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Oromia (All Africa): Guji Oromo to Inaugurate New Aba Gadaa February 23, 2016

Posted by OromianEconomist in Ancient African Direct Democracy, Gadaa System, Oromo.
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Odaa Oromoo

Oromo nation and Gadaa system

Oromo nation and Gadaa system

Gada_AsmaromLegesse2012

Gadaa (Oromo Democratic System) power transfer in Gujii (Southern Oromia), Feb 2016

(All Africa): Gadaa is a highly independent democratic and egalitarian political system that has guided the religious, social, political and economic affairs of the Oromo people of the Horn of Africa for many centuries. Sources indicate it is a system that organizes the Oromo society into groups or sets (about 7-11 ) that assume different responsibilities in the society every eight years.

Under Gadaa system the power to administer the affairs of the nation and the power to make laws belong to the people. Every male member of the society who is of age and of Gadaa grade has full rights to elect and to be elected. All the people have the right to air their views in any public gathering without any fear.

Last week is a very unique week for Guji Oromo’s who have finalized preparations for inaugurating their new leader (Aba Gadaa).The new leader will serve an eight year term in a system that rotates power between the tribe’s top clans.

Me’ee Bokkoo located in Guji Zone of Sora Woreda is among the most sacred places in which the Gadaa ritual traditions and ceremonies are conducted. The place is special for various reasons including its a sacred place where law is drafted, ratified amended and officially indoctrinated to the community.

Power transfer in Gadaa system is not like a power transfer in Monarchy. People raise fund to campaign for their sons based on their family legacy. In such campaign, the individual capacity of the son is also seriously scrutinized.

According to sources, Gada system is not a system where authority is simply passed from fathers to sons. Of course, the legacy of one’s family and the past accomplishments of a clan councilor has a great influence in the decision that is made to nominate the would be Aba Gadaa and councilors. They must pass through a rigorous training for years about the laws and the customs and the wisdom of leading a society before they take the position of authority in Gadaa.

According to Guji tradition, celebration begins a week before the actual day of power transfer through conducting different activities. The elders at different hierarchy of the system gathered and dressed in beautiful cultural costume to perform dances and musics. The youths have also a unique fashion of dancing style. During the week, communal issues like protection of the environment, wildlife, laws that have to be amended and if there are new laws to be adopted and similar things will be discussed and pass decision accordingly.

For instance, there was a debate by the Gumii, Gumii is the legislative branch of the Gadaa system, about marriage offer the groom has to bring for the bride family. Accordingly, the Gumii passed a new law that will reduce the amount of the offer to be given for the bride family. Aba Gada Bagaja Ganale said that the offer has become an issue of concern because it has been creating trouble among the youth. “The youth of this generation cannot afford to provide that much offer and they demanded change and we were obliged to amend the law, “he added.

Adola Woreda Culture and Tourism Bereau Deputy Head Mohamed Hesa on his part said that Guji Zone is well known for its immense and beautiful cultural heritages. The Zone has finalized preparations to colorfully celebrate the Gadaa power transfer anniversary. The primay aim is to uphold the Gadaa culture not only for the Oromo’s but for the whole of Ethiopia and efforts are underway to register the Gadaa system in UNESCO, he said.

It was learnt that the 74th power transfer ceremony of Guji Oromo Gadaa system will be held today in the presence of senior government officials, Gadaa leaders and other invited guests.

http://allafrica.com/stories/201602220951.html


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OBSTV :Qophii Qe’ee Oromoo, Yaa’ii Gumii Caffee Tokkuummaa Abbooti Gadaa Oromo November 23, 2015

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
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Oromo nation and Gadaa system

Qophii Qe’ee Oromoo, Yaa’ii Gumii Caffee Tokkuummaa Abbooti Gadaa Oromo kutaa 1ffaa.

 

http://https://vimeo.com/144637228

http://http://www.obstv.net/#!Qophii-Qeee-Oromoo-Yaaii-Gumii-Caffee-Tokkuummaa-Abbooti-Gadaa-Oromo-kutaa-2ffaa/czys/563cf1c60cf275e9c59b1bd1

 

 

 

Oromia: OBS: Qophii Faana Gaazexxeessaa Horroo Guduruu: Seena Odaa Bulluq October 11, 2015

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
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http://Qophii Faana Gaazexxeessaa Horroo Guduruu.

 

The Dummy Men – On Asmerom Legesse’s Study of the Gada System August 3, 2015

Posted by OromianEconomist in Gadaa System, Oromo, Sirna Gadaa.
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Conversation based  on the seminal 1973 text written by Harvard Emeritus Professor Asmerom Legesse on his expansive study of the Oromo in East Africa entitled Gada: Three Approaches to the Study of African Society.

Qophii Harka Funee, Abbaa Gadaa Obbo Doorsis Dhugumaa, July 15, 2015 OBS TV July 22, 2015

Posted by OromianEconomist in Gadaa System, Oromia, Oromo, Sirna Gadaa.
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???????????OBS Qophii Harka Funee, Abbaa Gadaa Obbo Doorsis DhugumaaAbbaa Gadaa Obbo Doorsis Dhugumaa http://www.obstv.net/#!Qophii-Harka-Funee-Abbaa-Gadaa-Obbo-Doorsis-Dhugumaa/czys/55a660b40cf25b8bf7e9e0e9 http://finfinnetribune.com/Gadaa/2015/07/obs-qophii-harka-funee-abbaa-gadaa-obbo-doorsis-dhugumaa-bokkuodaa-bulluq/

Related:

Qophii Dhangaa Torban 22ffaa; Waayee Sirna Gadaa Dr. Kifle Jaallataa waliin

 July 21, 2015 OBS TV

http://www.obstv.net/#!Qophii-Dhangaa-Torban-22ffaa/czys/55ae9c470cf24f011b63b993

UNESCO: Oromia: Gada system, an indigenous democratic socio-political, Representative List – 2016 June 24, 2015

Posted by OromianEconomist in Gadaa System, Kemetic Ancient African Culture, Oromia, Oromiyaa, Oromo, Sirna Gadaa.
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Oromo nation and Gadaa system

Oromo nation and Gadaa system

Xayyaa

gadaa Asmarom_

Gada system, an indigenous democratic socio-political. UNESCO Representative List – 2016

Gada system, an indigenous democratic socio-political system of the Oromo Representative List.  File reference: 1164. UNESCO listed the  Gada system, an indigenous democratic socio- political system of the Oromo to the Urgent Safeguarding List or Representative List, proposals for the Register of Best Safeguarding Practices of Intangible Cultural Heritage to be reviewed at the organizations 2016 meeting for full international recognition as world heritage. https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/06/oduu-waxabajjii-252015/http://www.unesco.org/culture/ich/index.php?pg=00774&include=slideshow.inc.php&id=01164&width=620&call=slideshow&mode=scroll The Gadaa Oromo Heritage http://www.unesco.org/culture/ich/index.php?lg=en&pg=00774

unesco file, Gada system, an indigenous democratic socio-political system of Oromo (Oromia)

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Oromia: The Intricately Carved Xayyaa (Tiya) Megaliths of Gadaa Oromo Heritage of 1249BC – 889BC January 14, 2015

Posted by OromianEconomist in Africa, Gadaa System, Maaddillee Oromo, Munyoo Oromo, Munyoyaya Oromo, Oromiyaa, Oromo, Rayya Oromo, Waata Oromo, Wardei Oromo, Xayyaa Oromo.
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Philosopher and Social Anthropologist Prof. Gammachu Magarsaa has so far periodized 9 Gadaa Oromo Governance cycles for the time since 1249BC in which one cycle takes 360 years. We can see as follows:

Xayyaa

The intricately curved stones of Xayyaa (Tiya) are the marks of the Gadaa governance of 1249BC – 889BC Xayyaa era, and the Maddillee governance also marked by stone graves in the region. At present, as the Ethiopian regime engaged in denying and erasing Oromo cultural and historical heritages, redistricted this part of central Oromia to neighboring zone.

So, in reading the following article we must refer to the above study.

The Intricately Carved Tiya Megaliths of Ethiopia

The intricately curved stones of Xayyaa (Tiya) are the marks of the Oromo Gadaa governance of 1249BC – 889BC Xayyaa era.png

 

January 13, 2015 (Ancient Origins) — The Tiya stones are part of an archaeological site located in central Ethiopia, in an area known as the Gurage Zone. The 46 large, decorated Tiya megaliths have been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Although the construction of such megaliths is an ancient tradition in Ethiopia, the Tiya stones are fairly ‘recent’, dating to sometime between the 10th and 15th centuries. Remarkably little is known about the Tiya stelae, beyond descriptions of their physical appearance. These large monuments likely had some cultural significance when erected, but their meaning remains unclear and very few efforts have been made towards understanding these magnificent monoliths. 

The town of Tiya is found in central Ethiopia, located in the Soddo Region, in an area known as the Gurage Zone. Over 100 stelae can be found scattered across nine distinct megalithic pillar sites within the zone, 46 of which can be found at Tiya.

The intricately curved stones of Xayyaa (Tiya) are the marks of the Oromo Gadaa governance of 1249BC – 889BC Xayyaa era. p1

The pillar sites contain large stelae (monuments) of three types – anthropomorphic, phallic, and non-anthropomorphic/non-phallic. Anthropomorphic stelae are those which are given a human form. Phallic stelae are tall, thin shafts. The final stelae are flat monuments that take on neither an anthropomorphic nor phallic form, yet still take on the same basic form as the other megaliths. Each of these types of stelae are prominent within the nine sites of the Gurage Zone. Additionally, most of the stelae in the Gurage Zone contain elaborate decorations, including symbols that resemble plants, swords, and human figures, standing “akimbo,” with their hands on their hips and elbows turned out.

The monoliths at Tiya are taller than the stelae found elsewhere in the zone, with the tallest reaching over 16 feet (5 meters) high. Thirty two of the Tiya stelae bear decorative symbols.

In April 1935, one of the Tiya stones, engraved with a sword symbol, was discovered during a German expedition. Local residents refer to the stelae as Yegran Dingay, or Gran’s Stone. This is in reference to the ruler of the Adal Sultanate, Imam Ahmad ibn Ibrahim al-Ghazi. In addition to the stelae at Tiya, there have been other finds of archaeological significance. During excavations, several tombs have been found. In the area, researchers have also discovered tools form the Middle Stone Age. Several sets of remains have been found in the area, with the bodies dating to sometime between the 12th and 14th centuries. Upon examination, it appeared that the remains belonged to individuals who were killed in battle. This may be fitting, as some say that the Tiya stones appear to be laid out like a row of headstones. There has been speculation that these are, perhaps, the site of a mass burial for those killed in battle.

Tiya-stones

The Tiya stelae are similar to stelae found in other areas, such as those that can be found en route between Djibouti City and Loyada. The stelae near Djibouti City include anthropomorphic and phallic stelae, and some of those near Loyada contain a T-shaped symbol. Some of these stelae also contain the symbols found on the Tiya stelae.

Symbols-engraved-on-the-Tiya-stones

The Tiya stones were declared to be a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1980. A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a place that is considered to be of special cultural or physical significance. These worldwide sites are protected in hopes of preserving any cultural significance they may hold. The site of the Tiya stones joins many other UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Ethiopia, including: Axum, Lalibela, Semien Mountains National Park, Fasiledes Castle, the lower Valley of the Awash River, the lower Valley of the Omo, Muslim Holy City Harar, and the Konso Landscape. Altogether, these sites are the important remains of ancient Ethiopian culture, although it has been said that there has not been enough effort towards understanding the archaeology of Ethiopia.

Fully understanding the purpose and function of the Tiya stones is difficult because of the small amount of research that has been done in the area. Identification as a UNESCO World Heritage Site should be helpful towards learning more about the stelae, but surprisingly little has been done in the past 35 years since that occurred.

Engravings-on-the-Tiya-stonesSites such as the Tiya stones should be protected to ensure that any cultural secrets they hold will remain preserved, and perhaps someday be discovered. As a site created by the ancestors of those who live in Tiya and nearby areas, any significance of the megaliths may still apply to those who live there today. By protecting the site, UNESCO and other interested groups can ensure that the stones are preserved for future generations. There is the hope that more research will be undertaken in order to learn more about the amazing megaliths at Tiya, including who constructed them, why they did so, and what significance the monuments hold.

Source: Ancient Origins

http://www.ancient-origins.net/ancient-places-africa/intricately-carved-tiya-megaliths-ethiopia-002564

http://ayyaantuu.com/horn-of-africa-news/the-intricately-carved-tiya-megaliths-of-ethiopia/

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