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Oromia: Sirna Gadaa: Abbaan Gadaa Booranaa 71essoo ya baallii fuudhe. The Borana Oromo have elected Kura Jarso, 30, as their 71st Abba Gadaa in an elaborate, week long ceremony attended by tens of thousands of people in Badhaasa, Borana, Southern Oromia March 9, 2017

Posted by OromianEconomist in Boran Oromo, Oromia, Oromia News, Oromiyaa, Oromo, Oromo Identity, Oromummaa, The Oromo Democratic system, The Oromo Governance System.
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Odaa OromooOromianEconomist


Kuraa Jaarsoo,abbaan Gadaa Booranaa 71essoo

Kuraa Jaarsoo,abbaan Gadaa Booranaa 71essoo


http://www.voaafaanoromoo.com/a/3749790.html


 

Oromo women attend the inauguration of the 71st Borana Abbaa Gadaa in Badhaasa, southern Oromia.

 

Oromo women attend the inauguration of the 71st Borana Abbaa Gadaa in Badhaasa, southern Oromia

The Borana Oromo have elected Kura Jarso, 30, as their 71st Abba Gadaa in an elaborate, week long ceremony attended by tens of thousands of people in Badhaasa, southern Oromia.

Spectators and invited guests started arriving at Arda Jila Badhaasa (the Badhasa ceremonial place) several days ahead of Jarso’s inaguration. The mood here was euphoric all week long and Badhaasa is packed with people from every corner of Oromia. This is where the Borana Oromo leaders have exchanged power peacefully and in a democratic manner every eight years for more than 560 years. Click here to read more at OPRIDE.

 

 

 

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UMD News: From Duluth to Oromia: Helping Those in Need April 29, 2016

Posted by OromianEconomist in Development & Change, Oromia, Oromo, Oromummaa, Uncategorized.
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Odaa Oromoo

Amane explains how water will be distributed

Aspiring to Assist
Amane Wako, a UMD junior double majoring in accounting and international studies, is one of those students who has the desire to help others.

Lessons in Duluth
Amane has volunteered at the Damiano Center, a social services organization in Duluth, for years. She tutors children in math and reading at their Kid’s Café and she helps out homeless and low income people by serving meals in their kitchen.

She was impressed by the organization’s philosophy, and she wants to start her own non-profit organization, so she can help those in need someday.

That day came sooner than she ever imagined. This past winter, Amane helped 47 households in the Oromia region of Ethiopia.

Amane is originally from Oromia. She moved to United States with her mother and attended Cooper High School in Minneapolis. However, most of her relatives are still in Oromia, and she visits them regularly.

In December 2015, Amane watched television news and saw a protest by Oromo farmers and residents who wanted the government to stop taking their land. Security forces killed at least 40 people, hundreds were wounded, and thousands were detained during the three weeks of uprisings in Oromia.

Amane was upset and worried about the Oromo people. “I wanted to do something to help families back in my home region.”

Immediately she looked for ways to help get food and water to the people in Oromia. Amane talked with her professors and asked for a few minutes of class time to give presentations. UMD students donated hundreds of dollars to the cause.

When Amane went back to Minneapolis on weekends, she gave a presentation at a church and talked to friends to raise even more money.

By the time she went back to Oromia during the winter break, she had gathered over $1000. Amane was joined by her friends in Oromia to make deliveries. In spite of the dangers, she and her friends bought food and water to those most in need. They listened to the stories of the families affected by the violence.

“People in my home region suffered. Many were hungry, thirsty and homeless,” she said. “I want to do more to help them, but as a student, the only thing I can do now is to study harder.”

Amane has a plan though. “In the future, I want to build a place to serve free food, just like the Damiano Center does in Duluth,” she says.

Women wait UMD students from Oromia
Amane listened to stories of people affected by violence. UMD students from Oromia

http://www.d.umn.edu/external-affairs/homepage/16/helping-oromia.html

 

Viva Oromia: Oromo Student at St Could State University April 15, 2016

Posted by OromianEconomist in Oromia, Oromo, Oromo Culture, Oromo Diaspora, Oromummaa.
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Odaa Oromoo

Saba Oromoo fi Sirna Gadaa (The history of the Oromo nation and the Gadaa System) April 10, 2016

Posted by OromianEconomist in Ancient African Direct Democracy, Gadaa System, Oromia, Oromiyaa, Oromo, Oromo Nation, Oromummaa, Sirna Gadaa, The Oromo Democratic system, The Oromo Governance System, Uncategorized.
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Photogadaa system, parties.png, p1

Saba Oromoo Fi Sirna Gadaa

Dhibbaa alagaa bitamuu waggaa dhibbaa Oromoo irra turuurraa kan ka’e hedduun ummata Oromoo har’a Oromummaa isaa haa beeku malee, seenaa ummanni kun keessa dabree as ga’e ragaa qorannoon deggaramee barreeyfame irraa wanti inni hubatu baay’ee xiqqaadha.
Ammaas tanaan seenaa ummaata guddaa kanaa guutumatti barreeyfamee jira jachuu utuu hin ta’in gaaffiilee Oromoon tokko ofgaafatuufiis tahee, seenaa dharaa diinni Oromoo irratti odeessuuf deebii ga’aa ni taha waan jedhamuuf; kunoo seenaa Oromoo kan sab-boontoota ilmaan Oromootiin haala rakkisaa keessaaa barreeyfamee, akka ummaata keenya gargaaruuf asirratti maxxansine. Nuti maxxansitootni kan keessa qabnu gulaala dogongora qubee dabree dabree mul’atuufi maxxansaa qofa malee, qophiin isaa kan sab-boontoota ilmaan Oromoo tahuu isaa osoo hin hubachiisne bira hin tarru.

Barbaachisummaan barreeyfama kanaa bal’inaan seenaa irratti waan kaa’amee jiruuf, Oromoon ani eenyu? Maddi koo eessa? Daangaan koo eessa? Firaafii diinni koo eenyu kan jedhu hundi haala gahaatiin deebii quubsaa akka argachuu dandayu shakkii hin qabnu.

Sirna gadaa

Hamma kiyyoo kolonii jala hin seeniniti Oromoon sirna ittiin bulan kan mataa isaanii qabau turan. Maqaan sirna kanaas Gadaa jedhama. Sirni kuniis bal’aa ture. Dhimma jireenya ummata Oromoo fuula hundaan kan ilaalu sirna siyaasa, aada diinagdeefi amantiiti. Sirna hawaasaa guutuu ture jechuudha. Sirni Gadaa sirnaafi seera Oromoonni ittiin walbulchu, kan duulee roorroo ofirraa ittisu, kan dinagdee isaa ittiin tikfatuufi dagaagfatu, akkaata inni itti waliin jiraatuufi kan hawwiin dhala Oromoo cufa ittiin guutu ture.

Sirn kun haala Oromoonni tokkummaan isaanii laaffate kan itti roorrisaa turan Habashaafi Affaar ofirraa deebisuu dadhabe keessatti, haala hawaasaa ilaalerraa, jaarraa 14ffaa keessa biqiluu jalqabee suuta guddatee deeme. Oromoota sirna akkasii jalatti qindeessuudhaaf yeroo dheeraa fudhate. Oromoota gosatti hiraman walitti fidanii sirna tokko jalatti walitti qabuun kufaatiifi ka’uumsaa yeroo dheeraa gaafate. Gara walakkaa jaarraa 15faa isa lammaffaa keessa sirna gutuun argamuu dandaye.

Akkaata himamsa aadaa Boorana kibbaa keessatti yeroon itti Gadaan dhaabbate kanumaan walkipha. Akka mangoddoonni Booranaa himanitti Gadaa jaaruuf yaalii dheeraan eega godhame booda, Gadaan yeroo dheeraaf bifa hojechuu dandayu dhaabbate. Gadaa kanatti Abbaan Gadaa Gadayyoo Galgaloo ture. Raabni isaa (yeroosii) Yaayyaa Gulleelee jedhama ture. Eega gaafasii jalqabee Booranni Abbootii Gadaa 61 lakkaawa. Kanarraa waggaa saddeet saddeetiin yoo herrgne (Gadaan tokko waggaa 8) 61X8 = 488 taha. Eega Gadaan ijaarame, akka himamsa manguddootti Booranatti waggaa 488 taha jechuudha. Barri isaa 1499tti dhihaata. Kanaaf, sirni kun ijaaramuun isaa walakkaa jaarraa 15ffaa isa lammaffaa keessa kan jedhame dhugaa taha.

Sirna Gadaa keessatti wanni hundi gadaan walilaala. Lakkooysi yeroo, aadaan, amantiin, jireenyi hawaasaa, ittisi biyyaafi kkf hundi hidhata Gadaa qabu, fakkeenyaaf sadarkaalee Gadaa, goggeessa Gadaa, abaluu abaluu..jiru. kun, eegaa Gadaan sirna kabajamaafi guutuu akka ture mirkanessa.

Bara itti Gadaan sirna gutuu ture sana akka silaa tahutti galmeessuun hindandaymane. Hammi galmeeyfame baay’ee yaraadha. Sana keessaahillee irra guddaan kan baroota dhihooti. Waa’een isaa hammi beekamu baay’ee yaraadha. Guddinaan odeeffannoon argaman oduu afaaniin kan daddabraniidha. Isaaniis bakka bakkati garagar tahu. Sunillee Gadaan Caffe Caffetti deebi’uu haa agarsiisu malee, tokkummaa sirna kanaaf ragaa kan tahu haftee sirna kan Gadaa Booranaa har’aalee haga taheefuu hojjataa jiruudha. Kanaaf, waa’ee sirna Gadaarratti hangi hubatame xiqqaadha. Waliigalatti sirna kana caalatti hubachuudhaaf qormaata cimaa sirna Gadaa kan mul’isan armaan gaditti ilaalla.

uunkaa jereenya hawaasaa
siyaasaa sirna Gadaa
aadaa sirna gadaa
amantii sirna gadaa
1.  Uunkaa jireenya hawaasaa

Hawaasa keessatti dhalli namaa kophaa hinjiraatu. Kophaas hindalagu. Namoota biraa wajji jiraata, hojjataas. Jireenyi dhala namaa walitti hidhaataadha. Hawaasa Oromoo bara Gadaa keessaa yoo fudhannee akkaataa jiruufii jireenya Oromoo, akkaataa qoodama dalagaa, hariiroo ummanni Oromoo hawaasa keessatti waliinqabau, sirna Gadaa keessatti qaama tokko. Akkaataan polotikaa sirnichaas uunkaa jireenyya hawaasa Oromootti hidhamee jira.

Uunkaa jireenya hawaasa sirna Gadaa keessaa hubachuuf waan kanaa gadii hubachuun barbaachisaadha. Suniis:

a.   Goggeessa Gadaa (Miseensaa) fi Marsaa Gadaa

b.  Hiriyyaa

c.   Ilmaan jaarsaafii ilmaan Kormaa

d.  Sadarkaalee Gadaafi Murnoota Gadaa

a.   Gaggeessa Gadaa(miseensa) fi Marsaa Gadaa:

Gadaan tokko waggaa saddeet qaba. Waggaa saddeettan waliin GADAA TOKKOTTI YEROO ITTI AANGOON polotikaa warra Gadaa tokko harka jiraatuudha. Kanaaf, Gadaan waggaa saddeet saddeetiin lakkaawama. Waljijjiiraas. Waggaan saddeettan Gadaa tokko maqaa mataa isaa qabaata. Gadaa tokkicha maqaa adda addaa qabaatu. Kun Goggeessa Gadaa ykn miseensa jedhamee waamama. Kun hawaasa Oromoo keessaa, bakka gargaraatti maqaa adda addaa qabata. Jechuun:-

Boorana keessatti- Goggeessa Gadaa jedhama.

Tuulama keessatti- Miseensa jedhama.

Arsii keessatti- Miseensa jedhama.

Gujii keessatti-Baallii jedhama.

Ituu keessatti-Miseensa jedhama.

Qormaata Gadaa Oromoo bakka bakkaarratti godhameen lakkooysi Goggeessa gadaa bakka heddutti shan. Kan kanarraa adda tahees nijiraa. Fakkeenyaaf Boorana keessatti Goggeessa Gadaa torba qabaatu jira. Maqaan isaaniifi tartiibni isaaniia kopha kophaafi beekamaadha. Hoggaa Goggeessi Gadaa jiran tartiibaan deemanii raaw’atan gara isa jalqabaatti deebi’uudhaan marsaa tokko tahu. Goggeessi Gadaa tokko bakka heddutti waggaa 40 booda malee, hin deebi’u. Fakkeenyaaf Ituu keessatti Goggeessi Gadaa (missensi) jiran, Hormaata, Sabbaaqa, Dibbeessa, Fadataafi Daraaraadha. Kanneen tariiba maqaa Gadaawwan waggaa saddeet saddeetiin deeman tahanii Daraaraan gaafa raaw’ate Hormaatatti deebi’a jechuudha. Yeroon kun itti raaw’atee deebi’ee marsuuf naannawuu marsaa Gadaa tokko taha. Marsaan Gadaa tokkoo waggaa 40 qabaata. Goggeessi Gadaa shanan, walitti marsaa Gadaa shanan jalqabarraa ka’anii tartiibaan deemanii xumuramanii marsuuf gara isa jalqabaatti kan deebi’an kun “marsaa Gadaa(Gadaa cycle)” jedhama.

Yeroo idiletti laalamu jireenya nam tokkoo keessatti, Marsaa Gadaa lamaatu jira. Isaaniis, Marsaan duraa Gadaa abbaa yeroo tahu, inni lammaffaa Gadaa ilmaati. Ilmi Marsaa tokko fixee, Gadaan isaa kan abbaa tahe, kan itti aanu kan ilmaan isaa taha jechuudha. Akkuma kanatti itti fufee dabra.

Eega, bakka heddutti Marsaan Gadaa waggaa 40 akka qabaatu olitti ilaalleerra. Arsii keessatti miseensi Gadaa tokko waggaa 16 waan qabuuf kanarraa adda. Kanarraa Marsaan Gadaa Arsii keessatti waggaa 80 taha jechuudha.dagaagina keessaa Gadaan eega Caffetti qoodamee, as lakkooysifi maqaan Goggeessota Gadaa Marsaa Gadaa tokko keessa jiranii bakka adda addaa tahuun mul’ateera. Kanaas, qabsiisuuf armaa gaditti mee haa ilaallu. Maqaan Goggeessota Gadaa bakka garagaraatti:-

Goggeessa Gadaafi Marsaan Gadaa waan hiriyymummaafi aangoo polotika ilaaluun hariiroo murteessa qabu. Sanaas bal’inaan booda laalla.

B. Hiriyyaa:-

Hiriyyaan warra goggeessi Gadaa isaanii tokko taheedha. Kana jechuuniis hawaasa Oormoo keessatti warrii waggaa Gadaa keessatti dhalatan hundiifi kan maqaan Goggeessa Gadaa isaanii yoo dulloomoo tahanillee wal’irraa bu’ee yookaa tokko tahee hiriyyaadha. Ijoolleen waggaa Gadaa 1-8 jidduufi gaheeyyiin waggaa Gadaa 45-56 jidduu yoo Goggeessi Gadaa isaanii tokko tahe hiriyyaa tokko jedhamu. Marsaan Gadaa naannawutti walitti fidee ijoolleefi jaarsoolii hiriyyaa taasisaa. Marsaan Gadaafi Goggeessi Gadaa akkanatti hiriyyummaa murteessu. Hawaasa Oromoo keessatti hiriyyaan akka obbaleeyyaniitti wal’ilaalu. Ayyaana gurguddaafi beekamoorratti hiriyyaan wal argee waliin turuudhaan walfaarsa. Jaalalti walii, walamanuun, waliif dhimmuun, walgargaaruun…kkf hiriyyaa biratti jabaadha. Aangoo polotikaa keessatti paartii tokko tahu.

Kanaf, hiriyyummaan karaa hawaassfi polotikaa Oromootaa walitti hidhuudha. Waa’een hiriyyaa hoggaa akkas tahu, ijoolleefi ga’eessoota maaltu walitti fidee hiriyyaa godha? Gaaffiin jedhu ka’uun nimala. Gaaffi kana deebisuuf, nama Goggeessa Gadaa isaatiin Gadaa keenya jedha. Gadaa isaa faarsa, kabaja. Kanarraa akka ilaalcha polotikaa baraatti hubachuuf waan Paartii ilaaluun gaarii taha. Hawaasa keessatti paartiileen uumamtu turan jechuudha. Goggeessi Gadaa shanan paartiilee shan kan ijoolleefii manguddoota hiriyyaa godhuus paartii tokkicha waliin qabaachuudha.

c. Ilmaan kormaafi Ilmaan jaarsaa:

sirna Gadaa keessatti Ilmaan kormaafi Ilmaan Jaarsaa qoodameef beekama. Kan hawaasa bakka lamatti qooduudha. Kun jireenya hawaasa Oromoo bara sirna Gadaa keesaatti akkaataa Qabannoo aangoo polotikaa kan murteessuudha. Warra aangoo polotikaa qabachuuf deemaniifi kanatti hawasa qooda. Kuniis, waggaa Gadaa wajjiin walitti hidhataadha. Carraan aangoo polotikaa keessaa qooda qabaachuufi dhiisuun isaa yeroo itti dhalaterratti hundeeyfama. Kanaaniis ilmaan Oromoo yeroo dhalatanirraa kaasee ilmaan kormaafi ilmaan Jaarsaatti qoodamu. Akkaataan qoodamaa kuniis, seera umamaa kan hordofu qaba.

Ijoolleen Abbootiin isaanii sadarkaalee Gadaa keessa seenanii yeroo isaan aangoo polotikaa qabachuttii dhihaatan ykn qabatan (gadooma keessa) dhalatan ” ilmaan kormaa” jedhamu. Isaaniis, bara Gadooma abbootii isaanii keessa (waggaa 40 abbootii isaanii eeganii) kan dhalatan waan tahaniif sadarkaa Gadaa keessa seenuudhaan miseensa paartii tahuu dandayan. Kanaaf aangoo polotikaa keessaa qooda fudhachuu dandayu.

Ilmaan Gadooma abbootii isaanii (aangoo polotikaa qabachuu) dura ykn booda dhalataniifi abbootiin sadarkaalee Gadaa seenuu hindandeenyerraa dhalatan hundi “ilmaan jaarsaa” jedhamu. Ilman jaarsaa warra sadarkaalee Gadaa seenanii miseensa paartii tahuu hindandeenyedha. Kanaafiis aangoo polotikaa keessaa warraa qooda fudhachuu hin dandeenyeedha. Ilmaan jaarsaa warra waliin dhalatan hundaan hiriyyaa tahuu dandayu, jechuun ilmaan kormaa wajjiinillee hiriyyaa walii tahuu dandayu.

Eega, hawaasa keessatti Gadoomuuf carraa kan qaban ilmaan kormaa thuu hubanne. Ilmaan kormaa gaafa dhalatanirraa kaasee sadarkaalee Gadaa seenanii akkuma gudachaa deemaniin dalagaa garagaraarratti dirqama polotikaafiis qophaawan. Kun dirqama isaaniiti. Ilmaan jaarsaa garuu, waa’een waan qoratamuufi baratamu hundaaf dirqamuun yoo hawaasicha keessa jiraachuu dandayuuf tahe malee, itti hin dirqaman. Ilmaan Oromoo akkanatti qoodamuun bakka heddutti mul’ate. Gadaa Boorana, Maccaa, Tuulamaafii Gujii keessatti qoodamni kun jira. Qoodamni yoo hinjiraanne tarii Gadaa Arsii, Ituufi Humbanna keessatii tahuu hin’oolu.

d. Sadarkaalee Gadaafi Murnoota Gadaa:

Akkaataa waggaa dhalootaatiin gurmuu ykn murni ilmaan kormaa tartiibaan keessa dabran sadarkaa Gadaa jedhama. Sadarkaan Gadaa maqaa gurmuu waggaa dhaloota ilmaan kormaati jechuudha. Gurmuu kanaan akkaataan jiruufi jireenya dhala Oromoo hundaatu keessatti murtaawa. Ilmaan kormaatu kormaatu keessa daddabran yoo tahellee, jirenya dhala Oromoo karaa polotikaa, amanti, aadaa, dinagdeefi waraanaafi kkf keessatti kan ilaalu addatti maqaa haaqabaatan malee akkaataan guddinaa, dalagaafii jireenyaa, kan ilmaan Jaarsaa wajjiin tokkuma. Karaa polotikaatiin garuu, garaagarummaa guddaatu jira. Tahullee sadarkaaleen Gadaa jiruuf jireenya dhala Oromoo mara calaqqisiisa. Sadarkaalee Gadaa garagaraakeessatti ilmaan Oromoo dirqama (dalagaa) adda addaatu isa eeggata. Yeroon isaas osoo hin gahinnillee waan beekamuuf sadarkaa itti aanuuf isa qopheessaa ture.

Sadarkaa Gadaa tokko waggaa saddeet qaba. Waggaa saddeet saddeettan kanaan namni Oromoo hamma gaafa dulloomee du’utti hawaasa keessatti bakkafi qoodama dalagaa qabaata. Sadarkaaleen Gadaa ilmaan kormaa keessa dabran bakka gariitti amala addaa yoo qabaatanillee waliigalatti akka armaa gadiitti keenya.

1. Dabballooma waggaa 0-8

2. Gaammoma waggaa 9- 16

3. Dargaggooma waggaa 17- 24

4. Kuusoma waggaa 25- 32

5. Raaboma waggaa 33 – 40

6. Gadooma waggaa 41- 48

7. Yubooma waggaa 49- 56

Gadaa Tuulamaa keessatti Gadoomni waggaa 32 – 40 gidduutii waan taheef kana yaadachiisuun barbaachisaadha. Armaa gaditti sadarkaalee Gadaa jiraniifi murnoota Gadaa isaanii laalla.

1.  Dabballooma

Kun jecha dabballee jedhamu kan Gadaa Booranaarraa fudhatameedha. Ijoolleen dhiiraa Gadooma abbaa isaanii keessatti dhalatan Dabballee jedhamanii yaamaman. Ijoolleen kun waggaa saddeet hamma fixaanitti Dabballetti beekamu, Boorana keessatti Dabballee haa jedhaman malee, bakka biraatti maqaa biraa qabu. Fakkeenyyaaf:

a.   Tuulam keessatti – Itti makoo jedhamu.

b.  Ituu keessatti – maxxarrii jedhamu.

c.   Gujii keessatti- Suluda jedhamu.

Sadarkaan Gadaa kun bakkayyuu waan jiruuf walitti qabatti Dabballoota jechuun hin badu. Dabballoomanii sadarkaa Gadaa isa dura ilmaan kormaa akka dhalataniin itti seenaniidha. Sadarkaa Gadaa kanatti ijoolleen hojii beekamaa hinqaban. Naannoo qa’ee turanii toohannoofi tajaajila guddaadhaan guddatan. Ilmaan kormaa sadarkaa kana:

a.   Boorana keessatti ilmaan Dooriiwwaniifi warra Gadaati.

b.  Tuulam keessatti Foollee jedhama

.

2. Gaammoma:-

jechi kun sadarkaa Gadaa Boornaa keessaa maqaa gaammee jedhamurraa kan fudhatameedha. Ilmaan kormaa sadrakaa Dabballoomaa fixan Gaammotti dabru. Waggaa 8 – 16tti akkaataa itti rifeensii isaanii qoramurraa yoo jedhame dhugaadharraa hin fagaatu. Ijoolleen dhiiraa sadarkaa Gammomaarra jiran:

a.   Booran keessatti – Gaammee xixiqqoo jedhamu.

b.  Tuulama keessatti – Dabballee jedhamu.

c.   Gujii keessatti – Dabballee jedhamu.

d.  Ituu keessatti – Ruuboo jedhamu.

Gaammoonni sadarkaa Gadaa yeroo itti ijoolleen jabbiilee tiksan, hojii warraarratti gargaaraniifi loon tiksaniidha. Dalagaa kanaafi kana fakkaatanitti haa bobbahan malee, sadarkaa kanatti tohannoo warraa ala hin bahan. Yeroo kanatti taphatanii caalatti walbaruu jalqabu.

1.  Dargaggooma

Yeroo kana kan itti dargaggooman waan taheef, sadarkaa Gadaa kanaas bakka gargaraatti maqaa garagaraa waan qabuuf sadarkaa kanaan, Dargaggooma jedhama. Ilmaan kormaa sadarkaa lammaffaa fixanii waggaa 16 – 24 jidduu:

a.   Booran keessatti – Gaammee Gurguddaa jedhamu

b.  Tuulam keessatti – Foollee jedhamu.

c.   Gujii keessatti – kuusa jedhamu.

d.  Ituu keessatti – Goobam jedhamu.

Dargaggoomni sadarkaa itti namichi toohannoo warraarraa hillee walaba tahaa deemuufi warrarraa fgaatee soch’auu dandayuudha. Akkasumas, yeroo itti jabina, beekumsafi jagnummaa ofii mul’isuu jalqaabniidha. Jiruu dhufataa deemuudhaan yeroo itti ofdandayutti tarkaanfataniidha. Hawaasichaa bu’aa buusuufiis kan keessatti ofqophessu. Dalagaarratti bobbahanii, loon fagaatanii bobbaasuu, ol’aantoota isaanii wajjiin deddeemuu, adamoo bahuufi bineessoota loonirraa ittisuudha.

4. kuusoma

kuusomni sadrkaa loltummaati. Naannoo garagaraatti ilmaan kormaa sadrkaa kanaa adda addaa qabaatanillee Booran keessatti kuusa waan jedhamaniif kanarraa fudhannee kuusoma ittiin jenne.

Murni kun:-

a.   Boorna keessatti – Kuusa jedhama.

b.  Tuulama keessatti – Qondaala jedhama.

c.   Gujii keessatti – Raaba jedhama.

d.  Ituu keessatti Raaba jedhama.

Hawaasa Oromoo bara sirna gadaa keessatti, kun murna lolu ture. Waggaa 25 – 32 jidduu kan tahan dirqama loltummaa qabu. Namuu roorroo biyyarra geesse ittisuuf waan ittiin lolu- xiyyaas tahee, eeboofii gaachana mataa isaatii qopheeyfatee farda lolaas qabaate taha. Lolli argamnaan akka dhagayeen qophaawee walgurmeessee duula. Kanatti dabalee waan dhimma biyyaa ilaalan yeroo kanaa kaasee qorachuu dandaya. Sadarkaan kun, Tuulamaafi Ituu keessatti yeroo itti ilmaan kormaa aangoo qabachuuf ofqophessan, sadarkaa 4ffaa tahuudhaanifi dirqama loltummaa qabaachuudhaan tokko yoo tahan kaanirraa kanaan adda bahu.

1.  Doorama

Bakka heddutti sadarkaa itti aangoo qabachuudhaaf ilmaan kormaa qophii barbaachisaa godhaniidha. Yeroo kana keessatti dhimma biyya, bulchiinsa, sera, aadaa, amantiifi seena dabre baratu. Waa’ee sirna Gadaa caalatti hubachuu dandayu. Haalli isaanii warra biyya bulchuu ykn qondaaloota Gadaa wajjiin walitti hidhataadha. Bakka warrii Gadaa itti murtii seeraa kennan, dubbii gosaa ilaalanfi marii godhanitti argamanii irraa baratu. Bakka aadaafi amantiitti argamanii sirna qalbifatu. Caffee yaa’ii Gadaarratti argamanii murtii kennuudhaan hojiidhaan ofqaru. Hayyoonniifi manguddoonni biyyaarraa qoratanii barachuudhaan beekumsa isaanii bal’ifatu. Biyya keessa sossohanii ummataan walbaruu, akkanatti aangoo polotikaaf ofqopheessu jechuudha.

Sadarkaan kun, Tuulamafi Ituu keessatti isa afraffaadha. Ilma kormaa sadarkaa kanaa, akkamu asii olitti kaa’ametti Tuulama keessatti qondaala, Ituu keessatti Raba jedhamu. Sadarkaan Gadooma isaanii waggaa 32- 40 jiddutti waan tahaniif, isaan keessatti dalagaa akkanaa (doorama) kan qaban wagaa 23-32 jidduutti kan jiran Tuulama keessatti Qondaala, Ituu keessatti Raaba, akkanatti ofqopheessu.

Boranaafi Gujii keessatti ammoo, yeroon aangoon qabanna tartiibaan waggaa 45-53ttifi waggaa 40-48tti waan taheef, yeroon itti aangoof ofqopheessan kun waggaa Gadaa 32-40 jiddutti taha. Arsii kessattiis akkanuma.

Sadarkaa Dooramaa Booranaa keessatti iddoo lamatti qoodama. Isaniis Raabamaafi Doorama tahu. Raaboonni yeroo itti ilmaan kormaa Raaba tahan jedhamu, waggaa 32-40 jiddutti. Waggaa 41-45tti Doorama jedhama. Inniniis yeroo itti ilmaan kormaa Doorii jedhamaniidha. Kanaaf, sadarkaadhaan bakka itti garaagarummaan jiru tokko kana taha. Kuniis kan mul’ateef dagaagina sirni Gadaa arge keessatti jijjiiramni waan argameefi. Yoo sadarkaa kana ilaalle ilmaan kormaa sadarkaa shanaffaatti (waggaa 32-40 jiuddutti)

a.   Tuulama keessatti- Luba jedhama.

b.  Ituu keessatti – Doorii (Raaba-dorii) jedhamu.

c.   Boorana keessatti – Raaba dorii jedhamu.

d.  Gujii keessatti – Doorii jedhamu.

Idileen sadarkaa kanatti kan ilaalle garuu, Dooramni qophii aangoo qabachuuf godhamuudha.

6. Gadooma

sadarkaa itti ilmaan kormaa aangoo polotikaa qabataniidha. Yeroo itti warri Gadaan isaanii geessee biyya bulchan, seera ilaalan, dubbii Gosaa furaniidha. Sadarkaa Gadaa kun Tuulamafi Ituu keessatti isa shannaffaadha. Boorana, Gujiifi Arsii keessatti ammoo, isa jahaffaadha. Ilmaan kormaa sadarkaa Gadooma Booranaafi Gujii keessatti Gadaa; Tuulamafi Ituu keessatti Luba. Ituu keessatti Raaba doorii jedhamu. Yeroo Gadoomaa:

a.   Tuulama keessatti – waggaa 32-40tti

b.  Ituu keessatti – waggaa Gadaa 32-40tti

c.   Boorana keessatti – waggaa Gadaa 45-54tti

d.  Gujii keessatti – waggaa Gadaa 40-48tti

e.   Arsii keessatti – waggaa Gadaa 40-48tti taha

Bakka heddutti Gadooma keessatti ilmaan kormaa martinuu sadarkaa Gadaa keessaa hamma guutuu biyyatti dhibdee polotikaa, dinagdee, hawaasafi waraanaa cufa furuuf itti gaafatama qaba.

7. Yubooma

Sadarkaa gadaa, murni itti aangoo Gadaarra ture aangoo eega gadi dhiisee itti dabruudha. Gadaa jaarsummaa ykn manguddummaati. Sadarkaa kana keessatti ilmaan kormaa akka hangafaatti ilaalamu. Dalagaan isaanii warra Gadooman gorsuu, qacheelchuu, maandhaa isaanii kan tahan gorsuu, leenjisuufi barsiisuudha. Gara boodaatti hojiirraa walaboomanii ta’anii sadarkaa itti aangoo dhiisanii soorama seenaa kana keessa kan jiran (kan Yubooma)

a.   boorana keessatti – yubaafi booda Gadamoojji

b.  Tuulam keessatti Yuba

c.   Ituu keessatti Lubajedhamu.

Aadaa sirna gadaa

Dhallii namaa akkaata itti naannoo isaa hubatee, itti jijjiiru qaba. Kana keessatti hooda, safuu, beekumssa, qaroomaafi yaadumsi qooda guddaa kennu. Kun hundi dinagdeefi polotikaa sirna hawaasaarratti hundeeyfamau; kanneenirraa calaqqisa argamaniidha. Akkaataaan itti dhalli namaa naannoo isaa hubatee jijjiiru, daawwannoo dinagdeefi polotikaa kan tahe kun aadaa jedhama.

Sirna Gadaa keessaas aadaan maddu jira. Akkaataa dinagdeefi polotikaa issaarraa aadaan hawaasa Oromoo keessatti, bara Gadaa dagaagee beekamaa ture. “aadaa Gadaa” jedhama. Kuniis sirnicha sirna aadaa fakkeessa. Hubannootni karaa cufaa jiru akka aadaatti fudhatamee hawaasa keessatti fudhatama. Kabajaa, safuu, hoodaafi kkf qabaatee mul’ata.

Hoodni, safuufi amantiin sirna kana keessa ture hundi nama hunda biratti fudhatamee kabajama; sanii ala bahuun hawaasaa ala tahutti waan fudhatamuuf nam-tokkoo kaasee hamma maatiitti, maatiirraa kaasee hamma sabaatti qaama walii tahanii jiraatu. Akkaataan jireenya maatii, fuudhaafii heerumaa, hariiroon uumaa, baasiin gumaa, adabni seeraa cabsaniifi kkf hundi aadaa waan tahaniif fudhtamoo turan. Akka bara saniitti eenyulleen aadaa kana nifudhata. Murtiin du’aa yoo itti dabrellee namni sun aadaa waan taheef, beekee eegumsa tokko malee, taa’ee adaba isarritti raaw’atamu eeggata jedhamee himama.

Waliigalteen jaalalaan, tokkummaan waliinjiraachuuniis aadaa jiraachaa ture. Aadaa kanaa ala bahuun, badii isa sadarkaa oliitti waan fudhatamuuf, namuu aadaa tahuu isaa waan beekuuf sirna Gadaa keessa jiru kabajee osoo keessaa hinbaasin kabajee jiraata.

Heeraafii seerri biyyaa akka aadaatti fudhatamee jabaata, kabajamaas, waan jiruufi jireenya ofii ittiin geggeeffatan taheef seeraafi heerri ni kabajamu jechuudha. Waan sirna kana keessatti tahan hundi akka aadaafii amala biyyaatti fudhatamee kabajama. Akkaataan qabannoo qabeenyaa itti loon bobbaasan, looniifi bishaan eelaa baasan, itti qotaniifi akkaataan itti waa horatanii dhimma ittiin bahan aadaa Gadaa keessatti gamtoomaafi marabbaatu calaqqisa. Namuu qabeenya mataa isaa qabaatee irratti mirga guutuu qaba. Kan dhabe, kan balaan uumaafi lolli dhaqqabe, kan dhukkubsateefi abaarri itti dhufe, … hundaa suphuufi hadhaadhiyyuun beekamaadha. Har’allee Boorana keessatti “Buussaafi Gonfa” kan jedhamu aadaa osoo hin badin jiruudha. Namuu waan waliin horate waliin dhimma bahuurraa dabree hawaasa keessatti walbadhaasuufi walgargaaruun aadaa Gadaa keessatti beekamaadha.

Aadaa kanaafi kana fakkaatan ala bahuun hawaasa keessaa nama baasa. Jechuun adaba namarratti seeraan dabru malee, waan halaba (out-casted) nama taasisan jiru. Isaan keessaa haraamuu, caphanaa,…fikkf beekamoodha. Namni haraamuu, caphana,.. jedhamee gosa keessaa bahee namummaa dhabee kophaa jiraata; kophaa godaana, qubata. Gargaarsi hawaasummaa keessati godhamuuf irraa dhaabbata. Gatamuun kana fakkaatan waan jiraniif namuu aadaa Gadaa keessaa kabajee jiraata.

Sirna Gadaa keessatti yeroo garagaraatti aadaan jireenya hafuura ilmaan Oromoo calaqqisan jiru. Isaan keeessaa, ayyaanootni beekamoon kabajamuun waan jiraatani. Ayyaanoota kana keessaa kan sirna Gadaa keessaa jireenya polotikaa ilmaan Oromoocalaqqisu ayyaana buttaati. Guutuu hawaasichaa keessatti yeroo itti aangoon polotikaa Gadaa tokkorraa kanitti dabru, ayyaana kanarratti horiin (loon) qalamanii, nyaachisni guddaan godhama. Sirba, tapha, faaruufi wanni kana fakkaatan ayyaanicha ho’isan addatti beekamoodha. Ayyaana buttaa malee, kanneen sirna kana fakkaatanii maqaa mataa isaanii qaban sadarkaa oliiti dhaabbata tahanii yeroo beekoomaatti kabajaman hedduudha. Isaan keessaa garii maqaa dhawuuf:

Boorana keessatti ayyaana Guduruu buufachuufi qumbii walirraa fudhachuu.
Arsii keessatti ayyaana baraartiifi guduruu, gurra uraafii jaarraa qaluu
Tuulam keessatti ayyaana dhagaa kooraafi jaarraa
Gujii keessatti ayyaana bantii haaddachuu
Kanneenii alattiis, cidhni gargaraa yeroo beekamootti bakka bakkatti godhamu, amantiiniis qaama aadaa hawaasichaa waan taheef, ayyaanni amantii sirna Gadaa calaqqisan bakka hundatti godhamaa ture. Ayyaana kana namuu Qaalluu (geggeessaa amantii) muuduudhaan eeyba kadhata, waaqa (rabbi) isaa galateeyfata; biyyaaf nagaya kadhata; hormaatarratti milkaa’uufi ilmaan isaa, uummtaafi mataa isaaf, fayyaafi jireenya kaadhata. Eegaa, kun aadaa amantii sirna Gadaa keessaa isa tokko. Aadaa Oromoo kan bara sirna Gadaa keessatti yeroon baay’ee barbaachisaadha. Guyyaa, ji’a (baati), waggaafi Gadaa lakkaawuudhaan hawaasa Oromoo sirna kan jalatti qindeessuun qaama aadaa ture. Kanaafiis, hawaasa Oromoo keessatti qaroomni (civilization) addunyyaf gumaache kalandarii Oromooti. Kalandariin Oromo kuniis, astronoomiin kan qoratamee argameedha. Ji’a waggaa dhaloota, bara Gadaa, guyyaafi ji’a ayyaanaa lakkaawanii add baafachuuf tattaafii qormaata ji’a, urjiifi aduu irratti godhamaniin qarooma Oromoota adda godhuufi dagaagina argameedha.

Akkaataa kalandarii Oromootti ji’i (baatiin) tokko guyyaa 29.5 qaba. Waggaan tokko ammoo, ji’a 12 ykn guyyaa 354 qaba. Kanneeniis addaan kan baafataman:

ba’uu, seenuufi guddina addeessaa (ji’a) lakkaawuu
bakka, teessuma, mul’ina urjiilee keessaa buusaa, bakkalcha, … to’achuufi jala bu’anii hordafuudhaan tahu.
Hojii mataa isaanii godhanii hordafuudhaan kan hawaasicha beeksisan, beektoota astronoomiiti. Isaaniis beekumsa qaban kana kaaniif dabarsuurratti barnoota laatu, shaakalsiisu. Guyyootiin ji’a tokkoo soddomitti dhihaatan hundi maqaa mataa isaanii addatti qabaatu. Guyyootii jiraniif maqaa 27tu jira. Har’a Boorana keessatti hojjetaa jiru. Maqaan 27n tartiibaan guyyootii 27f tahanii hoggaa xumuraman gara isa jalqabaatti deebi’anii ammaas marsuuf itti fufu. Maqaaleen 27n kun:

Maqootiin kun hundi hiikkaa mataa isaanii qabu. Inniniis urjii, bakkalcha fi ji’arratti huundeeyfamee hiikama. Yeroo hiikamuus ayyaana guyyootii sana ibsu. Fakkeenyaaf, Gidaadaafi Gabra naannaa kan jedhaman ayyaana carraa gadheeti. Inni hiikaa hangafaa waan qabuuf, dureettiin jaalatama waan ibsuufi gaafa wanti hojjetan hundi, waan namatti tolaniifi ayyaana carraa gaariidha. Namni dhalatu ayyaana akkamiirra akka dhalate kanneen irraa himama. Eegaa, hundi qarooma Oromoota haatahan malee, sirna Gadaa keessatti aadaa tureedha.

Waggaa tokko keessa kan jiran ji’ooti (baatiileen) Oromoo 12n maqaa mataa isaani qabu. Isaaniis bakka garagaraatti maqaa adda addaa qabaatu. Ji’ 12n wagga tokko keessa jiran keessa guyyaa 354 akka jiran olitti kaafneerra, ammaas ni yaadachiifna. Maqaan ji’oota Oromoo bakka bakkaatti:

Walumaagalatti aadaan calaqqisan akkaataa dinagdeefi polotikaa sirna tokkoo, akkaataa dhalli namaa ittiin naannoo isaa hubatee jijjiiru tahuu olitti ilaalleera. Sirna Gadaa keessattiis ummanni Oromoo aadaa walii galatti bifa armaan olii qabaatu akka qabu, aadaa kanarraahiis qaroomni ummata Oromoo kalandara mataa isaa qabaachutti akka geesse hubanna. Aadaa sana keessaa immoo amantiin maddee maal akka fakkaatu kophatti ilaalla.

Amantii sirna gadaa

Amaantiin Gadaa ummanni qabaatu keessaa tokko waan sirna Gadaa keessatti hojjetaman aadaa tahee qaama Oromootaa akka ture olitti kaafneerra. Inniniis waan sirna sana gadi jabeesse akka tahe hubatamaadha. Aadaa jiran keessaahiis amantiin hordafamaa ture, sirnicha utubee kan jabeesse dha. Amantiin aadaa haatahuu malee, mataa isaatiis sirna Gadaa keessatti waan aadaa tahan hundaa kan jabeesseedha. Kanaaf amantiifi aadaan tokkummaa akka qaban ifaadha.

Jireenya hafuura qabu keessatti dhalli namaa, hubannoota naannoo isaarraa qabuun waan amanu qabaachuu waan malu, bara Gadaa keessattiis ummanni Oromoo waan itti amanu qaba ture. Inniniis waaqa jedhamee yaamama. Waaqni waan hundumaa ol kan tahe, hunda kan tolcheefi kan uume, waan hunda kan dandayu, … tahuu isaatti amanama. Ormootaafi waaqa kana kan walqunnamsiisan qaalloota jedhamu. Hojiin isaaniis akka qeesotafii sheekootaati.

Qaaloota yeroo jennu akka bara dhihoo keessa ummata samuuf jecha sobanii, gowwoomsanii irraa waa guurratan akka qaallichaa Habashaamiti. Qaalloonni Oromoo bara sirna Gadaa ummata, uumamaafi biyyaaf waaqa kadhatu; galateeffatu, ummata eeybisu, looniifi madhaaniif rooba kadhatu, warra bira dhaqanii waaqa kadhachuuf isaaf muudaniif eebba keennu. Dalagaa kana fi kana fakkaataniin akka ummanni amantii Waaqatti amanuufi hordofu godhu; ummataafi Waaqa walqunnamsiisu.

Oromoonni karaa Qaalluu Waaqaan walqunnamuu malee, akkaataa biraas niqabu. Kuniis yeroo garagaraarratti ofiis waaqa kadhachuufi galateeyfachuudha. Bakki itti waaqa kadhatan, galateeffataniis galma ijaarame keessa, muka jala, gaararraa malkaa gubbaa,…dha. Kanneen utuu kana godhanii, yeroo yerotti dhaqanii Qaalluu muudu. Ayyaanni amantiis yerootti ayyaaneeffataman nijiru. Isaaniis warraa akka

Ateetee- Kan dubartootaati. Inniniis kan mucaa argachuuti.
Nabii – Kan abbootiiti.
Jaarri ayyaana nagayaa, tikfama namaa, looniifi qa’eeti.
Abdaarrii-ayyaana dachii midhaan baasisuuti
Qaallonniis sirna ayyaana amantii kanarratti ummata gorsu, jajjebeessu. Qaalluun eessaa baha? Gaaffiin jedhuu ka’uun nidandaya. Gosa keessaa Qaalluun bahuu dandayuufi hin dandeenye jiru. Inniniis waanuma hangafummaafi quxxusummaa hawaasa Oromoo keessa turerraa tahuun nimala. Qaalluun gosa beekamaa keessaa baha. Achi keessaa bahee gosoota hafniifiis Qaalluu tahu. Hundaaniis muudama. Qaalluun gosa beekamaa keessaa haa bahu malee, tokko qofa taha jechuumiti. Maadhee hawaasa olii sana keessaa dabalanii jiraachuu dandayu. Garuu isaan keessaa tokkootu hundarra kabajaa qabaata. Isaanutuus yeroo ayyaanaa muudatti muudamaas. Fakkeenyaaf Boorana keessatti Qaalloota (laduu) shana jiran kan Maxxaarrii sadaniifi kan Karrayyuu tokkoofi kan Odituu tokko keessaa hunda caala kabajaman Qaalluu Odituuti.

Qaalluun isa oliiti jechuudha. Booranaa alaas qaalluun kana muuduuf Oromoonni lafa fagoo deemanii dhaqu. Kanaaf, sadarkaa qabu; warri gad hafan isaa gaditti dalagu jechuudha. Qaalluun abbaadhaa ilmatti dabree dhaalama deema. Namchi mataan amantii Qaalluu hoggaa jedhamu, haati mana isaa ammoo, qaallitti jedhamti. Qaallitiiniis akkuma qaalluu kabajamtuudha. Ilma hangafaatu yeroo abbaan isaa du’u dhaalee qaaluu tahuuf carraa duraa qaba.

Sirna Gadaa keessatti muuda Qaaluu kan yeroo malee, ayyaanni guddaan muuda jedhamu jira. Inniniis jidduu Gadaa tokkootti yeroo (si’a) beekamaafi dhaabbata tokkotti yaha. Ayyaana kanarratti Oromoonni dhaqanii galma isaatti qaalluu olii muudu. Sirna tahu keessatti yeroo kanatti eeyba Qaalluu fudhachuun beekamaadha. Namoonni lafa fagoorraa ka’anii dhaqan, ganda isaatti muudu, achitti qalanii nyaatu, nyaachisuusi.

Eegaa, walumaagalatti dalagaan Qaalluu inni tokko namaafi waaqa walqunnamsiisuu akka tahefi jireenyi hafuura Oromootaa maal akka fakkaatu ilaalleerra. Qooda Qaalluufi amantiin sirna Gadaa keessaas sirni kun sirna amantii tahuu fakkeessa. Dhugaan isaa garuu sirna amantiis, ofkeessaa qabaachuudha.

Qoodni Qaalluun qabu kan biraa aadaa Oromoo kan sirna Gadaa keessaa tiksuufi too’achuudha. Kanarratti bakka guddaa qaba. Akka aadaan sirna kanaa hin dabnefi seerriifi heerri sirnichaa hin banne qaceelcha. Ummata biratti karaa aadaafi amantii fudhatama guddaa guddaa waan qabuuf, yaada ummataa (public opinion) dhufata isaa jalaa waan qabuuf aadaa Oromoo tiksuufi daandii sirna Gadaarratti too’achuu dandaya. Waan haraamuu, caphana,… gatama namatti fiduu dandayanirraa ummata eegu dandaya.

Kanneenirratti dabalee qoodni guddaan Qaalluun qabu jireenya polotikaa sirna Gadaa too’achuufi qajeelchuudha. Murtii polotikaarratti fuulaan yoo qooda hin fudhannellee, waan yaada ummataa of harkaa qabaniif qajeelchuufi karooraratti qooda guddaa kennu. Filmaata qondaaloota Gaddfi marii biyyaarratti argamuudhaan gargaaru. Filmaata qondaaloota Gadaarratti yaada ummataa sassaabuudhaan irratti hundeeyfamanii ija filmaata godhamee adda baasanii labsu. Marii seeraafi heeraarratti argamanii akka seerriifi heerri Gadaa hin dabneef gorsuufi qajeechuudha. Qoondaaloota Gadaa aangoo qabatan sirnaan muudu, eeybisu. Kanaaf, amantiin sirna Gadaas karaa kanaafii kana fakkaataniin jireenya polotikaa ummata Oromoo qajeelchuurratti qooda guddaa qaba.

Eegaa xumuruudhaaf, geggeessaa amantii kan tahe Qaalluun jireenya hawaasa Oromoo sirna Gadaa keessatti qooda guddaa sadii qabaata. Isaaniis:-

qooda amantii – namafii waaqa walqunnamsiisuu
qooda aadaa- aadaa sirna Gadaa eeguuf, tiksuufi too’achuu
qooda polotikaa- filmaatarrattiifi marii biyyaa kan seeraafi heeraarratti too’achuufi qajeelchuudha.
Dhumarratti aadaan, polotikaafi amantiin walitti hidhatoo tahuun ifaadha.

Godaansa Oromoo Jaarraa 16ffaan duratti

Ummata akka waan hinsossoonee kana akka garaa, dhagaa ykn galaanaa godhanii fudhachuun hin tahu. Ummatni kamiyyuu ni sossoha, bakka takka gadhiisee bakka biraatti ni godaana. Seenaa ummatoota addunyaa keessatti godaansa heedduu argina. Sababootii godaansaa uuman akkuma biyya sanaafi haala yeroo sanaarratti hudeeyfama. Kanaaf sababootii godaansa uuman bal’aafi hedduudha. Haa tahuu malee, warri keessaa gurguddaa tahan nijiru:

haalli qilleensaa geeddaramuun balaa dhufee jalaa dheessuuf,

lakkooysi ummataa sanaa hedduu dabaluun dhiphina lafaa dhalatu keessaa bahuuf,

lola ummatoota olla jiddutti dhalaturraa kan ka’ee jalaa dheessuuf, kun ammoo lafa bal’ifachuuf tahu nidandaya. Seenaan godaansa Oromoo kan jaarraa 16ffaan duraa haala kana keessaa tokkorratti hundeeyfamuun nimala.

Madda ummata Oromoo yeroo ilaalletti Oromoon Baddaa Baaleefi gam tokkoon Sidaamoo keessa yeroo dheeraaf akka jiraataa ture mirkana’ee jira. Kana jechuun Oromoon hangaa jaarraa 16ffaa keessatti naannoo kana duwwatti murtaa’ee jiraataa ture jechuumiti. Godaansa haala akkasiitiin dhiheessinu warri barbaadan Qeesoota Amaaraati. Godaansi ummata kamiyyuu ballama qabatee jaarraa akkasiitiin godaana hinjedhu. Godaansi sossohiinsa ummata dhawaataan, suuta suutaan, yeroo dheerinaa keessa kan mul’atudha. Waan jaarraa tokko keessatti jalqabee dhumatuusiimiti.

Herbert S Luwis madda saba Oromoo argacuuf afaanoota Kushoota bahaa bakka 24tti qoode. Afaanoota isaanii karraa kan ka’e, durattii isaa kun lammii tokko turan jedhe. Yroo dheeraa keessa lakkooysii namaa babal’achurraa kan ka’e walirraa fagaatanii qubacuun, lammiin adda addaa dagaagan. Walbiraa godaanuun isaanii kun yoomifii akkamitti akka jalqabameef wanti beekamu hinjiru. Sababnii isaa garuu, waa asii olitti ka’erraa tokko tahuun nimala.

Lammiin affaariifi Saahoon dura godaanuu waan jalqaban fakkaata. Gara kaabaatti baay’ee fagaatanii kan qubatan, isaan kana. Lammiin kun lameen, yeroo dheeraaf waliin jiraataa turanii booda foxxqanii akka qubataniidha. Bara dhihoo dura akka waliin turan, afaan isaanii walitti seenuun ragaa nitaha. Lammiin Somaalee itti aanee sossohee waan gara bahaafi kibbaa qubate fakkaata. Ar’a Somaaleen Oromoorraa gara bahaafi kibbaa, Affaarirraa ammoo, gaara kibbaa qubattee jirti. Akka Herbert S. Luwis jedutti isaan kanatti aanee kan godaane Oromoodha. Affaar, Sahoo,Somaaleefi Oromoon hoggaa naannoo sanarraa sossohan Kuushootni bahaatti hafan ammoo, naannoo ha’a irra jiraatan keessa babal’atan malee hedduu hinsossoone.

Ormoon naannoo Mandayyoo, Dallofi Jamjam bara dheeraa jiraataa turanii dhawaata lafa naannoo isaaniitti siqaa, irra jiraataa dhufan. Yeroo isaan itti naannoo Baaleefii Saidaamoorraa sossohanii hamma Wallootti qubatan waan beekamuumiti. Garuu yeroo dheeraa keessa tahuun hinmamu. Eega Affaarootnifi Saahootni naannoo amma jiran keessa jiraachuu jalqabanii ykn, isaanumatti aananii godaananii qubacuun waan malu.

Akkaata godaansa Oromoo kan ofumaan deemaa ture kana, isa jaarraa 16ffaatti akeekuun hin tahu. Abbaa Baahireenuu yeroo akkaataa godaansa Oromoo barreeyse:

Booranni biyya isaarraa yeroo godaanu hundaan hindeemu, warri deemuu hin baebaanne nihafa. Kuniis waan mootii hinqabneef namni isaan ajaju hinjiru. Abbaan akka barbaade hojjata” jedhe. Bartels namchi jedhamu ammoo, akkaata godaansa Oromoorratti yeroo barreeyse: nama Oromoo tokko gaafatee deebii argate:

Yeroo tochoonu, ilmi hangafni bakka itti dhalateetti hafa. Ilmi quxxusuun dabranii lafa haaraya barbaadu. Ilmaa warra hangafaa naannotti hafan ammoo, firoota isaanii barbaaduu ka’anii godaanu” jedhee jira. Ragaa kana lamaanirraa kan hubachuu dandeenyu, Oromoon godaanee daangaa Keeniya kaasee hamma daangaa Tigreetti qubachuu kan dandahee, yeroo dheeraa keessa akka tureedha. Jaarraa 16ffaa keessa yeroo Baahireen barreeyse baayyinni ummata Oromoo meeqa taha? Akaa inni jedhutti utuu godaansi Oromoo yeroosunii jalqabee ilmaan quxxusuu duwwaan dabranii kan qubatan yoo tahee, lafa har’a Oromoon irra jiraatu firfirsanillee wal hingayan jechuudha. Kanaaf Oromoon jaarraa 16ffaa keessa godaanuu jalqabee utuu hintaane, jaarraa hedduun dura suuta suutaan, ilmi quxxisuun dabree qubachaa, lafa margaafi bishaan qabu barbaadaa godaane. Haalli jaarraa 16 ffaa keessatti mul’ate waan gara biraa waan taheef bakka isaatti laalla.

Duraani Oromoonni lammi tokko tahee osoo jiraatanii gosa Booranafi Bareentummati adda bahan. Bareentumafi Booranni osoo naannoo Baaleefi Sidaamoorraa gara bahaa jiraatanii lakkooysi namaafi horiin saanii baay’achuun gargar fagaatanii qubachuu jalqaban. Ilmaan Bareenummaas akka walitti heddommaachaa deemaniin adda adda bahanii qubachuu jalqaban. Ituufii Humbanni Mormorirraa ka’anii gara bahaatti sossohanii osoo adda hin bahin naannoo Odaa Bultum qubatan. Odaan Bultum kaarra Qurquraarraa gara kibbaatti hamma km 3 fagaatee argama. Ituufi Humbanni osoo adda hinbahin bakka Odaa Bultum kana

Akkaataa bultuma Oromoon Gaddaan duratti.

Sirna Gadaan duratti akkaataa bultuma Oromoo akkam akka ture wanti beekamu hinjiru. Qesoota Amaaraa tahee, seenaa barreeysitoonni gara biraa waa’ee Orommoo kan barreeyssuu jalqaban jaarraa 16ffaa booda ture. Kanaf sanaan dura seenaan Oromoo ture himamsa aadaarraa, yoo argame malee wanti galmaa’e kan jiru hinfakkaatu. Haa tahuu malee, himamsa afaaniitfi akkaataa dagaagina hawaasaarraa kan hubachuu dandeenyu nijira.

Akkaataan dagaagina hawaasaa dhala namaa kamiyyuu sirna keeessa dabru niqaba. Haalli hawaasni Oromoo bara Gadaa duraafi booddee keessa ture calaqqiinsa akkaataa bulmaata isaa ka duraanii nuuf ibsuu ni dandaya. Akkuma ummata kamiyyuu hawaasni Oromooo gamtooma Doofaa durii keessa turuun isaa waan hin’ooleedha. Kuniis akkaata qabeenya dhuufaa turerraa calaqqisa. Ormoon waan tikfattee tureef qabeenya dhuunfaa loon yoo tahe malee, lafti qabeenya gamtaa ture. Kanaa wajjiin kan ilaalamu haala walbulchiinsa isa jidduu tureedha. Hamma hawaasaatti Oromoon guddatee sadarkaa gosa gahetti manguddoo walbulchuun saa hin’oolle. Kabajaa manguddoon hawaasa Oromoo keessatti qabu har’allee aadaa Oromoo keessatti ni calaqqisa. Hamma Gadaan dhufee bakka qabtetti, manguddootaan buluun kun sadarkaa sadarkaan guddataa dhufuun hinhafne.

Haalli kun akkamitti ture? Akkamitti hojjachuu dandaye? Wanti kana calaqqisu boodana dabree maali? Hawaasa Oromoo keessatti aadaan jalqabarraa ka’ee gad dhaabbate hariiroo hangafaafi quxxusuuti. Hariiroon kun dura sadarkaa maatii keessatti gad dhaabbate. Ilmi hangafni kabajamuu qaba. Warri quxxusuu isa hordofu. Waan inni jedhe dhagayu. Hariiroon kun maati duwwaa keessatti hin hafu. Akkuma hawaasni sun dagaaguun hangafaafi quxxusuun ibidda, manaafi gosa keessattiis hojiirra oola. Ibiddi hangafaafi quxxusutti adda bahee walkabjuuniifi waliif abboomamuun buluun dhalate. Hariiroon ku yeroo dheeraaf hawaasa Oromoo keessatti hojjate.

Goso tokko keessa karra hagafaafi quxxusuu nijiraatu. Maanguddootni karra hangafaa keessa jiran biyya (gosa) bulchuurratti qceelfama kennu. Karri quxxusuu tahan warra hanagafa kana jalatti gurmaawu. Sadarkaa gossaattiis hariiroon kun ittifufa.

Gositi hangafni yeroo warra kaan qaceechu, geggeessu warri quxxusuun isaan jalati walitti qabamu. Gosootni kun akkasitt walitti dhufanii tokkooma gosaa (tribal confederacies) tolfatan. Tokkoomni gosaa kun ammoo, walkeessatti hangafaafi quxxusuu qabu. Hawaasa Oromoo keessatti akkaataan hangafaafi quxxusutti qoodamuun kun qoodama karra cimdii” ( bi social differentiation) jedhama. Sirni bulmaataa karra lamatti qoodamuun bu’ureeyfamu ammoo, sirna qoodama karra cimdii taha. Hamma Gadaan dagaagutti akkaataan bulmaata Oromoo sirna kanaan ture.

Sirna kana keessatti manguddoonni qooda lammii guddaa qabu. Manguddoota lammii keessaa ammoo, kan warra hangafaa hunda dursu. Waldhabbii gosoota giddutti ka’u manguddoota kanaatu ilaala. Gosoota Oromoo keessaa Booranni hangafa. Kanaaf waldhabbiin gosa bareentumaa, fakkeenyaaf Arsiifi Macca giddutti yoo ka’e, manguddoota Booranaatu ilaala. Haalli kun gosa, karra hundumaa keessatti akkasitti hojjata. Ummata ollaa wajjiin waldhabbiin yoo argamees, gumaabaasuufiis tahee, falmu, lola waan ilaaluufi dantaa lammii saanaa guutummatti manguddootaan ilaalamee murtii godhata.

Sirni manguddootaan qaceelu amaluma hawaasa doofaa taheellee kan Oromoon dhaabbate jabaa tahuun isaa, hangafaafi quxxusuun qaceeluu isaati. Sirna isa booddee Oromoon tolfatee ittiin walbulcheef bu’ura kan qabuudha. Sirna Gadaa keessatti hawaasni Oromoo gartuu lamatti qoodamee ijaarame. Gartuuleen kun aadaadhaan hangafaafi quxxusutti beekamu. Garuu waltoo’achuufi walgituurratti walqixa. Fakkeenyaaf qoodamni akkasii Boorana keessati Sabboofi Goona, Maccaa keessatti Booranaafi Gabaro, Ituu keessatti Kuraafi Galaan, Humabnna keessatti Qal’oofi Anniyya jedhamanii beekamu. Haaluma qoodama gosa keessa duraan tureetu Sirna Gadaa keessattiis ga-dhaabbate jechuudha. Kanaaf Oromoon osoo sirna Gadaatiin as hin bahin, sirna qoodama karra cimdii kanaan walbulchaa ture jechuun nidandeenya.

Meelba:- bara 1522-1530

Gadaan duraa Melba jedhama jedhu. Bara Gadaa Melbaa kana Oromoon abbaa duulaa itti ijaaree yeroo duraatiif gurmuun duulutti bobbaase. Baalli weeraruu jalqaban. Namichaa Amaara Faasil jedhamuu wajji wal lolanii inniis duularratti du’e. Duula Oromoo isa jalqabaa kanaan amaarri “dawwee” jedhan. Afaan Amaaraatti dawwee jechun, dhukkuba lamxii jechuudha

Muudana:- bara 1531-1538

Mebatti aane kan Gadaa fudhate Muudana jedham. Bara Muudana kana seera jajjabaa lama tumatan. Lubni hundi duula akka duuluufi laf haaraya baasan malee, meendhicha akka hin hidhanne kan jedhu ture. Baalli kan Melba weeraruu jalqabe Muudannii dhufatee hamma qarqara laga Awaashitti irra qubatan. Barri Gadaa Muudanaa kun bara Islaamoonni Imaam Ahmadiin geggeefamanii Kiristaanootaan lolaa turani. Lola diinootni isaa lamaan wal lolaa jiran kan Oromoon faana bu’aa ture. daareel Baates namichi jedhamu kana hogga ibsu:

“lolli Kiristaanoota Habashafi Islaamoota ture, Poortugaal gargaartee Imaam Ahmed mohamullee hin dhaabbanne. Waggootii dheeraaf dabree dabree deemsifamaa ture, gaallaa (Oromoo) haala kana duukaa bu’anii too’ataa turan. Gartuun lamanuu waan miidhameef lafa isaanii deebifachuuf ….yeroo itti eeggachaa turan”jedha. Lolli amantii yeroof akkasiit qabbanaawullee Oromoon lola isaa itti fufe. Muudanni Gadaa isaa fixee Kiiloleetti dabarse.

Kiilolee:- bara 1539-1546

Kiiloleen duula bal’isee DAWAAROO rukutuu jalqabe. Yeroo gabaaba keessati handhuura Dawaaroo gahe. Galaawudoos mooti Habashaa waana isaa kan nama Adaal Mabraq jedhamuun hoogganamu Dawarrootti bara 1545tti erge. Waraanni Adaal Mabraq harka Oromootti baqe, inniniis lbaqatee laga Awaash cehe.Dawaaroo kan jedhamu Arsii har’aatt akeekuun ni dandayama. Galaawudoos Islaamoota mohuu dandahullee Oromoobiyya isaaf lolu mohuu hindandeenye. Kiiloleen Gadaa isaa fixee Biifoleetti dabarse.
Biifolee:- bara 1547-1554

Galaawudoos Adaal Mabraq moohamuu dhagayee humna isaa waliti gurmeessee, waraana warra Poortugaaal fogargaarsisee Oromootti bara 1548tti duule. Humna guddaan itti haa duulu malee, Galaawudoos Oromoo mohuu dadhabee, dahannoo jabaa qotatee Dawaaroo keessa qubate. Oromoonni achitti iti marsanii lolan. Lolli sun guyyaa kudhalama deeme. Oromoonni gootummaan lolanii gaafa 12ffaa waraana Habashaa dahannoo isaa keessatti itti seenaanii hedduu irraa fixan. Ajajaan waraana Poortugaal Ayrees Deez jedhamu madaawee boodarratti du’e. Waraanni Habashaa moohame. Biifoleen duulaa isaa itti fufef Awaash cehee Faxagar waraanuu jalqabe. Hatahuu malee, Biifoleen akka Luboota isa duraa lafa haaraya qabachuudhaan hinmilkooyne. Habashoonni dhiibbaan Oromoo gara qa’ee isaaniitti dhihaataa waan deemeef jabaatanii dura dhaabbatan. Galaawudoos humna Habasha gurmeesse ofirraa ittise. Gama lachuu namni dhube baay’ee guddaa ture. biifoleen Gadaa isaa raaw’atee Michilleetti dabarse.

Michille:- bara 1555-1562

Michilleen Gadaa isaa kana keessatti namni diina hinajjeefne akka hin fuune, akka rifeensa mataa hinhaaddanne seera baase. Akka jedhamuttiis bara Gadaa Michillee kana Oromoon fardaan loluu jalqabe. Kanaaf lafa fagoo deemee lola gochuu jalqabe. Bara Michillee kana Galaawudoos waraana isaa Faxagar keessa jiru namicha Hamalmaal jedhamuti kennee bataskaana Imaam gube ijaarutti deebi’ee ture. bara 1555tti Michilleen Hamlmaaliin bakka Dagoo jedhamutti waraanee moohe. Hamalmaal moohamuun Faxagariin guutumatti harka Oromootti deebise. Faxagar Enriif Karrayyuu har’aani taha. Michilleen Faxagar irra dhaabbatee Cafaat, Bazimoofi Daamoot salphatti rukutuu jalqabe. Gibeen qabachuuniis yeroo kana jalqabe. Bara Michillee injifannoo guddaan argame garuu, Islaamootarratti ture. islaamoonni eega Imaam Ahmed boodde weerara guddaa kiristaanatti bobbaasuu hindandeenye. Hatahuu malee, geggeessaan Islaama Harar Amiir Nuur jedhamu humna walitti qabatee bara 1559tti Habashatti duulee ture. amiir Nuur Galaawudoosiin lolee moohe. Galaawudoos lola sanirratti du’e. Amiir Nuur osoo inni injifannoo argatetti gammadee ayyaaneeffachaa jiruu Oromoonni magaalaa Harar seenanii barbadeessan. Oduu kana dhagahee osoo inni gara Harar deebu’utti jiruu Michillee bakka Tulluu Hazaaloo jedhamtutti haxxee hidhee rukute. Lola taherratti Oromoonni haa dhuman malee, Amiir Nuur ni moohame. Waraanni saa harka loltuu Oromoorratti akka dhadhaa baqee dhume. Lubbuun kan keessa bahan xiqqaa ture. lolli Tulluu Hazaaloo biratti tahe kun, yeroo dheeraaf Kiristaanaafii Islaama gidduutti lola deemaa ture addaan kute. Humni Oromoo jabaachuun warra wal lolaa turan gidduutti nagaya buuse.

Michillee booddee duulli Oromoo karaa lamaarraa tahuu jalqabe. Isaaniis:- Oromoota Walloofi Maccaafi Tuulama. Wallo keessati kan Gadaa fudhate Harmuffaa jedhama. Kan Tuulama ammoo, Hambisaa jedhama. Lachuu saanii bara 1563-70tti Gadaarra turan. Hambisaan duula gurguddaa Shawaa keessatti haa godhu malee, Amaara dhiibuu hin dandeenye. Mootiin Habashaa Minaas akka jabatti Hambisaafi Harmuffaa dura dhaabbate. Osoo isaaniin loluu du’e. Malaak Saggad ykn Sarta Dingil kan jedhamu itti dabree aangoo Habashaa qabatee lola ittifufe. Hambisaaniis lafaa haaraya osoo hinqabatin Minas wajjiin lola gurguddaa osoo godhuu Gadaan isaa dhumeeRoobaleetti dabarse. Harmuf Awaash cehee Affaarootafi Habashootatti duuluu jalqabe. Gi’orgis Haaylee kan jedhamu bakka qacinaafi Wayaata jedhamutti lolee Moo’e. Affaarootaas lolee naannoo Angootttifi Ganyi jedhamtu qabatee taa’e. Bakka kanarraa Amaara Saaynitiifi Bagamidritti duuluu jalqabe. Harmuuf bara Gadaa isaa Affaaroota, Argoboota, Doobotafi Amaaroota Ganyiifi Angoot keessa turan waraanee ofjala galchee gosa moggaase. Harmuuf Affaaroota humna isaanii cabsee baay’ee xiqqeese. Harmuuf Gadaan isaa dhumee Robaleen harka fudhate.

Robaleen:- bara 1571-1578

Malaak Saggad Roobalee Shawaa keessatti dabarsuu dhoorke. Ofiis garuu Roobalee dhiibuu hindandeenye. Shawaa keessatti haala akkanaan jiru Roobaleen Walloo Bagamidir seenee lola jalqabe. Yeroo kana Malaak Saggad saffisaan gara Bagaamidir deebi’ee Roobalee bakka wayinaa Dagaa jedhamutti lolee Roobaleen moohame wallotti deebi’e. Roobaleen hoggaa Malaak Saggfad gara Bagaamidir deeme, duula Shawaa keessatti jabeessee Amaaroota gara hallayyafi olqatti naqee biyya qabate. Malaak Saggad deebi’ee Roobalee dhiibuu hindandeenye. Gadaan isaanii dhumee lamaanuu Birmajiif bakka gaddhiisan.

Birmajii:- bara 1579-1586

Bara Gadaa Birmajii Oromootni Amaara hedduu muddanii qaban. Birmajiin Wallo Bagamidir seenanii Amaaroota hedduu fixan. Aantoot Malaak Saggad lolarratti dhuman. Amaara Bagamidir akka malee hollachiisee. Birmajiin Tuulamaafi Macaa lafa fardi isaa dhaquu dandayu mara deemee qabate. Amaarri gara hallayyaafi holqatti galtee dhokatte. Osoo gaarri, hoqiifi hallayyaan hinjiru tahee, namni hafu hinjiru jedhaa ture barreeysaan Habashaa Alaqaa Atsimeen. Malaa Saggad oliifi gad fiigutti yeroo isaa fixe. Birmajiin Shawaa laga Jamayii cehee Waqaa qabatee Amaara lafa Oromoo keessa qubatte Habashaarraa kute. Achirraa Gojjaamiifi Daamoot waraanuu jalqabe. Malaak Saggad nama Daragoot jedhamu akka Gojjaamiin ittisuuf itti erge. Birmajiin lola Daaragootirratti du’e. Haa tahu malee Birmajiin gara dhuma Gadaa isaati jala Gojjaam keessatti moohame. Biramjiin bakka lachuutti Gadaa gad dhiisanii Mul’atatti dabarsan.

Mul’ata:- bara 1587-1594

Bara Gadaa Mul’ataa kana Walloon hedduu hinduulle. Yeroo lama duwwaa Godaritti duulee saamee Wallotti deebi’e. Qubatee waan taa’e fakkaata. Mula’ati, Maccaafi Tuulama duula isaa itti fufe. Bifa lolaa geeddaree Amaara karaarratti gaadanii ajjeesuu jalqaban. Gaara gidduufi saaqaa dhiphoo ta’an jiddutti eegee Amaara murachuu jalqabe. Kanaaf Amaarri bara sana lafa sodaatu bira hoggaa gahewalitti lallaba, walwaama dabra ture jedhama. Bakka fardasaaf mijjaa’u Gondariifi Gojjaam keessa gulufee basha’e. Boodaas achi quabatee taa’e. Amaarri araarfachuu jalqabdee, suuta suutaan walmakuu jalqaban. Haa tahu malee, lolli isaan jiddu hindhaabbanne: isaan keessa warri gurguddaan:

Jaarraa 17ffaa jalqabarratti (1605-1617) bara mooti Habashaa Suusiniyoos Oromoon Bagamidrifi Gojjaamitti duulaa ture, garuu ofirraa ittisan.

1620 Oromootni Walloo Bagamidriti duulan.

Qaabsis Paaris (Paris chronicle) jedhamu lolli gurguddaan baroota 1639, 1643, 1649, 1652fi 1658tti akka tahan galmeessee jira.

1661 Oromoonni Walloo Warra HimannooGondaritti duulanii Faasilaa Dasiin lolan.

1683-1688 Oromoon Guduruu Habashaa lolee moohe.

1709 bara Tewoofiloos mooti Habashaa ture Oromoon Amaaratti duulee ture.

Jaarraa 18ffaa kaasee lolli xixiqqaan Amaaraafii Oromoo jiddutti deemaature. Amaaroonni Oromoo ofitti qabuu (firoomfatuu)jalqaban. Waldhabbii isaan jidduu jirurratti akka Oromoon isaan gargaaru hawwachaaturan. Yeroon itti Oromoon waardiyaa mooti Habashaa tahee qa’ee(gibbii) isaaniitti galees niture. Habashoonni walii isaai fonqolchuufi aangoorraa turuufiis Waraana Oromootti yeroon dhimma ba’aa turan niture.

Duula Oromoo kana booddee haala akkamiitu Gaafa Afrikaa keessatti dhalate? Humni Oromoo jechuuniis maal uume? Hamma Oromoon Gadaan of hinjaaranitti miidhaa gurguddaan irrgahaa akka ture beekamaadha. Yeroo sanaas Kiristaanootnifi Islaamootni duula wailrraa hincinne walirratti oofaa turan. Gaafni Afrikaa bakka lolaa turte jechuun nidandayama. Oromoon Gadaan ijaaramee as bahuun, madaala humna Gaafa Afrikaa keessatti jijjiire. I) lola Kiristaanaafi Islaama jidduu nidhaabe. 2) hawwii babal’achuu Habashaan qabu dhaabee walitti isii suntuurse. 3) Oromoo kabajamaafi sodaatamaa taasise. 3) Mootummaa Islaama Harar dhawee walitti bute. 5) daangaarratti waldhiibuufi lola xixiqqaa tahan malee, nagaya gara jaarraa lamaaf Gaafa Afrikaatti buuse.

Madaalli humnaa kan yeroo dheeraaf ture, kan jijjiiramuu jalqabe walakkaa jaarraa 19ffaa booda eega meeshaan lolaa haarayni harka Habashoota seene ture. Yeroo kanarraa kaaseeti kn Oromoon caphee kolonii Habashaa tahuu kan jalqabe. maddii: marsaa alaabaa

Seenaan haayyoota Oromootin barreefammee kunoo as isiinif jira. Dubbisaati baradhaa. yoo barruu seenaa biraa qabaattan tessoo exellent823@yahoo.com  irratti nuf ergaa.

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(Toleeraa Tasammaa fi Hundasaa Waaqwayyaa)

Seenaan qorannoo ykn barnoota akka ummanni tokko itti jiraataa tureedha. Seenaan saba tokko yeroo jennu qorannoo ykn barnoota waa’ee shanyii saba saba saniiti jechuudha. Seenaan sabni tokko akkamitti jiraataa ture? Haala akkam keessa dabre? Ogummaa akkam qaba ture? Aadaan isaa maal fakkaata? Kan jedhaniifi gara biraas kaasee deebii itti barbaada. Gabaatti, seenaan qorannoo ykn barnoota haala shanyyiin (sanyyiin) ummata biyya tokkoo karaa dina’gdeefi hawaasummaa keessa dabreedha.

Ummanni tokko haala jireenya isaa hubachuuf abbootiin abbootii isaa ykn shanyyiin isaa haala keessa dabran qorachuu barbaachisa. Haalli ykn akkaataan jireenyi shanyii ofii keessa dabre jireenya har’aa irratti calaqqiinsa ni qabaata. Isa ha’aa hubachuuf isa dabre qorachuun barbaachisaadha. Kaleessi yoo hin jiraanne har’i hinjiraatu. Waan shanyyiin keenya keessa dabree as gahe qorannee baruun kan har’aa ijaarachuuf baay’ee barbaachisa. Kaleessi har’a, har’i boru maddisiisa. Kan dabre yoo hinhubatin kan har’aa hubachuun, kan har’aa yoo hinhubatin kan boruu qiyaasuun hinkajeelamu.

Namni seenaa abbootii isaa, kan shanyii isaa hinbeekne jaamaadha. Bishaan gabatee irra jiru, kan gara barbaadanitti oofamuun wajjiin walfakkaata. Namni seenaa irraa hinbare, badii seenaa deebisee dalaguuf dirqama. Namni seenaa shanyii isaa hinbeekne, maqaa, aadaafi sabummaa isaa gatee kan alagaa fudhachuuf tattaafata. Ummanni Oromoo seenaa boonsaa, biyya badhaatuufi aadaa dagaagaa qaba. Ilmaan Oromoo hedduun garuu, kan waan hinbeeyneef alagatti ofharkisuu kan barbaadan nijiran. Seenaa saba ofii baruun eenyummaa ofii nama barsiisa. Firaaf diina adda baafachuuf nama gargaara. Walumaa galatti, seenaa saba ofii beekuun sab-boonummaa dagaagsa.

Seenaa saba keenyaa kan boru itti boonnu duwwaafi miti. Tahuus hin qabu. Mataa ofii dabree beekuufi yaadachuuf barra. Barree ammoo dabarsinee barsiifna. Kanaaf ilmaan Oromoo hundi seenaa Oromoo baranii dabarsanii barsiisuun dirqama taha. Seenaa dabrerraa kan barree yaadachuuf, jireenya keenya har’aa hubachuuf nu gargaara. Madda rakkoo keenya har’aa baruuf, seenaa abbotiin teenya dabarsan beeku qabna. Rakkina har’aa furuuf mala lafa kaayyachuuf seenaa dabre beekuun hedduu barbaachisaadha. Rakkinaafi guddina sabni keenya keessa dabree as gsahe yoo beekne kan boruu yaaduu dandeenya. Daandii qabsoon keenya fudhachuu qabu tolchuufi tolchinees sirritti ta’uu isa kan itti ilaallu calaqqee seena Oromoo keessatti taha. Seenaa dabre kan fagoofi dhihoo, yaadaafi ilaalcha keenya irratti ifaan ykn osoo hin mul’anne dhiibbaa niqabbata. Seenaa keenya ka barruuf, ofii hubannee akka sirritti galmeessinee dhaloota boruutiif dabarsuudhaafi. Waanti nuti har’a hojjannu , boru seenaa taha. Kanaaf Oramoo kan tahe hundi seenaa shanyyii isaa baree dabarsee barsiisuun haalaan barbaachisaadha.

Barbaachisummaa seenaa baruu erga hubatamee, gaaffi ka’antu jira. Seenaan Oromoo barreeyfamee jiraa? Eenyufaatu barreeyse? Yoo hin barreeyfamne tahe akkamiti barreeysuun dandayama? Gaaffiileen kan fakkaatan hedduun ka’uu mala. Osoo deebii gaaffiilee kanaa kennuu hinyaalin dura madda seenaa waan athan keessaa lama qofa yoo ka’aan gaarii taha.

Maddi seenaa ummata tokkoo inni duraafi guddaan seenaa afaanii(oral history) fi aadaadha. Hamma sadarkaan dagaagina hawaasummaa tokkoo barreeysaan waa galmeessuun hinjalqabaminitti, seenaa dhalootarraa dhalootatti himamsa afaaniitiin dabraa dhufa. Abbaan ijollee isaatti “dur shanyiin keenya akkasiti bulaa ture, bara akkasii rakkina akkasiitu tur, dur jireenyi akkas ture” jedhee yeroo itti odeessu, seenaa dabarsaa jira jechuudha. Sabootni hedduun har’allee afaan isaaniitiin barreeysuu hinjalqabne nijiran. Seenaan saboota akkasii barreeyfamuuf maddi guddaan seenaa afaaniifi aadaa isaaniiti taha.

Seenaa tokko qorachuuf ykn barreeysuuf maddi lammaffaan waan galmeeyfameedha. Beektoonnif qorottoonni haala jiruufi jireenya, aadaafi afaan ummata tokkoo yeroo galmeessan seenaa dabarsaa jiru. Waan beektoonni ykn qorottoonni barruudhaan har’a lafa kaayan, boru kaan itti dhufee barata ykn irra dhaabatee xiinxala. Seenaan ummata tokkoo nama isaa keessa dhalateen barreeyfame irra wayyinni hinhafu. Inninuu, yoo namni sun dhiibbaa adda addaarraa qulqulluu tahe malee, mudaa qabaachuu nidandaya. Keessattu yeroo seenaa uummata gara biraa barreeysan jibba, jaalalalfi dhiibbaa adda addaarraa qulqulluu yoo hintaane badii guddaan dalagamuu nimala.

Seenaa tokko qorachuufi baruuf madda waan tahan keessaa guddaa lama kaafnee jirra. Eegaa, seenaan ummata Oromoo barreeyfamee jiraayi? Ykn ummanni Oromoo seenaa qabaayi? Gaaffiilee jedhan laaluu ni dandeenya.diinootni ummata Oromoo, ‘Oromoon seena hinqabu’ jedhu. Ummanni seenaa hinqabne hinjiru. Namni tokko hoo seenaa mataa isaatti,seenaa jireenyaa niqaba. Seenaan ummata sanaa barreeyafamee jiraachuufi dhiisuun waan gara biraati. Diinootni Oromoo seenaa hoggaa jedhan waan galmeeyfame qofa ifdura qabu. Seenaan ummataa hedduun barreeyfamuu kan dandaye erga beekkumsi barreeysuu argame booda ture. Har’allee afaanotni tokko tokko barreeysaa hin qaban, seenaan saboota akkasii karaa lamaan qoratama.

seenaa afaanii
waan alagaan, waa’ee ummata sanaa barreeyse irraa taha.
Ummanni Oromoo afaan isaan kan barreeyssuu jalqabe bara dhihoo keessa. Kanaaf ilma Oromoo tokkoon seenaan isaa galmeeyfamee jira jechuu hindandeenyu. Bara dhihoo as garuu, ilmaan Oromoo tokko tokko seenaa saba isaanii barreeysuuf tattaafataa jiru. Haathu malee seenaan Oromoo himamsa afaaniifi aadaatiin dhalootarraa dhalootatti daddabraa har’a as gahe jira. Seenaa saba keenyaa qorannee galmeessuuf, seenaan afaaniifi aadaa madda guddaadha. Haa tahu malee, himamsi afaanii lakkuma bubbuluun jijjiiiramaa hiikkaafi ilaalcha adda addaa fudhachaa akka deemu irraanfachuun namarra hinjiru. Har’a seenaa keenya qorachuuf himamsa afaaniitti daballee maddi gara biraa kan seenaa afaan keenyaa (oromiffaa) tiifi antiropolojii taha.

Antiroppolojiin saayinsii qorannoo waa’ee dhala namaa, aadaa, hoodaafi amantii, akkaataa jireenya isaa irratti godhamuudha. Kanaaf seenaa afaanii kan dhalootarraa dhalootatti daddabraa dhufeefi, qormaata afaniifi antiroppolojii irratti godhamu walqabachiifnaan seenaan dhugaa barreeyfamuu nidandaya.

Seenaa Oromoorratti qormaanni godhamuu qaba hoggaa jennu, seenaan Oromoo akka waan tasa hinbarreeyfamneetti fudhachuu hinqabnu. Oromoonni seenaa ummata isaanii barreeysuu kan jalqaban dhihoo kanatti haatahuu malee, namoonni alagaa hedduun seenaa Ummata Oromoo barreeysanii jiran. Har’aas kan qormaata godhaa jiran hedduudha. Anmoota alaagaa kan seenaa Oromoo barreeysan gosa sadihitti, qooduu nidandeenya.

Isaaniis: 1)qeessota Habshaa,2) waarra Orooppaa 3) Araboota. Isaan kana tokko tokkoon haalaallu.

handhuura godhatanii turan. Arsiin ammoo, naannoo sanarraa gara bahaatti sossohee Ituufi Humbannatti aanee qubate. Ilmaan Bareentoo keessaa gara kaabaatti fagaatee kan qubate Walloodha.

Ilmaan Booranaa ammoo, adda bahanii gosti Booranaa xiqqoo gara kibbaatti siqee qubate. Achirraa godaansa haga laga Xaanaa Keeniyaa keessatti deeme. Gujiin naannoo Jamjamirraa hedduu osoo hin fagaatin achumatti lafa bal’ifate. Booranni kaabaa (Maccaafi Tuulama) gara kaabaatti sosshan. Naannoo Shawaa har’aa eega gayanii booda Macc gara dhihaatti godaanee qubachuu jalqabe.

Godaansi Oromoo kun yeroo kam akka tahe beekuun nama dhibullee jaarraa 9ffaa ykn 10ffaa dura akka tahe beekamaadha. Naannoo jaarraa kanatti Oromootafi Habashoota jidduu (gidduu) wallolli akka ture barreeyfamee jira. Jaarraa kana keessa hoggaa Islaamummaan Shawaa seenuu jalqabe Oromoon akka achi turees waan hubatameedha. Ormoon yeroo lafa kanatti godaane, ummatni gara biraaa irra jiraachuuf dhiisuu irraa wanti beekamu hinjiru. Habarlaand akka jedhutti naannoo Shawaa har’aatti yeroo Oromoon godaane lafti duwwaa turuun nimala jedha. Namichi Poortugaal Franaaz jedhamubara 161tti yroo naannoo Gojjaamii ka’ee gara qarqara galaanaatti deemu argee akka barreeysetti ” Kibba laga Abbayya keessaa Oromoonni nijiru. Isaaniifi Innaariyaa gidduu garuu, lafti duwwaadha” jedhee ture. Kanaaf lafti Oromoon itti godaanerraa guddaan duwwaa lafa daggala qabu akka ture hubatamaadha.

Seenaa Barreeysitoota Habashaa

Seenaa Oromoo inni jalqabaafi qabatamaan qeesii Amaaraa, abbaa Baahiree jedhmuun bara 1593tti barreeyffame. Barreeyfama Baahireen duratti wanti qabatamaan barreeyffame waan jiru hinfakkaatu. Abbaa Bahireen Amaara waan taheef seenaa Oromoo tan inni barreeyse mudaa gurguddaa qaba. Bara inni barreeysaa ture (jaarraa 16ffaa) keesssa Oromoon duula lafa isaa falmachuurra waan tureef hijaa(haloo) Oromoo bahuuf poolisii (imaammata) hordafamuu qabu lafa kayuuf barreeyse.

Mootoota habasha yeroo sana turan gorsuuf barreeyse. Akeekni Baahiree jabinni Oromoo eessaa akka maddufi dadhabiinsi Habashaa maala akka tahee xiinxaluu ture. Seenaa Oromoo ija diinummaatiin laalee barreeyse. Bahireen seenaa kitaaba isaa “ye Gaallaa Taarik” jedhu yeroo barreeyse akkas jedha. “seenaa Gaallaa barreeysuu kaniin jalqabeef, lakkooysa gosa isaanii, nama ajjeesuuf qophii tahuu isaaniifi amala saanii kan gara lafina hinqabne beeksisuufi. Seenaa ummata gadhee kanaa maalif barreeysite, osoo kan ummata gaariidhaa jiruu jedhee yoo namni nagaafate, “kitaaba keessa laali, seenaan Mohammadiifi mootoota Islaamaatu barreeyfamaa jiraamiti?..jedhee jalqabe.

Baahireen ilaalcha ummata Oromoof qabu seenaa kitaaba isaa keessatti xumure. Jibbiinsaafi diinummaa Oromoorraa akka ifatti mul’ata. Haala kanaan yeroo barreeyse Baahireen dogoggora gurguddaa keessa seene. Seenaa Oromoo dabsee waan barreeysseef, seena barreeysitoota isa booddee barreeysaniis karaarra dabsee jira. Daba inni hojjate kana booqannaa itti aanu keessatti laalla. Seenaa Oromoo guutumaatti, akka mata dureetti fudhatanii akka baahireetti hin barreeysin malee, qeesoota qabsiisa mootoota habashaa barreeysan, qabsiisa isaanii keessatti waa’ee Oromoo kaasanii jiru. Haa tahu malee, ija diinummaatiin waan qabsiisaniif seenaa Oromoo hedduu dabsan. Qeesiin Atsime gi’orgs jedhamu seenaa Oromoo akka baay’ee nama dinqutti barreeyse. Namummaa oromoo haga haalutti gahee “ilmaan sheeyxaanaa” jedhee barreeyse. Alqaa Taayyee kan jedhamu ammoo, “innas tawuqaallan Gallaa indeet ka baahir indewaxaa” jedhee haala baayyee fokkisaan barreeyse. Yeroo qeessotni kun waa’ee Oromoo barreeysaa turan, yeroo Oromoon itti jabaa ture. Jabinaafi laafina Oromoo baranii akkaataa itti dura dhaabbatan qiyaafachuuf ture. Eega Oromoo cabasanii koloneeffaatan boodaas, seenaa Oromoo barreeysuu nidhaaban. Warri Orooppaas akka hinbarreeysine dhiibbaa irratti godhuu jalqaban. Walumaa galatti waan qeesootni kijibduun Habashaa dabsanii barreeysan sana, seenaa dhugaa kan qormaataan bira gahame barreeysuudhaan kijibdoota Habashaa faalleessuun haalaan barbaachisaadha.

Seena barreeysitoota Awrooppaa:

Namoonni biyya Orooppaa sababafi yeroo adda addaatti naannoo Kaaba Baha Afrikaa dhufanii seenaa barreeysan nijiru. Isaan kun heeddu waan tahaniif gosa gurguddaa lamatti qoodnee ilaluu dandeenya.

waarra amantii babal’isuutiin biyya Orooppaarraa dura biyya Habashaa kan dhufan warra Poortugaal turan. Isaan kun jalqabaa jaarraa 17ffaarraa kaasanii Habashaa seenuudhaan dame amantii kristiyaanaa -Kaatolikii babal’isuuf tattaafachha turan. Habashootaaf jaalalaafi maraarfannoo gudda qabu turan. Habashoonni tuqamuufi miidhamuu hinjaalatan turan. Habashoota gara amantii isaaniitti hawwachuuf tattaafataa waan turannif, waan mootoota Habashaa dallansiisu hin barreeysine. Seenaa Oromoo yeroo barreeysaniis akkuma Habashootaatti barreeysan. Namichi Poortugal-Manu’eel de Almeedaa jedhamu, yeroo seenaa Oromoo baarreeyse, Baahireerraa fudhatee ijaa jibbiinsaan barreeyse. Kanaaf waan isaan barreeysan hoggaa xiinxalmuufi kan warra kaanii wajjiin ennaa walbira qabamu seenaa Oromoo barreeysuun nidandayama. Tahaas jira.
Biyya Daawwatootafi Qorottota:
Biyya daawwatoonni haala, akeekaafi yeroo adda addaatti dhufan, biyya daawwataa fakkaatanii dhufuudhaan kan mootuummaa isaaniif basaasan nituran. Waarri kaan immoo qormaata ji’ograafii ykn saayinsii gochuuf warri dhufaniis turan. Bifa adda addaan haa dhufan malee isaan kun waan argan, ummata, aadaaa, afaaniifi akkaata jireenyaa biyya sanaa barreeysanii jiru. Namoota alagaa waan tahaniif waan ijaan arkan malee, ofii isaaniitiin ummata haaseessuudhaan kallattiin waa baruu hindadayan. Nama afaan isaanii hiiku barbaadu. Kanaaf hangi isaan seenaa barreeysuuf deeman heedduu xiqqaadha. Aadaafi maalummaa ummata sanaa baruudhaaf, yeroon isaan keessa turaniis waan xiqqaa tahuuf, hubannaan isaaniis akkasuma taha. Dhiibba malee waan hojjetaniif hanga dhaga’aniifi arkan qulqullutti barreeysuu saanii hin oolamu.

Namoonni Arooppaa seenaa Oromoo, Orommtarraa qoratanii barreeysaniis nijiru. Oromoonni gabrummatti gurguramanii boodaa namooni Arooppaa tokko tokko baitatanii bilisoomasaniis nijiru. Gabroota bilisooman kanrra seenaa Oromoo waari qoratanii barreeysaniis nituran. Haala kanaan bara 1830fi 1840 namoonni Arooppaa kan seenaa Oromoo barreeysuuf carraaqan nituran. Qorannoo seenaa keenyaa kan har’a godhamaa jiruuf, kun madda tokko tahee argama.

Jalqaba jaarraa 20ffaarraa kaasee seenaa qorattootni Arooppaa, seenaa Oromoo barreeysuuf yaalii guddaa godhaa turan. Keessattuu bara Haayle Sillaasee keessa carraaqiin isaan godhaa turan guddaa ture. Mootoonni Habashaa, akka seenaan Oromoo hin barreeyfamne mala adda addaatiin dura dhaabbachaa turan. Waan qeesotni isaanii dur barreeysanillee dhoksuudhaan, gara biraatiniis akka hin barreeyfamne ittisaa turan. Har’aas itti jiru. Akka seenaan Oromoo hin barreeyfamne, dhiibbaan isaan godhan: tokkoffaa namni akkeka kana qabu, akka dhiisuykn akka kun hindandayamne godhanii itti dhiheessuudhaan harkatti busheessuuf yaalu. Lammmaffaa, akka eehama argatee qormaata kana hingoone karaa itti cufu. Haa tahuu malee, qormaata ummatoota naannoo Kaaba Baha Afrikiirratti godhame keessaa kan Oromoorratti godhameefi godhamaa jiru baayyee guddaadha. Waa’ee ummata Oromoo qorachuun mata duree qormaata guddaa tahee jira.

Seenaa Barreeysitoota Arabaa

Seenaa ummatoota Gaafa Afrikaa warra barreeysan keessaa Arabootiin warra duraati. Keessattu eega amantiin Islaamummaa Gaafa Afrikaatti babl’achuu jalqabe, Araboonni bifa lamaan dhufuu jalqaban. Kuniis bifa amantii babal’isuufi nagadaan ture. Araboonni bifa kanneen keessa tokko ykn lachuutuu, waa’ee Oromoo galmeessanii seenaa barreeysanii jiru. Har’a seenaa Oromoo barreeysuuf qorachuuf maddi tokko barreeysaa Arabootaa taheeti argama. Akkauma haalaafi yeroo isaan barreeysanitti, akkasumas ilaacha isaanirraa kan ka’e, barreeysan isaanii mudaa qabaachuu nidandaya.

Seenaa Oromoo qoratanii barreeysuuf, madda adda addaafi mudaa isaan qaban ilaallee jira. Madda jiran kanatti dhimma bahuudhaan seenaa haqaa barreeysuuf, maddi amansiisaan himamsa afaanif aadaa Oromoti taha. Seenaan afaanii akka barri dheeratuun, ilaalchaafi muxannoo haaraya dabalataa akka demu yaadachaa, qormaata godhamuun seenaa keenya barreysuu nidandeenya. Jarsooliin Oromoo kan seenaa dur beekan utuu hin dhabamin waan godhamuun irra jiru. Maddi kun gayuu akka dandayu irraanfachuun nurra hinjiru.

Hunda caalaa seenaan Oromoo dgaagsuufi guddisuuf qoodni qabsoon qabu guddaa akka tahe dagachuun namarra hinjiru. Sadarkaa har’a ummanni Oromoo ABO jalatti hiriiree kallachaa isaa waliin qabsoorra waan jiruuf, waa’ee ummata Oromoo baruuf gaaffiin ka’aa jiran guuddaadha. Har’a waa’ee Oromorratti qormaata guddaatu beektoota bijyya baayyeen godhamaa jira. Keessattu waggaa 10rnan dabranii as qormaatni kun dabalaatuma jira. Kun tolatti kan dhufe utuu hin tahin, dhaabni waa’ee ummata kanaaf falmu waan jiruufi. Qabsoo godhuun seenaa dabaa jiru sirreessuudha dandaya. Dur namootni hedduun maqaa Gaallaa jedhu malee, maqaa Oromoo hin beekan. Har’a garuu maqaan Oromoo jedhu hundaan beekamee jira. Kun bu’aa qabsoo keenyaati.

Koloneeffattoonni yoomillee taanaan, ummanni isaan koloneeffattan seenaa qabu jedhanii hin yaadan. Seenaa ummata koloneeffatanii dabsanii ykn akka waan hin jirree godhanii dhiheessu. Seena oromoos kan qunnamte kanuma. Qabsoon arra godhaa jirru, seenaa ummata keenyaa gaddhaaba, baduurraa hambisa, alagaan akka qoratuuf karaa bana. Qabsoo keenya finiinsuun sagalee ummata Oromoo baay’atee akka dhagayamu godha, fedhii alagaan waa’ee isaa baruuf godhu guddisee, qormaata irra bal’aatiif karaa bana. Kaanaaf seenaa keenya haga har’aa alagaan barreeyfamee ija qeeqaafi xiinxalaan barata, sabbontonni Oromoo seenaa dhugaa qoratanii bareeysuuf dirqamni akka irra jiru yaadachiifna. Haga har’aatti kan argamees firii qabsoo keenyaati.

Seenaa Barreeysitoota Arabaa

Seenaa ummatoota Gaafa Afrikaa warra barreeysan keessaa Arabootiin warra duraati. Keessattu eega amantiin Islaamummaa Gaafa Afrikaatti babl’achuu jalqabe, Araboonni bifa lamaan dhufuu jalqaban. Kuniis bifa amantii babal’isuufi nagadaan ture. Araboonni bifa kanneen keessa tokko ykn lachuutuu, waa’ee Oromoo galmeessanii seenaa barreeysanii jiru. Har’a seenaa Oromoo barreeysuuf qorachuuf maddi tokko barreeysaa Arabootaa taheeti argama. Akkauma haalaafi yeroo isaan barreeysanitti, akkasumas ilaacha isaanirraa kan ka’e, barreeysan isaanii mudaa qabaachuu nidandaya.

Seenaa Oromoo qoratanii barreeysuuf, madda adda addaafi mudaa isaan qaban ilaallee jira. Madda jiran kanatti dhimma bahuudhaan seenaa haqaa barreeysuuf, maddi amansiisaan himamsa afaanif aadaa Oromoti taha. Seenaan afaanii akka barri dheeratuun, ilaalchaafi muxannoo haaraya dabalataa akka demu yaadachaa, qormaata godhamuun seenaa keenya barreysuu nidandeenya. Jarsooliin Oromoo kan seenaa dur beekan utuu hin dhabamin waan godhamuun irra jiru. Maddi kun gayuu akka dandayu irraanfachuun nurra hinjiru.

Hunda caalaa seenaan Oromoo dgaagsuufi guddisuuf qoodni qabsoon qabu guddaa akka tahe dagachuun namarra hinjiru. Sadarkaa har’a ummanni Oromoo ABO jalatti hiriiree kallachaa isaa waliin qabsoorra waan jiruuf, waa’ee ummata Oromoo baruuf gaaffiin ka’aa jiran guuddaadha. Har’a waa’ee Oromorratti qormaata guddaatu beektoota bijyya baayyeen godhamaa jira. Keessattu waggaa 10rnan dabranii as qormaatni kun dabalaatuma jira. Kun tolatti kan dhufe utuu hin tahin, dhaabni waa’ee ummata kanaaf falmu waan jiruufi. Qabsoo godhuun seenaa dabaa jiru sirreessuudha dandaya. Dur namootni hedduun maqaa Gaallaa jedhu malee, maqaa Oromoo hin beekan. Har’a garuu maqaan Oromoo jedhu hundaan beekamee jira. Kun bu’aa qabsoo keenyaati.

Koloneeffattoonni yoomillee taanaan, ummanni isaan koloneeffattan seenaa qabu jedhanii hin yaadan. Seenaa ummata koloneeffatanii dabsanii ykn akka waan hin jirree godhanii dhiheessu. Seena oromoos kan qunnamte kanuma. Qabsoon arra godhaa jirru, seenaa ummata keenyaa gaddhaaba, baduurraa hambisa, alagaan akka qoratuuf karaa bana. Qabsoo keenya finiinsuun sagalee ummata Oromoo baay’atee akka dhagayamu godha, fedhii alagaan waa’ee isaa baruuf godhu guddisee, qormaata irra bal’aatiif karaa bana. Kaanaaf seenaa keenya haga har’aa alagaan barreeyfamee ija qeeqaafi xiinxalaan barata, sabbontonni Oromoo seenaa dhugaa qoratanii bareeysuuf dirqamni akka irra jiru yaadachiifna. Haga har’aatti kan argamees firii qabsoo keenyaati

Ummata Oromoo

Ummanni Oromoo jedhamu Gaafa Aafrikaa keessa kan jiraatudha. Kan inni dubbatu afaan Oromooti. Ummanni Oromoo walitti ejjee osoo addaan hincitin, godina kana keessa qubatee argama. Bakka bal’aa irra haaqubatuu malee, afaan tokkicha kan hundi itti waliigalu qaba. Kaabaa-Kibbatti, Bahaa-Dhihatti ummata aadaa tokkicha qabuudha. Diinagdeedhaaniis walirratti irkannoo cimaa qaba. Bara dheeraaf walabmmaan jiraataa turee, dhuma jaara19ffaa keessa alagaan kan koloneeffatameedha. Har’aas waliin dhaabbatee bilisummaa isaatiif lolachaa jira. Kanaaf akkaataan yaadasaa walfakkaata, hawwiifi fedhi siyaasa tokkicha qaba. Kaanfi ummnni Oromoo kan saba tokko kan jedhamuuf.

Damee dhala namaa Afrikaa keessatti argaman keeessa, Orommoon damee kuush jalatti argama. Dameen dhla namaa Afrikaa keessatti argaman:

Haam ykn kuush

Seem

Neegiroo

Buushmeen ykn Hotteentoos

Negirilloos jedhamu. Dameen kuush bakka gurguddaa lamatti addaa qoodaman. Kuush Kaabaafi Bahaatti warri argaman:

Beejjaa , Berberiins (barbara,nuuba), Oromoo, Sumaaleefi saboota Kibba empaayera Tophiyaa jala jirani, garuu isaan dhiiga Neegiroo wajjiin walmakuun hin’oolle. Misroota duriifi haaraya. Ummata kana keessa hammi hammi tokko dhiiga gara biraa makachuu hin’oolle.

Kuush (haam) Kaabaa keessaatti warri argaman ammoo, Berbersii, Siraanaayikaa, Trippolitaaniyaa, Tuniisiyaa, Aljeeriyaa, Berbersii Morookkoo, Tureegfi Tiibuu saharaa fuulbe dhiha Suudaaniifi Gu’aanchee warra kanaari Aayland keessaati.

Ummanni Oromoo saboota Gaafa Afrikaa keessatti argaman keesssaa isa guddaadha. Lakkooysi ummata Oromoo kan har’a kolnii Toophiyaa jala jiru duwwaan miliyoona 40 ol nitaha. Biyyoota Afrikaa keessaa kan baayyina namaatiin Oromoo caalan afur qofa, akka sabaatti yoo fudhanne, sabni Oromoo, saba tokkicha guddaa Gaafa Afrikaa, tarii kan Afrikaati. Ummata Empaayera Toophiyaa har’aa kessaa walakkaa ol kan tahan Oromoota maqaa “Gaallaa” jedhu.

Ormoon maqaa gaallaa jedhu kanaan akka ofi hinyaamne, seenaa barreeysitoonni raagaa nibahu. Fakkeenyaaf namichi Chaarles T. Beke jedhamu bara 1847tti yeroo barreeyse- “isaan maqaa boonaa Ilma Oromoo” jedhuun ofwaamu, garuu warri Habashaa Gaallaa jedhuun waamu” jedhe. Ummanni Oromoo eega maqaa kanaan ofhinwaamne, maddi isaa eessa taha? Hundee maqaa kanaatiifi hiikkaa isaarratti wanti odeeyfameefi barreeyfame hedduudha.

1. Oromoon dur hogguu lola dhaqee, yeroo moo’ee ykn moo’amee jedhu ” Kootta ni gallaa” jedhee walwaama. Kootta nigallaa isa inni jedhurraa maqaan “gaallaa” dhufe warri jedhan nituran.

2. Oromoon dur gaala waan tiiysuuf, akkasumaas fe’atee waan demuuf yeroo inni gaala jedhu dhagayanii 2. “gaallaa” ittiin jedhan jedhu:

dur ummata gosa “Gool” jedhamuutu Faransaayii keessa ture, maqaan achirraa dhufee jedhanii warri odeessu nijiru.

Namichi Yihuudii kan Abbaa Balzezar Tellez jedhamu ammoo, jechi “Gaallaa” jedhuu kun afaan Hibiruufi Giriikirraa dhfeedha jedha. Afaan hibiruufi Girikii kessati “gala2 jechuun “aannan” jechuudha. Kanaaf achirraa dhufuun nimala jedhu.

Habashoonni ammoo, maqaa gaalaa jedhu kanaaf hiikkaa kannanii jiru. Namichi kassate Birhaan Tassammaa kan guuboo (kuusa) jechoota afaan Amaaraa barreeyse yeroo hiike: Gaalaa jechuun aramanee, yaal salaxxanee, cakkanyi, ye amaaraa xilaat” jechuudha, jedhee jira. Barreeysaan amaaraa gara biraan ammoo, dhugaa jiru lafa kaayee jira. Maqaa Gaallaa jedhu kan kanneef warra Habashaa,warra qomaaxaafi beela biyya keenyati fideedha. Akka inni jedhetti “isaan Oromoodha ofiin jedhan, garuu Amaarri immoo, “Gaallaa” jedhaan” maqaa kanaan dura Oromoo yaamuu kan jalqabe Amaara tahuun ifa ta’a. Biyyoonni ollaafi warri Arooppaas isaanirraa fudhachuun isaanii dirree ta’a.

Amaarri maqaa kanaan Oromoota yaamuun jibbiinsaafi diinummaa, akkasumas garaagarummaa karaa amantii isaanii gidduu jirurratti kan hundaa’eedha. Kuniis battala Oromootaafi Habashootni walqunnamanitti, Oromoon amantiilee guddaa lamaan keessaa hinqabu ture. Habashoonni lafa Oromoo irraafudhachuuf fedhii waan qabaniif, Oromoon ammoo, biyyaa saa irra jabaatee waan ittiseef, jibbiinsaafi diinummaa guddaatu gidduu isaanii jira. Kanaaf maqaan “Gaallaa” jedhu kan diinni Oromootaaf baaseef, maqaa balfachuufi tuffii tahee argama.

Har’a Oromoo ta’ee kan maqaa Gaallaa jedhuun ofwaamu hinjiru. Yoo jiraatees nama doofa (sodaataa) isa dhumaa ykn qaamaan duwwaa utuu hintaane, kan sammuu dhaaniis gabroome qofa. Seenaa qorattoonni addunyaa, gaazeexoonni biyya adda addaafi raadiyoon addunyatti lallaban hundi maqaa “Gaallaa” jedhu dhiisanii Oromotti dhimma bahaa jiru. Kun bu’aa qabsoo Oromoo akka tahe ifaadh

Madda saba Oromoo

Maddi ummata tokko lafa akkasii, goleefi boolla akkasii keessaa jedhanii himuun baay’ee nama rakkisa; hin barbaachisuus ture. Ummanni tokko akka bineessaa boolla keessaa jiraataa turee, gaaf tokko akka waakkoo kan olba’uumiti. Idiletti maddi saba sanaa damee dhala namaa irraa gosa akkasii keessaati jechuun nigaya ture. Madda saba Oromoos hoggaa xiinxalan haala kana hordafuun quubsaa ture. Haa tahuu malee seenaa Oromoo warri barreeysan dabsaa waan turaniif dirqitti waa’ee madda Oromoo kaafnee xiinxaluun barbaachisa taha.

Maddi saba Oromoo eessa? Gaaffii jedhu namoonni adda addaa akka adda addaati deebisu. Isaan kaan akka yaada isaan dhiheessanitti yooo adda qoodne:

Waan qeesoonni Habasha barreeysan,.

Aafrikaa alaa dhufe warra jedhan

Aafrikaa keessaa golee tokko lafa kaa’uu warri barbaadaniifi

Himamsa afaan Oromootaatti adda baasuu nidandeenya

Isaan kana tokko tokkoon haalaalluu.

Waan qeesootni Habasha barreeysan

Qeesotnii Habashaa Oromoo ija diinummaatiin waan laalaniif kan isaan barreeysan dhugaa irraa fagoodha. Jibbiinsi isaan Oromoodhaaf qaban waan guddaa taheef, haga namummaa Oromoo haalanitti gahu.

Alaqaa Taayye kan jedhu “akkata Gaallaan bishaan keessa itti bahan beeksisa.” Jedhee barreeyse. Gaalloonni bishaan keessaa waan bahaniif qurxummii hin nyaatan. Kanaafiis bishaanitti waaqeeyfathu jeddha.

Astime Gi’orgs kan jedhu ammoo, Gaallaan ilmaan sheeyxaanaati jechuu kajeela. Kanaan utuu hindhaabbatin oduu afaanii kan balfachuuf odeeffaman fhudhatee hiddi sanyii Oromoo gabra jadhee barreeyse. Namichi Jalqaba laali Maatewoos jedhamu tokko gabra heedduu qaba ture. Gabroota isaa kana waan miidheef jalaa badanii biyya (lafa) gara kibbaa jirutti galan. Namoonni amala gadhee qabaniifi yakkaman badanii itti dabalamuudhaan achitti walhoran. Kana boodde Habahsaa weeraran jedhee barreetsee jira. Qeesootni Habashaa kun madda Oromoo barreeysina jedhanii tuffiifi ija jibbansa Oromoof qaban dirretti himanii jiru. Wanti isaan barreeysan kan dhugaarraa fagaate waan taheef hedduu wajjiin cinqamuu hinqabnu.

Aafriika alaatti akeekuu warra barbaadan

Hindii:- Oromoon Aafriikaa ala, hindiirraa dhufe warri jedhaniis nijiru. Oromoon dur biyya Hindii keessa jiraataa turer , booda bidiruudhaan garba Hindii cahee gara Maadagaaskar dhufe. Achirraa gara Taanzaaniyaatti cahee booda Keeniyatti babal’ate jedhu. Gaarri Kilmanjaaroo jedhamu afaan Oromootiin tulluu janjaaroo jechuudha jedha. Monbaasaa jechuun bobbaa sa’aa jechu, Naayroobi jechuun naaroobi, keeniyaa jechuun keennya jechuudha jedhu. Maqaalee kana Oromoon keennuufi ykn akka tasaatti walkiphuun nimala. Garuu Oromoon Hindiirraa dhufuu har’a wanti mirkaneessau hinjiru. Ummata har’a Hindii keessa jiraatan keessa kan aadaadhaafi seenaadhaan Oromoo fakkaatan tokkolleen hinjiru. Oromoon beekkumsa bidiruu tolchuus hinqabu. Kanaaf garba Hindii guddaa kana akkamitti cehuu danda’a? Oromoon Hindiirraa dhufe jechuun dhugaa hintahu.

Faransayii :- Oromoon dur Faransaayii ture; kan jechuu barbaadaniis nijiru. Biyya Faransaayii keessa gosa Gool jedhamtu ture. Kanaaf Oromoon (Gaallaan) achirraa dhufuun nimala jedhu. Haatahuu malee kana wanti mirkaneessu hinjiru.

Faarsii:- Oromoon Faarsiirraa dhufe jechuu warri barbaadan nijiru. Kanaas Islaamoota qarqara Galaanaa jiraatantu jedhu. Namichi M.D Abdi’e jedhamu yeroo galmeessu hundeen ykn shanyiin saba Oromoo ijoollee dubraa obbalaa sadii turan. Isaaniis dubartoota Jarusalaam(Iyyerusalam) ; booda sanyiin isaanii walhoranii baay’anaan mootummaa Kibbaa isaanii (Arabiyaa) jiru weeraran. Sana booddee karaa Baab-el-mandab gara Aafriikaatti cehann jedhu.

Konii Israa’eel:- seenaa barreeysaan Yehuudii kan abbaa Belzezar jedhamu ammoo, waan dinqii katabe. Oromoonni kolonii Israa’eel turan jechuu barbaade. Abbaan Belzezar Tellez akka jedhutti dur ummtni kun adii ture. Israa’iiliitu isaan bulchaa ture. Bara Israa’iloonni faca’an ummatni kun Aafrikaatti cehanii naannoo kaaba baha Afrikaa keessa qubatan jedha. Kun eegaa yaada tasa namaaf hinfudhatamneefi waan mirkana tahees kan hinqabneedha.

Yaadni Oromoon Afrikaa alaa dhufe jedhu dhugaa waan hinqabneedha. Seenaa mirkanii hinqabne akkasii tana fudhatanii babal’isuuf warri tattaafatan akeeka qabau. Keessattu warri seema Afrikaa alarraa waan dhufaniif kan Oromoos kanatti harkisuu barbaadu. Oromoon osoo Hindii, Fransaayii, ykn giddu galeessa bahaarraa dhufe tahee ummatni aadaan, afaaniin, qaamaafi seenaan Oromoo wajjiin walfakkaatu achitti argamuutu irra jira. Garuu har’a Hindii, Fransaayiifi Faarisii keessatti kana hinarginu. Kanaafu maddi saba Oromoo Afrikaa alaamiti. Ummatni Oromoo, ummata Afrikaa qulqulluu keessaa isa tokko thuun hin mamsiisu.

Afrikaa keessa golee tokko warri akkekuu yaalan

Ummatni Oromoo ummatoota kuush keessaa tokko akka ta’ee mamiin hinjiru. Kuush ammoo, damee dhala namaa keessaa isa tokko tahee Afrikaa keessatti kan argamuudha. Kanaaf Afrikaa keessaa bakka madda Oromoo akeekuuf yaalame haalaallu.

Duuchaa dhumtti Oromoon toora sabbata lafaa (equator) irraa dhufe warri jedhan nijiru. Maddi ummata Oromoo ammoo, Hora Viktooriyaati warri jedhaniis nijiru. Oromoon Suudaan keessaa bakka Sinaar jedhamuu ka’ee karaa Gojjaamiifi Tulluu walaliin seene warri jedhaniis nijiru. Jechoonni kun hundinuu waan qorannoodhaan mirkanwuu qabaniidha.har’a ummatoota Burundiifi Ruwaandaa keessa jiraatan keessaa sanyiin isaanii gara Oromootti warri dhihaatan nijiru. Garuu Oromootu dur achi turee irraa godaneefi, isaantu gara sanatti godaananii wanti beekamu hinjiru. Qormaata gahaa barbaada.

Qeesiin Amaaraa Abbaa Baahiree jedhamu bara 1593tti hoggaa waa’ee ummata Oromoo barreeyse.

Oromoonni gara dhihaarraa laga biyya saanii kan galaana jedhamu cehanii, bara Atsee waang Saggad gara huduuda Baallii dhufa” jedhee ture. Algni galaana jedhamu har’a adda hinbahu. Oromoon lagaan galaana jedhee ni waama. Tarii inni Abba Baahireen jedhu kun laggeen gannaalee, wabee, saganfi walmal ykn Dawwaa keessaa tokko tahuun nimala. Naannoo Baalli jedhamu kutaa har’a Baale jedhamuun walitti fakkeessuun hintahu. Seena qorqttoonni Baahiree booda garii haala gaafas Oromoon lafa isaa deebifachuuf sosso’aa itti ture hubachuu dhbuu irraa, waan Baahireen barreeyse fudhatanii waan Baahireen barreeyse fudhatanii madda ummata Oromoo himu. Haathuu malee, Baahireen madda Oromoo Afrikaa keessatti akeeka malee ala hinbaafne.

Maddi Oromoo Afrikaa kessa tahuu isaa seena barreessitoonni hedduun amananii jiru. Haathuu malee, Afrikaa keessaa naannoo Kaaba-Bahaa tahee achi keessatti golee tokkotti Oromoo murteessuuf warri tattaafatan nijiru. Isaan kana keessaa warra bebeekkamoo duwwaa ilaalla. Namni biyya Xaliyaanii Enrikoo cheruulii jedhamu, maddi saba Oromoo fiinxee Gaafa Afrikaa, Kaaba bahaa Somaaliyaa naannoo mijerteeniyaati jedha. I:M: Luwiis kan jedhamuus waan Cheruuliin jedhe kan fudhachuudhaan seenaa Somaalee barreeyse. Obboo Yilmaa Dheereessaas yaaduma Cheruulii kan hundee fudhachuun maddi OromooKaaba-baha Soomaaliyaati jedha. Cheruulli irraa jalqabanii seenaa qorattoonni yaada kan dhugoomsuuf akkas jedhan: “maddi Oromoo Majarteeniyaa ture. Somaaloonni yeroo sana Oromoorraa gara Kaabaa naannoo Barbaraafi Zayilaa turan. Jaarra 1ffaa ykn 11ffaa keessa Arbitichii Sheek ismaa’il jedhamu biyya Somaalee dhufe. Dubartii Somalee fudhee gosa daroot irraa hore. Qur’aana isaan barsiisee Islaameesse…jaarraa12ffaa keessa bakka turan -Barbaraafi Zayilaarraa warraaqanii Oromoo waraanuu jalqaban. Oromoon dura dhaabachuu waan hindandayiniif jalaa siqaa Ogaadeen seenan. Booddee Somaaloonni waan itti jabaataniif, Oromoonni jalaa sossohanii Waabi Shabeellee cehanii qubatan.

Yaadni isaan dhiheessan akka tocho’iinsa (godaansa) Oromookan jaarraa 16ffaa ragaa ni taha kan jedhaniidha. Yyadni kun Oromoofi Somaalee gidduu karaa antrippoloojii hidhata jiru haaluudha. Oromoofi Somaaleen yeroo kamii jalqabanii adda bahanii, kopha kophatti gara sabaatti dagaaguugu jalqaban gaaffii jedhuuf deebii gahaa dura argachuu barbaachisa. Tarii yeroon Oromoofi Somaaleen gosa tokko turanii waliin naannoo jedhame keessa jiraatan jiraachuun nimala.

Yaadni Oromoon Kaaba baha Somaaliyaarraa madde jedhu hamma 1963tti beektoota baay’een waan fudhatamee ture. Yaada kana kan faalleessu qorannoon godhomee Habarlaand nama jedhamuun ture. Oromoon Somaaliyaa keessaa dhibamee dhufe osoo hintaane, baddaa Baalee keessa jiraata ture. Habarland hoggaa kana ibsu. Oromoonni kan maddan Kaaba Somaalee keessa osoo hintaane baddaa Baalee irraati. Achitti gosa tokko tahanii horii horsiifachuu qofaan utuu hin thin qotiinsaan bulan. Dongoraadhaan qotuu turan. Garbuus facaafatu. Booda walitti baay’anaan karaa hundaan, gara Somaaletti hamma Bur-haqabaafi Mija-rteenitti, gara Booranaafi Keeniyaatti hamma laga xaanaatti, gara Habashaattis hamma daangaa Tigraayitti, hamma Suudaaniifi hararitti bittinnaa’an” jedhe.

Habarlaandaan kan irratti dabalee yaada Oromoonni Somalootan dhibaamanii gara naannoo har’a jiraatanitti faca’an jedhu kun waan hinfakkaanne tahuu isaa ibsa. Yaada Habaralaandi kan kan warrra kaanirraa kan adda isa godhu, Oromoon baddaa Baalee keessa qubatee qonna qotataa kan ture malee, jaarraa beekama tokko keessa akka awwaannisaa ka’ee kan godaane akka hintaane ibsuu isaati.

Yaada Habarlandaa kan deeggaru, seenaa qorattoonni adda addaa yaada darbatanii jiru. Charles T.beke barreeyfama isaa kan 1847 barreeyse keessatti Oromoon lafa gammoojjii, lafa naannoo Somaaleeti kan dhfteemiti jedha. Naannoo isaan dura turan, lafa gaara qabu, baddaa tahuu qaba jedha.bifti Oromoo akka inni ummata gammoojjii (negiroo) hin taane ragaa nitaha. Habashaarraa gara kibbaa ummata jiraataa ture, lafti isaa badda, nannoon isaa galaanni ykn bishaan guddaan turuu nimala. Beekeen yaada isaa akkasitti hogga lafa kaayu, kan Habarlaandi wajjiin waliitti dhufa. Tellez kan jedhamuus Oromoon lafa Baalliifi galaana hindii gidduu jiru keessaa jiraataa ture jedha. Kanaaf wanti qorattoonni kun jedhan idileetti Oromoon lafa baddaa kaaba baha Afrikaa keessa jiraataa ture kan jedhuudha.

Hunda caalaatti qorannoo irraa bal’aa gochuudhaan, uummatni Oromoo ummata Afrikaa qulqulluu tahuu isaa kan addeesse Harbert S. Luwiis jedhama. Waa’ee madda saba Oromoo qorachuudhaaf S.Luwiis waan lama gurguddaa irratti hundaawe.

Qormaata afaanoota kush Bahaafi

Himamsa aadaati.

Luwis afaanoota ummatoota kuush afurtamii-torba keessaa kan Kuusha bahaa warra baay’ee waliitt dhihaatan 24 qorate. Afaanootni kun, akka walfakkaatanitti bakka afuritti qoode. Afaanootni kaan bara dheeraaf wailirraa adda waan turaniif malee, hundi isaanii dur tokko akka tahan addeesse. Herbert.S.Luwis ummatoota Kuush bahaa keessaa kanneen baay’ee Oromoo wajjiin walfakkaatu qoratee, madda Oromoo hoggaa ibsu:

Hunda caalaa afaan isaanii Afaan Oromoo wajjiin kan walfakkaatu kan ummata Koonsoo, Gidoollee, Gatoo, Arboora, Gaawwata, Waraasa, Tsemaayiifi Galab kan isaan argaman Toophiyaarraa gara kibba har’a biyya Gamuugoofa jedhamtu keessa., Hora Abbyyaafi Caamoorraa gara kibbaatti nannooa laga Sagaanifi Duulee keessa. Jaarraa baay’een fuuldura afaan Oromoo afaanoota jara kanaa wajjiin tokkicha tur. Booda eega afaan hunda isaanii adda babahee raaw’atee Oromoon gara dhihaarraa kan hafe gara hundatti yeroo socha’u jarri kaan achuma biyya isaanii kan duritti hafan. Kanaafiis Oromoonni tooruma Haroo Abbaayyaatiifi Caamoo naannoo lageen saganiifi Duulee turan jedhee jira. As keessaatti Harbert S.Luwis warra kaan caalaa bakka beekamaa tokko lafa kaayuuf carraaqe. Qormaanni inni godhe kun, saboota kaani wajjiin walbiraqabee waan taheef irra bal’aadha. Haatahuu malee, Oromoon bara kanarraa kaasee akkamitti saboota kanaa wajjiin adda bahee kophatti saba tahuu jalqabe gaaffiin jedhu ammallee qormaata barbaada. Sabootni ollaa walii jiran waldhibuu nijiraata, yeroo tokko inni tokko jabaatee hoggaa lafa isaa bal’ifatu, lafti isa kaani ammoo nidhiphata. Haalli kun wal jijjiree jiraata. Qormaata Harbertirraa akka hubannutti maddi saba Oromoo naannoo lageen saganiifi Duuleeti. Garuu madda saba Oromoo lafa dhiphaa akkasii keessatti hidhuun qormaata boru godhamuuf nama rakkisa. Qormaata gara biraatiin utubamuu qaba. Jalqaba laali

Madda ummata Oromoo bira gahuuf, himamsi aadaa bakka guddaa qaba. Seenaan afaaniin dabru madda seenaa keessaa isa jabaa tahullee waan bara dheeraan duraa himuurraatti mudaa hinqabaatin hin hafu. Hammi afaaniin waltti dabarsaa fidan yeroo wajjiin ni jijjiirama, kaniis irraanfatamuun nimala. Haatahuu malee, seenaa tokko barreeysuu keessaatti qooda guddaa qaba. Xasoo Magiraa qormaata seenaa Oromoo godhe keessatti himamsa aadaaf bakka guddaa kenne jira. Manguddoota Oromoo kutaa adda addaa keessa jiran gaafatee, hundi saanii naannoo walitti dhihoo tahe akka himatan bira gahe.

1. Jaarsooliin Ituufi Humbanna (Harargee) afaan tokkoon mormorii dhufne jedhu. Mormor kutaa Baalee naannoo Dalloofi Mandooyyuu jedhaman keessaa qarqara laga Gannaaleetti argama.

2. Jaarsooliin Arsii naannoo Bareedduu Kurkurruu jedhamu himatu. Kuniis Baalee keessatti lageen walamaliifi Mannaa giddutti argama. Laggeen kun Baddaa Baalee keessaa burqanii Konyaalee Dalloofi Mandooyyuurraa yaa’anii Gannaaleetti galu.

Oromoon Wardaayi Keeniyaa keessatti kan argaman Tullu Nam-durii dhufne jedhu. Mangddoonni Booranaas Tulluu Nam-durii kana himatu. Tulluun Nam-dur kan argamu Baalee keessaa Koonyaa Dalloofi laga walmaliifi Gannaalee giddutti.

Oromoonni Maccaafii Tuulama oggaa gaafataman afaan tokkoon, Haroo Walaabuu himatu. Walaabuun kan aragamu Baale keessa Konyaa Dalloo laga Gannaalee qarqaratti ganda Bidree jedhamtu cinatti.

Ormoonni Gujii bitaafi mirga laga Gannaalee naannoo Girjaarraa dhufne jedhu. Girjaan kutaa Sidaamoo Awraajjaa Jamjam keessatti gara mummee laga Gannaaleetti argama.

Eegaa himamsa aadaa kanarraa akka hubatamuu dandayutti Oromoon Afrikaa alaa akka dhufe wanti akeeku hinjiru. Oromoon as Afrikaa keessaa akka ture, keessattuu Kaab baha Afrikaa keessa akka ture argisiisa. Himamsi aadaa kun kan akeeku Ormoon Kutaalee har’a Sidaamoofi Baale jedhaman keessaa Konyaalee Dalloo, Mandooyyuufi Jamjam keessa akka jiraata tureedha. Ormoon yeroo dheeraadhaaf naannoo kan jiraate jechuun ni dandaya. Haa tahuu malee, Ormoon asitti dhalate jechuuf qormaata irra bal’aa kan hariiroo ummatoota kuush wajjiin jiru xiixaluu barbaachisa.ummatni tokko gaafuma tokkotti bakka tokkotti kan dhalatuumiti. Dagaagina dhala nama kan yeroo fudhatu keessa dabree kophatti bahee ummata mataa isaa dandahe taha. Xumuramuudhaaf kan jedhuu dandayu, ummatni Oromoo ummata Gaafa Afrikaa keessaa isa tokko, damee kuush keessatti argama, yeroo dheeraa irraa kaasee kaaba-baha Afrikaa keessa jiraate, har’aas jiraataa jira.

Lola Amntiifi Miidhaa Oromoorra gahe jaarraa 10ffaa _15ffaa

Amantiin Kiristaanaafi Islaamaa Gaafaa Afrikaa walduraa duubaan seenaan. Amantiin Kiristaanaa jaarraa 4ffaa keessa warra Habashaa keessaa seenee amantii warra mootii tahe. Mootoonni Habashaa Kiritaanummaa fudhatanii saboota kaaniis fudhachiisuu jalqaban. Amaantiin Islaamaa gara Afrikaatti kan cehuu jalqabde Jaarraa 7ffaa keessa ture. Nagadaafi Islaamummaa babal’isuun walqabatanii gara Afrikaa qarqara galaana diimaarraa bakka heddutti faca’e. Jaarraa 10fi12 giduutti lafaa qarqara galaana diimaa bira dabree godina kana keessatti babal’achuu jalqabe. Hawwiin babal’achuu amantii kana lamaanii, waldura dhaabbatee lola lubbuufi qabeenya ummata godina kana balleessuuf deemsifame. Lolli kun keessattuu ummata Oromoorraan miidhaa gudda gahe.

Oromootniifi Affaarootni walitti aananii qubatan. Giddu saaniitti lafa irra tiikfatan bal’ifachuuf waldhiibuu irratti lolli sadarkaa adda addaatti ture. Lafa bishaaniifii margaa qaburraa waldhiibanii gumaa gidduu isaaniitti argamu manguddoota gosaan fixachuun niture. Haalli kun garuu eega amantiin Islaamaa Affaaroota seenee jalqabe bifa amantii babal’isuu dabalatee cimaadhufe. Affaarootni lafa Oromoorraa dhiibanii qabatan mootooma Islaamaa tolfachuu jalqaban.

Affaarootni amantii Islaamummaa fudhatanii mootooma dhaabbachuu haajalqaban malee, haalli isaan keessa turan gaariimiti. Islaamummaa hundaan hinfudhanne, kanaafuu isaan jidduu waldhabbiin niture. Tokkooma gosa tokkicha jalatti waan hin sassaabamneef haala faffaca’ee keessa turan. Mootoomni Islaamaa dhaabbataniin xixiqqoo faffaca’oo turan. Mootoomni Islaamaa hoggaas uumaman Ifaat, Adaal, Harar, Awwusaa,…turan. Mootoomni hoggaa Ifaat keessatti dhaabbate Walashama jedhamee beekama.

1.  Motomni Islaamaa kun hawwii lama-sdii qabu turan. Isaaniis:

2.  Amantii Islaamaa babal’suu

3.  Daandii nagadaa harkatti galfachuufi

4.  Daga gabbataa tahe qabachuudha.

Kanaaf Oromoota olla isaanii jiran dhiibuu jalqaban. Jaarraa 13ffaa keessa Oromoota naannoo Faxagariifi Dawwaaroo keessaa arihanii dhufatan, achiirraa dhaabbatanii Baalliifi Daraaratti duulanii Oromoota amantii Islaamaa Fudhachiisan. Bakka kanatti mootooma Islaamaa tolafatan. Babal’ifannoon Islaamaa kun Habashoota yaaddeesse. Hawwii isaan Kiristaanumma babal’isuuf qaban dura dhaabbate.

Islaamummaan babal’atee, Oromoota daga isaaniirraa dhiibee yeroo daga kiristaanaatti dhihaate kana, Habashoonni rakkina keessa turan. Yeroon kun yeroo mootummaan Aksum caphee harka Agawutti gale, lolli Agawootaafi Habashoota jiddutti tahe, yeroo humni isaanii itti laaffisuudha. Eega Agawuun qabatees lolli Habashoota jiddutti deemaa waan tureef, humni isaanii keessatti nilaaffate. Mootonni Agaw kan Zaaguwee jedhamee beekamu, hamma walkkeessa jaarraa 13ffaatti irra turee booda moo’ame. Habashoonni aangotti deebi’an. Habashoonni eegasii human isaanii jabeeyfatanii dhiibbaa Islaamoota ykn Affaarootaa dura dhaabbachuu jalqaban.

Bara 1250rraa kaasee lolli kiristaanafi Islaama jiddutti yeroo dheeraaf godhame jalqabe. Habashoonni Affaaroota ofjalatti gabbarsiisuu, dagaafii mantii isaanii babal’ifachuuf babal’ina amantii Islaamaa dhaabuuf; Affaarootniniis daga bal’ifachuufi, babal’ina amantii kiristaanaa dhaabuuf tattaafataa turan. Lamaanuu daga Oromoo kan hoggaa Affaarootni dhunfatanirratti waan walqunnamaniif lolli hedduun lafa Oromoorratti tahan. Wallolli Kiristaanaafi Islaama giddutti jalqabame itti fufe, bara Imaam Ahmed sadarkaa guddaarraa gahee hamma Oromoon Gadaan ofjaaree ka’etti deeme. Habashoonnifi Islaamoonni daga Oromoo Faxagar, Dawwaaroofi Baalli keessatti wallolanii qabeenya Oromoo saamuudhaan dabree ofcimsaa turan. Lola kana keessatti hedduu kan hubame Oromoodha. Ormoon qabeenya saamamee, lubbu namni heedduu irraa dhumanii, miidhaa guddaan irra gahe. Umanni Oromoo diina isaa lachuu ofirraa lolaa lafa isaa deebifachuuf tattaafachaa ture.

Lolli Habashootaafi affaaroot jidduu bara mootii Habashaan Yagiba Tsiyoon (1285-94) jalqabame. Yagibaan Tsiytoon Adaalitti duulee cabsee irra aane. Duula isaa kana booddee Islaamoota wajjiin araara uume, akka nagadoonni Islaamaa biyya seenaan yeroo eehamu, isaafiis karaan kennamee ABUNA alaa fidachuu dandaye. Yagbia Tsiytoon gaafa du’e ijoolleen isaa aangoorratti walqabuu jalqaban. Haala kana keessatti Habashaan deebi’ee laaffate. Affaarootni haala kan hubatanii ifatti weeraruuf human walitti qabachuu jalqaban. Yeroo kan Habashoonni Affaarootaaf daga dhiisanii araaraman. Araarri kun ammallee fedhii babal’ifannoo Islaamaa quubsuu didee ifaan ifatti weeraruuf qophii gochuu jalqaban. Dhiibbaan Islaamootaa Habashoota walitti itichee sabboonummaa keessatti dagaagse.

Yagiba Tsiyoon booddee waggaa saddeettamaaf Habashoonni eega waljeeqanii booda Amde Tsyoon (1314-44) aangoo qabate. Amde Tsyoon Habashaa daddaaqamuu kana keessaa baasee walitt itichee jabeesse. Kanaaf bu’ureessaa mootummaa Habashaa jedhamee beekama. Bara isaa keessa Habashoonni weerara gurguddaa Affaarootarratti oofanii milkaawan. Amde Tsyoon lola isaa ifatti rukutuun jalqabe. Sulxaan Ifaat bulchaa ture, haqaddiin nama jedhamu ture. Haqq-ad-diin Habashaa loluudhaaf osoo qopkhirra jiruu, ergamaa Habashaa kan Kaayroodhaa galu Islaamummaa fudhachiisuuf yaalee dinnaan ajjeese. Amde Tsyoon kana sababa godhatee bara 1328tti Ifaatitti duula bobbaase. Ifaatiin rukutee moo’e. Haqqaddiin booji’ame. Amde Tsyoon Faxagaariis rukutee eega ofjala galchee booda oobaleessa Haqqaddiin Sabnaddiin itti shuume. Eega Amde Tsyoon deebi’e booda Sabnaddiin Habasharratti fincila kaasuu yaade. Mootummaan Islaama Adiyyaafi Baaletti ergatee akka issaf tumsan gaafate. Agawuttiis dhaamsa ergee akka isaan keessaan itti ficilanii humna mootichaa tamasaasan gaafate. Akeekni isaa Habashatti, karaa lamaa sadiin duulanii of giddutti rukutuu ture. Amde Tsyoon garuu mala isaani kana dafee bira gahee, diinoota saa tokko tokkoon rukutuu jalqabe. Dura hadiyyaa cabse, achii Faxagar, itti aansee Dawwaaroofi Ifaat rukutee cabse. Affaarootiifi Islaamoonni akkasitti saphatti kan cabuu dandayaniif 1 ) mootummaa xixiqqotti waan adda qoodamanii turaniif 2) ummanni isaanii irra guddaa waan tiikfatteefi godaantuu waan tahaniif ture. Amde Tsyoon Faxagar, Dawwaaroo, Ifaatfi Hadiyyaa dhunfatee nama Jamaal addiin jedhamu irratti shuumee gara daga issaatti deebi’e.

Kun lola Habashootaaf Affaaroota jidduu hoggaa tahu Faxagariifi Dawwaaroo keessattiis Oromootaafii Habashoota gidduutti lolli niture. Bara 11329-32tti hoggaa Amde Tsiyoon Faxagariifi Dawwaarotti duulaa ture, lola guddaatu tahee ture. Lola kanan Oromoota hedduutu dhume, qabeenyaan saamamee daangaa hinqabu. Lola balleessi kan lubbuufi qabeenya hinbararre waan taheef, Oromoonni Faxagariifi Dawwaaroo gad dhiisanii jalaa godaanuun dirqii itti tahe. Deebisaanii qabachuuf haa lolan malee, bara Amde Tsiyoon kana keeessatti Oromootni osoo dhiibamnii qarqara laga awaashiin gayan. Ormoon waan qabu fudhatee sababa jalaa godaaneef, keessa qubatanii bulcuu hindandeenye. Duula isaa qideeyfachuuf akka tahuufitti Amde Tsiyoon kaampii waraanaa Manzitti tolfate. Bara isaa kanaa jalqabee Habashoonni qubsuma waraanaa lafa Oromoo keessatti ijaarrachuu jalqaban.

Affaarootni eega bara Amde Tsiyoon cabanii moohamanii hamma 1441tti bayyanachuu hindandeenye. Ifaatiifi naannoo sanarraa fagaatanii ofjaaruu jalqaban. Dakar, Harariifi Awusaatti deebi’anii humna isaanii jabeeyfatanii duulaa turan. Garuu habashaa injifachuu hindandeenye. Bara 1441tti Affaarootni Adaal jedhaman Habashatti lola bananii mohaman. Affaarootni naannoo Awusaafi warri amantii hinfudhatiniis bulchiinsa Habashaa didanii walaqabatanii ficila kaasan. Baayidaa Maariyam (1478-94) waraana karaa lama 1473/74tti itti erge.waraanni lachuu nimoohame. Injifatamuun waraana Habashaa kun jabinafi ol’aantummaa isaa dhabamsiise, eegasii humni gad deemuu jalqabe.

Lolli Oromootaafi Habashoota jidduu hoo? Oromoon bara Amde Tsiyoon Faxagariifi Dawwaaroo keessaa dhiibamanii qarqara laga hawaash ga’anii lolli hindhaabbanne. Mootoomni Habashaa kan Amde Tsiyoon booda dhufaniis Oromoo dhiibuurraa turan. Bara Zara Yaaqoob (1434-68) mootii Habashaa ture waraanni Habashaa Baallii keessatti dhiibachaa ture. Yeroo tokko waraanni Zara Yaaqoobfi Oromootni naannoo Haroo Laangannootti wallolanii turan. Oromoota Baallii keessaa baasuuf haa dhiibaman malee, daga sana dhufachuu hindandeenye. Kuniis Oromoonni looniifi ilmaan isaanii jalaa godaansisanii gaafa dadhabban waan miliqaniif ture. Waraanni Habashaa daga isaarraa fagaatee dhufe kun, waan nyaatu dhabee yeroo beela’u deebi’ee galuuf dirqame. Waraana laafee jiru kana Oromoon karatti eegee daguun rukutee hedduu irraa fixe. Kanaaf lafa Oromoo keessa qubachuu hindandeenye.

Bara 1445tti Oromootni Dawwaroo deebifachuuf lola itti banan. Zara Yaaqoob itti duulee injifate. Waraanni Habashaa duula godhee eega raaw’ate booda gara daga isaatti yeroo debi’u Oromonni ammoo lola jalqabu. Haala duula ba’uufi galu kana xiqqeessuuf, Habashoonni boroo Baallii keessa qubsuma waraana gara biraa tolfatan. Achirraa Dawwaarootti duuluu jalqaban. Lolli kun haaluma kanaan takka ka’ee takka dhaamaa, hamma bara 1468tti itti fufe, dhumarratti Zara Yaaqoob Dawwaaroo keessatti lolarratti moohamee harka Oromootti du’e.

Zara Yaaqoob booddee Baa’ida Maariyam (1468-78) aangoo qabatee duula Oromoorratti godhuu ittifufe. Duula inni Baallii qabachuuf godhe keessatti Oromootni humna isaarraa hedduu fixan. Yeroof Oromo cabsuu dadhaban. Habashoonni qubsuma waraana isaanii kan bara Amde Tsiyoonfi Zara Yaaqoob lafa Oromoo keessatti tolfatanirraa ka’anii salphatti Oromoo weeraruu jalqaban. Lolli gurguddaan Dawwaaroo, Baallifi Faxagar keessatti deemuu jalqabe. Oromoon yeroo kanatti ofijaaree waan hinjirreef midhaa guddaan irragahe. Oromoon dhiibamee Awaashirraa gara kibbaatti ittifame. Naannoo kanatti ittifamuun saas akka inni ofjaaruuf isa dhiibe.

Lola Guddaa Jaarraa 16ffaarraa jalqabe

Ummanni Oromoo jaarraa 13ffaarraa kaasee diinoota lama: Habashootaafii Islaamoota ofrirraa lolaa ture. dinoota kana lameeniis miidhaa guddaatu irra gahaa ture. ofirraa ittisuuf haa faccisu malee, hamma sirna Gadaan ofjaaree jabaateetti akka humnaatti gad ofdhaabuu hindandeenye. Kanaafuu jaarraa 14ffaafi 16ffaa gidduutti Islaamoonnifi Kiristaanoonni Oromoo saamuudhaan dagaagaa turan. Garuu Oromoon walakkeessa jaarraa 15ffaarraa kaasee sirna Gadaa ijaarratee cimaafi jabaataa waan dhufeef roorroo gara lachuun itti dhufu ofirraa ittisuuf lafa isaa deebifachuu jalqabe. Haa tahuu malee, faaraan Oromoo kan cime jaarraa 16ffaa keessa ture. jaarraa 15ffaa keessatti waraana Habashaa wajjiin bara Zara Yaaqoobfi Ba’ida Maariyaam naannoo Hora Laangannoofi Baalli keessatti wal lolanii turan. Lolli jaarraa 16ffaa keessatti deeme ammoo, hundi isaa Gadaan geggeeffamaa ture. lubi tokko akka sadarkaa aangoo qabachuu gahen lolli bifa haarayaan deemaa ture. kanaaf duula Oromoo hubachuuf Luboota ka’anii Gadaa fudhatan waliin laalla.

Weerara Islaamaafi Haala Oromoo

Bara Baa’ida Maariyam waraanni habashaa maoohamee humni isaanii laafachaa deeme. Islaamoonni sana booddee human isaanii jabeeyfataa deeman. Bara Naa’ood (1494-1508) moohe keessatti haala isaan gidduu qabbaneessuuf gamni lachuu fedhii qabuture. Affaaroonni Adaal haala kana osoo argisiisaa jiranii Amiirri Harar- Mahfuuz kan jedhamu Habashaarratti lola bane. Naa’ood yeroof haa injifatuu malee, humni Islaamootaa walqunnamtii Islaamoota addunyaa wajjiin waan qabaniif daran jabaataa deeme. Habashoonni kan hubatanii isaaniis Kiristaana Arooppaatti, keessaahuu Poortugaalatti hidhachuu carraaqan. Bara 1509tti namicha Maatiwu jedhamu Armaantich gara Poortugaalitti ergatan. Haalli kun eega Naa’ood du’ee ilmi isaa Libana Dingil jedhamu ijoollee waan taheef Haati isaa bulchaa turteedha.

Libana Dingil (1508-40) guddatee eega aangoo qabatee haala nagayaan Islaama wajjiin jiraachuu jedhu kan Heleenaa (haadha isaa) geeddaree lola jalqabe. Adaaloonnis ofijaaranii gargaarsa alarraa argatanii waan turaniif Habashaarratti lola labsan. Bara 1516tti Adaaloonni Faxagar qabachuuf weerara jalqaban. Mahaafuuz lola kana keessatti du’e, lolli labsame hamma Imaam Ahmad Ibni Ibrahim al Gahaaztti bakka hin geenye.

Imaam Ahmad (1506-43) ykn Giraanyi Ahmad kan jedhamu ijoollumma isaa lafa Hubta jedhamu kan Baddeessaafii Harar gidduutti dabarse. Imaam Ahmad loltuu jabaa tahee guddate. Human waraanaa walitti qabatee Amiira Harar ajjeesee aangoo qabate. Eega sanaa human isaa guddifatee lolaaf ofqopheessutti ka’e, bara 1527tti human Habashaa kan Adaliin weeraru deemu lolee injifannoo guddaa irratti argate. Lola kana booddee Imaam Ahmad waraana isaa qabatee lola jalqabe. Bara 1529tti bakka shuburaa kuraa jedhamutti waraana Habashaa lolee moohe. Waraanni isaa garuu tiikfattootafi godaantootarraa waan ijaarameef, akkasumas gosa isaatiif waan abboomamaniif lola kan booddee ni faca’e. Kanaaf waggaa lama keessatti waraana haaraya ijaarrachuun dirqii itti tahe. Waraana isaa duwwaaaf ajajamu waggaa lama keessatti ijaarrattee lola itti fufe. Bara 1531tti Dawwaaroofi Shawaa qabate. 1533tti ammoo, Amaaraafi Laastaa dhufate. Baallii, Sidaama, Hadiyyaafi Guraagee yeroo tokkotti ofjala galche. Bara 1535tti Tigree weeraree qabatee habashaarraa harka guddaa qabate. Bakka dhaqetti Islaamummaa fudhachiisaa, bataskaana dhabamsisaa deeme. Liban Dingil gargaarsa Poortugaal gaafate osoo hindhaqqabin lolarratti du’e, Ilmi isaa Galaawudoos (1540-59) itti dabree moohe. Poortugaal waraana nama dhibba afur, qawwee wajjiin ergee ture, Liban Dingil bira gahe. Waraanni Kiristaanootaafi Ahmed Giraanyiis ni faca’e. Haa ta’uu malee, humni habashaafi Islaamootas hedduu hubamaee laffate. Haalli kun Oromoon biyya deebifachuurratti hedduu gargaare.

Duula Oromoo jarraa 16ffaa

Jaarraa 13ffrraa kaasee hamma dhuma jaarraa 15ffaatti Oromoon rakknaafi roorroo guddaa jala ture. Yeroo kana ture yeroo inni daga isaarraa dhiibamee laga Awaash gamatti ittifame. Yeroo kan ture yeroon lolli amantii kan Islaamootaafi Habashootaa gidduutti deeme hedduu isa miidhe. Sababnii saa maalirraa madde? Sabani guddaan jaarmaya isa tokkeessu dhabuusaati. Akkuma Oromoonni adda fagaatanii qubataniin gosa gosaan buluun waan isaan tokkeessu dhabame. Oromootni gosuma gosaan miidhaan isaan mudate malee, sirni walitti isaan itichee waliif tumsiisu hinturre. Kanaf roorroon guddaan irra gayuu dandahe.

Jaarraa 15ffaa keessa hawaasa Oromoo keessatti dagaagni argamuu jalqabe. Sirni tokko isaan taasisee roorroo alagaa ittiin ofirraa ittisan dagaagee hawaasa guutummaa dhaqqabuu jalqabe. Sirni haarayni biqilaa ture kun, yeroo dheera keessa kan dhufe tahullee Oromoota irree jabeessee akka lafa isaanii deebifataniifi roorroo alagaa akka ofirraa deebisan gargaare. Oromoos ummata sodaatamafii kabajamaa taasise. Sirni kuniis Gadaa dha. Jaarraa 16ffaa kaasee ummata Oromoo seenaa keessatti kan beeksiseefi harka isaatti kan hambise sirna kana. Ummanni Oromoo gara jaarraa sadii rakkinaafii roorroo isarra gahee ture ofirraa deebisuuf Gadaan ofijaare. Abbaa Bokkuu tokko jalatti walgurmeesse. Haala siyaasafi waraanaa jabaa tolchee ijaarrate. Jaarmaya isaa kanaan ummatoota naannoo isaa jiran caalatti jabaatee humna sodaatamaa tahe. Daga isaarraa qabatame deebifachuuf duula gurguddaa jaarraa 16ffaa jalqabarraa kaasee eegale, humni jajjaboon kan Habashootaafi Islaamootaa lolaan waldadhabsiisanii waan turaniif haala aanjaa argate.

Duula biyya isaa deebifachuuf Oromoon jaarra 16ffaa keessatti jalqabe kan seenaa barreeysitoonni haala adda addaatiin dhiheessuu barbaadu. Sababoota duulli kun itti dhalachuu dandayan akka adda addaatti himu.

Brus namich jedhamu yeroo burqaa laga Naayil (abbayya)qorachuuf kbiyya Habashaa dhaqe, waa’ee Oromoo qoratee akkas jedhe. “duratti osoo gara daangaa Habashaa hindhufin dura isaan ((Gaalla) walakkeesa Ardii Afriikaa jiraatu turan. Lafti jalaa olka’uu jalqabnaan gost isaanii tokko tokko godaanuu jalqaban. Dura gara bahaa galaana Hindiiti sossohan. Achiti walhoranii gara kaabaatti qaceelanii Dawwaaroofi Baallii qubataan. Gost torba walaqabatnii garaa dhihaatti sossohanii kibba laga Abbaayfi naannoo Gojjaam keessa qubatan. Gartuu sadaffaan ammoo, gosa torba tahee walkeessatii hafanii achirraa gara kibbaatti babal’atan” jedhee ture.
Akka Brus jedhu kanatti sossohiinsa Oromoo kan kaase lafti jalaa olka’uudha. Lafti kun yoom olka’e? Akkamitti? Olka’e kan jedhuuf garuu wanti ibsu hinjiru.

Charles T. Beke bara 1842/3 yeroo Habashaa keessa ture waa’ee babal’ifannoo Oromoo waan qorate niqaba. Oduu afaaniin daddabru Habashootarraa qoratee kan inni lafa kaa’e: “Bara dur Gaallaan doko (savage) ture. beekumsa waan tokko hinqabu, qonna hinqotu, loon hintiiksu, uffata hinbeeku, ija mukaa funaanee, hidda harkaan qotee nyaata ture, dubartiin Amaaraa ykn Kristaanaa tokko bidiruu(qorii) tokkotti nyaata, uffata, eeboo, gaachanaafi mia garagaraa guuttattee baahar gamatti argite. Gaallaa dokoon mia kana yeroo argan baay’ee diqisiifatan, nyaaticha dhandhamanii itti tole, uffata ofitti kaa’an, mia gara biraas ilaalanii itti gammadan. Bakka burqaa qabeenya kanaa qabaachuu qabna ja’anii bahara sana cehanii, gara Kiristaanaa dhufan. Kana booddee waldhabbiin dhalatee lolli tahee biyya Habashaa qabatan” jedhama jedhe.
Bekeen waan akka oduu afaanitti dhiheessu kana keessatti sababa babal’ifannoo Oromoo ibsuuf yaale. Oromoo cabsuuf, tuffachuufii seenaa isaa gara dabarsuuf kan odeeffamuudha malee, dhugaa tokkollee ofkeessaa hinqabu.

Charles T. Bekeen ammallee itti fufee oduu afaanii kan Oromoota Walloo biratti odeeffamu jedhee barreeyse jira. Akka oduu isaa kanatti durii:-
“Oromoon Hawaash gamaa dhufe. Osoo bahara kana hincehin duratti qarqara isaa loon tiikfatuu turan. Gaaftookko binessi jabbii tokko arihee bahara kana ceesise. Jabbiin kun laga sana ceetee achitti walhorte. Galgala hogga gaallaan loon bishaan obaafachuu dhaqu gaaddidduu loon baay’ee arge. Akka hinliqinfamneef harka walqabatanii laga cehanii loona sana dhaalan. Booda biyyi itti tollaan achuma turan. Walhoranii baay’anaan hamma daangaa habashaatti babal’atan” jedha. Oduu afaanii fakkeessanii duula Oromoo akkanatti ibsuu barbaadu.

namich J. Hultin jedhamu ammoo, babal’ifannoon Oromoo haala adda addaarraa tahuun nimala jedha. Akka inni jedhutti haalli qilleensaa waan geeddarameef bishaaniifi marga barbaacha sossohan. Kun sababa tuhuu nidandaya jedha. Garuu eega haalli qilleensaa deebi’ee tolee margaafi bishaaniis argame, maallif babal’i’annoon kun itti fufe jedhee ofgaafata. Kanaaf jedha: J. Hultin, akkaata sababa babal’ifannoo Oromoo ibsuudhaaf haala hawaasa dinagdeefi siyaasaa hawaasa Oromoo qorachuu feesisa jedhee cufe.
Namichi Poortugaal kan Amaanu’eel de Almaad jedhamu sababa babal’ifannoo Oromoo akkaataa lamatti hima. Tokkoffaa Habashoonni amantii katolikii fudhachuu waan didaniif waaqni isaa adabuudhaaf dha’ichaa Gaallaa kana itti erge. Osoo amantii kana fudhatanii kun hundi irra hingayu jedhee barreeyse. Lammaffaa bineessa Liqimsaa jedhamtu naannoo Gaara walaabuu bira isaan facaase. Abbaan muuda isaanii naannooo Walaabu kana jiraata. Naannoon Walabuu lafa baay’ee dinqiiti. Loon adaadii aanna baay’ee keennitu waan tureef namni qotuuf hinrakkatu. Aannan dhugee jiraata. Booda bineessi Lliqimsaa jedhamuu kan bifa saa gegeeddaratu namaafi loon nyaachutti ka’e. Kan baqatanii hamma Habashaatti babal’atan. Kun eegaa waan Almaadaan babal’ina Oromoo itti ibsuu yaaleedha.
I.M.Lewis ammoo, Oromoon babal’achuu kan jalqabe waan Somaaleedhaan dhiibameef jedha. Yaada isaa kana kan deeggaran barreessitoonni maddi saba Oromoo Somaaliyaa keessa warra jedhaniidha.
Asmaaroom Laggasee ammoo, sababni babal’ifannoo Oromoo tahu baay’achuu lakkooysa namaati jedha. Lakkooysi ummata Oromoo jaarraa 16ffaa keessa waan dabaleef lafti itti dhiphannaan irraa godaanuu jalqaban jedha.
J.Hultin ammoo, akka sababaatti hin dhiheessin malee babal’ifannoo Oromoo kan gargaare Gadaan ijaaramuu isaati jedha. Lubi aangoo irra jiru osoo gad hindhiisin, lafa haaraya dabalee qabachuu qaba. Kanaaf akkuma Lubni haarayni dhufee aangoo fudhateen lafti itti dabalameen Oromoon babal’atee lafa guddaa qabachuu dandaye jedha.

Kitaaba(seenaa saba Oromoo fi Sirna gadaa)Birraa/Fulbaana 1995)

(Toleeraa Tasammaa Hundasaa Waaqwayyaa) irraa.

 

http://gadaa.net/wp-content/plugins/google-document-embedder/view.php?url=http%3A%2F%2Fgadaa.net%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2014%2F10%2FGadaa-Tuulamaa_Sagalee-Gadaa.pdf&hl=en_US&gpid=1&embedded=true

OSA2014: Remarks by Former Abbaa Gadaa Aagaa Xanxano, and Gadaa Scholar Prof. Asmarom Legesse

The  Oromo Studies Association’s 2014  Annual Conference theme:  “Gadaa and Oromo Democracy: Celebrating 40 Years of Research and Oromo Renaissance.”

 

 

 

 

http://www.gadaa.com/culture.html

http://gadaa.com/oduu/21141/2013/08/09/gadaa-as-the-fountain-of-oromummaa-and-the-theoretical-base-of-oromo-liberation/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-40H2_20sWE

http://trace.tennessee.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1005&context=utk_socopubs

http://gabuo.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=887&Itemid=91

http://web.me.com/opsa/Site/Oromia_National_Acadamy_O.N.A_files/kaawo_new1.pdf

http://gadaa.com/OromoStudies/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/History-of-Oromo-Social-Organization-Gadaa-Grades-Based-Roles.pdf

Copyright ©  Oromianeconomist 2011 and Oromia Quarterly 1997-2011,  all rights are reserved. Disclaimer.

Oromo: Wallee Tokkummaa Guyyaa WBO February 14, 2016

Posted by OromianEconomist in #OromoProtests, Oromiyaa, Oromo, Oromo Artists, Oromo Culture, Oromo Diaspora, Oromummaa.
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Odaa OromooSolidarity message to Oromo People and #OromoProtests

Wallee Tokkummaa Guyyaa WBO Nairobi 2016

The Oromians Protest Ethiopia’s Tyrannic Rules, Its Land Grabs And The New Master Plan Of Ethnic Cleansing Against The Indigenous Oromo People In The Name of Development Expansion Of Finfinnee (Addis Ababa) November 25, 2015

Posted by OromianEconomist in Africa, Ambo, Finfinne is Oromia's land, Finfinnee, Finfinnee is the Capital City of Oromia, Finfinnee n Kan Oromoo ti, Genocidal Master plan of Ethiopia, Jen & Josh (Ijoollee Amboo), No to land grabs in Oromia, No to the Addis Ababa Master Plan, NO to the Evictions of Oromo Nationals from Finfinnee (Central Oromia), Oromia, Oromia wide Oromo Universtiy students Protested Addis Ababa Expansion Master Plan, Oromian Voices, Oromians Protests, Oromiyaa, Oromo and the call for justice and freedom, Oromo Nation, Oromo Protests, Oromo students movement, Oromo students protests, Oromo University students and their national demands, Oromummaa.
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OOromo students, voices of the voicelessOromo Protests defend Oromo National Interest

Ambo your sacrifices will be remembered for everSay no to the master killer. Addis Ababa master plan is genocidal plan against Oromo peopleSay no to the master killer. Addis Ababa master plan is genocidal plan against Oromo people. Say no.

 

Guyyaa Har’aa Sadaasa 25/2015 Gootootni Qeerroon Barattootni Oromoo Godina Lixa Shaggar Magaalaa Amboo Mormii Maaster Palanii Finfinnee Fi Gaaffii Mirga Saba Oromoof FDG Bifa Addaa Ta’een Dhoosan,Daandiileen Konkolaataa Wallagga Geessu Cufame.

 

http://qeerroo.org/2015/11/25/breaking-news-guyyaa-haraa-sadaasa-252015-gootootni-qeerroon-barattootni-oromoo-godina-lixa-shaggar-magaalaa-amboo-mormii-maaster-palanii-finfinnee-fi-gaaffii-mirga-saba-oromoof-fdg-bifa-adda-ata/

 

Barattoonni Magaalaa Giincii fi naannawaashii hiriira bahuun karoora Maaster pilaanii Finfinnee balaaleeffatan.

https://oromianeconomist.wordpress.com/2015/11/13/oromia-gincii-barattoonni-magaalaa-giincii-fi-naannawaashii-hiriira-bahuun-karoora-maaster-pilaanii-finfinnee-balaaleeffatan/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/11/barattoonni-magaalaa-giincii-fi-naannawaashii-hiriira-bahuun-karoora-maaster-pilaanii-finfinnee-balaaleeffatan/

Oromo Federalist Congress Public Meeting in Finfinnee to protest TPLF's landgrab in the name of Master Plan. picture2

Oromia (Finfinnee): KFO fi Fincila Diddaa Saamicha Lafaa (FDSL). The public meeting convened by Oromo Federalist Congress (OFC) in Finfinne on Sunday, October 18, discussed the so called the ‘Master Plan’ and conclude that it is a land grab policy disguised as a development plan and called on Ethiopian authorities to halt it, and on the public to continue rejecting it.

“Siyaasi guddaan siyaasa lafaati. Namni lafa isaarraa buqqa’e eenyummaan isaas achitti dhaabbate.”  Dr Maraaraa Guddinaa

“Dubbiin Lafaa Dubbii Lafeeti.”
Obbo Baqqalaa Garbaa

https://oromianeconomist.wordpress.com/2015/10/18/oromia-finfinnee-the-public-meeting-convened-by-oromo-federalist-congress-ofc-in-finfinne-on-sunday-october-18-discussed-the-so-called-the-master-plan-and-conclude-that-it-is-a-land-grab/

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Mootummaan EPRDF(TPLF) Labsii Master Plan Finfinnee fi Magaaloota Oromiyaa To’achuuf Baasee  Caffeen Oromiyaa Raggasiise Guutummaatti Dura Dhaabbachuun Qeerroon Bilsummaa Ibsa Qabxii 8 Baase.

Onkoloolessa 12,2015
Finfinnee

Sochiin Dargaggoota Oromoo Biyyoolessaa (Qeerroon Bilisummaa Oromoo) Labsii Master Plan Finfinnee fi Magaaloota Oromiyaa to’achuuf labsame Caffeen Oromiyaa raggasiise duula Oromoo qe’ee isaa irraa balleessuu fi diigumsa Oromiyaarratti raggaasifame dha jechuun gadi jabeessee balaaleffachuun ibsa ejjennoo qabxii torba dabarsan.

Duula lammiilee Oromoo dhabamsiisuu fi Biyyaa Balleessuutu Uummata Oromoo fi  Oromiyaa  irratti labsame.Labsii mootummaan Wayyaanee maqaa OPDOn  Caffee Oromiyaa teessisuun yaa’ii Onkololessaa 1-3tti taa’ame  irratti labsii Master Plan Finfinnee mirkaneessuuf taa’ame , Finfinnee dabalatee Magaalotni Oromiyaa hundi akka harka mootummaa EPRDF/TPLF’n to’atamutti raggaaasifamee waan jiruuf Qeerroon Bilisummaa Oromoo dhimma labsii Caffeen Oromiyaa dabarsee kana gadi jabeessuun balaaleffachuun ibsa murtii qabasoon dura dhaabbachuu baase!!

Jaarmiyaan Sochii Dargaggoota Oromoo biyyoolessaa ykn  Qeerroon Dargaggootni  Barattootni Oromoo labsii kana yeroo dhageenyutti Oromiyaan, Uummatni Oromoo, Aadaan,Afaanii fi eenyummaan Oromoo akkasumas qabeenyi Oromoo ,sirni Gadaa Oromoo, hawaasummaan,barnootaa fi dinagdee Oromoo harka sirna garboomsaa EPRDF/TPLF ‘n kan to’atamu ta’uu waan nutti  muldhateef gadi jabeessuun balaaleffanne.

Labsiin Kun akkuma bara 2014 Qeerroon, Barattootni Oromoo dhaabbilee barnoota olaanoo mormii master Plan Finfinnee,Magaalota naannawaa Finfinnee fi Magaalotaa gurguddoo Oromiyaa kanneen akka Amboo,Jimmaa, Mattuu, Neqemtee, Gimbii, Walisoo, Adaamaa, Shaashamannee,fi Harammayaa to’achuun bulchiinsa Magaalaa Finfinneetiin akka to’atamtuuf kan itti yaadamee as baheedha jechuun gaaffii iyyannoo keenyaa lakkoofsa 1ffaa hanga 9ffaatti jiru keessatti kallattii hundaan dhiyeeffannee sagalee guddaa fi wareegama qaalii itti kanfaluun kan dura dhaabbatnedha. Yoo xiqqaatee ilmaan Oromoo 280 olitti lakka’aman wareegamakanfalaniiru, ilmaan Oromoo kumootaan lakkaa’aman manneen hidhaa biyyatti garaagaraa keessatti jumlaan hidhamuun dararaa ulfaataa argaa kan jiranii fi barattootni Oromoo dhibbootaan lakka’aman barnoota isaanii irraa arii’atamaniru. Labsiin raggasifame kunlLabsii wareegama ilmaan Oromoo irra tarkaanfatee afaan qawweetti abdachuun Oromiyaa diiguu fi ilmaan Oromoo shororkeessuun jireenya dhorkatuu fi labsii seenaa keessatti yakka ol-aanaa ta’e baasuu fi raggaasisuun Caffee Oromiyaa Wayyaaneen dhaabde itti gaafachiisu dha. Uummanni Oromoo labsii raggaasifame kana tokkummaan dura dhaabbachuun aduunyaa jiru mara keessatti mormiin akka dura dhaabbachuun barbaachisaa dha. Gahee abbaa biyyummaa fi mirga tikfachuu qabnu mara kafaluun mirga keenyaa fi mirga biyyaa keenyaa kabachiifachuuf ibsa armaan gadii uummata Oromoo hundaaf dabarsuuf dirqamnee jirra!!.

1. Nuti Qeerroon dargaggootni Oromoo mootummaan Wayyaanee maqaa master Palan jedhuun duula uummata Oromoo irratti bane jiru kan Caffeen Oromiyaa raggasise, Balaaleffachuun kallattii hundaan FDG finiinsuun mirga keenya akka falmatnu dhaammatna. Akkuma Irreechaa Hora Arsadee fi malkaa Ateetee irratti tokkummaa isaa jabeeffate diina rifaasisaa ture; akkasumas wal arguun dhimmoota labsii duguuginsa sanyii fi diigumsaa Oromiyaa irratti labsamee raggasifame kana balaaleeffachuun walleelee warraaqsaa fi sagalee dhaadanoo mormii guddaa dhageesisuun, labsiicha balaaleffatan kun waadaa guddaa waadaa Oromummaa waliif seenuun labsii diinaa ni fashaleessina,bakka hundatti mirga Oromoo ni kafachiifna,ni falminas jechuun waadaa mirga namoomaa fi Oromoo tiksuuf qabdanii haaromfattan kabajuuf qophii haa taanu jechuun Qeerroon dhaamsa dabarsa.

2. Caffeen Mootummaa naannoo Oromiyaa Onkololessaa 1-3tti taa’een seenaa gurracha fokkataa hojjechuun Master Plan Finfinnee raggasisuu irra darbee Magaalota Oromiyaa hunda dabarsee gurguree jiru kun uummata Oromoo kan bakka hin buune fi uummata Oromoof kan hin dhaabbatne ta’uu kan muldhisuu yoo ta’uu yakkaa ulfaata Oromoo fi Oromiyaa irratti raggasisee kana hattamaan irra deebi’uun akka haquu gadi jabeessinee gaafatna. Yoo labsii Wayyaanee EPRDF/TPLF kan qopheesse hin haquu ta’ee Caffeen Oromiyaa ofiin jedhuu yakkamaa ol anaa ta’ee seeratti akka dhihaachuu qabu uummanni Oromoo bakka jiruu irratti hojjechuu qaba jenna.

3. Yakka ajjeechaa fi saaminsa,akkasuman dararaa haraa hundaan mootummaan EPRDF/TPLF uummata Oromoo irratti fudhachaa turee fi jiruu, akkasumas yakka fulduratti uummata Oromoo fi saboota cunqurfamoo irratti fudhatamuuf Caffeen kun itti gaafatama guddaa jala jiraachuu Qeerroon hubachiisa!!

4. Miseensotni Caffee Murtii qomoo Oromoo balleessii Uummata irratti dabarse kun kan isaan jiraatan uummata Oromoo sadarkaa aanaa jiru keessa ta’uu beekuun Uummatni Oromoo dargaggootni Oromoo, hojjettootni Oromoo, Barattootni Oromoo, qonnaan bultootni Oromoo, ogeessootni fayyaa Oromoo , Poolisootni Oromoo , humni raayyaa ittisa biyyaa Oromoo taatanii fi hojii dhabdootni Oromoo yakka miseensota Caffee Oromiyaa uummata Oromoo fi Oromiyaa irratti taasisaa jiran dura akka dhaabbattan.

5. Uummatni Oromoo hundi Oromiyaa diigamaa fi gurguramaa jirtu, Saba Oromoo jumlaan ajjeefamaa, hidhaamaa fi jiruuf barnootarraa arii’atamaa jiru, uummata keenyaa qe’ee irraa buqqa’aa balaa beelaan haleelamaa jiruu garaa maalitu nuuf ta’aa? Kanaaf haalduree tokko malee yeroon gamtaan kaane falmannuu amma Oromoo harka walqabadhuun ka’ii!!

6. Jaarmiyaaleen siyaasaa Oromoo fi beektootni Oromoo hundi Labsii uummata Oromoo fi Oromiyaa irratti labsame kana utuu arginuu teenyee wal irratti ilaaluun itti gaafatama guddaa jala waan isin galchuuf, Oromoon kan qabsaa’uuf, Uummata isaa waanjoo garbummaa keessa jiru bilisa baasuu fi Oromiyaa harka abbaa irree keessatti qawween, saamamaa eegamaa turtee kana walaboomsuuf yoo ta’u, Erga biyyi ciicciramtee diigamtee maaliif akka qabsaa’amuu fi eenyuuf akka qabsa’amu gaaffii keessa waan isin galchuuf yeroon harka walqabatnee labsii waloon Oromiyaa fi Oromoo irratti labsame raggasifame kana waloon kaanee dura dhaabbachuun falmannuu amma ta’uu hubachuun waamicha lammummaa gadi jabeessuun isiniif dabarsina!!

7. Poolisootni Oromoo, korri bittinneessaa Oromiyaa, Milishoonnii Oromiyaa fi ilmaan Oromoo Raayyaa ittisa biyyaatti keessatti argamtan labsii Master Plan Finfinnee fi Magaalaalee Oromiyaa to’achuuf labsame raggasifame kana dura akka dhaabbattan waamicha keenya isiiniif dabarsina. Mootummaan Wayyaanee EPRDF/TPLF Humnoota caqafaman kana irraa meeshaa hidhannoo waraanaa hiikkachiisuu waan danda’uuf bakka jirtaan hundatti dammaqiinsaan of eeggannoo gootanii duula saba Oromoo irratti baname akka balaaleffattanii mirga saba keessanii falmattan jechuun waamicha keenya isinii goona . Jechuun Qeerroon Bilisummaa Oromoo labsii Master Plan Finfinnee fi Magaaloota Oromiyaa to’achuu fi Uummata Oromoo jumlaan hidhuu,fi aajjesuuf qophaa’e kana kutannoo fi muratnoodhaan dura dhaabbachuun falmachuutti kan jirruu ta’uu ibsa qabxii torba dabarfachuun labsii uummata keenyaa fi Oromiyaa irratti raggasifamee gadii jabeessuun balaaleffanna!!

Injifannoon Uummata Oromoof!

Gadaan gadaa Bilisummaati!!

Onkoloolessaa 12/2015

Master Plan Finfinnee Ilaalchisee Ibsa Qeerroo Bilisummaa Oromoo

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Mootummaan Abbaa Irree EPRDF/TPLF  Master Plan Finfinnee Bara Haarawaa As Adeemu Irraa Eegaluun Hojii Irraa Kan Oluu dha Jechuun Kenne Ilaalchisuun Qeerroon Bilisummaa Oromoo Gadi fageenyaann Balaaleeffachuun Ibsa Qabxii Torba Qabu Uummata Oromoo Hundaaf Dabarse.

Ibsa Qeerroo Bilisummaa Oromoo

Fulbaana 3,2013 Finfinne

Dhimmi Master Plan Finfinnee  Uummata Oromoo hunda ilaallata, angawaan Wayyaanee dhiiga ijomaan Oromoo irratti wareegaman dhimma Oromoo lafa irraa dhabamsiisuun yakka duguuginsa Sanyii (Genocide)n  wal gitu uummata Oromoo irratti karoorfamedha. Dhimma Qeerroon dargaggootni barattootni Oromoo fi Uummatni Oromoo bara darbe Ebla 11/2014 irraa eegaluun Finfinnee fi Oromiyaa falmachuu fi bilisummaa uummata Oromoo kabachiisuuf wareegama qaalii sochii hadhaawaa gaggeessuun wayyaanee dura dhaabbatan ;mootummaan wayyaanee yakka dugugginsa sanyii uummataa Oromoo irratti rawwachaa jiruuf itti gaafatamuu utuu qabuu ammas dhiiga Oromoo dhangalaasuun Master Plan Finfinnee hojii irra ni olchina jechuun uummata Oromoo bittinneesse, lafaaf qabeenyaa Oromoo irra ilmaan isaa qubsiisuun Oromoon bara baraan gita bitta jalaa akka hin baanee fi Oromiyaa dhabamsiisuuf Uummata Oromootti dhaadachaa jiraachuu ifatti beeksifacha jira.

Akeekaa diinaa  balaaleffachuu fi Finfinnee, Oromiyaa fi gaaffii mirga abbaa biyyummaa fi bilisummaa Uummata Oromoo kabachiisuuf wareegamaa hadhaawaa fi qaalii baasuuf Qeerroon bilisummaa Oromoo kutannoo fi murannoodhaan  qabsoo gitaa fi FDG ‘n wayyaanee abbaa irree murna EPRDF/TPLF dura kan dhaabbatu ta’uu ibsuun ; UUMMATA OROMOO HUNDAAF Ibsa ejjennoo qabxii torba of keessa qabu dabarse. ibsa-qeerroo-bilisummaa-oromoo-fulbaana-3-2015

https://oromianeconomist.wordpress.com/2015/09/01/maaster-pilaanii-finfinnee-hojiirra-oolchuuf-dhaadatuu-eegalan-tplf-ethiopias-genocidal-plan-against-the-oromo-people/

Wallagga Godina Horroo Guduruu Hojjettooti Warshaa Shukkaara Finca’aa Diddaa Kaasan Itti Fufuun Hojii Dhaabuun Gabaafame.

finca'aaHagayya 11, 2015 irraa kaasee hojjettootni Warshaa sukkaaraa Finca’aa gaaffii mirga namummaa fi Dimookiraasii gaafatneef hangaa deebii argannuutti FDG egallee jirruu itti fufna jechuun FDG fi gaaffiin keenyaa nuuf haa deebi’uu jechuun guutummaatti hojiin Warshaa shukkaaraa Fincaa’aa dhaabbatee jira.

Hojjettootni Warshaa Sukkaaraa Fincaa’aa hundi guyyaa kaleessaa irraa eegaluun Hojii warshichaa guutummaatti dhaabuun FDG jabaatee itti fufee jira, Guyyaa har’as bulchiinsii Warshaa sukkaaraa sochii FDG hojjettootni kun godhan irraa naasuu fi soda guddaa keesssa seenuun hojjeettoota warshaa Sukkaaraa Fincaa’aa tasgabbeessuuf yaaliin guddaan godhamullee Qeerroowwaan dargaggootni Oromoo , Uummatni, hojjettoottni warshaa sukkaaraa Fincaa’aa hundi hojii warshichaa dhaabuun gaaffii mirga namummaa fi dimookiraasii finiinsan. Torbanoota darban keessa Dhimma ilmaan Oromoo hojjettoota Warshaa Shukkaaraa Fincaa’aa hojii irraa Arii’atamuu fi Gaaffii mirgaa kaachisuu ‘’Hagayyaa 06/2015 Hojjettootni Oromoo Warshaa Sukkaaraa Fincaa’aa keessaa hojjechaa turan Oromummaan yakkamuun arii’atamuu’’ gabaasuun keenyaa ni yaadatama, sarbamuu mirga uummataa keenyaa fi uummatni keenyaa mirga isaa sarbamaa callisee akka taa’uu hin qabne hoggansii Qeerroo bilisummaa Oromoo Godina Horroo guduruu jala bu’uun falmii gaggeessuu irratti argama, haaluma kanaan uummaatni keenyaa gaaffii mirgaa tokkummaan finiinsuun diina dura dhaabbachuun falmii mirga abbaa biyyummaa itti fufee jira, Uummatni Oromoo qindeessuummaa qeerroo Bilisummaa Oromoon sochii isaa jabeeffachuun gaaffiiwwaan bu’uuraa armaan gadii bu’uuraa godhachuun mootummaa wayyaanee abbaa irree irratti FDG itti fufee jira.
1. Mirgi namummaa fi dimookiraasii nuuf kabajamuu qaba,
2. Mirgii biyyaa abbaa keenyaa keessaatti nurraa sarbamee nuuf kabajamuu qaba.
3. Haal duree tookko malee hojjeettootni warshaa Suukkaaraa Fincaa’aa irraa Oromummaan yakkamanii arii’aman hojiitti deebi’uu qabu.
4. Oromummaan yakkamuun hojii irraa arii’atamuun, hidhamuu fi doorsifamuun atattamaan dhaabbachuu qaba.
5. Mootummaan wayyaanee Ilmaan Oromoo hojjettoota warshaa Sukkaaraa Fincaa’aa hojii irraa arii’uun , ilmaan saboota biiroo ulaagaa tokko
malee namoota 250 fidee bakka ilmaan Oromoo arii’amni qacaree yeroo gabaabaa keessaatti carraa guddinaa fi sadarkaa kennaafi jiruu
atattaamaan dhaabuun tajajillii seeraa qabeessi hojjetoota hundaaf wal qixa kenaamuu qaba.
6. Daballiin miindaa hojjettoota warshaa Sukkaara fincaa’aa haalaa hin eegamnee gadi bu’ee waan jiruuf hojjettootni Warshichaa haala jiruu fi jireenyaan dararamaa waan jiraniif daballiin miindaa jiruuf jireenya hojjeettootaaf mijataa ta’ee akka kennaamuuf kanneen of keessaa qaban gaaffii mirgaa kaachisuun hiriiraa ba’uun sagalee mormii guddaa dhageesisaniru.

Godina Shaggar Lixaa Aanaa Qarsaa Keessatti Warraaqsi Bilisummaa Itti Fufe,Shaggar Kaabaa Kuyyuu Keessatti Ammoo Barruuleen Warraaqsaa Qeerroo Baldhinaan Faca’e.

Hagayya 13, 2015 Finfinnee

diddaa9Godina Shaggar Lixaa aanaa Qarsaa Malmaa ganda Hagaroo Waliboo jedhamu keessatti waldhabbiin dargaggoota Oromoo fi milishoota Wayyaanee jidduutti ta’een FDG ka’uu Qeerroon gabaase, Hagayya 12,2015 sochiin Qeerroo jabaachuu irraatti hidhattooti Wayyaanee manneen uummataa irra deemuun jiraattota reebanii hiraarsuun ijoollee keessan fidaa isaantu mootummaaf bitamuu dide sababaa jedhuun namoota hedduu qabanii reebaa jiru,keessatti namni guddaan Obbo Birraa Badhaasoo jedhmu bulchitoota gandaa fi hidhattootaan reebamuu irraa miidhami guddaa irra gahee jiraachuu Qeerroon gabaasa. Kana malees mana jireenya uummataa irra deddeemuu fi sakatta’uun qabeenya uummataa saamaa akka jiran odeessi nu gahe addeessa. Haalli kun hammaachuu irraan hanga ammaa diddaan dargaggootaa fi jiraattota naannoo itti fufee bulchitoota Wayyaanee haalaan yaaddessee akka jiru beekama.  Kana malees Shaggar  kaabaa Kuyyuutti har’a waraqaan qabsoo faffacaate.

  • Wayyaanen farra Oromooti Lafti ummata samamun haa dhaabbatu
  • Wayyanen saamtuu fi hattuudha
  • Qonnan bulaan lafa isa irra hin buqqa’in
  • Manni qonnan bulaa diigamu hin qabu
  • Oromon lafa isaa buqqa’un haa dhaabbatu.

Jedhame waraqaan daandii irratti faffaca’ee jiraachuu qeerroon addeessa.  Poolisooni naannoo dhimma kana qorachuu fi yaada uummata baruufis
qorannaa adeemsisu jirti. Gaaffin uummata kan mirgaa yoomu kan hin
dhabbannen itti fufee jira.

Naannoo Kibbaa Godina Shaakkisoo Magaala Teeppii Keessatti Warraaqsi Bilisummaa Itti Fufuu Qeerroon Gabaase.

Gabaasa Qeerroo Hagayya 13, 2014 Teeppii

diddaa9Walgayiin dabballoota abbaa irree Wayyaanee naannoo Kibbaa godina Shakkaa, magaala Teeppiitti Hagayya 11,2015  adeemsifamuu ture sochii Qeerroo fi dargaggoota naannoo Kibbaa magaala Teeppitin feshalaa’e.

Odeessa Qeerroo aanaa Sidaamaa irraa ibsuun, bulchitootni aanaa fi magaala Teeppii dhimmi nageenyaa fi misoomaan walgayiin uummata jiraattota magaalaa waamameen gaaffiin mirgaa ka’uudhaan walgayiin feshelaa’e. Dargaggoonni magaala kanatti argamaniin gaaffii mirgaa kaasuun
– Gaaffiin mirgaa gaafannu deebii argachuu qaba
– Nagaa uummataa kan booresse mootummaadhuma wayyaaneeti
– Maqaa filannoon kanneen hidhamanii fi reebaman itti gaafatamni
mootummaadhuma tahuu qaba Fi kkf gaaffiin ka’een hidhatootni fi poolisoonni gaaffii dargaggootaa deggeruudhaan walgayiin akeekames feshalaa’uu Qeerroo gabaasee jira.
Haaluma kanaanis magaalota kanneen akka Hawaasaa, Sidaamaa fi Walaayittaa Sooddoo keessa gaaffiin mirgaa itti fufe. Hojjetootnis hojii dhaabuu fi maqaa filannoon miidhaan mootummaan hawaasa irratti gaggeessaa jiru dhaabbachuu qaba kan jedhanii fi dhiibbaan mootummaan Wayyaanee gaggeessaa jiru qixa kamiinuu dhaabbachuu qaban jechuun gaaffiin mirgaa hojjetoota mootummaa, uummataa fi dargaggoota deggereen ka’ee jira.

Duulli Mana Diiggaa Handhuura Oromiyaa Finfinneetti Jalqabe Magaalota Oromiyaa Biroos Dhaqabaa Jira.

Haggayya 08, 2014 Naqamte

IMG_20150807_060829Guyyaa kaleessa Hagayya 7,2015 mootummaan abbaa irree Wayyaaneen/Tigray  Uummata magaalaa Naqamtee dhaloota irraa dhalootatti naannicha jiraataa turan maqaa Investeraaf bakka kennuu fi plilaala malee mana ijaaraa turtan sababa jedhuun seeraan ala mana jiraattootaa diigaa jiru.

Kutaa bulchiinsa Bakkee Jamaa  naannoo Yuunibarsiitii Wallaggaa ganda 07 fi naannoo masaraa Kumsaa morodaa maqaa green area jedhuun manneen dhibba afurii ol diiguuf saganteessan itti fufee Hagayya guyyaa 6 fi 7, 2015 duulli faccifannaa ykn qabsoon warraaqsa bilisummaa uummataa kutaa Bakke Jamaarraa kan Wayyaanee fi  ergamtoota isaanii OPDO kan isaan mudate  yeroo ta’u  kana irrattis  yeroo ta’u amma naannoo Yuunibarsiitii 07 manneen pilaastikaan ijaaraman kan diigamaniifi manneen biroo haala qindawaa ta’een ijaaramanis akka diigamuu qaban akeekkachiisi itti kennameera.
Keessaayyuu kan nama dhibu immoo utuu humna waraanaa isinitti hin bobbaasin diigaa jechuun akeekkachiisaa jiraachuun Wayyaanee dhumashee ta’uuf mallattoo fi Abdii kutannaa cimaa ta’uu ilmaan Oromoo walabummaa fudhanne tti himuu barbaanna.
Manni Abbaa fi haadha ofii yeroo diigamu callisan ilaaluun qaanii waan taa’eef Tokkummaa kaanee yaafalmannu falmachuutu nuuf furmaata!

Oromia (Buraayyuu): Godina Addaa Oromiyaa Naannoo Burraayyuu Adda Addaa Keessaa Guyyota Arfan Darban Keessa Qonaanan Bultooti 400 Ol Lafa Irraa Buqawuun Diiddaa Jiraatottaa Daran Dabalee Jira.Waraanni Wayyaanees Uummata Adamsee Dararaa Jiraachuu Qeerroon Gabaase.  Adoolessa (July) 23, 2015

Guutummaatti toora  armaa gadii irraa (Read more at):-

https://oromianeconomist.wordpress.com/2015/07/23/oromia-buraayyuu-godina-addaa-oromiyaa-naannoo-burraayyuu-adda-addaa-keessaa-guyyota-arfan-darban-keessa-qonaanan-bultooti-400-ol-lafa-irraa-buqawuun-diiddaa-jiraatottaa-daran-dabalee-jira-waraanni/

Dhimmi Master Plaanii fi Saamichi Lafaa Tooftaa Jijjiirratee Deemaa Jiru Dura Tokkummaan Dhaabbachuuf Qonnaan Bulaa, Barataa fi Hojjettooti Shaggar Kaabaa‏ Jiraatan Ibsan

Adoolessa 22, 2015 Finfinnee

aa

Qonnaan bulaa, barataa fi hojjetaan garagaraa shaggar kaabaa aanaa Kuyyuu, Sulultaa, Caancoo, Akaakoo fi kanneen biroonis godina addaa dabalatee dhimmi Master Pilaanii deebi’ee ka’uu hin qabu jechun walitti dhufuun kana duras dhaabbachuuf of qopheessuu Qeerroon gabaasee jira.

Ammos dhimmi Master Palan Finfiinnee kun tooftaa jijjiratee qonnaan bultootaa fi jiraattotaatti waan dhufaa jiruuf qabeenyaa fi mirga Oromummaa keenya kan sarbu dura of qusatnoo tokko malee ni dhaabbatna jechuun  qonnaan bulaan aanaalee kanneen irraa ibsuu Qeerroon naannicha irraa gabaasee jira.

Tooftaa fi malli mootummaan Wayyaanee saamicha lafaa raawwatuu fi qonnaan bulaa Oromoo balleessuu fi qabiyyee lafaa Oromoo dhuunfachuuf
gama kamiinuu itti wareegamuuf dargaggootni barattootni Oromoo fi uummanni godina kana keessatti har’a dhaamsa waliif dhaamuun yomiyyuu
mootummaa Wayyaanee ofirratti hin goobsinu jechuun murteeffachuu gabaasni Qeerroo addeessa.
Shaggar Kaabaa aanaa Caancotti halkan Adoolessa 20,2015 halkan waraqaaleen garagaraa magaala keessa faca’an
– Dacheen Oromiyaa kan Oromooti, Oromoodhaan haa bultu,
-Saamtotni fi sobdoonni nun bulchin.
-Mootummaan wayyaanee shororkeessaadha.
-Dinaaf hin jilbeenfannu
-Uummata Oromoo saamuun haa dhabbatu
-Miirri maqaa Master Pilaanii waamu haa dhaabbatu
-Wayyeen diina uummata oromooti
-OPDOn uummata Oromoof hin dhaabbanne
Kan jedhu waraqoonni bakka garagaraatti barreeffamuun maxxanfaman irraan kan ka’e har’a poolisii fi humni waraana federaalaa naannicha qubachuu Qeerroon gabaasee jira.

http://qeerroo.org/2015/07/22/dhimmi-master-plaanii-fi-saamichi-lafaa-tooftaa-jijjiirratee-deemaa-jiru-dura-tokkummaan-dhaabbachuuf-qonnaan-bulaa-barataa-f-hojjettooti-shaggar-kaabaa%e2%80%8f-jiraatan-ibsan/

Qeerroon Bilisummaa Oromoo Yuunibarsiitii Jimmaa Eebba Eebbifamtoota Barattoota Oromoo Ilaalchisuun Qophii Addaa Marsaa 2ffaa Qopheeffachuun Hegeree Qabsoo Oromoo Irratti Marihatan, ABO fi WBOs faarsan. Goototni qeerroon Barattootni Oromoo Yuunibarsiitii Jimmaa akeekaa diinni keenya Oromiyaa diiguuf Oromoo balleessuuf, umrii gabrummaa dheereffachuuf maqaa Maaster plan Finfinnee jedhuun yeroo amma kana illee hojii irra olchuuf fiiga waan jiruuf akkeeka karooraa badii balleessii kana fashaleessuu fi karroorrii Oromoo balleessuuf irra deddeebiuun akeekkamaa jiru kun akka haqamuuf yeroon gamtaan dura dhaabbannuu amma waan taeef Uummatni Oromoo bakka jirruu hundaa dammaqinsaan akka bira dhaabbannu jechuun waamicha dabarsana,

Gabaasa Qeerroo Jimmaa Waxabajjii 25,2015

Goototni barattootni Oromoo Yuunivarsiitii Jimmaa qophii bifa adda taeen mooraa Main Campus keessatti qopheeffachuun walaloolee warraaqsaa fi sirboota warraaqsaa garaagaraa dhageesisuun ABO/WBO fi Hoggantoota qabsoo Bilisummaa Oromoo faarsan. Jaal Daawud Ibsaas Dargaggoota Qeerroo barattoota Oromoon faarfamee jaalalaa fi kabaja qabsoo bilisummaa Oromoof qaban daraggootni barattootni Oromoo Yuunibarsiitii Jimmaa ibsatan. Qabsoo bilisummaa Oromoo galmaan gauufi wareegama kamuu baasuun kan nurraa jiru tauun gadi jabeessuun wal hubachiisaan, keessattuu Jaalalli, tokkummaan fi kabajni Oromummaa fi eenyummaa akka jabaatuuf boqonnaa tokko malee hojjechaa kan turanii fi uummata Oromoo gidduutti addatti immoo dargaggoota gidduutti jijjirama guddaa fiduun milkii guddaa gonfachuu isaanii ibsuun tarsiimoo siyaasaa wayyaanee abbaa irree EPRDF/TPLF dura dhaabbatani kan jiran tauu mirkaneessuun qabsoo bilisummaa Oromoo fi ABO faarsuu itti fufan.

Goototni barattootni Oromoo Yuunivarsiitii Jimmaa humna waraanaa fi humnoota tikaa Wayyaaneen eeggichaan hamaan utuu irratti gaggeeffamaa jiruu fi Doorsifamaa jiranii seenaa qabsoo bilisummaa Oromoo keessatti seenaa guddaa hojjechaa jiraachuu ibsatan. Goototni qeerroon Barattootni Oromoo Yuunibarsiitii Jimmaa akeekaa diinni keenya Oromiyaa diiguuf Oromoo balleessuuf, umrii gabrummaa dheereffachuuf maqaa Maaster plan Finfinnee jedhuun yeroo amma kana illee hojii irra olchuuf fiiga waan jiruuf akkeeka karooraa badii balleessii kana fashaleessuu fi karroorrii Oromoo balleessuuf irra deddeebiuun akeekkamaa jiru kun akka haqamuuf yeroon gamtaan dura dhaabbannuu amma waan taeef Uummatni Oromoo bakka jirruu hundaa dammaqinsaan akka bira dhaabbannu jechuun waamicha dabarsana, Bakka hundaatti uummatni keenyaa bakka jirruu hundatti dammaqnee Uummata keenyaa dammaqfachuun roorroo mootummaa abbaa irree dura dhaabbachuu amma jechuun waamicha dabarsan.

http://qeerroo.org/2015/06/26/qeerroon-bilisummaa-oromoo-yuunibarsiitii-jimmaa-eebba-eebbifamtoota-barattoota-oromoo-ilaalchisuun-qophii-addaa-marsaa-2ffaa-qopheeffachuun-hegeree-qabsoo-oromoo-irratti-marihatan-abo-fi-wbos-faarsa/

Mormii Caamsaa 30 Bara 2015 magaalaa buraayyuu keessati ta’e keessaa hanga tokko. Sababin mormii bahaniif mani jireenya isani isin deegartoota OFC jechudhaan Wayyaaneen irrati waan diigameef.

On 30 May 2015 residents in Buraayyuu (Central Oromia) protesting the demolishing of their residential houses by TPLF/ Agazi  for being the supporters  and voting for  the popular opposition OFC/Medrek) in the  24 May 2015 General Elections.

Oromo protests in Buraayyuu Oromia 30 May 2015

Warraaqsi Bilisummaa Dargaggoota Oromoo Itti Fufuun Godina Wallaggaa,Horroo Guduruu Keessatti FDG Itti Fufe.

diddaa9Caamsaa 30,2015 Godina Horroo Guduruu Wallaggaatti FDG uummata Oromoo fi dargaggoota Oromoon Jabbaachuun Walqabatee barsiisotni Oromoo kan keessatti argaman namootni 12 hidhamuu maddeen Qeerroo gabaasan.
Diddaan Uummataa kallattii hundaan mootummaa abbaa irree Wayyaanee EPRDF/TPLF irratti jabaachuun kan itti fufe yoo ta’uu, Godina Horroo
Guduruu Wallaggaa AANAA AMMUURUU jedhamu keessatti diddaan uummata daran jabaachuun mootummaa Wayyaanee guyyaa irraa gara guyyaatti raafama guddaa keessa galee jira.

Wayyaaneen gaaffii uummataaf deebii kennuu dhabuun ilmaan Uummata Oromoo qaroo biyyaa ta’an qabee hidhuu fi dararaan gochaa diinummaa isaa calaqisiisuu fudhachaa jiraachuun ibsame jira, haaluma kanaan ilmaan Oromoo kanneen barsiisotni Oromoo keessatti argaman AANAA AMMUURUU irra Caamsaa 29/2015 maqaa uummata nurratti kakasuun fincila nurratti gaggeessaa jirtu jedhamuun fi isin miseensota Qeerroo
Bilisummaa Oromooti jedhamuun qabamuun kanneen hidhaman ta’uu madden Qeerroo bilisummaa magaalaa Shaambuu irraa gabaasan.ilmaan Oromoo hidhaman kessaan kanneen maqaan nu ga’ee jiruu keessa:
1.Barsiisaa Arabuu Yaasiin
2.Barsiisaa Jireenyaa Dachee
3. Barsiisaa Gammachuu
4.Dargaggoo Garramuu Biyyansaa kanneen keessatti argamaan AANAA AMURUUtti hidhamuu maddeen keenya gabaasan.mootummaan wayyaanee hidhaa fi ajjeechaan warraaqsaa FDG fi bilisummaa keenya dura dhaabbatus nuti ilmaan Oromoo wareegama kamiifuu of qopheesinee mirga keenyaa fi bilisummaa keenyaa kabachiifachuuf murteeffannee kaane jirra jechuun dhaammata sabboontootni Oromoo dhaammatu.

http://qeerroo.org/2015/05/31/yuuniversitiilee-gara-garaa-keessatti-kae-gaaffiin-mirgaa-barattoota-oromoon-itti-fufe/

Caamsaa 29/2015 Godina Lixa  Oromiyaatti Uummatni Oromoo  Filannoon  Fakkeesii Wayyaanee Irratti Dammaquun  Mormiin Dura Dhaabbachuun FDG Jabeessan.

DiddaaUummatni Oromoo Godina lixa Oromiyaa keessatti filmaata fakkeessii abbaa irree EPRDF/TPLF/OPDO maqaa dimookiraasii sobaa fi filmaata sobaa baachuun Uummata ganna 24 guutu Gowwomsaa jiraate irratti Qeerroon Bilisummaa Oromoo filmaatichi soba, waliin dhaahaa fi itti fakkeessii ta’uu Uummata Oromoo dursee irra deddeebi’uun ibsoota garaagaraa baasuun uummata Oromoo  waan hubachiiseef uummatni Oromoo  Oromiyaa bakka hundattuu  filmaata Wayyaanee dura dhaabbachuun FDG kaachisuun  mirga abbaa biyyummaa fi bilisummaa isaa deeffachuuf qabsoo warraaqsaa FDG karaa nagaa fi dimookiraatawaa ta’een finiinsa jira. Haluma kanaan Yeroo amma kana Godina dhihaa Oromiyaa AANAA MIDAA QANYII, MEETTAA ROOBII,  Adaa’aa Bargaa,  Calliyaa Geedoo, Iluu Galan, Baakkoo, Giincii (Dandii), Jalduu, fi Gindabarti, Amboo, Tokkee Kuttaayee, Xiiqur Incinnii, fi Godina Bahaa Wallaggaa Siree, Guutoo Waayyuu, Magaalaa Neqemtee, HAROO LIMMUU, HEEBANTUU , Limmuu Galiilaa, Giddaa Ayyaanaa, fi Godina Horroo Guduruu Wallaggaa ;  Aanaawwaan JImmaa Gannatii, Haratoo, Hammuuruu, Jaartee Jaardagaa, Hagamsaa, SHaambuu, Jimmaa Raaree, Finca’aa,  fi Guduruu fa’aatti Uummatni haalaan filmaata fakkeessii fi sobaa Wayyaanee irratti dammaquun diddaa cimaan jala dhaabbachuun FDG itti jabeessa jira.

odina dhihaa Oromiyaa Aanaawwaan armaan olitti tarreeffaman keessatti yeroo amma kana Uummatni fi Mootummaan garboomsaa wal irraa haala waliitti deebi’uu hin dandeenyeen gargar bahee jira, Manneen barnootaa sadarkaa 2ffaa fi Qophaa’inaa Hanga sadarkaa 1ffatti jiraan adeemsa baruu fi barsiisuu dhaabani jiru, Wajjiraalee garaagaraa keessatti hojiin gaggeessummaa uummataa dhaabbatee jira, bakka hundatti uummatni mootummaa akka hin qabne fi mootummaa bakka isa bu’uu akka hin qabne Warraaqsa gochaa jiruun mirkaneessa jira.

Magaalaa Neqemteetti Manneen barnoota sadarkaa 2ffaa fi Qopha’inaa, koolleejjii technikaa fi Ogummaa , Koolleejjii barsiisota Neqemtee, dabalatee Caamsaa 27/2015 barattootni Oromoo barnoota dhaabuun FDG dhoosuuf wayita jiranitti hoomaan Waraanaa Magaalaa Neqemtee irra qubsiifamee jiruu irra garagaluun magaalitti raafama guddaa keessa buusee jira, Barattootni Oromoos barnoota dhaabuun gar uummata fi maatii isaanitti deebi’an. Kana Maleesa Guutummaa Godna Dhihaa Oromiyaa keessatti diddaan uummataa kallattii hundaan mootummaa Wayyaanee EPRDF/TPLF/OPDO irratti jabaachuun mootummaa wayyaanee raafama Guddaa keessa galchee jira.

Mootummaan Wayyaanee EPRDF/TPLF/OPDOn  Uummata afaan qawween bulchaa akka jiran uummatatti argisiisuuf Dhukaasaanii ajjeessuu, ukkamsanii hidhuu fi gara dabarsuu ifatti gaggeessa jira, adeemsii kun Uummata daranuu FDG kan Onnachiisee fi akka namni diinaan wareegamuu irraa diinarratti qabsoo finiinsuun Wareegamuutu Caala jedhee murteeffatu godhee kan jiru ta’uun isaa haala amma qabatamaan Oromiyaa keessatti rawwachaa jiru irra hubachuun dabda’amera.

http://qeerroo.org/2015/05/30/caamsaa-292015-godina-lixa-oromiyaatti-uummatni-oromoo-filannoon-fakkeesii-wayyaanee-irratti-dammaquun-mormiin-dura-dhaabbachuun-fdg-jabeessan/

Caamsaa 28/2015 Godina Lixa Shaggar AANAA MEETTAA ROOBII Keessattis Fincilli Ummataa Daran Jabaachaa Dhufe.

DiddaaGodina Lixa Shaggar Aanaa Meettaa Roobii keessatti holola mootummaan Wayyaanee maqaa filannoo dharaatiin afarsuun walqabatee fincilli ummataa Magaalota akka Gooroo, Eelaa, Minaaree, Laga Roobii, Shinoo fi gandoota baadiyyaa kanneen akka Suubbaa Gaajoo, Dhalataa, Qaxqaxoo, Kuyyuu Gicii cimee Kan itti fufe tahuun ibsameera.

Addaatti immoo Uummatni Oromoo Meettaa Roobii ganda ‘’Kuyyuu Gicii’’ jedhamtuu ganda gootichi Oromoo Jaal Laggasaa Wagii itti dhalatee yoo taatu yeroo amma kana FDG finiinsuun qamni mootummaa Wayyaanee sadarkaa Aanaa irraa hanga Sadarkaa Federaalaatti jiru kamuu akka nutti hin seennee jechuun of irraa kan ittisan ta’uun ibsame jira. Yeroo Ammaa kanatti Gadindi dhalootaa Gooticha Oromoo Laggasaa Wagii qama bulchiinsa Aanaa illee of irraa ittisuun, diina dura dhaabbatan milishootni  gandaa illee gara uummataa hiriiruun qaamni mootummaa kamuu hidhatees, ergama addaas qabaatee akka ganda Kuyyuu Giciitti hin seenne dhorkatan, hanga bilisummaan keenya gonfanutti halagaaf garboomnee hin bulluu jechuun uummatni murtoo fudhachaa jira.

Akka Waliigala guutummaa AANAA MEETTAA ROOBIItti  Ummatni sagalee keenya diinaaf hin laatnu jechuun,filmaata sobaa keessatti hirmaachuun fafa jechuun uummatni karaan keenyaa tookichaa kanaan booda falmannee falmachiisuuf murtii fudhannee jirra jechuun FDG jabeessuun kan itti fufan yoo ta’uu , Caamsaa 26/2015 gandoota baadiyyaa keessatti korojoon filannoo wayyaanee utuu gara Aanaa Geessuuf adeemanii uummatni itti iyyuun koree boordii irraa fudhachuun ibiddaan barbadeessuun gabaafame, Waraanni wayyaanee uummata sodaachisuuf sagalee dhukaasaa meeshaa gurguddaa dhageesisaa jiraachuun ibsame jira.

Mootummaan Wayyaanee ummata Oromoo shororkeessee jiraachuu akkuma bare sababa kanaan walqabatee guyyaa har’aa dargaggoo Taaddasaa Shifarraa magaalaa Gooroo keessatti loltoota mootummaa wayyaatiin rukutamee Hospitaala Phaawuloos Finfinnee galuun dhagahame. Haaluma walfakkatuun dargaggootni Oromoo fi qonnaan bultootni lakkoofsaan 40 ol tahan yeroo ammaa naannuma kanaa mana hidhaatti darbamanii dararamaa jiraachuunis barame. Uummatni Oromoo AANAA MEETTAA ROOBII Waan manaa baaneef mana argannutti manatti hin deebinu, Kan manaa baaneef Bilisummaa fiduufi malee rasaasa diinaan reebamnee galuu miti jechuun Ibsa ijjannoo baafatan ummatni naannichaas. Qabsoon daran finiinee itti fufee jira. http://qeerroo.org/2015/05/31/yuuniversitiilee-gara-garaa-keessatti-kae-gaaffiin-mirgaa-barattoota-oromoon-itti-fufe/

Yuuniversitiilee Gara Garaa Keessatti Ka’e Gaaffiin Mirgaa Barattoota Oromoon Itti Fufe.

Caamsaa 30,2015 Adaamaa

DSC00047Yuuniversitii saayinsii fi teknoloojii Adaamaa keessatti Caamsaa gaafa 27/2015 barattootni waraqaa garagaraa mooraa keessatti facaasuun
kan dhagayame YEROO BILISUMMAAN KEENYA DHIYAATE KANATTI HIN CALLISNU YAA BARATTOOTA OROMOO KA’AA kan jedhu barattootni waraqaa balaliituu bittimsuun eegduwwan mootummaa Wayyaanee bakkaa kan sochoose tahee jira, akkasuma yuuniversitii Bulee Horaa, Madda Walaabu fi Haromayyaa keessatti walleewwan qabsoo dhageessisuu, mootummaa Wayyaanee hin barbaannu, bulchiinsi Wayyaanee nugaheera jechuu fi barumsa dhaabuun gara FDG olkaasuun uummata dhageesisuu fi hirmaachisaa jiraachuu Qeerroon gabaasaa jira.

Gaafa Caamsa 29/2015 barattootni mooraa Yuuniversitii Bulee Horaa keessaa qabamanii bahan yeroof maqaa isaanii argachuu baannus ilmaan Oromoo sabboonummaa qabanii fi kijibni mootummaa Wayyaanee wayita kana aangoo isaa itti fufee jiraachuuf karoorfate kun yoomiyyuu cal kan nama hin jechiisne tahuu barattootni diddaa gaggeessanii fi kanneen fincila kaasuuf adda dureedha jedhamanii shakkaman tikoota wayyaaneen qabamanii mooraadhaa bahuus gabaasni Qeerroo nugahe hubachiisa. FDG ammas haaluma wal irraa hin cinneen itti fufee jiruudha.

Oromiyaa Bakkoota Garaa Garaa Keessatti Barattooti Manneen Barnootaa Dhaabuun Oromoota FDG 2014 Irratti Wareegamanii fi Lammiilee Liibiyaatti Dhumaniif Uccuu Gaddaa Uffachuun Yaadachaa Jiru.

Ebla 30, 2015 Finfinnee

Gadaa11Har’a dhaabbileen barnootaa barumsa dhaabuudhaan hucuu gaddaa uffatanii barattoota waggaa darbe wareegaman yaadachuu fi akkasuma addatti uummata Oromootiin yaadannoon gaddaa dhiyoo biyya Liibiyatti namoota ajjeefaman kan lammiin Oromoo keessa jiru irratti ta’e gaddaa jirama.

Ebla 30,2015 har’a Yuuniversitiileen kanneen akka Adaamaa, Amboo, Wallaggaa, Mattuu, Dirre Dawaa, Bulee Horaa, Madda Walaabuu, Hawaasa fi Jimmaa barumsa dhaabuun hucuu gaddaa uffatuudhaan daandii bahanii yaadannoo taasifamaa akka jiru gabaasi nu gahe addeessa. Manneen barnootaa sadarka garagaraa lixa Shaggar keessatti argaman Amboo, Calliyaa,Baabbichoo, Miidaqany, Xiqur Incinnii sadarkaa 1ffaa irraa kaasee hanga oliitti barumsi dhaabbatee daandiitti bahuudhaan barattootani yaadannoon gadda mootummaa Wayyaanee balaaleffatuun agarsiisaa jiru. Alaabaan manneen barnootaa keessa jirus kan Oromiyaas gadi butuudhaan, Akka walii galaatti dhabbileen barnootaa barumsa dhaabuu fi itti fufuudhanis Warraaqsi Bilisummaa itti fufaa jira.

Gabaasi dabalataa itti fufa

http://qeerroo.org/2015/04/30/breaking-news-oromiyaa-bakkoota-garaa-garaa-keessatti-barattooti-manneen-barnootaa-dhaabuun-oromoota-fdg-2014-irratti-wareegamanii-fi-lammiilee-liibiyaatti-dhumaniif-uccuu-gaddaa-uffachuun-yaadacha/

Goototi Dargaggoonni Oromoo Yuuniversitii Wallaggaa Diddaa Sirna Wayyaanee Itti Fufan.

Maqaa dorgommii Ispoortii jedhuun dargaggoota Istaadiyoomii Wallaggaa keessatti walitti qabuun kan afaan faajjessaa jirtu Wayyaaneen,karaa dabballoota isaanii filmaataaf jecha barattoota Yuuniversitii Wallaggaa akka isaan mormii kamiinuu ka’u keessatti hin hirmaatne olola adda addaa gaggeessaa turan. Dargaggoonnis haala kana kan hubatan magaalaan Naqamtee keessa naannawanii mormii fi diddaa isaanii dhageessisaa oolanii jiru.

Kana irratti dabalees mooraalee Yuuniversitii fi naannoo Istadiyoomii keessa naannawuun dhadatnoo fi walleelee warraaqsaa akka dhageessisaa turan odeessi jiru beeksisa. Dadhatnoolee Qeerroon dhageessisaa turan keessas:-

  • Oromiyaan ni bilisoomti!
  • Mootummaan Wayyaanee gabroomfataa dha,
  • Abbaay Tshayyee farrummaa uumata Oromoof qabuun seeratti dhihaachuu qaba.
  • Walabbummaa fi bilisummaan Oromoof haqa.
  • Maaster planiin Finfinnee daddaffiin akka dhaabbatu fi kkf irra turan

Mormii dhageessifamee fi muldhifame kunis akka media adda addaa irratti hin dabarreef jecha manneen interneetii fi network jiru akka cufaa oolan gabaasi Qeerroo Naqamtee nu gahe addeessa.

IMG_20150327_124532

http://qeerroo.org/2015/03/29/goototi-dargaggoonni-oromoo-yuuniversitii-wallaggaa-diddaa-sirna-wayyaanee-itti-fufan/

Warraaqsi Bilisummaa Dargaggoota Oromoon Qabsiifame Godina Iluu Abbaa Booraa Magaalaa Aggaaroo fi Aanaa Adda Addaatti Itti Fufuu Qeerroon Gabaase.

diddaa9Bitootessa 28,2015 Godina Jimmaatti FDG gootota dargaggoota barattoota Oromoo Yuunibarsiitii Jimmaan qabsiifame jabaachuun gara uummataa magaalaa fi baadiyyaa Godina Jimmaatti babaldhachuun guyyaa har’aa Warraaqsi FDG Magaalaa Aggarootti kabaja ayyaana waggaa 25ffaa dhaaba ergamtuu Wayyaanee OPDO irratti uummatni FDG kaachisuun Ayyaanni Wayyaaneen qophaa’ee mormii guddaan fashalaa’e. Mootummaan Wayyaanee OPDO ‘n guyyaa har’aa Magaalaa Aggarootti maqaa guyyaa 25ffaa ayyaana Wayyaanee OPDO’n qopheessitee
uummata dirqamaan hojii isaanii dhaabanii akka irratti hirmataaniif humnaan baasteetti Uummatnii fi Goototni barattootni Oromoo M/B sadarkaa 2ffaa fi Qopha’ina Aggaaroo, M/b sadarkaa 1ffaa magaalaa Aggaaroo fi Koolleejjii Tekinikaa fi Ogummaa Aggaaroo fi Uummatni Oromoo fi sabaa fi sablamootni Magaalaa Aggaaroo, Magaalaa Gembee fi baadiyaa Aanaa Goommaa fi Aanaa Toobbaa irraa uummatni dirqamaan maqaa ayyaana hundeeffama dhaaba maxxannee fi ergamtuu wayyaanee OPDO waggaa 25ffaa kabajuu jedhuun Isteediyeemii Aggarootti uummatni kumootan lakka’amu walitti dhufuun mootummaa Wayyaanee dirqamaan fedhii uummataa malee doorsisee mana baasetti garagaluun mootummaa Wayyaanee irratti FDG kaachisaan.

Goototni Qeerroon dargaggootni barattootni magaalaa Aggaaroo fi aanaa Goommaa sagalee dhaadannoo dhageesisuun mootummaa Wayyaanee balaaleffachuun olola Wayyaaneen maqaa Filannoo kijibaan ofaa jirtuu irraatti uummaatni nuti Wayyaanee OPDO hin filannuu, Dimookiraasiin hin jiru, olola wayyaanees hin barbaadnu, mirgootni amatii keenyaa nuuf kabajamuu qaba, mirgii dimookiraasii fi namummaa nuuf haa kabajamuu, Oromoo hidhuun, ajjeesuu fi biyyaa irraa baqachiisuun dhaabbachuu qaba jechuun ifatti ba’ee uummatni Wayyaaneedhaan nuti isin hin filannuu isin hin barbaadnuu jechuun uummatni fi dargaggootni sagalee guddaan Wayyaanee balaaleffatan.mootummaan Wayyaanee walga’ii ofii isaan dirqisiisee uummata baase irrattii mormiin uummataa guddaan isa mudatee waan qabee gadhiisu dhabuun akkuma amala isaa humna poolisoota federaalaa, fi nannootti dhimma ba’uun uummata dura dhaabbate, dhukaasaa qawwee fi rookkeeta garaagaraa dhukaasuun uummaata sodaachisuuf dhukaasaa kan ture yoo ta’uu walga’iin maqaa ayyaana guyyaa dhaloota ergamtuu Wayyaanee 25ffaa kabajamuuf yaalames hoggansa Qeerroo bilisummaa Oromoo qindeessitoota warraaqsa sochii FDG karaa nagaa gaggeessuun mirga uummata Oromoo kabachiisuuf godhaniin sochiin mootummaa abbaa irree FDGtti jijjiramuun walga’iin wayyaanee bu’aa tokko malee mormii guddaan fashalaa’uu danda’e jira.

http://qeerroo.org/2015/03/28/warraaqsi-bilisummaa-dargaggoota-oromoon-qabsiifame-godina-iluu-abbaa-booraa-magaalaa-aggaaroo-fi-aanaa-adda-addaatti-itti-fufuu-qeerroon-gabaase/

Qeerroon Bilisummaa Yuuniversitii Jimmaa Warraaqsa Bilisummaa Jabeessanii Itti Fufuun Guyyaa Har’aa Seenaa Galmeessan

 Bitootessa 24/2015 Goototni dargaggootni Qeerroon Oromoo Yuunibarsiitii Jimmaa  FDG qabsiisan jabeessuun itti fufuun guyyaa har’aa uffata gaddaa uffachuun ilmaan Oromoo bara darbee mootummaan EPRDF waraana itti bobbaasuun mooraa  Yuunibarsiitii fi manneen barnootaa sadarkaa adda addaa keessatti fixeef gaddaa qaban mormii guddaan ibsachuun walleelee warraaqsaa qabsoo bilisummaa Oromoo leellisuun gootota ilmaan Oromoo faarsan.

   Goototni barattootni Qeerroon Oromoo hanga gaaffii keenyaaf deebiin nuuf kennamuutti warraaqsii FDG haala wal irraa hin citneen itti fufa nuti bilisummaaf falmanna, nuti mirga keenyaa fi mirga uummata keenyaa kabachiisuuf falmanna, Mootummaan abbaa irree EPRDF/TPLF/OPDO’n bara darbee baatii Eblaa irraa eegaluun ajjeechaa jumlaa fi duula duguugginsa sanyii fi ukkaamsaa  hidhaa utuu uummata Oromoo irratti gaggeessa jiranii har’a biyya bakka buuna biyyaa bulchaa jirra, ayyaanaa hundeeffama keenyaa waggaa 25ffaa kabajna jechuun dibbee sobaan afuufamtee dhiitofte reebaa jiraachuun mootummaa wayyaanee fi ergamtoota Wayyaanee OPDO/TPLF itti gaafatamaa seeraa fi seenaa jalaa baasuu hin danda’u.
 
Jimma[1]Goototni barattootni Oromoo Yuunibarsiitii Jimmaa waraaqsa FDG egaalan jabeessuun mootummaa wayyaanee boqonnaa dhorkuun torbee dhuma kana dheengaddaa dabbaallootni mootummaa wayyaanee fi mataan mootummaa Wayyaanee jiilli abbootii irree EPRDF/OPDO/TPLF Muktaar Kadirii,Hayleemaariyaam Dassalee fi Barakt Simoonin durfaman mootummaa keenyaa warraaqsaa dargaggoota barattoota Oromoon raafamee kufuuf jiru kufaatii irraa haa baraarruu jechuun guyyaa hundeeffama ergamtuu wayyaanee OPDO kabajuu maqaa jedhuun uummata gooluu fi olola siyaasaa oofuuf gara Jimmaatti duula gochuun dhiphina keessa galanii jiraachuun hubatamera. Goototni barattoota Oromoo dhugaaf falmataan dullii olola siyaasaa  fi humni poolisaa fi waraanaa gaaffii mirga abbaa biyyummaa keenyaa duubatti hin deebisuu, deebii gaaffii mirgaa fi dimookiraasii gaafachaa jirruus hin ta’u jechuun tarkaanfii gara jabinaan mootummaan abbaa irree barattoota Oromoo nagaa irratti fudhateen gootota ilmaan Oromoo wareegamaniif gaddaa guddaa nuti dhagaa’amu ibsachaa qabsoo bilisummaa Oromoo galiin ga’uuf warraaqsa FDG gama kamiinuu ni finiinsina hanga gaaffiin karaa nagaa gaafachaa jirruu deebii sirrii argannuutti duubatti hin deebinu jechuun eebbifamtootni barattootni Oromoo Yuunibarsiitii Jimmaa barattoota Yuunibarsiitii jimmaa ilmaan cunqurfamoo kaan illee dabalachuun mooraawwaan yuunibarsiitii Jimmaa Saayinsii fi Teekinooloojii irraa ka’uun uuffata gaddaa uffachuun magaalaa Jimmaa keessa wallee warraaqsaa qabsoo bilisummaa Oromoo faarsu fi gootota Oromoo qabsoo bilisummaa Oromoo irratti wareegaman faarsaa gara mooraa Main Campusiitti walitti dhufuun nuti eebbifamtootni ilmaan Oromoo yoom iyyuu yoo eebbifamnes uummata keenyaaf jiraanna, uummata keenya waliin jiraanna, mootummaan abbaa irree uummata keenya irraan kaafna jechuun marii gabaaba godhachuun  obbolaawwaan keenya bara darbee sabaaba gaaffii mirgaa gaafatneef dhaabbilee barnoota garaagaraa keessatti wareegamaniif gadda guddaatu nutti dhagaa’ama barattoota Oromoo mootummaan EPRDF/OPDO/TPLF garaa laafina tokko malee dhukaasee ajjeeseef yoom iyyuu itti gaafatamuu qaba jechuun dhaamsa dabarfachuun walleelee warraaqsaa mooraa Yuunibarsiitii Jimmaa keessa naanna’uun sirbuun qabsoo bilisummaa Oromoo faarsan.

Diddaan Sirna Wayyaanee fi Gaaffiin Mirga Abbaa Biyyummaa Guyyaa Har’aa Yuuniversitii Afur(4) Keessatti Jabaatee Itti Fufe.

Diddaa, Gabaasa Qeerroo Bitootessa 19,2015

Dhaabbilee barnootaa Yuuniversitii, koollejjii, godinaalee oromiyaa naannoo adda addaatti FDG gaaffii dhimma gubachuu bosona Oromiyaa, dubbii  Abbaa Tsaayee fi mirga walabumaa Oromiyaaf falmuun wal qabsiisudhaan Qeerroon Oromiyaa keessatti diddaan ka’ee jira, bakka gabaasa Qeerroo ibsu irraa kana gaditti kan argamuudha.

  1. Haromayyaa Yuuniversitii:-

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    Mooraa yuuniversitii guddicha Haromayyaatti Bitootessa gaafa 18/2015 dhaabaa ibsaa fi manaa irratti barruu mata dureen isaa “Sabboontotni Oromoo FDGf Kaaffee keenya Keessatti Ganama Sa’a 7:30 Irratti Wal Arguun Dhaamsa Dabarsina” jedhuun dhaadannoolee qabxii 8 qabu waliin bakka garagaraatti maxxanfamee bule odeessi Qeerroo yoo addeessu, dhaadannoon qabxiidhaan maxxanfamanis

  • Bosonni oromiyaa mootumma wayyaaneetiin gubachaa jira,manca’aa jira
  • Ilmaan Oromoo yoo xiqqaate 35,000 ol mana hidhaa keessaa gadhiifamuu qabu,
  • Barattoota ajjeefamaniii fi hidhamaniif mormii keenya itti fufuu qabna
  • Poolisiin federaalaa mooraa keessaa haa bahu
  • Mirgi diimokiraa fi uummataa haa eegamu
  • Kaardii filannoo sobaa hin fudhannu
  • Abbaay Tshaayee uummata oromoo arrabsuun seeraan gaafatamuu qaba
  • Maqaan Master Pilaanii kana booda ka’uu hin qabu.

Kan jedhu dhaadannowwan kanaa olii kana mooraa keesatti bittimsuun humni waraana wayyaanee gubbaadhaa socho’uun kaleessa naannoo fi keessa mooraa Yuuniversitii Haromayyaa buufatee akka jiru odeessaan Qeerroo addeessa. Barattootnis nyaata kaaffee lagachuudhaan barumsas dhaabuun kan beekame, humni ittisa biyyaa sochii barattootaa kana dhaamsuuf garasitti ergame diddaa barattootaa dhaamsuu akka hin dandeenye odeessaan ibsa.

  1. Yuuniversitii Jimmaa:-

    yeroo barattooti didanAkuma beekamu yeroo darbe sadarkaa itti aanaa fi gorsaan mootummaa Itoophiyaa kan ta’an Abbaay Tsaahe dhimma Master Pilaanii dubbiin afaanii baafate ilmaan oromoo kamuu jalaa dhokataa miti,kanumaan kan wal qabate diddaan mooraa barnootaa yuuniversitii oromiyaa keessa jiru mara keessatti dhimma qabeenyaa oromiyaa gubataa fi manca’aa jirus dabalatee gaaffiin ka’aa akka jirus odeessa Qeerroon darbaa jira, haala kanaan kaleessa Bitootessa 18/2015 yuuniversitii Jimmaa mooraa Kiitoo Fardiisaa(Engineering Compus) jedhamee kan beekamu, mana yaalaa barattootaa moorichaa keessatti Qeerroodhaan barruun afaan Oromoo fi afaan Ingiliffaatii fuula 9 qabu mata duree “Master Pilaaniin Hojii Irra Ooluu Hin Qabu fi Dubbii Obbo Abaay Tsahe Dubbates Tuffii Uummata Oromoo Akka Tahe” keessattis waamicha diddaa kan ibsu barruun kun bakka namni argu lama lafa kaa’amee jira, jalee mootummaatiin argamee yeroodhaan toohatame malee mooraa yuuniversiti keessatti barruu hedduun akka maxxanfamee jiru Qeerroon odeessa isaa nuun gaha,kanumaan mootummaan wayyaanee mooraan xiyyeeffannoo guddaadhaan akka eegamu,humna ittisaa mijeeffachaa mooraa Yuuniversitii sana qofaaf mijeeffachaa akka jiru odeessaan Qeerroo addeessa. Akka Yuuniversitii Jimmaatti mootummaan sodaa guddaa keessa seeneera, barataan Oromoo diddaadhaaf of qopheessee akka jiru hubachuu irraan, barruuleen waamichaas mumul’aa waan jiraniif hordoffii jabeeffachuun karoorfata, haaluma kana fakkaatuun guyyaa har’aas barattootni mooraa keessatti sochii diddaa mul’isuun dhagayamee jira, diddaan itti fufuu qaba.

  2. Adagirat Yuuniversitii:

    Gaafiin mooraa Yuuniversitii kanatti ka’ee jiru dhimma amantaan kan wal qabate tahullee barattootni Oromoo heddumminaan keessatti gaaffii miidhaan saba Oromoo kaasuun, gubachuu bosonaa fi warshaalee Oromoo keessa jiranis kaasuudhaan gaaffii barattootaa gara gaaffii mirgaatti naannessanii guyyoota lamaan kana jechuun Bitootessa 17 fi 18 barumsi dhaabbatee akka jiru odeessaan Qeerroo gamasii addeessaa jira. Barumsas akka hin baranne Oromiyaan boca uumamashee mootummaa Wayyaanen utuu gadhisaa jirtuu, ilmaan Oromoo mana hidhaatti osoo gidirfamuu jireenya dhuunfaa keenyaaf barumsa kennee lafa dhiituun haa dhaabbatu jechuun diddaan mooraa kanattis qabatee akka jiru odeessi nugahee jira.

  3. Naannoo Wallootti:-

    Aanaa Gudayaa ganda Konkaa Ijaa jedhamau Bitootessa gaafa 15 fi 19 /2015 mootummaa irraa ergamee hojii basaastummaa aanaa kana keessatti kan hojjetu dhalootaan Amaara kan tahe tokko nama dhalootaan oromoo tokko sabboonummaa qabu harka mootummaatti dabarseekennuu irraan tarkaanfiin ajjechaa basaasaa mootummaa wayyaanee kana irratti raawwatamee jira. sababa kanaan manneen jireenyaa saba amaaraa 4 ol tahus ibiddaan gubateera,diina mootummaan ergamee uummata hammeenyaaf kennaa jiru kana irratti boombiinis darbatamee namoonni hedduun mada’anii jiru, odeessa Qeerroo hubatamu irraa uummanni tarkaanfii mootummaa wayyaanee irratti fudhachuu eegalee jira,deggertootni mootummaas sodaa kana keessa seenuudhaan hojii isaanii irraa akka deebi’aa jiran dhalootaan saba biraa kan tahan, ilmaan habashaa hojii diinummaa irratti bobbahanii jiranis naannoo sana irraa uummataan ariyamaa akka jiran odeessi Qeerroo addeessa. http://qeerroo.org/2015/03/19/diddaan-sirna-wayyaanee-fi-gaaffiin-mirga-abbaa-biyyummaa-guyyaa-haraa-yuuniversitii-afur4-keessatti-jabaatee-itti-fufe/

Qeerroo’s Status Updates: Feb. 22, 2015 – March 13, 2015

Oromo students protests continue to erupt in several towns in the Oromia Regional State of Ethiopia – taking various forms in recent weeks. The new round of protests began on February 22, 2015, when Oromo students and youth of Jimma town turned an Oromian Sports Championship event, which had been taking place in the city, into a protest against the so-called “Addis Ababa Master Plan” and against the recent inflammatory speech of Abay Tsehaye, one of the TPLF strongmen. The students chanted slogans, such as “Finfinne is ours! Adama is ours! Jimma is ours!” and more, a reminiscent of the bloody April/May 2014 widespread protests, in which more or less the same slogans had been chanted throughout Oromia. The Oromo youth were also singing revolutionary songs in the whole stadium. The protests continued beyond control in Jimma Stadium and on the streets of the city on a daily basis until the Sports Championship was to come to a close on Sunday, March 1, 2015.

http://gadaa.com/oduu/26913/2015/03/15/qeerroo-new-oromo-students-protests-erupt-across-oromia-an-oromo-pastor-under-attack-accused-of-praying-for-the-downfall-of-the-govt/


Audio: Feb. 23, 2015 – Jimma, Oromia

Audio: Feb. 25, 2015 – Jimma, Oromia

Speech of Oromian “President” Muktar Kedir Interrupted

On March 1, 2015, the Oromo students protest escalated to a higher level when two high-level delegates of the Ethiopian government, the so-called President of Oromia – Muktar Kedir and President of Amhara Region Demeke Mekonnen appeared in the stadium for the closing ceremony, and also in an attempt to address and pacify the protesting youth. As the whole stadium erupted with shouting voices, slogans and revolutionary songs of the students, Muktar Kedir was unable speak at all, and he and all the “guests,” including the Honorable GuestDemeke Mekonnen, were forced to leave the stadium in humiliation and eventually reported to have left the city the same day.


Audio: March 1, 2015 – Jimma, Oromia

Govt Messenger’s Indoctrination Meeting Foiled in Nekemte

On the evening of March 1, 2015, the same day students of Jimma university protested, a meeting organized in Wollega University by the government delegate and messenger Dr. Getachew Begashaw through the university administration intended to inculcate the students with the evil policies of the government and to pacify the Oromo students from protesting was foiled by the Oromo students, and the meeting was dismissed. It was as soon as the meeting began that Oromo students started shouting, singing revolutionary songs and chanting slogans, such as “the [Addis Ababa] Master Plan will never be realized! OLF is the hope of Oromo people! International community should be made aware of the genocide committed against us!” and more. Dr. Begashaw and other “guests” were forced to stop their lecture, and leave the university while the students continued chanting slogans and singing in the whole university campus throughout that night. Although the students were protesting peacefully, hours later, a large number of police force entered the university campus and started beating the students and arrested many of them, including a 3rd-year electrical engineering student Kuma Gammachu. The whereabouts of the arrested students is still unknown.

At least 10 Oromo Students Abducted in Jimma

On March 2, 2015, the Ethiopian government unleashed its police force in Jimma University, and abducted at least 10 students for no crime other than exercising their rights by peacefully protesting, together with thousands of other Oromo students. Among the abducted Oromo students of Jimma University are:

1. Guddisa Amsalu, Afan Oromo – 2nd-year

2. Dejenee Gonfa, Afan Oromo – 2nd-year

3. Adam Muktar, Law – 2nd-year

4. Sisai Kebede, Law – 2nd-year

5. Sisayi, Geography – 2nd-year

6. Musxafa Edeto, Biomedical Engineering – 4th-year

These and other abducted Oromo students are said to be held in a prison in Jimma city in an area known as Alazar.

Looting of Oromian Top Soil Thwarted in Sibu Sire

On March 7, 2015, Oromo farmers – who were evicted from their land and from whom their farm land was given to investors in East Wollega zone, Sibu Sire district, in a village called Tuqa Wayyu – organized the youth and the local Oromo population, and stopped lorries which were looting top soil (fertile soil) of their land and taking to an unknown place.

Three OPDO Officials Fired

On March 10, 2015, the government fired three OPDO officials in Western Shaggar (Shoa) zone, Abuna district, accusing them of siding with the protesting Oromo people for their right and being sympathetic to Oromo students. These are:

1. Shiferaw Mekonnen, Head of Finance of the district

2. Bacha Lamessa, Head of Human Resource

3. Girma Bacha, Jobs Coordinator

Protest in Wama Hagalo: An Oromo Pastor Arrested

On March 10, 2015, protest of the Oromo population for their right and against the policies of the EPRDF government was flared up in Eastern Wollega zone, Wama Hagalo district, Qasso town. A fierce clash has occurred between the Oromo population – who were protesting, and government police forces during which the police arrested several people, among whom are:

1. Qajeelaa Raggaasaa

2. Boodanaa Baqqalaa

3. Misgaanuu Raggaasaa

4. Danjaa Dhangi’aa

5. Dhugaasaa Abdiisaa

6. Booboo Addunyaa

7. Misgaanuu Addunyaa and many more.

Moreover, an Oromo pastor of the Evangelical Church of the district, Waqgari Ayana, was abducted and disappeared, accused of praying to God for the downfall of the current government. The whereabouts of this pastor is still unknown. It is to be recalled that a respected Oromo pastor Gudina Tumsa was abducted and killed by the Derg regime in 1970’s.

2nd Round of Protest in Wollega University

Oromo students of Wollega University, Nekemte town, protested for the second time on March 11, 2015 in their university campus. It was right after their breakfast that the students gathered in front of the cafeteria and started chanting the slogans which they had prepared. One of the students who was interviewed by Simbirtu Radio and another student interviewed by OVL/SBO (Oromo Voice of Liberation) – both explained the details of the protest. It was before the protest expanded to the entire campus that a large number of police force came and dispersed the students. It is reported that still a tense situation exists in the university campus, and no two students are allowed to stand together.

Audio: March 11, 2015 – Wollega, Oromia

Protest in Busa: Young Oromo Severely Beaten & Abducted

gammachuu-waaqo2015_2

On March 11, 2015, protest of Oromo population erupted in South West zone of Oromia, Dawo district, Busa town, during which the people chanted slogans, such as “Oromia belongs to the Oromo! We will not give Finfinne (Addis Ababa)! We need peace! We are fed-up of Woyane’s lies!” and more. During this time the government dispatched a large number of police force which were seen beating the protesters. Especially the police has severely beaten an Oromo youth Geleta Waqo – dragged him on the floor and have taken to an unknown location.

Qeerroo.org

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(SBO, Bitootessa/March 11, 2015): Yunversitii Wallaggaa keessatti guyyaa har’aa ganamarraa qabee goototni barattootni Oromoo FDG mootummaa wayyaanee irratti jalqaban itti fufuu oduun nu gahe ifa godha.

Yunversitii Wallaggaa keessatti guyyaa har’aa ganamarraa qabee goototni barattootni Oromoo FDG mootummaa Wayyaanee irratti jalqaban itti fufuu oduun nu gahe ifa godha. Humnootni Faashistii Wayyaanee barattoota osoo isaan mooraa hin ba’in baay’inaan itti duulanis sochii isaanii dhaabuu akka hin dandeenye ibsameera. Barattootnii fi poolisootni wayyaanee walgaarreffatanii akkuma jiranitti jiraachuu dha oduun nu gahe kan ibsu. Barattootni dhaadannoolee adda addaa kan wayyaanee balaaleffatuu fi FDG leellisu dhageessisaa akka turanis ibsameera.

Haaluma walfakkaatuun Yunversitii Jimmaa, Mattuu Amboo, Bulee Horaa fi kkkf keessattis sochiin FDG jabinaan mootummaa wayyaaneerratti mul’ataa akka jiru oduun walqabatee nu dhaqqabe addeessee jira.

Sochii FDG barattootni Oromoo bifa haaraan itti jiran irratti odeessa dabalataan jiru akkuma nu dhaqqabaa deemuun kan wal hubachiisnu ta’uu isin beeksisna.

– Sagalee Bilisummaa Oromoo (SBO)

http://gadaa.net/FinfinneTribune/2015/03/oduu-amma-nu-gahe-sbo-yunversitii-wallaggaa-keessatti-guyyaa-haraa-ganamarraa-qabee-goototni-barattootni-oromoo-fdg-mootummaa-wayyaanee-irratti-jalqaban-itti-fufuu-oduun-nu-gahe-ifa-godha/

Gootonni barattooti Oromoo mooraa Yuuniversitii Wallaggaa har’a Bitootessa 11,2015 irraa jalqabanii gaaffii mirgaa mootummaa Wayyaaneetti dhiheeffatan akka deebii argatuuf jecha FDG itti fufanii jiru.Mooaraan Yuuniverstii Wallaggaa dhadatnoo fi sirboota Warraaqsaan gootamtee jirti,Poolisoonni Wayyaaneen keeessa mooraa fi alaan hidhatnoo guutuun naannicha qubatanii barattoota doorsisaa jiru,gariin poolisoonni Oromiyaa ammoo barattoota Oromoo jajjabeessaa akka jiranii fi haalaan dhaabatanii akka ilaalaa jiran qeerroon ni gabaasa.

http://qeerroo.org/2015/03/11/warraaqsi-bilisummaa-oromoo-yuuniversitii-wallaggaa-keessatti-ganama-haraa-irraa-jalqabee-itti-fufe/

Mooraaleen Agriculture fi Saayinsii and Technology Yuuniversitii Jimmaa Waraana Wayyaaneen Sakatta’amaa Jira,FDGs Bifa Qindaawaan Itti Fufaa Jira.

 diddaa9Bitootessa 10,2015 Mootummaan Wayyaanee EPRDF/TPLF/OPDO jechuun of waamaa jiru Sochii warraaqsa dargaggoota barattoota Oromoon irratti qabsiifama jiruun yaaddoo fi dhiphina keessa seenuun Mooraa Yuunibarsitii Jimmaa irratti dabballootaa fi poolisoota isaa bobbaasuun sakkatta’insa gaggeessa jira.

Sochiin warraaqsa FDG goototni Qeerroon barattootni Oromoo Yuunibarsiitii Jimmaa qabsiisaniin walqabatee, sochiin kun haalan jabachaa jiraachuu fi itti fufinsa qabachuu irraan mootummaan abbaa irree Wayyaanee waan qabee gadhisuu walaaluudhaan sochii kana duubaan kan jiru ABO dha.  hojjeetootni mootummaa, barsiisota, fi poolisotni illee sochii kanatti ijaaramanii jiru jechuun baala lafaa sochootu hundaa ija shakkii guddaan ilaaluu irraa bakka argan hundatti dhaabiitti mirga namaa sarbuun sakkatta’insa seeraan alaa gaggeessa jiru. Keessattuu Mooraa Yuunibarsiitii Jimmaa arfan Mian Cumpas, mooraa Business anda Economics, Mooraa Agriculture fi Mooraa Saayinsii fi Technology irratti sakkatta’insa balbala ittin ol gara mooraatti seenanii fi gadi ba’an irra poolisoota isaa hiriirsisuun sakkatta’insa seeraan alaan muddama seene jira.

Sochiin Warraaqsa FDG gootota dargaggoota Qeerroo Oromoon qabsiifame bakka hundatti haala walfakkaatuun jabaatee itti fufaa jira, keessattuu sochiin warraaqsa gootota barattoota Oromoo dhabbiileewwaan barnoota olaanoo fi manneen barnoota sadarkaa 2ffaa dabalachuun walduukaa socho’aa jiraachuun mootummaa wayyaanee muddama guddaaf saaxilaa jira. Warraaqsi gootota barattoota Oromoo dhaabbilee Barnoota olaanoo Jimmaa, Wallaggaa, Amboo, Adaamaa, Harammayyaa, fi madda Walaabuu keessatti daran jabachaa jiraachuu maddeen keenya bakka hundaa gabaasa jiru.  Hogantootni Sochii Warraaqsa FDG sochii bilisummaa uummata keenyaa gonfachiisuuf gaggeessa jirru mudamuun sakatta’insaa fi raafamni wayyaaneen argisiisuu kamuu dhaabuu hin danda’uu FDG jabaatee bakka hundatti itti fufa jechuun dhaamsa dabarsuun uummatni Oromoo bakka jirtan hundaa ka’uun sochii kanatti hirmaachuun mootummaa abbaa irree dhabamsiisuuf yeroon warraaqsi bakka hunda qabsiifamu amma waan ta’eef bakka jirruu hundatti dirqama Oromummaa bahuu qabdu jechuun itti fufuun wamicha gochaa jiraachuu beeksise.

http://qeerroo.org/2015/03/11/mooraaleen-agriculture-fi-saayinsii-and-technology-yuuniversitii-jimmaa-waraana-wayyaaneen-sakattaamaa-jirafdgs-bifa-qindaawaan-itti-fufaa-jira/

Barruuleen Warraaqsaa Magaalaa Adaamaa fi Gandoota Baadiyyaa Naannoo Keessatti Baldhinaan Raabsamaa fi Maxxanfamaa Oole.

Adaama 111Bitootessa 10,2015 gabaasa Qeerroo waraqaan waamichi abbaa biyyummaa fi gochaa gar-jabeenyaa mootummaan Wayyaanee ummata Oromoo irratti gaggeessaa jiru dura dhaabbachuuf waraqaan dhaaddannoo mata duree IYYAA IYYA DABARSAA.WARAABESSI ILMAAN OROMOO NYAACHUU BARE ABBAAY TSAHAAYYEE GUYYAAN YUUSE  jedhu manneen barumsaa,waajjiraalee fi gaandoota baadiyyaa tokko tokko keessatti haala hoowaa ta’een ummata keessa raabsame bakkoota muldhatoo ta’an itti ammo maxxanfamee jira, keessattuu tuffii fi ilmaan Oromoo ajjesiisuf hiisisuu keessatti gahee guddaa kan qabu hoogganaa Wayyaanee Abbaayi Tsahaayyee fi ergamtootni isaa OPDO irratti ummatni keenya bakka jiruu akka dura dhaabbatu waamicha dabarsa

Qabiyyeen barruulee kanaas akka armaa gadii ta’a

  1. Abbay Tsahaayyee yakka duguuginsa sanyii ummata Oromoo irratti raawwachaa jiruuf itti gaafatamuu qaba.
  2. Mirgi bilisummaa ummata Oromoo fi saboota cinqurfamoo kabajamuu qaba.
  3. Abbummaan lafaa ummata keenyaaf mirkanaa’uu qaba.
  4. Hiree uumata Oromoo Wayyaaneen hin murteessu ofiif mirteeffanna
  5. OPDOn of hooggani hin dandeenye ummata Oromoo bakka hin buutu
  6. Biyyaa fi Qabeenya uumata Oromoo irratti Wayyaaneen abbaa ta’uu hin dandayu.
  7. Hidhamtoonni siyaasaa ilmàan Oromoo haal duree tokko males mama hidhaa irraa bahuu qabu.
  8. Ajjeechaa gar jabeenyaa ilmaan Oromoo irratti  raawwatameef, ABBAAYI TSAHAAYYEE, MUKTAAR KADIR, DAMMAQAA MOKONNONI fi fakkaattonni isannii itti gaafatamuu qabuAdaamaa jajja
  9. Master pilaanin finfinnee haal duree tokko malee dhaabbachuu qaba.
  10. Uummata oromoo hiyyoomsuf lafa isaa irraa buqqisuu fi gibira humnaan olii sassaabun haa dhaabbatu.
  11. Osoo dhiigni ilmaan Oromoo dhangala’e hin qoorin Abbaay Tsahaayyee ummata oromoo likkiitti galchina jedhee nutti dhaadati dura has dhaabbannu
  12. ,Oromoof kan hojjetu fakkaatee ergama wayyaanee galmaan gahuuf ilmaan Oromoo ficcisiisaa kan jiru OPDO haa balaaleffannu.
  13. Ummatni Oromoo mirgaa lafa isaa humnaan dhabe filannoo sobaatin otoo hin taane qabsoon deeffata .kan jedhuudha waraqaaleen kun haaluma walk fakkaatun godina shawaa bahaa aanaa fantaallee iddoowwan, magaala mataa haraa,magaalaa Haroo qarsaa, Mag/Harpo adii, Martii, Haroo huubaa ,Qararri, Ilaala,Dhagaa hujufaa,Xuxxuuxii,Nuqusa,Harangamaa,Maarigaa,Dirree Sadeem,Baddannoo,Turoo,Gidaara,Gaara diimaa,Buses,Godoo,Weebaa,Kapii 1,2,3,Faatee,Leedi,Saara,Galchaa,Bantii,Ajoo tarree,Ajoo,Jaarraa nuunnuu,Qobboo,Yaayya,Baalcii,Dhimbibaa,Harramurii ,Gololcha ,Qacaacaluu baadiyaalee jedhamuu fi kkf keessatti haala hoo’aa ta’een waraqaan warraaqsaa kun bifa lamaan facaafamuu fi maxxanfee jira .sochiin Qeerroon naannichaa godhe kun ergamtoota wayyaanee daran yaaddoo keessa galche .dhuma irratti ilmaan oromoo iddoo garagaraa irra jirtan gochaa diinni ummata Oromoo irratti gochaa jiru dura haa dhaabbannu .gabaasa Qeerroo naannichaa gabaasa.
  1. Adaaamaa 112Adaama jAdaama jaAdmaama jaa

Godina Jimmaa Aanaa Shabee Somboo fi Ganda Baachoo Booree Keessatti Diddaan Sirna Wayyaanee Gaggeefamaa Oole,Barsiisoti Oromoo Ta’anis Sababa Kanaan Qabaman.

oromo in ethioBitootessaa 11,2015,  Godina Jimmatti Sochiin Warraaqsa FDG gootota dargaggoota Qeerroo barattoota Oromootiin qabsiifamuu eegale jabaachuun gara uummata Oromoo baadiyyaa godina Jimmatti babal’acha jiraachuun walqabatee mootummaan Wayyaanee sabboontota ilmaan Oromoo nagaa qabee mana hidhatti darbaa jira.

Motummaan Wayyaanee waan qabee gadhiisuu dhabuun sabboontota ilmaan Oromoo  badii tokko malee humna waraanaa poolisii federaalaa irratti bobbaasuun hidhatti ukkamsuu itti fufe jira. torbee kana keessa sabboontotni Oromoo Godni Jimmaa Aanaa garaagaraa keessa maqaa Oromummaan Oromoota hidhatti darbamaa jiru.

Haaluma kanaan magaalaa Jimmaa fi Aanotaa Godina Jimmaa garaagaraa irra kanneen hidhaman:

  1. Nazifaa Abbaa Tamaam jiraataa magaalaa Jimmaa ganda Bachoo Booree jedhamu keessatti uffataa hodhuudhaan kan maatii isa jiraachisu,
  2. Barsiisaa Gammachuu jedhamu aanaa Shabee Somboo  M/B Marsaa jedhamu irraa utuu barsiisuu humna Poolisii Federaalaan ukkanfame.

Kana malee Anaa Deedoo irraa ilmaan Oromoo torba kanneen ammaf maqaan isiinii nu hin qaqqabiin humna poolisii federaalaan qabamanii mana hidhatti darbamuu maddeen keenya gaabasan.

Haaluma kanaan Yeroo amma kana Mootummaan Wayyaaneen humni Adda Bilisummaa Oromoo ABO’n Godina Jimmaa keessa buufate jira maqaa jedhuu fi maqaa sakkatta’aa dhabamsiisuu jedhuun humna poolisii naannoo Oromiyaa irraa shakkii guddaa qabatuun ajaja mootummaa federaalaatiin poolisoota Federaalaa fi waraanaa aanota Godinichaa keessa bobbaasuun ilmaan Oromoo maqaa qorannoo fi sakkatta’insaan dararuu fi ukkamsuun hidhatti darbaa jiraachuun saaxilamera. Adeemsi gochaa diinummaa mootummaan Wayyaanee fudhachaa jiru kun uummata bakka jiruu dammaqsuun akka uummatni fincilee  sochii FDGtti makamuun mirga isaa kabachiifatuuf dirqamsiisa jiraachuu irraa uummatni utuu hidhatti hin ukkanfamiin harka walqabatnee mootummaa abba irree irratti finciluun yeroon gamtaan kaanee falmannuu amma jechuun dhaamsa waliif dabarsaa jiraachuun ibsame jira.

http://qeerroo.org/2015/03/11/godina-jimmaa-aanaa-shabee-somboo-fi-ganda-baachoo-booree-keessatti-diddaan-sirna-wayyaanee-gaggeefamaa-oolebarsiisoti-oromoo-taanis-sababa-kanaan-qabaman/

Godina Jimmaa Keessaatti Warraaqsi Bilisummaa Qeerroo Bilisummaan Qabsiifame Deggersa Uummataan Aanota Adda Addaa Keessatti Itti Fufe

diddaa9Bitootessaa 7,2015 Godina Jimmatti FDG goototni Qeerroon barattootni Oromoo dhaabbilee barnoota olaanoo yuunibarsiitii Jimmaa, Koolleejjii barsiisota Jimmaa fi dargaggoota Oromoo magaalaa Jimmaan qabsiifame gara uummatatti tarkaanfachuun aanota Godina Jimmaa addaa addaa keessatti sochiin warraaqsaa itti fufe.

http://qeerroo.org/2015/03/08/godina-jimmaa-keessaatti-warraaqsi-bilisummaa-qeerroo-bilisummaan-qabsiifame-deggersa-uummataan-aanota-adda-addaa-keessatti-itti-fufe/

Oromo: Students Write Appeal Letter to University Administration

http://unpo.org/article/18006

Barattoota Sabboontota Oromoo Wareegamaniif Yaadannoo Taasisuuf Manneen Barnootaa Godina Lixa Shaggar Heddumminaan Har’a Cufaatti Oole.‏

Gabaasa Qeerroo Qeerroo Magaala Amboo

Geedoo fi tokkee kuttaayyeeBitootessa 3/2015 Lixa Shaggar irratti barattootni guyyaa har’aa jechuun Bitootessa 3/2015 barattoota waggaa darbee wareegamaniif yaadannoo taasisuuf manni barumsaa akka cufamuu fi barataan kamiyyuu mana barumsaa akka hin deemne kaleessa irraa kaasuun ergaa waliif dabarsuudhaan waamicha taasisanii jiru, haaluma kanaan guyyaa har’aa barattootni mana barumsaa Calliyaa,Geedoo,Miidaqany, Amboo,Gudar, Tokkee Kuttaayee fi kkf guutummaan guututti manni barumsaa cufaatti oolee jira,

Kana malees waraqaalee warraaqsaa hedduunis halkan edaa kan bittimfame waraqaalee balaliituun magaalaa Amboo fi naannoo Yuuniversitiitti bittimfamee kan bule tika mootummaa Wayyaaneen naasuu guddaa keessa seenuudhan, ganamaan ka’anii
funaanuun dhagayamaa jira. kanumaan wal qabsiisuun barattootni naannoo jiranitti walitti dhufuudhaanis yaadannoo barattoota waggaa darbe wareegamaniif taasisaniin hucuu gaddaa uffachuudhaan, gumaan obboloota ilmaan Oromoo wareegaman keessattuu dhimma naannowaa Finfinneef mootummaa Wayyaaneen galaafatamaniif wareegamni isaanii bilisummaan deebi’uu  qaba jechuudhaan dhaadannoo fi ergaa waliif dabarsaa akka jiran Qeerroon gabaasa.

http://qeerroo.org/2015/03/03/barattoota-sabboontota-oromoo-wareegamaniif-yaadannoo-taasisuuf-manneen-barnootaa-godina-lixa-shaggar-heddumminaan-hara-cufaatti-oole-%e2%80%8f/

Oromia: Appeal Letter of Oromo Students of Jimma University March 2, 2015

https://oromianeconomist.wordpress.com/2015/03/02/oromia-appeal-letter-of-oromo-students-of-jimma-university/

Gootonni Qeerroo Bilisummaa Yuniversitii Wallaggaa FDG Kaasaniin Aangawoota Wayyaanee Arihan, Bartaa Electrical Waggaa 3ffaa Kumaa Gammachuu fi Hedduun Poolisootaan Butaman.

diddaa9Bitootessa 1,2015 Gabaasa Qeerroo Naqamte, Sochii barattoota Oromoo qabaneessuuf kan saganteeffate mootummaan Wayyaanee kaabinoota gurguddaa jedheen kan yaadu Dr,Geetachoo Bashargoon kan durfamu gartuu sochii barattootaa qabaneessu gara mooraa Yuuniversitii Wallaggaa Naqamteetti erguun baratoota walitti qaban,hanga ammaatti ammaatti hojjettooti mooraa kanneen hidhata ABO qaban baajeta moorichaa miliyoonaan kan lakkaawamu mootummaa kasaarsanii jiru jechoon badii gara hojjettootaa badii mallamaltummaa riguu fedhan.

Kanatti aansees garuu mooraan kun fakkeenyumma gaarii qaba jechuun Ministeerri barnoota Federaalaa gaafa Bitootessa 1,2015  ykn eda halkaniitti sagantaa TRENDS AND CHALLENGS IN ADOPTION OF SCIENCE jedhu  barattoota Yuuniversitii Wallaggaa barsisuuf  gadi itti taa’e.Haa ta’u malee wayita sagantaa kana irratti argamanitti goototni barattoota Yuunibarsiitii Wallaggaa kaabinoota waltajjii ta’anitti iyyuudhaan biyya keenya gurgurtanii nu keessa hin teessan jedhuun waltajjicha irratti dhadatnoo fi faaruulee warraaqsaa itti iyyanii bakka sana irraa qaaniin arihan.

Waltajjiin kun erga diigamee Qeerroofi qarreen mooraa kana keessaa balbala gudda hanga mooraa komtootti dhaadhannoo dhageessisaa turan

  1. Maaster pilaaniin finfinnee goonkumaa hojiirra hin oolu
  2. Duguuggaa sanyii nurratti raawwatuuf addunyaa kanatti sagaleen keenya nuuf haadhaga’amu
  3. ABOn gaachana qabsoo Oromooti
  4. WBO-n abdii uumata Oromooti
  5. Qeerroon Bilisummaa qabsoo itti fufna,diinota qeerroo golee Oromiyaa kamuu keessatti dura dhaabbanna.
  6. Nuti tokko tokkummaa keenyaan walaba nibaana jechaa erga turanii booda

Jedhuu fi sirboota barannoo rorroodha aabbee  mallattoon kannisa ittiin nuhiddiifi yaaoromoo qotan qotu malee  lafa hin qabatanii du’an du’u malee  diina hyin sagadanii jechaa erga turanii haala kanaan Poolisoonni heddumminaan mooricha seenuun barattoota Oromoo hedduu raabuu fi hidhuun barataa elektirikaalaa waggaa 3ffaa kan ta’e Kumaa Gammachuun dabalatee barattooti hedduun mana hidhaatti geeffaman.

http://qeerroo.org/2015/03/02/gootonni-qeerroo-bilisummaa-yuniversitii-wallaggaa-fdg-kaasaniin-aangawoota-wayyaanee-arihan-bartaa-electrical-waggaa-3ffaa-kumaa-gammachuu-fi-hedduun-poolisootaan-butaman/

Bitootessa 1/2015 Goototni Dargaggootni Qeerroon Barattootni Oromoo Yuunibarsiitii Jimmaa, Kolleejjii Barsiisota Jimmaa, Manneen Barnoota Sadarkaa 2ffaa Jimmaa fi Dargaggootni Oromoo Magaalaa Jimma FDG jabeessanii itti fufuun Muktar Kadirii fi Dammaqee Mokonni Of Irraa Arihan.

diddaa9Bitootessa 1/2015 Goototni Dargaggootni Qeerroon Barattootni Oromoo Yuunibarsiitii Jimmaa, Kolleejjii Barsiisota Jimmaa, Manneen Barnoota Sadarkaa 2ffaa Jimmaa fi dargaggootni Oromoo Magaalaa Jimma FDG jabeessanii itti fufuun ergamoota Wayyaanee Muktar Kadiri fi Dammaqee Mokonnoon angawoota Wayyaanee olaanoo dura dhaabachuun dhaadannoo dheekkamsaan guutame dhageesisuun, Angoowwaan Wayyaanee EPRDF/TPLF Abbay Tsahayee yakkamaan akka Seeratti dhiyaatu gaafachuun FDG dhoosan.
Mootummaan abbaa irree Wayyaanee sochii Warraaqsaa gootonni dargaggootni qeerroon barattoonni Oromoo magaalaa Jimmaa keessatti guyyaa shanii oliif wallee warraaqsaan qabsiisaniin soda fi yaaddoo guddaa keessa seenuun aangawoota sirna EPRDF/TPLF Dammaqee Mokonnooni fi Muktaar Kadiri jedhaman waraana waliin ilmaan Oromoo sodachisuu fi ficcisiisuuf bobbasee ture, gootonni ilmaan Oromoo Warraqsa egalan daran jabeessuun FDG dhoosuun dura dhaabbatan. Ergamaan Wayyaanee
sochii warraaqsa dargaggoota barattoota Oromoo Moktaar Kadir dhabachuu dadhabuun baqatee kan sokke yoo ta’uu, ergamtichi Wayyaanee Dammaqee Mokonnoon jedhamu immoo bataluma FDG dhoofametti xiyyaraan baqatee magaalaa Jimmaa keessa ba’uun dhagaa’ame. Goototni dargaggootni Qeerroo barattootni ilmaan Oromoo dhugaan qabsoo finiinsan sochii Warraaqsaa FDG guyyoota shanii oliif Wallee Warraaqsaan eegalan jabeessuun guyyaa har’aa stadium guddaa Magaalaa
Jimmaa keessatti argamu keessatti bakka Waldorgommiin Ispoortii Oromiyaa inni dhumaa /xummuraa gaggeeffamaa jirutti walitti dhufuun FDG dhoosan, Dirreen Ispoortii gara dirree FDG fi falmii mirga abbaa Biyyummatti jijjirame.
Goototni daraggootni barattootni Oromoo lafa waraannii wayyaanee
kumootan lakka’amu jiruu fi humnootni tikaa angawoota wayyaanee waliin
hiriiranii jiranitti dhaadannoo armaan gadii dhageesisan:
1. Abbay Tsahayee seeratti dhiyaachuun yakka duguginsa sanyii uummata
keenyarratti rawwacha jiruuf itti gaafatamuu qaba.
2. Abbay Tsahayee aangoo gadhiisuu qaba!!
3. Abbummaan lafaa uummata keenyaaf haa mirkanaa’u!!
4. Mirgi bilisummaa uummata Oromoo fi saboota cunqurfamoof kabajamuu qaba!!
5. Mirgi abbaa biyyummaa keenyaa nuuf haa mirkanaa’u!!
6. Ofiin buluu qabna halagaan nu hin bulchu.
7. Mirgii dimookiraasii fi namummaa kabajamuu qaba.
8. Nuti dimookiraasii barbaanna!!
9. Mirgi abbaa biyyuummaa, eenyummaa fi Oromummaa keenyaa nuuf kabajamuu qaba!!
10. Biyya dimookiraasiin hin jirree keessatti filannoo dimookitawaa
gaggeessuun hin danda’amu !!
11. Filannoon sobaa fi fakkeessa dhaabbachuu qaba!!
12. Muktaar kadir Oromoo bulchuu hin qabu!, uummata keenya arrabsiisaa
fi tuffachiisa jira.
13. Master planiin Finfinfee dhaabbachuu qaba!!
14. Gaffii mirgaa waan gaafatneef mootumman hidhaa julmaa,ajjeechaa,
fi hidhaa nurratti rawwate seeratti dhiyaachuu qaba
15. Yakka Oromiyaa keessatti U/Oromoo irratti gaggeefamaa jiruuf
Abbay Tsahayyee, Muktar Kadir, Dammaqee Mokonnoon, itti gaafatamuu
qabu!!
16. Hidhamtootni siyaasaa ilmaan Oromoo hundi halduree tokko malee
hiikamuu qabu!!
17. Nuti bilisummaa barbadna!! Oromiyaan bilisoomuu qabdi, jechuun dhaadannoowwaan dheekkamsaan guutamee afaan ingiliffaa fi afaan
Oromoon wal harkaa fudhuun dhageesisaan. Wallee Warraaqsaan qabsoo bilisummaa Oromoo ABO ‘n durfamuu fi hogganoota qabasoo bilisummaa Oromoo faarsan. Sochii warraqsa FDG kanaan wal qabatee goototni barattootni dargaggootni barattootni Oromoo 10 olitti tilmaamaman humna waraana wayyaanee Muktar Kadirii fi dammaqee Mokonnoon eeguuf bobbafameen ukkanfaman, maqaa adda baasuun gabaasna. Poolisootni Oromiyaa fi dhalootaan Oromoo ta’an tarkaanfii diinummaa fudhachuu irraa of qusachuun uummataan jalatamaa fi kabajamaa jiraachuun hubatame. hoggantootni Sochii warraqsaas poolisoota ilmaan Oromoo tarkaanfii gara jabeenyaa fi diinummaa irraa of qusachuu poolisota Oromiyaatti hedduu isaan galateeffate, biyyi kun yoo bilisoomte isin illee walumaan bilisoomtu, uummata keessaniif dhaabbadha dhaamsa jedhus dabarseefi jira.
Goototni hayyoonni hagganoonni Sochii Warraqsaa FDG fi qabsoo bilisummaa Oromoo karaa nagaa warraqsa FDG biyya keessatti qabsiisuun qabsoo finiinsa jiran ammas irra deebi’uun uummata Oromoo hundaaf waamicha FDG gadi jabeessuun dabarsuu itti fufuun ” Yaa ilmaan Oromoo waanjoo gabrummaa baatnee taa’uu hin qabnu bakka jirruu hundaa quba walqabaachuun tokkummaan kaanee biyyaa keenyaaf, mirga uummata keenyaaf, Oromummaa keenyaaf, bilisummaa keenyaaf, lafa Oromoo saamamaa jiruuf, ilma Oromoo ajjeefamaa, hidhamaa jiruuf, barnootarraa arii’amaa jiruuf, eenyummaa keenyaaf yeroon gamtaan kaanee falmannu amma.

http://qeerroo.org/2015/03/01/breaking-news-bitootessa-12015-goototni-dargaggootni-qeerroon-barattootni-oromoo-yuunibarsiitii-jimmaa-kolleejjii-barsiisota-jimmaa-manneen-barnoota-sadarkaa-2ffaa-jimmaa-fi-dargaggootni-oromoo-m/

Diddaan Qeerroo Yuuniversitii Jimmaa fi Kolleejjii Barsiitota Jimmaa Ummataa fi Poolisoota Oromoo Dabalatee Sadarkaa Jabaan Itti Fufe, Waraannii fi Humni Tika Wayyaanees Muddama Seene.

Guraandhala 26,2015   Goototni Qeerroon barattootni Oromoo Yuunivarsiitii Jimmaa, Kolleejjii barsiisota Jimmaa fi Magaalaa Jimmaa keessatti argaman  diddaa siran cunqursaa Wayyaanee Jabeessuun guyyaa har’aa i hogganaa abbaa irree Wayyaanee TPLF/EPRDF kan ta’ee Abbooy Tsaayyee balaaleffachuun Magaalaa Jimmaa keessa nanna’uun Wallee Warraaqsaa FDG finiinsuun mootummaa abbaa irree Wayyaanee balaaleffatan.

Akkuma bara darbe baatii Ebla 11,2014 irra eegaluun gaaffii mirga abbaa biyyuummaa fi dimookiraasii karaa nagaa qabsiisuun FDG dhoosuun  Seenaa qabsoo bilisummaa Oromoo keessatti boqonnaa haarawaa banan torbee kana keessaa waldorgommii Ispoortii akka Oromiyaatti Jimmaatti gaggeeffama jiru sababeeffachuun  Wallee Warraaqsaan uummata Oromoo hundaaf dammaqinsa qabsoo gochuu eegalaan; guyyaa har’aas itti jabeessuun ifatti ba’uun mootummaa Abbaa irree EPRDF /TPLF Abbaay Tsayyeen durfamuu Wallee Warraaqsaa dhaadanoon wal makatee fi barnoota guddaa uummataaf dabarsuu fi FDG’f nama onnachiisuu dhoosuun ifatti abbootii Irreef uummatni jilbeeffatee akka hin bitamnee magaalaa Jimmaa keessa naanna’uun labsii godhani jiru.

Diddaa guyyaa har’aa goototni ilmaan Oromoo qabsoo bilisummaa uummata Oromoo ittin faarsaa olaanifi hogganaa wayyaanee Abbay Tsaayyee ittin balaaleffachaa oolaan , hedduu kan uummata hawwatee fi uummaatni fi dargaggootni Magaalaa jimmaa manaa ba’uun wallee warraaqsaa kanatti makamuun mootummaa abbaa irree Wayyaanee balaaleffachuu fi kan itti hin bullee ta’uu ibsachuun, Addatti immoo hogganaa Wayyaanee TPLF/EPRDF kanneen akka Abbaay Tsayyee sagalee guddaan balaaleffachuun: wallee warraaqsaa Ka’aa lollaa, Wayyaanee lollaa, Abbaa Irree Abbaay Tsayyee hogganaa wayyaanee lollaa , Ka’ii Oromoo falmadhuu, Wallaggarra falmadhuu, Amboo irraa falmadhuu, Jimmaa Irraa falmadhuu, Iluu irraa falmadhuu, Harargee irraa falmadhuu, Arsii gubbaa falmadhuu, Gujii Booraanaa falmadhuu, Arsii Baalee falmadhuu, Ka’aa lollaa abbaay Tsayyee lollaa, jechuun sagalee guddaan wallee warraaqsaa qabsiisuun Waamichaa FDG uummata Oromoo hundaaf dabarsan. ”kA’AA LOLLAA Hogganaan abbaa irree EPRDF/TPLF  Abboyi  Tsayyee uummata Oromoo jumlaan ajjeesisaa, hiisisaa, biyyaa irraa arii’achaa turee dhiyeenya immoo jechoota eenyummaa sabummaa fi mirgoota sabummaa uummatichaa tuquun dhimmaa ”MASTER PLAN FINFINNEE” wal qabsiisuun uummaata Oromoo abaaraa/arrabsaa .fi doorsiisa ture ni lollaa, ni balaaleffatna, aqngoo irraa bu’uu qaba jechuun  wallee warraaqsaa jabaataa fi aarii jechoota dhiyeenya Abaay Tsayyee hogganaan abbaa irree wayyaanee EPRDF/TPLF dubbatee  addatti kan balaaleffate yoo ta’uu, akka walii galaatti qabsoo FDG finiinsuuf qindoominaa fi ga’uumsa Sochii dargaggoota Oromoo FDG gaggeessa jiranii uummataaf ibsuun, FDG waliigalaatti akka uummatni Oromoo makamuu fi harka walqabatee ka’uuf karaa kan saaqaa jiru ta’uun hubatame jira. Uummatni Oromoo Magaalaa Jimmaa , Yuunibarsiitii Jimmaa,fi  kolleejjii  barsiisota Jimmaa sochii gootota Qeerroo barattoota Oromoo kanatti boonuun, isin malee maal qabna, isin cina jirraa, ija Abbay Tsayyee dhiiga ilmaan Oromoo dhugaa turee fi dhuguuf labsii dugguugginsa sanyii Genocide labsa jiru irraa isin haa qabu, isin waliin jirraa jabaadha jechuun jalalaa fi fedhii guddaa qabsoo bilisummaa Oromoof qaban ibsatan, FDG keessattis harka walqabatnee ni kaana jechuun uummata Oromoo hundaaf dhaamsa isanii dabarsan.

Humnootni Poolisii Wayyaanee dhalootaan Oromoo hin ta’iin  fi humni tikaa fi dabballootni  Wayyaanee sochii kana dura dhaabbachuuf ramadamaan human isaani ol waan ta’eef waan qabanii gadhiisan dhabuun dhiphina guddaa keessa seenani argamu. Magaalaan Jimmaas muddama guddaa keessa seentee kan jirtu ta’uun beekamadha.

http://qeerroo.org/2015/02/26/diddaan-qeerroo-yuuniversitii-jimmaa-fi-kolleejjii-barsiitota-jimmaa-ummataa-fi-poolisoota-oromoo-dabalatee-sadarkaa-jabaan-itti-fufewaraannii-fi-humni-tika-wayyaanees-muddama-seene/

  Guraandhala 23,2015 Waldorgommii Ispoortii Akka Oromiyaatti Magaalaa Jimmaa irratti gaggeeffamaa jiruun wal qabatee Guyyaa hardhaa Magaalaan Jimmaa Wallee Warraaqsaa FDGf uummata qopheessuun dhuunfatamte. Poolisootni Oromiyaas sochii Qeerrootti makamuun Wallee Warraqa wallisaa turan.

Goototni Dargaggootni barattootni Oromoo Yuunibarsiitii Jimmaa, Koolleejjii barsiisota Jimmaa fi dargaggootni Oromoo jirattootni magaalaa Jimmaa bakka waldorgommiin Ispoortii Shaampiyoonaa Oromiyaa gaggeeffama jirutti walitti qabuun Walleelee Warraaqsaa qabsoo bilisummaa Oromoo leellisuu fi FDGf uummata qopheessuu qabsiisuun magaalaa Jimmaa keessa naannaa’uun eenyummaa, Oromummaa fi gootummaa isanii ibsachuun uummata haalaan dammaqsan. Guyyaa hardhaa Istadeumii Magaalaa Jimmaa keessatti yeroo taphattootni Kubbaa miilaa Magaalaa Amboo fi Jimmaa taphatan walleen warraaqsaa haalaan jabaate, magaalaan Jimmaas raafama guddaa keessa seente, humnootni basaasaa to’achuu hin dandeenye. Walleewwaan Warraaqsaa dhageesisaan keessaattis Jimma kan keenya, Amboo kan keenyaa, Finfinneen kan keenya, Wallaggaan kan keenya, Iluun kan keenyaa, Harargeen kan keenyaa, Adaamaan kan keenya, Bishooftuu, Burraayyuun, Holotaan, Sulultaan, Xaafoon, fi Sabbataan kan keenya Oromiyaa Badhoon biyya keenyaa jechuun haala uummata hawwatuun wallee warraqsaa magaalaa Jimmaa keessa nanna’uun finiinsan. Poolisota Oromiyaa magaalaa Jimmaa keessa jiraniif goototni qeerroon barattootni Oromoo waamicha “Poolisiin kan keenyaa” jedhu waan dabarsaniifPoolisootni hedduun wallee warraaqsaatti makamuun gootota sabboontota Oromoo waliin wallee warraqsaa finiinsan.

Walleewwan warraqsaa Goototni Oromoo finiinsan kunis mataduree: akka halagaan Oromiyatti hin seenne, “Yaa gadhee maaf fokkortaa dhiira namarra baasa kobbortaa,” “Siifan lolaa uummataa narra hin gortuu” kanneen jedhaman ifatti magaalaa Jimmaa keessa naanna’uun uummata sochoosan. Diinaafis firaafis haagaluu jechuun goototni Qeerroon barattootni Oromoo Yuunibarsiitii Jimmaa, kolleejjii barsiisota Jimmaa fi dargaggootni Oromoo jiraattootni magaalaa Jimmaa sodaa tokko malee ifatti wallee qabsoo warraaqsa FDG qabsiisuun hidhaa, du’aa, fi daraara fedhee illee fudhachuuf qophii ta’uu ibsatan. Uummaatni jiraattootni Magaalaa Jimmaa daandiitti gadii yaa’uun gootummaa dargaggoota Qeerroo barattoota Oromoo kana kan ajaa’ibsiifatan yoo ta’uu Poolisootni Oromiyaa Wallee warraaqsaa kanatti makamuun qabsoo bilisummaa Oromoo faarsan. Waraabbii fi Suuraan Sagalee waraabamee attach isiniif goone jirruu irraa guutummaa wallee warraaqsaa caqasaa.  http://qeerroo.org/2015/02/24/gootonni-dargaggoonni-oromoo-jimmaa-warraaqasa-bilisummaa-finiinsuun-diddaa-kaasanpoolisoonni-oromiyaas-fdg-tumsan/

Ethiopia Official Threatens to Continue Mass Murder in Oromia to Grab Land; Use the Hashtag “#StopAbayTsehaye” to Protest Abay Tsehaye and the Addis Ababa Master Plan

February 21, 2015 · Finfinne Tribune  & Gadaa.com

(OromoPress) – Abay Teshaye, a member of the Executive Committee of Tigrean People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) and adviser to the current nominal Prime Minster of Ethiopia, made a genocide threat against the Oromo people who oppose the implementation of a land grabbing policy. Abay Tsehaye made the threat with a vitriolic tone of hatred and arrogance toward the Oromo:

“The master plan will be implemented now. If anyone from the Oromia regional administration or anti-peace forces oppose this, we’ll cut them to size,” OMN reported citing a leaked Amharic audio of Abay Tsehaye from a meeting that took place in Hawasa town in the south. Made against the Oromo People’s Democratic Organization (OPDO) and the wider Oromo people; the threat comes on a the heels of massacre across Oromia region from May to July 2014. Oromo media have repeatedly reported that Abay Tsehaye was one of TPLF/EPRDF masterminds of the episode of genocide that claimed the lives of over 200 Oromo students and led to the incarceration of 3,765 students and farmers across Oromia in mid-2014. The students were protesting the implementation of a land grab policy in Oromia towns and rural districts in and around Fifninnee/Addis Ababa, which led to an unexplained disappearance of over 200,000 Oromo farmers.

Abay Tsehaye made the statement at an official meeting on behalf of his party and the Tigrean-led Ethiopian government. His speech was not an empty threat since he and other TPLF officials have followed through with threats and engaged in acts of genocide in Oromia State against innocent civilians, especially the Oromo youth, over the last 24 years (since Tigreans grabbed state power). Oromo activists created a Twitter hashtag #StopAbayTsehaye to protest the angry and arrogant genocide threat by Abay Tsehaye and to spread awareness about the issue to the global audience.

StopAbayTsehaye1

Stop Abay Tsehaye 2

http://oromopress.blogspot.co.uk/2015/02/ethiopia-official-threatens-to-continue.html

http://finfinnetribune.com/Gadaa/2015/02/ethiopia-official-threatens-to-continue-mass-murder-in-oromia-to-grab-land-use-the-hashtag-stopabaytsehaye-to-protest-abay-tsehaye-and-the-addis-ababa-master-plan/

Tigrean Neftengna's land grabbing and the Addis Ababa Master plan for Oormo genocideTigrean Neftengna's land grabbing2 and the Addis Ababa Master plan for Oormo genocideTigrean Neftengna's land grabbing3 and the Addis Ababa Master plan for Oormo genocide

Ethiopioan Army is dominated by Ethnic Tigreans

We Are Ready to Pay Any Sacrifice to Stop Abay Tsehaye and His Cohorts

qeerroo-edit

We Are Ready to Pay Any Sacrifice to Stop Abay Tsehaye and His Cohorts

Qeerroo Bilisummaa Calls for Revolt In Response to Abay Tsehaye’s Insult of the Oromo People

One of the leaders of the TPLF/EPRDF regime and an architect of the so called “Addis Ababa Master Plan”, Abay Tsehaye, has openly insulted the Oromo people and particularly the OPDO by saying that the “Master Plan” will be put into practice by all means. Filled with contempt and arrogance, Abay Tsehaye said those who oppose the Master Plan “will be put down” or “face the consequences”. He proved the long time belief that the so called OPDO is nothing but a puppet of the TPLF which can be intimidated by a single TPLF individual. The dictatorial Woyane Ethiopian regime’s leader Abay Tsehaye, who is working as an “advisor” of the Prime Minister Hailemariam Dessalegn, is one of the TPLF heavy-handed personnel who interfere in all internal affairs of the nominal so called “Oromia regional government”. He is said to be constantly harassing and intimidating high ranking OPDO officials and the leaders of the so called Oromia Regional Administration by calling them into his office. It should be clear that his current insult of Oromo nationalists and members of the Oromia regional administration is an insult to the entire Oromo nation. The so called “Master Plan”, which Abay Tsehay and his TPLF hooligans are trying to shove down into the Oromo people’s throat, is a plan intended to evict Oromo farmers from their ancestral land and destroy the Oromo identity. It intended to take away Oromo land without the will of the owners of the land and destroy Oromo language by incorporating Oromian towns and villages into one big Addis Ababa, the capital city which should belong to Oromo in the first place. In doing so, Abay Tsehaye and the Tigrayan elites have a plan to divide Oromia into two: East and West.

In April and May, 2014, Qeerroo Bilisummaa has organized Oromian youth for nationwide protest against this so called “Master Plan”, in which the regime brutally killed hundreds of school children and arrested and ruthlessly tortured tens of thousands others. Our people have already paid the ultimate sacrifice with their blood and the lives of their children. The current chauvinistic outburst of Abay Tsehaye only reaffirms to us that our struggle should continue and that we should pay all necessary sacrifice. We will NEVER let this minority regime dictate its will upon us. We shall ignite the torch of Revolt Against Subjugation (Fincila Diddaa Gabrummaa) again and defend our father’s land and dignity. A minority regime will not “put us down”. More:- Stop Abay Tsehaye and His Cohorts

http://qeerroo.org/2015/02/18/we-are-ready-to-pay-any-sacrifice-to-stop-abay-tsehaye-and-his-cohorts/

Areal Satellite Images of the Addis Ababa expansion (1992-2013) at the Expense of Oromo Farmers

Guraandhala/February 19, 2015 · Finfinne Tribune | Gadaa.com |

By “Reinvent Ethiopia”

Addis Ababa has expanded rapidly over the last 20 years by swallowing villages and farming communities, all of whom are Oromos, along its path. This has resulted in the eviction of at least an estimated 100,000 Oromo farmers to make way for “industry” and other high priority “development” endeavours, and for the construction of luxury apartments and mansions for TPLF officials and their accomplices. These farmers, because they have never had any experience with urban ways of life and doing business, soon become homeless, jobless begging on the street when they run out of the unfair compensations they were given by the government. This is very sad, and a crime of genocidal proportion.

Many OPDO officials, contrary to their TPLF masters, know these horrifying stories of farmers left on the street of Addis begging, and others working as daily labourers. And it seems they have said enough when they resisted the top-down approach of imposing the so-called Addis Ababa surrounding Oromia integrated Master Plan, which is kind of a way to legitimize the annexation of towns around the city. Many were killed when they peacefully took to the streets to protest the Master Plan in April/May 2014. No enquiry has ever been conducted regarding the massacres in Ambo and other locations.

And TPLF continues to bully OPDO officials to submit themselves in continuing to committing genocide on the Oromo farmers. Some bow for their masters. Others not so much.

Many believe the Master Plan is not according to the interest of the Oromo people, and it has to be prepared by the Oromia regional state after Addis Ababa is handed over to the Oromia regional state as a special administration territory, also stipulated in article 49(5). Well, TPLF is not even willing to amend the plan, let alone giving the city to Oromia regional state. This is shown in the ignorance of officials, such as Abay Tsehaye, who declares war on people as unison on public meeting. Abay Tsehaye, probably the second in command of TPLF, has vowed to crush any resistance to the Master Plan. But the Oromo youth or Qeerroo and other political parties, both peaceful and through armed movement, have echoed their concern and promised to address the issue seriously.

The following video is a compiled satellite night time images making time lapse of Addis Ababa since 1992. It clearly shows the city has rapidly grown particularly huge jump between 2003 and 2006.

Ask yourself, is this growth or genocide? What is the meaning of development if it just displaces resources, makes one rich for every 1000 poor? Ask yourself, why farmers who have always lived with their land in pride, sustain themselves for generation, are removed from their livelihoods into new ways of life that are quite radical and hard to comprehend? http://finfinnetribune.com/Gadaa/2015/02/reinvent-ethiopia-areal-satellite-images-of-the-addis-ababa-expansion-1992-2013-at-the-expense-of-oromo-farmers/

“Master Plan” Finfinnee irratti Ibsa ABO:- Balaa Ummata Oromootti aggaamame hanqisuun dirqama Oromummaa ti!

 Guraandhala/February 18, 2015 · Finfinne Tribune | Gadaa.com |

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OLF logo

Gabrummaa waggoota dhibbaa oliif Oromiyaa irratti diriirfame ummata Oromoo Kumootaan qe’ee fi lafa isaa irraa buqqaasuun lafa dhablee taasiseera. Magaalaa Empaayera Itophiyaa handhuura Oromiyaatti gadi dhaabuuf tarkaanfii sanyii duguuggii/genocide/ wal gituun fudhatamaa tureen gosootni Oromoo Abbichuu fi Galaan naannoo irraa dhabamsiisamaniiru. Tarkaanfiin diinummaa maqaa “Maaqnaat” jedhuun adeemsifamaa ture bara Wayyaanees maqaa “misoomaa fi guddinaan” itti fufamuu irraa yeroo ammaatti Oromoon qe’ee fi jireenya isaa irraa buqqaafamaa jiru kan durii irra caalaa dhufe malee hin xiqqaanne. Mootummaan Wayyaanee karooraa fi imaammata Abbootii isaa irraa dhaale itti fufsiisuun waggoota 23 dabraniif lafoota akka Boolee Bulbulaa, Laga Xaafoo, Aqaaqii, Sabbataa, Sulultaa, Buraayyuu fi kkf irraa qotee bulaa Oromoo ari’uun gurgurataa fi hirataa har’a gahuunis dhokataa miti.

Karoora bittootaa ummata Oromoo hin fayyadne, qe’ee fi lafa isaa irraa buqqaasee hiyyummaa fi deegaaf saaxilu kana mormuun lammiileen Oromoo hedduu wareega lubbuu itti baasaniiru. Kan man hidhaatti guuramanii fi dhaanaman kumoota hedduun lakkaa’amu. Lammiiwwan Oromoo kabajamuu mirga ummata Oromoof jecha diinaan ajjeefamanii fi hiraarfaman, akeekni irratti wareegama lammummaa baasan bilaashatti akka hin hafnee fi karoorri diinaa Oromoo irratti xiyyeeffate kunis akka hin milkoofne gochuun ammas dirqma lammii Oromoo hundaa tahu gadi jabeeffamee hubatamuu qaba. Karoorrii fi imaammatni bittoota Itoophiyaa maappii Oroomiyaa jijjiiruun gaaffii walabummaa fi bilisummaa ummata Oromoo hanqisuu akka tahe eenuyyuu jalaa dhokataa miti. Kanaafis jalqabaa hanga ammaatti ummatni Oromoo shira diinotaa kana gootummaan dura dhaabbatuun haqa isaaf wareegama baasaa akka ture seenaan QBO ni hubachiisa. Shiraa fi hammeenya bittoota Itophiyaan Oromoo irratti dalagamaa dhaloota har’a dhaqqabe kanas ABOn irratti qabsaawaa fi qabseessisaa akka turee fi jirus hubatamaa dha.

Karoora Master plan Finfinnee jedhuun shira yaadame kana ilaalchisee HD ABO J/Daawud Ibsaa waggaa haaraa bara 2015 ilaalchisuun dhaamsa dabarsaniin ,”Master plan Finfinnee kan jedhamu haala kanaan dura mootummootni Itophiyaa dabran gochaa turan irraan addatti bifa baraneen ummata Oromoo lafa isaa irraa buqqaasuun eenyummaa isaa dhabamsiisuu irratti kan xiyyaafate dha”jechuun shira duubaan jiru saaxilaniiru.

Karoora diinummaa lafaa fi magaalota Oromiyaa bulchiinsa Oromiyaa jalaa baasuudhaan bulchiinsa Federaalaa jala galchanii akka fedhanitti gurguratuu fi hiratuuf baafame kana ilaalchisee qondaalli ol aanaa mootummaa Wayyaanee Abbaay Tsahaayyee haasaa dhiheenya godheen, “Karoorri Finfinneef baafame hojii irra ni oolfama! Kan kana dura dhaabbatu hundas ni sirreessina! eenyummaa keenya itti agarsiifna!” jechuun bulchitootaa fi qondaalota OPDO-tti dhaadateera. Abbootiin irree osuma dhaadatanii kan dhabaman tahuun beekamaa tahus dhaaduun qondaala Wayyaanee kanaa , Wayyaanotni hangam ummata akka tuffatani fi hagam ammo akka salphatanii gadi bu’an agarsiisa.

Dhabamaa fi deega ummata Oromoon jireenya qananii jiraatuu kan baratan bittootni Itoophiyaa dhaadatuun, ummatni Oromoo mirgaa fi eenyummaa isaatiif falmatuu irraa tasa isa hin dhaabu. Ummatni Oromoos karoorri hojii irra oolfama jechuun qondaalli diinaa ittiin dhaadatu kun kan eenyummaa fi mirga isaa irratti xiyyeeffate tahuu caalaatti waan hubatuuf walabummaa fi bilisummaa isaa gonfachuuf qabsoo itti jiru finiinsun galii isaan kan gahatu tahuun shakkiin hin jiru.

Kanaaf ilmaan Oromoo sirna farra ummata Oromoo tajaajiluuf itti fufuu murteeffataniin ala OPDO keessa jiran, haasaan tuffii, karaa biraa ammo abdii kutannaa fi jibbiinsaa Abbaay Tsahaayyee, diinni yoomiyyuu diina tahuu kan mirkaneessu waan taheef mirga ummata Oromoo kabajsiisuuf ummata isaanii cinaaa hiriiruun akka qabsaawan, tarkaanfii seenaa qabeessa fudhattaniinis gaafatama seenaa jalaa akka of baasan ABOn waamicha Oromummaa amma illee irra deebiin dabarsaaf.

Kan waliin kanneen wal qixxummaa, dimokraasii fi haqaaf falmina jedhan hundi gochaan farrummaa ummata Oromoo mirga jiraachuu dhabsiisaa jiru kun wayta ifatti raawwatamaa jiru kanatti, saaxiluu fi dura dhaabbatuu irra moggaa dhaabbatanii ilaaluu filatuun ykn akka hin dhagahiinitti callisuun seenaan gaafachiisaa tahuu akka hubatan ABO gadi jabeessee dhaama. Karoora diinaa eenyummaa Oromoo dhabamsiisuu irratti xiyyeeffate kana ABOn jabinaan kan dura dhaabbatuu fi fashalsu tahuu irra deebi’ee ummata Oromoof dhaamaa, karoorrii fi imaammatni mirga ummataa hin kabajnee fi ummata abbaa biyyaa dhabamsiisuu qabsoo ummataan kan fashalu tahuu ABOn gadi jabeessee hubachiisuu fedha.

Injifannoo Ummata Oromoof!

Adda Bilisummaa Oromoo

Guraandhala 18, 2015

Ibsa Ejjennoo Haala Yeroo Irratti Garee Deeggartoota Paartii Kongirasii Federaalawaa Oromoo(KFO) Idil-Addunyaa irraa Kenname.
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Ministeera Dhimma Federaalaa kan turanii fi yeroo ammaa kana Waajjira Muummicha Ministeeraa keessatti Gorsaa Olaanoo ta’uu dhaan kan tajaajilaa jiran Obbo Abbaay Tsehayyee dhimma Maaster Pilaanii Finfinnee ilaalchisuudhaan haasawaa taasisan keessatti tuqaalee armaan gadii irratti Olaantumaa Seeraa Kan Cabsan fi Kabaja uummataa kan mulqan waan ta’eef Cimsinee balaaleffanna.

1ffaa:- Dhaadannoon Obbo Abbay Tsehayyee dhaadatan Seera Fi Heera cabsuudhaan uummata keenya irratti lola kan labse waan ta’eef cimsinee ni Mormina.
2ffaa:- Dhaadannoon Obbo Abbaay Tsehayyee dhaadatan Tuffii Motummaa Naannoo Oromiyaaf qaban qofa osoo hin taane Tuffii uummata Oromoof qaban kan agarsiisu waan ta’eef cimsinee balaaleffanna.
3ffaa:- Dhaadannoon Obbo Abbaay Tsehayyee dhaadatan kun Seera fi heera biyyattii keessaa Ofiin Of Bulchuu Mootummoota Naannoo Keewwata 50-52 irratti barreeffamee jiru kan Cabsan waan ta’eef Cimsinee ni Mormina.
4ffaa: Dhaadannoon obbo Abbay Tsehayyee uummata Oromoo irratti dhaadatan seeraa fi heera biyyattii Keewwata 42 Lakkoofsa 2 fi 4 irratti akkasumas Keewwata 89 lakkoofsa 6 irratti barreeffame burkuteessuu dhaan murtee uummata hin hirmaachisne murteessuuf waan dhaadataniif dhaadannoo isaanii kana cimsinee mormina.

Walumaa Galattii Obbo Abbaay Tsehayyee gita hogganummaa biyyattii isa olaanaa irra osoo jiranii Seeraa fi Heera biyyattii cabsuudhaan haasawa uummata xiqqeessu fi tuffii calaqqisu waan ta’eef Garee Deeggartoota Idil-Addunyaa Paartii Kongirasii Federaalawaa Oromoo(KFO) kan balaaleffatu ta’uu beeksifna. Kanaafis Olaantummaan Seeraa biyyattii keessatti akka kabajamuuf Obbo Abbay Tsehayyee aangoo isaaniirraa kaafamanii gocha raawwataniif seeraaf dhiyaatanii akka itti gaafataman cimsinee gaafanna!!!

Garee Deeggartoota Idil-Addunyaa Paartii Kongirasii Federaalawaa Oromoo(KFO) irraa
Gurraandhala 2015

http://finfinnetribune.com/Gadaa/2015/02/master-plan-finfinnee-irratti-ibsa-abo-balaa-ummata-oromootti-aggaamame-hanqisuun-dirqama-oromummaa-ti/

SBO Gurraandhala 18 Bara 2015. Oduu, Haasaa Hoggana Wayyaanee Abbay Tsahayyee irratti qophii qophaa’ee fi gabaasa hiriira nagaa hawaasa Oromoo Norway akkasumas SBO Sagantaa Afaan Amaaraa

http://qeerroo.org/2015/02/18/sbo-gurraandhala-18-bara-2015-oduu-haasaa-hoggana-wayyaanee-abbay-tsahayyee-irratti-qophii-qophaaee-fi-gabaasa-hiriira-nagaa-hawaasa-oromoo-norway-akkasumas-sbo-sagantaa-afaan-amaaraa/

“We Will Not Allow Tigrean Buildings and Factories on the Graves of Oromo Farmers.” – OFC Editorial Takes Decisive Position to #StopAbayTsehaye

http://finfinnetribune.com/Gadaa/2015/02/we-will-not-allow-tigrean-buildings-and-factories-on-the-graves-of-oromo-farmers-ofc-editorial-takes-decisive-position-to-stopabaytsehaye/

Abay Tsehaye: The ugly face of Tigrean Chauvinism

Few months ago, in an interview with journalist Befekadu Moroda of Oromia Media Network (OMN), I asserted that TPLF and the Tigrean ruling class have transformed into Neftegna. Abay Tsehaye’s recent words and behavior testament to that. Remember the Neftegna system that gave monopoly over the means of violence and the sources of wealth produced chauvinistic agents who exploited and disrespected oppressed groups in Ethiopia. The system also engineered social behaviors that justified the actions of those agents and popularized myths of the dominant groups socio-cultural superiority. Overtime, the ruling class and its base began rationalizing and institutionalizing prejudice and extreme form of violent responses towards those who dissented.

During the early years of their rule, as violent and oppressive they were, TPLF differentiated themselves from their predecessors by being sensitive and showing reasonable respect for groups they subjected. However, they began abandoning such sensitivity as they consolidated power and began amassing wealth, and they have started adopting the ugly behaviors of their predecessors. Nowadays, emboldened by the absolute monopoly of the means of violence, intoxicated with abundance of wealth at their disposal and facing no so significant threat to their rule, the TPLF Tigrean rulers’ rudeness, arrogance and disrespect for other cultures have become their norm. Just like their predecessors, they have the false sense of inherent superiority which had made them feel invincible. This behavior is even worse among their rising generation – which was born into wealth and power and grew up being drugged with post-victory (post-1991) bravado of TPLF.

This is good and bad news. It’s ‘bad’ because such collective behaviors increase and justify violence and repression against the subjected populations. However, on the ‘good’ side, it makes the system intolerable – expanding the base of resistance, and, consequently, speeding up the downfall of the system.

http://www.gulelepost.com/2015/02/16/abay-tsehaye-the-ugly-face-of-tigrean-chauvinism/

http://www.siitube.com/articles/jawar-mohammed-abay-tsehaye-the-ugly-face-of-tigrean-chauvinism_1630.html#.VOJM9fYI3FQ.facebook

Abay Tsehaye’s Bravado Exposes the TPLF Master Plan

The Gulele Post,   • February 15, 2015

Abay Tsehaye’s threat, its tone and spirit, is very revealing of TPLF’s contempt and disrespect for Oromos, even those who are serving them as puppets. What is the story behind such outburst? After completion of the the Master Plan without any involvement from the Oromia side, Abay Tsehaye gathered senior OPDO leaders and ordered them to implement the plan. They expressed concern that they were not involved in the process of drafting the plan and that it will be hard to convince the rank and file. They were told they will not take NO for answer. The OPDO leaders could not even agree on the matter and when they took the issue to the mid-level leadership, they were met with fierce resistance and hostility. While the Oromia state leaders were planning to bring the issue to the Caffee ( parliament) for deliberation, Abay/TPLF could not wait so they bypassed them, gathered administrators of cities surrounding Finfinne and told them to begin implementation. At this meeting, the city administrators raised several procedural and policy objections and said they cannot take this plan without further study and deliberation at Caffee ( Oromia parliament level.) The administrators said they cannot convince the public about a plan even they themselves neither understand nor accept. In their typical manner Abay Tsehaye and TPLF leaders rejected the request for further discussion at the leadership level and gave them strict orders to begin the implementation phase. This conflict reached the public leading to the mass protest and massacre of April/May 2014.

During and in the aftermath of the protest, OPDO leaders agreed on the need to postpone the Master Plan as a way of containing the situation. This idea was initially accepted by the official EPRDF including the Prime Minister. However, Abay Tsehaye summoned the OPDO leaders and accused them of sabotage and threatened to eliminate them from the top down, and anyone who stands in the way of the Master Plan. Terrified, the puppet leaders went home and began hibernating avoiding the subject altogether.

Therefore, what is heard in this leaked audio of Abay Tsehaye threatening over a thousand urban planners and administrators is nothing new. His contempt towards Oromo and insidious plan to rob them of their land must be confronted. They have already began implementing the Master Plan and Abay Tsehaye had made it abundantly clear that they will go ahead by any means necessary. Well this needs to be met with the same spirit–the plan must be stopped by any means necessary.

Lets remember that the Finfinne issue is not isolated. TPLF’s real master Plan is to establish Tigrean economic monopoly by depriving Oromos of any real source of economy across the country including fertile land, mineral sites, manufacturing and trade. Therefore the target of Oromo resistance needs to focus on fighting back against this real Master Plan. The resistance needs to identify businesses of TPLF and its affiliates across Oromia and take them on to ensure they don’t succeed.
Arrogant TPLF leaders should realize that their power is more vulnerable than their fortified headquarters lead them to believe. The roots and branches of their domination extends deep into the remotest part of our homeland.

Biyya tuffatan harreen garmaaman
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The Gulele Post • February 15, 2015

“Waan feetaanis fiddan Masteer Pilaanin Finfinnee hojirra ni oola. Warra nu dura dhaabbate abbaa feetes taatu ‘likkii’ galchina. Qondaalonni Oromoo godiina naannawa Finfinnee yakkamtoota. Qonddaalonni Oromiyaa laamshoodha.” Kun hundi arrabsoofi dhaadannoo qondaaltichi Wayyanee guddichi Abbaay Tsahaayyee Oromoota walitti qabee itti huruurse kaassaayi. Sagalee gabaabduu waraabamtee OMN geette irraa jechoota fokkisaa akkasii yoo dhageenyu kan nuti hin dhagayin hafan maal faa akka ta’e yaadun nam hin dhibu. Akkan dhagayetti, tibba mormiin godhamaa ture san qondaaltoota OPDO gurguddoo walitti qabuun arrabsoo dhuunfaa bira dharbee hamma doorsisuufi harkaan itti aggaamutti gahame ture.

Tuffiifi jibba Abbaay Tsahaayyeefi waahillan isaa Oromoof qaban afaan ajaayan as bahe kun dhimma nam- tokkee akka hin taane namuu hubachuu qaba. Ejjennoo jaarmayni Wayyaanneen qabattee deemtuun, kan qabeenya Oromoo saamuun sirna cunqursaa isaanii tursiisuuf hammeenya hammamii raaw’achuuf akka muratan ragaadha. Karoorri maqaa Master Pilaaniitin Finfinnee bal’isanii, Oromiyaarraa muranii fudhachuu kunis kophatti laalamuu hin qabu. Master Pilaaniin kun karoora guddicha fi isa ol aanaa Tigroonni ol’aantummaa dinagdee yoomifu turu ijaaruuf qaban irraa kan maddeedha. Akkuma namuu argu yeroo amma kanatti lafti gabbataan jaraaf hirmaa jira. Iddoon albuudaa, warshaalee gurguddaani fi magaalaan sochii dinagdee qabdu too’annaa jaraa jala galfamaa jira. Daldaltoonni Tigraay hamma baadiyyaa Oromiyaatti caasaa diriirfachuun daldaltoota Oromoo taphaan ala godhanii jiran. Qonnaan bulaa Oromoo kaan lafa irraa fudhatanii warshaafi mana jireenya waardiyyaa isaani godhatan. Warra hafe ammoo xaa’oo gatiin samii tuqee itti fe’anii kasaarsanii hiyyoomsan.

Bifa kanaan Oromoo bakka hundatti saamanii hiyyoomsuun Tigree erga duroomsanii booda, dureeyyonni kun Finfinneetti galanii tujaara bakka hin sochoone taasisuuf saffisaan carraaqaa jiran. Milkaayaas jiru. Wanni magaalaa Finfinnee bal’isanii too’achuu fedhaniifis karoora kana waan qabaniifi.

Shira kana fashalsuufi tuffii warra Abbaay kana ofirraa dhaabuuf falli jiru karoora dinagdee Wayyaanee kana hongeessuudha. kana gochuuf:

1. Mormiin master Pilaanii kanarratti ka’e itti fufuu qaba. Diddaan hawaasaafi dargaggoota dabalatee, Ilmaan Oromo sirna san keessa jiran akka Pilaaniin kun hojirra hin oolle waan danda’an hunda godhuu qabu. Hubadhaa, tumsa ilmaan Oromootin alatti karoorri kun hojitti hin jijjiiramu. Kanaaf baatanii ifatti mormuu yoo dadhabdan dalaguma isaan isinitti kennan lafarra harkisuun qabsoof gumaachuun dandeessan.
2. Hunda caalaa daldalaafi sochii diinaggee Wayyaaneefi warri isaanitti hidhatan Oromiyaa keessatti godhan fashalsuurratti fuulleffachuu feesisa. Qabeenya akka dhuunfaafi gurmutti qaban adda baafatanii bifa danda’ame maraan kuffisuuf tattaafachuun dirqama. Ooyruu qonnaa isaan nama keenya irraa kafatanii irraa duroomaa jiran, warshaa guddaa malaammaltummaan harkatti galfatan, lafa albuudaan ummata ardaa sanii hagabsaanii saamaa jiran hunda adda baafatanii irratti xiyyeeffachuu barbaachisa.

Walumaa galatti tuffi Wayyaanee kana kolaasuufi karoora ol’aantummaa diinaggee jaaruuf qaban kana hoongessuf mormiin qofti gahaa miti. Tarkaanfiin qabatamaan kasaaraa keessa isaan galchu itti dabalamuu baannan jarri nutti koflaa, nu ajjeessaa nu arrabsaa hidda isii gama maraan gadi fageeffachaa jirti. Qanni gaariin hiddi kun biyyoo, biyyaafi saba keenya jidduutti gadi dagaage. Kun ammoo biyyee san irraa haadhanii, saba itti dammaysanii biyya ofiirraa buqqaasuuf haala mijaayaadha. Of gaafadhaa, wal gaafadhaa, falfala jaraa kanaaf fala faladhaaa!

http://www.gulelepost.com/2015/02/15/abay-tsehayes-bravado-exposes-the-tplf-master-plan/

Godina Kibba Lixaa Shaggar Magaalota Adda Addaa Keessatti Barruuleen Warraaqsaa Qeerroon Maxxanfaman.

Gurraandala 10,2015 Waliiso

IMG_20141224_211615Magalaa Walisoo, Buusaa, Tajii, Asgorii,Tullubollo, Sabbataa fi bakkewwan adda addaa keessatti barruuleen warraaqsaa hedduun Qeerroo Bilisummaan maxxanfamuu gabaasi naannicha irraa nu gahe addeessa.

Sochii Warraaqsa Bilisummaa ta’aa jiru daran jabeessuun dhadannoolee uumata onnachiisanii fi waamicha diddaa sirna Wayyaanee kan qabu barruuleen kun bakkoota mootummaan Wayyaanee beeksisa maxxanfatu irrattii fi lafa magaalota bakka bebbeekamoo irratti maxxanfamuu fi uumataafis raabsamuu gabaasi Qeerroo naannicha irraa nu gahe addeessa.

Keessattuu Qeerroon aanaa Daawoo magaala Buusaa mana murtii fuula duraa fi secondary fuuldura ti waraqaa waamichaa dhoobuu fi magaala iddoo hedduu ti faca’uurraan kan ka’ee uummanni gammachuu guddaan kan itti dhagaheef qeerroon daraan kan onnatan ta’uu odeessi gama sana irraa nu dhaqabeera.

Gabaasa guutuu dhimma kana agama fuula duraa dhiheesina.

http://qeerroo.org/2015/02/11/godina-kibba-lixaa-shaggar-magaalota-adda-addaa-keessatti-barruuleen-warraaqsaa-qeerroon-maxxanfaman/

Warraaqsi Bilisummaa Wallagga,Qellem Keessatti Daran Jabaachuun Uummanni Ajaja Mootummaa Wayyaanee Lagate.

Gabaasa Qeerroo Qeellam,Gurraandhala 10,2015

diddaa9Qellem, Jimmaa Horroo ganda qonnaan bulaa Akkoo Jirruu jedhamtu keessatti uummanni ajaja mootummaa waan lagataniif tika wayyaneen reebaman,gabaasa Qeerroo Jimmaa Horroo hara Guraandhala 9 addeessuun guyyoota murasa dura Guraandhala 4 mootummaan misooma lafaa,jedhuun daagaa qotuu jedhamu ajaja basee baadiyaalee keessa qonnan bulaa dirqisiisuun akka bahan ajaja baasaa ture, uummannis yeroo ammaa ajaja mootummaa Wayyaane bakka hundaatti waan lagataa jiruuf humnatti fayadamuu, humna milisha baatiwwan muraasa dura dhimmuma kanaaf leenjifatee ture uummata keessa gadhiisee uumata keessa deemuun WBOn isin keessa jira isintu nyaachisa jechuun jiraattota haa hiraarsan malee uumanni takkaa fudhachuufii hin dandeenye.

Haaluma kanaan halkan halkan uummata irra deemanii reebicha hamaa qote bultootaa fi dargaggoota irratti raawataa jiru guyyaa jedhame kanaa kaasee kanaan namootni miidhamanii buufata fayyaatti argamanii osoo yaalamanii gaffii taasisaniif namootni kaan hallan sa’a 9:00tti manaa waamamuudhaan, gadi fuudhanii reebamuu isaanii duubbachuun Qeerroof ibsa godhanii jiru namoota reebicha kanan miidhaman:
1.Aadde Dambalii Ruudaa
2.Dar.Mohamadnuur Siraaj
3.Dar.Ashennaafii Gindaabaa
4.Dar.Isaaquu Gindabaa fi
kanneen biroos kan maqaan nun gahin hafan jiru, tikoota uummata eebuu waliin kan hiriiranii jiran keessaa bulchaa ganda kanaa kan tahe
Shumbaa Daggafaa, milishaa gandichaa Margaa Agichoo kanneen biroo fuula isaanii ukkaamfachuudhaan namoota humna biraa mootumma irraa ergame waliin uummata dhaanuun reebicha irratti raawwataa jiraachuu gabaasni nu gahee jira.

http://qeerroo.org/2015/02/10/warraaqsi-bilisummaa-wallaggaqellem-keessatti-daran-jabaachuun-uummanni-ajaja-mootummaa-wayyaanee-lagate/

Wallagga,Godina Horroo Guduruu Aanaa Jaardagaa Jaartee Keessatti FDG Humna Mootummaan ol Tahe Dhohe.

Gabaasa Qeerroo Aliboo Amajjii 26,2015

diddaa9Mootummaan abbaa irree Wayyaanee Bara filannoo 2015 kana milkeessuudhaaf duula Kaardii fudhadhaa humnaan gaggeessaa jiraachuun isaa beekamaa dha. Haalli kunis Aanaa Jaardagaa Jaartee Magaala Jaardagaa fi Aliiboo keessatti daran hammaataa tahuu irraan darbee tajaajilawwan hawaasaa Karoora mootummaa Guddinaa fi Tiraanisfoormeeshinii jedhamuun Uummatatti ololaman keessaa kanneen akka Ibsaa fi Bishaanii haala olaanaadhaan Uummata Magaala Aliiboo rakkisuu fi himatanis qaamni deebii deebisuuf waan dhibeef Hiriira nagaa Humna mootummaa wayyaanee ol tahe godhanii jiran. Barattootni, Barsiisotni, Jiraattootni, Daldaltootni, Hojjettootni mootummaa fi dhuunfaa magaala kana keessaa guutummaan hiriira kana keessatti hirmaachuudhaan diddaa dhageessisanii jiran. Dargaggootnii fi Uummatni Hiriira kana irratti bahuudhaan walleewwan Warraaqsaa ‘’ SII WAYYAAREE, OROMOON LEENCUMA DURUU, ABO NUUF WAYYA,..’’ Kanneen jedhaman wallisuudhaan dhaadannoowwan garaa garaas dhageessisuu irratti argamu. Dhaadannoowwan

1.      Tajaajilawwan Hawaasaa kanneen akka Ibsaa argachuu qabna

2.      Kanneen hidhaman haa hiikaman

3.      Kaardii filannoo dharaa hin fudhannuu fi kanneen biroo kaasuudhaan Hiriira nagaa gaggeessuu irratti argamu

Ebla 2014 keessas Uummatni Magaala kanaa adda durummaan Master Plan wayyaaneen qopheessite dura kan dhaabbate yoommuu tahu FDG itti fufinsa qabu gaggeessuudhaan Mootummaa wayyaanee hundeedhaan akka buqqisuuf FDG itti fufanis hooggansi Qeerroo Magaala Aliiboo gabaasee jira.

http://qeerroo.org/2015/01/26/wallaggagodina-horroo-guduruu-aanaa-jaardagaa-jaartee-keessatti-fdg-humna-mootummaan-ol-tahe-dhohe/

Baha Oromiyaa Magaalaa Awwadaay Keessatti Filannoo Caamsaa Keessa Gaggeefamuuf Kadimamtoota Nama 7 Wayyaaneen Dhiheeffate Uummati Oromoo Diddaan Dura Dhaabate.

Gabaasa Qeerroo Amajjii 23,2015 Awadaay.

diddaa9Filannoo Caamsaatti gaggeeffamuuf kaadhimamtoota jechuun namoota Wayyaaneen dhiyeeffataa jirtu irratti mormiin uummataa mudate.

Sirni abbaa irree Wayyaanee karaa lukkeewwan isaa OPDO godina Harargee bahaa magaalaa Awwadaayitti wal gahii gaafa Amajjii 21,2015 uummataa fi miseensota OPDO walitti qabuun kaadhimamtoota filannoo caamsaatiif kaadhimaman jechuun uummatatti beeksisuuf walitti qabe irratti mormiin jabaan uummataa fi miseensota isaa irraa isa mudate. Akka odeessa Qeerroo Awwadaay irraa nu qaqqabetti miseensota OPDO dabalatee kaadhimamtoonni kanneen namoota badii uummata Oromoo irratti dalaganii fi amantii keenya sirnaa dhiisee amantii mootummaan barbaadu dirqamaan nu irratti fe’uuf waarreen deeman waan taheef gonkumaa bakka nu bu’uu hin dandahan jechuun wal gahii walitti qabame irratti lukkeewwan Wayyaanee qaaneessuun wal gahii bittimsuun, dhaadannoo nama ‘’bakka nuu bu’u u dandahu kan filatu uummata Oromooti malee qaama biraa nu hin barbaachisu’’ jechuun sagalee isaanii dhageessifataa akka turan gabaasni nu qaqqabe ibsa.

Kanneen kaadhimamtoota jechuun uummataaf dhiyaatanii mormiin isaan mudate keessaas; –

Sheek Qamaara, nama sirna dargii keessa bakka sagadaa uumataa fuudhee waajjira taasifachuun dargii tajaajilaa ture ammas sirna Wayyaanee tajaajilaa jiru.

  1.  Yuusuuf Qophee nama golgaa amantaan sirna Wayyaanee tajaajilaa jiru.
  2. Ahamad Haaruun nama amantii sirna Wayyaaneen gaggeeffamu leellisu.
  3. Muktaar Karroo nama waggoota kudha shanii duraa calqabee maqaa amantiin wayyaaneen walii galee hojjetu,
  4. Sheek Bakarii Imaam ,
  5. Mahaammad Aliyyii,
  6. Sheek Mahaammad Saalihaa kanneen

Jedhaman namoota miidhama uummata Oromoo irratti gama hundaan halkanii
guyyaa hojjetan waan taheef, balaaleffannaan uummata qofaan otoo hint a’iin miseensuma OPDO dabalatee mormiin jabaa akka isaan mudate gabaasin nu qaqqabe mirkaneessa.

http://qeerroo.org/2015/01/24/14800/

Uummatni Magaala Finfinnee Jiraatu Carraa Argateen Filannoo Dharaa Fashalsuudhaaf Duula Wayyaanee Irratti

Bahe!‏

Amajjii 25,2015 Gabaasa Qeerroo Finfinnee

9804_586148321520127_6529646606074484948_nGuyyaa har’aa jechuun Amajjii 25 Bara 2015 Waamicha Paartii mormaa Andinnet Uummata Magaala Finfinneedhaaf waamicha hiriira nagaa dabarsee booda Uummatni muraasni hiriira irratti wayita argamu; Mootummaan Wayyaanee garuu dhaadannoowwan dhageessifamaa jiran seera qabeessa miti jechuudhaan waraana hedduumminaan itti bobbaase. Wayita kanatti Uummatni magaala kana jiraatu waraana Mootummaa Wayyaanee Uummata hiriira nagaa bahetti duule dura dhaabbachuudhaan Fincila diddaa garbummaa gaggeessaa oolanii jiran. Uummatni rakkoo jireenyaa fi gidiraa mootummaan wayyaanee uummata irratti buusee jiru hadheeffachuun filannoon dharaas daran waanjoo garbummaa kana kan dabalu malee nageenya waaraa kan hin fidne tahuu ifaan dubbatanii jiran. Uummatni mana mana isaadhaa waraana wayyaaneetti bahuudhaan filannoo dharaan lammaffaa hin gowwoomnu jechuudhaan duula fincilaa godhee jira. Mootummaan wayyaanees haala kanaan kan baarage rakkoo uummata hidhaa fi reebuu hammeessus Uummatnis tarkaanfii walfakkaataa waraana wayyaanee irratti fudhachuudhaan Poolisootni hedduun madeeffamanii jiran. Paartiileen Mormitootaas filannoo dharaa fi abbaa irrummaan guutame kana keessaa akka of baasuu qaban Uummatni diddaa gaggeesse keessatti ifa godhee jira.
Addatti Uummatni Oromoo magaala Finfinnee keessa jiraatu hiriira irratti kan argaman osoo hin taane waraana Wayyaanee Uummata nagaa hiriirsuuf gadi bahe dura dhaabbachuun isaa Paartii Mormaa Andinnet haala olaanaadhaan ajaa’ibsiisee jira. Haala amma eegalame kanaan jabeeffamuudhaanis Mootummaan Wayyaanee hundeedhaan buqqa’uu akka qabuu fi Uummatnis daran diddaa isaa jabeessee akka itti fufu Jaarmayaan Qeerroo Bilisummaa waamicha isaa gadi jabeessee dabarsa.

http://qeerroo.org/2015/01/25/breaking-news-uummatni-magaala-finfinnee-jiraatu-carraa-argateen-filannoo-dharaa-fashalsuudhaaf-duula-wayyaanee-irratti-bahe%e2%80%8f/

Wallaggaa Aaanaa Jimmaa Horroo Keessatti Filatnoo Mootummaa Wayyaaneen Wal Qabatee FDG Ka’uun Barattooti Oromoo 6 Hidhaman Kaan Amma Illee Diddaa Itti Fufan

Odeessa Jimmaa Horroo – Amajii 15, 2015

OromoQeerroo 2015_4

OromoQeerroo 2015_1Dargaggoota godina Wallagaa aanaa Jimmaa Horroo keessatti argaman yeroo adda addaatti fincilli diddaa gabrummaa waan ka’aa tureef, kana malees humni WBOyeroo yeroon naannichatti waan sochii muldhataa muldhisuuf jecha dargaggoonni Oromoo diddaa sirna bulchiisa Wayyaanee waan qabaniif kaardiin filatnnoo Wayyaanee bara kanaa akka hin raabsamneefii murtiin darbe.
OromoQeerroo 2015_3
OromoQeerroo 2015_2
Dargaggoonni aanaa kanaa naamusa filannoo jeequuf warra qophaya jiran waan taheef jedhamee barattootas tahee dargaggoota hundaafuu kaardiin filannoo dhorkamuu Qeerroon gabaasaa jira. Akkasuma aanama kana keessa ganda Baabboo jedhamu keesstti dargaggootaan qarshii 3, 3 fidaa waraqaa eenyummaa baafadhaa isaan booda filannoof kaardii isiniif laanna jedhame tole jechuun dargaggoonni qarshii jedhame kana kennan, horiin isaan irraa fuudhames gara darbe dargaggoonni kaardiis fudhachuu hin dandeenye qarshii keenya deebisa Wayyaanee silaafuu hattuudha jechuudhaan daraggoonni Oromoo guyyaa kaleessaa FDG kaasanii jiru.
Haala kanaan namootni 6 dargaggoota kan qindeessu filannoon aka hin gaggeeffamneef dargaggoota ijaaraa kan jiraniidha jedhamuun ganda Baabboo irraa konkolaataa poolisiin galgala sa’a 12 booda waajjira poolisii aanichaatti
gaaffeman, namootni kun maqaan isaanii:
1. Mikaa’el Hirkisa-ogeessa fayyaa Looniiti
2. Nuuraddiin Muusaa-Daldalaa
3. Amad Horaa-Qonnaan Bulaa
4. Shaful Boshoraa-Barataa
5. Iddoosaa Raagaa-Qonnaan Bulaa
6. Shuumaa Lammeessaa-Qonnaan Bulaa
Namootni kun amma waajjira poolisii aanaa Jimmaa Horroo keessa jiru, maqaan ittiin yakkaman tokko namusa filannoo kan jeeqan, kana gochuufis uummata fi dargaggoota ijaarsa irratti kan argaman jedhamuun. Suuraaleen kun barattoota qabamanii fi loltoota sirncha muldhisa. Suurawwan barattoota ariyamanii kanneen nama 10

Filannoon Dharaa Mirgaa fi Bilisummaa Hin Fidu, Jechuun Daraggoonni Adaamaa Kardii Filannoo Lagatan.

Gabaasa Qeerroo Adaamaa,Amajjii 16,2015

Qeerroo vivaFilannoon baranaa uleedhan fudhatamuuf jira jedhu jiraattonni magaalaa Adaamaa fi naannawa ishee tokko tokko akkuma beekkamu filannoo bara kana adeemsifamuuf mootummaan Wayyaanee lafa jala yaalii akka hin moo’amneef olola garagaraa magaalaa hanga baadiyyaatti taasisaa jira.

Yeroo kana immoo ummanni kaardii filannoo akka fudhatuuf dirqamaan mana manarra deemee fudhachiisaa jira achumaan duula na filadhaa jedhus taasisaa jira.Sababuma kanaan dargagootni naannawa magaala Adaamaa kaardiin keessan mirga ykn bilisummaa nuuf hin fidu kaardii kijibaa hin fudhannu jechuun didan ,ergamtoonni mootummaa wayyaanes dargaggoota kaardii fudhachuu didan isin ilaalcha addaa qabdu jechuun ganda keessatti doorsisaa sodaachisaa akka ummanni kaardii dirqiin fudhatu taasisaa jiratan illee dargaggoonni lagataa jiraachuu Qeerroo gabaase. Ummannis sodaachisuu fi doorisaan kaardii mootummaan nutti hiru mirga dimokoraasii fi bilisummaa sabaa waliin waan wal hin ilaalleef gochaa abbaa irrummaa kana dura ni dhaabbatna jedhanii jiru.

http://qeerroo.org/2015/01/16/filannoon-dharaa-mirgaa-fi-bilisummaa-hin-fidu-jechuun-daraggoonni-adaamaa-kardii-filannoo-lagatan/

Uummanni Oromoo Godina Shaggar Kaabaa, Naannoo Garba Gurraachaa Jiraatan Sababaa Saamicha Lafti Qonnaan Bultootaa Irraan Kan Ka’e Walgayii Wayyaanee Lagatan!‏

Gabaasa Qeerroo Shaggar Kaabaa, Amajjii 8,2015

diddaa9Shaggar gara kaabaa, aanaa Garba Gurraachaa irraa gabaasi Qeerroo akka ibsutti Amajjii gaafa 5 mootummaan Wayyaanee dhimma misooma guddina biyyaa jedhuu fi gumaacha hidhaa laga Abbaayiif hojjetoota isaa garagaraa uummata waliin magaala Garba Gurraachaa irratti walitti qabuun uummataa fi hojjetoota mariisisuuf sagantaa qabatee ture, akka walii galaatti uummatas tahe hojjetaan akka yaada mootummaatti uummata jiraattotni aanaa kana keessa jiraatu walgayii kana irratti hirmaatee akeeka mootummaa galmaan gahuuf dhibbaan namootni akka bobbahan ture, sammuu uummataa keessaa kan hin baanee fi hanga ammaatti uummanni akka Shaggar  kaabaatti qabatee jiru leenjii barattootni yeroo gannaa walgayii mootummaan EPRDF teesisaa ture irratti gaaffii dhimma qotee bulaan lafa isaa irraa ariyamee, lafti qote bulaa mootummaadhaan saamamee gurguramaa ture irratti gaaffii uummata bakka bu’anii gaafataa turan irratti mootummaa biraa deebiin waan hin kennamin hafeef, akkasuma mootummaan Wayyaanee miidhaan ilmaan Oromoo irraan gahaa jiru ilaalchisee uummanni Oromoo quuqaa garaa isaa keessa jiru baafatee himachuuf carraa kan hin argatne tahuu ibsanii jiru.

Haala kanaan mootummaan Wayyaanee ammoo dhimma maqaa misoomaan uummata walitti qabuu fi hidhaa laga abbaayiif uummata irraa qarshii sassaabu kun uummata Oromoo jiraattoota aanaa kana keessa jiraatu biratti gocha saaminsa bifa isaa jijjiirratee fi tooftaa sirni gabroonfataa kun itti fufiinsaaf karaa mijeeffachaa jiru tahuu isaa waan hubateef mootummaan wayyaanee dursee walgayii kana ajajuu isaan dursa guyyaa tokkoo waan taheef uummanni aanaa kana keessa jiraatu dhaamsa waliif dhaamuudhaan hojjetan mootummaa uummata Oromoo waliin tahuun walgahii EPRDF Wayyaanee yaame lagatanii jiru.

Amajjii 5,2015  irratti namoota 15n hin caalleen hirmaatame, isaan kunis gaaffii uummataa kaasan, gama tokkoon mootummaan uummata miidha, uummata hidhaa, ajjeesaa akkamiin uummanni mootummaadhaaf ajajamaa, lafti Oromoo gurgumee dhumeera, lubbuu baayees dhimma lafa Oromiyaatiif dhabneerra, kan jedhan kanneen qaamuma mootummaa godina kanaa tahuu odeessaan nu gahe addeessa.

Tuttuqaan Wayyaanee uummata Oromoo gamteessaa jira, akka gabaasa Qeerrootti  mootummaadhaan ajajamuu keenyaan dura mootummaan dura gaaffiwwan hunda ilmaan oromoo hunda irraa ka’aa jiru kallattii adda addaan kanaan dura ka’e karaa miidiyaatiin deebii haqaa akka kennu, ammas taanaan fuula durattis mootummaa hojii gara jabeessaan uummata keenya irratti raawwataa jiru hin beeknu, gocha isaa darbaniifiyyuu itti gaafatamuu qaba, jedhanii namootni walgayii kana irratti argamanis uummata aanichaa bakka bu’anii dubbatanii akka jiran odeessan qeerroo ibsa.

http://qeerroo.org/2015/01/07/uummanni-oromoo-godina-shaggar-kaabaa-naannoo-garba-gurraachaa-jiraatan-sababaa-saamicha-lafti-qonnaan-bultootaa-irraan-kan-kae-walgayii-wayyaanee-lagatan%e2%80%8f/

Godinaalee Oromiyaa Garagaraa Keessatti Uummanni Ajaja Wayyaanee Lagachuu fi Fesheleessuu Eegale‏

Gabaasa Qeerroo  Amajjii 5,2015

diddaa9Godinaalee Oromiyaa garagaraa keessatti ayyaanni jijjiirraa bara haarawaa fi guyyaan WBO Amajjii 1/2015 haalaan kabajamee jira. Gabaasoti Qeerroo kallattii Oromiyaa gara garaa irraa kan dhaamamaa jiru akka ibsutti.  Waggaan haaraa Amajjii 1 fi guyyaa WBOn  uummata Oromoo birattis kan durii caalmaadhaan beekamee barattootaan, hojjetootaan, qonnaan bulaadhaan, caasaa opdo keessaallee uummata Oromoo waliin kan hiriiraniin haala hoo’aadhaan kabajamee darbe.

Walumaa gala kabajaan guyyaa kanaa bara kana mootummaa Wayyaane biratti mufii fi aariin bakkoota gara garaatti humnoota tikaa bobbaasuun yerootti uumata adamsaa turan muldhata. Wayyaaneen uummatni Oromoo duukkaa akka hin jirre yeroo hubatee naasuu guddaadhaan guutameedha yeroon kun, Oromiyaa godinaa hanga gandaatti kan mul’atus ijoolleedhaa hanga abbootii Oromootti Wayyaaneen galafaataa, gabroonfataa, ajjeesaa tahuu isaa caasaa mootummaatti ifaa ifatti yeroo itti baasanii dubbatanii fi waajjiraalee, manneen barnootaa, buufata fayyaa, bulchiinsa magaalota garagaraa fi naannoolee isaanitti barruulee mootummaa Wayyaanee abaaruu fi dhaadannoolee uummata Oromoo jajjabeessuutu mul’ata, kunis caasadhuma OPDO keessaa qabaniin kufaatii mootummaa Wayyaaneef warra yaadda’an irraa gara mootummaatti gabaasa tahu irraa Wayyaaneen waan dhagayuuf haala uummata Oromoo yeroo ammaa irra jiru ilaalchisuun keessattuu ayyaanni guyyaa WBO kan miillanaa kun uummata Oromoo biratti haalaan beekamee waan jiruuf akkuma beekames kabajamuun isaa ifatti waan mul’ataadha. kanumaan wal qabsiisuudhaan:-
Godina wallagga lixaa, Gimbii, Najjoo, Dambi Doolloo, Anfilloo, Jimmaa Horroo, Aayira Gullisoo, fi buufata manneen barnootaa keessatti caasaa OPDO  irraas amantaa waan dhabeef, humna waraana isaa keessaa kanneen sabaan Oromoo hin taane filee gara kanatti erguuf karoora keessa galchee jira jechuun odeessaan qaama mootummaa keessaa bahe nu gahaa jira. naannolee kanatti guddaa kan shakkee jiru yeroodhaa yerootti kan gabaafamaa ture uummanni ilaalcha ABOn dhugamee, ajaja ABOtiin socho’aa jira malee mootummaadhaan miti, fincilli ka’uun dura caasaa OPDO irraa abdiin waan hin jirreef humnuma waraana isaa keessayyuu kan sabaan Oromoo hin taanetti fayamuuf akka jiru qophii mootummaa Wayyaanee gama kanaan dursee odeessaan ibsa.

http://qeerroo.org/2015/01/06/godinaalee-oromiyaa-garagaraa-keessatti-uummanni-ajaja-wayyaanee-lagachuu-fi-fesheleessuu-eegale%e2%80%8f/

For 2014 reports on   Oromians  Protests click and read @

https://oromianeconomist.wordpress.com/2014/12/25/ethiopias-new-master-plan-of-ethnic-cleansing-against-the-oromo-in-the-name-of-development-expansion-of-finfinnee-addis-ababa/

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Irreecha Birraa (Malkaa) 2015: The Oromo National And Cultural Holiday, Oromians Celebrated the Blessing Festival in Oromia and all over the Globe. Over 6 Million Celebrated At Hora Harsadi. Lammiin Oromoo Milyoona Jaha Ol Ta’an Hora Harsaditti Waliin Irreeffatan. November 18, 2015

Posted by OromianEconomist in Culture, Development & Change, Humanity and Social Civilization, Irreecha, Irreessa, Khemetic Africa's culture, Oromia, Oromiyaa, Oromo Culture, Oromummaa, Thanksgiving.
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An Amusing Historical picture Captured in 1903 showing Irreechaa celebration at Lake Hora, Bishoftu town of Oromia

Ayyaanni Irreecha Malkaa  Bara 6409 (ALO) kan Hora Harsadi (Bishoftuu) baka Oromoon miliyoona 6 ool irratti argamanii irreeffatanitti Onkoloolessa 4  kabajamee oole. Itti dabaleesi  irreeffannaa Malkaa Ateetee, Gafarsa, Magaalaa Buraayyuu gaafa Onkoloolessa 11 bara 2015 haala o’aan bakka Oromoo milyoona hedduun argamanitti ayyaaneffatame. Haaluma wal fakkatuun Odaa Bulluqii fi Malkaa sabbataatti umman Oromoo irreeffatanii oolani.  Malkaa Awaas fi Onkoloollessa 18 baraa 2015   Malkaa Booyyee (Jimmatti) haala o’aa fi bareedan irreefftame. Naqamte, Haroo Adiiyaatttis Sadaasa 8 bara 2015 haala gaariin irreeffatame.

Akka sadarkaa biyyoolessatti kan kabajame Irreecha Malkaa Hora Arsadii booda Oromiyaa godina adda addaa keessatti ayyaan Irreechaa (Irreessaa) kabajamaa ture, isaan keessaa Malkaa Ateetee, Bokkuu Cittuu, Malkaa Hawaas, Hora Haadhoo, Karrayyuu, Naqamte, Odaa Bisli, Jimma, Haroo Maayaa fi Goonde yoo ta’u Sadaasa 15 bara 2015 immoo Aanaa Midaaqeny keessatti Wiirtuu Aadaa fi dhuggeeffata Oromo kan Galma Calalaqiitti  bakka irreeffattoonni milyoona tokko ol irreeffatanitti sirna ho’aan kabajamee ooleera.  https://oromianeconomist.wordpress.com/2015/11/18/oromia-midaaqanyi-irreecha-birraa-2015-aanaa-midaaqanyiitti-ayyaanni-irreechaatiifi-sirna-gadaa-oromoo-jabeessu-kabajamee-ooleera/

Jilli UNesco Ayyaana irreecha Malkaa Hora Harsadii kan Bara 2015 irratti argamee odeeffannasi godhe.

Millions of Oromians, and visitors from around the world, converged in Bishoftu, Oromia, by Hora Arsadi (Lake Arsadi) on 4th October 2015, to celebrate this year’s Irreecha Birraa (‘Oromo Thanksgiving’) Festival, which is the largest such public event in Africa. Millions celebrated at Malkaa ateetee, Gafarsaa, Buraayyuu, at Odaa Bulluq (Horroo Guduruu) and Malkaa Sabbataa,  Oromia on 11th October 2015. The celebrations of Irreecha Birraa at Malkaa Hawaas (Awash valley, in the cradle of  humanity) and  0n 18th October 2015 at Malkaa Boyyee in Jimma (Western Oromia, the birth place of Coffee (Buna) was joyful and colorful with massive attendance.  In similar situation Irreecha Malkaa celebrated in Naqamtee city at Haroo Adiiyaa on 8th November 2015.

Irreecha Birraa( Malkaa) Oromo celebrated in Midaaqanyi (Central Oromia) on 15 November 2015. Over one million people in attendance.

UNesco representative  attended the festival at Hora Harsadi, Bishoftuu, Oromia.

Irreecha Birraa 2015, the Oromo National And Cultural Holiday, Oromians Celebratied the Blessing Festival in Oromia and all over the Globe

Hora

Irreecha Malkaa Oromoo kan Bara 2015 Hora Harsadi, Bishoftuu, Oromia, Africa. Onkoloolessa 4, 2015 (6409 ALO)Oromia and the continuitity its Nile Valley Civilization, Irreecha Malkaa 2015 ( 6409 years since started on upper Nile (Mormore) Valley)Oromia and the continuity its Nile Valley Civilization, Irreecha Malkaa 2015 ( 6409 years since started on upper Nile (Mormore) Valley)Oromo, Irreecha Malkaa Oromoo 2015 @Hora Harsadi, Bishoftuu, OromiaIrreecha Malkaa 2015 @Hora Harsadii, Oromians from Finfinnee attendingIrreecha Malkaa Oromoo kan Bara 2015 Hora Harsadi, Bishoftuu, Oromia, Africa. Onkoloolessa 4, 2015 (6409 ALO)1Millions of Oromos, and visitors from around the world, converged in Bishoftu, Oromia, by Hora Arsadi (Lake Arsadi), to celebrate this year Irreecha Birraa Oromo Festival, which is the largest such public event in Africa.

Irreecha Birraa 2015 @Malkaa Ateetee, Buraayyuu, Oromia, 11 October 2015 picture1 Irreecha Birraa 2015 @Malkaa Ateetee, Buraayyuu, Oromia, 11 October 2015 picture2Irreecha Birraa 2015 @Malkaa Ateetee, Buraayyuu, Oromia, 11 October 2015 picture4Irreecha Birraa 2015 @Malkaa Ateetee, Buraayyuu, Oromia, 11 October 2015 picture5Irreecha Birraa 2015 @Malkaa Ateetee, Buraayyuu, Oromia, 11 October 2015 picture3 Irreecha Birraa 2015 @Malkaa Ateetee, Buraayyuu, Oromia, 11 October 2015 Irreecha Malkaa (Birraa) 2015 Kan Malkaa Ateetee, Buraayyuu, Oromia. Onkoloolessa (October 2015)3Irreecha Malkaa (Birraa) 2015 Kan Malkaa Ateetee, Buraayyuu, Oromia. Onkoloolessa (October 2015)Irreecha Malkaa 2015 @Malkaa Ateetee, Gafarsaa, Buraayyuu, Oromia. 11 October 2015Irreecha Malkaa 2015 @Malkaa Ateetee, Gafarsaa, Buraayyuu, Oromia. 11 October 2015 picture1Irreecha Malkaa 2015 @Malkaa Ateetee, Gafarsaa, Buraayyuu, Oromia. 11 October 2015 picture2Irreecha Malkaa 2015 @Malkaa Ateetee, Gafarsaa, Buraayyuu, Oromia. 11 October 2015 picture3Irreecha Malkaa 2015 @Malkaa Ateetee, Gafarsaa, Buraayyuu, Oromia. 11 October 2015 picture3

Irreecha Malkaa 2015 @Malkaa Ateetee, Gafarsaa, Buraayyuu, Oromia. 11 October 2015 picture4Irreecha Malkaa 2015 @Malkaa Ateetee, Gafarsaa, Buraayyuu, Oromia. 11 October 2015 picture5Irreecha Malkaa 2015 @Malkaa Ateetee, Gafarsaa, Buraayyuu, Oromia. 11 October 2015 picture6Irreecha Malkaa 2015 @Malkaa Ateetee, Gafarsaa, Buraayyuu, Oromia. 11 October 2015 picture7Irreecha Malkaa 2015 @Malkaa Ateetee, Gafarsaa, Buraayyuu, Oromia. 11 October 2015 picture9

Irreecha Malkaa 2015 @Malkaa Ateetee, Gafarsaa, Buraayyuu, Oromia. 11 October 2015 picture10Irreecha Malkaa 2015 @Malkaa Ateetee, Gafarsaa, Buraayyuu, Oromia. 11 October 2015 picture11Irreecha Malkaa 2015 @Malkaa Ateetee, Gafarsaa, Buraayyuu, Oromia. 11 October 2015 picture12Irreecha Malkaa 2015 @Malkaa Ateetee, Gafarsaa, Buraayyuu, Oromia. 11 October 2015 picture13Irreecha Malkaa 2015 @Malkaa Ateetee, Gafarsaa, Buraayyuu, Oromia. 11 October 2015 picture14Irreecha Malkaa 2015 @Malkaa Ateetee, Gafarsaa, Buraayyuu, Oromia. 11 October 2015 picture15Irreecha Malkaa 2015 @Malkaa Ateetee, Gafarsaa, Buraayyuu, Oromia. 11 October 2015 picture16Irreecha Malkaa Ateetee, Buraayyuu Oromia, October 11, 2015 picture 1Irreecha Malkaa 2015 @Malkaa Ateetee, Gafarsaa, Buraayyuu, Oromia. 11 October 2015 picture17Irreecha Malkaa 2015 @Malkaa Ateetee, Gafarsaa, Buraayyuu, Oromia. 11 October 2015 picture18Irreecha Malkaa 2015 @Malkaa Ateetee, Gafarsaa, Buraayyuu, Oromia. 11 October 2015 picture19

Irreecha Malkaa Sabbataa, 11 October 2015

Irreecha Malkaa 2015 @Malkaa Sabbataa, Oromia. 11 October 2015 picture 2

Irreecha Malkaa Sabbataa, 11 October 2015

Irreecha Malkaa 2015 @Malkaa Booyyee, Jimmaa, Oromia, 18th October 2015 picture5Irreecha Malkaa 2015 @Malkaa Booyyee, Jimmaa, Oromia, 18th October 2015 picture2Irreecha Malkaa 2015 @Malkaa Booyyee, Jimmaa, Oromia, 18th October 2015 picture3Irreecha Malkaa 2015 @Malkaa Booyyee, Jimmaa, Oromia, 18th October 2015 picture4

Irreecha Malkaa Booyyee, Jimma (Oromia),  18 October 2015

Irreecha Birraa (Malkaa) Oromoo kan bara 2015, Haroo Adiiyaa, magaalaa Naqamtee sadaasa 8, 2015 picture10

Irreecha Birraa (Malkaa) Oromoo kan bara 2015, Haroo Adiiyaa, magaalaa Naqamtee sadaasa 8, 2015

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Waaqeffattoota galma naqamtee irreessa birraa yoo irreeffatan, Sadaasa 8 bara 2015Waaqeffattoota galma naqamtee irreessa birraa yoo irreeffatan, Sadaasa 8 bara 2015, pcture1Waaqeffattoota galma naqamtee irreessa birraa yoo irreeffatan, Sadaasa 8 bara 2015, pcture2

Irreecha Birraa (Malkaa) Oromoo kan bara 2015, Haroo Adiiyaa, magaalaa Naqamtee sadaasa 8, 2015 picture9Irreecha Birraa (Malkaa) Oromoo kan bara 2015, Haroo Adiiyaa, magaalaa Naqamtee sadaasa 8, 2015 picture8Irreecha Birraa (Malkaa) Oromoo kan bara 2015, Haroo Adiiyaa, magaalaa Naqamtee sadaasa 8, 2015 picture6Irreecha Birraa (Malkaa) Oromoo kan bara 2015, Haroo Adiiyaa, magaalaa Naqamtee sadaasa 8, 2015 picture5Irreecha Birraa (Malkaa) Oromoo kan bara 2015, Haroo Adiiyaa, magaalaa Naqamtee sadaasa 8, 2015 picture4Irreecha Birraa (Malkaa) Oromoo kan bara 2015, Haroo Adiiyaa, magaalaa Naqamtee sadaasa 8, 2015 picture3Irreecha Birraa (Malkaa) Oromoo kan bara 2015, Haroo Adiiyaa, magaalaa Naqamtee sadaasa 8, 2015 picture2Irreecha Birraa (Malkaa) Oromoo kan bara 2015, Haroo Adiiyaa, magaalaa Naqamtee sadaasa 8, 2015 picture1

Irreecha Birraa (Malkaa) Oromoo kan bara 2015, Haroo Adiiyaa, magaalaa Naqamtee sadaasa 8, 2015

 

//static.doubleclick.net/instream/ad_status.js//www.google.com/js/bg/94YIzvPPuszyD69ykV0p0Ajqm3AR4EudClm7EM2etWI.jsIRREESSA MALKAA QOFFEE, MEKI – YouTube// //

Colors of Oromummaa @ Irreecha Through Raayyaa Studio’s Lens | 20 Stunning Photos from the ‘Oromo Thanksgiving’ Festival at Bishoftu, Oromia.

http://finfinnetribune.com/Gadaa/2015/10/colors-of-oromummaa-irreecha-through-raayyaa-studios-lens-20-stunning-photos-from-the-oromo-thanksgiving-festival-at-bishoftu-oromia/

http://https://vimeo.com/141545022

http://https://vimeo.com/141459147

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/10/omn-london-oduu-onkololeessa-4-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/10/ayyaanni-irreechaa-malkaa-ateeteetti-haala-hoaan-kabajame/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/10/ayyaanni-irreechaa-malkaa-ateeteetti-haala-hoaan-kabajame/

http://qeerroo.org/2015/10/05/onkolooleessa-42015-ayyaanni-irreechaa-bara-2015-hora-arsadeetti-uummataa-oromoo-miliyoonotaan-irratti-argamuun-kabajate-diddaa-sirna-abbaa-irree-wayyaaneef-qabu-dhageesisuun-dirree-qabsoo-bilisumma/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/10/omn-london-oduu-onkololeessa-11-2015/

http://qeerroo.org/2015/10/12/abo-nuu-wayyaa-nuufoo-irreecha-buraayyuu-malkaa-ateetee-part-2-onk-112015-diddaa-qeerroo-bilisummaa/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/10/aadeeffannaa-maalummaa-irreechaa-fi-sirna-kabaja-ayyaana-irreechaa-melborneawustiraaliyaa/

IrreechaBirraa2015OromoThanksgiving11

Irreecha Malkaa Oromoo kan Bara 2015 (6409 ALO) Onkoloolessa 4, Hora Harsadi. picture2Irreecha Malkaa Oromoo kan Bara 2015 (6409 ALO) Onkoloolessa 4Irreecha Birraa Oromo Hora Harsadii, Onkoloolessa 4, Bara 2015Irreecha Birraa Oromo Hora Harsadii, Onkoloolessa 4, Bara 2015 picture2Irreecha Birraa Oromo Hora Harsadii, Onkoloolessa 4, Bara 2015 picture3IrreechaBirraa2015OromoThanksgiving4

Irreecha Birraa (Malkaa Hora Harsadi, Bishoftuu Oromia, Africa on 4th October 2015 (6409 in Oromo calendar)Irreecha Birraa (Malkaa Hora Harsadi, Bishoftuu Oromia, Africa on 4th October 2015 (6409 in Oromo calendar)1Irreecha Malkaa Oromoo kan Bara 2015 (6409 ALO) Onkoloolessa 4, WaaqeffatootaIrreechaBirraa2015OromoThanksgiving2

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Irreecha Malkaa Oromoo kan Bara 2015 (6409 ALO) Onkoloolessa 4, Hora Harsadi. picture3IrreechaBirraa2015OromoThanksgiving15

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Irreecha Malkaa Oromoo kan Bara 2015 (6409 ALO) Onkoloolessa 4, Hora Harsadi. picture1Irreecha Malkaa Oromoo kan Bara 2015 (6409 ALO) Onkoloolessa 4, Hora Harsadi.IrreechaBirraa2015OromoThanksgiving6

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Irreecha: Waltajjii miliyoononni akka tokkotti itti mul’atan

Torban darbe keessa Magaalaan Bishooftuu akka nama guyyaan cidha isaa/ishee itti ga’ee ko’amattee turte. Sababni isaas guyyaan addaa Oromoon hawwii guddaan eeggatuufi bakka guddaa kennuuf Irreechi Malkaa waan kabajamuufi. Irreechi Malkaa, Horaa Harsadeetti bifa miidhagaa ta’een kabajamu kun yeroo maraa Masqalli ba’ee Dilbata itti aanuu bakka Oromoon bakka addaddaa irraa dhufee walitti qabame kan kabajatudha. Bishooftuunis ayyaan guddaa kana kabachuuf egaa jala bultii irraa kaastee kan ko’ammatte. Egzibishiniifi baazaariin, konsariiwwan muuziqaa, agarsiifni aadaa, mariin paanaaliifi wantoonni ayyaanicha miidhagsan addaddaa kan gaggeeffamaa turanis torbanuma darbe keessa ture.

Magaalattiinis poostariiwwaniifi barreeffamoota garagaraa waa’ee ayyaanichaa ibsaniin iftee jirti. Akkasuma, hoteeliinnii, manneen ciisichaafi bakkeewwan ummataaf tajaajila kennan sirboota Afaan Oromoo sagalee guddaadhaan banuun keessummoota isaanii “anaa haa dhufu” jechuun simataniiru. Qophiin haala kanaan miidhagee adeemsifame kunis xumura isaa kan argatu Dilbata ture. Gaafsis ilmaan Oromoo bakka addaddaadhaa dhufan aadaafi faayaa Oromootiin miidhaganii, harkatti marga jidhaafi keelloo qabatanii, sirba aadaa sirbaa ture kan gara Hora Arsadeetti imalan. Ilmaan Oromoo malees namoonni biyya keessaafi alaa ayyaana miidhagaa kana ilaaluuf dhufaniiru. Irreecha baranaa kan adda godhu wayita ayyaanicha UNESCOtti galmeesisuuf hojiin % 80 xumurametti kan kabajamu ta’uu isaati. Kanaaf ture waamicha Biiroon Aadaafi Turizimii Oromiyaa namoonni ayyaanicha kabajan bifa nagaan akkasumas, aadaafi eenyummaa isaanii ibsuun akka kabajaniif taasise fudhachuun eenyuuyyu caalaa ilmaan Oromoo haala bareedaa ta’een kabajatanii kan dabarsan. Ayyaanichaan dura namoonni miliyoona afur ta’an Irreecharratti ni argamu jedhamee kan tilmaame yoo ta’u, tilmaamani ayyaanichaa boodaa garuu lakkoofsi sirrii eeramuu baatuus isa jedhameen ol ta’uun isaa dubbatameera. Irreeffattoonni haala irranatti eeramaeen gara Hora Arsadee bu’an, rakoo nageenyaafi tasagabbii tokko malee guyyaa hawwiidhaan eeggataa turan kana miira tokkoon kabajuun ayyaaneeffataniiru.

Ani ayyaana Irreechaa irratti waggoota walitti aanan sagaliif kaniin hirmaadhe yoo ta’u, haalli kabaja isaa yeroodhaa gara yeootti miidhagaa, lakkoofsi hirmaattootaa dabalaafi waltajjii agarsiisa aadaa akkasumas, eenyummaa ta’uu isaadha kaniin taajjabe. Dargaggoonniifi shamarran uffata aadaa godinaalee Oromiyaa hundaa bifa ammayyaafi aadaatiin uffatanii, faayaawwaniin miidhaganii, marga jidhaa qabatanii laga bu’anii erga irreeffataniin booda sirba aadaadhaan dhiichisaa, nyaata aadaa nyaatafi wantoota bashannanaa garagaraatiin rakkoo tokko malee kabajatanii yommuu galanis argeera. Keessumaa barana, baayyachuu namaatiin waldhiibboofi ho’a uumamuu dandamachuun miliyoonoonni akka tokkotti yommuu Irreecha kabajatan arguu caalaa waan nama gammachiisu hinjiru. Inni biraan ayyaanicha adda godhu misiroonni 25 abbootii Gadaatiin eebbifamanii cidha isaanii raawwatachuu isaaniiti. Waliigala taateewwan irreecharratti mul’ataniifi tokkummaan ummatichaa  Irreechi UNESCO irratti akka galmaa’uuf kan gumaachuu ta’uu isaatiin kan dinqisafamudha.  Ayyaanicharratti argamuun haasawaa kan taasisan Hogganaan BATO Obbo Geetuu Wayyeessaa akka jedhanitti, Irreechi galmee addunyaarratti akka galma’uuf haayyoota biyya keessaafi alaa affeerun qorannoon galmee kanaaf gargaaru taasifamaa jira.

Ministeerri Aadaafi Turiziimii Ayyaanni Irreechaa galmee addunyaarratti akka galma’uuf Barreessaa Ol’aanaa UNESCO, Hora Aarsadeefi magaalaa Bishooftuu daawwachisaani jiraachuu Ministirri ministeerichaa duraanii Obbo Amin Abdulqaadir dubbataniiru.  Af-yaa’iin Mana marii Bakka bu’oota uummata Obbo Abbaa dulaa Gammada ummanni hojii irratti boba’ee jiru hundarratti kutannoon hojjechuu akka qaban dhaamaniiru.  Waliigala ayyaanni Irreecha baranaa haala yaadameen kabajamuun isaa naamusa ummanni Oromoo qabu kan agarsiisu ta’uurra darbee jaalalaafi kabajaa inni aadaa isaf qabu kan calaqqisuu ta’uu isaatiin jajjabeeffamuu qaba jenna.

Saamraawiit Girmaatiin,

http://www.ethpress.gov.et/bariisaa/index.php/art-culture/item/672-irreecha-waltajjii-miliyoononni-akka-tokkotti-itti-mul-atan

Baga Booqaa Birraa Ittiin Isin Gahe! Happy Irreecha Birraa, the blessing Oromo Thanksgiving Season 2015 (6409 in Oromo Calendar).

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/09/omn-london-oduu-fulbaana-26-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/09/omn-london-oduu-fulbaana-27-2015/

 

Irreecha Naannawa Waashingten DCtti

Irecha

http://www.voaafaanoromoo.com/content/article/2984465.html

Irreechi Ayyaana Galfannaa Oromoo waggaa waggaatti, xumura gannaa fi itti gala Birraatti ayyaaneffafu. Ayyaanni kun, yeroo ammaa, Oromoo biyyoota alaa jiraatan dabalatee  Uummata Oromoo keessatti bakka adda addaatti kan ayyaaneffamu yoo tahu ayyaaneffannaan inni guddaan Dilbata dhufu kana, magaalaa Bishooftuu ka jiru Hara Arsadii irratti ayyaaneffamu. Biyyoota alaa tii garuu, torban dabre kana jalqabe. Dilbata dabre, gaafa Fuulbaana 27 Oromoonni Waashington DC fi naannawa ishee jiraatan kan handaara Waashington, kutaa Maryland keessa jiru Hara Artimesia jedhamutti  ayyaaneffatan.

Irreechaa, Hara Artemesia irratti ayyaaneffame irratti, ijoollee xixiqqoo dhaa jalqabee haga maanguddootaatti Oromoota hedduu tu argame. Marti isaanii jechuun ni danda’ama, uffataa fi faayaa aadaa Oromootiin of kuulanii, abaaboo fakkaatanii turan. Yeroo gara malkaatti yaa’an, wallee ani dura isin dhageessise sana faa wallisaa turan. Eega malkaa irra ga’anii booda, maanguddoonni akka aadaatti  “as keessaa namni walitti gadde yokaan mufate yoo jiraate, otuu hin irreeffatiin dura waliif dhiisaa” jedhanii gaafatan.  Achii booda, dhiiraa fi dubartiin wal-harkaa fuudhaan, galataa fi kadhannaan, abaaboo bishaanitti cuubanii  irreefftaa turan.

Guutummaa isaa dhaggeeffadhaa

http://www.voaafaanoromoo.com/content/article/2984465.html

Report: Irreecha in Amsterdam, The Netherlands | Hora Gaasperplas | ‘Oromo Thanksgiving’ | Onk./Oct. 3, 2015

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/10/aadeeffannaa-irreechaa-hora-gaasperplasdamamsterdam-kan-bara-2015-kutaa-2ffaa/

 Onkoloolessa/October 5, 2015 · Finfinne Tribune | Gadaa.com

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Irreecha_Gaasperplas_Netherlands20152

Irreessi IrreedhaCredit: Girma GemedaCredited: Girma Gemeda

Celebration of Irreecha Oromoo 2014 (6408 according to Oromo Calendar). 5th October 2014, Horaa Harsadii, Bishoftu, Oromia. Suura1Irreechaa Arfaasaa 2015 (17)Irreecha Oromo 2014 Hora Harsadii, Oromia 4Irreecha Oromo 2014 Malkaa Ateetee, Buraayyuu, Oromia

Tumsa ykn Yaadannoo Irreecha (Irreessa) Bara 2015 Cinaa (Bukkee) Hora Arsadiitti Geggeessamu

Tumsa ykn Yaadannoo Irreecha (Irreessa) Bara 2015 Cinaa (Bukkee) Hora Arsadiitti Geggeessamu1

Irreecha birraa 2015 ilaalchisee ibsa Gumii Waaqeffannaa irraa kenname: Baga Ayyaana Irreecha Birraa Bara 2015 Isin Gahe

Gumii Waaqeffannaa

Baga Ayyaana Irreecha Birraa Bara 2015 Isin Gahe

Irreecha birraa 2015 ilaalchisee ibsa Gumii Waaqeffannaa irraa kenname

Waaqa
Akka amantii Waaqeffannaatti, Waaqni uumaa waa maraati. Uumama qoollo kana keessa jiraatu kanneen lubbu qabeeyyii fi maleeyyii ta’an hunda kan uumee fi tiksee kan jiraachisu Waaqa dha.

Waaqni fulla’aa beelii-belel. Hin dhalu, hin dhalchu, kan hin dulloomnee fi hin duune jiraataa bara baraati. Hiriyaa fi morkataa kan hin qabne ta’uutti amanna. Waaqeffannaan amantii Waaqa tokkichatti buluu fi amanuudha. Akka amantii kanaatti Waaqni waan hunda kan uumee fi madda jireenyaa ta’uu dhugeeffanna. Waaqeffannaan amantii waggoota 6000 oli turee fi osoo amantiiwwan kanneen akka Kiristaanaa fi Isilaamaa gara gaanfa Afrikaa hin seeniin dura kan ture, amantii ummata Kuush isa duraa fi hundee amantiiwwan maraati.

Waaqeffatoonni seera uumaa fi uumman qajeelfamuu. Kabaja Waaqaf, jaalala uumamaf qabaachuu, dubbii hamaa fi cubbuu irraa fagaachuu fi lagachuun hundee amantichaati. Kana bu’uura godhachuun kaayyoon amantii Waaqeffannaa Safuu, Laguu, Hooda, Seeda, Aadaa fi Duudhaa Oromoo fi warra Kuush eeguu , kunuunsuu fi guddisuu irratti hojjechuudha. Gama biraan hordoftoonni Waaqeffannaa amantii fi aadaa saba biraaf kabajaa qabaachuu, elaa fi elaameen waliin hojjechuu qaban. Sirna Waaqeffannaa keesssatti, sabni Oromoo uuumaa isaatif Irreessa galchuun iddoo guddaa kennaaf. Kanaafu aadaa ummata Oromoo keessaa inni mul’ataa fi guddaan kabaja ayyaana Irreesaati. Amantii fi Aadaan waan hedduun walkeessa jira ykn walitti hidhataadha. Sabni ykn biyyi hundi amantii hordofuu fi aadaa jabeeffatu qaba. Kanneen lamaan akkaataa wal hin faallesiineen ittiin jiraatan. ” Sabni aadaa hin qabne garbicha” jedha, hayyuun argaa-dhageettii obbo Dabbasaa Guyyoo. Akkas jechuun sabni akka sabaatti bilisa ta’ee jiraatu aadaa saba biraa irraa waan adda isa godhu qaba. Yoo bilisa hin taane garuu, kan ofii gatuun aadaa warra isa gabroofateen liqimfama jechuudha.

Egaa ayyaanni irreechaa, kaleessa ykn waggoota digdamman darban keessa kan uumame osoo hin taane, amantii Waaqeffannaa waliin kan ture, aadaa Oromoon Waaqaa fi Uumaa isaa kan ittiin galateeffatuu fi isa fuulduraaf immoo kan itti kadhatudha. Ayyaanni Irreessaa akka duudhaa ganamaatti, ilmaan Oromoo naannoo jiraatan hundatti haalaa fi yeroo adda addaatti raawwatu. Haa ta’u malee dhiibbaa sirnooti darbanii fi amantiin biroon irraan gahaa turanin bakka hedduutti dhorkame ykn akka hin mul’anne golgame Ayyaanni irreecha birraa magaalaa Bishooftuu, Hora Arsadeetti kabajamaa jiru hambaawwan bakka bakkatti hafanii kabajamaa jiran yoo ta’u, baroota dhihoo keessa tattaaffii jaalatoonni aadaa Oromoo godhaniin beekamaa fi guddataa dhufee yeroo ammaa ummata kumaatamaan hedamu kan hirmaachisu, Afrikaa keessatti isa guddaa ta’ee kan mul’atuu fi ummata alagaa hedduu kan hawwataa dhufe dha. Ummati Oromoo, amantii, kutaa fi siyaasaan osoo walhin qoodiin tokkummaan eenyummaa isaa akka mul’isu kan godhe aadaa guddaa ta’uu isaa argina.

Yeroo ammaatti Irreechi aadaa moo amantiidha? kan jedhu gaaffiin ka’aa akka jiru hubanna. Akkuma olitti ibsame aadaa fi amantiin waan hedduun walitti hidhata. Akka aadaa Oromootti ammoo sirna raawwatu hunda keessatti osoo maqaa Waaqaa hin dhahiin waanti raawwatu hin jiru. Sirna gumaa, gaa’ela, araara ykn jaarsummaa fi waan kana fakkaatu irratti Coqorsa ykn marga jiidhaa qabachuun wal eebbisa ykn Waaqa kadhata. Coqorsi ykn margi mallattoo nagaa fi araaraati. Coqorsi ykn lataan qabatan irreecha jedhama. Haala kanaan irreechi aadaadha, amantiidhas. Yeroo irreeffannaaf Malkaa bu’an ykn Tulluu bahan Waaqeffatootaaf aadaa fi amantii yoo ta’u, warra amantii biraa keessa jiraniif ammoo aadaadha. Yeroo irreechaatti siiqqeen, caaccuu fi kaallachi, bokkuu fi meeshaaleen dhalaa fi dhiirri qabatu, uffati aadaa uffatamuu fi walleen achitti mul’atu marti aadaa fi seenaa Oromoo calaqqisa. Kanaaf ummati miliyoonaan lakkaa’amu, Isilaama, Kiristaanaa fi Waaqeffataan gamtaan walcina hiriiree Irreeffataa kan jiru. Haaluma kanaan jabaatee akka itti fufuu fi irreechi kan Oromoo qofa osoo hin taane, ummati Afrikaa marti kan ittiin boonuu fi waliin kabaju ta’uuf akka jiraatu abdii qabna. Kun akka ta’uuf Waaqni nu haa gargaaru, nutis ciminaa fi gamtaan waliin haa jabeeffannu.

Yeroo irreeffannaaf deeman tartiibni raawwii isaa akka armaan gadii ta’a.
1. Yeroo Malkaa bu’an ykn Tulluu bahan, dubartoonni uffata aadaa uffachuun siiqqee fi irreecha qabatanii Mareehoo jechaa dura deemu,
2. Abbootii fi dargaggoonni duubarra dhiichisaa ykn jeekkaraa hordofu,
3. Bakka irreechaa yeroo gahan, Abbaan Malkaa, malkaan saaqamuu ibsa.
4. Faatii waliif baafatu, kunis nagaa fi araara waliif buusanii , garaa nagaa fi qulqullummaan waliin irreeffachuuf,
5. Jaarsoliin akka angafaa quxisuutti walduraa duuba eebbisu. Eebba kana keessa waan argataniif Waaqa galateeffachuun, nagaa, jaalala, tokkummaa fi badhaadhina kadhatu
6. Sirni irreeffannaa ni raawwata. Yeroo kanatti warri irreessa qabate hundi irreessa isaanii bishaan cuuphuun Waaqa kanaan isaan gahe galateeffachuun, bara dhufus akkasuma nagaan akka isaan gahu gaafatu
7. Dhibaayyuu fi daddarbaan ni raawwata. Dachee sanyii biqilchiteef, waan irratti horanii fi argatan irraa matadeebii kennuu jechuudha.
8. Maatiin daa’ima ammachiisan yoo jiraatan, abbaan malkaa akka sirna ammachiisaatti raawwata
9. Sirbaa fi wallisaan duubatti garagalu, dhangaa qabatanii dhaqan waliin dhamdhamu ykn bakka qophii addaatti walgahanii nyaatanii dhuguun sirbanii gammadu. Bara dhufu nagaan akka walitti deebi’aniif eebbaan raawwatu.

Waamicha
Ayyaanni irreechaa mallattoo, nagaa, araaraa fi tokkummaa ta’uu irrayyuu aadaa Oromoo fi Oromummaa guddisu, akkasumas Oromiyaa addunyaatti kan mul’isu waan ta’eef,

– Ayyaanni irreechaa, akka ayyaana biyyoolessa Oromiyaatti akka kabajamuuf kalandera keessa galee fi guyyaa ayyana biyyooleessaa ta’ee beekamtiin akka kennamuuf,

– Dirreen ayyaana irreechaa itti kabajan, Malkaan Arsadee giddugaleessa ayyaana irreecha Oromiyaa waan ta’eef ummata ayyaana kana irratti hirmachuuf dhufan, akkasumas dawwatootaa fi tursitoota addunyaaf mijuu akka ta’u, bakki bashannanaa fi aara galfannaa naannoo kanatti akka ijaaramu qaamni Mootummaa Oromiyaa dhimmi kun ilaalu akka irrtti hojjetu kabajaan gaafanna. Nutis waan dandeenyun deeggarsa nurraa barbaadamu akka goonu waadaa galla.

Irreecha bara 2015, kan tokkummaa fi jaalalaan waliin haa kabajnu, kan hawwinuu fi barbaadnu Waaqayyo itti nuuf haa guutu!

Leeel!

Koree GWA

Ayyaana Irreechaa Bara 2015 Ilaalchisisee Ibsa Gabaabaa Qeerroo Bilisummaa Oromoo Irraa Kenname.

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Ayyaana Irreechaa Bara 2015 Ilaalchisisee Ibsa Gabaabaa Qeerroo Bilisummaa Oromoo Irraa Kenname.

Fulbaana 24,2015, Finfinnee

Qeerroon Bilisummaa Oromoo Ayyaana Irreechaa Birraa kan baranaa 2015 Hora Arsadiitti kabajamuuf jiru, Onkololessaa 3/2015 ykn A.L.Habashaatti Fulbaana 23/01/2008 kan kabajamu ta’uu hubachiisuun , Uummata Oromoo hundaan baga jalbultii ayyaana Irreecha bara kanaa nagaan geessan, Barri kun Bara milkii,bara, kan hidhamee kan itti hiikamuu, gammachuu,bara qe’ee ofii irraa buqqa’uun dhaabatu,bara irreen Oromoo itti jabaatu, Bara gaaffiin mirga abbaa biyyummaa deebii itti argatu, Bara ‘’Master Plan Finfinnee’’ guutummatti haqamuu ,Bara Injifannoo fi Bilisummaa nuuf haa ta’u !!

Ayaanni Irreecha guyyaa Oromoon Malkaa/Tulluutti ba’ee Waaqa isa uume waan argateef kan galateeffatuu fi waan fulduratti barbaaduu fi hawwuuf itti kadhatudha. Irreechi Ayyaana Oromoon ittin beekamu,mallattoo Oromummaa fi Eenyummaa isaa ibsu, calaqqee Aadaa fi duudhaa keenyaa qofa utuu hin ta’iin dhaalmayaa hambaa seenaa uummata keenyaa kan qabsoo wareegama qaaliin as qaqqabedha. Goototni Oromoo uummatni Oromoo eenyummaan, aadaan, duudhaan,Afaanii fi biyyi Oromiyaa akka hin sarbameef  jechuun dhiigaa isaanii itti cophsuun, lafee isaanii itti cabsuun ayyaanni seena qabeessii kun akka uummatichaaf jiraatu taasisan bara baraan ni yaadatamu,

Ayyaanni irreecha barana 2015 sadarkaa Idil-Addunyaa UNESCO’tti galmaa’aa jiru kun bu’aa gootota ilmaan Oromoo;  Oromoo fi Oromiyaa akkasumas leecelloo Oromiyaa saamicha, faca’insaa fi gita bittaa gabrummaa jalaa baasuuf jedhanii wareegamaa qaalii kanfalaa turanii fi hardha illee Oromiyaa bilisoomsuuf wareegama wal irraa hin citne kanfalaa jiraniti. Ayaana Irreecha 2015 Ilaalchisee Ibsa Qeerroo Bilisummaa

http://advocacy4oromia.org/2015/10/05/message-from-the-hon-bill-shorten-mp-oromo-thanksgiving-day/

Short Documentary on Irreechaa by OBS TV

Oromia’s Irreecha Festival – A Revival of an Ancient African Culture – An Attempt to Understand and Explain

By Mekuria Bulcha, Ph. D.

Irreecha (also spellled Irreessa), the Oromo equivalent of Thanksgiving, was traditionally celebrated bi-annually in different parts of the Oromo country. The Irreecha Birra festival is celebrated in the month of September and Irreecha Arfaasaa in the month of April. Although it was a non-political festival, the irreecha was suppressed by Ethiopian regimes. Brought back to life by a struggle for cultural revival which the Oromo have waged during the last fifty, the festival is now playing a significant role in the manifestation and preservation of Oromo national identity. The festival in its traditional form is celebrated in different localities across Oromia. At the national level, it is an event that brings millions of Oromos from all over the Oromo country and non-Oromo visitors from other parts of the world to the shores of Hora (Lake) Arsadi in the city of Bishoftu in central Oromia. As such, it has no parallel in Africa. The festival is celebrated not only in Oromia, but has become an event which is observed transnationally by tens of thousands of Oromos settled in many countries around the world.

This paper aims to shed light on the role of the irreecha festival in the expression of Oromo unity and national identity. It is said that a collective identity is constructed not only in and of its present life, but also in reconstructing the collectivity’s earlier life. I will describe the role of numerous pan-Oromo socio-cultural and historical symbols and artefacts which the festival has brought to light, in awakening the Oromo sense of belonging to a community. The pan-Oromo democratic tradition is reflected in the artefacts displayed in the irreecha parade, in the blessings of elders who officiate it, in the environmental ethics articulated and in the performances of artist who entertain the celebrants.

Elements of a reviving culture packed up in a festival

In the pre-colonial past, the IrreechaBirra marked the end of the rainy season and the beginning of harvest season. It is an Oromo custom to gather on the river banks and the shores of lakes and give thanks to Waaqa (God) for all his bounty and pray for Nagaa (peace) and Araara (reconciliation) among humans and with God. Today, the festival has come to mark the end of the rainy season, and more. It marks the end of the cultural trauma which had affected the Oromo for about a century. It heralds and confirms that the time when the Oromo culture was seen as “pagan and primitive” is gone for good. It denotes victory over a history of cultural denigration.

The elders of the nation, their counsel and benediction

Like in the past, the haayyuu (elders, wisemen, the learned – both singular and plural) thank God and bless the nation as their ancestors did. They bless the nation; they remind their audience to uphold the Oromo ethics of safuu and nagaa (respect and peace), reconcile among themselves and pray to God to reconcile with them.  Although many of the Oromo concepts, vocabulary and semantics thehaayyuu use are archaic, the meanings of their blessing and sagacious counsel are comprehensible to their audience. The following is a rough translation of an excerpt from the counsel and blessing of a haayyuu who officiated an irreecha festival outside the city of Naqamtee in 2013.

Shall evil have no place amongst you?
Shall hate have no place amongst you?
Shall truth find you?
Is this your testimony before God?
Let peace be among all!
Let peace be among adults!
Let peace be among the youth!
Let peace be with the livestock!

He reminded the participants the connection that the occasion has with the Oromo heritage and counsels and commands them to confirm the authenticity of the occasion. He asked them whether spirit of the celebration is aligned with the spirit of Oromo traditions as reflected in the laws of the five major Odaas: Odaa Nabee (in central Oromia), Odaa Bisil (in western Oromia), Odaa Bulluq (in north-western Oromia), Odaa Roobaa (in south-eastern Oromia) and Odaa Bultum (in eastern Oromia). He asked them whether the traditions of Madda Walaabuu are respected. The five Odaaswere centers of the ancient gadaa republics where the Oromo met and elected their leaders and reviewed their laws and made new ones every eight years according to the constitution of the nation, and Madda Walaabuu was the seat of Abba Muuda, the high priest of traditional Oromo religion Waaqefannaa. The response of the celebrants is in the affirmative. This was followed by another moment of blessing which, roughly translated, said the following

You shall not conspire against one another
You shall not betray one another
Let God be at peace with you
Let the Earth be at peace with you

The significance of this ritual is not that the counsel of the haayyuu is translated into action, but the historical and cultural knowledge it conveys and the consciousness it raises in the minds of the audience. The past is memorized and communicated not only by the haayyuu but is also stored and reflected in the array of artefacts and costumes that decorate the irreecha parade. Combined with sagacious words of the haayyuu, the rich symbols of the Oromo gadaa culture – that attire the multitude who march in total harmony – reveal the dignity and pride with which the Oromo nation is re-asserting its culture and identity.

The poetic interpretations of artists

The collective memories of the nation, preserved in the ritual and symbols, then expressed in the words of the haayyuu, are supplemented by young artists who herald the revival of their heritage with songs and dances. Some of songs such as Galaanee Bulbulaa’s “Kottaa ni hirreefannaa, aadaa bade deeffannaa” which means (“Come let us celebrate Thanksgiving; Let us revive our banned culture”, Giftii Dhadhii’s Oromoon seera qabaa (“The Oromo have laws”), Abdoo Badhaasoo’s Irreecha irreeffanna (“We will celebrate Thanksgiving”), Gaaddisee Shamsadin’s Beenu Oromia, irreechi irree keenya (“Go on Oromia, irreecha is our power”) and Amartii Waarii’s Kottaa ni kabajna kuni aadaa keenyaa (“Come, let us celebrate our culture”), which were performed at the irreecha festivals and elsewhere, connect the Oromo present with the past. They herald the recovery, revival and survival of the Oromo culture from the destruction to which it was doomed by conquest and colonization. In short, they reflect the feelings which underpin the ongoing Oromo recovery from a century of cultural trauma. The “green” leitmotif of luxuriant vegetation and abundant water against which the artists perform, provides a symbolic connection with God and nature that suggest that the Oromo are and will be at peace, with God, and also with nature. Their lyrics imply that the earth, the forests, rivers, lakes, animals and all the other living things are both natural and divine. Their implicit message is that what hurts the eco-system hurts humans also.

The dynamics that are at work during the irreecha festivals and what the participants experience is more than what the eye can see or the ear can hear. It is a joy and sense of belonging and experience of being part of a community that cannot be expressed fully in words. It is more. What the participants experience is a resurrection of a nation and a reconstruction of collective memory through the festival and the array of artefacts it displays. The occasion creates a collective “reality” and history. This collective reality connotes a state of being of the same mind, sharing a collective memory about a shared past and, just as importantly, an aspiration for a common future. This is more than a product of individual perception or understanding. When asked by a journalist fromChina Central TV Africa (CCTV) what he was thinking about the irreecha celebration at the 2014 festival in Bishoftu, a young celebrants replied

I have don’t have a word to express what I see or feel. I believe that this is my culture and religion at the same time. This is what was forwarded to us by our ancestors; and it is what I will forward to my children.

This individual is not alone in having that “feeling” about the festival.  His feeling is shared by other Oromo participants around him and those who watch the process on TV.  They may or may not express what they see and feel with words, but most of them, share with him the experience that what they see is their culture symbolized in the festival. When human communities attach symbols to words, concepts and artefacts that signify their collective experience, they share a vision. A society cannot exist without a degree of this sort of vision shared by a majority of its members. The young respondent cited above says that what he sees is his culture and religion which was passed to him by his ancestors and which he will pass over to his children. In other words, what he sees reflects his identity and that of others around him. My point is that the irreecha festival is one of the ways in which the Oromo society “recognizes itself”, that is to say imagines, feels, experiences or knows about its own existence. As an occasion and venue for the symbolic expression of Oromo history and culture, the irreecha festival connects the Oromo to a common past through the tangible artefacts on displays in the massive parades.

It important to note here that the Oromo celebrate the irreecha irrespective of their religious backgrounds. Whether they are Waaqeffataa, Christians or Muslims they participate in the festival. The moral counsel and ideals officiated by the haayyuu do not contradict the essence of any of the three religions. In fact the haayyuu who officiate it are from all the three religions on most occasions. The festival unites the Oromo and harmonizes their thoughts and voices. It creates a “mental state” shared by the entire Oromo nation. Whether one interprets the occasion culturally or politically, the significance of the prayer, counsel and blessing of the haayyuu and the songs of the artists in raising Oromo consciousness and unifying the nation cannot be overlooked. It is important to stress, however, the fact that the aim of the counsel of the haayyuu and the songs of the artists is not to “mobilize” the participants for collective political action on the spot. The occasion is to celebrate a tradition and its revival. The traditional Oromo ethics of safuu and nagaa, or respect for and peace with God, humans and the natural world pervade the atmosphere in which the festival is conducted. As I will explain in more detail below, the tranquillity which the occasion demands is respected.

Tranquility underpinned by tension and ethically controlled anger

It is important to note here that the tranquillity that has characterized the Bishoftu irreecha parade of millions of men, women and children during the last few years is not a sign that the participants are satisfied with their situation or the status quo. The tranquility reflected in the massive annual parades should not give us the impression that Oromia is a peaceful territory and that Ethiopia is a stable polity.  In fact, the benedictions of the haayyuu who officiate the festival are often underpinned by restrained feelings of dissatisfaction. The songs of the artists who entertain the participants contain anger felt against the prevailing political conditions. During the 2014 irreechafestival, for example, the prayers of the elders were marked by a feeling of grief for the Oromo students who had been cruelly killed by the agents of the regime because they were opposing the so-called Addis Ababa Master Plan. The “crime” for which students were killed, as we all know, was participation in a peaceful protest against the eviction of the Oromo people from their land en masse. The haayyuu were not calling their audience to make war, but praying for the restoration of justice and for Oromo victory over all those who are harming or will harm them.  Concern about human rights’ violations committed by the TPLF regime was also reflected through slogans which called for “Respect to Oromo humanity and sovereignty” and “Respect Oromo Rights to their Territory” from the crowd. In short, the bright colors, the melodious songs and entertaining dances we observe in the irreecha parades do not signify Oromo satisfaction with their present situation in Ethiopia. We cannot expect a people whose youth are killed cruelly by a dictatorial regime, or, a people who are evicted from their homes and land, or, a people who are rounded up routinely and are thrown into jail en masse without the rule of law, to be satisfied. The celebrants of the irreechafestival were immensely dissatisfied with the Tigrayan regime. But, as Asmarom Legesse has remarked, “among the Oromo, war is war and peace is immensely tranquil” (see Gadaa Democracy, 2000, p. 77). The irreecha festival is an occasion that requires such tranquility. To feel anger about the injustice is normal and expected, but to express it would violate the spirit of a sacred occasion that Oromos greatly value. As a journalist from CCTV Africa who visited the festival in 2014 described it “the irreecha is a sort of family gathering.” Indeed, the festival is a sacred come-together for the different branches of the Oromo nation.  It would be considered immoral to disturb it.  However, given that the ruling Tigrayan elite are nervous about every Oromo gathering and that they have shown unprecedented impunity against the Oromo people, the possibility of interference by its security forces that can turn the tranquil “family gathering” into a bloody scene cannot be disregarded. During the last ten years the peace was disturbed by measures taken against participants of the festival: visitors were beaten, and many were imprisoned. Some of them were wounded by bullets fired by the police. During the 2010 festival 120 young participants were imprisoned accused of being “terrorists”; the gadaa cultural costume they wore was interpreted as a symbol of the Oromo Liberation Front (personal communication).  Yet the Oromo have continued to come to Lake Arsadi in an ever increasing numbers to continue with the revival of their ancient culture.

Artefacts that symbolize the “staying power of Oromo institutions”

After decades of suppression, the spontaneity with which irreecha, and other Oromo traditions, have come back to life during the last two decades has proved the resilience of Oromo culture. This shows that the majority of the Oromo people have successfully maintained a collective identity different from an identity which the Ethiopian ruling elites have been trying to impose on them in an effort to create a people with “one culture (Abyssinian), one religion (Orthodox Christianity), one language (Amharic) and one nation (Ethiopia)” out of a colonial empire.

The symbols that the irreecha festival has brought together are ancient and pan-Oromo reflecting what Asmarom Legesse has famously referred to as the “staying power” of the gadaa cultural heritage (ibid. p. 103). They symbolize justice, peace, and sovereignty which the Oromo of the gadaarepublics enjoyed in the past. In fact, the bokkuu which are carried by men and siqqee carried by women, as well as a range of other pre-colonial pan-Oromo gadaa symbols which are lined-up prominently by participants in the irreecha parade, reinforce the memories and values shared by the multitude gathered at the festival sites as well as those who are following the event in the media from afar, whether in Oromia or in the diaspora. The bokkuu and siiqqee are the symbols of the democratic ethos of the gadaa system. The bokkuu, a scepter which is carried by elderly men, is the symbol of the gadaa system, signifying both power and justice. As a symbol of gadaa democracy thesiiqqee stood for the inalienable rights of Oromo women and the inviolability of their human dignity. It is a symbol for an institution within the gadaa system. A woman is “accepted” into such an institution on her marriage day and thenceforth she is protected by it against any violation of her rights or human dignity, be it by her husband or other men.  The siiqqee entitles Oromo women to prticipate in many instances of decision making, in conflict resolution and other important matters that concern their society. The authenticity of the irreecha festival is reflected not only in the artefacts displayed in the parade or the blessings conducted by the hayyuu and songs sung by the artists, but is also in the amazing harmony which pervades the gathering of millions of people: the festival is serene; it proceeds peacefully and ends without incidents.

To go back to symbols, nations need symbols to frame their self-identification: that is symbols which help them to recognize themselves as collectivities, or that they exist as a “We”. Those who claim belongingness to such a collectivity share a culture, the elements of which are given significance in ritual practice. Thus, the array of symbols, such as the ones displayed in in the irreecha parades, constructs a narrative which holds together the imagination of a people and provides bases of harmonious thought and collective action. Nations around the world organize parades for different reasons. Some organize them to commemorate historical events such as their victories in battles or day of national independence. Others use parades to exhibit their cultural achievements or display technological progress. The irreecha festival, in the form it takes in Bishoftu today is, by and large, a national parade organized to celebrate the revival of Oromo culture. It heralds Oromo victory over ethnocide, or the attempted destruction of their culture by Ethiopian regimes. The costumes which the majority in the parade wear and the artefacts they carry reflect the culture and history which the different branches of the Oromo nation had shared and preserved. It is a history and culture which they rejoice with pride and will revive and defend.  For the Oromo people, the consequences of the Abyssinian conquest was prolonged cultural trauma. The irreecha festival heralds that the Oromo are now leaving behind that trauma.

The irreecha is taking the place of the ancient muudaa pilgrimage

What is very significant about the festival is that the multitude of men and women who converge on Bishoftu city from all over the Oromo country celebrate a culture that was denigrated, despised and suppressed for about a century. Such a massive gathering is reminiscent of another aspect of Oromo culture.  The spontaneous pan-Oromo participation in the festival suggests the manner in which the ancient pilgrimage to Abbaa Muuda was undertaken by thousands of jila (pilgrims) from the different gadaa federations. The pilgrimage to the holy muuda shrines attracted every eighth year tens of thousands of men who represented every Oromo clan from every corner of the Oromo country. Today, the irreecha festival celebrated on the shores of Lake Arsadi is playing a similar role.

The jila pilgrimage was both a religious and a political undertaking. Those who traveled on foot for months every eight years to the muuda shrines from regions which are far apart, were drawn together by a myth of origin from one ancestor, Orma. This was reinforced by a common language, a common religion through a strong attachment to their spiritual leader Abba Muuda, a common system of law, a shared attitude toward the natural world as well as their democratic character – all gave the Oromo who lived in different gadaa republics a sense of a single nation.  The muudainstitution maintained the moral unity of the Oromo nation until it was banned in 1900 by Emperor Menelik. The ban exacerbated the traumatic disruption of Oromo culture which I have mentioned above. The revival of the irreecha festival is a major step in dispelling the distortion of Oromo self-perception as a nation that was created by the disruption of conquest and colonization.

It is important to recollect here that it was the Macca Tuulama Association (MTA) that paved the way to take the Oromo nation into the present phase of their history. It is a well known fact that the activities of the MTA launched the recovery of the Oromo nation from the cultural and political traumas of conquest and colonization. It became the first forum to gather members of the Oromo branches from different parts of their country for a common purpose decades after the jilapilgrimages were banned by the imperial Ethiopian government. The MTA itself was banned by a successor of Menelik in 1968; but its work was resumed by the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF) beginning in the mid-1970s. It was also by the initiative of the MTA members that the Lake Arsadiirreecha festival was revived in the mid-1990s overcoming the restrictive surveillance of the present Ethiopian regime. The MTA was banned and its leaders were imprisoned for the second time in 2004, but the irreversible work of Oromo cultural revival that had started fifty years ago has continued on a large scale as reflected in the Irreecha festival.

Although the aim of the journey taken by Oromo masses to Lake Arsadi today is not exactly the same as those which stimulated the pilgrimage to the muuda shrines in the past, the effects are similar. It brings people from every corner of the Oromo country to one place. The irreecha festivals have re-established the sense of belonging to a single nation by the different branches of the Oromo nation in the way that the jila pilgrimage did in the past.  The national consciousness created by the irreecha festival may be even deeper than the awareness that was created by the muudapilgrimages and kept the Oromo nation intact in the past. Covered by mass media which takes the festival home to millions of Oromos at home and transnationally, the annual event makes Oromo imagination of their national community more vivid, immediate and real than it had ever been in the past.

For the Oromo their land is holy to all religions

As a cultural and religious site Lake Arsadi is located in a district which, de facto, was a holy land for the Oromo. Odaa Nabee, one of the oldest and most historic and ritually significant sites of thegadaa assemblies, is located about 15 km north of the lake. Tulluu (Mount) Cuqqaalaa (Ziquala in Amharic), Tulluu Erer, Tulluu Bosati, Tulluu Furii, Tulluu Eegduu, Tuluu Foyataa, Tullu Galaan and TulluWaatoo Daalachaa which were called Saddetan Tulluu Waaqayoo (the eight mountains of God) in Oromo tradition are also located in the district within less than 30 km distance from the lake. Scholars of Oromo studies have argued that mountains were seen as ceremonial grounds in the past and that the tops of the mountains mentioned here were used for that purpose.  In fact, the shores of a crater lake on Mt. Cuqqaalaa was a site for the irreecha festival for centuries. In short, the proliferation of ritual sites indicates the importance which the region has in the religious and political lives of the Oromo.

It is well known that Abyssinian kings and Orthodox clergy built churches in the lands they conquered to serve their soldiers and settlers, and in some cases also to Christianize the conquerd peoples. It seems that the Oromo region of Ada’a in which Bishoftu city is located was given more attention in this respect than normal. The conquerors did not stop with building churches and converting the indigenous population; the intention seems to have been  Christianizing the land and changing its Oromo identity as well. Biblical names such as Debre Zeit to Bishfotu and Nazret (Nazreth) to Adama. Farther south, two islands in Lake Zway were also called Galila Daseet (Galilee Island) and Debre Sina. The change of these place names in a region which is seen as sacred by the Oromo to Semitic Biblical names is perhaps to “Semiticize and Abyssinize” the region, deny its idigenous Oromo identity and claim it as a “holy” land proclaiming that it belonged to their Christian empire since ancient times. However, the policy did not succeed; the place names were reversed back to Oromo names in the 1970s, and now the irreecha festival is reviving the cultural identity of the district. Waqeffannaa, the traditional Oromo religion, with which the irreecha is culturally aligned, is also reviving. This does not meant there is no opposition to the re-instution of the Oromo heritage.  According interviews given by Abba Abdiisaa Dhaabaa, Hunddataa Waqwayyaa and Kaasaa Balchaa to a journalist from the Oromia Media Network recently (OMN TV, September 13, 2015), the opposition of the Orthodox clergy against the Bishoftu irreecha festival is still persistent. The denigration of the Oromo religious festival has not stopped.

The opposition of the Orthodox clergy seems to be even more marked against the celebration of the Spring irreecha on the shores of the crater lake on Mount Cuqqalaa. As mentioned above, the shores of that crater lake is an ancient site where the Oromo festival was celebrated for centuries. A monastery run by Orthodox Christians had also existed since the twelvth century on the same mountain. Its clergy had co-existed with the Oromo who follow their own religious tradition and celebrated irreecha festival on the shores of the crater lake. On the part of the Oromo, who do not see the co-existence of the different religions as a problem, this is not surprising. What is remarkable is the decision of the Orthodox clergy to share the shores of a small lake for ritual purposes with a people their church considers as heathen.  According to oral tradition the remarkable co-existence was a result of an agreement made with the Oromo by a bishop who founded the monastery. The condition which forced the bishop to accept the coexistence of the two religion is not clear. Ironically, the tolerance which the Orthodox clergy have shown over the centuries has changed into irrational opposition in recent years and the co-existance between the two religious communities is distrubed. According to my informant, the Oromo have been forbidden to celebrate the irreecha festival on Mount Cuqqaalaa since 2010. It is reported that a stelae calledsida Nabee (Nabee’s statue) which stood for centuries and was associated with Oromo traditions was also destroyed recently. According to the same source, the resistance of the clergy is against the revival of the Oromo religious culture. However, given the number of people of Oromo “pilgrims” who visit the irreecha celebrations, it is plausible to suggest that the revival of Oromo religious and cultural traditions is unstoppable. Above all, based on the religious backgrounds of the millions of people who participate in the irreecha festival and the haayyyuu who officiate it, one can say that today Bishoftu is a sacred place not only for Waaqeffataa (followers of the traditional Oromo religion), but also for Christians and Muslims. That shows that in Oromia people from all religious background are welcome. But, religious fanaticism is not. It is detested.

Refutation of Oromo misrepresentations and misconceptions  

The festival refutes many of the misconceptions which are created by Ethiopianist narratives. As I have pointed out my recent book The Contours of the Ancient and Emergent Oromo Nation (see Bulcha, 2011, Chapter 8), there are Ethiopianist writers who posit that the Oromo “have never had a sense of collective identity based on popular memory,” that the Oromo have no common historical symbols that are emotionally appealing to them or which could serve as primary symbols of their national identity and that they do not have a collective consciousness “rooted in myths and symbols.” The range of pan-Oromo symbols and artefacts, which are mentioned above, refute these propositions. They contradict the argument, which says the Oromo “do not possess a sense of belonging to a single societal community who shared important past experience and a common historic destiny.” The enthusiasm with which the Oromo are reviving the irreecha shows not only the resilience of this element of their traditional culture but also the revival of Oromummaa (being Oromo) in contradiction to the imposed culture of Ethiopiyawinet (Ethiopian-ness) with unexpected speed and vibrancy. Contradicting the picture of a “chaotic” people depicted in the Ethiopianist discourse, the festival also proves that the Oromo are a people who have a culture capable of bringing together millions of men, women and children from different religious backgrounds in one place to celebrate their ancient traditions with utmost harmony and peace. The revival of theirreecha festival in such a manner and on such a scale confirms, among others, that time when the Oromo were made to feel shame about their history, culture and identity; and the time when they strived to behave like or speak the language of their conquerors in order to be taken as Ethiopians is gone.

It is also interesting to note here the profound refutation the festival offers to the Ethiopianistmisconception of Oromo history, culture and identity. It refutes the misconception that the Oromo are a mixed bag of different tribes who do not share a common past or have a collective identity. As I have discussed at length elsewhere (see above), literature on Ethiopia – still in use – asserts the ‘fragility’ of Oromo socio-cultural features in contrast to the ‘tenacity’ of Abyssinian traditions. It has been argued by Ethiopianist historians that the Oromo lack a sense of community and solidarity and possess no collective memory or corporate history. For those who will understand Oromo culture and history it suffices to watch the irreecha festival. It narrates a cultural history shared by an entire nation. It does not narrate stories about kings and emperors who conquered and subjugated other people; it mirrors a heritage that is different from the Abyssinian heritage which the Ethiopianist historiographers have in mind when they talk about peoples “who lack history”.

Conclusion

Given what is said about the irreecha in this article, the following can be concluded. From the historical point of view, a recent and clear manifestation of the resilience of Oromo cultural heritage is that the Oromo have, in the face of a vicious colonial repression, preserved the irreecha.  This achievement shall be added to the preservation of important aspects of the Oromo gadaa system and the traditional Oromo religion, Waaqefannaa.  Indeed, this confirms that time when the Oromo were made to feel shame about their culture is gone for good, and the time has arrived when the Oromo culture assumes the place it deserves as a noteworthy cultural heritage of Africa and a significant contribution to global culture.

Taking into account the colorful costumes of its celebrants, it is clear that the festival has brought out expressions, colors, and art forms that are uniquely Oromo but which were hidden from public sight in the past.  It is incumbent on Oromo artists, designers, scholars and organizers of festivals and Oromo events to polish and create quality out of the treasure of Oromo arts, artefacts and narratives that have been preserved by their people and are now manifested in abundance in Oromo oral literature and cultural traditions, including in the irreecha festival. In short, the festival is an occasion that can be used by the Oromo to introduce themselves and their unique African culture to the world community.

As a parting word, I would like to point out that as an event which attracts millions of participants from near and far, the Bishoftu irreecha festival is becoming a major income generating event. Unfortunately, most of the beneficiaries are not Oromo. Frantz Fanon has reminded us that the poverty of a colonized people, national oppression and the inhibition of their culture are one and the same thing (see his Wretched of the Earth). This has been the fate of the Oromo. Because of the policy of the previous Ethiopian regimes, the majority of property owners in and around the city of Bishoftu are no longer Oromo. The present regime’s land policy which is encroaching on the district and displacing the Oromo from the area and is worsening their predicament. The income generated by the lease or sale of their land to local and international contractors along with the value generated by their cultural significance is not benefiting the Oromo. For the irreecha festival to benefit them, the displacement of the Oromo should cease, and the so-called Addis Ababa Master Plan (AAMP), which is encroaching on the district from the north, should be stopped. If the Plan continues, the irreecha festival will soon end up celebrated in a territory bereft of its Oromo inhabitants and culture.

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Mekuria Bulcha, PhD and Professor of Sociology, is an author of widely read books and articles. His most recent book, Contours of the Emergent and Ancient Oromo Nation, was published by CASAS (Centre for Advanced Studies of African Society), Cape Town, South Africa, in 2011. He was also the founder and publisher of The Oromo Commentary (1990-1999). He is an active member of the OLF and has served in the different branches of the national movement since the 1970s.

QOPHII AYYAANA IRREECHAA MALKAA KAN BARA 2015 (Events Planning):-

We continue update this page since the celebration of the blessing event takes the month

(A4O, 3 September 2015) It is with great pleasure that to invite you to the annual Irreecha Birraa festival, Oromo National Thanksgiving day, of the year on Sunday 4 October 2015.

Irreechaa 2014

Irreechaa Birraa is a celebration that repeats once in a year-in birraa and involves special activities or amusements as it has a lot of importance in our lives. It symbolizes the arrival of spring and brighten season with their vibrant green and daisy flowers.

It’s a day all Oromian’s celebrate and cherish due to our ties to our root: Oromo Identity and country. It’s a time for reflection, celebration and a good connection with our best heritage, Oromummaa.

Theme: Moving Forward: A Year of Networking 

This year’s Oromian Irreechaa Festival is going to be bigger and better than ever, with a whole theme park devoted to diverse Oromian cultural Identity. The theme of this national Thanksgiving Day is “Moving Forward: A Year of Networking ” in which it aims to celebrate Irreechaa festivals as a medium for bringing all Oromias together to follow and promote our tradition and religion in society, to create public awareness where Oromo cultural and religious issues will be discussed, to provide a better understanding of Oromo culture and history, to pave the way for promotion of the Oromo culture, history and lifestyle and to celebrate  Oromo Irreechaa, a national Thanksgiving Day.

We celebrate Irreechaa to thank Waaqaa for the blessings and mercies we have received throughout the past year at the sacred grounds of Hora Harsadi (Lake Harsadi), Bishoftu, Oromia. The Irreechaa festival is celebrated every year at the beginning of Birraa (the sunny new season after the dark, rainy winter season) throughout Oromia and around the world where Diaspora Oromos live.

We celebrate Irreechaa not only to thank Waaqaa (God) also to welcome the new season of plentiful harvests after the dark and rainy winter season associated with nature and creature. On Irreechaa festivals, friends, family, and relatives gather together and celebrate with joy and happiness. Irreechaa Festivals bring people closer to each other and make social bonds.

OromiyaaIrreecha2014_8Moreover, we are celebrating this auspicious event to mark the end of rainy season[1], known as Birraa, was established by Oromo forefathers, in the time of Gadaa Melbaa[2] in Mormor, Oromia. The auspicious day on which this last Mormor[3] Day of Gadaa Belbaa[4]-the Dark Time of starvation and hunger- was established on the 1st Sunday of last week of September or the 1stSunday of the 1st week of October according to the Gadaa lunar calendar ‐‐ has been designated as our National Thanksgiving Day by modern‐day Oromo people.    Oromo communities both at home and abroad celebrate this National Thanksgiving Day every year.

Irreechaa as a medium for bringing all Oromias together

The Oromian Irreechaa Festival will not only serve as a medium for bringing all Oromias together, from all its diasporas, as one voice, but will also focus on promoting and enhancing Oromummaa in freedom struggle, tourism, arts and crafts, business, restaurants and hospitality, and entertainment. Moreover as a moving and flourishing heritage, Irreechaa also connects our Oromo identity with the global civilization in which the industrial and manufacturing sectors of heavy and light machinery of natural resources and raw materials.

During the event, we will be serving with Oromo foods and featuring with traditional dances by Oromo children, youth and dance troupes. Irreechaa is about a lot more than just putting on shows, it encourages engagement and participation from everyone in the greater community across our great city, country and the globe.

Please join and experience  Oromo culture.

[1] Rainy season symbolized as a dark, disunity and challenging time in Oromia.

[2] Gadaa Melbaa was established before 6400 years ago at Odaa Mormor, North-west Oromia.

[3] Mormor in Oromo means division, disunity, chaos.

[4] Gadaa Belbaa is the end time of starvation.

http://advocacy4oromia.org/2015/09/03/2015-annual-irreechaa-birraa-is-coming/

Irreecha Birraa 2015,   Oromo Thankisgiving, Toronto,   September 6, 2015

September 6, 2015

Canada Irreecha,

4745 Country Lane
Whitby, Ontario Canada

+ Google Map

Irreecha_2015_Toronto
Irreecha Birraa 2015, Oromo Thankisgiving, FrankFurt,  19 September 2015

– Waamicha Qophii Ayyaana Irreechaa Malkaa Kan Bara 2015: Waldaa Hawaasa Oromoo Awuroopaa (WHOA)/ Oromo Community Association In Europe (OCAE) e.V. (Inc.)

September 19, 2015

Rebstockpark,

Am Römerhof 15, 60486
Frankfurt, Hesse Germ
Irreecha_OromoEuro2015_5.jpg

Irreecha Birraa (Malkaa) 2015 | Oromo Thanksgiving | Oslo/Norway | Sept. 26, 2015 – Qophii Ayyaan Irreechaa Osloo/Noorwee, Fulbaana 26 bara 2015

September 26, 2015

Simia-venner,

Kristoffer Robins Vei 2 (Smedstua)
Oslo, Oslo Norway

+ Google Map

Irreecha_2015_Oslo_2.jpg

Ayyaan irreechaa kan baranaa Fulbaana (September) 26 bara 2015 biyya Norway, magaalaa Oslo, bakka hora Sognsvann jedhamutti waaree dura sa’ati 11:30 irraa eegalee kabajama. Ilmaan oromoo kannen dhihoo fi fagoo jiraattan hundi jila dudhaa ganamaa kana irratti uffata aadaatiin of miidhagsitanii akka ayyaana kana irratti hirmaattan kabajaa guddaa wajjiin sin afeerra. Malkaa jilaa dhufuudhaaf, baabura lafa jalaa (Metro) laakkofsa3 (Sognsvann) gara kallattii lixaa deemu(west bound) yaabbadhaa; buufatni isaa kan maayyii Sognsvann suduudaan isin fida. Erga qophiin irreechaa raawwatee booda qophii…

Erga qophiin irreechaa raawwatee booda qophii bashannanaa sa’aa 18:00 irraa eegalee qabna. Halkan guutuu waliin taphataa bulla.

Bakki qophiin bohaarsaa itti dhihaatu:
Simia-venner
Kristoffer Robins Vei 2 (Smedstua)
0978 Oslo

Bakka kana dhufuuf, magaala /Oslo S irraa baabura gara Lillestrøm deemuu qabattanii bakka Haugenstuastasjon jedhutti irraa bu’uun bakka Smedstua jedhu yoo iyyaafattani salphaatti achi geessu. Ykn Stovner Senter irraa bus 65 yoo qabattanii bakka Smedstua jedhutti irraa buutani, bakki qophichaa cinaadhuma sanatti argama.

Odeessii dabalataa yoo barbaaddan yookiin gaaffii yoo qabaattan bilbila harkaa laakkofsa
+47 951 88 081 / + 47 911 85 127 / irreechaa@gmail.com nuu qunnamaa.

Ana haadhufu!

Gadaan roobaa fi gabbina!

Koree Qindeessituu

Irreecha Birraa 2015 | Oromo Thanksgiving | Calgary/AB | Sept. 26, 2015
Edworthy Park,
5050 Spruce Dr SW
Calgary, AB Canada

+ Google Map

Irreecha_2015_Calgray2.jpg

Also: After Irreecha Concert at 8pm

Irreecha Birraa 2015 | Oromo Thanksgiving | DC-Maryland-Virginia | Sept. 26 2015 – Kabajaa Ayyaana Gubaa fi Irreecha

September 26, 2015September 27, 2015

Gubaa + Irreecha,

4903 Sheridan Street
Riverdale, MD United States

+ Google Map

Irreecha_2015_DMV2016.jpg

London: Oromo Community in UK: Baga jalbultii guyyaa Ayyaana Irreessaa nagaan geessan!! Ayyaanni Irreessaa Fulbaana (Sep) 26, 2015 London keessatti sirna ho’aan kabajamuuf: Irreecha – London, England – Sept. 26, 2015

https://oromocommunityinuk.wordpress.com/2015/09/14/london-oromo-community-in-uk-baga-jalbultii-guyyaa-ayyaana-irreessaa-nagaan-geessan-ayyaanni-irreessaa-fulbaana-sep-26-2015-london-keessatti-sirna-hoaan-kabajamuuf-irreecha-london-engla/

http://gadaa.net/FinfinneTribune/2015/09/londonuk-sept-26-2015-irreecha-birraa-oromo-thanksgiving/

Lausanne/Switzerland | Sept. 26, 2015 | Irreecha Birraa | Oromo Thanksgiving – WAAMICHA KABAJA IRREECHA 2015 SWITZERLAND

http://finfinnetribune.com/Gadaa/2015/09/lausanneswitzerland-sept-26-2015-irreecha-birraa-oromo-thanksgiving-waamicha-kabaja-irreecha-2015-switzerland/

Gumiin Abbootii Gadaa Oromoo guyyaa Irreecha Malkaa kan Bara 6409 (ALO) ifa taasisee jira. Irreechi (Irreessi) Bishooftuu, Hora Hrasadiitti waggaa waggaan kabajamu, Onkolooleessa 4 Bara 2015 (Fuulbaana 23 Bara 2008 A.L.H tti) akka kabajamu Uummataaf ibsi kennameera.

Oromo Speaks: Some of the Collected Inspirational Speeches (Interviews) of Oromo Women September 29, 2015

Posted by OromianEconomist in Afaan Publication, African Beat, Amane Badhaso, Artist Almaz Tafarraa, Ateetee (Siiqqee Institution), Ayantu Tibeso, Inspirational Oromo Women, Oromia, Oromian Voices, Oromo Culture, Oromo First, Oromo Identity, Oromo Sport, Oromummaa, Safuu: the Oromo moral value and doctrine.
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O

15-Year-Old Haawii’s Moving Speech on the Importance of Media, OMN and the Struggle to Uphold Afan Oromo

Mini Documentary by Seenaa Jimjimo

‘The Oromo Community Association in Chicago was featured on Chicago Public Radio’s Worldviewprogram on Wednesday, October 20, 2010. Listen below the full segment of the program on the Oromo people, the Oromo Community Association in Chicago, and the benefit jazz concert that the Association will hold on October 24, 2010.From the Chicago Public RadioThere are an estimated 40 million Oromo in Ethiopia, which makes them the nation’s largest ethnic group. Their numbers extend into Kenya and Somalia as well. Yet, despite their wide influence in the Horn of Africa, many people have never heard of the Oromo. Seenna Jimjimo of Chicago’s Oromo Community Association and Kadiro Elemo talk with Jerome about the Oromo culture, the struggle for independence and the local Oromo community in Chicago.’  Source:Gadaa.com

Listen:

http://gadaa.com/oduu/6380/2010/10/20/oromia-the-oromo-community-of-chicago-featured-on-chicago-public-radio/

Related references:

http://www.oromotv.com/highlighting-the-achievements-of-oromo-women-in-our-lives-raised-in-a-diverse-culture-gifted-with-a-supreme-artistic-talent-and-dedicated-to-interlock-oromo-culture/

 https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/03/omn-gaafiif-deebii-artist-bohaarsituu-obsaa-bitootessa-16-2015/

Related References to Inspiring Oromo Women:http://www.oromotv.com/category/oromo-women/

Oromian Voices: Current Affairs, News, Views, Analysis and Entertainment from Oromia Media Network, Madda Walaabuu and Other Various sources. #Oromia. #Oromo September 13, 2015

Posted by OromianEconomist in 10 best Youtube videos, 25 killer Websites that make you cleverer, African Music, Oromian Voices, Oromiyaa, Oromo and the call for justice and freedom, Oromo Artists, Oromo Culture, Oromo First, Oromo Identity, Oromo Media Network, Oromo Music, Oromo Nation, Oromummaa.
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???????????Oromia Media Network Oromia knwoledge and social media sources

https://www.oromiamedia.org/

 

 

http://www.siitube.com/watch.php?vid=d1d2ae60b

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/09/omn-london-oduu-fulbaana-12-2015-2/

 

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/08/godina-harargee-lixaatti-namoonni-kuma-sagaltama-ol-taan-beelaaf-saaxilaman/

http://qeerroo.org/2015/08/12/sbo-hagayya-122015-oduu-gaaffii-fi-deebii-jaal-odaa-xasee-miseensa-gumii-sabaa-abo-waliin-geggeeffame-ibsa-ejjennoo-hirmaattota-kora-gamtaa-miseensota-abo-godina-auroppaa-fi-sbo-sagantaa-afaan-ama/

 

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/07/omn-tamsaasa-toora-gama-saatalaayitiitti-deebie/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/07/omn-oduu-adooleessa-13-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/07/omn-oduu-waxabajjii-30-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/06/omn-oduu-waxabajjii-26-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/06/omn-qophii-xiinxalaa-waxabajjii-26-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/06/oduu-waxabajjii-252015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/06/omn-qophii-xiyyeefannaa-waxabajjii-25-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/06/omn-oduu-waxabajjii-22-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/06/omn-london-oduu-waxabajjii-20-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/06/omn-oduu-waxabajjii-24-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/06/omn-amharic-news-june-20-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/06/omn-oduu-waxabajjii-19-2015/

http://qeerroo.org/2015/06/13/sbo-waxabajjii-142015-oduu-fi-waggaa-27ffaa-hundeeffama-guyyaa-sbo-waxabajjii-15-ilaalchisuun-qophiileelee-gara-garaa/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/06/omn-qophii-xiinxalaa-waxabajjii-12-2015/

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https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/06/omn-oduu-waxabajjii-11-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/06/omn-tumsaa-fi-kabaja-waggaa-1ffaa-omn-kan-biyya-new-zealand-waxabajjii-11-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/06/omn-oduu-waxabajjii-10-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/06/omn-aoa-show-waxabajjii-10-2015-2/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/06/omn-qophii-aadaa-fi-dudha-oromoo-waxabajjii-10-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/06/omn-oduu-waxabajjii-9-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/06/omn-oduu-waxabajjii-8-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/06/omn-london-oduu-waxabajjii-7-2015-3/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/06/omn-london-oduu-waxabajjii-6-2015-2/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/06/omn-oduu-waxabajjii-5-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/06/omn-oduu-waxabajjii-4-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/06/omn-oduu-waxabajji-3-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/06/omn-london-oduu-caamsaa-31-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/06/gaaffi-fi-deebii-ob-guddataa-urgesaa-kutaa-1ffaa-waxabajjii-1-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/05/omn-oduu-amma-nu-gahe-2/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/05/omn-oduu-caamsaa-29-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/05/omn-amharic-news-may-302015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/05/marii-filannoo-caamsaa-242015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/05/omn-oduu-london-camsaa-23-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/05/omn-amharic-news-may-232015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/05/omn-qophii-xiinxalaa-caamsaa-22-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/05/omn-duula-filannoo-kfoofc-caamsaa-20-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/05/omn-oduu-caamsaa-20-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/05/omn-duula-filannoo-kfoofc-caamsaa-19-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/05/omn-oduu-caamsaa-19-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/05/omn-oduu-amma-nu-gahe-breaking-news-caamsaa-19-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/05/omn-oduu-caamsaa-18-2015/

http://qeerroo.org/2015/05/19/sbo-caamsaa-202015-oduu-filannoo-wayyaanee-irratti-ibsa-abo-beeksisoota-sbo-fi-gaaffii-fi-deebii-inispecter-abdallaa-qaasim-kutaa-lammataa-fi-sbo-sagantaa-afaan-amaaraa/

https://youtu.be/glpQbNNTpQo

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/05/omn-oduu-london-caamsaa-16-2015/

https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=uZB8UO_WQ7A

https://youtu.be/5yJcZ7_iaew

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/05/omn-amharic-news-may-16-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/05/omn-oduu-caamsaa-11-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/05/omn-london-oduu-caamsaa-10-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/05/omn-london-oduu-caamsaa-9-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/05/amharic-news-may-9-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/05/omn-oduu-caamsaa-5-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/05/omn-oduu-caamsaa-6-2015/

blob:https%3A//www.youtube.com/ce9001d0-4ad4-4166-a2fc-4b9d23ffbd56

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/04/omn-london-oduu-ebla-25-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/04/omn-oduu-ebla-22-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/04/omn-qophii-addaa-ebla-25-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/04/omn-qophii-keessummaa-gaafiif-deebii-dawitee-mokonnon-ebla-21-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/04/omnoduu-ebla-24-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/04/omn-gaafiif-deebii-luba-bantii-ujuluu-waliin-taasifame-k-1ffaa-ebla-23-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/04/dhumaatii-liibiyaa-ilaalchisee-yaada-ummataa-ebla-22-2015-biyya-london/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/04/omn-oduu-ebla-20-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/04/omn-faana-baqataa-ebla-16-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/04/omn-oduu-ebla-16-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/04/omn-qophii-addaa-ebla-16-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/04/omn-qophii-addaa-k-1ffaa-ebla-14-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/04/omn-beeksisa-qophii-tumsa-omn-sundsvall-sweden/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/04/beeksisa-tumsa-omn-london-uk/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/04/omn-oduu-ebla-13-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/04/omn-qophii-addaa-ebla-12-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/04/omn-london-oduu-ebla-11-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/04/omn-amharic-news-april-11-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/04/omn-haala-yeroo-ammaa-oromiyaa-irratti-marii-taasifame-ebla-10-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/04/omn-oduu-ebla-9-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/04/omn-oduu-ebla-8-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/04/omn-qophii-kessummaa-artist-gaaddisaa-abdullaahii-k-3ffaa-ebla-8-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/04/omn-tumsa-omn-biyya-jarman-magaalaa-munik-k-2ffaa-kan-dhumaa-ebla-5-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/04/omn-london-oduu-ebla-4-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/04/omn-amharic-news-april-4-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/04/omn-amharic-osa-conference-april-4-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/04/omn-oduu-ebla-3-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/04/omn-oduu-ebla-1-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/04/omn-qophii-kessummaa-oboo-gaaddisaa-abdullaahi-kutaa-2ffaa-ebla-1-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/04/omn-oduu-bitootessa-31-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/03/omn-oduu-amma-nu-gahebreaking-news-bitootessa-30-2015/

http://https://vimeo.com/123633032

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/03/omn-london-oduu-bitootessa-28-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/03/omn-amharic-news-march-28-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/03/omn-obbo-leencoo-lataa-imala-jilli-odf-gara-biyyaatti-taasise-irratti-omn-waliin-gaafii-fi-deebii-godhanii-jiru/

http://qeerroo.org/2015/03/28/sbo-bitootessa-29-bara-2015-oduu-ijoo-dubbii-abo-gaaffii-fi-deebii-miseensa-khr-abo-jaal-jabeessaa-gabbisaa-waliin-geggeeffame-sochii-fdg-giddu-gala-oromiyaa-gara-lixaa-keessatti-deemaa-jiru-ila/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/03/omn-oduu-bitootessa-24-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/03/beeksisa-tumsa-omn-munich-germany/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/03/beeksisa-tumsa-omn-munich-germany/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/03/omn-gaafiif-deebii-artist-hayluu-kitaabaa-bitootessa-25-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/03/omn-qophii-dalagaa-bitootessa-24-2015/

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/03/omn-oduu-bitootessa-23-2015/ https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/03/omn-london-oduu-bitootessa-21-2015/ https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/03/omn-amharic-news-march-21-2015/   https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/03/omn-oduu-bitootessa-20-2015/   https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/03/omn-oduu-amma-nu-gahebreaking-news-3-19-2015/ https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/03/omn-oduu-amma-nu-gahebreaking-news-3-19-2015/ http://https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/03/omn-oduu-bitootessa-17-2015/ http://https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/03/omn-london-oduu-bitootessa-14-2015/ https://oromianeconomist.wordpress.com/2015/03/10/oromia-media-network-omn-1st-year-anniversary-celebration/ Journalist Abdi Fite Raises Questions for Abbaa-Duulaa: OMN Journalists Discuss Abbaa-Duulaa’s Tigrean-Sanctioned Trip to Little Oromia: See more @  https://oromianeconomist.wordpress.com/2015/01/10/oromian-voices-current-affairs-news-views-analysis-and-entertainment-from-oromia-media-network-madda-walaabuu-and-other-various-sources/ http://www.gadaa.com/oduu/ http://www.voaafaanoromoo.com/ http://www.bakkalchatv.com/ http://qeerroo.org/2014/03/29/sbo-bitootessa-30-bara-2014-oduu-fi-qophiilee-keenya-kan-dhageenyee-fi-dubbifne-irraa-dabalatee-waan-gara-garaa-qabnaa-nu-caqasaa/ http://www.opride.com/oromsis/ http://ayyaantuu.com/ Do you know this facts about Oromo and Oromia? http://www.oromoliberationfront.info/press/Oromo-flyer-ver.4.0.pdf http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/info/AFR25/006/2014/en

Oromia Insight Prof Asafa Jalata Oromo and Oromumma. #Africa. #Oromo September 2, 2015

Posted by OromianEconomist in Oromo, Oromummaa.
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???????????Oromian scholar Professor Asafa JalataKan na boonsu OromummaaOromo Week 2015 in NorthAmerica,Little Oromia,Oromo Sport Culture,OromummaaBilisummaa (Freedom Function)

Theorizing Oromummaa By Prof Asafa Jalata

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZcNuHiTfq-Q&feature=share

Oromo Week 2015/North America Oromummaa Week: The 2015 OSFNA Oromo Sports and Cultural Festival Conducted in Minnesota, Minneapolis (August 1-8). Torbaan Oromoo Minisootatti Geggeeffamaa Ture Milikiin Xumurame. August 13, 2015

Posted by OromianEconomist in Oromo Sport, Oromummaa.
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???????????

Oromo Week 2015 in NorthAmerica,Little Oromia,Oromo SportCulture, Farda.Oromo Week 2015 in NorthAmerica,Little Oromia,Oromo SportCulture, Farda1Oromo Week 2015 in NorthAmerica,Little Oromia,Oromo SportCulture, Farda2Oromo Week 2015 in NorthAmerica,Little Oromia,Oromo SportCulture, Farda fi GaachanaOromo Week 2015 in NorthAmerica,Little Oromia,Oromo Sport Culture,Oromummaa

The eventful 2015 Oromummaa Week in North America colorfully celebrated from 1st to 8 August 2015 in DC  and Little Oromia (Minnesota).  The events were marked by conferences, OSFNA Oromo Sports and cultural shows.

Ayyaana Torbaan Oromoo Minisootatti Geggeeffamee Ture. OMN irraa caqasaa:-

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/08/omn-ayyaana-torbaan-oromoo-minisootatti-geggeeffamee-ture/

Qophiin Torban Oromoo Ameerikaa Kaabaa milkiin xumurame

(OMN:Oduu Hag.10,2015) Torban Oromoo Hagayya 1 haga 8 bara 2015 Minisootaa keessatti kabajamaa ture haala gaariin xumurameera.

Hirmaattonni ayyaana kanarraa qooda fudhatan akka dubbatanitti, torbaan Oromoo kun, walitti dhufeenyaa fi tokkummaa hawaasa Oromoo biyyoota ambaa keessa jiraniif caarraa guddaa uumeera jedhan.

Ameerikaa kutaa bulchiinsa Minnesootaa magaalaalee lakkuu keessatti, torbaan Oromoo jalqabamee ture, haala gaariin xumuramee jira.

Hawaasni Oromoo biyyoota adda addaa irraa heddumminnaan torbaan Oromoo kana irraa qooda kan fudhatan yoo ta’u, inni kun walitti dhufeenya hawaasa keenyaa daran kan cimsuudha jedhan.

Torban Oromoo Minnesootatti geggeffamee ture kun, caarraa namoota wal arguu fi wal baruudhaa uumee jira kan jedhan hirmaattonni kun, halli kun gara fuula durattis cimee akka itti fufuu qabu dubbatanii jiru.

Hawaasni Oromoo biyyoota akka Awustiraaliyaa, Awurooppaa, Kanadaa fi Oromiyaa dhufuun, torbaan Oromoo kana irraa qooda kan fudhatan yoo ta’u, Ameerikaa kutaalee bulchiinsa hedduu irraallee heddumminnaan argamanii jiru.

Haala gara garaatiin dhalattoonni Oromoo biyya isaanii irraa bahanii biyyoota ambaa keessa jiraatan, torbaan Oromoo kun, jaalala, tokkummaa fi wal barumsa guddaa akka uumeef itti gammadanii jiru.

Hawaasni Oromoo biyyoota gara garaa irraa dhufan akka himanitti, simannaa hawaasni Oromoo Minnesootaa keessa jiraatan isaaniif taasisanitti gammaduun, Minnesootaan bu’uura tokkummaa hawaasa keennaati jedhan.

Walitti dhufeenyaa fi, jalalalli ummata keenyaa, yeroo gara yerootti dabalaa jira kan jedhan hirmaattonni kun, inni kun mallattoo tokkummaa saba keenyaa kan agarsiisuudha jedhan.

Torbaan Oromoo Minnesotatti, Hagayya 1 haga 8 bara 2015tti kan geggeffame yoo ta’u, torbaan Oromoo kun, jaalalaan kan jalqabamee fi, gammachuudhaan kan xumuramee ta’uun beekkamee jira.

Usmaan Ukkumeetiin.

#OromoWeek2015 Concert

Powered with Youth Leadership and Volunteers, the 19th OSFNA Oromo Sports & Cultural Festival Rises with Time | Celebrate #OromoWeek2015 in Little Oromia (August 1-8, 2015)

Adoolessa/July 22, 2015 · Finfinne Tribune | Gadaa.com

It is not an exaggeration to say that the OSFNA annual Oromo Sports and Cultural Festival is the biggest celebration of Oromummaa, outside of Oromia. Kicked off in Toronto, Canada, in 1996 with a handful of soccer teams from around North America, the OSFNA annual Oromo Sports and Cultural Festival today has become a national icon of Oromo sportsmanship and cultural identity. Since the Twin Cities in Minnesota (Minneapolis and St. Paul), also coined as “Little Oromia,” have the largest Oromo population outside of the Horn of Africa, “Little Oromia” has become the most favorite host for the OSFNA annual festival, though other cities in North America had also been given the chance to host the festival over the years.

This year, too, “Little Oromia” will host the OSFNA festival from August 1 to August 8. During this week-long festival, members of the Oromo community in Minnesota as well as visitors from around the globe celebrate Oromummaa (being of the Oromo nation) with passion. Customarily, the City Councils of the Twin Cities also acknowledge the positive contributions of the OSFNA festival to the local diversity and economy by declaring the week-long festival an “Oromo Week,” thus the hashtag #OromoWeek2015 represents the OSFNA week-long Oromo Sports and Cultural Festival in “Little Oromia.” The OSFNA festival is also a moment for other civic activities, such as OLF meetings and campaign stops by Minnesotan politicians (for instance, Sen. Al Franken made a campaign stop at the OSFNA 2014 festival to help drive votes for his senatorial election).

OSFNA2015

Over the years, the OSFNA festival has shown great improvements with depth and breadth, especially since the election of the new youth leadership in 2014. Armed with the youth leadership and tens of other young volunteers from around North America, OSFNA – more than anything – is a venue where the dispersed Oromo community around the globe comes to connect to home away from home. With the increasing Oromo Diaspora population, OSFNA’s rise with time is a testament of the commitment of the leadership as well as the volunteers.

This year’s OSFNA events include men’s soccer, women’s soccer and the Abebe Bikila Legacy Race, which is a 2-mile running competition in honor of the Greatest Oromo Olympian and Barefoot Marathoner Abebe Bikila.

http://finfinnetribune.com/Gadaa/2015/07/powered-with-youth-leadership-and-volunteers-the-19th-osfna-oromo-sports-cultural-festival-rises-with-time-celebrate-oromoweek2015-in-little-oromia-august-1-8-2015/

OROMIA: THEORIZING OROMUMMAA August 7, 2015

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???????????Oromian scholar Professor Asafa Jalata

THEORIZING OROMUMMAA

By   Asafa Jalata, Professor of Sociology, Africana Studies, and Global Studies at the University of Tennessee – Knoxville.

The main purpose of this paper is to theorize Oromummaa by conceptualizing it on different levels and offering theoretical insights and critical analysis of the Oromo national movement in relations to the struggles of other colonized and oppressed peoples.[i] Theorizing and conceptualizing Oromummaa specifically in relation to the ideological problem[ii] of the Oromo nation movement and that of the others require recognizing the need to transform thinking and scholarship in Oromo politics and studies in order to critically and thoroughly assess the prospects for Oromo politico-cultural transformation and liberation. Theoretically, critically, and practically comprehending Oromummaa as Oromo nationalism, national culture, and identity is essential because the Oromo nation is the fulcrum for bringing about a fundamental transformation in the Ethiopian Empire and the Horn of Africa in order to establish sustainable peace, development, security, and an egalitarian multinational democracy.

The primary reason for this assertion is that the Oromo are the largest national group in the empire and the region; Finfinnee, which the colonialists call Addis Ababa, is the heart of Oromia and the seat of the Ethiopian colonial state, the African Union, and many international organizations. In addition, Oromia is located in the heart of the empire state of Ethiopia, and the Oromo people have already created a cultural corridor with different peoples of the region. The foundation of this corridor is the gadaa system (Oromo democracy), which with other indigenous democratic traditions can be a starting point for building a genuine multinational democracy based on the principles of national self-determination. Although the starting point of this analysis is Oromummaa, the issues of other colonized and oppressed peoples are addressed. As we shall see below, the theory and ideology of Oromummaaembrace the principles of human freedom, social justice, equality, equity, national self-determination, and egalitarian multinational democracy.

[i] These colonized and oppressed nations include the Sidama, Annuaks, Ogaden-Somali, Hadiya, Nuer, and others. The oppressed Amharas and Tigrayans who are not part of the Ethiopian colonizing structures can be part of the egalitarian multinational democratic project by rejecting the colonial ideology of Ethiopianism, which has perpetuated colonial terror, underdevelopment, poverty and famine in the Ethiopian Empire/

[ii] For the better understanding the ideological problem of the Oromo national movement, see Asafa Jalata and Harwood Schaffer, “Gadaa/Siqqee as the Fountain of Oromummaaa and the Theoretical Base of    Oromo Liberation,” Journal of Oromo Studies.

Read more at:-

Theorizing Oromummaa By Prof Asafa Jalata

Musical ‘Maal Wayya?’ By Young Oromo Artist, Anoolee Zarihun Wadaajoo July 22, 2015

Posted by OromianEconomist in Oromo Artists, Oromo Music, Oromummaa.
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???????????Oromo young artist, Anoolee Zarihun Wadaajoo

Maal Wayyaa?

Saba koo bilisoomuu wayyaa

 

Oromoon bilisoomuu wayyaa

Oromoon walaboomuu wayyaa

Saba koo walaboomuu wayyaa…..

 

Related:-

 

Oromia: The Oromo Heritages: Gadaa, Siiqqee and Irreecha. #Africa. June 13, 2015

Posted by OromianEconomist in Africa, Ancient African Direct Democracy, Ancient Egyptian, Ancient Rock paintings in Oromia, Ateetee, Ateetee (Siiqqee Institution), Boran Oromo, Gadaa System, Irreecha, Irreecha Oromo, Oromia, Oromo, Oromo Nation, Oromo Social System, Oromo Wisdom, Oromo women, Oromummaa, Sirna Gadaa, The Goddess of Fecundity, Waaqeffanna (Oromo ancient African Faith System).
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???????????

Oromo nation and Gadaa system

Oromo nation and Gadaa system

https://www.youtube.com/watch?t=186&v=Upg5259I5h8

https://youtu.be/vS1bb_e9EGw

https://youtu.be/QAfPpd6SbXg

https://youtu.be/9bogqL_vz3g

https://youtu.be/oZ4wYXu9kWM

The Borana Calendar REINTERPRETED

by Laurance R. Doyle

Physics and Astronomy Department, University of California, Santa Cruz,at NASA Ames Research Center, Space Sciences Division, M.S. 245-7,
Moffett Field, Calif. 94035, U.S. 20 XII 85

The announcement of a possible first archaeoastronomical site (called Namoratunga II) in sub-Saharan Africa by Lynch and Robbins (1978) and its subsequent reappraisal by Soper (1982) have renewed interest in an East African calendrical system, the Borana calendar, first outlined in detail by Legesse (1973:180-88). I shall here reinterpret the calendar as Legesse describes it in the light of astronomical constraints.
The Borana calendar is a lunar-stellar calendrical system, relying on astronomical observations of the moon in conjunction with seven particular stars (or star groups). At no time (except indirectly by way of lunar phase) does it rely upon solar observations. The Borana year is twelve lunar synodic months (each 29.5 days long), 354 days. While it will not correspond to the seasons, this may not be of primary importance for people this close to the equator. There are twenty-seven day names (no weeks), and since each month is either 29 or 30 days long, the first two (or three) day names are used twice in the same month starts on a new day name. The day names are listed in Table 1, the month names in Table 2.
The first six months can be identified at the beginning of the month with a particular astronomical observation, whereas the last six months can be so identified only around the middle of the month. The first six months begin with the observation of the new-phase moon in conjunction with six positions in the sky marked by seven particular stars or star groups. Thus the phase of the moon is held constant while its position varies. The last six months are identified by a particular-phase moon seen in conjunction with the first star position. Thus, here, the lunar phase changes and the position is held constant. The seven stars or star groups in order are Triangulum (which I take to mean Beta Trianguli), Pleiades, Aldebarran, Belletrix, central Orion (around the sword), Saiph, and Sirius. They are given in Table 2 next to the months they define.
The New Year starts with the observation of the new moon in conjunction with Beta Trianguli. (The term “new moon” here will be taken to be within two days of zero phase, although the Borana allow up to three “leap” days’ leeway, the astronomical observation determining the correct day to start on. This is indicated in the day nomenclature by the assignment of like prefixes to two or three day names before the approximate time an important astronomical observation is to take place.) Since the new moon can be seen only just before sunrise or just after sunset, twilight makes the observation of Beta Trianguli (a third-magnitude star) in conjunction with a new moon impossible with the naked eye.

Assuming that such an observation, however, was possible, would the next new moon be in conjunction with the next star group. Pleiades? (Conjunction here is taken to mean “rising with” or “setting with,” having the same right ascension. Legesse says (p. 182), “Let us assume that a new moon was sighted last night and that is appeared side by side with the star Sirius, which the Borana call Basa.”) Since the sidereal period of the moon is 27.3 days long, it will arrive back at the Triangulum position more than two days before completing its synodic month. At the sidereal rate of 13.2° per day, the moon will be within 3° of Pleiades when it rises in the new phase again. However, by the time of the third month it rises, not with Aldebarran, the next star, but a little past Belletrix, the fourth star, which is supposed to start the fourth month. By the fourth month the new moon is rising past Sirius, the sixth start, and the calendar is clearly not working as described. It should be added that the right-ascension positions of the stars in the area from Beta Trianguli to Sirius change with time, at the rate of roughly 15° every thousand years. However, the stars stay in approximately the same configuration, and arguments based on their present right-ascension relationships will hold over the past several thousand years as well.
What happens if we take the term “conjunction,” or “side by side,” as Legesse has it, to mean not “rising with” but “rising single-file,” that is, at the same horizon position (in other words, having the same declination)? Examining the idea that it is not the proximity of the moon to the star that is important but its horizon rising (or setting) position with respect to that star’s horizon rising (or setting) position, we immediately find that the first necessary observation, the new moon rising at the horizon position of Beta Trianguli, is not currently possible. Beta Trianguli rises (at the equator) about 35° north of the east point (0° declination), while the moon (on the northernmost average) rises at 23.5° north of east, never rising farther north than 28.5° from the East Point. The earth’s rotation axis is known to precess over the centuries, and while this does not change the lunar orbital positions significantly, it does change the apparent position of the stars. We can calculate the positions of the seven Borana stars at a time when Beta Trianguli was well within the moon’s declination limits to see if the calendar would have worked then. In 300 BC, Beta Trianguli was rising at a declination of +23° north of east. The right-ascension positions at the time still do not allow a “rising with” interpretation of the calendrical system. We can begin by defining the start of the Borana year as the new moon rising at the rising position of 300 BC Beta Trianguli. (The date of 300 BC was strongly suggested by the preliminary dating of Namoratunga II, but it was chosen because +23°, Beta Trianguli’s declination at the time, is the northern average of the moon’s monthly motion. I will take the moon’s motion, for the example here, from theNautical Almanacs for 1983 and 1984.) The next new moon rises at 14° north of east, which corresponds precisely to the 300 BC horizon rising position of Pleiades, the next Borana star. The next four new moons (starting the next four Borana months) rise at +9 degrees, +1 degree, –11 degrees, and –17 degrees declination. These positions correspond to the 300 BC horizon rising positions of the Borana stars Aldebarran. Belletrix, central Orion—Saiph (taken together), and Sirius, respectively (Table 3).
The seventh month should be identifiable 14 or 15 days from its automatic start (about 29 days after the start of the sixth month) by a full moon rising at the Beta Trianguli position, and this is indeed the case. Each subsequent moon rises at this horizon position 27.3 days later (sidereal month) in a phase (synodic month) about two days less waxes (since it is on its way to the full phase again) each time. (Legesse has a waning moon, but this must mean waning with respect to each subsequent monthly observation, not with respect to the Phase State for that month.) On the thirteenth or first month, the moon is seen rising in the new phase again (“new” meaning within a couple of days of zero phase), and another year begins. Tracing the moon’s motion as it arrives at these positions in the sky (which are, however, no longer directly marked by the seven stars), we can derive the calendar (see Table 4).
This outline is still general with respect to what is sometimes called the lunar excursion (regression of the line of nodes of the lunar orbit). The three “leap” days the Borana calendar allows for the starting of some of the months just before an important astronomical observation could account for this declination excursion of the moon (± ca. 5° from 23.5° declination on an 18.6-year basis), but this would certainly require confirmation in the field.
The Borana calendrical system as described by Legesse is, therefore, a valid timekeeping system, subject to the astronomical constraints outlined here, and the pillars found in northwestern Kenya by Lynch and Robbins and preliminary dates at 300 BC could, as they suggest, represent a site used to derive that calendar. The calendar does not work in right-ascension sense, but it does work if taken as based on declination. It might have been invented around 300 BC, when the declinations of the seven stars corresponded to lunar motion as the calendar indicates, and the star names would therefore apply to the horizon positions as well. Because the horizon rising positions constitute the important observations (over half of which must be made at twilight), some sort of horizon-marking device would seem to be necessary. Since the calendar is still in use, and the horizon-making pillars can no longer be set up by aligning them with the horizon rising positions of these stars, it would seem that the Borana may be using ancient (or replicas of ancient) horizon markers and this possibility should be investigated. I look forward with great interest to a test of these hypotheses.

Table 1

Borana Day names (Legesse 1973)

Bita Kara Gardaduma
Bita Lama Sonsa
Sorsa Rurruma
Algajima Lumasa
Arb Gidada
Walla Ruda
Basa Dura Areri Dura
Basa Ballo Areri Ballo
Carra Adula Dura
Maganatti Jarra Adula Ballo
Maganatti Britti Garba Dura
Salban Dura Garba Balla
Salban Balla Garda Dullacha
Salban Dullacha

Table 2

Borana Months and Stars/Lunar Phases That Define Them
(Legesse 1973)

Month

Star/Lunar Phase

Bittottessa Triangulum
Camsa Pleiades
Bufa Aldebarran
Wacabajjii Belletrix
Obora Gudda Central Orion-Saiph
Obora Dikka Sirius
Birra full moon
Cikawa gibbous moon
Sadasaa quarter moon
Abrasa large crescent
Ammaji medium crescent
Gurrandala small crescent

Table 3

Declinations (Degrees) of Borana Stars, 300 BC and Present

Star

Declination

300 BC

Present

Beta Trianguli

+23

+35

Pleiades

+14

+23

Aldebarran

+9

+16

Belletrix

+1

+6

Central Orion

–10

–6

Saiph

–13

–10

Sirius

–17

–17

Table 4

Astronomical Borana-Cushitic Calendar (1983-84)

Borana-Cushitic Day/Month

Gregorian Date

Description

Bita Kara/
Bittottessa
August 7, 1983 New moon rises at Triangulum horizon position
Algajima/
Camsa
September 6, 1983 New moon rises at Pleiades horizon position
Walla/
Bufa
October 5, 1983 New moon rises at Aldebarran horizon position
Basa Dura/
Wacabajjii
November 2, 1983 New moon rises at Belletrix horizon position
Maganatti Jarra/
Obora Gudda
December 2, 1983 New moon rises at central Orion-Saiph horizon position
Salban Dura/
Obora Dikka
December 30, 1983 New moon rises at Sirius horizon position
Gardaduma/
Birra
January 29, 1984 Full moon sets at Triangulum on February 15
Rurruma/Cikawa February 28, 1984 Gibbous moon sets at Triangulum on March 14
Gidada/
Sadasaa
March 28, 1984 Quarter moon sets at Triangulum on April 10
Areri Dura/
Abrasa
April 26, 1984 Large crescent sets at Triangulum on May 7
Adula Dura/
Ammaji
May 25, 1984 Medium crescent sets at Triangulum on June 3
Garba Dura/
Gurrandala
June 23, 1984 Small crescent sets at Triangulum on June 30
Bita Kara/
Bittottessa
July 28, 1984 “New” moon rises at Triangulum position again, new year starts

References Cited

Legesse, A. 1973. Gada: Three approaches to the study of African Society. New York: Free Press.

Lynch, B. M., and L. H. Robbins. 1978. Namoratunga: The first archaeoastronomical evidence in sub-Saharan Africa. Science 200:766-68.

Soper, R. 1982. Archaeo-astronomical Cushites: Some comments. Azania 17:145-62

Source:

http://web.archive.org/web/20081029073246/http://www.tusker.com/Archaeo/art.currentanthro.htm

ASTRONOMY IN EAST AFRICA:Borana-Cushitic Calender

ASTRONOMY IN EAST AFRICA
The Borana-Cushitic Calendar and Namoratunga
Laurance Reeve Doyle
Space Sciences Division, N.A.S.A.
Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California

“While Western thought has always prided itself on scientific objectivity, it has often been found unprepared for such surprises as an intellectually advanced yet seemingly illiterate society. In the face of apparent primitiveness, the possibility of significant intellectual development may not be fully investigated.
This was certainly the case when, in the early 1970’s, Dr. A. Legesse first found that the Borana people of southern Ethiopia were indeed using a sophisticated calendrical system based on the conjunction of seven stars with certain lunar phases. Previous calendrical investigations into the area up to this time had superficially stated that the Borana “attach magical significance to the stars and constellations,” incorrectly concluding that their calendar was based, as ours is, on solar motion.
What Dr. Legesse found was an amazing cyclical calendar similar to those of the Mayans, Chinese, and Hindu, but unique in that it seemed to ignore the sun completely (except indirectly by way of the phases of the moon). The workings were described to him by the Borana ayyantu (timekeepers) as follows.
There are twelve months to a year, each month being identifiable with a unique (once a year) astronomical observation. The length of each month is either 29 or 30 days – that is, the time it takes the moon to go through all its phases. (This time is actually 291/2 days and is called a synodic month, but the Borana only keep track of whole days). Instead of weeks, there are 27 day names. Since each month is 29 or 30 days long we will run out of day names about two or three days early in the same month. The day names can therefore be recycled and for day 28 we use the first day name again, the second day name for day 29, and start the next month using the third day name. Thus each month will start on a different day name. Whether the particular month is to be 29 or 30 days long would depend on the astronomical observations, which are quite ingeniously defined.
The seven stars (or star groups) used to derive the calendar are, from northernmost to southernmost, 1) Beta Triangulum – a fairly faint navigation star in the constellation of the Triangle, 2) Pleiades – a beautiful, blue star cluster in the constellation of Taurus the Bull, and sometimes referred to as the seven sisters, 3) Aldebarran – a bright, red star that represents the eye of Taurus, 4) Belletrix – a fairly bright star that represents the right shoulder of the constellation Orion the Hunter, 5)Central Orion – the region around Orion’s sword where the Great Orion Nebula may be found, 6) Saiph – the star representing the right knee of Orion, and finally 7) Sirius – the brightest star in the night sky and the head of the constellation Canis Majoris, the Great Dog.
The New Year begins with the most important astronomical observation of the year – a new moon in conjunction with Beta Triangulum. (this day is called Bitotesa, and the next month is called Bitokara). The next month starts when the new moon is found in conjunction with the Pleiades. The third month starts with the new moon being observed in conjunction with the star Aldebarran, the next with Belletrix, then the area in between Central Orion and Saiph, and finally with the star Sirius. So the first six months of the calendar are started by the astronomical observations of the new phase moon found in conjunction with six specific locations in the sky marked by seven stars of star groups.
The method is now switched and the final six months are identified by six different phases of the moon (from full to crescent) being found in conjunction with only one position in the sky – the one marked by Beta Triangulum. Thus the whole Borana year is identified astronomically and when the new phase moon is again finally seen in conjunction with Beta Triangulum the New Year will start again. Since there are 12 such synodic months of 29 ½ days each, the Borana year is only 354 days long.
Now, in the latter part of the 1970’s another interesting development was to take place regarding the astronomy of this region. In 1977 Drs. B.M. Lynch and L.H. Robbins, who were working in the Lake Turkana area of northwestern Kenya, came upon what they believed was the first archaeoastronomical site ever found in sub-Saharan Africa. At Namoratunga, it consisted of 19 stone pillars, apparently man-made, that seemed to align toward the rising positions of the seven Borana calendar stars as they had appeared quite some time ago. (their suggested date from the various archaeological considerations, which still requires corroboration, was about 300 BC). Due to precession (the slow, wobbling of the pointing direction of the rotation axis of the Earth), the stars will seem to move from their positions over the centuries, although the moon’s position would not vary on this time scale. (Such an example is the alignment of certain features of the Egyptian pyramids with the star Thuban in the constellation Draco the Dragon, which was the north polar star about 5000 year ago; today it is Polaris and in several thousand years it will be Vega). If the date that Drs. Lynch and Robbins suggested was correct, the site would then correspond to the time of the extensive kingdom of Cush, referred to as Ethiopia in the Bible but actually centered about present day Sudan. One would then conclude that the Borana calendrical system was old indeed, having been developed by the Cushitic peoples in this area about 1800 years before the development of our present day Western Gregorian calendrical system.
In 1982, a number of significant questions arose concerning the site, the calendar, and archaeoastronomy of East Africa in general. The pillars were remeasured by an anthropologist in Kenya (Mr. Robert Soper) and found to be magnetic in nature. The original measurements had to be modified but, again, alignments with the seven Borana stars were found. However, this brought up the question of whether pillar alignments are significant at all, since the Borana ayyantu certainly can recognize the phases of the moon and when it is in conjunction with the appropriate seven stars. It was time to approach the question astronomically, and ask the moon and the stars how the calendar worked.
First, we could take the New Year’s observations, a new moon in conjunction with the faint star Beta Triangulum. What is meant by the term “conjunction” which is astronomically defined as the closest approach between two celestial objects? A new moon means that the moon is very close to the sun, being at best only a very small crescent, and therefore can only be seen just before sunrise or just after sunset. Interestingly enough, it turns out that during this twilight time the sky is too bright to be able to see the star Beta Triangulum so that seeing the new moon next to Beta Triangulum, the most important observation of the Borana calendar, was impossible!
In addition, assuming that the new moon and Beta Triangulum could be somehow seen rising together, the next month’s new moon rises significantly behind Pleiades, the newt conjunction star group. The third new moon rises with Belletrix, having skipped the third star, Aldebarran, completely. This is certainly not how the Borana described their calendar. If we were to continue to try to work the calendar in this way, by the start of the sixth month the new moon would be rising almost four hours after Sirius.
How could the calendar work then? Suppose (as we did), that one takes the term “conjunction” to mean “rising at the same horizon position” instead of “rising horizontally next to at the same time.” Thus one could mark the horizon rising position of Beta Triangulum, with pillars for instance, and once a year a new moon will rise at that position on the horizon. Let us suppose that this astronomical event marks the start of the New Year. We must add that we are taking the horizon rising position of these seven stars as they were in or around 300 BC, since present day Beta Triangulum has precessed too far to the north over the centuries and the moon will never rise there. However, the position of 300 BC Beta Triangulum, as well as the other Borana stars, was quite within the realm of the moon’s orbit.
Now where will the next new moon rise? It turns out to rise at precisely the rising position of Pleiades! The next new moon, marking the start of the third month, rises at the Aldebarran horizon position, the next at Belletrix, the next in between Central Orion and Saiph, and finally the sixth new moon rises at the horizon position that Sirius rose at during the night. During the next six months one can tell what month it is only in the middle of the month, since one has to wait to see what phase the moon is in when it appears at the Beta Triangulum horizon position. During the seventh month, as described, a full moon will be observed at the Beta Triangulum position. The next month a gibbous waxing moon, then a quarter moon, and successively smaller crescents will be seen there until, at the time when the 13th or first month should start the new year again (exactly 354 days later), a new moon is again seen rising at the Beta Triangulum position on the horizon.
It is interesting that one can draw some significant anthropological results from the astronomical derivation of this calendrical system. It would appear that the calendar would have had to have been invented (to use the stars correctly) sometime within a few hundred years of 300 BC, a time when the Cushitic peoples were dominant in this part of the world. Hence we would call it the Borana-Cushitic calendar. In addition, although the seven Borana-Cushitic stars no longer rise in the correct horizon positions to be correctly marked by pillars for observing the monthly rising position of the new moon, the present day Borana people nevertheless use this system of timekeeping. The implication is that the Borana require ancient horizon markers in their present derivation of the calendar.
Concerning the site at Namoratunga, and considering that the use of pillars is apparently necessary to the derivation of the calendar, such horizon markers as are found there may, indeed, have been an ancient observatory. Petroglyphs on the pillars at Namoratunga may also hold the possibility of being ancient and, if Cushitic, may represent the alignment stars or moon. Cushitic script has never been deciphered and any hints as to the meaning of tits symbols could be significant clues with very exciting prospects indeed!

Thus, archaeoastronomy in East Africa is still quite new and many discoveries await. From coming to understand, even in a small way, the calendrical reckoning and observational abilities of the ancient and modern astronomer-timekeepers of this region, Western thought should certainly not again underestimate the ingenuity and intellect present there. As for this Western thinker, this study continues to be a welcome lesson in perspective and humility, taught to him by his astronomical colleagues of long ago.”

This is a summary of a talk delivered at Caltech for Ned Munger’s African Studies class.

http://www.africaspeaks.com/reasoning/index.php?topic=2194.0;wap2

Widespread brutalities of the Ethiopian Government in handling protests in different parts of the state of Oromia by peaceful demonstrators June 9, 2015

Posted by OromianEconomist in Aannolee and Calanqo, Aannolee Oromo Martyrs’ Memorial Monument, Ambo, Colonizing Structure, Ethnic Cleansing, Finfinnee is the Capital City of Oromia, Finfinnee n Kan Oromoo ti, Free development vs authoritarian model, Genocidal Master plan of Ethiopia, Hetosa, Human Rights, Human Rights Watch on Human Rights Violations Against Oromo People by TPLF Ethiopia, ICC, Janjaweed Style Liyu Police of Ethiopia, Jen & Josh (Ijoollee Amboo), Land and Water Grabs in Oromia, Land Grabs in Africa, No to land grabs in Oromia, No to the Addis Ababa Master Plan, NO to the Evictions of Oromo Nationals from Finfinnee (Central Oromia), Ogaden, OMN, Omo, Omo Valley, Oromia, Oromia Support Group, Oromia Support Group Australia, Oromia wide Oromo Universtiy students Protested Addis Ababa Expansion Master Plan, Oromian Voices, Oromiyaa, Oromo, Oromo Culture, Oromo Identity, Oromo Protests in Ambo, Oromo students movement, Oromo students protests, Oromo the Largest Nation of Africa. Human Rights violations and Genocide against the Oromo people in Ethiopia, Oromo University students and their national demands, Oromummaa, Say no to the expansions of Addis Ababa, Self determination.
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OHRLHA FineIOYA_LogoHrw logo.svgOromia Support Group
 Because I am Oromo

Darajjee Goobanaa, Oromo national and 3rd year student at Bule Hora University is murdered by fascist TPLF Ethiopia (Agazi) forces: Barataa Waggaa 3ffaa Yuuniversitii Bulee Horaa Kan Ta’e Sabboontichi Darajjee Goobanaa Rasaasa Poolisoota Wayyaaneen Wareegame.

Barataa Waggaa 3ffaa Yuuniversitii Bulee Horaa Kan Ta’e Sabboontichi Darajjee Goobanaa FDG Qindeessite Jedhamuun Rasaasa Poolisoota Wayyaaneen Wareegame.

Waxabajjii 08,2015 Gabaasa Qeerroo Bulee Horaa 

Oromo oromiaGaafa Caamsaa 24,2015 Fincila Diddaaa gabrummaa Yuuniverstii Bulee Horaa keessatti ka’een wal qabatee baratoota Oromoo irratti loltoota Wayyaaneen dhukaasi banamuun kan yaadatamu dha. Haala kanaan barattaan Oromoo ganna 3ffaa Yuuniverstii  Bulee Horaa irraa baratu barattoota Oromoo adda durummaan fincilaaf qindeessiteetta jedhamee adamfamuun rasaasa Wayyaaneen yeroo rukutamu iyyaa fi diddaan barattootaa waan itti hammaateef jecha loltooti barataa rasaasaan rukutan achitti gatanii deeman,haala kanaan gootichi barataan Darajjee Goobanaa gargaarsa barattootaan Hosptala Xiqur Ambessaatti  ergamee osoo waldhaanamuu Waxabajjii 05,2015 lubbuun isaa uummata Oromoof jecha wareega qaalii kaffaltee jirti.

Barataa Darajjee Goobanaan godina Wallaggaa Horroo Guduruu aanaa Jaardagaa Jaartee jedhamutti kan dhalatee guddate ta’uu fi amal qabeessaa fi qaroo ilma Oromoo akka ta’e barattooti Yuuniverstii Bulee Horaa dubbatu.

cropped-qeerroo-edit.jpg

6 Oromo Students of Three Universities Abducted by TPLF Led Government Forces

Qeerroo Report, May 17, 2015: As the fake 2015 so called Ethiopian election approaches, the TPLF led Ethiopian government has intensified arresting, harassing, and abduction of Oromo nationals, especially Oromo students of universities and higher educational institutions. Accordingly, the following Oromo students of Adama University, Eastern Shoa zone of Oromia regional state have been abducted by the terrorist “intelligence” forces of the Ethiopian regime and their whereabouts are unknown.  Read Full; Qeerroo Report, May 17 2015

 http://qeerroo.org/2015/05/17/6-oromo-students-of-three-universities-abducted-by-tplf-led-government-forces/

Health Science 1st year Oromo student Rabbirra Biloo was kidnapped and  hanged to death at Wallo University on May 4, 2015.

Health Science 1st year Oromo student Rabbirra Biloo hanged to death at Wallo University on May 4, 2015

Barataan Oromoo Univarsity Walloo Keessatti Fannifamee Ajjeefame.

Barataan Oromoo maqaan isaa Rabbirraa Biloo jedhamu Kiibxata Caamsaa 04, 2015 Univarsity Wallo, Kampasii Dassee keessaatti fannifamee ajjeefame.
Barataan Oromoo kun barataa Health Science waggaa 1ffaa yoo tahu, barataa dadeettii fi namuusa qabeessa akka turee fi gaafa Wiixataa barumsaa isaa barachaa oolee gara naannoo sa’aa 1:00w.b. irraa eegalee akka baheen eessa buuteen isaa waan dhabameef hiriyooti isaa qaama Poolisii mooraa Univarsitichaatti gabasanis yerodhan tarkaanfiin akka hin fudhatamnee fi reeffi barataa Oromoo kanaa dirree kubbaa miillaa Universitichaa keessaatti gaafa Kiibxataa Caamasaa 04, 2015 fannifamee akka argame ibsaniiru. Yeroo reeffi barataa Oromoo kanaa argameetti qaami isaa walqixxaatee akka turee fi mallattoon biraa fuula isaa tahe afaan isaa irratti akka hin argamne hiriyooti isaa ifa godhanii jiru.Duuti barataa Rabbirraa Biloo rakkoo fi miidhaa barattoota Oromoo irraan bulchiinsi Univarsity Walloo fi mootummaan abbaa irree Wayyaanee geessisaa jiraniin kan wal-qabatee tahuu fi akkaataa du’a barataa Oromoo kanaa barattooti Oromoo Univarsity akka seeraan qoratamu bulchiinsa univaristichaa gaafatanis qaami bulichiinsa Univarsitichaa sun qormaati akkasii kan geggeeffamu Hospitaala Maqaleetti yookan immoo Hospitaal Miniliktti jechuudhaan ajjeechaan lammii Oromoo kanaa osoo seeraan hin qulqullaahin gara matii isaatti akka ergame ifa taheera. Barataan Oromoo kun bakki dhaloota isaa godina Shaggar Dhiyaa, aanaa Gindabaratti ta’uun beekameera.
Mooraan Kampasii Dassee dallaa tokkollee kan hin qabne ta’uu isaa fi kana barattooti yeroo adda addaa qaama bulchiinsa Univarsitichaatti iyyatanis hawaasi nannichaayyu dalla isiniif taha jechuudhaan mooraa Univarsituchaatti dallaa ijjaaruu akka didan maddeen oduu kana ibsanii jiru.Barattooti Oromoo Univarsity Walloo yaaddoo barumsa isaanii nagaan barachuu fi wabii jireenyaa dhabuu qaban yeroo ibsan, barataan Oromoo mooraa san keessatti akka lammii lammaffaa fi yakkamaatti kan ilaalamuu fi gaaffii mirgaas tahe kan bulchiinsa Univarsity wajjin wal qabatee kamiyyuu yoo gaafatan tarkaanfiin isaan irratti fudhatamu isa dhumaa fi keessa deebii ykn ilaalcha tokko kan hin kennamneef tahuu ibsanii; gaaffii guumii aadaa fi afaan Oromoo hundeessuuf bulchiinsa Univarsitychaaf yeroo dheeraaf dhiyeessanillee hanga har’aatti deebii osoo hin argatiin jiraachuu isaa fi warreen gaaffii mirgaa akkasii dhiyeessan illee tarkaanfiin barumsa irraa hari’uu akka irratti fudhatamu akka akeekkachiifaman beekameera.

Barattooti Oromoo Yuniversitii Adaamaa 5 Badii Tokkoon Malee Humna Loltoota Wayyaaneen Ukkamfamuu Qeerroon Gabaase.

5 Oromo students from Adama University have been kidnapped by TPLF (Agazi) security forces. Kidnapping, torturing and violence against Oromo students and civilians is continued all over universities and entire Oromia. See the following table for few latest lists in Afaan Oromo.

Nimoona

addunyaa-keessoo-3

MAQAA GUUTUU BAKKA BARNOOTAA BAKKA DHALOOTAA GOSAA FI SADARKAA BARNOOTAA fi Sadr/himannaa
Addunyaa Keessoo UNV/ADAAMAA Salaale,shawaa kaabaa aanaa warra jaarsoo Electrical engineering wagaa 4ffaa (himatamaa 3ffaa)
Nimoonaa(abbabaa) urgeessaa Fakkansaa UNV HAROMAYAA Shawaa kibba lixaa Soil engineering waggaa  2ffaa (himatamaa 1ffaa)
Bilisummaa Daammanaa Siyyum UNV/ADAAMAA Salaale shawaa kaabaa Accounting waggaa 3ffaa (himatamaa 4ffaa)
Mooyiboon (Tashaalee) Baqalaa Garbaa UNV JIMMAA Walagga bahaa aanaa jiddaa Health officer waggaa 2ffaa (himatamaa 5ffaa)
Magarsaa Warquu FAyyisaa UNV/HAROMAYAA Arsii qarsaa Seera waggaa 5ffaa (himatamaa 2ffaa)
Leenjisaa Alamaayyoo Sooressaa UNV/JIMMAA Shawaa lixaa Ginda barat Water engineering waggaa 3ffaa (himatamaa 6ffaa)
     

http://qeerroo.org/2015/05/16/barattooti-oromoo-yuniversitii-adaamaa-5-badii-tokkoon-malee-humna-loltoota-wayyaaneen-ukkamfamuu-qeerroon-gabaase/

Humni Tika fi Loltuun Feederaala Wayyaanee Barattoota Oromoo Yuuniversitii Wallaggaa Hedduu Reebuu Saamaa Jira, Barattoota Afur Reebichaan Gara Malee Miidhe.

Oromo students in University Wallaggaa have been tortured and robbed their belongings by TPLF (Agazi) forces operating in the campus. Among students who have been severely attacked by Agazi are:

  • Rabbumaa Badhaasaa economics, 3rd year
  • Darajjee Fayisaa accounting, 3rd year
  • Guddataa Waaqshumaa banking, 3rd year
  • Barataa Taammiraat
  • Gabaasa Qeerroo Caamsaa 15,2015 Naqamte

    Suuraa ,Barattoota  Naqamte 2014 Reebaman.

    Caamsaa 14,2015 galgala Barattooti Oromoo diddaa sirna Wayyaaneen kaasaniin wal qabatee loltootii fi tikoonni mootummaa abbaa irree EPRDF Wayyaaneef ergaman mooraa Yuuniverstitii seenuun barattoota Oromoo reebaa turan,barattooti hedduun haa reebaman malee kanneen keessaa afur haala hamaan miidhamanii akka jiran Qeerroon gabaase.

    1. Rabbumaa Badhaasaa economics Waggaa 3ffaa
    2. Darajjee Fayisaa accounting Waggaa 3ffaa
    3. Guddataa Waaqshumaa banking wagga 3ffaa
    4. Barataa Taammiraat

    Kanneen jedhaman haalaan reebamuu fi qabeenyi isaaniin loltoota Federaalaan samamee jiraachuun beekame.

    Kana malees aanaa Mettaa Roobii magaalaa Eelaa keessaa Oromoota nagaa FDG gaggeessuuf qindaawaa jirtu sabaaa jedhuun hidhaatti guuraa akka jiran gabaasi nu gahe addeessa, kanneen keessaa Oromoota mana hidhaa magaalaa Eelaa keessatti dararamaa jiran keessaa muraasni

    1. Shifarraa Nagarii
    2. Biraanuu Zawudee
    3. Giroo Guutamaa
    4. Abarraa Ayyalaa fi kanneen biroo maqaan hin qaqqabin dararama jiraachuun maddeen keenya gabaasan.  http://qeerroo.org/2015/05/15/humni-tika-fi-loltuun-feederaala-wayyaanee-barattoota-oromoo-yuuniversitii-wallaggaa-hedduu-reebuu-saamaa-jira-barattoota-afur-reebichaan-gara-malee-miidhe/

    More than 50 Oromo students arrested by Ethiopia’s Tyrannic TPLF regime in Ambo, Oromia; 20 being tortured

    The following is a statement from the Human Rights League of the Horn of Africa (HRLHA).

    Ethiopia: The Endless Violence against Oromo Nationals Continues

    Fear of Torture | HRLHA Urgent Action

    For Immediate Release

    May 7, 2015

    Harassment and intimidation through arbitrary arrests, kidnappings and disappearances have continued unabated in Ambo and the surrounding areas against Oromo youth and intellectuals since the crackdown of last year (April 2014), when more than 79 Oromos, mostly youth, were killed by members of the federal security force.

    According to HRLHA correspondents in Ambo, the major targets of this most recent government-sponsored violence were Ambo University and high schools Oromo students in Ambo town. In this incident, which started on April 20, 2015, more than 50 university and high school students were arrested; more than 20 were severely beaten by the security force and taken to the Ambo General Hospital for treatment.

    Although it has been difficult to identify everyone by their names, HRLHA correspondents have confirmed that the following were among the arrestees:

    AmboArrests_HRLHA1

    AmboArrests_HRLHA2

    kidnappings and disappearances of Oromo students

    Those who were badly beaten and are being hospitalized in the Ambo General Hospital:

    AmboArrests_HRLHA4

    According to HRLHA reporters, the arrests were made to clear out supporters and members of the other political organizations running for the 5th General Election to be held May 24, 2015. The EPRDF, led by the late Meles Zenawi, claimed victory in the General Elections of 1995, 2000, 2005 and 2010. The TPLF/EPRDF government of Ethiopia has started a campaign of intimidation against its opponents. Extrajudicial arrests and imprisonments, particularly in the regional state of Oromia, the most populous region in the country, began late October 2014.

    The Human Rights League of the Horn of Africa (HRLHA) expresses its deep concern over the safety and well-being of these Oromo nationals who have been arrested without any court warrant, and are being held at police stations and unknown detention centers. The Ethiopian government has a well documented record of gross and flagrant violations of human rights, including the torturing of its own citizens, who were suspected of supporting, sympathizing with and/or being members of the opposition political organizations. There have been credible reports of physical and psychological abuses committed against individuals in Ethiopia’s official prisons and other secret detention centers.

    HRLHA calls upon governments of the West, all local, regional and international human rights agencies to join hands and demand the immediate halt to such extrajudicial actions against one’s own citizens, and the unconditional release of the detainees.

    RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send appeals to the Ethiopian Government and its officials as swiftly as possible, written in English, Ahmaric, or your own language. The following are suggested:

    – Indicate your concern about citizens being tortured in different detention centers, including the infamous Ma’ikelawi Central Investigation Office; and calling for their immediate and unconditional release;

    – Urge the Ethiopian authorities to ensure that detainees will be treated in accordance with the regional and international standards on the treatment of prisoners, and that their whereabouts be disclosed, and

    – Make sure the coming May 24, 2015 election is fair and free

    The Endless Violence against Oromo Nationals Continues, HRLHA Report, 7th May 2015

    Ethiopia: Kidnapped And Disappearance of Oromo Civilians

    OSGA Asxaa

    Oromia Support Group Australia Appeal for Urgent Action:

    To: Committee on Enforced Disappearances and Committee against Torture

    Human Rights Treaties Division (HRTD)
    Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)
    Palais Wilson – 52, rue des Pâquis
    CH-1201 Geneva (Switzerland)

    Ethiopia: Kidnapped and disappearance of Oromo civilians Magarsa Mashsha And Urgessa Damana:

    Oromia Support Group Australia Inc. (OSGA) expresses its deep concern regarding the kidnapping a nd disappear an ce of two Oromo civilians by the Ethiopian security forces. Mr Magarsa Mashasha Ayansa was kidnapped and diapere d on April 23rd, 7pm local tim e while Urgessa Damana was on May 4th, 2015. Mr Magarsa, community health worker, a student of Ambo University is the local area resident. He was kidnapped by Ethiopian security forces from the country’s central city Fifinna (Addis Ababa) – Bole area – while he was on a trip for his personal business. In a similar situation, Mr Urgessa Damana a former Rift Valley University Student and resident of Ambo town also captured on 4th of May 2015 by Ethiopian security forces. Since then the whereabouts of theses Oromo civilians remained unknown.

    OSGA believes that th e Ethiopian government conduct violated the fundamental rights. The right to freedom from torture and the UN Body of Principles for the Protection of All Per sons under Any Form of Detention and Imprisonment including the UN Standard Minimum Treatment of Prisoners is entirely denied. We are concerned that this pattern will continue to worsen.

    We respectfully believe that the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) – Human Rights Treaties Division (HRTD) has a duty to use its diplomatic relationships with the reciprocal expectation of protecting human rights and legitimate democratic governance. These accusations reveal serious violations of human rights and legal process, and without external accountability, many vulnerable people will suffer in the country.

    We, therefore, urge you to:

    1. Request the Ethiopian Government to reveal the whereabouts of these two Oromo civilians and immediate and unconditional release of them including all
    political prisoners under their captivity.

    2. Request to investigate, amongst other things, actions taken by the Ethiopian
    Government security forces in the state of Oromia and the suffering of Oromo
    civilians in hundreds of official and hidden torture chambers.

    3. Raise this case with the international community and other relevant
    United Nation bodies. Stress the righ t to remedy, restitution,
    compensation, non-repetition, and punishment of the perpetrators, in line
    with the UN Guidelines on the right to treat.

    We denounce the attacks on peoples who are exercising their fundamental and democratic rights.

    Thanks for considering of OSGA appeal
    Oromia Support Group Australia

    Read More:-  osga-appeal-for-urgent-action-on-the-disapperances-of-mr-magarsa-and-urgessa-may-8th-2015-photo-include

     Oromo national Urgeessaa Dammanaa, student from Rift Valley University

    Oromo national Urgeessaa Dammanaa, student from Rift Valley University, kidnapped by fascist TPLF Ethiopian security forces on 4th May 2015 and his whereabouts is not known.

    Oromoo Hidhuu fi Ajjeessuu Araada Kan Godhate Mootummaan Abbaa Irree Wayyaanee, Sabboonticha Oromoo Barataa Urgeessaa Daammanaa Caamsaa 4 Bara 2015 Edda Ukkaamsee  Har’aa Ukkaamsee Eessa Buuteen Isaa Hin Beekamne.

    Gabaasa Qeerroo Finfinnee,Caamsaa 4,2015

    Gabaasa Qeerroo Finfinnee,Caamsaa 4,2015

    096_001Caamsaa 04,2015 Mootummaan Abbaa Irree EPRDF/TPLF yakka tokko malee ilmaan Oromoo sabboontota ta’an ukkamsaa jira haala kanaan guyyaa har’aa sabboonaan Qeerroo  Oromoo kan ta’ee barataa  Urgeessaa Dammanaa Kumsaa humnoota tikaa mootummaa  EPRDF/TPLF magaalaa Finfinnee keessatti ukkanfame.

    Barataa Yuunivarsiitii Rift Valley kan ture,  Sabboonaan Qeerroon Oromoo Urgeessaa Daammanaa yakka tokko illee utuu hin qabaatiin  daa’imummaa isaa irraa eegaluun Oromummaan yakkamee manneen hidhaa biyyattii garaagaraa keessatti hidhamuun dararamaa kan ture,fi bara 2011 Mana hidhaa Maa’ikalaawwii, fi Qaalliittii Waggaa tokkoo oliif badii tokko malee hidhamee dararamaa kan turee fi yeroo garaagaratti mana hidhaa lixaa Shaggar magaalaa Amboottis hidhama kan ture yoo ta’uu, Guyyaa har’aa kanas badii tokkoo malee  FDG Qeerroo  Bilisummaa Oromoo gaggeessa jiru qinddeessiteetta jechuun yeroo dheeraa erga hordofamaa ture, ammas humnoota tikaa mootummaa Wayyaanee EPRDF/TPLF’n guyyaa hardhaa ukkanfamee  eessa buuteen isaa hin beekamne.

    Sabboonaan  Qeerroon barataan Oromoo kun FDG Qeerroon Bilisummaa Oromoo biyyattii keessatti qindeessee gaggeessa jiru keessa harka qabda  sabaabaa jedhuun  nannoo dhaloota isaa Godina Lixaa Shaggar Magaalaa Amboo kolleejjii  Rifti Valley Amboo utuu barachaa jiruu yeroo sochii Warraaqsaa FDG bara darbee  Ebla 2014 Qeerroon barattootni fi uummatni Oromoo sirna bittaa Wayyaanee balaaleffachuun mormii guddaa gaggeessa turanitti FDG kana qindeessuu keessa harka qabda jechuun naannoo dhaloota isaa magaalaa Amboo irraa baqachiifame ,barnoota isaas akkatti baratuu dhabuun haala baay’ee rakkisaa ta’ee keessatti  gara magaalaa Dirree Dawaatti  barnoota isaa itti fufuuf akkuma Koolleejjii Rift Valley Damee Dirree Dawaatti galmaa’ee barnoota eegaletti  hordoffiin humnoota tikaa fi dabballoota Wayyaanee itti jabaachuun  akka barnoota isaa itti fufee barachuu hin dandeenye  dhorkatame akkatti baratuu dhabuun  gara magaalaa Finfinneetti deebi’uun hojiilee wardiyummaa fi hojiiwwaan humnaa garaagaraa hojjechuun utuu of jiraachisuu  guyyaa hardhaa humnoota tikaa mootummaa EPRDF/TPLF’n ukkanfamee eessa buuteen isaa dhabamee jira. 097_001

    Ilmaan Oromoo biyya abbaa isaanii keessa jiraachuu dadhabuun Mootummaan Wayyaanee diina itti ta’uun mirga namummaa fi dimookiraasii mulqamnee guyyaa irraa gara guyyaatti ilmaan Oromoo ukkaanfamaa jiraaniif dhaabbileen mirga namummaa addunyaa fi mootummootni gamtooman uummata Oromoof dirmachuu qabu, ilmaan Oromoo biyyoota garaagaraa keessa jirtan dhaabilee Idil-Addunyaa mirgoota namummaa kabachiisan  hundatti akka uummata keenyaaf iyyaannu Qeerroon bilisuumma Oromoo dhaamsa dabarsa.

    http://qeerroo.org/2015/05/04/oromoo-hidhuu-fi-ajjeessuu-araada-kan-godhate-mootummaan-abbaa-irree-wayyaanee-sabboonticha-oromoo-barataa-urgeessaa-daammanaa-guyyaa-haraa-ukkaamsee/

    11 years old Oromo child from Galamsoo town tortured and murdered by TPLF

    11 years old Oromo child from Galamsoo town, Eastern Oromia was  tortured and murdered  by fascist TPLF security forces. Mootumma abba irree wayyaannen muca daa’ima waggan isa 11 ta’e wajjira poolisii magaala galamsoo keessatti ati ABO dhaf basaasta haati kee eessa jirti, mal hojjetti jedhanii utuu reebanii lubbuun isa darbite.

    Source: Social networks, 4 May 2015.

    Ogeessa Fayyaa fi Barataa Yuuniverstii Amboo Kan Ta’e Sabboonaa Magarsaa Mashashaa Ayyaanaa Humnoota Tika Wayyaaneen Ukkaamfame.

    Ebla 29,2015 Amboo

    Because I am OromoSabboontichi ilmi Oromoo Magarsaa Mashashaa Ayyaanaan, magaala Amboo keessaatti hojii fayyaa (nursing) kan hojjetu yeroo ta’u gaafa Ebla 22,2015 dhimma hojii dhuunfaaf naannoo Boolee deemee osoo jiruu ganama sa’aa 7:00WD irratti qaamni tika Wayyaanee magaalaa Amboo irraa eegalanii jala bu’uun Finfinnee erga gahanii ukkaamsuu isaanii Qeerroon magaala Amboo irraa gabaasee jira.

    Qaamni tika Wayyaanee hordofiin isa faana bu’aa tures maqaan isaa Mekonnin Gamma nama jedhmamu  yeroo ta’u namni kun waggoota mursaaf darban irraa kaasee barattoota Yuuniversitii Amboo fi Wallagga irratti ramadamee dargaggoota Oromoo hedduu kan qabsiisaa ture ta’uun beekamaa dha. Kana malees namni Mekonnin jedhamu basaasi Wayyaanee kun uummata Amboo biratti maqaa Bulguu  jedhamuun akka beekamu uumataafis ta’e barattootaaf ifaadha.

    Haaluma kanaan sabboontichi Oromoo Magarsaa Mashashaa Ayyaanaa hanga ammaatti bakka buuteen isaa dhabamee jiraachuun hoggansi Qeerroo Amboo irraa addeessa.

    http://qeerroo.org/2015/04/29/ogeessa-fayyaa-fi-barataa-yuuniverstii-amboo-kan-tae-sabboonaa-magarsaa-mashashaa-ayyaanaa-humnoota-tika-wayyaaneen-ukkaamfame/

    Dhiha Oromiyaa Aanaa Horroo Limmuu Keessatti Warraaqsa Bilisummaa Ka’een Mootummaan Wayyaanee Ummata Hidhuu Mala Ukkaamsaa Godhate.

    diddaa9Gabaasi Qeerroo akka addeessuttu, Ebla 25,2015 irraa eegalee Wallagga aanaa Haroo Limmuu keessatti uumataa fi bulchitoota aanaa jidduutti rakkoo uumameen kan ka’e,uummanni Oromoo naannichaa walgahii Wayyaanotaa guutummaatti lagachuun diddaa waan itti kaasaniif jecha kaabinoonni humna poolisaa qabachuun uumata naannichaa fi dargaggoota hedduu mana hidhaatti geessuu beekame.

    Haaluma kanaan daraggoo Lalisaa Asaffaa jedhamu ammaan dura diddaa naannoo sanatti dhalateen wal qabatee uummata nurratti kurfeessita sababaa jedhuun waggoota muraasa hidhamee kan bahe yeroo ta’u,ammos Kaabinooti Wayyaanee sababuma fakkaataa itti funaanuun mana hidhaatti dabanii jiru.

    Kanuma waliin kanneen hidhaman keessaa Obbo,Gammachuu Tamsgeen qonnaan bulaa fi daldalaa Margaa Lammii kanneen jedhaman uummata baadiyaa fi gadoota keessaa mootummaa irratti kakaaftan sababaa jedhuun wattadara Wayyaaneen qabamanii hidhamuu Qeerroon gabaasa.

    http://qeerroo.org/2015/04/29/dhiha-oromiyaa-aanaa-horroo-limmuu-keessatti-warraaqsa-bilisummaa-kaeen-mootummaan-wayyaanee-ummata-hidhuu-mala-ukkaamsaa-godhate/

    Ethiopia: Police must stop the use of excessive force against demonstrators

    PUBLIC STATEMENT
    April 22, 2015
    AI Index: AFR 25/1515/2015

    Amnesty International calls on the Ethiopian authorities to ensure that police refrain from excessive use of force in policing demonstrations, after police violently dispersed mass protests in Addis Ababa yesterday. The Ethiopian authorities must respect the rights of demonstrators to exercise their rights to freedom of expression and of peaceful assembly.

    Video footage and photographs posted online show police beating protestors who appear to be offering no resistance, and tear gas being used against the crowd. A journalist in Addis Ababa told Amnesty International that 48 people had been seriously injured and admitted to different hospitals, and that many others sustained minor injuries. Two photos show wounded people being treated at hospital. Hundreds of others are reported to have been arrested.

    The protests started on Tuesday following circulation of a video showing the killing of around 30 people believed to be Ethiopians by the armed group ISIS in Libya. Two of the named victims have been identified as coming from Cherkos, Addis Ababa. Hundreds of relatives and friends were gathered outside their family homes before spilling on to the streets towards Meskel Square. Many protestors in the photographs and video footages posted online are shown holding pictures of the two men.

    Protests resumed on Wednesday morning, with thousands gathering in Meskel Square where a mass rally had been organized as part of the official three days of mourning announced by the government. Around 100,000 people took part in the demonstrations, which were initially targeted against the killings by ISIS, but later turned into anger towards the government, including its inability to protect Ethiopian citizens and more general calls for political reform. According to reports the police began to disperse the gathered crowd by force after some demonstrators shouted slogans during the rally, and as the situation escalated there were clashes between protesters and police.

    In a statement on Wednesday evening, Communications Minister Redwan Hussein accused the opposition Semayawi (Blue) Party of trying to manipulate the demonstrations for their own political interests and of inciting the public to violence, which the party has denied. The minister said that seven police officers had been injured and hospitalized, but made no mention of injuries or arrests among the protestors. Eight members of the Semayawi Party were arrested, including three candidates in the upcoming general elections on 24 May 2015. They are Woyneshet Molla, Tena Tayewu, Ermias Siyum, Daniel Tesfaye, Tewodros Assefa, Eskinder Tilahun, Mastewal Fekadu and Yidnekachewu Addis. At least one other party member was hospitalized after beaten on the head by police.

    The Ethiopian authorities have an obligation to facilitate people’s exercise of their right to freedom of expression and of peaceful assembly. If there is a legitimate reason for which it is necessary to disperse an assembly, police must avoid the use of force where at all possible or, where that is not practicable, must restrict any such force to the minimum necessary. Law enforcement officials may use force only when strictly necessary and to the extent required for the performance of their duty.The authorities in Ethiopia must ensure that there is an effective and impartial investigation into the use of force by police against protestors during the demonstrations and ensure that any police found to have used unnecessary or excessive force are subject to disciplinary and criminal sanctions as appropriate. Arbitrary or abusive use of force should be prosecuted as a criminal offence.Amnesty International urges the Ethiopian authorities to ensure that in policing demonstrations in the future, the police comply with international law and standards on the use of force by law enforcement officials. With general elections a month away on 24 May, the Ethiopian authorities should commit to facilitating the right of protestors to freedom of expression and peaceful assembly.