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Kenya: Oromo Refugees and Asylum Seekers are at Risk October 27, 2015

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HRLHA

HRLHA’s Urgent Action and Appeal

October 25, 2015

For Immediate Release

Contact Details

Appeal To: The President of the Republic of Kenya 
Your Excellency President Uhuru Kenyatta
President of the Republic of Kenya
Nairobi
Box 74434-00200
Nairobi, Kenya
Tel: 254 203 247000
Your Excellency,

First of all, the Human Rights League of the Horn of Africa (HRLHA) would like to express its appreciation to the people of Kenya and to its government for their hospitality and kindness towards thousands of Oromo and other refugees and asylum seekers who have fled their homes to escape government persecutions in Ethiopia, and who are now residing in different parts of the Republic of Kenya including in the capital city, Nairobi. Since the early 1990’s, when the TPLF government came to power to the present, hundreds of thousands of Oromo and other nationals have run away from arbitrary detentions, degrading tortures and violent killings in Ethiopia to save their lives by seeking refuge in the Republic of Kenya and other neighboring countries.

However, the Human Rights League of the Horn of Africa (HRLHA) expresses its deep concern regarding the safety of all Oromo national refugees and asylum seekers presently residing in the Republic of Kenya because of the document it recently received from its informants. The document was written by the Ethiopian Government agency, the so called “Anti-Terrorist Unit”, and sent to the Republic of Kenya Government. It addresses the bi-lateral agreement signed by both countries in 2012.

In this communique, the Ethiopian Government’s “Anti-Terrorist Unit” reminds the Republic of Kenya Government of the bi-lateral agreement made between the two countries in 2012, an agreement that expresses issues of common interest such as terrorism on which both countries should find a common

 

solution. document

The communique discloses the names of 131 Oromo Nationals and their addresses and telephone numbers in Nairobi and in different township areas; the agency claimed the source of its information was the Ethiopian intelligence unit.  In the names listed among the 131 Oromo Nationals in this communique is Mr. Dabassa Guyyo, an Oromo cultural legend who recently disappeared in Nairobi. His name was at the top of the list. (#1).

List of Oromo National Refugees and Asylum seekers in Kenya labeled as terrorists by the so- called “ANTI TERRORIST UNIT”, the Ethiopian Government agent.

No Name Sex No Name Sex
1 Dabasa Guyo M 67 Fawaz Ahmed M
2 Dirirsa Kejela (Wakjira) M 68 Lami Sori M
3 Dachas Roba M 69 Abdo Asabot M
4 Shamil Aliyi M 70 Lenco Eliyas M
5 Keranso Abdisa M 71 Asha Bire F
6 Mahamed Abaye M 72 Faxe Aniya F
7 Gaddisa Lammi M 73 Diribe Gada F
8 Alemayehu Iddosa M 74 Aman Gobena M
9 Tolera Mogasa M 75 Shafis Akil M
10 Shaga Arado M 76 Tajudin Ibrahim M
11 Abdusalam Muktar M 77 Temesgen Kumsa M
12 Galgalo Jilo M 78 Maya Dagale M
13 Fikadu Dirriba M 79 Abdata Saba M
14 Gosaye Anota M 80 Shifera Kumala M
15 Jamal Ibro M 81 Lami Dugasa M
16 Chali Nagasa M 82 Mahadi Harar M
17 Kalil Mohamed M 83 Shamsadi Abdurazak M
18 Mohamed Taha M 84 Godana Nure M
19 Mohamed Zakaria M 85 Hawi Falmata F
20 Mohamed Abdullah M 86 Fardosa Mohamed M
21 Idris Negawo M 87 Fatiya Ame F
22 Shukuri Mohamed M 88 Roba Gada M
23 Buke Chulo M 89 Yomsan Abaye M
24 Abdi Guddina M 90 Mohamed Kedir M
25 Ana Saba M 91 Ayub Hussien M
26 Bahar Harari M 92 Tahir Kadir M
27 Lemo Wariyo M 93 Adele Ahmed M
28 Wayu Malka M 94 Tura Ahmed M
29 Tamam Ahmed M 95 Alemayehu Wallaga M
30 Magarsa Bikila M 96 Chala Ragassa M
31 Galgalo Dhiri M 97 Fira’ol Ambo M
32 Kadir Jale M 98 Hailu Jifara M
33 Falma Roro M 99 Lucho Bayitu M
34 Obsa Lenco M 100 Shifera Biranu M
35 Mustafa Boki M 101 Nuradin Musa M
36 Gugsa Tulu M 102 Mahadi Jundi M
37 Dida Kena’a M 103 Waljira Mangasha M
38 Gaga Jimma M 104 Tiya Nure M
39 Gada Mulatu M 105 Anane Tamiry M
40 Bontu Ambo F 106 Dure Nagasa M
41 Barnan Saba M 107 Dika Godana M
42 Abdi Denge M 108 Dalacha Iddi M
43 Nur Kadir M 109 Galane Dasta F
44 Sa’id Hussein M 110 Alemayehu Kitaw M
45 Berhanu Mulisa (Tola) M 111 Mikael Wallaga M
46 Abdi Hirphasa M 112 Kasu Wallaga M
47 Tolasa Gada M 113 Solomon Wallaga M
48 Aman Samuna M 114 Mohamed Hussein M
49  Bilisumma Hordofa M 115 Birhanu Ambo M
50 Fita Mideksa M 116 Abdurashad Marfo M
51 Abdullah Ahmed M 117 Badhne Kafani M
52 Darara Irbo M 118 Solomon Kebede M
53 Jalata Wallaga M 119 Mekonen Beyene M
54 Milkessa Wakjira M 120 Zalalem Teshome M
55 Sanyi Wallaga M 121 Habib Hussein M
56 Yeron Biru M 122 Abdo Hebo M
57 Daku Gababa M 123 Tahir Hassen M
58 Timaj Taha M 124 Abba Arsiti M
59 Misira Mama M 125 Mohamed  Tahir M
60 Badriya Boro F 126 Abba Hussein M
61 Badriya Nur F 127 Haji Abas M
62 Maksina Amano M 128 Abdullah Hamza M
63 Abdi Ibrahim M 129 Aba Qube M
64 Aliyi Sabit M 130 Haji Hassen kalid M
65 Chala Bultum M 131 Omar Alqadir M
66 Jafar Yusuf M

dabassa_guyyo

The disappearance of Mr. Dabassa Guyyo Safarro is disheartening and HRLHA is deeply shocked.

Mr. Dabassa Guyyo Safarro, age 80, a resident of Mololongo, Kenya for more than thirty- five years disappeared on September 27, 2015 in Nairobi.  The HRLHA is highly suspicious that the disappearance of Mr. Dabassa Guyyo  Safarro is connected with the campaign of Ethiopian authorities labelling Oromo refugees in Nairobi as terrorists.  HRLHA also suspect that Mr. Dabassa Guyyo Safarro is being held in Nairobi, or might have been deported to Ethiopia. In either case the Kenyan Authorities have an international legal obligation to not hand over Ethiopian refugee and asylum seekers residing in their territory to the Ethiopian Government and need to disclose the whereabouts of Mr. Dabassa Goya Safarro to his family and the public- and give the reason for his arrest.

In case Mr. Dabassa Guyyo Safarro has been handed over to Ethiopia, it should be noted that the Ethiopian Government has a well-documented record of gross and flagrant violations of human rights, including the torturing of its own citizens who were involuntarily returned to the country. The government of Ethiopia routinely imprisons such persons and sentences them to life in prison, and often imposes the death penalty. There have been credible reports of physical and psychological abuses committed against individuals in Ethiopian official prisons and other unofficial or secret detention centers. Under Article 33 (1) of the Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees (189 U.N.T.S. 150), to which Kenya is a party, “[n] o contracting state shall expel or forcibly return a refugee in any manner whatsoever to the frontiers of territories where his life or freedom would be threatened on account of his. . . Political opinion.” This obligation, which is also a principle of customary international law, applies to both asylum seekers and refugees, as affirmed by UNHCR’s Executive Committee and the United Nations General Assembly. By deporting refugees, the Republic of Kenya Government will be breaching its obligations under international treaties as well as customary law.

  1. Under the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (1465 U.N.T.S. 185) to which Kenya agreed in 1997, Kenya has an obligation not to return a person to a place where they face torture or ill-treatment. Article 3 of the Convention against Torture provides: No state party shall expel, return (“refouler”) or extradite a person to another state where there are substantial grounds to believe that they would be in danger of being subjected to torture.
  2. For the purpose of determining whether there are such grounds, the competent authorities shall take into account all relevant considerations including, where applicable, the existence in the state concerned of a consistent pattern of gross, flagrant or mass violations of human rights. We strongly urge the government of Kenya to respect the international treaties and obligations it has signed and ratified.

Therefore, HRLHA would like to draw the attention of Western Governments, the UN Human Rights Council, the EU Human Rights Commission, the African People’s and Human Rights Commission as well as other regional and international human rights organizations and NGOs to these worrisome safety situations of Oromo refugees in the Republic of Kenya and take all necessary actions against:

Background Information:

The Kenyan Government is well known for handing over refugees to the Ethiopian Government by violating the above mentioned international obligations. It is very disheartening to recall that Engineer Tesfahun Chemeda, who was tortured to death on August 24, 2013 in Ethiopia’s grand jail of Kaliti, was handed over to Ethiopian Government Security Agents in 2007 by the Kenyan Government. Tesfahun Chemeda was arrested by the Kenyan anti-terrorist forces, along with his close friend Mesfin Abebe, in 2007 in Nairobi, Kenya, where both had lived as refugees since 2005. Both were later deported to Ethiopia. The Ethiopian Government detained them in an underground jail in a military camp for over one year, during which time they were subjected to severe torture and other types of inhuman treatment until when they were taken to court and changed with terrorism offenses in December 2008. They were eventually sentenced to life imprisonment in March 2010. (Mesfin’s death sentence was later commuted.)

The Human Rights League of the Horn of Africa (HRLHA) is highly concerned for the safety and security of  Mr Dabasa Guyyo Safarro who disappeared in Nairobi on September 27, 2015, whose name along with the above listed refugees was also labeled by the Ethiopian Government as terrorists and  those who are still living in Kenya. It urges the government of Kenya to respect the international treaties and obligations, to not cooperate with the Ethiopian unfounded allegations and disclose the whereabouts of Mr. Dabassa Guyyo Safarro. The Kenyan Government should also reject the unfounded allegations of Ethiopian Government against Oromo national refugees and asylum seekers residing in Kenya.

HRLHA requests the governments of the Western countries as well as international organizations to interfere in this matter so that the whereabouts of Mr. Dabassa Guyyo are disclosed and safety and security of the refugees of those currently staying in Kenya are ensured.

RECOMMENDED ACTION:

  1. Please send appeals to the President, the Kenyan Parliament and Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Kenya and its concerned officials as swiftly as possible, in English, or your own language expressing
  2. Urging the authorities of Kenya to ensure that Mr. Dabassa Guyyo Safarro is treated in accordance with regional and international standards on the treatment of prisoners
  3. Urging the authorities in Kenya to completely reject the unfounded allegation of the Ethiopian Dictatorial Government about Oromo refugees living in Kenya.

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