The Nubians, upper Nile, central and eastern Cushites (the Oromo, Agau, Somalia, Afar, etc) were continue to develop many aspects of civilisation independent of Cushite Egyptian interactions.  These nations and states gave as much to Egypt as Egypt give to them in terms of trade, ideas and technology as well. There was also a considerable Cushite dominion on what later became Europe in the period preceding Christian era. Cushites played a major role in formative development of both Christianity and Islam. Both the Holly Bible and the Holly Quran moral texts are originated from the Oromo and other Cushite oral and moral principles, beliefs, creeds and teachings. There is a common believe and understanding that Abraham, a seminal prophet, believer and recipient of a single and eternal God was from Central Cush of present Upper Nile Oromia.  The Oromos believed in a single and eternal God, Black God (Waaqa Guri’acha) also Blue God according to some scholars who translated the oral history.  Waaqa also Ka. While the Oromian faith, social structure and policies were the prime and the origins of all, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam were all the derivatives and originated from the Black God. Waaqayyoo in Oromo is the original, the single, the omnipotent, the prime and the greatest of all the great religions. All aspects of the present day Christian churches were developed in Cushites. One of the more notable of Cushite contributions to the early church was monasticism. Monasticism, in essence, is organised life in common, especially for religious purposes. The home of a monastic society is called a monastery or a convent.  Christian monasticism probably began with the hermits of Cushite Egypt and Palestine about the time when Christianity was established as a licit religion (Clarke, 1995). Oral tradition and Arabian records confirm that Bilal, a tall, gaunt, black, bushy-haired, Oromo, was the first High Priest and treasurer of the Mohammedan empire.  After Mohamet himself, the great religion, which today numbers upwards of half a billion souls, may be said to have began with Bilal.  He was honoured to be the Prophet’s first neophyte. Bilal was one of the many Cushites who concurred in the founding of Islam and later made proud names for themselves in the Islamic nations and expansions. Europe was sluggishing in her Dark Ages at a time when Cushite Africa and Asia were relishing a Golden Age.  In this non-European world of Africa and Asian, Cushites built and enjoyed an age of advancement in technology before a period of internal withdrawal and isolation that favoured the Europeans to move a head of them. For more than a thousand years the Cushites were in the ‘Age of Grandeur’ but the second rise of Europe, internal strife, slave trade and colonialism brought the age of catastrophic tragedy, abase and declivity. The early Cushites made spears to hunt with, stone knives to cut with, the bola, with which to catch birds and animals, the blow-gun, the hammer, the stone axe, canoes and paddles, bags and buckets, poles for carrying things, bows and arrows. The bola, stone knives, paddles, spears, harpoons, bows and arrows, bow-guns, the hammer and the axe- all of them invented first by Cushites – were the start of man’s use of power. The present’s cannon, long-range missiles, ship propellers, automatic hammers, gas engines, and even meat cleavers and upholstery tack hammers have the roots of their development in the early Cushite use of (Clarke, 1995). Cushite offered humans the earliest machine. It was the fire stick. With it, man could have fire any time.  With it, a campfire could be set up almost any place.  With it, the early Africans could roast food. Every time we light a match, every time we take a bath in water heated by gas, every time we cook a meal in a gas-heated oven, our use of fire simply continues a process started by early Cushites: the control of fire. Of course, those early Cushite was the first to invent how to make a thatched hut. They had to be the first because for hundreds of thousand of years they were the only people on earth. They discovered coarse basket making and weaving and how to make a watertight pot of clay hardened in a fire. In the cold weather, they found that the skins of   beasts they had killed would keep them warm. They even skin covers for their feet. It was from their first effort much later clothing and shoes developed.  Humanity owes the early Cushites much and even much more (Clarke, 1995). The Cushites dociled animals.  They used digging sticks to obtain plant roots that could be consumed. They discovered grain as a food, how to store it and prepare it.  They learnt about the fermentation of certain foods and liquids left in containers. Thus, all mankind owes to Cushites including the dog that gives companionship and protection, the cereals we eat at break-fast-time, the fermented liquids that many people drink, the woven articles of clothing we wear and the blankets that keep us warm at night, the pottery in which we bake or boil food, and even the very process  (now so simple) of boiling water- a process we use every time we boil an egg, or make spaghetti, or cook corned beef. Canoes made it possible for man to travel further and farther from his early home. Over many centuries, canoes went down Baro, the Nile and the Congo and up many smaller rivers and streams. It was in this pattern that the early   Cushite civilisation was advanced. From the blowgun of antiquated Cushite, there come next, in later ages, many gadget based on its standard. Some of these are: the bellows, bamboo air pumps, the rifle, the pistol, the revolver, the automatic, the machine gun- and even those industrial guns that puff grains.  Modern Scientists certain that by about 3000 B.C., the Cushite farmers in the Nile Valley were growing wheat and barely, cultivating millet, sorghum, and yams.  Around 1500 B.C.  new crops farming were developed: – banana, sugar cane, and coconut trees and later coffee.   The cultivation of bananas and coffees in particular spread rapidly which are suited to tropical forest conditions. Cushites had also domesticated pigs, donkeys, horses, chickens, ducks, and geese, etc.  (Greenblatt, 1992). The agricultural revolution brought about a gradual increase in population. Then another development helped expand population still more. The technique of smelting iron innovated by Cushites. Iron working start and then advanced in the Nile valley and then started to spread to other parts of Africa and from who, by way of Egypt and Asian Minor, this art made its way into Europe and the rest of Old World. Iron greatly improved the efficiency of tools and weapons. Iron tools and weapons are much stronger and last longer than those made of stone or wood. Iron axes made it easier to chop tropical trees and clear land for farming. Iron sickles made harvest easier. Iron hoes and other farm tools helped farmers cultivate land more easily. Iron-tipped spears meant more meat. The new technologies boosted the Cushite economy; they increased food production that enabled more people to survive. In addition, iron objects became valuable items in Cushite trade and commercial activities. With his simple bellows and a charcoal fire the Cushite blacksmith reduced the ore that is found in many parts of the region and forged implements of great usefulness and beauty. In general, the Iron technology was instrumental in auguring the rise and expansion of Cushite civilisation (Greenblatt, 1992). Cushite hunters many times cut up game.  There still exists for evidences, drawings of animal bones, hearts and other organs. Those early drawings as a part of man’s early beginnings in the field of Anatomy. The family, the clan, the tribe, the nation, the kingdom, the state, humanity and charity all developed first in this region of the cradle of mankind. The family relationships, which we have today, were fully developed and understood then.  The clan and the tribe gave group unity and strength. The nation, the common whole was first developed here. It was by this people that early religious life, beliefs, and the belief in one God, the almighty started and expanded. The first formal education of arts, science, astronomy, times and numbers (mathematics) were visual, oral and spoken tradition given in the family, during social and religious ceremonies. Parents, Medicine men, religious leaders, etc were the education heads.  Ceremonial Cushite ritual dances laid the basis for many later forms of the dance. Music existed in early Cushite Among instruments used were: reed pipes, single-stringed instruments, drum, goured rattles, blocks of wood and hollow logs. Many very good Cushite artists brought paintings and sculpture into the common culture.  The early Cushites made a careful study of animal life and plant life.  From knowledge of animals, mankind was able to take a long step forward to cattle rising. From the knowledge of plants and how they propagate, it was possible to take a still longer step forward to agriculture. Today, science has ways of dating events of long a go. The new methods indicate that mankind has lived in Cushite Africa over two million years. In that long, long time, Cushites and people of their descent settled in other parts of Africa and the rest. Direct descents of early Cushites went Asia Minor, Arabia, India, China, Japan and East Indies. Cushites and people of Cushite descents went to Turkey, Palestine, Greece and other countries in Europe. From Gibraltar, they went into Spain, Portugal, France, England, Wales and Ireland (Clarke, 1995). Considering this information, the pre-Colombian presence of Cushite African mariners and merchants in the New World is highly conceivable and somewhat sounds. In this context, the first Africans to be brought to the New World were not in servitude and slavery, which contrary to popular creed. Tormenting references in the Spanish chronicles and other growing body of historical studies advocate that Cushites were the founders, the pioneers and first permanent settlers of   America. Commanding authentication as in Bennett (1993, p. 85) cited by Leo Veiner in his work Africa and the discovery of America suggests that African traders founded Mexico long before Columbus. Hence, the Africans influences were extended from Canada in the North to the Maya, Aztec, and Inca civilisation in the South America. The Cushite civilisation is therefore the basis of Indian civilisation. Unlike the western Sudan and in Egypt, the people and nations of upper Nile had lost written records of their ancient times and medieval history. These were destroyed and burned during war of conquests. The early travellers to these areas are also mostly not yet known. Notable kingdoms, republics and states did rise in this part of Africa and did achieve a high degree of civilisation of their time.  Scholarly undertakings show that Cushite Africans such as Oromos were the first in human history to invent and implement democratic institutions (e.g. Gada system  or Gadaa system), democratic forms of government, elections and unwritten constitution. Democracy was first invented in upper Nile Oromia then to Athens, Greek and to the rest. It was not the other way round. Gada, an accomplishment of Oromian social genius in socio-political organisation is one of the most complex, the world wonder   and by far superior to so far other humanity’s social and political imagination and civilisation. Gada in its vector of values constitutes, political institution, the power structure, governing constitution, the ideology, the religion, the moral authority, the economic and the whole way of life of the public, the collective, the social and the private individual.  Gada is the social civilization of the Oromo in the Nile civilization. Gada is an atonishing and complex social evolution in human social transformation and an Oromo social perfection. In old Egyptian (Cushite, oromo) dialect it means Ka Adaa. Ka means God. Adaa (law). It means the law of  God, the law of  waaqa (God). It also symbolizes the dawn of not only civilization  but also human freedom as civilazation. ‘Gadaa bilisummaa saaqaa.’ Orthodox historians and some archaeologists believe that the civilisation of Egypt is the oldest in the world, while others give that priority to western Asia or India.  It has also been suggested that, since all these cultures possess certain points of similarity, all of them may evolve from an older common civilisation. Men of eminent scholarship have acknowledged this possibility. In this regard, Sir E.A. Wallis Budge  (1934) indicated: “It would be wrong to say that the Egyptians borrowed from the Sumerians or Sumerians from Egyptians, but it may be submitted that the literati of both peoples borrowed their theological systems from common but exceedingly ancient source… This similarity between the two companies of gods is too close to being accidental.” A pioneer American Egyptologist, Breasted (1936) advanced the following views: “In both Babylonian and Egypt the convenient and basic number  (360), of fundamental importance in the division of the circle, and therefore in geography, astronomy and time-measurement, had its origin in the number of days in the year in the earliest known form of the calendar. While its use seems to be older in Egypt than in Babylonian, there is no way to determine with certainty that we owe it exclusively to either of these two countries.  A common origin older than either of is possible.” Sewell (1942) said that the science, which we see at the dawn of recorded history, was not science at its dawn, but represents the remnants of the science of some great and as yet untraced civilisation. Where, however, is the seat of that civilisation to be located?” A number of scholars, both ancient and modern, have come to the conclusion that the world’s first civilisation was created by the people known as Cushite (Oromian) and also known by Greeks as Punt (Burnt Faces). The Greeks argued that these people developed their dark colouration since they were adjacent to the sun than were the fairer natives of Europe. In terms of the sources of well-informed modern authority, Herodotus describes the Cushites as in Lugard (1964) as: “ The tallest, most beautiful and long-lived of the human races,’ and before Herodotus, Homer, in even more flattering language, described them as  ‘ the most just of men; the favourites of gods.’ The annals of all the great early nations of Asia Minor are full of them. The Mosaic records allude to them frequently; but while they are described as the most powerful, the most just, and the most beautiful of the human race, they are constantly spoken of as black, and there seems to be no other conclusion to be drawn, than that remote period of history the leading race of the western world was the black race.” Alexander Bulatovich (2000, p.53) of Russia in his 1896-1898 travels in Oromia described the Oromo, which is akin to Herodotus’s description as fallows: “The [Oromo] physical type is very beautiful. The men are very tall, with statuesque, lean, with oblong face and a somewhat flattened skull. The features of the face are regular and beautiful…. The mouth is moderate. The lips are not thick. They have excellent even teeth; large and in some cases oblong eyes and curly hair. Their arm bones are of moderate length, shorter than the bones of Europeans, but longer than among the Amhara tribes. The feet are moderate and not turned in. The women are shorter than the men and very beautifully built. In general, they are stouter than the men, and not as lean as they. Among them one sometimes encounters very beautiful women. And their beauty does not fade as among the Abyssinians. The skin color of both men and women ranges from dark to light brown. I did not see any completely black [Oromo].” According to Homer and Herodotus, the Cushites were inhabited in the Sudan, Egypt, Arabia, Palestine, present Ethiopia, Western Asia and India. In his essay of historical analysis of ancient East Africa and ancient Middle East, roughly in the years between 500BC and 500AD. Jesse Benjamin (2001), brought to our attention that  the importance of research focus on global formations, multi- and bi-directional and cultural relations, geopolitical  associations, archaeology, linguistics, sociology, cosmology, production, commerce and consumption patterns of these regions.  Benjamin (2001) indicates that historiographers have acknowledged and documented that the adored spices, cinnamon (qarafaa in modern Afaan  Oromo)  and cassia of the Mediterranean sphere produced and come from ‘Cinnamon land.’ The latter is also known in different names as  ‘ The other Barbaria,’ ‘Trogodytica,’ Cush, Kush,  Upper Nile. or ‘Punt’ but persistently representing the whole environs identified nowadays as the ‘Horn of African’ or that part of Oromia. These show the presence of production, consumption and commercial interactions in the regions. In line with Miller (1969),  Wilding (1988), Benjamin (2001) included the Oromian pastoralism, pottery, cosmology and culture in the antiquity and old world civilisation. The identification of the Cushite Oromian civilisation with the present Abyssinia Amhara-Tigre under the name of Ethiopia made by the post civilisation Abyssinian priests translators of the Abyssinian version of the Bible in the 5th and 6th century or some other time, has been a cheating and misrepresentation of true human history.  Those Abyssinians who were stealing the history were relatively recent migrant (conquerors) of the region. They occupied the present day Northern Ethiopia (central Cushitic of Agau and Oromo) long after the first human civilisation already originated and advanced in the area and spread to the rest of the world including to Arabia and Mediterranean Europe. The native residents of the region are the Cushite African people (Oromo, Agau, Somali, Sidama, Afar, Beja, Saho, etc). Ethiopian Jews (Falashas) are also Cushite Oromo and Agau who accepted Jews religion. Abyssinian tribes have fabricated their own myth and false history to claim legitimacy to the region and then established a regime truth through continuos fable story, phantom, indoctrination and falsification of the real Cushite history.  Semitic immigrants did not found Aksum but the Abyssinians resettled among the Cushites cities and commercial centres in which Aksum was one and latter dominated the ruling power in this very centre of the civilisation of the central Cush. Ge’ez was invented as a language of the centre and latter used as the official language of the church and the colonising Abyssinian ruling class. Ge’ez was initially developed from the mixture of Cushitic and Greek elements that was facilitated by the Cushite trade links to the Greek world. There was also Greek resettlement in Aksum and the surrounding central Cush commercial towns with primary contacts with endogenous Cushite. The earlier rulers of Aksum and Christian converts including Ezana were Cushites.  Though Ezana was the first convert from the above (the ruling class) to Christianity, he did not give up his belief in one God (Waqa) (Cushite/ black God). He was also not the first Cushite to be a Christian. In their linkages with a wider world, it is also highly likely and very logical and possible that there were Christians among the civilian Cushite trading communities who had already disseminated their new faith, as so many Oromo merchants were to do latter in the expansion of Islam. The splendid Stella, towers of solid masonry, with non-functional doors and windows at Aksum was not the earliest materialisation but it was the continuity in the manifestation of major indigenous Cushite tradition of monumental architecture in stone, which also later found expression in the rock-hewn churches of the Cushite Agau kings (see also Isichei, 1997 for some of the opinions). Abyssinians were the rulers. They were not the engineers and the builders of the stone monuments. It was the original product and brainchild of Cushite technologist. Of course, their advancement was thwarted with the unfortunate coming of the Abyssinians. Almost all of the original studies of the origin of Cushite civilisation could not penetrate far deep into regions south east to Nubia (Mereo) and could not dig out the other side of the twin, the close link and vast primary sources in present day Oromia. Though the British Museum has collected vast sources on Nubian, it has not kept on or linked any to the sister and more or less identical to the civilisation of the Oromo. For me, as native Oromo with knowledge of oral history and culture, as I observed the Nubian collection in British Museum, what they say Nubian collection is almost identical to Oromia, but in a less variety and quantity.  I can say that Nubian and other Cushite civilisations were extensions (grafts) of the vast products of Oromo. I may also be enthused to the inference that the people whose manners and customs have been so thoroughly capitulated by Herodotus, Diodorus, Strabo Pliny and other were not Abyssinians and other Black people at all, but the natives of Upper Nile, Oromos, Agau, Somalis, Afar and the rest of Cushitic people of the present Horn of Africa. Sir Henry Rawlinson in his essay on the early History of Babylonian describes Oromos as the purest modern specimens of the Kushite. Thus, Oromo is Kush and Kush is Oromo. Seignobos (1910), in his scholarly works on the history of Ancient Civilisation reasoned that the first civilised natives of the Nile and Tigiris-Euphrates Valleys were a dark skinned people with short hair and prominent lips, they were called Cushites by some scholars and Hamites by others.  So Cushite (Hamite) is generally recognised as the original home of human civilisation and culture both beyond and across the Red Sea. They are the original source of both the African and Asiatic (Cushitic Arabian) civilisation. Higgins in 1965 scholarly undertaking discusses: “I shall, in the course of this work, produce a number of   extraordinary facts, which will be quite sufficient to prove, that a black race, in a very   early times, had more influence   of the affairs of the world than has been lately suspected; and I think I shall show, by some very striking circumstances yet existing, that the effects of this influence have not entirely passed away.” Baldwin in his 1869 study of Arab history expressed in his own words the following: “At the present time Arabia is inhabited by two distinct races, namely descendants of the old Adite, Kushite, …known under various appellations, and dwelling chiefly at the south, the east, and in the central parts of the country, but formerly supreme throughout the whole peninsula, and the Semitic Arabians- Mahomete’s race- found chiefly in the Hejaz and at the north. In some districts of the country these races are more or less mixed, and since the rise of Mahometanism the language of Semites, known as to us Arabic, has almost wholly suppressed the old  … Kushite tongue; but the two races are very unlike in many respects, and the distinction has always been recognised by writers on Arabian ethnology. To the Kushite race belongs the purest Arabian blood, and also that great and very ancient civilisation whose ruins abound in almost every district of the country.” Poole (in Haddon, 1934) says, “Assyrians themselves are shown to have been of a very pure type of Semites, but in the Babylonians there is a sign of Kushite blood.  … There is one portrait of an Elmite king on a vase found at Susa; he is painted black and thus belongs to the Kushite race.” The myths, legends, and traditions of the Sumerians point to the African Cushite as the original home of these people (see. Perry, 1923, pp. 60-61).  They were also the makers of the first great civilisation in the Indus valley. Hincks, Oppert, unearthed the first Sumerian remains and Rawlinson called these people Kushites. Rawlinson in his essay on the early history of Babylonian presents that without pretending to trace up these early Babylonians to their original ethnic sources, there are certainly strong reasons for supposing them to have passed from Cushite Africa to the valley of the Euphrates shortly before the opening of the historic period:  He is based on the following strong points: The system of writing, which they brought up with them, has the closest semblance with that of Egypt; in many cases in deed the two alphabets are absolutely identical. In the Biblical genealogies, while Kush and Mizrain  (Egypt) are brothers, from Kush Nimrod (Babylonian) sprang. With respect to the language of ancient Babylonians, the vocabulary is absolutely Kushite, belonging to that stock of tongues, which in postscript were everywhere more or less, mixed up with Semitic languages, but of which we have with doubtless the purest existing specimens in the Mahra of Southern Arabia and the Oromo.

kemetic alphabet (Qubee)

qubee durii fi ammaa

The Greek alphabet, the script of English today, is based on the Kemetic alphabet of Ancient Egypt/Kemet and the Upper Nile Valley of Ancient Africa. Ancient Egyptians called their words MDW NTR, or ‘Metu Neter,” which means divine speech. The Greeks called it, ‘hieroglyphics”- a Greek word. The etymology of hieroglyphics is sacred (hieros) carvings (glyph). The Oromos (the Kemet of modern age) called it Qubee.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zMUazEr3BSU&NR=1

Without OROMO, NO Amhara Culture & NO Amharic! – My Beta Israel & Zagwe Roots pt1 Ras Iadonis

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9gLJnxgXs0Q&feature=share

http://gadaa.com/oduu/11117/2011/09/28/gubaa-%e2%80%93-the-oromo-thanksgiving-bonfire/#.ToQw3A0t84E.facebook

http://gadaa.com/oduu/797/2009/09/30/ethiopia-the-story-of-oromos-irreechaa-happy-thanksgiving/

http://www.creative8studios.com/oromia/

http://bilisummaa.com/index.php?mod=article&cat=Waaqeeyfataa&article=446

http://www.africa.kyoto-u.ac.jp/kiroku/asm_normal/abstracts/pdf/25-3/25-3-1.pdf

http://www.americanchronicle.com/articles/view/166451

http://www.gadaa.com/culture.html

http://www.gadaa.com/Irreechaa.html http://waaqeffannaa.org/?page_id=167

http://gadaa.com/oduu/10920/2011/09/10/irreechaa-a-thanksgiving-day-in-oromia-cushitic-ethiopia-and-africa/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/West_Central_Oromo_language http://www.gadaa.com/language.html

http://www.voicefinfinne.org/English/Column/Galma_EOC.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hamitic#Rwanda_and_Burundii

http://www.stumbleupon.com/su/1TM1ye/listverse.com/2008/08/29/15-fascinating-facts-about-ancient-egypt/

https://encrypted.google.com/search?q=old+egyptian+language&hl=en&sa=X&rls=com.microsoft:en-gb:IE-Address&rlz=1I7TSEA_en-GBGB333&tbm=isch&tbs=simg:CAESEgliBpRYQ9V-mSHFuQO6grmBWQ&iact=hc&vpx=662&vpy=231&dur=16406&hovh=128&hovw=216&tx=43&ty=214&ei=tnRJTsLpLIqXhQeyi7HCBg&page=9&tbnh=128&tbnw=186&ved=1t:722,r:10,s:166&biw=1280&bih=599

http://oromocentre.org/oromian-story/special-report-on-the-long-history-of-north-east-africa/

African Philosophy in Ethiopia. Ethiopian Philosophical Studies II with A Memorial of Claude Sumner http://www.crvp.org/book/Series02/master-ethiopia.pdf

http://thetemplesofluxorandkarnak.wordpress.com/category/africa/

https://www.facebook.com/notes/abdi-muleta/the-story-of-irreechaa/257191284319586

CHALTU AS HELEN: AN EVERYDAY STORY OF OROMOS TRAUMATIC IDENTITY CHANGE

http://oromoland.wordpress.com/2013/10/20/chaltu-as-helen-an-everyday-story-of-oromos-traumatic-identity-change/

http://www.opride.com/oromsis/news/horn-of-africa/3718-chaltu-as-helen-an-everyday-story-of-oromos-traumatic-identity-change

“Chaltu as Helen”, which is based on a novelized story of Chaltu Midhaksa, a young Oromo girl from Ada’aa Barga district, also in central Oromia.

Born to a farming family in Koftu, a small village south of Addis Ababa near Akaki, Chaltu led an exuberant childhood. Raised by her grandmother’s sister Gode, a traditional storyteller who lived over 100 years, the impressionable Chaltu mastered the history and tradition of Tulama Oromos at a very young age.

Chaltu’s captivating and fairytale like story, as retold by Tesfaye, begins when she was awarded a horse named Gurraacha as a prize for winning a Tulama history contest. Though she maybe the first and only female contestant, Chaltu won the competition by resoundingly answering eleven of the twelve questions she was asked.

Guraacha, her pride and constant companion, became Chaltu’s best friend and she took a good care of him. Gurraacha was a strong horse; his jumps were high, and Chaltu understood his pace and style.

A masterful rider and an envy to even her male contemporaries, Chaltu soon distinguished herself as bold, confident, outspoken, assertive, and courageous. For this, she quickly became a household name among the Oromo from Wajitu to Walmara, Sera to Dawara, Bacho to Cuqala, and Dire to Gimbichu, according to Tesfaye.

Chaltu traces her lineage to the Galan, one of the six clans of Tulama Oromo tribe. At the height of her fame, admirers – young and old – addressed her out of respect as “Caaltuu Warra Galaan!” – Chaltu of the Galan, and “Caaltuu Haadha Gurraacha!” – Chaltu the mother of Gurraacha.

Chaltu’s disarming beauty, elegance, charisma, and intelligence coupled with her witty personality added to her popularity. Chaltu’s tattoos from her chin to her chest, easily noticeable from her light skin, made her look like of a “Red Indian descent” (Tesfaye’s words).

As per Tesfaye’s account, there wasn’t a parent among the well-to-do Oromos of the area who did not wish Chaltu betrothed to their son. At 14, Chaltu escaped a bride-kidnapping attempt by outracing her abductors.

Chaltu’s grandfather Banti Daamo, a well-known warrior and respected elder, had a big family. Growing up in Koftu, Chaltu enjoyed being surrounded by a large network of extended family, although she was the only child for her parents.

Recognizing Chaltu’s potential, her relatives suggested that she goes to school, which was not available in the area at the time. However, fearing that she would be abducted, Chaltu’s father arranged her marriage to a man of Ada’aa family from Dire when she turned 15.

Locals likened Chaltu’s mannerism to her grandfather Banti Daamo, earning her yet another nickname as “Caaltuu warra Bantii Daamo” – Chaltu of Banti Daamo. She embraced the namesake because many saw her as an heir to Banti Daamo’s legacy, a role usually preserved for the oldest male in the family. Well-wishers blessed her: prosper like your grandparents. She embraced and proudly boasted about continuing her grandfather’s heritage calling herself Chaltu Banti Daamo.

Others began to call her Akkoo [sic] Xinnoo, drawing a comparison between Chaltu and a legendary Karrayu Oromo woman leader after whom Ankobar was named.

Chaltu’s eccentric life took on a different trajectory soon after her marriage. She could not be a good wife as the local tradition and custom demanded; she could not get along with an alcoholic husband who came home drunk and abused her.

When Chaltu threatened to dissolve the marriage, as per Oromo culture, elders intervened and advised her to tolerate and reconcile with her husband. Rebellious and nonconformist by nature, Chaltu, who’s known for challenging old biases and practices, protested “an alcoholic cannot be a husband for Banti Daamo’s daughter!”

Soon she left her husband and moved to Addis Ababa, Ethiopia’s capital, to attend formal education and start a new chapter in life.

Trouble ensues.

In Addis Ababa, her aunt Mulumebet’s family welcomed Chaltu. Like Chaltu, Mulumebet grew up in Koftu but later moved to Addis Ababa, and changed her given name from Gadise in order to ‘fit’ into the city life.

Subsequently, Mulumebet sat down with Chaltu to provide guidance and advice on urban [Amhara] ways.

“Learning the Amharic language is mandatory for your future life,” Mulumebet told Chaltu. “If you want to go to school, first you have to speak the language; in order to learn Amharic, you must stop speaking Afaan Oromo immediately; besides, your name Chaltu Midhaksa doesn’t match your beauty and elegance.”

“I wish they did not mess you up with these tattoos,” Mulumebet continued, “but there is nothing I could do about that…however, we have to give you a new name.”

Just like that, on her second day in Addis, Caaltuu warra Galaan became Helen Getachew.

Chaltu understood little of the dramatic twists in her life. She wished the conversation with her aunt were a dream. First, her name Chaltu means the better one, her tattoos beauty marks.

She quietly wondered, “what is wrong with my name and my tattoos? How can I be better off with a new name that I don’t even know what it means?”

Of course she had no answers for these perennial questions. Most of all, her new last name Getachew discomforted her. But she was given no option.

The indomitable Chaltu had a lot to learn.

A new name, new language, new family, and a whole new way of life, the way of civilized Amhara people. Chaltu mastered Amharic in a matter of weeks. Learning math was no problem either, because Chaltu grew up solving math problems through oral Oromo folktale and children’s games like Takkeen Takkitumaa.

Chaltu’s quick mastery amazed Dr. Getachew, Mulumebet’s husband. This also made her aunt proud and she decided to enroll Chaltu in an evening school. The school matched Chaltu, who’s never set foot in school, for fourth grade. In a year, she skipped a grade and was placed in sixth grade. That year Chaltu passed the national exit exam, given to all sixth graders in the country, with distinction.

But her achievements in school were clouded by a life filled with disappointments, questions, and loss of identity. Much of her troubles came from Mulumebet packaged as life advice.

“Helen darling, all our neighbors love and admire you a lot,” Mulumebet told Chaltu one Sunday morning as they made their way into the local Orthodox Church. “There is not a single person on this block who is not mesmerized by your beauty…you have a bright future ahead of you as long as you work on your Amharic and get rid of your Oromo accent…once you do that, we will find you a rich and educated husband.”

Chaltu knew Mulumebet had her best interest at heart. And as a result never questioned her counsel. But her unsolicited advises centered mostly on erasing Chaltu’s fond childhood memories and making her lose touch with Oromummaa – and essentially become an Amhara.

Chaltu spent most of her free time babysitting Mulumebet’s children, aged 6 and 8. She took care of them and the kids loved her. One day, while the parents were away, lost in her own thoughts, Chaltu repeatedly sang her favorite Atetee – Oromo women’s song of fertility – in front of the kids.

That night, to Chaltu’s wild surprise, the boys performed the song for their parents at the dinner table. Stunned by the revelation, Mulumebet went ballistic and shouted, “Are you teaching my children witchcraft?”

Mulumebet continued, “Don’t you ever dare do such a thing in this house again. I told you to forget everything you do not need. Helen, let me tell you for the last time, everything you knew from Koftu is now erased…forget it all! No Irreechaa, no Waaree, no Okolee, no Ibsaa, No Atetee, and no Wadaajaa.”

Amused by his wife’s dramatic reaction, Getachew inquired, “what does the song mean, Helen?” Chaltu told him she could not explain it in Amharic. He added, “If it is indeed about witchcraft, we do not need a devil in this house…Helen, praise Jesus and his mother, Mary, from now on.”

“Wait,” Getachew continued, “did you ever go to church when you were in Koftu? What do they teach you there?”

Chaltu acknowledged that she’s been to a church but never understood the sermons, conducted in Amharic, a language foreign to her until now. “Getachew couldn’t believe his ears,” writes Tesfaye. But Getachew maintained his cool and assured Chaltu that her mistake would be forgiven.

Chaltu knew Atetee was not a witchcraft but a women’s spiritual song of fertility and safety. All Oromo women had their own Atetee.

Now in her third year since moving to Addis, Chaltu spoke fluent Amharic. But at school, in the market, and around the neighborhood, children bullied her daily. It was as if they were all given the same course on how to disgrace, intimidate, and humiliate her.

“You would have been beautiful if your name was not Chaltu,” strangers and classmates, even those who knew her only as Helen, would tell her. Others would say to Chaltu, as if in compliment, “if you were not Geja (an Amharic for uncivilized), you would actually win a beauty pageant…they messed you up with these tattoos, damn Gallas!”

Her adopted name and mastery of Amharic did not save Chaltu from discrimination, blatant racism, hate speech, and ethnic slurs. As if the loss of self was not enough, seventh grade was painfully challenging for Chaltu. One day when the students returned from recess to their assigned classes, to her classmate’s collective amusement, there was a drawing of a girl with long tattooed neck on the blackboard with a caption: Helen Nikise Gala – Helen, the tattooed Gala. Gala is a disparaging term akin to a Nigger used in reference to Oromos. As Chaltu sobbed quietly, their English teacher Tsige walked in and the students’ laughter came to a sudden halt. Tsige asked the classroom monitor to identity the insulting graffiti’s artist. No one answered. He turned to Chaltu and asked, “Helen, tell me who drew this picture?”

She replied, “I don’t know teacher, but Samson always called me Nikise Gala.”

Tsige was furious. Samson initially denied but eventually admitted fearing corporal punishment. Tsige gave Samson a lesson of a lifetime: “Helen speaks two language: her native Afaan Oromo and your language Amharic, and of course she is learning the third one. She is one of the top three students in the class. You speak one language and you ranked 41 out of 53 students. I have to speak to your parents tomorrow.”

Athletic and well-mannered, Chaltu was one of the best students in the entire school. But she could not fathom why people gossiped about her and hurled insults at her.

Banned from speaking Afaan Oromo, Chaltu could not fully express feelings like sorrow, regrets, fear and happiness in Amharic. To the extent that Mulumebet wished Chaltu would stop thinking in Oromo, in one instance, she asked Chaltu to go into her bedroom to lament the death of a relative by singing honorific praise as per Oromo custom. Chaltu’s break came one afternoon when the sport teacher began speaking to her in Afaan Oromo, for the first time in three years. She sobbed from a deep sense of loss as she uttered the words: “I am from Koftu, the daughter of Banti Daamo.” Saying those words alone, which were once a source of her pride, filled Chaltu with joy, even if for that moment.

Chaltu anxiously looked forward to her summer vacation and a much-needed visit to Koftu. But before she left, Mulumebet warned Chaltu not to speak Afaan Oromo during her stay in Koftu. Mulumebet told Chaltu, “Tell them that you forgot how to speak Afaan Oromo. If they talk to you in Oromo, respond only in Amharic. Also, tell them that you are no longer Chaltu. Your name is Helen.”

Getachew disagreed with his wife. But Chaltu knew she has to oblige. On her way to Koftu, Chaltu thought about her once golden life; the time she won Gurracha in what was only a boys’ competition, and how the entire village of Koftu sang her praises.

Her short stay in Koftu was dismal. Gurraacha was sold for 700 birr and she did not get to see him again. Chaltu’s parents were dismayed that her name was changed and that she no longer spoke their language.

A disgruntled and traumatized Chaltu returns to Addis Ababa and enrolls in 9th grade. She then marries a government official and move away from her aunt’s protective shield. The marriage ends shortly thereafter when Chaltu’s husband got caught up in a political crosshair following Derg’s downfall in 1991. Chaltu was in financial crisis. She refused an advice from acquintances to work as a prostitute.

At 24, the once vibrant Chaltu looked frail and exhausted. The regime change brought some welcome news. Chaltu was fascinated and surprised to watch TV programs in Afaan Oromo or hear concepts like “Oromo people’s liberation, the right to speak one’s own language, and that Amharas were feudalists.”

Chaltu did not fully grasp the systematic violence for which was very much a victim. She detested how she lost her values and ways. She despised Helen and what it was meant to represent. But it was also too late to get back to being Chaltu. She felt empty. She was neither Helen nor Chaltu.

She eventually left Addis for Koftu and asked her parents for forgiveness. She lived a few months hiding in her parent’s home. She avoided going to the market and public squares.

In a rare sign of recovery from her trauma, Chaltu briefly dated a college student who was in Koftu for a winter vacation. When he left, Chaltu lapsed back into her self-imposed loneliness and state of depression. She barely ate and refused interacting with or talking to anyone except her mother.

One afternoon, the once celebrated Chaltu warra Galaan took a nap after a coffee break and never woke up. She was 25.

The bottom line: Fictionalized or not, Chaltu’s is a truly Oromo story. Chaltu is a single character in Tesfaye’s book but lest we forget, in imperial Ethiopia, generations of Chaltu’s had to change their names and identity in order to fit in and be “genuine Ethiopians.” Until recently, one has to wear an Amhara mask in order to be beautiful, or gain access to educational and employment opportunities.

Likewise, in the Ethiopia of today’s “freedom of expression advocates” – who allegedly sought to censor Tesfaye – it appears that a story, even a work of fiction, is fit to print only when it conforms to the much-romanticized Ethiopianist storyline.

So much has changed since Chaltu’s tragic death a little over a decade ago, yet, clearly, much remains the same in Ethiopia. Honor and glory to Oromo martyrs, whose selfless sacrifices had allowed for me to transcribe this story, the Oromo today – a whole generation of Caaltuus – are ready to own, reclaim, and tell their stories.

Try, as they might, the ever-vibrant Qubee generation will never be silenced, again.

Origins of the Afrocomb: Exhibition: Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, UK; 2nd July - 3rd November

Origins of the Afro Comb: 6,000 years of culture, politics and identity

http://www.gatewayforafrica.org/event/origins-afro-comb-6000-years-culture-politics-and-identity?__utma=1.1154313457.1380212922.1382522461.1382771276.8&__utmb=1.217.9.1382772351901&__utmc=1&__utmx=-&__utmz=1.1382771276.8.5.utmcsr=royalafricansociety.us2.list-manage.com|utmccn=(referral)|utmcmd=referral|utmcct=/subscribe/confirm&__utmv=-&__utmk=134257777&utm_content=buffer9ca97&utm_source=buffer&utm_medium=facebook&utm_campaign=Buffer

Even today, a significant number of mainstream Egyptologists, anthropologists, historians and Hollywood moviemakers continue to deny African people’s role in humankind’s first and greatest civilization in ancient Egypt. This whitewashing of history negatively impacts Black people and our image in the world. There remains a vital need to correct the misinformation of our achievements in antiquity.

Senegalese scholar Dr. Cheikh Anta Diop (1923-1986) dedicated his life to scientifically challenging Eurocentric and Arab-centric views of precolonial African culture, specifically those that suggested the ancient civilization of Egypt did not have its origins in Black Africa.

Since some people continue to ignore the overwhelming evidence that indicates ancient Egypt was built, ruled, and populated by dark-skinned African people, Atlanta Blackstar will highlight 10 of the ways Diop proved the ancient Egyptians were Black.

Physical Anthropology Evidence
Based on his review of scientific literature, Diop concluded that most of the skeletons and skulls of the ancient Egyptians clearly indicate they were Negroid people with features very similar to those of modern Black Nubians and other people of the Upper Nile and East Africa. He called attention to studies that included examinations of  skulls from the predynastic period (6000 B.C.) that showed a greater percentage of Black characteristics than any other type.

From this information, Diop reasoned that a Black race existed in Egypt at that time and did not migrate at a later stage as some previous theories had suggested.

http://atlantablackstar.com/2013/10/25/10-arguments-that-proves-ancient-egyptians-were-black/

”’ኦሮሞና ኦሮሚያ”’

የኦሮሞ ሕዝብ መሠረተ አመጣጥ ከኩሽ ቤተሰብ የሚመደብ ነዉ። በቆዳ ቀለሙና በአካላዊ አቋሙ ከሃሜቲክ እስከ ናይሎቲክ ያጣቀሰ ዝርያ ያለዉ ሕዝብ መሆኑ ታሪክ አረጋግጦታል። በሰሜን ምሥራቅ አፍሪካ ከሚኖሩ ህዝቦች ጋር በብዙ መልኩ ተመሳሳይነት ያለዉ ነዉ። በዚህ ክልል የሚኖሩ ሕዝቦች ታሪክ መመዝገብ ከጀመረበት ጊዜ አንስቶ የኩሽ ቋንቋ ተናጋሪ መሆናቸዉ ተረጋግጧል።

ኦሮሞ የኩሽ ቋንቋ ተናጋሪ ብቻ አይደለም። ይልቁንም ይህ ሕዝብ በአህጉረ- አፍሪካ ቀደሚ ዜጋ ሆነዉ ከኖሩት ሕዝቦች መካከል የመጀመሪያ መሆኑ ይታወቃል። በዚህ የረጅም ዘመናት ታሪኩ ውስጥ ለሥልጣኔዉ የሚሆኑ ባህሎችን እስከማዳበር ደርሷል። ሊንች እና ሮቢንስ የሚባሉ ሁለት የዉጭ ምሁራን ሰሜናዊ ኬኒያ በተገኘዉ ጥንታዊ አምድ ላይ ከትጻፈዉ መረጃ በመነሳት ኦሮሞዎች በ3000 ዓመተ-ዓለም አካባቢ የራሳቸዉ የሆነ የቀን መቁጠሪያ እንደነበራቸዉ አረጋግጠዋል። ይህም ሕዝቡ በዚሁ ክልል ለመኖሩ አንዱ ተጨባጭ ማስረጃ ነው።

ከሊንች እና ሮቢንሰም ሌላ ፕራዉቲ እና ሮሴንፊልድ የተባሉ የታሪክ ሊቃዉንት “Historical Dictionary of Ethiopia” ኢንዲሁም ባትስ : “The Abyssinian Difficulty” በተባሉ ሥራዎቻቸው ; <<ኦሮሞ ጥንታዊ ዝርያና አንጋፋ; ምናልባትም ለበርካታዎቹ የምስራቅ አፍርካ ሕዝቦች የዘር ግንድ ነው>> በማለት ይገልጻሉ።

የኦሮሞ ሕዝብ የምስራቅ አፍርካ (የአፍርካ ቀንድ) ቀዳሚ ቤተኛ ስለመሆኑ አያሌ ማስረጃዎች ኣሉ። ስለዚሁ ጉዳይ ታሪካዊ ሰናዶች በብዛት ይገኛሉ። አባ ባህሬይ የተባሉ የአማራ ብሄር ተወላጅ የጋላ ታሪክ ብለው በሲዳሞና ከፋ ዉስጥ በመዘዋዋር ስላ ኦሮሞ በፃፉት መጽሃፍ በጥላቻ የተሞሉና ትክክል ያል ሆኑ ታሪኮችን ለማሳተም በቅተዋል። ክራፍ በ 1842 ፥ ፍት በ1913 በክልሉ በመዘዋወር ኦሮሞ በምስራቅ አፍርካ ከሁሉም የላቀ ስፍት ያለዉ ሀገር ባለቤት መሆኑን አረጋግጠዋል ።

ከ1850 በፊት ዲ. አባደ ቤክ፥ እስንባርገር ኢንዲሁም ክራፍ የተባሉ አዉሮፓዊያን ዘጎች የኦሮሞን ሕዝብ ፖለቲካዊ ፥ ባህላዊና ማህበራዊ አኗኗር ሥራዓት በማጥናት ለዉጭዉ ዓለም አስተዋዉቀወል። ከዚያም ወዲህ በተለይ ከ 18ኛው መቶ ክፍለ ዘመንና በኋላም ኦሮሚያ በአፄ ምንልክ ተወርራ የኢኮኖሚና የፖለቲካ ሥራዓቷን ከመነጠቋ በፊት ሲቺ የተባለ ኢጣሊያዊ እንዲሁም በሬሊ ; እና ሶሌይሌት የተባሉ የፈረንሳይ ዜጎች በኦሮሚያ ህዝብ ፖለቲኮ-ባህላዊ; ኢኮኖሚያዊና ማህበራዊ ታሪኮች ላይ ያተኮሩ ሥራዎችን አዘጋጅተዉ ለአንባቢያን አቅርበዋል።

ታሪካዊ ጥናቶች አንደሚያረጋግጡት ኦሮሞና ኢትዮጵያ ከ16ኛዉ እስከ 19ኛው መቶ ክፍለ ዘመን አንዱም ሌላዉን አሸንፎ በ ቁጥጥሩ ሥር ሳያደርግ ጎን ለጎን ሆነው ሲዋጉ መቆየታቸው ሆሎኮምብ እና ሲሳይ ኢብሳ በ 1900፥ ፕሮ. መሐመድ ሐሰን በ 1990፥ ፕሮ. አሰፋ ጃላታ በ 1990፥ መሐመድ አሊ በ 1989፥ ሌቪን በ 1965 ፥ ገዳ መልባ በ 1978… ሥራዎቻቸዉ ዉስጥ በስፋት አቅርበዋል። እንዲሁም ጄስማን የተባሉ ጸሐፊ ከ50 ዓመታት በፊት ባሳተሙት መጽሓፍ ከአፄ ምንልክ የደቡብ ወረራ በፊት የነበረችዉ ኢትዮጵያ በሰሜን ከፍታዎች አካባቢ መሆኑን ከመግለጻቸዉም በላይ ማአከሏም በሰሜን ትግራይ ፥ በጌምድር ፥ ላስታና ወሎ ፥ በመሃል ጉራጌ ፥ በ ደቡብ ሸዋ ነው ያሉት ከላይ የተጠቀሱ ምሁራን ያ ቀረቡኣቸዉን ቁም ነገሮች በተጨባጭ መልክኣ ምድራዊ ገጽታ የሚያረጋግጥ ሆኗል።

ጥንታዊቷ አበሲኒያ ቀደም ብሎ በተጠቀሱት ክልሎች ላይ ብቻ የተወሰንች ለመሆኗ አፄ ቴዎድሮስ ኢየሩሳሌም ሳሙኤል ጎባ ለተባሉ የእንግሊዝ ጳጳስ በጻፉት ድብዳቤ ውስጥ ከጠቀሱትም ቁም ነገር መገንዘብ ይቻላል። እችሳቸውም:-

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Consumerism Cycle (1) Achilles Heel. #Africa December 26, 2014

Posted by OromianEconomist in Africa, Africa and debt, Consumersim, Land Grabs in Africa.
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Consumerism is killing us softly. The catalyst is Advertising. Uniformed citizens are trapped in a vicious cycle. Their Achilles Heel is their illusion.

Advertising is the foundation of Mass Media and its primary purpose of Mass Media is to sell products. It also sells values, images, concepts of love and sexuality, of romance, of success and perhaps most important of normalcy: it tells who we are and who we should be.

Advertising reinforces a deceiving association between the consumer and happiness; it focuses on immediate and short term needs, diverges the focus from its bogus message, eliminates any discussion of the social & long-term needs, and leads into more squandered resources.
Common Scenario

When consumers visit the store to buy their brand, they definitely don’t ask who made that product and what resources were used. Unfortunately, some consumers are not aware that huge resources (human and natural) were wasted in the production process. The most common info they know is: Made in China.

Vicious Circle

Consumers associate with the utility and satisfaction that result from purchasing these products. However, what consumers fail to realize is that utility always decreases as the number of items/products purchased increases. And thus their satisfaction ceases to exist which would lead them into a state of emptiness, that is usually compensated by consuming more.

Awareness

Realizing that this bogus content can’t be integrated with their happiness might happen at a late stage. But hopefully not too late.

Arrow Minded

Consumerism

Consumerism is killing us softly. The catalyst is Advertising. Uniformed citizens are trapped in a vicious cycle. Their Achilles Heel is their illusion.

Advertising is the foundation of Mass Media and its primary purpose of Mass Media is to sell products. It also sells values, images, concepts of love and sexuality, of romance, of success and perhaps most important of normalcy: it tells who we are and who we should be.

Advertising reinforces a deceiving association between the consumer and happiness; it focuses on immediate and short term needs, diverges the focus from its bogus message, eliminates any discussion of the social & long-term needs, and leads into more squandered resources.

Cycle

Common Scenario

When consumers visit the store to buy their brand, they definitely don’t ask who made that product and what resources were used. Unfortunately, some consumers are not aware that huge resources (human and natural) were wasted in the production process. The…

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The Oromians Protest Ethiopia’s New Master Plan of Ethnic Cleansing against the Oromo in the Name of Development Expansion of Finfinnee (Addis Ababa) December 25, 2014

Posted by OromianEconomist in Aannolee and Calanqo, Colonizing Structure, Corruption, Dictatorship, Ethnic Cleansing, Finfinne is Oromia's land, Finfinnee, Finfinnee is the Capital City of Oromia, Finfinnee n Kan Oromoo ti, Free development vs authoritarian model, Genocidal Master plan of Ethiopia, Human Rights, Janjaweed Style Liyu Police of Ethiopia, Land and Water Grabs in Oromia, Land Grabs in Africa, No to land grabs in Oromia, No to the Addis Ababa Master Plan, NO to the Evictions of Oromo Nationals from Finfinnee (Central Oromia), Ogaden, Oromia, Oromia wide Oromo Universtiy students Protested Addis Ababa Expansion Master Plan, Oromian Voices, Oromiyaa, Oromo, Oromo Culture, Oromo Identity, Oromo Protests in Ambo, Oromo students movement, Oromo students protests, Oromo the Largest Nation of Africa. Human Rights violations and Genocide against the Oromo people in Ethiopia, Oromo University students and their national demands, Poverty, Qubee Afaan Oromo, Say no to the expansions of Addis Ababa, State of Oromia, Stop evicting Oromo people from Cities, The Colonizing Structure & The Development Problems of Oromia, The Tyranny of Ethiopia, Tyranny.
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Waraqaan Waamicha FDG Oromiyaa Bakkoota Garaa Garaatti Fac’aa Jira.

IMG_20141224_203639IMG_20141224_211555IMG_20141224_211615

Waraqaan waamicha dadammaqiinsa FDG Mudde 24 Bara 2014 ganama irraa Oromiyaa bakkoota garaagaraatti, addatti haga odeessi kun gumaa’ee nu qaqqabetti magaalota naannoo Finfinnee jiran kan akka Sabbaataa, Alem-Genaa, Burraayyuu, Sulultaa, L/Xaafoo Laga Daadhii fi akkasumaas Finfinnee bakkoota adda addaatti faca’aa jiraachuu odeessi nu qaqqabe addeessa.  Akka odeessaa fi waraabbii suuraa armaan gadii nu qaqqabe ibsutti, waraqaan waamicha dadammaqiinsa FDG kun dhaamsa ‘’tokkummaan wareeggama qabsoon bilisummaaf barbaaddu haakaffallu’’ jedhu kan ofkeessaa qabuu fi uummata impaayera biyyittii keessatti uummanni Oromoo uummata yayyaba ta’ee otoo jiruu uummata bicuu Tigreetiin gabroomuun salphinaa fi qaanii waan ta’eef, qaanii fi salphina uummanni keenya keessa jiru keessaa baasuun dirqama dhaloota kanaa ta’uu kan ibsuu fi dabalataaniis waamicha Qeerroon yeroo yeroon taasisuus jala jalaan hordofuun barbaachisaa akka ta’ees dhaamsi waraqaa waamicha kanaa ni mul’isa.  Waraqaan waamicha dammaqiinsa qabsoo bilisummaaf taasifamaa jiru kun itti fufiinsaan guutuu Oromiyaa irratti faca’aa jiraachuu gabaasni nu qaqqabe ibsuus akkuma odeessi isaa gumaa’ee nu qaqqabeen jala jalaan kan gabaasnu ta’a.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/12/24/waraqaan-waamicha-fdg-oromiyaa-bakkoota-garaa-garaatti-facaa-jira/

 

Yuuniversitii Madda Walaabuu keessatti diddaan sirna mootummaa Wayyaanee irratti ka’een waldhabbiin barattoota Oromoo fi waraana Wayyaanee jidduu jabaatee jira.

Gabaasa Qeerroo Muddee 15,2014 Uni Madda Walaabuu

diddaa9Muddee 14,Guyyaa Kaleessaa Mooraan Yuuniversitii Madda Walaabuu mooraa shaakala waraanaa fakkaata. Humni waraana Wayyaanees abaratoota irratti dhukaasa bane jira.

Edai halkan sa’a 2:00 booda FDG baname,akka gabaasi Qeerroo addeessutti yeroo darbe waraqaa dhaadannoo uummata fi barataa kakaasu Qeerroon Yuuniversitii madda walaabuu mooraa keessatti tamsaasuun barattootni nyaata lagachuudhaan, barumsa dhaabuudhaan diddaa eegalanii kan turan mootummaan Wayyaanee humna bittimsaa itti ajajuu irraan barattootni akka kaayyeffatanii ka’an tahuu baatuus barattoota Oromoo ergasii adamsuudhaan tikootni Wayyaanee qabani mooraa keessaa baasuudhaan bakka ittiin gahan dhabamaa ture,akka walii galaatti barattootni hanga ammaatti hidhamani bakka buuteen isaani dhabamee jiru barattoota 20 ol akka ta’e,tooftaa garagaraan tikni qabaa kan ture, barattoota kaan ammoo marii qabna jechuudhaan mooraan alatti ukkamsanii hidhaa turan,gabaasa Qeerroo MW irraa akka hubatametti torbeema lama dura tahuun isaa waan hubatameef barattootni sabboonti Oromoo guyyaa kaleessaa Muddee 14,2014 wal gurmeessuun  barattootni gaaffii tokko malee, yakka tokko malee mooraa keenya keessaa torban darban hidhaman akka gadhiifaman, gaaffiin keenya bu’uura tahee yeroodhaa yerootti mootummaa gaafacha jirru kan hidhaman akka gadhiifamaniif nyaata dhiisnee, barumsa dhaabnee osoo gaafannuu gaaffii keenya irra tarkaanfachuudhaan mootummaan Wayyaanee ammas barattoota sabboonummaa qaban mooraa keessaa qabee hidhuun maaliif kaayyeffatee ka’e jechuudhaan guyyaa kaleessaa mooraa Yuuniversitii Madda Walaabuu keessatti baratooti Oromoo gamtaan sagalee ol kaasanii iyya dhageessisuun gaaffii mirgaa gaafatan.

Humni waraana Wayyaanee barattooti mooraa keessaa gara kamittuu akka hin baaneef dura dhaabbatanii meeshaan ittisaa jiru. Kana irratti dabalee humni mooricha eegu hanqatnaan humna dabalataa yaammatanii waraanni komaandoon Wayyaanee naannica weeraruun barattoota Oromoo irratti dhukaasa banuu qeerroon gabaasa.

Haala kanaan Barattootni halkan guutummaa osoo hin rafin barataan keenya hidhame nuuf haa deebi’u, humni waraanaa mooraa keessaa haa bahu jechuudhaan mooraan yuuniversitii Madda Walaabuu dirree waraanaa fakkaatee kan bule halkan edaa yoo tahu guyyaa har’aas haaluma kanaan kan itti fufee jira.

Gama biraan Qeerroon yuuniversitii Mattuus gaaffiin uumata Oromoo deebii argachuu qaba,qoteebulaan haalaan dachii irraa buqa’aa waan jiruuf kun hatattamaan dhaabbachuu qaba sababa jedhuun Muddee 15,2014 diddaa akka dhageesifataa oolan qeerroon naannicha irraa gabaasa.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/12/16/yuuniversitii-madda-walaabuu-keessatti-diddaan-sirna-mootummaa-wayyaanee-irratti-kaeen-waldhabbiin-barattoota-oromoo-fi-waraana-wayyaanee-jidduu-jabaatee-jira/

 

 

Medrek Pro-Democracy & Justice Rally in Finfinnee/ Oromia (Dec. 14, 2014)

 

 

 

 

Barattootni Oromoo University Jimmaa Mooraa Saayinsii fi Teekinooloojii Ummanni Oromoo FDG Bakka Hundatti Itti Fufuun Dirqama Tahuu Akeekan.
Mudde (December) 14, 2014
Qeerroo irraa

Muddee 14,2014 Goototni Qeerroon Barattootni Oromoo Yuuniversiitii Jimmaa Mooraa Saayinsii fi Teekinooloojii haala qabsoo bilisummaa Oromoo fi rakkoo uumata Oromoo irra gahe irratti gahaatti erga mariyataniin booda ejjennoon fudhatan FDG bifa fedheen itti fufuu kan jedhu ture,aala kanatti aansuun galgala keessa sa;a 2;00 irraa eegaluun wallee Warraqsaa qabsiisuun ABO fi Qabsoo bilisummaa Oromoo faarsuun FDG malee Furmaatni abbaa irree angoo irraa darbu akka hin jirre akeekan.

Goototni Qeerroon Barattootni Oromoo Yuunibarsiitii Jimmaa bara darbe irraa eegaluun qabsoo qindaa’aa fi FDG sadarkaa Idil addunyaatti dhageettii argate qindeessuun Warraqsaa FDG bifa haaraan qabsoo uummata Oromoo keessatti boqonnaa haaraa saaqe qindeessuun hangafummaa olaanaa argatan, har’as qabsoon hanga bilisummatti jechuun halkan edaa hanga sa’aa 6:ootti Mooraa Yuunibarsiitii Jimmaa Saayinsii fi teekinoolojii keessatti sababaa Filmiin afaan Oromoo ”Qurxama” jedhamu argisiifamuun walqabatee galgala irraa eegaluun walleewwaan warraaqsaa kanneen artistoota Oromoo akka Eebbisaa addunyaa, Adinaal Mohaamed fi kkf wallisuun addatti ABO fi qabsoo bilisummaa Oromoo faarsan. kana malees Warraqsaa FDG malee mootummaa abbaa irree wayyaanee afaan qawween aangoo irratti cichaa jiru kan aangoo irraa darbu hin jiru jechuun dhaamsa guddaa uummata Oromoo fi lammiilee Cunqurfamoo biyyatti hundaaf dabarsuu itti fufan. waraabbiin wallee warraaqsaa ni qabna, sababaa rakkoo networkf fe’amuu didee nu rakkisaa jira dhiyootti kan isiniif erginu ta’uu ni hubachiifna.

Kana malees Mudde 13,2014 irraa eegaluun biyyatti keessatti boba’aan konkolaataa fi network dhabamuun wal qabatee raafama guddatu jira. amma uummatni sababaa boba’aan konkolaataa dhabameef kutaa biyyatti garaagaraa fi Godinaalee Oromiyaa garaagaraa keessatti bakka bakkatti socho’uu hanqachuun uummatni rakkoo ulfataa fi yaaddeessaa keessatti kufee jira. Qaala’insii gabaa biyyattis raafama guddaa biyyatti keessatti qabsiise jira. keessattu bara darbe irra eegaluun Warraaqsaa FDG Qeerroon barattootni Oromoo Yuunibarsiitii qabsisanii walqabatee mootummaa wayyaaneetti guyyaan halkan ta’ee waan qabee gadhiisu dhabaa jira. Dinagdeen biyyattis raafama guddaa keessa galee jira. Uummatni Oromoo fi lammiileen Cunqurfamoo biyyatti haal duree tokko malee tokkummaan mootummaa abbaa irraa irratti FDG qabsiisuun angoo irraa darbuuf yeroon gamtaan qabsaa’an amma jechuun dhaamsaa dabarsuu itti fufee jira.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/12/14/barattootni-oromoo-university-jimmaa-mooraa-saayinsii-fi-teekinooloojii-ummanni-oromoo-fdg-bakka-hundatti-itti-fufuun-dirqama-tahuu-akeekan/

 

 

 

Bulee Horaa Yuuniversitiitti Barattootni Oromoo Gaaffii Mirgaa Kaasneef Deebiin Haqaa Hanga kennamu Barnoota Itti Hin Deebinu Jechuun Qondaalota Wayyaanee Waliin Wal Qabaa Jiru.

 

Gabaasa Qeerroo Yuuniversitii Bulee Horaa, Muddee 11,2014
diddaa9Yuuniversitii Bulee Horaa, addeessu itti guyyoota lamaan dura Qeerroon mooraa Yuuniversitii Bulee Horaa keessaa waraqoota qabsoo balaliituu mooraa keessa tamsaasuun isaa waan yaadatamuudha, akka gabaasni nu gahe ibsaa jirutti waraqaan hedduun kan mooraa keessatti bittimfamee bule mirgi uummata Oromoo haa kabajamu, gaaffiin uummata barattootaa deebii haa argatu, hanga kun deebiin mootummaa biraa itti kennamutti barumsa akka hin baranne, gaaffiin mirgaa deebii kennamuufii qaba jechuun barattootni nyaata akka lagatan.

Muddee 10/2014 barattootni mooraa guutummaan nyaata lagachuudhaan mooraa keessatti gaaffiin uummata Oromoo deebii hanga mootummaan itti kennutti barumsas tahe nageenyaan tasgabboofnee mooraa keessa jiraachuu akka hin dandeenye ibsa kennaa akka turan gabaasni Qeerroo har’a nnu gahe addeessa. Kanumaan itti fufuudhaan motummaan Wayyaanee har’a akeekkachisa kennuuf murtoo keessa kan seenaa jiru barattootni addatti barattootni Oromoo Yuuniversitii keessa jiran fincila kaasuudhaaf waamicha waliif taasisaa waan jiranif dursanii of qopheessuu caasaa isaa mooraa yuuniversitii hundaatti beeksisuun gama caasaa mootumaan dhagayamaa jira, sochiin barattoota Oromoo Yuuniversitii Bulee Horaa keessatti yeroo ammaa adeemsifamaa jiru dhimmoota gaaffii mirga uummata Oromoo kabachiisu fi hidhamtootni akka bahan, lafti Oromoo fi Oromiyaa gurgarmuu fi saamichia akka dhaabbatuuf gaaffii kaasuun kan wal qabate sochiin fincilaa mul’ate hanga uummata naannichaa kaasutti argame, qote bulaanis barattoota deggeruuf of qopheessee ka’u gabaasni nu gahe addeessa.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/12/11/bulee-horaa-yuuniversitiitti-barattootni-oromoo-gaaffii-mirgaa-kaasneef-deebiin-haqaa-hanga-kennamu-barnoota-itti-hin-deebinu-jechuun-qondaalota-wayyaanee-waliin-wal-qabaa-jiru/

 

Maqaa Ayyaana Sabaa fi Sab-Lammiin Kabajuun Alaabaan Mootummaa Wayyaanee(EPRDF) Yuuniversitii Madda Walaabuu Marsee Fannifame Guutummaatti Barattoota Oromoon Buqifamee Darbamuu Gabaasi Qeerroo Addeessa.

Gabaasa Qeerroo Yuuniversitii Madda Walaabuu, Muddee 8,2014

OromiaALutaContinua2011FDGAlaabaan Mootummaa Wayyaanee Kabaja Ayyaana Sabaa fi Sab-Lammii Mooraa Yuuniversitii M/Walaabuu Irratti Kabajamuuf Fannifame,Barattootaan Harcaafame,Mootummaan Wayyaanees Mufachuun Caasaa Isaa Mooraa Keessatti Walgayii Teesisaa Jira!
Muddee 6,2014, irraa kaasee ayyaana sabaa fi sab-lammii jedhamee biyya keessatti habashootaa fi uummata kibbaan kabajameen mooraawwan barnootaa keessatti sochii Qeerroon taasiseen barattoota biratti hin kabajamiin darbuu isaa kan gabaasneedha, haata’u malee gabaasa har’a Mddee 8,2014 nu qaqqabe mooraa Yuuniversitii Madda Walaabuu irraa, guyyaa kaleessaa jechuun Muddee 7,mooraa Yuuniversitii Madda Walaabu keessatti ayyaanni kun akka kabajamuuf caasaadhuma mooraa keessaa qabanii fi barattoota habashaan hucuu aadaa fi sirboota garagaraa kan dhageessisanii fi caalmatti ammo guyya har’a kana itti fufuudhaaf alaabaa Wayyaanee mooraa keessatti fannifame hunda mooraa Yuuniversitii kana keessa kan tamsaasan Qeerroo mooraa Yuuniversitii kana irraa gabaasni nu gahee addeessa.

Barruuleen Qeerroo mooraa keessatti faffaca’anii turan ayaanni sabaa fi sab-lammii uummata Oromoo akka hin ilaallanne jabeessee dhaamsa barattootaaf dabarsaa tureedha, haaluma kanaan barattootni Oromoo mooraa Yuuniversitii Madda Walaabuu halkan edaa alaabaa gabroomfataa Wayyaanee maqaa golgaa Ethiopian fannifatu guutummaatti mooraa Yuuniversitii Madda Walaabuu keessatti bittimfamanii fi rarraafamanii turan bakka hundaa irraa funaanuudhaan, alaabaa Oromiyaa qofa kan hambisan, alaabaan guyyaan kabaja ayyaanaa kun har’a itti fufuuf mooraa keessatti naanna’ee fannifame marti barattoota Oromoo funaanamee bakka buusan kan dhabame yoo tahu, sababa kanaan har’a ayyaanni mooraa kanatti kabajamuuf karoorfame kan hin milkaayin hafee fi alaabonni funaanaman eessa akka galee fi eenyus akka bakka fannifamee buuse beekamuu baatus dhimmi ayyaana kana ilaallatu hafee mootummaan wayyaanee caasaa isaa mooraa Yuuniversitii kanatti qabuu fi bulchaa yuuniversitii kanaa waliin marii guyyaa guutuu kan qabatanii oolan tahuu maddi gabaasa kanaa kan addeessudha, Wayyaaneen kan jedhu mooraa barnoota keessatti barattootni eenyun akka dursamaa, eenyuun akka ajajamaa jiran nuuf hin galle Yuuniversitiilee keessa dhaabni ABO galee diigumsa uumaa jira, biyya keessaas dhaabuma ofii hundeessine dhaaba maqaa Oromoon hundeeffame irraayyuu shakkii qabna, ABOn haala fedha isaan barattoota leenjifate mooraa barnootaa keessa facaasee jira, haalli kun guutummaatti hanga secca’amee qoratamee bira gahamutti barumsatti fufuun barattootaa dhaabbachuu qaba, qaama mooraa barnoota keessa seenee jiru qorachuu qabna, alaabaa mootummaa fannoo irraa buusuun ulfina mootummaa fi biyyaa gadi buusuudha, kun tuffii keenya waan taheef kana irratti yeroo osoo hin kennin waan qoratamuudhaan bira gahamuu qabu bira gahuu qabdu jechuudhaan guyyaa har’aa mooraa yuuniversitii Madda Walaabuu keessatti walgayiin teesifamaa oole, alaabaan fannoo irraa harca’es bakki inni bu’e hin beekamne, kan cirames jira,kan gubates jira, mootummaan Wayyaanee kaan irratti hedduu mufatee akka jiru gabaasni qixa adda addaa irraa dhimma yuuniversitii kana keessatti raawwatameen tahee nu gahaa jira.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/12/08/maqaa-ayyaana-sabaa-fi-sab-lammiin-kabajuun-alaabaan-mootummaa-wayyaaneeeprdf-yuuniversitii-madda-walaabuu-marsee-fannifame-guutummaatti-barattoota-oromoon-buqifamee-darbamuu-gabaasi-qeerroo-addeess/

Dargaggoonni Oromoo Godina Wallagaa Qeellam, Aanaa Jimmaa Horroo Ibsa Ejjennoo Fudhatan.

Ibsaa fi Ejjennoo Qeerroo Wallagga Qellem,Aanaa Jimmaa Horroo

Muddee 09,2014 Jimmaa Horroo

QeerrooWaggoota qabsoo Oromoo lakkoofsisaa har’a gahan keessatti, waggaa dhufaa darbaa bara itti sobni dhugaa caalee umurii isaa dheereffatee har’a gaheen, uummata Oromoo afaan faajjeessuudhaan mootummaan wayyaanee aangoo isaa dheereffate har’a gaheera.  Uummanni Oromoo kan hubatee jiru eessattis tahu yoomiyyuu mootummaan wayyaanee sobaan dahatee, humnatti fayadamuudhaan, horiittis hirkachuudhaan uumata Oromoo gowomsaa, hidhaa ajjeessaa har’a gaheera, waggaa dhiyoo asitti waaree jaal Laggaasaa Waagii wareegamee kaasee caasaan mootummaa Wayyaanee gara lixa Oromiyaa jiran doorsisaa fi oftuulummaan itti dabalamee uummata irratti roorrisuun nii kaasuu guyyuudhaan dabalaa dhufe, uumataanis ABOn hin jiru, kan jiruyyuu kunoo ajjeesne, jechuudhaan uummata sobuun hojii isaanii fardii ture, waan namni itti amanee mana isaa keessaa mallattoo fi dhiigni isaas dhaaba ABO faarsu maqaa hadheessuudhaan, maqaa balleessuudhaan uummatan dhaabni akka jibbamu taasisuu isaanii hojii isaanii duraati kun waan hubatamaadha.Ibsaa fi Ejjennoo Qeerroo Wallagga Qellem,Aanaa Jimmaa Horroo

http://qeerroo.org/2014/12/09/dargaggoonni-oromoo-godina-wallagaa-qeellam-aanaa-jimmaa-horroo-ibsa-ejjennoo-fudhatan/

 

Barattooti Oromoo .Ayyaana Sabaa fi Sab-Lammii Wayyaanee Irratti Gaaffii Mirgaa Kaasuun Gochaa Sirnichaa Dura Dhaabbatan.

 Gabaasa Qeerroo Muddee 09,2014

Asoosaa BeeneshanguAlaabaa konkl Gumuz,Muddee 7/2014 Godina Beenishaangul Gumuuz Magaalaa Asoosaa bakkaa Wayyaaneen ayyaanaa sabaa fi sab-lammoota kabajan jira jechuun ololaa jiranitti goototni barattootni Oromoo fi lammiileen cunqurfamoo biyyatti Yuunibarsiitii Asoosaa wallee warraaqsaa irratti wallisuu fi roorroo dhageessifachuun mootummaa Wayyaanee dura dhaabbachuu eegalan. Barruuleen warraaqsaa haalaan bittinneeffaman. Qeerroon barattootni Oromoo wallee warraqsaan ABO fi qabsoo bilisummaa Oromoo faarsan.

Muddee 6/2014 Irraa Egaluun Gootootni Qeerroon  barattootni Oromoo fi barsiisotni Oromoo Yuunibarsiitii Jimmaa shira Wayyaanee irratti dammaquun Guyyaan ayyaana sabaa fi sablammoota kun uummataa Oromoo fi lammiiwwaan Cunqurfamoo biyyatti hin ilaallatu jechuun diddaan waan dura dhaabbataniif jecha Mootummaan Wayyaanee human Poolisii federaalaa fi human waraanaa bobbaasuun magaa Jimmaa fi Mooraawwaan Yuunibarsiitii Jimmaa fi kolleejjii barsiisota Jimmaa irratti eeggichi haalan jabaate gochaa jira.

Yuuniversitii Jimmaa , Addaatti immoo Goototni Barsiisotni Oromoo Yuunibarsiitii Jimmaa Muddee 6/2014 mooraa Yuunibarsiitii Jimmaa  mooraa Agriculture keessatti humnaan walitti qabamani akka guyyaa ayyaanaa sabaa fi sablammii Wayyaanotaa irratti yaada kennaniif dirqamuun galma moorichaa lafa barsiisotni, hojjettootni Yuunibarsiitichaa fi bulchiitootni magaalaa Jimmaa fi Godina Jimmaa dabballootni Wayyaanee jiranitti biyyaatti keessatti sirna mootummaa dhufaa darbaa keessa kan Oromoof qajeele tokko illee akka hin jirre bifa gahaa ta’een ibsame.

Kana malees mootummaan Wayyaanee humnaa fi dirqamaan guyyaa ayyaana sabaa fi sablamoota jechuun ololaa jiru kana Aanota Godina Jimmaa keessatti akka kabajamuuf dhiibbaa guddaa kan gochaa ture diddaa uummatan duraa fashalee jiraachuu qeerroon gabaasa. Uummatni Oromoo ibsaa fi sochii qabsoo warraaqsaa FDG itti jiru dabarsaa jiruun walqabatee uummatni Godinichaa Aanoota kanneen akkaa, Limmuu Saqaa, Limmuu Koosaa, Geeraa, Gaatiraa  fi Aggaaroo fa’aa irratti uummatni olola wayyaanee kana irraa qooda fudhachuu diduun mormii guddaa sirna nama nyaataa Wayyaaneef qabachuu mul’isan.  Akkuma godinichaatti dabballotni Wayyaanee karaa ETV fi radio isaanii olola gaggeessan dhabuun muddama guddaa keessa galuun guyyaa har’aa muddee 8/2014 galgala kana dhoksaan mooraa Yuunibarsiitii Jimmaa keessatti kabajuuf yaaliin godhamus Qeerroon goototni barattootni Oromoo wallee warraaqsaa itti qabsiisuu eegallaan dabballootni Wayyaanee soda keessa galuun sagantaa eegalan addaan kutuun kan dhaaban ta’uun mirkanaa’era.

Yuunivesitii Wallaggaa,   Mudde 7/2014 Goototni Qeerroon barattootni Oromoo Yuunibarsiitii Wallaggaas guuyyaa ayyaana sabaa fi sablamoota biyyattin kabaja jira jechuun wayyaneen ololaa jirtu , gammata barattoota Oromoo jabeessuun barri Wayyaaneen 23, xummurtee 24 lakkawwachaa jirtu kun lammiilee biyyattiif bara ukkamsaa, bara rakkinni gama amantaa, siyaasaa fi dinagdee fi hawwaasummaa itti ulfatee fi rakkisaa ta’ee bara nagaa fi nageenyi dhibamee sirni dabballummaa abba irrummaa itti gaafa baase, Addatti bara Oromoon jumlaan itti wareegamee mirgii namummaa fi dimookiraasii ilma namaa itti ukkanfame jechuun barruulee garaa garaa bittinneessuun olola sirni garboomsaa Wayyaanee ofaa jiru balaaleffatan, goototni barattootni Oromoo dame Gimbiis adeemsuma walfakkaatuun olola wayyaanee fudhatama dhabsiisuun wayyaanetti waaroo salphina uuffisan. Mooraan Yuunibarsiitii Naqamtee fi Gimbiis human waraanaan eegama jira.

Haala kanaan mootummaan abbaa irree Wayyaanee EPRDF sochii diddaa fi dura dhaabbannaa shira wayyaanee qeerroon barattootni Oromoo argisiisaa jiran irra yaaddoo fi sodaa guddaa FDG narratti qabsiifame jedhu irraa ka’uun mogaloota gurguddaa Oromiyaa akka Jimmaa, Mattuu, Naqamtee, Amboo fi Finfinnee  human poolisaa Federaalaa fi human waraanaan eegaa jira. Dhaabbileen barnoota Oromiyaa akka Yuunibarsiitotaa fi Kolleejjootni hundinuu poolisii federaalaan eegama jiru. Addaatti mootummaan wayyaanee  human waraana guddaa gara dhiha Oromiyaatti bobbaasuun dandiin  magaalaa Mattuu irra  gara Asoosaa geessuu human loltuun eegaama jira, haaluma walfakkatuun daandiin Wallagga dhihaa Danbii Dolloo, Gimbii fi Asoosaa geessuu human loltuu guddaan irratti ramadamee eegama jira.

Muddee 1, 2014 Goototni Barattootni Oromoo Yuunibarsiitii Dirree Dhawaa Guyyaa Ayyaana Sabaa fi Sablammootaan dhoksaan mootummaan Wayyaanee mooraa Yuunibarsiitii Dirree Dawwaa keessatti gaggeessa jiru irratti dammaquun sirna mootummichaa fi gochaa Wayyaanee irratti diddaa kaasuu Qeerroon gabaase.

Halkan edaa sa’aa 12:30 wb irraa eegaluun hanga halkan keessa sa’a 5:00tti Mooraa Yuunibarsiitii Dirree Dhawaa dhuunfachuun walleewwaan warraaqsaa ABO fi uumata Oromoo faarsuu fi qabsoo bilisummaa Oromoo leellisuun diddaa jabaa kaasan.

Mootummaan Wayyaanees Qeerroon barattootni Oromoo FDG ni kaasu sababaa jedhuun guyyaa ayyaana sabaa fi sablamoota sobee itti fakkeessu kana kabajadha jechuun muddamaa utuu jiruu waan godhu dhabee utuu barattootni hin beekiin mooraalee Yuunibarsiitii human waraanaan eegsiisaa ayyaanaa sabaa fi sablamoota jedhu dhoksaatti mooraa Yuunibarsiitii Dirree Dawwaa keessatti kabajaa jiraachuu Goototni Qeerroon barattootni Orpomoo irratti dammaquun gamtaan gaaffii mirgaa kaasuu fi walleelee warraaqsaan mirga saba Oromoof falmaa bulan.

Wallee ABO’n kallacha uummata Oromooti, ABO Abdii Uummata Oromoo fi gaachana Uummata Oromooti, ABO’n dimookiraasiif qabsa’a, ABO’n mirga ilma namaa kabachiisuuf qabsaa’a, ABO’n mirga sabaa fi sablamootaa har’a Wayyaaneen ugguraa jirtu kabachiisuuf qabsa’a jechuun sagaalee warraaqsaa guddaa wallee warraaqsaa ABO fi qabsoo bilisummaa Oromoo leellisuu dhageessisuun mootummaa wayyaanee dura dhaabbatan.

Mootummaan Wayyaanee human waraanaa heddumina qabu bobbaasee sochii dargaggoota kana dhaabsisuuf yaalii guddaa godhus dargaggootni Qeerroon barattootni Oromoo soda tokko malee sagalee warraaqsaa wal irraa hin citne itti fufuun dhageesisan. Haala rakkisaa keessatti sagalee warraqsaa Qeerroon barattootni Oromoo Yuunibarsiitii Dirree Dhawaa dhageesisaan. http://qeerroo.org/2014/12/03/barattooti-oromoo-yuuniversitii-dirree-dhawaa-gootummaan-wayyaanee-dura-dhaabbachuun-roorroo-dhageessifatan/

http://qeerroo.org/2014/12/09/barattooti-oromoo-ayyaana-sabaa-fi-sab-lammii-wayyaanee-irratti-gaaffii-mirgaa-kaasuun-gochaa-sirnichaa-dura-dhaabbatan/

 

 

 

Sochiin FDG Godina Baalee Aandota Adda Addaa Keessatti Bifa Adda Ta’een Itti Fufuu Qeerroon Gabaase.

Gabaasa Qeerroo Muddee 1,2014

diddaa9

Sochiin warraaqsa uumata Oromoo itti fufuun Godina Baalee aanota adda addaa akka Gasara,Goobbaa,Dalloo,Gooroo,Rayituu,Sawwenaa,Beeltuu,Agarfaa fi Barbaree) aanota kana keessatti sochiin Qeerroo jabinaan Sadaasa 20 irraa barruulee warraaqsaa uumataaf bittimsuu fi barattootaan gahuu itti fufee jira.

Sochiin Qeerroo itti fufuun  Uummanni Oromoo godina kana keessa jiran gaaffii mirgaa qabatanii mootummaa wayyaanee dura akka dhaabbatan taasifamee jira.  Akka gabaasni Qeerroo godina kana irraa nu qaqqabaa jirutti aanaa aanaa keessatti wanneen uummata daddammaqsuu fi dhaaddannoolee uummata kakaasanis uumata keesssatti waan mul’isaa turaniif sadaasa 29/2014 aanaa Ginnir gandoota 6 kan tahan (odaa Roobaa, Caancoo,Tullicha,Hora Allee,Qabbanaa,Harawa )kanneen jedhaman keessatti uummanni gaaffii waltahiinsaa akka kaasu taasifame, uummannis yaada dur of keessatti qabatee jiru, sochii Qeerroo fi barattootaan godina kana keessatti adeemsifamaaa jiruun gaaffiwwan akka kanaa gadiitti ifatti baasan,

  1. Mootummaan dhimma amantii keessa seenuudhaan uummata keenya oromiyaa keessa jiran goola, barattootas mana hidhaatti darba, mirga amantaas eegaa hin jiru, kanaaf mootummaan maaliif dhimma amantaa keessa gala?
  2. Barattootni keenya rakkina keessaa bahuudhaaf barumsa isaanii baratu, mootummaan wayyaanee barattoota maqaa shororkeessummaatiin maaliif waamee hidhaatti darbaa?
  3. Guyyaa Jum’aa torbee torbeedhaan magaalaa Finfinnee keessatti hordoftooni musiliimaa masiigatti sagaduuf yeroo wal gahu mootummaan maaliif tika ykn humna waraanaa ramadee eegsisaa? Hordoftoonni amantaa biraa akkasuma eegamaa jiruu?
  4. Yeroo ammaa miidiyaa TVO irrattis tahe raadiyoon oromiyaa kan odeessu dhimma bulchiinsa gaariiti, nuti uummanni bulchiinsa gaarii jedhamu kana arginee hin beeknu, bulchiinsa uummata keenya, ilmaan keenya hidhaatti guursisuu, duula saamichaa gaggeessuu fi bulchiinsa sobaan guutamedha kan beeknu, kanaaf mootummaan maaliif uummata sobaa? Meerre bulchiinsi gaariin?
  5. Mirgi diimokiraasii jedhamu maaliif hin kabajamuu? Mirgi uummata oromoos maaliif hin kabajamuu?

Kun kana ta’ee otuu jiruu  Mootummaan wayyaanees gaaffiwwan uummataa kun gaaffii uummataa kan hordoftoota amantaa musiliimaa hunda kaasuudhaan waan bal’ataa deemuuf tasgabbeesuuf kan yaalaa jiruudha,  caasaa qabutti dhimma bahuun gara sanatti sochii uummataa jabaatee dhufe kana laamshessuuf foolachaa jira.   http://qeerroo.org/2014/12/01/sochiin-fdg-godina-baalee-aandota-adda-addaa-keessatti-bifa-adda-taeen-itti-fufuu-qeerroon-gabaase/

 

Qeerroon Yuuniversitii Wallaggaa Gaaffii Mirgaa Duubatti Hin Deebine Kaasuun Gootummaan Loltoota Wayyaanee Dura Dhaabbataa Jiru.Huni Agaazii Jedhamu Heddumminaan Mooraa Yuuniversitii Wallaggaas Qubate.

diddaa9Sadaasa 20,2014 Goototni Qeerroon barattootni Oromoo dhiibbaa guddaa mootummaan abbaa irree Wayyaanee barattoota Oromoo Yuubibarsiitii Wallaaggaa irraan ga’aa jiruun wal qabatee guyyaa har’aa sa’aa 10:00 irraa eegaluun gaaffii mirgaa finiinsuun FDG dhoosuun shira mootummaan wayyaanee EPRDF uummata Oromoo irratti dalagaa jiru dura dhaabbatan.

Goototni Barattootni Oromoo Yuunibarsiitii wallaaggaa guyyaa har’aa shira moottuummaan Wayyaanee addaatti mooraa yuunibarsiitii Wallaggaa irratti rawwachaa jiruu fi akka waliigalatti uummata Oromoo irratti dalagaa jiruu balaaleffaachuun goototni barattootni Oromoo Yuunibarsiitii Wallaggaa shira har’a ifatti nurraatti dalagamaa jiruuf teenyee guyyaa hin lakkawwatnu jechuun FDG qabsiisuun sagalee guddaan mootummaa abbaa irree balaaleffachuun qabsoo finiinsa jiru. Mootummaan wayyaanee yakka haaloo ba’ii fi jabbinsa barattoota Oromoo irraa qabu ba’uuf ifatti baajata kaaffee nyaata barattootaaf ramadame irraa muruun tajajila siyaasaaf olfachaa kan jiruufi barattootni Yuunibarsiitii wallaggaa balaa beelaaf saaxilamuu fi Jibbinsa ilaalcha siyaasaan midhaa fi doorsifni guddaan Barattoota Oromoo irratti rawwachaa jiraachuu fi gama biraan immoo hojjettoota caaffee barattoota keessaa hojjetanin barattootaaf nyaata qopheessaniin odeeffannoo barattootni keessaa jiran nuuf kennuu diddaan isin rakkoo ilaalchaa ABO qabdu jechuun namoota hedduu hojii irra arii’uun walgabatee shira diinummaa mootummaan EPDRF ilmaan Oromoo irratti dalagaa jiruu dhabamsisuuf goototni qeerroon barattootni Oromoo sagaalee guddaan fincila kaachisan. Gaaffiiwwan armaan gadii finiinsuun fincillii hanga halkan keessa sada’aa 3:00tti itti fufe.
1. Mootummaan abbaa irree wayyaanee baajata kaffeef nuuf ramadamee irraa muruun gara tajajila siyaasaaf olchaa jiru dhaabuu qaba. Balaa beelaa barattoota rukuchaa jiruuf mootummaan itti gaafatamu qaba.
2. Dararaan ilmaan Oromoo Oromummaatti boonaan hojjettoota olaanoo barsiisotaa hanga hojjettoota kaffeetti ilmaan Oromoo irratti xiyyeffachuun ilmaan Oromoo hojii irraa Arii’uun dhaabbachuu qaba. Ilmaan Oromoo kaffee mooraa keessatti qacaramuun hojjechaa turanii maqaa isin ilaalcha ABO qabdu jechuun hojii irraa arii’ama jiran dhaabbachuu qaba. Kanneen hojii irraa arii’atamanis hojiitti deebi’uu qabu.
3. Bara darbee keessa barattootni Oromoo gaafffii mirgaa gaaffattaan maqaa jedhuun jumlaan ukkanfamanii barnoota isaanii irraa hidhaman, haga guyyaa har’atti eessa buuteen isaani hin beekamuu, kanaafu barattootni Oromoo badii malee hidhaman gaaffii tokko malee akka hiikaman ni gaafatna.
4. Gaffii mirgaa karaa nagaa fi dimookiraasii yeroo garaagaratti gaafachaa turreef mootummaan abbaa irree hangamatti deebii ilmaan Oromoo hidhuu ,ajjeessuu, barnootarra arii’uu deebii qubsaa godhachuun mirgi keenyaa fi mirgi uummata keenyaa dhiitamaa waan jiruuf mootummaan wayyaanee seeratti akka nuuf dhiyaatu jabeesinee gaafatna.
5. Mootummaan abbaa irree wayyaanee gaaffii mirga abbaa biyyummaa uummatni Oromoo gaafachaa jiru moggaatti dhiibuun saamicha lafaa fi Oromoo qe’ee irraa buqqisuu irratti xiyyeeffate dhaabu qaba; Gaaffii mirga abbaa biyyummaa uummata Oromoof deebiin kennamu qaba.
6. Mootummaan wayyaanee EPRDF biyyaa dimookiraasiin hin jirree, biyyaa mirgi dhala namummaa keessatti sarbamaa jiru keessatti mootummaan wayyaanee filannoo dimookiraatawaan gaggeessa jechuun dhaadachuun tuffii uummataa ta’uu argisiisaa, Adeemsii filannoo kijibaa wayyaanee dhaabbachuu qaba. Hanga gaaffii mirga abbaa biyyummaa uummata Oromoo kabajamuttii fi mirgootni dimookiraasii fi mirgootni namummaa hanga kabajamanitti wayyaaneen filannoo ittin ololaa jirtu kan hin gaggeessine ta’uu ni hubachiifna uummatni Oromoo fi lammiileen cunqurfamoon biyyatti kana hubachuu qabu gaaffii jedhuu fi gaffiiwwaan fakkataa gaafachuun dhaadannoo dhageesisuun itti fufan. Mootummaan Wayyaanee akkuma amala isaa human waraanaa magaalaa Neqemtee dhunfatee jiru gara mooraa Yuunibarsiitii wallaggatti akkuma qajeelaniin goototni barattootni Oromoo Yuunibarsitii Wallaggaa dura dhaabbachuun of irraa kan deebisan yoo ta’uu, mootummaan wayyaanee diddaa barattoota kanatti rifaatuu guddaa keessa seenuun halkaan keessa sa’aa 1:30 irratti human waraanaa fi poolisii Federaalaa Mooraa Yuunibarsiitii galchuun barattoota Oromoo karaa nagaa gaaffii gaafatan irratti waraana banuun mooraan Yuunibarsiitii wallaggaa gara dirree waraanatti jijjiramtee jirti.

Goototni barattootni Oromoo Wallee Warraaqsaa fi dhaadannoo guddaan human waraana Wayyaanee dura dhaabbataan sagaleen dhukaasaa Wayyaanee fi sagaleen dhaadannoo Qeerroo barattoota Oromoo walmakee jiraahuun gabaafamee jira.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/11/20/qeerroon-yuuniversitii-wallaggaa-gaaffii-mirgaa-duubatti-hin-deebine-kaasuun-gootummaan-loltoota-wayyaanee-dura-dhaabbataa-jiru-huni-agaazii-jedhamu-heddumminaan-mooraa-yuuniversitii-wallaggaas-qubate/

 

 

 

Barruuleen Qeerroo mirga saba Oromoo gaafatu yeroo ammaa kanatti itti fufee Oromiyaa keessatti tamsa’aa fi maxxanfamaa jira. Sadaasa, 20 Bara 2014, Qeerroo Bilisummaa. #BecauseIAmOromo

 

 

 

 

 

Qabiyyee Barruulee Naannoo Oromiyaa Keessatti Faca’anitti Dabalamee Kanneen Baldhinaan Guyyaa Har’aa Raabsamuu Eegale

Stop evicting Oromo farmers!

Qabiyyee Barruulee Naannoo Oromiyaa Keessatti Faca’anitti Dabalamee Kanneen Baldhinaan Guyyaa Har’aa Raabsamuu Eegale

#OromoProtests, 14 November 2014

 

YAA OROMOO!

1. Qe’ee irraa buqqifamuun uummataa haa dhaabbatu. Kanneen buqqifamanis hatattamaan beenyaa gahaan akka kennamuuf gaafatna!

2. Hidhaa fi ajjeechaan haa dhaabbatu. Hidhamtootni siyaasaas haal duree tokko malee haa hiikaman!

3. Barnoota, hojii irraa arii’amuun akkasumas doorsifamuun haa dhaabbatu!

4. Maqaa gibiraan saaminsi waggaa 22f gaggeeffamaa jiru hatattamaan haa dhaabbatu!

5. Namootni barattoota, barsiisota, uummata ajjeesaa bahan murtiitti haa dhiyaatan.

6. Caasaan tikaa fi manni hidhaa Uummata irratti diriirfame haa diigamu!

7. Sirnii fi Caasaan mootummaa hojii fi muudama siyaasaa waraana loogii sanyummaa irratti dhaabbatee ijaarame hatattamaan haa diigamu.

8. Qaala’insa jireenyaa sababa saaminsa mootummaa abbaa irreen uummata hiyyoomsaa jiru guutummaan dura dhaabbanna.
Mootummaan EPRDF loogii fi saaminsa irratti ijaarame haa diigamu!

9. Mirgi uummataa fi dimokiraasii hojiin haa hiikamu!

10. Mirgi amantiilee haa kabajamu. Mootummaan dhimma amantii keessa seenuu haa dhaabu!

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Ummanni Oromoo Mirga Isaa Akka Falmatuuf Jecha,Oromiyaa Bakkoota Adda Addaatti Sadaasa 9 Yaadatnoo Guyyaa FDG Ilaalchisee Qeerroon Barruu Warraaqsaa Maxxansuu fi Raabsuu Irratti Argama.

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Godina Lixa Shaggar Aanaa Midaa Qanyii Keessatti Diddaan Uumataa Itti Fufe, Sababaa Kanaan Oromoonni 5 Guyyaa Har’aa Hidhaman

 

Sadaasa 12, 2014 – Godina Lixa Shaggar aanaa Midaa Qanyiitti FDG uummataa fi gootota dargaggoota Qeerroo Oromoon qabsifame jabaatee itti fufe. Kanaan wal qabatees mootummaan abbaa irree Wayyaanee sabboontota ilmaan Oromoo nagaa hidhee dararaa jira.

Uummatni Oromoo aanaa Midaa Qanyii dargaggoota barattoota M/B Ballammii sadarkaa 2ffaa fi qophaa’ina waliin ta’uun ”Sammichi lafa Oromoo irratti bara baraan gaggeeffamaa jiru nurraa dhaabbachuu qaba, addaatti Mootummaan abbaa irree Wayyaanee lafa uummata Oromoo albuudaan hedduu gabbataa ta’ee gurgurachuun qabeenyaa keenya tigrayitti guuraa ture, ammas kanuma amaleeffachuun lafa albuudaan gabbataa ta’e kan aanaa Midaa Qanyii gammoojjii Garaadoo, Anoonuu fi Nyaabartti argamuu” bifa haaraawaan gurguraachaa jiru nurraa dhaabbachuu qaba jechuun FDG sirna nama nyaataa Wayyaanee angoo afaan qawween qabatee jiru irratti finciluun nuti mootummaa nu bulchu hin qabnu, mootummaa qabeenyaa leechelloo Oromiyaa eeguu hin qabnu, Oromiyaan saamamaa jira, ilmaan keenya maalitti guddatu harka walqabannee mirga keenya falmachuuf haa kaanu jechuun uummatni daddaa dargaggoota barattoota Oromoo qeerroon hogganamu cina dhaabbannee mirga keenyaaf ni falmanna jechuun FDGtti seename jira.

Abbaan irree Wayyaanee qawweetti amanu gaaffii uummatni karaa nagaa fi dimookiraasii dhiyeeffachaa jiruuf deebii humna waraanaa itti bobbaasuun doorsisuu, hidhuu, ajjeessuu fi nannoo irraa arii’achuu irratti argama. Baadiyyaan Aanaa Midaa Qanyii illee humna poolisaa Federaalaan eegamaa jirti.

Haaluma kanaan ilmaa Oromoo FDG narratti qindeessitan jechuun hidhamuun ibsame jira. Ilmaan Oromoo FGD qindeessitan jechuun hidhaman:

1. Obboo Mangistuu Moosisaa daldaalaa magaalaa Baallammii,
2. Barsiisaa Yaaloo Bantii,
3. Barataa Taarikuu Gusoo,
4. Barataa Biyyansaa Dhibbaa,
5. Barataa Tasfayee Biyyansaa kanneen kessatti argamani.

Ummanni Oromoo nagaan gaaffii mirgaa waan gaafatanii fi maaliif biyyi keenya gurgurama jedhanii waan gaafataniif balleessa tokko malee humnaan qabamanii wajjiraa Poolisii aanaa Midaa Qanyiitti hidhamuun dararama jiraachuun gabaafame jira. Goototni uummatni Oromoo Aanaa Midaa Qanyii ilmaan keenyaa gaaffii keenya gaafatan atattamaan hiikamuu qabu jechuun guyyaa kaleessaa bulchiinsa aanaa Midaa Qanyii gaafachuun gaaffii sammicha lafaa fi gaaffii mirga abbaa biyyummaa isin gaafachaa jirruuf deebiin nuuf kennamuu qaba jechuun bulchiinsa aanichaa dhiphisan.

Bulchiinsii aanaa Midaa Qanyii wa’ee gurgurtaa lafa Albuudaan gabbataa ta’ee kan Garaadoo, Anoonuu fi Nyabaritti argamu kana nuti waan tokko quba hin qabnu, warrii bitate xalayaa deeggaraasaa hojii investimentii fi babaldhina warshaaleef jedhu mootummaa federaalaa irra fidatan, mootummaan naannoo Oromiyaas quba waan qabu nutti hin fakkatuu, Gaaffiin keessan gaaffii mirgaa fi sirriidha, gaaffiin barattootas siriidhuma jechuun uummata amanee jira. uummatni erga bulchiinsii aanaa, Godinaa fi Oromiyaa utuu hin beekiin Wayyaaneen isin irraa utaalee lafa keenyaa fi qabeenyaa keenya kan gurguru ta’ee ga’een keessan maalii? gibra qofa wayyaaneef sassabuudhaa?? FDG gaggeessa jirru keessatti qooda keessaan ba’uun mirga keenyaaf haa falmannu, hamma yoomitti halagaan nu saamaa? maaliif halagaa biyya samsiftuu? daa’imni keessan boruu eessaa dhaqxii? jechuun uummatni diddaa isaa jabeessuun kan itti fufaa jiru ta’uu Qeerroo FDG qindeessaa fi gaggeessa jiru magaalaa Baallammii irraa gabaaee jira.   http://qeerroo.org/2014/11/13/godina-lixa-shaggar-aanaa-midaa-qanyii-keessatti-diddaan-uumataa-itti-fufesababaa-kanaan-oromoonni-5-guyyaa-haraa-hidhaman/

 

 

Gabaasa Yaadannoo Guyyaa FDG Sadaasa 9/2014 Ilaalchisee Oromiyaa Godinaalee Adda Addaa Irraa!

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Akkuma Sadaasa 7 irraa kaanee gabaasaa turre godinaalee oromiyaa bakkoota adda addaatti qophii jala bultii Sadaasa 9 FDG yaadannoo isaan wal qabatee Qeerroon uummata keessatti yaamicha qabsoo dhimma bahuudhaan, waraqaalee garagaraa kan maxxanfamaa turan naannolee oromiyaa wal duraa duubaan akka kanaa gadiitti nuufata manneen barnootaa fi uummataan kan kabajamee oole, godinaalee:

1. Lixa Shagaar aanaalee Amboo, Gudar, Miidaqany,Gincii, Jalduu,Ijaajjii, Calliyaa,fi Baakkoo keessatti Sadaasa 7 irraa kaasuudhaan magaalaa manneen barnootaa fi yuuniversitii akkasuma naannoo koolejjitti dua barataa Jaagamaa Badhaaneen wal qabsiisanii waraqaa hedduun maxxanfamee kan ture,akkasuma dhaadannooleen garagaraa waajjiraalee mootummaatti maxxanfamanii kan jiran akkasuma diddaan ciminaan akka itti fufu rakkoo uummata Oromoof hojjetaan,barataan qote bulaa,daldalaan iyyaa iyya dabarsaa jechuudhaan barruu xixiqqaan magaalota kanneen akka Amboo keessatti darbatamaa kan tureedha. Barattootni Yuuniversitii hunduu walitti dhufuudhaan guyyaa kana kabajanii kan oolan yoo tahu,akka lixa shaggara aanaalee olitti xuqaman kana keessatti FDG Sadaasa 9 kabajuudhaan wal qabsiisanii waamicha diddaa uummanni kaasuu qabu irratti dhaamsa dabarsuu, barruulee xixiqqa gandoota keessa faffacsuudhaan waamicha FDG dabarsuu irratti hojii cimaa hojjechuudhaan kan darbaniidha, waraabbiiwwan gama kanaan jiran hunduu kan dhiyaataniidha.

Wallagga Lixaa,Horru Guduruu fi Wallagga Bahaa,Akkasuma Qellem Wallaggaa Keessatti- Aanaanee godinoota kana keessatti argaman caasaa Qeerrootiin akkasuma maneen barnootaa sadarkaa tokkoffaa irraa kaasanii hanga qophaayinaatti koollejjiwwan dabalatee haala hooaan guyyaan kun kabajamee kan oolee fi waraqaan Qeerroon godinoota kana irratti haa maxxanfamuuf dhaame sochii diinaan wal qabatee hanga karoorfame tahuu baatullee, waraqoonni manneen barnootaatti akka maxxanfaman gabaasni kan dhiyaataa jiru, akkasuma uummata gidduutti waraqaan kan maxxanfamee jiru, akka lixa Wallaggaa irraa gabaasni dabalataa nu qaqqabee jirutti manneen amantaallee dhiisani namootni yaadannoo guyyaa kanaa irratti hirmaachuudhaan dhaamsa Qeerroo waliif dabarsaa kan oolan tahuu isaa gabaasni nu gahee jira,akkasuma Qellem Wallaggaa Dambi — Guutummaa gabaasa kanaaf:-

Gabaasa Yaadannoo Guyyaa FDG Sadaasa 9.docx

http://qeerroo.org/2014/11/10/gabaasa-yaadannoo-guyyaa-fdg-sadaasa-92014-ilaalchisee-oromiyaa-godinaalee-adda-addaa-irraa/

 

 

Gootota Baratoota Oromoon, Jalabultiin Yaadatnoo FDG Sadaasi 9 Mooraa Yuuniversitii Jimmaa Keessatti Bifa Howwaa Taheen Kabajamaa Bule

Guyyaan Yaadannoo FDG Sadasni 9 marsaan 9ffaa gootota Qeerroo barattoota Oromoo Yuunibarsiitii Jimmaan jalbultii isaa irraa eegaluun haala ho’aa ta’een kabajamaa jira.

Goototni Qeerroon dargaggootni baratootni Oromoo Yuunivarsiitii Jimmaa mooraa arfan main Campus, Agriculture, Sayinsii fi Teekinooloojii, Economics and Bussiness fi Kolleejjii barsiisota Jimmaan haala ajaa’ibsiisaa ta’een kanbajamuu egalee jira. Goototni Qeerroon barattootni Oromoo sagalee faaruu goototaa dhageesisuun gootota ilmaan Oromoo bilisummaa saba isaaniif jecha wareegama lubbuu baasan farfachuun namoota dhuunfaa, akka walitti dhufeenyaa fi caasaa ijaarsaa fi miseensotni Qeerroo barattoota Oromoo addaatti bifa qinda’een Sadaasa 9 yaadannoo FDG marsaa 9ffaan bifa adda ta’een kabajamuu eegalee jira.

Goototni barattootni Oromoo goota bilisummaaf wareegameef hin boo’an ni faarsu malee jechuun walleelee warraaqsaa kaachisuun gootota ilmaan Oromoo bilisummaa saba isaaniif wareegaman faarsuun jabaatee itti fufe, walleelee warraqsaas kaachisuun kaayyoo goototni ilmaan Oromoo irraatti wareegamaa jiran galmaan ga’uuf muratnoo fi kutannoo qabsoo bilisummaa Oromoof qaban ifatti diinatti argisiisan.

Addatti immoo mooraa Saayinsii fi Tekinooloojii keessatti Qophii anaa dhufuu barattoota haaraaf gumii guddina, aadaa, seenaa fi afaan Oromoo waliin qindeessuun, sirnni yaadannoo sadaasa 9 guyyaan FDG marsaa 9ffaa kabajameera. Walleeleen warraaqsaas itti fufinsaan qabsiifaman, goototni barattootni Oromoo mooraa keessa gara Magaalaa Jimmaatti gadi ba’uun daandii cufuuf wayita sochii cimaa gochaa jiranitti human waraanaa guddaa Magaalaa Jimmaa fi Yuunibarsiitii Jimmaa eegaa jiruun ittifaman . Walleeleen Warraaqsaa kanneen akka:
”Siifan lolaa uummata narra hingortuu, siifan lolaa yaa lola Eeboo,hin beeloftee moo hin dheebotte yaa Abo , hin beelofnee hin dheebonnee seena baddee na boosisa yaa abo, akka Taaddee Birruu, akka Abishee Garbaa, Akka Maammoo Mazammir, Akka Laggeesee Wagii, akka Tasfuu Camadaa, Akka Jaagamaa Badhaanee, akka Alamayyoo Garbaa, akka Gaadisaa hirphaasaa siifan loolaa uummataa narra hingortuu, gumaa ijoollee keenyaa Uummataa nargortuu, kaanee haabafannuu uummataa nurraa gortuu, hanga bilisummaa qabsoon itti haafuftuu, kan jedhuu fi Sirba hirphaa Gaanfurree, Bishaan Oromiyaa caffee keessa yaatii fi wallee warraaqsaa Eebbisaa Addunyaa ”eenyu isheen daangaa Oromoo tuqxuu irra ejjettee Morma ishee hin kuttuu”‘ jechuun Ilmaan gootaa gootota ilmaan Oromoo qabsoo bilisummaa Oromoo irratti wareegaman yaadachaa bulan.

Kana Maleessi barruuleen Warraaqsaa gaaffii mirga abbaa biyyummaa uummata Oromoo qabatee fi Dhaadannoo garaagaraa qabsoo bilisummaa Oromoof nama onnachiisaan of irraa qabu, magaalaa jimmaa fi Yuunivarsiitii Jimmaa keessatti uummataaf raabsaman, magaalaa keessattis haalan bittinneeffamaman, suuraan gootota Oromoos uummataa fi Qeerroon waliif kennaa jiraachuun ibsamera. haaluma kanan walqabatee FDG guddaan dhalachuuf jira jechuun mootummaan Wayyaanee yaaddoo guddaa keessa seenuun human waraanaa guddaa maqaalaa Jimmaa keessa mooraa ”Waraana dhihaa” kutaa 12ff jedhamuun beekamu keessa gadi yaasuun halkan guutuu magaalaan Jimmaa fi Yuunibarsiitiin Jimmaa Waraanaan eegamaa jirti. Soda guddaa sochii kana irraa qabduunis Wayyaaneen tajajila Interniitii fi Network ukkamsaa jiru.

Source: Qeerroo

http://ayyaantuu.com/horn-of-africa-news/oromia/gootota-baratoota-oromoon-jalabultiin-yaadatnoo-fdg-sadaasi-9-mooraa-yuuniversitii-jimmaa-keessatti-bifa-howwaa-taheen-kabajamaa-bule/

A Chronological Summary of Oromian Student Movement Led by Qeerroo Bilisummaa: November 2013 – November 2014

Compiled by Daandii Qajeelaa November 7, 2014

In memory Oromo students who lost their lives during the November 2005 and April/May 2014 Oromo student movement known as Fincila Diddaa Gabrummaa (Revolt against Subjugation).

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Introduction

In recent years an Oromo youth wing known as “the National Youth Movement for Freedom and Democracy (NYMFD)”, widely known among the Oromo as “Qeerroo Bilisummaa” or simply “Qeerroo”, has reinvigorated the struggle of the Oromo nation for freedom, democracy and justice. From the publications and public statements of the group, one can easily see a strong connection or affiliation of the group with the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF). For example, the radio of OLF, Sagalee Bilisummaa Oromoo (SBO), routinely reports the movements of Qeerroo, and conversely, Qeerroos radio, Sagalee Qeerroo Bilisummaa, also routinely reports the military activities of the OLF army. However, the chairman of OLF, Mr. Daud Ibsa Ayana, was reluctant to disclose the apparent affiliation of his organization with Qeerroo in a recent interview he made with Oromia Media Network (OMN). Perhaps he refrained from doing so for obvious reasons.

While considered as the “youth wing” of the OLF, “Qeerroo” has been vibrant and visible than the OLF itself in just few years of its formation. To see the validity of this statement, it will be enough to look at the volume of information provided by Qeerroo website www.qeerroo.org, frequently updated each day, since the formation of the group in 2011. When an incident such as Oromo student protest, unlawful arrest of Oromo nationals, school dismissals related to student unrests, incidents of land grab and eviction of Oromo farmers, and so on occurs at any corner of Oromia, it is usually this youth group (its website and web-based radio) that reports first from every corner indicating that the group is well organized and widely spread not only in Oromia but also throughout the entire Ethiopia. For example, during the widespread Oromo student protests in spring 2014, it was only this group who managed to compile a list of 61 Oromo students killed 903 others languishing in several prisons in all corners of Oromia, East, West, North, and South. It is remarkable how a single youth group managed to compile all these names, not to consider all the details: school/university the student was attending, major subject the student was in, year (1st year, 2nd year, etc.), place of birth, and so on virtually from everywhere in the region. In many cases when Oromo students are killed by the regime, it is this youth group that makes the names and in some cases the pictures of the victims public. This has been happening continuously over the last four years. What is more remarkable is that the group managed to compile all these data under tight security machine of the regime and with almost no known financial or material support.

Inspired by the 2011 revolution of North Africa and the Middle East known as Arab Spring, this Oromo youth group Qeerroo Bilisummaa was formed in 2011. At first, very few people paid serious attention to it. Many believed it to be just another bluffing of desperate groups opposing the government from the Diaspora. But soon enough the group showed itself on the ground that it is for real. The movement of the group started showing itself mainly in universities and higher educational institutions in Oromia. A series of Oromo student protests broke out in several universities and colleges soon following the formation of the group.

On April 7, 2011, following the founding declaration of Qeerroo, Oromo students of Mizan Tepi University revolted. The government federal police fired live ammunition on the protesters in which 114 Oromo students were reported to have been wounded and hospitalized. 50 others have been abducted from their dormitories the next night and taken to unknown location. On April 12, 2011 Oromo students of Haromaya University staged a peaceful protest demanding the release of their classmates who have been abducted from their dormitories. Their protests however resulted in more arrests and more abductions. On April 15, 2011 Oromo students protested in Arba Minch University, SNNP regional state, which resulted in arrest of several students. On May 2, 2011 Oromo students of Jijjiga University, Ogaden regional state, protested. On May 15, 2011 Oromo students of Fiche Preparatory School, Northern Shoa, protested. May 19 – 21, 2011 Oromo students of Adama University protested. These are just few of the incidents of protests and the response of the government following the formation of Qeerroo in 2011.

Oromo student protests continued on and off, but non-stop throughout the years 2011-2014 in Oromia, apparently under the [underground] leadership of this youth group “Qeerroo Bilisummaa”. The government suppression also continued. The most wide spread and bloodiest of all the protests is the series of protests that occurred in the spring of 2014. At one time alone Qeerroo managed to compile the list of some 61 Oromo students that were killed in mainly Ambo, Gudar, and Robe (Bale zone), but the actual number of Oromo students that have been killed by the forces of the regime in the months of April and May, 2014 is probably several hundreds and those arrested are estimated in tens of thousands.

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Some of the students killed in Ambo – April 30, 2014The purpose of this report is to compile and document the most visible movement of the Oromo youth movement against subjugation (Fincila Diddaa Gabrummaa), led by Qeerroo Bilisummaa, of the year 2013 – 2014, in the English language. Almost all of the report is taken directly from Qeerroo website www.qeerroo.org. While I have taken the liberty to ignore some reports which are incomplete or ambiguous, I have made no effort to verify the validity of any of the information provided. However, the fact that such details of the information presented on a large scale from every corner, it is easy to see that most of the information and data given in this report are largely true. In the report, I have attempted to document the day-to-day activities related to Qeerroo in a chronological order. On a given day, I have translated only headlines of the item(s) I considered are significant. I have provided the link to the incident for those who want to verify for themselves from the source. It has to be noted that, due to the high volume of information given on the website, only the most relevant and a small fraction is presented in this report.

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Ethiopian government soldiers firing at unarmed and defenseless Oromo students

 

While I have been closely following [and reporting] the Oromo student movement in general, and that of Qeerroo Bilisummaa in particular in recent years, it has to be known that I am not a member of this group Qeerroo. Nor am I involved in the activities of this group in any shape or form.

 

Headlines of Qeerroo’s Activities and the Response of the Government

Nov. 2013 – Nov. 2014

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government esponse

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

November 15, 2013

Oromo students of Arba Minch University staged a peaceful protest aginst the regime. The regime’s forces used live ammunition to disperse the students during which a 4th year electrichal engineering Oromo student Samuel Dessalenyi was severely injured.

http://qeerroo.org/2013/11/15/

November 26, 2013

Oromo students of Gondar University, Amhara regional state, staged a peaceful protest. The government used live ammunition to disperse the protest during which a 3rd year marketing Oromo student named Anteneh Asfaw Legesse was shot and severely wounded. The student died in the hospital few days later. Several students have been arrested.

image

http://qeerroo.org/2013/11/26/

November 29, 2013

40 Oromo nationals, including a 13 year old child have been arrested and tortured in Ebantu district, Hinde town, East Wollega zone, for allegedly having connection with the OLF and for opposing the construction of the so called “Renaissance Dam”. The list of those arrested can be seen in the link provided to the right.

http://qeerroo.org/2013/11/29/

November 30, 2013

An estimated 3000 Oromo students staged another peaceful protest in Gondar University, when the news of the passing away of Oromo student Anteneh Asfaw, wounded by live bullet during the November 26 protest was spread in the university campus. New wave of arrest followed the protest.

image

Anteneh Asfaw, killed in Gondar University

http://qeerroo.org/2013/11/30/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government esponse

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

December 7, 2013

The Administration of Gondar University expelled 36 Oromo students who are accused of leading the peaceful protest of November 26 -30 and gave warning to 150 others. Among the 36 students, 8 are dismissed completely, 9 are suspended for two years, and 19 others are required to pay money and hence not to return to the university until they pay in full.

http://qeerroo.org/2013/11/30/

December 28, 2013

Oromo youth of Alibo town, Jardaga Jarte district, Horo Guduru Wollega zone, staged a peaceful protest. The government forces arrested 6 government employees accusing them of having connection with the youth (qeerroo) protest.

http://qeerroo.org/2013/12/28/

January 1, 2014

A new radio program “Oromo Voice Radio” started broadcasting to Oromia three days a week on Monday, Wednesday, and Saturday at 7:00 PM (Oromia time) at 16 MB or 17850 kHz.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/01/01/

January 3, 2014

Internet radio, “Radio Sagalee Qeerroo Bilisummaa” started broadcasting. Here is the link to the first broadcast.

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government esponse

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

January 4, 2014

  • Oromo students of Mattu University, Ilubabor zone, staged a peaceful protest. At least two students have been severely wounded by government forces.

  • Qeerroo Bilisummaa Singers Group released an inspirational song (a response to a popular Amahara singer Teddy Afro, who is known for praising King Minilik II through his song) on YouTube by a popular young Oromo singer Shukri Jamal.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/01/04/

January 7, 2014

Qeerroo Singers Group released a revolutionary song named “Itti Fufna Falma” (We Shall Continue the Struggle) on YouTube.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/01/07/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government esponse

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

January 12, 2014

Qeerroo Singers Group released another revolutionary song named “kunoo akkasi yaa lammi koo garaan na ciise reefuu” (yes my fellow countrymen (Oromos), I am now happy [that you continue fighting]) on YouTube.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/01/12/

January 31, 2014

Popular Oromo singer Shukri Jamal released a new revolutionary song named “Oromiyaa” on YouTube.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/01/31/

February 2, 2014

Oromo students of Haromaya University staged a peaceful protest against the poisoning of their food.

image

http://qeerroo.org/2014/02/02/

February 6, 2014

13 Oromo students of Mattu University are expelled from the university as a consequence of their opposition and protest against Beddellee Beer. (Many young Oromos protested against Beddelle Beer factory because the owner of the brewery sponsored Teddy Afro who is known for his song of praising King Minilik II which Oromos consider as “Hitler of Africa” for the genocide he committed on Oromos and other peoples of Southern Ethiopia during the 2nd half of the 19thcentury).

http://qeerroo.org/2014/02/06/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

February 10, 2014

An Oromo youth singer Ibrahim Muhammed (Ibro) released a revolutionary video (song) on YouTube named “Iyyadhu Yaa Dachii”, meaning “Our land, Cry”.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/02/10/

February 15, 2014

Oromo students of Ambo university showed disobedience by making a hunger strike demanding for the armed forces of the regime leave the University campus. 3 Oromo students are arrested.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/02/15/

February 16, 2014

Oromos residing in Sululta (vicinity of Finfinne [Addis Ababa]) revolted against the repressive policy of the government by singing revolutionary songs and distributing leaflets of Qeerroo. In response the government arrested at least 5 Oromos out of which 3 are members of the ruling OPDO party.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/02/16/

February 17, 2014

Oromo students of Haromaya University revolted in the university campus by chanting slogans, signing revolutionary songs and refusing to eat food. In response the government arrested at least 4 employees of the university. In Jimma University, Qeerroo leaflets have been distributed.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/02/17/

February 18, 2014

Armed forces of the regime continued terrorizing Oromo students and other Oromo nationals in Ambo university and other towns of West Shoa zone. At least 5 have been arrested.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/02/18/

February 26, 2014

Oromo students of several middle schools and high schools in East Wollega zone protested against the government in their respective school campus. Among several schools in which student protests took place are Haro Limmu, Leqa Dullacha, Jimma Arjo, and Kiramu high schools.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/02/26/

February 28, 2014

Oromo students of Mattu university staged a peaceful protest demanding the return to school of 15 Oromo students who were expelled from the university.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/02/28/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

March 2, 2014

Renowned Oromo vocalist Hirpha Ganfure released an inspirational revolutionary song named “Ka’I dubbiin booree taatee” meaning roughly “stand up for your right” through YouTube.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/03/02/

March 3, 2014

At least two Oromo nationals have been abducted from Wallisoo town.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/03/03/

March 4, 2014

A renowned Oromo TV “Oromo Media Network” (OMN) begun its first broadcast to Oromia.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/03/04/

March 5, 2014

At least five Oromo students have been abducted from Western Shoa zone, Gedo town.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/03/05/

March 6, 2014

Oromo students in West Shoa zone, Midaqanyi and Chaliya districts staged a peaceful protest in Gedo town. At least six Oromo students have been abducted in connection to the protest and disappeared.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/03/06/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

March 10, 2014

Renowned Oromo vocalist Elemo Ali released a YouTube Song (video) about the cruel “hand and breast cutting” (harma mura Anole) of Oromo men/women by King Minilik entitled “Maali Mallisaa” meaning “what is the solution”.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/03/10/

March 13, 2014

  • Oromo students of Shakkiso Secondary and Preparatory school, Guji zone, staged a peaceful protest against the illegal gold mining project of the Shakkiso area while the region remains deprived of services and infrastructure. Students are reported to have been beaten by the armed forces of the regime and at least 30 have been severely wounded. Many others have been thrown into jail.

  • A young Oromo vocalist Fesel Haji released a new video on YouTube entitled “Anis Oromoo dha” meaning “I am Oromo too”.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/03/13/

March 15, 2014

At least two Oromo students have been arrested in Finfinne (Addis Ababa), “Finfinne Special Zone”, under suspicion of having connection with the OLF.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/03/15/

March 18, 2014

Young Oromo vocalist Nata’a H/Giorgis released a revolutionary song denouncing the evil deeds of King Minilik and neo-Miniliks.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/03/18/

March 20, 2014

Oromo students of Shakkiso Secondary and Preparatory School staged another peaceful demonstration opposing the exploitation of Gold from the area by the government and the selling of their natural resources to the so called “investors”. Government armed forces fired live ammunition on protesters seriously wounding at least 23 students. The names of the students who are wounded is given in link to the right.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/03/20/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

March 20, 2014

Oromo students of Jimma University staged a peaceful demonstration in the University campus following a cultural show event by singing revolutionary songs recently released by Shukri Jamal “Minilik nuuf diina” (Minilik is our enemy) and by Qamar Yusuf “Minilik bineensa” (Minilik is a beast) and revolutionary songs of several other Oromo Artists such as Hacalu Hundessa (suma Abdiin koo Qeerramsoo koo), Amin Hussen (Abba Biyya hoo), Hirpha Ganfure (Ka’ii Qeerroo), Haylu Kitaba (Qeerroo Loli), Adnan Mohammed (Baala Adaamii) and more.

Watch part of the video here:

http://qeerroo.org/2014/03/20/

March 22, 2014

Oromo students of Haru Chululle School, South West Shoa zone, staged a peaceful protest demanding the return to school of a 12th grade student named Gabbisa Tammiru who has been expelled from school because of being accused of “promoting the work and agenda of the OLF”.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/03/22/

March 25, 2014

About 100 Oromo students who became jobless after graduating from different universities and colleges staged a peaceful demonstration in front of the zone police commission in West Shoa zone, Ambo town.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/03/25/

March 29, 2014

“Baandii Tokkummaa” or “Unity Band” has shown inspirational revolutionary songs (including the famous “Minilik is our enemy” song by Shukri Jamal) in Haromaya University firing up Oromo students of the university.

Students are seen carrying the singer in the video released later by Qeerroo. See part of the YouTube video here:

http://qeerroo.org/2014/03/29/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

April

2, 2014

Internet radio “Sagalee Qeerroo Bilisummaa” (Voice of Qeerroo Bilisummaa) started broadcasting in Amharic language.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/04/02/

April

5, 2014

The Central Committee of Qeerroo Bilisummaa released a statement calling Oromo youth and the entire Oromo nation for revolt against the repressive Ethiopian regime in general and against the so called “Master Plan” in particular. One can see that this call was the beginning of the Oromia wide revolt that spread in the region in the months of April and May, 2014. The full statement in Afan Oromo can be seen here:

http://qeerroo.files.wordpress.com/2014/04/haala-yeroo-ilaalchisee-ibsa-qeerroo-bilisummaa-irraa-kenname-ebla-3-2014.pdf

http://qeerroo.org/2014/04/05/

April

9, 2014

20 Oromo students of Adama university have been arrested while they were traveling to Arsi zone to commemorate the “breast cutting” of King Minilik at Anole, Arsi zone. See the names of the students in the link provided to the right.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/04/09/

April

12, 2014

Oromo students of Jimma University staged a huge protest in the university campus chanting slogans such as “Oromo land belongs to Oromos”, “The Statue of King Minilik should be removed from Finfinne (Addis Ababa)”, “Minilik is our enemy”, “Finfinne (Addis Ababa) belongs to the Oromo”, and more. Watch a brief YouTube video posted by Qeerroo Bilisummaa here:

http://qeerroo.org/2014/04/12/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

April

13, 2014

Renowened Oromo vocalist Jafar Yusuf released his famous revolutionary song called “Finfinnee” (Addis Ababa) on YouTube denouncing the eviction of Oromo farmers around the capital and opposing the expansion of the capital (through the so called “Master Plan”).

Here is the link to the video:

http://qeerroo.org/2014/04/13/

April

14, 2014

Popular singer Hangatu Balcha improved her famous song “Alaabaa” (meaning Flag) and posted on YouTube.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/04/14/

April

15, 2014

“Qeerroo Bilisummaa Singers Group” (Hawwisoo Qeerroo Bilisummaa) released a new collective song about Oromo Martyers Day (Guyyaa Gootota Oromoo) on YouTube.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/04/15/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

April

16, 2014

  • Oromo students of Adama Science and Technology University staged a protest inside their campus by chanting slogans, singing, and denouncing the TPLF led Ethiopian government and some Habasha singers and publishers who are engaged in tarnishing the history and diginity of the Oromo people.

  • Oromo students of several universities and high schools in Oromia organized under Qeerroo Bilisummaa commemorated “Guyyaa Gootota Oromoo” (Oromo Martyrs Day): Hawasa University, Wollega University (Nekemte, Shambu, Ghmbi), New Generation College (Nekemte), Ambo University, Gedo [high school], Tikur Hinchini [high school], Waliso, Walqixxe, Haromaya University (Haromaya), Haromaya University (Chiro), Finfinne (Addis Ababa) University (“kilo” 4, 5, 6, and Kotebe), Mattu, Jimma, Robe (Bale) universities, and several other places.

Many students who are members of the ruling OPDO party also are reported to have participated on this commemoration (although the event is done underground without the knowledge of the authorities).

http://qeerroo.org/2014/04/16/

April

18, 2014

Popular Oromo Artist Jafar Yusuf was arrested by the TPLF-led Ethiopian “security” forces because of his revolutionary song “Finfinne” (Addis Ababa) which he released five days ago (on April 13). He was taken to a military camp and severely beaten for several days after which he was hospitalized and taken to ALERT hospital. After his release he is reported to have been forced to go into exile. Here was his song:

http://qeerroo.org/2014/04/18/

April

19, 2014

Oromo students of Jimma University stood in unison, went to Jimma Police station and demanded the release of their classmates which were arrested earlier. This bravery of the students created a surprising and unseen turn of events when the police station unexpectedly accepted their demand and released 10 Oromo students. The students returned to their dormitories happy and singing. The names of the released students can be seen from the link provided on the right.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/04/19/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

April

20, 2014

Oromo students’ protest in Jimma University is renewed and intensified. A protest is also broke out in Mattu University, Illubabor zone. In both places the studdents protested mainly against the so called “Addis Ababa Master Plan”. The government military force was dispatched to both universities and has beaten several students and also was seen firing live ammunition at the students. Especially, Jimma University was reported to have looked like a war zone.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/04/20/

April

21, 2014

The popular Oromo singer Shukri Jamal released another inspirational revolutionary song on YouTube known as “abbaan lafaa dhabe lafasaa” (the owner lost his land). It is a song which opposes the land grab and also the expansion of the capital [Addis Ababa] to Oromia. Here is the video:

http://qeerroo.org/2014/04/21/

April

22, 2014

At least 12 Oromo students of Jimma University have been abducted and arrested by the government police for participating on the peaceful protest of students of the university. Meanwhile, all the four campuses of Jimma University are filled by Federal police and students are prohibited to move from place tp place in those campuses.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/04/22/

April

23, 2014

Six additional students of Jimma University arrested.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/04/23/

April

24, 2014

Oromo students of Jimma University organized in Unison again and went to Jimma police station and bravely demanded the release of their classmates. This time the Jimma Police station released 8 students. The names of those released are given in the link provided to the right.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/04/24/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

April

25, 2014

  • Oromo students of Ambo University staged protest this time coming out of their university campus in which the residents of the town also joined, chanting slogans such as “Minilik bineensa” (Minilik is a beast), “Finfinneen keenya” (Finfinne [Addis Ababa] is ours”, and more. At least 15 students have been arrested on the protest. Below is the audio of the protest recorded and released by Qeerroo Bilisummaa:

  • At the same time Oromo students of Haromaya University staged a huge protest getting out of their campus in which many residents of Haromaya city joined. At least 5000 students are said to have been participated on the protest. The students were chanting slogans such as “Finfinne is ours”, “Sebeta is ours”, “Oromia shall be free”, “Oromo need freedom”, “Jafar Yusuf should be released [from jail]”, and many more. The president of Haromaya University Dr. Girma Lammessa tried to calm the students but was rejected by the students. The audio of the speech of the university president was recorded and released by Qeerroo Bilisummaa:

http://qeerroo.org/2014/04/25/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

April

26, 2014

Oromo students of Wollega University staged a huge and historic protest defying the order of the regime’s police and getting out of their campus and moving in the [Nekemte] city. The so called Federal police of the regime attacked the students with live bullet. Several students were injured and hospitalized and several others have been arrested. Some of of the slogans of the students were: “Finifinne is ours”, “Today it is Bishoftu[taking of Oromo land], tomorrow it is Jimma”, “Minilik’s Statue should be removed from Finfinne (Addis Ababa)”, and more.

The audio of the student protest was recorded and released by Qeerroo Bilisummaa as follows.

image

http://qeerroo.org/2014/04/26/

April

27, 2014

Oromo students of Wollega University continued protest for the 2nd day. The Agazi force of the government [special police force of the Federal government known for its cruelty] wounded several students by beating as well as by live bullet fired directly at students peacefully protesting. At leat 6 were wounded severely and taken to Nekemte Hospital.

image

Some of injured students of Wollega University.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/04/27/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

April

28, 2014

Oromo student protest spread to many universities and high schools in Oromia

    • Oromo students of Gedo Secondary Preparatory School staged a protested in Gedo town, West Shoa zone.

    • Oromo students of Adama University distributed Qeerroo’s leaflet of call for protest in Adama city.

    • Oromo students of Madda Walabu University, Robe, Bale zone staged a peaceful protest.

    • Oromo students of Mattu University, Illubabor zone staged a peaceful protest. Here is an audio recorded and released by Qeerroo Bilisummaa:

  • Oromo students of Bule Hora University staged peaceful protest.

    image

  • Oromo students of Nekemte Preparatory Secondary school staged peaceful protest.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/04/28/

April

29, 2014

Oromo students of Adama Science and Technology University staged a peaceful protest chanting the same slogan that Oromo students of other universities were chanting. The regime arrested at least 10 students.

Qeerroo’s video is here:

http://qeerroo.org/2014/04/29/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

April

29, 2014

Continued

Oromo student protest spread to several places all over Oromia. Students in all places were more or less chanting the same slogan indicating that all these protests are well planned and coordinated [by no other entity than “Qeerroo Bilisummaa”, Oromo youth group]. All happening on the same day, at the same time.

    • Ambo University, all schools in Ambo town and the people of Ambo staged a historic demonstration. An estimated 25, 000 people participated on the protest. The government forces initially used tear gas to disperse the crowd but later used live bullets shooting and killing protesters.

    • Adama Science and Technology University staged a historic protest in the Adama city. At least 10 arrested. Qeerroo’s video is here:

    • Alibo Preparatory Secondary School, Jardaga Jarte district, Horo Gudru zone

    • All school in Nekemte town, East Wollega zone (students were seen burning the Habasha/Woyane flag)

image

    • Schools in Shambu town, Horo Gudru zone

image

  • Oromo student protests intensified in Dembi Dollo, West Wollega zone; Gudar, West Shoa zone; Mattu University, Ilubabor zone [second day].

http://qeerroo.org/2014/04/29/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

April

30, 2014

A historic and bloody day in the history of the struggle of the Oromo nation for freedom. Oromo student protest spread to all parts of Oromia.

    • The biggest and bloodiest of all the protests took place in the city of Ambo, West Shoa zone, where the peaceful protest turned into violence when government so called Agazi force shot and killed a 9thgrade student. Cars and buildings were ablaze on fire. The protest included all people of the city. Several people were killed hundreds wounded. Ambo looked like a war zone. BBC reported at least 30 people were killed by live bullet including 8 students. Listen to live report recorded (interview, live from the scene):

image

    • Oromo students of Dire Dawa University staged a peaceful protest.

image

Listen to audio interview by Radio Qeerroo Bilisummaa Oromoo:

  • Oromo students of Balami Secondary School, Mida Qanyi district, West Shoa zone staged a peaceful protest.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/04/30/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

April

30, 2014

Continued

    • Oromo students of Ghmbi and Mandi Preparatory Secondary Schools, West Wollega zone, staged peaceful protests in their respective towns.

image

    • Oromo students of Billo town, Bonaya district, East Wollega zone staged peaceful protest.

image

http://qeerroo.org/2014/04/30/

May

01, 2014

Oromo student protests continued in several universities, including Addis Ababa [Finfinne] University, colleges, high schools and middle schools and towns.

  • Oromo people of Alibo town, Horo Gudru zone, completely controlled the city chasing away the local government officials.

  • Oromo students of Madda Walabu University, Robe Town, Bale zone, staged a historic and blody protest. The notorious government Agazi force fired live ammunition on protesting students and several students were killed.

image

http://qeerroo.org/2014/04/25/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

May

1, 2014

Continued

    • A huge protest was held in Gudar town, West shoa zone. Government forces fired live ammunition and killed several students. With the brutal killing of the regime’s forces, the protesters turned to violent action. The military camp of the regime located in the town was burned.

    • In Ambo town the whole town remained closed. Government forces went house to house and arrested several people, including three school teachers several students.

image

    • Oromo students of Finfinne [Addis Ababa] University staged a peaceful protest. Video recorded and released by Qeerroo Bilisummaa:

image

  • Oromo student protests are reported to have continued in Haromaya, Jimma, Madda Walabu, and Shambu universities.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/01/

May

2, 2014

Oromo student protests continued spreading to several other universities and high schools, middle schools throughout Oromia:

  • In Mida Qanyi district, West Shoa zone, the intensified protest of the Oromo students and people led by Qeerroo forced the administrator of the district, Shumi Lata, abandon his government and surrender to the people. The protesters controlled the administration office and the police station.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/02/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

May

2, 2014

continued

    • Student protest intensified in Mandi town, West Wollega zone. In this video recorded and released by Qeerroo Bilisummaa, the Federal police is seen directly shoting at protesters.

    • Oromo students of Ayira Gulliso, West Wollega zone staged a peaceful protest. Audio of the protests in Ayira, Mandi, Mida Qanyi, and Haromaya is released by Qeerroo Bilisummaa as follows:

  • Oromo students of Arba Minch University continued protest for the third day in a row.

  • Oromo students of Gindabarat and Xuqur Hincinni districts, West Shoa zone, staged peaceful protest

  • Oromo students of Haromaya University continued protesting in Haromaya town.

  • Oromo students of Ganji Secondary School, West Wollega zone, staged a peaceful protest.

  • Oromo students of Burrayyu Secondary School, Finfinne Special zone, staged a peaceful protest.

image

http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/02/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

May

3, 2014

    • Oromo student protests continued in many towns in Oromia: Bakko, Xuqur Hincinni, Tokke Kusaye, Mida Qanyi, and many more.

image

  • A new revolutionary song is released on YouTube by Qeerroo Bilisummaa Singer’s Group (Hawwisoo Qeerroo Bilisummaa).

http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/03/

May

4, 2014

Oromo student protest continued in several towns in Oromia:

    • In Horo Guduru zone, Jardaga town, protesters chased away the police and local armed forces of the regime and controlled the town.

    • Protests continued in Horo Guduru Wollega zone, Kombolcha town.

image

  • Oromo student protests continued in the following cities on this day: Shambu, Horo Guduru Wollega; Sibu Sire, East Wollega; Bakko, West Shoa; Wal Qixxe, Wanchi, Taji, Sabata, Sadan Sodo, Ammaya, South West Shoa zone.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/04/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

May

5, 2014

    • Student Protest Continued in Mida Qanyi district, West Shoa zone. Agazi force is sent to the area and terrorized the civilian population.

image

  • The regime arrested four commanders of its police force in Nekemte town, East Wollega, accusing them of having connection with the OLF.

  • Oromo student protest intensified in several places of East Wollega: Haro Limmu, Limu Gelila, Guto Wayyu, Guto Gidda, Kiramu, Gidda Ayana, Ebantu, Gatama, Sibu Sire, Nunu Qumba, Bako, Billo Boshe, Guttin, Arjo Guddattu, and Digga Sasigga.

  • Protests expanded to several places of West Wollega zone: Inango, Nedjo, Dongoro, Ghmbi, Ayira, Gulliso, Gidami, Begi, Gidami, Jimma Horo, Qebe, Qaqe, and Haro Sabu.

  • Oromo student protests also continued in Horo Guduru Wollega zone at places such as Jardaga, Jarte, and Agamsa.

  • Popular Oromo singer Addisu Karayyu released his famous revolutionary song named “Ka’ii Loli” meaning “Stand up and fight” on YouTube.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/05/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

May

6, 2014

Protests continued in Shino town, West Shoa zone; Ayira, West Wollega zone; Jardaga Jarte, Horo Guduru Wollega zone, and Haromaya, East Oromia.

image

http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/06/

May

7, 2014

    • Oromo students of Dembi Dollo town, West wollega zone staged a huge protest. Government Agazi force is reported to have beaten the students with stick and used tear gas, but also used live bullet to disperse the protest. Qeerroo reported that 2 students are killed.

image

  • Protest was spread to towns and villages near Dembi Dollo such as Mugi, Ashi, and Garjeda. Several students are reported to have been arrested indiscriminately.

  • In connection with the protests, several students of Adama University, East Shoa zone have been abducted by government forces and disappeared. One of the students arrested, Adunya Kiso, was the leader of Oromo cultural show known as GAASO.

image

Adunya Kiso

http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/07/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

May

8, 2014

  • Ethiopian government unlished its forces in West shoa zone and made indiscriminate and massive arrests.

  • At least 400 people have been arrested in Mida Qanyi, West Shoa zone, students, teachers, farmers, government employees, including many local government officials and OPDO members in connection with the protest in the area.

The widespread and indiscriminate arrests occurred after the protests have slowed down in this area. In West Shoa zone alone mare than 600 Oromo students, including 15 year old girls, have been abducted and arrested.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/08/

May

9, 2014

Oromos all over the world protested on the same day in solidarity with the Oromo students protesting in Oromia in 30+ cities worldwide.

Here is video of that of the protest at twin cities, MN

http://gadaa.com/oduu/25901/2014/05/02/oromoprotests-worldwide-oromo-rallies-all-on-this-page-in-solidarity-with-oromoprotests-to-stop-the-addis-ababa-master-genocide-plan-and-to-demand-justice-for/

May 10

2014

    • Oromo students and residents of Ghmbi town staged a protest which is reported to have been turned into violence when an Oromo student was killed by an Amhara business man who lived in the city for many years. Some buildings are set on fire and many shops are reported to have been destroyed.

image

  • Oromo people of Bakko and Bakko Tibbe towns, West Shoa zone, protested and closed the road from Finfinne (Addis Ababa) to Finca’a town, Horo Gududru Wollegga zone.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/10/

image

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

May

11, 2014

  • A wide report of Oromo people’s protest of May 9, 2014 all over the world is presented on Qeerroo’s Website.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/11/

May

12, 2014

  • 3-Day Minnesota-State-Capitol OromoProtests Solidarity Hunger-Strike ended successfully at the Passing of Minnesota House Resolution condemning the Ethiopian govt’s violence on Oromo students.

    • Oromo student protest continued in Innango, West Wollega zone

    • Several Oromo students of Jimma University arrested.

    • Oromo protests solidarity hunger-strikers hold a mock funeral in front of the Minnesotan State capitol for slain Oromo students and civilians in Oromia.

image

  • Popular Oromo singer Hangatu Balcha released an inspirational revolutionary song on YouTube.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/12/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

May

14, 2014

    • Another round of Oromo student protest broke out in Wollega University. The government forces are reported firing live ammunition on the students. Several students are injured many others are abducted and taken away.

image

  • Government forces continued terrorizing Oromo students of Jimma University. Beating and arresting indiscriminately.

  • Qeerroo Bilisummaa Singers Group released a new revolutionary song named “Oromiyaa Keessaan Qeerroon sitti marse” (You are surrounded in Oromia by Qeerroo) on YouTube.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/14/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

May

15, 2014

  • Beating and firing live ammunition on Oromo students continued in Wollega University. More than 150 students hospitalized. Doctors and other health professionals of Nekemte Hospital are beaten for treating the injured Oromo students.

  • Oromo students of various colleges in Nekemte town staged peaceful protest and brutally beaten by government forces.

  • Oromo student protest broke out in Nedjo town, West Wollega zone. The Oromo students controlled Nedjo town for several hours until government Federal force arrived from Ghmbi town. The federal police started beating everyone indiscriminately upon arrival. Hundreds of students arrested. Others escaped to rural areas and remained there for several months. Many others are forced to permanently disappear from the area, some of them into exile.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/15/

May

16, 2014

    • A Young Oromo artist Jirenya Shiferaw released an inspirational and revolutionary song on YouTube.

  • At least 6 Oromo students are reported to have been arrested from their dormitories in Adama University in connection to the student protest held in the area.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/16/

May

17, 2014

  • The government continued massive and indiscriminate arrest of Oromo students and other Oromo nationals:

    • From Mandi, West Wollega: 11,

    • From Haromaya, East Oromia: 4,

    • Ambo, West Shoa: 5,

    • Wollega University: 14 (wounded severely)

    • Gulliso, West Wollega: 17

    • Ayira, West Wollega: 12

  • Inspirational YouTube video “Freedom is Coming tomorrow” (adopted from the struggle against apartheid) has been released.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/17/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

May

17, 2014

Continued

  • Two Oromo students, Milishu Mallasa and Bilisumma Lammi have been murdered in Adama town by government forces immediately after being released from prison.

image

Milishu Mallasa / Bilisumma Lammi

http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/17/

May

19, 2014

Abduction of Oromo students from Jimma and Adama universities intensified. At least five are reported to have been abducted and disappeared.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/19/

May

20, 2014

  • Four students of Jimma University punished by suspending them from the university for one year.

  • Qeerroo bilisummaa released a statement stating that 2390 Oromo students are jailed at different places.

  • Young Oromo artists Jirenya Shiferaw released another inspirational revolutionary song “Ka’ii Falmi” on YouTube.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/20/

May

22, 2014

Qeerroo Bilisummaa released partial list of Oromo students detained in several prisons. Here is the link:http://qeerroo.files.wordpress.com/2014/05/galmee-qeerroo-bilisummaa-oromoo-irraa-barattoota-oromoo-ebla-fi-caamsaa-2014-fdg-keessa-hidhamanii-ilaala.pdf

http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/22/

May

23, 2014

Young Oromo artist Dadhi Galan released a new song named “dagachuu hin qabnu kan kalee” (we should not forget what happened [to us] yesterday). The singer is later arrested on the 2014 irreechaa festival (see October 22 report below).

http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/23/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

May

24, 2014

Oromos and other Ethiopians staged peaceful protest in the capital Finfinne [Addis Ababa] against the government brutality on peacefully protesting Oromo students.

image

http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/24/

May

28, 2014

  • At least 16 Oromos arrested for refusing to celebrate “Ginbot 20” (May 28), the day this government came to power.

  • Oromo students of Haromaya University commemorated “Ginbot 20” (May 28) of the regime by making hunger strike.

  • New revolutionary Oromo rap music released on YouTube by young Oromo rappers.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/28/

May

29, 2014

  • Oromo students of several schools in Ambo, Nekemte, and Nedjo demanded the release of their classmates who have been jailed, before they take the 10th grade national exam.

  • At least 10 students of Haromaya Uinversity have been abducted from their dormitories accused of refusing to celebrate the so called “Ginbot 20” (May 28).

image

Fixa Hordofa, one of the abducted students

http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/29/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

June

4, 2014

    • Oromo student of Haromaya University, Aslan (Nuradin) Hasan, has been killed in prison as a result of extended and brutal torture.

image

    • A new protest of Oromo students broke out in Ambo, West Shoa zone, in Homacho Secondary School, demanding the release of Oromo students who have been jailed for participating in student protests. The director of the school was beaten badly by the protesting students when he tried to call government armed forces on the students.

    • An Oromo student named Dawit Wakjira was killed in Anfilo district, Qelem Wollega zone, by government forces. His death sparked a new wave of violence in the area.

image

  • A young Oromo high school teacher named Magarsa Abdissa is beaten and killed in Gulliso prison, West Wollega zone.

image

Teacher Magarsa Abdissa, killed in Gulliso prison

http://qeerroo.org/2014/06/04/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

June

5, 2014

  • Four Oromo elders in Ghmbi town, West Wollega zone, are arrested and beaten in detention accusing them of leading the protest in the town.

  • Trainees in Sanqallee Police training camp, West Shoa zone, are said to have joined student protests and stopped the training.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/06/05/

June

6, 2014

More than 200 Oromos have been adbucted and jailed from Begi town, West Wollegga zone. 9 of these ditainees have disappeared and their families could not find where they were taken.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/06/06/

June

7, 2014

Former student Nimona Tilahun lost his life in the regime’s prison after being tortured in prison for several years.

image

http://qeerroo.org/2014/06/07/

June

9, 2014

  • 15 Oromo students have been abducted from Madda Walabu University and their whereabout is unknown.

  • 75 Oromo students (8 of them female students) are reported to have been under severe torture in prison in West Shoa zone. Their names can be found on the link given to the right of this row.

  • A new revolutionary song is released on YouTube by a young Oromo artist Kekiya Badhadha.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/06/09/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

June

10, 2014

Protest broke out in Anfilo, Qellem Wollega. At least 40 people arrested. The protesters closed the road between Mugi and Dembi Dollo for two days in a row.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/06/10/

June

12, 2014

    • Government military deployed in Gindeberet, West shoa zone, killed three 12th grade students: 1) Dame Balcha, 2) Chala Marga, 3) Bekele Terefe.

    • 11 government employees (including three OPDO officials) are fired from their job accused of having ties with the OLF in Jardaga Jarte district, Alibo town, Horo Guduru Wollega zone.

    • A political Science Oromo student of Haromaya University, Husein Seid, is severely beaten by government armed forces and hospitalized.

image

  • A hidden massive grave, found at Hamareysa, East Oromia, infuriarated Oromo people of the area.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/06/12/

June

14, 2014

An young Oromo singer Ararsa Gabbisa released his popular revolutionary song “Oromo na abdadhu” (Oromo, put your trust on me) on YouTube.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/06/14/

June

18, 2014

Oromo students of Qellem Preparatory Secondary Schhol, Dembi Dollo, Qellem Wollega zone, protested demanding the release of their class mates who are jailed. Their protest was met with brutal force of the government and many more students have been arrested.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/06/18/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

June

19, 2014

  • 26 Oromo farmers have been abducted from Anfillo district, Qellem Wollega zone.

  • Qeerroo Bilisummaa Singers Group released a new revolutionary song named “Labsii, Labsii” on YouTube.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/06/19/

June

21, 2014

3 government employees and 4 other residents of Nedjo town, West Wollega zone, have been arrested under suspicion of having connection with the OLF.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/06/20/

June

23, 2014

A young Oromo man, Galana Nadha, who has suffered continuous torture in the Ethiopian prison, passed away and buried in Tokkee Kusaye district, West Shoa zone. The cause of death of Galana is widely belived to be directly related to his traumatic torture after which he developed a mental illness, eventually leading to his death. Some three thousand Oromo people attended his funeral.

image

Galana Nadha

http://qeerroo.org/2014/06/23/

June

25, 2014

  • New protest is ignited in Begi town, West Wollega zone, when several Oromo students who have been unjustly sentenced to long-prison for participating on protest were about to be transferred to Ghmbi Prison.

  • 16 Oromo journalists of Oromoian TV, STVO, are fired from their job accused of not properly reporting the propaganda and lies of the regime and reporting the Oromo students’ protests and/or indirectly supporting the rightful demands of the Oromo people.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/06/25/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

June

27, 2014

Two students, among several Oromo students detained for participating in peaceful protests, escaped from prison in Begi town, West Wollega. In response, the government arrested several people and reportedly tortured them severely, including the mother of one of the students who escaped.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/06/27/

June

28, 2014

OLF- ShG and OLF-QC completed their unification process which was going on for two years. Their declaration is provided on Qeerroo website (see the link to the right).

http://qeerroo.org/2014/06/28/

June

29, 2014

6 Oromo students arrested in Mida Qanyi district, West Shoa zone, accused of participating in Oromo student protests.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/06/29/

June

30, 2014

Popular Oromo singer Hirpha Ganfure released a famous revolutionary song on YouTube praising the movement of Qeerroo. Hirpha Garfure is one of many Oromo artists who are forced to flee into exile, now lives in Norway. It is to be recalled that Hirpha also had released another inspirational “Ka’I Qeerroo” song following the formation of Qeerroo in 2011.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/06/30/

July

1, 2014

    • The young Oromo singer Jirenya Shiferaw released another (3rd song in just two months) revolutionary song “Yaa Gowwa” (You Fool) on YouTube.

  • 5 Oromo businessmen are arrested by the government forces in Anfillo district, Qellem Wollega zone, accused of organizing Oromo student protests.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/07/01/

July

3, 2014

6 other residents of Anfillo district arrested accused of participating in Oromo protest.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/07/03/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

July

7, 2014

Qeerroo Bilisummaa released a list of 61 Oromos killed and 903 others arrested and being tortured in different prisons accused of participating on the student protests of April and May 2014.

Click here to view the full report.

image

http://qeerroo.org/2014/07/07/

July

8, 2014

A new revolutionary song “Oh lola Qeerroo” (Oh fight Qeerroo) is released on YouTube.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/07/08/

July

10, 2014

31 Oromo youth, all less than 16 years of age, are reported to have been under severe torture in Ambo prison.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/07/10/

July

17, 2014

An Oromo student and an author of a book named “Qaroo Dhiga Boosse” (An Eye with Blood Tears) was abducted from Wollega University accused of having connection with the student protest

image

http://qeerroo.org/2014/07/17/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

July

18, 2014

Popular singer Kadir Martu released a revolutionary song “Minilik kifu Sew” ([King] Minilik Cruel Person) on YouTube

http://qeerroo.org/2014/07/18/

July

20, 2014

Oromo student Bilisumma Damana, abducted from Adama University, is reportedly under severe torture in the so called “Maikelawi” prison.

image

http://qeerroo.org/2014/07/20/

July

25, 2014

A new revolutionary song “Aduun Bilisummaa” (Light of Freedom) released by a young Oromo singer Ibrahim Adam on YouTube.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/07/25/

July

27, 2014

4 Oromo students of Madda Walabu University are abducted in Gidami, Qellem Wollega zone, when they were staying with their parents during summer.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/07/27/

August 4, 2014

8 Oromo students are sentenced to 6 months in prison in Gidda Dalle village, Nedjo district, West Wollega zone.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/08/04/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

August 6, 2014

Qeerroo Singers Group released another revolutionary song named “Nuti Qeerron Leenca Goota” (We Qeerroo are Lion, Brave).

http://qeerroo.org/2014/08/06/

August 16, 2014

Oromo student Bikila Belay Tolera passed away, after staying in hospital following the gun shot wound he incurred when he participated in student protest in Ambo town, West Shoa zone.

image

http://qeerroo.org/2014/08/16/

August 17, 2014

Qeerroo Bilisummaa Singers Group released a new revolutionary song named “Cidha Bilisummaa” (Wedding [Ceremony] of Freedom) on YouTube.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/08/17/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

August 18, 2014

Internet radio “Radio Sagalee Qeerroo” Amharic program started broadcasting.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/08/18/

August 21, 2014

Oromo students of Mattu University and Ambo University staged peaceful protest refusing the so called “political training” the regime started conducting in different universities in the region. The students chanted slogans in their campuses. Audio of the protest is recorded and presented by Qeerroo Bilisummaa (see the link to the right).

http://qeerroo.org/2014/08/21/

August 22, 2014

Oromo students of Jimma, Wollega, and Bule Hora Uinversities also staged protest refusing and opposing the so called “training” of the regime.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/08/22/

August 23, 2014

Oromo students of Jimma and Ambo Universities intensified their protest against the training of the regime. In Ambo, Oromo students burned the manual (book) distributed to them for training. Audio is presented in the link to the right.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/08/23/

August 25, 2014

  • Oromo students continued protesting against the training in Ambo, Jimma, Bule Hora and other universities. The audio of Jimma University is given below.

  • At least 53 Oromo students of Ambo University have been abducted and beaten on this day. Over 230 have been arrested from Ambo University in the last 3 days alone.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/08/25/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

August 27, 2014

  • The confrontation of Oromo students of Ambo Universityand Wollega University and the government forces is recorded and presented by Qeerroo Bilisummaa. Listen.

  • At leats 800 students of Wollega Uinversity arrested.

The university campus looked like war zone. One student killed in Wollega University. Amazing slogans of students. Listen the audio below.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/08/27/

August 28, 2014

  • 3 Oromo government employees arrested in Shashemene, Arsi zone, accused of having connection with the OLF

  • 26 Oromo students severely beaten and arrested in Wollega University, hundreds others arrested.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/08/28/

August 30, 2014

Qeerroo released statement disclosing the names of 25 Oromo nationals who are on the verge of losing their lives by severe torture. Read the full statement here. The pictures of three of the Oromos at risk are below.

image

Bilisumma Gonfa / Darartu Abdata / Chaltu Dhuguma

http://qeerroo.org/2014/08/30/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

August 31, 2014

Qeerroo Singers Group released a new revolutionary song named “Oh Oromoon Daggala Raase” (Oh Oromo is Moving the Bush [Forest]) on YouTube.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/08/31/

Sep.

3, 2014

In another wave of arrest 8 Oromo students of Mida Qanyi, West Shoa zone, are arrested in connection with student protets.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/09/03/

Sep.

4, 2014

  • Sena Solomon, a young singer of Qeerroo Singers Group, released a new revolutionary song named “Gootni Baroode” (the Hero is Roaring [in the jungle]) on YouTube.

  • Oromo students of Jimma University protested in the University campus surrounded by the Federal Police and Agazi Force of the regime. The protest of the students erupted when the so called President of Oromia, Muktar Kadir, attempted to make an intimidating speech to the students through Plasma TV. In an unprecedented bravery, the Oromo students have been chanting slogans denouncing the regime, standing right in front of the brutal Agazi trrops.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/09/04/

Sep.

11, 2014

A new protest erupted in Finfinne (Addis Ababa), Nefas Silk area, at a School called “Ginbot 20 School”. The protest is said to have attracted other nations and nationalities of the country.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/09/11/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

Sep.

16, 2014

Qeerroo Singers Group released a new revolutionary song “Jabaadhu WBO Abdii Saba Kiyyaa” (Be Strong WBO, Hope of My People) on YouTube. (“Waraana Bilisummaa Oromoo (WBO)” means “Oromo Liberation Army (OLA)”).

http://qeerroo.org/2014/09/16/

Sep.

24, 2014

Qeerroo Singers Group released another revolutionary song named “Ka’ii Qeerroo” (Stand up qeerroo, stand up) on YouTube.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/09/24/

October 5, 2014

Irreechaa (Oromo Thanksgiving) is celebrated at Lake Arsadi, Bishoftu, Eastern Shoa zone. An estimated 4 million people participated on the occasion. Oromo youth participated in large numbers and expressing their grievances through various revolutionary songs.

One of the songs says: “Si eegee dadhabee ka’ee baduu laata?” (I waited too much for you [OLF], should I ran away?[to look for you]).