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Ethiopia: 2014 Trafficking in Persons Report. #Oromo #Africa December 31, 2014

Posted by OromianEconomist in Africa, Domestic Workers, Human Traffickings, Slavery, The Tyranny of TPLF Ethiopia, Youth Unemployment.
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Ethiopia: 2014 Trafficking in Persons Report

http://www.state.gov/j/tip/rls/tiprpt/countries/2014/226721.htm#.VKOCop-RPe0.facebook

 

usdos-logo-seal(31ST DECEMBER 2014, US DEPARTMENT OF STATE: OFFICE TO MONITOR AND COMBAT TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS) — Ethiopia is a source and, to a lesser extent, destination and transit country for men, women, and children who are subjected to forced labor and sex trafficking. Girls from Ethiopia’s rural areas are exploited in domestic servitude and, less frequently, prostitution within the country, while boys are subjected to forced labor in traditional weaving, herding, guarding, and street vending. The central market in Addis Ababa is home to the largest collection of brothels in Africa, with girls as young as 8-years-old in prostitution in these establishments. Ethiopian girls are forced into domestic servitude and prostitution outside of Ethiopia, primarily in Djibouti, South Sudan, and in the Middle East. Ethiopian boys are subjected to forced labor in Djibouti as shop assistants, errand boys, domestic workers, thieves, and street beggars. Young people from Ethiopia’s vast rural areas are aggressively recruited with promises of a better life and are likely targeted because of the demand for cheap domestic labor in the Middle East.

Many young Ethiopians transit through Djibouti, Egypt, Somalia, Sudan, or Yemen as they emigrate seeking work in the Middle East; some become stranded and exploited in these transit countries, and are subjected to detention, extortion, and severe abuses—some of which include forced labor and sex trafficking—while en route to their final destinations. Young women are subjected to domestic servitude throughout the Middle East, as well as in Sudan and South Sudan. Many Ethiopian women working in domestic service in the Middle East face severe abuses, including physical and sexual assault, denial of salary, sleep deprivation, withholding of passports, confinement, and even murder. Ethiopian women are sometimes exploited in the sex trade after migrating for labor purposes—particularly in brothels, mining camps, and near oil fields in Sudan and South Sudan—or after fleeing abusive employers in the Middle East. Low-skilled Ethiopian men and boys migrate to Saudi Arabia, the Gulf States, and other African nations, where some are subjected to forced labor. In October 2013, the Ethiopian government banned overseas labor recruitment. Preceding the ban, Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs (MOLSA) officials reported that up to 1,500 Ethiopians departed daily as part of the legal migration process. Officials estimated this likely represented only 30 to 40 percent of those migrating for work; the remaining 60 to 70 percent were smuggled with the facilitation of illegal brokers. Brokers serve as the primary recruiters in rural areas. Over 400 employment agencies were licensed to recruit Ethiopians for work abroad; however, government officials acknowledged many to be involved in both legal and illegal recruitment, leading to the government’s ban on labor export. Following the ban, irregular labor migration through Sudan is believed to have increased. Eritreans residing in Ethiopia-based refugee camps, some of whom voluntarily migrate out of the camps, and others who are lured or abducted from the camps, face situations of human trafficking in Sudan and Egypt’s Sinai Peninsula.

Since November 2013, the Saudi Arabian government has deported over 163,000 Ethiopians, including over 94,000 men working mostly in the construction sector and over 8,000 children working in cattle herding and domestic service; international organizations and Ethiopian officials believe thousands were likely trafficking victims. Many migrants reported not having repaid debts to those who smuggled them to Saudi Arabia, rendering some of them at risk for re-trafficking.

The Government of Ethiopia does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking; however, it is making significant efforts to do so. The Federal High Court convicted 106 traffickers and worked with international partners to shelter and provide emergency care to trafficking victims. In 2013, following an influx of trafficking victims returning to Ethiopia, the government recognized problems with its oversight of Ethiopian-based employment agencies, which were failing to protect workers sent overseas. In response, the government temporarily banned labor recruitment and began to revise the relevant employment proclamation to ensure improved oversight of these agencies and better protection of its citizens while working abroad. The government facilitated the return of thousands of Ethiopians, including many likely trafficking victims, deported from Saudi Arabia and elsewhere during the reporting period, and coordinated with NGOs and international organizations to provide services to the returning migrants. The government relied on NGOs to provide direct assistance to both internal and transnational trafficking victims and did not provide financial or in-kind support to such organizations. The government did not deploy labor attachés or improve the availability of protective services offered by its overseas diplomatic missions. The absence of government-organized trainings in 2013 was a concern. The government also did not effectively address child prostitution and other forms of internal trafficking through law enforcement, protection, or prevention efforts. It did not report on the number of victims it identified in 2013.

Recommendations for Ethiopia:

Complete amendments to the employment exchange proclamation to ensure penalization of illegal recruitment and improved oversight of overseas recruitment agencies; strengthen criminal code penalties for sex trafficking and amend criminal code Articles 597 and 635 to include a clear definition of human trafficking that includes the trafficking of male victims and enhanced penalties that are commensurate with other serious crimes; enhance judicial understanding of trafficking and improve the investigative capacity of police throughout the country to allow for more prosecutions of internal child trafficking offenses; increase the use of Articles 596, 597, and 635 to prosecute cases of labor and sex trafficking; improve screening procedures in the distribution of national identification cards and passports to ensure children are not fraudulently acquiring these; allocate appropriate funding for the deployment of labor attachés to overseas diplomatic missions; institute regular trafficking awareness training for diplomats posted abroad, as well as labor officials who validate employment contracts or regulate employment agencies, to ensure the protection of Ethiopians seeking work or employed overseas; incorporate information on human trafficking and labor rights in Middle Eastern and other countries into pre-departure training provided to migrant workers; engage Middle Eastern governments on improving protections for Ethiopian workers; partner with local NGOs to increase the level of services available to trafficking victims returning from overseas, including allocating funding to enable the continuous operation of either a government or NGO-run shelter; improve the productivity of the national anti-trafficking taskforce; and launch a national anti-trafficking awareness campaign at the local and regional levels.

Prosecution

The Government of Ethiopia maintained its anti-trafficking law enforcement efforts during the reporting period, but its efforts continued to focus wholly on transnational trafficking, with little evidence that the government investigated or prosecuted sex trafficking or internal labor trafficking cases. Ethiopia prohibits sex and labor trafficking through criminal code Articles 596 (Enslavement), 597 (Trafficking in Women and Children), 635 (Traffic in Women and Minors), and 636 (Aggravation to the Crime). Article 635, which prohibits sex trafficking, prescribes punishments not exceeding five years’ imprisonment, penalties which are sufficiently stringent, though not commensurate with penalties prescribed for other serious crimes, such as rape. Articles 596 and 597 outlaw slavery and labor trafficking and prescribe punishments of five to 20 years’ imprisonment, penalties which are sufficiently stringent. Articles 597 and 635, however, lack a clear definition of human trafficking, do not include coverage for crimes committed against adult male victims, and have rarely been used to prosecute trafficking offenses. Instead, Articles 598 (Unlawful Sending of Ethiopians to Work Abroad) and 571 (Endangering the Life of Another) are regularly used to prosecute cases of transnational labor trafficking. The absence of a clear legal definition of human trafficking in law impeded the Ethiopian Federal Police’s (EFP) and Ministry of Justice’s ability to investigate and prosecute trafficking cases effectively. Officials began drafting amendments to the Employment Exchange Services Proclamation No. 632/2009, which governs the work of approximately 400 licensed labor recruitment agencies; planned amendments will prohibit illegal recruitment and improve oversight of recruitment agencies.

During the reporting period, the EFP’s Human Trafficking and Narcotics Section, located within the Organized Crime Investigation Unit, investigated 135 suspected trafficking cases—compared to 133 cases in the previous reporting period. The federal government reported prosecuting 137 cases involving an unknown number of defendants relating to transnational labor trafficking under Article 598; of these cases, the Federal High Court convicted 106 labor traffickers—compared to 100 labor traffickers convicted in the previous reporting period. Officials indicated that these prosecutions included cases against private employment agencies and brokers, but did not provide details on these cases or the average length of applied sentences. Between June and July 2013, courts in the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples Region (SNNPR) reportedly heard 267 cases involving illegal smugglers and brokers. In addition, in Gamo Gofa, a zone within SNNPR, the zonal court convicted six traffickers in 2013—the first convictions in that area’s history. The EFP investigated allegations of complicity in trafficking-related crimes involving staff at several foreign diplomatic missions in Addis Ababa; the EFP arrested several staff at these missions.

In 2013, the government did not initiate any sex trafficking prosecutions, including for child prostitution. It also did not demonstrate adequate efforts to investigate and prosecute internal trafficking crimes or support and empower regional authorities to effectively do so. Regional law enforcement entities throughout the country continued to exhibit an inability to distinguish human trafficking from human smuggling and lacked capacity to properly investigate and document cases, as well as to collect and organize relevant data. In addition, the government remained limited in its ability to conduct international investigations. The government did not provide or fund trafficking-specific trainings for law enforcement officials, though police and other officials received training from international organizations with governmental support during the year. Seventy-seven judges also received training on both child labor and human trafficking. The government did not report any investigations, prosecutions, or convictions of public officials allegedly complicit in human trafficking or trafficking-related offenses. For example, reports suggest local kabele or district level officials accepted bribes to change the ages on district-issued identification cards, enabling children to receive passports without parental consent; passport issuance authorities did not question the validity of such identification documents or the ages of applicants.

Protection

The government did not provide adequate assistance to trafficking victims—both those exploited internally or after migrating overseas—relying almost exclusively on international organizations and NGOs to provide services to victims without providing funding to these organizations. However, following the Saudi Arabian government’s closure of its border and massive deportation of migrant workers, officials worked quickly and collaboratively with international organizations and NGOs to repatriate and accommodate over 163,000 Ethiopian returnees from Saudi Arabia and several hundred from Yemen. The government did not report the number of victims it identified and assisted during the year. It remained without standard procedures for front-line responders to guide their identification of trafficking victims and their referral to care. During the reporting period, following the return of Ethiopians exploited overseas, the Bole International Airport Authority and immigration officials in Addis Ababa referred an unknown number of female victims to eleven local NGOs that provided care specific to trafficking victims. Typically such referrals were made only at the behest of self-identified victims of trafficking. One organization assisted 70 trafficking victims during the year—often from Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Qatar, Yemen, and Lebanon—providing shelter, food, clothing, medical and psychological treatment without government support. The government’s reliance on NGOs to provide direct assistance to most trafficking victims, while not providing financial or in-kind support to such NGOs, resulted in unpredictable availability of adequate care; many facilities lacked sustainability as they depended on project-based funding for continued operation. Despite its reliance on NGOs to provide victims care, the government at times created challenges for these organizations as a result of its 2009 Charities and Societies Proclamation. This proclamation prohibits organizations that receive more than 10 percent of their funding from foreign sources from engaging in activities that promote—among other things—human rights, the rights of children and persons with disabilities, and justice. These restrictions had a negative impact on the ability of some NGOs to adequately provide a full range of protective services, including assistance to victims in filing cases against their traffickers with authorities and conducting family tracing.

The government operated child protection units in the 10 sub-cities of Addis Ababa and six major cities, including Dire Dawa, Adama, Sodo, Arba Minch, Debre Zeit, and Jimma; staff at the units were trained in assisting the needs of vulnerable children, including potential trafficking victims. Healthcare and other social services were generally provided to victims of trafficking by government-operated hospitals in the same manner as they were provided to other victims of abuse. The government continued to jointly operate an emergency response center in the Afar Region jointly with the IOM, at which police and local health professionals provided medical and nutritional care, temporary shelter, transport to home areas, and counseling to migrants in distress, including trafficking victims. While officials reportedly encouraged victims to assist in the investigation and prosecution of their traffickers, there were no protective mechanisms in place to support their active role in these processes. For example, Ethiopian law does not prevent the deportation of foreign victims to countries where they might face hardship or retribution. There were no reports of trafficking victims being detained, jailed, or prosecuted in 2013. The limited nature of consular services provided to Ethiopian workers abroad continued to be a weakness in government efforts. Although Employment Exchange Services Proclamation No. 632/2009 requires licensed employment agencies to place funds in escrow to provide assistance in the event a worker’s contract is broken, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) has never used these deposits to pay for victims’ transportation back to Ethiopia. Nonetheless, in one case, a young woman in domestic servitude was pushed off the fifth story of a building by her employer in Beirut; once the victim was out of the hospital, the Ethiopian Embassy assisted in her repatriation, and upon her arrival, officials referred her to an NGO for assistance.

While officials worked to facilitate the return of stranded migrants and detainees, many of whom are believed to be trafficking victims, its focus was solely emergency assistance, with minimal direct provision of or support for longer-term protective services necessary for adequate care of trafficking victims. In April 2013, through a bilateral agreement with Yemeni officials, the Ethiopian government facilitated the return of 618 Ethiopian migrants stranded in Yemen after having failed to cross the Saudi Arabian border or been deported from Saudi Arabia. The government did not coordinate humanitarian assistance for these returnees upon their arrival in Addis Ababa. IOM coordinated subsequent returns, providing shelter at the IOM transit center in Addis Ababa, where returnees received medical care and psycho-social support while UNICEF conducted family tracing. The government did not provide financial or in-kind support to these IOM-led operations.

Beginning in November 2013, the Saudi Arabian government began massive deportation of foreign workers, who lacked proper visas or employment papers. The Ethiopian government led the repatriation and closely collaborated with IOM as part of an emergency response to the deportation of 163,000 Ethiopians from Saudi Arabia—many of whom were likely trafficking victims. Ethiopian diplomats worked to identify Ethiopian detainees stuck in 64 Saudi detention camps and various ministries met twice a week in an effort to return the migrants as rapidly as possible because of inhumane conditions within Saudi deportation camps. With a peak of 7,000 returning each day, the government partnered with IOM to provide food, emergency shelter, and medical care, and facilitate the deportees’ return to their home areas. Those requiring overnight stays in Addis Ababa were accommodated in IOM’s transit center and three transit facilities set up by the government; two of these were on government training campuses and one was rented at the government’s expense. The Disaster Risk Management and Food Security Section of the Ministry of Agriculture set up incident command centers at transit centers where representatives from all ministries addressed issues among returnees. The Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Women, Children, and Youth Affairs provided blankets, food, and the approximate equivalent of $12,000 to a local NGO that assisted 87 severely traumatized trafficking victims identified among this population—believed to be only a mere fraction of the total number of victims needing comprehensive counseling and reintegration support among these deportees. Regional governments established committees to provide returnees basic assistance and planned to support their reintegration via the establishment of cooperatives and small businesses. For example, in Addis Ababa, 3,000 returnees received psychological support and 1,743 graduated from technical skills training. While the government contributed the equivalent of approximately $2.5 million towards repatriation costs, it requested reimbursement from IOM via donors for the equivalent of approximately $27,000 worth of food.

Prevention

The government made moderate efforts to prevent human trafficking. It coordinated both regional and national awareness raising campaigns. In 2013, nationally-owned media companies aired a drama series which portrayed the dangers of being trafficked. The Women’s Development Army, a government run program, raised awareness of the dangers of sending children to urban areas alone and of the potential for abuse when illegal brokers facilitate migration. Working-level officials from federal ministries and agencies met weekly as part of the technical working group on trafficking, led by MOLSA. The inter-ministerial taskforce on trafficking met quarterly and was extensively involved in responding to the deportation of Ethiopians from Saudi Arabia.

Officials acknowledged that licensed employment agencies were involved in facilitating both legal and illegal labor migration and, as a result, enacted a temporary ban on the legal emigration of low-skilled laborers in October 2013. The ban is set to remain in place until draft amendments to the employment exchange proclamation are enacted to allow for greater oversight of private employment agencies, to mandate the placement of labor attachés in Ethiopian embassies, and to establish an independent agency to identify and train migrant workers. The government monitored the activities of labor recruitment agencies and closed an unknown number of agencies that were identified as having sent workers into dangerous conditions. Officials acknowledged that the ban may encourage illegal migration; as a result, the EFP mobilized additional resources to monitor Ethiopia’s borders. In February 2014, the EFP intercepted 101 Ethiopians led by an illegal broker at the border with Sudan. In early November 2013, the government sent a delegation of officials to Saudi Arabia to visit various camps where Ethiopians were being held. Due to the poor conditions in the camps and numerous reports of abuse, the Ethiopian government acted to remove all of their citizens swiftly. During the year, a planned government-funded, six-week, pre-departure training for migrant workers was suspended due to lack of funding. Labor migration agreements negotiated in the previous reporting period with Jordan, Kuwait, and Qatar remained in place; the government negotiated new agreements in 2013 with the Governments of Djibouti, Sudan, the UAE, and Kenya. However, these agreements did not explicitly contain provisions to protect workers—such as by outlining mandatory rest periods, including grounds for filing grievances, and prohibiting recruitment fees.

In 2013, the government established the Office of Vital Records to implement a June 2012 law requiring registration of all births nationwide; however, the lack of a uniform national identification card continued to impede implementation of the law and allowed for the continued issuance of district-level identification cards that were subject to fraud. MOLSA’s inspection unit decreased in size during the reporting period from 380 to 291 inspectors as a result of high turnover rates and limited resources. In 2013, the government’s list of Activities Prohibited for Young Workers became law. MOLSA inspectors were not trained to use punitive measures upon identifying labor violations, and expressed concern that such efforts would deter foreign investment. The government provided Ethiopian troops with anti-trafficking training prior to their deployment abroad on international peacekeeping missions, though such training was conducted by a foreign donor.

http://www.state.gov/j/tip/rls/tiprpt/countries/2014/226721.htm#.VKOCop-RPe0.facebook

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Short term effect on the average consumer as oil prices drop. (Theoretical approach) December 28, 2014

Posted by OromianEconomist in Economics, Uncategorized.
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Most economists agree that Oil is considered to be a normal good, by normal we mean that as your income goes up you would buy more of that good, that is a basic definition. As oil prices fall you would expect that oil consumption would increase, however in the short-run that is not the case. Oil in fact is inelastic in the short run, inelastic means that its consumption is not sensitive to price. Companies still need to operate at the same rate to satisfy their operations and people still need to drive to get to work. It takes time for markets to adjust and people to change their way of living. The long run is a different topic by itself and is out of the scope of this post. You are not going to buy a 8 cylinder pick up after you hear oil fell this month are you?

We can then agree that oil consumption would not change in the short run. Now we can check the graph that I have made to illustrate a theoretical approach of what consumers are going through at this point of time.

The Irrational Observer

Most economists agree that Oil is considered to be a normal good, by normal we mean that as your income goes up you would buy more of that good, that is a basic definition. As  oil prices fall you would expect that oil consumption would increase, however in the short-run that is not the case. Oil in fact is inelastic in the short run, inelastic means that its consumption is not sensitive to price. Companies still need to operate at the same rate to satisfy their operations and people still need to drive to get to work. It takes time for markets to adjust and people to change their way of living. The long run is a different topic by itself and is out of the scope of this post. You are not going to buy a 8 cylinder pick up after you hear oil fell this month are you?

We can…

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Oromia: Untwist the Twisted History December 28, 2014

Posted by OromianEconomist in Africa, Development, Gadaa System, Humanity and Social Civilization, Ideas, Language and Development, Oromia, Oromo, Oromo Identity, Oromo Nation, Oromo Social System, Qubee Afaan Oromo, Sirna Gadaa, The Oromo Governance System, The Oromo Library, Theory of Development, Wisdom.
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Sof Omer Bale

Sof  Umar Wall, Bale Oromia (Ancient and magnificent past and present)

 

Oromo women necklaces1

Oromo women necklaces2

Parts of ancient kemetic (Kushitic), Egyptian, material culture (fashion accessories), courtesy of British Museum sources

Traditionally, Oromo women wear necklaces with telsum amulets, triangular and crescent shaped pendants protect from the evil eye and attract the power of the moon or to improve fertility.

PhotoPhoto

Farming in past and present Oromo (Oromia, modern kemet)Farming in ancient kemetic (Ancient Egypt)

Oromia: The continuity of farming in Oromo society from ancient Kemetic (Kushitic) to present Oromia

Ancient Oromo culture, Irreechaa from the time before the  Pyramid

 

As some indeed suspect, that the science which we see at the dawn of recorded history, was not science at its dawn, but represents the remnants of the science of some great and as yet untraced civilisation. Where, however, is the seat of that civilisation to be located? (J. W. S. Sewell, 1942)

Conquest and dominations are social phenomenon as are dying elsewhere will die in Oromia (Author’s Remark).

 

JEL: O5, D2

Oromia: Untwist the Twisted History

The topic is about Oromia’s location   in space and allocation in humanity and society.  It is concerned with Oromia’s physical position in terms of geography and relational to issues of economic conditions, social justices, cultural values, political history and destiny. Civilisation, Colonisation and Underdevelopment are presented in historical and geo-political perspectives.  They capture both the space and time perceptions. They are also representing the economic and social conditions and positions. The portrayal we procure the present of the Oromo nation, the core of the Cush (Cushite/ Kemet)/Ham (Hamite), the children of Noah, in North & East Africa in past age from the phantom of the Solomonic dynasty, the history thought in Abyssinian high schools, their text books and elsewhere in the invaders’ literature, abusive literary and oral discourses is that they   were savages and that, though Abyssinians and Europeans overrun their lands and have made mere subjects of them, they have been in a way, bestowing  a great  favour on them, since they have  brought  to them the benisons of Christian Enlightenment. With objective analysis, however, this paper obliterates and unmakes that inaccurate illustration, wanton falsifications, immorality, intellectual swindle, sham, mischievous tales, the bent and the parable of human reductionism. Hence, it is the step to delineate an authentic portrait of a human heritage, which is infinitely rich, beautiful, colourful, and varied in the retrograde of orthodox misconceptions.  The paper is not only a disinclination itself but also a call for and a provocation of the new generation of historians to critically scrutinise and reinvestigate the orthodox approaches to the Oromo history and then to expose a large number of abusive scholarship authorities on the Oromo and Cushitic studies and it detects that they do not really know the intensity and profoundness of the history of these black African people and nations and the performance these Africans registered in the process of creating, making and shaping  the prime civilisations of  human societies. The study acknowledges and advances a strict contest to an orthodox scholarship’s rendition of Egypt as a white civilisation, which arose during the nineteenth century to fortify and intensify European imperialism and racism. Depending on massive evidences from concerned intellectual works from linguistic to archaeology, from history to philosophy, the study authenticates that   Egypt was a Cushitic civilisation and that Cushite civilisation was the authentic offspring of the splendid Upper Nile/ Oromian legacy. The Greek civilisation, which has been long unveiled as the birthplace of Western philosophy and thought, owes its roots to the Cushites thoughts and achievements.  The original works of Asfaw Beyene (1992) and F. Demie (in Oromia Quarterly, 1998 & 2000) are giving motivations and also greatly acknowledged. The study also expresses that radical thinkers and multi-genius African historians such as Diop (1991) have not given due attention to the epic centre of Cushitic civilisation, Oromia, the land after and Eastern and South Eastern to Nubia, pre-Aksum central Cush, Aksumite Cush and Cushites civilisation southern to Aksum, etc. The method of enquiry is qualitative and the eclectics of formal and the informal sources, rigorous, casual and careful scholarship argument. Oral history and written documents on history, economy, sociology, archaeology, geography, cosmology and anthropology are based on as references. The paper studies the Oromo history and civilisation in horizontal approach and challenges the reductionist and Ethiopianist (colonialist, racist) vertical approach (topsy-turvy, cookkoo). It goes beyond the Oromo Oral sources (burqaa mit-katabbii) and Africanist recorded studies and western civilisational studies. The approach is to magnify, illuminate and clarify the originality of humanity and civilisation to this magnificent Cushitic (African) beauty. The Origin of Humanity When and where did human life first surface on our cosmos? Who contrived the original and prime human culture and civilisation? Ancient Egyptians contended that it was in their homeland, the oldest in the world, the God modelled the first of all human beings out of a handful of ooze soddened by the vivacity of the life giving sanctified and blessed water, the Nile  (see, Jackson, 1995). “The ancient Egyptians called the river Ar or Aur (Coptic: Iaro), “Black,” in allusion to the colour of the sediments carried by the river when it is in flood. Nile mud is black enough to have given the land itself its oldest name, Kem or Kemi, which also means “black” and signifies darkness. In The Odyssey, the epic poem written by the Greek poet Homer (7th century bce), Aigyptos is the name of the Nile (masculine) as well as the country of Egypt (feminine) through which it flows. The Nile in Egypt and Sudan is now called Al-Nīl, Al-Baḥr, and Baḥr Al-Nīl or Nahr Al-Nīl.”http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/415347/Nile-River Ar or Aur (Coptic: Iaro)  is Booruu in modern Afaan Oromo which means turbid in English translations. Lagdi Nayili jedhamee amma waamamu maqaan kun kan akkanatti moggaasameefi, bowwaa jechuudha. Warri kushii, warri biyyaa, waarri durii laga isaanii Aur (Ooruu) jedhanii waamu. Afaan Oromoo amma uni dubbannuutti booruu jechuudha. Booruu (turbid) jechuuni gurri’aacha (Kami) jechuu miti. Booruu (Ooruu, Aur) jechuun kan taliila hin taane kan hin calaliini jechuudha. Dameen laga kanaa kan Moromor (dhidheessa) irraa maddu galaana biroo itti burqan dabalatee biyyoo loolan haramaniin waan booraweef. kaartumitti yoo damee isa (isa taliila) garba Viktooriyaati karaa Ugaanda dhufutti makamu kanasi booressee misiriitti godaana. Dameen Garba Viktooriyaati dhufu iyyuu adii (white) jedhamee mogga’uuni irra hin turre. Bishaani adiini hin jiru. Bishaani hin boora’iini bishaan taliila. Bishaani taliilatu bishaan guri’aacha. Inni ‘Blue’ jedhanisi ‘Blue’ mitti. Bishaan taliilatu, gurri’aacha ‘Blue’ dha. ‘Blue Nile’ jechuu irra ‘Brown’ Nile (Mormor Booruu, Ar, Aur) yoo jedhani ille itti dhiyaata.

The word (Africa) Afrika itself  derived from kemetic (Oromo) language. In Oromo, one of the ancient black people (kemet), Afur means four. Ka (Qa, Waqa) means god. Afrika Means the four children of god. It describes the four sub groups of kemet people. Such type of naming system is very common in Oromo even today  such as Afran Qallo, Shanan Gibee, Salgan Boorana, Macca Shan, Jimma Afur, Sadan Soddoo, etc. For other theories in this topic please refer to   http://atlantablackstar.com/2014/09/23/9-theories-africa-got-name/

One of the oldest Cushites histories to account for the origin and early development of man and his culture survives in a Greek version of the thesis advanced by the ancient Cushites, Oromians and the rest. This marvellous people paraded in golden times in the region called Kush (Punt) in the Hebrew Scriptures and stamped on the present-day upper Nile Oromia (see, Jackson, 1995). Diodorus Siculus, wrote that the Cushites were of the opinion that their country was not only the birthplace of human race and the cradle land of the world’s earliest civilisation, but, indeed, the primal Eden where living things first appeared on Earth, as reported by the Scriptures. Thus, Diodorus was the first European to focus attention on the Cushites asseveration that Upper Nile (Oromia) is the cradle land of world’s earliest civilisation, the original Eden of the human race. Whether by almighty (God) or nature/ evolution (Darwin’s natural selection and survival of the fittest), Oromia was not only the birth place of man himself (e.g., Lucy) but also for many hundred years thereafter is in the vanguard of all world progress (see Diop, 1991 in his African Civilisation; Martin Bernal, 1987). These are also authenticated by the present archaeological inferences in Oromo tropical fields and rivers valleys. The original natives of Egypt, both in old and in the latter ages of development, were Cushite and there is every raison d’être for the discourse that the earliest settlers came from upper Nile Oromia. The original homeland of the Oromians and other Cushites including Chadic, Berber, Egyptian, Beja, Central Cushitic, East Cushitic, South Cushitic, Omotic and Nilotic was the present day upper Nile Oromia. It was from the original Oromo (Madda Walaabu) that the rest of humanity descended diffused to other parts of the world.  This can be understood in the analogue of the diffusion of two Oromo families (Borana and Barentuma). While those who expanded to other regions latter taken new family names like Macha, Tulama, Karayyu, etc and those who stayed in original place kept the original name such as Borana. In terms of linguistic, like most scholars, we believe that it is impossible to judge between the theories of monogenesis and polygenesis for human, though the inclination is towards the former.  On the other hand, recent work by a small but increasing number of scholars has convinced us that there is a genetic relationship between European, Asian, and African and Cushite languages. A language family originates from a single dialect, proto Cushitic/ Oromo. From such language and culture that must have broken up into Africa, Asiatic, and European and within them a very long time a go. Professor Bernal (1987, in Black Athena, p. 11) confirmed that the unchallenged originality of Oromians and other Cushites nativity to the region and put forward that the latest possibility for initial language break up would be the Mousterian period, 50- 30,000 years Before the Present (BP), however, it may well have much earlier. He further observed that the expansion and proliferation of Cushitic and other Afroasiatic as the promulgation of a culture long pioneered in the East African Rift valley (South Eastern Oromian) at the end of the last Ice Age in the 10th and 9th millennia BC. According to Bernal (1987, p.11) the polar ice caps caged the water within itself, which was during the Ice ages, thus water was significantly less than it is nowadays. He reports that the Sahara and Arabian deserts were even bigger and more inhospitable then than they are presently. In the centuries that ensued, with the rise of heat and increase in the rainfall, greatly the regions became savannah, into which adjoining peoples voyaged. The most successful of these were, the speakers of Proto-Afroasiatic from upper Nile Oromia.  Bernal further confirmed that these people not only possessed flourishing and effective   skills and techniques of hippopotamus hunting with harpoons but also had domesticated cattle and food crops. The following is quoted from Black Athena: ‘Going through the savannah, the Chadic speakers renched lake Chad, the Berbers, the Maghreb, and the Proto-Egyptians, upper Egypt…. With long-term desiccation of the Sahara during the 7th and 6th millennia BC, there were movements into the Egyptian Nile Valley from the west and east as well as from the Sudan. … A similar migration took place from the Arabian savannah into lower Mesopotamia ‘(Bernal, pp.11-12).

The Origin of Civilisation

There are many things in the manners and   customs and religions of the historic Egyptians that suggest that the original home of their human ancestors was in the Upper Nile region and the biblical land of Punt/ Kush (Cush) Or Oromia which include the present day of Cushitic North and East of Africa. Hence, historical records showed that the antiquity of   upper Nile Cushitic Oromian civilisation had a direct link with the civilisation of ancient Egypt, Babylonian and Greece. Hence, the Egyptian and Babylonian civilisations are part and parcel of the entire Cushite civilisation. As it is described above, there is wide understanding that Cushites = Egyptians + Babylon + Oromo+ Agau + Somalis + Afars + Sidama + Neolithic Cush + other Cush. There is also an understanding that all the Cushites are branched out (descended) from their original father Oromo which can be described as Oromo = Noah=Ham= Cush= Egyptian + Bablyon+ Agau + Somali + Afar + Sidama + Neolithic Cush + other Cush. Boran and Barentuma, the two senior children and brothers were not the only children of the Oromo. Sidama, Somali, Agau, Afar and the others were children of the big family. Wolayita and the Nilotics were among the extended family and generations of the Cushite. As a hydro-tower of Africa, the present Oromia is naturally gifted and the source of Great African rivers and hosts the bank and valleys of the greatest and oldest civilisations such as Nile (Abbaya), Baro (Sobat), Gibe, Wabe, Dhidhesa, Ganale, Wabi-shebele, Omo, and Awash among others. Oromian tropical land, equatorial forest and Savannah have been the most hospitable ecology on the earth and conducive environment to life and all forms of human economic and social practices. According to Clarke (1995), many of the leading antiquarians of the time, based largely on the strength of what the classical authors, particularly Diodorus Siculus and Stephanus of Nabatea (Byzantium after Roman colonisation and Christianisation), had to say on the matter, were exponents of the vista that the Cushite, the ancient race in Africa, the Near East and the Middle East, or at any rate, the black people of remote antiquity were the earliest of all civilised peoples and that the first civilised inhabitants of ancient Egypt were members of what is referred to as  the black,  Cushite race who had  entered the land as they expanded in  their geographical space from the their birthplace in upper Nile Oromia, the surrounding Cushite river valleys and tropical fields. It was among these ancient people of Africa and Asia that classical technology advanced, old world science and cosmology originated, international trade and commerce was first developed, which was the by-product of   international contacts, exchange of ideas and cultural practices that laid the foundations of the prime civilisations of the ancient world. Cushite  Africa and also of the Middle East and West Asia was the key and most responsible to ancient civilisations and African history. It must also be known that there were no such geographical names, demarcations and continental classification at that time.  As a whole, Cushite occupied this region; there was the kernel and the centre of the globe, the planet earth, and the universe. African history is out of stratum until ancient Cushites looked up on as a distinct African/ Asian nations.  The Nile river, it tributes, Awash, Baro and Shebele or Juba, etc., played a major role in the relationship of Cushite to the nations in North, South and East Africa. The outer land Savannah, Nile, other Oromian rivers with it Adenian ecology were great cultural highways on which elements of civilisation came into and out of inner North East Africa. After expansions, there was also an offshoot, a graft, differentiation, branching out, internal separation, semi-independence and again interactions, interdependence and co-existence of the common folks.  Cushites from the original home made their relationships with the people of their descendants in the South, the North, East and the West, which was as both good, and bad, depending on the period and the regime in power they formed and put in place in the autonomous regions. Cushite Egypt first became an organised autonomous nation in about 6000 B.C. In the Third Dynasty (5345-5307 B.C.) when Egypt had an earnest pharaoh named Zoser and Zoser, in turn, had for his chief counsellor and minister, an effulgent grand named Imhotep (whose name means ‘he who cometh in peace”). Imhotep constructed the famous step pyramid of Sakkarah near Memphis. The building techniques used in the facilitation of this pyramid revolutionised the architecture of the ancient world (Clarke, 1995). Of course, Independent Egypt was not the original home of these ancient technology. However, it was an extension, expansion, advancement and the technological cycle of the Upper Nile Oromia, Nubia, Beja, Agau and other Cushites.  Ideas, systems, technologies and products were invented, tested and proved in upper Nile then expanded and adopted elsewhere in the entire Cush regions and beyond. . Bernal (1987, pp. 14-15) has identified strict cultural and linguistic similarities among all the people around   the Mediterranean. He further attests that it was south of the Mediterranean and west to the Red Sea’s classical civilisation that give way to the respective north and east. Cushite African agriculture of the upper Nile expanded in the 9th and 8th century millennia BC and pioneering the 8th and 7th of the Indo-Hittite. Egyptian civilisation is Cushite and is clearly based on the rich pre-dynastic cultures of Upper Egypt, Nubia and upper Nile, whose Cushite African and Oromian origin is uncontested and obvious. Of course, Cushite Egypt gave the world some of the greatest personalities in the history of mankind. In this regard, Imhotep was extraordinary discernible. In ancient history of Egypt, no individual left a downright and deeper indentation than Imhotep. He was possibly the world’s first mult-genuis.  He was the real originator of new medicine at the time.  He revolutionised an architect of the stone building, after which the Pyramids were modelled. He became a deity and later a universal God of Medicine, whose images charmed the Temple of Imhotep, humanity’s earliest hospital. To it came sufferers from the entire world for prayer, peace, and restorative. Imhotep lived and established his eminence as a curative at the court of King Zoser of the Third Dynasty about 5345-5307 B.C. (Duncan, 1932). When the Cushite civilisation through Egypt afar crossed the Mediterranean to become the foundation of what we think of as Greek culture, the teachings of Imhotep were absorbed along with the axioms of other great Cushite African teachers.  When Greek civilisation became consequential in the Mediterranean area, the Greeks coveted the world to ponder they were the originators of everything in its totality. They terminated to acknowledge   their liability to Imhotep and other great Cushites. Imhotep was forgotten for thousands of years, and Hippocrates, a mythical posture of two thousand years latter, became known as the father of medicine. Regarding to Imhotep’s influence in Rome, Gerald Massey, noted poet, archaeologist, and philologist, says that the early Christians cherished him as one with Christ (Massey, 1907). It should be understood that, while the achievements of Cushite Egypt were one of the best, these are not the only achievements that Cushite Africans can claim. The Nubians, upper Nile, central and eastern Cushites (the Oromo, Agau, Somalia, Afar, etc) were continue to develop many aspects of civilisation independent of Cushite Egyptian interactions.  These nations and states gave as much to Egypt as Egypt give to them in terms of trade, ideas and technology as well. There was also a considerable Cushite dominion on what later became Europe in the period preceding Christian era. Cushites played a major role in formative development of both Christianity and Islam. Both the Holly Bible and the Holly Quran moral texts are originated from the Oromo and other Cushite oral and moral principles, beliefs, creeds and teachings. There is a common believe and understanding that Abraham, a seminal prophet, believer and recipient of a single and eternal God was from Central Cush of present Upper Nile Oromia.  The Oromos believed in a single and eternal God, Black God (Waaqa Guri’acha) also Blue God according to some scholars who translated the oral history.  Waaqa also Ka. While the Oromian faith, social structure and policies were the prime and the origins of all, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam were all the derivatives and originated from the Black God. Waaqayyoo in Oromo is the original, the single, the omnipotent, the prime and the greatest of all the great religions. All aspects of the present day Christian churches were developed in Cushites. One of the more notable of Cushite contributions to the early church was monasticism. Monasticism, in essence, is organised life in common, especially for religious purposes. The home of a monastic society is called a monastery or a convent.  Christian monasticism probably began with the hermits of Cushite Egypt and Palestine about the time when Christianity was established as a licit religion (Clarke, 1995). Oral tradition and Arabian records confirm that Bilal, a tall, gaunt, black, bushy-haired, Oromo, was the first High Priest and treasurer of the Mohammedan empire.  After Mohamet himself, the great religion, which today numbers upwards of half a billion souls, may be said to have began with Bilal.  He was honoured to be the Prophet’s first neophyte. Bilal was one of the many Cushites who concurred in the founding of Islam and later made proud names for themselves in the Islamic nations and expansions. Europe was sluggishing in her Dark Ages at a time when Cushite Africa and Asia were relishing a Golden Age.  In this non-European world of Africa and Asian, Cushites built and enjoyed an age of advancement in technology before a period of internal withdrawal and isolation that favoured the Europeans to move a head of them. For more than a thousand years the Cushites were in the ‘Age of Grandeur’ but the second rise of Europe, internal strife, slave trade and colonialism brought the age of catastrophic tragedy, abase and declivity. The early Cushites made spears to hunt with, stone knives to cut with, the bola, with which to catch birds and animals, the blow-gun, the hammer, the stone axe, canoes and paddles, bags and buckets, poles for carrying things, bows and arrows. The bola, stone knives, paddles, spears, harpoons, bows and arrows, bow-guns, the hammer and the axe- all of them invented first by Cushites – were the start of man’s use of power. The present’s cannon, long-range missiles, ship propellers, automatic hammers, gas engines, and even meat cleavers and upholstery tack hammers have the roots of their development in the early Cushite use of (Clarke, 1995). Cushite offered humans the earliest machine. It was the fire stick. With it, man could have fire any time.  With it, a campfire could be set up almost any place.  With it, the early Africans could roast food. Every time we light a match, every time we take a bath in water heated by gas, every time we cook a meal in a gas-heated oven, our use of fire simply continues a process started by early Cushites: the control of fire. Of course, those early Cushite was the first to invent how to make a thatched hut. They had to be the first because for hundreds of thousand of years they were the only people on earth. They discovered coarse basket making and weaving and how to make a watertight pot of clay hardened in a fire. In the cold weather, they found that the skins of   beasts they had killed would keep them warm. They even skin covers for their feet. It was from their first effort much later clothing and shoes developed.  Humanity owes the early Cushites much and even much more (Clarke, 1995). The Cushites dociled animals.  They used digging sticks to obtain plant roots that could be consumed. They discovered grain as a food, how to store it and prepare it.  They learnt about the fermentation of certain foods and liquids left in containers. Thus, all mankind owes to Cushites including the dog that gives companionship and protection, the cereals we eat at break-fast-time, the fermented liquids that many people drink, the woven articles of clothing we wear and the blankets that keep us warm at night, the pottery in which we bake or boil food, and even the very process  (now so simple) of boiling water- a process we use every time we boil an egg, or make spaghetti, or cook corned beef. Canoes made it possible for man to travel further and farther from his early home. Over many centuries, canoes went down Baro, the Nile and the Congo and up many smaller rivers and streams. It was in this pattern that the early   Cushite civilisation was advanced. From the blowgun of antiquated Cushite, there come next, in later ages, many gadget based on its standard. Some of these are: the bellows, bamboo air pumps, the rifle, the pistol, the revolver, the automatic, the machine gun- and even those industrial guns that puff grains.  Modern Scientists certain that by about 3000 B.C., the Cushite farmers in the Nile Valley were growing wheat and barely, cultivating millet, sorghum, and yams.  Around 1500 B.C.  new crops farming were developed: – banana, sugar cane, and coconut trees and later coffee.   The cultivation of bananas and coffees in particular spread rapidly which are suited to tropical forest conditions. Cushites had also domesticated pigs, donkeys, horses, chickens, ducks, and geese, etc.  (Greenblatt, 1992). The agricultural revolution brought about a gradual increase in population. Then another development helped expand population still more. The technique of smelting iron innovated by Cushites. Iron working start and then advanced in the Nile valley and then started to spread to other parts of Africa and from who, by way of Egypt and Asian Minor, this art made its way into Europe and the rest of Old World. Iron greatly improved the efficiency of tools and weapons. Iron tools and weapons are much stronger and last longer than those made of stone or wood. Iron axes made it easier to chop tropical trees and clear land for farming. Iron sickles made harvest easier. Iron hoes and other farm tools helped farmers cultivate land more easily. Iron-tipped spears meant more meat. The new technologies boosted the Cushite economy; they increased food production that enabled more people to survive. In addition, iron objects became valuable items in Cushite trade and commercial activities. With his simple bellows and a charcoal fire the Cushite blacksmith reduced the ore that is found in many parts of the region and forged implements of great usefulness and beauty. In general, the Iron technology was instrumental in auguring the rise and expansion of Cushite civilisation (Greenblatt, 1992). Cushite hunters many times cut up game.  There still exists for evidences, drawings of animal bones, hearts and other organs. Those early drawings as a part of man’s early beginnings in the field of Anatomy. The family, the clan, the tribe, the nation, the kingdom, the state, humanity and charity all developed first in this region of the cradle of mankind. The family relationships, which we have today, were fully developed and understood then.  The clan and the tribe gave group unity and strength. The nation, the common whole was first developed here. It was by this people that early religious life, beliefs, and the belief in one God, the almighty started and expanded. The first formal education of arts, science, astronomy, times and numbers (mathematics) were visual, oral and spoken tradition given in the family, during social and religious ceremonies. Parents, Medicine men, religious leaders, etc were the education heads.  Ceremonial Cushite ritual dances laid the basis for many later forms of the dance. Music existed in early Cushite Among instruments used were: reed pipes, single-stringed instruments, drum, goured rattles, blocks of wood and hollow logs. Many very good Cushite artists brought paintings and sculpture into the common culture.  The early Cushites made a careful study of animal life and plant life.  From knowledge of animals, mankind was able to take a long step forward to cattle rising. From the knowledge of plants and how they propagate, it was possible to take a still longer step forward to agriculture. Today, science has ways of dating events of long a go. The new methods indicate that mankind has lived in Cushite Africa over two million years. In that long, long time, Cushites and people of their descent settled in other parts of Africa and the rest. Direct descents of early Cushites went Asia Minor, Arabia, India, China, Japan and East Indies. Cushites and people of Cushite descents went to Turkey, Palestine, Greece and other countries in Europe. From Gibraltar, they went into Spain, Portugal, France, England, Wales and Ireland (Clarke, 1995). Considering this information, the pre-Colombian presence of Cushite African mariners and merchants in the New World is highly conceivable and somewhat sounds. In this context, the first Africans to be brought to the New World were not in servitude and slavery, which contrary to popular creed. Tormenting references in the Spanish chronicles and other growing body of historical studies advocate that Cushites were the founders, the pioneers and first permanent settlers of   America. Commanding authentication as in Bennett (1993, p. 85) cited by Leo Veiner in his work Africa and the discovery of America suggests that African traders founded Mexico long before Columbus. Hence, the Africans influences were extended from Canada in the North to the Maya, Aztec, and Inca civilisation in the South America. The Cushite civilisation is therefore the basis of Indian civilisation. Unlike the western Sudan and in Egypt, the people and nations of upper Nile had lost written records of their ancient times and medieval history. These were destroyed and burned during war of conquests. The early travellers to these areas are also mostly not yet known. Notable kingdoms, republics and states did rise in this part of Africa and did achieve a high degree of civilisation of their time.  Scholarly undertakings show that Cushite Africans such as Oromos were the first in human history to invent and implement democratic institutions (e.g. Gada system  or Gadaa system), democratic forms of government, elections and unwritten constitution. Democracy was first invented in upper Nile Oromia then to Athens, Greek and to the rest. It was not the other way round. Gada, an accomplishment of Oromian social genius in socio-political organisation is one of the most complex, the world wonder   and by far superior to so far other humanity’s social and political imagination and civilisation. Gada in its vector of values constitutes, political institution, the power structure, governing constitution, the ideology, the religion, the moral authority, the economic and the whole way of life of the public, the collective, the social and the private individual.  Gada is the social civilization of the Oromo in the Nile civilization. Gada is an atonishing and complex social evolution in human social transformation and an Oromo social perfection. In old Egyptian (Cushite, oromo) dialect it means Ka Adaa. Ka means God. Adaa (law). It means the law of  God, the law of  waaqa (God). It also symbolizes the dawn of not only civilization  but also human freedom as civilazation. ‘Gadaa bilisummaa saaqaa.’ Orthodox historians and some archaeologists believe that the civilisation of Egypt is the oldest in the world, while others give that priority to western Asia or India.  It has also been suggested that, since all these cultures possess certain points of similarity, all of them may evolve from an older common civilisation. Men of eminent scholarship have acknowledged this possibility. In this regard, Sir E.A. Wallis Budge  (1934) indicated: “It would be wrong to say that the Egyptians borrowed from the Sumerians or Sumerians from Egyptians, but it may be submitted that the literati of both peoples borrowed their theological systems from common but exceedingly ancient source… This similarity between the two companies of gods is too close to being accidental.” A pioneer American Egyptologist, Breasted (1936) advanced the following views: “In both Babylonian and Egypt the convenient and basic number  (360), of fundamental importance in the division of the circle, and therefore in geography, astronomy and time-measurement, had its origin in the number of days in the year in the earliest known form of the calendar. While its use seems to be older in Egypt than in Babylonian, there is no way to determine with certainty that we owe it exclusively to either of these two countries.  A common origin older than either of is possible.” Sewell (1942) said that the science, which we see at the dawn of recorded history, was not science at its dawn, but represents the remnants of the science of some great and as yet untraced civilisation. Where, however, is the seat of that civilisation to be located?” A number of scholars, both ancient and modern, have come to the conclusion that the world’s first civilisation was created by the people known as Cushite (Oromian) and also known by Greeks as Punt (Burnt Faces). The Greeks argued that these people developed their dark colouration since they were adjacent to the sun than were the fairer natives of Europe. In terms of the sources of well-informed modern authority, Herodotus describes the Cushites as in Lugard (1964) as: “ The tallest, most beautiful and long-lived of the human races,’ and before Herodotus, Homer, in even more flattering language, described them as  ‘ the most just of men; the favourites of gods.’ The annals of all the great early nations of Asia Minor are full of them. The Mosaic records allude to them frequently; but while they are described as the most powerful, the most just, and the most beautiful of the human race, they are constantly spoken of as black, and there seems to be no other conclusion to be drawn, than that remote period of history the leading race of the western world was the black race.” Alexander Bulatovich (2000, p.53) of Russia in his 1896-1898 travels in Oromia described the Oromo, which is akin to Herodotus’s description as fallows: “The [Oromo] physical type is very beautiful. The men are very tall, with statuesque, lean, with oblong face and a somewhat flattened skull. The features of the face are regular and beautiful…. The mouth is moderate. The lips are not thick. They have excellent even teeth; large and in some cases oblong eyes and curly hair. Their arm bones are of moderate length, shorter than the bones of Europeans, but longer than among the Amhara tribes. The feet are moderate and not turned in. The women are shorter than the men and very beautifully built. In general, they are stouter than the men, and not as lean as they. Among them one sometimes encounters very beautiful women. And their beauty does not fade as among the Abyssinians. The skin color of both men and women ranges from dark to light brown. I did not see any completely black [Oromo].” According to Homer and Herodotus, the Cushites were inhabited in the Sudan, Egypt, Arabia, Palestine, present Ethiopia, Western Asia and India. In his essay of historical analysis of ancient East Africa and ancient Middle East, roughly in the years between 500BC and 500AD. Jesse Benjamin (2001), brought to our attention that  the importance of research focus on global formations, multi- and bi-directional and cultural relations, geopolitical  associations, archaeology, linguistics, sociology, cosmology, production, commerce and consumption patterns of these regions.  Benjamin (2001) indicates that historiographers have acknowledged and documented that the adored spices, cinnamon (qarafaa in modern Afaan  Oromo)  and cassia of the Mediterranean sphere produced and come from ‘Cinnamon land.’ The latter is also known in different names as  ‘ The other Barbaria,’ ‘Trogodytica,’ Cush, Kush,  Upper Nile. or ‘Punt’ but persistently representing the whole environs identified nowadays as the ‘Horn of African’ or that part of Oromia. These show the presence of production, consumption and commercial interactions in the regions. In line with Miller (1969),  Wilding (1988), Benjamin (2001) included the Oromian pastoralism, pottery, cosmology and culture in the antiquity and old world civilisation. The identification of the Cushite Oromian civilisation with the present Abyssinia Amhara-Tigre under the name of Ethiopia made by the post civilisation Abyssinian priests translators of the Abyssinian version of the Bible in the 5th and 6th century or some other time, has been a cheating and misrepresentation of true human history.  Those Abyssinians who were stealing the history were relatively recent migrant (conquerors) of the region. They occupied the present day Northern Ethiopia (central Cushitic of Agau and Oromo) long after the first human civilisation already originated and advanced in the area and spread to the rest of the world including to Arabia and Mediterranean Europe. The native residents of the region are the Cushite African people (Oromo, Agau, Somali, Sidama, Afar, Beja, Saho, etc). Ethiopian Jews (Falashas) are also Cushite Oromo and Agau who accepted Jews religion. Abyssinian tribes have fabricated their own myth and false history to claim legitimacy to the region and then established a regime truth through continuos fable story, phantom, indoctrination and falsification of the real Cushite history.  Semitic immigrants did not found Aksum but the Abyssinians resettled among the Cushites cities and commercial centres in which Aksum was one and latter dominated the ruling power in this very centre of the civilisation of the central Cush. Ge’ez was invented as a language of the centre and latter used as the official language of the church and the colonising Abyssinian ruling class. Ge’ez was initially developed from the mixture of Cushitic and Greek elements that was facilitated by the Cushite trade links to the Greek world. There was also Greek resettlement in Aksum and the surrounding central Cush commercial towns with primary contacts with endogenous Cushite. The earlier rulers of Aksum and Christian converts including Ezana were Cushites.  Though Ezana was the first convert from the above (the ruling class) to Christianity, he did not give up his belief in one God (Waqa) (Cushite/ black God). He was also not the first Cushite to be a Christian. In their linkages with a wider world, it is also highly likely and very logical and possible that there were Christians among the civilian Cushite trading communities who had already disseminated their new faith, as so many Oromo merchants were to do latter in the expansion of Islam. The splendid Stella, towers of solid masonry, with non-functional doors and windows at Aksum was not the earliest materialisation but it was the continuity in the manifestation of major indigenous Cushite tradition of monumental architecture in stone, which also later found expression in the rock-hewn churches of the Cushite Agau kings (see also Isichei, 1997 for some of the opinions). Abyssinians were the rulers. They were not the engineers and the builders of the stone monuments. It was the original product and brainchild of Cushite technologist. Of course, their advancement was thwarted with the unfortunate coming of the Abyssinians. Almost all of the original studies of the origin of Cushite civilisation could not penetrate far deep into regions south east to Nubia (Mereo) and could not dig out the other side of the twin, the close link and vast primary sources in present day Oromia. Though the British Museum has collected vast sources on Nubian, it has not kept on or linked any to the sister and more or less identical to the civilisation of the Oromo. For me, as native Oromo with knowledge of oral history and culture, as I observed the Nubian collection in British Museum, what they say Nubian collection is almost identical to Oromia, but in a less variety and quantity.  I can say that Nubian and other Cushite civilisations were extensions (grafts) of the vast products of Oromo. I may also be enthused to the inference that the people whose manners and customs have been so thoroughly capitulated by Herodotus, Diodorus, Strabo Pliny and other were not Abyssinians and other Black people at all, but the natives of Upper Nile, Oromos, Agau, Somalis, Afar and the rest of Cushitic people of the present Horn of Africa. Sir Henry Rawlinson in his essay on the early History of Babylonian describes Oromos as the purest modern specimens of the Kushite. Thus, Oromo is Kush and Kush is Oromo. Seignobos (1910), in his scholarly works on the history of Ancient Civilisation reasoned that the first civilised natives of the Nile and Tigiris-Euphrates Valleys were a dark skinned people with short hair and prominent lips, they were called Cushites by some scholars and Hamites by others.  So Cushite (Hamite) is generally recognised as the original home of human civilisation and culture both beyond and across the Red Sea. They are the original source of both the African and Asiatic (Cushitic Arabian) civilisation. Higgins in 1965 scholarly undertaking discusses: “I shall, in the course of this work, produce a number of   extraordinary facts, which will be quite sufficient to prove, that a black race, in a very   early times, had more influence   of the affairs of the world than has been lately suspected; and I think I shall show, by some very striking circumstances yet existing, that the effects of this influence have not entirely passed away.” Baldwin in his 1869 study of Arab history expressed in his own words the following: “At the present time Arabia is inhabited by two distinct races, namely descendants of the old Adite, Kushite, …known under various appellations, and dwelling chiefly at the south, the east, and in the central parts of the country, but formerly supreme throughout the whole peninsula, and the Semitic Arabians- Mahomete’s race- found chiefly in the Hejaz and at the north. In some districts of the country these races are more or less mixed, and since the rise of Mahometanism the language of Semites, known as to us Arabic, has almost wholly suppressed the old  … Kushite tongue; but the two races are very unlike in many respects, and the distinction has always been recognised by writers on Arabian ethnology. To the Kushite race belongs the purest Arabian blood, and also that great and very ancient civilisation whose ruins abound in almost every district of the country.” Poole (in Haddon, 1934) says, “Assyrians themselves are shown to have been of a very pure type of Semites, but in the Babylonians there is a sign of Kushite blood.  … There is one portrait of an Elmite king on a vase found at Susa; he is painted black and thus belongs to the Kushite race.” The myths, legends, and traditions of the Sumerians point to the African Cushite as the original home of these people (see. Perry, 1923, pp. 60-61).  They were also the makers of the first great civilisation in the Indus valley. Hincks, Oppert, unearthed the first Sumerian remains and Rawlinson called these people Kushites. Rawlinson in his essay on the early history of Babylonian presents that without pretending to trace up these early Babylonians to their original ethnic sources, there are certainly strong reasons for supposing them to have passed from Cushite Africa to the valley of the Euphrates shortly before the opening of the historic period:  He is based on the following strong points: The system of writing, which they brought up with them, has the closest semblance with that of Egypt; in many cases in deed the two alphabets are absolutely identical. In the Biblical genealogies, while Kush and Mizrain  (Egypt) are brothers, from Kush Nimrod (Babylonian) sprang. With respect to the language of ancient Babylonians, the vocabulary is absolutely Kushite, belonging to that stock of tongues, which in postscript were everywhere more or less, mixed up with Semitic languages, but of which we have with doubtless the purest existing specimens in the Mahra of Southern Arabia and the Oromo.

kemetic alphabet (Qubee)

qubee durii fi ammaa

The Greek alphabet, the script of English today, is based on the Kemetic alphabet of Ancient Egypt/Kemet and the Upper Nile Valley of Ancient Africa. Ancient Egyptians called their words MDW NTR, or ‘Metu Neter,” which means divine speech. The Greeks called it, ‘hieroglyphics”- a Greek word. The etymology of hieroglyphics is sacred (hieros) carvings (glyph). The Oromos (the Kemet of modern age) called it Qubee.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zMUazEr3BSU&NR=1

Without OROMO, NO Amhara Culture & NO Amharic! – My Beta Israel & Zagwe Roots pt1 Ras Iadonis

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9gLJnxgXs0Q&feature=share

http://gadaa.com/oduu/11117/2011/09/28/gubaa-%e2%80%93-the-oromo-thanksgiving-bonfire/#.ToQw3A0t84E.facebook

http://gadaa.com/oduu/797/2009/09/30/ethiopia-the-story-of-oromos-irreechaa-happy-thanksgiving/

http://www.creative8studios.com/oromia/

http://bilisummaa.com/index.php?mod=article&cat=Waaqeeyfataa&article=446

http://www.africa.kyoto-u.ac.jp/kiroku/asm_normal/abstracts/pdf/25-3/25-3-1.pdf

http://www.americanchronicle.com/articles/view/166451

http://www.gadaa.com/culture.html

http://www.gadaa.com/Irreechaa.html http://waaqeffannaa.org/?page_id=167

http://gadaa.com/oduu/10920/2011/09/10/irreechaa-a-thanksgiving-day-in-oromia-cushitic-ethiopia-and-africa/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/West_Central_Oromo_language http://www.gadaa.com/language.html

http://www.voicefinfinne.org/English/Column/Galma_EOC.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hamitic#Rwanda_and_Burundii

http://www.stumbleupon.com/su/1TM1ye/listverse.com/2008/08/29/15-fascinating-facts-about-ancient-egypt/

https://encrypted.google.com/search?q=old+egyptian+language&hl=en&sa=X&rls=com.microsoft:en-gb:IE-Address&rlz=1I7TSEA_en-GBGB333&tbm=isch&tbs=simg:CAESEgliBpRYQ9V-mSHFuQO6grmBWQ&iact=hc&vpx=662&vpy=231&dur=16406&hovh=128&hovw=216&tx=43&ty=214&ei=tnRJTsLpLIqXhQeyi7HCBg&page=9&tbnh=128&tbnw=186&ved=1t:722,r:10,s:166&biw=1280&bih=599

http://oromocentre.org/oromian-story/special-report-on-the-long-history-of-north-east-africa/

African Philosophy in Ethiopia. Ethiopian Philosophical Studies II with A Memorial of Claude Sumner http://www.crvp.org/book/Series02/master-ethiopia.pdf

http://thetemplesofluxorandkarnak.wordpress.com/category/africa/

https://www.facebook.com/notes/abdi-muleta/the-story-of-irreechaa/257191284319586

CHALTU AS HELEN: AN EVERYDAY STORY OF OROMOS TRAUMATIC IDENTITY CHANGE

http://oromoland.wordpress.com/2013/10/20/chaltu-as-helen-an-everyday-story-of-oromos-traumatic-identity-change/

http://www.opride.com/oromsis/news/horn-of-africa/3718-chaltu-as-helen-an-everyday-story-of-oromos-traumatic-identity-change

“Chaltu as Helen”, which is based on a novelized story of Chaltu Midhaksa, a young Oromo girl from Ada’aa Barga district, also in central Oromia.

Born to a farming family in Koftu, a small village south of Addis Ababa near Akaki, Chaltu led an exuberant childhood. Raised by her grandmother’s sister Gode, a traditional storyteller who lived over 100 years, the impressionable Chaltu mastered the history and tradition of Tulama Oromos at a very young age.

Chaltu’s captivating and fairytale like story, as retold by Tesfaye, begins when she was awarded a horse named Gurraacha as a prize for winning a Tulama history contest. Though she maybe the first and only female contestant, Chaltu won the competition by resoundingly answering eleven of the twelve questions she was asked.

Guraacha, her pride and constant companion, became Chaltu’s best friend and she took a good care of him. Gurraacha was a strong horse; his jumps were high, and Chaltu understood his pace and style.

A masterful rider and an envy to even her male contemporaries, Chaltu soon distinguished herself as bold, confident, outspoken, assertive, and courageous. For this, she quickly became a household name among the Oromo from Wajitu to Walmara, Sera to Dawara, Bacho to Cuqala, and Dire to Gimbichu, according to Tesfaye.

Chaltu traces her lineage to the Galan, one of the six clans of Tulama Oromo tribe. At the height of her fame, admirers – young and old – addressed her out of respect as “Caaltuu Warra Galaan!” – Chaltu of the Galan, and “Caaltuu Haadha Gurraacha!” – Chaltu the mother of Gurraacha.

Chaltu’s disarming beauty, elegance, charisma, and intelligence coupled with her witty personality added to her popularity. Chaltu’s tattoos from her chin to her chest, easily noticeable from her light skin, made her look like of a “Red Indian descent” (Tesfaye’s words).

As per Tesfaye’s account, there wasn’t a parent among the well-to-do Oromos of the area who did not wish Chaltu betrothed to their son. At 14, Chaltu escaped a bride-kidnapping attempt by outracing her abductors.

Chaltu’s grandfather Banti Daamo, a well-known warrior and respected elder, had a big family. Growing up in Koftu, Chaltu enjoyed being surrounded by a large network of extended family, although she was the only child for her parents.

Recognizing Chaltu’s potential, her relatives suggested that she goes to school, which was not available in the area at the time. However, fearing that she would be abducted, Chaltu’s father arranged her marriage to a man of Ada’aa family from Dire when she turned 15.

Locals likened Chaltu’s mannerism to her grandfather Banti Daamo, earning her yet another nickname as “Caaltuu warra Bantii Daamo” – Chaltu of Banti Daamo. She embraced the namesake because many saw her as an heir to Banti Daamo’s legacy, a role usually preserved for the oldest male in the family. Well-wishers blessed her: prosper like your grandparents. She embraced and proudly boasted about continuing her grandfather’s heritage calling herself Chaltu Banti Daamo.

Others began to call her Akkoo [sic] Xinnoo, drawing a comparison between Chaltu and a legendary Karrayu Oromo woman leader after whom Ankobar was named.

Chaltu’s eccentric life took on a different trajectory soon after her marriage. She could not be a good wife as the local tradition and custom demanded; she could not get along with an alcoholic husband who came home drunk and abused her.

When Chaltu threatened to dissolve the marriage, as per Oromo culture, elders intervened and advised her to tolerate and reconcile with her husband. Rebellious and nonconformist by nature, Chaltu, who’s known for challenging old biases and practices, protested “an alcoholic cannot be a husband for Banti Daamo’s daughter!”

Soon she left her husband and moved to Addis Ababa, Ethiopia’s capital, to attend formal education and start a new chapter in life.

Trouble ensues.

In Addis Ababa, her aunt Mulumebet’s family welcomed Chaltu. Like Chaltu, Mulumebet grew up in Koftu but later moved to Addis Ababa, and changed her given name from Gadise in order to ‘fit’ into the city life.

Subsequently, Mulumebet sat down with Chaltu to provide guidance and advice on urban [Amhara] ways.

“Learning the Amharic language is mandatory for your future life,” Mulumebet told Chaltu. “If you want to go to school, first you have to speak the language; in order to learn Amharic, you must stop speaking Afaan Oromo immediately; besides, your name Chaltu Midhaksa doesn’t match your beauty and elegance.”

“I wish they did not mess you up with these tattoos,” Mulumebet continued, “but there is nothing I could do about that…however, we have to give you a new name.”

Just like that, on her second day in Addis, Caaltuu warra Galaan became Helen Getachew.

Chaltu understood little of the dramatic twists in her life. She wished the conversation with her aunt were a dream. First, her name Chaltu means the better one, her tattoos beauty marks.

She quietly wondered, “what is wrong with my name and my tattoos? How can I be better off with a new name that I don’t even know what it means?”

Of course she had no answers for these perennial questions. Most of all, her new last name Getachew discomforted her. But she was given no option.

The indomitable Chaltu had a lot to learn.

A new name, new language, new family, and a whole new way of life, the way of civilized Amhara people. Chaltu mastered Amharic in a matter of weeks. Learning math was no problem either, because Chaltu grew up solving math problems through oral Oromo folktale and children’s games like Takkeen Takkitumaa.

Chaltu’s quick mastery amazed Dr. Getachew, Mulumebet’s husband. This also made her aunt proud and she decided to enroll Chaltu in an evening school. The school matched Chaltu, who’s never set foot in school, for fourth grade. In a year, she skipped a grade and was placed in sixth grade. That year Chaltu passed the national exit exam, given to all sixth graders in the country, with distinction.

But her achievements in school were clouded by a life filled with disappointments, questions, and loss of identity. Much of her troubles came from Mulumebet packaged as life advice.

“Helen darling, all our neighbors love and admire you a lot,” Mulumebet told Chaltu one Sunday morning as they made their way into the local Orthodox Church. “There is not a single person on this block who is not mesmerized by your beauty…you have a bright future ahead of you as long as you work on your Amharic and get rid of your Oromo accent…once you do that, we will find you a rich and educated husband.”

Chaltu knew Mulumebet had her best interest at heart. And as a result never questioned her counsel. But her unsolicited advises centered mostly on erasing Chaltu’s fond childhood memories and making her lose touch with Oromummaa – and essentially become an Amhara.

Chaltu spent most of her free time babysitting Mulumebet’s children, aged 6 and 8. She took care of them and the kids loved her. One day, while the parents were away, lost in her own thoughts, Chaltu repeatedly sang her favorite Atetee – Oromo women’s song of fertility – in front of the kids.

That night, to Chaltu’s wild surprise, the boys performed the song for their parents at the dinner table. Stunned by the revelation, Mulumebet went ballistic and shouted, “Are you teaching my children witchcraft?”

Mulumebet continued, “Don’t you ever dare do such a thing in this house again. I told you to forget everything you do not need. Helen, let me tell you for the last time, everything you knew from Koftu is now erased…forget it all! No Irreechaa, no Waaree, no Okolee, no Ibsaa, No Atetee, and no Wadaajaa.”

Amused by his wife’s dramatic reaction, Getachew inquired, “what does the song mean, Helen?” Chaltu told him she could not explain it in Amharic. He added, “If it is indeed about witchcraft, we do not need a devil in this house…Helen, praise Jesus and his mother, Mary, from now on.”

“Wait,” Getachew continued, “did you ever go to church when you were in Koftu? What do they teach you there?”

Chaltu acknowledged that she’s been to a church but never understood the sermons, conducted in Amharic, a language foreign to her until now. “Getachew couldn’t believe his ears,” writes Tesfaye. But Getachew maintained his cool and assured Chaltu that her mistake would be forgiven.

Chaltu knew Atetee was not a witchcraft but a women’s spiritual song of fertility and safety. All Oromo women had their own Atetee.

Now in her third year since moving to Addis, Chaltu spoke fluent Amharic. But at school, in the market, and around the neighborhood, children bullied her daily. It was as if they were all given the same course on how to disgrace, intimidate, and humiliate her.

“You would have been beautiful if your name was not Chaltu,” strangers and classmates, even those who knew her only as Helen, would tell her. Others would say to Chaltu, as if in compliment, “if you were not Geja (an Amharic for uncivilized), you would actually win a beauty pageant…they messed you up with these tattoos, damn Gallas!”

Her adopted name and mastery of Amharic did not save Chaltu from discrimination, blatant racism, hate speech, and ethnic slurs. As if the loss of self was not enough, seventh grade was painfully challenging for Chaltu. One day when the students returned from recess to their assigned classes, to her classmate’s collective amusement, there was a drawing of a girl with long tattooed neck on the blackboard with a caption: Helen Nikise Gala – Helen, the tattooed Gala. Gala is a disparaging term akin to a Nigger used in reference to Oromos. As Chaltu sobbed quietly, their English teacher Tsige walked in and the students’ laughter came to a sudden halt. Tsige asked the classroom monitor to identity the insulting graffiti’s artist. No one answered. He turned to Chaltu and asked, “Helen, tell me who drew this picture?”

She replied, “I don’t know teacher, but Samson always called me Nikise Gala.”

Tsige was furious. Samson initially denied but eventually admitted fearing corporal punishment. Tsige gave Samson a lesson of a lifetime: “Helen speaks two language: her native Afaan Oromo and your language Amharic, and of course she is learning the third one. She is one of the top three students in the class. You speak one language and you ranked 41 out of 53 students. I have to speak to your parents tomorrow.”

Athletic and well-mannered, Chaltu was one of the best students in the entire school. But she could not fathom why people gossiped about her and hurled insults at her.

Banned from speaking Afaan Oromo, Chaltu could not fully express feelings like sorrow, regrets, fear and happiness in Amharic. To the extent that Mulumebet wished Chaltu would stop thinking in Oromo, in one instance, she asked Chaltu to go into her bedroom to lament the death of a relative by singing honorific praise as per Oromo custom. Chaltu’s break came one afternoon when the sport teacher began speaking to her in Afaan Oromo, for the first time in three years. She sobbed from a deep sense of loss as she uttered the words: “I am from Koftu, the daughter of Banti Daamo.” Saying those words alone, which were once a source of her pride, filled Chaltu with joy, even if for that moment.

Chaltu anxiously looked forward to her summer vacation and a much-needed visit to Koftu. But before she left, Mulumebet warned Chaltu not to speak Afaan Oromo during her stay in Koftu. Mulumebet told Chaltu, “Tell them that you forgot how to speak Afaan Oromo. If they talk to you in Oromo, respond only in Amharic. Also, tell them that you are no longer Chaltu. Your name is Helen.”

Getachew disagreed with his wife. But Chaltu knew she has to oblige. On her way to Koftu, Chaltu thought about her once golden life; the time she won Gurracha in what was only a boys’ competition, and how the entire village of Koftu sang her praises.

Her short stay in Koftu was dismal. Gurraacha was sold for 700 birr and she did not get to see him again. Chaltu’s parents were dismayed that her name was changed and that she no longer spoke their language.

A disgruntled and traumatized Chaltu returns to Addis Ababa and enrolls in 9th grade. She then marries a government official and move away from her aunt’s protective shield. The marriage ends shortly thereafter when Chaltu’s husband got caught up in a political crosshair following Derg’s downfall in 1991. Chaltu was in financial crisis. She refused an advice from acquintances to work as a prostitute.

At 24, the once vibrant Chaltu looked frail and exhausted. The regime change brought some welcome news. Chaltu was fascinated and surprised to watch TV programs in Afaan Oromo or hear concepts like “Oromo people’s liberation, the right to speak one’s own language, and that Amharas were feudalists.”

Chaltu did not fully grasp the systematic violence for which was very much a victim. She detested how she lost her values and ways. She despised Helen and what it was meant to represent. But it was also too late to get back to being Chaltu. She felt empty. She was neither Helen nor Chaltu.

She eventually left Addis for Koftu and asked her parents for forgiveness. She lived a few months hiding in her parent’s home. She avoided going to the market and public squares.

In a rare sign of recovery from her trauma, Chaltu briefly dated a college student who was in Koftu for a winter vacation. When he left, Chaltu lapsed back into her self-imposed loneliness and state of depression. She barely ate and refused interacting with or talking to anyone except her mother.

One afternoon, the once celebrated Chaltu warra Galaan took a nap after a coffee break and never woke up. She was 25.

The bottom line: Fictionalized or not, Chaltu’s is a truly Oromo story. Chaltu is a single character in Tesfaye’s book but lest we forget, in imperial Ethiopia, generations of Chaltu’s had to change their names and identity in order to fit in and be “genuine Ethiopians.” Until recently, one has to wear an Amhara mask in order to be beautiful, or gain access to educational and employment opportunities.

Likewise, in the Ethiopia of today’s “freedom of expression advocates” – who allegedly sought to censor Tesfaye – it appears that a story, even a work of fiction, is fit to print only when it conforms to the much-romanticized Ethiopianist storyline.

So much has changed since Chaltu’s tragic death a little over a decade ago, yet, clearly, much remains the same in Ethiopia. Honor and glory to Oromo martyrs, whose selfless sacrifices had allowed for me to transcribe this story, the Oromo today – a whole generation of Caaltuus – are ready to own, reclaim, and tell their stories.

Try, as they might, the ever-vibrant Qubee generation will never be silenced, again.

Origins of the Afrocomb: Exhibition: Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, UK; 2nd July - 3rd November

Origins of the Afro Comb: 6,000 years of culture, politics and identity

http://www.gatewayforafrica.org/event/origins-afro-comb-6000-years-culture-politics-and-identity?__utma=1.1154313457.1380212922.1382522461.1382771276.8&__utmb=1.217.9.1382772351901&__utmc=1&__utmx=-&__utmz=1.1382771276.8.5.utmcsr=royalafricansociety.us2.list-manage.com|utmccn=(referral)|utmcmd=referral|utmcct=/subscribe/confirm&__utmv=-&__utmk=134257777&utm_content=buffer9ca97&utm_source=buffer&utm_medium=facebook&utm_campaign=Buffer

Even today, a significant number of mainstream Egyptologists, anthropologists, historians and Hollywood moviemakers continue to deny African people’s role in humankind’s first and greatest civilization in ancient Egypt. This whitewashing of history negatively impacts Black people and our image in the world. There remains a vital need to correct the misinformation of our achievements in antiquity.

Senegalese scholar Dr. Cheikh Anta Diop (1923-1986) dedicated his life to scientifically challenging Eurocentric and Arab-centric views of precolonial African culture, specifically those that suggested the ancient civilization of Egypt did not have its origins in Black Africa.

Since some people continue to ignore the overwhelming evidence that indicates ancient Egypt was built, ruled, and populated by dark-skinned African people, Atlanta Blackstar will highlight 10 of the ways Diop proved the ancient Egyptians were Black.

Physical Anthropology Evidence
Based on his review of scientific literature, Diop concluded that most of the skeletons and skulls of the ancient Egyptians clearly indicate they were Negroid people with features very similar to those of modern Black Nubians and other people of the Upper Nile and East Africa. He called attention to studies that included examinations of  skulls from the predynastic period (6000 B.C.) that showed a greater percentage of Black characteristics than any other type.

From this information, Diop reasoned that a Black race existed in Egypt at that time and did not migrate at a later stage as some previous theories had suggested.

http://atlantablackstar.com/2013/10/25/10-arguments-that-proves-ancient-egyptians-were-black/

”’ኦሮሞና ኦሮሚያ”’

የኦሮሞ ሕዝብ መሠረተ አመጣጥ ከኩሽ ቤተሰብ የሚመደብ ነዉ። በቆዳ ቀለሙና በአካላዊ አቋሙ ከሃሜቲክ እስከ ናይሎቲክ ያጣቀሰ ዝርያ ያለዉ ሕዝብ መሆኑ ታሪክ አረጋግጦታል። በሰሜን ምሥራቅ አፍሪካ ከሚኖሩ ህዝቦች ጋር በብዙ መልኩ ተመሳሳይነት ያለዉ ነዉ። በዚህ ክልል የሚኖሩ ሕዝቦች ታሪክ መመዝገብ ከጀመረበት ጊዜ አንስቶ የኩሽ ቋንቋ ተናጋሪ መሆናቸዉ ተረጋግጧል።

ኦሮሞ የኩሽ ቋንቋ ተናጋሪ ብቻ አይደለም። ይልቁንም ይህ ሕዝብ በአህጉረ- አፍሪካ ቀደሚ ዜጋ ሆነዉ ከኖሩት ሕዝቦች መካከል የመጀመሪያ መሆኑ ይታወቃል። በዚህ የረጅም ዘመናት ታሪኩ ውስጥ ለሥልጣኔዉ የሚሆኑ ባህሎችን እስከማዳበር ደርሷል። ሊንች እና ሮቢንስ የሚባሉ ሁለት የዉጭ ምሁራን ሰሜናዊ ኬኒያ በተገኘዉ ጥንታዊ አምድ ላይ ከትጻፈዉ መረጃ በመነሳት ኦሮሞዎች በ3000 ዓመተ-ዓለም አካባቢ የራሳቸዉ የሆነ የቀን መቁጠሪያ እንደነበራቸዉ አረጋግጠዋል። ይህም ሕዝቡ በዚሁ ክልል ለመኖሩ አንዱ ተጨባጭ ማስረጃ ነው።

ከሊንች እና ሮቢንሰም ሌላ ፕራዉቲ እና ሮሴንፊልድ የተባሉ የታሪክ ሊቃዉንት “Historical Dictionary of Ethiopia” ኢንዲሁም ባትስ : “The Abyssinian Difficulty” በተባሉ ሥራዎቻቸው ; <<ኦሮሞ ጥንታዊ ዝርያና አንጋፋ; ምናልባትም ለበርካታዎቹ የምስራቅ አፍርካ ሕዝቦች የዘር ግንድ ነው>> በማለት ይገልጻሉ።

የኦሮሞ ሕዝብ የምስራቅ አፍርካ (የአፍርካ ቀንድ) ቀዳሚ ቤተኛ ስለመሆኑ አያሌ ማስረጃዎች ኣሉ። ስለዚሁ ጉዳይ ታሪካዊ ሰናዶች በብዛት ይገኛሉ። አባ ባህሬይ የተባሉ የአማራ ብሄር ተወላጅ የጋላ ታሪክ ብለው በሲዳሞና ከፋ ዉስጥ በመዘዋዋር ስላ ኦሮሞ በፃፉት መጽሃፍ በጥላቻ የተሞሉና ትክክል ያል ሆኑ ታሪኮችን ለማሳተም በቅተዋል። ክራፍ በ 1842 ፥ ፍት በ1913 በክልሉ በመዘዋወር ኦሮሞ በምስራቅ አፍርካ ከሁሉም የላቀ ስፍት ያለዉ ሀገር ባለቤት መሆኑን አረጋግጠዋል ።

ከ1850 በፊት ዲ. አባደ ቤክ፥ እስንባርገር ኢንዲሁም ክራፍ የተባሉ አዉሮፓዊያን ዘጎች የኦሮሞን ሕዝብ ፖለቲካዊ ፥ ባህላዊና ማህበራዊ አኗኗር ሥራዓት በማጥናት ለዉጭዉ ዓለም አስተዋዉቀወል። ከዚያም ወዲህ በተለይ ከ 18ኛው መቶ ክፍለ ዘመንና በኋላም ኦሮሚያ በአፄ ምንልክ ተወርራ የኢኮኖሚና የፖለቲካ ሥራዓቷን ከመነጠቋ በፊት ሲቺ የተባለ ኢጣሊያዊ እንዲሁም በሬሊ ; እና ሶሌይሌት የተባሉ የፈረንሳይ ዜጎች በኦሮሚያ ህዝብ ፖለቲኮ-ባህላዊ; ኢኮኖሚያዊና ማህበራዊ ታሪኮች ላይ ያተኮሩ ሥራዎችን አዘጋጅተዉ ለአንባቢያን አቅርበዋል።

ታሪካዊ ጥናቶች አንደሚያረጋግጡት ኦሮሞና ኢትዮጵያ ከ16ኛዉ እስከ 19ኛው መቶ ክፍለ ዘመን አንዱም ሌላዉን አሸንፎ በ ቁጥጥሩ ሥር ሳያደርግ ጎን ለጎን ሆነው ሲዋጉ መቆየታቸው ሆሎኮምብ እና ሲሳይ ኢብሳ በ 1900፥ ፕሮ. መሐመድ ሐሰን በ 1990፥ ፕሮ. አሰፋ ጃላታ በ 1990፥ መሐመድ አሊ በ 1989፥ ሌቪን በ 1965 ፥ ገዳ መልባ በ 1978… ሥራዎቻቸዉ ዉስጥ በስፋት አቅርበዋል። እንዲሁም ጄስማን የተባሉ ጸሐፊ ከ50 ዓመታት በፊት ባሳተሙት መጽሓፍ ከአፄ ምንልክ የደቡብ ወረራ በፊት የነበረችዉ ኢትዮጵያ በሰሜን ከፍታዎች አካባቢ መሆኑን ከመግለጻቸዉም በላይ ማአከሏም በሰሜን ትግራይ ፥ በጌምድር ፥ ላስታና ወሎ ፥ በመሃል ጉራጌ ፥ በ ደቡብ ሸዋ ነው ያሉት ከላይ የተጠቀሱ ምሁራን ያ ቀረቡኣቸዉን ቁም ነገሮች በተጨባጭ መልክኣ ምድራዊ ገጽታ የሚያረጋግጥ ሆኗል።

ጥንታዊቷ አበሲኒያ ቀደም ብሎ በተጠቀሱት ክልሎች ላይ ብቻ የተወሰንች ለመሆኗ አፄ ቴዎድሮስ ኢየሩሳሌም ሳሙኤል ጎባ ለተባሉ የእንግሊዝ ጳጳስ በጻፉት ድብዳቤ ውስጥ ከጠቀሱትም ቁም ነገር መገንዘብ ይቻላል። እችሳቸውም:-

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Consumerism Cycle (1) Achilles Heel. #Africa December 26, 2014

Posted by OromianEconomist in Africa, Africa and debt, Consumersim, Land Grabs in Africa.
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Consumerism is killing us softly. The catalyst is Advertising. Uniformed citizens are trapped in a vicious cycle. Their Achilles Heel is their illusion.

Advertising is the foundation of Mass Media and its primary purpose of Mass Media is to sell products. It also sells values, images, concepts of love and sexuality, of romance, of success and perhaps most important of normalcy: it tells who we are and who we should be.

Advertising reinforces a deceiving association between the consumer and happiness; it focuses on immediate and short term needs, diverges the focus from its bogus message, eliminates any discussion of the social & long-term needs, and leads into more squandered resources.
Common Scenario

When consumers visit the store to buy their brand, they definitely don’t ask who made that product and what resources were used. Unfortunately, some consumers are not aware that huge resources (human and natural) were wasted in the production process. The most common info they know is: Made in China.

Vicious Circle

Consumers associate with the utility and satisfaction that result from purchasing these products. However, what consumers fail to realize is that utility always decreases as the number of items/products purchased increases. And thus their satisfaction ceases to exist which would lead them into a state of emptiness, that is usually compensated by consuming more.

Awareness

Realizing that this bogus content can’t be integrated with their happiness might happen at a late stage. But hopefully not too late.

Arrow Minded

Consumerism

Consumerism is killing us softly. The catalyst is Advertising. Uniformed citizens are trapped in a vicious cycle. Their Achilles Heel is their illusion.

Advertising is the foundation of Mass Media and its primary purpose of Mass Media is to sell products. It also sells values, images, concepts of love and sexuality, of romance, of success and perhaps most important of normalcy: it tells who we are and who we should be.

Advertising reinforces a deceiving association between the consumer and happiness; it focuses on immediate and short term needs, diverges the focus from its bogus message, eliminates any discussion of the social & long-term needs, and leads into more squandered resources.

Cycle

Common Scenario

When consumers visit the store to buy their brand, they definitely don’t ask who made that product and what resources were used. Unfortunately, some consumers are not aware that huge resources (human and natural) were wasted in the production process. The…

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The Oromians Protest Ethiopia’s New Master Plan of Ethnic Cleansing against the Oromo in the Name of Development Expansion of Finfinnee (Addis Ababa) December 25, 2014

Posted by OromianEconomist in Aannolee and Calanqo, Colonizing Structure, Corruption, Dictatorship, Ethnic Cleansing, Finfinne is Oromia's land, Finfinnee, Finfinnee is the Capital City of Oromia, Finfinnee n Kan Oromoo ti, Free development vs authoritarian model, Genocidal Master plan of Ethiopia, Human Rights, Janjaweed Style Liyu Police of Ethiopia, Land and Water Grabs in Oromia, Land Grabs in Africa, No to land grabs in Oromia, No to the Addis Ababa Master Plan, NO to the Evictions of Oromo Nationals from Finfinnee (Central Oromia), Ogaden, Oromia, Oromia wide Oromo Universtiy students Protested Addis Ababa Expansion Master Plan, Oromian Voices, Oromiyaa, Oromo, Oromo Culture, Oromo Identity, Oromo Protests in Ambo, Oromo students movement, Oromo students protests, Oromo the Largest Nation of Africa. Human Rights violations and Genocide against the Oromo people in Ethiopia, Oromo University students and their national demands, Poverty, Qubee Afaan Oromo, Say no to the expansions of Addis Ababa, State of Oromia, Stop evicting Oromo people from Cities, The Colonizing Structure & The Development Problems of Oromia, The Tyranny of Ethiopia, Tyranny.
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Waraqaan Waamicha FDG Oromiyaa Bakkoota Garaa Garaatti Fac’aa Jira.

IMG_20141224_203639IMG_20141224_211555IMG_20141224_211615

Waraqaan waamicha dadammaqiinsa FDG Mudde 24 Bara 2014 ganama irraa Oromiyaa bakkoota garaagaraatti, addatti haga odeessi kun gumaa’ee nu qaqqabetti magaalota naannoo Finfinnee jiran kan akka Sabbaataa, Alem-Genaa, Burraayyuu, Sulultaa, L/Xaafoo Laga Daadhii fi akkasumaas Finfinnee bakkoota adda addaatti faca’aa jiraachuu odeessi nu qaqqabe addeessa.  Akka odeessaa fi waraabbii suuraa armaan gadii nu qaqqabe ibsutti, waraqaan waamicha dadammaqiinsa FDG kun dhaamsa ‘’tokkummaan wareeggama qabsoon bilisummaaf barbaaddu haakaffallu’’ jedhu kan ofkeessaa qabuu fi uummata impaayera biyyittii keessatti uummanni Oromoo uummata yayyaba ta’ee otoo jiruu uummata bicuu Tigreetiin gabroomuun salphinaa fi qaanii waan ta’eef, qaanii fi salphina uummanni keenya keessa jiru keessaa baasuun dirqama dhaloota kanaa ta’uu kan ibsuu fi dabalataaniis waamicha Qeerroon yeroo yeroon taasisuus jala jalaan hordofuun barbaachisaa akka ta’ees dhaamsi waraqaa waamicha kanaa ni mul’isa.  Waraqaan waamicha dammaqiinsa qabsoo bilisummaaf taasifamaa jiru kun itti fufiinsaan guutuu Oromiyaa irratti faca’aa jiraachuu gabaasni nu qaqqabe ibsuus akkuma odeessi isaa gumaa’ee nu qaqqabeen jala jalaan kan gabaasnu ta’a.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/12/24/waraqaan-waamicha-fdg-oromiyaa-bakkoota-garaa-garaatti-facaa-jira/

 

Yuuniversitii Madda Walaabuu keessatti diddaan sirna mootummaa Wayyaanee irratti ka’een waldhabbiin barattoota Oromoo fi waraana Wayyaanee jidduu jabaatee jira.

Gabaasa Qeerroo Muddee 15,2014 Uni Madda Walaabuu

diddaa9Muddee 14,Guyyaa Kaleessaa Mooraan Yuuniversitii Madda Walaabuu mooraa shaakala waraanaa fakkaata. Humni waraana Wayyaanees abaratoota irratti dhukaasa bane jira.

Edai halkan sa’a 2:00 booda FDG baname,akka gabaasi Qeerroo addeessutti yeroo darbe waraqaa dhaadannoo uummata fi barataa kakaasu Qeerroon Yuuniversitii madda walaabuu mooraa keessatti tamsaasuun barattootni nyaata lagachuudhaan, barumsa dhaabuudhaan diddaa eegalanii kan turan mootummaan Wayyaanee humna bittimsaa itti ajajuu irraan barattootni akka kaayyeffatanii ka’an tahuu baatuus barattoota Oromoo ergasii adamsuudhaan tikootni Wayyaanee qabani mooraa keessaa baasuudhaan bakka ittiin gahan dhabamaa ture,akka walii galaatti barattootni hanga ammaatti hidhamani bakka buuteen isaani dhabamee jiru barattoota 20 ol akka ta’e,tooftaa garagaraan tikni qabaa kan ture, barattoota kaan ammoo marii qabna jechuudhaan mooraan alatti ukkamsanii hidhaa turan,gabaasa Qeerroo MW irraa akka hubatametti torbeema lama dura tahuun isaa waan hubatameef barattootni sabboonti Oromoo guyyaa kaleessaa Muddee 14,2014 wal gurmeessuun  barattootni gaaffii tokko malee, yakka tokko malee mooraa keenya keessaa torban darban hidhaman akka gadhiifaman, gaaffiin keenya bu’uura tahee yeroodhaa yerootti mootummaa gaafacha jirru kan hidhaman akka gadhiifamaniif nyaata dhiisnee, barumsa dhaabnee osoo gaafannuu gaaffii keenya irra tarkaanfachuudhaan mootummaan Wayyaanee ammas barattoota sabboonummaa qaban mooraa keessaa qabee hidhuun maaliif kaayyeffatee ka’e jechuudhaan guyyaa kaleessaa mooraa Yuuniversitii Madda Walaabuu keessatti baratooti Oromoo gamtaan sagalee ol kaasanii iyya dhageessisuun gaaffii mirgaa gaafatan.

Humni waraana Wayyaanee barattooti mooraa keessaa gara kamittuu akka hin baaneef dura dhaabbatanii meeshaan ittisaa jiru. Kana irratti dabalee humni mooricha eegu hanqatnaan humna dabalataa yaammatanii waraanni komaandoon Wayyaanee naannica weeraruun barattoota Oromoo irratti dhukaasa banuu qeerroon gabaasa.

Haala kanaan Barattootni halkan guutummaa osoo hin rafin barataan keenya hidhame nuuf haa deebi’u, humni waraanaa mooraa keessaa haa bahu jechuudhaan mooraan yuuniversitii Madda Walaabuu dirree waraanaa fakkaatee kan bule halkan edaa yoo tahu guyyaa har’aas haaluma kanaan kan itti fufee jira.

Gama biraan Qeerroon yuuniversitii Mattuus gaaffiin uumata Oromoo deebii argachuu qaba,qoteebulaan haalaan dachii irraa buqa’aa waan jiruuf kun hatattamaan dhaabbachuu qaba sababa jedhuun Muddee 15,2014 diddaa akka dhageesifataa oolan qeerroon naannicha irraa gabaasa.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/12/16/yuuniversitii-madda-walaabuu-keessatti-diddaan-sirna-mootummaa-wayyaanee-irratti-kaeen-waldhabbiin-barattoota-oromoo-fi-waraana-wayyaanee-jidduu-jabaatee-jira/

 

 

Medrek Pro-Democracy & Justice Rally in Finfinnee/ Oromia (Dec. 14, 2014)

 

 

 

 

Barattootni Oromoo University Jimmaa Mooraa Saayinsii fi Teekinooloojii Ummanni Oromoo FDG Bakka Hundatti Itti Fufuun Dirqama Tahuu Akeekan.
Mudde (December) 14, 2014
Qeerroo irraa

Muddee 14,2014 Goototni Qeerroon Barattootni Oromoo Yuuniversiitii Jimmaa Mooraa Saayinsii fi Teekinooloojii haala qabsoo bilisummaa Oromoo fi rakkoo uumata Oromoo irra gahe irratti gahaatti erga mariyataniin booda ejjennoon fudhatan FDG bifa fedheen itti fufuu kan jedhu ture,aala kanatti aansuun galgala keessa sa;a 2;00 irraa eegaluun wallee Warraqsaa qabsiisuun ABO fi Qabsoo bilisummaa Oromoo faarsuun FDG malee Furmaatni abbaa irree angoo irraa darbu akka hin jirre akeekan.

Goototni Qeerroon Barattootni Oromoo Yuunibarsiitii Jimmaa bara darbe irraa eegaluun qabsoo qindaa’aa fi FDG sadarkaa Idil addunyaatti dhageettii argate qindeessuun Warraqsaa FDG bifa haaraan qabsoo uummata Oromoo keessatti boqonnaa haaraa saaqe qindeessuun hangafummaa olaanaa argatan, har’as qabsoon hanga bilisummatti jechuun halkan edaa hanga sa’aa 6:ootti Mooraa Yuunibarsiitii Jimmaa Saayinsii fi teekinoolojii keessatti sababaa Filmiin afaan Oromoo ”Qurxama” jedhamu argisiifamuun walqabatee galgala irraa eegaluun walleewwaan warraaqsaa kanneen artistoota Oromoo akka Eebbisaa addunyaa, Adinaal Mohaamed fi kkf wallisuun addatti ABO fi qabsoo bilisummaa Oromoo faarsan. kana malees Warraqsaa FDG malee mootummaa abbaa irree wayyaanee afaan qawween aangoo irratti cichaa jiru kan aangoo irraa darbu hin jiru jechuun dhaamsa guddaa uummata Oromoo fi lammiilee Cunqurfamoo biyyatti hundaaf dabarsuu itti fufan. waraabbiin wallee warraaqsaa ni qabna, sababaa rakkoo networkf fe’amuu didee nu rakkisaa jira dhiyootti kan isiniif erginu ta’uu ni hubachiifna.

Kana malees Mudde 13,2014 irraa eegaluun biyyatti keessatti boba’aan konkolaataa fi network dhabamuun wal qabatee raafama guddatu jira. amma uummatni sababaa boba’aan konkolaataa dhabameef kutaa biyyatti garaagaraa fi Godinaalee Oromiyaa garaagaraa keessatti bakka bakkatti socho’uu hanqachuun uummatni rakkoo ulfataa fi yaaddeessaa keessatti kufee jira. Qaala’insii gabaa biyyattis raafama guddaa biyyatti keessatti qabsiise jira. keessattu bara darbe irra eegaluun Warraaqsaa FDG Qeerroon barattootni Oromoo Yuunibarsiitii qabsisanii walqabatee mootummaa wayyaaneetti guyyaan halkan ta’ee waan qabee gadhiisu dhabaa jira. Dinagdeen biyyattis raafama guddaa keessa galee jira. Uummatni Oromoo fi lammiileen Cunqurfamoo biyyatti haal duree tokko malee tokkummaan mootummaa abbaa irraa irratti FDG qabsiisuun angoo irraa darbuuf yeroon gamtaan qabsaa’an amma jechuun dhaamsaa dabarsuu itti fufee jira.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/12/14/barattootni-oromoo-university-jimmaa-mooraa-saayinsii-fi-teekinooloojii-ummanni-oromoo-fdg-bakka-hundatti-itti-fufuun-dirqama-tahuu-akeekan/

 

 

 

Bulee Horaa Yuuniversitiitti Barattootni Oromoo Gaaffii Mirgaa Kaasneef Deebiin Haqaa Hanga kennamu Barnoota Itti Hin Deebinu Jechuun Qondaalota Wayyaanee Waliin Wal Qabaa Jiru.

 

Gabaasa Qeerroo Yuuniversitii Bulee Horaa, Muddee 11,2014
diddaa9Yuuniversitii Bulee Horaa, addeessu itti guyyoota lamaan dura Qeerroon mooraa Yuuniversitii Bulee Horaa keessaa waraqoota qabsoo balaliituu mooraa keessa tamsaasuun isaa waan yaadatamuudha, akka gabaasni nu gahe ibsaa jirutti waraqaan hedduun kan mooraa keessatti bittimfamee bule mirgi uummata Oromoo haa kabajamu, gaaffiin uummata barattootaa deebii haa argatu, hanga kun deebiin mootummaa biraa itti kennamutti barumsa akka hin baranne, gaaffiin mirgaa deebii kennamuufii qaba jechuun barattootni nyaata akka lagatan.

Muddee 10/2014 barattootni mooraa guutummaan nyaata lagachuudhaan mooraa keessatti gaaffiin uummata Oromoo deebii hanga mootummaan itti kennutti barumsas tahe nageenyaan tasgabboofnee mooraa keessa jiraachuu akka hin dandeenye ibsa kennaa akka turan gabaasni Qeerroo har’a nnu gahe addeessa. Kanumaan itti fufuudhaan motummaan Wayyaanee har’a akeekkachisa kennuuf murtoo keessa kan seenaa jiru barattootni addatti barattootni Oromoo Yuuniversitii keessa jiran fincila kaasuudhaaf waamicha waliif taasisaa waan jiranif dursanii of qopheessuu caasaa isaa mooraa yuuniversitii hundaatti beeksisuun gama caasaa mootumaan dhagayamaa jira, sochiin barattoota Oromoo Yuuniversitii Bulee Horaa keessatti yeroo ammaa adeemsifamaa jiru dhimmoota gaaffii mirga uummata Oromoo kabachiisu fi hidhamtootni akka bahan, lafti Oromoo fi Oromiyaa gurgarmuu fi saamichia akka dhaabbatuuf gaaffii kaasuun kan wal qabate sochiin fincilaa mul’ate hanga uummata naannichaa kaasutti argame, qote bulaanis barattoota deggeruuf of qopheessee ka’u gabaasni nu gahe addeessa.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/12/11/bulee-horaa-yuuniversitiitti-barattootni-oromoo-gaaffii-mirgaa-kaasneef-deebiin-haqaa-hanga-kennamu-barnoota-itti-hin-deebinu-jechuun-qondaalota-wayyaanee-waliin-wal-qabaa-jiru/

 

Maqaa Ayyaana Sabaa fi Sab-Lammiin Kabajuun Alaabaan Mootummaa Wayyaanee(EPRDF) Yuuniversitii Madda Walaabuu Marsee Fannifame Guutummaatti Barattoota Oromoon Buqifamee Darbamuu Gabaasi Qeerroo Addeessa.

Gabaasa Qeerroo Yuuniversitii Madda Walaabuu, Muddee 8,2014

OromiaALutaContinua2011FDGAlaabaan Mootummaa Wayyaanee Kabaja Ayyaana Sabaa fi Sab-Lammii Mooraa Yuuniversitii M/Walaabuu Irratti Kabajamuuf Fannifame,Barattootaan Harcaafame,Mootummaan Wayyaanees Mufachuun Caasaa Isaa Mooraa Keessatti Walgayii Teesisaa Jira!
Muddee 6,2014, irraa kaasee ayyaana sabaa fi sab-lammii jedhamee biyya keessatti habashootaa fi uummata kibbaan kabajameen mooraawwan barnootaa keessatti sochii Qeerroon taasiseen barattoota biratti hin kabajamiin darbuu isaa kan gabaasneedha, haata’u malee gabaasa har’a Mddee 8,2014 nu qaqqabe mooraa Yuuniversitii Madda Walaabuu irraa, guyyaa kaleessaa jechuun Muddee 7,mooraa Yuuniversitii Madda Walaabu keessatti ayyaanni kun akka kabajamuuf caasaadhuma mooraa keessaa qabanii fi barattoota habashaan hucuu aadaa fi sirboota garagaraa kan dhageessisanii fi caalmatti ammo guyya har’a kana itti fufuudhaaf alaabaa Wayyaanee mooraa keessatti fannifame hunda mooraa Yuuniversitii kana keessa kan tamsaasan Qeerroo mooraa Yuuniversitii kana irraa gabaasni nu gahee addeessa.

Barruuleen Qeerroo mooraa keessatti faffaca’anii turan ayaanni sabaa fi sab-lammii uummata Oromoo akka hin ilaallanne jabeessee dhaamsa barattootaaf dabarsaa tureedha, haaluma kanaan barattootni Oromoo mooraa Yuuniversitii Madda Walaabuu halkan edaa alaabaa gabroomfataa Wayyaanee maqaa golgaa Ethiopian fannifatu guutummaatti mooraa Yuuniversitii Madda Walaabuu keessatti bittimfamanii fi rarraafamanii turan bakka hundaa irraa funaanuudhaan, alaabaa Oromiyaa qofa kan hambisan, alaabaan guyyaan kabaja ayyaanaa kun har’a itti fufuuf mooraa keessatti naanna’ee fannifame marti barattoota Oromoo funaanamee bakka buusan kan dhabame yoo tahu, sababa kanaan har’a ayyaanni mooraa kanatti kabajamuuf karoorfame kan hin milkaayin hafee fi alaabonni funaanaman eessa akka galee fi eenyus akka bakka fannifamee buuse beekamuu baatus dhimmi ayyaana kana ilaallatu hafee mootummaan wayyaanee caasaa isaa mooraa Yuuniversitii kanatti qabuu fi bulchaa yuuniversitii kanaa waliin marii guyyaa guutuu kan qabatanii oolan tahuu maddi gabaasa kanaa kan addeessudha, Wayyaaneen kan jedhu mooraa barnoota keessatti barattootni eenyun akka dursamaa, eenyuun akka ajajamaa jiran nuuf hin galle Yuuniversitiilee keessa dhaabni ABO galee diigumsa uumaa jira, biyya keessaas dhaabuma ofii hundeessine dhaaba maqaa Oromoon hundeeffame irraayyuu shakkii qabna, ABOn haala fedha isaan barattoota leenjifate mooraa barnootaa keessa facaasee jira, haalli kun guutummaatti hanga secca’amee qoratamee bira gahamutti barumsatti fufuun barattootaa dhaabbachuu qaba, qaama mooraa barnoota keessa seenee jiru qorachuu qabna, alaabaa mootummaa fannoo irraa buusuun ulfina mootummaa fi biyyaa gadi buusuudha, kun tuffii keenya waan taheef kana irratti yeroo osoo hin kennin waan qoratamuudhaan bira gahamuu qabu bira gahuu qabdu jechuudhaan guyyaa har’aa mooraa yuuniversitii Madda Walaabuu keessatti walgayiin teesifamaa oole, alaabaan fannoo irraa harca’es bakki inni bu’e hin beekamne, kan cirames jira,kan gubates jira, mootummaan Wayyaanee kaan irratti hedduu mufatee akka jiru gabaasni qixa adda addaa irraa dhimma yuuniversitii kana keessatti raawwatameen tahee nu gahaa jira.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/12/08/maqaa-ayyaana-sabaa-fi-sab-lammiin-kabajuun-alaabaan-mootummaa-wayyaaneeeprdf-yuuniversitii-madda-walaabuu-marsee-fannifame-guutummaatti-barattoota-oromoon-buqifamee-darbamuu-gabaasi-qeerroo-addeess/

Dargaggoonni Oromoo Godina Wallagaa Qeellam, Aanaa Jimmaa Horroo Ibsa Ejjennoo Fudhatan.

Ibsaa fi Ejjennoo Qeerroo Wallagga Qellem,Aanaa Jimmaa Horroo

Muddee 09,2014 Jimmaa Horroo

QeerrooWaggoota qabsoo Oromoo lakkoofsisaa har’a gahan keessatti, waggaa dhufaa darbaa bara itti sobni dhugaa caalee umurii isaa dheereffatee har’a gaheen, uummata Oromoo afaan faajjeessuudhaan mootummaan wayyaanee aangoo isaa dheereffate har’a gaheera.  Uummanni Oromoo kan hubatee jiru eessattis tahu yoomiyyuu mootummaan wayyaanee sobaan dahatee, humnatti fayadamuudhaan, horiittis hirkachuudhaan uumata Oromoo gowomsaa, hidhaa ajjeessaa har’a gaheera, waggaa dhiyoo asitti waaree jaal Laggaasaa Waagii wareegamee kaasee caasaan mootummaa Wayyaanee gara lixa Oromiyaa jiran doorsisaa fi oftuulummaan itti dabalamee uummata irratti roorrisuun nii kaasuu guyyuudhaan dabalaa dhufe, uumataanis ABOn hin jiru, kan jiruyyuu kunoo ajjeesne, jechuudhaan uummata sobuun hojii isaanii fardii ture, waan namni itti amanee mana isaa keessaa mallattoo fi dhiigni isaas dhaaba ABO faarsu maqaa hadheessuudhaan, maqaa balleessuudhaan uummatan dhaabni akka jibbamu taasisuu isaanii hojii isaanii duraati kun waan hubatamaadha.Ibsaa fi Ejjennoo Qeerroo Wallagga Qellem,Aanaa Jimmaa Horroo

http://qeerroo.org/2014/12/09/dargaggoonni-oromoo-godina-wallagaa-qeellam-aanaa-jimmaa-horroo-ibsa-ejjennoo-fudhatan/

 

Barattooti Oromoo .Ayyaana Sabaa fi Sab-Lammii Wayyaanee Irratti Gaaffii Mirgaa Kaasuun Gochaa Sirnichaa Dura Dhaabbatan.

 Gabaasa Qeerroo Muddee 09,2014

Asoosaa BeeneshanguAlaabaa konkl Gumuz,Muddee 7/2014 Godina Beenishaangul Gumuuz Magaalaa Asoosaa bakkaa Wayyaaneen ayyaanaa sabaa fi sab-lammoota kabajan jira jechuun ololaa jiranitti goototni barattootni Oromoo fi lammiileen cunqurfamoo biyyatti Yuunibarsiitii Asoosaa wallee warraaqsaa irratti wallisuu fi roorroo dhageessifachuun mootummaa Wayyaanee dura dhaabbachuu eegalan. Barruuleen warraaqsaa haalaan bittinneeffaman. Qeerroon barattootni Oromoo wallee warraqsaan ABO fi qabsoo bilisummaa Oromoo faarsan.

Muddee 6/2014 Irraa Egaluun Gootootni Qeerroon  barattootni Oromoo fi barsiisotni Oromoo Yuunibarsiitii Jimmaa shira Wayyaanee irratti dammaquun Guyyaan ayyaana sabaa fi sablammoota kun uummataa Oromoo fi lammiiwwaan Cunqurfamoo biyyatti hin ilaallatu jechuun diddaan waan dura dhaabbataniif jecha Mootummaan Wayyaanee human Poolisii federaalaa fi human waraanaa bobbaasuun magaa Jimmaa fi Mooraawwaan Yuunibarsiitii Jimmaa fi kolleejjii barsiisota Jimmaa irratti eeggichi haalan jabaate gochaa jira.

Yuuniversitii Jimmaa , Addaatti immoo Goototni Barsiisotni Oromoo Yuunibarsiitii Jimmaa Muddee 6/2014 mooraa Yuunibarsiitii Jimmaa  mooraa Agriculture keessatti humnaan walitti qabamani akka guyyaa ayyaanaa sabaa fi sablammii Wayyaanotaa irratti yaada kennaniif dirqamuun galma moorichaa lafa barsiisotni, hojjettootni Yuunibarsiitichaa fi bulchiitootni magaalaa Jimmaa fi Godina Jimmaa dabballootni Wayyaanee jiranitti biyyaatti keessatti sirna mootummaa dhufaa darbaa keessa kan Oromoof qajeele tokko illee akka hin jirre bifa gahaa ta’een ibsame.

Kana malees mootummaan Wayyaanee humnaa fi dirqamaan guyyaa ayyaana sabaa fi sablamoota jechuun ololaa jiru kana Aanota Godina Jimmaa keessatti akka kabajamuuf dhiibbaa guddaa kan gochaa ture diddaa uummatan duraa fashalee jiraachuu qeerroon gabaasa. Uummatni Oromoo ibsaa fi sochii qabsoo warraaqsaa FDG itti jiru dabarsaa jiruun walqabatee uummatni Godinichaa Aanoota kanneen akkaa, Limmuu Saqaa, Limmuu Koosaa, Geeraa, Gaatiraa  fi Aggaaroo fa’aa irratti uummatni olola wayyaanee kana irraa qooda fudhachuu diduun mormii guddaa sirna nama nyaataa Wayyaaneef qabachuu mul’isan.  Akkuma godinichaatti dabballotni Wayyaanee karaa ETV fi radio isaanii olola gaggeessan dhabuun muddama guddaa keessa galuun guyyaa har’aa muddee 8/2014 galgala kana dhoksaan mooraa Yuunibarsiitii Jimmaa keessatti kabajuuf yaaliin godhamus Qeerroon goototni barattootni Oromoo wallee warraaqsaa itti qabsiisuu eegallaan dabballootni Wayyaanee soda keessa galuun sagantaa eegalan addaan kutuun kan dhaaban ta’uun mirkanaa’era.

Yuunivesitii Wallaggaa,   Mudde 7/2014 Goototni Qeerroon barattootni Oromoo Yuunibarsiitii Wallaggaas guuyyaa ayyaana sabaa fi sablamoota biyyattin kabaja jira jechuun wayyaneen ololaa jirtu , gammata barattoota Oromoo jabeessuun barri Wayyaaneen 23, xummurtee 24 lakkawwachaa jirtu kun lammiilee biyyattiif bara ukkamsaa, bara rakkinni gama amantaa, siyaasaa fi dinagdee fi hawwaasummaa itti ulfatee fi rakkisaa ta’ee bara nagaa fi nageenyi dhibamee sirni dabballummaa abba irrummaa itti gaafa baase, Addatti bara Oromoon jumlaan itti wareegamee mirgii namummaa fi dimookiraasii ilma namaa itti ukkanfame jechuun barruulee garaa garaa bittinneessuun olola sirni garboomsaa Wayyaanee ofaa jiru balaaleffatan, goototni barattootni Oromoo dame Gimbiis adeemsuma walfakkaatuun olola wayyaanee fudhatama dhabsiisuun wayyaanetti waaroo salphina uuffisan. Mooraan Yuunibarsiitii Naqamtee fi Gimbiis human waraanaan eegama jira.

Haala kanaan mootummaan abbaa irree Wayyaanee EPRDF sochii diddaa fi dura dhaabbannaa shira wayyaanee qeerroon barattootni Oromoo argisiisaa jiran irra yaaddoo fi sodaa guddaa FDG narratti qabsiifame jedhu irraa ka’uun mogaloota gurguddaa Oromiyaa akka Jimmaa, Mattuu, Naqamtee, Amboo fi Finfinnee  human poolisaa Federaalaa fi human waraanaan eegaa jira. Dhaabbileen barnoota Oromiyaa akka Yuunibarsiitotaa fi Kolleejjootni hundinuu poolisii federaalaan eegama jiru. Addaatti mootummaan wayyaanee  human waraana guddaa gara dhiha Oromiyaatti bobbaasuun dandiin  magaalaa Mattuu irra  gara Asoosaa geessuu human loltuun eegaama jira, haaluma walfakkatuun daandiin Wallagga dhihaa Danbii Dolloo, Gimbii fi Asoosaa geessuu human loltuu guddaan irratti ramadamee eegama jira.

Muddee 1, 2014 Goototni Barattootni Oromoo Yuunibarsiitii Dirree Dhawaa Guyyaa Ayyaana Sabaa fi Sablammootaan dhoksaan mootummaan Wayyaanee mooraa Yuunibarsiitii Dirree Dawwaa keessatti gaggeessa jiru irratti dammaquun sirna mootummichaa fi gochaa Wayyaanee irratti diddaa kaasuu Qeerroon gabaase.

Halkan edaa sa’aa 12:30 wb irraa eegaluun hanga halkan keessa sa’a 5:00tti Mooraa Yuunibarsiitii Dirree Dhawaa dhuunfachuun walleewwaan warraaqsaa ABO fi uumata Oromoo faarsuu fi qabsoo bilisummaa Oromoo leellisuun diddaa jabaa kaasan.

Mootummaan Wayyaanees Qeerroon barattootni Oromoo FDG ni kaasu sababaa jedhuun guyyaa ayyaana sabaa fi sablamoota sobee itti fakkeessu kana kabajadha jechuun muddamaa utuu jiruu waan godhu dhabee utuu barattootni hin beekiin mooraalee Yuunibarsiitii human waraanaan eegsiisaa ayyaanaa sabaa fi sablamoota jedhu dhoksaatti mooraa Yuunibarsiitii Dirree Dawwaa keessatti kabajaa jiraachuu Goototni Qeerroon barattootni Orpomoo irratti dammaquun gamtaan gaaffii mirgaa kaasuu fi walleelee warraaqsaan mirga saba Oromoof falmaa bulan.

Wallee ABO’n kallacha uummata Oromooti, ABO Abdii Uummata Oromoo fi gaachana Uummata Oromooti, ABO’n dimookiraasiif qabsa’a, ABO’n mirga ilma namaa kabachiisuuf qabsaa’a, ABO’n mirga sabaa fi sablamootaa har’a Wayyaaneen ugguraa jirtu kabachiisuuf qabsa’a jechuun sagaalee warraaqsaa guddaa wallee warraaqsaa ABO fi qabsoo bilisummaa Oromoo leellisuu dhageessisuun mootummaa wayyaanee dura dhaabbatan.

Mootummaan Wayyaanee human waraanaa heddumina qabu bobbaasee sochii dargaggoota kana dhaabsisuuf yaalii guddaa godhus dargaggootni Qeerroon barattootni Oromoo soda tokko malee sagalee warraaqsaa wal irraa hin citne itti fufuun dhageesisan. Haala rakkisaa keessatti sagalee warraqsaa Qeerroon barattootni Oromoo Yuunibarsiitii Dirree Dhawaa dhageesisaan. http://qeerroo.org/2014/12/03/barattooti-oromoo-yuuniversitii-dirree-dhawaa-gootummaan-wayyaanee-dura-dhaabbachuun-roorroo-dhageessifatan/

http://qeerroo.org/2014/12/09/barattooti-oromoo-ayyaana-sabaa-fi-sab-lammii-wayyaanee-irratti-gaaffii-mirgaa-kaasuun-gochaa-sirnichaa-dura-dhaabbatan/

 

 

 

Sochiin FDG Godina Baalee Aandota Adda Addaa Keessatti Bifa Adda Ta’een Itti Fufuu Qeerroon Gabaase.

Gabaasa Qeerroo Muddee 1,2014

diddaa9

Sochiin warraaqsa uumata Oromoo itti fufuun Godina Baalee aanota adda addaa akka Gasara,Goobbaa,Dalloo,Gooroo,Rayituu,Sawwenaa,Beeltuu,Agarfaa fi Barbaree) aanota kana keessatti sochiin Qeerroo jabinaan Sadaasa 20 irraa barruulee warraaqsaa uumataaf bittimsuu fi barattootaan gahuu itti fufee jira.

Sochiin Qeerroo itti fufuun  Uummanni Oromoo godina kana keessa jiran gaaffii mirgaa qabatanii mootummaa wayyaanee dura akka dhaabbatan taasifamee jira.  Akka gabaasni Qeerroo godina kana irraa nu qaqqabaa jirutti aanaa aanaa keessatti wanneen uummata daddammaqsuu fi dhaaddannoolee uummata kakaasanis uumata keesssatti waan mul’isaa turaniif sadaasa 29/2014 aanaa Ginnir gandoota 6 kan tahan (odaa Roobaa, Caancoo,Tullicha,Hora Allee,Qabbanaa,Harawa )kanneen jedhaman keessatti uummanni gaaffii waltahiinsaa akka kaasu taasifame, uummannis yaada dur of keessatti qabatee jiru, sochii Qeerroo fi barattootaan godina kana keessatti adeemsifamaaa jiruun gaaffiwwan akka kanaa gadiitti ifatti baasan,

  1. Mootummaan dhimma amantii keessa seenuudhaan uummata keenya oromiyaa keessa jiran goola, barattootas mana hidhaatti darba, mirga amantaas eegaa hin jiru, kanaaf mootummaan maaliif dhimma amantaa keessa gala?
  2. Barattootni keenya rakkina keessaa bahuudhaaf barumsa isaanii baratu, mootummaan wayyaanee barattoota maqaa shororkeessummaatiin maaliif waamee hidhaatti darbaa?
  3. Guyyaa Jum’aa torbee torbeedhaan magaalaa Finfinnee keessatti hordoftooni musiliimaa masiigatti sagaduuf yeroo wal gahu mootummaan maaliif tika ykn humna waraanaa ramadee eegsisaa? Hordoftoonni amantaa biraa akkasuma eegamaa jiruu?
  4. Yeroo ammaa miidiyaa TVO irrattis tahe raadiyoon oromiyaa kan odeessu dhimma bulchiinsa gaariiti, nuti uummanni bulchiinsa gaarii jedhamu kana arginee hin beeknu, bulchiinsa uummata keenya, ilmaan keenya hidhaatti guursisuu, duula saamichaa gaggeessuu fi bulchiinsa sobaan guutamedha kan beeknu, kanaaf mootummaan maaliif uummata sobaa? Meerre bulchiinsi gaariin?
  5. Mirgi diimokiraasii jedhamu maaliif hin kabajamuu? Mirgi uummata oromoos maaliif hin kabajamuu?

Kun kana ta’ee otuu jiruu  Mootummaan wayyaanees gaaffiwwan uummataa kun gaaffii uummataa kan hordoftoota amantaa musiliimaa hunda kaasuudhaan waan bal’ataa deemuuf tasgabbeesuuf kan yaalaa jiruudha,  caasaa qabutti dhimma bahuun gara sanatti sochii uummataa jabaatee dhufe kana laamshessuuf foolachaa jira.   http://qeerroo.org/2014/12/01/sochiin-fdg-godina-baalee-aandota-adda-addaa-keessatti-bifa-adda-taeen-itti-fufuu-qeerroon-gabaase/

 

Qeerroon Yuuniversitii Wallaggaa Gaaffii Mirgaa Duubatti Hin Deebine Kaasuun Gootummaan Loltoota Wayyaanee Dura Dhaabbataa Jiru.Huni Agaazii Jedhamu Heddumminaan Mooraa Yuuniversitii Wallaggaas Qubate.

diddaa9Sadaasa 20,2014 Goototni Qeerroon barattootni Oromoo dhiibbaa guddaa mootummaan abbaa irree Wayyaanee barattoota Oromoo Yuubibarsiitii Wallaaggaa irraan ga’aa jiruun wal qabatee guyyaa har’aa sa’aa 10:00 irraa eegaluun gaaffii mirgaa finiinsuun FDG dhoosuun shira mootummaan wayyaanee EPRDF uummata Oromoo irratti dalagaa jiru dura dhaabbatan.

Goototni Barattootni Oromoo Yuunibarsiitii wallaaggaa guyyaa har’aa shira moottuummaan Wayyaanee addaatti mooraa yuunibarsiitii Wallaggaa irratti rawwachaa jiruu fi akka waliigalatti uummata Oromoo irratti dalagaa jiruu balaaleffaachuun goototni barattootni Oromoo Yuunibarsiitii Wallaggaa shira har’a ifatti nurraatti dalagamaa jiruuf teenyee guyyaa hin lakkawwatnu jechuun FDG qabsiisuun sagalee guddaan mootummaa abbaa irree balaaleffachuun qabsoo finiinsa jiru. Mootummaan wayyaanee yakka haaloo ba’ii fi jabbinsa barattoota Oromoo irraa qabu ba’uuf ifatti baajata kaaffee nyaata barattootaaf ramadame irraa muruun tajajila siyaasaaf olfachaa kan jiruufi barattootni Yuunibarsiitii wallaggaa balaa beelaaf saaxilamuu fi Jibbinsa ilaalcha siyaasaan midhaa fi doorsifni guddaan Barattoota Oromoo irratti rawwachaa jiraachuu fi gama biraan immoo hojjettoota caaffee barattoota keessaa hojjetanin barattootaaf nyaata qopheessaniin odeeffannoo barattootni keessaa jiran nuuf kennuu diddaan isin rakkoo ilaalchaa ABO qabdu jechuun namoota hedduu hojii irra arii’uun walgabatee shira diinummaa mootummaan EPDRF ilmaan Oromoo irratti dalagaa jiruu dhabamsisuuf goototni qeerroon barattootni Oromoo sagaalee guddaan fincila kaachisan. Gaaffiiwwan armaan gadii finiinsuun fincillii hanga halkan keessa sada’aa 3:00tti itti fufe.
1. Mootummaan abbaa irree wayyaanee baajata kaffeef nuuf ramadamee irraa muruun gara tajajila siyaasaaf olchaa jiru dhaabuu qaba. Balaa beelaa barattoota rukuchaa jiruuf mootummaan itti gaafatamu qaba.
2. Dararaan ilmaan Oromoo Oromummaatti boonaan hojjettoota olaanoo barsiisotaa hanga hojjettoota kaffeetti ilmaan Oromoo irratti xiyyeffachuun ilmaan Oromoo hojii irraa Arii’uun dhaabbachuu qaba. Ilmaan Oromoo kaffee mooraa keessatti qacaramuun hojjechaa turanii maqaa isin ilaalcha ABO qabdu jechuun hojii irraa arii’ama jiran dhaabbachuu qaba. Kanneen hojii irraa arii’atamanis hojiitti deebi’uu qabu.
3. Bara darbee keessa barattootni Oromoo gaafffii mirgaa gaaffattaan maqaa jedhuun jumlaan ukkanfamanii barnoota isaanii irraa hidhaman, haga guyyaa har’atti eessa buuteen isaani hin beekamuu, kanaafu barattootni Oromoo badii malee hidhaman gaaffii tokko malee akka hiikaman ni gaafatna.
4. Gaffii mirgaa karaa nagaa fi dimookiraasii yeroo garaagaratti gaafachaa turreef mootummaan abbaa irree hangamatti deebii ilmaan Oromoo hidhuu ,ajjeessuu, barnootarra arii’uu deebii qubsaa godhachuun mirgi keenyaa fi mirgi uummata keenyaa dhiitamaa waan jiruuf mootummaan wayyaanee seeratti akka nuuf dhiyaatu jabeesinee gaafatna.
5. Mootummaan abbaa irree wayyaanee gaaffii mirga abbaa biyyummaa uummatni Oromoo gaafachaa jiru moggaatti dhiibuun saamicha lafaa fi Oromoo qe’ee irraa buqqisuu irratti xiyyeeffate dhaabu qaba; Gaaffii mirga abbaa biyyummaa uummata Oromoof deebiin kennamu qaba.
6. Mootummaan wayyaanee EPRDF biyyaa dimookiraasiin hin jirree, biyyaa mirgi dhala namummaa keessatti sarbamaa jiru keessatti mootummaan wayyaanee filannoo dimookiraatawaan gaggeessa jechuun dhaadachuun tuffii uummataa ta’uu argisiisaa, Adeemsii filannoo kijibaa wayyaanee dhaabbachuu qaba. Hanga gaaffii mirga abbaa biyyummaa uummata Oromoo kabajamuttii fi mirgootni dimookiraasii fi mirgootni namummaa hanga kabajamanitti wayyaaneen filannoo ittin ololaa jirtu kan hin gaggeessine ta’uu ni hubachiifna uummatni Oromoo fi lammiileen cunqurfamoon biyyatti kana hubachuu qabu gaaffii jedhuu fi gaffiiwwaan fakkataa gaafachuun dhaadannoo dhageesisuun itti fufan. Mootummaan Wayyaanee akkuma amala isaa human waraanaa magaalaa Neqemtee dhunfatee jiru gara mooraa Yuunibarsiitii wallaggatti akkuma qajeelaniin goototni barattootni Oromoo Yuunibarsitii Wallaggaa dura dhaabbachuun of irraa kan deebisan yoo ta’uu, mootummaan wayyaanee diddaa barattoota kanatti rifaatuu guddaa keessa seenuun halkaan keessa sa’aa 1:30 irratti human waraanaa fi poolisii Federaalaa Mooraa Yuunibarsiitii galchuun barattoota Oromoo karaa nagaa gaaffii gaafatan irratti waraana banuun mooraan Yuunibarsiitii wallaggaa gara dirree waraanatti jijjiramtee jirti.

Goototni barattootni Oromoo Wallee Warraaqsaa fi dhaadannoo guddaan human waraana Wayyaanee dura dhaabbataan sagaleen dhukaasaa Wayyaanee fi sagaleen dhaadannoo Qeerroo barattoota Oromoo walmakee jiraahuun gabaafamee jira.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/11/20/qeerroon-yuuniversitii-wallaggaa-gaaffii-mirgaa-duubatti-hin-deebine-kaasuun-gootummaan-loltoota-wayyaanee-dura-dhaabbataa-jiru-huni-agaazii-jedhamu-heddumminaan-mooraa-yuuniversitii-wallaggaas-qubate/

 

 

 

Barruuleen Qeerroo mirga saba Oromoo gaafatu yeroo ammaa kanatti itti fufee Oromiyaa keessatti tamsa’aa fi maxxanfamaa jira. Sadaasa, 20 Bara 2014, Qeerroo Bilisummaa. #BecauseIAmOromo

 

 

 

 

 

Qabiyyee Barruulee Naannoo Oromiyaa Keessatti Faca’anitti Dabalamee Kanneen Baldhinaan Guyyaa Har’aa Raabsamuu Eegale

Stop evicting Oromo farmers!

Qabiyyee Barruulee Naannoo Oromiyaa Keessatti Faca’anitti Dabalamee Kanneen Baldhinaan Guyyaa Har’aa Raabsamuu Eegale

#OromoProtests, 14 November 2014

 

YAA OROMOO!

1. Qe’ee irraa buqqifamuun uummataa haa dhaabbatu. Kanneen buqqifamanis hatattamaan beenyaa gahaan akka kennamuuf gaafatna!

2. Hidhaa fi ajjeechaan haa dhaabbatu. Hidhamtootni siyaasaas haal duree tokko malee haa hiikaman!

3. Barnoota, hojii irraa arii’amuun akkasumas doorsifamuun haa dhaabbatu!

4. Maqaa gibiraan saaminsi waggaa 22f gaggeeffamaa jiru hatattamaan haa dhaabbatu!

5. Namootni barattoota, barsiisota, uummata ajjeesaa bahan murtiitti haa dhiyaatan.

6. Caasaan tikaa fi manni hidhaa Uummata irratti diriirfame haa diigamu!

7. Sirnii fi Caasaan mootummaa hojii fi muudama siyaasaa waraana loogii sanyummaa irratti dhaabbatee ijaarame hatattamaan haa diigamu.

8. Qaala’insa jireenyaa sababa saaminsa mootummaa abbaa irreen uummata hiyyoomsaa jiru guutummaan dura dhaabbanna.
Mootummaan EPRDF loogii fi saaminsa irratti ijaarame haa diigamu!

9. Mirgi uummataa fi dimokiraasii hojiin haa hiikamu!

10. Mirgi amantiilee haa kabajamu. Mootummaan dhimma amantii keessa seenuu haa dhaabu!

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Ummanni Oromoo Mirga Isaa Akka Falmatuuf Jecha,Oromiyaa Bakkoota Adda Addaatti Sadaasa 9 Yaadatnoo Guyyaa FDG Ilaalchisee Qeerroon Barruu Warraaqsaa Maxxansuu fi Raabsuu Irratti Argama.

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Godina Lixa Shaggar Aanaa Midaa Qanyii Keessatti Diddaan Uumataa Itti Fufe, Sababaa Kanaan Oromoonni 5 Guyyaa Har’aa Hidhaman

 

Sadaasa 12, 2014 – Godina Lixa Shaggar aanaa Midaa Qanyiitti FDG uummataa fi gootota dargaggoota Qeerroo Oromoon qabsifame jabaatee itti fufe. Kanaan wal qabatees mootummaan abbaa irree Wayyaanee sabboontota ilmaan Oromoo nagaa hidhee dararaa jira.

Uummatni Oromoo aanaa Midaa Qanyii dargaggoota barattoota M/B Ballammii sadarkaa 2ffaa fi qophaa’ina waliin ta’uun ”Sammichi lafa Oromoo irratti bara baraan gaggeeffamaa jiru nurraa dhaabbachuu qaba, addaatti Mootummaan abbaa irree Wayyaanee lafa uummata Oromoo albuudaan hedduu gabbataa ta’ee gurgurachuun qabeenyaa keenya tigrayitti guuraa ture, ammas kanuma amaleeffachuun lafa albuudaan gabbataa ta’e kan aanaa Midaa Qanyii gammoojjii Garaadoo, Anoonuu fi Nyaabartti argamuu” bifa haaraawaan gurguraachaa jiru nurraa dhaabbachuu qaba jechuun FDG sirna nama nyaataa Wayyaanee angoo afaan qawween qabatee jiru irratti finciluun nuti mootummaa nu bulchu hin qabnu, mootummaa qabeenyaa leechelloo Oromiyaa eeguu hin qabnu, Oromiyaan saamamaa jira, ilmaan keenya maalitti guddatu harka walqabannee mirga keenya falmachuuf haa kaanu jechuun uummatni daddaa dargaggoota barattoota Oromoo qeerroon hogganamu cina dhaabbannee mirga keenyaaf ni falmanna jechuun FDGtti seename jira.

Abbaan irree Wayyaanee qawweetti amanu gaaffii uummatni karaa nagaa fi dimookiraasii dhiyeeffachaa jiruuf deebii humna waraanaa itti bobbaasuun doorsisuu, hidhuu, ajjeessuu fi nannoo irraa arii’achuu irratti argama. Baadiyyaan Aanaa Midaa Qanyii illee humna poolisaa Federaalaan eegamaa jirti.

Haaluma kanaan ilmaa Oromoo FDG narratti qindeessitan jechuun hidhamuun ibsame jira. Ilmaan Oromoo FGD qindeessitan jechuun hidhaman:

1. Obboo Mangistuu Moosisaa daldaalaa magaalaa Baallammii,
2. Barsiisaa Yaaloo Bantii,
3. Barataa Taarikuu Gusoo,
4. Barataa Biyyansaa Dhibbaa,
5. Barataa Tasfayee Biyyansaa kanneen kessatti argamani.

Ummanni Oromoo nagaan gaaffii mirgaa waan gaafatanii fi maaliif biyyi keenya gurgurama jedhanii waan gaafataniif balleessa tokko malee humnaan qabamanii wajjiraa Poolisii aanaa Midaa Qanyiitti hidhamuun dararama jiraachuun gabaafame jira. Goototni uummatni Oromoo Aanaa Midaa Qanyii ilmaan keenyaa gaaffii keenya gaafatan atattamaan hiikamuu qabu jechuun guyyaa kaleessaa bulchiinsa aanaa Midaa Qanyii gaafachuun gaaffii sammicha lafaa fi gaaffii mirga abbaa biyyummaa isin gaafachaa jirruuf deebiin nuuf kennamuu qaba jechuun bulchiinsa aanichaa dhiphisan.

Bulchiinsii aanaa Midaa Qanyii wa’ee gurgurtaa lafa Albuudaan gabbataa ta’ee kan Garaadoo, Anoonuu fi Nyabaritti argamu kana nuti waan tokko quba hin qabnu, warrii bitate xalayaa deeggaraasaa hojii investimentii fi babaldhina warshaaleef jedhu mootummaa federaalaa irra fidatan, mootummaan naannoo Oromiyaas quba waan qabu nutti hin fakkatuu, Gaaffiin keessan gaaffii mirgaa fi sirriidha, gaaffiin barattootas siriidhuma jechuun uummata amanee jira. uummatni erga bulchiinsii aanaa, Godinaa fi Oromiyaa utuu hin beekiin Wayyaaneen isin irraa utaalee lafa keenyaa fi qabeenyaa keenya kan gurguru ta’ee ga’een keessan maalii? gibra qofa wayyaaneef sassabuudhaa?? FDG gaggeessa jirru keessatti qooda keessaan ba’uun mirga keenyaaf haa falmannu, hamma yoomitti halagaan nu saamaa? maaliif halagaa biyya samsiftuu? daa’imni keessan boruu eessaa dhaqxii? jechuun uummatni diddaa isaa jabeessuun kan itti fufaa jiru ta’uu Qeerroo FDG qindeessaa fi gaggeessa jiru magaalaa Baallammii irraa gabaaee jira.   http://qeerroo.org/2014/11/13/godina-lixa-shaggar-aanaa-midaa-qanyii-keessatti-diddaan-uumataa-itti-fufesababaa-kanaan-oromoonni-5-guyyaa-haraa-hidhaman/

 

 

Gabaasa Yaadannoo Guyyaa FDG Sadaasa 9/2014 Ilaalchisee Oromiyaa Godinaalee Adda Addaa Irraa!

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Akkuma Sadaasa 7 irraa kaanee gabaasaa turre godinaalee oromiyaa bakkoota adda addaatti qophii jala bultii Sadaasa 9 FDG yaadannoo isaan wal qabatee Qeerroon uummata keessatti yaamicha qabsoo dhimma bahuudhaan, waraqaalee garagaraa kan maxxanfamaa turan naannolee oromiyaa wal duraa duubaan akka kanaa gadiitti nuufata manneen barnootaa fi uummataan kan kabajamee oole, godinaalee:

1. Lixa Shagaar aanaalee Amboo, Gudar, Miidaqany,Gincii, Jalduu,Ijaajjii, Calliyaa,fi Baakkoo keessatti Sadaasa 7 irraa kaasuudhaan magaalaa manneen barnootaa fi yuuniversitii akkasuma naannoo koolejjitti dua barataa Jaagamaa Badhaaneen wal qabsiisanii waraqaa hedduun maxxanfamee kan ture,akkasuma dhaadannooleen garagaraa waajjiraalee mootummaatti maxxanfamanii kan jiran akkasuma diddaan ciminaan akka itti fufu rakkoo uummata Oromoof hojjetaan,barataan qote bulaa,daldalaan iyyaa iyya dabarsaa jechuudhaan barruu xixiqqaan magaalota kanneen akka Amboo keessatti darbatamaa kan tureedha. Barattootni Yuuniversitii hunduu walitti dhufuudhaan guyyaa kana kabajanii kan oolan yoo tahu,akka lixa shaggara aanaalee olitti xuqaman kana keessatti FDG Sadaasa 9 kabajuudhaan wal qabsiisanii waamicha diddaa uummanni kaasuu qabu irratti dhaamsa dabarsuu, barruulee xixiqqa gandoota keessa faffacsuudhaan waamicha FDG dabarsuu irratti hojii cimaa hojjechuudhaan kan darbaniidha, waraabbiiwwan gama kanaan jiran hunduu kan dhiyaataniidha.

Wallagga Lixaa,Horru Guduruu fi Wallagga Bahaa,Akkasuma Qellem Wallaggaa Keessatti- Aanaanee godinoota kana keessatti argaman caasaa Qeerrootiin akkasuma maneen barnootaa sadarkaa tokkoffaa irraa kaasanii hanga qophaayinaatti koollejjiwwan dabalatee haala hooaan guyyaan kun kabajamee kan oolee fi waraqaan Qeerroon godinoota kana irratti haa maxxanfamuuf dhaame sochii diinaan wal qabatee hanga karoorfame tahuu baatullee, waraqoonni manneen barnootaatti akka maxxanfaman gabaasni kan dhiyaataa jiru, akkasuma uummata gidduutti waraqaan kan maxxanfamee jiru, akka lixa Wallaggaa irraa gabaasni dabalataa nu qaqqabee jirutti manneen amantaallee dhiisani namootni yaadannoo guyyaa kanaa irratti hirmaachuudhaan dhaamsa Qeerroo waliif dabarsaa kan oolan tahuu isaa gabaasni nu gahee jira,akkasuma Qellem Wallaggaa Dambi — Guutummaa gabaasa kanaaf:-

Gabaasa Yaadannoo Guyyaa FDG Sadaasa 9.docx

http://qeerroo.org/2014/11/10/gabaasa-yaadannoo-guyyaa-fdg-sadaasa-92014-ilaalchisee-oromiyaa-godinaalee-adda-addaa-irraa/

 

 

Gootota Baratoota Oromoon, Jalabultiin Yaadatnoo FDG Sadaasi 9 Mooraa Yuuniversitii Jimmaa Keessatti Bifa Howwaa Taheen Kabajamaa Bule

Guyyaan Yaadannoo FDG Sadasni 9 marsaan 9ffaa gootota Qeerroo barattoota Oromoo Yuunibarsiitii Jimmaan jalbultii isaa irraa eegaluun haala ho’aa ta’een kabajamaa jira.

Goototni Qeerroon dargaggootni baratootni Oromoo Yuunivarsiitii Jimmaa mooraa arfan main Campus, Agriculture, Sayinsii fi Teekinooloojii, Economics and Bussiness fi Kolleejjii barsiisota Jimmaan haala ajaa’ibsiisaa ta’een kanbajamuu egalee jira. Goototni Qeerroon barattootni Oromoo sagalee faaruu goototaa dhageesisuun gootota ilmaan Oromoo bilisummaa saba isaaniif jecha wareegama lubbuu baasan farfachuun namoota dhuunfaa, akka walitti dhufeenyaa fi caasaa ijaarsaa fi miseensotni Qeerroo barattoota Oromoo addaatti bifa qinda’een Sadaasa 9 yaadannoo FDG marsaa 9ffaan bifa adda ta’een kabajamuu eegalee jira.

Goototni barattootni Oromoo goota bilisummaaf wareegameef hin boo’an ni faarsu malee jechuun walleelee warraaqsaa kaachisuun gootota ilmaan Oromoo bilisummaa saba isaaniif wareegaman faarsuun jabaatee itti fufe, walleelee warraqsaas kaachisuun kaayyoo goototni ilmaan Oromoo irraatti wareegamaa jiran galmaan ga’uuf muratnoo fi kutannoo qabsoo bilisummaa Oromoof qaban ifatti diinatti argisiisan.

Addatti immoo mooraa Saayinsii fi Tekinooloojii keessatti Qophii anaa dhufuu barattoota haaraaf gumii guddina, aadaa, seenaa fi afaan Oromoo waliin qindeessuun, sirnni yaadannoo sadaasa 9 guyyaan FDG marsaa 9ffaa kabajameera. Walleeleen warraaqsaas itti fufinsaan qabsiifaman, goototni barattootni Oromoo mooraa keessa gara Magaalaa Jimmaatti gadi ba’uun daandii cufuuf wayita sochii cimaa gochaa jiranitti human waraanaa guddaa Magaalaa Jimmaa fi Yuunibarsiitii Jimmaa eegaa jiruun ittifaman . Walleeleen Warraaqsaa kanneen akka:
”Siifan lolaa uummata narra hingortuu, siifan lolaa yaa lola Eeboo,hin beeloftee moo hin dheebotte yaa Abo , hin beelofnee hin dheebonnee seena baddee na boosisa yaa abo, akka Taaddee Birruu, akka Abishee Garbaa, Akka Maammoo Mazammir, Akka Laggeesee Wagii, akka Tasfuu Camadaa, Akka Jaagamaa Badhaanee, akka Alamayyoo Garbaa, akka Gaadisaa hirphaasaa siifan loolaa uummataa narra hingortuu, gumaa ijoollee keenyaa Uummataa nargortuu, kaanee haabafannuu uummataa nurraa gortuu, hanga bilisummaa qabsoon itti haafuftuu, kan jedhuu fi Sirba hirphaa Gaanfurree, Bishaan Oromiyaa caffee keessa yaatii fi wallee warraaqsaa Eebbisaa Addunyaa ”eenyu isheen daangaa Oromoo tuqxuu irra ejjettee Morma ishee hin kuttuu”‘ jechuun Ilmaan gootaa gootota ilmaan Oromoo qabsoo bilisummaa Oromoo irratti wareegaman yaadachaa bulan.

Kana Maleessi barruuleen Warraaqsaa gaaffii mirga abbaa biyyummaa uummata Oromoo qabatee fi Dhaadannoo garaagaraa qabsoo bilisummaa Oromoof nama onnachiisaan of irraa qabu, magaalaa jimmaa fi Yuunivarsiitii Jimmaa keessatti uummataaf raabsaman, magaalaa keessattis haalan bittinneeffamaman, suuraan gootota Oromoos uummataa fi Qeerroon waliif kennaa jiraachuun ibsamera. haaluma kanan walqabatee FDG guddaan dhalachuuf jira jechuun mootummaan Wayyaanee yaaddoo guddaa keessa seenuun human waraanaa guddaa maqaalaa Jimmaa keessa mooraa ”Waraana dhihaa” kutaa 12ff jedhamuun beekamu keessa gadi yaasuun halkan guutuu magaalaan Jimmaa fi Yuunibarsiitiin Jimmaa Waraanaan eegamaa jirti. Soda guddaa sochii kana irraa qabduunis Wayyaaneen tajajila Interniitii fi Network ukkamsaa jiru.

Source: Qeerroo

http://ayyaantuu.com/horn-of-africa-news/oromia/gootota-baratoota-oromoon-jalabultiin-yaadatnoo-fdg-sadaasi-9-mooraa-yuuniversitii-jimmaa-keessatti-bifa-howwaa-taheen-kabajamaa-bule/

A Chronological Summary of Oromian Student Movement Led by Qeerroo Bilisummaa: November 2013 – November 2014

Compiled by Daandii Qajeelaa November 7, 2014

In memory Oromo students who lost their lives during the November 2005 and April/May 2014 Oromo student movement known as Fincila Diddaa Gabrummaa (Revolt against Subjugation).

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Introduction

In recent years an Oromo youth wing known as “the National Youth Movement for Freedom and Democracy (NYMFD)”, widely known among the Oromo as “Qeerroo Bilisummaa” or simply “Qeerroo”, has reinvigorated the struggle of the Oromo nation for freedom, democracy and justice. From the publications and public statements of the group, one can easily see a strong connection or affiliation of the group with the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF). For example, the radio of OLF, Sagalee Bilisummaa Oromoo (SBO), routinely reports the movements of Qeerroo, and conversely, Qeerroos radio, Sagalee Qeerroo Bilisummaa, also routinely reports the military activities of the OLF army. However, the chairman of OLF, Mr. Daud Ibsa Ayana, was reluctant to disclose the apparent affiliation of his organization with Qeerroo in a recent interview he made with Oromia Media Network (OMN). Perhaps he refrained from doing so for obvious reasons.

While considered as the “youth wing” of the OLF, “Qeerroo” has been vibrant and visible than the OLF itself in just few years of its formation. To see the validity of this statement, it will be enough to look at the volume of information provided by Qeerroo website www.qeerroo.org, frequently updated each day, since the formation of the group in 2011. When an incident such as Oromo student protest, unlawful arrest of Oromo nationals, school dismissals related to student unrests, incidents of land grab and eviction of Oromo farmers, and so on occurs at any corner of Oromia, it is usually this youth group (its website and web-based radio) that reports first from every corner indicating that the group is well organized and widely spread not only in Oromia but also throughout the entire Ethiopia. For example, during the widespread Oromo student protests in spring 2014, it was only this group who managed to compile a list of 61 Oromo students killed 903 others languishing in several prisons in all corners of Oromia, East, West, North, and South. It is remarkable how a single youth group managed to compile all these names, not to consider all the details: school/university the student was attending, major subject the student was in, year (1st year, 2nd year, etc.), place of birth, and so on virtually from everywhere in the region. In many cases when Oromo students are killed by the regime, it is this youth group that makes the names and in some cases the pictures of the victims public. This has been happening continuously over the last four years. What is more remarkable is that the group managed to compile all these data under tight security machine of the regime and with almost no known financial or material support.

Inspired by the 2011 revolution of North Africa and the Middle East known as Arab Spring, this Oromo youth group Qeerroo Bilisummaa was formed in 2011. At first, very few people paid serious attention to it. Many believed it to be just another bluffing of desperate groups opposing the government from the Diaspora. But soon enough the group showed itself on the ground that it is for real. The movement of the group started showing itself mainly in universities and higher educational institutions in Oromia. A series of Oromo student protests broke out in several universities and colleges soon following the formation of the group.

On April 7, 2011, following the founding declaration of Qeerroo, Oromo students of Mizan Tepi University revolted. The government federal police fired live ammunition on the protesters in which 114 Oromo students were reported to have been wounded and hospitalized. 50 others have been abducted from their dormitories the next night and taken to unknown location. On April 12, 2011 Oromo students of Haromaya University staged a peaceful protest demanding the release of their classmates who have been abducted from their dormitories. Their protests however resulted in more arrests and more abductions. On April 15, 2011 Oromo students protested in Arba Minch University, SNNP regional state, which resulted in arrest of several students. On May 2, 2011 Oromo students of Jijjiga University, Ogaden regional state, protested. On May 15, 2011 Oromo students of Fiche Preparatory School, Northern Shoa, protested. May 19 – 21, 2011 Oromo students of Adama University protested. These are just few of the incidents of protests and the response of the government following the formation of Qeerroo in 2011.

Oromo student protests continued on and off, but non-stop throughout the years 2011-2014 in Oromia, apparently under the [underground] leadership of this youth group “Qeerroo Bilisummaa”. The government suppression also continued. The most wide spread and bloodiest of all the protests is the series of protests that occurred in the spring of 2014. At one time alone Qeerroo managed to compile the list of some 61 Oromo students that were killed in mainly Ambo, Gudar, and Robe (Bale zone), but the actual number of Oromo students that have been killed by the forces of the regime in the months of April and May, 2014 is probably several hundreds and those arrested are estimated in tens of thousands.

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Some of the students killed in Ambo – April 30, 2014The purpose of this report is to compile and document the most visible movement of the Oromo youth movement against subjugation (Fincila Diddaa Gabrummaa), led by Qeerroo Bilisummaa, of the year 2013 – 2014, in the English language. Almost all of the report is taken directly from Qeerroo website www.qeerroo.org. While I have taken the liberty to ignore some reports which are incomplete or ambiguous, I have made no effort to verify the validity of any of the information provided. However, the fact that such details of the information presented on a large scale from every corner, it is easy to see that most of the information and data given in this report are largely true. In the report, I have attempted to document the day-to-day activities related to Qeerroo in a chronological order. On a given day, I have translated only headlines of the item(s) I considered are significant. I have provided the link to the incident for those who want to verify for themselves from the source. It has to be noted that, due to the high volume of information given on the website, only the most relevant and a small fraction is presented in this report.

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Ethiopian government soldiers firing at unarmed and defenseless Oromo students

 

While I have been closely following [and reporting] the Oromo student movement in general, and that of Qeerroo Bilisummaa in particular in recent years, it has to be known that I am not a member of this group Qeerroo. Nor am I involved in the activities of this group in any shape or form.

 

Headlines of Qeerroo’s Activities and the Response of the Government

Nov. 2013 – Nov. 2014

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government esponse

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

November 15, 2013

Oromo students of Arba Minch University staged a peaceful protest aginst the regime. The regime’s forces used live ammunition to disperse the students during which a 4th year electrichal engineering Oromo student Samuel Dessalenyi was severely injured.

http://qeerroo.org/2013/11/15/

November 26, 2013

Oromo students of Gondar University, Amhara regional state, staged a peaceful protest. The government used live ammunition to disperse the protest during which a 3rd year marketing Oromo student named Anteneh Asfaw Legesse was shot and severely wounded. The student died in the hospital few days later. Several students have been arrested.

image

http://qeerroo.org/2013/11/26/

November 29, 2013

40 Oromo nationals, including a 13 year old child have been arrested and tortured in Ebantu district, Hinde town, East Wollega zone, for allegedly having connection with the OLF and for opposing the construction of the so called “Renaissance Dam”. The list of those arrested can be seen in the link provided to the right.

http://qeerroo.org/2013/11/29/

November 30, 2013

An estimated 3000 Oromo students staged another peaceful protest in Gondar University, when the news of the passing away of Oromo student Anteneh Asfaw, wounded by live bullet during the November 26 protest was spread in the university campus. New wave of arrest followed the protest.

image

Anteneh Asfaw, killed in Gondar University

http://qeerroo.org/2013/11/30/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government esponse

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

December 7, 2013

The Administration of Gondar University expelled 36 Oromo students who are accused of leading the peaceful protest of November 26 -30 and gave warning to 150 others. Among the 36 students, 8 are dismissed completely, 9 are suspended for two years, and 19 others are required to pay money and hence not to return to the university until they pay in full.

http://qeerroo.org/2013/11/30/

December 28, 2013

Oromo youth of Alibo town, Jardaga Jarte district, Horo Guduru Wollega zone, staged a peaceful protest. The government forces arrested 6 government employees accusing them of having connection with the youth (qeerroo) protest.

http://qeerroo.org/2013/12/28/

January 1, 2014

A new radio program “Oromo Voice Radio” started broadcasting to Oromia three days a week on Monday, Wednesday, and Saturday at 7:00 PM (Oromia time) at 16 MB or 17850 kHz.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/01/01/

January 3, 2014

Internet radio, “Radio Sagalee Qeerroo Bilisummaa” started broadcasting. Here is the link to the first broadcast.

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government esponse

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

January 4, 2014

  • Oromo students of Mattu University, Ilubabor zone, staged a peaceful protest. At least two students have been severely wounded by government forces.

  • Qeerroo Bilisummaa Singers Group released an inspirational song (a response to a popular Amahara singer Teddy Afro, who is known for praising King Minilik II through his song) on YouTube by a popular young Oromo singer Shukri Jamal.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/01/04/

January 7, 2014

Qeerroo Singers Group released a revolutionary song named “Itti Fufna Falma” (We Shall Continue the Struggle) on YouTube.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/01/07/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government esponse

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

January 12, 2014

Qeerroo Singers Group released another revolutionary song named “kunoo akkasi yaa lammi koo garaan na ciise reefuu” (yes my fellow countrymen (Oromos), I am now happy [that you continue fighting]) on YouTube.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/01/12/

January 31, 2014

Popular Oromo singer Shukri Jamal released a new revolutionary song named “Oromiyaa” on YouTube.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/01/31/

February 2, 2014

Oromo students of Haromaya University staged a peaceful protest against the poisoning of their food.

image

http://qeerroo.org/2014/02/02/

February 6, 2014

13 Oromo students of Mattu University are expelled from the university as a consequence of their opposition and protest against Beddellee Beer. (Many young Oromos protested against Beddelle Beer factory because the owner of the brewery sponsored Teddy Afro who is known for his song of praising King Minilik II which Oromos consider as “Hitler of Africa” for the genocide he committed on Oromos and other peoples of Southern Ethiopia during the 2nd half of the 19thcentury).

http://qeerroo.org/2014/02/06/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

February 10, 2014

An Oromo youth singer Ibrahim Muhammed (Ibro) released a revolutionary video (song) on YouTube named “Iyyadhu Yaa Dachii”, meaning “Our land, Cry”.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/02/10/

February 15, 2014

Oromo students of Ambo university showed disobedience by making a hunger strike demanding for the armed forces of the regime leave the University campus. 3 Oromo students are arrested.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/02/15/

February 16, 2014

Oromos residing in Sululta (vicinity of Finfinne [Addis Ababa]) revolted against the repressive policy of the government by singing revolutionary songs and distributing leaflets of Qeerroo. In response the government arrested at least 5 Oromos out of which 3 are members of the ruling OPDO party.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/02/16/

February 17, 2014

Oromo students of Haromaya University revolted in the university campus by chanting slogans, signing revolutionary songs and refusing to eat food. In response the government arrested at least 4 employees of the university. In Jimma University, Qeerroo leaflets have been distributed.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/02/17/

February 18, 2014

Armed forces of the regime continued terrorizing Oromo students and other Oromo nationals in Ambo university and other towns of West Shoa zone. At least 5 have been arrested.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/02/18/

February 26, 2014

Oromo students of several middle schools and high schools in East Wollega zone protested against the government in their respective school campus. Among several schools in which student protests took place are Haro Limmu, Leqa Dullacha, Jimma Arjo, and Kiramu high schools.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/02/26/

February 28, 2014

Oromo students of Mattu university staged a peaceful protest demanding the return to school of 15 Oromo students who were expelled from the university.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/02/28/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

March 2, 2014

Renowned Oromo vocalist Hirpha Ganfure released an inspirational revolutionary song named “Ka’I dubbiin booree taatee” meaning roughly “stand up for your right” through YouTube.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/03/02/

March 3, 2014

At least two Oromo nationals have been abducted from Wallisoo town.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/03/03/

March 4, 2014

A renowned Oromo TV “Oromo Media Network” (OMN) begun its first broadcast to Oromia.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/03/04/

March 5, 2014

At least five Oromo students have been abducted from Western Shoa zone, Gedo town.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/03/05/

March 6, 2014

Oromo students in West Shoa zone, Midaqanyi and Chaliya districts staged a peaceful protest in Gedo town. At least six Oromo students have been abducted in connection to the protest and disappeared.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/03/06/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

March 10, 2014

Renowned Oromo vocalist Elemo Ali released a YouTube Song (video) about the cruel “hand and breast cutting” (harma mura Anole) of Oromo men/women by King Minilik entitled “Maali Mallisaa” meaning “what is the solution”.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/03/10/

March 13, 2014

  • Oromo students of Shakkiso Secondary and Preparatory school, Guji zone, staged a peaceful protest against the illegal gold mining project of the Shakkiso area while the region remains deprived of services and infrastructure. Students are reported to have been beaten by the armed forces of the regime and at least 30 have been severely wounded. Many others have been thrown into jail.

  • A young Oromo vocalist Fesel Haji released a new video on YouTube entitled “Anis Oromoo dha” meaning “I am Oromo too”.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/03/13/

March 15, 2014

At least two Oromo students have been arrested in Finfinne (Addis Ababa), “Finfinne Special Zone”, under suspicion of having connection with the OLF.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/03/15/

March 18, 2014

Young Oromo vocalist Nata’a H/Giorgis released a revolutionary song denouncing the evil deeds of King Minilik and neo-Miniliks.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/03/18/

March 20, 2014

Oromo students of Shakkiso Secondary and Preparatory School staged another peaceful demonstration opposing the exploitation of Gold from the area by the government and the selling of their natural resources to the so called “investors”. Government armed forces fired live ammunition on protesters seriously wounding at least 23 students. The names of the students who are wounded is given in link to the right.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/03/20/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

March 20, 2014

Oromo students of Jimma University staged a peaceful demonstration in the University campus following a cultural show event by singing revolutionary songs recently released by Shukri Jamal “Minilik nuuf diina” (Minilik is our enemy) and by Qamar Yusuf “Minilik bineensa” (Minilik is a beast) and revolutionary songs of several other Oromo Artists such as Hacalu Hundessa (suma Abdiin koo Qeerramsoo koo), Amin Hussen (Abba Biyya hoo), Hirpha Ganfure (Ka’ii Qeerroo), Haylu Kitaba (Qeerroo Loli), Adnan Mohammed (Baala Adaamii) and more.

Watch part of the video here:

http://qeerroo.org/2014/03/20/

March 22, 2014

Oromo students of Haru Chululle School, South West Shoa zone, staged a peaceful protest demanding the return to school of a 12th grade student named Gabbisa Tammiru who has been expelled from school because of being accused of “promoting the work and agenda of the OLF”.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/03/22/

March 25, 2014

About 100 Oromo students who became jobless after graduating from different universities and colleges staged a peaceful demonstration in front of the zone police commission in West Shoa zone, Ambo town.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/03/25/

March 29, 2014

“Baandii Tokkummaa” or “Unity Band” has shown inspirational revolutionary songs (including the famous “Minilik is our enemy” song by Shukri Jamal) in Haromaya University firing up Oromo students of the university.

Students are seen carrying the singer in the video released later by Qeerroo. See part of the YouTube video here:

http://qeerroo.org/2014/03/29/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

April

2, 2014

Internet radio “Sagalee Qeerroo Bilisummaa” (Voice of Qeerroo Bilisummaa) started broadcasting in Amharic language.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/04/02/

April

5, 2014

The Central Committee of Qeerroo Bilisummaa released a statement calling Oromo youth and the entire Oromo nation for revolt against the repressive Ethiopian regime in general and against the so called “Master Plan” in particular. One can see that this call was the beginning of the Oromia wide revolt that spread in the region in the months of April and May, 2014. The full statement in Afan Oromo can be seen here:

http://qeerroo.files.wordpress.com/2014/04/haala-yeroo-ilaalchisee-ibsa-qeerroo-bilisummaa-irraa-kenname-ebla-3-2014.pdf

http://qeerroo.org/2014/04/05/

April

9, 2014

20 Oromo students of Adama university have been arrested while they were traveling to Arsi zone to commemorate the “breast cutting” of King Minilik at Anole, Arsi zone. See the names of the students in the link provided to the right.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/04/09/

April

12, 2014

Oromo students of Jimma University staged a huge protest in the university campus chanting slogans such as “Oromo land belongs to Oromos”, “The Statue of King Minilik should be removed from Finfinne (Addis Ababa)”, “Minilik is our enemy”, “Finfinne (Addis Ababa) belongs to the Oromo”, and more. Watch a brief YouTube video posted by Qeerroo Bilisummaa here:

http://qeerroo.org/2014/04/12/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

April

13, 2014

Renowened Oromo vocalist Jafar Yusuf released his famous revolutionary song called “Finfinnee” (Addis Ababa) on YouTube denouncing the eviction of Oromo farmers around the capital and opposing the expansion of the capital (through the so called “Master Plan”).

Here is the link to the video:

http://qeerroo.org/2014/04/13/

April

14, 2014

Popular singer Hangatu Balcha improved her famous song “Alaabaa” (meaning Flag) and posted on YouTube.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/04/14/

April

15, 2014

“Qeerroo Bilisummaa Singers Group” (Hawwisoo Qeerroo Bilisummaa) released a new collective song about Oromo Martyers Day (Guyyaa Gootota Oromoo) on YouTube.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/04/15/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

April

16, 2014

  • Oromo students of Adama Science and Technology University staged a protest inside their campus by chanting slogans, singing, and denouncing the TPLF led Ethiopian government and some Habasha singers and publishers who are engaged in tarnishing the history and diginity of the Oromo people.

  • Oromo students of several universities and high schools in Oromia organized under Qeerroo Bilisummaa commemorated “Guyyaa Gootota Oromoo” (Oromo Martyrs Day): Hawasa University, Wollega University (Nekemte, Shambu, Ghmbi), New Generation College (Nekemte), Ambo University, Gedo [high school], Tikur Hinchini [high school], Waliso, Walqixxe, Haromaya University (Haromaya), Haromaya University (Chiro), Finfinne (Addis Ababa) University (“kilo” 4, 5, 6, and Kotebe), Mattu, Jimma, Robe (Bale) universities, and several other places.

Many students who are members of the ruling OPDO party also are reported to have participated on this commemoration (although the event is done underground without the knowledge of the authorities).

http://qeerroo.org/2014/04/16/

April

18, 2014

Popular Oromo Artist Jafar Yusuf was arrested by the TPLF-led Ethiopian “security” forces because of his revolutionary song “Finfinne” (Addis Ababa) which he released five days ago (on April 13). He was taken to a military camp and severely beaten for several days after which he was hospitalized and taken to ALERT hospital. After his release he is reported to have been forced to go into exile. Here was his song:

http://qeerroo.org/2014/04/18/

April

19, 2014

Oromo students of Jimma University stood in unison, went to Jimma Police station and demanded the release of their classmates which were arrested earlier. This bravery of the students created a surprising and unseen turn of events when the police station unexpectedly accepted their demand and released 10 Oromo students. The students returned to their dormitories happy and singing. The names of the released students can be seen from the link provided on the right.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/04/19/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

April

20, 2014

Oromo students’ protest in Jimma University is renewed and intensified. A protest is also broke out in Mattu University, Illubabor zone. In both places the studdents protested mainly against the so called “Addis Ababa Master Plan”. The government military force was dispatched to both universities and has beaten several students and also was seen firing live ammunition at the students. Especially, Jimma University was reported to have looked like a war zone.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/04/20/

April

21, 2014

The popular Oromo singer Shukri Jamal released another inspirational revolutionary song on YouTube known as “abbaan lafaa dhabe lafasaa” (the owner lost his land). It is a song which opposes the land grab and also the expansion of the capital [Addis Ababa] to Oromia. Here is the video:

http://qeerroo.org/2014/04/21/

April

22, 2014

At least 12 Oromo students of Jimma University have been abducted and arrested by the government police for participating on the peaceful protest of students of the university. Meanwhile, all the four campuses of Jimma University are filled by Federal police and students are prohibited to move from place tp place in those campuses.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/04/22/

April

23, 2014

Six additional students of Jimma University arrested.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/04/23/

April

24, 2014

Oromo students of Jimma University organized in Unison again and went to Jimma police station and bravely demanded the release of their classmates. This time the Jimma Police station released 8 students. The names of those released are given in the link provided to the right.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/04/24/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

April

25, 2014

  • Oromo students of Ambo University staged protest this time coming out of their university campus in which the residents of the town also joined, chanting slogans such as “Minilik bineensa” (Minilik is a beast), “Finfinneen keenya” (Finfinne [Addis Ababa] is ours”, and more. At least 15 students have been arrested on the protest. Below is the audio of the protest recorded and released by Qeerroo Bilisummaa:

  • At the same time Oromo students of Haromaya University staged a huge protest getting out of their campus in which many residents of Haromaya city joined. At least 5000 students are said to have been participated on the protest. The students were chanting slogans such as “Finfinne is ours”, “Sebeta is ours”, “Oromia shall be free”, “Oromo need freedom”, “Jafar Yusuf should be released [from jail]”, and many more. The president of Haromaya University Dr. Girma Lammessa tried to calm the students but was rejected by the students. The audio of the speech of the university president was recorded and released by Qeerroo Bilisummaa:

http://qeerroo.org/2014/04/25/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

April

26, 2014

Oromo students of Wollega University staged a huge and historic protest defying the order of the regime’s police and getting out of their campus and moving in the [Nekemte] city. The so called Federal police of the regime attacked the students with live bullet. Several students were injured and hospitalized and several others have been arrested. Some of of the slogans of the students were: “Finifinne is ours”, “Today it is Bishoftu[taking of Oromo land], tomorrow it is Jimma”, “Minilik’s Statue should be removed from Finfinne (Addis Ababa)”, and more.

The audio of the student protest was recorded and released by Qeerroo Bilisummaa as follows.

image

http://qeerroo.org/2014/04/26/

April

27, 2014

Oromo students of Wollega University continued protest for the 2nd day. The Agazi force of the government [special police force of the Federal government known for its cruelty] wounded several students by beating as well as by live bullet fired directly at students peacefully protesting. At leat 6 were wounded severely and taken to Nekemte Hospital.

image

Some of injured students of Wollega University.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/04/27/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

April

28, 2014

Oromo student protest spread to many universities and high schools in Oromia

    • Oromo students of Gedo Secondary Preparatory School staged a protested in Gedo town, West Shoa zone.

    • Oromo students of Adama University distributed Qeerroo’s leaflet of call for protest in Adama city.

    • Oromo students of Madda Walabu University, Robe, Bale zone staged a peaceful protest.

    • Oromo students of Mattu University, Illubabor zone staged a peaceful protest. Here is an audio recorded and released by Qeerroo Bilisummaa:

  • Oromo students of Bule Hora University staged peaceful protest.

    image

  • Oromo students of Nekemte Preparatory Secondary school staged peaceful protest.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/04/28/

April

29, 2014

Oromo students of Adama Science and Technology University staged a peaceful protest chanting the same slogan that Oromo students of other universities were chanting. The regime arrested at least 10 students.

Qeerroo’s video is here:

http://qeerroo.org/2014/04/29/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

April

29, 2014

Continued

Oromo student protest spread to several places all over Oromia. Students in all places were more or less chanting the same slogan indicating that all these protests are well planned and coordinated [by no other entity than “Qeerroo Bilisummaa”, Oromo youth group]. All happening on the same day, at the same time.

    • Ambo University, all schools in Ambo town and the people of Ambo staged a historic demonstration. An estimated 25, 000 people participated on the protest. The government forces initially used tear gas to disperse the crowd but later used live bullets shooting and killing protesters.

    • Adama Science and Technology University staged a historic protest in the Adama city. At least 10 arrested. Qeerroo’s video is here:

    • Alibo Preparatory Secondary School, Jardaga Jarte district, Horo Gudru zone

    • All school in Nekemte town, East Wollega zone (students were seen burning the Habasha/Woyane flag)

image

    • Schools in Shambu town, Horo Gudru zone

image

  • Oromo student protests intensified in Dembi Dollo, West Wollega zone; Gudar, West Shoa zone; Mattu University, Ilubabor zone [second day].

http://qeerroo.org/2014/04/29/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

April

30, 2014

A historic and bloody day in the history of the struggle of the Oromo nation for freedom. Oromo student protest spread to all parts of Oromia.

    • The biggest and bloodiest of all the protests took place in the city of Ambo, West Shoa zone, where the peaceful protest turned into violence when government so called Agazi force shot and killed a 9thgrade student. Cars and buildings were ablaze on fire. The protest included all people of the city. Several people were killed hundreds wounded. Ambo looked like a war zone. BBC reported at least 30 people were killed by live bullet including 8 students. Listen to live report recorded (interview, live from the scene):

image

    • Oromo students of Dire Dawa University staged a peaceful protest.

image

Listen to audio interview by Radio Qeerroo Bilisummaa Oromoo:

  • Oromo students of Balami Secondary School, Mida Qanyi district, West Shoa zone staged a peaceful protest.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/04/30/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

April

30, 2014

Continued

    • Oromo students of Ghmbi and Mandi Preparatory Secondary Schools, West Wollega zone, staged peaceful protests in their respective towns.

image

    • Oromo students of Billo town, Bonaya district, East Wollega zone staged peaceful protest.

image

http://qeerroo.org/2014/04/30/

May

01, 2014

Oromo student protests continued in several universities, including Addis Ababa [Finfinne] University, colleges, high schools and middle schools and towns.

  • Oromo people of Alibo town, Horo Gudru zone, completely controlled the city chasing away the local government officials.

  • Oromo students of Madda Walabu University, Robe Town, Bale zone, staged a historic and blody protest. The notorious government Agazi force fired live ammunition on protesting students and several students were killed.

image

http://qeerroo.org/2014/04/25/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

May

1, 2014

Continued

    • A huge protest was held in Gudar town, West shoa zone. Government forces fired live ammunition and killed several students. With the brutal killing of the regime’s forces, the protesters turned to violent action. The military camp of the regime located in the town was burned.

    • In Ambo town the whole town remained closed. Government forces went house to house and arrested several people, including three school teachers several students.

image

    • Oromo students of Finfinne [Addis Ababa] University staged a peaceful protest. Video recorded and released by Qeerroo Bilisummaa:

image

  • Oromo student protests are reported to have continued in Haromaya, Jimma, Madda Walabu, and Shambu universities.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/01/

May

2, 2014

Oromo student protests continued spreading to several other universities and high schools, middle schools throughout Oromia:

  • In Mida Qanyi district, West Shoa zone, the intensified protest of the Oromo students and people led by Qeerroo forced the administrator of the district, Shumi Lata, abandon his government and surrender to the people. The protesters controlled the administration office and the police station.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/02/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

May

2, 2014

continued

    • Student protest intensified in Mandi town, West Wollega zone. In this video recorded and released by Qeerroo Bilisummaa, the Federal police is seen directly shoting at protesters.

    • Oromo students of Ayira Gulliso, West Wollega zone staged a peaceful protest. Audio of the protests in Ayira, Mandi, Mida Qanyi, and Haromaya is released by Qeerroo Bilisummaa as follows:

  • Oromo students of Arba Minch University continued protest for the third day in a row.

  • Oromo students of Gindabarat and Xuqur Hincinni districts, West Shoa zone, staged peaceful protest

  • Oromo students of Haromaya University continued protesting in Haromaya town.

  • Oromo students of Ganji Secondary School, West Wollega zone, staged a peaceful protest.

  • Oromo students of Burrayyu Secondary School, Finfinne Special zone, staged a peaceful protest.

image

http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/02/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

May

3, 2014

    • Oromo student protests continued in many towns in Oromia: Bakko, Xuqur Hincinni, Tokke Kusaye, Mida Qanyi, and many more.

image

  • A new revolutionary song is released on YouTube by Qeerroo Bilisummaa Singer’s Group (Hawwisoo Qeerroo Bilisummaa).

http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/03/

May

4, 2014

Oromo student protest continued in several towns in Oromia:

    • In Horo Guduru zone, Jardaga town, protesters chased away the police and local armed forces of the regime and controlled the town.

    • Protests continued in Horo Guduru Wollega zone, Kombolcha town.

image

  • Oromo student protests continued in the following cities on this day: Shambu, Horo Guduru Wollega; Sibu Sire, East Wollega; Bakko, West Shoa; Wal Qixxe, Wanchi, Taji, Sabata, Sadan Sodo, Ammaya, South West Shoa zone.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/04/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

May

5, 2014

    • Student Protest Continued in Mida Qanyi district, West Shoa zone. Agazi force is sent to the area and terrorized the civilian population.

image

  • The regime arrested four commanders of its police force in Nekemte town, East Wollega, accusing them of having connection with the OLF.

  • Oromo student protest intensified in several places of East Wollega: Haro Limmu, Limu Gelila, Guto Wayyu, Guto Gidda, Kiramu, Gidda Ayana, Ebantu, Gatama, Sibu Sire, Nunu Qumba, Bako, Billo Boshe, Guttin, Arjo Guddattu, and Digga Sasigga.

  • Protests expanded to several places of West Wollega zone: Inango, Nedjo, Dongoro, Ghmbi, Ayira, Gulliso, Gidami, Begi, Gidami, Jimma Horo, Qebe, Qaqe, and Haro Sabu.

  • Oromo student protests also continued in Horo Guduru Wollega zone at places such as Jardaga, Jarte, and Agamsa.

  • Popular Oromo singer Addisu Karayyu released his famous revolutionary song named “Ka’ii Loli” meaning “Stand up and fight” on YouTube.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/05/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

May

6, 2014

Protests continued in Shino town, West Shoa zone; Ayira, West Wollega zone; Jardaga Jarte, Horo Guduru Wollega zone, and Haromaya, East Oromia.

image

http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/06/

May

7, 2014

    • Oromo students of Dembi Dollo town, West wollega zone staged a huge protest. Government Agazi force is reported to have beaten the students with stick and used tear gas, but also used live bullet to disperse the protest. Qeerroo reported that 2 students are killed.

image

  • Protest was spread to towns and villages near Dembi Dollo such as Mugi, Ashi, and Garjeda. Several students are reported to have been arrested indiscriminately.

  • In connection with the protests, several students of Adama University, East Shoa zone have been abducted by government forces and disappeared. One of the students arrested, Adunya Kiso, was the leader of Oromo cultural show known as GAASO.

image

Adunya Kiso

http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/07/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

May

8, 2014

  • Ethiopian government unlished its forces in West shoa zone and made indiscriminate and massive arrests.

  • At least 400 people have been arrested in Mida Qanyi, West Shoa zone, students, teachers, farmers, government employees, including many local government officials and OPDO members in connection with the protest in the area.

The widespread and indiscriminate arrests occurred after the protests have slowed down in this area. In West Shoa zone alone mare than 600 Oromo students, including 15 year old girls, have been abducted and arrested.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/08/

May

9, 2014

Oromos all over the world protested on the same day in solidarity with the Oromo students protesting in Oromia in 30+ cities worldwide.

Here is video of that of the protest at twin cities, MN

http://gadaa.com/oduu/25901/2014/05/02/oromoprotests-worldwide-oromo-rallies-all-on-this-page-in-solidarity-with-oromoprotests-to-stop-the-addis-ababa-master-genocide-plan-and-to-demand-justice-for/

May 10

2014

    • Oromo students and residents of Ghmbi town staged a protest which is reported to have been turned into violence when an Oromo student was killed by an Amhara business man who lived in the city for many years. Some buildings are set on fire and many shops are reported to have been destroyed.

image

  • Oromo people of Bakko and Bakko Tibbe towns, West Shoa zone, protested and closed the road from Finfinne (Addis Ababa) to Finca’a town, Horo Gududru Wollegga zone.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/10/

image

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

May

11, 2014

  • A wide report of Oromo people’s protest of May 9, 2014 all over the world is presented on Qeerroo’s Website.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/11/

May

12, 2014

  • 3-Day Minnesota-State-Capitol OromoProtests Solidarity Hunger-Strike ended successfully at the Passing of Minnesota House Resolution condemning the Ethiopian govt’s violence on Oromo students.

    • Oromo student protest continued in Innango, West Wollega zone

    • Several Oromo students of Jimma University arrested.

    • Oromo protests solidarity hunger-strikers hold a mock funeral in front of the Minnesotan State capitol for slain Oromo students and civilians in Oromia.

image

  • Popular Oromo singer Hangatu Balcha released an inspirational revolutionary song on YouTube.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/12/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

May

14, 2014

    • Another round of Oromo student protest broke out in Wollega University. The government forces are reported firing live ammunition on the students. Several students are injured many others are abducted and taken away.

image

  • Government forces continued terrorizing Oromo students of Jimma University. Beating and arresting indiscriminately.

  • Qeerroo Bilisummaa Singers Group released a new revolutionary song named “Oromiyaa Keessaan Qeerroon sitti marse” (You are surrounded in Oromia by Qeerroo) on YouTube.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/14/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

May

15, 2014

  • Beating and firing live ammunition on Oromo students continued in Wollega University. More than 150 students hospitalized. Doctors and other health professionals of Nekemte Hospital are beaten for treating the injured Oromo students.

  • Oromo students of various colleges in Nekemte town staged peaceful protest and brutally beaten by government forces.

  • Oromo student protest broke out in Nedjo town, West Wollega zone. The Oromo students controlled Nedjo town for several hours until government Federal force arrived from Ghmbi town. The federal police started beating everyone indiscriminately upon arrival. Hundreds of students arrested. Others escaped to rural areas and remained there for several months. Many others are forced to permanently disappear from the area, some of them into exile.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/15/

May

16, 2014

    • A Young Oromo artist Jirenya Shiferaw released an inspirational and revolutionary song on YouTube.

  • At least 6 Oromo students are reported to have been arrested from their dormitories in Adama University in connection to the student protest held in the area.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/16/

May

17, 2014

  • The government continued massive and indiscriminate arrest of Oromo students and other Oromo nationals:

    • From Mandi, West Wollega: 11,

    • From Haromaya, East Oromia: 4,

    • Ambo, West Shoa: 5,

    • Wollega University: 14 (wounded severely)

    • Gulliso, West Wollega: 17

    • Ayira, West Wollega: 12

  • Inspirational YouTube video “Freedom is Coming tomorrow” (adopted from the struggle against apartheid) has been released.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/17/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

May

17, 2014

Continued

  • Two Oromo students, Milishu Mallasa and Bilisumma Lammi have been murdered in Adama town by government forces immediately after being released from prison.

image

Milishu Mallasa / Bilisumma Lammi

http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/17/

May

19, 2014

Abduction of Oromo students from Jimma and Adama universities intensified. At least five are reported to have been abducted and disappeared.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/19/

May

20, 2014

  • Four students of Jimma University punished by suspending them from the university for one year.

  • Qeerroo bilisummaa released a statement stating that 2390 Oromo students are jailed at different places.

  • Young Oromo artists Jirenya Shiferaw released another inspirational revolutionary song “Ka’ii Falmi” on YouTube.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/20/

May

22, 2014

Qeerroo Bilisummaa released partial list of Oromo students detained in several prisons. Here is the link:http://qeerroo.files.wordpress.com/2014/05/galmee-qeerroo-bilisummaa-oromoo-irraa-barattoota-oromoo-ebla-fi-caamsaa-2014-fdg-keessa-hidhamanii-ilaala.pdf

http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/22/

May

23, 2014

Young Oromo artist Dadhi Galan released a new song named “dagachuu hin qabnu kan kalee” (we should not forget what happened [to us] yesterday). The singer is later arrested on the 2014 irreechaa festival (see October 22 report below).

http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/23/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

May

24, 2014

Oromos and other Ethiopians staged peaceful protest in the capital Finfinne [Addis Ababa] against the government brutality on peacefully protesting Oromo students.

image

http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/24/

May

28, 2014

  • At least 16 Oromos arrested for refusing to celebrate “Ginbot 20” (May 28), the day this government came to power.

  • Oromo students of Haromaya University commemorated “Ginbot 20” (May 28) of the regime by making hunger strike.

  • New revolutionary Oromo rap music released on YouTube by young Oromo rappers.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/28/

May

29, 2014

  • Oromo students of several schools in Ambo, Nekemte, and Nedjo demanded the release of their classmates who have been jailed, before they take the 10th grade national exam.

  • At least 10 students of Haromaya Uinversity have been abducted from their dormitories accused of refusing to celebrate the so called “Ginbot 20” (May 28).

image

Fixa Hordofa, one of the abducted students

http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/29/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

June

4, 2014

    • Oromo student of Haromaya University, Aslan (Nuradin) Hasan, has been killed in prison as a result of extended and brutal torture.

image

    • A new protest of Oromo students broke out in Ambo, West Shoa zone, in Homacho Secondary School, demanding the release of Oromo students who have been jailed for participating in student protests. The director of the school was beaten badly by the protesting students when he tried to call government armed forces on the students.

    • An Oromo student named Dawit Wakjira was killed in Anfilo district, Qelem Wollega zone, by government forces. His death sparked a new wave of violence in the area.

image

  • A young Oromo high school teacher named Magarsa Abdissa is beaten and killed in Gulliso prison, West Wollega zone.

image

Teacher Magarsa Abdissa, killed in Gulliso prison

http://qeerroo.org/2014/06/04/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

June

5, 2014

  • Four Oromo elders in Ghmbi town, West Wollega zone, are arrested and beaten in detention accusing them of leading the protest in the town.

  • Trainees in Sanqallee Police training camp, West Shoa zone, are said to have joined student protests and stopped the training.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/06/05/

June

6, 2014

More than 200 Oromos have been adbucted and jailed from Begi town, West Wollegga zone. 9 of these ditainees have disappeared and their families could not find where they were taken.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/06/06/

June

7, 2014

Former student Nimona Tilahun lost his life in the regime’s prison after being tortured in prison for several years.

image

http://qeerroo.org/2014/06/07/

June

9, 2014

  • 15 Oromo students have been abducted from Madda Walabu University and their whereabout is unknown.

  • 75 Oromo students (8 of them female students) are reported to have been under severe torture in prison in West Shoa zone. Their names can be found on the link given to the right of this row.

  • A new revolutionary song is released on YouTube by a young Oromo artist Kekiya Badhadha.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/06/09/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

June

10, 2014

Protest broke out in Anfilo, Qellem Wollega. At least 40 people arrested. The protesters closed the road between Mugi and Dembi Dollo for two days in a row.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/06/10/

June

12, 2014

    • Government military deployed in Gindeberet, West shoa zone, killed three 12th grade students: 1) Dame Balcha, 2) Chala Marga, 3) Bekele Terefe.

    • 11 government employees (including three OPDO officials) are fired from their job accused of having ties with the OLF in Jardaga Jarte district, Alibo town, Horo Guduru Wollega zone.

    • A political Science Oromo student of Haromaya University, Husein Seid, is severely beaten by government armed forces and hospitalized.

image

  • A hidden massive grave, found at Hamareysa, East Oromia, infuriarated Oromo people of the area.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/06/12/

June

14, 2014

An young Oromo singer Ararsa Gabbisa released his popular revolutionary song “Oromo na abdadhu” (Oromo, put your trust on me) on YouTube.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/06/14/

June

18, 2014

Oromo students of Qellem Preparatory Secondary Schhol, Dembi Dollo, Qellem Wollega zone, protested demanding the release of their class mates who are jailed. Their protest was met with brutal force of the government and many more students have been arrested.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/06/18/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

June

19, 2014

  • 26 Oromo farmers have been abducted from Anfillo district, Qellem Wollega zone.

  • Qeerroo Bilisummaa Singers Group released a new revolutionary song named “Labsii, Labsii” on YouTube.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/06/19/

June

21, 2014

3 government employees and 4 other residents of Nedjo town, West Wollega zone, have been arrested under suspicion of having connection with the OLF.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/06/20/

June

23, 2014

A young Oromo man, Galana Nadha, who has suffered continuous torture in the Ethiopian prison, passed away and buried in Tokkee Kusaye district, West Shoa zone. The cause of death of Galana is widely belived to be directly related to his traumatic torture after which he developed a mental illness, eventually leading to his death. Some three thousand Oromo people attended his funeral.

image

Galana Nadha

http://qeerroo.org/2014/06/23/

June

25, 2014

  • New protest is ignited in Begi town, West Wollega zone, when several Oromo students who have been unjustly sentenced to long-prison for participating on protest were about to be transferred to Ghmbi Prison.

  • 16 Oromo journalists of Oromoian TV, STVO, are fired from their job accused of not properly reporting the propaganda and lies of the regime and reporting the Oromo students’ protests and/or indirectly supporting the rightful demands of the Oromo people.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/06/25/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

June

27, 2014

Two students, among several Oromo students detained for participating in peaceful protests, escaped from prison in Begi town, West Wollega. In response, the government arrested several people and reportedly tortured them severely, including the mother of one of the students who escaped.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/06/27/

June

28, 2014

OLF- ShG and OLF-QC completed their unification process which was going on for two years. Their declaration is provided on Qeerroo website (see the link to the right).

http://qeerroo.org/2014/06/28/

June

29, 2014

6 Oromo students arrested in Mida Qanyi district, West Shoa zone, accused of participating in Oromo student protests.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/06/29/

June

30, 2014

Popular Oromo singer Hirpha Ganfure released a famous revolutionary song on YouTube praising the movement of Qeerroo. Hirpha Garfure is one of many Oromo artists who are forced to flee into exile, now lives in Norway. It is to be recalled that Hirpha also had released another inspirational “Ka’I Qeerroo” song following the formation of Qeerroo in 2011.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/06/30/

July

1, 2014

    • The young Oromo singer Jirenya Shiferaw released another (3rd song in just two months) revolutionary song “Yaa Gowwa” (You Fool) on YouTube.

  • 5 Oromo businessmen are arrested by the government forces in Anfillo district, Qellem Wollega zone, accused of organizing Oromo student protests.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/07/01/

July

3, 2014

6 other residents of Anfillo district arrested accused of participating in Oromo protest.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/07/03/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

July

7, 2014

Qeerroo Bilisummaa released a list of 61 Oromos killed and 903 others arrested and being tortured in different prisons accused of participating on the student protests of April and May 2014.

Click here to view the full report.

image

http://qeerroo.org/2014/07/07/

July

8, 2014

A new revolutionary song “Oh lola Qeerroo” (Oh fight Qeerroo) is released on YouTube.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/07/08/

July

10, 2014

31 Oromo youth, all less than 16 years of age, are reported to have been under severe torture in Ambo prison.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/07/10/

July

17, 2014

An Oromo student and an author of a book named “Qaroo Dhiga Boosse” (An Eye with Blood Tears) was abducted from Wollega University accused of having connection with the student protest

image

http://qeerroo.org/2014/07/17/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

July

18, 2014

Popular singer Kadir Martu released a revolutionary song “Minilik kifu Sew” ([King] Minilik Cruel Person) on YouTube

http://qeerroo.org/2014/07/18/

July

20, 2014

Oromo student Bilisumma Damana, abducted from Adama University, is reportedly under severe torture in the so called “Maikelawi” prison.

image

http://qeerroo.org/2014/07/20/

July

25, 2014

A new revolutionary song “Aduun Bilisummaa” (Light of Freedom) released by a young Oromo singer Ibrahim Adam on YouTube.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/07/25/

July

27, 2014

4 Oromo students of Madda Walabu University are abducted in Gidami, Qellem Wollega zone, when they were staying with their parents during summer.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/07/27/

August 4, 2014

8 Oromo students are sentenced to 6 months in prison in Gidda Dalle village, Nedjo district, West Wollega zone.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/08/04/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

August 6, 2014

Qeerroo Singers Group released another revolutionary song named “Nuti Qeerron Leenca Goota” (We Qeerroo are Lion, Brave).

http://qeerroo.org/2014/08/06/

August 16, 2014

Oromo student Bikila Belay Tolera passed away, after staying in hospital following the gun shot wound he incurred when he participated in student protest in Ambo town, West Shoa zone.

image

http://qeerroo.org/2014/08/16/

August 17, 2014

Qeerroo Bilisummaa Singers Group released a new revolutionary song named “Cidha Bilisummaa” (Wedding [Ceremony] of Freedom) on YouTube.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/08/17/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

August 18, 2014

Internet radio “Radio Sagalee Qeerroo” Amharic program started broadcasting.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/08/18/

August 21, 2014

Oromo students of Mattu University and Ambo University staged peaceful protest refusing the so called “political training” the regime started conducting in different universities in the region. The students chanted slogans in their campuses. Audio of the protest is recorded and presented by Qeerroo Bilisummaa (see the link to the right).

http://qeerroo.org/2014/08/21/

August 22, 2014

Oromo students of Jimma, Wollega, and Bule Hora Uinversities also staged protest refusing and opposing the so called “training” of the regime.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/08/22/

August 23, 2014

Oromo students of Jimma and Ambo Universities intensified their protest against the training of the regime. In Ambo, Oromo students burned the manual (book) distributed to them for training. Audio is presented in the link to the right.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/08/23/

August 25, 2014

  • Oromo students continued protesting against the training in Ambo, Jimma, Bule Hora and other universities. The audio of Jimma University is given below.

  • At least 53 Oromo students of Ambo University have been abducted and beaten on this day. Over 230 have been arrested from Ambo University in the last 3 days alone.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/08/25/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

August 27, 2014

  • The confrontation of Oromo students of Ambo Universityand Wollega University and the government forces is recorded and presented by Qeerroo Bilisummaa. Listen.

  • At leats 800 students of Wollega Uinversity arrested.

The university campus looked like war zone. One student killed in Wollega University. Amazing slogans of students. Listen the audio below.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/08/27/

August 28, 2014

  • 3 Oromo government employees arrested in Shashemene, Arsi zone, accused of having connection with the OLF

  • 26 Oromo students severely beaten and arrested in Wollega University, hundreds others arrested.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/08/28/

August 30, 2014

Qeerroo released statement disclosing the names of 25 Oromo nationals who are on the verge of losing their lives by severe torture. Read the full statement here. The pictures of three of the Oromos at risk are below.

image

Bilisumma Gonfa / Darartu Abdata / Chaltu Dhuguma

http://qeerroo.org/2014/08/30/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

August 31, 2014

Qeerroo Singers Group released a new revolutionary song named “Oh Oromoon Daggala Raase” (Oh Oromo is Moving the Bush [Forest]) on YouTube.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/08/31/

Sep.

3, 2014

In another wave of arrest 8 Oromo students of Mida Qanyi, West Shoa zone, are arrested in connection with student protets.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/09/03/

Sep.

4, 2014

  • Sena Solomon, a young singer of Qeerroo Singers Group, released a new revolutionary song named “Gootni Baroode” (the Hero is Roaring [in the jungle]) on YouTube.

  • Oromo students of Jimma University protested in the University campus surrounded by the Federal Police and Agazi Force of the regime. The protest of the students erupted when the so called President of Oromia, Muktar Kadir, attempted to make an intimidating speech to the students through Plasma TV. In an unprecedented bravery, the Oromo students have been chanting slogans denouncing the regime, standing right in front of the brutal Agazi trrops.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/09/04/

Sep.

11, 2014

A new protest erupted in Finfinne (Addis Ababa), Nefas Silk area, at a School called “Ginbot 20 School”. The protest is said to have attracted other nations and nationalities of the country.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/09/11/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

Sep.

16, 2014

Qeerroo Singers Group released a new revolutionary song “Jabaadhu WBO Abdii Saba Kiyyaa” (Be Strong WBO, Hope of My People) on YouTube. (“Waraana Bilisummaa Oromoo (WBO)” means “Oromo Liberation Army (OLA)”).

http://qeerroo.org/2014/09/16/

Sep.

24, 2014

Qeerroo Singers Group released another revolutionary song named “Ka’ii Qeerroo” (Stand up qeerroo, stand up) on YouTube.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/09/24/

October 5, 2014

Irreechaa (Oromo Thanksgiving) is celebrated at Lake Arsadi, Bishoftu, Eastern Shoa zone. An estimated 4 million people participated on the occasion. Oromo youth participated in large numbers and expressing their grievances through various revolutionary songs.

One of the songs says: “Si eegee dadhabee ka’ee baduu laata?” (I waited too much for you [OLF], should I ran away?[to look for you]).

http://qeerroo.org/2014/10/05/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

October 7, 2014

Two popular young Oromo singers, Dadhi Galan and Galana Garomsa, are abducted from Irreechaa festival and disappeared.

image

Dadhi Galan / Galana Garomsa

http://qeerroo.org/2014/10/07/

November 02, 2014

Qeerroo Singers Group released a new revolutionary song “Kaasi Gowwaa Rafu” (Wake up that fool [who is] sleeping) on YouTube.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/11/02/

November 4, 2014

Three Oromo soldiers who are members of the regimes military, Eastern Command, have been arrested accused of having connection with the Oromo student protests in the area.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/11/04/

Date

Qeerroo Activity and/or Ethiopian government response

Link for details of the news in Afan Oromo

November 5, 2014

21 Oromo students of Dire Dawa University, who have been languishing in jail for several months accused of participating in the Oromo student protest, have been unjustly sentenced to prison ranging from one year to five years. It has to be noted that Qeerroo has reported on August 30, 2014 (included in this report) that these students have been severely tortured and are at risk of losing their lives.

image

Darartu Abdata, sentenced to one year and 500 Birr payment

http://qeerroo.org/2014/11/05/

November 7, 2014

Qeerroo Singers Group released a new revolutionary song “Oromo Falmadhu” (Oromo, Struggle [for your right]) on YouTube.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/11/07/

 

 

 

HUMNA TA’UUF BAKKAYYUTTI HAA HOJJANNU !!!

SEENAA Y.G(2005)

“Bara 2014” Ummati Oromoo Mirga Abbaa Biyyummaa isaa kabachiisuuf yk deeffachuuf, Biyya keessaa fi alatti Qabsoon gaggeessaa jiru, diina irratti waloon hojjachuun bu’aa qabeessa ta’uu qofa odoo hin taanee, keessa isaatti , sochiin Nama dhuunfaa eegalee amma dhaabaatti, dabrees/darbees amma Ummataatti gumaacha yoo taasifne, Injifannoon dhihoo ta’uu kan itti hubateedha jedheen amana. Nama waan hojjatame gamaagamee, isa itti aanuuf maaltu nu irraa eegama ? sochii keenya kana irra bal’ifnee yoo itti fufnee Gabrummaa jalaa ba’uu dandeenya, kana irra yoo wal dhaggeeffannee fi wal utubne…… jedhee kan herreeggateef, Barri 2014 barnootaa fi hamilee guddaa nu keessatti uumuu irra taree, sochii itti aanuuf bu’ura godhata. Ummata Mirga isaaf saganteeffatee Biyya keessaa fi alatti sochaa’aa jiru, diinni hangamuu hammeenya nu irratti hojjatu, qabsoo Ummata kanaa dhaamsuu akka hin dandeenye, Ummati kun Qabsoo walii galaaf Qophaa’aa jiraachuu fi kunis injifannoo Ummata kanaan akka Goolabamu diinni dirqamaan akka fudhatu taasisa.http://qeerroo.org/2014/10/11/qeerroo-sochii-oromoo-bara-2014-waan-nu-akeeku-qaba/

 

http://finfinnetribune.com/Gadaa/2014/11/daandii-qajeelaa-a-chronological-summary-of-oromian-students-movement-led-by-qeerroo-bilisummaa-november-2013-november-2014/

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nuti barsiisotni Oromoo ibsa gabaaba qabxii 8 of keessa qabu kana ummata Oromoo fi lammilee Cunqurfamoo biyyattif dabarsinee jirra.

Haala Yeroo biyyattiin Keessa jirtuu fi Kasaaraa siyaasaa Mootummaa EPRDF mudatee jiru irratti Ibsa barsiisota Oromoo dhaabbilee bararnoota Olaanoo Yuunibarsiitota garaagaraa irratti maqaa walga’ii tarsiimoo Siyaasaa jechuun wayyaaneen walitti qabde irraa kenname.

1. Sirni TPLF/EPRDF bulchiinsa Dimookiraasii Warraqaan kakatuu fi sirna
Federaalizimii daheeffachuun yakka raawwatuun Impaayera Itophiyaa waggoota
23 oliif bitaa jiru, ummata guddaa biyyatti keessatti argamuu uummata Oromoo
irratti yakka dugugginsa sanyii rawwaachaa as gahe. Sabaaf sablamoota biyyatti
tapha siyaasaan ala godhee qoddanna angoo ala taasisuun fallaa federaliizimii fi
dimookiraasii dhaabbatee, mirgoota siyaasaa, namummaa, amantaa, walgahuu,
ijaaramuu fi kkf ugguraa fi dhiitaa jira.

2. Jarraan amma keessa jirru biyyattii keessatti bara mirgi uummata Oromoo
ugguramee dhiitamee, Oromoon balleessa malee qe’ee fi qabeenya isaa irratti gara
laafina tokko malee ajjeefamaa, hidhamaa, qe’ee fi qabeenyaa isaa irra buqqa’aa
jiruu dha. Bara nagaan ba’ee nagaan galuu itti dadhabe, ilmaan isaa barsiisee
yeroo itti eebisifachuu hin dandeenye, bara mirgi Dimookiraasii fi namummaa
caalmaatti irraa mulqame, bara Oromummaa fi Oromoo ta’uu ibsachuun yakka itti
ta’ee dha.

3. Adeemsii fi tarkaanfiin abbaa irrummaa mootummaan wayyaanee/EPRDF
uummata Oromoo irratti mul’isaa jiru, barattoota, dargaggoota, barsiisota fi walii
galatti uummata Oromoo gara tokkotti fiduun wareegama qaalii baasee mirga isaa
kabachiifachuuf mootummaa nama nyaataa kana irratti caalaatti akka fincilu
taasisaa jira.
Kanuma bu’uura godhachuun barattootni Oromoo dhaabbilee barnoota olaanoo
warraaqsa FDG karaa nagaa fi Dimookiraasii ta’een jalqaba baatii Ebla 2014 irraa
eegaluun biyyatti keessatti gaggeessanii fi ittis jiran eenyummaa mootummichaa
ifatti mul’isee jira. Warraaqsa karaa nagaa fi dimookiraasii uummatni mirgaa isaa
kabachiifachuuf gaggeessa jiruuf karaa nagaa deebii kennuu fi mirga uummataa
kabajuu irraa uummata irratti ‘loltuu Agazii’ jedhamu bobbaasuun gocha
faashistummaa raawwateera. Mootummaa lubbuu ilmaan Oromoo akka malee
balleessuun, dhiiga uummaticha balleessa malee dhangalaasuun, jibbinsa uummata
Oromoof qabu ifatti mul’isaa jiruu dha. Roga kanaan yakki dhiifama hin qabnee fi
seera Idil-Addunyaa duratti mootummaa wayyaanee/EPRDF gaafachiisuu
uummata Oromoo irratti raawwatamee jira.

4. Murni sobee maqaa dimookiraasii warraaqsaa fi sirna federaalizimiin kakatu
kun, caalmatti uummata Oromoo afaan, aadaa, eenyummaa fi tukkummaa isaa
cabsuuf, akkasumas ummaticha qe’ee fi qabeenyaa isaa irraa buqqisuuf waggoota
dheeraa itti yaaduun ‘’maqaa Master plan Finfinnee’ jedhu qindeessee as bahe.
Kanaanis ummaticha irratti dachaan waanjoo garbummaa fe’uuf mootummaa fiiga
jiru dha. Adeemsi kun ummatni Oromoo tokko ta’ee walcina dhabbachuun akka
falmatu isa godhee jira.

5. Mootummaan abbaa irree wayyaanee fi bittoota Habashaa dabareen aangoo
biyyattii irratti walfuraa turan waliin wanti adda godhu yo jiraate maqaa qofa.
Angawootni EPRDF/TPLF mirga namummaa fi mirgoota dimookiraasii adda
baasanii kan hin beekne, afaan qawwee qofatti amanuun kan jiraatanii dha. Maqaa
walga’ii siyaasaa tarsiimoo ADWUI jedhuun barsiisota hayyoota sadarkaa
Adunyaan keessa jirtu guyyuu hordofan walitti qabuun qaanii dha. Adeemsii kun
mootummicha jaamaa doobbii seente godhee jira.
Yeroon kun yeroo addunyaan sirna Dimookiraasii dhugaa keessa jiraachuu
wayyaaneen quba hin qabu. Mootummaan kun baroota dheeraaf maqaa
dimookiraasii sobaa fi federaalizimii fakkeessan mootummoota gamtoomaniif
dookumentii dhugaa qabatamaa waliin wal hin fakkaatne dhiyeessuun har’a ga’ee
jira. “Karaan sobaan darban galatti nama dhiba’’ akkuma jedhamu adeemsi
wayyaanee/EPRDF laaqii siyaasaa keessatti kufee akka baduuf sababa guddaa dha.
Walga’iin Tarsiimoo kunis rakkoo kana keessaa kan wayyaanee baasu utuu hin
ta’iin daran kufaatii isaa kan saffisiisuu dha.

6. Mootummootni abbaa irree afaan qawweetti amanan yeroo uummatni cunqursaa
fi gadi qabaa isaanii dadhabee, nu hin bulchitan jedhee irratti ka’u, rakkoo fi
qawwaa dadhabbii isaanii cuqqallachuuf humna waraanaan uummata doorsisu;
maqaa walga’ii jedhu qindeessuun yaada uummata dura dhaabbatu; fiilmii fi
taphoota bashannansiisaa qopheessuun yaada uummataa fi dargaggootaa gara
dabarsuuf manneen filmii fi Araadi adda addaa akka babal’atan eeyyamu.
Miindaan hojjettoota Siviliif dabalame jechuun labsii baasu. Adeemsii kun
warraqsa uummataa hambisuu kan hin dandeenye oggaa ta’u, bittootni warraaqsa
kana ittiin qancarsuuf garuu akka meeshaatti dhimma itti bahuuf carraaqan.
Ummatni Oromoo fi lammiileen sabaaf sablamootni cunqurfamoon biyyatti
adeemsa kanaan akka mirga keessan falmachuu irra duubatti hin deebine dhaamsa
keenya.

7.Walumaa galatti nuti barsiisotni dhaabbilee barnoota olaanoo Yunibarsiitota
garaagaraa irratti maqaa walga’ii tarsiimoo siyaasa wayyaanee EPRDF ‘n walitti qabamnee jirru; yeroo kanatti gaaffii kabajamuu mirga abbaa biyyummaa
uummata Oromoo bakka jirruu finiinsuun dirqama dhalootaa ba’uu qabna malee
abbaa irree qawweetti amanuuf hin jilbeenfannu.
Gaaffiin uummatni Oromoo fi barattootni Oromoo gaafachaa jiran gaaffii keenya;
deebii sirnaa argachuu qaba. Ummata keenyaa fi dargaaggoota Oromoo gaaffii
mirgaa qofa waangaafataniif jumlaan ajjeefamaniif mootummaan itti gaafatamuu
qaba. Kanneen jumlaan hidhatti guuramanii murtii haqaa dhabanii rakkachaa jiran
haal duree tokko malee hiikamuu qabu. Manneen Murtii Oromiyaa keessa jiran
ilmaan Oromoo fi uummata Oromoof murtii haqaa kennuu qabu. Barattootni
Oromoo bal’eessaa malee barnoota irra ari’ataman gara barnoota isaaniitti deebi’uu
qabu. Master Planiin Finfinnee hatattamaan haqamuu qaba.

8. Nageenyii fi mirgi keenya Yuunibarsiitii biyyatti keessatti dhiitamaa fi balaa irra
bu’aa jira. Barsiisotni yuunibarsiitii biyyatti irraa lammii keenya barsiisa
jirru nageenyi keenya eegamaa miti. Waraanni mooraa Yuunibarsiitii keessa
buufatee jiru nageenya keenya sarbaa jira. Tajajila barbaachisu kanneen akka mana
galmaa, geejjibaa fi kkf dhabuun hannaaf saaxilamnee jirra. Dabballee sirnichaa
homaa hin beekneef haalli jiruu fi jireenya mijateefii beektotni lammii biyyatti
qaraa jirru tuffatamnee waan jirruuf, mirga keenya, akka waliigalaatti immoo
mirga uummata keenyaa kabachiisuuf yeroon warraaqsa sochii karaa nagaa
gaggeeffamaa jirutti makamuun mootummaa qawwee fi irreetti amanu karaa irraa
maqsinu amma.

Waan ta’eef bakka jirru hundaa adeemsa mootummaa wayyaanee dura
dhaabbachuun haa fashaleessinu jechuun nuti barsiisotni Oromoo ibsa gabaaba
qabxii 8 of keessa qabu kana ummata Oromoo fi lammilee Cunqurfamoo biyyattif
dabarsinee jirra.
Injifatnoon uummata Oromoof!!
Gadaan Gadaa Bilisummaati!

http://www.bilisummaa.com/nuti-barsiisotni-oromoo-ibsa-gabaaba-qabxii-8-keessa-qabu-kana-ummata-oromoo-fi-lammilee-cunqurfamoo-biyyattif-dabarsinee-jirra/

 

 

#OromoProtests (Qeerroo FDG) – Previously Unreleased Video of Oromo Students’ Protest at Finfinnee University Against the Addis Ababa Genocidal Master Plan

 

 

 

 

Barattootni Yuunivarsiitii Finfinnee Damee Science fi Technlogy Diddaa Kaasan.

Fulbaana 16,2014,Gabaasa Qeerroo Finfinnee

diddaa9Shira mootummaa Wayyaanee leenjii barattootaa jedhu irratti barattootni Yuunivarsiitii Finfinnee damee Science fi Technlogy diddaa kaasan. Ergamaan Wayyaanee Shimallis Kamaal leenjisuuf ergamu sodaan miliqe.‏

Diddaan barattootaa bifa qindaaween sirna Wayyaanee irratti jabaachuudhaan kan itti fufe barattootni Yuunivarsiitii Finfinnee Damee Science fi Technology mooraa Qillimxoo Aqaaqii keessaa leenjifamuuf waamaman diddaa kaasuun sirna EPRDF balaaleffatan.

Mootummaan Wayyaanee diddaa haalaan jabaachuudhaan itti fufe dura dhaabbachuuf olola wal irraa hin citne barattoota irratti oofuuf karorfattus milkii dhabuudhaan diddaan haala yeroo kamuu olitti jabaatee itti fufee jira. Mooraa Yuunivarsiitii Finfinnee Qillimxoo Aqaaqii keessatti dabballeen wayyaanee Leenjisuuf bakka buufame Shimallis Kamaal diddaa barattootaa fi walgahii didanii bahuu barattootaan hedduu dhiphatee hatattamaan naannoo sanaa kan dhiphame yoo tahu, diddaa barattootaa kana dhaamsuuf waraanni Wayyaanee mooraa yuunivarsiitii kanaa marsuun tiksuu irratti argama. Mootummaan Wayyaanee gocha farrummaa hamaa gaggeessus diddaa wal irraa hin citneen akka itti fufan qeerroon Yuunivarsiitii Finfinnee addeessanii jiran.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/09/16/barattootni-yuunivarsiitii-finfinnee-damee-science-fi-technlogy-diddaa-kaasan/

 

 

 

Kutaa Magaalaa Finfinnee Naannoo Nifaas Siilkii Laaftoo M/B Caamsaa 20 Jedhamuutti Sabaaf Sab-lammooti Kumaan Lakkaawam Gaaffii Mirgaa Kaasan

diddaa9

Fulbaana 10,2014 Gabaasa Qeerroo Finfinnee – FDG gootota dargaggoota Oromoon qabsiifamee jabaachuun guuyyaa har’aa Magalaa Finfinnee keessatti sabaa fi sablammoota cunqurfamoo biyyatti irraa dirmannaa argachuun jabaachuun itti fufe.Mootummaan Wayyaanee FDG’n muddama keessa seenuun maqaa walga’ii jedhuun hojjeettoota guyyaa kanneen dhaagaa koobiliistoonii buusuun rakkatanii jiratanii fi hojjeetoota mootummaa Magaalaa Finfinnee kutaa Magaalaa Finfinnee Niigaas Siilkii Laaftoo M/B Caamsaa 20 jedhamuutti uummata kuma 12,000 olitti lakkaa’aaman waliitti qabuun olola afaan faajjeessaa ugaggeessuuftti gaggeessuun too na deeggartanii fi miseensaa koo taatan malee jiraachuu him dandeessaan jechuun uummata shororkeessaa Kan jirtu irratti Uummaatni waldammaqsuun gaaffii mirgaa fi dimookiraasii qabsiisuun mootummaa wayyaanee irratti FDG qabsiisaan hanga. gaaffiin mirgaa gaaffachaa jirru deebii quubsaa argatutti FDG itti fufa jechuun sagalee guddaan dhaadannoo mirgii keenya nuufhaa kabajamuu , Walga’iin wayyaanee nuu hin ilaallatu,humnan dirqamnee walga’ii wayyaanee hin teenyuu jechuun wayyaanee irratti fincilan.

Hiriira mormii guddaa guyyaa har’aa kutaa magaalaa Finfinneettigaggeeffama jiri jana keessatti harki guddaan FDG uummata Oromoo hojii guyyaa koobiliistoonii hojechuun of jiraachisaa jiran ta’uu madden keenya Sochii kana keessatti argama nuuf ibsan. uummatni FDG kana keessatti argaman gaaffii mirga Abbaa biyyummaa fi gaaffii waa’ee master planii Finfinnee fi uummatni Oromoo Magaalaa Finfinnee irraa fayyidaa addaa argachuu qaba jechuun gaafatan.

Hogganootni wayyaanee akkuma amala isaanii walga’ii kana gaggeessa jiran miseensota ABOtu as keessaa jira jechuun ilmaan Oromoo doorsisuuf yaalaniis fincilli jabatee itti fufe. mootummaan Wayyaanee maqaa durgoo ga’aa argattu jechuun uummata waliitti qabee itti ololaa jiruu durgoo tokko illee dhorkachuun uummatni hojii guyyaan of jiraachisu beelaaf saaxilamee jiraachuu maddee keenya nuuf ibsan.

Walumaagalatti fincilichii sabaa fi sablamoota heedduu Kan hirmachisee yoo ta’uu mootummaan wayyaanee haalaan sodaa guddaa keessa galuun humna waranaa fi pooliisii federalaa uummatatti gadhisuun hidhaa, reebichii fi doorsiifni itti fufee jira gara galgalaa kana uummatni akka humnaan bittinneeffame madden keenya nuuf gabaasaa jiru. sagaalee diddaa uummataa kallattiin waraabbamee fi kanneen FDG kana keessatti argaman waliin gaaffii fi deebii gaggeessine caqasa.

 

http://qeerroo.org/2014/09/11/kutaa-magaalaa-finfinnee-naannoo-nifaas-siilkii-laaftoo-mb-caamsaa-20-jedhamuutti-sabaaf-sab-lammooti-kumaan-lakkaawam-gaaffii-mirgaa-kaasan/

 

 

FDG Aanaa Manasibuu Magaalaa Mandii fi Aanaa Najjoo Keessaa Itti Fufe, Humni Waraana Wayyaanee Dachaadhaan Lixa Oromiyaa Qubate

Fulbaana/September 9, 2014 · Finfinne Tribune | Gadaa.com

 

Gabaasa Qeerroo – Magaalaa Najjoo Irraa – Fulbaana 8, 2014

 

 

FDG Lixa Oromiyaa Aanaa Mana Sibuu Magaalaa Mandii fi aanaa Najjoo keessatti ka’e, waraanni wayyaanee iddootti hin hafne buqqa’ee lixa oromiyaa irra qubate, sabboonti barattootni oromoo lixa oromiyaa yuuniversitii irraa baratan walgayii yuuniversitii Naqamtee fi Gimbii irratti teessifamaa turan mufannaa fi aarii guddaadhan walgayii qondaalonni Wayyaanee guyyoota 15f gaggeessaa turan xumuranii galan, battaluma gara qe’eetti galaniin uummata kaasuudhaan FDG uummata waliin itti fufan. Akkuma duraan gabaasaa turre gaaffin mirgaa hedduun barattootaan ka’ee ture, qondaalonni Wayyaanee kuni gaaffii barattootaa deebisuuf ofitti amanamummaa waan dhabaniif, sodaa abba biddeenaa isaanii TPLF waan sodaataniif gaaffiin barattoota hedduun deebii argachuu qabu dubbii dadhabbinaa ta’ee hafe, mirgi barataa eegamuu qaba jedhanii walgayii irratti kan odeessaa turan gaaffiin kun utuu hin deebii’in mirga kamtu hojii irra oole kan jedhuun barataan yeroma xumura walgayii irrattiyyuu yaadaa fi ka’umsa fincilaa karoorsee gara qe’eetti gale, Guyyoota lama dura waraqaan dhaadannoo gaaffii mirgaa mootummaan wayyyaanee gaafatamaa ture ilaalchisee deebiin dhabamnaan gandaa fi aanaa Manasibuu keessa tamsaasuudhaan halkan tokkichatti uummata kaasanii jiru, kun Fulbaana 6 fi 7 akka tahe odeessi kan ibsu, waraqaan aanaa Manasibu magaalaa Mandii keessatti faca’ee bule barattootaan:

 

 

1. Mootummaan wayyaanee gaaffii uummataa deebisuu irraa tarkaanfii ajjechaa fi hidhaa itti fufuu waan karoorseef yaaa uummata Oromoo kaanee mirga keenya haa falminu;

 

 

2. Tokko-shaneedhaan qote bulaan keenyaa hin hidhamin, kun diinaaf saaxilamuu waan ta’eef tokko shaneen wayyaanee ganda keesatti diriirfatte kuni ammaa kaasee diigamuu qaba;

 

 

3. Mirgi barataa ni eegama jedhamee kan dubbatame soba, gaaffiin haqaa gaafatamee jiru waan deebii nu dhorkaniif mirgi hin jiru mootummaan wayyaanee sobduudha;

 

 

4. Barataan gaaffii saba isaa bakka bu’ee gaafate maalif mana hidhaa keessatti dararama, hidhamaan keenya haa gadhiifamu, ta’uu baannan qabsoon keenya uummata keenya dabalatee itti fufa;

 

 

5. Diinni utuu nun seenin, utuu nurratti hin jabaatin, tokkummadhaan kaanee lollaa ka’I yaa Oromoo;

 

 

6. Oromiyaan bilisoomuun qabsoo uummata isheetiin waan ta’eef uummanni oromoo dammaqee diina waliin fincila itti fufuu qaba;

 

 

7. Fincila booda gara hiree murteeffannaatti dhufna qote bulaan, daldalaan, barsiisaan hojjetaan garagaraa diina dura dhaabbachuuf haa kaanu;

 

 

8. Seenaa ABO kan hin beekne mootummaan wayyaanee amma irraa kaasee dhaabuu qaba;

 

 

9. Maqaa shororkeessuumaan dhaaba keenya ABO yakkuun haa dhaabbatu;

 

 

10. Mirgi shamarranii fi hoj-dhabdootaa haa eegamuu;

 

 

11. Oromiyaan ni bilisoomti;

 

 

12. Muktaar Kadir Oromoo bakka bu’uu hin danda’u, Oromoof kan dhaabbatan, dhiiga Oromummaa kan qaban haa filaman.

 

 

Kan jedhuun guyyoota lama dura magaalaa Mandii keessa barattootni walgayii irraa galan barruu bittimsanii turan, sochii fi kaka’umsi uummataa aanaa Manasibuu irratti ta’e gara magaalaa Najjootti cehuudhaan kaleessaa fi har’a jechuun Fulbaana 7 fi 8 sochiin jabaatee waan dhufeef humni waraana wayyanee federaala irraa Fulbaana 6 irraa kaasee halkan halkan gara sanatti guuramaa jiru, naannoo san kan qubatee jiru hanga har’aattis kan baayyinni isaa dabalaa dhufe halkan kaleessa Fulbaana 7 irraa kaasee aanaa Mandii, Najjoo fi naannoo isaa halkan sa’a 3:00 booda namni deemuu akka hin dandeenye ta’ee, namni daandii irra socho’u sa’a sadii booda humna waraana wayyaaneen qabamee reebamuu fi hidhamuu kan irratti raawwataa jiru tahuu isaa fi hawaasni jiraattootni lixa oromiyaa akka walii galaatti mootummaa wayyaanee mufachuudhaan fincila gaggeessuu irratti akka hiriiraa jiran gabaasni Qeerroo Mandii irraa addeessa.

 

 

– Qeerroo.org: http://goo.gl/sbRhxl

 

FDG Itti Fufuun Barattooti Oromoo Godina Lixa Shaggar Aanaa Calliyaa fi Geedoo Diddaa Qabsiisan.

diddaa9Fulbaana 5,2014 Mootummaan Wayyaanee EPRDF barattoota Oromoo  Godina Lixaa Shaggar Aanaa Calliyaa Geedoo irraa maqaa walga’ii jedhuun humna waraanatti fayyadamee torbee lamaaf Yuunibarsiitii Ambootti darara ture, bu’aa tokko malee FDG barattootatin waan xummurameef,  guyyaa har’aa gara maatii isanitti deebisuuf utuu konkolaataa tokkootti  barattoota humnaa ol fee’ee adeema jiruu karatti  balaa konkolaataa qaqqabsiiseen barattootni Oromoo 7 ol balaaf saaxilamaniru.

Walga’ii Wayyaaneen dirqamaan teesisaa ture irratti kayyoon mootummaa wayyaanee maqaa walga’ichaaf waame waan fashalaa’eef  karaatti balaa konkolaataa qaqabsiisuun  battalatti barattootni Oromoo aanaa calliyaa namootni 7 ol balaa ulfaataa fi salphaaf saaxilamaniiru. Barattootni balaa kanaan balaan irraa ga’een madeeffamanii midhamanii jiran :

  1. Barattuu ayyaantuu Leejjisaa
  2. Barattuu Tiblexi Taayyee
  3. Barataa Kumaa Dajanee
  4. Barataa maarii kanneen jedhaman barattootni Oromoo 7 madeefamani, yeroo amma kanatti waldhansa illee dhabuun rakkachaa jiraachuun ibsamera. Mootummaan wayyaanee barattoota karaa irratti balaa konkolaataa qaqqabsiise midhaa irraan ga’ee utuu mana yaalaa illee hin geessiin Magaalaa Geedoo keessatti konkolaataa irraa buusee kan biraa deebi’ee ta’uu madden keenya ijaan argan magaalaa Geedoo irraa nuuf gabaasan.

Yakkii dugugginsa sanyii barattoota Oromoo irratti mootummaan wayyaanee fudhachaa jiru seenaa keessatti kan dagatamu miti. Mootummaan abbaa irree  EPRDF  maqaa walga’ii jedhuun barattoota Oromoo nagaa qe’ee maatii isaanii irraa humna waraanaan dirqisiisee gara mooraa Yuunibarsiitii Oromiyaa garaagaraatti utuu geessuu fi deebisuu balaa konkolaataa qaqabsiisuun barattootni hedduun madeeffamanii kan qaama hir’adhatanii fi mada’aanii yaala ga’aa illee dhabuun rakkina guddaaf saaxilamaniru.  Jalqabbii walga’ii mootummaa wayyaanee injifannoo FDG barattoota Oromootiin xummurame kana irrattis Mootummaan wayyaanee Oromiyaa bakkoota garaagaraatti balaa konkolaataa barattoota Oromoo humnaan fe’ee adeemu irraan ga’uun barattoota hedduu irraan midhaa ulfaata ga’uun yeroo ammaa gariin isaanii illee yaalaa ga’aa dhabuun rakkachaa jiraachuun ibsame jira. Akkuma asiin dura isiniif gabaafne ture, Godina Kibba Lixa shawaa Magaalaa Diilallaa irraa barattoota Oromoo humna konkolaatatti fe’ee utuu gara Yuunibarsiitii Jimmaatti geessuu balaa qaqqabsiiseen barattootni Oromoo 20 olitti lakka’aman qaama madaa’anii yeroof hospitalaa Walisootti ergamuu gabaafne turre, Godina Kaaba Shawaa irraa gara Adaamaatti humnaan dirqee konkolaataan fe’ee utuu adeemaa jiruu balaa fakkataa bakka Caancoo jedhamtutti qaqqabsiisuun barattootni Oromoo 6 olitti lakka’aman balaa kanaan qamaa madeeffamuun waldhansa illee kan hin argatne ta’uu fi Godina Lixa shawaa aanaa Gindabarat irraa barattoota Oromoo humna waraanaan dirqee fe’ee utuu adeemuu balaa konkolaataa fakkataa geesisuun barattootni Oromoo hedduun midhaaf saaxilamuu gabaasaa keenya yeroo sanaa keessatti tuqnee jirra.

Wayyaanee ERDF/TPLF/OPDO’n guyyaa saafaa itti yaaduun yakkaa dugugginsa sanyii uummata keenya irraatti raawwacha jirti, kan rasaasan reebdee, kan tootcherii garaagaraan ajjeesaa, kan jumlaan guurtee hidhaa , kaan barnoota irraa arii’achaa har’a geesse malee akka fedhii uummata keenyaatiin tole jennee bitamaa hin jirree ragaan uummata bal’a Oromoo irra darbee addunyaa biyyaa lafaa hubacha jira.

Goototni barattootni Oromoo maal balleessanii??? Gaaffii mirga abbaa biyyummaa Oromoo  karaa nagaa fi dimookiraasii seeraan qindeeffachuun barreeffatanii karaa nagaa gaafatan, Oromiyaan kan uummata Oromooti jedha, Oromoon biyyaa abbaa isaa fi uummata isaa ofiin bulchuu qaba malee halagaan nu bulchuu hin qabuu jedhan, Finfinneen hadhura Oromiyaati fiyidaa guddaa uummata Oromoof kennuu qabdi bulchiinsi Finfinnee Oromiyaa jalatti deebi’uu qaba jedhan, Master Pilaaniin Finfinnee Oromoo ni miidha malee hin fayyaduu jedhan,  Qabeenyaa uummata Oromoo saamuun dhaabbachuu qabaa gaaffii jedhuu fi wkkf waan gaafataniif  yakki diinummaa kun irratta akka rawwatamu ta’aa jira.

Kanuma keessa Goototni dargaggootni Qeerroon Oromoo bifa gurmaa’ee fi karaa qindoominaa fi qaroomina qabuun FDG jabeessuun mootummaa humna waraanaan Oromiyaa bitaa jiruun nu hin bittuu, hin bitamnuu mirga keenyaaf duuna, gaaffii keenyaaf deebiin nuuf kennamuu qaba, hidhaa hin sodaannuu, du’a hin sodaannuu jechuun harka qullaa waraana wayyaanee dura dhaabbachuun qabsoo finiinsuun walga’ii mootummaan shororkeessaa wayyaanee yakka gochaa jiruuf deebii sirrii nuuf hin kenineetti qabsoon FDG daran jabaatee itti fufa jechuun ibsa ejjennoo garaagaraa qopheeffachuun uummataaf bittinneessuun walga’ii wayyaanee irratti wareegama qaalii kanfaluun fudhatama dhabsiisuun xummuran.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/09/06/fdg-itti-fufuun-barattooti-oromoo-godina-lixa-shaggar-aanaa-calliyaa-fi-geedoo-diddaa-qabsiisan/

 

Breaking News:- Barattooti Oromoo Yuuniversitii Jimmaa FDG Itti Fufuun Waraana Wayyaanee Agaazii Jedhamu Waliin Wal Qabaa Jiru.

diddaa9Fulbaana 4,2014 Goototni barattootni Oromoo Yuunivarsiitii Jimmaa FDG qabsiisuun guyyaa har’aa walga’ii Wayyaanee guyyaa 15nif teesisaa turte irratti gaaffii mirga abbaa biyyummaa gaafachaa turreef deebiin nuuf kennamuu qaba jechuun walga’ii wayyaanee fashalsan.
Goototni dargaggootni barattootni Oromoo Yuunibarsiitii Jimmaa irratti Godina kibba lixa Shawaa fi Godina Jimmaa irra walitti
qabamanii walga’ii dirqamaan Wayyaaneen guyyaa 15nif teesisaa turte irratti gaaffii mirga abbaa biyyummaa Oromoo gaafachaa turreef hanga guyyaa har’aatti deebiin nuuf kennamee jiruu: Hidhaa, reebichaa, ajjeechaa, barnoota irraa arii’amuu, mirga dimookiraasii fi namommaa sarbamuudha.Adeemsi kun ittumaa FDGtti nu jabeessa malee kaayyoo keenyaa fi mirga keenyaafi mirga uummata keenyaa kabachiisuu irraa duubatti nu hin deebisu jechuun guyyaa kaleessaa halkan guutuu barruulee warraqsaa fi ibsa ejjennoo qabxii 12 of irraa qabu kan gaaffii uummata Oromoo waliigalaa qabate uummataafi mooraa Yuunivarsiitii Jimmaa Agriculture fi saayinsii fi Teekinooloojii keessaa bittineessa buluun guyyaa har’aa ammoo FDG qabsiisuun mootummaa Wayyaanee raasuu itti fufan.

Goototni barattootni Oromoo irree fi gaachana uummata Oromoo ta’an guyyaa har’aa wayita ergamtichi wayyaanee kan uummata Oromoo bakka bu’uu hin dandeenye Muktar Kadir karaa foddaa Plasmaa ergaa mootummaa fashistii Wayyaanee EPRDF dabarsaa jirutti olola farreen nageenyaa fi mootummaa shororkeessa hin dhageenyu jechuun mooraa Yuunibarsiitii Jimmaa mooraa Agriculture fi Saayinsii fi Teekinooloojii keessatti wayyaaneen dirqamaan walitti qabdee turte FDG qabsiisuun mootummaa wayyaanee balaaleffachuun eenyummaa dargaggoota Oromoo dhugaatti ifatti diinatti argisiisan. Oromiyaan Mootummaa mataa ishee hin qabdu Muktaar nu bulchuu hin danda’uu ergamaan Wayyaanee Muktaar Oromoos bakka hin bu’u jechuun mormiin haammate.

Yeroo amma kanatti goototni barattootni Oromoo Yuunibarsiitii Jimmaa waraanaa Wayyaanee agaazii fi poolisoota Federaalaa Wayyaanee EPRDF waliin waldura dhaabbachuun sagalee mormii guddaa dhageesisaa jiru. Waraanni Wayyaanee akka barattootni mooraa keessa gadi hin bane mooraa keessatti ittisuun barattoota Oromoo meeshaa tokko of harkaa hin qabnee qawween dura dhaabbachaa jiru.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/09/04/breaking-news-barattooti-oromoo-yuuniversitii-jimmaa-fdg-itti-fufuun-waraana-wayyaanee-agaazii-jedhamu-waliin-wal-qabaa-jiru/

 

 

 

 

 

 

Walgahiin Dirqanii Amansiisuu Xumurame. Yuuniversitii Haromyyaa Keessattis Diiddaan Barattootaa Itti Fufe‏

Gabaasa Qeerroo Yuuniversiti Haromayyaa irraa Fulbana 3,2014

 

diddaa9

Walgayiin barattootaa guyyoota 15f oromiyaa Yuuniversitiilee garagaraa 9nuu qondalota wayyaanee koreewwan giddu galeessaa OPDO caasaa isaanii of jalatti qabataniin gageessaa jiraachuu fi yuuniversitiilee irratti barattootni gaaffiwwan mirgaa adda addaa kaasuudhaan hnga har’aa Fulbaana 3tti kan adeemsifame tahuu isaa gabaasaa turuun keenya ni yaadatama. Akka karoora walgayii kanaatti guyyaan itti xumuramu Fulbaana 6kan ture mootumaan wayyaanee sodaa barattoota irraa qabuun har’uma ka’ee walgayiin kun akka xumuramu taasifame. Har’a Fulbaana 3 xumuranii gara biyya isaanii bakka dhufanitti haa deebi’an jedhamuudhaan qarshii isaanii guyyaatti kennamaa ture walitti qabaa qarshii 420barattootaaf kennamee guyyaa boruu gara qe’ee dhufaniitti akka deebi’an labsiin labsame, akkuma beekamu gaaffileen mirgaa hedduun gaafatamaa tureera, gaaffin sun utuu hin deebi’in murtoon gara biyya galuu murteeffame, Aka gabaasni Qeerroo yuunniversitii Haromayaa irraa ibsutti FDG guyyaa har’a Fulbaana 3 mooraa sanatti qabate dhimma gaaffiwwan gaafatamaa tureef deebiin sirna qabeessaa dhabamuu isaati,maatii keenyatti kan gallu mootummaan gaaffii qulqulluu rakkoo uummata keenya furuuf dhiyaate irratti deebiin sirna kennamuu qaba,nuti saba keenya bakka buunee,ilmaan oromoo oromiyaa keessa jiru bakka buunetu jirra,har’a gaaffii keenyatti qoosaa fi irra dibaadhaan cina darbuun borus uummata oromoo rakkina keessa buusudhan kanjedhuun fincila kaasani jiraachuu gabaasni Qeerroo kan addeessuudha,kanumaan wal qabsiisee mootummaan wayyaanee battaluma sochiin barattootaa mooraa kanatti dhalateen humni waraanaa bakka bahe hin beekamne gara sanatti bobbaasee jiraachuu, mooraan yuuniversitii Haromayyaa waraana Wayyaaneen kan marfamte tahu ishee gabaasni Qeerroo addeessa.Akkasuma dhimma durgoo kennuu irrattis barattootni yuuniversitii Wallaggaa,Amboo fi Adaamaa akkasuma Jimmaa durgoon nuuf kenname kuni barumsaaf darbee nun tajaajilu jechuudhaan gaaffii kaasanii akka jiran,walgayiin kun har’a kan xumurame tahus barataan ammallee mooraa yuuniversitii keessaa kan hin baane tahuu isaa gabaasni Qeerroo addeessa.

 

http://qeerroo.org/2014/09/03/walgahiin-dirqanii-amansiisuu-xumurame-yuuniversitii-haromyyaa-keessattis-diiddaan-barattootaa-itti-fufe%E2%80%8F/

 

Goototni dargaggootni Oromoo gaaffii mirga abbaa biyyummaa kaachisuun FDG gaggeessuun mootummaa Wayyaanee qaanessuu itti fufan. Birraa (September) 2014. #OromoProtests

 

 Walgayiin barattootaa adeemsuma gaaffiwwan dhiyeessuutiin Yuuniversitii hunda irratti kan itti fufeedha. YuuniversitiiwwanAmboo,Wallagga,Jimmaa, Adaamaa fi kkf keessatti gaaffileen mirgaa dhiyaachaa jiran deebii argachu kan hin dandeenye ta’ullee ammas barataan kam iyyuu walgayii irratti hirmaachaa kan jiran gaaffiin deebii argachuu qabuuuf deebii dhabuun isaa sodaa mootummaa Wayyaanee barattootaa irraa qabu tahuun isaa waan beekameef dabalata Yuuniversitiilee hunda irratti barataan kamuu mooraadhaa ala bahu akka hin dandeenye hanga guyyaan walgayiin kun xumuramuutti mootummaan murtoo kan baase tahuu gabaasni Qeerroo addeessa. Keessattuu Yuuniversitii Wallaggaa irratti barataan mooraadhaa ala bahuu hin danda’u jedhamee murtoon guyyoota sadii asitti waan baheef barattootni diddaa jabeessaa jiru.
Gaaffiin hin fuudhamu, dhimma guddina biyyaa fi qulqullina barumsaa irratti mareen barattootaa kan itti fufu malee gaaffii dhuunfaa fi dhimmi uummataa kana booda ka’uu hin qabu kan jedhus mootummaan Wayyaanee ibsa baasaa akka jiru gabaasni caasaa mootummaa irraanis ibsa. Walgayiin barattootaa guyyoota borus kan itti fufu waan ta’eef sochii fi fincilli barattootaa ammas haaluma wal fakkaatuun itti fufiinsa irra akka jirus qeerroon gabaasa.
Gama biraan mootummaan Wayyaanee Yuunivarsitii Harammayyaa keessatti walitti qabamuun ololaa afaan faajjii irratti gaggeessa jirtu mormuun Iyyaannoo marasaa 2ffaa kan gaaffii mirga abbaa biyyummaa qabxii 10 of irraa qabu galfachuun walga’ii wayyaanee fudhachaa akka hin jirre ibsatan. http://qeerroo.org/2014/09/01/gaaffii-hin-fudhatnu-isa-isinitti-himnu-qofa-fudhaa-jedhchuun-hogganooti-wayyaanee-barattoota-oromoo-mirga-gaaffii-dhorkaa-jiru/

 

 

Oromia: Enhanced Master Plan to Continue Committing the Crimes of Genocide
The actions taken were aimed at destroying Oromo farmers or at rendering them extinct.

~Ermias Legesse, Ethiopia’s exiled EPRDF Minister

August 30, 2014 (Oromo Press) — The announcement of the implementation of the Addis Ababa Master Plan (AAMP) was just an extension of an attempt by EPRDF government at legalizing its plans of ridding the Oromo people from in and around Finfinne by grabbing Oromo land for its party leaders and real estate developers from the Tigrean community. The act of destroying Oromo farmers by taking away their only means of survival—the land—precedes the current master plan by decades. Ermias Legesse, exiled EPRDF Deputy Minister of Communication Affairs, acknowledged his own complicity in the destruction of 150,000[1] Oromo farmers in the Oromia region immediately adjacent to Finfinne. He testifies that high-level TPLF/EPRDF officials are responsible for planning and coordinating massive land-grab campaigns without any consideration of the people atop the land. Ermia’s testimony is important because it contains both the actus reus and dolus specials of the mass evictions[2]:

Once while in a meeting in 1998 (2006, Gregorian),the Ethiopian Prime Minster Meles Zenawi , we (ERPDF wings) used to go to his office every week, said. Meles led the general party work in Addis Ababa. We went to his office to set the direction/goal for the year. When a question about how should we continue leading was asked, Meles said something that many people may not believe. ‘Whether we like it or not nationality agenda is dead in Addis Ababa.’ He spoke this word for word. ‘A nationality question in Addis Ababa is the a minority agenda.’ If anyone were to be held accountable for the crimes, everyone of us have a share in it according to our ranks, but mainly Abay Tsehaye is responsible. The actions taken were aimed at destroying Oromo farmers or at rendering them extinct. 29 rural counties were destroyed in this way. In each county there are more or less about 1000 families. About 5000 people live in each Kebele (ganda) and if you multiply 5000 by 30, then the whereabouts of 150,000 farmers is unknown.

Zenawi’s statement “the question of nationality is a dead agenda in Addis Ababa” implies that the Prime Minister planned the genocide of the Oromo in and around Finfinne and others EPRDF officials followed suit with the plan in a more aggressive and formal fashion.

Announcement of the Addis Ababa Master Plan and Massacres and Mass Detentions

AAMP was secretly in the making for at least three years before its official announcement in April 2014.[3] The government promoted on local semi-independent and state controlled media the sinister plan that already evicted 2 million Oromo farmers and aims at evicting 8-10 million and at dividing Oromia into east and west Oromia as a benevolent development plan meant to extend social and economic services to surrounding Oromia’s towns and rural districts. Notwithstanding the logical contradiction of claiming to connect Oromia towns and rural aanaalee (districts) to “economic and social” benefits by depopulating the area itself, the plan was met with strong peaceful opposition across universities, schools and high schools in Oromia. Starting with the Ambo massacre that claimed the lives of 47 people in one day[4], Ethiopia’s army and police killed over 200 Oromo students, jailed over 2000 students, maimed and disappeared countless others over a five-month period from April-August 2014. Read more @http://oromopress.blogspot.co.uk/

 

 

 

 

Barsiisoti Kolleejjii Barsiisota Jimmaa Imaamata Sirna Wayyaanee Mormuun FDG Eegalan
Hagayya (August) 29, 2014 | Qeerroo.org

Mootumman Wayyaanee EPRDF gaaffii mirgaa uumanni Oromoo gaafataa jiruu fi diddaa sirnichaa bakka hundaa itti qabatee jiru dura dabbachuu fi sochii qindaa’aa uummata hunda hirmachisaa jiru irraa soda guddaa keessa seenuun hojjetoota mootummaa sadarkaa garaagaraa irra jiraniif maqaa mindaa hojjetoota parsentii(%) guddaan daballee jirra jedhuun ololli ofaama ture fincilaa hojjetootaa qabsiisaa jira.

Godina Jimmaatti barsiisotni kolleejjii barsiisota Jimmaa maqaa daballii mindaan walqabatee olollii ofamaa ture kan mirga keenya sarbudha malee mirga keenya hojjettootaa waan kabachiisuu miti, mootummaan kaleessa mindaan keessan persantii guddaan jechuun parseentii 58% fi isaa oliin isiniif dabalamee jira jechuun FDG dargaggootni Oromoo fi uummatni Oromoo waliigalatti gaggeessa jiru fuul-dura dhaabbachuun sochii karaa hojjetoota dhalachaa jiru dhaamsuuf olola isaa butatee fiigaa tur.Mindaa hojjetoota barasiisota koollejjii kanneen wajjiraalee secteroota garaagaraa irra hojjetanii 28% perooliin akka hojjetamuu yeroo murtee dabarsan warrii mootummaa naannoo Oromiyaa bakka buuna jedhan OPDO’n mallatteessuun yeroo fudhattee soba Wayyaaneen dura 58% tiin miindaan keessan isiniif dabalame jechuun ololaa ture, ammo gara 28% gadi buusuun peroliin akka hojjetamuu gochuun FDG tti barsiisotni fi hojjetootni Aanotaa fi sekteroota garaagaraa irra hojjechaa jiran akka seenan ta’ee jira.

Adeemsa Wayyaaneen daballii mindaa 58%tiin dabalee jettee gara 28%tti gadi deebisuun hojjettootaaf akka kanfalamuu gochaa jirtuu kana naannoo Oromiyaa qofa keessatti malee naannooleen Amhaaraa, Tigiraay fi Kibbaa hin hin mallatteesinuu mediadhan ibsa godhaa jechuun kan morman yeroo ta’uu ergamtootni Wayyaanee Oromiyaa bulchaa jirra jettuu immoo mallateessuun fudhachuun haalan kan hojjetoota dheekamsiisa jiru yeroo ta’u, guyyaa har’aa kana yeroo dhagaa’an barsiisotni Oromoo kolleejjii barsiisota Jimmaa barnoota gannaa barsiisaa jiran guutummaatti hojii dhaabani mirgi keenya kabajamuu qaba. Mindaan kan nuuf dabalamus yoo ta’ee ogeessa waan taaneef gatii Ogummaa keenyaa tajajila kenninuuf malee mirga keenya sarbuuf bilisummaa keenya mulquuf kan dabalamaa jiruu fi olola sobaa ofaamaa ture hin fudhannu jechuun hojii barsiisuumma dhaaban.

Mootummaan Wayyaanee sochii FDG biyya keessatti gama hundaan hudhee isa qabee jirun aangoo irra darbamuuf kan jiru yeroo amma kanatti gaaffiilee gama hundaan hudhanii Wayyaanee qabanii jiraniif deebii tokko illee dhabuun uummata sodaachisuu qofaaf jedhee humna waraanaa off harkaa qabu konkolaatatti fe’ee Oromiyatti guura jira. Adeemsi kunis mootummaa wayyaanee kufaatii irra kan hin olchine ta’uu fi mirga ofii caalmatti akka falmataniif kan nama kakaasuu malee duubatti kan nama hin deebisne ta’uun ibsama jira.

– Qeerroo.org: http://qeerroo.org/2014/08/29/barsiisoti-kolleejjii-barsiisota-jimmaa-imaamata-sirna-wayyaanee-mormuun-fdg-eegalan/

 

 

 

Diddaa Barattoota Oromoo Yuuniverstii Wallaggaa Hagayya (August) 27, 2014   #OromoProtests, Wallaggaa University, Western Oromia.

Diddaan Barattoota Oromoo Yunversitii Wallaggaa Caalaatti Hammaate. Waraanni Agaazii Barattaa 810 Eda Hidhuun FDG Daran Finiinse | Sagalee Guutuu FDG Guyyaa Har’aa Hagayya 27, 2014 Deemaa Jiru Irraa Hamma Tokko

 

http://qeerroo.org/2014/08/27/breaking-news-yuniversitiin-wallaggaa-dirree-waraanaa-taate-wayyaaneen-humna-loltuu-fi-meeshaa-waraanaanbarataan-oromoo-harka-duwwaa-sagalee-isaan-walitti-litti-bobbaan-barataan-oromoo-tokk/

diddaa9QeerrooOromo2014_20142

 

Breaking News Hagayyaa (August)  26/2014
Yuunibarsiitii Wallaggaa galgala irraa eegaluun halkan baratoonni sagalee mormii guddaa dheekkamsaan guutame dhageessisan.FDG barattoota Oromoo Yuunibarsiitii Amboon qabsiifame daran jabaachuun Yuunibarsiitii Wallaggaatti itti fufe. Mootummaan FDG kana dhaabuuf humna Waraanaa Agaazii Mooraa Yuunibarsiitii Wallaggaatti ol galchuun halkaniin dhukaasa doormii barattoota irratti banee, sagalee dhukaasaa guddaatu mooraa Yuunibarsiitii Wallaggaa irraa dhagaa’ama. Dhukaasaa kanaan halkan kana barataan Oromoo tokko rasaasaan akka madaa’e fi haalii kun barattoota Oromoo dheekamsiisee FDG ittumaa jabaachuun barattootni halkan keessa gara sa:aa 9tti Mooraa Yuunibarsiitii keessa naanna’uun dhadannoo guddaa dhageesisan, Goototni barattootni Oromoo kunneen gaaffii mirga abbaa biyyummaaf deebiin kennaamuu qaba, walga’iin wayyaanee faayidaa tokko iyyuu hin qabu jechuun dhaadannoo adda addaa akka dhageessiisaa turan beekameera.

#OromoProtests 27 August  2014

 

Hagayya 21/2014 Irraa eegaluun mootummaan Wayyaanee maqaa walgahii jedhuun barattoota Oromoo University Oromiyaa keessa jiran 8 irratti walitti qabuun shororkeessuu fi olola afaafajjii gaggeessuuf jecha karooraan dabballoota wayyaanee amanamoo fi garaaf bultoota Oromiyaa keessa bobbaasuun qabsoo FDG dura dhaabachuuf akeekni wayyaanee bakkoota hedduutti fashalaa’aa jira.

Hagayya (August) 26 Bara 2014

Barattootni Oromoo Godina Wallagga bahaa , Horroo Guduruu Wallaggaa fi Qeellam Wallagga irraa University Wallaggaatti walitti qabuun walgahiin wayyaanee gaggeeffamaa jiru hanga guyyaa har’atti milkii tokko malee mormii guddaan wayyaanee kan mudatee fi walgahichi barattoota Oromootiin fudhatama dhabee danqamee jiraachuun gabaafamera. Walgahii kana irrattis barattootni Oromoo gaaffii mirgaa fi iyyata galfachuun mirgi hiriira nagaa gochuu akka
hayyamamuuf gaafatan, walga’iin wayyaanee kunis fudhatamaa kan hin qabnee fi uummata Oromoo kan hin fayyadne ta’uu barattootni ifatti gaafachuun gabaafamera.

Walgahiin wayyaanee kun Oromiyaa bakkota hedduutti mormii barattootan fashaala’a jiraachuun hubatamera. Keessattuu Godina shawaa lixaa Amboo, Godina Jimmaa , Iluu A/Booraa, wallagga Lixaa fi wallagga bahaatti sochiin barattoota Oromoo wayyaanee haalan raasee boqonna dhorkuun gabaafamera.

Godina wallagga bahaatti barattoota manneen barnoota sadarkaa 2ffaa fi qophaa’ina barattoota bara kana qorumsa kutaa 12ffaa qoramanii University seenuuf jiraniif illee Onoota godinichaa irratti qopheessuun mormii guddaan barattoota kutaa 12ffaa irraas haala walfakkaatuun wayyaanee mudachuun wayyaanee fi ergamtoota lukkeelee wayyaanee OPDO abdii kutachiisa jiraachuun gabaafamera.

Walga’ii kanarratti barattootni mana barumsaa sadarkaa 2ffaa Biiftuu Naqemtee barattootni kutaa 12ffaa walitti qabamanii turanwayyaanee irraatti fincila guddaa kachiisuun gaaffii keenyaaf deebiin nuuf hin kennamne, walgahii keessan hin fudhannu gadi nu gadhiisa jechuun ergamtoota wayyaanee jeeqan.

Ergamtootni wayyaanees barattoota nu jeeqaa jiran kanneen University fi kutaa 12ffaas yoo ta’ee walgahii kana irraa isin ariina jechuun gaaffii barattootaaf deebii dhabnaan kana deebisan.

Barattootni Oromoo University garaa garaa irraa University Wallaggaa damee Gimbii, Shaambuu fi University Wallaggaa Naqemteetti walitti qabaman hanga guyyaa har’atti walgahii wayyaanee hin fudhannuu jechuun mormii guddaa waltajjii wayyaanee irratti kaachisuun garaaf bultoota wayyaanee boqonnaa
dhorkachuun abdii kutachiisa jiraachuun gabaafame.

Bakkota sadan irraa iyyuu FDG guddatu ka’a jedhamee waan eegamuuf humni waraanaa wayyaanee lakkofsi guddaan Shaambuu, Naqemtee fi Gimbii irra qubsiifamuun gabaafamera. Sochiin barattoota yeroo ammaa kanatti haalan kan ho’ee fi uummata FDG kan dammqsee jiru ta’uun immoo ittumaa wayyaanee fi lukkee wayyaanee OPDO yaaddeessee jira. Haaluma kanaan walgahiin wayyaanee kun FDG guddaan xummuramuuf jira.

MADDA ODUU SBO/VOL Hagayya (August)  26 Bara 2014

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Oduu Ammee(Breaking News) Hagayyaa (August) 23/2014

#OromoProtests News/ Ambo
Goototni Barattootni Oromoo Yuunibarsiitii Amboo ganama har’aa guyyaa 3ffaaf FDG gaggeessa jiran jabeessuun barruulee Leenjii fi kitaaboota leenjiif wayyaaneen qopheesitee walitti guuruun ibiddaan gubanii FDG haalan jabaaseen itti fufee. Goototni qeerroon dargaggootni barattootni Oromoo Oromoon utuu jumlaan hidhamuu, Ajjeefamuu, gara dabarfamuu, Barnoota irraa Arii’amuu waraanaan doorsifamnee Walga’ii Wayyaanee taa’uun hirmii nyaachuudha
jechuun FDG ittifufinsa qabuun wayyaanee fi loltoota wayyaanee Agaazii jedhamu dura dhaabbachaa jiru.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/08/23/barattooti-oromoo-yuuniversitii-amboo-kitaaba-ololaa-ittiin-dirqiin-uumata-amansiisuuf-wayyaanoti-qopheessan-gutummaatti-guban/

 

BREAKING NEWS: Goototni Barattootni Oromoo Yuunibarsiitii Amboo “Oromiyaa Dabarsinee Hin Kenninu” Jedhchuun FDG Itti Fufan
Hagayya/August 23, 2014 · Finfinne Tribune | Gadaa.com

Har’a Hagayyaa 23/2014

LISTEN: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aN0HJlCeDv4

Goototni Barattootni Oromoo Yuunibarsiitii Amboo ganama keessaa sa’atii 12:00 hiriira nagaa mormii sina Wayyaanee guddaa mooraa Yuunibarsiitii Amboo keessatti hiriiruun gara magaalaatti ba’uuf sagalee mirgii keenyaa nuuf haa kabajamu, gaaffii keenyaaf deebiin nuuf haa keennamu, Oromoo ajjeessuun, hidhuun, barnoota irraa arii’achuun, gara dabarsuun dhaabbachuu qaba, biyyaa keenyarratti, maaliif ajjeefamna, mootummaan kaleessa dhukaasee nu ajjeessuu har’a akkamitti walga’ii nu teesisuu danda’aa??? Master Plan Finfinnee guutummatti haqamuu qaba.

Gagma biraan ilmaan Oromoo Oromummaan hidhaman hiikamuu qabu, Oromummaan Yakka miti, qabeenya Oromoo gurguruun dhaabbachuu qaba. Mirgii Angoo siyaasaa qooddachuu uummata keenyaaf haa kabajamuu, Oromoon ofiin of bulchuu qaba, mirgii dimookiraasii nuuf haa kabajamuu, mirgii namoommaa nuuf haa kabajamuu,waraanaan doorsifamuun nurraa dhaabbachuu qaba jechuun sagaalee guddaadhaan barattootni gara Kumaatamaan lakkaawaman tilmaaman Yuunibarsiitii garaagaraa irraa barachaa turanii Godina Lixa Shawaa Aanaawwaan 18 fi bulchiinsaa magaalaa 3 irraa walitti qabaman hiriira guddaa gaggeessa
jiru.

Mootummaan Wayyaanee kaleessaa galgala mormii gootota barattoota Oromoo Yuunibarsiitii Amboo keessaatti gaggeeffamaa jiru dhaabsisuuf tarkaanfii waraanaa fudhachuun humna waraanaa Agaazii jedhamuu barattootatti gadhiisuun barattoota doormii isaan keessa bulan irra adeemsisuun barattoota reebsisaa bule, barattootni hedduun madaa’anii hospitaala Amboo galani jiru. Magaalaan Amboo halkanii guyyaa raafama guddaa keessa jirti waraannii wayyaanee kun uummataa magaalaa keessa iyyaa barattoota dhaga’ee birmachaa jiruu reebaa bule, kun utuu kanaan jiruu goototni ilmaan Oromoo guyyaa har’aa ganamaa barii kana irraa eegaluun FDG haalaan qindaa’a ta’e itti kaasuun hiriiraa guddaan sagalee guddaan bilisummaa uummata Oromoof falmii dorgommii hin qabne gaggeessa jiru. Waraannii wayyaanee Agaazii jedhamuu humnaa ol bobbaafamee Mooraa Yuunibarsiitii keessatti gadi ittisuuf yaalii guddaa godhuyyuu ilmaan Oromoo soda tokko malee jala dhaabbachuun hiriiraan yeroo amma kana galma Yuunibarsiitiicha gara Magaalaa Ambootti baasuu irra sagalee dhaadannoo guddaa dhageessisa jiru.

– Qeerroo.org: http://qeerroo.org/2014/08/23/breaking-news-hara-hagayyaa-232014-goototni-barattootni-oromoo-yuunibarsiitii-amboo-oromiyaa-dabarsinee-hin-kenninu-jedhchuun-fdg-itti-fufan/

 

 

 

 

Hogganoota OPDO 9 n Kan Durfamu Aangawoonni Wayyaanee Sochii Barattoota Oromoo Tasgabbeessuuf Jecha Diqama TPLF Irraa Kennameen Bobba’an
Hagayya/August 23, 2014 · Finfinne Tribune/ Gadaa.com

Walgayiin Eegalun Dura Orientation Barattootaaf Kenname Irratti Gaaffii fi Yaada Barattootni Kaasaan Walfaana dhihaate.

Hogganooti OPDO bakkoota adda addaa itti bobba’an qabxiilee gaaffii ta’ee barattoota irraa dhihaateef deebii kallattiin kennuu irraa hanqatanii isin warri gaaffii siyaasaa kaaftan ABO dha jechuu dhaan yakkuu fi doorsisuun itti fufanii jiru.

Yuuniversitii kanneen akka Amboo, Jimmaa, Mattuu, Naqamtee, Haromaa fi Bulee Horaa keessatti faaruun ABO fi WBO faarsu akkasumas qabsoo Oromoo ilaalu ka’ee qondaaltotaa fi loltoota Wayyaanee jeeqaa tureera.

Qabxiileen Barattootnii fi Gaggeessitootni OPDO Irratti Walii Hin Galin Hafan

– Dhimma bakkee ba’ani bulu fi seensa doormii sa’a 4:00 irratti tahuu kuni dirqamatti tahuu qabaadha, gaggeessitooni garuu barattoota Oromoo waliin walii galuu hin dandeenye,

– Akka walii galaatti waltajjii sana irratti barattootni waa’ee saaminsa lafaa, hidhamuu barattootaa, waluma gala jireenya gadadoo Oromoo fi durgoo, waa’ee hojii yeroo gannaa irratti yaada isaanii dubbatani jiru, kana irratti gaggeessitootni yaada barattootaa fudhachuu hin dandeenye,

– Irra jireessatti barattootni waltajjii kana irratti fedha isaaniitiin marii mataa isaanii mari’achuutti fedha akka qabanis ibsatanii jiru,

– Keessumattuu Godina Baalee waltajjii kana irratti marii yaadaa fesha isaanii akka qabanii fi yaadni isaanii guutamuu akka qabu aka dirqiitti mootummaa hubachiisanii jiru, barattootni haala oromiyaan irra jirtus xiinxala keessa galchanii marii gaggeessanii jiru,

– Akkasuma yuuniversitii Amboo, Jimmaa, Haromayaa fi Bulee Horaa irratti kaayyoo ABO kan adeemsisanii fi faaruu ABO faarsuu irratti dhageessisanii jiru,

– Walii galatti walgayichi erga jalqabameen booda godinaalee tokko tokko irraa gaaffii miseensummaa fudhachuu dhiisuu isaanii fi yaada gaggeessitoota irraa dhiyaatu fudhachuu diduu fi callisuun barattootaa kuni ifatti bahee jira, isaan keessaa kanneen akka Iluu Abbaa Booraa yuuniversitii Mattuu, yuuniversitii Bulee Horaa, yuuniversitii Wallaggaa kan akka Najjoo, Horroo irraa dhufan hubatamee jira,

– Dursa eegalamuu walgayin dura yaadnii fi gaaffiin ijoo rakkoo uumata Oromoo irratti hidhatee dhiyaatan hedduu waan isaan dursee yaaddesseef Yuuniversitii dubbiin ka’a jedhamee shakkamutti human waraanaa mijeeffatanii akka jiran odeeffannaaleen garagaraa dhiyaatan ibsa.

– Qeerroo.org: http://qeerroo.org/2014/08/22/hogganooti-opdo-9-n-kan-durfamu-aangawoonni-wayyaanee-sochii-barattoota-oromoo-tasgabbeessuuf-jecha-diqama-tplf-irraa-kennameen-bobbaan/

 

 

 

Goototni Dargaggootni Oromoo Yuuniversitii Jimmaa Walggahii Wayyaanee lagachuun FDG Itti Fufan

Hagayya 22,2014 Jimmaa

diddaa9Goototni ilmaan Oromoo Yuuniversiitiin Jimmaa dirree qaroomaa, dirree hayyuun keessa dhugaa uummata isaaf falmatuu fi lafa seenaa qabsoo dargaggoota Oromoo bara kanati malee lafa dabballeen Wayyaanee irra garmaamuun dhugaa Oromoo awwaaltu miti jechuun goototni sabboontootni barattootni Oromoo walga’ii Wayyaanee irrati FDG gaggeessuuf guyyaa kaleessa galgala irraa eegaluun barruulee warraaqsaa fi Iyyaannoo isaanii qindeeffachuun magaalaa Jimmaa fi yuunibarsiitii Jimmaa keessatti bittinneessuun qophii barbaachisuu gochuun guyyaa har’aa FDG karaa nagaa fi dimookiraasii ta’een qabsiisan.Haluma kanaan sochii isaanii jabeessuun iyyaannoo barattoota Oromoo marsaa 2ffaa jedhuu  kan gaaffii 10 of irraa qabu galfachuun gaaffii asiin dura gaafatneef deebiin nuuf haa kennaamu, mirgii hiriira nagaa gochuu nuuf haa eeyyamamuu, jechuun gaaffii mirga abbaa biyyummaa uummata Oromoo gaafachuun dhaadannoowwaan armaan gadii dhageesisuun ganama sa’aa 3:30 irraa eegaluun FDG bifa qindaa’een qabsiisan.

  • Mootummaan shororkeessan nu hin bulchuu,
  • Oromoo ajjeesuun dhaabbachuu qaba,
  • Gaaffii mirgaa gaafatneef deebiin nuuf kennamuu qaba,
  • Nuti Waraana hin barbaannuu, Nuti dimookiraasii nagaatti amanna,
  • Mirgootni dimookiraasii fi namummaa nuuf haa kabajamuu,
  • Sababaa gaaffii mirgaa fi Dimookiraasii gaafatneef ilmaan Oromoo jumlaan hidhaman haa hiikaman,
  • Ilmaan Oromoo mootummaan Wayyaanee ajjeeseef itti gaafatamummaa fudhachuun kaasaa fi gumaan Uummata Oromoo kanfalamuu qaba,
  • Oromiyaan kan uummata Oromooti,
  • Oromoon tokkummaa, bilisuummaa fi walabummaa barbaadna.
  • Uummatni Oromoo mootummaa mataa keenya waan hin qabneef mootummaa uummata keenya bakka bu’uu danda’uu ni hundeeffanna.
  • Mootummaan uummata bulchuu hin ajjeessu, hin hidhuu, barnoota irraa hin arii’atu, mootummaan EPRDF garuu Oromoo hidhee, ajjeesee, barnoota irraa ariitee jira.
  • Oromoon mirgaa abbaa biyyummaa isaa fi Dimookiraasiif falmachaa jira.
  •  Walga’ii humna waraanaan dirqamnee hin hirmaannuu, ,-Waraannii wayyaanee Mooraa barnootaa keessa ba’uu qaba kanneen jedhan dhageesisuun FDG finiinsa jiru.

  Kana malees goototni barattootni Oromoo ejjeennoo isaanii jabeessuun walleewwaan warraqsaa kan ABO fi uummata Oromoo farsuu dabaree wal harkaa fuudhuun Mooraa Yuunivarsiitii Jimmaa mooraa saayinsii fi Teechnology bakka walga’iin wayyaanee gaggeeffamaa jirutti FDG qabsiisuun Mooraa Yuunibarsiitii Jimmaa kana keessa naanna’uun leencii Oromoo Amboo fi Jimmaarra baroodee jechuun bookkisaa jiru,

Mootummaan Wayyaanee akkuma amala isaa FDG irratti dhoofameen waan qabee gadhiisuu dhabuun hoomaa waraanaa fi poolisaa magaalaa Jimmaa fi Yuunibarsiitii Jimmatti bobbaasuun warraaqsa barattoota Oromoo dura dhaabbachuufi sodachisuuf yaalii guddaa godhullee goototni barattootni Oromoo sodaa tokko malee gaaffii mirgaa fi dimookiraasii finiinsuu murteeffachuun fincila qabsiisan, ilmaan Oromoo hundaaf dhaamsa Oromoo ka’ii mirga kee deeffadhu, mirga keenyaaf Oromummaa keenyaaf harka walqabannee haa kanuu jechuun dhaamsa dabarsataniiru, hordoftoota keenyaaf leellistoota qabsoo bilisummaa Oromoo gabaasaa kanaaf waraabbii sagalee fi vedio waan qabnuuf rakkoo networkf ariitiin nuf fe’amuu didee warraabbii kana itti aansuun kan isin qaqqabsiifnu ta’uu ni hubachiifna. #OromoProtests  22nd August 2014

http://qeerroo.org/2014/08/22/goototni-dargaggootni-oromoo-yuuniversitii-jimmaa-walggahii-wayyaanee-lagachuun-fdg-itti-fufan/

 

 

 

 

 

FDG Marsaa Lammaffaa Qeerroo Yuuniversitii Amboon Qabate Wallagaa,Mattuu fi Bulee Horaatti Ce’e

Oromiyaa godina Shawaa Lixaa keessatti FDG marsaa lammaffaa qabate itti fufee dargaggoonni Oromoo dirqisiifamanii walgahii Wayyaanotaa dhaqan waamicha Wayyaanee dura dhaabbachuun FDG itti fufanii jiru.Haala kanaan barattooti Oromoo Yuuniversitiilee Amboo,Wallagga Bahaa,Mattuu fi Bulee Horaa irratti guyyaa har’aa Hagayya 21,2014 walgayi hogganooti Wayyaanee taasisaniifii  diiganii gara gaaffii mirgaa fi miidhaa uummataa Oromoo irra jiru haa dhaabbatuuf FDG kaasanii jiru.Haala kanaan loltooti Wayyaanee har’a Bulee Horaa irratti waraanni ABO uumata fakkaatee magaalaa jiru sababa jedhuun uumata jeeqaa turaniiru. Mootummaan Wayyaanee uumata Oromoo akka galaanaa irra galagaluuf deemu kana sodaachuun bakka hundatti raafamaa jirti.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/08/22/fdg-marsaa-lammaffaa-qeerroo-yuuniversitii-amboon-qabate-wallagaamattuu-fi-bulee-horaatti-cee/

 

Hagayya 21 yuuniversitii Mattuu irratti kan waamaman barattootni Oromoo 2000 ol ta’an walgayii wayyaanee diiganii ganama sa’a lama irraa kaasaanii dhaadannoo garagaraa dhageessisaa oolaniiru.

FDG Yuuniversitii Barattootni Walgayii Itti Waamamanitti Eegalee Jira
Mootummaan wayyaanee barattoota walgayii afeeruun isaa of dagachiisuuf ykns gaaffii mirgaa lamuu lammataa akka hin gaafatamneef haala isaan burjaajessuuf yaalee ka’ee dha, kun kan itti caale tahee argame,walgayiin yuuniversitiilee oromiyaa keessatti qophayanii waamaman irratti FDG har’a bakkooota muraasatti kan eegalee dha, sochii fi karoorri Qeerroon qabatee jiru ammas bakka hundaatti barattootan kan eegalee fi har’a ganama Hagayya 21 yuuniversitii Mattuu irratti kan waamaman barattootni Oromoo 2000 ol ta’an walgayii wayyaanee diiganii ganama sa’a lama irraa kaasaanii dhaadannoo garagaraa dhageessisaa oolaniiru.

Walagyii hin feenu,gaaffiin keenya hanga deebii argatutti nun gaggeessitan, gaaffiwwan yeroo darbe obboleewwan keenya itti wareegaman irra tarkaanfannee walgayii keessaniif kabajaa hin laannu jechuudhaan walgayiin wayyaanee yuuniversitii Mattuu irratti afeeramanii jiran har’a fesheletee jira.

Akkasuma yuuniversitii Amboo fi naannowwan godina Shawaa Lixaa Ona Tokke Kuttaayee, Calliyaa, Miidaqany, Amboo, Gindabarat fi kan hafan keessatti uummanni barattoota waliin gaaffii mirgaa isaa dhiyeessuun halkan edaa irraa kaasee weellisa qabsoo fi barruulee adda addaa bittimsuu irratti kan argamaa jiranii dha.Yuuniversitii mara irratti sochiin barattootaa FDG kaasuun kan wal qabateen eegalaa jiru itti fufa.

MADDA ODUU SBO/VOL Hagayya 22 Bara 2014  #OromoProtests

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Godina Iluu Abbaa Booraa Aanaa Mattuu Gandoota Gabaa Guddaa , Siibaa fi Aadallee Gumara ( Mardaafa ) keessatti Finccilli ka’e jabaatee itti fufee ooleera. Hagayya 21 Bara 2014. #OromoProtests Illuu Abbaa Borora, Western Oromia.

 

Godina Iluu Abbaa Booraa Aanaa Mattuu Gandoota Gabaa Guddaa , Siibaa fi Aadallee Gumara ( Mardaafa ) keessatti Finccilli ka’e jabaatee itti fufee ooleera. Finccila kana daran kan hammeesse ergamtootin Diinaa Shamarree Lalisee Geetaahoo ganni ishee 16 ta’e ganda Aadallee Gumar ( Mardaafa) keessatti Osoo isheen kophaa adeemttuu arganii Billaan mormma ishee qaluuf kufisanii bakka jiranutti ummatin qaqabee irraa buusuun battaumati miidhamttuu gara hospitaala mattuuti kan geessan yeroo ta’u gochaan gara jabina daanggaa hin qabne Kun raawwatamuun isaa ummata gar malee aarsuun jeequmsi jabaan uumamee jiraachuu maddeen Keenya gabaasaniiru.

 

 

Barattoota Oromoo Sagalee Ummata Oromoo: The Oromo Students are the Voices of Oromo Nation

21 August 2014

  Barattoonni keenya Sagalee uummata keenyaa ta’uu isaanii ammaas irra deebi’uu dhaan Mirkaneessaa jiru!!! bakkeewwan Mootummaan maree dhaaf Barattoota keenya walitti qabde mara keessatti osoo mareen hin jalqabin mormii guddaan uumamaa jira.mormii kanaaf sababa kan ta’an keessaa Durgoon barbaachisaa ta’e kaffalamuu dhabuun isa tokko yoo ta’u Dhimmi Maaster Pilaanii finfinnee waltajjii Marii kana keessaa dhibuun Barattoota keenya dheekkamsiiseera!! dhiigni Ilmaan Oromoo kan irratti dhangala’ee dhimmi Maaster Pilaanii Finfinnee osoo Xumura hin argatin biyya Dimokiraasiin keessatti dagaage Ijaaruuf mari’achuun bu’aa tokko illee hin qabu jechuu dhaan mormii kaasaa jiru.Barattoota kana mari’achiisuuf kan ergaman “Dhimmi Maaster Pilaanii Finfinnee yeroo dhaaf waan dhaabbatee jiruuf isa irratti mari’achuu hin barbaachisu” jedhanis, Barattoonni keenya “yeroo dhaaf osoo hin taane dhimmi maaster pilaanii Finfinnee yoom iyyuu taanaan akka Lafaa hin kaane Mootummaan waadaa nuuf seenuu qaba. akkasumas Lubbuu darbeef qaamni itti gaafatamummaa fudhate ifa ba’uu qaba!!” jechuu dhaan mormii isaanii dhageessisaa jiru!!

 

TPLF’s  Oromo students indoctrination conference at the meeting at Haromaya University – Dire Dawa Campus has been discontinued after panelists refused to entertain questions regarding Addis Ababa master Plan and Per Diem payment. During the morning session students demanded the issue of the Mater Plan and Land Grab must be added to the agenda, and also per diem must be paid. The panelists, led by Faysal Aliyi ( formerly at Washington DC embassy and now head of diaspora affairs at foreign ministry), responded saying they have no authority over such matter. Failing to break deadlock, both side walked out practically ending the meeting for the day.

In Ambo, where students are attending the meeting under heavy federal police presence, none of the agenda items have been presented yet as student continue to protest towards inclusion of the Master Plan issue and payment of Per Diem payment.

Gimbitti walgahiin har’aa mootummaa dargii durii abaaruun eegalame, Guyyaa guutuu Dargii fi ABO abaaraa oolan. Sa’a booda marii akkaataa aanaa irraa dhufaniin taasifame irratti gaaffiin bartootaan ka’e, utuu dhimmi masterplani finfinnee hiika hin argatiin, kanneen hidhaman gad hin dhiisamiin, kan ajjeesan seeraan hin gaafatmiin, gaaffiin Oromoo marti deebii hin argatiinitti waa’ee badii dargii fi ABO akkasumas gaarummaa wayyaanee nutti hin haasa’inaa jedhan yoo kana hin taane ammoo gad nu yaasaa gara maatii keenyaa deemna jedhan. Kanneen akkataa aanaatti marii gaggeessaa turan gaaffii keessan kana nama walgahii kana gaggeessuf finfinnee irraa dhufetti isiniif dhiheessina nuti kana isiniif deebisuu hin dandeenyu jedhan. Kanumaan kana sa’a booda ture addaan citee jira.
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In Gimbi unlike other venues students were divided into their home district. The meeting started with condemnation of the previous Dergue regime and followed by accusation against OLF. Students protested saying its pointless to talk about Dergue and OLF while refusing to engage us on the Master Plan, releasing jailed students and bringing to justice those who perpetuated killing. Panelists resorted to similar excuse saying they have no authority to answer question that are not on the manual provided to them by the government. The meeting discontinued on this point.

#OromoProtests, 21st August 2014

 

 

 

Breaking News: Hagayyaa  (August) 20, 2014 FDG Marsaa 2ffaan Godina Lixa Shawaa Yuunibarsiitii Amboo Keessatti Goototata Dargaggoota Oromoon Qabsiifame.  #OromoProtests in Central Oromia, Ambo University.

Goototni barattootni Oromoo Lixa Shawaa Yuunibarsiitoota biyyatti garaagaraa irraa baracha turanii boqonnaaf maatii isaani bira utuu jiranii Wayyaaneen maqaa walgaii farra uummata Oromoo ta’ee fi farra qabsoo bilisummaa Oromoo ta’een gaggeessuuf akkuma Yuunibarsiitii Ambootti walitti qabdeen guyyaa haraa saaatii 10:30irratti akkuma wayyaaneen walitti qabdee Orientation kennuufii eegalteen goototni batattootni Oromoo gaaffii irratti roobsuun Iyyaannoo isaanii kan qabxii 10 of irraa qabu itti kennachuun gaaffii keenyaaf deebiin hanga nuuf kennamutti walgaii wayyaanee waliin hin teenyu, wayyaaneen diina keenya, hirimii keenya kaleessa daaima umrii waggaa 7 hanga manguddoo waggaa 80tti ajjeesa turtan dhiignii ilmaan Oromoo lafa hin qoorree akkamitti walgaii biyyooleessa qopheessuun walitti nu qabuu dandeessan, waraannii haga kana baayatu magaalaa Amboo fi Unibarsiitii Amboo keessa qubsiifamee jiru kun maal nurraa eega. Erga walgaii taee waraanaan dorsifamaa maqaan walgaii jedhu kun maalii? Amma gabaabaattii gaaffii barreeffamaan isinitti dhiyeeffamnne kanaaf deebii nuuf kennaa, Gaaffii mooraa Yuunibarsiitii keessatti baatii Eblaa 11/2014 irraa egaaluun isin gaafachaa turreef deebiin nuuf kennamuu qaba, ilmaan Oromoo sababa gaaffii karaa mirgaa fi dimookiraasii gaaffatneef ajjeefamanii mootummaan EPRDF itti gaafatamuu qaba, barattootni Oromoo hidhaman gaaffii tokko malee hiikamuu qabu, kanneen barnoota irraa Ariiataman gaaffii tokko malee barnootatti deebiuu qabu. Gaaffiin mirga abbaa biyyummaa uummata Oromoo kabajamuu qaba, gaaffiin mirga namoommaa fi dimookiraasii gaafachaa jirru nuuf deebiuu qaba, Master Planiin Finfinnee guutummaatti haqamuu qaba jechuun iyyaannoo iyyannoo isaanii dhiyeeffachuun dhaadannoo fi Walleewwaan warraaqsaan ABO faarfatan

Barattootni Oromoo Mooraa Yuunibarsiitii Amboo keessatti walitti qabamanii waraanaan eegamaaa jiran kun eraga gaaffii kaachisanii booda wallee warraqsaa fi dhaadannoo dhageesisuun -ABO nuuf dirmadhu, ABO karra nuuf bani,

baallammii gurrach garbuu WBO beektuu qeerransa muree bira darbuu,
korma guduruu ABOn leenchuma duruu jechuun Wallee warraaqsaa hedduun ABO hanga halkan keessa saaatii 4:00tti mooraa Yuunibarsiitii Amboo keessa naannauun sirban,
*Dhaadannoowwaan kanneen akka:
-Tokkumaa keenyaan harka walqabannee haa kaanu ni falmannaa,
Ajjeechaan nurraa haadhaabbatu,
mirgii Oromoo haa kabajamuu, Oromiyaan kan uummata Oromooti,
-Ajjeechaa dugugginsa sanyii nurratti mootummaan wayyaanee rawwateef itti gaafatamuu qaba,
ilmaan Oromoo gaaffii nagaa waan gaafatneef hidhaman haa hiikaman,
Master Planiin Finfinnee haqamuu qaba,
Mirgi abbaa biyyuummaa uummata keenyaaf haa kabajamuu,
Mirgootni namommaa fi dimookiraasii haa kabajamaan, kanneen jedhan mooraa yuunibarsiitii Amboo keessa naannauun dhageesisuun FDG marsaa 2ffaa dhoosaan. haala rakkoo networkii ulfaata keessatti sagalee warraaqsaa kana warrabnee waan jirruuf gabaasa kana waliin walqabsiifneera dhaggeffadha, Oromoo bakka jirtanii nuuf dirmadhaa, Yeroon Gamtaan Falmannuu amma taa’anii bara lakka’uun doofummaa fi walaalummadha, Ka’ii Oromoo Ka’ii dhaamsa hoggansa sochii dargaggoota Qeerroo barattoota Oromoo fi koree qindeessitu FDG ti!!. #OromoProtests #FDG

Gadaa.com

 

#OromoProtests, 20th August 2014

The planned indoctrination conference of Oromo Students at Walaga University- Naqamte Campus dispersed before it began due to disagreement between regime cadres and students. Its reported that students demand for per diem payment since they are forced to gather at the expense of their vacation time when they could earn money by helping their parents or through summer jobs. The cadres told student they have no power to make such arrangement, at which time students walked out promising to return when an entity with such power comes to meet their demand.

Similar question was raised at the Gimbi meeting, however the cadres were able to buy time promising they will make the necessary arrangement for payment. The cadres then introduced three themes of the conference 1) Building democracy in Ethiopia 2) Security and foreign policy of Ethiopia 3) Religion as cause of Oromo Student Protest. Students immediately raised procedural demand insisting the issue of Finfinne and land grab should be discussed before moving into the theoretical and policy focused issues . The cadres responded saying they were given syllabus with strict order and hence cannot discuss any other issue. Meeting adjourned while still in deadlock.

These indoctrination meeting is planned to take place in Gimbi, Naqamte, Adama, Madda Walabu and Haromaya. The regime has threatened that students who fail to attend one of these meetings will not be allowed to enroll back to college in Fall. http://www.siitube.com/article_read.php?a=587

 

 

Walgahiin barattota Oromoo ‘haala yeroo irratti mari’achiisuuf’ Yuniversitii Naqamtee keessatti waamame waldiddaa uumameen osoo hin eegalin addaan faca’uun himamaa jira. Akka odeeffannoo nu gaheetti, akkuma dabballoonni mootummaa galma seenaniin barattoonni gaafii adeemsaa kaasan. Gaafin kaasanis “yeroo boqonnaa keenyaa irraa dirqamaan waan sassaabamneef; galii maatii keenya gargaaruu ykn hojii adda addaarraa argachuu mallu waan dhabneef, durgoon nuuf kaffalamuu qaba’ kan jedhu ture. Dabballoonnis nyaataafi bakka hirribaa malee kaffaltii durgoo irratti nuti murteessuu hin dandeenyu deebi jedhu kennan. Yeroo kana, erga isin waan kanarratti murteessuu hin dandeenye hamma qaamni murteessuu dhufuu walgahitti hin hirmaannu jechuun bahanii deeman jedhama.

Walgahii Gimbitti godhamerrattis gaafin durgoo kan ka’e yoo ta’u dabballoonni dhimma kaffaltii kanarratti mari’annee furmaata laanna jechuun dubbii laaffifatanii boruuf bulfachuun beekame. San booda yaadrimee walgahichaa bakka sadihitti qooduun ibsan. 1) Adeemsa Itoophiyaa keessatti dimo0kraasii ijaaruu 2) Nageenyaafi immata haajaa alaa itoophiaa 2) Amantiin sababa mormii barattoota Oromoo ta’uu.

Haa ta’uuti barattoonni, osoo gara dhimmoota kana mari’achutti hin seenin dhimmi Finfinneefi gurgurtaa lafa Oromoo irratti mari’atamee goolabamuu qaba jechuun gaafii adeemsaa kaasan. Qondalonnis nuti dhimmota sadeen sanirratti akka isin barsiifnuuf qajeelfama baafameen ajajajaan as jirra. Dhimmaa Finfinneefi gurgurtaa lafaa wanni beeknus hin jiru; isin waliinis mari’achuu hin dandeenyu jedhan. Osoo falmiin kun deemuu walgahiin cufamee boruuf bellamame.

Walgahiin barattoota Oromoo sababa dhimma Finfinneetin falmarra jiran qabbanessuufi amansiisuuf yaalamaa jiru kun Gimbii, Naqamtee, Jimma, Adaamaa, Madda Walaabuufi Haromaayatti taa’amuuf akka karoorfame beekamee jira.

 

 

 

 

 

Wallagga, Anaa Giddaa Kiramuu Keessatti FDG Itti Fufe. Uummatnis Walgahii Wayyaanee Lagate

 

Hagayya 15, 2014 – Gabaasa Qeerroo – Giddaa Kiiramuu

Godina Wallaggaa aanaa Giddaa Kiiramuu keessatti FDG jabaachuudhaan itti fufe. Mootummaan wayyaanee uummata naannoo kanaa olola siyaasaan afaanfaajjessuuf walgahii waamtus uummatni gamtaan walgahii kana hafuun mootummaa abbaa irree wayyaanee waaroo qaanii uwwisee jira. Uummatni walgahii kana irratti argames nuti biyyi keenya Oromiyaadha, Ilmaan keenya ajjeefamaniif mootummaan wayyaanee itti gaafatamummaa haa fudhatu kan jedhuu fi kanneen kana fakkaatan gaaffiilee abbaa biyyummaa kaasaa kan oolan yoommuu tahu dabballootni wayyaanees gaaffii kana deebisuu dhabuudhaan baaraganii jiran. Mootummaan abbaa irree wayyaanee ilmaan Oromoo irratti daldala siyaasaa bara dheeraa gaggeessaa kan as gahe lamuu akka hin hojjennes Qeerroon Wallagga bahaa addeessee jira. #OromoProtests

Qeerroo.org

 

 

 

Gadaa.com

 

 

 

 

Godina Jimmaatti FDG jabaachaa jira, Mootummaan Wayyaanee waan qabdee gadhiistuu dhabuun sakkatta’insa seeraan alaan uummata shororkeessa jira

Gabaasa Qeerroo Jimmaa – Hagayya 9, 2014

Gaafa guyyaa Hagayyaa 7, 2014 Waaree booda irraa eegaluun sakkatta’insaa konkolaataa, taskii, fi bajaajiin illee utuu bira hin darbamiin guutummaa Magaalaa Jimmaa keessa poolisoota bobbaasuun sakkata’insaan uummata goolaa jirti.

Guyyaadhuma kana galgala keessa sa’aatii 12:00 irraatti mooraa Yuunivarsiitii Jimmaa keessatti FDG barattoota barnoota gannaa barachaa jiraniin hiriirrii mormii barattoota hedduu ta’aniin sababiin guddaan hiriira kana mootummaan Wayyaanee bulchiinsa Yuunibarsiitii Jimmaatti dhimma ba’uun hordoftoota Amantaa Kiristanaa Ortodoksiif nyaataa soomaa waan qopheessuu fi didaniin hordoftootni amantaa kiristana hundi mooraa Yuunibarsiitii jimmaa main campus keessatti hiriiruun hanga halkan sa’aa 1:00tti mirgii amantaa keenyaa nuuf haa kabajamuu jechuun mormii guddaa dageessisaniru. Godinicha keessatti erga FDG qabsiifamee mootummaan Wayyaanee raafama ulfataa fi kasaaraa siyaasaa keessa seenuun mirga lammiiwwanii sarbuu aadeeffate jira.

Waliigalatti mootummaan Wayyaanee erga gita bittaa habashootaa ammayyeessun aangoo biyyattii afaan qawweetiin qabatee eegalee hanga har’aati sodaa fi raafama irraa boqonnaa argatee hin beeku. Mootummaan abbaa irree wayyaane afaanin biyyattiin sirna mootummaa dimokiraatawaa fi tarsiimowaan geggeeffamti jechaa dhoksaan immoo ilmaan saba cunqurfamoo lubbuu waliin hallayyaatti darbachaa jira. Gochi bineensummaa Wayyaaneen guyyaa guyyaan dhala nama irratti dalagu kun immoo namoonnii wal tumsanii mirga isaanif akka qabsaa’an isaan taasisee jira. Keessattuu ilmaan Oromoo gabrummaa kana ofirraa mulqanii lafa kaa’uf murannoon hadheeffatanii sodaa tokko malee qabsootti akka seenaan taasisee jira. Haala kanaan yeroo amma kanatti guutummaan Godina Jimmaa uummaatni ija shakkiitiin akka ilaalamu ta’ee jira. Sabboontootni Oromoo Godina Jimmaa mirga keenya ofiin kabachiifachuuf bakka jirruu Qeerroo bilisummaa Oromoo cina dhaabbannee gaaffii mirga abbaa biyyummaa karaa nagaa fi dimookiraasii gaggeeffamaa jiru bakka hundatti kaachisuun gaaffii keenyaaf deebiin nuuf kennamuu qaba jeennee FDG keessa qooda fudhachuu qabana jechuun dhaamsa waliif dabarsaa jiru.

 

http://qeerroo.org/2014/08/10/godina-jimmaatti-fdg-jabaachaa-jira-mootummaan-wayyaanee-waan-qabdee-gadhiistuu-dhabuun-sakkattainsa-seeraan-alaan-uummata-shororkeessa-jirti-%E2%80%8F/

 

 

 

Qeerroon Bilisummaa Oromoo qabsoo FDG mootummaa abbaa irree irratti gaggeessaa jiru jabeessuuf  haala yeroo irratti hunadaa’un ibsa qabxii 10 of jalaa qabu dabarse!!

Adoolessa  (July) 29,2014

Qeerroon Bilisummaa Oromoo dhaabbilee barnoota Olaanoo walitti dhufuun haala yeroo irratti marii bal’aa gochuun rakkoo abbootiin irree uummata Oromoo irraan ga’aa jiranii fi turan ibsuun sirna EPRDF/TPLF/OPDO burkutaa’ee kufuuf jiru aangoo irra qaarisuuf qabsoo FDG jabeessuun furmaata ta’uu irratti walii galuun ibsa qabxii 10 baafachuun ilmaan Oromoo hundaaf waamicha gochuun marii haala yeroo irratti gaggeeffatne milkiin xummurachuu keenya ibsina.

Uummanni Oromoo qe’ee fi qabeenya isaa irratti kabaja namummaa fi abbummaa dhabuun mirga namoomaa fi dimookiraasii mootummaa abbaa irree Wayyaaneen (TPLF/EPRDF/ eega mulqamee waggaa 23faa lakaawwachaa jira. Qe’ee fi lafa isaa irratti itti dhukaafamee guyyaa saafaa ajjeefamaa jira. Qe’ee fi lafa gabbataa akaakilee fi abaabilee keenyaan eegamee as ga’e maqaa investimentii fi liiziin alagaa fi abbootii qabeenyaa aangowoo mootummaa ta’aniin afaan qawween dirqamanaii irraa buqqifamaa jiru. Qabeenyi tajaajila hawaasaaf kennan akka Hospitaalaa, Warshaalee gurguddoo, lafa albuuda qabuu fi kkf irratti gurguramaniiru.

Beektootni fi abbootiin qabeenya Oromoo Oromiyaa irratti Carraa investimentii fi hojii misooma garaagaraa dhorkatamuun biyya irra arii’atamaniiru.  Beektotni hayyootni Oromoo ani Oromoodha mirgi Oromoo kabajamuu qaba, roorroo fi hacuuccaan Oromoo irratti gaggeeffamaa jiru dhaabbachuu qaba jedhanii waan dubbatan qofaaf hoomaan waraanaa itti bobbaafamee kumootan kanneen lakka’aman rasaasan ajjeefamaniru, kumoota dhibbootan kanneen lakka’aman immoo mana hidhatti guuramuun dararaa ilma namaaf hin malleef saaxilamaniiru, hidhaa keessattis ajjeefamaniiru.  Mirgi barachuu irra kaafamee barattootni Oromoo hedduun barnoota irraa dhorkamaniiru.  Qoqqobbiin siyaasaa uummata Oromoo irra kaa’amee Oromoon akka baa’ina uummata isaa, Qabeenyaa isaa fi bal’ina lafa isaatti qoodannaa  aangoo, dinagdee, hawwaasummaa, Afaanii fi aadaa illee akka carraa hin arganneef ukkamsaan siyaasaa abbaa irree uummata keenya irra kaa’ame jira. Guutummaa ibsa kanaaf:- Ibsa Qeerroo Bilisummaa Oromoo Adoolessa 29 2014

 

http://qeerroo.org/2014/08/01/12880/

 

Finfinnee dubbadhu callisuun kee hin tollee

http://www.bilisummaa.com/dubbadhu-finfinnee-2/

 

The compelling story of the in Ambo, as narrated by Ernest Briggs; produced and released by the IOYA.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E31gqU_fbpM

In order to raise global awareness about the protests and the imminent threat facing students who have been expelled from school and those imprisoned, the International Oromo Youth Association (IOYA) is launching a social media campaign. IOYA has prepared a short informative documentary that provides a summary of the protests to date. IOYA is also calling for the immediate release of thousands of Oromo students currently being held in detention and are likely to face torture for peacefully protesting against the Integrated Development Master Plan. The Ethiopian government’s continuous use of brutal force, arbitrary detentions, and torture to severely restrict freedom of expression and rights of citizens should be condemned. The campaign will call on various international human/governmental organizations to urge the Ethiopian government to release the students arrested and to refrain from expelling and abducting innocent students. To follow everything related to the social media campaign use #FreeOromoStudents

For More information follow the links below:https://twitter.com/IOYAnetwork
https://www.facebook.com/IOYANetwork?…

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PMhoXa2_Lbg

 

 

Godina Lixa Shawaa Aanaaa Midaqenyii Keessatti Uumanni Oromoo Walgahii Dabballoota Wayyaanee Lagachuu Irraan Yakkaman

(Gabaasaa: Adoolessa 17, 2014) – Godina Lixa Shawaa Aanaa Midaa Qanyii keessattitti FDG uummataan jabaachuu irraan uummanni walga’ii dabballoota Wayyaanee balaaleffachuun lagate.

Aanaa Midaqenyi keessatti walgahiilee dabballoonni Wayyaanee yaaman akka uumanni irratti hin argatne taasisuun diddaa mootummaa irratti kakaaftaniittu sababaa jedhuun Oromoota sabboonoo ta’anii aanaa kana keessatti argaman mana hidhaa buusan.

Haala kanaan nama hidhaa poolisa aanaa Midaaqenyii keessatti guyyaa gaafa Adoolessa 15,2014 irraa kaasee hidhamanii kanneen jiran keessaa:-

1. Barsiisaa Addunyaa Maammoo,
2. Obboo Sisaayi Lammeessaa,
3. Jifaree Masfiin kasseeta eebbisaa sirbisiifte jechuun qabaman,
3. Obboo Takkalaa kannee jedhaman kan keessatti argaman badii tokko malee hidhamanii jiraachuu Qeerroon gabaasa.

Kana malees mootummaan abbaa irree Wayyaanee Aanaa Midaaqanyii ganda Goodaa Galaanitti dabbaloota basaasa isaa bobbaasuun uummata samsiisa jira. haala kanaan dabballootni Wayyaaneef ergamuun qabeenya uumataa gaaffii tokko malee saamuu fi malaamaltummaan uumata rakkisaa kanneen jiran keessaa:-

1. Darajjee Nagarii,
2. Tasfaayee Shuumaa kanneen jedhaman yeroo amma kana mootummaa

Wayyaanee amanamaa ta’uunn uummata saamaa jiru. Akkasitti hanga ammaa Oromoonni qabeenya irraa samamanii jiran keessaa:-

1. Obboo Qixxumaa Abdiisaa,
2. Obboo Hirphasaa Bargaaga kanneen qabeenyaan isaanii duraa saamame yoo ta’an uummaanni yeroo amma kanatti mootummaan Wayyaanee waggaa 23 guutuu qorqee nu nyaachaa ture kanaan booda nurraa dhaabbachuu qaba jechuun sirnicha balaaleffachuu itti fufanii jiru.

– Qeerroo.org

THE ADDIS ABABA MASTER PLAN IS A PLAN TO MASSACRE AND DISAPPEAR THE OROMO PEOPLE

By Yunus Abdellah Ali | July 14, 2014

Why the Oromo students decided to sacrifice their life against AAMP of the brutal dictator government of Ethiopia? The AAMP is the core issue of the complete oromo struggle.So it is the question of life and death for the whole oromo population. Millions of oromo s have been massacred by the emperor Minilik, emperor Haileselase, Derg, and TPLF for more than 120 years. But our oromo elders paid their life, their bones, their blood to bring a lot of achievements in the oromo struggle,and they did it. We have achieved some of the fruit of our elders struggle. We have regained the name Oromia for our land, oromo for our people, Afaan Oromoo for our language, our culture, in general we have gained our identity by the blood of oromo freedom fighters with an unforgettable dream of regaining our unique system of governance the Gadaa system.

But recently we the qube generation is facing one of the biggest challenge ever in the middle road of journey to freedom,that is the Addis Ababa Master Plan (AAMP). This plan is the plan that will take all of our achieved rights by our past struggles. So the qube generation is decided to protest against this AAMP in many parts of the world especially in the Ethiopian universities and high schools .This protest is not simply a protest, it the question of life and death,we qube generation are not only protest against this illegal plan, but also we will defend our land from being sold even if we continue being killed by the brutal Ethiopian government.

The Oromia students protest is the life costing struggle for the question of life and death.
The dictator Ethiopian government is expanding Finfine , This means, the Weyanes want to expand from the center of Oromia and taking the the oromo land in to their federal territory.
The AAMP going to take away our rights we gained through our years struggle with the blood of oromo elders. So that this master plan obviously is not about investment but it is about disappearing of the oromo people.this master plan is targeted directly towards the struggle of the oromo people ,which affects the oromo people directly in a lot of ways.

The current federal language amharic will expand again,in other words the working language of Oromia is going to be amharic based on long term expansion.Once the late prime minister Meles said that he will eliminate the dominance of oromo population in terms of number and the land. That is why the TPLF government have massacred the oromo people in different parts of Oromia and now displacing thousands of oromo farmers from their land. As he already said, in long term, the oromo people will be weak financially, small in number with out unity, and will be eliminated . But we oromo youngsters know that we can’t let our land to to be sold to the investors or government based NGO s even if it costs us our lives.

The Ethiopian government has been displaced many oromo farmers in eastern shewa, western side of Finfine in the name investment. For example in Oromia region in the areas of Zuway , Holeta, and other places there are flower farming. That farm is toxic naturally. And release a lot of toxic chemicals in to the soil kills the soil nutrient for 100 years,so the oromo farmers around that area have died by drinking toxic water that flows from those toxic soil to the lakes and rivers around, the release of chemical dusts from the local industries to the river. Many industries in Oromia release such toxic fluids in to the river of oromo farmers using for drinking water.

In conclusion the Addis Ababa Master Plan is not planned for investment but for elimination of the oromo nation one of the nation in Africa. This master plan is a plan with a mission of hidden eradication of the oromo people identity and population with the progressive erosion of oromo resources, culture, politics, language, land ,people and others from every angle.

So that we Oromo people will struggle by protesting both inside and outside until the end, to cancel the Addis Ababa Master Plan(AAMP) at any costs.

OROMIA SHALL BE FREE.

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ov2tQnjIjDc

 

Godina wallaggaa lixaa magaala Beegii keessatti Uummatni Oromoo FDG iitti fufe. Mootummaan wayyaanee ilmaan Oromoo gaaffii abbaa biyyummaa gaafatan funaanuun mana hidhaa mootummaa wayyaaneetti kan Ukkaamse nuuf haa gadhiisu jechuun Uummatni Sagalee diddaa dhageessisuu irratti argama. Mootummaan wayyaanee yeroo mara nama gaaffii abbaa biyyummaa gaafatu ajjeechaa ykn ammo hidhaa daangaa hin qabneen dararuu kana mala godhate dargaggoowwan Beegii mana hidhaa keessaa fuudhuun gara Gimbiitti dabarsuuf wayita jedhanitti Uummatni gamtaan bahuudhaan ilmaan keenya bakka geessitan hin qabdan, nuu gadhiisaa jechuun waraana Wayyaanee dura dhaabbatee falma irratti argama.

Gaaffii abbaa biyyummaa Uummatni Oromoo gaafachaa jiru dura dhaabbachuuf Wayyaaneen ilmaan Oromoo mana hidhaatti ukkaamsaa kan turtee fi ajjeechaa garaa jabeenyaa raawwachaa kan as geese Godina wallaggaa lixaa keessatti jiraattota magaala Beegii fi naannoo ishee kan tahan ABO waliin hidhata qabdu, Isintu Uummata nurratti kakaase maqaa jedhuun murtii dabaa dabarsitee jirti. Ilmaan Oromoo mana hidhaa mootummaa Wayyaanee keessatti darbamuun murtiin dabaa irratti murteeffame keessaa gariin:-

1. Abbush Fiqiruu murtii hidhaa waggaa fi ji’a shanii

2. Abdoo Raggaasaa Murtii hidhaa waggaa tokkoo

3. Bakkalchoo Mikaa’el Murtii hidhaa ji’a 10

4. Tashaalee Abarraa Murtii hidhaa ji’a 10

5. Saalman Ahmed murtii hidhaa ji’a 10

6. Zaakir Haajii Dhaabaa mmurtii hidhaa ji’a 10

Kan murteeffame yoommuu tahu Uummatni gamtaan dhaabbachuun murtiin dabaa kun ka’uu qaba jechuudhaan FDG itti fufee jira. Mootummaan Wayyaanees dhiphina jabaa keessa kan seene waraana hedduumminaan bobbaasuudhaan Uummata reebuu fi doorsisuu irratti argamti. Uummatni Oromoo golee Oromiyaa keessaa marti murtii dabaa ilmaan Oromoo irratti murteeffamaa jiru dura dhaabbachuun falma akka gaggeessu Qeerroon waamicha dabarsa! #OromoProtests.   http://qeerroo.org/2014/06/25/godina-wallaggaa-lixaa-magaalaa-beegii-keessatti-hidhamtootni-haa-hiikamanjedhchuun-jiraatoti-fdg-itti-fufan%E2%80%8F/

 

 

– 19th June 2014, joined with their families, primary and secondary school students in Najjo, western Oromia, have boycotted classes and staged demonstration today.

 

 

#OromoProtests- FDG Magaalaa Dambi Dolloo Irratti Itti Fufee Jira
Gabaasa Qeerroo Qellem Dambi Dolloo Waxabajjii 18
Waxabajjii 17 Bara 2014 barattootni mana barumsaa sadarkaa olaanaa fi qophaayinaa Qellem gaffii mirgaa dhimma hidhamtoota oromoo mana hidhaa keessatti dararamaa jiraniin wal qabsiisanii hiriira bahaniin tikni wayyaanee dura dhaabbachuudhaan barattoota hedduu gara mana hidhaatti guuraa oole.
Hidhamuu barattoota kan guyyaa kaleessaa waraana wayyaaneetiin jilmaadhaan mana hidhaatti guuramaniin har’a waxabajjii 18 uummannii fi barattootni mana barumsaa sadarkaa garagaraa magaalaa Dambi Dolloo keessatti argamu itti fufuudhaan gaaffii mirgaa gaafachuudhaan barattootnni hidhaman nuf haa bahan jedhanii ganama kana irraa kaasanii iyya isaanii dhageessisaa jiru.
Humni waraana wayyaanee diddaa kana dhaamsuuf magaalaa kanatti guuramaa jira, uummanni fi barataan magaalichaa keessaa hidhamtootni gaaffii abbaa biyyummaa gaafatanii hidhaman akka bahaniif diddaa isaanii ciminaan gaggeessaa akka jiran Qeerroon gabaasaa jira. 

IYYANNOO BARATTOOTA OROMOO YUNIBARSIITII JIMMAA (Marsaa Lammaffaa)

Waxabajjii 15,2014 Barattoota Oromoo Yuuniversitii Jimmaa

Abdiin saba bal’aa saba Oromoo yoomiyyuu numa ilmaan Oromoo qofadha. Gaaffii mirgaa karaa Nagaa Gaafaneef deebiin Mootummaa fi bulchiinsa Yuunibarsiitii Jimmaa irra nuuf kenname hidhaa, reebicha, barnoota irra arii’amuu yoo ta’uu ajjeechaan baldhaan Oromiyaa keessatti gaggeeffamaa jira. Yeroo amma kanatti Oromiyaan dachee gaddaa kan ilmaan ishee nagaan qe’ee irratti ajjeefamaa jiran ta’uun baay’ee nu gaddisiisera. Akeeka mootummaan ta’ee jedhee duula duguddinsa Sanyii (Genocide) uummata keenya irratti gaggeessa jiru jabeesinee balaaleffanna. Yeroo amma kanatti Guutummaa Oromiyaa fi dhaabbileen barnoota Olaanoo Yuunibarsiitoota Oromiyaa keessa jiran irra hanga manneen barnoota sadarkaa tokkoffatti halli Oromiyaa keessaa kan itti aanu kana fakkata:

Mooraan Dhaabbilee barnoota gara mooraa waraanatti jijjiramee, waraanni guddaan mootummaan EPRDF qabu mooraa Yuunibarsiitota Oromiyaa keessa qubsiifamuun galgalaa ganama afaan qawween doorsifamaa akka jiraannu ta’ee jira.
Mootummaan basaastoota heddumina qaban mooraa Yuunibarsiitoota fi Magaalota gurguddoo Oromiyaa irratti bobbaasuun yakkootni akka ajjeechaa itti fufinsaan uummata keenya irratti gaggeeffamaa jira. Addatti sabboontotni Oromoo adamsamanii ajjeefamaa jiru. Oromiyaa keessa lubbuun jiraachuun yaaddessaa ta’aa jira.
Mootummaan sirna baruu fi barsiisuu laamshessee baajata barattootaf ramadame illee tajajila waraanaaf akka oolu taasifatera.
Barattootni Oromoo qaroo fi abdii biyyaa ta’an balleessa tokko malee gaaffii karaa nagaa dhiyeessaniif rasasa mootummaatiin akka baala harcafamuun galgalaa ganama ajjeechaan ijoollee Oromoo irratti gaggeeffamaa jira, ilmaan Oromoo kumaan lakka’aman jumlan hidhatti guuramanii jiru. Hedduun barnoota irra arii’amaniru.
Gaaffii mirgaa karaa nagaa fi dimookiraasii gaafanneef hanga har’atti deebiin isaa ilmaan Oromoo dhibbootaan lakka’aman rasasa mootummaan nurratti dhukaasaa jiruun ajjeefaman, kumootaan kanneen lakka’aman hidhatti darbaman, dhibbootan kanneen lakka’aman barnoota irra arii’amanii jiru.
Gabaabumatti haalota kana irra Uummaatni Oromoo mootummaa bakka isa bu’uu fi mirga isaa kabachiisu kan hin qabne ta’uu eenyuu iyyuu haaluu hin danda’u haala kanaaf yakkii fi dugugginsi sanyii har’a Oromiyaa keessatti gaggeeffamaa jiru raga guddaadha.
Yeroo amma kanatti rakkoon ulfaataan kana fakkaatu Oromiyaa fi uummata Oromoo irratti gaggeeffamaa utuu jiruu mootummaan abbaa irree EPRDF /TPLF’n durfamu OPDO dawoo godhachuun karaa tokkoon yakka Ddugugginsa sanyii uummata keenya fi nu abdii boruu ajjeesaa, gama biraatiin immoo ilmaan leellistoota sirna cunqursaa habashaa (nafxanyaa) dhabbilee barnoota Olaanoo Yuunibarsiitota Oromiyaa keessatti bakka bu’aa gamtaa barattoot (president) kan bara dhufuuf jecha barattoota Oromoo bakka bu’anii akka filamaniif karaa OPDO akka OPDO’n dhiyeesitu qajeelfama kennameen shirri guddaan mirga barattoota kumatamaan lakkaawamanii sarbuun barattoota Oromoo irratti shirrri gaggeeffamuuf qophiin xummurame jira. Haalli kun Yuunibarsiitii Jimmatti karaa OPDO presidenti barattootaf kan qophaa’ee jiru barataa dhalootan Amhaara ta’e barataa Darajjee Garremoo Ratta, afaan Oromoo dubbachuu qofa malee barreessu illee hin beekne Oromoodha jechuun president gamtaa barattootaf kan OPDO’n qopheesite ta’uun saaxilamee jira. Guutummaa Iyyaanoo Kanaa:- IYYANNOO BARATTOOTA OROMOO YUNIBARSIITII JIMMAA. #OromoProtests See @http://qeerroo.org/2014/06/18/iyyannoon-marsaa-2ffaa-barattoota-oromoo-yuuniversitii-jimmaan-qophaawe-tamsae/

 

 

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=nB__vP8A4fc

Radio Afuura Biyyaa Waxibajjii (June) 16, 2014. Interview with Dr. Gizachew Teferra Tesso.  The topic of discussion at RAB studio this time is the environmental impact assessment.

 

 

The Gulele Post

 

Why Resist the Master Plan?: A Constitutional Legal Exploration

When the Ethiopian government announced its readiness to implement its “Integrated Regional Development Plan” (the “Master Plan” for short) in the middle of April 2014, it provoked an immediate reaction from university students across the National Regional State of Oromia. Through the instrumentality of its security forces (such as the Federal and State Police, the Army, and the Special Forces), the Ethiopian government responded with brutal repression of the protests. In a series of campus-based and street protests that barely lasted for two weeks, over a hundred innocent Oromos are killed and thousands are jailed. To date, sporadic and spontaneous protest demonstrations continue to erupt in various parts of Oromia. Fuelled by anger triggered by the reckless words and utter disdain expressed in the course of a televised discussion between the Addis Ababa City Administration and the mayors and other executive heads of the surrounding towns over the Master Plan, and informed by history of killing, mutilation, dispossession, and political marginalization (all of which continue unabated), the protests were more a spontaneous reaction than a planned resistance.

Ignored by the state and local government, lied on by the national propaganda machine, neglected by international media and NGOs (with few exceptions), the students continue to resist. Diaspora Oromo communities, in a gesture of solidarity, voiced the plights of the students at home, and they took the occasion to ‘witness’ the violence once more. The non-Oromo Ethio-political elite, which always finds it difficult to speak out on atrocities perpetrated on Oromos,  rather characteristically, is still struggling with itself on how to express anger at the mass killings without siding with the cause of the Oromo. (Basking on the nation-wide challenge to the regime as a fertile political moment, they sought to make gestures of solidarity in the hope that they won’t be left out in the event that the tide gets traction thereby leading to the eventual crumbling of the regime.) But very few groups came out in public and condemn this state-orchestrated terror.  To be fair, they did well in voicing the plight of the six bloggers and three journalists arrested in the weeks following the start of the unrest. And that is to be appreciated. But the contrast was nothing less than disheartening to those who expected more than gestures of solidarity and had hoped that Oromo lives and rights would be valued as any other lives and rights in Ethiopia.

In this piece,  I seek to make a close reading of the constitutional-legal frame within which to situate the master Plan. Accordingly, first, I seek to explore the constitutional-legal context within which the Master Plan should be considered and analysed. Next, I will present a summary of four major constitutional-legal arguments against the Master Plan.- Read the full text @ http://www.gulelepost.com/2014/06/04/why-resist-the-master-plan-a-constitutional-legal-exploration/

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2lly1seev3Q

#Oromo Protests- Jen & Josh (Ijoollee Amboo) witnessed the cruelties of TPLF/ Agazi forces against peaceful Oromo students and civilians in Ambo, Oromia

 

The Sidama Liberation Movement (SLM) and Mederk have Successfully & Peacefully Demonstrated in Hawssa! @ Sidama  capital, Hawassa, June 14, 2014

 

 

The Sidama Liberation Movement (SLM) and Mederk (Coalition of Opposition Parties in which SLM is a part of) have successfully conducted their anti-TPLF’s government demonstration in Sidama capital Hawassa amid tremendous fear of civilians resulted from a systematic over weeks’ intimidations and terror deliberately created by the regime’s army, Security forces and police personnel of federal and regional as well as Sidama Zone’s TPLF’s messengers, all of whom remained patrolling the entire Hawassa and its outskirt for the past five days leading to the June 14, 2014 demonstration. The ultimate aim of the regime’s agents who were busying themselves with missions of intimidation, harassment, repression and suppression- literally terrorising peoples individually and at family levels going from house by house- was hindering the participants from taking part in the said demonstration although they have only partially succeeded in doing so as the expected number of over 100,000 was cut by over 80%.

From another angle however, symbolically the numbers of participants who have taken part in today’s Hawassa demonstration exceeded the expectations of the organisers as it has happened against odds despite the fact that TPLF’s authoritarian regime has left no stone unturned to obstruct the participants from taking part deploying various means including sending the entire Sidama civil servants (majority of whom could have added several thousand if not tens of 1000s) out of Hawassa city under the pretexts of trainings to various southern regional towns for 3-4 days since June 12, 2014.

Besides, the leadership of both SLM/Medrek have expressed their fair satisfaction with the numbers of participants, which has been estimated to be between 11, 000 and 12,500. Given regime’s heinously planned hard work put into this involving deploying its army to harass and terrorise the civilians for the last few days, the numbers were significant victory to both SLM and Medrek. Additionally, since the 13thof June 2014, the regime has also paid the owners of public transportation vehicles in the entire Sidama districts further ordering them to remain out of work until the demonstration is over to hinder the Sidama civilians from taking part. Regardless these all hurdles, the people of Sidama nation have defiantly travelled hundreds of miles on foot to take part on today’s demonstration. The leadership of SLM and Mederk have expressed their gratitude to the people of gallant Sidama and Oromo nation and others who have taken part in today’s demonstration, inviting all to do similar in the future.

ETV (the only and State owned Ethiopian television) has fully satisfied the expectations of genuine minded peoples of SLM/Medrek supporters by putting the numbers of today’s Hawassa demonstrators at about 200!! No wonder if TPLF’s Media (ETV) has significantly cut the number to under 2% as it always does when it comes to success of the opposition parties such as SLM and Medrek. Thus, expecting the regime that deliberately undermines its constitution to speak the truth will by itself be utter naivety.

 

The slogans of the demonstrators involved:-

 

  •  Unconditionally Respect the Rights of Nations and Nationalities!!
  • Unconditionally Release all political prisoners!!
  • The rights of peoples individually and collectively must respected as they are constitutionally guaranteed!!
  • Unconditionally Stop the uprooting of the Oromo peasants from the outskirts of Finfinnee and bring those who have massacred Oromo civilians to an independent justice!
  • Stop Finfinneee Master Plan! Stop uprooting Sidama from the outskirt of Hawassa!
  • Bring those security forces and authorities who’ve massacred Sidama civilians on May 24, 2002 in Looqqe village to justice and unconditionally respond to the Sidama national quest to regional self-administration for which the Sidama civilians have sacrificed their lives!
  • Stop harassing, intimidating and terrorising civilians of the country who have demanded their constitutional rights to be respected!!
  • Stop displacing peasants under false promises of fake Development!!
  • Stop selling the lands of nations and nationalities to transnational companies!!
  • We need Freedom!! We need justice not bullet!! Any numerous others.

The demonstration was peacefully concluded despite the fact that the regime planned to slaughters Sidama civilians soon after the 12th Anniversary of Looqqe massacre.

http://sidamanationalregionalstate.blogspot.co.uk/2014/06/the-sidama-liberation-movement-slm.html

#OromoProtests-Kukkissa, Sidama Reporter from Sidama Capital Hawassa, June 14, 2014

 

 

 

Grade 12 Graduating class ‪#‎Oromo‬ students, remembering their fallen sisters and brothers, killed by ‪#‎Ethiopian‬ Government
#OromoProtests 8th June 2014  Western Oromia, Qellem Wallagaa
FDGn fi Falmiin Mirga Abbaa Biyyummaa Godina Lixa Wallaggaa Ona Anfillootti itti fufe; Daandiin Konkolaataa Dambi Doolloo fi Anfilloo Gidduu Guyyoota Lamaaf Cufamee jira.Godina Lixa Wallaggaa Ona Anfilloo keessatti ummatni Oromoo gandoota Heenechee, Dullii, Shuushaa, Yaarer, Gobbii, Ashii, Suddii fi Garjeedaa Waxabajjii 08,2014 walitti dhufuudhaan ganama sa’aa 8:00 irraa hanga galgala sa’aa 6:00tti FDG jabaa mootummaa abbaa irree wayyaanee fi ergamtoota isaa irratti akka geggeessan Qeerroon beeksisee jira.Ummatni 2000 olitti tilmaamamu FDG kana irraa qooda fudhatuu kan beeksise Qeerroon, dhaadannoolee mootummaan wayyaanee ummata Oromoo fi ilmaan isaa barattoota fixaa jiru nu irraa haa ka’u, ajjeefamuun nu irraa haa dhaabbatu, kanneen hidhaman haa hiikaman, ofiin of bulchina, humni waraana federaalaa nu irraa haa ba’u, Oromiyaan keenya, ammallee lafti Oromiyaa hin gurguramin, OPDOn bakka nu hin buutuu fi kkf akka dhageessisan ibsameera.
Diddaan ummataa kun itti fufuun ummatni Waxabajjii 09,2014ttis daandii konkolaataa Godina Qellem Dambi Doolloo irraa gara Ona Anfilloo geessu muka, dagaa fi konkolaattotaan cufuudhaan sochii waraana wayyaanee akka gufachiise gabaafameera.Gama biraan ummatni Oromoo Ona Anfilloo kanneen isa keessa jiraatanii sirna gabrummaa leellisanii fi mootummaa wayyaaneef lukkee ta’uun sirna isaaf deggersa godhanii ummata Oromoo irratti ammoo yakka raawwatan gocha isaanii badaa kana irraa hatattamaan akka dhaabbatan irra deebi’ee akeekkachiisee jira.

#OromoProtests- Ambo, Homacho Primary school, 3rd June 2014

Guyyaa Kaleessa Magaalaa amboo Keessa FDG barattoota M/B hoomaachoo sadarkaa 1ffaa magaalaa Amboo ganda 06 keessatti argamuun gaggeefama ole,
Director M/B kanaa waraana barattootatti waan waameef barattootan akka malee reebame amma hospitala galee jira, Director Mana barumsaa kana namni Tashoomaa Magarsaa jedhamu irree dargaggootan reebamee du’aa fi jireenya gidduutti argama, barattootni kutaa 12ffaa waraana guddaan eegamaa qormaata irra jiru, hanga gaafiin keenya deebii argatuuti qabsoo karaa nagaan jalqabne itti fuufna jechuun barattoonnii Amboo ibsaniiru

 

 

 

#OromoProtests- Qelem  (Lalo Qillee), Western Oromia, 3rd June 2014.

Guyyaa har’a  Waxabajjii 3/6/14 godinaa Qellem Wallaggaa magaalaa laalo Qillee tti barattoota degarta jechuu dhani daldaalaa magaalaa sanaa kan ta’e Obo Addisuu namaa jedhamu saronni wayaane (Agaziini) miidhaa guddaa erraan gesisun yeroo ammaatti hosptaala Ayiraa tti yaalamaa jira. Kanaaf jecha ummatin mormii isaani yoo agarsiissan suuraan armaa olii mul’isa.

 

 

Barattootni Oromoo Nyaata Lagachuun Dabarsan

#OromoProtests-  Caamsaa/May 28, 2014,  Oromia
Barattootni Oromoo Yuunivarsiitii Haramaayaa Ayaana Ayyaanee Wayyaanee Caamsaa 20 Nyaata Lagachuun Dabarsan
Barattootni Yuunivarsiitii Haramaayaa Ayaana Caamsaa 20 irratti nyaata lagachuun diddaa dhageesisan. Yuunivarsiitii Garaa garaa keessattis Sabboontotni Oromoo uffata gaddaa uffatanii ayyaana wayyaanee Caamsaa 20 gaddaan yaadatanii jiran.
Mootummaa Wayyaanee irratti qabsoon abbaa biyyummaa jabaachuudhaan kan itti fufe Yuunivarsiitii Haramaayaa keessatti Barattootni Oromoo ayyaana Mootummaa Wayyaanee Caamsaa 20 irratti Yuunivarsiitii keessatti nyaata lagachuun diddaa dhageessisan. Barattootni Oromoo Yuunivarsiitii Haramaayaa keessatti baay’inaan 10,000 ol tahan Guyyaa waanjoon garbummaa Uummata Oromoo irratti bifa jijjiirratee dhufe Caamsaa 20 gaddaan dabarsuun diddaa nyaata lagachuu taasisanii jiran. Bulchinsi mooraa Yuunivarsiitii Haramaayaa fi Bulchaan Godina Harargee bahaa dhimma kana irratti dhiphina guddaa keessa kan seenan yoommuu tahu Mootummaan wayyaanees haala jabaan dhiphattee jirti. Barattootni Kunneen nyaata lagachuu irraan darbuun uffata gaddaa kan uffatan Yoommuu tahu diddaa wal fakkaataan Yuunivarsiitii Adaamaa, Amboo fi Hawaasaa keessatti bifa wal fakkaataan sabboontotni uffata gaddaa uffachuun ayyaana caamsaa 20 gaddaan yaadatanii jiran.

Abadan abadan Finfinnee handhuureen Addisaabaa hin taatuu.

‪#‎OromoProtests‬-‘Oromia is not for sale!’ Over 10,000 attended  the 24th May 2014 Oromo Protests rally in Finfinnee (A.A.)

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2014/05/omn-qophiilee-caamsaa-24-2014/

Embedded image permalinkEmbedded image permalinkEmbedded image permalinkmedrek 6Medrek 9medrek 102medrek 7

Photo: Right now at FinfinneeAddis Abeba : Medrek Party protest march update with photos , Solidarity  with Oromo Students !!!Addis Abeba : Medrek Party protest march update with photos , Solidarity  with Oromo Students !!!Embedded image permalink

Photo: DemonstrationAddis Abeba : Medrek Party protest march update with photos , Solidarity  with Oromo Students !!!Photo: OFC/Medirek demonstration today at Addis AbabaEmbedded image permalinkPhotoAddis Abeba : Medrek Party protest march update with photos , Solidarity  with Oromo Students !!!PhotoPhotoEmbedded image permalinkEmbedded image permalink

https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=BHULdNHXnlE

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_IYQIH6b6CU

#OromoProtests- Finfinnee (Addis ababa) organised by Oromo Federalist Congress, 24th May 2014

Guyyaa har’a kana Kongereessiin Biyyoolessa Oromiyaa hiriira nagaa magaala Finfinneetti waame haala ho’a ta’een bahe ummani Oromoo.
Sa’a sadii hanga sa’a torbaatti kan geggeeffamee yoo ta’u dhadhannoo arman gadii dhageessisuuni
1. Hidhaan fi ajjeechan barattoota Oromoo irratti rawwatamaa jiru yaa dhaabbatu
2. Master plan yaa dhaabbatu
3. Godinaa addaa naannoo Finfinnee kan Oromiyaati dabarsinee hin kenninu
4. Rasaasnii furmaata hin ta’u
5. Namoonni ajjeecha raawwatan seeratti yaa dhiyaatan
6. Mootummaan amma jiru uummata bakka hin bu’u
6. Ol aantummaa seera,haqa,bilisummaa ,walabummaa ,birmadummaa ni barbaanna fi kkf irratti sagalee dhageessisa turan. 

(May 24, 2014) – Hundreds of thousands of protesters in the Ethiopia’s capital Finfinnee (Addis Ababa) today demanded the TPLF Ethiopian regime to stop killing Oromo students, and to stop evicting Oromo farmers and grabbing their land in the name of “development.” The protest rally was called by Medrek, a coalition of political organizations, including the Oromo Federalist Congress (OFC).

The protesters have demanded justice for the Oromo students and civilians slaughtered by the TPLF Ethiopian regime during the Oromia-wide #OromoProtests in April and May 2014 against the Addis Ababa Master Plan, which outlines the Addis Ababa City’s plans to annex land from the Federally and Constitutionally instituted Oromia in the name of “development,” thereby evicting millions of Oromo farmers and subjecting them to both genocide and ethnocide in their own land.

It’s to be remembered that OFC made similar calls on land-grabbing in Oromia back in April 2014:http://gadaa.com/oduu/25385/2014/04/15/oromo-federalist-congress-ofc-sounds-alarm-about-the-ongoing-land-grab-in-oromia-condemns-the-ethiopian-govts-land-policy-being-enforced-in-oromia-without-oromos-participation-as-plan-to-ignite/

Among the slogans chanted by the protesters at today’s rally in Finfinne include: “Stop eviction of farmers in the name of development,” “Stop the massacre,” “Bring culprits to justice,” “Free all political prisoners,” “Stop the land grab,” and “We need freedom of expression.”

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OromoProtests-

Ibsa Ejjannoo: Waltajjii Falmii Araddaa Finfinnee fi Naannoo

Ibsa Ijjannoo Dhimma ‘Master Plan’/Maastar Pilaanii/ babal’ina magaalaa finfinnee fi buqqa’iinsa qoteebulaa Oromoo laalchisee waltajjii falmii araddaa finfinnee fi naannoo irraa kenname.

Uummanni Oromoo dhuma bara dhibbee 19ffaa keessa bittaa koloneeffataa sirna doofaa habashaa jala galuuf eega dirqamee kaasee cunqursaan shirrii fi gidiraan hiriyaa hin qabne empaayara Etoophaa jalatti irratti raawwachaa tureera. Irrattis raawwachaa jira. Mootummaan koloneefataan kun yaroo sana gargaarsa meeshaa fi leenjii teknikaa humnoota Awuroophaa fi biyyoota lixaa biroorraa hargatetti gargaaramee guutummaa biyya Oromoo Oromiyaa fi saboota kibbaa dhuunfatee kaasee dabaree itti wal-dabarsee uummata keenya miliyoonaan lakkaa’amu lubbuu galaafate. Duula Minilik lammaffaan ogganameen qofa keessatti lakkoofsi uummata Oromoo miliyoona 10 irraa gara miliyoona 5niitti waggaa muraasa keesstti akka gadi bu’e seenaan raga baha.

Kana qofaa kan hin ta’iin ajjeechaa suukanneessaan, harkaa fi harma muraanis akka uummata keenya fixaa turan waan Oromoon marti tolchee beekuu dhaa. achirraa calqabee biyya abbaa issaa keessatti baqataa fi gabra ta’ee akka mataan gadi cabee jiraatu kan tolfatan eega bara 1886 qubsuma issaanii uummata Oromoo buqqisuun finfinnee irratti jaarratanii kaasseeti. Mootummoonni habashaa dabaree hargatan hundi finfinnee jiddugala ajaja bulchiinsaa godhatanii Uummanni Oromoo fi sablammiiwwan uummata kibbaa akka boquun cabee jiruu gabrummaa gadii issaan jalatti jiraataniif dirqisiisan. Kuusaa qabeenya uumaa hedduu gara jabeenya doofummaa irraa maddeen mancaasan. Seenaa, aadaa fi amantii keenya dirqii dhaan jijjiiranii kan ofiin bakka buufatan.

Sirna kolonii Addunyaa irratti raawwate kan OROMOO irratti raawwwate wajjin waanti adda godhu yoo jiraate Oromoon qaroo doofaa dhaan gabroome ta’uu issaati. Mootummoonni habashaa sirna gabroomsaa Minilikiin jaarame dhaaluuf dabaree argatan kan / Hayilasilaasee, Dargiifii wayyaanee / jijjiiramni haala Addunyaa fi qabsoon miragaa gootota ilmaan OROMOO abbaa akkaakayyuu irraa dhaalamaa dhufe waan hudhee qabeef malee mirga bubuutuu amma hargame kanalleen kan issaan yaadanii ykn jaalatanii nuuf kennan tokkolleen hin jiru. Kana laaluuf kan lamaan issa duraa dhiifnee gochaa dhuma mootummaan wayyaanee saba bicuu keessaa bahee barcuma adeerota issaa dhaaluuf carraa badhaafame barreen kurnoota lamaan ol aangoo dhuunfatee jiru kana keessatti raawwate xiqquma irraa xuxxuquun eenyummaa issaa fi waan inni uummata OROMOO fi saboota biroof karoorfate ifatti mul’isa

Kanneen keessaa waan ijoo akka dugguuggaa sanyii / genocide / yakka waraanaa / war crime /, qabeenya uumamaa dantaa dhabummaan mancaasuu fi faaluu / Environmental degradation and pollution /, sanyii filan qulleessuu / ethnic cleaning / bulchiinsa badaa shiftaa caasaa cimaa huummatee maqaa mootummaa humnaan ofitti moggaase ta’uu issaati.

Yakkiwwan kunneen Oromoo irratti akkuma baay’ina namaa fi bal’ina lafaa fi qabeenya issaatti caalee haa mul’atu malee sabniifii sablammiin issaan yakka kanaan hin xuxxuqin hin jiru

Gochaalee sukanneessaa Mootummaa kanaan raawwataman keessaa

> Bara 1993 Uummata meeshaa maleeyyii hiriira nagaa Oromiyaa bahaa magaalaa wataritti bahan rasaasaan fixuu,

> Bara 2010 Ormiyaa lixaa keessatti uummata Beeniishaangul hidhachiisuun gargaarsa mootummaan wayyaanee godheen namoonni 400 ol dhumanii manneen 20,000 ol ibiddaan akka gubatu godhamuun,

> Oromiyaa kibba- bahaa Masqiida kofalee keessatti uummata nagaa dhaan sirna kadhaa amantaa issaa gaggeeffachaa turerratti ajjeechaan raawwates itti fufiinsa gochaa bara darbee ta’uun,

> Uummata sidaamaa magaalaa hawaasaatti hiriira nagaa bahan bifuma water irratti ojjataniin rasaasaan fixuun,

> Ogaadeen keessatti waanti wal-fakkaataan raawwachuu fi raawwachaa jiraachuun,

> Duguggaan sanyii Uummata Anyuwak sulula Omoo keessa jiraatan / Surmaa, Mursii, Bodi fi kkf / fi kanneen biroo hedduu tarreessuun waan nama gaddu miti.

Akkuma jecha Oromoo keessaa << kan hanna bare dooluutu socho’a>> jedhan shiftoonni caasaa mootummaa ijaarratan kunoo eega Finfinnee seenanii calqabanii qoteebultoota Oromoos bifa addaan hin cinneen qe’ee hundeen issaanii achii dhufa abbaa akkaakkayyuun itti jiraatan irraa buqqisaa, hidhaa, gidirsaa fi ajjeessaa turan. Itti fufaniis jiran.

Yaroo ammaa kanatti immoo maqaa <<Addis Ababa master plan>> jedhamuun uummata Oromoo naannoo finfinnee jiraatu gara jabeenyaan lafaa fi araddaa abbaa issaa irraa buqisuun kadhattummaa fi galtummaaf saaxiluun itti fufee jira.

Kaayyoon duula kanaa maqaa << Karoora misooma qindoomina magaalaa Finfinnee / Addis Ababa Integrated development plan / jedhuun bal’ina jiddugaleessa Oromiyaa keessaa Oromoo buqqisanii saba biraa keessaahuu saba ofii keessaa dhalatan ilmaan tigraayii fi warra qabeenya uummataa saamsisan murtaa’oo ofitti makuudhaan ilmaan oromoo mancaasanii dantaa Oromoo waliigalaa cabsuu dha. Karoorri kun kan Oromoo bahaa dhiyaa fi kaabaa kibba addaan kutee ambisuuf tilmaamame malee kan misooma dhaadheffamurratti xiyyeefatee miti.

Mootummaan hojiin shiftaan kun otoo sadarkaa hundeen lafa abbaa keenyaa irraa nubuqqisuutti hin cehin dursee karaa hedduu ittiin humna keenya cabsuu danda’u xuxxuqee laalaa ture.

-Bara 2001 Bosona Oromiyaa Baale, Gujii, Boorana, Hararge, wallagga, Iluuabbaa Booraa fi bakkeewwan birootti guyyaa saafaa abiddaan gubee barattoota qaroo shira kana hubatanii abidda inni qabsiise dhaamsuuf birmatan rasaasaan hakaayee lubbuu daa’imman keenyaa hedduu galaafate

– Maanguddoota Maccaa Tuulamaa bara 2004 mootummaan Oromiyaa Finfinnee keessaa bahuu hin qabu jechuun karaa nagaa mormii dhageessisan akka bofaa ija keenya fuulduratti reebuun mana hidhaatti guure.

– Dargaggootaa fi barattoota Oromoo mormii kanatti hirmaatan hedduu hidhaatti guure. Kaanis lubbuu galaaftee kanneen hafan mana barumsaa irraa hariye. Kana hundaa raawwachuun issaanii waan har’a qabatanii nuttiin gadi bahan kanaaf karaa haxaawuu issaanii ture.

– Bara 1999 maatii qonnaan bulaa 4390 araddaa Boolee kotobee, Boolee Bulbulaa fi Bakkanniisa irraa buqqisee qaanii tokko malee maatii kana keessaa 40% bakka gahan hin beeknu jedhe. Maatii 50% gadii bakka fayyaa issaanii miidhutti walitti qabee gadadoon wade. Waliigala naannoo Finfinnee irraa maatii ammamtu bara kana keessatti buqqifame ? jedhamnii yoo gaafataman ragaa araddaa sadeenii mlaee hin beekkamuu deebisan. Maatii bara 1994 lafa heektaara 30,814 irraa buqqisaniif ragaan hin jiru jedhame. Miidhaa ulfaataa kana fakkaatu lafaa fi lafee nama keenyaa irraan gahanii nagaa fi misooma sobaa dhaadhessaa tasgabbiin jiraachuun issaanii akka badii marsaa itti aanu qaqqabsiisuuf nuse’atan karaa baneef. Har’a roorroo roorroo caaluun kunoo Magaalota Burraayyuu, Lagaxaafoo, Sulultaa, Dukam, Sabbataa, Sandaafaa, Holotaa fi Galaan baadiyyaa issaanii waliin laf Heektaara miliyoona tokkoo olii / H= 1046000 / maree liqimsuuf foolachaa jira. Muddama kana furamuuf ijja jaamiffaan socho’aa jiru. Akka kanaan namichi tokkichi dhalootaan Tigree Hoomaa hogganoota mootummaa naannoo oromiyaa fi miseensota OPDO jidduu taa’ee jaalattanis jibbitanis karoora kana hojiirra oolchitu jedhee dubbachuun ganyaa luugama malee utaaltu ta’uu issaaniif hakeeka guddaadha. Akkuma amala issaanii daa’imman barattoota Oromoo shira yakkamaa issaan ittiin deeman hubatanii harka duwwaa karaa nagaa mormii dhageessisan akka bineensa daggalaa alaammatanii addaa fi laphee dhayanii galaafatanii konkolaataan irra deemuun tuffii akka sabaatti nuuf qaban ifatti mul’isanii jiru. Har’alleen daa’imman barattoota sadarkaa gadii dabalatee qotee bultoota abbootii fi haadhotii daa’imman kanaa karaa nagaa mirga huumamaan qaban gaafatan ajjeesuu hidhuu fi shororkeessuun itti fufee jira.

Mootummaan wayyaanee qarqara dhuma raawwii karoora issaa gaheera. Qarqqarri raawwii dhuma karoora issaa Uummata Oromoo fi sablammiiwwan biroo dhabamsiisee saba bicuu ofiif keessaa dhalateen guutummaa biyyattii dhuunfachiisuu dha.

Waltajjiin falmii araddaa finfinnee fi naannoo gochaa yakkamaa shira diinaa kana jabeessee kan balaaleffatu ta’uu ibsaa dhala OROMOO fi qaama dhimmi kun laallatu hundaaf kan gadditti tuqame kana qaabachiisuun barbaachisaa dha jedhee amana.

Akka sabaatti haalli keessa jirruu fi itti nudhiibaa jiran saalfachiisaa fi jibbisiisaa jireenyaa gadiiti. Haala kana falmii qindaaheen, kutannoo fi wareegama amma lubbuu gaafatu malee kan keeessaa nubaasuu danda’u hin jiruu hubannee wareegama gara hundaa bilisummaan gaafattu keessaa qooddachuun dirqama namaa fi qaama oromummaan laallatu hundaa ta’uu qaba. Wareegama nama biraatin bilisummaa hawwuun yakka yakkaa olii ta’uunis hubatamuun akka.
Diinni keenya garaagarummaa ilaalcha siyaasaa, amantii, gandaa fi dantaa xixxiqqoo qabnutti dhimma bahee bittaa gabrummaa issaa nurraatti dheereffachuun salphina jaarraa 21ffaa keessa harkaa nuqabu. Falli salphina kana ittiin obbaafannu waan hunda dura oromummaa dursuun qofa akka ta’e hubachiifna.
Buqqa’iinsa Lafaa Uummata keenya naannoo finfinnee irratti raawwatee fi raawwachaa jiru keessaa Oromoonni beekaa ykn otoo hin hubatin bu’aa yarootin hawatamtanii lafa abbaa keessanii oromoon dhiigni keessan irraa buqqaafame diina yakkamaa kana harkaa safartanii fudhachuun yakka dhala OROMOO irratti raawwatamaa jiru keessaa qooddachuu ta’uu hubatanii akka irraa ofqusattan isiniif dhaamna.
Barattoonni dargaggoo fi shamarran dhaloota qubee akkasumas qoteebultoonni fi jiraattonni magaalaa, ojjattoonnii fi waliigalli uummata oromoo daba Oromoo fi Oromiyaa irratti aggaammate hubattanii dura dhaabbachuun wareegama hulfaataa amma lubbuu gahu kanflatanii fi kanfalaa jirtan wareegamni keessan itti fufa wareegama gootummaa falmii mirgaa, Tufaa Munaa irraa amma Laggasaa Wagii fi sana boodalleen kanfalamee waan ta’eef seenaa keessatti kabajaan yaadatamaa jiraattu.
Sochii mormii gootonni barattoonnii fi dargaggoonni akkuma obboleewwan isaanii kan kaleessaa ciminaan akka Oromoo lafarraa buqqisuun dhaabbatuuf itti jiran hin deeggarra. Madaan issaanii madaa keenya. Duuti issaanii du’a keenya. Kanaaf akka dhiigni issaanii bilisummaa uummata keenyaa marguuf waan barbaachisee fi danda’amu hundaan bira dhaabbanna.
Hogganootaa fi ojjattoota mootummaa naannoo Oromiyaa, miseensota OPDO, Humna poolisii fi waraanaa dhalootaan oromoo ykn saba fe’erraa taatanii tarkaanfii garajabinaa wayyaaneen barattootaa fi uummata oromoo irratti fudhatee fi fudhachaa jiru ifatti ykn karaa isiniif aanja’e hundaan dura dhaabbattan kabajaan isiniif qabnu guddaa dha. Kanneen ammalleen garaa fi garaacha issaaniif yaaduu bira kutuu hanqatanii faallaa mirga Oromoo dhaabbatan maraatummaa fi raatummaa itti jiranirraa yaroon gara qalbii fayyaatti deebi’uuf akka yaalan gaafanna.
Badiin har’a uummata Oromoo irratti aggaammate kun akkuma kana dura waan hedduu waliin dhamdhamne boru isinis xuquun kan hin oolle ta’uu hubachuun sabnii fi sablammoonni biyyattii keessa jirtan akka falmii mirgaa barattoonnii fi uummanni Oromoo itti jiru bira dhaabbattan isin gaafanna
Saba Tigraay tiif
Gochaalee olitti xuqame kan dhaaba sikeessaa dhaltee siinis utubame kanaan Oromoo irratti raawwachaa turee fi itti jiru balaaleffattee harka kee xurii dhiigaa irraa qulqulleeffachuuf yaroon ati qabdu ammaa fi amma qofa. Kun ta’uu baatee akkuma kaleessaa qarqara dhaabbattee ililtaan harka dhooftaaf taanaan gatii guddaa har’a si mataa kee ykn dhalaa fi dhaloota kee boruu kanfalchiisuun waan hin oolle ta’uu siif himuu feena
Saba Amaaraa tiif
– Mootummoota kalee saba Amaaraa keessaa bahaniin biyyaattiin sun gidiraa
– Waggaa dhibbaa baattee jiraachuuf dirqamuun dhugaa dha. Haa ta’u malee
– Qotee bulaa fi cinqurfamaan saba amaaraa akka sabaatti bu’aan addaa
– Mootummaa maqaa keetin dhaadachaa turerraa hargatte ammamuu
– Mul’ataa Miti. Akkuma saboota biraa rakkinaa fi gadadoo keessa turuun kees
– Beekkamaa dha. Uummanni Oromoo fira malee diina kee miti. Atis oromoo
– Dhaaf fira malee diinaa miti. Mirgi oromoo kabajamuun akkuma waan mirgi kee kabajameetti lakkaa’ama. Kana hubattee kanneen maqaa keetiin dhaaba
– Faallaa mirga Oromoo ijaarrataniin gowwoomtee akka faallaa qabsoo mirgaaf
– Godhamaa jiruu hin dhaabbanne sigaafanna.
Irra deebinee waliigala Uummata Oromootif
– Mirga uumamaan qabdu garuu diinaan sirraa mulqame deebifattee
– Bilisummaa dheebotte gonfachuuf fallii fi malli issaa harka kee malee
– Harka eenyuutuu miti. Kana gachuun wareegama gaafatu qaba. Wareegama
– Malee mirgi addunyaa kanarratti kabajamee, mul’atees hin beeku. Waan ofii
– Gootuun malee kan namrraa eegduun milkii hawwaa jiraachuun ga’uu qaba
– Warra ebeluu fi ebelutu kana gochuu didee komii himachaa bara guutuu
– Aadaa jiraachuun gahee kara siif mijate hundaan qabsoo bilisummaa fi mirga
– Abbaa biyyummaaf godhamu keessaa qooda fudhadhu.
Dhaabboleen siyaasaa biyya keessaa fi alatti maqaa OROMOO tin sochootan
– Yaroon ofii harka walqabatanii akka uummanni harka walqabatee human ta’u
– Itti ojjattan amma ta’uu qabaan waamicha keenya.
Humni milkii qabsoo bilisummaa fi mirga abbaa biyyuummaa furgaasu tokkummaa OROMUMMAA irratti hundaa’e qofa!

Waltajjii Falmii Araddaa Finfinnee fi Naannoo

Caamsaa 23, 2014

 

http://gadaa.com/oduu/25723/2014/05/25/ibsa-ejjannoo-waltajjii-falmii-araddaa-finfinnee-fi-naannoo/

Image

 

– Wealth gained by corruption, land grabs and mass killings :TPLF’s general Alemeshet’s new building in Finfinnee. The building, which is located at CMC Mikael in Finfinnee (Addis Ababa), is partially rented for 500,000 birr per month to several Chinese companies, one bank and one restaurant on the first floor. The building is registered under his wife Ansha Seid.http://mereja.com/forum/viewtopic.php?t=79369

 

 

 

Diddaa

Gabaasi Qeerroo magaalaa Dambi Dolloo irraa
Caamsaa 21,2014 addeessuun har’a barattootni mana barumsaa Qellem barumsa dhaabuudhaan gara gaaffii keenya bu’uuraa kan deebi’uu dideetti deebina jedhuun mooraa mana barumsaa keessatti wal gayuudhaan diddaa eegaluuf gana sa’a 2:30 irratti waltti qabaman, Lukkeen waraanni wayyaanee eessaa dhufeen isaa fi eenyumaan isaa kan hin beekamne barattoota kana akka amala isaanii reebuuf gara mooraa mana barnootatti ol gamuu yoo eegalan barattootni tokkommudhaan barsiisota dabalatee dhagaadhaan of irraa qolachaa akka turan Qeerroon gabaasee jira, barataan guyyaa guutuu mooraa keessa waraanni wayyaanee mooraa manicha barumsaatti marsanii hamma ammaatti akka jiran gabaasni Qeerroo addeessa. Barattootni hamma dhugaanii ifa bahutti hamma gaaffiin uummata keenyaa deebi’utti barumsa akka hin baranne murtoo dhumaa fi beeksisa baasanii maxxansanii akka jiran gabaasni addeessa.#OromoProtests– Dambi Dolloo, Western Oromia, 21st May 2014.

#OromoProtests- Please read  the presentation’s summary translations of Afaan Oromo and English as follows:

Hiikaa gabaabinnan:

Hiikaa afaan Oromo: Argan Bekan
Hiikaa Afaan Engliffa: Henok Oromia Kan Oromotti.

Oroomoon martuu dubbiisu qabduu eerga kana !
Obboo Ermiyas Legesse ittii aana Ministeera Data fi information kan turan Wagga 12 fis motuumma wayyaanne waliin kan hojjeeta turaan yeroo amma biyyaa gadhiisudhan biyya ambaati argaamu isaanis Gaffiifi deebii Televizioonaa ESAT waliin tasiisan kessa yaadoota tokko tokkoo gabaabse isiin fi ka’ati na caqaasa .
1Gafiin Dura Magaala Finfinne Eenyuu tu bulcha ka jedhu ture
Obbo Ermiyas : akka seraa fi heeraa biyyaattitti magaalan finfinnees tae kan nannoo ofiin of bulchu ka jedhu barreeffame jira.
Gabaabumatti deebiisufi ofiin of bulchuun kan eegalu yoo namnii ati filaatte sii bulche fi akkasuuma yoo seeraan siin tajaajille yeroo barbaaddettis nan ta’u jette kastee qofadha.kun immoo akka finfinneettis akka gutuumma biyyaattitis hin jiruu.Sabaabnisa filaanno walaabatti wayyaannen wan hin amanneefi
2.Wa’e Master planii finfinnee yeroo amma ilaalchisee
Obboo Ermiyas: Gara master planii finfinne isa amma osoo hin tane waema guddiina fi lafa qabaanna nannoo finfinnee irraattin waa siif himuu barbaada.
Gazeexessanis :Tole
Obboo Ermiyas : Nannoo finfiinneeti wantoota qote bulaa fi jiraata Oroomo nannoo finfinnee irra jiraatani yoo kasnee mardhuummantu sii gubaata.
Maqaa Investmentiitin Hayat Real State kan jedhaamu kan qabeenyuumman isa namoot
Tigiraayi ta’e lafa duwwaa argaate mara irraatti mana xiqqoo (service) ijaarudhan maqaa manaattiidhan lafa duwwaa hektaara kumaataman lakaa’amu gurguuratani fixan
Akkaasumas dhaboolen adda maqaa ijaarsa mana irraatti bobb’an edduun kan qabeenyuumman isa warra Tigiraayi ta’e Oroomo kumaatama lafa isaarra buqqiisudhan abba warra gara kuma dhibbaatokkoo fi shantama qe’e isaarra buqqaasani bakka kanaatti aboottin warra kun ijoolle meqaa qabu matii maqaa qabaachu danda’u kan jedhuun bayiisati Oroomon meqaa akka buqqa’e tilmaamun isiin hin rakkiisu.
Fakkeenya nama anii beekuu tokkoo siif kenna Abbaan shanqoo lafa baldha qabu turaani qotee bulaadha shanqoon ijoolle gulbee ykn gatiitti fi surraa qaban nannoo anii jiraadhu kessa tokkoodha
Abbaan shanqoo lafa nannoo Hospiitala Bethel akka jiruutti kan sanii ture nannoon kun g
kara Ayar xenaa bakka jedhaamu fi zennaaba werqi bakka radio fm 97 .1 ttii bakka dhihatuudha namoota hin bekneefi
Shanqoon dur midhaan abbaan isa omiishe hardheetti fe’e gabaatti gurguure gala ture eerga laftii abba isa gurguurame warrii abba qabeenya itti ijaarraatani bioda garuu shanqoon dur midhaan abba isa hardheetti fe’e fidee gurguurun afee
Mana magaazinadha namoota fi hardheetti fe’e gara mana isaanitti gessuu eegale dur namnii midhan ofii isa gurguuru jechuudha.
Kun fakkeenya nama tokkooti garu seenna Oroomo nannoo sani 10 yks yks 40 yks 100 ykn 1000 lakka’amaniiti
Fakkeenya kan bira Dubartii Oroomo dhabbaata miti motuumma tokkoo kessa sha’e gurguurte jiraattu tokkoo mee siif ha kasuu
Hiriyaan ko tokko NGO tokko dhabuudhan namoota HIV dhan qabaamanifi gargaarsa tasiisa ture
Gafa tokko gara dhabbatichatti na affeere wae dubartii HIV qaban kana kan achii sha’e danfiisudhan jiraatani kana naf kasee
Dubartiin kun dur utuu laftii isaani jala hin fuudhatamiin dura hadha warra qotee bulaa cima turaani yeroo mara hardhee fi gangeetti midhan fe’udhan gara gabaatti midhaan gessuu turaani
Garuu laftii isaani gafs gurguuramu abban warra isaani jireenyi isaani qonnaa irraatti wan xiyyeeffatefi qonnaas wan jaallatanifi lafti isasni gafa gurguuramu yeroo jalqaab fi isa xumuuradha fi qonna waliin naga waliitti dhamaani
Kana boods gara magaalatti galuun qarshii isaani kanan harii irraan kan ka’e akka malee dhuguus eegalani yeroo kanas gara shamarran mana buna biira deemuu eegaalani HIV dhafis saxiilamani
ati warra isaanis HIV dhan qabaamani mucaan gidduu kanaatti dhalaattes HIV waliin dhalaatte
Ilmii isaani dargagfessis HIV dhafi saxiilame

Jartiin kun jalqaaba muca ishee isa xiqqaa awwaalte ittii ansuudhan abba warra ishee itti ansuun ilma ishee isa dargaggeessa
Amma xumuurri ishe dhabbata miti motuumma NGO tti galuudhan hojii sha’e danfiisu kana hojjeette jiraatti
Garuu isheen matii ishee hunduuma awwaalte fixxee boor garuu isheen awwaalcha hin qabduu .
Kun seenaa Oroomo tokko lama miti 50 yks 100 hanga kumaatamati

Gabaaba dhumastti kun anaaf Genocide dha yks Duguugga sanyii Oroomo irraatti xiyyeeffatedha.

Oroomon kumni dhibbaa tokko fi kuma shantaama ol ta’u bakka handhuurri isa awwaalamte irraa buqqiisun fayyaatti du’a ittii murteessu jechuudha kun .

Wan dubbiistaniifi galaatoma!
———————————————————————-
Short summary:
English Translation by: Henok Oromia Kan Oromotti

Every Oromo must read this summarized translation!!
Mr. Ermiyas Legesse Former Vice Minister of Data and Infromation who had been in office for 12 years working within the TPLF government. Mr. Ermiyas is currently a refugee outside Ethiopia. He had an interview with the ESAT television and I would like to give you a summarized version of the interview. I hope you read my summarized version!!
.
1. (Interviewee) The first question: Who governs the city of Addis Ababa(Finfinnee)?
Mr Ermiyas: According to the governments law and regulation written in the constitution the city of Finfinnee should be able to govern it self. In short, self govern means(starts) if the person/party you have selected is the full representative of you, and you as a citizen can decide whether to like or not to like the law being proposed. Unfortunately the government of the city of Finfinnee let alone the government of the country don’t live on its own constitution. The reason is the government does not believe in free and fair rule(election).

2. Speaking of the current situation on the Finfinnee Master Plan:
Mr: Ermiyas: Before we jump in to the Finfinnee master plan issue there is one thing I would like to clarify(tell you) first.
Interviewee: Sure go ahead!
Mr. Erimyas: If we start talking about the livelihood of the Oromo Farmers and the Oromo people within the outskirts of Finfinnee you will burn in side. In the name of investment, there was Hayat Real Estate which was constructed on “Free Open” land which is solely owned by Tigray investors. These investors build small “service” constructions and sell each lands of thousands of hectares.

In addition, many of contractors and investors are of Tigray ethnic background, who evacuate thousands of Oromo people from their ancestral land. If we put this in numbers the Oromo people being evacuated can be around 150,000 who were displaced from their own land. To find out the scale of how many Oromo people were displaced in this area is not hard to find out.

For instance let me tell you of a Family I knew. Shanqoo’s Dad (Abba Shanqoo) who is a farmer, used to have a huge farm land. Abba Shanqoo had a land that was up to the Bethal hospital. That whole area used to belong to him.

In the neighborhood of Ayer-xenaa and Zenaba Werqi near the radio 97.1 studio there is no one who doesn’t know Shanqoo. He used to carry the vegetables his father cultivated on a donkey and took it there to sell. However, ever since there land was taken and sold away, the vegetables that Shanqoo used to take to the market was no more.

Currently he delivers magazines on his donkey to those area. This is just an example of one person but there are many Oromos like him in that area maybe 10 maybe 40 maybe 100 maybe even over 1000 in numbers!

Another instance, there is an Oromo girl who sell tea for living, let me tell you about her. One of my friends was NGO for assisting HIV affected individuals.
One day he invited me to his organization and mentioned to me about a girl who was living with HIV and was selling tea. This girl long ago before their land was not sold to investors, her mother was a strong farmer. Every now and then they used to take the cultivated vegetables to the market on their donkey and mule. But ever since there land was sold their dad payed his last tribute to his land and migrated to the city and started to drink(intoxication). The intoxication is due to depression and anger. At this time he was visiting the coffee shops and having contacts with women, and unfortunately had contacted HIV. His wife contacted HIV and a child was born between them this child(tea girl) had HIV.

This woman’s(tea girl) first child was lost, then her husband then her teenager son. Now she is part of the NGO where she currently works as a tea lady to support her self.
She burried her whole family but tomorrow she has now one to burry her. This is not a story of one Oromo this is a story of many more like her maybe 50 or 100 more.

To me just to summarize, this is genocide that is specifically focused on the Oromo People.
Oromoo of over 150,000 who are buried in their own capital is just like a complete execution.

Thanks for reading!

FDG Barattoota Oromoon Itti Fufee,Naannoon Mana Barumsa Qellem Dambi Doollo Waraana Wayyaaneen…
qeerroo.org

 

 

 

SAD NEWS!!  ‪#‎OromoProtests‬
In west wallagaa in the town of Gimbi in the neighborhood of Waloo-yesuus. There was a 16 year old grade 9 student named Gammachiis Dabalaa. In his life time he used to burn firewood to make charcoal so he can support his family as well as paying for his education. Like his day to day duty, while he went to fetch woods and burn for charcoal on his way to Gimbi town in the morning on 02/09/2006(E.C). He was shot on his foot by a woyanee(TPLF) soldier. Since that day this young boy was spending his time in the Adventist Hosptal in the Gimbi town. Due to lack of quick recovery he passed away on 12/09/2006. May his soul rest in peace!!!!!!!

Henok Oromia Kan Oromotti's photo.
Henok Oromia Kan Oromotti's photo.

ODUU GADDISISSA!! 

God/W/lixaa aanaa Gimbii ganda waloo yesuusitti dhalata barataa Gammachiis Dabalaa umuriin 16 yoo ta’u barataa kutaa 9ti. Jireenyasaa keessatti cilee gubee gara magaalaa gimbii geessee ittin barataa maatii saas gargaara . Akkuma amalasaa cilee fuudhee guyyaa gaafa 02/09/2006 akka lakk habasha ganama gara magaalaa gimbii utuu deemuu loltuun wayyaanee naannoo gafaree bakkaa addaa mana indaaqqoo jedhamutti duukaa buutee ariun rasaasaan miilla isaa dhoofte. gaafuma sana hospitaala adventisti Gimbii ciise. Ta’us carraa fayyuu hin arganne guyyaa gaafa 12/09/2006tti lubbuunsaa darbite kichuutu hudhaatti cite ayiiiiiiiiiiii yaa oromoo lakkii ka’iiiiii uuuuuuuuuuuuuu
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Seenaa Gabaabaa Gooticha Oromoo Milishuu(Abdii) Mallasaa Gargaaraa

MinishuCaamsaa 19/2014 Gootichi Oromoo Dargaggoo Milishuu(Abdii) Mallasaa Gargaaraa abbaa isaa Obboo Mallasaa Gargaraa fi harmee isaa Addee Dastaa Taddasaa  irraa bara 1978 Godina Lixa Shawaa aanaa Amboo ganda  Baayyoo fi Qumbiitti  dhalaate. Sabboonaan Oromoo diinaaf hin jilbeeffannee kun  Caamsaa 16/2014 Maagaalaa Adaamaa Keessatti utuu inni hiriyoota isaa ilmaan Oromoo mana hidhaa magaalaa Adaamaa keessatti hidhamanii jiran hiriyaa isaa ‘’Bilisummaa Lammii’’  waliin gaafatee deebi’aa jiruu, rasasa humnoota tikaa wayyaanee irraa itti dhukaafameen rukutamee battalatti du’uu waan dideef humnootni tikaa Wayyaanee gochaa gara jabina fi hammeenya guddaan guutameen lamaan isaanii (Milishuu(Abdii) fi Bilisummaa Lammii)  iyyuu konkolaataan duukaa fiiguun konkolaataa irra baasuun yakki ajjeechaa gara jabinaa ilmaan Oromoo kana irratti raawwatee jira.

Sabboonaan Oromoo Milishuu(Abdii) Mallasaa Gargaaraa umrii ijoollummaa isaa irra eegaluun sochii warraaqsa FDG dargaggootni Oromoo gaggeessan keessatti hirmaachuun gumaacha guddaa taasisaa nama turedha. Sochii FGD Goototni dargaggootni Barattootni Oromoo  yeroo ammaa kana Oromiyaa keessatti gaggeessa jiran keessatti illee himaannaa guddaa gochuun falmii bilisummaa diina waliin utuu gaggeessa jiru, uummata isaaf sabboonaa Oromoo wareegama lubbuu kanfaleedha. Sabboonaan kun yeroo ammaa Magaalaa Adaamaa keessatti hojii daldalaa xixiqqoo itti of jiraachisuu hojjetachaa nama qusannaa tokkoo malee bilisummaa uummata Oromoof kufee ka’ee hojjetudha ta’uu seenaan isaa ni addeessa. Kana malees sabboonaan Oromoo Milishuu(Abdii) Mallasaa Gaargaaraa asi fuldura bara 2009—2011tti Oromummaa isaan  yakkamee Mana hidhaa Maa’ikalawii fi Qaallitiitti hidhamee , dararamaa turuun boodarraa yakka tokko waan hin qabneef  ergaa waggaa sadii oliif dararamaa turee booda karaa mana murtii wayyaanee  yakki isa himachiisuu dhibamuun gadi gadhiifamera.  Mana hidhaa keessas ba’ee sabboonaan Oromoo kun kaayyoo Oromummaa fi bilisummaa saba koof duubatti hin deebi’uu jechuun qabsoo FDG sabboontotni Oromoo biyyaa keessatti gaggeessa jiranitti hirmaachuun hanga wareegama lubbuutti mirga uummata isaa kabachiisuuf arsaa kanfaluu danda’ee jira.

Sirni awwalchaa  sabboonaa jaalatamaa  Oromoo Milishuu(Abdii) Mallasaa Gargaaraa guyyaa kaleessa  caamsaa 19/2014   bakka dhaloota isaa Godina Lixa Shawaa Aanaa Amboo  Magaalaa Meexxii jedhamtu bakka Kosoboo jedhamutti lafa Ilmaan Oromoo  10,000 olitti lakka’amanitti argamanitti rawwateera.

Uummaannii fi dargaggeessi Amboo sirna gaggeessa goota kanaa irratti argaman dhaadannoo gumaan kee  ni baafna, Oromiyaan ni bilisomti, abbaan irree yeroof malee ni kufa, qabsoon itti fufa, gaaffii keenyaaf dhala keenya ajjeessuun deebii ta’uu hin danda’u, Uummaanni Oromoo walitti haa birmannuu, Mootummaa dhala keenya ajjeessaa jiru waliin hin jiraannuu jechuun sagalee guddaan dhaadannoon dhageesisuun gochaa diinumaa mootummaa Wayyaanee balaleffataniru. #OromoProtests- http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/20/seenaa-gabaabaa-gooticha-oromoo-milishuuabdii-mallasaa-gargaaraa/

 

#OromoProtests-  Xalayaa iyyataa barattootni University Finfinnee Waajiraa Presidenti Motummaa Naannoo Oromiatiif barreessan irraa fudhatame.

FDG Godina Wallaggaa Lixaa Magaalaa Najjoo Irratti Itti Fufe

Caamsaa 15/2014 NajjooGabaasaa Qeerroo magaalaa Najjoo irraa addeessuun armaan dura FDG yeroo uummanni keenyaa fi barataan keenya wal qabatee ka’etti humni tika Wayyaanee bittimsaan sun uummata burjaajessuudhaan hin milkaa’in hafne,Yeroo isaa eeggatee jiraattota uummata magaalattii fi barattoota mana barumsaa sadarkaa 1ffaa,2ffaa fi qophaayinaa dabalatee har’a caamsaa 15 FDG dhoyee jira.Biyyaa fi saba ofitiif wareegamuun waan baratameedha,mootummaan Wayyaanee ilmaan oromoo dhiiga isaa akka bishaanii dhangalaasuun oromiyaa gad hin dhiisu,galii irraa argachuunkoo itti fufa,lafa oromoo ciree gurguruunkoo nan jabeeffadha se’ee uummata bal’aa waraana isaatiin fixuun akkuma karoorsee fi ittan fufa jedhee labsachaa jiru kana ammallee mormuudhaan gaaffiin keenya hamma wareegamaatti nuuf deebi’uu qabaadhaan uummanni magaalaa kana har’a gaaffiiwwan mirgaa qabatanii diddaa isaanii itti fufanii jiru.
-oromiyaan kan oromooti mootummaan Wayyaanee nurraa haaka’u
-Mootummaa sanyii keenya fixaa jiru yaa waaq nurraa buqqisi
-Oromiyaan haa bilisoomtu

-Afaan oromoo afaan hojii fi federaalaa haata’u
-waraanni wayyaanee oromiyaa keessaa haa bahan
-Uummata keenya hidhame mana hidhaatii haa bahan,fi kkf
Jedhuun uummanni fi barattootni gamtaadhaan diina dura dhaabbatanii dhaadachaa turan,humni waraana wayyaanee rasaasaan doorsisuudhaan namoota hedduu daa’ima,jaartii osoo hin jedhin gara mana hidhaatti guuraa turan,kan hafan uummanni diddaa kana itti fufuuf qophii irra jiru.

http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/15/fdg-godina-wallaggaa-lixaa-magaalaa-najjoo-irratti-itti-fufe/

#OromoProtests- TPLF’s corruptions exposed

This photo shows the colonial mansion of Abadi Zemo – one of TPLF’s men. The house is in Yerer Ber. Just a decade or so ago, Yerer was an Oromo district.This 19th-century-U.S.-plantation like colonial mansion was not built by evicting one Oromo farmer and family. It was built by uprooting an entire community of Oromos in Yerer. No one knows what has happened to that Oromo community uprooted from Yerer to make way for Abadi Zemo’s colonial mansion. Who must stand for those Oromo communities being uprooted across Oromia in TPLF’s land-grabbing campaign? – Gadaa.com

This is just tip of the iceberg of TPLF’s empire of corruption.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kRXEFgQNJ_0

#OromoProtests- Najjoo & Gori, wallagga lixaa, Western Oromia, 15th May 2014

Land Grabing in oromia, around Finfinnee

‪These are short interviews with farmers who have lost their lands to the government – which in turn passed over to GREEDY BUSINESS CORPORATES

The Ethiopian Government land owner¬ship right has created it easier for flower growers to get land easily. Abiy Mezgebu, 28 has lost his piece of land because of the government influence and pressure. The government paid him a small amount of money – “I had to take the small amount of money that the government offered me and they threatened me to take away my land if I would refuse to take the offer,” says Abiy. Now Abiy is a laborer in the Menagesha Farms. He has lost his land – his means of living for ages.

Aduna Workneh, father of five, lives across bunches of flower farms near Addis Ababa. Officials from the government and flower farms came and talked to him in person. They told me I will benefit better if I take the offer from the government and leave my land. Initially, I refused the offer – because they money would feed my family for a few years, but my land will feed till the ages of my grandchildren and even beyond.” However, Aduna was forced to take the offer and he is now a landless man. He is not sure about his future.

These flower farms benefit us nothing; at least they were expected to provides employment opportunity, says Aduna. Only a few members of our community got employed; as for the majority are not from this area. Showing across the valley, Aduna says – this whole valley was covered by indigenous trees – now is cut down and green houses have been constructed on them. We were able to collect firewood from leftovers and foliage in the forest – the flower farms have taken away everything from us.

http://oromo1refrendum.wordpress.com/2014/05/15/land-grabbing-in-oromia-region-around-addis-ababa/

#OromoProtests: Dambi Dollo, Western Oromia, Wallaggaa, 14th May 2014

#OromoProtests- Oromo students peaceful protest and Agazi’s brutality at Jimma university, 14th May 2014

#OromoProtests FDG: Renewed Anti-Land-Grabbing Students Protests at Wallaggaa University. Four Oromo Students Reported Dead; Several Hundred Oromo Students Injured

wallagaa21May 14, 2014 (gadaa) — #OromoProtests FDG continued at Wallaggaa University in the Nekemte Campus on May 14, 2014 to demand that the Addis Ababa Master Plan be annulled, and to demand for the institutionalization of the Special Interests of Oromiyaa over Finfinnee per the Constitution. The Addis Ababa Master Plan is termed as the Master “Genocide” Plan by Oromo activists as it aims to evict millions of Oromo farmers around Addis Ababa (whose Oromo name is Finfinnee), and hand out the land to local and foreign land-grabbers – with the Chinese being main actors of the ongoing land-grabbing campaigns in Oromia/Ethiopia.

According to sources, three Oromo students were reported dead at the Wallaggaa University May 14, 2014 #OromoProtests FDG, and one fell/was thrown from a high-rising building. And, medical staff at the nearby hospital have reported up to 200 injured Oromo students being brought to the emergency room. The Agazi TPLF Ethiopian Security Forces continue to lead the violent crackdown of the nonviolent Oromo Students Movement known as #OromoProtests FDG. When students barricaded themselves in dorm rooms, the Agazi forces have demolished walls to enter the rooms, and carry out their harassment, killings and arrests of the students.

Meanwhile, several hundred Oromo students are being arrested en masse at Jimmaa University; this latest campaign of mass arrests by the TPLF Ethiopian regime is in addition to the already arrested hundreds of Jimmaa University Oromo students and Oromo university professors/instructors.

Here are some photos from today’s Wallaggaa University incident: photos show the atrocities being committed by the Agazi TPLF Ethiopian Security Forces on unarmed Oromo students. Warning: some of the photos are gruesome; viewer discretion advised. –For more images click Gadaa.com

http://ayyaantuu.com/horn-of-africa-news/oromia/oromoprotests-fdg-renewed-anti-land-grabbing-students-protests-at-wallaggaa-university-four-oromo-students-reported-dead-several-hundred-oromo-students-injured/

Photo: #Oromoprotests  Government Forces BREAKING IN TO THE DORMITORIES..we can't afford losing everything...Wollega University, the only University in Wollega built in 2007, most of the students are from Oromia region. It is so disappointing that #Oromo Students were not able get education on their own land and currently being terrorized by the Woyyane Regime. University students are our FUTURE LEADERS, getting rid-of Oromo future is the main FOCUS for TPLF. What happened at Wollega University last night tells us exactly that. All other tribes left the University a night before the situation...the federals broke in to the dormitories...they are so serious in KILLING...if it wasn't what is the point of breaking in to their dormitories???  Urgo Haji Edao Dawano Asefa Melka Wakjira Lensa Tilahun Israel Soboka Solidarity with Oromo Students
#OromoProtests at Walaga University when students barricaded themselves in dormitory, Agazi’s broke down the walls and doors. 14th May 2014
Photo: Share Iyyaa Iyya Dabarsa</p><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /> <p>Uuuuu ana haa nyaatu lammi koo<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /> Yunivaristy Wallagaa Baratoota Oromoo har`a rasaasa wayyanetti ajefamani fi madaa`an</p><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /> <p>Share Waliif DabarsaPhoto: Share Iyyaa Iyya Dabarsa</p><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /> <p>Uuuuu ana haa nyaatu lammi koo<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /> Yunivaristy Wallagaa Baratoota Oromoo har`a rasaasa wayyanetti ajefamani fi madaa`an</p><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /> <p>Share Waliif Dabarsa

#OromoProtests- Agazi’s brutality at Nekemte (Naqamtee) Wallaggaa University,  14th  May 2014

Agazi  & the brutal regime(TPLF) in Ethiopia is killing peacefully demonstrating oromo students. The TPLF/ Agazi  is also showing its brutal actions on victims’ families and health workers who have showed their empathy to the victims. They are showing their cruelness in each and every action they take on the voiceless peaceful civilians. What does the international legislation, the WHO’s patients’ rights says to this ignorant regime? They are disrespecting international laws in multiple ways.

#‎OromoProtests‬ FDG Renewed Anti-Land-Grabbing Students Protests at Wallaggaa University.

Four Oromo Students Reported Dead; Several Hundred Oromo Students Injured Posted: Caamsaa/May 14, 2014 · Finfinne Tribune | Gadaa.com

#OromoProtests FDG continued at Wallaggaa University in the Nekemte Campus on May 14, 2014 to demand that the Addis Ababa Master Plan be annulled, and to demand for the institutionalization of the Special Interests of Oromiyaa over Finfinnee per the Constitution. The Addis Ababa Master Plan is termed as the Master “Genocide” Plan by Oromo activists as it aims to evict millions of Oromo farmers around Addis Ababa (whose Oromo name is Finfinnee), and hand out the land to local and foreign land-grabbers – with the Chinese being main actors of the ongoing land-grabbing campaigns in Oromia/Ethiopia.

According to sources, three Oromo students were reported dead at the Wallaggaa University May 14, 2014 #OromoProtests FDG, and one fell/was thrown from a high-rising building. And, medical staff at the nearby hospital have reported up to 200 injured Oromo students being brought to the emergency room. The Agazi TPLF Ethiopian Security Forces continue to lead the violent crackdown of the nonviolent Oromo Students Movement known as #OromoProtests FDG. When students barricaded themselves in dorm rooms, the Agazi forces have demolished walls to enter the rooms, and carry out their harassment, killings and arrests of the students. Meanwhile, several hundred Oromo students are being arrested en masse at Jimmaa University; this latest campaign of mass arrests by the TPLF Ethiopian regime is in addition to the already arrested hundreds of Jimmaa University Oromo students and Oromo university professors/instructors. Here are some photos from today’s Wallaggaa University incident: photos show the atrocities being committed by the Agazi TPLF Ethiopian Security Forces on unarmed Oromo students. Warning: some of the photos are gruesome; viewer discretion advised.  Agazi breaking into dorimtories. #‎OromoProtests‬ reports that  medical staff at Nekemte Hospital being harassed and assaulted by federal police. Altercation began when police tried to remove a wounded individual from the critical unit.

Photo: Uuuuuuuuuuuuuu nuu bonsaan sabontotni gimbii bakka jirtu ka'i oromoo

https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=uylFgWZhtOQ

#OromoProtests, Gimbi, Wallaggaa, Western Oromia, May 1oth 2013

 

 Gimbi continued their protest again the dictatorial regime for the Oromo land grab and Finfinne.
Accordingly, the TPLF/ Ethiopian government security forces  (Agazi) are burning buildings and other stores in the Gimbi town.
Qabsoon qeerroo gara dhihaa onnee guuttun itti cimee fufeera.
 Magaala Gimbii keessatti Mormiin uummataa itti fufee jira. 

The brutal crime and atrocity  of T.P.L.F thugs committed on unarmed peaceful Oromo student’s and civilians is continued. While the Oromo Community in diaspora demanding for justice still the killing is continued in Oromia. This picture is from Gimbi, Wallagga, Western Oromia. 

Photo Photo

Adama University

Photo: Finfinnee University students protesting right now. #March4Finfinnee #OromoProtests

2nd May 2014, Burayuu, #OromoProtests

Buraayyuu keessatti abiddi cimaan qabatee jira!!! Yeroo ammaa kanatti buraayyuu keessatti baankonnii,suuqiin akkasumas waajjiraaleen garaa garaa cufamanii jiru.kattaa irraa jalqabee hanga buraayyuutti dhukaasni banamee jira.uummati magaalaa buraayyuu fi barattoonni “uummati keenya nuuf jedhee dhumaa jira misooma uummati keenya hin feene nutis hin barbaannu jechuu dhaan mormii dhageessisaa jiru. akkasumas wallagga lixaa magaalaan Ayiraa mormii guddaa maaster pilaanii finfinnee irratti dhageessisaa jiru.odeeffannoo hedduutu nu qaqqabaa jira dabaree dhaan isiniif dabarsina. Buraayyuun garuu haala nama sodaachisu keessa jirti.uummati naannoo sana jiraatanis yeroo ammaa kana itti makamaa jiru!!!!!!!! akkasumas Najjoo shaambuu fi gidaamii keessatti mormii guddaan adeemsifamaa jira!!!

#OromoProtests, Aayiraa, Wallagaa, Western Oromia

DG guyyaa har’aa sa’a 3:30 irraa eegalee hanga sa’a 6:30 tti fincilli diddaa gabrummaa godina wallaggaa lixaa aanaa Aayiraatti sabboontota bartattoota oromoo mana barumsaa sadarkaa 2ffaa lama (2) walta’uudhaan hawaasa naannoo akkasumas hojjettoota mootummaatiifi abbootiif harmootii osoo hin hafin mormii finaansaa oolaniiru

#OromoProtests, 2nd May 2014, Baabboo Gambeel

guyyaa har’aa aanaa Baabboo Gambeel magaalaa Baabboo Dabaqqaa keessaatti barattootnii fi uummati wal ta’uun hojjetaa mootummaa dabalatee waajjiraalee fi manneen nagadaa cufuun hiriira nagaa bahanii dhaadannoo Gaaffiin keenya gaaffii uummataati ajjechaa fi reebichi nurraa haa dhaabbatu finfinneen kan keenya oromiyaa dabarsinee hin laannu afaan oromoo afaan federaalaa haa ta’u ibsaa guyyaa guutuu barbaanna daandii asfaaltii barbaanna gaaffiin keenya gaaffii barnootaa mitii fi kkf geggeefamaa turee karaa nagaa dhukaasa, reebichaa fi goolii malee xumuramera

2nd May 2014, East Wallagaa, Kiramuu , #OromoProtests

G/W Bahaa A/kiramuutti mormiin baratoota itti fufee injifannoo hedduu gonfataan.  LAK:baraata 2000 ol hirmachise ture ammas akkuma itti fufeetti jira Ergama=oromiya bilisomsu jedhu ture

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dz1CYnjwjsE

#OromPotests  4th & 5th May 2104: Global, Diree Dhawaa (Eastern Oromia), Midaa Qenyi (West Showa, Central Oromia), Western Oromia,  East Walllaggaa, Western Oromia (Haroo Limmuu, Arjoo, Gataamaa, Nuunnuu, Billoo Boshee, Guttoo Waayyuu, Guttoo Ayyanaa, Digaa Saasigaa, ) Horroo Guguruu, Iluu Abbaa Booraa, West Wallaaggaa, Jijjigaa University……

#OromoProtests, Bakkoo, Oromia   2nd May 2014

Barattootaa fii Jiraattoonni Magaalaa Baakkoo guyyaa arraa (3rd May 2014) jumlaan mana hidhaatti guuramaa jiran.
Goodina Shawaa Lixaa Magaalaa Baakkootti kaleeysa hawaasaa fii Barattoonni hiriira nagayaa bahudhaan moormii maastar Plaani Finfineef qaban ibsuudhaan, ajjeechaa barattoota Yunivarsiitii adda addaa balaaleefachaa oluun Isaani ni yaadatama. Hawaasni Magaalaa Baakkoo Wayyaaneef akka hin mijjooyne hiriira nagayaa hoggaa godhan warra dhagaa haruu fii hattoota wayyaaneen ummata keeysatti ramadde if keeysaa saaxiluun hiriira nagayaa godhanis arra Waraanni Mootummaa magalaa Baakkoo guututti marsee hawaasa mana hidhaatti guuraa jira. Akka gabaasni achi nu gahe himutti Ilmaa fii haadhas kan waliin hidhan akka jiruu fii namoota hidhan keeysaa namoota areeda qaban karaarratti tumaa maaf akka areeda guddise yeroo gaafatan gurbaan Ani kiristaana akkanumattin guddise jechun himaa turus waraanni wayyaanee Ashabbaarii jechuun isa tumaa haadha Isaa itti dabalanii akka hidhan dhagayameera. Oduu Naannoo keeysanii gabaasuun seenaan akka hin dhukkanee shoora taphadhaa. Footoon Barattootaa fii Jiraattoo gama mana hidhaa oofamaa jiran agarsiisa jechuun naannoorraa nuuf ergameera.

#OromoProtests, 4th May 2014

Begii, West Wellega, Western Oromia

Waallaaga Lixaa magaala Beegiitti fiinciila diddaa yommu gegeefamu


#OromoProtests picture from today’s rally in Gidda ( 2 hr waking distance from Najjo).

6th May 2014

‪#‎OromoProtest‬ in Ijaji (W. Shawa), Central Oromia. More pictures one showing uniformed soldiers roaming the street. 7th May 2014.

#OromoProtests, 2nd May 2014, Asko (Finfinnee)

በአሁኑ ሰአት ከታ (አስኮ) አካባቢ የኦሮሞ ተወላጇች በተገደሉ ተማሪወች ሞክንያ ከባድ ተቃዉሞ እያደረጉ ነዉ ብዙ ሰዉች ቃዉሞዉን እየተቀላቀሉ ይገኛል:: … Facebook Citizen Journalist

– Demand to stop the Addis Ababa Master “Genocide’ Plan 
– Demand JUSTICE for the Massacres in Ambo, Haramaya, Bale-Robe, 

http://www.voaafaanoromoo.com/audio/Audio/405430.html

#OromoProtests, 2nd  May 2014. Dambii Dollo

Hara’s kan kaleessan olii ture dirreen Stadium Dambii Dollo…Waaqeffannaa…saba keenyaaf kadhachuu…barattoota keenyaaf kadhachuu…araara waamuun itti fufee Oole !!! kadhataan nugargaaraa ! wanti Waaqayyoof dadhabame

hinjiru !

Photo: #OromoPrtotests Dambi Dollo right now

#OromoProtests  Dembi Dolloo, Qellem Wallagaa, Western Oromia, 6th May 214

Photo: #OromoProtests underway in Jimma Horro/ Nunu, Kellem Walaga province

#OromoProtests Arjoo (JImma Arjo and Nunnuu Qumbaa), East Wallaggaa, Western Oromia, 6th May 2014.

2nd May 2014‪#‎OromoProtests‬ pictures from the rally at Galila (E.Walaga)

#OromoProtests Photo: Addis Ababa University Oromo students urge Mr. John Kerry, U.S. Secretary of State, who’s on a visit in Finfinnee (Addis Ababa), to condemn the government violence on unarmed Oromo students protesting against the Addis Ababa Master Plan to expand the city limits, and thereby evict in millions those Oromos living around the Capital, and also dispossess them of their land (May 1, 2014) 

#OromoProtests  2nd May 2014 in Dongoro town (27 KM from Gimbi) – low resolution picture
Photo: #OromoProtests #Oromo #<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /> Ethiopia Godina Arsii Lixaa magaala Dodoolatti barattoonni mana baruumsa sadaarka lammaaffa dodoola Fdg eegaluf moona mana baruumsa afootti osoo marii'ata jiran,humnoota mootummaan addaan bittiinayan.barattoonni kun osoo sagaale hin dhageesisin addan bittiinaayanis bakka mirgi Abbaa biyyumma ummaata oromoo hin kabajaminitti hin barannu jeechun yeroo amma kana mormi dhageessisa jiran.
#OromoProtests #Oromo, 2nd May 2014, Arsi (Dodola)
Ethiopia Godina Arsii Lixaa magaala Dodoolatti barattoonni mana baruumsa sadaarka lammaaffa dodoola Fdg eegaluf moona mana baruumsa afootti osoo marii’ata jiran,humnoota mootummaan addaan bittiinayan.barattoonni kun osoo sagaale hin dhageesisin addan bittiinaayanis bakka mirgi Abbaa biyyumma ummaata oromoo hin kabajaminitti hin barannu jeechun yeroo amma kana mormi dhageessisa jiran.
#OromoProtests, 4th May 2014: Guduruu (Kombolcha), Horroo Guduruu  Wallagaa, Western Oromia
kaleessa godina horro gudduru wallagaa magaala kombolcha aanaa guduruutti ummanni oromoo fi baratoonni oromoo hirira nagaa bahan ta’us haala nagayan itti fufu hin dandeenye sababni isaa saroonni fi jaleen wayyaanee ummata fi baratoota mirga isaaf dhaabate kana reebanii adda adda fachaasani haa ta’u malee gaafa kibxataa(28:8:06) haala nama ajaa’ibun hiriira nagaa bahuuf qopha‘ani jiru kanaaf uummanni oromoo hundi qabsoo isaa itti fufuu qaba jenna nutti oromoonni hundi keenya mirga keenyaaf dhaabachu qabna hamma yoomiitti cunqursama hafnaa??

http://ayyaantuu.com/horn-of-africa-news/oromo-students-nonviolent-movement-at-wallaggaa-university-against-eviction-of-oromo-farmers-from-finfinnee-surrounding-and-expansion-of-addis-ababa/

#‎OromoProtests‬ Buunidhoo Beddellee, Iluu (LIxa Oromiyaa)

Guyyaa har’aa 07/05/2014, Godina ILUU ABBAA BOORAA, AANAA BEDDELLEE, MAGAALAA BEDDELLEETTI barattoonni MANA BARUMSAA SAD. 2FFAA FI QOPHAA’INAA kessatti barattootni har’a HIRIIRA Mormii isaanii dhageessisaniiru.

Mormiin isaani kunis: 1. Barattootni Aanaa Beddelle irraa hidhamanii jiranii fi oromiyaa guutu keessaa hidhaman nuuf haa hiikaman! 2. Yeroo ammaa Oromiyaa guutu kessatti gaaffin barattoota fi ummata oromootin geggeeffamaa jiru, kan lubbuu oromoota baay’e galaafachisaa jiru deebi haa argatu. 3. Reebamuu fi hidhamuun barattoota fi ummata oromoo irraa haa dhaabatu jechuun mormi cimaa gaggessaa jiru.

Haa ta’uu malee hangaa sa’aa waaree duraatti barattooni 10 ni ol ta’an qabamanii waranaa polisii federaalan mana hidhaati galchaniiru.

Kana males polisiin federaala fi polisiin oromiyaa ijoolle reebuu, hiriira bittinsuu fi kaan immo funaanani mana hidhaati guura jiru. Adaraa ummani naannoo fi hojjattooni mootummaa illee nu bira dhaabbachuu qabdu jedhaa jiru. Qabsoon keenya itti fufa!!

http://bilisummaa.org/2014/05/07/%E2%80%AA%E2%80%8Eoromoprotests%E2%80%AC-buunidhoo-beddellee-iluu-lixa-oromiyaa/

Oromo diaspora (Norway) joined the Oromia (at home) peaceful movement, 1st may 2014 in protest of the Tyranny of Ethiopia and its genocidal master plan.

#‎OromoProtests‬–   SIREE town, 50km from Adama, Siree high school and preparatory student are going to protest “The Master Plan” that is planned by ‪#‎TPLF‬ to annex 20 oromia towns. The people are also preparing to abandon him/herself from any activity, teachers are going to stop teaching, student are going to stop learning, there is no marketing, gov’t employer are going close the office until the questions of oromo student get response. When and where the Siree high school and preparatory student will going to hold demonstration is not publicized for security purpose. 5th May 2014

Horrifying Scene from the Ambo Massacre of April 29, 2014 – #OromoProtests
– Peaceful Oromo protesters – opposing the Addis Ababa Master Plan – chased by the TPLF security forces as they (the TPLF security forces) indiscriminately batter rally-goers

https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=Dz1CYnjwjsE

#OromProtests

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u5A25txsNps

https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=yxknX0Nh5Ww

Photos/Videos: the Global Oromo Community and Friends of the Oromo Express Solidarity with #OromoProtests and Demand Justice for Slain Oromos

Gadaa.com (Gochaa Abba irre Motummaa Wayyaanee ummata Oromoo irratti raawachaa jiru, mormudhaan tarkaanfii waloo fi hatattama fudhachuuf Marii waamame ture milkaawe jira. Qophiin kuni, akka aadaa Oromootti Ebbaa Jaarsoole Oromoon dungoo qabsiisuudhaafi yaadannoo Gotoota Oromoo nuf waregamnin jalqabame. Marii kana irratti namoota dhibban lakkawaaman kan argaman yemmu ta’u, bakka bu’oota Hawaasa Oromoo Berliin-HOB. ev fi Hawaasa Oromoo Munchen fi Nannoo-HOMN e.V, Murtii isaani ummataaf ibsani gaaffii ka’eefis deebi kennaniiru. Waluma galatti Hirira nagaa gaafa Caamsa 9, 2014tti geggeffamu ilaalchisanis haalli qindaawee akka jiru ibsame, hawaasonni biro fi Jaarmooli siyaasas misensoota isaani kan hirmaachisan ta’u isa akkasumas, Warri yakka kana ummata kenya irratti rawwatan haga Seeraan Gaafatamani murtii isaani argatanitti fi gaaffin Saba Oromoo deebii hamma argattutti utu giddutti hinkutiin qabsoo kana kessa hirmaachuuf waada galaniiru. Jarmooleen Siyaasaa Oromoos gargarummaa ilaalchaa siyaasaa qabaan dhiphiifataa diina irratti xiyeeffachuun akkataa dantaa ummataa Oromoo kabajchisuu fi tiksuu irratti garaa fuulduraa maarii bal’aa kan hawaasni keenyaa ifatti qoodaa irraa fudhaatuu akkaa yabboo(Forum)n tolfamuu hirmatoonii walgahii kanaa dhammatnii jiru. Tokkummaan Humna! – 03.05.2014 – Muenchen) Gadaa.com (Oromo Community in Munich, Germany; May 3, 2014) Gadaa.com (Oromo Community in Munich, Germany; May 3, 2014) Gadaa.com (Oromo Community in Munich, Germany; May 3, 2014) Gadaa.com (Oromo Community in Munich, Germany; May 3, 2014) Gadaa.com (Oromo Community in Munich, Germany; May 3, 2014) Gadaa.com (Oromo Community in Munich, Germany; May 3, 2014) Gadaa.com (Oromo Community in Munich, Germany; May 3, 2014) Gadaa.com (Photo: Oromo Diaspora in Minnesota – the largest community outside Oromia – met on Sunday, May 4, 2014, to discuss on how to best help Oromo Students’ #OromoProtests) Gadaa.com (Photo: Oromo Diaspora in Minnesota – the largest community outside Oromia – met on Sunday, May 4, 2014, to discuss on how to best help Oromo Students’ #OromoProtests) Gadaa.com (Photo: Oromo Diaspora in Minnesota – the largest community outside Oromia – met on Sunday, May 4, 2014, to discuss on how to best help Oromo Students’ #OromoProtests)

See more @http://gadaa.com/oduu/25891/2014/05/04/photosvideos-the-global-oromo-community-and-friends-of-the-oromo-express-solidarity-with-oromoprotests-and-demand-justice-for-slain-oromos/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=twitter&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+gadaa%2FBiJG+%28Gadaa.com+Oduu+-+News%29&utm_content=FaceBook

The so-called Addis Ababa Master-Plan is meant to physically/ethnically/nationally cleanse Oromo from Tulama-land. Let us see this case, Lafto was an Afan-Oromo speaking Oromia district a mere 15 years ago. Over the last decade or so, the Afan-Oromo Lafto has been transformed into an Amharic-speaking region inside Addis Ababa – with no significant Oromo nationals there; thus, by expanding to the Lafto area, the Habesha government of Addis Ababa has committed ethnocide on the Oromo in Lafto (it changed the ethnic/national makeup of the Lafto area). This is a point in addition to physically murdering the Oromo farmers who used to live in Lafto area – where are they now? With no land, home and livelihood to depend upon, they have been left to die slowly – which is the genocide committed on the Oromo as a result of the expansion of Addis Ababa into Lafto. The same can be said about other Oromo regions now forcefully incorporated into Addis Ababa, especially over the last few decades: CMC, Kolfe, Kotebe, etc. In other words, the expansion of Addis Ababa has nothing to do with “urbanization” or “development” – but only for committing the physical liquidation (genocide) of the Oromo farmers, and extermination of their language and culture (ethnocide). To summarize, the expansion of Addis Ababa results in the death of Oromo farmers and their families, and also in the death of their culture and language. This is to say, the Master Plan of Addis Ababa is the Habesha’s Mein Kampf on the Oromo. (Note: Mein Kampf is Hitler’s hateful plan for extermination of the Jews). By all means necessary, all Oromos and friends of the Oromo – and peace-loving citizens of the world – must destroy the Habesha’s Mein Kampf on the Oromo – aka the Master Plan of the Addis Ababa City. Those behind this document must be brought forward to face justice for attempting/vouching to perpetrate ethnic cleansing and ethnocide on the Oromo. – Gadaacom  Oromo

The Secrets of  the New Master plan of  Finfinnee (Addis Ababa) Expansion

https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=EG-Yco3RzOw

THE NEW MASTER PLAN (MASTER CLAN KILLER) OF FINFINNE (ADDIS ABABA): Critique and Protest Against Utopian (Nowhere) Comprehensiveness and Physical (Tabula Rasa) Determinist Master Plan.

It is a politically motivated move based on driving the surrounding Oromo community into deeper poverty offering only empty promise to others simply echoing what they think people may want to hear such as, international standard, accelerated development, modernizing the city, experts from prominent European master planners, etc. They have wrongly judged the Oromo thinking and aspirations when they try to trick the Oromos by naming few Oromo individuals like Kumaa Dammaksaa, Berhane Deressa, Driba Kuma, etc. These individuals have always been on the other side of the Oromo issue that the dictators were ingenuous to think that such names would soften the position of the Oromos to thwart the grand political question that they have been asking. No cover ups and use of Oromo names can answer this questions, only the rule of law implemented without political infringement can. The current Ethiopian constitution touted 20 years ago then is politically void in that many of its provisions including articles 40, 43, and 49 remained hollow promises. Particularly, Article 49 of the fake constitution gives only lip service concerning the special interest of Oromia on Addis Ababa. So far, the acclaimed special interest had not met any interest of the Oromo people and the State of Oromia except the contamination of rivers, unmanaged urban runoff, untreated grey water, and pollutions from different land uses of Finfinnee continue to wreak lives and destroy livelihoods of the surrounding Oromos. No considerations of inclusionary practice for Oromo people who use water from the contaminated rivers is made in the recent master plan; it rather plans to do worse, uproot the remaining communities and clear up the swaths of land for the alien settlers. The plan is not inclusive and has no room for managing conflicting interests. So, it is morally, ethically, and professionally wrong and void. Politically flawed; federally owned or territorial boundary of the city has no geographically limited space and no sustainable growth management practices are evinced within the master plan document. The territories of States are divisible and can be manipulated all the time for hidden and clear goals where the state of Oromia has no clear boundaries. The master plan has a clear expansionist goal that will divide the state of Oromia in to two separate regions while it gives access (connection) to the Amhara region and Gurage zone in the near feature. So, the acclaimed master plan is an open venue for the urban sprawl and the development it claims can create political instability for that country. Legally unconstitutional and has no legal means is provided to acquire 1.1 million hectares of land. It is aimed to transfer a political power, state property, and private property to the other private owner (the riches). This is illegal because government cannot take a property from one citizen and transfer it to other private citizen or cannot treat its citizens prejudicially and undermine the rights of indigenous population. The so called master plan has unbearable outcomes; it is aimed to disintegrate the shared values of Oromo people, kills the sense of belongingness, the clans, sub-clans, hamlets, and traditional norms. That master plan has ignored the right of the Oromo people and the state of Oromia to administer a large city and has the intent of building a single municipal government on the big chunk of land. The so called prominent European experts on the advisory payroll seemed to have no clue of multijurisdictional planning or ignored the underlying effects of planning that can destroy existing unique identity. If growth is desirable the undesirable effects of planning could be averted. For instance, cities can have contiguous shape or spotted (leapfrog) settlements while having different local governments that leave sensitive places open as it is in between the cities such as farm lands, environmentally sensitive places, historical places, and indigenous population. Why is the state of Oromia cannot administer satellite (suburban) cities? No reason except there is a hidden goal.That master plan is naive about the sociological formation of indigenous people and assumed as if no diversity exists. Its planning contents disrespected existing values that are given for diversity of culture, values, and different interests of the Oromian state position. No principles and normative theory is evidenced. That master plan is naive about the sociological formation of indigenous people and assumed as if no diversity exists. Its planning contents disrespected existing values that are given for diversity of culture, values, and different interests of the Oromian state position. No principles and normative theory is evidenced. No answer is provided for questions such as, who is going to be evicted? Why they are evicted? Where is their destination? And where is the end point of expansion of the city of Finfinnee? No equal opportunity and equitable conditions provided for the affected.

By Gamsiis (Ph.D.)

Introduction

The aim of this short essay is to protest and critique the newly declared Master Plan of Finfinne (Addis Ababa), the central city of Oromia. Moreover, it is also aimed to advocate for and bolster the voice of the underrepresented Oromo communities living in around Fifinne who are affected by this master plan.  The so called new master plan of the city of Addis Ababa (Finfinnee) is a top-down, utopian, physical determinist, a blue print production oriented plan, and filled with politically void terms, laden with hidden agenda that has a grand aim of disintegrating the territorial integrity of the state of Oromia and expand federal government and the minority settlers it has been sponsoring for the last 23 years at the heart of Oromo land, Finfinne.

Prior to discussing the details of the so called master plan this article will define and analyze three major planning and plan related issues. Here we will discuss the theoretical and practical considerations in defining a city planning, and the legal frameworks surrounding city planning practices.

City planning (Town planning) in general term is an activity that regulates the urban development to efficiently manage the urban land use in order to improve the lives of its community by creating safe, healthy, equitable, well situated, and attractive social and economic opportunities for the present residents without compromising the need and possible aspirations of future generations.

Therefore, Master plans (comprehensive plan, general plan) should be aimed to create more development opportunity, better living conditions, healthy and livable place.  There are multiple outcomes that are expected from the genuine planning activity. Planning should focus on providing and creating better job opportunity for the community, build improved tax base for the city government, and facilitate the provision of better public services such as transportation, supply, utility services, schools, safety services (policing, fire protection, etc.), recreations, and park services. Secondly, planning is aimed to facilitate economic development outcomes that encourage existing economic institutions and attract new development opportunities. Thirdly, planning activity must create equitable benefits (conditions) for the business community, the public, and the local government (city government). Fourth, city planning activity should empower environment friendly development activities while regulating activities that can have negative environmental impacts and severe environmental hazards such as industrial pollutions, management of urban runoffs, and control other land use externalities.

Contrarily, planning can have negative impacts on property values, can affect peoples’ life negatively, may have hidden values or vague goals, and can have negative political impacts against citizen. Planning activity without legal and judiciary means of protecting civil right can serve as covert exercise of power over the private property, and natural amenities can have a devastating outcome. Authorities, business community, and interested stakeholders may use planning as a land grabbing tool or can impose unfair land use management practices.

Moreover, planning itself can be viewed as a political exercise that manifests itself as taking power (eminent domain) or policing power over public/community properties as well as private property. In its perfect sense, planning should be purely apolitical and it is a governmental duty exercised by city government. But planning can unequally benefit/harm citizens, and even displace and evict communities, destroy shared common values, culture, identity, history and heritage of people, and can kill the sense of belongingness and ownership. Particularly, in places like Finfinne where the unique merger of history and power accorded aliens the privilege of carving a settlement for themselves among the indigenous people, planning to expand, modify the settlement (city) will have always adverse effect on the surrounding indigenous communities. In addition to the scramble for the physical land resources there exist invaluable cultural and historical heritage heritages that may be destroyed by planning practices. There are diverse multi layered socio-cultural orders, common shared values, systems, clans, sub clans, villages, traditional settlements, historical places, and related religious amenities of indigenous nature on which planning can have a devastating effect. It can kill all of these values if not practiced carefully and if legal measures and institutions are not in place to protect all of these including environmentally sensitive areas.

Additionally, planning is value laden practice and with multi-faceted interest where affected parties need to consulted, counseled and legally represented at all planning levels and their needs and rights given proper consideration. Planning graphics, maps, colors, and planning jargons can be very complex, can be hard to be understood by layperson, and are full of professional terms. In some cases planning can have hidden goals where the outcomes are not clear to everyone including the stakeholders they were meant to serve.

The Master Clan Killer

As the case study conducted about the current and newly proposed master plan shows

The analysis of the newly proposed master plan of Finfinnee (Addis Ababa) indicated that its content and quality has imposed issues (values) that are dictatorial and top-down planning activity.  The so called master plan is aimed at physical development such as land acquisition for the expansion of the city without full social, cultural, and environmental planning concepts. The industrial zonation of the south east Finfinne was an example of bad planning practice that did not take in to account the impact it can have on the environment. Industrial wastes from this zone have affected thousands of individuals along Akaki (Aqaaqii) river banks and the effects have been felt as far south as Koka (Qooqaa).  Therefore, this and earlier master plans were aimed to achieve physical design goals i.e., a plan to expand the perimeter of federal constituency at the expense of social, cultural, environmental, historical and economic injustices to the nearby indigenous communities. The so called master plan failed the affected communities, destroyed their values and can be called the CLAN KILLER. The following is a justification why it has to be called the MASTER CLAN KILLER.

  1. The acclaimed master plan is socially blind and has never mentioned to have a social oriented goal. So, it is socially reckless physical design oriented towards achieving a narrow goal of undermining the state of Oromia and the Oromo people and expanding breathing ground for aliens settled in the city.
  2. It is blind towards the cultural and historical heritage of Oromo people that existed for thousands of years before the inception of Finfinnee. No evidence of any attempt was presented to protect the cultural and historical heritages of the local communities and the major Oromo clans of the area such as Abbichuu. Gullallee, Galaan, etc, are on the verge of extinction.
  3. It is a politically motivated move based on driving the surrounding Oromo community into deeper poverty offering only empty promise to others simply echoing what they think people may want to hear such as, international standard, accelerated development, modernizing the city, experts from prominent European master planners, etc. They have wrongly judged the Oromo thinking and aspirations when they try to trick the Oromos by naming few Oromo individuals like Kumaa Dammaksaa, Berhane Deressa, Driba Kuma, etc. These individuals have always been on the other side of the Oromo issue that the dictators were ingenuous to think that such names would soften the position of the Oromos to thwart the grand political question that they have been asking. No cover ups and use of Oromo names can answer this questions, only the rule of law implemented without political infringement can. The current Ethiopian constitution touted 20 years ago then is politically void in that many of its provisions including articles 40, 43, and 49 remained hollow promises. Particularly, Article 49 of the fake constitution gives only lip service concerning the special interest of Oromia on Addis Ababa. So far, the acclaimed special interest had not met any interest of the Oromo people and the State of Oromia except the contamination of rivers, unmanaged urban runoff, untreated grey water, and pollutions from different land uses of Finfinnee continue to wreak lives and destroy livelihoods of the surrounding Oromos. No considerations of inclusionary practice for Oromo people who use water from the contaminated rivers is made in the recent master plan; it rather plans to do worse, uproot the remaining communities and clear up the swaths of land for the alien settlers. The plan is not inclusive and has no room for managing conflicting interests. So, it is morally, ethically, and professionally wrong and void.
  4. Politically flawed; federally owned or territorial boundary of the city has no geographically limited space and no sustainable growth management practices are evinced within the master plan document. The territories of States are divisible and can be manipulated all the time for hidden and clear goals where the state of Oromia has no clear boundaries. The master plan has a clear expansionist goal that will divide the state of Oromia in to two separate regions while it gives access (connection) to the Amhara region and Gurage zone in the near feature. So, the acclaimed master plan is an open venue for the urban sprawl and the development it claims can create political instability for that country.
  5. Legally unconstitutional and has no legal means is provided to acquire 1.1 million hectares of land. It is aimed to transfer a political power, state property, and private property to the other private owner (the riches). This is illegal because government cannot take a property from one citizen and transfer it to other private citizen or cannot treat its citizens prejudicially and undermine the rights of indigenous population.
  6. The so called master plan has unbearable outcomes; it is aimed to disintegrate the shared values of Oromo people, kills the sense of belongingness, the clans, sub-clans, hamlets, and traditional norms.
  7. That master plan has ignored the right of the Oromo people and the state of Oromia to administer a large city and has the intent of building a single municipal government on the big chunk of land. The so called prominent European experts on the advisory payroll seemed to have no clue of multijurisdictional planning or ignored the underlying effects of planning that can destroy existing unique identity. If growth is desirable the undesirable effects of planning could be averted. For instance, cities can have contiguous shape or spotted (leapfrog) settlements while having different local governments that leave sensitive places open as it is in between the cities such as farm lands, environmentally sensitive places, historical places, and indigenous population. Why is the state of Oromia cannot administer satellite (suburban) cities? No reason except there is a hidden goal.
  8. That master plan is naive about the sociological formation of indigenous people and assumed as if no diversity exists. Its planning contents disrespected existing values that are given for diversity of culture, values, and different interests of the Oromian state position.
  9.  No principles and normative theory is evidenced.
  10. No answer is provided for questions such as, who is going to be evicted? Why they are evicted? Where is their destination? And where is the end point of expansion of the city of Finfinnee?
  11. No equal opportunity and equitable conditions provided for the affected
  12. No evidence of public participation and the affected side has no say in it. All planning jargons, engineering graphics, color codes, and the full intent of the plan supposed to be explained to the unskilled public. Legal representation and professional advocacy supposed to be rendered for the affected community. The so called master plan has no principles or notion of inclusive community development plan. Its participants are outsiders and foreigners to the Oromo public and have nothing to do with Oromo to discuss their future destiny on behalf of our community. No authority is vested to any foreign nationals or foreign government or any non-Oromo group to decide on them or ratify any type of master plan on behalf the State of Oromia. This will create distrust between the representatives of Oromian state and the Oromian nationals at large while undermining the fake constitution of Ethiopia. The leaders of OPDO should rise and remove the curtain that has blinded them for too long. If they need any sort of credibility among the Oromo people, this is their chance. They have to stand firm and oppose this TPLF sponsored master plan of destroying Oromia and the Oromo people. The destruction of the Oromo people as we know is the end of OPDO as well.
  13. It is a perpetrated document for federal government to practice an overtly eminent domain and expand the federal government holdings.
  14. It is a document aimed to kill (weaken) the tax base of the state of Oromia and economically marginalize Oromian citizens while holding them in a perpetual poverty trap.
  15. It is a planning document without zoning ordinance and legal support.
  16.  It is a top-down faceted planning activity and it is the same as the past failed master plans. It is a dictatorial planning system that has no public interest envisioned.
  17. It is an old style, rigid, and inflexible blueprint without common value.

Read more @http://ayyaantuu.com/horn-of-africa-news/the-new-master-plan-master-clan-killer-of-finfinne-addis-ababa/

From Ambo in West, to Melka Jebdu/Dire Dawa in East, to Jimma in South, to Kombolcha/Walloo in North, Oromia is Up for Grabs Under the Cover of “Industrial Zones”

According to documents acquired by Gadaa.com, the scale of land grabbing (land thefts) underway in Oromia by the TPLF junta, its Habesha “INVESTORS” (aka Neo-Neftegna’s) and its foreign financiers is larger than previously known to the public. According to information aggregated by Gadaa.com, prime farmlands in Oromia, including the Walloo territory in the North, will be divided into at least 8 “industrial zones” and ownership of Oromo farmlands will be transferred to Habesha “INVESTORS” (aka Neo-Neftegna’s) and their foreign financiers under the pretext of the “Growth and Transformation Plan – GTP – Development” scheme. Ambo, in West Oromia, is slated to be ultimately incorporated under the authority of Addis AbabaAdministration, together with Bole-Lemmi, Sandafa, Dukem, Kilinto and other small Oromian towns Surrounding Addis Ababa. Under this scheme, Oromo farmers in Kilinto have been completely evicted off their farmlands over the last year in 2013/2014, as it was reported last week on Gadaa.com. Farmlands around Jimma in South Oromia and those in Melka Jebdu around Dire Dawa in East Oromia will all be incorporated into the adjacent cities, and the ownership of the land be transferred to Habesha“INVESTORS” (aka Neo-Neftegna’s) under the pretext of “development,” “Growth and Transformation Plan – GTP,” and so on. In Northern Oromia, the TPLF regime has already doled out land to “INVESTORS” under its GTP scheme around Kombolcha, near Bati, Walloo. The full TPLF plan, if implemented, will uproot millions of Oromos from their farmlands, and condemn them to further poverty with no land and livelihood. Here are some documents: – The 8 so far known “industrial zones” designed by TPLF for land theft and grabbing in Oromia (includes Jimma, Dire Dawa and Kombolcha/Walloo): Gadaa.com – Ambo and Other Towns Around Finfinnee: the expansive Addis Ababa will ultimately bring these Oromian towns under its authority per the TPLF plan:   Gadaa.com http://gadaa.com/oduu/25363/2014/04/15/from-ambo-in-the-west-to-melka-jebdudire-dawa-in-the-east-to-jimma-in-the-south-to-kombolchawalloo-in-the-north-oromia-is-up-for-grabs-under-the-disguise-of-industrial-zones/#.U0y_ONMGNwM.facebook

The Oromo Federalist Congress(OFC) has sounded its sternest alarm about the ongoing land-grab activities in Oromia, especially the plan regarding the Oromian towns surrounding Finfinnee, in a statement released on April 14, 2014. OFC issued the statement at the conclusion of its meeting in Finfinnee on April 13, 2014.

In the statement, OFC also condemned the Ethiopian government’s Land Policy, which is being enforced in Oromia without Oromo’s participation, as a plan that will ignite violence between Oromo farmers and investors. Furthermore, OFC reminded the Ethiopian government about the Special Interests of Oromia in Addis Ababa (Finfinnee), which has not been implemented so far, per the Constitution.

Here is  the  statement in  Afan Oromo:

OFC_FinfinneeMeeting2014_2 OFC_FinfinneeMeeting2014_1     OFC_letter_April2014_1     OFC_letter_April2014_2 OFC_letter_April2014_3   http://ayyaantuu.com/horn-of-africa-news/oromia/oromo-federalist-congress-ofc-sounds-alarm-about-the-ongoing-land-grab-in-oromia/         The Oromo people  are opposing the TPLF’s new master plan to destroy the Oromo nation, identity and home land: http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=MrWs8yJh5mY   Dhimma Maastar Pilaanii Finfinnee irratti xiinxala hayyoota Oromoo http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=sqF3gECERcU   https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=jBnauhTIClg https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=jBnauhTIClg https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=uXsIrbdbEQ4

Ibsa ABO | The OLF Condemns the Acts of Ethnic Cleansing in Finfinnee

The OLF Condemns the Acts of Ethnic Cleansing Perpetrated Against the Oromo People by the TPLF-led Regime in Finfinnee (Addis Ababa)

PRESS RELEASE 16th April 2014
We are gravely concerned that the Tigray People’s Liberation Front-led (TPLF) regime has, once again, intensified its policy of cleansing the Oromo people from Finfinnee, the capital city of Oromia, and the surrounding districts.
The regime first created the so-called Oromia Special Zone in 2008 and since pursued a relentless systematic removal of the indigenous Oromo people from their ancestral land in the name of “land for investors”, with the sole purpose of forcefully usurping and controlling Oromo land and resource.
The Oromo towns including Akaki, Bonsa, Burayu, Chaffe, Chancho, Dukam, Galan, Holata, Mojo, Mulo, Sabata, Sandafa, Sululta, and Walamara, which the regime has brought under the administration of the “Special Zone”, are scattered along the four main gates to and from the capital in the range of 25Km to 50Km from the capital city.
The regime has launched its most recent atrocity under the guise of “Addis Ababa and the Surrounding OromiaIntegrated Development Plan Project” and annexed the aforementioned towns from Oromia. The regimes’ long-term sinister strategic plan is to surgically remove Finfinnee and the surrounding from Oromia and annex it to the neighboring Amhara state and deprive Oromia of its vital economic and political capital when Oromia eventually becomes an independent country.
Having compulsorily and illegally evicted the Oromo people from areas surrounding their capital city, and now removing a huge landmass and vital strategic towns away from Oromia, the regime has — as it did in 2004 when it imprisoned, killed and exiled over 350 Oromo students for opposing the eviction of Oromo institutions from their capital city — provoked the Oromo youth to rise up and protest. Now it will use this as pretext to dismiss Oromo students from universities, imprison them, and send them into exile en masse.
The TPLF regime and its collaborators need to understand that the land taken from the Oromo people will be returned to its lawful owners sooner or later.
The regime has been waging state terrorism against the Oromo people to suppress their protest against eviction from their homeland and confiscation of their farmlands. It has imprisoned tens of thousands of them for their objection to its apartheid-like educational policy and for their demands of political rights and the right of self-determination for the past two decades. Numerous reports from credible regional and international human rights organizations confirm that the TPLF considers all socially and politically conscious Oromo nationals as enemies, and that it targets them as such.
There has been no regime that has pushed the Oromo people harder than the TPLF in their history. They are being pushed to the limit by the brutalities of the regime and have no alternative but to rise up in unison. Hence, the current TPLF-led regime needs to be reminded that its premeditated human rights abuses and dehumanization of the Oromo people constitute a recipe for a disastrous civil war.
The OLF believes the TPLF must be stopped. The OLF will do all in its power to strengthen its struggle against the regime. We will also renew our call to our people to stand shoulder to shoulder and strengthen our unity to defeat the enemy and guarantee the survival of our nation.
Oromia shall be free!
Oromo Liberation Front

Addi Bilisummaa Oromoo Mootummaan Wayyaanee Oromoo Finfinnee fi Naannoo Keessaa Haxaayee Baasuuf Itti Jiru Ni Balaaleffata

16 Ebla 2014
Mootummaan Itoophiyaa Adda Bilisummaa Uummata Tigraayiin (Wayyaaneen) gaggeeffamu magaalaa guddittii Oromiyaa, Finfinnee fi magaalota naannoo ishee jirani irraa Oromoo haxaayee baasuuf imaammata qabu itti fufuun isaa hedduu yaaddessaa ta’ee jira.
Mootummaan Wayyaanee jalqaba bara 2008 keessa godina addaa Oromiyaa kan jedhu uumuun Oromoota akaakayyuu fi abaabayyuun laficha irra jiraataa turan buqqisuun shiraan maqaa ’misooina’ jedhuun lafa Oromoo humnaan saamee towannaa isaa jala galchee jira. Finfinnee irraa km 25 – 50 irratti kan argaman magaalonni akka Aqaaqii, Boonsaa, Buraayyuu, Caffee, Caancoo, Duukam, Galaan, Hoolota, Moojoo, Muloo, Sabbata, Sandaafaa, Sulultaa fi Walmaraa bulchiinsa godinoota addaa Oromiyaa jedhamu jalatti yeroo ammaa kana dhuunfaa mootummaa Wayyaanee jala jiru.
Akka hammeenya mootummaan Wayyaanee caalaatti yeroo dhihoo kana jalqabee jiruutti aguuggii ’Finfinnee fi Karoora Qindoomina Proojektii Guddina Misooma Naannoo Addaa Oromiyaa’ jedhuun magaalota arman ol maqaan ka’e Finfinneetti maxxansuuf yaalaa jira. Akeekni kanaas Finfinnee fi naannoo ishee Oromiyaa irraa kutuun bulchiinsa isaa biyyoota ollaa kan akka Amaaraan walitti dabaluun fuulduratti siyaasaa fi hawaasummaa Oromiyaa walaba taatu xiqqeessuuf akka ta’e hubatamaa dha.
Mootummaan Wayyaanee Oromoota naannoo magaalaa guddittii isaanii taate Finfinnee jiraataa turan dirqamaa fi seeraa ala buqqisaa turee amman tana ammoo lafuma isaanii kanaa fi magaalota beekamoo naannoo Finfinnee Oromiyaa irraa kutuun Finfinneettan dabala jechaa jira.
Mootummaan TPLF kun bara 2004 keessas akkuma kana dhaabbatoota Oromoo Finfinnee irraa buqqisuuf yeroo tattaafataa ture barattoota Oromoo sadarkaa olaanaa gocha kana morman 350 ol ta’an hidhuu, ajjeesuu fi biyya irraa akka godaanan godhe ture. Ammas barattoota Oromoo University tuttuquun akka isaan mormii kaasan gochuun hedduminaan barumsa irraa akka arihataman, mana hidhaatti akka guuraman akkasumas biyya irraa gara biyya alaatti akka godaanan gochuuf kan yaadame dha.
Mootummaan Wayyaanee fi warri isa waliin tumsa qaban oolee bula malee lafti Oromoo seeraan abbaa lafaa kan ta’e Oromootti akka deebi’uu danda’u beekuu qabu.
Mootummaan kun Oromoon dache isaa irraas ta’e qonnaa isaa irraa yommuu buqqa’u akka hin iyyanneef ykn hin mormineef ’seera shororkeessituu’ baafatuun ittiin gadi qabaa jira. Kana dura waggoota kurnan lamaan darban keessa imaammata barumsaa kan seera ’aparteid’ fakkaatuu gadi hinjirre mormuuf, gaaffii mirga siyaasaa fi mirga hiree ofii ofiin murteeffachuu gaafachuuf barattoonni kumaatamatti lakkaa’aman sochii waan godhaniif mana hidhaatti guuraman. Akka gabaasota dhabota mirga dhala namaa Addunyaatti, Wayyaaneen siyaasaanis ta’e hawaasummaan Oromoota eenyumaa isaanii irratti dammaqiinsa qaban irratti xiyyeeffachuun akka diineffatee jiru ragaa bahu.
Seenaa cunqursootaa keessatti kan akka Wayyaanee uummata Oromoo irratti dhiibbaa guddaa godhe hin turre. Kanaaf uummatni Oromoo tokkummaan ka’ee qabsoo isaa jabeessuu malee fala biraa hinqabu. Mootummaan Wayyaanee kan beekuu qabu qeyee isaa irratti mirga uummata Oromoo jeequu fi namummaa isaa xiqqeessuuf gocha itti jiru kana irraa yoo of hinqusanne ummatoota biyyattii gidduutti wal waraansi akka ka’uuf karaa banaa akka jiru dha.
Wayyaaneen gocha uummata Oromoo irratti raawwataa jiru kana irraa dhaabamu akka qabu Addi Bilisummaa Oromoo itti amana. ABOn qabsoo mootummaa Wayyaanee irratti godhu karuma fedheen iyyuu ciminaan itti fufa. Uummanni Oromoo tokkummaan harka walqabatee qabsoo isaa jabeessuun diina isaa injifatee abbaa biyyummaa isaa akka mirkaneeffatuuf irra deebiin waamicha keenya haaressina.
Oromiyaan Ni Bilisoomti!
Adda Bilisummaa Oromoo
http://freeoromia.blogspot.co.uk/2014/04/ibsa-abo-olf-condemns-acts-of-ethnic.html

Magaalaan Finfinnee namicha harkaa fi harma muruun bekkamu, Minilik 2ffaan erga hundoofte kunoo har`a waggaa 128 ta`ee jira. Yeroo sanaa kaasee hamma ammaatti Finfinneen teessoo mootummoota abbaa irree(dictator) biyya Itiyoophiyaa bulchaa turanii fi bulchaa jiran ta`un tajaajilaa jirti. Ummanni haandhuraa fi naannawaa Finfinnee jiraachaa ture ummata Oromooti. Hundeffama magaalaa gudditti biyya Itiyoophiyaatti aansuun rakkinni fi gadadoon saba guddaa kana irratti gahee fi ammas gahaa jiru baayyee sukkaneessaa dha.

Namichi Miniliik II jedhamu teessoo isaa erga Finfinnee godhate booda hojiin inni raawwate saboota(lammiwwan) isaa kaabaa Itiyoophiyyaati gara giddu-gala biyyatitti godaansisuu ture. Godaansa kanaan ummanni saba Seemii lakkoofsaan hedduu ta`an Finfinnee fi naannawaa ishii qubatan. Saboonni biroos sababa daldalaa fi haala jireenya mijaawaa barbaaduuf jecha gara Finfinnetti akka malee godaananiru. Yeroo kanaa kaaseeti baayyinni ummata Oromoo Finfinnee fi naannawaa ishii jiraatu haala nama ajaa`ibuun lakkoofsi isaa gadi bu`aa kan dhufe.

Ragaan waggoota muraasa dura Waajjira giddu-gala staatistikii Itiyoophiyaa(Central statistic agency of Ethiopia) maxxanfame akka agarsisuutti baayyinni ummata Oromoo magaalaa Finfinnee keessa jiraatu 19.51% qofa dha. Parsantiin saddeetamaa (80%) sabni Finfinnee keessa jiraatu kan Oromoo hin taane dha. Ragaa kana irraa hubachuun akka danda`amutti sabni Oromoo akkaataa nama gaddisisuun biyya abbaa isaa kan haandhurri isaa itti awwaalame irraa dhabamsiifamaa akka jiru dha.

Yeroo waa`ee Finfinnee yaadu gaaffiin yeroo baayyee sammuu koo keessa deddebi`u tokkootu jira.Ummanni Oromoo Finfinnee keessa jiraachaa ture parsantii guddaan yeroo ammaa kana hin jiru.

Ummanni kun eessa jira amma? ykn eessa deeme?

Karaa mataa kotiin deebiwwan lama gaaffii kanaaf ta`uu danda`u jedhu akka armaan gaditti dhiheessa.

  1. Mootummoota abbaa irree biyyatti yeroo gara garaa bulchaa turaniin ykn bulchaa jiraniin dirqisifame naannoo isaa gadhise akka godaanu taasifameera. (displacement)
  2. Dhibbaa (pressure) ummanni Habashaa karaa aadaa,afaanii fi amantiitin ummata Oromoo irratti godhaniin ummanni Oromoo eenyummaa isaa akka dhabu godhameera.(Identity loss).

Shirri kun hundi saba Oromoo irratti raawwatameera;raawwatamaas jira.  Ji`a muraasa dura mootummaa cunqursaa Wayyaaneetiin dizaayiniin magaala Finfinnee babal`isuuf dhiyaate fi booda akka hojiirra olu ragaasifame kan baayyee nama riifachisu fi cittoo irratti fanxoo kan nama jechisisu dha.  Jaarraa (bar-dhibbee) 21ffaa kana keessa ummanni addunyaa qaroomiina irraan kan ka`e ummatoota jalqaba biyya tokko keessa jiraachaa turaniif (Indigenous people) kunuunsa gochaa jiru,akkasuumas madaalli naannoo(ecology) tursisuuf kunuunsaa fi eguumsa adda ta`e biqiltootaa fi bineensotaaf gochaa jiru. Karaa faallaa (fuggisoo) ta`en mootummaan Wayyaanee shirri inni kanaan dura ummata Oromoo naannoo Finfinnee jiraatu irratti raawwate gaha otoo hin jedhiin maastar pilaanii(master plan) haaraa qopheessuun aadaa, afaanii fi eenyummaa Oromoo  akkasuumas bosonaa fi qabeenya uumamaa Oromoon qabu caalatti dhabamsiisuuf bifa haaraatin duula cimaa gaggeessuuf qophaahaa jira.

Akkaataa diizaayinii haaraa hojii irra oluuf qophaahaa jiru kanaan magaalonni fi aanoonni Finfinnee irraa fageenya kiloomeetira 100 irratti argaman hundi magaalaa Finfinnee jala galu. Mastar pilaanii(Maser Plan) kun dhugumatti hojii irra ola taanaan yeroo kamiyyuu caala ummanni Oromoo rorroo fi gidiraa daangaa hin qabneef saaxilama. Rakkoowwan ijoo(main) mastar pilaaniin kun ummata keenyatti fiduu danda`an akka armaan gaditti ibsuu yaala.

1. Hiyyuummaa babal`isa 

Kana jechuun sababa investimantii fi babal`ina magaalaatiin ummanni Oromoo lafa qonnaa isaa ni dhaba. Gali guddaan qote bulaan Oromoo qabu oomisha lafa qonnaa isaa irraa argatu dha. Lafa qonnaa isaa dhabe taanaan oomisha oomishuu hin danda`u. Sababa kanaan kan ka`e galii argachuuf jecha invastimantii lafa qonnaa isaa irratti hundeffameen waardiyyaa ta`uuf dirqama. Dabalataaniis hojii humnaa (labour) garaagaraa barbaachuuf gara magaalaatti godaanuun jireenya gadadoo fi hiyyuumaan guuttame jiraachuuf saaxilama.

2. Diigamuu maatiif sababa ta`a

Kana jechuun immoo qotee bulaan tokko lafa qonnaa isaa erga dhabee galii adda ta`e tokko waan hin qabneef jireenya isaa mo`achuuf jecha qe`ee isaa gadhisee godaanuuf dirqama. Maatiin isaas bifa walfakkaatuun sababa jireenyaatiif jecha faffaca`uun waan nama wal gaafachisu miti.

3. Barattoota fi hojjattoota Oromoo irratti dhibbaa xin-sammuu (Pyschological impacts) hagana hin jedhamne fida.

Afaan barattoonni Oromoo nannawaa Finfinnee jiran mana baruumsaatti ittiin baratani fi waajjiraaleen mootummaa kan dhimma itti bahaan Afaan Oromoo (Oromiffa) dha. Finfinneen haala amma deemaa jiruu kanaan ni bal`atti yoo ta`e aadaa fi afaan saba biraatu wajjiin guddachaa adeema. Manneen barnootaa fi waajjiraaleen naannoo Oromiyaa keessa turan hundi tajaajila kan kennan afaan hojii mootummaa feederaalaa,afaan Amaariffaatin ta`a.  Kun immoo barattoota keenyaaf gufuu guddaa ta`uun baruumsa isaanii irratti dhibbaa cimaa ta`e fida.  Afaan alagaatiin baruumsa barachuun barattoota Oromoo irratti rakkina xin-sammuu daangaa hin qabne fida. Haaluma wal fakkaatuun hojjattonni waajjiroolee garaagaraa keessa Afaan Oromootiin tajaajila kennaa turan diigamuu bakka hojii isaanii irraan ka`e hojii kan biraa barbaaduuf saaxilamu. Hojiin biraa argamuu danda`uus afaan alagaatiin ta`a.  Kuniis miidhaa mataa isaa danda`e qaba.

4. Eenyummaa Oromoo balaa irra buusa

Akkuma armaan dura ibsuu yaaleetti Oromoon Finfinnee keessa jiraatu sababa adda addaatiin eenyummaa isaa akka dhabe dha. Sababa guddina magaalaatiini fi shiira adda ta`e mootummaa wayyaanee qopheessee kanaan dizaayiniin magaalaa Finfinnee bal`isuun hojii irra ola taanaan eenyummaan Oromoo yeroo kam iyyuu caala balaa irra bu`a.  Aadaan,afaan,amantiin fi eenyummaan saba habashaa dagaagaa yeroo adeemu kan Oromoo immoo laafuu fi dhabamuuta`a.

Shiira mootummaa Wayyaaneetiin ademaa jiru kana ykn maastar pilaanii magaalaa Finfinnee haaraa kana akkamitti dura dhaabachuun danda`ama?

Ummanni Oromoo maal gochuu qaba?

Ummanni Oromoo yeroo kam iyyuu caala tokkummaa isaa jabessee wal faana dhaabachuu kan qabu yeroo ammaa kana. Tokkummaan sabni keenya shiira nurratti deemaa jiru ittisuuf agarsiise ibsuuf seenaa yeroo dhihoo «Boycott Bedele» yaadachuun gahaa dha. Tokkummaan humna. Yoo walii galan; alaa galan akkuma jedhamu garaagarummaa qabnu akkuma jirutti waliif dhiisnee dhimma Oromoo fi Oromiyaa irratti harka wal qabannee wal faana dhaabachuun dirqama lammii keenya hundaati. Tokkummaan yoo kaane sagalee keenya sadarkaa addunyaatti dhageessisuu dandeenya. Yoo nuti tokkoomne dha, gurra hawaasa adduunyaa argachuu kan dandeenyu. Kanaafuu sabni Oromoo kan biyya keessaa fi biyya hambaa jiru gurmuun wal jabeessee shiira mootummaan Wayyaannee ummata Oromoo lafa irraa dhabamsisuuf gochaa jirtu kana dura dhaabbachuu qaba jedha. Jirbiin wal gargaartee arba hiti (Mixiin wal-qabattee laga ceeti) jedhama mitiree;tokko taane haa falmannu.

Injiffannoon saba cunqursaa jala jiruuf haa ta`u!!!

Maastar plaani magaala Finfinnee haara wordpox kana keessati argachuu ni dandeechu

https://www.dropbox.com/sh/351vsabzpixbol1/5y6lqogioK

Hawi Chala (hhunduma@yahoo.com)

http://ayyaantuu.com/horn-of-africa-news/oromia/finfinnee-balisuu-oromiyaa-jigsuu-oromuummaa-balleessu/

http://www.voanews.com/mp3/voa/africa/orom/orom1730aWED.mp3

An office called “Addis Ababa and the surrounding Oromia Integrated Development Plan” prepared an International and National Conference on June 2013 at Adama Town, Galma Abba Gadaa.

The Objective of organizing the conference of the top ranking government cadres (mostly OPDO’s) was to work on the manifesting of the proposed Integrated Regional Development Plan (IRDP) and prepare the cadre’s to work on the people.

On the Conference, it was stated that, the Purposes of the “IRDP” are: Instrumental to unleashing Regional Development Potentials Enables localities addressing their mutual development challenges Enables localities addressing their mutual development challenges Strengthens complementarities and interconnection of localities These purposes can be the explicit or clear objectives of the plan. However, the plan have hidden or implicit agenda. Systematically bringing the land under their custody so that, it will sooner or later scramble among their impoverished people in their region. For example, the Finfinnee City Administration and Finfinnee Special Zone can address their mutual development challenges without being incorporated into one master plan. However, the Master plan is not prepared on mutual benefit as the plan is solely prepared by Finfinnee City Administration, despite the name of the office. Hence, though development is boldly emphasized, the main purpose seems to clear the Oromo farmers from their lands in the name of unfair Economic Development. It was also stated that the Pillars of the Integrated Regional Development Plan are: Regional Infrastructure Networks Natural Resource and Environment Stewardship Cross – Boundary Investments/ e.g FDI) Joint Regional Projects However, there seem hidden agenda behind these pillars. For example, in the name of cross-Boundary Investments, local Oromo farmers are going to lose their land for the so-called “investors” and under the pretext of promoting national economy through FDI initiatives In addition, if the plan is going to be realized natural and environmental degradation is inevitable. In addition, the Basic Principles of the Integrated Regional Development Plan are: Ensuring Mutual Benefits A joint development Framework – not a substitute for local plans An Integrated Regional Plan voluntarily accepted by participating partners Differences resolved through negotiation and under in-win scenario Nevertheless, the plan will not ensure a mutual benefit at it is largely intended to displace Oromo farmers from their land. In additions, the populations of the two areas are not homogenous. Hence, they have no common interest. Even though it is said the “IRDP’ will be voluntarily accepted by participating partners, the top cadres in Oromia themselves have strongly opposed the plan on the conference. Beside, the implicit objective of the plan is to remove/avoid the differences in language and culture there by to plant “Ethiopianism or Tigreans” on Oromo land. The plan is intended to say good bye to Oromo Culture and language. The other thing is that the differences between Oromo and others cannot be resolved as it is intended to eradicate Oromo identity, culture and language. As we know from history, Oromo’s never compromised on these issues. Hence, if the plan is to be implemented, peaceful co-existence may not be there.

http://advocacy4oromia.org/campaigns/the-agenda-behind-the-integrated-regional-development-plan-irdp/

Oromos are demanding Article-49.4 of the Constitution Be Respected.

Article 49 – The Capital City 

4. The special interest of the State of Oromia with respect to supply of services or the utilization of resources or administrative matters arising from the presence of the city of Addis Ababa within the State of Oromia shall be protected. Particulars shall be determined by law.

19 years since the 1995 ratification of the Constitution; why is the TPLF government violating its own Constitution by delaying and ignoring ARTICLE-49.4?     Deliberate and systematic extermination of identities of indigenous peoples of Ethiopia through land grabbing (1870 – 2014) Land grabbing is classically known as the seizing of land by a nation, state, or organization, especially illegally or unfairly. It is recently defined as large scale acquisition of land through purchase or lease for commercial investment by foreign organizations (4). Abyssinian governments of Ethiopia are systematically used land grabbing as a tool either to eradicate completely or to reduce indigenous peoples of Ethiopia particularly Oromo and generally Southern peoples in favor of Abyssinian identities. Both micro and macro scales of land grabbing have effectively resulted in disappearance of indigenous identities over time, because in agrarian society land is not only a fixed asset essential to produce sufficient amount of crops and animals to secure supply of food, but it is the foundation of identities (language, culture, and history) of a community or a nation. Changes to land use without consultation with traditional owners of the land, mainly by forceful displacement of indigenous peoples, can, in a long term, result in the disappearance of languages, cultures, and histories of the peoples traditionally identified by ancestral land. Both the expansion of amorphous towns and cities without integration of identities of indigenous peoples and large scale transfer of rural land to investors are the major political strategies of current Abyssinian government to successfully achieve the target of eradicating identities of indigenous peoples of Ethiopia in order to replace it with Abyssinian identities. Thus, problems associated with land grabbing become very complex in Oromia and Southern Ethiopia where the peoples are unrepresented by the Abyssinian government of Ethiopia.http://gadaa.com/oduu/25483/2014/04/22/deliberate-and-systematic-extermination-of-identities-of-indigenous-peoples-of-ethiopia-through-land-grabbing-1870-2014/#.U1Wk8iPYF14.facebook Read the Full Article (OromoPress.Blogspot.com):http://oromopress.blogspot.com/#!/2014/04/eprdfs-addis-oromia-special-zone-master.html

WARAANNI WAYYAANEE LOLA UUMATA OROMOO IRRATTI BANEEN BAALEE ROOBEE KEESSATTI OROMOONNI HEDDUU WAREEGAMUU FI MADHAAWUUN GABAAFAME. KANUMA WALIIN LOLTOOTI WAYYAANEE 2 TA’ANIS AKKA AJJEEFAMAN BEEKAME.

GABAASA QEERROO CAAMSAA 1,2014 BAALEE ROOBEE

HANGA SAA’AA AMMA KANATTI HUMNI AGAAZII FAASHISTII WAYYAANEE BARATOOTA OROMOO UNIVERSITY MADDA WALAABUU KANNEEN REEFFI ARGAME 20MA KAN AJJEESSAN YOO TAHU BARATOOTAAFI UMMATNI AJJEEFFAME LAKKOOFSAAN SANII OL-AKKA TAHE J/Q/A-AMMA GABAASE. HANGA AMMAATTI MAGAALAA ROOBEE HUMNI AGAAZII WAYYAANEE MANA MANAAN SEENUUN UMMATA TUMUUTTI JIRA. DUBARTOOTNI MIIDHAAN HAMAAN IRRA GAYE KUDHAN GAHANII JIRU. AMBULAANSIIN MAGAALAA GUUTUU KEESSA FIIGUUN REEFAAFI MADO GUURAA JIRTI JEDHA.NAMNI TOKKO MANAA AKKA GADI BANE LABSAME ILLEE UUMMAANI TOLE JEDHEE WAYYAANEEF HIN ABBOOMAMNE.HAALLI JIRU GUDDOO GADDISIISAAFI SUUKANEESSAADHA JEDHA.

RoobeeFDG baratoota Oromoo Oromiyaa Yuuniversitiilee hunda keessatti argamaniin Oromiyaa keessatti dhoohe baratootni oromoo GKBahaa magaalaa Roobetti argaman kanneen Yuuniversiitii Madda Walaabuufi manneen barumsaa ol aanon sadarkaa 2ffaa baatuufi hedduun fincila guyyaan guyyaa walirraa hafnuu miiti,jechuun qophii akkaan guddaafii wayyaanota rifachiise qopheessanii hiriira nagaa ganamarraa hanga galgalatti bahuun suuraalee qabsawota sabaaf wareegamanii fi barattoota Oromoo Wayyaanotaan badii malee ajjeeffamaniifi faaruu alaabaa faarsuun ABOn dhaadataa turan.

Roobee1Humni Agaazii wayaanee barattoota marsee jennaan ummatni gootummaan hiriira baratoota ilmaan isaatti makamuun dhaadannoolee dhageesisuun hanga wayyaanotaafii lukkeelee isii garaan gubatuttu ABO-faarsaa ilmaan oromoo badii malee mana hidhaatti guurtan haa hiikaman,baratoota oromoo qaroo ilmaan lafaa dhufan mirga saba isaanii gaafachuu isaaniitiif hidhuu,tumuu,rasaasaan ajjeessuu,biyya Oromoo humnaafi qawwee harka qabdan abdachuun ciccirtanii alaguuf gurguruun dhaabbachuu qaba,ummatni oromoo biyya abbaa isaa irratti guyyaa guyyaan akka gadamsaatti adanfamee ajjeeffamuu nurraa dhaabbatuu qabaafi gaaffiilee hedduu kkf kaasee dhageesisuun Wayaanota abdii kutachiisaa oole.humni Agaazii wayaanee baratoota yuuniversiitii madda walaabuu marsee jala buluun ganama kana saa’aa 08:00am irraa kaasee humnichi baratoota Yuuniversiitii madda walaabutti seenuun baratoota reebichaa fii tumuu aansuun baratootni gootummaan humna Agaazii wayaanee hanga funyaanitti hidhachiifamee itti ergame dura dhaabbatuun saa’aa sadihii ol-dhakaafii waan naannoo argataniin of irraa loluun humnicha harkaa cabsanii alatti yeroo baafatan humni agaazii Wayaanee baratoota irratti rasaasa roobsuu eegallaan ummatni guutuun ilmaan Oromoo hin hafnu jechuun baratootatti makamuun humni agaazii Wayaanee baratootaafi ummata Oromoo saa’aa 08:00am-irraa eegalee lola irratti adeemsisaa ture.

Lola kanaan humni agaazii Wayaanee lama (2)du’ee sadi(3),madaa’uutu mirkanaawe.Karaa baratootaa hedduun wareegamuu fi maayyii irratti dhukaasni heddumaaturraa namni madaaye fi du’e bakka bakkaatti hedduu tahuutu shakkama.Hanga ammaa wanni qulqullaawe hin jiru.hadaamaas walitti bu’iinsa fakkaataa taheen baratootni hedduun madaa’uufii wareegamuu himan.

http://dhaamsaogeetti13.wordpress.com/2014/05/01/fdg-baalee-magaalaa-roobee-fi-yuuniversitii-maadda-walaabuu-keessatti-kae-daran-hammaate/            

In 1907, Addis Ababa (Finfinnee) had Birbirsaa and Finfinne Hot Springs as its outskirts (border) on the western and southwestern direction. This is when Menelik II was still alive, and merely 21 years after the fall of the Oromo Finfinnee region under the Shoan Amhara kingdom led by Menelik II. On the eastern side, only few embassies were venturing out to the Eekka area (where today’s British Embassy is situated today was the city limit). Today, Addis Ababa has expanded close to ~1800% to what it used to be in 1907 – and in the process, millions of Oromo farmers who used to till and live around the outskirts have been murdered genocidally or ethnocidally (i.e. either directly killed or relocated to other peripheries of the Empire to die helplessly, or their Oromo heritages (culture/language) have been destroyed.) In other words, as the Addis Ababa city expands beyond limits, it has done so at the expense of the Oromo people living around it. The Habesha governments have been using the “expansion of Addis Ababa” as a means (a tool) to perpetrate genocide on the Oromo. Stopping the expansion of Addis Ababa means stopping the genocide on the Oromo living around it.
http://gadaa.com/oduu/25504/2014/04/23/the-oromo-anatomy-of-finfinnee-addis-ababa/
http://www.oromowiki.com/SiiTube/lenco-lata-regarding-finfinne_4d521275b.html
Ethiopia’s army opened fire at Oromo students in Wallaggaa protesting expansion of Addis
https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=Km-3PqeCLE4
CNN report:
There has been widespread protest by Oromo students in universities in Ethiopia against unpopular ‘Addis Ababa-Finfinnee surrounding integrated master plan’. Oromo students in Haromaya, Jimma, Ambo and Wollega universities held protests. Although officials in Oromia state and Addis Ababa city administration insist the plan only intends to develop Addis Ababa and its surrounding, Oromo students and the wider Oromo elites believe the plan is to displace farmers in the outskirts and suburban areas of the city, meet the growing demand for land, and weaken the Oromo identity. The Ethiopian constitution grants a special interest to the Oromia state regarding administrative, resource and other socio-economic matters in Addis Ababa, in its article 49 which never have been implemented. This has largely resulted in significant resistance within the ruling party, OPDO, in Oromia and a continues pressure to materialize the implementation. The protest against the doomed to fail master plan is held in four universities sofar. Yesterday (26/04/2014) at Wollega University, the infamous and notorious Federal police opened fire at innocent Oromo students. Reports and eye witness indicate unknown number of students were hurt and some have fled to the bushes. The people of Nekemete town were prevented from joining the resistance. Even then some of the residents broke through line of federal police force and joined the protest. At similar protest in Jimma university, the security forces picked more than 10 students and jailed them. Further 15 students in Ambo university were jailed. The uproar against the plan is resonating across different segments of Oromo society. A singer by name Jafar Yusuf was jailed last week that is believed to be because he released a single condemning the plan. The diaspora is is voicing its concerns through the newly launched diaspora based Oromia Media Network The security forces in Ethiopia are dominated by the Tigrayan minority who have been in power since the downfall of Derg communist regime in 1991. The Oromos are the most prosecuted in Ethiopia. More than 40000 Oromos are in jail, although the correct figure is hard to know.http://ireport.cnn.com/docs/DOC-1125264
VOA: Magaalaaleen Oromiyaa Bulchiinsa Addaa Jala Jiran Finfinnee Jala Seenuuf Deemu
https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=qxnOAYTi16M
April 26, 2014 (Oromo Free Speech) – Oromo students’ nonviolent protests are underway at Wallaggaa University against the plan (called the Addis Ababa Master Plan) to evict millions of Oromo farmers and dispossess them of their land in Oromian districts surrounding Finfinnee under the pretext of the “urban development of Addis Ababa.” According to published data, under the current TPLF regime, Addis Ababa has expanded by ~400% since 1991 (from ~13,763.3-ha in 1991 to ~52,706.2-ha in 2014 – see d
http://ayyaantuu.com/horn-of-africa-news/oromo-students-nonviolent-movement-at-wallaggaa-university-against-eviction-of-oromo-farmers-from-finfinnee-surrounding-and-expansion-of-addis-ababa/
Gallant Oromo Students are Heroically Demanding their rights!

‘Gallant Oromo Students are heroically moving forward opposing Government’s unlawful and Unconstitutional plan to uproot Oromo Peasants from the outskirts of Finfine to create Room for settlers and trade Oromo land for its benefit. All peoples of nations and nationalities of Ethiopia must support Oromo Students and demand the regime to unconditionally stop its unlawful plans with immediate effect.’ http://sidamanationalregionalstate.blogspot.co.uk/

Ebla 26/2014 Goototni Dargaggootni Baratootni Oromoo Yuunibarsiitii Wallaggaa FDG dhoosan. Har’a ganama sa’aa 1:00 irraa eegaluun goototni barattootni Oromoo Yuunibarsiitii Wallaggaa gaaffii mirga hiree murteeffannaa oromoo fi roorroo haala yeroon walqabatee uummata keenya irratti gaggeeffama jiru balaaleffachuun FDG Yeroo ammaa Oromiyaa guutuu irraatti gaggeeffamaa jiru jabeessuun FDG itti fufan .

Warraaqsi kun uummata Oromoo Magaalaa Naqemtee kan dabalatee yoo ta’uu gaffii mirga hiree murteeffannaa Oromoo fi gaaffii haala yeroo uummata Oromoo dhimmota magaalaawwaan Oromiyaa fi magaalawwaan nannawaa Finfinnee jiran Mootummaan abbaa irree federaalaa fi Finfinnee jala galchuuf jiru hin fudhannuu, akeekni kun hatattamaan dhaabbachuu qaba jechuun hiriira nagaa guddaa kan namoota 10,000 ol hirmaachisee Magaalaa Neqemtee fi Yuunibarsiitii Wallaggaa keessatti gaggeessa jiru.

Gootoni barattootni Oromoo Yuunibarsiitii wallaggaa Gaaffiin keenya gaaffii mirgaati gaaffii kabajamuu uummata Oromooti, gaaffii dimookiraasiiti, jechuun sagalee isaanii dhageesisuun, eenyuumma Oromummaa isaanii kabachiifachuuf dhaabbatan. Dhadannoowwaan: Oromiyaan kan Oromooti, maqaa invetimentiin lafa Oromoo gurguruun dhaabbachuu qaba, Finfinneen kan Oromooti, magaalaawwaan Oromiyaa of jala galchuuf adeemsa abbaa irree ni balaaleffanna, mootummaan garbomsaa kufuu qaba, hidhamtootni Oromoo hiikamuu qabu, barattoota Oromoo hidhuun, barnoota irraa arii’uun, doorsisuun, ajjeessuun nurraa dhaabbachuu qaba kan jedhuu fi kkf dhadannoo ganama kana Gootota barattoota Oromoo Yuunibarsiitii Wallaggaan dhageesifama jirudha, Mootummaan abbaa irree humna waraanaa fi poolisa federaalaa humna guddaa bobbaasee sochii FDG kana dura haadhabbatu iyyuu malee dhaabuu kan hin dandeenye ta’uu qeerroon gabaasee jira. Injifannoon Uummata Oromoof!. Gadaan Gadaa Bilisummaati! Naqemtee Ebla 26/2014 . http://qeerroo.org/2014/04/27/fdg-yuuniversitii-wallaggaa-daran-jabaachuu-irraan-loltoonni-wayyaanee-dhaabsisuu-hin-daneenye/
https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=2W_w_3AaOH4
https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=MbM35SYli0g

Dispossession, Annexation – TPLF’s Strategic Goal

Dispossession and annexation of land from the Oromo people and other people of Ethiopia is part of TPLF’s original play book or master plan. Once they changed their strategy from seceding from Ethiopia to ruling Ethiopia, they were determined to dispossess the Oromos of their ancestral land.As everybody knows, the land policy in Ethiopia is that it does not belong to anybody but to the Ethiopian state. Who rules the Ethiopian state? -the TPLF regime rules it. In effect, they have made sure that all the land belongs to them and they have ascertained this legally. They have created this legal pretext to evict anybody they want.Their focus has mainly been the Oromo farmers. Under the guise of development, they have displaced thousands of Oromo farmers without any compensation forcing them to become beggars or laborers on their own ancestral land.The Tigryan led minority regime disguised behind multi ethnic puppet representatives will continue this trend until they change the whole demographic situation of Ethiopia, mainly of the Oromos.The current Oromo generation and all who stand for peace, justice and democracy in Ethiopia should fight this trend and put a stop to it. An injustice to one is injustice to all. This call includes the peace loving people of Tigray who have been duped by this regime.If this continues, it will reach a stage where it would be irreversible and would remain a shame and a wound on the history of the Oromo people-and this is a strategic goal of the TPLF from the very beginning.What everybody has to understand is that this is part of the regime’s grand strategic scheme to change the demography of Ethiopia when it comes to the Oromo people. In fact, they have also annexed huge chunk of the Amhara land in Gondar and other places in their pursuit to form a greater Tigray.How long will this shame continue? How long will this trick continue? How long will making the Oromos beggars on their ancestral land continue? What is life full of shame, slavery and dispossession in the 21st century?The TPLF regime disguised behind a prime minster from the South and an Oromo symbolic president would like the world to believe that they are purely doing well by pursuing development goals and who by any means speaks against what they do is against Ethiopia’s bright future.Any kind of development that is not in the best interest of the indigenous people, any kind of development that goes ahead without respecting the people’s interest, any kind of development that is based on dispossessing the people of their land and their properties by force is bound to have a negative and destructive consequence in the end.Unbalanced development dictated by the few with a far reaching strategic consequence to destroy a nation is bound to fail.It is time to rise up and stop the shame, denigration and destruction of a great nation. Life without freedom is meaningless!! http://ayyaantuu.com/horn-of-africa-news/dispossession-annexation-tplfs-strategic-goal/http://ayyaantuu.com/horn-of-africa-news/dispossession-annexation-tplfs-strategic-goal/VOA Afaan Oromo reporting on Oromo students peaceful demonstrations:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eeFLCX3ZDQ4http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vzO3tr0rfZwhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=tx8LqDvWSPEProtests Grow Over Addis Ababa’s Expansion

 

Oromo students in Ethiopia are ratcheting up opposition to the territorial expansion of the Horn of Africa nation’s capital, Addis Ababa. Thousands of students at all eight regional universities in Oromia, the largest of Ethiopia’s federal states, turned in recent days to demand an immediate halt to the city’s so-called “Integrated DevelopmentMaster Plan,” unveiled earlier this month.

Today, Tuesday 29 April, an estimated 25,000 people, including residents of Ambo town in central Oromia, participated in a city wide demonstration, in the largest show of opposition to the government’s plans to date. A handful of students have been injured and others arrested in protests at the campuses of Jimma, Haromaya, Ambo, Wollega, Metu, Bolu Hora, Adama and Maddawalabu universities, according to local reports.

Once dubbed a “sleeping beauty,” by Emperor Haile Selassie, Addis Ababa is an awakening city on the move. Vertically, buoyed by a growing economy and rural to urban migration, there is construction almost on every block — so much so that locals refer to it as “a city underconstruction.” The country’s first light rail transit which will connect several inner city neighbourhoods, being constructed with the help of the China Railway Group Ltd, is reported to be60% complete. Horizontally, over the last decade, not least due to an uptick in investment from returning Ethiopian expats from the U.S. and Western Europe, the city has expanded at a breakneck pace to swallow many surrounding towns.

Addis Ababa’s rapid urban sprawl is also getting noticed abroad. In 2013, it’s the only African city to make the Lonely Planet’s annual list of “top 10 cities to visit.” In April 2014, in its annual Global Cities Index, New York-based consultancy A.T. Kearney named Addis Ababa, “the third most likely city to advance its global positioning” in sub-Saharan Africa, only after Johannesburg and Nairobi. If it maintains the pace of development seen over the last five years, Kearney added, “the Ethiopian capital is also among the cities closing in fastest on the world leaders.”

Overlapping jurisdictions

Founded in 1886 by emperor Menelik II and his wife Empress Taytu Betul, Addis Ababa sits at the heart of the Oromia Regional State. According to the country’s constitution, while semi-autonomous, Addis Ababa is treated as a federal district with special privileges granted to the Oromia region, for which it also serves as the capital.

The Addis Ababa City Administration, the official governing body, has its own police, city council, budget and other public functions overseen by a mayor. The overlapping, vague territorial jurisdictions have always been the subject of controversy. Now contentions threaten to plunge the country into further unrest.

Home to an estimated 4 million people, Addis Ababa offers Ethiopia one of the few gateways to the outside world. The state-run Ethiopian airlines, one of the most profitable in Africa, serves 80 international cities with daily flights from Addis to Europe, different parts of Africa, the United States, Canada, Asia and the Middle East.

In addition to being the seat of the continental African Union, the city hosts a number of United Nations regional offices, including the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa. There are also more than 100 international missions and foreign embassies based in Addis, earning it the nickname of ‘Africa’s diplomatic capital.’ All these attributes require the city to continually grow to meet the needs and expectations of a global city.

City officials insist the new “master plan”, the 10th iteration since Addis Ababa began using modern city master plans in 1936, will mitigate the city’s disorganised growth and guide efforts to modernize it over the next 25 years.

According to leaked documents, the proposed plan will expand Addis Ababa’s boundaries to 1.1 million hectares, covering an area more than 20 times its current size. Under this plan, 36 surrounding Oromia towns and cities will come under Addis Ababa’s jurisdiction. Oromo students, opposition and activists say the plan will undermine Oromia’s constitutionally granted special interest.

A history of problematic growth

Addis Ababa’s spatial growth has always been contentious. The Oromo, original inhabitants of the land, have social, economic and historical ties to the city. Addis Ababa, which they call Finfinne, was conquered through invasion in 19th century. Since its founding, the city grew by leaps and bounds. But the expansion came at the expense of local farmers whose livelihoods and culture was uprooted in the process. At the time of its founding, the city grew “haphazardly” around the imperial palace, residences of other government officials and churches. Later, population and economic growth invited uncontrolled development of high-income, residential areas — still almost without any formal planning.

While the encroaching forces of urbanisation pushed out many Oromo farmers to surrounding towns and villages, those who remained behind were forced to learn a new language and embrace a city that did not value their existence. The city’s rulers then sought to erase the historical and cultural values of its indigenous people, including through the changing of original Oromo names.

Ultimately, this one-time bountiful farm and pasture land from which it draws the name Addis Ababa – meaning ‘new flower’ – where Oromos made laws under the shades of giant sycamore trees, grew foreign to them by the day. It is this traumatic sense of displacement that elicits deep passions, resentment and resistance from the Oromo community. The Oromo are Ethiopia’s single largest ethnic group, numbering over 25 million – around 35% of the total population – according to the 2007 census.

Ethiopia’s constitution makes a pivot to Addis Ababa’s unique place among the Oromo. Article 49 (5) of the constitution stipulates, “the special interest of the state of Oromia with respect to supply of services, the utilisation of resources and joint administrative matters.”

The Transitional Government of Ethiopia, which drafted the constitution, was fully cognisant of the potential conflicts of interest arising from Addis Ababa’s unbridled expansion, when it decided “to limit its expansion to the place where it was before 1991 and to give due attention to its vertical growth,” according to Feyera Abdissa, an urban researcher at Addis Ababa University.

But in the city’s 1997-2001 master plan, which has been in effect over the last decade, the city planners determined vertical growth posed key urbanisation challenges. In addition, most of Addis Ababa’s poor cannot afford to construct high-rise dwellings as per the new building standards. Officials also noted that the city’s relatively developed infrastructure and access to market attract the private investment necessary to bolster its coffers; the opening up to privatisation contributed to an upswing in investment. According to Abdissa, during this period, “54% of the total private investment applications submitted in the country requested to invest in and around Addis Ababa.” In order to meet the demand, city administration converted large tracts of forest and farmland in surrounding sub-cities into swelling urban dwellings, displacing local Oromo residents.

Local self-rule

In 2001, in what many saw as a conspiracy from federal authorities, the Oromia regional government decided to relocate its seat 100kms away, arguing that Addis Ababa was too “inconvenient” to develop the language, culture and history. The decision led to Oromia-wide protests and a brutal government crackdown, which left at least a dozen people, including high school students, dead. Hundreds of people were also arrested. In 2005, regional authorities reversed the decision amid internal pressures and protracted protests in the intervening years.

But the current opposition to the city’s expansion goes far beyond questions of self-rule. Each time Addis Ababa grew horizontally, it did so by absorbing surrounding Oromo sub-cities and villages. Many of the cities at the outskirts of the capital today, including Dukem, Gelan, Legetafo, Sendafa, Sululta, Burayu, Holeta and Sebeta, were one-time industrious Oromo farmlands. While these cities enjoy a level of cooperation with Addis Ababa on security and other issues of mutual interest, they have all but lost their Oromo identity. If the proposed master plan is implemented, these cities will come directly under Addis Ababa City Administration — thereby the federal government, further complicating the jurisdictional issue.

Among many other compromises made possible by Ethiopia’s ethnic federalism, each state has adopted the use of its native tongue as the official language of education, business and public service. In theory, the country’s constitution also grants autonomous self-rule to regional states. Under this arrangement, each state makes its own laws and levy and collect taxes.

In contrast, municipalities that fall under federal jurisdiction, including Addis, are governed by their own city administrations and use Amharic, Ethiopia’s federal working language. For the Oromo, as in the past, the seceding of surrounding towns to Addis means a loss of their language and culture once more, even if today’s driving forces of urbanisation differ from the 19th century imperialist expansion.

As seen from its recent residential expansions into sub-cities on the peripheries such as Kotebe, Bole Bulbula, Bole Medhanialem, Makanisa and Keranyo, the semi-agrarian community, including small, informal business owners, were given few options. The city’s new code requires building high-rises that are beyond their subsistence means. Unable to comply with the new city development code, the locals were pressured into selling their land at very low prices and eke out a living in a city that faces chronic unemployment. As a result, the horizontal expansion and displacement of livelihoods turned a one time self-sufficient community into street beggars and day labourers.

Activists fear that the latest expansion is part of a grand plan to contain a resurgent Oromo nationalism. As witnessed during the 2001 protests, any attempt to alter Addis Ababa’s administrative limits, unites Oromos across religious, regional and political divides. Unless halted, with a steam of opposition already gathering in and outside of the country, the ongoing of protests show ominous signs.

In a glimpse of the fervent opposition that could quickly turn deadly, within weeks after the plan was unveiled, two young and upcoming Oromo artists have released new music singles lamenting the city’s historic social and cultural heritage. One of the singers, Jafar Yusef, 23, was arrestedthree days after releasing his musical rendition — and has reportedly been tortured. Despite the growing opposition, however, the Addis Ababa municipal authority is vowing to forge ahead with the plan, which they say was developed in consultation with a team of international and local urban planners. Federal Special Forces, known as Liyyu police, who have previously been implicated in serious human rights violations, have been dispatched to college towns to disperse the protests. Soldiers in military fatigues have laid siege to several campuses, preventing students from leaving, according to eyewitness reports.

Trouble at the top while those at the bottom lack the basic necessities

The city administration is also riddled by a crippling legacy of corruption, massive inefficiency and poor service delivery. Its homeless loiters in the crowded streets that are shared by cars, pedestrians and animals alike. There are few subsidised housing projects for poor and low-income families. Many of the residents lack clean drinking water, healthcare and basic education. While some progress had been made to upgrade the city’s squatter settlements, the city is full of dilapidated shacks. Despite poor drainage system and other infrastructural deficiencies, studies show that there is a general disregard for health and environmental hazards in Ethiopia’s urban redevelopment scheme.

A lot of these social and economic problems are caused by the city’s poorly conceived but dramatic urban expansion. In the last two-decades, in an effort to transform the city into a competitive metropolis, there have been an uptick in the construction of high-rise buildings, luxury hotels and condominiums, which displaced poorer inhabitants, including Oromo farmers. “No one is ensuring the displaced people find new homes, and there are no studies about what his happening to them,” Mara Gittleman of Tufts University observed.

Regardless, the outcome of the current controversy will likely test Ethiopia’s commitment to ethnic federalism. The advance of the proposed master plan would mean further estrangement between the Oromo masses and Oromia regional government. Long seen as a puppet of the federal regime, with substantial investment in cultural and infrastructural development, regional leaders are only beginning to sway public opinion. Allowing the master plan to proceed would engender that progress and prove suicidal for the Oromo Peoples’ Democratic Organization (OPDO), the Oromo element in Ethiopia’s ruling coalition. In the short run, the mounting public outcry may not hold much sway. The country’s one-time vibrant opposition is disarray and the ruling Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) has almost complete control of the political system.

The opposition to the expansion plans does not pose an immediate electoral threat to the EPRDF who, controlling the system as they do, are likely to claim an easy victory in next year’s elections. However, opposition, and the government’s possible aggressive response to it, could make Oromo-government relations more difficult. The government now has a choice, violently crackdown on protestors, labelling them “anti-development”, or engage with them as stakeholders representing historically marginalised communities. Ethiopia’s federal constitution suggests the latter course of action; sadly, recent history may suggest the former.

Correction 29/4/14: The article originally stated that Jafar Yusef was 29, rather than 23. This has been changed.

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FDG Yuuniversitii Adaamaa Har’a Ebla 29, 2014 Ka’een Sabboontotni Oromoo 10 Hidhaman. Gaaffiin Mirgaas Daran Jabaatee Itti Fufe Posted: Ebla/April 29, 2014 · Finfinne Tribune | Gadaa.com

Qeerroo Yuuniversiitii Saayinsii fi Teeknolooji Adamaa har’a jechuun Ebla 29, 2014 barii irraa Eegalee Diddaa isaa dhoose.

(QEERROO) – Qeerroon Yuuniversiitii Saayiinsii fi Teeknoloojii Adamaa kumaatamatti lakka’aman Qophii isaa kaleessa kan fixe, har’ammo baratoota naannoo mana kitaaba fi mana nyaatatti harca’uuf yaalaan walitti qabachuun “ka’i bahii mirga abbaa biyyummaa kee falmadhu” jechuudhaan haala moora dallicha humaa ol sodaa keessa galcheen Dhadannoo armaan gadii dhaggeessifachaa jira.

1. Finfinneen, handhuura keenya kan nurraa hin cinne, irraatti duuna hin kenninu kunnee.

2. Heerriifiseerri Oromoof hin hojjenne, Oromoorattis hojjechuuhinqabu.

3. Saamichi lafaa fi qabeenya Oromiyaa dhaabbachuu qaba.

4. Godina Addaa Oromiyaa Naannawa Finfinnee, Finfinneetti dabaluun heera biyyaatti cabsuudha.

5. Mootummaan feedaraalaa lafa naannolee irratti aangoo homaatu hin qabu

6. Siidaan Miniliik handhuura Oromiyaa finfinneedhaa haa buqqa’u

7. Afaan Oromoo, Afaan feedaraalaa Biyyoolessaa haa ta’u.

8. Hayyoonni fi Barattootni Oromoo, Oromummaan ya akkamanii mana hidhaa jiran haa gadhiifaman.

9. Abbaan biyyummaa Oromoo, Oromiyaan haa mirkanooftu.

10. Mirgi hiree murteeffannaa nuu haa keennamu!

Dhaadhannoo kana mara dhaggeesisaa mooraa hunda edda waliin gahanii booda gara magalatti bahanii dhageessifachuuf turaan iyyuu humni Bittineessa Wayyanee humnaan, karra irratti dhorke Mooratti deebisuun himame.

Kanumatti fufuun Bulchinsi mooraa Yuuniversitichaa Humna Bittinneessa meeshaa guutuun Yuuniversiitichatti Ol naquun hirirri nagaa jajjabeen Yuuniversiitii Saayiinsii fi Teeknoloojii Adamaa gochaa jiraan kana bittineessisisuuf yaalee ture garuu sabbontotni, baratootni Oromoo laphee dhiirummaan fuuldura dhaabbatani mormaa akka jiraan ibsaniiru.

Ijoollonni maqaan isaani armaan gaditii eerraman kunneen akkuma namoota dhuunfaa tokkoo hiriira nagaa dhimma eenyummaa Oromoon yeroo ammaa kanatti bakka maratti gaafachaa jiruuf, akka walii galatti ummanni magaalaa Adaamaa fi barattootni Yuunniveersiitii saayinsii fi Teeknooloojjii Adaamaa bahuuf dhaamsa dabarsaan, Ebla 29/4/2014 sa’aa 1:00 irraa eegala jedhanii beeksisa maxxansan arganii ijoollonni kunnen illeen wamicha eenyummaa Oromummaaf sa’aa jedhameefi bakka jedhameetti argamaniiruu.

Sabboontota ilmaan sabaa eenyummaa isaanii OROMUMMAAF bakka buuten isaani dhabamee keessaa:

1. Eebbisaa Malkaa – Hojetaa fi miseensa Filmii Caayaa Piroodaakshinii magaala (M) Adaamaa. 2. Ayyaantuu Jaalataa – sabboontuu fi Miseensa Caaya Piroodaakshinii M/ Adaamaa. 3. Siddisee Jaarraa 4. Nuhoo Guddataa- hojetaa 5. Bilisummaa Lammii = sabboonaa fi jiraataa M/ Adaamaa 6. Ifabaas Boruushee = hojetaa fi jiraataa M/ Adaamaa 7. Tulluu Baabsaa = sabboonaa fi jiraataa gara keellaa M/ Adaamaa 8. Iftiyoom Ittaanaa = sabboontuu fi jiraattuu M/ Adaamaa 9. Bultum … Barataa dha M/ Adaamaa

Kanneen hidhaman hedduu yemmuu tahan yeroof maqaan arganne kananqofa.akkasumas Yuuniveersittii irraa ijoolleen ukkaamfan hedduu yemmuu tahan yeroof maqaa isaani argachuu hin dandeenye.

– HUB. ijoollonni kuni ganama sa’aa 2 fi 3 gidduutti waardiyyoota Wayyaanen daandii yuuniveersitii fuulduratti kan qaban yemmuu tahuu mana hidhaa kamitti akka hidhaman hanga yonaatti beekuu hin dandeenye.

– QEERROO.org: http://qeerroo.org/2014/04/29/fdg-yuuniversitii-adaamaa-hara-ebla-292014-kaeen-sabboontotni-oromoo-10-hidhaman-gaaffiin-mirgaas-daran-jabaatee-itti-fufe/

https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=utYMVnNxcXs

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mgJB_lCILv8

https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=atYOA02iY68

Breaking News: Life Bullet Against Oromo Students

Umni Waraan wayyaanee Agazi berged jedhamuu fi Federal polis jedhamu Bartootta Oromoo fi Uummata nagaa seeraan ala miidhuu dhiisee gara Mootummaa seeraan ala Uummata miidhaa jiru tti afaan Qawwee garagalfachuuf sochii eegalan!

Uummanni Amboo Waraanni Wayyaanee Dhiha Oromiyaa Wallaggatti Akka Hin Dabarreef Bakkoota 16 ol ta’anitti mukkeen guruguddaa jigsuun gootummaan diina dura dhaabbatan

10264967_795618067136885_5247621102292439319_nEbla 30/2014 uuummaanni Oromoo fi Dargaggeessii Oromoo Baraattootni Oromoo fi Barattootni Oromoo sadarkaa 1ffaa, 2ffaa, Qopha’inaa fi University Amboo yeroo amma kanatti hiriiraa guddaa guyyaa shaniif itti fufiinsaan gaggeessa jiru. Kessaattuu isa guyyaa har’aa wanti adda isa godhuu, Ummaanni Oromoo Magaalaa Amboo Jaarsaa, Jaartii, Manguddoon, Da’imnii waggaa 8tii olii, Shamarraan Dargaggeessii, Daldaltootni, fi Barattootni utuu hin hafiin keessatti qoodaa guddaa Fudhachuun FDG gaggeeffamaa jira. daandiin konkolaataa Finfinnee Amboo keessa dabarsee Dhiha Oromiyaa geessuu Cufameera,Gudarii fi Amboo Gidduu Bakka 16ttii Daandiin mukaa fi dhagaa Goommaa Konkolaataa karaa irratti Guuruun gubuun, Warannii Wayyaanee akka Wallaggatti gadi hin darbinee Amboo ittisee qabee Bilisummaa isaaf falmachaa jir.

Magaalaa Amboo keessatti daandiin keessaa keessaa fi daandiin guddaan dhagaa fi mukoota karaa irratti guuruun uummaanni daandii cufee;-

  1. Gaaffii keenyaaf deebii nuuf kennaa Ijioolleen keenya hidhamaan nuuf haa hiikaman,
  2. Nu hin ajjeesinaa waggaa 24 nuu ajjeessa turtan nurraa galaa isin ga’a .
  3. Qotee bulaa lafa isaa irraa hin buqqisiinaa,
  4. Finfinneen bulchiinsa Mootummaa Nannoo Oromiyaa jalatti deebitee Ofii keenyaan bulchachuu qabna,
  5. Mirga Dimookiraasii Namummaa nurraa hin sarbiinaa, Warannii kun itti gaafatama seenaa keessa jirtuu nu hin ajjeesinaa mirga keenyaaf falmanna, -Gaaffiin mirga abbaa biyyummaa deebii argachuu qaba,
  6. Bilisummaa barbaadna, garbummaan nu ga’a,
  7. Isiin nu hin bulchitan, waggaa 24 nutti taphattan,
  8. Ilmaan Oromoo hidjhaman haa hiikaman

Jechuun Hiriira Nagaa Guddaa ganama sa’aa 2;00 irraa egaluun kan jalqabame hanga amma sa’aatii 8;00tti itti fufee jira, Mootummaan Wayyaanee Sochii uummataa kanatti aaruun rasasasa uummata irratti roobsa jira, rasaasa Waranaana Wayyaaneetiin namoonni hedduun madaa’aniru.

Mana barumsaa sadarkaa lammaffaa fi Qophaa’inaa Gimbii fi Mandii keessatti FDG dho’uun itti fufe

1911976_10101049160894953_3364764981671651907_nManneen barnootaa sadarkaa lammaffaa fi Qophaainaa keessatti barattootni Oromoo goototni imaanaa gootawwanii tiksan gaaffii abbaa biyyummaa itti fufuun magaala Gimbii mana barumsaa sadarkaa lammaffaa fi Qophaainaa Kompiriheensivii Gimbii keessatti FDG gaggeessan. Barattootni Oromoo gaaffiin mirgaa ilmaan Oromoo QBO keessatti wareegama baasaa as gahee fi haras itti jiru deebiuu qaba jechuudhaan FDG gaggeessanii jiran. Barattootni oromoo kunneen mana barumsaa keessatti walgahuudhaan tokkummaadhaan ABO gaachana ilmaan Oromoo tahuu kan dhaadatan Yoommuu tahu waardiyaan mana barumsaa fi waraanni mootummaa wayyaanee dura dhaabbatus gaaffii mirgaa irraa humni duuba nu deebisu tokko illee hin jiru, Uummatnis gamtaadhaan kaee falma jabaa gaggeessuutu irraa eegama jechuudhaan murtii dhumaa dabarfatanii jiran. Manneen barnootaa sadarkaa tokkoffaa keessattis barattootni Oromoo gaaffii mirgaa abbaa biyyummaa fi walabummaa Oromiyaa itti fufuu Qeerroon Gimbii gabaasee jira.

Kana malees barattootni Sadarkaa lammaffaa Mandii Mootummaan wayyaanee abbaa irree waan taheef biyya bulchuu hin qabu jechuudhaan dhaadannoo dhageessisaa FDG bobeessan. Mootummaan wayyaanee bakka maraa diddaa gaggeeffamaa jiru dura dhaabbachuu kan dadhabde yoommuu tahu Barattoota Oromoo mana barumsaa Mandii sadarkaa lammaffaa Mandii waraana hedduumminaan itti bobbaasuun reebicha hamaa irraan geessee jirti. Barattootni oromoo mana barumsaa kanaas reebicha mootummaan wayyaanee irraan gaggeessaa jiru dura dhaabbachuudhaan dhaadannoowwan

1. Oromiyaan kan keenya

2. Kanneen hidhaman haa hiikaman

3. Mootummaan wayyaanee Gamboomfataa dha

4. Nuyi Qeerroo dha

5. Oromoon Lagaan hin qoodamu

6. Finfinneen handhuura Oromiyaati

7. Sagaleen Uummata Oromoo haa dhagahamu

Kanneen jedhanii fi biroo dhageessisaa oolanii jiran. Oromiyaa keessatti ibidda qabatee mootummaa wayyaanee barbadeessaa jirutti tumsa Gochuun Oromoon Gumaa gootawwan keenyaa akka deebisu Qeerroon magaala Mandii gabaasee jira.

Goototni Barattoota Oromoo Yuunivarsiitii Dirree Dawaa FDG qabsiisuun diina raasan. Dhaadannoolee garaa garaas dhageessisan

dirree-daawwaaMootummaa wayyaanee irratti diddaan Barattootaa jabaachuudhaan kan itti fufe Yuunivarsiitii Dirree Dawaa keessatti finiinuun itti fufe. Mootummaan wayyaanee garboomfataa dha, Hundeedhaan buqqauu qaba, Kanneen hidhaman nuuf haa hiikaman, Siidaan Minilk haa buqqau, Finfinneen handhuura Oromiyaatu, Lafa naannawa Finfinnee Murree hin kenninu jechuudhaan dhaadannoo qababachuudhaan ganama saa 8:00 AM irraa kaasanii dhaadannoo dhageessisuu kan eegalan Barattootni Yuunivarsiitii Dirree Dawaa Uummatni Oromoo magaala Dirree Dawaa keessatti argamus Dargaggootni Oromoo hiriiraa fi dhaadannoo dhageessifamaa turetti dabalamuun mootummaa wayyaanee dhiphina guddaa keessa seensisee jira.Goototni barattoota Oromoo Yuunivarsiitii Dirree Dawaa mootummaan wayyaanee hiriira nagaa seera biyyaan lafa kaawe deebisee dhorkuun isaa abbaa irrummaa isaa dachaan mirkansa kan jedhan yoommuu tahu wayyaaneen waraana hedduumminaan bobbaasuun reebichaa fi doorsisaan akkasumas hidhaan dura dhaabbachuu yaaltus barattootni Oromoo gamtaan kauun diina dura dhaabbachuun dhaadannoo dhageessisaa oolanii jiran.

Barattootni Oromoo Yuunivarsiitii kanaa Waamicha Oromummaa nu dhaqqabeen gahee keenya baane jechuun Uummatni Oromoo qotee bulaan, daldalaan, Hojjetaan nuyi ilmaan keessan ulee diinaan rukkutamaa fi ajjeefamaa waan jirruuf bakka jirtanii kaatanii waan qabdan maraan diina keenya Wayyaanee dura akka dhaabbatan jechuun Waamicha Oromummaa dabarfatanii jiran.

Godina Lixa Shawaa Aanaa Midaa Qanyiitti FDG Gootota Barattoota Oromoo M/B Ballaammii Sadarkaa 2ffaa Eegale

10177494_10101049155665433_4341322801132507685_nEbla 30/2014 Godina Lixa Shawaa Aanaa Midaa Qanyiitti FDG Gootota barattoota Ooromoo M/B Ballaammii sadarkaa 2ffaa fi qopha’inaa fi uummata Ooromoo Magaalaa Ballaammiitiin har’a sa:aa 8:00 wd irraa eegaluun amma gaggeeffamaa jira, hirirri nagaa kun gaaffii barattootni kenyaa dhaabbilee barnoota olaanoo kanneen akka yuunibarsiitii Jimmaa, Harammaayyaa, Amboo, Adaamaa, Wallaaggaa, Mattuu fi Bulee Horaa kaasaa jiran guttummaan isaa Ggaaffii keenya jechuun sabboontotni Bbarattootni mana barumsaa Ballaammii sadarkaa 2ffaa fi Qophaa’inaa uummaata Mmagaalaa Baallaammii waliin ta’uun hiriira guddaa gaggeessuu irraatti argamu. Akkuma dhaabbilee barnoota olaanoo Gaaffii isaanii iyyaannoodhaan karaa seeraa qabeessaa ta’een Bulchiinsa aanaa Midaa Qanyii fi Bulchiinsa M/B Baallaammiitti galchachuun hiriiraa mormii guddaa kan uummata 4000 ol hirmaachisee gaggeessuu irraatti argamu, 

 Yeroo amma kanatti akkuma baratame mootuummaan abbaa irree wayyaanee humna waraanaa liyuu hayil fi kora bittinneessa jedhamu hiriiricha dura dhaabuun, Gaazii summa’aa kan nama boosisuu irraatti dhukaasuun bittinneessuuf yaalii guddaa godhus uummaannii fii barattootni nuti mirga keenyatu sarbamee mirga keenyaaf falmannaa jechuun FDG haalaan qinda’aa fi jabaa ta’ee itti fufee jira. Bbarattootni Mana Barumsaa Gabaa Kamisaa sadarkaa 1ffaa kutaa 1 -8ffaa barachaa jiran mana barumsaa gadhiisuun yeroo kanatti hiriirichatti makamaa jiru, Dargaggootni Oromoo mAgaalaa Ballaammii fi Barattootni Ooromoo Magaalaa keessaa nannaa’uun dhaadannoo isaanii dhageesisuun itti fufe. gabaasaan kun itti fufa.

http://ayyaantuu.com/horn-of-africa-news/oromia/breaking-news-life-bullet-against-oromo-students/   https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M1XaquXWPRM#t=32 https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=TS4uBorS9Xw     Cracking down on Peaceful Protest and Political Dissent in Oromia region of Ethiopia – See more at: http://advocatedignity.org/?page_id=161#sthash.yCGVLyz7.dpuf http://advocatedignity.org/?page_id=161   We are in agony and they are in ecstasy

Following the peaceful demonstrations held by Oromo students in nine Universities across Oromia [Haromaya, Jimma, Ambo, Adama, Bule Hora, Wallaga, Madda Walabu, Kotebe and Dire Dawa Universities], more than a dozen people are so far reported to have been killed by the TPLF mercenaries in Ambo (10) and Bale Robe (3). 
Today, the public outrage in Ambo that subsequently claimed 9 more lives and property losses came after the TPLF forces opened live rounds on demonstrators and killed a 9th grader, by the name Endale Desalegn (picture attached herewith). It is so revolting and heartbreaking to hear that these security forces gunned-down peaceful demonstrators for no other reason; but for they were simply asking their constitutionally protected rights be respected. As the entire Oromo nation is in deep agony following these tragic events happening across Oromia,   2nd May 2014 #‎OromoProtests‬ ALERT: Muhaba Hussien, the lead actor in the Afaan Oromo drama ‘Sakaallaa’ has been in jail in Adama for last few days. Family and friends have been denied access. Unconfirmed report indicate that he might have been transferred, overnight, to Maekelawi along about 100 students and residents arrested from Adama and neighboring towns.   Victim of Police shooting in Bale Robe, #Oromia,#Ethiopia during a protest against the new Addis Ababa Master Plan | April 30, 2014 Below is Finfinnee (Addis Ababa) University as invaded by Agazi/TPLF Army 1st May 2014

Disturbing Images of Oromo Students Injured By TPLF’s Military Police at a Peaceful/Nonviolent Rally in Wallaggaa, Oromia

Agazi, the TPLF’s murdering forces are marching with gun against unarmed peaceful demonstrators   http://gadaa.com/oduu/25623/2014/04/28/disturbing-images-of-oromo-students-injured-by-tplfs-military-police-at-a-peacefulnonviolent-rally-in-wallaggaa-oromia/  

Midhegsa Hinjiguu magala ambooti kalesaa (30/4/2014) waraan wayaaneen rasaasaan rukutamee yero ammaa hospitala xiqur anbasaati ..du’aaf jirenya giduti argama ! #OromoProtests
 
 Biqilaa Mekonnen hojjeeta veternary Amboo irra rasaasn  gaafa 30/4/2014 rukuutame hospitala xiquur Ambessatti yaalamufi gessamati jira #OromoProtests

 

      Barsisaa isporti Tiquando kan ta’e suraa isaa kan armaan olitti argamu maqaan isaa Abdi Akmal kan jedhamu waraana TPLF n ajefameraa.
Kumalaa Gudisa jirata magala amboo yerota’u kalesa galgala mana yalaa xiqur anbasa ti samuisa gubaa huna motuummaa wayaneen rasaasaan rukute subii guyyaa 1/05/2014 boqotee refi isa gara magala diree inciniti gefamaa jira.             #OromoProtests    
Barataa Taddasaa Gaashuu
Barataa kutaa 9ffaa amboo 
Keessa  gaafa 30/4/2014  rasaasa agaaziitiin wareegame jira.     #OromoProtests    
Barataa Taddasaa Gaashuu
Barataa kutaa 9ffaa amboo 
Keessa  gaafa 30/4/2014  rasaasa agaaziitiin wareegame jira.          
RIP kichuu Ayiii           #OromoProtests photo of Alemayoo Urgesaa who was killed in Gudar during last week’s massacre. He was laid rest  5th May 2014. May he join our martyrs in heaven.   #OromoProtests    
Barataa Taddasaa Gaashuu
Barataa kutaa 9ffaa amboo 
Keessa  gaafa 30/4/2014  rasaasa agaaziitiin wareegame jira.           OROMO STUDENTS AND RESIDENTS INCLUDING KIDS OF AMBO FIRED BY ARMED TPLF& INJURED NOW IN AMBO HOSPITAL , 1ST MAY 2014   Humna hidhattota Wayyaane tiin Fanjii dhoyeen Barattota Universitii Haromayaa’rra miidhaan hamaa ga’ee jira. Kan wareegaman ni jiru, dhibbatti lakkawwamani’mmoo madayaaniiru” jedhama.2/04/”014. #OromoProtests  
#OromoProtests update 2nd May 2014; the number of students who were killed the bomb attack on Haromaya University campus has reached four. One died on the same day three passed away yesterday and today at Hiwot Fana hospital where this picture was taken. 10 students are still listed as critical in ICU. WARNING Gruesome and disturbing picture.   2nd May 2014, victims of TPLF’s voilence @Najjoo, Westwrn Oromia. Shamaran sadii fi dhira tokko Dhukassa federal midhamanii dhigni isaan gar malee kan dhangala’ee kunoo kana fakkata! @Nadjo Hospital!! 2nd May 2014, Oromia Innocent Oromo mother while she coming from market, attacked by Agazi,  wayooooo wayooooooo!!! Uuuuuuuuuuuuuu   2nd May 2014,Oromo student Mohammed Abdulhamid shot dead by Agazi  while at peaceful demonstrations at Balee Robee, Oromiyaa. GUYYA KALEESA HIRIRAA BALEE ROBEE KESSATI BARATOONI OROMOO KAN RASASSAN NU BIRAA AJJEEFAME BARATAA MOHAMMED ABDULHAMID JEDHAMAA UMRII DHAN IJOOLA WAGGA 21.      #OromoProtests  2nd May 2014,  Daarimuu, Abbaa booraa, Oromia Caamsaa 2/2014 Godina Iluu Abbaa booraa aanaa Daarimuu irratti fincila diddaa garbummaa geggeefameen qotee bulaan oromoo rasaasa poolisii federaalaan rukutame Hospitaala Karl Mattuu du’aaf jireenya gidduu jiruu dha.     Photo: Hiriyyottan koo lubbuu koo olchitaniif galanni koo guddadha. Kan na biraa lubbuun keessan darbeef waqayyoon lubbuu keessan haa yaadatu. Qabsa'aan ni kufa qabsoon itti fufa. “Hiriyyottan koo lubbuu koo olchitaniif galanni koo guddadha. Kan na biraa lubbuun keessan darbeef waqayyoon lubbuu keessan haa yaadatu. Qabsa’aan ni kufa qabsoon itti fufa.” http://www.spreaker.com/user/ragabaa/roorroo-dachaa?sp_redirected=true      
#OromoProtests RIP Hachalu Jagama who was killed in Jibat while peacefully protesting. He was a university graduate, who was working as day laborer. Data from Oromia regional government show that less than a third of those who graduated in the last 2 years were able to land job.     #OromoProtests Kumala Gudisa Bali who was shot by Agazi  in Ambo on April 30 and passed away at Tikur Ambassa Hospital. May he join the rest of our martyrs in heaven.       #OromoProtests body of Mekonnen Hirpa who was killed at Madda Walabu by University by Agazi. May he join the rest of our martyrs in heaven. Your sacrifice will not be in vain.   Photo: ODUU:</p><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /> <p>Kun Abbabaa Xilaahun, barataa waggaa istaatistiksii waggaa lammafati. Bombii magaalaa Haroomaayatti dhoo'een madaaye. Doktoroonni Hospitaala Hiwoot Faanaa doorsisni poolisootaan nurra gahaa jiru tajaajila fayyaa bifa tasgabbayeen kennuu nu hanqise jedhuun komatu. #OromoProtests Student Abbabaa Xilahun, statistics 3rd year shot wounded by Agazi and denied  medical treatments requires. Kun Abbabaa Xilaahun, barataa istaatistiksii waggaa lammafati. Bombii magaalaa Haroomaayatti dhoo’een madaaye. Doktoroonni Hospitaala Hiwoot Faanaa doorsisni poolisootaan nurra gahaa jiru tajaajila fayyaa bifa tasgabbayeen kennuu nu hanqise jedhuun komatu.       Mothers of Oromo students crying for their lost sons and daughters killed by TPLF  snipers   http://dhaamsaogeetti13.wordpress.com/2014/05/03/in-review-photos-from-the-oromoprotests-against-the-addis-ababa-master-plan-and-for-the-rights-of-oromiyaa-over-finfinne-03-05-14/ https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=ndJ1NE0qV_M http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pkQyKa4JP2c   http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z3_AWytE16g

BREAKING NEWS: MASS ARREST AND KILLING OF UNIVERSITY STUDENTS!!!

The recent plan to partition Finfine (Addis Ababa) by the current regime has received a single, united and resounding NO from Oromo’s all across the globe. Ethiopia’s plan to partition large portions of land that belongs to Oromo’s in a pseudo-quasi excuse of expanding the capital city is not only unlawful, but an unprecedented move. The Ethiopian constitution, although vague and widely disapproved by citizens grants special interest to the state of Oromia in regards to administrative and resource management in the capital city. However, the government has chosen to ignore the interests of Oromo’s, the state of Oromia, and its own constitution with its unprecedented move to dislocate thousands of Oromo’s in the interest of expanding the capital city. Not only does this violate Ethiopia’s own constitution, but that of many globally accepted governing bodies. According to Article 14 of the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights, “The right to property shall be guaranteed. It may only be encroached upon in the in¬terest of public need or in the general interest of the community and in accordance with the provisions of appropriate laws.” Furthermore, article 21 (2) states, “In case of spoliation the dispossessed people shall have the right to the lawful recovery of its property as well as to an adequate compensation.” The current regime has broken its own law as well as that of the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights. Ironically, Finfine is home to the African Union, however, the unelected and dictatorial regime continues to unjustifiably remove Oromo’s mostly peasants who depend on the land for livelihood from surrounding areas in Finfine. The African Union must stand in unison with Oromo’s, lawful owners of the land and hold the Ethiopian regime to account for breaking the Charter on Human and People’s Rights. Otherwise, what is the purpose of such organization if it cannot legally protect disenfranchised citizens from aggression of unelected and illegitimate government? In addition to AU’s Charter, globally accepted governing norms dictate the Ethiopian regime has broken international laws far too many times. The latest one should be the last if the world legitimately expects the Oromo people and other ethnic groups throughout Ethiopia to live in peace without fear of losing life, liberty, and property. According to one of the most recognized governing bodies in the world, the United Nations in Article 17 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states: “1. everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others. 2. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his [or her] property.” Given this UN declaration as well as that of the African Union’s Charter, the Oromo’s are not only legitimate owners of the land, but should legally be entitled to protection from these governing bodies. These governing bodies are obligated to STOP the mass discrimination, injustice, and growing inequality toward Oromo’s and should immediately put in place mechanism to protect over 40 million Oromo’s. After all, the language Oromiffa is the fourth widely spoken language in Africa, which suggests the depth of Oromo population. Oromo’s have been victimized for far too long and can no longer remain silent, so it is in the international community’s interest and obligation to step in and mitigate this matter before further escalation. In addition to violating the rights of land owners, Ethiopia continues to further disregard human rights. In a widely condemned move, the regime has sent armed federal troops to Universities across the country to suppress the voices of countless students who are peacefully protesting the partition plan. Countless students have been beaten, arrested, and 8 have been confirmed dead, a number that is expected to sharply increase as crackdown on peaceful protesters intensifies. Government officials who ordered armed federal troops to open fire on innocent protesters should be brought to justice. This is a heinous crime against humanity. The mere fact the Ethiopian regime has no regard for its young citizenry is a concern that should cause individuals and governments all over the world to openly condemn and unequivocally voice their grave concern! Oromo’s have been victims at the hands of various Ethiopian regimes for nearly a century. However, in this day and age where social media has proven it can topple dictatorships like the recent Arab Spring in North Africa and the Middle East, we the people can bring about change with a united and resounding voice of disapproval for the current unelected regime. Oromo’s have suffered enough under brutal regimes and more than 23 years of power for a single party is beyond ample time, in fact it is quite absurd by western standards, therefore, immediate change of government is not only necessary, but a must to end all atrocities! Therefore, those in the west who enjoy unparalleled freedom must speak up for over 45,000 voiceless Oromo’s languishing in Ethiopia’s inhumane prisons, current students suffering for voicing their concern, and the mass number of Oromo’s who are forced to vacate their ancestral land. Whether one voices their opinion through social media, by word of mouth, letters to elected officials, or simply contacting international media’s like CNN, BBC, Al Jazeera etc… we must exercise our right to voice our opinion. Innocent students were brutally beat and killed for simply exercising their inherent right guaranteed by UN’s Universal Declaration of Human Rights, a right those in the west so often take for granted. Thus, silence is no longer an option, let us all unite to support Oromo students, prisoners, and landowners throughout Ethiopia! http://www.oromotv.com/breaking-news-mass-arrest-and-killing-of-university-students-3/   https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=h4STfZRg_28

Oromo students protest against the new Addis Ababa Master Plan at Addis Ababa University May 1, 2014

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=erbMVtR34U0

https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=cZgk8ZD5qCk

Massacre of Peaceful Demonstrators- Perpetual Habit of TPLF Regime

OLF Press Release The level of repression and exploitation exacted by the successive regimes of Ethiopia on the subject peoples under their rule in general and the Oromo people in particular has been so unbearable that the people are in constant revolt. It has also been the case that, instead of providing peaceful resolution to a demand peacefully raised, the successive regimes have opted to violently suppress by daylight massacre, detention and torture, looting, evicting and forcing them to leave the country. Hundreds of students have been dismissed from their learning institutions. This revolt, spearheaded by the Oromo youth in general and the students in particular, has currently transformed into an Oromia wide total popular uprising. The response of the regime has, however, remained the same except this time adding the fashionable camouflage pretext of terrorism and heightened intensity of the repression. This has been the case in Ambo, Madda Walabou, Dambi Doolloo, Naqamte, Geedoo, Horroo Guduruu, Baalee and Ciroo in Oromia; and Maqalee in Tigray as well Gojjam in Amhara region, by the direct order from the Tigray Peoples Liberation Front (TPLF) leaders in the last 22 years. Tens of peaceful demonstrators, including children under the age of 10, have been massacred in Ambo, Madda Walabou yesterday April 30, 2014. Hand grenades have been deliberately thrown on student demonstrators in Ambo and Haramaya Universities causing several death and serious wounds. More have been detained. Indiscriminate severe beating, including elderly, women and children by Federal Police and militia, is widespread. The OLF condemns the perpetration of these atrocities and holds, the Prime Minister of the regime, the army, federal police and security chiefs, directly responsible for these crimes selectively targeting the Oromo, who peacefully presented their legitimate demands. The OLF renews its call on the Oromo nationals who are serving in the armed forces of this regime not only to refrain from partaking in this crime against their parents, siblings and children; but also to resist and stand in defense of their kin and kith and other civilians. We call upon the Oromo people both inside and outside the country, to realize that we have been pushed to the limit. The only way out of this and to redeem the agony visited upon us for the past is to fight back in unison. We specially call upon you in the Diaspora to act on behalf of your brethren, who are under siege, and urge the nations who host you to discharge their responsibility as government and a community of human beings towards the long suffering Oromo and other peoples under the criminal TPLF regime. We urge again and again that the international community, human rights and organizations and governments for democracy to use their influence and do all they can to stop the ongoing atrocity against the Oromo people. Failure to act immediately will be tantamount to condoning. Victory to the Oromo People! Oromo Liberation Front May 01, 2014

ABO: Humna Waraanaan Hiriira Nagaa Ukkaamsuun Itti Fufa Gochaa Mootummaa Wayyaane Wagga 22 ti

Ibsa ABO irraa kenname

Hacuuccaa fi saaminsi sirnoota abbootii irree sirnoota darabeen Itophiyaa bitan bifa adda addaan gaggeeffamu ummatoota Itophiyaa adddatti ammoo ummata Oromoo irraan miidhaan dhaqqabsiise sadarkaa hin obsamne dhaqqabuu irraa ummatni Oromoo gaaffii mirgaa fi dimokraasii kaasuudhaan waggoota dheeraaf qabsootti jira. Qabsoon ummatni Oromoo sirna bittootaa irratti adeemsisaa turee fi jiru kunis har’a sadarkaa ol aanaatti tarkaanfatee guutuu Oromiyaa keessatti gara fincila ummataatti jijjiiramee argama.

Haa tahu malee mootummootni Itophiyaa gaaffii ummatni Oromoo karaa nagaa dhiheeffatu dhaga’anii furmaata itti gochuu irra humnaan ukkaamsuu kan filatan tahuun dhugaa irra deddeebi’ee mul’ate dha. Qabsoo haqaa ummatni Oromoo itti jiruuf deebisa barbaachisu keennuu irra “farra nagaa, farra misoomaa, shororkeessota fi kkf jechuun jumulaan ajjeesuu, hidhuu, tumuu fi biyyaa baqachiisuun tarkaanfiilee mootummootni Itophiyaa fudhataa turanii fi jirani dha.

Yeroo ammaa kana barattootnii fi dargaggootni Oromoo akkasumas ummtni Oromiyaa guutuu keessatti gaaffii mirgaa kaasuun hiriira nagaa adeemsisaa jiran keessatti deebiin argataa jiran akkuma adeeffatame gaaffii barattootaa ofitti fudhatuun deebii kennuu irra haala suukanneessan ajjeechaa, reebicha fi hidhaa tahaa jira. Tarkaanfii ajaja hogganoota sirna Wayyaaneen humna waraanaa amanamaa sirnichaan ilmaanii fi ummata Oromoo irratti fudhatamaa jiruun lammiiwwan Oromoo kan ijoolleen umrii 10ni gadii keessatti argaman Amboo, Madda Walaabuu fi bakkoota birootti kudhanootaan ajjeefamanii jiran. Amboo fi University Haromayaa keessatti boombiilee dargaggotaa fi ummata harka qullaa irrati dhoosuun garaa jabinaan lubbuun dhabamsiifamaa jira. Hedduun mana hidhaatti gatamaniiru. Jaarsaa fi jaartii, guddaa fi xiqqaa osoo hin jenne reebichi ummata Oromoo bakkayyuutti irra gahaa jiru sukanneessaa dha.

Tarkaanfii fudhatamaa jiru kunis itti fufa ajjeechaa barattoota Oromoo gaaffii mirgaa kaasuu irraa Ambo, Dambi Doolloo, Naqamte, Geedoo, Horroo Guduruu, Baalee, Ciroo fi Oromiyaan alattis Tigray Maqalee fi Gojjam keessatti ajjeefamaa fi jumulaan manneen barnootaa keessaa ari’amaa turanii ti.

ABOn gaaffii haqaa ummatni kaasaa jiruuf deebii gahaa kennuu irra tarkaanfii suukanneessaa mootummaa Wayyaaneen fudhatamaa kan jiru jabeessee balaaleffata. Tarkaanfii gara jabinaa humna addaa waraanaa, poolisa Federaalaa fi hidhattootaan fudhatamaa jiru kana ajajuu fi raawwachiisuu keessatti kanneen qooda qaban, Muummichi Ministaraa sirnichaa, ajajaan humna waraanaa fi gaafatamaan tikaa mootummaa Wayyaanee gaafatamoo tahuu hubachiisa.

Kanatti dabalees ABOn ilmaan Oromoo humna waraanaa fi poolisaa keessatti argaman kan ajjeefamaa, hidhamaa fi tumamaa jiran abbootii, haawwanii fi obboleewwan isaanii tahuu hubatuun tarkaanfii hammeenyaa fi diinummaa fudhatamaa jiru kana keessatti akka qooda hin fudhanne qofa osoo hin taane akka dura dhaabbatan irra deebi’ee waamicha dhiheessaaf.

Ummatni Oromoo keessaa fi ala jiru ammaan booda gidaaratti dhiibamee filmaata dhorkamee kan mayii irraa gahuu hubatee harkaa wal qabatee mirga isaa falmatuu fi gumaa kanneen waggaa 22 darban ajjeefamaa bahanii fi ammas garaa laafina malee jumulaan ajjeefamaa jiranii seeraanis tahe karaa danda’amu hundaan akka falamtu waamicha keenya cimsinee dabarsina. Addatti kanneen ala jirtan sagalee ummata kana dhageessisuuf akka sochootani fi dirqama sabummaa keessan baatan waamicha gooana.

Hawaasni addunyaa, dhaabbattootni mirga namoomaaf dhaabbatanii fi jaarmayootni mirga dimokraasiif falman hundis tarkaanfii mootummaan abbaa irree ummata fayyaaleyyii gaaffii mirgaa fi dimokraasii kaasan irratti fudhataa jiru farra dimokraasii tahuu hubatuun gochaa isaa hatattamaan akka dhaabuuf dhiibbaa barbaachisu akka godhan ABOn hubachiisa. Gochaa kana callisanii ilaaluun gochaa kana eebbisuu keessaa qooda fudhatuu tahuu ABO deddeebisee hubachisa.

Injifannoo Ummata Oromoof!

Adda Bilisumma Oromoo!

http://gadaa.com/oduu/25767/2014/05/02/olf-statement-ibsa-abo-massacre-of-peaceful-demonstrators-perpetual-habit-of-tplf-regime/#.U2N5rofmE-Q.facebook

Latest News: Godina Wallaggaa lixaa aan aa Ganjii Mana barum saa sadarkaa lammaff aa Ganjii Ganjii kee ssatti Barattootni H iriira gaggeessun dh aadannoo dhageessisu u irratti argamu

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Diddaa Caamsaa 2,2014 Gabaasa Qeerroo

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FDG Jabaachuudhaan kan itti fufe Godina Wallagga Lixaa aanaa Ganjii mana Barumsaa sadarkaa lammaffaa Ganjii keessatti barattootni Oromoo Hiriira jabaa gaggeessuudhaan Mormii jabaa sirna wayyaanee irratti gaggeessuu irratti argamu. Barattootni kunneen gamtaadhaan ka’uudhaan dhaadannoo garaa garaa dhageessisaa oolan keessaa 1. Lafa naannawa Oromiyaa murree hin laannu 2. Barataan ajjeefamuu fi arii’atamuu hin qabu 3. Oromiyaan kan Oromooti 4. Gaaffii mirgaa gaafachuun shororkeessaa nama hin godhu 5. Mootummaan wayyaanee garboomfataa dha 6. Oromiyaan ni bilisoomti Kanneen jedhanii fi kanneen biroo dhiyeessuudhaan hiriira bal’aa gaggeessanii jiran. Mootummaan wayyaanee dhiibbaa kamuu gaggeessu Barattootni Oromoo gamtaadhaan ka’uudhaan dhaadannoo dhageessisuun sagalee isaanii dhageessisuu irratti argamu. Gaaffiin Barattoota keenyaa gaaffii abbaa biyyummaati gaaffii mirgaati jechuudhaan Uummatni Ganjii barattoota waliin tahuudhaan dhaadannoo dhageessisuu fi gaaffii abbaa biyyummaa finiinsuu irratti hirmaannaa jabaa godhanii jiran. Uummatni Oromoo ka’aa jechuudhaan Qeerroo bakka maraafis waamicha dabarsanii jiran. http://qeerroo.org/2014/05/02/latest-news-godina-wallaggaa-lixaa-aan-aa-ganjii-mana-barum-saa-sadarkaa-lammaff-aa-ganjii-ganjii-kee-ssatti-barattootni-h-iriira-gaggeessun-dh-aadannoo-dhageessisu-u-irratti-argamu/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bH0NXnsssE8

Witnesses say Ethiopian police have killed at least 17 protesters during demonstrations in Ethiopia’s Oromia region against plans to annex territory to expand the capital, Addis Ababa. Authorities put the protest-related death toll at 11 and have not said how the demonstrators were killed. The main opposition party says 17 people were killed while witnesses and residents say the death toll is much higher. Residents say that an elite government security force opened fire on protesters at three university campuses. The demonstrations erupted last week against plans by the Ethiopian government to incorporate part of Oromia into the capital. Oromia is Ethiopia’s largest region and Oromos are the country’s largest ethnic group. Oromos say the government wants to weaken their political power. They say expanding the capital threatens the local language, which is not taught in Addis Ababa schools. – VOA News http://gadaa.com/oduu/25780/2014/05/02/voa-deadly-protests-in-ethiopia-over-plans-to-expand-capital/#.U2PO0unJ7BY.facebook https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=nQ3x0L9wfpU https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=821Ijw2GoXM   Partial lists of Oromo  students of Adama University kidnapped by Agazi and the whereabouts are not know: as of 3rd May 2014 Barattoota University Adaamaa Kaleessa Guyyaa 5/1/2014 Mana Hidhaatti Guuran Keessaa Kan Ammaaf Maqaa Isaanii Arganne Armaan Gaditti Laalaa…

1.ebisa maliika Nuruu 2.Musxafa kadir siraji 3.bulitu wadaju bulitum 4.bilisuma lamii agaa 5.ifabas burisho Nuruu 6.tullu bonus tura 7.tayee tafara agaa 8.fanitale faru qarisuu 9.didaa ahimad ibiroo 10.odaa damis bonjaa 11.calla galan dabiso 12.marga tuffa qiliixu 13.shibiru tariku falqaa 14.dani’eli adimasu tamsigen 15.etihafa tuffa soraa 16.bonsa badhadha bati 17.fayisa girma biramu 18.dane aboo bushira 19.nuho gudata irre 20.abidal hussen julio 21.walbum ragasa qalibesa 22.lami marga gabiru 23.lelisa aynisa marga 24.humin’esa miliki falta 25.magris banita sodaa 26.gada dinqa bayisa 27.tashom baqal sabbatical 28.abirahmi makonin ararisu 29.takalinyi katam baharu 30.abenzari hagaye yuhanis 31.amnu’el buriqa daniq 32.duni hussen walbu 33.andu’alami xilahun almayo 34.ayantu jalta mishap 35.sidise Jara 36.iliyas ishetu Ibisa 37.tadalu mamo baca 38.ibrahami musan awal 39.muktar jeyilan sa’edi 40.datamo fayer shifa

Karoora Muummicha (Master Plan) Finfinnee; Finfinnee (Addis Ababa) Master Plan 03.05.14

By Ibsaa Guutamaa | May 3, 2014

Finfinnee, an Oromo land that the enemy at beginning of 20th century built its nest and laid its eggs that produced voracious larvae, still remains the center of controversy. Planned or unplanned there is no physical or moral force that could stop dictators from imposing their will other than organized will of the dispossessed. Oromo started to demand sovereignty over Oromiyaa since it was occupied. Since then it had never stopped demanding for the lost sovereignty through peaceful means as well as armed struggle.’ Magaalaa tokkoof kan karoorri ba’u rakkina mana jireenyaa fi hojii, guddina warshaa, geejjibaa, lolaa kosii adda addaa, eegumsa fayyaa, tajaajila bishanii fi ifaa kkf argamsiisuun sirna itt gochuu dha. Finfinneen rakkina bishaanii fi ifsaa dhaabbataa qabdi. Furmaati bakka jirutt tajaajila barbaachisu argamsiisuu dha malee karoorri dhibbi baheef ummatichaaf kan bu’u hin jiru. Lafti naannaa Finfinnee jiru kan ummati Oromoo mootii jijjiramu hundaan buqa’aa dhufe irra qubate. Galaanii fi Eekkaa kaasanii dhiibamaa dhufuun, kan fagootti hin godaanin itt hafani. Jireenyi barabaran dhiibamu itt fufuu hin qabu. Hamaa dhufu walii tumsanii ofirraa qola’uun seera uumaati. Moototi darban yeroo Finfinneef karoora baasan gara caalu bu’aa ofiirraa kaasanii ture. Kara ijaartoti mana dureeyyiirraa qabaa kan kanneen human hin qabnee jigsaa turani. Akeeki ture qondaaloti mootummaa akka itt durooma guddifataniif karaa mijjeessuu malee tajaajila barbaachisu magaalattiif uumuu hin turre. Kanaf balan tokko yoo bu’e oolchuun rakkoo ture. Si’ana lafti kan mootummaati waan jedhameef, mootummaan gola taahitaa irra jiruun adda waan hin taaneef, qaawwaa mana gidduutt argamu hunda yoo gurguratan abbawummaan itt hin dhagahamu. Kanaaf awwaala illee diiguun lafa saa gurgurachaa akka jiran ballinaan himama. Akka aadaa fi amanteett ujuba jeequun yakkaa. Kan barbaadan waa qabatan hunda callaatt jijjiiruu dhaa. Karoorri kun sanaaf carraa guddaa kennaafi. Egaa, jarri kun ilaalcha jireenya ummata magaalichaa fooyyessuu garaa hin qabani. Tolfatan Karoorra kanis kan wayyooma jiraattota Finfinneef yaadame utuu hin ta’in dira’ina itt sutame akka qabu hubachiisa. Ummata Oromoo, caalaattu Tuulamaa fi Maccaa, kan dura buqqisaniif gaaffii irra jiru utuu hin deebisin bara abbaan biyyaa mirga saa gaafachuutt ka’e kana lafa caalaa kutanii dabalachuu yaaluun waldhabdee jiru babbalisuu malee furmaata nagaa argamsiisuuf fala hin ta’u. Mirga abbaa biyyaa beekanii heera ofii keessa galchuu qofti gahaa miti. Yoo xinnaate heera ofumaa baafatani addunyaatt labsan kabajuun qaroomummaa dha. Miiddhaa hin dhinne uumuurraa koloneeffatoon magaalaa saanii mummicha biyya saaniitt ol deebisanii, Maqalee, Aksum, Gondar yk haaraa ijaarratanii baballifachuu dandahu. Biyyichii abbaa biraa qabachuun kan darbaniif hin liqimfamnee ture. Kanaaf karoorri saanii eenyufaaf caalaa bu’aa argamsiisa kan jedhu irratt hundeeffame. Jarri ammaa sana irratt dabalanii karooraa tooftaa fi tarsimoo of keessaa qabu baafataa jiru. Lammii saanii fi ofiif ariitiin bu’aa hammami butachuu dandeenya laata jechuun hojiirra oolchuuf si’aawaa jiru. Karoorri kun tokkummaa Oromoo cabsuun fulduratt bulcha koloneeffatoof gufuu akka hin taanett yayyabame. “Xaqilayi Gizati”mootii moototaa caalaa hamaa kan ta’etu dhufuuf deema. Akka ilaalcha saaniitt Finfinneen mooraa raayyaa biyya qabateeti. Dhiphisuu, ballisuu, guddisuu haa ta’u bareechuun bu’aa jara kanaa irraa ka’ee ilaalama. Lafa hedduu Finfinneett dabaluu jechuun abbaa biyyaa irraa buqqisanii mooraa diina saa irratt baballisuu fi halagaa irra qubachiisuu jechuu dha. Sana duuba akka hawwa saaniitt Oromiyaan dhiiga gootota seetiin dhaabbatte diigamtee karaa saamicha yoomuu gaafatama hin qabne mijaawaa argachuuf gaggabaa jiru. Karoorri amma o’aa jiru kun garri caalu bara Dargii kan xumura argate ture. Sunis biyyoota Tuulamaa, Jillee fi Arsii irraa lafa hedduu kan fudhatu. Gareen bulcha magaalaa Finfinnee kantiiba yerosiin durfamu karoora jedhamuu kanan walfakkaatu Kora Ministorata Mootummaa Cehumsaan akka eebbifamu dhiheessee ture. Utuu waa’een abbaa biyyummaa Oromoon Oromiyaa irratt qabdu hin murteeffamin ilaalamuu akka hin danda’amne miseensota korichaa ABO bakka bu’an waan mormaniif xaxatanii akka deebi’an godhame. Hardha maaltu nu tuqaan saba tokko lafa irraa haquuf mala baafataniin ummatoota empayerittis, addunyaas gowwoomsuu yaalaa jiru. Kun tuffii sabichaaf qaban dur dhoffatan hardha addababayiitt labsaa jiru. Didhaan eenyummaa ofii beeksisuu ilmaan Oromoo irra jira. Ballachuu Finfinnee haata’u dhimma Oromiyaa ilaalu irratt kan murteessuu danda’u abbaa biyyichaa ummata Oromiyaa qofaa. Yeroof qophii ittiin mirga saa kabachiisu hin gumeeffanne ta’aa. Sanaaf malee galtuun Oromoollee booreen akka itt ulfatu beekamu qaba Oromiyaan Finfinnee irratt fedha addaa qabdi jechuun seenaa ta’uuf deema. Magaalaa Federaalaa jedhanii marii Oromo malee irraa kutanii biyya of danda’e tokko gidduu baasuutt qaxisaa jiru. Amma kan ta’u qabuu walgurmeessanii jarmaa cimfachuun mooraan raayyaa koloneeffataa baballachuu akka hindandeenye karaa barbaachisu hundaan itt bobba’uu dha. Oromoon kanneen cunqursaa deggeranii fi utuu itt himamuu saamicha Oromiyaa irratt qooda fudhataniif itt gaafatamaa haa ta’uu abbaawummaa hin qabaatu. Warraa fi maatii Oromiyaa sossobbaan haa ta’uu humnaan buqqisanii facaasuu caalaa yakki hin jiru. Madaa haaraan kun kan darbe yoo kulkulfachiise kan itt komatamu isuma quba itt dhahaa jiru. Ollaan kan nagaan jiraatu yoo haala tolaa fi hamtuu jalatt qixxee wal kabaje. Kanneen hardha garaa guuttachuu jedhanii dhaloota dhufan gidduuti haddhaa fachaasan akkuma kanneen isaan duraa salphinnii fi giimii hin dhaamne akka isaan eegu barachuu qabu. Haalli addunyaa jijjiiramus mirgi Oromoo ittuma qoosamaa jiraa. Kanaaf itt gaafatama jalqabaa kan fudhatan Oromoo dha ofiin jedhaa kanneen diinota Oromoof milla dhiqani. Kan itt haanu utuu beekumsaa fi humna qabanii Oromoo ciisanii hanga gorra’amanitt eegan yk yeroo obbolaan saanii akka malee hidhaman, ajjeefamanii fi guraaraman callisanii ilaalani. Inni sadaffaan bu’aa ofii fi lammii saa jedhee kan fixaqacceett bobba’ee fi mirga ilmaan namaatt roorrisuu. Jarri sadan gochaan haa ta’u irra darbuun Oromoo balleessaa, Oromiyaa akka diigaa jiran hubatanii karaa itt harka irraa dachaafatan faluun qooda sabboonotaati. Caasaa Finfinnee kan amma jiru irraa jijjiiruu jechuun qaccee Tuulama dhiibbaa waggaa dhibbaa olii irraa seenaaf hafte ari’anii halagaa afaan, aadaa fi hooda addaa qabu qubachiisuu jechuu dha. Handhurri eenyummaa Oromiyaa, Odaa Nabee kana keessatt argama. Finfinneen maqaa jijjiirrattee qubsa halagaa erga taatee turteettii. Baballachuus hin dhaabne. Tuulama bakkaa balleessuun eenyummaa Oromoo balleessuu irratt kan aggaamame. Badiisi sana caalee hin jiru. Oromiyaa Lixaatii ka’anii Kaaba, Bahaa fi Kibba deemuuf “Barmeessoo yk Yilaf” halagaa barbaachisuuf deema jechuu dha. Kanaaf iyyaa fi mormiin karaa halleen gaggeeffamu irratt hundi gamtoomuun dirqii dha. Manguddoo Oromtichi laalaa qabsoon qaammi lasha’ee fi iji jaame, Dotii Turaa, siree ciisee irraa “Maaf teessu badnee Iyyaa Iyya dabarsaa!” jechuun radiyoo “Sagalee Oromoo” irratt yoo iyya kaasu kan humna qabu qaammi guutuu ta’ee callisee ilaluun booree taati. Humni Habashaa jalqaba irratt Oromiyaa cabse Tuulama irraa eegalee. Harras Oromiyaa caccabsuun achuma irraa eegalaa jiraa. Dur gosti kaan kan, isaan hin ilaalle se’anii callisanii hanga inni burkutaawutt eeganii. Fardi Tuulama irraa ka’e yoo achumatt dhaabuun hin danda’amne hunda irra buufata. Hundi waliin hiriiree injifannoo galmeeffachuu malee Oromiyaa irraa lafa taakkuu tokko Oromiyoon dabarsanii kennuun badiisa farrifachuu dha. Ilmaan Oromoo eenyumaa ofiin boonan utuu jiranii, Oromiyaan lamuu hin biinxa’amtu. Qabsoon gara hiree ofii walbummaa ofiin murteeffachuu karaa halleen jarjarfamuu qaba. Oromiyaan haa jiraattu! Ibsaa Guutama Ulfinaa fi surraan gootota kufaniif; walabummaa, walqixxummaa fi bilisummaan kan lubbuun jiraniif; nagaa fi araarri Ayyaana abbooliif haa tahu! Ebla 2014

http://dhaamsaogeetti13.wordpress.com/2014/05/03/karoora-muummicha-master-plan-finfinnee-finfinnee-addis-ababa-master-plan-03-05-14/

 

 

 

 

 

 

AU Summit Approves Creation of African Monetary Fund. #Africa December 25, 2014

Posted by OromianEconomist in Africa, Africa and debt, Africa Rising, African Monetary Fund, African Studies Association, Corruption in Africa, Economics, Economics: Development Theory and Policy applications.
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OPremium Times (Abuja)

Africa: AU Summit Approves Creation of African Monetary Fund

By Premium Times

@ http://allafrica.com/stories/201406302281.html

The AU Commissioner for Economic Affairs, Anthony Maruping, told journalists in Malabo on Monday that the Fund would work to correct balances of payment positions across Africa.

He said such positions were mainly caused by low export of commodities and high import volumes which exerted negative burden on currency stability.

The AMF would be established to basically help to tackle macro-economic matters in Africa, he added.

The commissioner said, “It is not true that there has been an economic leadership gap in Africa. We are creating an African institution because the UN Economic Commission for Africa is a global body.”

Mr. Maruping said the Fund was expected to create proper lending system in Africa to correct imbalance in payments within the continent and ensure exchange rate stability.

“It will also work toward African currency convertibility, ensuring that currencies across Africa can be exchangeable. The Fund will promote monetary cooperation on the continent and speed up economic development. To achieve these objectives, the Fund will design formulas to lower the debt burden and other debt management policies in Africa and facilitate development of the African financial markets,” he said.

The AU official said the Fund would have an authorised share capital denomination of $100 (N16,285) per share with a callable share capital of 50 per cent of the authorised share capital, which is $11.32 (N1,845).

The paid up share capital would be at least 50 per cent of the callable share capital $5.66 billion (N922 billion) denominated in $100, he added.

He said South Africa was expected to get the highest allocation of the 500,000 shares, with an 8.05 per share, translating into nearly $1billion (N163 billion), followed by Nigeria at 7.94 per cent, translating into $899 million (N16 billion) in capital contributions.

Egypt, Africa’s third largest economy, was expected to subscribe for 6.12 per cent of the shares, contributing $693 million (N112 billion), followed by Algeria, to be allocated 4.59 per cent of the shares at $520 million (N84 billion).

Each country was expected to pay for its subscription at once or in four instalments of 25 per cent of the amount and payment period would last between the initial four years and eight years.

The first payment is expected 60 days after the AMF treaty enters force.

The countries are also allowed to issue bonds in U.S. dollars which are non-interest earning.

The Fund would invest in international financial markets and expected to maintain a sound credit rating.

The AMF will be based in Yaounde, Cameroon.

(PANA/NAN)

See also The Creation of the African Monetary Fund @ http://openanthropology.org/libya/AUamf.pdf

http://openanthropology.org/libya/AUamf.pdf

POVERTY – Introduction December 25, 2014

Posted by OromianEconomist in African Poor, Amnesty International's Report: Because I Am Oromo, Free development vs authoritarian model, Human Rights Watch on Human Rights Violations Against Oromo People by TPLF Ethiopia, Illicit financial outflows from Ethiopia, Knowledge and the Colonizing Structure. African Heritage. The Genocide Against Oromo Nation, Land and Water Grabs in Oromia, Poverty, The State of Food Insecurity in Ethiopia, Uncategorized, Youth Unemployment.
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OPovertyPoverty

‘Poverty is not merely going hungry; it means lack of resources like land or education to make out a living; means lack of employment; means lack of access to some basic needs of life like health services, education, food etc., means lack of voice to be heard and ability to influence the formulation of policies or implementation of programs by the government.

Poverty may also be understood as an aspect of unequal social status and inequitable social relationships, experienced as social exclusion, dependency, and diminished capacity to participate, or to develop meaningful connections with other people in society. This is of considerable relevance to the Indian situation. …Dominant sections of ethnicity in the society controls the political conditions and assets, depriving the marginalized from having access to these economic assets. ‘

Definition : Poverty is a situation where the individual or community lack the resources, ability to meet the basic needs of life.

Relative Poverty: Refers to lacking a usual or socially acceptable level of resources or income as compared with others within a society or country.

Penury : Extreme poverty.

Absolute Poverty: is destitution wherein one lacks basic human needs including clean water, food, clothing, shelter, health cover and education.

The World Bank defines poverty in absolute terms. According to them, the poverty is classified into:

Extreme Poverty : Living on less than US $1.25 per day
Moderate Poverty : Living on less than US $2 a day

Am an aspirant too

Definition : Poverty is a situation where the individual or community lack the resources, ability to meet the basic needs of life.

Relative Poverty: Refers to lacking a usual or socially acceptable level of resources or income as compared with others within a society or country.

Penury : Extreme poverty.

Absolute Poverty: is destitution wherein one lacks basic human needs including clean water, food, clothing, shelter, health cover and education.

The World Bank defines poverty in absolute terms. According to them, the poverty is classified into:

  • Extreme Poverty : Living on less than US $1.25 per day
  • Moderate Poverty : Living on less than US $2 a day

World Bank has stated that fighting with poverty is at the core of its work.

According to the definition of poverty by the World Bank, the poor are classified as:

  • Subjugate Poor : People with per capita consumption expenditure as…

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Waaqa Garaa Gurraachaa. #Oromia #Oromo December 25, 2014

Posted by OromianEconomist in 10 best Youtube videos, Africa, African Beat, African Literature, Culture, Mammaaksa Oromoo, Oromo Culture, Qaallu Institution, Safuu: the Oromo moral value and doctrine, Seera Yaayyaa Shananii, The Oromo Theory of Knowledge, Waaqeffanna (Oromo ancient African Faith System).
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Waaqa Garaa Gurraachaa

Dhufeeraa Birraasaa irra

@ Finfinne Tribune,  Gadaa.com

Waaqa garaa gurraachaa, tokkicha maqaa dhibbaa jechuun abbootii fi haadholii keenya taranii fi jiran gidduutti beekamaadha. Garuu Oromoon keenya heedduun baroottan dhihoon asitti ‘Waaqa garaa gurraachaa’ jecha jedhu lagatee akka Waaqa tolfamaatti utuu abaaruu nidhageenya.

Waaqayyo tokkichuma, maqaansaa garuu heedduudha. Oromoof ‘Waaqa garaa gurraachaa’ jechuun ‘Waaqa garaa qulqulluu’ jechuu waliin walqixxeedha. Fakkeenyaaf:

1. Ani bishaan gurraacha malee wanta tokkollee hindhugne
2. Irra deebi’een ija gurraachaan ilaala
3. Daa’ima garaa gurraachaa hinsookka’in

Kanaafuu ‘Waaqa garaa gurraachaa’ keessatti ‘garaa gurraachaa’ kan jedhu eenyummaa Waaqayyoo kan ibsuudha malee Waaqa tolfamaa miti.

Waaqa Garaa Gurraachaa

Gaaffii sammuu namaa Waaqa dhibdee furu
Kan sooressaaf deegaan itti hirkatee bulu
Hiyyeessi fala dhabe kan itti kufee ‘ncabne
Waaqa garaa gurraachaa qulqulluu dhibee ‘nqabne

Waaqa ‘bbaa kootii, abbaa Qajeelaaf Margaa
Abbaa Tulluuwwanii, abbaa Malkaa
Qulqulluu ta’uu kee kaanaafan faarfadhe
Ibsa maqummaa kees kaanaafan jaalladhe

Warra hinbeeknetu haxxummaa nacaalee
Ija beekumsa koo ukkaamsee awwaale
Hinbeektu jennaanan barnoota eegale
Gowwummaa jaraatu natti galagale

Yemmuu hongeen horii koo akka malee qunciste
Bokkaa kee naaroobsitee daa’imakoo guddiste
Waaqa ‘nbeektu jedhanii maaliif sammuu najeequ
Tokkicha maqaa dhibbaa akkamittan sihinbeeku?

Aannan, itittuu, cuukkoo fi caccabsaa
Ancootee, marqaa, cumboo fi burqumsaa
Akkuman warra koorraa Waaqummaa kee baradhe
Gaarummaa keen raja kanan qabu qabadhee

Mana koorraa deebisi awwaaldiigessaaf fuutuu
Karaa kee maalan dhabe yaabbaa hundumaan guutuu
Kan ati biqilchite hojii harka kee keessaa
Irreessa koo qabadheen galata siidhiheessa

Abjuu gadhee baqii hirkatanii mugu
Garaa ofii shakkii heexoo itti dhugu
Garaa koo caalaayyuu angaraa kee fedhee
Waaqa garaa qulqulluu kanaafan siin jedhe

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Dhufeeraa Birraasaa irra

@ Finfinne Tribune,  Gadaa.com

http://finfinnetribune.com/Gadaa/2014/12/dhufeeraa-birraasaa-waaqa-garaa-gurraachaa/

 

 

Oromo (Oromiyaa) : Artistoonni Oromoo Gootota keenya, haa jajjabeeffannu! December 24, 2014

Posted by OromianEconomist in African Music, Culture, Muscians and the Performance Of Oromo Nationalism, Musicians and the Performance of Oromo Nationalism, Oromia, Oromian Voices, Oromiyaa, Oromo, Oromo Artists, Oromo Culture, Oromo Music, Oromummaa.
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Artistoonni Aasxaa OFOromoo Aadaa naannoolee Oromiyaa kaabaa hanga kibbaa tti, bahaa hanga lixaa tti, wal-simachiisanii dagaagsan, walaleessanii weellisan, geerrarsaan kan rafe dadammaqsanii sabboonummaa dagaagsan, faarsanii maqaa goototaa ol-kaasan, Qabsoo Oromoo daangaa hanga daangaa tti  sosochoosanii harka duwwaa rasaasa dura dhaabbatan. Oromummaaf jecha mana hidhaa tti dararaman, kaan lubbuun wareegaman, kaanis lubbuu oolfachuuf biyyaa baqatan. Waggoottan 23 darbaniif dararaan Artistoota Oromoo’rra gahaa jiru hagana jedhamee waan akka laayyoo tti ibsamu miti. Artsitoota Oromoo Eebbisaa Addunyaa, Usmaayyoo Muusaa, Yooseef Gammachuu, Maaramee Harqaasaa fi kabiroo miidhaa diinaa tiin hardha lubbuun uf cinaa isaan dhabnu’llee dalagaan isaanii Utubaa seenaa ta’ee ilmaan Oromoo waliin jiraata. Dararamnii fi miidhaan heddummatu’llee Artistoonni Oromoo kaleessas, hardhas gocha diinaa tiif hin jilbeeffanne, borus hin jilbeefatan!

Kallattii sochii fi qooda Artistoonni Oromoo saba isaan tiif gochaa jiran’rraa maqsuuf jecha torban darbe leenjiin haangawwan OPDO tiin Artistoota Oromoo tiif kennamuuf yaalame “abjuu dhaabachisoo” akka ta’e Artsitoonni leenjii dhuma sa’a’rra tti dubbatanii jiru. Artistoonni leenjii sana’rra tti hirmaatan “Isin garuu onnee Oromummaa ni qabduu?” jechuu dhaan OPDOn dantaa mootummaa Wayyaanee jajjabbessuun ala danta saba Oromoo tiif kan hin dhaabbanne, miidhaa fi dararama saba Oromoo’rraa gahaa jiru hambisuu ykn mormuuf’llee waa takka akka tattaafachaa hin jirre Artistootaan ibsanii jiru.

Egaa “bara Xaalyinaani weerartoota biyya alaga’rraa dhufan, Faranjoota jala hiriiranii kan biyya gabroomsisa turan ‘Baandaa’jedhamu turan, Baandaa jechuun nama lammii irraa dhalate lammii gane jechuu dha. Haata’u malee sirna koloneefataa Xaaliyaanii sana biyya Itoopiyaa’rraa ykn Oromiyaa’rraa kaasuuf sochi taasifame keessatti warri Baandaa ta’anii turan sun walii galanii gooftota isaani tti garagalan, Uummata isaanii cina dhaabbachuu dhaan koloneefatoota seeraan ala Uummata koranii ta’ani tti fincilan, duula itti banan, gabrummaa koloneefatoota alagaa jalaa biyyi akka bilisa ba’uuf qooda guddaa gumaachanii” jedhama. Egaa OPDO n“Birillee ke neqa ayhonem eqa” mamaksa jedhamu sana dhagayii, Bilillee dhuma dhugaa sana “Ye mayneqa eqa!” ta’anii afu moo “tokko dhuufuun dhiirummaa dha, lama dhuufuun gadhummaa” jedhanii Seenaa jijjiru laata?

Bu’aa ba’ii Artistoota Oromoo

Dararamni sirna bulchiinsa mootummaa Wayyaanee akkuma jirutti ta’ee, Artistoonni Oromoo bu’aa ba’ii akkamii keessa darbanii hojii muuziqaa hojjataa akka jiran Uummanni Oromoo sirrii tti hubatee jiraa laata? Bu’aa ba’ii jiru mee obsaan armaan gadii dubbisaa.

Kaasseetta (CD) tokko gurra ummata tiin ga’uu dhaaf, akkuma yeroo mana cidhaa ykn guyyaa ayyaana waggaa namuu ol-ka’ee weellisu sana salphaa miti. Bu’aa bayii hagana hin jedhamne keessa darbameetu kaasseettiin (CD)n sirbaa tokko maxxanfama. Artsitiin Oromoo tokko “Albumii muuziqaaa” tokko maxxansuuf walaloo fi yaadaloo qopheesseetuma sirbuun qofaa gahaa miti, irra deddebiyee baatii dheeraaf (waggoottaniif) sagalee qarachuu, shaakkala gahaa taé gochuu feesisa. Kana malees Artistoota meeshaa muuziqaa xabatan, “digital audio mixing” qindeessan, kan weelluu jalaa qaban, “studio” muziqaan itti qindeeffamu, kana hundaa walitti haanjessuu feesisa. Waan kana hundumaa guuttachuuf maallaqa barbaachisa. Yeroo amma kana tti sagalee qofaan weelluu caqasuun gahaa ta’uu dhiisuu mala. “Video clip” qopheessoofis bu’aa bayii kabiraa guddaa qaba. Namoota “Video”waraabanii gulaalan, nama “script” barreessee “director” ta’ee hojjachiisu,  namoota shubbisan fi uffannaa adda addaa qopheessuutu artisticha’rraa eeggama. Kun hundumtuu horii feesisa, qarshii guddaa barbaachisa. Kana qofaa mitii yeroo “studio” keessatti muziqaan hojjatamu, Buna fi shayii, nyaata fi dhugaatii wanta heddutu bitama, kunis maallaqumaani. Yeroo dheeraaf (waggoottaniif) hojiilee qindaa’uu qaban kana qindeessuuf geejibaan asii achi deddebiyan, bibila bibilbiluun tola miti, kunis maallaquma barbaachisa.

Dalagaaleen armaan olitti caqafaman martinuu “original master recording” kaasseetta/CD/DVD tokko qofaatti cuunfamee ba’a. Erga muziqaan bifa kanaan qindaa’ee hojjatamee, cuunfamee ba’een booda heddummeessanii gurra Uummataa tiin ga’uuf tattaffiin itti fufa. “Poster, Cover, Sticker fi blank CD” heddumina qabu bituu fi maxxansuuf dirqamu. Akkasumas kaassetta/CD/DVD heddummeessuu (duplicate) gochuu qabu.  Egaa waan kana hundaa qopheessuuf qarshii guddaa barbaachisa.

Haala hunda keessa darbanii hojiidhuma xumuurame kana raabsuu dhaan gurra Uummataa tiin ga’uuf mana muuziqaa kaassetta/CD isaaniif raabsu argachuun heddu dadhabsiisaa dha. Manni muziqaa Oromoo Finfinne keessaa jiran (kanneen kaasseetta muuziqaa raabsuu dandayan) lakkoofsaan heddu xiqqaa dha. Heddumminaan kan jiran kan sab-lammoota kabiraati.Kanaafuu artistoonni Oromoo qarshii liqeeffatanii, fira itti kadhatanii gidiraa heddu arganii kaassetta/CD qopheessanillee, mana muuziqaa isaan harkaa fuudhee Ummataaf raabsuu argachuuf bu’aa bayii guddaa heddu seenu,  mana muuziqaa ‘tole’jedhee isaaniif raabsu hin aragamu, kun rakkoo isa kabiraa dha.Tarii akka carraa manni muuziqaa kaassetta/CD qophaa’e harkaa fuudhee raabsu yoo argame’llee manneen muziqaa warra alagaa wanna ta’aniif itti dhimmanii sirnaan hin raabsaniif, beeksisa barbaachisaa ta’e sirnaan hin raawwataniif. Gurguramee dhiisee, Aartiin Oromoo dagaagee dhiisee dantaa warra mana muuziqaa alagaa miti. Yoo tolee gurgurame waan raabsani’rraa bu’uu argachuu, yoo hin gurguramnes kisaaraan isaan mudatu wanta hin jirreef hojii Artistoota Oromoo tiif warri abbaa qabeenyaa mana muuziqaa alagaa waanti isaan dhiphisu gonkumaa hin jiru.

Artsitoonni Oromoo ijoollee iyyeessa tti, ijoollee Qonnaan bulaati, qarshii hojii kanaaf oolu argachuuf heddu dhiphatu, hojii umnaa hojjatanii, hiriyaa’rraa liqeefatanii, fira’rraa kadhatanii qarshii argataniin aarsaa guddaa kafalaa jiru. Bifa kanaan bu’aa bayii heddu keessa darbanii Artii, Aadaa, Seenaa, Afaan, Siyaasaa fi Sabboonummaa Oromoo kan dagaagsaa jiran.

“Egaa Kaasseettiin/CD/DVD”n bifa kanaan bu’aa bayii hedduun qophaa’ee booda hoo Ummanni keenya orijinaala qofaa bitatee obboleeyyan keenya jajjabeessaa jiraa?” gaaffiin jedhu yoo ka’e, “hagas maraa miti”n deebii ta’a, sadarkaa barbaadamu tti bifa gahaa ta’een Uummanni keenya originaala bitataa hin jiru, hagi tokko waraabbii bitata. Waraabbii bitachuun cuunfaa dafaqa Artistoota keenyaa itti fayyadamuu yoo taé malee baasii fi rakkina Artistoonni keenya keessa jiraniif wanna tokkoo’llee hin fayyadu. Yoo xiqqaatee xiqqaate waggaa tti “Albumiin muuziqaa” Oromoo dhibbi tokko tti lakkawwaman ni maxxanfamu. Garuu achi keessaa rabbi gargaaree waan hunda sirnaan injifatee baldhinaan, sirnaan gurra Uummataa kan qaqqabu sirboota Artiistoota 3 hin caalu. Kana jechuun “Albumiin muuziqaa Oromoo bu’aa bayii hedduun hojjatamu’llee  waggaa tti harka 100 keessaa haki 97 otoo sirnaan gurra Uummata baldhaa hin qaqqabiin hukamfamee afaa jechuu dha. Egaa haala kanaan kan ka’e sabboontonni Artistoota Oromoo kasaaraa maallaqaa fi hamilee cabiinsi kan isaan mudate hedduu dha. Jiruu fi jireenya ulfaataa taé jalatti kufanii jiraachuuf haalli isaan dirqee jira.

Otoo abbaan qabeenyaa Oromoo mana muuziqaa ciccimaa adda addaa qaabatanii rakkinni hagana ulfaaataa ta’e Artsitoota Oromoo hin mudatu ture. Otoo Uummanni keenya kaasseetta/CD/DVD originaala Artistoota keenya’rraa sirnaan bitatee dararamni hagana ga’u Artistoota keenya hin mudatu ture. Otoo Artistiin Oromoo tokko biyya alaa kana keessa keessummummaf mana namoota Oromoo deddeeme namni martinuu gammachuun isa simata, affeerraa nyataa fi dhugaatii guyyaa tokkoo qofaa tti shakkii tokko malee “dollar ykn Euro” 100 (dhibba tokko) inuma baasuuf. Egaa affeerraa guyyaa tokkoof haga kana baasuun ni dandayama yoo ta’ee kaassetta originaala Dolaara/euro 10  (kudhaniin) bitachuun maaf nutti ulfaatee? Jennee of gaafachuun gaarii ta’a. Kana qofaa miti, yeroo adda addaa “concert iin muuziqaa” bakka adda addaa tti sirnaan maaf hin qophoofnee? Otoo kunis sirnaan hojiirra oolee rakkoo Artistoonni keenya qaban furuun wanti hin dandayamneef hin jiru ture.

“Otoo, otoo, otoo”jechun hin fayyadu. Kan fayyadu wanna ta’uu qabu, wanta Lammiin Oromoo gochuu danda’u tokko raawwachuutu rakkoo hiika, furmaata fida malee.  Kanaafuu Artistoonni Oromoo “Artii, Aadaa, Seenaa, Afaan, Siyaasaa fi Sabboonummaa Oromoo dagaagsaa jiru” jennee yoo itti amanne Artistoonni keenya gootota keenya wanna ta’aniif faarsuu qabna. Faarsuun keenya erga Artistiin tokko lubbuu dhaan darbee/darbiteen booda qofaa ta’uu hin qabu, otuma lubbuun jiranii isaan haa faarsinu, ha jajjabbeessinu, dalagaa isaanii orijinaala haa bitannu, diingdee fi beekkumsa qabnuun isaan cina haa dhaabbannu. Keessattuu yeroo ammaa kana tti Artistoota keenya dibeen dararamaa  jiraniif Uummanni keenya ariitiin, gargaarsa barbaachisaa ta’e abbomuu qaba.

Waan Bayeessa haa hojjannu!

Bakkaanga’aa Margaa

Bu’uuressaa Oromummaa Founadtion fi

Wixineessaa WTUOGA

Mudde 22, 2014,

Bakkaanga’aa Margaa

oromummaan@yahoo.com

www.oromummaa.com

Read @ http://ayyaantuu.com/horn-of-africa-news/oromia/artistoonni-oromoo-gootota-keenya-haa-jajjabeefannu/

 

Baaruu Baayisaa Daaqaa: Walaloo (Artistoota Oromoof)

 

Ishoo yaa kannisaa!
(Artistoota Oromoof)

Dandii fi dirree marsii coradhu nadhii dammaa
Daraaraa mara irraa dhamdhamadhu dhama;
Dhugaa fi fiigi ati saafaan hin dhorkamin
Yookaas bokkaa gannaa tasa hin sodaatin!
Yoo dirreen manca’e ce’ii deemi lagaa
Goblaan barrisi adda baasi dhugaa!

Nadhii coruun kan kee hamaatti herregame
Damma fi booka naquun dhiphina jedhame;
Jibbaan yoo reebamte ilbisa haqa hin beekneen
Sariitii fi tisiisaan waranamtee albeen.
Shira dangaa hin qabneen suuqatti gatamtee
Hamilee kee doomsuuf lammii irra adda baatee;
Kan si keessa jiru lubbuu du’u miti
Isa dhugaa seeneessu kan bara-baraa ti!

Ishoo yaa kannisaa! Suubiin ka’ii fiigi
Tisisaan hin ooliin, somoddoo irraa maqi.
Bakka garii olii qulqullaa’ii hafi
Haqaan deemaa oli qaanii malee rafi!
Marsaa sariitii tiin marfamtee utuu jirtu
Ati haqaan deemta balaa illee hin sodaattu.
Tisisatti ni himta, sariitiitti ni baanta
Dhugaa lammii keetii bookeetti ni dubbatta.
Amaaketa fi yeyyii sodaattee hin calliftu
Summii buutii fi bofaa tasuma hin dheessitu!

Ishoo yaa kannisaa, uumama akka uumaa
Soortuu qaamaa fi lubbuu tokkittii akka kumaa
Haadha ogummaa gaarii haadhoo qulqullinaa
Uggum! Yaa kannisaa mallattoo jabinaa!
Bu’aa kee lakkaa’ee yeroon si yaadadhu
Booka kee unadhee damma kee cuubadhu
Lammii koo ta’uu kee tu qirqirsee na boonsa
Akka kee sab-boonuu tu haalaan na si’eessa!

=============================

Baaruu Baayisaa Daaqaa: bbayisa@yahoo.com

 

OROMO: OROMIA@FEDERATION SQUARE (QOPHII ADDAA), MUDDE 22, 2014) December 23, 2014

Posted by OromianEconomist in Africa, African Music, Black History, Chiekh Anta Diop, Oromia, Oromiyaa.
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Self-determination: There is no principle in international law more fundamental than the right of all peoples to self-determination December 23, 2014

Posted by OromianEconomist in Africa, Amnesty International's Report: Because I Am Oromo, National Self- Determination.
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self determination

 

Self-determination “denotes the legal right of people to decide their own destiny in the international order,”  the Legal Information Institute.

This right was enshrined in international law with its inclusion in the UN Charter in 1945. Article 1 of the Charter states that one of the purposes of the United Nations is: “to develop friendly relations among nations based on respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples.”

In the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, this was made even more explicit: “All peoples have the right of self-determination. By virtue of that right they freely determine their political status and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development.”

For people deprived of equal rights and political participation, self-determination could take many forms: independence, assimilation, sovereign association, or another form they choose for themselves. But no one has a right to self-determination at the expense of someone else.

“It is well known that any attempt to deny a human group its self-determination only intensifies its demand for sovereignty and enhances its collective identity,” writes Shlomo Sand in The Invention of the Jewish People. “This does not, of course, give a particular group that sees itself as a people the right to dispossess another group of its land in order to achieve its self-determination.

Self-determination is not just a utopian ideal. It is a legal right. The contents of the UN Charter and the Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.

There is an name for ruling over people while preventing them from being part of the political process that governs their lives. It’s called colonialism, In international law, it is a crime against humanity.
see more @ https://alethonews.wordpress.com/…/the-persistent-u-s-oppo…/

Self determination (international law)
Self-determination denotes the legal right of people to decide their own destiny in the international order. Self-determination is a core principle of international law, arising from customary international law, but also recognized as a general principle of law, and enshrined in a number of international treaties. For instance, self-determination is protected in the United Nations Charter and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights as a right of “all peoples.”

The scope and purpose of the principle of self-determination has evolved significantly in the 20th century. In the early 1900’s, international support grew for the right of all people to self-determination. This led to successful secessionist movements during and after WWI, WWII and laid the groundwork for decolonization in the 1960s.

Contemporary notions of self-determination usually distinguish between “internal” and “external” self-determination, suggesting that “self-determination” exists on a spectrum. Internal self-determination may refer to various political and social rights; by contrast, external self-determination refers to full legal independence/secession for the given ‘people’ from the larger politico-legal state.

See, e.g.:

Independence of Kosovo (from Serbia), advisory proceedings currently pending before the ICJ.
Independence of Abhkazia (from Georgia).
See also:

uti possidetis juris, requiring the maintenance of the territorial status quo to preserve stability, order and traditional legal boundaries (and hence possibly conflicting with principle of self-determination) (Burkina Faso/Mali, ¶¶25-26, pp.16-17 (“At first sight this principle [UPJ] conflicts outright with another one, the right of peoples to self-determination.”)

Repressive Ethiopia comes out as the worst place in #Africa for internet freedom. #BecauseIAmOromo December 21, 2014

Posted by OromianEconomist in 10 best Youtube videos, Afar, Africa, African Internet Censorship, Amnesty International's Report: Because I Am Oromo, Because I am Oromo, Ethiopia's Colonizing Structure and the Development Problems of People of Oromia, Ethnic Cleansing, Facebook and Africa, Free development vs authoritarian model, Genocidal Master plan of Ethiopia, Groups at risk of arbitrary arrest in Oromia: Amnesty International Report, Internet Freedom, Ogaden, Sidama, Southern Ethiopia and the Omo Valley, The Tyranny of TPLF Ethiopia.
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OEnemies of Internetinternet freedom

http://mashable.com/2014/12/17/internet-freedom-countries/

 

Sir Tim Berners-Lee, inventor of the World Wide Web and founder of the Web Foundation, has called for the Internet to be recognised as a basic human right.  Sir Tim noted that in our increasingly unequal world, the Web has the potential to be a great equalizer, but only “if we hardwire the rights to privacy, freedom of expression, affordable access and net neutrality into the rules of the game.”

In order to reverse this slide and leverage the power of technology to fight inequality, the Web Foundation is calling on policymakers to:

  • Accelerate progress towards universal access by increasing access to affordable Internet and ensuring that everyone can use the Web all of the time, safely, freely and privately.
  • Level the playing field by preventing price discrimination in Internet traffic, and treating the Internet like any other public utility.
  • Invest in high-quality public education for all to ensure that technological progress doesn’t leave some groups behind.
  • Promote participation in democracy and protect freedom of opinion by reversing the erosion of press freedom and civil liberties, using the Web to increase government transparency, and protecting the freedoms of speech, association, and privacy.
  • Create opportunities for women and poor and marginalised groups by investing more in ICTs to overcome key barriers in health, education, agriculture and gender equity.

http://thewebindex.org/blog/recognise-the-internet-as-a-human-right-says-sir-tim-berners-lee-as-he-launches-annual-web-index/

Internet freedom in Africa: Ethiopia and The Gambia most repressive; South Africa and Kenya freest

  ChristineMungaihttp://www.mgafrica.com/article/2014-12-11-internet-freedom-in-africa-ethiopia-and-the-gambia-most-repressive-south-africa-and-kenya-freest/

ETHIOPIA, The Gambia and Sudan are some of the most repressive places in Africa for online freedom, a new report by watchdog organisation Freedom House indicates, while South Africa and Kenya are the among the most free for internet users in the continent.

But the 12 African countries surveyed show a worrying trend – the majority are becoming more repressive compared to last year. Just South Africa – the best ranked – Kenya, Uganda and Malawi have maintained the same score as last year; Nigeria, Angola, Rwanda, Zimbabwe, Sudan and Ethiopia have deteriorated. Zambia and The Gambia are new entrants on the list this year.

The negative trajectory in internet freedom is mirrored around the world – the report states that in 36 of the 65 countries surveyed, internet freedom scores have become worse, as governments become increasingly nervous about their national security, and more sophisticated in surveillance and control.

“Very few countries registered any gains in internet freedom, and the improvements that were recorded largely reflected less vigorous application of existing internet controls compared with the previous year, rather than genuinely new and positive steps taken [by governments],” the report states.

Although most African countries do not explicitly censor content much, there has been an increasingly harsh manner in which users are targeted for the things they say online – in some countries, Freedom House reports, “the penalties for online expression are worse than those for similar actions offline”.

A higher score means a more repressive environment. Source: Freedom House

In July 2013, for example, the Gambian government passed amendments to the Information and Communication Act that specifically criminalised the use of the internet to criticise, impersonate, or spread false news about public officials. Anyone found guilty could face up to 15 years in prison, fines of roughly $100,000, or both—significantly harsher punishments than what the criminal code prescribes for the equivalent offenses offline.

The report reveals that breaches in cybersecurity are also eroding freedom, as government critics and human rights organisations are subject to increasingly sophisticated and personalised malware attacks, documented in 32 of the 65 countries examined.

Low internet penetration, state monopoly

Ethiopia comes out as the worst place in Africa for internet freedom. In the first place, lack of telecoms infrastructure, government monopoly and oppressive regulation means that internet penetration is just 2%, one of the lowest in Africa.

A law enacted in November 2013 gives the Information Network Security Agency (INSA) carte blanche to inspect private online activities without oversight. Facebook, Twitter, Yahoo, and CNN were inaccessible for 12 hours in July 2013, while the number of permanently blocked webpages also increased.

In the Gambia, as well as setting out punitive new laws, internet cafe registration regulations were tightened in September 2013, requiring operators to provide thorough details for a license, as well as mandating the physical layout of cafes and the signs that must be displayed.

In Nigeria too, cybercafés have to keep a log of their customers – although the mobile revolution means that these attempts at controlling internet use will become increasingly irrelevant.

But if you can’t control access, then persecution and punishment becomes the next measure – and African governments show remarkable sophistication here.

In Ethiopia, the government launched high-tech surveillance malware against several online journalists in the Ethiopian diaspora and dissidents in exile; six bloggers of the prominent Zone9 blogging collective were arrested in April 2014 on charges of terrorism.

This year shows a more repressive environment than last year in many countries. Source: Freedom House

The same was observed in Angola, where “insider sources” affirmed that a German company had assisted the Angolan military intelligence in installing a sophisticated communications monitoring system on a military base, the report states. Further evidence, as of November 2013, found that at least one major ISP hosts a spyware system directly on its server.

In Rwanda, a growing number of independent online news outlets and opposition blogs were intermittently inaccessible in Rwanda in the past year. The Law Relating to the Interception of Communications enacted in October authorised high-ranking security officials to monitor email and telephone conversations of individuals considered potential threats to “public security”.

In Sudan, a localised internet service disruption in June and a nationwide blackout in September corresponded with large anti-government protests; the blackouts were reportedly directed by the government.

Even in the countries ranked as relatively free, harassment and intimidation of journalists and bloggers – and even ordinary citizens – is a widespread form of internet control. In Malawi online journalists are “periodically detained and prosecuted for articles posted on news websites”.

Most recently, Justice Mponda,  a correspondent for the online publication Malawi Voice, was arrested in November 2013 for allegedly “intimidating the royal family” in an investigative story about former President Banda’s connection to the theft of millions of Malawian kwacha from government coffers in a scandal known as “Cashgate.”  He was later acquitted.

Mugabe’s digital ‘death’

But it’s Zimbabwe that has had some of the most bizarre persecutions. An editor at the Sunday Mail state newspaper, Edmund Kudakwashe Kudzayi, was arrested in June on accusations of running the Baba Jukwa Facebook account, an activist page of over half a million followers harshly critical of the government. In July, the government took down the facebook page, and Kudzayi’s case remains unresolved.

It gets crazier – in January 2014, teenage Facebook user Gumisai Manduwa was arrested for allegedly insulting the president after he posted on his Facebook page that President Mugabe “had died and was being preserved in a freezer.” Manduwa was released on bail two days after his arrest. His case remains on the court’s docket as of mid-2014.

And another court case, this one against 21-year old Shantel Rusike is still being dragged through the magistrate courts in Bulawayo as of mid-2014.

Rusike was arrested on December 24, 2012 and held for four days after she was reported to the police for sending an image depicting President Mugabe “in a nude state” via WhatsApp on her mobile phone. Rusike faces charges of “causing hatred, contempt or ridicule of the president”.

Ethiopia
2013                                                                        2014
Internet Freedom Status                   Not Free                                                                Not Free

Obstacles to Access (0-25)                22                                                                                23
Limits on Content (0-35)                  28                                                                               28
Violations of User Rights (0-40)      29                                                                               29
TOTAL* (0-100)                                  79                                                                               80
* 0=most free, 100=least free

Population: 89.2 million

Internet Penetration 2013:  2 percent
Social Media/ICT Apps Blocked: Yes
Political/Social Content Blocked: Yes
Bloggers/ICT Users Arrested: Yes
Press Freedom 2014 Status: Not Free
Key Developments: May 2013 – May 2014
• Telecom services worsened, characterized by frequently dropped phone calls, prolonged internet service interruptions, and slow response times to service failures (see Obstacles to Access).
• Facebook, Twitter, Yahoo, and CNN were inaccessible for 12 hours in July 2013, while the
number of permanently blocked webpages also increased (see Limits on Content).
• A law enacted in November 2013 gives the Information Network Security Agency (INSA)
carte blanche to inspect private online activities without oversight (see Violations of User
Rights).
• The government launched sophisticated surveillance malware against several online journalists
in the Ethiopian diaspora and dissidents in exile (see Violations of User Rights).
• Six bloggers of the prominent Zone9 blogging collective were arrested in April 2014 on
charges of terrorism (see Violations of User Rights).

Introduction
Ethiopia continues to have one of the lowest rates of internet and mobile phone connectivity in the world, as meager infrastructure, government monopoly over the telecommunications sector, and obstructive telecom policies have significantly hindered the growth of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in the country. Coupled with highly repressive laws and tactics aimed at restricting freedom of expression and access to information, internet freedom in Ethiopia is consistently rated the worst in sub-Saharan Africa and among the worst in the world.
Despite the country’s extremely poor telecommunications services and a largely disconnected population, Ethiopia is also known as one of the first African countries to censor the internet, beginning in 2006 with opposition blogs.1. Since then, internet censorship has become pervasive and systematic through the use of highly sophisticated tools that block and filter internet content and monitor user activity. The majority of blocked websites feature critical news and opposition viewpoints run by individuals and organizations based mostly in the diaspora. Surveillance of mobile phone and internet networks is systematic and widespread, enabled by Chinese-made technology that allows for the interception of SMS text messages, recording of phone calls, and centralized monitoring of online activities. The government also employs commentators and trolls to proactively manipulate the online news and information landscape.
During the report’s coverage period, internet freedom in Ethiopia worsened due to increasing restrictions on access to social media and communications tools, such as Storify, and the temporary blocking of Facebook and Twitter in July 2013. A new law passed in November 2013 gave the Information Network Security Agency (INSA) carte blanche to track private online communications and investigate electronic devices without oversight. In addition, a number of diaspora journalists and exiled dissidents were targeted with surveillance malware, demonstrating a growing level of sophistication in the government’s effort to silence critical voices that extends beyond the country’s borders.
In 2014, the Ethiopian authorities increased their crackdown against bloggers and online journalists, using the country’s harsh laws to prosecute individuals for their online activities and quash dissent. Most alarmingly, six bloggers from the critical Zone9 blogging collective and three journalists associated with Zone9 were arrested in late April 2014 on charges of terrorism, which, under the Telecom Fraud Offenses Law and anti-terrorism proclamation, can entail a sentence of up to 20 years in prison if the bloggers are found guilty. The Zone9 case was repeatedly stalled by the courts throughout 2014, leaving the bloggers in pre-trial detention for over six months as of late-2014. Meanwhile, two online radio journalists were arrested and detained for a week without charges in August 2013, and the prominent dissident blogger, Eskinder Nega, and award-winning journalist, Reeyot Alemu, continue to serve lengthy prison sentences, despite international pressure for their release. The overall crackdown has had a major chilling effect on internet freedom and freedom of expression in the country, leading to increasing levels of self-censorship among online journalists, bloggers, and ordinary users alike.

Obstacles to Access
In 2013 and 2014, access to ICTs in Ethiopia remained extremely limited, hampered by slow speeds and the state’s tight grip on the telecom sector. According to the International Telecommunications Union (ITU), internet penetration stood at a mere 1.9 percent in 2013, up from 1.5 percent in 2012. Only 0.25 percent of the population had access to fixed-broadband internet, increasing from 0.01 percent in 2012.Ethiopians had more access to mobile phone services, with mobile phone penetration rates increasing from 22 percent in 2012 to 27 percent in 2013 though such access rates still lag behind a regional average of 80 percent. Meanwhile, less than 5 percent of the population has a mobile-broadband subscription. Radio remains the principal mass medium through which most Ethiopians stay informed. While access to the internet via mobile phones increased slightly in the last year, prohibitively expensive mobile data packages still posed a significant financial obstacle for the majority of the population in Ethiopia, where per capita income in 2013 stood at US$470.8 Ethiopia’s telecom market is very unsaturated due to monopolistic control, providing customers with few options at arbitrary prices. Prices are set by the state-controlled Ethio Telecom and kept artificially high. As of mid-2014, monthly packages cost between ETB 200 and 3,000 (US$10 to $150) for 1 to 30 GB of 3G mobile services.

The computer remains the most practical option for going online, though in 2014, personal computers are still prohibitively expensive. The combined cost of purchasing a computer, initiating an internet connection, and paying usage charges makes internet access beyond the reach of most Ethiopians. Consequently, only 2 percent of Ethiopian households had internet access in their homes in 2013. The majority of internet users rely on cybercafes to log online, leading to a growth of
cybercafes in recent years, particularly in large cities. A typical internet user in Addis Ababa pays between ETB 5 and 7 (US$0.25 to $0.35) for an hour of access. Because of the scarcity of internet cafes outside urban areas, however, rates in rural cybercafes are more expensive.
For the few Ethiopians who can access the internet, connection speeds are known to be painstakingly slow. For years, logging into an email account and opening a single message could take as long as six minutes at a standard cybercafe with broadband in the capital city.12 According to May 2014 data from Akamai’s “State of the Internet” report, Ethiopia has an average connection speed of 1.2 Mbps (compared to a global average of 3.9 Mbps). Meanwhile, Ethiopia’s broadband adoption (characterized by connection speeds greater than 4 Mbps) is less than 3 percent,14 while the country’s narrowband adoption (connection speed below 256 Kbps) is about 20 percent among those with access. Numerous users reported that internet and text messaging speeds were extremely slow during the coverage period, with services completely unavailable at times. Frequent electricity outages are also a contributing factor to poor telecom services. Despite reports of massive investments from Chinese telecom companies in recent years,17 Ethiopia’s telecommunications infrastructure is among the least developed in Africa and is almost entirely absent from rural areas, where about 85 percent of the population resides. The country is connected to the international internet via satellite, a fiber-optic cable that passes through Sudan and connects to its international gateway, and the SEACOM cable that connects through Djibouti to an international undersea cable. In an effort to expand connectivity, the government has reportedly installed several
thousand kilometers of fiber-optic cable throughout the country over the past few years. Construction of the East African Submarine Cable System (EASSy) was completed and launched in July 2010, but its effects on Ethiopia have yet to be seen as of mid-2014. The space for independent initiatives in the ICT sector, entrepreneurial or otherwise, is extremely
limited, with state-owned Ethio Telecom holding a firm monopoly over internet and mobile phone services in the country. Consequently, all connections to the international internet are completely centralized via Ethio Telecom, enabling the government to cut off the internet at will. As a result, the internet research company Renesys classified Ethiopia “as being at severe risk of Internet disconnection,” alongside Syria, Uzbekistan, and Yemen in a February 2014 assessment. During the coverage period, one Renesys report found that 40 percent of Ethiopia’s networks were down for a few hours on July 18, 2013 as a result of a disruption on the SEACOM network, though the exact reason for the disruption was unknown. In September 2013, a number of cybercafe owners in Ethiopia reported an increasing trend of unpredictable internet connections and speeds beginning in June that resulted in a significant decline in business, with internet connections reported as unavailable for up to 15 days in a month. Mobile phone networks—also completely centralized under Ethio Telecom—are similarly vulnerable to service disruptions and shutdowns by the government, which often occur during politically sensitive times. During the coverage period, there were frequent reports of dropped cell phone and landline calls, complete network blackouts in many parts of the country, and overlapping voices in calls. The latter phenomenon led people to suspect government engagement in a widespread eavesdropping scheme (see “Violations of User Rights” for details on surveillance). Meanwhile, cybercafes are subject to onerous requirements under the 2002 Telecommunications
(Amendment) Proclamation, which requires cybercafe owners to obtain an operating license with Ethio Telecom via a murky process that can take months. During the coverage period, Ethio Telecom began enforcing its licensing  requirements more strictly in response to the increasing spread of cybercafes, reportedly penalizing Muslim cafe owners more harshly. Violations of the stringent requirements, such as a prohibition on providing Voice-over-IP (VoIP) services, entail criminal liability. Despite repeated international pressure to liberalize telecommunications in Ethiopia, the government
has not eased its grip on the sector. In June 2013, the prime minister publicly affirmed that the government would maintain a monopoly over the country’s telecoms. In the meantime, China has emerged as a key investor and contractor in Ethiopia’s telecommunications industry, and in July 2013, the government signed a US$1.6 billion agreement with the Chinese telecom companies,
Zhongxing Telecommunication Corporation (ZTE) and Huawei, to upgrade its broadband network to 4G in Addis Ababa and expand 3G across the country. The networks built by the Chinese firms have been criticized for their high costs and poor service, though the partnership has enabled Ethiopia’s authoritarian leaders to maintain their hold over the telecom sector. Furthermore, the contracts   have led to increasing fears that the Chinese may also be assisting the authorities in developing more robust internet and mobile phone censorship and surveillance capacities.
The Ethiopian Broadcasting Authority (EBA) and the Ethiopian Telecommunications Agency (ETA) are the primary regulatory bodies overseeing the telecommunications sector. These two organizations were established as autonomous federal agencies, but both are highly controlled government bodies.
Limits on Content
During the coverage period, over a hundred websites remained inaccessible in Ethiopia, with a greater number of online tools and services targeted for blocking. A June 2014 report affirmed the government’s efforts to recruit and train progovernment citizens to attack politically objectionable content online.
The Ethiopian government imposes nationwide, politically motivated internet blocking and filtering that tends to tighten ahead of sensitive political events. The majority of blocked websites are those that feature opposition or critical content run by individuals or organizations based in the country or the diaspora. The government’s approach to internet filtering generally entails hindering access to a list of specific internet protocol (IP) addresses or domain names at the level of the Ethio Telecom-controlled international gateway. A more sophisticated strategy of blocking websites based on a keyword in the URL path, known as deep-packet inspection (DPI),  was detected in May 2012 when the Tor network—an online tool that enables users to browse anonymously—was blocked. In January 2014, an independent test conducted by a researcher based in the country found 120 unique URLs that were inaccessible in the country, 62 of which were Ethiopian news websites, 14 of which were political party websites,  of which were blogs, and 7 of which were television and online
radio websites. During the test, some websites opened at the first attempt but were inaccessible when refreshed. The test also found that select tools and services on Google’s Android operating system on smart phones were inaccessible at irregular intervals but for unclear reasons. A separate test on over 1,400 URLs between July and August 2013 by the OpenNet Initiative in partnership withHuman Rights Watch similarly found 62 websites blocked altogether and numerous others intermittently inaccessible. International news outlets were increasingly targeted for censorship. Al Arabiya, a Saudi Arabia-based media outlet, and both of Al Jazeera’s Arabic and English websites were intermittently blocked during the coverage period. In July 2013, websites belonging to Yahoo and CNN were reportedly inaccessible for about 12 hours. Facebook and Twitter were also targets of the short-term July 2013 blocking. There was no evident impetus or reason for the short-term blocking, and other major services such as Gmail and new outlets such as the New York Times remained accessible. Nevertheless, the incident further increased worries over reports of government plans to block popular social media tools completely. Facebook and Twitter platforms were otherwise generally accessible, although some individual Facebook groups belonging to opposition individuals remained blocked altogether, particularly when accessed via the unencrypted (http://) URL pathway. Meanwhile, the social media curation tool Storify—first blocked in July 201241—remained blocked during the coverage period, while the URL shortening tool Bit.ly was inexplicably blocked in late 2013.
In the past few years, the authorities have become more sophisticated in their censorship techniques, electing to block select webpages as opposed to entire websites. Critical online news articles are usually targeted, such as an August 2012 Forbes article titled, “Requiem for a Reprobate Ethiopian Tyrant Should Not Be Lionized,” which was blocked for criticizing the local and global praise of the former prime minister’s debatable economic growth achievements; the article remained blocked as of June 2014.44 A July 2013 YouTube video of the anti government Muslim protests that occurred from 2012-13 was also blocked as of late 2013.
International blog-hosting platforms such as Blogspot have been frequently blocked since the disputed parliamentary elections of 2005, during which the opposition used online communication tools to organize and disseminate information that was critical of the ruling Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front. In 2007, the government instituted a blanket block on the domainnames of two popular blog-hosting websites, Blogspot and Nazret, though the authorities have
since become more sophisticated in their censorship techniques, now blocking select pages such as the Zone9 independent blog hosted on Blogspot, as opposed to the entire blogging platform. Nazret, however, remained completely blocked as of June 2014. Circumvention strategies have also been targeted, with the term “proxy” yielding no search results on Google, according to an independent source. Meanwhile, the terms “sex” or “porn” are still searchable.
In addition to increasing blocks of online content, politically objectionable content is often targeted for removal, often by way of threats from security officials who personally seek out users and bloggers to instruct them to take down certain content, particularly critical content on Facebook. The growing practice suggests that at least some voices within Ethiopia’s small online community are being closely monitored. Some restrictions are also placed on mobile phones, such as the  requirement for a text message to obtain prior approval from Ethio Telecom if it is to be sent to more than ten recipients. A bulk text message sent without prior approval is automatically blocked. There are no procedures for determining which websites are blocked or why, which precludes any avenues for appeal. There are no published lists of blocked websites or publicly available criteria for how such decisions are made, and users are met with an error message when trying to access
blocked content. This lack of transparency is exacerbated by the government’s continued denial of its censorship efforts. Meanwhile, the decision-making process does not appear to be controlled by a single entity, as various government bodies—including the Information Network Security Agency (INSA), Ethio Telecom, and the ministry of ICT—seem to be implementing their own lists, contributing to a phenomenon of inconsistent blocking. Lack of adequate funding is a significant challenge for independent online media in Ethiopia, as fear of government pressure dissuades local businesses from advertising with politically critical websites. Local newspapers and web outlets receive their news and information from regime critics and opposition organizations in the diaspora. While the domestic Ethiopian blogosphere has been expanding, most blogging activity on Ethiopian issues still originates in the diaspora. Few Ethiopian journalists work for both the domestic print media and overseas online outlets due to the threat of repercussions. Increasing repression against journalists and bloggers has had a major chilling effect on expression online, particularly following the arrest of the Zone9 bloggers in April 2014 (see “Violations of User Rights”). Fear of pervasive surveillance has led to widespread self-censorship, and many bloggers publish anonymously to avoid reprisals. Notably, users on social media platforms such as Facebook and Twitter seem to practice a lower degree of self-censorship, which may be due to poor awareness of privacy settings, or the perception that posts on social media are anonymous or more secure. Despite extremely low levels of internet access, the authorities employ progovernment commentators and trolls to proactively manipulate the online news and information landscape. Acrimonious exchanges between commentators on apologist websites and an array of diaspora critics and opposition figures have become common in online political debates. There was a noticeable increase in the number of progovernment commentators during the coverage period, as confirmed in a June 2014 report by the Ethiopian Satellite Television Service (ESAT) that detailed the government’s efforts to recruit and train progovernment citizens to attack politically objectionable content online. According to the ESAT report, hundreds of bloggers who report directly to government officials had been trained on how to post progovernment comments and criticize antigovernment articles on social  media platforms. As the country prepares for the upcoming 2015 National Election, the state media has stepped up its campaign against the press in general and the use of social media in particular, claiming that foreign agents and terrorists are using social media to destabilize the country. Consequently, many civil society groups based in the country are wary of mobilizing against the government, and calls for protest come mostly from the Ethiopian diaspora rather than from local activists who fear the government’s violent crackdowns against protest movements. Nevertheless, over the past few years, Facebook has become one of the most popular mediums through which Ethiopians share and consume information. Social media services have also become significant platforms for political deliberation and social justice campaigns. For example, in September 2013, a group of young Ethiopian bloggers and activists based in Addis Ababa launched a Facebook and Twitter campaign on the occasion of Ethiopia’s New Year celebration to share their vision of a better Ethiopia, using the hashtag #EthiopianDream.52 In November 2013, Ethiopians responded to the Saudi government’s crackdown on undocumented Ethiopian immigrants in Saudi Arabia by organizing the online campaign, #SomeoneTellSaudiArabia, to protest the abusive treatment of Ethiopian immigrants. Netizen activism was particularly pronounced and widespread following the arrest of six Zone9 bloggers and three journalists for their alleged affiliation with the Zone9 collective (see “Violations of User Rights”). Ethiopian bloggers and social media users flocked online to spread the #FreeZone-9Bloggers hashtag in a campaign that quickly swept across the social media sphere and garnered

widespread support from around the world. Within five days, the #FreeZone9Bloggers hashtag had been tweeted more than 8,000 times. Unfortunately, the international campaign elicited no response from the government, and the imprisoned bloggers and journalists are still awaiting trial on charges of terrorism as of late-2014.

Violations of User Rights 
During the coverage period, the Ethiopian government’s already limited space for online expression continued to deteriorate alongside its poor treatment of journalists. A new proclamation passed in November 2013 empowered INSA with sweeping surveillance capabilities without judicial oversight. Sophisticated malware was launched against online radio journalists and dissidents in exile, while repression against bloggers and ICT users in the country increased notably. Six bloggers of the critical Zone9 blogging collective were arrested for their alleged terrorist activities. The 1995 Ethiopian constitution guarantees freedom of expression, freedom of the press, and access to information, while also prohibiting censorship. These constitutional guarantees are affirmed in the 2008 Mass Media and Freedom of Information Proclamation, known as the press law, which also provides certain protections for media workers, such as prohibiting the pre-trial detention of journalists. Nevertheless, the press law also includes problematic provisions that contradict  constitutional protections and restrict free expression. For example, media outlets are required to obtain licenses to operate through an onerous registration process that applies to all outlets, regardless of size, though it is uncertain whether the press law’s broad language encompasses online media. Penalties for violating the registration requirement and other restrictions on content, such as defamation, involve high fines and up to two and three years in prison, respectively.
In September 2012, the government codified specific restrictions on various telecommunications activities through the passage of the Telecom Fraud Offences law,  which revised a 1996 law that had placed bans on certain communication applications, such as Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)60— including Skype and Google Voice—call back services, and internet-based fax services. Under the new law, the penalties under the preexisting ban were toughened, increasing the fine and maximum prison sentence from five to eight years for offending service providers, and penalizing users with
three months to two years in prison. The law also added the requirement for all individuals to register their telecommunications equipment—including smart phones—with the government, which security officials typically enforce by confiscating ICT equipment when a registration permit cannot be furnished at security checkpoints, according to sources in the country.

Most alarmingly, the Telecom Fraud Offences law extended the violations and penalties defined in the 2009 Anti-Terrorism Proclamation and 2004 Criminal Code to electronic communications, which are broadly defined yet explicitly include both mobile phone and internet services. The anti-terrorism legislation prescribes prison sentences of up to 20 years for the publication of statements that can be understood as a direct or indirect encouragement of terrorism, vaguely defined.64 Meanwhile, the criminal code holds any “author, originator or publisher” criminally liable for content allegedly linked to offenses such as treason, espionage, or incitement, which carries with it the penalty of up to life imprisonment or death. The criminal code also penalizes the publication of a “false rumor” with up to three years in prison. In 2014, the Ethiopian authorities increased their crackdown against bloggers and online journalists, using the country’s harsh laws to prosecute individuals for their online activities and silence dissent. Most alarmingly, six bloggers from the critical Zone9 blogging collective and three journalists associated with Zone9 were arrested in late April 2014 on charges of terrorism. They were accused of “working with foreign organizations that claim to be human rights activists… and receiving finance to
incite public violence through social media,”  though the arrests had occurred just days following Zone9’s Facebook post announcing plans to resume its activism. The blogging collective had been inactive for seven months as a result of “a considerable amount of surveillance and harassment” the bloggers had suffered at the hands of security agents for their writings and social media activism. Despite widespread international condemnation of the Zone9 arrests, the detainees were denied bail in August and remained in jail as of fall 2014, awaiting trial. Meanwhile, the well-known dissident journalist and blogger Eskinder Nega is still carrying out an 18-year prison sentence handed down in July 2012 under the anti-terrorism law. Numerous other journalists and media outlets—both online and print—were targeted for arrest and prosecutions during the coverage period, including Darsema Sori and Khalid Mohammed who were arrested in August 2013 for their work with the online radio station, Radio Bilal, which is known for its extensive coverage of the 2012-13 anti government protests organized by Ethiopian Muslims.

They were released after being held for a week without charges,71 but the arrests were in keeping with the government’s concerted efforts to silence the protests. Given the high degree of online repression in Ethiopia, some political commentators use proxy servers and anonymizing tools to hide their identities when publishing online and to circumvent filtering, though the ability to communicate anonymously has become more difficult. The Tor Network anonymizing tool was blocked in May 2012, confirming that the government has deployed deep-packet inspection technology, and Google searches of the term “proxy” mysteriously yield no results. Anonymity is further compromised by strict SIM card registration requirements. Upon purchase of a SIM card through Ethio Telecom or an authorized reseller, individuals must provide their full name, address, government-issued identification number, and a passport-sized photograph. Ethio Telecom’s database of SIM registrants enables the government to cut-off the SIM cards belonging to targeted individuals and to restrict those individuals from registering for new SIM cards. Internet subscribers are also required to register their personal details, including their home address, with the government. In 2013, an inside informant leaked worrying details of potential draft legislation that seeks to mandate real-name registration for all internet users in Ethiopia, though there are no further
details of this development as of mid-2014. Government surveillance of online and mobile phone communications is pervasive in Ethiopia, and evidence has emerged in recent years that reveal the scale of such practices. According to 2014
Human Rights Watch research, there are strong indications that the government has deployed a centralized monitoring system from the Chinese telecommunications firm ZTE, known as ZXMT, to monitor phone lines and various types of communications, including mobile phone networks and the internet.73 Known for its use by repressive regimes in Libya and Iran, ZXMT enables deep-packet inspection (DPI) of internet traffic across the Ethio Telecom network and has the ability to intercept emails and web chats. Another ZTE technology, known as ZSmart, is a customer management database installed at Ethio Telecom that provides the government with full access to user information and the ability to intercept SMS text messages and record phone conversations. ZSmart also allows security officials to locate targeted individuals through real-time geolocation tracking of mobile phones. While the extent to which the government has made use of the full range of ZTE’s sophisticated surveillance systems is unclear, the authorities frequently present intercepted emails and phone calls as evidence during trials against journalists and bloggers or during interrogations as a scare tactic. In November 2013, a new Cyber Security Law expanded the surveillance powers of the Information Network Security Agency (INSA)—the government body established in 2011 to preside overcurity of the country’s critical communications infrastructure. According to reports, the law states that “social media outlets, blogs and other internet related media have great capabilities to instigate war, to damage the country’s image and create havoc in the economic atmosphere of the country”—
setting the logic for expanding INSA’s duties to include developing offensive cyber capabilities and ICT tools. The proclamation also empowers INSA to investigate computers, networks, internet, radio, television, and social media platforms “for any possible damage to the country’s social, economic, political and psychological well being.” INSA reportedly uses sophisticated spyware, such as the commercial toolkit FinFisher—a device that can secretly monitor computers by turning on webcams, record everything a user types with a key logger, and intercept Skype calls—to target dissidents and supposed threats. A leaked document confirmed that the UK-based company, Gamma International, had provided Ethio Telecom with the FinFisher surveillance toolkit at some point between April and July 2012.80 In addition, research conducted by Citizen Lab in March 2013 worryingly found evidence of an Ethio Telecom-initiated  inSpy campaign launched against users that employed pictures of the exiled prodemocracy group, Ginbot 7, as bait. There has been an increasing trend of exiled dissidents targeted with surveillance malware in the past few years. In April 2013, Tadesse Kersmo, a senior member of Ginbot-7 living in exile in the United Kingdom since 2009, came across the above-mentioned Citizen Lab FinSpy report and noticed that one of the spyware campaign’s bait was a picture of himself. He contacted Citizen Lab to have his computer examined and found that FinSpy had been active on his computer over two days in June 2012. The spyware may have transmitted any or all of Kersmo’s emails, chats, Skype calls, files, and web searches to a server based in Ethiopia, which could have provided the authorities with names of contacts, colleagues, and family members still living in the country. In February 2014, Privacy International filed a criminal complaint to the UK’s National Cyber Crime Unit on Kersmo’s behalf, urging them to investigate the potential unlawful interception of communications.
In the same month, the Electronic Frontier Foundation filed a similar suit in the United States on behalf of another Ethiopian dissident (and American citizen) identified publicly under the pseudonym Mr. Kidane. Kidane’s computer had also been found infected with the FinSpy malware sometime between late October 2012 and March 2013, which had secretly recorded dozens of his Skype calls, copied emails he had sent, and logged a web search conducted by his son on the history of sports medicine for a school research project.86 The FinSpy IP address was linked to a server belonging to
Ethio Telecom. Recent Citizen Lab research published in February 2014 uncovered the use of Remote Control System
(RCS) spyware against two employees of the diaspora-run independent satellite television, radio, and online news media outlet, Ethiopian Satellite Television Service (ESAT), based in Alexandria, VA.87 Made by the Italian company Hacking Team, RCS spyware is advertised as “offensive technology” sold exclusively to law enforcement and intelligence agencies around the world, and has the ability to steal files and passwords, and intercept Skype calls/chats. 88 While Hacking Team claims that they do not deal with “repressive regimes,” the RCS virus sent via sophisticated bait to the two ESAT employees made it clear that the attack was targeted, and researchers have strong suspicions of the Ethiopian government’s  involvement.
While the government’s stronghold over the Ethiopian ICT sector enables it to proactively monitor users, its access to user activity and information is less direct at cybercafes. For a period following the 2005 elections, cybercafe owners were required to keep a register of their clients, but the requirement has not been enforced since mid-2010.91 Nevertheless, some cybercafe operators revealed that they are required to report any “unusual behavior” to security officials, and officials often visit cybercafes (sometimes in plainclothes) to ask questions about specific users or monitor user activity themselves.
Government security agents frequently harass and intimidate bloggers, online journalists, and ordinary users for their online activities. Independent bloggers are often summoned by the authorities to be warned against discussing certain topics online, while activists claim that they are consistently threatened by state security agents for their online activism. Bloggers from Zone9, for example, reported suffering a considerable amount of harassment for their work, leading them to go silent for several months. Shortly after the blog announced on Facebook that it was resuming activities in April 2014, six Zone9 bloggers were arrested and sent to a federal detention center in Addis Ababa where the torture of detainees is reportedly common. The active Gmail accounts belonging to several of the Zone9 bloggers94 while in detention suggests that they may have been forced give their passwords to security officials against their will.

Read more @ https://freedomhouse.org/sites/default/files/FOTN_2014_Full_Report_compressedv2_0.pdf

ETHIOPIA: ‘BECAUSE I AM OROMO’: SWEEPING REPRESSION IN THE OROMIA REGION OF ETHIOPIA

http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/info/AFR25/006/2014/en

The Science of Productivity December 21, 2014

Posted by OromianEconomist in 10 best Youtube videos, 25 killer Websites that make you cleverer, Economics, Opportunity Cost, The Mathematics of Cities, Theory of Development.
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How to get more done—and in less time

http://qz.com/315903/how-to-get-more-done-and-in-less-time/

In today’s busy world, we’ve become a people obsessed with productivity and “work hacks.”

Getting more done in less time allows us to get ahead, and even gives us more availability to do the things we love outside of work.

The problem we run into is that it is easy to get motivated, but hard to stay disciplined.

Most of us look at productivity in the wrong way: task management tools are shiny at first and then go unused. Being chained to your desk is as unhealthy as it is unproductive.

Achievement isn’t about doing everything, it’s about doing the right things–productivity means saying no.

Focus and consistency are the bread-and-butter of being truly productive. Right now, we’ll take a look at the science behind how the brain works in the synthesis state, and what changes you can make for the better.

 The first thing to acknowledge in the pursuit of getting more done is the mountain of evidence that suggests willpower alone will not be enough to stay productive.

According to research by Janet Polivy, our brain fears big projects and often fails to commit to long-term goals because we’re susceptible to “abandoning ship” at the first sign of distress.

Think of the last time you went on a failed diet.

You stocked your fridge with the healthiest foods and planned to exercise every day… until the first day you slipped up. After that, it was back to your old ways.

To make matters worse, research by Kenneth McGraw was able to show that the biggest “wall” to success was often just getting started. Additional research in this area suggests that we’re prone to procrastinating on large projects because we visualize the worst parts; the perfect way to delay getting started.

According to researcher John Bargh, your brain will attempt to “simulate” real productive work by avoiding big projects and focusing on small, mindless tasks to fill your time.

“Big project due tomorrow? Better reorganize my movie collection!”

Perhaps worst of all, numerous studies on the concept of “ego-depletion” have provided some evidence that suggests our willpower is a limited resource that can be used up in it’s entirety. The more you fight it, the more gas you burn. An empty tank leads to empty motivation.

With all of that stacked against us, what can we possibly do to be more productive?

In order to figure this out, one of our best bets is to observe the habits of consistently productive people.

The habits of productive people

If I were to ask to describe the practice regiments of world-class musicians, you’d probably envision a shut-in artist who plays all day long and then tucks in their instrument at night.

Amazingly though, research by Anders Ericsson that examined the practice sessions of elite violinists clearly showed that the best performers were not spending more time on the violin, but rather were being more productive during their practice sessions.

Better yet, the most elite players were getting more sleep on average than everyone else.

How is that possible?

Subsequent research by Anders reveals the answer: the best players were engaging in more “deliberate practice.” You’ve heard the term, but beyond the hype, what is it all about?

It’s nothing more than spending time on the hardest tasks, and being better at managing your energy levels.

Think of it this way: If you were trying to get better at basketball, you’d be much better off practicing specific drills for two hours rather than “shooting hoops” all day long.

Since deliberate practice requires you to spend more brainpower than busy work, how can you implement it without draining your willpower?

The first answer isn’t very sexy, but it’s necessary: the best way to overcome your fear of spending a lot of energy on a big project is to simply get started.

The Zeigarnik Effect (mentioned above) is a construct that psychologists have observed in numerous studies on “suspense.” One such study gave participants brain-buster puzzles to complete, but not enough time to complete them. The surprising thing was, even when participants were asked to stop, over 90% of them went on to complete the puzzles anyway.

According to the lead researcher:

“It seems to be human nature to finish what we start and, if it is not finished, we experience dissonance.”

It’s the same thing that happens when we become engaged in a story in a book, movie or TV show: we want to see how it ends.

You can use this knowledge to your advantage by just getting started on that next big project; in the most basic sense, don’t focus your motivation on doing Activity X. Instead, focus on making Activity X easier to do.

Start the night before. Is your to-do list already written up? Is your place of work ready for you to get started? Break down barriers of friction before relying on willpower.

On working like an expert

A multitude of research has shown us that discipline is best maintained through habits, not through willpower.

According to Tony Schwartz, CEO of The Energy Project, most people hold their productivity back by not rigidly scheduling work and rest breaks throughout the day.

Since most of us are worried about willpower, we don’t push ourselves to maximum output: instead of “giving our all” for brief sessions, we distribute our effort throughout the day, leading us back to busywork to fill our time.

What should we do instead?

Schwartz often cites a research study conducted by the Federal Aviation Administration that revealed how short breaks between longer working sessions resulted in a 16% improvement in awareness and focus.

Research from Peretz Lavie on ultradian rhythms matches up with these findings: longer productive sessions (of 90 minutes) followed by short breaks (of no more than 15-20 minutes) sync more closely with our natural energy cycles and allow us to maintain a better focus and higher energy level throughout the day.

ultradian rhythm

Both of these studies on energy management match up with the practice schedules of the violinists: the most common regimen for the cream of the crop players was a 90-minute block of intense practice followed by a 15-minute break.

The moral of the story is that it’s hard to be productive while trying to maintain high energy levels through your entire day.

It’s much easier to work intensely when you know that a break is just around the corner, not at the end of the day. Instead of trying to conserve energy for hours, break big projects down into smaller chunks and plan a recovery period right after.

For projects done on your own time, try scheduling blocks of 90-minute work sessions with a planned cool down time of 15 minutes directly afterwards. When you know a break is on the horizon, you won’t try to “pace yourself” with your work, and will be more inclined to dive into the difficult stuff.

While great for tackling the toughest parts of large projects, this technique doesn’t really address many problems related to discipline, an important part of staying productive for more than just a day or two.

The art of staying disciplined

One segment of the population known for struggling with discipline are those who are addicted to hard drugs.

Given their disposition for being unable to commit to many things, you might be surprised to find that during an experiment testing the ability of drug addicts to write & submit a 5 paragraph essay on time, those who wrote down when and where they would complete the essay were far more likely to turn it in.

These findings have some interesting correlation with those related to discipline in other people: in a study examining the ability of average people to stick with a strict dieting plan, researchers found that those participants who rigorously monitored what they were eating were able to maintain far higher levels of self-control when it came to maintaining their diet.

Last but not least, Dan Ariely and colleagues conducted a study involving college students and found that students who imposed strict deadlines on themselves for assignments performed far better (and more consistently) than those who didn’t.

These findings were especially interesting because Ariely noted that students who gave themselves too generous of a deadline often suffered from the same problems as students who set zero deadlines: when you allot yourself too much time to complete a task, you can end up creating a “mountain out of a molehill.”

Since we now know that tracking our progress is a key component of productivity, how can we implement this practice into our daily routine?

One method is to use an accountability chart to track what work you’ve completed during your 90-minute productive sessions, similar to how the dieters tracked their food consumption.

To easily implement one, simply create two-columns on a piece of paper, Google Docs spreadsheet, or even a whiteboard.

  • Column 1 will list the time-span of one of your productivity sessions.
  • Column 2 will list what tasks you’ve accomplished in that limited time-span.

accountability chart

Don’t include any columns for your 15-minute breaks, as those times are for your own sake and means to replenish your willpower.

This works well for 2 specific reasons:

Dr. Kentaro Fujita argues that tracking your progress in this way is helpful because you’ll be exposed to the work you’ve actually accomplished, and not the (inaccurate) assumption of work you might construe in your head.

Forcing yourself to write down the fact that you spent 2 hours on YouTube isn’t about shaming, it’s about awareness; you’ll be less likely to do it again.

Progress tracking is also a known strategy for stopping yourself from engaging in robotic behavior (also known as busywork), a habit that researcher John Bargh describes as the #1 enemy of goal striving.

Productivity and multitasking

With a work schedule, an energy management strategy, and a task-tracking system in place, the last challenge we have to face is that of multitasking.

According to a 1999 study, we have a tendency to view multitasking as effective, even when it isn’t.

However, researcher Zhen Wang was able to show that on average, multitaskers are actually less likely to be productive, yet they feel more “emotionally satisfied” with their work—creating an illusion of productivity.

Worse yet, Stanford researcher Clifford Nass examined the work patterns of multitaskers and analyzed their ability to:

  1. Filter information
  2. Switch between tasks
  3. Maintain a high working memory

He found that they were terrible at all three.

According to Nass:

“We were absolutely shocked. We all lost our bets. It turns out multitaskers are terrible at every aspect of multitasking.”

When working on the computer, the best thing you can do is turn on Airplane Mode; no need for temptation when you can’t even access the web. If you’re unable, help yourself with tools like StayFocusd to block distracting sites.

The next best strategy is to create an evening planning ritual where you select a few priority tasks to accomplish the next day.

The reason this method works far better than planning your daily tasks in the morning? Research from the Kellogg School has shown that we miscalculate the amount of focus we’ll be able to maintain in the future. We strongly believe that we’ll be able to quickly plan our day the next morning, but when tomorrow rolls we stumble off track.

You can create an evening planning ritual with a simple pen & paper or use an online tool like TeuxDeux each night. List only priority tasks (the “big 5”) for the day.

TeuxDeux

Instead of listing “Work on research project” as a daily goal, try something like “Finish introduction” or “Find additional sources” as a task you can actually complete.

The instant replay

Let’s play that all back real quick:

Willpower alone is not enough: Your productivity shouldn’t be reliant on your sheer force of will alone. Mental toughness will go a long way, but in order to stay disciplined you’re better off relying on systems.

Give yourself the ability to go “all-in”: Working harder on the stuff that matters is going to drain you mentally & physically. Don’t be afraid of giving yourself multiple breaks throughout the day. It’s better to “chunk” productivity sessions into 90 minute periods (in order to keep yourself sharp and to alleviate the stress of pacing your energy throughout the entire day.

If it’s not worth measuring, it’s not worth doing: Tracking has been proven to be the best way to stay diligent about your progress. Create an accountability chart to list what productive things you’ve gotten done throughout the day. You’ll see how much you’re really accomplishing.

Multitasking is your enemy: Treat it as such. Block out unwanted distractions and as Ron Swanson would say, “Never half-ass two things, whole-ass one thing.” Plan your day the night before so you won’t get consumed with the wonderful distractions of the internet when you start your day.

Read  from its source @ http://qz.com/315903/how-to-get-more-done-and-in-less-time/

Subprime Borrowers: Sub-Saharan Africa’s Eurobond borrowing. #Ethiopia. #Africa December 19, 2014

Posted by OromianEconomist in Africa, Africa and debt, Free development vs authoritarian model, Illicit financial outflows from Ethiopia, Sub-Saharan Africa's Eurobond borrowing.
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‘…So, are shortsighted financial markets, working with shortsighted governments, laying the groundwork for the world’s next debt crisis?…’

Joseph E. Stiglitz and  Hamid Rashid

http://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/sub-saharan-africa-s-subprime-borrowers-by-joseph-e–stiglitz-and-hamid-ras

(NEW YORK) – In recent years, a growing number of African governments have issued Eurobonds, diversifying away from traditional sources of finance such as concessional debt and foreign direct investment. Taking the lead in October 2007, when it issued a $750 million Eurobond with an 8.5% coupon rate, Ghana earned the distinction of being the first Sub-Saharan country – other than South Africa – to issue bonds in 30 years.
This debut Sub-Saharan issue, which was four times oversubscribed, sparked a sovereign borrowing spree in the region. Nine other countries – Gabon, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Senegal, Angola, Nigeria, Namibia, Zambia, and Tanzania – followed suit. By February 2013, these ten African economies had collectively raised $8.1 billion from their maiden sovereign-bond issues, with an average maturity of 11.2 years and an average coupon rate of 6.2%. These countries’ existing foreign debt, by contrast, carried an average interest rate of 1.6% with an average maturity of 28.7 years.

It is no secret that sovereign bonds carry significantly higher borrowing costs than concessional debt does. So why are an increasing number of developing countries resorting to sovereign-bond issues? And why have lenders suddenly found these countries desirable?
With quantitative easing having driven interest rates to record lows, one explanation is that this is just another, more obscure manifestation of investors’ search for yield. Moreover, recent analyses, carried out in conjunction with the establishment of the new BRICS bank, have demonstrated the woeful inadequacy of official assistance and concessional lending for meeting Africa’s infrastructure needs, let alone for achieving the levels of sustained growth needed to reduce poverty significantly.
Moreover, the conditionality and close monitoring typically associated with the multilateral institutions make them less attractive sources of financing. What politician wouldn’t prefer money that gives him more freedom to do what he likes? It will be years before any problems become manifest – and, then, some future politician will have to resolve them.
To the extent that this new lending is based on Africa’s strengthening economic fundamentals, the recent spate of sovereign-bond issues is a welcome sign. But here, as elsewhere, the record of private-sector credit assessments should leave one wary. So, are shortsighted financial markets, working with shortsighted governments, laying the groundwork for the world’s next debt crisis?
The risks will undoubtedly grow if sub-national authorities and private-sector entities gain similar access to the international capital markets, which could result in excessive borrowing. Nigerian commercial banks have already issued international bonds; in Zambia, the power utility, railway operator, and road builder are planning to issue as much as $4.5 billion in international bonds.
Evidence of either irrational exuberance or market expectations of a bailout is already mounting. How else can one explain Zambia’s ability to lock in a rate that was lower than the yield on a Spanish bond issue, even though Spain’s credit rating is four grades higher? Indeed, except for Namibia, all of these Sub-Saharan sovereign-bond issuers have “speculative” credit ratings, putting their issues in the “junk bond” category and signaling significant default risk.
Signs of default stress are already showing. In March 2009 – less than two years after the issue – Congolese bonds were trading for 20 cents on the dollar, pushing the yield to a record high. In January 2011, Côte d’Ivoire became the first country to default on its sovereign debt since Jamaica in January 2010.
In June 2012, Gabon delayed the coupon payment on its $1 billion bond, pending the outcome of a legal dispute, and was on the verge of a default. Should oil and copper prices collapse, Angola, Gabon, Congo, and Zambia may encounter difficulties in servicing their sovereign bonds.
To ensure that their sovereign-bond issues do not turn into a financial disaster, these countries should put in place a sound, forward-looking, and comprehensive debt-management structure. They need not only to invest the proceeds in the right type of high-return projects, but also to ensure that they do not have to borrow further to service their debt.
These countries can perhaps learn from the bitter experience of Detroit, which issued $1.4 billion worth of municipal bonds in 2005 to ward off an impending financial crisis. Since then, the city has continued to borrow, mostly to service its outstanding bonds. In the process, four Wall Street banks that enabled Detroit to issue a total of $3.7 billion in bonds since 2005 have reaped $474 million in underwriting fees, insurance premiums, and swaps.
Understanding the risks of excessive private-sector borrowing, the inadequacy of private lenders’ credit assessments, and the conflicts of interest that are endemic in banks, Sub-Saharan countries should impose constraints on such borrowing, especially when there are significant exchange-rate and maturity mismatches.
Countries contemplating joining the bandwagon of sovereign-bond issuers would do well to learn the lessons of the all-too-frequent debt crises of the past three decades. Matters may become even worse in the future, because so-called “vulture” funds have learned how to take full advantage of countries in distress. Recent court rulings in the United States have given the vultures the upper hand, and may make debt restructuring even more difficult, while enthusiasm for bailouts is clearly waning. The international community may rightly believe that both borrowers and lenders have been forewarned.
There are no easy, risk-free paths to development and prosperity. But borrowing money from international financial markets is a strategy with enormous downside risks, and only limited upside potential – except for the banks, which take their fees up front. Sub-Saharan Africa’s economies, one hopes, will not have to repeat the costly lessons that other developing countries have learned over the past three decades.

Read more at http://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/sub-saharan-africa-s-subprime-borrowers-by-joseph-e–stiglitz-and-hamid-rashid#zK6cbc9Gry8MoJrX.99

http://www.theguardian.com/business/economics-blog/2013/jun/26/subsaharan-africa-eurobond-borrowing-debt

 

The following is the case study on Ethiopia from  Opride Contributors http://www.opride.com/oromsis/articles/opride-contributors/3781-sovereign-bond-may-prove-to-be-a-nightmare-for-ethiopia

SOVEREIGN BOND MAY PROVE TO BE A NIGHTMARE FOR ETHIOPIA 

By J. Bonsa

Ethiopian has recently joined the sovereign bond market, where governments sell debt to investors with a guarantee that they would pay periodic interest rates and the initial investment value at maturity.The bulk of sovereign bonds are bought by institutions and governments, individual investors constitute a relatively small proportion of total bond buyers. Sovereign bonds are often denominated in local currencies.

Ethiopia’s foray into the sovereign bond market has raised eyebrows in the world of financial market for at least three reasons. First, Ethiopia is the poorest country ever to venture into this market.  Second, the real value of Ethiopia’s currency has been deteriorating at alarming rates, devalued by close to 40 percent in the last three years alone. Third, the108-page long prospectus that the Ethiopian government prepared and submitted to formally enter the market contained astonishing revelations. In a bizarre twist, the government made unfamiliar and strange declarations about risks associated with purchasing the bond it is about to issue.

Among other things, authorities warned about: famine, Ethio-Eritrean war, social unrest and upheaval in the aftermath of the May 2015 election. These are extra-ordinary admissions of risks to a scale not heard in this market before. But what is the motive of the Ethiopian government in exhibiting such an extraordinary behavior? What are the triggers for the move to enter the sovereign bond market? In this piece, I will attempt to seek answers to these questions.

Carrot and stick

The local English weekly Addis Fortune reported rumors in Addis Ababa that the unusual admission of the risks was due to naivety of junior staff. However, central government in Ethiopia is known for ordering lower level units to do things a certain way only to deny involvement to avoid blame at a later stage. For example, federal government officials often deny and attribute human rights abuses to local authorities. The latest screw up seems to be an extension of that logic to international diplomacy. The fact that this rumor was leaked through a pro-government newspaper provides further clue about some sinister motives beyond a simple act of incompetence by those who prepared the prospectus.

It is likely that the government used the document as a carrot and stick tactic aimed at Western governments.  An evidence of this comes from the revelations about Ethiopia’s “credit lines from China and Chinese entities accounted for 42 per cent of all external loan disbursements in 2013-14, and for 69 percent in 2012-13.” This fact underscores Ethio-Chinese partnerships have been considerably strengthened. Western countries, particularly the U.S., recognize Ethiopia’s support in the global fight against terrorism. But they also know that that support has often been offered to them so officiously with hidden motives, which at times jeopardized Western interests in the Horn of Africa.

The issuance of the sovereign bond and rare admission about the scale of Ethio-China relations appear like a warning to the U.S.: Buy the bond generously if you want to stop us from lurching toward China. The categories of hazards the government chose are even more telling. For instance, the possibility of another war with Eritrea is inserted to gain sympathy and also imply that terrorism is still rampant in Horn of Africa. The likelihood of social unrest after the next election is meant to warn the West that they should not seriously consider pressing the government on human rights and democratization.

Other motivations are rooted in domestic politics. The government knows that the risks are real and investors will find out sooner or later. In that case, by declaring the risks upfront, the regime tries to present itself as a brutally honest and transparent government. In doing so, they might be trying to pre-empt opposition claims about lack of transparency in areas of governance and economic management.

Liquidity crisis

The Ethiopian government has a strange habit of biting more than it could chew. For example, it plans to invest about $5.1 billion per year over the next decade on mega infrastructural projects: power, roads, and telecommunications. Another $6 billion is required to build a 2.4 thousands km railway network. The construction of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) on the Nile River is expected to cost about $4.8 billion. The World Bank has warned that this level of investment (more than 40 percent of GDP and three times the $1.3 billion in infrastructure spending that the country managed during the mid-2000s) is well beyond the country’s modest means.

This created a self-inflicted wound in the form of a very messy liquidity crisis: an acute shortage or drying up of funds in the economy. This crisis is the main trigger for the foray to the sovereign bond market. The shortage of funds is specially manifested in difficulty to borrow funds from the banking system. The crisis has been around in the Ethiopian economy for a good part of the last decade. The government left no stone unturned in the sphere of the domestic economy to overcome the severe liquidity crisis.

But the regime squandered huge sums of free grants and concessionary or low interest loans from donors, annual net-inflows in the upwards of $2 billion, excluding other humanitarian aid.

The debacle from the 2005 election and the 2009 Charities Law, which restricted operations of foreign NGOs, saw a noticeable reduction in foreign aid. The government had to seek non-concessionary loans, particularly from China, to finance its mega projects. Meanwhile, the ill-designed project locations in less productive sectors or regions means sharp declines in export earnings.

For much of the last decade, the government simply printed more and more birr and engaged in a spending spree. However, a limit was reached when inflation hit the roof, approaching 60 percent in 2008. Fearing political backlash through social unrest and also due to pressures from international financial institutions, the government backed down from its inflationary financing strategy.

Involuntary savings

Absent foreign funds, the government maintained a dogged determination and vowed to proceed with the mega projects by entirely relying on domestic savings. This began with sales of government savings bonds to domestic institutions, to raise about $892.2 million in five years. Obviously, this was not realistic. About 70 percent of Ethiopians still live in extreme poverty, and one cannot expect households to voluntarily save even a small proportion of the target amount of saving. Consequently, the government resorted to force savings, using unorthodox methods.

The involuntary savings was accompanied by an intensive propaganda campaign to rally the public around the mega infrastructural projects by creating wartime like atmosphere. It is not only “unpatriotic” to question the suitability or merit of the large projects, it borders with criminality to express any reservations specifically about the GERD. Every civil servant has been forced to buy a saving bond paying her one-month salary in 12 installments. They have also made a relentless but unsuccessful campaign to entice the Ethiopian diaspora. The perverse method applied to sell bonds to households was followed by an even more crude procedures meant to force bonds on the business community. Private Banks have been compelled to purchase bonds equivalent to 27 percent of their annual loans. However, this does not apply to government owned banks. Banking is effectivelygovernment monopoly, the three major state-owned banks hold 73 percent of the total bank assets in the country, 63 percent for the Commercial Bank of Ethiopia alone.

The extent of ignorance among Ethiopia’s policy makers is baffling. The involuntary saving is meant to boost public investment expenditure, which is part of aggregate demand that fuels economic growth. But the authorities grossly overlooked the very act of involuntary saving is bound to reduce the other components of expenditure — household consumption expenditure on goods and services as well asbusiness investment expenditure.  Sure enough, the government has belatedly realized there was a limit to achieving their goals through involuntary savings, and with all options in the domestic economy already exhausted.

Sovereign bond

The sovereign bond saga is a yet another maneuver to raise funds the government so desperately needed to finance the ill-conceived mega projects. This time the movement is on a less comfortable and unfamiliar terrain beyond Ethiopia’s borders, in the international market arena where the regime cannot apply brute methods to enforce bond purchases. Perhaps for the first time in its rein, Ethiopia’s ruling party will have to play by the rules.

Accordingly, it set out with a calculated move to secure a “sound” credit rating from known global agencies. In a quick succession during the first half of May 2013, credit rating agencies offered the government exactly what it needed. Fitch Ratings and Moody’s assigned ‘B’ and ‘B1’ ratings to Ethiopia, respectively. These endorsements opened the door for a debut on international capital markets.

However, the government rhetoric notwithstanding, most economic analysts know that the fundamentals of the Ethiopian economy have not reached the level that warranty the kinds of credit ratings offered to Ethiopia. For instance, in May 2012, three months before Meles Zenawi died, theEconomist observed:

JUST how sustainable is Ethiopia’s advance out of poverty? This is a vexed topic among bankers and others in Ethiopia who hold large wads of birr, the oft devalued currency. Despite hard work by the World Bank, oversight from the International Monetary Fund, and studies by economists from donor countries, it is not clear how factual Ethiopia’s economic data are. Life is intolerably expensive for Ethiopians in Addis Ababa, the capital, and its outlying towns. Some think Ethiopia’s inflation figures are fiddled with even more than those in Argentina. Even if the data are deemed usable, the double-digit growth rates predicted by the government of Prime Minister Meles Zenawi look fanciful.

Similarly, soon after Ethiopia received the favorable credit ratings, the International Monetary Fund“warned that the pace of accumulation of public sector debt to finance major investments in dams, factories and housing construction “deserves close attention.”’ Given these reservations about the credibility of Ethiopian authorities, it is perplexing as to why the ratings agencies endorsed Ethiopia to enter the global capital market.

This could have happened only if Ethiopian authorities have utilized their familiar strategy: buying the services of powerful and highly connected lobbying firms. This has become a familiar last resort forauthoritarian regimes in Africa. Ethiopia reportedly allocates a sizeable budget to pay for prohibitively expensive lobbyist service fees.

Public sector debt has been growing at alarming rate. As Horn Affairs reported recently, “Ethiopia’s public sector debt grew threefold in the past five years. The total outstanding external debt surged from $5.6 Billion in 2009/10 to $14 Billion in 2013/14.”These are increasingly becoming commercial or non-concessionary loans such as those from China. Ethiopia’s premature entry into the sovereign bond market amounts to adding fuel to a flame.

IMF predicts Ethiopia’s “total debt to GDP increases from 24 percent to 48 percent of GDP in 5 years, posing risks to debt sustainability. External commercial borrowing entails risks even under the assumption of a highly efficient big-push public investment program.”  This means unlike in the past when funds have been flowing in through free grants or soft loans, debt servicing will soon become a huge burden on the Ethiopian economy, given the government’s wasteful investment and a shift from soft to commercial loans. However, it is anybody’s guess whether or not the regime will stay long enough to face the consequences of its decisions.

*The writer, J. Bonsa, is a regular OPride contributor and researcher-based in Asia.

http://www.opride.com/oromsis/articles/opride-contributors/3781-sovereign-bond-may-prove-to-be-a-nightmare-for-ethiopia

Ateetee:The divinity for motherhood and fecundity in Oromo mythology December 18, 2014

Posted by OromianEconomist in Ancient African Direct Democracy, Ateetee (Siiqqee Institution), Culture, Gadaa System, Humanity and Social Civilization, Meroetic Oromo, Nubia, Oromia, Oromia Satelite Radio and TV Channels, Oromian Voices, Oromiyaa, Oromo, Oromo Artists, Oromo Culture, Oromo First, Oromo Identity, Oromo Music, Oromo Nation, Oromo Social System, Oromummaa, Qubee Afaan Oromo, Safuu: the Oromo moral value and doctrine, Sirna Gadaa, State of Oromia, The Goddess of Fecundity, The Oromo Democratic system, The Oromo Governance System, The Oromo Library.
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O

 

 

 

Yaa Maaraam furootu gahee

Waliin nu Gahee

Emmoo yaa obbolee emmoo

 

 

 

Maaram is believed to be the divinity of women. Maaram was created by Waaqa and
addressed as haadha boor (the mother of ocean). I think this is to indicate that Maaram
came to the Oromo from outside. The Oromo believe that Mooram is the mother of a
child. The Oromo women perform traditional ceremonies in respect of Maaram. It is
believed that Maaram will help barren women to beget a child, and help pregnant
women to give birth to a child. When a woman gives birth to a child Oromo women will
gather and ululate (say ilili ilili). They also prepare porridge, and splash butter. It is
normal for the Oromo to sacrifice an animal during this ceremony. Moreover, Maaram
is worshipped for the health of the environment, animals, human beings and crops.
The Oromo Qoolluu leaders pray to Maaram every two weeks for the continuation of
offspring of humans. Maaram has her own ritual house. Ritual goods include Jaaloo
(earthen caldron), and Qoloo (traditional shirt). It has also madabii (raised platform of
Earth). The dancing ceremony is performed on Tuesdays, Thursdays,. and Saturdays.

Some writers have explained the nature of Ateetee and Maaram. Knutsson states that the  names Ateetee and Maaram are used interchangeably for the same kind of being (Kmitsson 1967,55). Daniel states that  the various songs of Ateetee imply that “[a]teete is a ceremony prepared for Ayyolee, Maaram and Waaqa as thanksgiving by those who have children and a lamentation by the barren women” (Daniel 1984, 111). Bartels, however, questioned this assertion. To the Oromo of Western Matcha, Ateetee is the name of the ritual in which Maaram is invoked (Bartels 1983). Baxter (1979) had similar observation concerning the belief of the Arsi Oromo. For Cerulli, Ateetee is conceived as the goddess of fecundity (Cerulli 1922,127; Harris 1968,50).

– http://www.ossrea.net/publications/images/stories/ossrea/ssrr-19-p-3.pdf

In the traditional Oromo society, women played distinct roles through an institution called the Siiqqee (a symbolic decorated stick given to all women by their mothers upon marriage). This is an exclusively women’s solidarity institution sanctioned by tradition and respected by society. It is a sort of sorority that provides women with channels to participate in village councils, and a cultural vehicle to mobilize en masse against violence and abuse. Infringement of certain rights that women enjoy is regarded as an attack on human rights. In the event of violation of their rights, women take out the Siiqqee and mobilize to fight for the respect of rights, and for any perpetrator of abuse to be tried by society. The use of Siiqqee draws an enormous religious, ritual and moral authority and in the pursuit of peace and social tranquility. According to tradition peace is not merely the absence of war, but a constant state of unity and cooperation among the people as well as harmony with God and nature, with the power to bless or curse. Historically, women as a sector of society were designated as strangers and excluded from the Gadaa structures and rituals, but, they stuck together through the Siiqqee counting on one another within this common sorority. –http://oromowomensinternationalconferenceonline.com/general-information.html

http://http://ayyaantuu.com/horn-of-africa-news/oromia/interesting-messages-obtained-from-facebook/

http://ayyaantuu.com/horn-of-africa-news/oromia/interesting-messages-obtained-from-facebook/

http://portal.svt.ntnu.no/sites/ices16/Proceedings/Volume%203/Marit%20Tolo%20%C3%98steb%C3%B8%20-%20Wayyuu%20%E2%80%93%20Women%E2%80%99s%20Respect%20and%20Rights.pdf

http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=gCxLwdmLNMIC&pg=PA177&lpg=PA177&dq=siiqqee+Oromo+institution&source=bl&ots=TFj2Y7vo_G&sig=IrqVfrNe8PKIgo2ZCTkL0DtVtJE&hl=en&sa=X&ei=TxSwU8DwBYiK1AWaoYH4BQ&ved=0CCYQ6AEwATgK#v=onepage&q=siiqqee%20Oromo%20institution&f=false

http://www.academia.edu/4604793/Qaallu_Institution_A_theme_in_the_ancient_rock-paintings_of_Hararqee-implications_for_social_semiosis_and_history_of_Ethiopia

http://www.slideshare.net/chalihundu/oromo-peoplehood-historical-and-cultural-overview

http://trace.tennessee.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1080&context=utk_socopubs

http://zelalemkibret.files.wordpress.com/2013/07/jos-volume-4-numbers-12-1997.pdf

Weedduu Maaram / Weedduu Ateetee

(Translation: Zelelaem Aberra Tesfa)

http://www.zelealemaberra.com/?page_id=388

 

In Oromo mythology, the divinity for motherhood and fecundity is Ateetee or Maaram. Maaram or Ateetee is invoked and praised on birth-rituals. In addition, women prepare a feast and invoke Her, praise Her kindness so that they could be fertile, healthy, prosperous, and happy (Bartles, 1990,124; Cerulli 1917, 127, Tilahun Gamta, 2004,101)

Atoomaa hardhoo Maarami!
Maa mukoofna yee!

Yaa Maaram yaa Maaramii,
Wallaalaaf araarami.
Yaa Maaram, yaa kuullee koo,
Kottu taa’i fuullee koo.

Ciniinsuu afaa butuu
Miixuu dagalee butuu
Da’anii mucaa butuu
Iddoo ciniinsuu kee tii
Guddeen kun kan kee ti.

Yaa deessuu waalluu kobe,
Maaramtu boroo gonfe,
Dhirsatu balbalaa kolfe.
Yaa dhabduu waalluu moojoo
Dhirsatu aaree guungume,
Maaramtu boroo sokkee.

Utuun Balasiin ta’e,
Balas Boongaa ta’e,
Dhabaadhaaf mirgan kenna;
ittiin haa doorsifatu.
Utuun Maaramiin ta’e,
Maaram giiftii ta’e,
Dhabduudhaaf ilman kenna,
Dhirsa haadoorsifattu.

Yaa Maaram, yaa Maaramee
Dhabduudhaaf araarami mee.
Yaa Maaram godeettii koo
Yaa dhiiga toleettii koo
Yaa Maaram marmaartuu koo
Yaa hiika gargaartuu koo.
Aayyoleen walii lama
Tokkoo ishee carii gamaa
Tokko ishee asii kana.

Akka abbaa fardaa beeka
Irraangadee kaachisa
Akka abbaa warraa beeka
Niiti deessuu caalchisa
Gaangoo jedhee na cabsee
Gindoo saa nabaachisa
Yaa maaram hundaaf giiftii
Rakkoo kiyya naaf hiiki
Yookaan ilmaa naa kennii,
Beekaattan moggaafadha
Yookaan durba naa kennii
Beektuuttin moggaafadha
Yookaan dua naa kennii
Waayeekoon obbaafadhaa.

Get-together, for today is Maaram
Let us rejoice, throw away the boredom!

O Maaram, O dear Maaram,
Reconcile, with us who lack wisdom.
Maaram with beautiful eyes, O Maaram,
Have a sit, in front of me, please come!

When in pain, the mattress one clutches
When in labour, the wall one clutches
After delivery, a baby one snatches!
In return for your labour pain
Here, the little one is your gain.

O prolific woman, your clothes smell bad,
But Maaram has adorned your backyard,
The husband laughs from the front yard.
O sterile woman, with beautiful dress
Your husband furiously grumbles,
For your backyard, Maaram avoids.

If I were Balas,
That Balas of Boongaa,
To a bad-shooter his trophies I give;
So he could boast about it with relief.
If I were Maaram,
Our great lady Maaram,
A son I would give to the sterile woman,
So she could intimidate her man.

O Maaram, my dear Maaram
Be merciful to the childless.
O Maaram, with beauty and grace
You have revered blood in your face
O Maaram, you are my commuter [between me and God]
My parturifacient mother.
Two kinds of mothers are there
One is far across the river [The biological one]
The other one is the one here. [Maaram]

I know a rider’s thought and will
He gallops down the hill
I know a husband’s thought
He loves the prolific wife the most;
He equates me to a mule, dry and bare
and makes me carry his ploughshare.
O Maaram every women’s’ queen
Resolve this problem for me
Either grant me a baby boy
I call him “he the wise”
Either grant me a baby girl
I call her “she the wise”
Or either give me death
So I could get done with my worries.

 

The following stanza is taken from a birth song:

Odoshaa gofaa ka’u
Sareen agartee laata?
Agartee nyaattee laata?
Dhabduu ishee mucaaf boossu,
Yeelalaa fayyaaf boowu,
Adeemsa mirgaa boowuu
Maareen agartee laata?
Agartee laattee laata?

Ililleen Waaqa akka
Ililcheen Waaqiin kadha;
Gabaa shaqaxxuu faaqi
Anoo sagadduu Waaqi!

Loome qoraan karaa
Yomiree wal agarraa?
Bor guyyaa afaan waaree
Loonee wal agarra.

Garbuu kaballaa tokko
Manteessuun akaawwatte
Kan maseente ittiin horte
Kan deesse lakkaawwatte.

Deessuun akka naan jette
Mucaa koo hinargin jette
Diinqa koo hindarbin jette.
Maali yoon diinqa shee darbee?
Maali yoon mucaa shees argee?
Mucaa sheef argaan laadha
Garaa koof marqaan nyaadha
Jabbisheetu gola miti
Mucasaheen dhora miti.

Yaa dhabduu anaa nyaatu
Ulfooftee gumaa hin nyaannee
Deesse gumaata hindhugne.
Dhagaa kakatta guutuu
Rarra’etu wal baachise
Dhabduun dawuu hinjibbine
Maaramtu wal caalchise

Yaa deessuu waalluu qobe
Ayyaanni boroo gonfe.
Yaa dhabduu waalluu moojoo
Ayyaanni boroo sokke.

Yaa dhabduu masoo dhirsa
Dhirsatu dhaanu hawwee.
Yaa saree eegee dabbasaa
Kan quufee Waaqiin darbata
Kan Maaram namaa gootu
Haati ofii namaa hingootu.
Sibiila mutaa gootee
Kan djiiga mucaa gootee.

Baddaan qullubbii hinqabu
Muree laga dhaabbata
Kan kee dhukkubbii hinqabu
Turtee nama yaadattaa.
Araarfanne yaa maaram
Sirraa deenyee.
Gadi jedheen xaafii haamaa
Ol jedheen Waaqiin waama

An old horse’s rise from the stable,
I wonder if dogs have seen it and been able?
To have eaten it, and then did settle?
Cry of a baby-longing childles
Lament of a health-longing patient
A trophy-longing hunter’s plight
I wonder if Maaree have seen?
If She has seen and granted!

Ululation for Waaqa is a must
I ululate and beseech Waaqa;
Market of the taxing tanner
I am Waaqa’s earnest prayer!

The Loomee firewood of the street
When do you think we could meet?
Tomorrow, around mid-day
We will meet slipping away.

A handful of barley
That a widow parched and eat
the sterile prospered with it
the prolific counted it. [To equally divide.]

You know what the prolific said?
“Do not see my baby.” she said
“Do not enter my inner-room” she said.
What if I enter her inner-room?
What if I see her baby?
To her baby, I give a gift
To my stomach, porridge I eat.
No calf is kept in her inner-room,
She thinks I pine her child, I presume.

What a pity for the sterile lady
She could not get pregnant and eat a hunk of meat
She could not deliver and have showers of gift.
Abundance of rock and escarpment
Is hanging and piling up
The sterile did not hate giving birth
It is Maaram that un equalizes.

The prolific with smelly skirt
Her backyard is full of spirit.
But, the childless in a pretty skirt
Her backyard is devoid of spirit.

The sterile, the husband’s name-sake
The husband wishes to punish her.
O dog with a hairy tail
The over-fed hurls at Waaqa
The favour Maaram does for one
One’s own mother would not do.
She turned iron to needles
She turned blood to a baby that toddles.

The high land does not have onion
They cut and plant in the valley;
Your delay is not offensive
for you compensate gradually.
Reconciliation with you, O Maaram
You gave us deliverance.
I bow down and harvest xaafi [food plant]
I rise up and invoke Waaqi

Iyya Siiqqee

Hoga iyya Siiqqee

Ilmaan hidda Horoo,

Guchuma baattee siida Ateetee
Siiqqeen iyyite seenaaf godaante

Safuuf nagaa waaqa tokkichaan dursa
Na ofkolchaa iyya Siiqqeefan tumsaa
Godaana siiqqeefan imimman robsa!

Safuu! Hoga iyya Siiqqeef
kan mandiisu akka bakakkaa
Safuu! Godaana faana Siiqqeef
Seenaa hin duune, kan hin qabne fakkii fi akka!

Uggum! Hoga iyya Siiqqeef
Iyya eenyummaa – diroon fufe gumaaf birmatu
Uggum! Godaana faana Siiqqeef
Adeemsa seenaa – qaraan-qara hin dhaabbatu

Hoo dhommoqxes Siiqqeen hin cabdu
Harooressa hin haanxoftu – gogdee hin baddu

Ni latti akka coqorsaa – jilbeeffattee dhukaan riqxee
Ni lalisti akka saardoo – margee leensa diroon cobxee
Ni daraarti akka keelloo – kuusaa aadaan booka naqxee

Sarara ulumaa Siiqqeen hareeroo
Hormata eenyummaa seenaa iyya Horoo
Duudhaa ganamaa irkoo fi utubaa boroo
Jandoo baaxii galma suuqa sororoo
Siiqqeen hin baddu dagaleen Gadaa
Kanaaf iyyatti – qabattee guchuuma aadaa!

Kan Waaqni mildhate Ayyaantuun eebbaa
Eenyummaaf birmadhu jamaan kaabaa fi kibbaa
Hoga dabarsaa, bahaa fi lixaa seenaa utubaa
Seenaa iyya Siiqqeef goonni dhiiga roobaa!

Kuusaa Oromummaa fi Hooda Ayyaantuu
Bir’uu eenyummaaf Siiqqeef birmatu!
Gadaan quufaa fi gabbina
Gabbisi ya Waaq, keenniif humna!

Humna Siiqqee kan hin cabne
Humna Gadaa kan hin dabne
Humna Oromummaa kan hin banne
Dilbii- Kuusaa kan hin dhumne
Seenaa boonsaa eenyummaa abdanne!

Gadaan gabbina Siiqqeen hareeroo
Gabbisi yaa waaq nurraa cabsi roorroo!

http://waaqeffannaa.org/iyya-siiqqee/

 

Oromo and Greek based Democracies

By Ibsaa Guutama

This article is for those who did not have the opportunity to know how democracy evolved in human society. Democracy is only one type of government supposedly based on the will of the masses. There had been other types of government like monarchy or aristocracy, dictatorship or autocracy and totalitarian. One can find overlapping characters in all these. So what ever form we may talk about we have to expect element of one in the other. For much, democracy is an ideal type of government but not all proclaimed democracies are fully pro-people. Here the writer is trying to introduce the essence of both Western and Oromo democracy in an easy way.  For those who are well versed in theory and practice of democracy this is an opportunity to enrich this work for the benefit of the youth. In particular the young generation that is showing pride in its historic past from oral tradition if armed with the facts may show more interest and start to inquire about it. To prepare the following information in addition to oral tradition and experience this writer was exposed to, the books: Gadaa and Oromo Demokrasii by Asmirom Laggasaa, The Oromo by De Salviac as translated by  Qannoon, Folk Litrature by Ceruuli, Aadaa Booranaa by Ton Leus, Ethiopia through Russian Eyes by Bulatovich and Wikiipedia from internet  were refered to.

Short note on Western Democracy 
Democracy is a term frequently heard from lips of everyone to express equality, justice and liberty in one word. There are no governments that do not claim to follow democratic principles in their governance. Even totalitarian states call themselves “democratic republics” (probably with exception of fascism) in spite of flagrant violation of their subjects’ rights. Just like true democrats they talk about the inviolability of people’s and human rights and respect for the rule of law and fair and free election.  They claim that it is to protect these rights on behalf of the masses when they take what are inhuman actions for others. Their founding documents are full of borrowed phrases from ideal democracies. Democratic governmental structures are adopted minus their functions from different countries.

Democratic models many emulate are American governmental structure with its system of separation of powers. The functions of legislature, executive and judiciary are separated into three branches in such a way that one can check on excesses of the other to maintain the balance of power. The executive or President and the legislative or members of Congress are elected directly by the people. Members of the Supreme Court are nominated by the president and endorsed by the legislature for life. The other models are Parliamentary Democracy where the executive is elected by the legislature. Those can be its members or non elected persons that are answerable to it. Britain and European governments fall under this. They have mainly different styles of organization. Still others are traditional rulers blended with modern jargons.

All these claim their objective to be safeguarding peoples’ democratic interests. The term democracy is a legacy of ancient Greek city state, Athens. It is derived from Greek demokratia which means government of the people (“demos”, people, and “kratos”, power).  In this aspect “people” for Athens includes only male citizens above 20 years of age. That does not include women, children under 20, those not born in the city state and slaves.

In the city state all those qualified had the right to be present at meetings and participate in deliberations directly. That is why it is now referred to as direct democracy. After many modifications it has reached the present level of modern Western democracy. Here people elect representatives that participate in deliberations on its behalf. The two methods of electing representatives are plurality and proportional voting systems. In the first one with the highest vote is elected even if one represents minority of voters. The second shares votes in proportion of the votes parties got in overall election. Those are the features of modern indirect democracy. In both not all electorates are represented.

Now in most cases men and women above certain age have the right to vote depending on the law of each democratic country. The right to vote for women was achieved, for example, for Switzerland in 1971 on federal level and 1990 at Canton levels. It took a long time and a relentless struggle to attain universal suffrage. Though all accept these basics of democracy the structure and function of elected offices are not yet standardized and methods of elections fall short of including every voter’s voices. For example if hundred people vote for three persons and two of them got thirty votes each and the third one gets forty he/she wins the whole thing. That leaves 60 persons unrepresented. Proportional representation may improve this but cannot totally correct it. Here seats are divided in proportion to votes parties got overall.

For African countries democracy was imposed on them by departing colonial masters that keep on insisting to this day not to abandon it even if it was a fake one. Africans did not participate to construct a government relevant to their culture and tradition. Even those who later wanted to introduce amendments tried to mix the various world systems instead of looking into their own history and tradition and make it reflect national personality or psyche.  As copy and eclectic as it is, it is understood only by elites who themselves are copies of colonial culture.

They rule the way they wanted, constitutions are only window dressings. On the other hand the West had modified the concept of democracy in such a way that it fits their particular national needs not as it was practiced by Athenians or any other pioneer democracies. Therefore there is no one common blueprint for it.

Had it not excluded a segment of the population Athenian democracy could have been an ideal one where the concern of every member is taken care of. Much has been tried to approximate that but the world did not yet achieve flawless democracy. Abraham Lincoln’s famous Gettysburg Address “Government of the people, by the people for the people shall not perish from the earth.” reflects that aspiration. The question to be answered is who are the people that influence decisions, are they really the people or oligarchs?  Though the ideal is not yet achieved there are those that had come nearer and worth emulating. Had Oromo democracy been able to answer that question?

Be as it may there are certain basics that underlie every governance of those that claim to be democratic. Principles like equality, freedom, fair and free election; rule of law and respect for people’s and individual rights run through all of them. Even dictators and totalitarian government claim to apply these principles in their own way.   Thus these are universally accepted principles of governance though malpractice is rampant in so many countries. Ethiopian rulers had tried to adopt constitutionalism under pressure against their established tradition.  The emperor had instituted a semblance of Westminster parliament without political parties. His successor (Darg) had one party state. The next (Wayyaanee) is a pseudo multiparty system but only its party is destined to win.

Be him the last emperor or the two dictators after him used democratic phraseology to cover up their core authoritarian values. Their inherited autocratic practices could not go away. The Habashaa in most part of their own history were ruled by forces that come through coup d’états violently or outlaws overthrowing the preceding government. That was so before they formed the empire and remained so even after it.  All the three came to power overthrowing their predecessors. The first two staged coup d’états the third was an outlaw.

It was not consensus but brut force that kept that highland kingdom together under one crown. Democracy assumes one man one vote in a fair and free election that should be carried out periodically. Democracy is the rule of majority. Who ever gets most of the votes comes to power. In numbers they are the minority in the empire and are scared of others outnumbering them at the ballot box. They have no confidence of winning an election by strength of their platform and performance. Therefore they believe that many opportunities would be at stake if they really change from the old ways bowing down for democratic principles. The situation makes the rulers greedy, self centered, chauvinistic and paranoid that they believe only in their own ways and wisdom and are not permeable to new possibilities.  They do not believe that even their own people would elect them in a democratic election.  That is why human right abuse became their trade mark.

Brief note on Gadaa Democracy 
When one discusses Gadaa it would be preposterous to claim understanding its depth and breadth. It was a highly complicated and sophisticated societal system to be attributed only to few generations. That it has a background of ancient civilizations can be deduced from organization of society, its legal system and patterns of knowledge it emanates. For this reason what this article presents is only a simplistic superficial aspect of it, which yet could give a clue to its democratic legacy. Leaving aside procedures, rituals and the regalia what interests us here is the legal and democratic principles enshrined in it. To discover the truth of it much effort is needed from nationals that so far considered it to be just one among the age grade initiation systems found in so many societies. They have to erase all they learned about the Oromo in colonial schools and start unraveling the truth about this so far neglected great African nation.

Gadaa was an all encompassing national system where by every male of all ages had roles to play in groups based on peerage.  Accordinglly all institutions in society were managed by elected bodies that decide in counsel. Though all activities in general fall under the Gadaa system, it was more visible in its political aspect.  Major divisions to be considered are the temporal and the spiritual institutions and within the temporal one the social and the political functions.  Gadaa is temporal while Qaalluu is spiritual. It is said that the Qaalluu office used to assist in Gadaa operations like elections. But sovereignty is vested in Gadaa Assembly. Therefore Qaalluu as an institution does not interfere in running political affairs of the country.  That means Gadaa was secular. Here we are more interested in Gadaa secular democracy. The social and political aspect of the spiritual institution may worth following for its historical and academic significance.  There are several Oromoo that follow traditional religion to this day.

Gadaa was practiced by the Oromo people from time immemorial. In social aspect male members of society are grouped into age grade “hiriyaa” (peer) system. To simplify, these were Dabbalee from 1-8 years, Foollee or Gaammee 9-24 and Qondaala or Kuusaa 25-33, Raaba didiqqaa 30-38, Raaba Doorii, 38-46 Luba 46-54 and Yuba 55-78 and gadamoojjii or jaarsa above 78 (taken from different regions practice for convenience). Each member of a society had rites to pass through. At each grade there were roles to be played and training to go through.

Activity of a hiriyaa group starts from cradle to calf herding, to different hurdles of fitness that include military training to ruling and counseling the country. It is from these hiriyaa groups that members of national leadership evolve and gradually become Luba, members of the Gadaa ruling group. These leaders in most cases had been leaders of hiriyaa group from the beginning. Women, non naturalized aliens (kan luba hin bahin) and artisans were not included in Gadaa power sharing process.

One Gadaa period is eight years. At the end of that period there used to be great feast. That ceremonial feast was called “Buttaa”. Buttaa also served as measurement of time. To know someone’s age one asks “how many Buttaa did you eat?”  All those who were born during the eight years tell the same age, one, two, three etc.  Buttaa. From that a wise man could tell to which hiriyaa group or Gadaa party one belonged. Five buttaa are slain in one Gadaa cycle of forty years. Those born into each Gadaa are hiriyaa (peers) irrespective of up to eight years possible differences. A boy born at the beginning of the eight years and one born on Buttaa day after eight years are considered to have eaten one Buttaa.

On the political side society is divided into Gadaa of five parties. Members in each Gadaa party were recruited from their own generational age grades. Each Gadaa has a role to play in the political life of the nation depending on the time and level in the Gadaa tier. The oldest group is the Yuba. It is composed of person whose members were in power in previous times. Next is Luba, the ruling party. Below that is the Itmakoo or Raba Doorii (these may have other names with different tribes) juniors that lead in defense and nation building. The next group follows the foot steps of their seniors and engages in different aspects of society appropriate for their ages. Each hiriyaa group maintains close relationship and prepare themselves for the next stage of partisan responsibility. They all elect their leaders. Those at the bottom of the ladder are the dabbalee to whose raising society gives much attention. It is there that the basis of Oromummaa is laid down and hunting for generational leaders start.

At any one period there are three Gadaa levels that engage is serious party work and has conventions or yaa’a. The bottom one is Raabaa Doorii a group that is preparing to take power after eight years (from), the middle one is the Gadaa in power Luba and the last one is the one that leaves office, Yuba. Each Gadaa comes to power after a cycle of forty years. Since there is a party in waiting to replace the other no party can stay in power for more than eight years. No crisis can be obstacle to transfer Baallii for there is a ready made leadership. To transfer Baallii means to transfer authority. As symbol of authority the old Abbaa Gada hands over to the incoming ostrich feather that was in his custody. Each Gadaa proclaims its own constitution and laws. Therefore there is no stagnation in waiting for cumbersome methods of amendments. Even if there is no article to be changed the past law is formally made null and void and proclaimed again as new. The five Gadaa had set names or are called after their leaders.

The highest Assembly of the nation is Caffee or Gumii. The Caffee sits under shade of an Odaa tree. The General Assembly includes all members of the ruling party and any such persons that want to attend it. In this way it is a representative indirect democracy with some elements of direct democracy. Living Abbaa Gadaas and the Yuba can also participate in the assembly. Abbaa Gadaa or Abbaa Bokkuu is the head of the Caffee and the chief executive as well. There is a case where their were two heads of Caffee, one ritual head called Abbaa Bokkuu and another elected head, Abbaa Gadaa. The Luba usually consults “raagaa” wise man or philosopher on the future or consequences of certain decisions. But the raagaa has no power to avert a decision.

In addition to mentioned institutions there are several others that should not escape our attention. For example the institution of clan elders which are hereditary have no place in the Gadaa structure but has important role in organizing and guiding the tribe. Members of Gadaa were recruited (nominated) from tribes they lead. They have ritual symbols and roles to play in cursing and blessing. When Gadaa is the national leadership these ones are tribal ones. It was from among these ones that the colonizers embraced and recruited as agents for all their grassroots activities. In tribal protocol the eldest of the clans is called or seated first. Since tribal structures have already been rendered obsolete it has no nationwide political relevance in modern setting. There is also the Siiqqee institution that gives women social and political authority to some degree. In principle this can be integrated into any modern adaptations.

For the Oromo rights like equality, freedom, fair and free election; rule of law and respect for people’s and individual rights, respect and protection for environment and wild life are inbuilt qualities of Gadaa democracy. All human beings are equal; no one is above the law; discrimination because of origin, color or economic status etc is unjust. Respect for human rights, freedom of expression that are not safuu or morally repulsive, freedom of movement and association are protected by law. Elected officials are loved and respected as long as they serve the people whole heartedly and with the highest morale standard.  An incompetent and corrupt official can be removed from office by the assembly before the expiry of his term of office. In meetings it was preferred if decisions were reached by consensus. Each member of a meeting or assembly has the right of veto to halt a discussion. Once decisions were reached all are required to acclaim and the law becomes sacred.
Gadaa Assembly combines executive, legislative and judiciary powers. Gadaa here is to mean the ruling class as well as the eight years of their rule. Leaders of current Gadaa are called Luba. The outgoing Gadaa which participates as advisors and judges are called Yuba. The Yuba group includes two previous Yuba. Though all powers and responsibility lie with the Luba, Yuba and all living Abbaa Gadaas had also roles to play in matters of law and checking on excesses of Luba and had great influence on all political matters. Full retirement comes three Gadaa after they leave office. From thence they are called gadamoojjii or jarsaa. Another hiriyaa group that is active during a Gadaa period is the Itmakoo or Raaba Doorii with defense as their major activity with their eye on the bokkuu when the time comes.

In Oromo society there was a tendency of the weak to form alliance against the strong. For example grandparents and grandchildren ally against parents. In the same way it is logical for Raabaa Doorii to ally against the strongest institution of the land, Luba. In that way power of Luba can be checked before it gets corrupted and become abusive.

The chief Luba is the Abbaa Bokkuu or Abbaa Gadaa (Hayyuu Fiixee). In places he has two deputies one having greater power than the other. The executive power is held by Salgee, the top nine Luba or six in some places. Those were elites elected by the people for eight years with Abbaa Gadaa as their leader. Committees were usually formed at different levels for different functions. Prerogatives of decision making at each level is known. There will always be consultation before decisions are taken. They were it is believed, those frequent meetings to make seera (law, legislation) that gave rise to Amaara legal term “seeraa” to mean conspiracy.

Abbaa Bokkuu implements what is decided by Salgee. Abbaa Bokkuu’s role as a chief is defined by law. Thus he has internal constraint imposed on him by peers and external ones by Yuba and Raaba Doorii and Caffee periodic assembly that is chaired by Abbaa Seera who is a well respected past Abbaa Gadaa.  The limitation of office term of only eight years for a party is by it self a reason not to get corrupted lest face humiliation with no chance of reelection. Thus Gadaa democratic system was a well balanced system with inbuilt checks and balance mechanism. The Abbaa Gadaa and Luba had assistances called makala (Makkala). Makala kan be compulsory service to Gadaa offices.

Military functions are assigned to Raaba Doorii by law and tradition. But Abbaa Gadaa was commander in chief and only Caffee can declare war. Commanders are appointed by Abbaa Gadaa for each engagement. After a campaign is over the person went back to his normal duties.

But lack of efficient communication and contingent law enforcement mechanism had given rise for Abbaa Duulaas to defy tradition starting in the course of the 16th century.

Some cardinal points of Gadaa system

  1. Gadaa is equal: There should be no one to be denied passing through Gadaa process, elect and be elected when ones turn comes. There should not be partiality or discrimination in services and protections Gadaa provides. Every member has the right to directly or through elected representative be heard in all affairs that affect people’s life; to be equally treated in matters of administration of justice. No one is above the law. No one may be prohibited to attend Gadaa deliberations.
  2. Odaa is equal: Odaa is a national symbol for people’s government, demokratia. It represents freedom of speech and expression, freedom of assembly, equality of all participants that meet there, freedom of worship, peace and araaraa (reconciliation) and liberty to rest for persons and animals under its shade without worry of being disturbed.
  3. Malkaa is equal: Ford or river crossing (confluence) is open to all for crossing; perform rituals; using water for drinking, washing etc for humans and animals. No one for any one reason can bar any one from using it. Malkaa is a symbol of transiting from status quo to something new.
  4. Market is equal: every one has equal rights to take ones produce to the market and exchange with goods and services that it provides. Every one is free to participate in such exchanges and any trade of ones liking that the market provides
  5. Road is equal: every one is entitled to the right of way; no one can be denied an access from his home to outer world or restricted from using of existing roads like all others; there will not be restriction to the right of travel; no one has the right to close an existing road for own use.

Is there any point that modern society discard from these? So far we have tried simplistic approach to uncover old Gadaa practice. Gadaa was more inclusive in its membership than Greek City state democracy. It involves every member of society to equally participate in all activity of the nation according to generations. All male nationals are grouped into generational hiriyaa and play roles society assigned for them. For this reason the Gadaa system involves all in the process of managing a society. Each division stays in the age grade for eight years before it is initiated into the next level. Probably except kids under nine all elect their leaders through electoral process. Gadaa was a representative democracy with some elements of direct democracy. Anyone that can travel to Caffee Assembly can participate in its deliberations and express ones opinion. That gives it semblance of direct democracy. Gadaa was practiced when Qaalluu institution had significant role in Oromo society and the nation was at a different level of economic and technological development than the present. Taking these variations into account let us see if there are principles that we could salvage for new democratic Oromiyaa.

  1. Societal development takes place on two lines. One is the social age grade system and the other is the party system. One follows the gradual mental and physical development of a child, while the other handles its political development. At stage of adult hood both overlap. In the political aspect society is grouped into five hiriyaa category and a party name is attached to them. Each party takes turn in governing every eight years. A party has to wait for forty years to reign again. All five parties exist at the same time with different roles to play.
  2. In Gadaa executive and legislative functions are combined. Bokkuu and Caffee (Gumii) are the highest authority of the land. Sovereignty lies with the people but expressed through Caffee and Bokkuu.
  3. Decisions are reached by consensus how ever long it may take. That means minority opinion is never neglected.
  4. Abbaa Bokkuu is the commander in chief of the fighting force. Caffee is the only power that can declare war. People love and respect the leaders because of their valor and uprightness not out of fear and threat.
  5. Yuba is the highest advisory body and also heads the supreme court of the land. Its head is the most respected among the living retired Abbaa Gadaas and usually taken as the Supreme Judge (Chief Justice).
  6. Itmakoo/Raaba Doorii is a power in waiting to replace the incumbent Luba. It is responsible for recruiting, training military personnel and conducting war.
  7. Qaalluu is the spiritual leader with some functions concerning elections but never interferes in secular affairs of the Gadaa. Gadaa was a temporal institution.
  8. Women were recognized as subjects of rights through Siiqqee institution. There were also rituals that cannot be performed without them. But full equality was not guaranteed.
  9. The top Gadaa counselors were nine ( Salgee) or Six
  10. The Luba are assisted by unelected official called makala (Aide de camp)
  11. Each Gadaa general assembly convenes at the beginning of its term to declare laws. Then it will assemble in its mid term to make progress report. Then members can be criticized, condemned or uprooted for wrong doings if any. That means electors had the right to recall their representatives for corruptions and abuses. Caffee meetings are open for citizens that can attend.
  12. Raagaa is a wise usually old man or philosopher that can advise on the future
  13. Hayyuu were notables (elites) that can give decisions and counseling on several issues. They were knowledgeable members of the society without any flaw in character.

To summarize, the people are sovereign; representative system mixed with direct democracy were practiced; rulers were elected for a limited term of only eight years; citizens had the right to elect and be elected according to their ages; no one was above the law; people can recall their representative; humans, animals and nature are protected by law; the welfare of children was concern of all members of society; their was majority rule but by making decision by consensus minority views were protected; all human being were equal, ill treatment was abhorred; right to assemble and freedom of expression were protected; right to engage in any trade was protected; right to travel were granted; right to worship was recognized and discrimination based on race, age, gender and economic status are forbidden. There was inbuilt check and balance system in the political process but not so spelled out.

Now, that we have seen a brief introduction to western and ancient Oromo Gadaa democracy, let us try if we can come out with a fitting system for reorganizing modern Oromiya. The system of dividing and managing society into generations is not different from modern world school systems. Children learn what is assigned them according to peerage, “preschool, kindergarten, primary, secondary, college”. This is not far from what they call “dabbalee, Foollee, Gaammee, Raaba etc.” Existing political parties recruit members from this school system. But the Oromo as different as they are, had something to add and their own outlook. Oromo see the system in interrelation with all other societal activities. To pass from one stage to the other are rights of all citizens not of particular classes.

Probably it would be essential to revise certain things and see how they may serve modern society better.  Instead of collectively saying Oromo youth association if one says association of Foollee, Gaammee, Raaba etc it will help to mobilize in unison generation that under stand each other better. It may also give better opportunity to develop future leadership for society. In the past stages in the Gadaa were seen from fathers’ point. For this reason the age at which one has to produce a child was determined. If one is born before that it was bad omen. Now all children should be treated equally and age has to be considered from childrens point. So, age should not be calculated by butta and father’s Gadaa grade, but the exact date of a child’s birth. All those excluded to participate in gadaa activities and elections must now be included to make true that all humanbeing are eqal. This is only the skeleton otherwise social functions require deeper research. During the period of Abbaa Gadaa there was only one Qaalluu, now they are numerous (in addition to those of other religions). In the past we go for pilgrimage only to Abbaa Muudaa now we crossed the sea and added Mecca and Jerusalem etc. After all, what do you think?  This is a big challenge for Oromoo intellectuals. It may require liberating ones mind from the shackles of foreign influences to appreciate what we had. Gadaa is never obsolete but may need refurbishing. Go and make research before responding.

Let us get prepared to be ourselves and show the world that Gadaa still dwells in our minds and body.  This will not be difficult for one who has pride in Oromummaa.

Honor and glory for the fallen heroines and heroes; liberty equality and freedom for the living and nagaa and araaraa for the Ayyaanaa of our fore parents!
Ibsaa Guutama
July  2011

http://gubirmans.com/Oromo%20and%20Greek%20based%20Democracies.html

…The presence of the aged, both men and women who attired in traditional costumes, and carrying ritual sticks—bokkuu and siiqqee—the symbols of power and justice of the gadaa system decorated the march which reflected the authentic Oromo tradition. This authenticity is articulated not only in the words spoken by the elders and sung by the artists but also expressed in the peacefulness of the gathering of millions of people. Oromo nationalism is reviving and thriving in the fertile soil of rich symbolic cultural resources that have come to the open since the 1990s. The array of national symbols such as the odaa tree which decorate the costumes worn by men, women and children, the siiqqee, the bokkuu and other pre-colonial pan-Oromo symbols carried by men and women at the festival represent and reinforce the pride of the nation and unite the multitude gathered for the festival through a common imagery of shared memories, myths and values—in other words the shared structures of feeling.

http://maddawalaabuupress.blogspot.co.uk/2012/11/oromo-freedom-from-what-and-for-what.html

 

Related Article:

Safuu, the Oromo moral value and doctrine

by Rundaasaa Asheetee Hundee 

is the principle of deep moral honor and accountability that was fostered by Waaqayyo fearing people of Oromia. “Yoon maqe, Waaqni na arga” is the principle rooted in each Oromo proven to be worthy of wholesomeness, to have virtue, and love other. These type of people have a desire to understand and live by traditional values.

Young Oromo children often spoke about the fundamental principle that telling the truth, respecting nature, being trustworthy, and standing for the right thing is natural to human beings. As an Oromo, we were taught these values and it made us women and men of such noble character.

Not only our characters were shaped by Safuu Oromo, even the process of Seera tumu (law making) was inspired by this principle and the Gadaa system was framed on the basis of Safuu. Basically then, Safuu is the principle of restoration of human dignity in a significant way. Because of Safuu, Birmadummaa and honesty is expected from each Oromo so that we all can live virtuous life of divine purposes.

When the Oromo people lived according to the Gadaa system, they dominated the horn of Africa and established their republic, and the Oromoo Foollee turned into statesmen and defended the norm of Gadaa governance. Because they believed in being honest, true, benevolent and virtuous in doing good to humanity, they demanded no money for their work and time. They worked on their farms but served their country as abbaa Seeraa, abbaa Alangaa, abbaa Caffee, abbaa Bokku and as Hadha sinqee etc..

Because of Safuu, the Oromos are inspired to respect nature and committed to deal justly with humankind! That’s why we are indebted to freedom-loving individuals everywhere who had the integrity necessary to build the foundations of human societies upon safuu’s fundamental moral values. Only in an atmosphere of freedom and trust could values like honesty and integrity truly flourish.

Safuu Oromo therefore is an expectation that people must rise above self-interest and act in the public interest with wisdom and courage both on the national and the local political scene.

One reason for the decline of Safuu in Oromia to day is that people invented new standards that constantly changes and undependable moral conduct. As a result, individuals define good and evil as being adjustable according to each situation but doing so is in direct contrast to the Safuu standard.

The vast majority of so called educated Oromos speak or think based on this mindset where right and wrong are calculated to either remain neutral or to be liked by others at the expenses of own value, the Safuu. In the process, our people lost their ancestral knowledge of what is right and what is wrong and went astray by longings for luxury and leisure that they think will be found in the western world style of living and thinking.

The devastation that comes from such fraudulent life style and self misrepresentation is immeasurable. It leads to a false belief that they can worship anything they want following the rules they set for themselves.

However, the continued survival of a free and open society is dependent upon a high degree of divinely inspired values and moral conduct (safuu), as stated by the Oromo Ayaantus. People must have trust in their institutions and in their leaders. Hence, a great need today is for leadership that exemplifies truth, honesty, and decency in both public and private life.

Honesty is not only the best policy, it is the only policy according to Safuu Oromo.
There are several things we can do to develop SAFUU.

Desire It (Fedhii Safuu horadhu)

Live honest life (hin Maqin)

Be Humble (Fayaalessa ta’i)

Study (Qu’adhu)

Search and ponder on ideas (Yaada xiinxali)
Love nature ( Umaa jaaladhu)

 

Read @ http://advocacy4oromia.org/home/safuu-the-oromo-moral-value-and-doctrine/

http://ayyaantuu.com/horn-of-africa-news/oromia/safuu-the-oromo-moral-value-and-doctrine/

 

 

The Ethio Com, TPLF run parastatal, rated by ITU as the Least Service Provider and stands 162nd out of 166 surveyed countries, based on mobile phone and internet use December 18, 2014

Posted by OromianEconomist in Africa, African Internet Censorship, Amnesty International's Report: Because I Am Oromo, Ethiopia & World Press Index 2014, Facebook and Africa, Tweets and Africa.
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the International Tale communication Union (ITU)  rates Ethio Telecom as the Least Service Provider. The report in Information and Communication Technology Development Index (IDI) on October 24, 2014 shows that Ethiopia stands 162nd out of 166 surveyed countries, based on mobile phone and internet use. Among the major criteria that the ITU uses to rank countries are ICT intensity and usage level, and ICT capability or skills. see  http://www.itu.int/en/newsroom/Pages/wtis14-mis-images.aspx

Denmark ranked Number One in ITU’s ICT Development Index (IDI)*, a composite measurement that ranks 166 countries according to their level of ICT access, use and skills. It is followed by the Republic of Korea. The IDI top 30-ranking include countries from Europe and high-income nations from other regions including Australia, Bahrain, Canada, Japan, Macao (China), New Zealand, Singapore and the United States. In terms of regional comparisons, Europe’s average IDI value of 7.14 remains well ahead of the next best-performing region, the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS – 5.33), followed by the Americas (4.86), Asia & the Pacific (4.57), the Arab States (4.55), and Africa at 2.31. The CIS and the Arab States showed the highest improvement in regional IDI averages over the past 12 months.

Ethiopia in ITU

 

 

Rather than providing  market based quality services to the public, the Ethiopian government is using control of its telecom system as a tool to silence dissenting voices.The TPLF run  governmen tis using Chinese and European technology to survey phone calls and Internet activity in Ethiopia and among the diaspora living overseas . http://www.thenational.ae/world/africa/ethiopia-is-spying-on-its-citizens-with-foreign-tech

 

President Obama wakes up to the Darfur genocide December 18, 2014

Posted by OromianEconomist in Africa, Darfur, Ethiopia's Colonizing Structure and the Development Problems of People of Oromia, Afar, Ogaden, Sidama, Southern Ethiopia and the Omo Valley, Ethnic Cleansing, Genocidal Master plan of Ethiopia, Uncategorized.
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Please also refer to the genocide going on  in other Horn of African country (Ethiopia) against Oromo (Oromia) people:

http://www.amnesty.nl/sites/default/files/public/because_i_am_oromo.pdf

martinplaut

This excellent analysis by Eric Reeves provides an analysis of US policy towards Darfur.

Martin

“Awakening” to the Continuing Nightmare of the Darfur Genocide

Source: Eric Reeves, 17 December 2014

The Obama administration seems finally to have found its voice again in speaking about ongoing genocide in the Darfur region of Sudan. More than a decade after rebellion and conflict began, some three million people are internally displaced or refugees in neighboring Chad. More than 800,000 have been displaced in the past two years; some 2 million human beings have been newly displaced since the disastrously conceived and badly failing UN/African Union Mission in Darfur (UNAMID) took up its civilian protection mandate in January 2008. The death toll from the direct and indirect consequences of violence now exceeds 500,000—and mortality looks to be poised to rise steeply given reduced humanitarian capacity.

After seven years of distinguishing itself only by being…

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OLF: Appeal Letter to #UN General Secretary Mr. Ban Ki Moon. #Oromia. #Africa December 18, 2014

Posted by OromianEconomist in Africa, Because I am Oromo, Ethiopia's Colonizing Structure and the Development Problems of People of Oromia, Groups at risk of arbitrary arrest in Oromia: Amnesty International Report, National Self- Determination, OLF, Oromia, Oromiyaa, Oromo, The Tyranny of TPLF Ethiopia.
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OBecause I am Oromo

 

olf_statement

His Excellency Mr Ban Ki-Moon
United Nations Secretary-General
Office of the Secretary General of United Nations
885 Second Avenue
United Nations Headquarters
Room DHL-1B-154
New York, NY 10017
Fax +1 212-963-4879

Your Excellency

I write on behalf of the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF) to bring to your kind attention the plight of the Oromo people and to ask you to request the Security Council of the United Nations to treat the matter as a priority, to condemn the lawless atrocities by the Ethiopian regime, adopt appropriate actions to bring perpetrators to account, and safeguard the wellbeing of the Oromo and other peoples in Ethiopia.

In the land of their birth, the Oromo, who constitute the single largest national group in Ethiopia, are denied the most basic democratic right to organize freely and legally and express their political opinion. We do not know any country in the world, expect Ethiopia, where 35 million Oromo people are denied the right to have their own newspapers, to elect their own leaders and support an organization of their choice. Today, it is a serious crime, even punishable by death, to support independent Oromo organizations, such as the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF), internationally recognized organization, which jointly ruled Ethiopia with the TPLF in 1991/92. Supporters of the OLF and other independent organizations are harassed, detained for years without charge and their property confiscated without due process. Your Excellency, there is no doubt that the OLF enjoys support from the majority of the Oromo population. The current Ethiopian regime is dominated and controlled by the ruling Tigrayan People’s Liberation Front (TPLF). The TPLF represents less than seven percent of the population of Ethiopia. The TPLF, which fears the Oromo numerical voting power in any free and fair election, has directed multi-faceted attack on the Oromo political organizations, cultural institutions, educational establishments, the press and the killings of Oromo men and women, young and old, truly reaching a very dangerous proportion. This has to stop before it is too late. Today in Ethiopia all independent Oromo organizations are crippled and our people’s legal newspapers and magazines closed down. Even the Matcha and Tulama Association, a civic association, which was established in 1963 was closed down, its leaders detained and its property confiscated. We believe the TPLF dominated Ethiopian government deliberately targets the Oromo for persecution. This has been well documented by several human rights organizations, including the Ethiopian Human Rights League, European Parliament, Human Rights Watch/Africa, and Human Rights League of the Horn of Africa, Oromia Support Group and the State Department Annual Human Rights Report. The very recent 156 page Amnesty International October 2014 report clearly demonstrates that the TPLF dominated Ethiopian regime deliberately targets the Oromo population for persecution. This attack on the Oromo must be stopped before it is too late.
The Amnesty International, AI, report contains graphic accounts of arassment, intimidation, arbitrary and indefinite detention in formal and secret detention centres, extra-judicial killings and disappearances of innocent civilians on mere suspicion of individuals for sympathies with the Oromo Liberation Front. Collective punishment sometimes punishing entire neighbourhoods and penalising a close relative in place of a suspect, and mutilation and rape in detention are also common place in Oromia.
Peaceful demonstrators are wantonly beaten, tortured and mutilated, and many suspects indefinitely disappeared. The AI report is thoroughly detailed and it is based on information gathered in real time from real victims past and present, and from close family and friends of victims and from observers on the ground. The report provides specific cases that constitute crimes against humanity and violation of international law against arbitrary and cruel punishment. Whilst the report brings forth the regime’s
arbitrary and lawless behaviour, it must be said that it only scratches the surface, as the reality is even much worse.
There is no question that details unearthed by AI constitute extra-judicial killings and violations of international law. If disputed, the facts can be verified but the regime has to agree and guarantee another neutral investigation. The fact remains that the Oromo people and indeed all the different population groups in Ethiopia are undergoing a harrowing experience under abject misrule with no respite. What is happening in Ethiopia that AI report brought forth is a denial of basic freedoms including freedom to organise, freedom of expression, freedom to life and personal security, the freedom to be judged and the freedom to take part in decisions over ones affairs. As experience somewhere showed such lawlessness by governing elites lead to complete breakdowns and increased violence leading to even worse mass suffering and deaths and engulfing ever wider areas within the country and beyond. On experience of similar tragedies elsewhere including Somalia, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Afghanistan, Iraq and Syria, the behaviour of the current Ethiopian regime constitute a clear and present threat to international peace and security, which should not be ignored.
Your Excellency, my people were brought under Ethiopian domination through violent conquest during the Scramble for Africa and made part of the expanded Empire of Ethiopia. My organisation was forced to resort to armed resistance to regain Oromo people’s national rights only after the previous imperial regime adopted violent repression to Oromo attempts at peaceful processes to regain their basic human and democratic rights. The military dictatorship that replaced the imperial regime in 1974 initially raised hopes for a democratic alternative but soon snuffed the life out of any such hopes by instituting an intolerant one party dictatorship that respected no law, trampled elementary democratic practices and denied our people’s right to determine its destiny. The violation of basic human rights by that regime was also well documented by AI and many other human rights organisations.
My organization the OLF and the core of the present regime the Tigrean People’s Liberation Front, TPLF, were during the Marxist military regime on the same side opposing and exposing the lawlessness and excesses of that regime, and they solemnly committed themselves to institute a democratic future for all the oppressed peoples in Ethiopia. They also agreed to recognise their respective peoples’ rights to decide their own affairs and to freely determine their future destiny. They were partners also in organising a transitional programme enshrined in a charter which guaranteed basic liberties for the individual and self-determination of peoples including the Oromo.
According to the transitional programme, all peoples in Ethiopia would govern their affairs and participate in central government on equal basis. The process meant to guarantee equality and a level playing field for all parties with stake in the process. Unfortunately, within less than two years of the transitional exercise, the TPLF and its stalking-horse the Ethiopian Peoples’ Revolutionary Democratic Front, EPRDF, systematically drove all autonomous organisations out of the transitional process and ever since running a one party dictatorship. While opposition parties are registered in name, in an echo of practices in eastern European countries during the Cold War, their members face constant intimidation, harassment and repression and their political activities severely curbed. Similarly, the regime in Ethiopia does not tolerate any criticism of its arbitrary actions, not even a peaceful demonstration by the affected people. The peaceful protests in Oromia at the beginning of the current year 2014 was triggered by the regime’s arbitrary plans to extend the city limits of Addis Ababa against the wishes of the Oromo people, when, as witnessed, the regime unleashing severe repression firing live ammunition on peaceful demonstrators killing many, and detention, torture and disappearance of many more.
Your Excellency, there are undeniable changes from the era of the imperial rule and the Marxist military regime when the very name Oromo and Oromia were outlawed. However, mere facade of federal framework on paper that the current regime boasts does not amount to a real change. The trampling of basic human and democratic rights and the denial of our people’s right to decide their own affairs is fraught with further resentment and resistance. As the saying goes, a stitch in time saves nine. That is why we call on Your Excellency to bring the ever deteriorating situation in Ethiopia to the attention of the Security Council asking them to adopt measures that impress on the TPLF/EPRDF regime to uphold basic freedoms including freedom of expression, organisation, peaceful demonstration, and respect for the national rights of the Oromo people.
It will be recalled that the regime in Ethiopia has on several occasions during the past two decades organised sham elections to justify its misrule. However, far from giving it legitimacy, the charade has only deepened the mistrust and scorn of the Oromo and all other peoples and political players in Ethiopia. Regardless, the regime is again busy to run a similar election in 2015. The result is of course simple to predict. In view of the total obliteration of any meaningful competitors, the TPLF/EPRDF will retain power and the status quo will be maintained. This is an opportunity for the Security Council to
act to prevent maintenance of the status quo, which would speed a slide down the treacherous trail trekked in the past by similar tyrannical regimes in Sierra Leone, Somalia, Liberia and Syria with ruinous consequences. Your kind and swift action is much appreciated.

More @ https://oromianeconomist.files.wordpress.com/2014/12/appeal-letteer-to-un-general-secretary-mr-ban-ki-moon-12-11-2014.pdf

Africa, Dams and Development. #Ethiopia December 18, 2014

Posted by OromianEconomist in