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Freedom House: In response to the ongoing protests in Ethiopia’s Oromia regional state and authorities’s violent response, killing and injuring several peaceful protesters. December 11, 2015

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???????????Freedom HouseEthiopia's scores on freedomStop killing Oromo StudentsOromo students Protests, Western Oromia, Mandii, Najjoo, Jaarsoo,....

Ethiopia: Police Open Fire on Protesters

Freedom House, Washington, December 11, 2015

In response to the ongoing protests in Ethiopia’s Oromia regional state and authorities’s violent response, killing and injuring several peaceful protesters, Freedom House issued the following statement:

The authorities trying to forcibly stop protests in Oromia should remember that peaceful  assembly is guaranteed by Ethiopia’s  constitution,” said Jenai Cox, senior Africa program manager. Firing live bullets to disburse peaceful protesters violates this right. The government of Ethiopia should conduct an inquiry into these police killings and bring those responsible to justice.”

Background:

Oromia is the largest regional state in Ethiopia. Students  and other residents across the region have staged peaceful rallies to object  to a government-proposed master plan that apparently calls for the expansion of Addis Ababa into the Oromia regional state, potentially evicting farmers. Activists report that 14 protesters have been killed by police and several others were injured.

Ethiopia is rated Not Free in Freedom in the World 2015, Not Free in Freedom of the Press 2015, and Not Free inFreedom on the Net 2015

Freedom House is an independent watchdog organization that supports democratic change, monitors the status of freedom around the world, and advocates for democracy and human rights.

https://freedomhouse.org/article/ethiopia-police-open-fire-protesters#.Vmsb1ErFBf9.twitter

Guardian Africa Network: Extending capital into surrounding farmland is part of ongoing discrimination against #Oromo people. #OromoProtests December 11, 2015

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???????????Say no to the master killer. Addis Ababa master plan is genocidal plan against Oromo people. Say no.Oromo students Protests, Western Oromia, Mandii, Najjoo, Jaarsoo,....

Violent clashes in Ethiopia over ‘master plan’ to expand Addis

Extending capital into surrounding farmland is part of ongoing discrimination against Oromo people, say protesters. Global Voices reports

Men parade in the Oromia region outside Addis Ababa.
Men parade in the Oromia region outside Addis Ababa. Photograph: STR New/Reuters

At least 10 students are said to have been killed and hundreds injured during protests against the Ethiopian government’s plans to expand the capital city into surrounding farmland.

According to Human Rights Watch, the students were killed this week when security forces used excessive force and live ammunition to disperse the crowds.

The students were protesting against a controversial proposal, known as “the master plan”, to expand Addis Ababa into surrounding Oromia state, which they say will threaten local farmers with mass evictions.

According to the Ethiopian constitution, Oromia is one of the ninepolitically autonomous regional states in the country, and the region’s Oromo people make up the largest ethnic group in Ethiopia.

However, rights groups say the Oromo have been systematically marginalised and persecuted for the last 24 years. By some estimates, there were as many as 20,000 Oromo political prisoners in Ethiopia as of March 2014.

It’s not the first time the security forces have reacted violently to protests in support of the group. At least nine students were killed in May 2014 while defending the rights of famers in the region when the “master plan” was first announced.

In response to the violence, Amnesty International issued a report on government repression last year, noting that “between 2011 and 2014, at least 5,000 Oromos [were] arrested based on their actual or suspected peaceful opposition to the government.”

The human rights organisation found that in numerous cases “actual or suspected [Oromo] dissenters were detained without charge or trial, killed by security services during protests, arrests and in detention.”

The ruling elite and members of government are mostly from the Tigray region, which is located in the northern part of the country.

Social media

The Ethiopian media has paid little attention to the protests. Demonstrators have been taking to Facebook and Twitter to report the clashes, with additional coverage coming from diaspora media.

“The Oromo youth are a powerful political entity capable of shaking mountains,” one Facebook user, Aga Teshome, wrote in support of the protesters. “This powerful political entity is hell bent on exposing the [ruling party] EPRDF government’s atrocious human rights record and all round discriminatory practices.”

Another user said more should be done to shine light on the movement: “The silence has truly been deafening. We need to see and hear the inspiring actions undertaken by huge numbers of ‪#‎Oromo‬ in ‪#‎Ethiopia.”

Desu Tefera echoed the calls for better media coverage: “We call upon the media to investigate the conditions that these students died trying to expose and resist,” he wrote.

“Oromia needs a new kind of reporting by the international media, which gives voice to the voiceless Oromo people, who for a very long time have been killed, mistreated, abused, neglected and repressed in Ethiopia.”

Dubious development

For many Ethiopians, this week’s clashes show that the issue of Oromo rights refuses to go away.

Protests against the master plan for expansion first began in April last year, when students from outside the capital argued that if the proposal was implemented, it would result in Addis further encroaching into the surrounding territory, allowing the capital to subsume surrounding towns and leaving informal settlements vulnerable to government redevelopment.

The government rejected the accusation, claiming that the plan was intended only to facilitate the development of infrastructure such as transportation, utilities and recreation centres.

The unrest halted the development until now, but in November resentment boiled over again when it became clear the government had resumed its plan.

Since the highly contested 2005 national election forceful evictions and urban land grabbing have become frequent in Addis and its environs, opposition groups say. The city’s rapid growth has resulted in increasing pressure to convert rural land for industrial, housing or other urban use.

The population of the capital is estimated to have grown at a rate of 3.8% per year since 2007, but the repurposing of land in order to accommodate the expansion has been a particularly contentious issue.

Ermias Legesse, a high profile government defector, has argued that since 2000 the Addis Ababa city municipality, with the support of the federal government, has enacted five different pieces of legislation to “legalise” informal settlements, allowing them to be sold on to private property developers.

“Sometimes the informal settlers are given only a few days’ notices before bulldozers arrive on the scene to tear down their shabby houses and lay foundations for new investors,” Legesse said in an interview last week.

A version of this article first appeared on Global Voices

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/dec/11/ethiopia-protests-master-plan-addis-ababa-students?CMP=Share_iOSApp_Other

Oromia Support Group Asutralia Statement on the Current Situation in State of Oromia. December 11, 2015

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Oromia-Support-Group-AustraliaTo:  Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights
United Nations Office at Geneva 1211 Geneva 10, Switzerland
Fax: + 41 22 917 9022

Oromia Support Group Australia (OSGA) extremely shocked about the killings and torture of innocent Oromo students including Primary School Children in Oromia. Oromo student peaceful protests are spreading throughout Ethiopia, Oromia region, as people demonstrate against the endanger that hundred thousand of Oromo farmers, residents and their families living near the capital, Finfinnee (Addis Ababa), could be evicted from their lands by the name of Addis Ababa expansion policy.

Since the first week of December 2015, horrifying, and heartbreaking images and videos of Oromo children peacefully marched on a street and voiced their anger being beaten to death and killed by shootings. There are credible reports of severe injuries and arbitrary arrests in many locations that the Ethiopian government armed forces and authorities are unable to deny and publicly admitted the killings of Oromo children.

Since the first week of December 2015, horrifying, and heartbreaking images and videos of Oromo children peacefully marched on a street and voiced their anger being beaten to death and killed by shootings. There are credible reports of severe injuries and arbitrary arrests in many locations that the Ethiopian government armed forces and authorities are unable to deny and publicly admitted the killings of Oromo children.

The Ethiopian Federal forces, racially affiliated and heavily armed, known as Agazi and part of the select force of the dominant Tigrean People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), violently respond when Oromo students and children from various universities and institutions in the country protested against the Master Plan since the beginning of December 2015. (please see attached further statements and evidence).For full document Oromia-Support-Group-Australia-Statment, December 11, 2015 (1)

Oromia-Support-Group-Australia-Statment, December 11, 2015 (1)

IOYA expresses concern about brutality against Oromo protesters December 11, 2015

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???????????Stop killing Oromo StudentsSay no to the master killer. Addis Ababa master plan is genocidal plan against Oromo people. Say no.Oromo students Protests, Western Oromia, Mandii, Najjoo, Jaarsoo,....

IOYA expresses concern about brutality against Oromo protesters

The following is a statement from the International Oromo Youth Association (IOYA).

 

International Oromo Youth (IOYA)  logo

09 December 2015

We are greatly concerned about the recent brutal crackdown against innocent unarmed peaceful protesters in Oromia by Ethiopian police.

Words seem inadequate to express the sadness we feel for the peaceful protesters who have been killed, beaten and unlawfully detained. We share their grief in this time of agony and pain. We are appalled that a similar tragedy occurred last year in April, 2014 and not much has changed in Ethiopia. Recent images surfing the internet are heartbreaking and disturbing. As an organization subscribing to broader democratic engagement of the Oromo youth, we oppose the brutal violence that the Ethiopian government is meting out on innocent, unarmed young students who are peacefully protesting. As International Oromo Youth, we support and stand in solidarity with Oromo student protesters.

The students are protesting the Addis Ababa “Integrated Developmental Master Plan” which aims at incorporating smaller towns surrounding Addis Ababa, displacing millions of farmers. The implementation of the “Master Plan” will essentially result in the displacement of the indigenous peoples and their families. Farmers will be dispossessed of their land and their survival both in economic and cultural terms will be threatened. The student protesters strongly believe that this plan will expose their natural environment to risk, threaten their economic means of livelihood (subsistence farming), and violate their constitutional rights.

We call on the international community to join us in denouncing these inhumane and cruel activities carried out by the Ethiopian government. It has been reported that shootings, unlawful arrests, and harassment by security personals are becoming rampant. We believe it is imperative that the international community raise its voice and take action to stop the ongoing atrocities that are wreaking havoc to families and communities in the Oromia region.

We pray for safety and security of all peoples in Ethiopia.

Sincerely,

IOYA BOARD

VOA: Several Killed in Ethiopia Oromia Protests. #OromoProtests December 11, 2015

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???????????OromoProtests @Finfinnee University  Dec. 7, 2015#OromoProtests of 7 December 2015

Several Killed in Ethiopia Oromia Protests

Clashes between police and protesters in Ethiopia’s Oromia region have left several people dead, according to officials and regional opposition leaders.

Oromia has seen three weeks of protests over a government plan to integrate parts of the region with the capital, Addis Ababa. Critics say the plan will undermine local rule and cause local farmers to lose their land.

Witnesses say police have used force to contain or shut down protests, including one that took place Thursday in the town of Bako.

“Today in Bako city when the students came out to protest, people joined them and they started firing live rounds and hit some students,” a witness told VOA’s Horn of Africa Service. There was no word on whether anyone was killed.

Bloomberg news quotes a prominent opposition leader, Bekele Nega, as saying police have killed 10 students taking part in the ongoing protests.

Ethiopia’s communications minister, Getachew Reda, put the number of dead at four, and said security forces have been exercising restraint in the face of violence.

Widening protests

Oromia is one of Ethiopia’s nine ethnically-based states and holds the largest population at more than 27 million.

The protests started on November 20 in the Western Oromo region cities of Ambo, Ginchi and Western Welega, and they have since spread.

The tactics used to clamp down on these protests are reminiscent of the 2014 protests in the Oromia towns of Ambo, Nekemte and Jimma, according to Human Rights Watch, where security forces fired live rounds and beat people who were protesting peacefully.

Speaking to journalists in Ethiopia a few days ago, the police commissioner of the Oromia region, Ibrahim Hajj, blamed misinformation and propaganda for fueling hostilities among some in the Oromo community.

“Today the people are ensuring the rights and are beneficiaries in all sectors including, social, economic sectors. But there are some who are trying to make it seem as if the rights of the people have been violated and they take advantage of this situation behind the scenes,” he said.

Felix Horne, an Ethiopia and Eritrea researcher for Human Rights Watch, said the spread of the protests started slowly and gained momentum within schools and other educational institutions.

“Initially it was students in primary schools, secondary schools, some university students and now we are seeing farmers, workers beginning to take part in these protests in different ways — staging protests peaceful means, sit-ins to mourn the death of those who’ve lost their lives. So the protests definitely seem to be gaining momentum,” he said.

Horne said that while the government’s development for Addis sparked the protests, they are about much larger issues.

“Ostensibly these protests are about the Addis Ababa Master Plan but clearly the Oromos have been marginalized by successive governments and so it’s kind of an accumulation of different frustrations,” he said. “Throughout Oromia, arbitrary detention is common, mistreatment in detention is common and then Oromos just don’t have a voice in issues that impact them day-to-day.”

 http://www.voanews.com/content/several-killed-in-ethipia-oromia-protests/3097737.html

Global Voices: #OromoProtests: Why Are Students in Ethiopia Protesting Against a Capital City Expansion Plan? #Oromo December 10, 2015

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???????????Say no to the master killer. Addis Ababa master plan is genocidal plan against Oromo people. Say no.

Why Are Students in Ethiopia Protesting Against a Capital City Expansion Plan?

Students mourning at Haromaya University. Photo shared widely on social media.

Over the past two weeks, students in Ethiopia’s largest regional state, Oromia, have been protesting against a government plan to expand the area of the capital, Addis Ababa, into Oromia. Reports suggest security forces used violence including live ammunition to disperse crowds of peaceful demonstrators in the compounds of universities in Oromia.

According to Human Rights Watch, at least three students were killed and hundreds were injured across the region as security forces used excessive force to disperse student protesters. Other reports put the number of students killed up to ten. Although protesters are primarily university students, in some instances, high school and primary school children were also reportedly involved in intense confrontations with government forces.

At least nine students were killed by government forces in May 2014 while protesting over the same issue.

The persecution of Oromo people

The students argue that the controversial plan, known as “the Master Plan”, to expand Addis Ababa into Oromia state would result in mass evictions of farmers mostly belonging to the Oromo ethnic group.

It wouldn’t be the first time the government has uprooted members of an ethnic group. Thousands of ethnic Amharas in western Ethiopia were expelled from the country’s Benishangul Gumuz region in 2013 in what critics called “ethnic cleansing”.

The students have other demands such as making Oromo a federal language. Oromo, the language of the Oromo people, is the most widely spoken language in Ethiopia and the fourth largest African language. However, it is not the working language of the federal government.

According to Ethiopian Constitution, Oromia is one of the nine ethnically based and politically autonomous regional states in Ethiopia. Oromo people make up the largest ethnic group in Ethiopia. However, the group has been systematically marginalized and persecuted for the last 24 years. By some estimates, there were as many as 20,000 Oromo political prisoners in Ethiopia as of March 2014.

A 2014 Amnesty International report on repression in the Oromia region noted:

Between 2011 and 2014, at least 5000 Oromos have been arrested based on their actual or suspected peaceful opposition to the government. These include thousands of peaceful protestors and hundreds of opposition political party members. The government anticipates a high level of opposition in Oromia, and signs of dissent are sought out and regularly, sometimes pre-emptively, suppressed. In numerous cases, actual or suspected dissenters have been detained without charge or trial, killed by security services during protests, arrests and in detention.

The ruling elite of Ethiopia are mostly from the Tigray region, which is located in the northern part of the country.

Social media fills in the gaps

Even as the Ethiopian drought and impending food crisis makes a rare appearance in local—and some international—headlines, little attention is being paid to the student protests in Ethiopian media. But despite Ethiopia’s highly controlled online environment and the government’s firm grip on communications infrastructure, social media users are reporting on the issue, particularly on Facebook, with additional coverage coming from diaspora-based media.

Photo widely circulated on social media, taken from the Facebook page of Jawar Mohammed.

One Facebook user, for example, hopedfor the world to hear stories of the student protesters’ inspiring actions:

The silence has truly been deafening. We need to see and hear the inspiring actions undertaken by huge numbers of ‪#‎Oromo‬ in ‪#‎Ethiopia‬. Tell their story, enable the world to be swept up in their story.Considering the complete absence of freedom to criticize the government or report opposition stories from within the country, people around the world reading about it can help greatly by doing everything possible to amplify this story.

Another Facebook user, Aga Teshome,took note of the political power of Oromo youth:

…‪#‎OromoProtests‬ a call for all oppressed people in ‪#‎Ethiopia‬ to support the ongoing protest against ‪#‎landgrabing‬

….the Oromo youth are a powerful political entity capable of shaking mountains. This powerful political entity is hell bent on exposing the [ruling party] EPRDF government’s atrocious human rights record and all round discriminatory practices.

While Desu Tefera said:

We call upon the media to investigate the conditions that these students died trying to expose and resist, to draw attention to these concerns. Oromia needs a new kind of reporting by the international media, which gives voice to the voiceless Oromo people, who for a very long time have been killed, mistreated, abused, neglected and repressed in Ethiopia. Going forward with the current plan, which ends up displacing tens of thousands of poor farmers, destroying their livelihood and depriving their identity, is a tragedy. It deserves attention. These students put their lives on the line to draw attention to the farmers’ plight.‪#‎OromoProtests‬

Although social media reports are pivotal in letting the world know about the protests, they miss a huge chunk of nuance that would help observers understand how this dispute is unfolding. Notably, the fact that the student protests combine delicate ethnic politics, urban land grabbing and Ethiopia’s diaspora community’s involvement in home country politics.

Given Ethiopia’s highly controlIed environment, one might wonder how the students managed to get organized to express their grievance in the mid of highly controlled environment. Despite the firm grip on communication infrastructure there are constant update on Facebook and Twitter about the protest.

Dubious development practices

The story is unpleasantly familiar, as students are protesting for the second time in less than two years.

In April and May 2014, the protests began in response to the government’s plan to implement the “Integrated Masterplan for Addis Ababa”. As Addis Ababa, the capital of Ethiopia, is an enclave within Oromia regional state, students primarily from Oromia state accused the Ethiopian government of attempting to take over land owned by local farmers in the name of integrating adjacent Oromia towns into the sprawling city of Addis. The students further alleged that if implemented, the Masterplan would result in Addis Ababa further encroaching into the territory of Oromia. 

The government rejected the accusation, claiming that the Masterplan was intended only to facilitate the development of infrastructure such as transportation, utilities, and recreation centers.

When the protests began the students’ main demand was the complete halting of the Masterplan. In May 2014, the government did momentarily halt the plan in order to abate the protests after at least nine were killed and hundreds of ethnic Oromo students were imprisoned. But when the government decided to resume plans to implement the Masterplan in November this year resentment boiled over again, resulting in the currently two-week-old student protest leaving at least ten people dead and many injured.

Since the highly contested 2005 national election, forceful evictions and urban land grabbing have become frequent in Addis Ababa. The capital city’s rapid growth has resulted in increasing pressure to convert rural land for industrial, housing, infrastructure, or other urban use.

Diaspora-based advocates say the unrest in Oromia is just a part of the general unhappiness that prevails in the country. They accuse the government of working for the benefit of a few people at the expense of others. They even suggest that the Ethiopian government covertly encouraged informal settlement on the outskirts of Addis Ababa so that they could later find a way to intervene under the guise of rebuilding the slums and lease the land to real estate developers.

Ermias Legesse, a high profile government defector, traces the cause of the Oromo student protest to events that took place 15 years ago. In his book, “Addis Ababa: The Abandoned City”, Ermias notes that since 2000 the Addis Ababa city municipality, with the support of the federal government, enacted five different pieces of legislation to “legalize” the informal settlements, and then sold the “legalized” lands to private property developers.

Most informal settlers on the outskirts of Addis Ababa manage to establish themselves for a period of time until they are displaced by government. “Sometimes the informal settlers are given only a few days’ notices before bulldozers arrive on the scene to tear down their shabby houses and lay foundations for new investors,” Ermias said in an interview with a diaspora-based television channel.

https://globalvoices.org/2015/12/09/why-are-students-in-ethiopia-protesting-against-a-capital-city-expansion-plan/

Human Rights Watch says the bloody crackdown on Oromo protesters must stop. Ajjeechaa Barattoota Oromoo irratti raawwatame Human Rights Watch balaaleeffate. December 7, 2015

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Dispatches: Yet Again, a Bloody Crackdown on Protesters in Ethiopia

DECEMBER 5, 2015  Dispatches

 Felix HorneResearcher, Horn of Africa

(Human Rights Watch (HRW, 5 December 2015): Student protests are spreading throughout Ethiopia’s Oromia region, as people demonstrate against the possibility that Oromo farmers and residents living near the capital, Addis Ababa, could be evicted from their lands without appropriate – or possibly any – compensation. Social media is filled with images of bloodied protesters; there are credible reports of injuries and arrests in a number of towns; and local police have publicly acknowledged that three students have died so far.

Ethiopian migrants, all members of the Oromo community of Ethiopia living in Malta, protest against the Ethiopian regime outside the office of Malta's Prime Minister in Valletta June 16, 2014.

The current protests echo the bloody events of April and May 2014, when federal forces fired into groups of largely peaceful Oromo protesters, killing dozens. At least hundreds more students were arrested, and many remain behind bars. Both then and today, the demonstrators are ostensibly protesting the expansion of Addis Ababa’s municipal boundary into the surrounding Oromia region, which protesters fear will displace Oromo farmers from their land. But these protests are about much more: Many Oromos have felt marginalized and discriminated against by successive Ethiopian governments and have often felt unable to voice their concerns over government policies.

Of the student protesters detained in 2014, some have been released. Those I spoke with told me about the torture they endured as part of interrogations. But countless others remain in detention. Some have been charged under Ethiopia’s draconian counterterrorism law for their role in the protests; others languish without charge in unknown detention centers and military camps throughout Oromia. This week, five students were convicted of terrorism-related offenses for their role in the protests.

There has been no government investigation into the use of live ammunition and excessive force by security personnel last year.

Ethiopia’s tight restrictions on civil society and media make it difficult to corroborate the current, mounting allegations and the exact details of the ongoing protests emerging from towns like Haramaya, Jarso, Walliso, and Robe. The government may think this strategy of silencing bad news is succeeding. But while the fear of threats and harassment means it is often months before victims and witnesses come forward to reveal what happened in their communities, they eventually do, and the truth will emerge.

The government should ensure that the use of excessive force by its security personnel stops immediately. It should then support an independent and impartial inquiry into the conduct of security forces in the current protests – and last year’s as well. Those responsible for serious abuses should be fairly prosecuted. This would be the best way for the Ethiopian government to show its concern about the deaths and injuries inflicted on the students, that it does not condone the use of live ammunition against peaceful protesters, and that those who break the law are appropriately punished.
https://www.hrw.org/news/2015/12/05/dispatches-yet-again-bloody-crackdown-protesters-ethiopia

Related:-

http://www.tesfanews.net/bloody-crackdown-on-oromo-protesters/

 

ODUU

Ajjeechaa Barattoota Oromoo irratti raawwatame Human Rights Watch balaaleeffate.

OMN:Oduu Mudde 06,2015 Hiriira mormii barattoonni Oromoo karaa nagaatiin bahanirratti, mootummaan Itoophiyaayeroo lammeessoof akka fala hiriira bittineessuutti tarkaanfii dhiiga dhangalaasuu barattoota Oromoorratti fudhachuusaa, dhaabbanni mirgoota Ilmaan namaatiif falmu ‘Human Right Watch’ ‘n ibsa baaseen himeera.

Dhabbanni mirgoota ilmaan namaatiif falmu “Human Right Watch” tarkaanfii ajjeechaa mootummaan Itoophiyaa barattootaafi uummata Oromoorratti fudhachaa jiru balaaleffachuudhaan, Hiriira mormii barattoonni Oromoo karaa nagaatiin bahanirratti

mootummaan Itoophiyaa yeroo lammeessoof akka fala hiriira bittineessuutti tarkaanfii dhiiga

dhangalaasuu barattoota Oromoorratti fudhachuusaa ibsa baaseen balaaleffateera.

lafa qonnaan bultoota Oromoo naannoo Finfinnee jiran beenyaa gayaa maleefi beenyaa malee

qonnaan bultoota irraa fudhatamaa jiraachuusaa ilaalchise, naannoo Oromiyaa iddoo gara

garaa keessatti barattoonni baldhinaa hiriira mormii akka taasisaa jiran ibsi ‘human right watch’

kun mirkaneesseera. Ibsi ‘human right watch’ kun itti dabaluun ‘website’ yookiin toora

interneetii isaarratti akka baasetti, barattoota Oromoo karaa nagaatiin hiriira mormii

bahanirratti, polisoonni Itoophiyaa tarkaanfii gara jabeessa irratti raawwateen, miidiyaaleen

hawaasaa ‘online’ akka ‘face book’ faa suuraalee barattoota mada’anii dhiigaa jiraniifi du’an

naanneessaa jira. Magaalota hedduu keessatti barattoonniifi namoonni hedduun akka

hidhamaaniifi ajjeefaman gabaasa qabatamaan gabaafameera. Gama mootummaatiin garuu,

ajjeecha barattoota sadiinii qofa, qondaalli poolisi naannoo Oromiyaa tokko amanuu isaa ibsi

‘human right watch’ kun addeesseera.

Ibsi Human riht watch kun itti dabaluun akka himetti, bara engedda, 2014 polisoonni federaalaa

Itoophiyaa uummata Oromoo karaa nagaatiin hiriira bahe irratti dhukaasa qawwee itti

roobsuudhaan namoota heddu ajjeesuun, dhibboota ol qabanii hidhuu isaanii ibseera.

Mootummaan Itoophiyaa waanuma duraan bare, yeroo ammaa kanalle barattoota Oromoo

irratti raawwata akka jiru ibsi human right watch kun ibsee, kaayoon hiriira mormii barattoota

Oromoo, babal’insi magaalaa Finfinnee lafa qonnaan bultootaa irraa fudhachuun namoota

hedduu qe’ee isaanirraa buqqisee rakkinyaaf akka saaxilu sodaa qaban ibachuuf akka ta’e,

human right watch ‘n gabaaseera. Hacuuccaafi miidhaan mootummaa Itoophiyaatiin akka

Oromoorra gahaa jiru Oromoonni hedduun baranii mootummaa Itoophiyaa mormaa akka jiran

‘human right watch’ addeesseera.

Barattota bara dhengeddaa mormii master pilaanii Finfinne kanaan walqabatee qabamanii

hidhaman gariin isaanii erga dhaaninsi hamaan ‘torture’ jedhamuufi qorannaa guddaa irratti

gaggeeffameen booda akka gadi dhiifamaniifi lakkoosfaan kan hanga hin beekamne ammalle

mana hidhaa keessatti ugguramanii akka jiran gabaasni ‘human right watch’ kun mul’iseera.

Akka gabaasa kanaatti, Oromoonni bara endendaa maaster pilaanii Finfinnee mormanii

hidhaman gariin isaanii labsii farra shorkeessummaatiin himannaan itti banamuun murteen yoo

itti murteefamu, gariin isaanii himannaan osoo irratti hin banamanin manuma hidhaa kaampii

waraanaa hin beekkamne hedduu keessatti ukkaamfanii dararaan sukkumamaa akka jiran

himeera. Torbaan kanalle barattoota shan hirira irratti hirmaatan mootummaan

shorkeessummaan wal-qabsiisee yakkaa akka jiru gabaasni Human Right watch kun

mudhiseera.

Gocha Ajjeechaafi miidhaa magaalalee Oromiyaa kanneen akka Haramayaa, Jaarsoo, Walisoofi

Roobe keessatti taasifamaa jiru irratti, miidiyaaleen Itoophiyaa akka nama ijaafi gurra hin

qabneetti caldheessaan bira dabruu isaanii, mala ittiin hammeenya dhoksan yoo te’eeyyuu,

yeroodhaaf waan ukkaamsan fakkaata malee dhugaan dhokattee akka hin hafneefi gaafa tokko

goobantee akka mul’attu, akkasuma namoonni gocha akkanaa raawwatanille murtii

madaalawaa argachuun isaanii akka hin oolle gabaasni Human Rights Watch kun himeera.

Daani’eel Bariisootiin.

Oromia/Ethiopia: Oromo children are brutalized by Aga’azy squads deployed by the TPLF for ethnic cleansing: The continuation of gross human rights violations in State of Oromia, violations that have regularly occurred since 1991 when the TPLF/EPRDF came into power: The Human Rights League of the Horn of Africa expresses its grave concern December 6, 2015

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???????????Human rights League of the Horn of AfricaStop killing Oromo Students

#OromoLivesMatters!Ethiopia's regime atrocity against Oromo people

Oromia/Ethiopia: Region-Wide, Heavy-Handed Crackdown on Peaceful Protesters

 

HRLHA Urgent ActionDecember 05, 2015For Immediate ReleaseThe Human Rights League of the Horn of Africa expresses its grave concern at the continuation of gross human rights violations in Oromia Regional State, violations that have regularly occurred since 1991 when the TPLF/EPRDF came into power.

The most recent heinous crime was committed- and is still being committed- against defenseless school children protesting against the approval of “the Addis Ababa Integrated Master Plan” by the Oromia Regional State Parliament a month ago. The peaceful protest involved many elementary school, high school, university students and civilians. Among them were students in Western Oromia zones, Najo, Nekemt, Mandi high schools and in other towns, in Central Oromia in Ginchi, Ambo, Addis Ababa high schools and the surrounding towns, Eastern and Southern Oromia zones, in Haromaya , and Bule Hora Universities and  many more  schools and universities. In violation of the rights of the citizen to peaceful demonstration enshrined in the Ethiopian Constitution[1] Chapter two, article 30 (1) states “Everyone has the right to assemble and to demonstrate together with others peaceably and unarmed, and to petition. Appropriate regulations may be made in the interest of public convenience relating to the location of open-air meetings and ‘the route of movement of demonstrators or, for the protection of democratic rights, public morality and peace during such a meeting or demonstration” students in all of these places were severely beaten, imprisoned or even killed.

The Human Rights League of the Horn of Africa emphasizes that the ongoing violence and crimes committed in Oromia Regional State for over two and a half decades by the TPLF perpetrators against the Oromo Nation amount to war crimes, and crimes against humanity- a clear failure of the Oromo People Democratic Organization (OPDO) authorities, an organization claiming to represent the Oromo Nation.  The members of this bogus political organization have proved to be not the Oromo peoples’ true representatives, but rather stand-ins for their real masters who have compromised the interests of the Oromo Nation. The Oromia Regional State authorities/OPDO did not resist the TPLF regime when Oromo children, farmers, intellectuals, members of political organizations were killed, abducted, imprisoned, tortured and evicted from their livelihoods by TPLF security agents in the past two and half decades. Instead, they helped the TPLF regime to control the political and economic resources of the Oromia Regional State. TPLF high officials and ordinary level cadres in Oromia Regional State engaged in enriching themselves and their family members by selling Oromo land, looting and embezzling public wealth and properties in the occupied areas of the Oromo Nation, and committing many other forms of corruption.

Committing atrocities and crimes against humanity are failures to comply with obligations under international law, international human rights law and international humanitarian law, including the principles of proportionality and discrimination. With many civilians suffering from the crimes and serious violations of human rights, and by not taking any measures to ensure the accountability of those responsible for these crimes and violations, it has become clear that after all these years the so called Oromia Parliament (Caffee Oromiyaa) has betrayed the Oromo people by not protecting them. The OPDO members and the Oromia Parliament (Caffee Oromiyaa) members should not continue in silence while Oromo children are brutalized by Aga’azy squads deployed by the TPLF for ethnic cleansing.  The Oromia Parliament (Caffee Oromiyaa) and OPDO have a moral obligation to dissolve their institutions and stand beside their people to resist the TPLF regime’s aggression.

The HRLHA believes that the gross human rights violations committed by the TPLF government in cooperation with OPDO in the past two and half decades against Oromo Nation have been pre-planned every time they have happened. TPLF regime security agents imprisoned, killed, tortured, kidnapped, disappeared, and evicted from their ancestral lands thousands of Oromo nationals, simply because of their ethnic backgrounds and to acquire their resources. The TPLF  inhuman actions against Oromo civilians are clearly genocidal, a crime against humanity and an ethnic cleansing, which breach domestic and international laws, and all international treaties the government of Ethiopia signed and ratified.

The Human Rights League of the Horn of Africa (HRLHA) expresses its deep concern over the safety and well-being of these Oromo nationals who have been arrested without any court warrant and are being held in different police stations, military camps, “Maekelawi” compound, the main federal police investigation center, in Central Addis Ababa and in different unknown places.

Therefore, HRLHA calls upon governments of the West, all local, regional and international human rights agencies to join hands and demand an immediate halt to these extra-judicial actions, terrorizing civilians and the immediate unconditional release of the detainees.

The HRLHA also calls on all human- rights defender non-governmental, civic organizations, its members, supporters and sympathizers to stand beside the HRLHA and provide moral, professional and financial help to bring the dictatorial TPLF government and officials to international justice.

The HRLHA is a non-political organization that attempts to challenge abuses of human rights of the people of various nations and nationalities in the Horn of Africa. It works to defend fundamental human rights, including freedoms of thought, expression, movement and association. It also works to raise the awareness of individuals about their own basic human rights and those of others. It encourages respect for laws and due process. It promotes the growth and development of free and vigorous civil societies.

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  • UNESCO Headquarters Paris.
    7, place de Fontenoy 75352 Paris 07 SP France
    1, rue Miollis 75732 Paris Cedex 15 France
    General phone:
    +33 (0)1 45 68 10 00
    http://www.unesco.org
  • United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO)- Africa Department
    7 place Fontenoy,75352
    Paris 07 SP
    France
    General phone:
    +33 (0)1 45 68 10 00
    Website: http://www.unesco.org/new/en/africa-department/
  • UNESCO AFRICA RIGIONAL OFFICE
    MR.JOSEPH NGU
    Director
    UNESCO Office in Abuja
    Mail: j.ngu(at)unesco.org
    Tel: +251 11 5445284
    Fax: +251 11 5514936
  • Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights
    United Nations Office at Geneva 1211 Geneva 10, Switzerland Fax: + 41 22 917 9022 (particularly for urgent matters) E-mail: tb-petitions@ohchr.org this e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
  • Office of the UNHCR
    Telephone: 41 22 739 8111
    Fax: 41 22 739 7377
    Po Box: 2500
    Geneva, Switzerland
  • African Commission on Human and Peoples‘ Rights (ACHPR)
    48 Kairaba Avenue, P.O.Box 673, Banjul, The Gambia.
    Tel: (220) 4392 962 , 4372070, 4377721 – 23 Fax: (220) 4390 764
    E-mail: achpr@achpr.org
  • Office of the Commissioner for Human Rights
    Council of Europe
    F-67075 Strasbourg Cedex, FRANCE
    + 33 (0)3 88 41 34 21
    + 33 (0)3 90 21 50 53
    Contact us by email
  • U.S. Department of State
    Laura Hruby
    Ethiopia Desk Officer
    U.S. State Department
    HrubyLP@state.gov
    Tel: (202) 647-6473

[1] Ethiopians Constitution of 1995; http://www1.umn.edu/humanrts/research/Proclamation%20no.1-1995.pdf

A Bloody Crackdown on #Oromo Protesters in Ethiopia, Again. #OromoProtests December 6, 2015

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???????????Say no to the master killer. Addis Ababa master plan is genocidal plan against Oromo people

A Bloody Crackdown on Oromo Protesters in Ethiopia, Again

The resurgence of ethnic Oromo nationalism in Ethiopia
OROMO FIRST. Continued marginalization, discrimination and brutal crackdown against peaceful civilian Oromo protest is fast driving the resurgence of ethnic Oromo nationalism in Ethiopia.

By Felix Horne | for Human Rights Watch,

Student protests are spreading throughout Ethiopia’s Oromia region, as people demonstrate against the possibility that Oromo farmers and residents living near the capital, Addis Ababa, could be evicted from their lands without appropriate – or possibly any – compensation. Social media is filled with images of bloodied protesters; there are credible reports of injuries and arrests in a number of towns; and local police have publicly acknowledged that three students have died so far.

The current protests echo the bloody events of April and May 2014, when federal forces fired into groups of largely peaceful Oromo protesters, killing dozens. At least hundreds more students were arrested, and many remain behind bars. Both then and today, the demonstrators are ostensibly protesting the expansion of Addis Ababa’s municipal boundary into the surrounding Oromia region, which protesters fear will displace Oromo farmers from their land. But these protests are about much more: Many Oromos have felt marginalized and discriminated against by successive Ethiopian governments and have often felt unable to voice their concerns over government policies.

Of the student protesters detained in 2014, some have been released. Those I spoke with told me about the torture they endured as part of interrogations. But countless others remain in detention. Some have been charged under Ethiopia’s draconian counterterrorism law for their role in the protests; others languish without charge in unknown detention centers and military camps throughout Oromia. This week, five students were convicted of terrorism-related offenses for their role in the protests.

ALSO READ : Ethiopia at Risk of Disintegration: Oromo Opposition

There has been no government investigation into the use of live ammunition and excessive force by security personnel last year.

Ethiopia’s tight restrictions on civil society and media make it difficult to corroborate the current, mounting allegations and the exact details of the ongoing protests emerging from towns like Haramaya, Jarso, Walliso, and Robe. The government may think this strategy of silencing bad news is succeeding. But while the fear of threats and harassment means it is often months before victims and witnesses come forward to reveal what happened in their communities, they eventually do, and the truth will emerge.

The government should ensure that the use of excessive force by its security personnel stops immediately. It should then support an independent and impartial inquiry into the conduct of security forces in the current protests – and last year’s as well. Those responsible for serious abuses should be fairly prosecuted. This would be the best way for the Ethiopian government to show its concern about the deaths and injuries inflicted on the students, that it does not condone the use of live ammunition against peaceful protesters, and that those who break the law are appropriately punished.

http://www.tesfanews.net/bloody-crackdown-on-oromo-protesters/

Oromia: Hidhaa fi Ajjeechaan Qabsoo Oromoo yo Finiinse Malee Duubatti hin Deebisu: Ibsa Ijjannoo Gurmuu Deeggarsa KFO Idil-Addunyaarra December 5, 2015

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???????????Say no to the master killer. Addis Ababa master plan is genocidal plan against Oromo people. Say no.Oromo Federalist  CongressOromo Federalist Congress Public Meeting in Finfinnee to protest TPLF's landgrab in the name of Master Plan. picture3

 

Hidhaa fi Ajjeechaan Qabsoo Oromoo yo Finiinse Malee Duubatti hin Deebisu!

Ibsa Ijjannoo Gurmuu Deeggarsa KFO Idil-Addunyaarraa
===============================================

Haalli Itoophiyaa keessa jiru yeroorrraa gara yerootti hammaachaaa dhufeera. Keessattuu yeroo ammaa kanatti gama tokkoon uummanni beelaan dhumaa yennaa jiru kanatti gama biraatiin ammo mootummaan daa’imman ilmaan Oromoo hegeree biyyaa ta’an rasaasaan fixaa jira. Dhimmoota maasterpilaaii, beelaa fi ajjeechaa fi hidhaa mormitoota Oromoo irratti gaggeeffamu ilaalchisuun ibsa armaan gadii kana baasneerra.

1. Gocha Faashistummaa mootummaan Woyyaanee saba Oromoorratti raawwatu ni balaaleffanna. Hidhaa , reebichaa fi ajjeechaan hatattamaan haa dhaabatu! Mirgi hiriira nagaa fi yaada ofii bilisaan ibsachuu haa kabajamu!

2. Bara 2014 keessa barattoonni 75 ol ajjeefaman. Amma torbaanuma kana keessa namni 3 ol ajjeefamanii dhibbootaan madaahaniiru. Miidhaan cimaan barattoota Oromoorra gahaa jira. Sanbi keenya kumootaan mana hidhaatti guuramaa jira. Namoonni ajjeechaa barattootaa fi hiriirtota irratti raawwatan hatattamaan seeratti haa dhiyaatan! Maatii ijoolleen irraa ajjeefamteef gumaan haa kaffalamu!

3. Karoorri Masterpilaanii Finfinnee kan seeraa fi heera biyyittii diiguu; kan sirna Federaalizimii fi birmadummaa sabootaa dhabamsiisuu fi eenyummaa saba keennaa miidhuurratt aggaammate hatattamaan haa haqamu.

4. Beelli biyya san keessatti dhalate sababa hongee qofa osoo hin taane sababa poolisii fi tarsiimoo dogoggora fi dhaba bulchiinsa gaarii fi olaantummaa seeraa ti jennee amanna. Uummata beela’eef gargaarsi barbaachisaan hatattamaan haa dhaqqabu.

5. Uummanni Oromoo biyya keessa jirtanu gaaffii mirgaa fi bilisummaa gaafachaa jirtan hanga mirgi keessan kabajamutti karaa nagaatiin kaabaa kibbaa, bahaa dhihaa, dhiiraa dhalaan fi diqqaa guddaan qindoominaan bakka maraa wolbira dhaabattanii akka itti fuuftan fi mirga keessan kabajsiifattan waamicha keenna dabarsina.

6. Hidhattoonni, loltoonnii fi poolisoonni gaafatamummaan keessan heeraa fi seera kabajsiisuu dha. Keessattuu humni woraanaa daangaa diinarraa ittisuu dha. Uummata mirga heeraa fi seeraan taa’e gaafatu irratti hin dhukaasinaa; hin ajjeesinaa. Mootummaan ni dhufa ni darba. Isin mootummaa kamuu keessa dhaabbataa teetanii kan jiraatuu dandeessan sirna tokkoof looguu dhiistanii heeraa fi seera qofa yo kabajsiistan.Mootummaan abbaa irree akka isin isa tiksitanii umriisaa dheeressitanuuf barbaada; kanaafuu akka isin uummata isa mormu ajjeestan isin ajaja. Ajaja isaa kan seeraan alaa hin fudhatinaa! Uummata gaaffii mirgaa karaa seeraa fi nagaatiin gaafatu irratti qawwee akka hin dhukaasne waamicha isiniif taasifna.

7. Sabni keenya kan biyya alaa jiraattan haala barbaachisu maraan hatattamaan wolitti dhuftanii obbolummaa fi deeggarsa gaaffii mirgaa uummanni keenya kaasu kana bira dhaabbachuudhaan dirqama lammummaa akka baatan waamicha isiniif taasifna.

8. Dhaabbileen siyaasa Oromoo fi gurmuuleen deeggarsa qabsoo Oromoo marti yeroo murteessaa ta’e kanatti gahee isinirra eegamu harka wol-qabattanii tokkummaadhaan akka baanu waamicha isiniif goona!

9. Dahaabbileen mirga namoomaa fi miidiyaaleen idil-addunyaa yakka Itoophiya keessatti Oromoorratti deemaa jiru kana xiyyeeffannaa itti kennitanii akka gabaasitanii fi galmeessitan, addunyatti beeksiftan waamicha isiniif gooona!

10. Lubbuu gaafii kanarratti woreegamteef biyyoon itti haa salphatu. Maatii fi firoottan woreegamtootaa jajjabinna isiniif hawwina. Miidhamtoonni gaaffii mirgaa kanarratti miidhamtan fayyaa isiniif hawwina. Lubbuu fi dhiigni keessan bilaashaa miti. Akkuma Maammoo Mazammir ‘’ DHIIGI KIYYA DHIIGA BILAASHA BADEE MITI, DHIIGA MIRGA OROMOOTIIF JIGE’’ jedhe san dhiigi keessan gootota kumaatama dhala; BILISUMMAA FIDA. Woreegama keessan SEENAAN HIN DAGATU. SEENAAN keessan ni galmaawa; hanga bara baraa galmee seenaa keessaa calaqqisa.

Dhumarratti Koongiressiin Federaalawa Oromoo (OFC) ijoollee miidhaman, hidhamanii fi maatii ijoolleen irraa ajjeefamte haala itti gargaaraman mijeessuuf koree hatattamaa dhaabuusaa nuuf ibseera. Kanumaan wolqabatee nuuti Gurmuun Deeggarsa KFO Idil Addunyaa deeggarsa barattootaa fi miidhamtoota Oromoof taasifamu biyyoota alaattii guurree OFCn dhaqqabuuf qophii xumurreerra. Hawaasni Oromoo biyyoota garaa garaa dhimma kanarratti akka nu woliin hojjatu waamicha taasifna.

Injifannoon Ummata Oromoof!

Gurmuu Deeggarsa Kongiressii Federaalistii Oromoo
Muddee 3, 2015
Minnesota

UNPO: Oromo: Attack on Protesting Students by Government Forces Caught on Video December 5, 2015

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???????????UNPO

Oromo: Attack on Protesting Students by Government Forces Caught on Video

http://unpo.org/article/18772

 

Citizens from all over Oromia have been protesting for months against the Addis Ababa Master Plan, which would see Oromo farmers around the capital evicted from their land with the city’s expansion. Marches have intensified since the events at Haromaya University last week, where Oromo students, protesting peacefully against the government plans, were shot at by the Ethiopian Federal Police, killing at least three and injuring many more. The attack was recorded on a video, which can be viewed from the link below.

Read the full article from Finfinne Tribune below:

The following video shows as the Ethiopian Federal Police, known as Agazi and part of the elite force of the ruling Tigrean People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), shooting at Haromaya University’s Oromo students – who were out protesting against the Addis Ababa Master Plan in late November 2015. According to media reports, at least three were killed and many more were wounded. The students were protesting against the Addis Ababa Master Plan, whose goal, they say, is to expand the City of Addis Ababa by many folds by evicting Oromo farmers from their land around the City of Addis Ababa in Oromiyaa. The Oromo people, especially students, have been expressing their protests against the Addis Ababa Master Plan, ever since it was unveiled by TPLF officials in April 2014. As a result of the Oromiyaa-wide protests against the Addis Ababa Master Plan, over the last year and half, more than a hundred Oromos were killed by the Agazi force, including the four who had been reported dead at the recent Haromaya protest.

 

The students, pronounced dead, and those others protesting, come from all sections and all zones of Oromiyaa for their higher education at Haromaya University.

 

Click here to watch the video of the attack.

Click here to see more photos of the protests.

 

Photo credit: Gadaa.com @Flickr