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Walaloo BAQQALAA GARBAA mana hidhaa Qilinxoo irraa erge August 16, 2017

Posted by OromianEconomist in Baqqalaa Garbaa.
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Walaloo BAQQALAA GARBAA mana hidhaa Qilinxoo irraa erge


Daandiin keenya qoreen guutee
Duugdi keenya ulee quuftee
Abdiin osoo hin dhalatin
Ifa hin argin
Nurkaa duute.
Haata’uyyuu malee ni deemnaa hin dhaabbannu
Miilli nu bututes nuti abdii hin kutannu
Biyya hawwa keenyaa
Hin hankaaknu hin geenya
Karaa dheeraa sana
Bu’aa ba’ii sana
Dheebotaa beela’aa
Kukkufnee kaka’aa
Imimmaan lolaasaa
Dhiiga dhangalaasaa
Dukkana kaleessaa qabsoodhaan ibsinee
Ifa boruu arguuf har’arra dhaabbannee
Kunoo ilaalaa jirra biiftuu ba’uuf jirtu
Urjiin bilisummaa yommuu calaqqiftu.


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Scholars At Risk Net Work: Release Scholar-Activist Bekele Gerba March 16, 2017

Posted by OromianEconomist in #OromoProtests, Baqqalaa Garbaa.
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Release Scholar-Activist Bekele Gerba

March 16, 2017 – Scholars at Risk (SAR) is concerned over the arrest and ongoing incommunicado detention of Professor Bekele Gerba, a foreign language professor at Addis Ababa University and the deputy chairman of the Oromo Federalist Congress (OFC), who is facing terrorism-related charges that apparently stem from his peaceful exercise of the rights to freedom of expression and association.

SAR understands that on December 23, 2015, Ethiopian federal security forces arrested Professor Gerba, a prominent Oromo rights activist, after entering and searching his home. His arrest occurred against a backdrop of protests and intensifying clashes between the Ethiopian government and supporters of the rights of the Oromo minority, over the government’s renewed implementation of its “Addis Ababa Integrated Development Master Plan.” Sources suggest that Professor Gerba’s arrest was a reaction to the protests taking place across the Oromia region.

Upon his arrest, Professor Gerba’s family and witnesses were reportedly told that he would be taken to Maekalawi prison, where they could visit him in 24 hours. The day he was scheduled to appear in court, however, Professor Gerba allegedly disappeared and has since been held incommunicado. SAR understands that on April 22, 2016, an Ethiopian court brought terrorism-related charges against Professor Gerba and 21 others in connection with the protests. Prosecutors have since presented as evidence videos of a speech Professor Gerba gave at an August 2015 conference organized by the Oromo Studies Association and a December 2015 interview with a foreign-based, Ethiopian media outlet. SAR further understands that Professor Gerba has reported that he and his co-defendants have suffered ill-treatment during their detention.

SAR calls for emails, letters, and faxes respectfully urging the authorities to release and drop all charges against Professor Gerba; or, pending this, to ensure his well-being while in custody, including access to legal counsel and family, and to ensure that his case proceeds in a manner consistent with Ethiopia’s obligations under international law, in particular internationally recognized standards of due process, fair trial, and free expression.

Click here for the full text: Release Scholar-Activist Bekele Gerba

Geeska Afrika:Oromia (Ethipoia): I prefer death to detention at Maeklawi: Bekele Gerba. #OromoProtests April 1, 2016

Posted by OromianEconomist in #OromoProtests, Africa, Baqqalaa Garbaa, Because I am Oromo, Ethiopia's Colonizing Structure and the Development Problems of People of Oromia, Oromia, Oromo.
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Odaa OromooFree Bekele GerbaBekele Gerba translated Martin Luther King’s book  ‘I HAVE A DREAM’  into Oromo language while he was in prison.

 

NAIROBI (HAN) March 31. 2016. Public Diplomacy & Regional Security News- “I prefer death to detention at Maekelawi,” prominent opposition leader Bekele Gerba has told a court after enduring appalling conditions in one of the chambers of hell at the notorious Maekelawi Prison in the Ethiopian capital.

The prison cell is sardine-packed: 30 prisoners in a 10×10 meter area. Because it is too crowded, respiration coupled with body heat drips back onto the prisoners from the ceiling. No need to divulge details of the hell-on-earth place called “Maekelawi” prison, where prominent political prisoners from the recent protests in Oromia are being held.

The horrible conditions led Bekele and other top OFC leaders to lauch a hunger strike, and on the fifth day on Sunday, when most of them were in critical health conditions, a small change was introduced: the number of occupants in Bekele’s cell was cut down to 17. Better than before but still brutal.

According to OFC Deputy chairperson, Mulatu Gemechu, prominent Oromo individuals who are at Maekelawi are Bekele Gerba, Dejene Taffa, Desta Dinka, Gurmesa Ayano, Addisu Bulala, Dereje Merga and Alemu Abdisa

This small area was so crowded not only with the human occupants but also personal belongings as well as sanitation goodies for the occupants who are not allowed to get air except very short timeouts at dawn and dusk.

Political prisoners suffer not only for torture or life in extremely appalling prison conditions. They are also handed lengthy appointments so that they would break down psychologically. The court has adjourned the prisoners case for another 28 days.

In another development, Mulatu said an unprecedented crackdown on Oromo people was in full swing throughout Oromia, and the mass arrests came in despite Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn’s recent speech sounded promising for the suffering majority. However, on the ground, a brutal massive crackdown is under way as the following list shows:

1. Shashemene, Western Arsi – Close to 1200 people have been taken away as prisoners and no one knows their whereabouts.

2. Chiro, Western Hararghe – Between 800 to 1000 people were hauled away by nine trucks. No one knows their whereabouts.
3. Gujji Zone – 150 people taken away.
4. Ambo, Western Shoa – 103 people taken away
5. Gimbi, Western Wellega – 60 people were arrested and taken to an unknown destination.
6. Qelem, Wellega – 54 people taken away.

7. Horo Gudru, Wellega – 39 people were taken away in one night.

8. Burayu (near Addis) – Two individuals taken away to an unknown destination.

Though Ethiopia is hemmoraging from the political crisis, the government is trying to use the prevalent “drought and famine” as a cover to wipe out dissent in Oromia and beyond.

Read more at: http://geeskaafrika.com/2016/03/31/ethipoia-i-prefer-death-to-detention-at-maeklawi-bekele-gerba/

Oromia: Struggle Towards a Peaceful Sociopolitical Transformation in Ethiopia: Bekele Gerba as one of the Leading Icons February 14, 2016

Posted by OromianEconomist in #OromoProtests, Africa, African American, Baqqalaa Garbaa, Because I am Oromo, Oromia, Oromiyaa, Oromo, Oromo the Largest Nation of Africa. Human Rights violations and Genocide against the Oromo people in Ethiopia.
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Odaa Oromoo

Struggle Towards a Peaceful Sociopolitical Transformation in Ethiopia: Bekele Gerba as one of the Leading Icons

By  Begna F. Dugassa, Ph.D.

Bekele Gerba translated Martin Luther King’s book  ‘I HAVE A DREAM’  into Oromo language while he was in prison.

Bekele Gerba translated Martin Luther King’s book  ‘I HAVE A DREAM’  into Oromo language while he was in prison.



 

The Tigray Peoples Liberation Front (TPLF) led government of Ethiopia is portraying Bekele Gerba as a violent man and charging him with instigating violence. Ordinary people are characterizing him as a compassionate, kind and a caring teacher, a professor and a humble political prisoner. Some people take it further and think Gerba acquired his political philosophy from the great leaders of our recent past such as Gandhi of India, Martin Luther King of America and Nelson Mandela of South Africa. If that is the case, inspired by those renowned leaders Gerba is humbly facing humiliation. In reality, who is Bekele Gerba?

Bekele Gerba is a deputy chairman of the Oromo Federalist Congress (OFC). In my short personal conversation with him, I found him to be a good listener, humble, compassionate and forgiving. I agree with the view of those who say that he has been influenced by the principles of Gandhi, Martin Luther King and Nelson Mandela.  In addition, as a school teacher and professor he might have been influenced by Paulo Freire’s teaching facilitating students “learn to read the word and the world”.  He has a strong character and compassion for a peaceful mass movement. At one point he said “promoting a peaceful movement is not the path that scary leaders choose to prevent personal risks, it is a strategy they follow to humbly accept personal humiliation and reduce harm to the public[2]”.
Bekele gerba speaks

 

In Gerba’s mind, the principles of Gandhi, King and Mandela are not foreign ideas to him and to the Oromo people; they are indeed consistent with the Oromo principles of nagaa (peace) and (Gada) democratic system of governance which are enshrined in the Oromo culture. He believes that only a peaceful mass movement can guarantee real change and sustain building a democratic society in Ethiopia. In Gebra’s mind and heart, violence has no place. In several interviews, he repeatedly and emphatically noted that even those who are involved in the killing and those who are ordering the killings and imprisonment knew that they are wrong and in the backs of their mind they feel guilty.  He believes such self-righteous individuals will realize their wrongs and gradually join the peaceful mass movement.

The first time I heard the name of Bekele Gerba was when a friend forwarded me his powerful speech that he made on the 2010 election debate.  His speech was thoughtful and articulate.  He is a linguist and his language skills have given him the tools needed to articulate the aspirations of the Oromo people.  In many parts of the world having individuals who are thoughtful and articulate is desirable and such individuals are usually respected and rewarded. However, things are different in the eyes of the Ethiopian government officials.

Like many other dictators, the TPLF- led Ethiopian government sees human rights activists as “the enemy”. Soon after Bekele Gerba met the Amnesty International research team, the Ethiopian security forces charged him for crimes he never committed and threw him into jail. TPLF officials fear him not because he is a violent person or conspiring to promote violence, but because he is thoughtful and articulate.  The Ethiopian government’s concern is that he can articulate the demands and the aspirations of the Oromo people to the Amnesty International research team.  For that the TPLF officials fabricated a dramatic type of crime and sent him to jail. He was released from prison in 2015 after serving four years.

 

In 2015, the Oromo Studies Association (OSA invited Bekele Gerba (an Oromo) and John Markakis (a Greece-American) to be two keynote speakers. OSA always encourages diverse perspectives and views (because no one has a monopoly on knowledge) to be presented at its annual conferences. Bekele was a university professor before he was imprisoned. Before that he was a school teacher.  His lived experiences, and career as a school teacher, university professor, politician and then political prisoner have given him a wide range of perspectives. He was therefore an excellent candidate to be invited by the OSA as one of the keynote speakers.   When I learned he was to be one of the OSA’s keynote speakers, on the one hand I was happy that I was going to be able to hear his first hand presentation.  On the other hand, I was concerned because many Oromo intellectuals are leaving the country and I wanted him to stay in Oromia to provide the leadership. My reason is I knew one of the motives of the TPLF government is to deny the Oromo people all forms of leaderships.

I know that Bekele Gerba has spent four years in prison for a crime he never committed.   I know he clearly understands the social problems that afflict the Oromo people and the causes of those problems. I also know he has met hundreds of Oromo prisoners who are languishing in Ethiopian prisons “because they are Oromo”. He knows that thousands more of Oromo men and women who are languishing in several prisons “because they are Oromo”.  Therefore, in my mind I pictured him asssumured in my mind assumeman. ee social conditions in which the Oromo people live. ( from “ pictured him….” to the end is a mess. Better fix it!) He meet thousands  an angry man.  However, when I met him and talked to him he did not look like an angry man. He was not angry at those who imprisoned him. It is not that he was not hurt. Indeed, he was deeply hurt. Yet, he overcame the pain he went through and chose to forgive those who subjected him to pain. When I clearly understood his deep commitment to a peaceful mass movement and his forgiveness to those who imprisoned him, I was deeply touched. As Hillary Clinton, the Democratic candidate for the US president, once said “forgiveness is a way of opening up the doors again and moving forward, whether it’s a personal life or a national life” I realized the motive of Gerba to forgive is to move forward. I am deeply touched by this.

Let me tell you why I am deeply touched. When I was writing my Ph.D dissertation I was interested in human rights and public health. Therefore, it was natural to associate with students who geared their research interests to peaceful social movements such as Gandhi and Martin Luther King. At that time a friend who was focusing on Gandhi’s philosophy organized a research conference and invited me to present a paper. I presented a paper on Famine and Human Rights in Oromia. In the paper I explored the ways human rights violations perpetuated by consecutive Ethiopian regimes were contributing to cause famine. One of the audience members knew the situation that I was talking about and asked me if Gandhi type leaders need to be born in Ethiopia. I answered the question saying “thousands of Gandhi types of leaders are being born every year, but the social conditions of Ethiopia do not allow them grow. If Gandhi was born in Ethiopia, he would have been killed while he was still young”.  I further elaborated saying “although the British colonial rulers and the US slave holders were brutal, the system allowed many British and US citizens to be guided by a sense of “ethics”. Such a system allowed diversity within the dominant group of citizens and for this reason some of the members of the dominant group sympathized with the causes of those who were marginalized. However, the Ethiopian system does not allow diverse opinions to flourish.  Abyssinians like Wallelign Mekonnen who are inclined to promote social justice for the oppressed people are killed and such killing has suppressed others.  Oromo elites who tried to develop inclusive politics- like Haile Fida- and who tried to reform the Ethiopian Empire could not survive long.  Consistent with Newton’s law of motion that states “to every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction” and many Oromo leaders who came after Fida chose to focus on organizing the Oromo people.   I was convinced that in such political conditions Gandhi and Martin Luther King types of leaders and inclusive leaders could not grow to be national figures.

When I talked to Bekele Gerba and listened to his interviews, I started to question my own assumptions. Clearly he has successfully overcome the challenges that I identified above and developed a deep commitment to a peaceful mass movement and inclusive politics. The question I had in my mind at that time was, would the Ethiopian government allow such a thoughtful individual who fully adheres inclusive politics (diversity, equity and self-rule on one hand and unity on the other.

In December 2015, the Ethiopian government arrested Bekele Gerba again. When I heard the news, it reconfirmed my view about the system. Professor Merera Gudina rightfully characterized the ways the TPLF leadership thinks and functions when he said “although the TPLF has left the jungle behind, the jungle did not leave them behind.” The TPLF leadership needs to walk up and move away from the violent mindset that was instrumental to them when they were in the jungle. Leading a country with a population of a hundred million and leading a guerilla force are quite different things. They need to realize they are heading the second most popular and linguistically the most diverse empire or federal state in Africa.  They need to understand they are heading a country where the headquarters of the African Union is located and hundreds of diplomats stationed. They need to realize that the rule of law of the jungle is unsustainable.

 

The TPLF leadership need to understand Newton’s law of motion that states “to every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction”. Imprisoning Bekele Gerba and his colleagues does not silence the voice of the Oromo people who are demanding social justice, human rights and rule of law.  The voices that the Oromo people clearly and loudly spoke, from the North to South, and East to West in the last three months has delivered a clear message: “we do not allow any forms of injustice”. Consistent with Newton’s law of motion, as the TPLF oppress the Oromo people, evict them from their land, imprison and kill their children, the voices of the people demands for social reform and structural changes will dramatically increase. The TPLF leaders need individuals like Gerba and his colleagues who can be instrumental in facilitating smooth political change and lead social transformation in the country.

Gerba and his colleagues are the beloved sons and daughters of Oromo people and they want them free.  Certainly, Gerba and his colleagues are in a better position to secure not only the Oromo children but also, the Tigray children and others. Having said this, let me leave my note with the quote below and encourage the TPLF leadership to reevaluate their framework of thinking, free all political prisoners and join the peaceful march led by Gerba and his colleagues.

Today, I see thousands of Mahatma Gandhis, Martin Luther Kings, and Nelson Mandelas marching forward and calling on us. The boys and girls [i.e. Gerba & others] have joined. I have joined in. We ask you [the TPLF leadership] to join, too.

Kailash Satyarthi

Begna F. Dugassa, Ph.D.


[1] Begna Dugassa, Ph.D., promotes human rights and health. He researches and writes in human rights and public health.  His recent work is published in the Journal of Preventive Medicine in February 2016. The title of the article: Free Media as the Social Determinants of Health: The Case of Oromia Regional State in Ethiopia.
[2] Translation is mine.

Oromia: Baqqalaa Garbaa Woyyaaneen maaliif hiitee akkas itti taphatte? September 8, 2015

Posted by OromianEconomist in Baqqalaa Garbaa, Because I am Oromo.
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Baqqalaa Garbaa Woyyaaneen maaliif hiitee akkas itti taphatte?

Awash Post, Birraa (September) 8 Bara 2015

 

Abdii Gammachuu: Bilisummaan nuti laga, gaaraafi daggala keessa barbaannu daandii Finfinnee, Amboofi Adaamaa irra jirti. Nuti onnee hidhamuufi mindaa baatii muraasaa dhabuuf qophoofte qabna taanaan.

Hedduun keenya ob.Baqqalaa Garbaa osoo inni hinhidhamin dura irra jireessatti oduudhaan beekna. Yeroo inni mana hidhaa tureefi mana murtii deddeebi’us daran isa barre, waa’ee isaa kan odeeffamus hanga tokko dhageenye. Baqqalaa qajeelatti kan barre, akka yaada namoota hedduutti, erga inni mana hidhaatii bayee asi.

Ob. Baqqalaan sabboonaa Oromoo isa dhugaati. Isa waan itti amanu hojjatuufi isa saba isaaf jedhee lubbuu isaafi jireenya maatii isaa hallayyaa irraan tiratu. Baqqalaan nama rakkoo Oromoo hubatuufi nama ammas daandiin hallayyaa rakoofi qaanii kana keessaa ittiin baanu itti mul’atu. Baqqalaan sabboonaa figoota Oromoo qofa osoo hintaane gamnaafi nama siyaasni galeef. Egaa Woyyaaneen murataafi dhimma oromoo irraa akkas dubbataa kana kan ganna hedduuf nurraa hiitee dararaa turte. Oromoof namni gaariin hinbarakatu. Kan mataa olqabate, dhugaa qabatee waa’ee saba isaan quuqamaa dubbate mootummaan usee hin ilaalu. Namni ummtaaf firaa mootummaaf diina. Mootummaan yeroo hunda isa ummnni jaalatuufi abdatu kan hidhee itti taphatu. Kan abshaalummaafi bilchinaan fundura isaa dhabbate mootummaan ilkaan itti qarate.

Woyyaaneen dhaadannoo keenya hindhageettu, bookkisa keenyas akka sodachisaatti hinfudhattu. Hunda tuffatti. Kolfaa bira dabarti. Kan isii sodaachisu, hirriba malee halkan guutuu isii teessisu, isa mataa gadi qabatee, tarsiimoofi tooftaa isii qajeellotti hubatee, dadhabinaafi cimina isiis gargar baafatee, tooftaa tolfatee harka garaa jalaan isii balleessuu hujii godhateedha. Isa alaa bookisuufi geerraru osoo hintaane xiinxanaa keessaatitu nuballeessa, umrii keenya gabaabsa jedhaniiti kan hedduu sodaatan. Mallas Zeenaawiis yeroo lubbuun jirutti namootuma ykn gareedhuma akkanaa irraa fagotti uf tiksaa ture. Hundaafis dhaamee kan darbe kanuma. Baqqalaan leenca Finfinnee keessatti gogaa hoolaa uffatee fundura isaanii dhaabbate ta’uu mootummaan hubate; mirkaneeffate. Bofni mataa olqabate rukutamuu hinqabuu? Yeroo isaanitti hinfudhanne. Akuma innuu irra deddeebi’ee dubbate, ragaa sobaa wolitti qabatanii, mana hidhaa Kangaroo uumatanii murtii hamaa Baqqalaa irratti dabarsan.

Yaanni cimaan qawwee caala

Baqqalaa waan hanga ammaatti raawwatee miti kan rakkoo kana hundaaf isa saaxile, akka amantaa kootti. Humna (potential) fi yaada (idea) inni qabuudha mootummaan qaxxaamura guddaa akka isarra kaayu kan godhe.  Dhugumatti yaanni nama kanaafi dandeettiin isaa, deeggarsa ummata bal’aa argate taanaan, gaaga’amni inni sirna abbaa irree kana irraan gayu salphaa hinta’u. Hubannoofi amantaan mootummichaas kanuma.

Mootumichi nama ummata ufjala hiriirsu, nama hawaasa onnachiisuu, isa tooftaa tarsiimoo isaanii jalaa ittiin fashaleessu qabatee mul’atu tasa arguu hinfedhu. Mormituun heddu. Hooggantoonni paartilee mormitootaas baay’ina dhaabilee siyaasaa yoo caalan malee hinhanqatan.  Dhaabuma Baqqalaan keessa jiru keessatti kan isaa olitti angoo qabu jira. Hoogganoota heddu, Dr. Mararaaas dabalatee,  hireen harka mootummaa kanaatti mana hidhaatti tortoruu isaan hinmudanne. Baqqalaan, hundi beektu,  dhaabicha keessatti nama lammaffaati. Tapha dirree siyaasa irratti, biyyuma abbaa irree keessattis, dhaaba seeraan galmaayee socho’u tokko keessatti nama sadarkaa ol’aanaa irra jiru sababuma xiqqoon (sanuu uumanii) mana hidhaatti galchanii duubaan namatti cufuun kasaaraa siyaasaa heddu akka qabu ykn fiduu malu tilmaamama. Mootummaan Itoophiyaas gaafa Baqqalaa Garbaa hidhuuf murteessu kuni jalaa hindhokanne.  Garuu, mootummaan maaliif Baqqalaa hidhuuf murteesse? Deebiin gabaabaan mootummaan filannoo ufii baduu ykn Baqqalaa balleessuu irra gayuu isaa agarra. Namni qawwee mitii shimala cimaa hinqabne tokko akkam akkasitti mootummaadhaan sodaatama jedchuun keessan hinhafu. Maaliif jennaan yeroo heddu hedduun keenya kan namni dhuunfaas ta’ee mootummaan baay’ee sodaatu qawweedha jennee waan amannuuf. Dhuguma qawween waan sodaatamu. Dhimmi Baqqalaa qawween alatti wonti sodaatamu heddu akka jiru ifatti mul’ise; hubannoofi amantaa keenya kan  hanga ammaa qabnu hanga  tokkos ta’u irra debinee akka gamaaggamnu osoo nuhindirqin hinhafne. Yaanni namoota irraa dhagayamaarus kanuma calaqqisa.

Yaanni cimaan qawweefi boombii akka caalu dhagayuu hinoolle. Viktor Huugoon wanni tokko woraana addunyaa hunda caalu yaada yeroon isaa geette jechuu isaa quba qabduu? Baqqalaan Garbaa yaada yeroon isaa geette qabateeti kan socho’u: hundi keenya dandii Finfinnee, Amboo, Adaamaa, Naqamte, Ciroo, Roobee, Jimma, Asallaafi Yaaballoo irratti akka tokkotti  mootummaa nu saamu, nu ajjeesuufi nubuqqisu afoo dhaabbachuu qabna jechuun isaa. Heedduu keenyatti yaanni kuni kan hojjatu fakkaatee hinmul’atu. Mootumichi garuu yaanni kuni hundarra hedduu hamaa fi yaada yeroon isaa geette ta’uu qajeelchee beeka. Mallas Zeenaawii kan angoo barbaaduufi isa haqa isaa gafatuuf mirga gaara bahuu ykn dagallatti galuu malee mirga haqa isaa daandii Finfinnee, Amboofi Adaamaa irratti gafachuu hinlaanne. Diinni karaa ittiin injifatan namatti mul’isaa? Hattuun faana waan hattee namatti argisiistii? Dhimmoonni biraa akkuma jiranitti ta’ee, jechummaan Mallas suni karaa ittiin qabsoofnee mirga keenna argannuu waan nutti himu heddu ufkeessaa qaba; qalbiidhaan yoo waa xiinxalluu kan dandeennu ta’e. Haga ammaatti iccitiin dubbii kanaa kan galeef Baqqalaafi namoota muraasa qofaaf. Hedduun qabsaawota keenyaa dirree diinni itti naaf bayi jedhu irratti kan argamuu fedhan. Kuni namoota tokko tokkotti gootummaa fakkaatuu nimala. Akka tarsiimootti garuu, kuni isa injifannotti nama geessuu miti. Sun Zuun, abbaa tarsiimoo kan jedhamu, diina keessan kallattiin dhaqaa rukutaa hinjenne. Kan inni addunyaa gorse dadhabina diinaa gargar baasaa san booda bakka qaawwalti jirtuun seenaa rukutaadha.

Eenyummaa Baqqalaafi balaa inni sirnicha irraan gayuu danda’u qajeelatti kan hubate mootummaan, bitaa fi mirga erga ilaalee booda, nama akkanaa ummata keessatti gadi lakkisuu mannaa itti cufanii iyyiisnsa Dayaaspooraa,  balaaleffannaa mootummoota dhihaa fi jaarmayaalee mirga namaaf falman keessummeessuu woyyaa filate.  Santu irra laafaa ta’eeti kan Woyyaanetti mul’ate. Waan dogoggoraanis hinfakkaatu. Kanneen eenyummaa Baqqalaa akka gaaritti hubataniif tankaarfiin isaanii sirriidha. Kabajaa mirga bineensotaafi jettee bofa si’idduuf jiru ufitti hindhiistu. Woyyaanetti iyyiinsa Dayaaspooraa ilkaan hinqabneefi balaaleffannaa jaarmayaalee mirga namaaf falman irraa balaan Baqqalaa gessu  hedduu guddaafi yaachisaa itti ta’e. Kanaaf kan jiruu isaa irraa buqqisanii Zuwaayitti dabarsan.

Murannoon waan itti amane qabachuufi onneedhaan daandii Oromoo nibaasa jedhe irra dhaabbachuu qofaa miti kan Baqqalaa Garbaa adda godhu. Haala amma keessa jirru kanatti daandii Oromoo rakkoo keessaa baasuufi qabsoo deemsisu akka gaaritti adda baafata. Tooftaa diinaa nihubata. Tarsiimoon balaan sabicharra gayaa jiru ittiin qolachuun danda’amus akka dansatti itti mul’ata. Karaan rakkoo keessaa ittiin baanu heddu akka jirus irra deddeebi’ee dubbata. Inni garuu kan irra gabaabaafi baasii (lubbuufi qabeenyaanis) irra xiqqaa gaafatu akka filmaata jalqabaatti fudhata. Karaan rakkoo keessaa ittiin baanu heddu. Ta’us, inni qoree hinqabne, kan gufuun hindanqamne tokkollee hinjiru. Karaa gabaabaaf isa gufuun itti hinheddummaanne adda baafachuufi filachuun gamnummaadha. Karaa kiyya malee daandiin biraa hinjiru jechaa wolafoo dhaabachuudha kan umrii qabsoo dheeresse; inuma bakka tokko tokkotti kan ummata qilee irraa balleesse. Hubannaa siyaasa sadarkaa kanaa qabaachuun mootummatti  amuummachuudha. Kanaafis Baqqalaan qarriffaa diinaa keessa seene.

Gaarummaan Baqqalaa heddu. Namni haasawa Baqqalaa Garbaa tibbana godhaa ture dhaggeeffate cimina nama kanaa heddu hubata. Gama kootiin namni danddeettii haasawa isaa hindinqisiifanne heddu na hinqunnamne. Akka nama hundaa galautti, haasawuu qofa osoo hintaane sadarkaan ufitti amaniinsa isaa hedduu guddaadha. Nama siyaasa tokko irraas kan eeggamu qabxiin tokko kana. Nama danddeettii gudada qabu , nama dubbatee nama amansiisu, haasawaan nama harkisu Woyyaaneen arguu hinfeetu; keessattuu yoo namni suni Oromoo ta’e. Baqqalaan akkas yaadaan, jechaan, gochaan hedduu cimaa ta’ee mul’achuun isaa qorra sodaa worra angoo irra jirutti gadi lakkise; isaan roqomsiise. Gara sababuma hinjirreen harkaafi miila sabboonaa Oromoo kana xaxuutti isaan geesse.

Qabsoon karaa nagaa Oromoof ni hojjata

Mootummaan namoota akka Baqqalaa kanniin qawwee mitii dullaa sona qabu hinqabne kan akkas sodaatuuf waa malee miti. Yaanni Baqqalaan faati deemaniin, qawwee kan caaluufi samuufi onnee namaa keessatti facaafamee hidda godhannaan kufaatii guddaa kan qaqqabsiisu ta’uu isaa sa’aa kanatti mootummichi hunda keenya irra hubateera. Ummanni Oromoo bilchaateera. Kana booda dhaaba siyaasa kamiinuu irraa kan eeggamu ummata ijaaruufi hujii irratti bobbaasuu qofa. Kuni osoo gamtaan ykn wolhubannaan ta’ee irra bayeessa. Yoo kuun kana jedhu inni kuun kun hinta’u jedhee wolbushessuun hujii wolharkaa balleessuu fi gara diigamiinsaatti wolgessuudha. Kan argaafi taajjabaa turres kanuma. Oromoon waanuma  fedhe haajedhuu, karaa kamiinuu haasocho’uu, harka duwwaas taanaan, tarsiimoofi tooftaa isaa hanga tokko sirreeffatee, waanuma jedhu san hujitti geeddarraan waan fedhu akka salphatti akka argatu diinni qajeelchee bareera. Yoo bartoonni Amboo ka’an hangam ardiin akka sochootu, Woyyaaneen akkam akka dhamaatu hundi beektu. Osoo wonti akkasii bakka hundatti yeroo tokkotti, kuni ijaarsa siyaasaafi qindoomina guddaa gaafata malee waan hindanda’amu jedhamee bira darbamuu miti, osoo ta’ee maaltu akka dhufuu danda’u tilmaamaa. Addurreef harki lachuu mirga. Wanti kumee hedduuf hawwine balbaluma jirti. Maaliif karaa ufitti dheeressina, dararaa ufitti heddumeessina garuu?

Baqqalaan qabsaayaa Oromoo dhugaa ta’uu fi kallattiin qabsoo isaa kan deemsisu ta’uu isaatiif ragaan addaa barbaannu hinjiru; gochi mootummaa ragaa guddaadha. Yaada gaarii qabaachuufi karaa sirrii irra jiraachuun qofti gayaa miti, garuu. Yaannis hujitti jijjiiramuu qaba. Daandii sirrii irra dhaabbachuun konkolaataan rukutamutti nama geessa; tankaarfachuudha falli. Milkaayinni yaada Baqqalaafi garee isaa guutummatti kan hundaayu tokkoon tokkoo keenyaa hangam isaan deeggarre ykn bira dhaabbanne waan jedhu irratti. Yoo shakkiidhuma qabsoon karaa nagaa eessayyuu hingeettu jedhuun xaxamnee, waa’ema gaaga’ama 1992 nurra gaye akka ragaatti qabanee,  filannoon hatamuu irraas dubbataatuma yoo  kan  jiraannuu, Oromoo , eessayyuu hingeennu. Tasa waan yaannu hinargannu. Qabsoon karaa nagaa, akkuma hayyonni heddu irratti wolii galan waan gatii malee geggeffamuu miti. Gatiin kafalamuu qaba. Gatiin kafalamus qaaliidha. Mootummaa abbaa irree gara nyaattoo ykn mararfannaa tokko hinqabne wajjiin wol’aansotti jirra kana hindagatinaa. Erga bara 1992 kaasee gatiin kafalamaatuma jira. Gahaa ta’uu dhabuu isaa bira rakkoon kan jiru. Oromoon baatii baatitti kumaatamaan hidhamnaan, kumaatamaan ajjeeffamnaan, kumatamaan saamamnaa haqaafi bilisummaan sahuu hawwinu wonti harka ummataatti hingalleef tokko hinjiru.

Oromoodha hanga ammaatti humna isaa xiqqeessuufi namaa gadii uftaasisuu kan hayyame. Baqqalaan daandii Finfinnee irratti mirga koo nitikfadha jechuun isaa akka badii guddaatti ilaallamuu qofa osoo hintaane akka duumessa balaa roobuuf deemuuttis fudhatame, mootummaadhaan. Onneedhaan, ufitti amaniinsa sadarkaa ol’anaatiin mirga kootiif asumaa dubbadha, asuma keessattis haqa kootiif falmadha jechuu isaati kan dubbii itti dhale. Yeroo heddu nama akkas jajjabaatee isaan afoo dhaabbatu worri Woyyaanee nisodaachisu, nidoorsisu tooftaa adda addaan akka biyya irraa baqatu taasisu. Namoota heddu irratti tooftaan kuni yoo hojjatu argina. Yaaliin kuni hundi nama hincal’isiisu ykn gara baqaatti hingeessu taanaan tankarfiin itti aanuu kanuma Baqqalaa Garbaa irratti fudhatame. Oromoon nama  diina afoo dhaabbatee hanga dhumaatti falmatuun malee isa akka sinbiraa darbata takkaan gir jedhee biyya irraa baduun miti kan bilisoomu. Namoota  murannoo akkanaa qaban rakkoofi gufuu heddutu mudata. Obsaafi cicha sadarkaa ol’aanaa waan qabaniif malee namoonni kunniin dur harka laatan ykn baqatan ture. Yeroo dheeraadhaaf Baqqalaa hidhanii dararuudhaan yaaliin Baqqalaa rifaasisuufi ummatas (miseensotaafi deeggartoota) biraa bittinsuu gahaan godhameera. Itti milkaayanii garuu? Ammati hinmilkoofne. Erga Baqqalaan hidhaa bayee kan taajjabne, gama hamilee Baqqalaa cabsuufi yaadaa inni durii kaasee qabate gachisiisuutiin mootummaa kasaaraa guddatu mudate. Gara boodaatti karoorri inni Baqqalaafi fakkaattota isaaf qabu maal akka ta’e kan arginu ta’a.

Qabsoon Oromoo yadaafi mul’ata haarawaa barbaaddi

Mooraa Oromootti namni yaada haarawa qabu hedduu barbaadamaa ta’utu irra jira; rakkoo hedduufi wolxaxaa ta’e  qabna waan ta’eef. Yaanni rakkoo Oromoof furmaata argamsiisuu malu kallattii hunadaa burqutu irra jira. Hujii hojjatamu hunda keessatti, qabsoo bilisummaas dabalatee, woldorgommiin yaadaa jirachuu qaba. Akkamitti bilisoomna? Tarsiimoo, daandiifi tooftaa kamtu dafee bakka hawwinuun nugaya? Gara boodaatti Oromoon yoo daandii kam qabate naannoo Gafa Afrikaatti irra fayyadamaa ta’a? Yaadota ijoo kanniin irratti namoonni beekumsa qaban, kallattii qilleensa keessaafi alaa hubataa, yaada bifa wolirraa hincinneen burqisiisuu qaban. Wonti nama gaddisiisu garuu, namni tokko bilchina yaadaafi siyaasaa hangamuu cimaa ta’e haaqabaatuu, keessumattuu yaanni isaa kan yeroo heddu odeeffamuun adda ta’e taanaan, balaaleffanna guddatu isa mudata.

Namni tokko hangamuu beekaa ykn yaanni isaa cimaa yoo ta’e bakka deeggarsi ummataa bira hinjirretti eessayyuu hingayu; hinmilkaayu. Namni Oromoof qabsaaya jedhu kamuu kan deeggaramuu qabu cimina yaada isaatiin. Kanniin yaada burqisiisan, hangamuu yaanni isaanii adda ta’ee haa mul’atuu,  jajjabeeffamuufi kabajamuu qaban. Deeggarsi, wolbiradhaabbannaafi woliif birmannaan naannoofi wolbeekumsaan osoo hintaane cimina yaadaa qofarratti kan hundaaye ta’uu qaba. Miseensa ykn deeggaraa dhaaba tokkoo wan taaneef qofa yaada gaarii  kallattii biraatii bubbisu yoo kan tuffannuu rakkoo woggaa dhibbaaf yomuu fala hinargannu. Nuti garuu namoota yaada haarawa ykn waan fala ta’u  qabna jedhan nituffanna, maqaan adda addaas itti laatna. Hamileen isaanii rukutama; akka dheessanii  manatti galan taasifama. Akkanatti wolqancarsine. Gocha dadhabaa akkanaan mootummaa goobsine. Ufis dadhabsiifnee ummatas dukkana hamaa keessatti hanbisne.

Rakkoo keessa jirru kana keessaa bayuuf ilaalcha wolii kabajuun dirqii ta’a. Yoo danda’ame ammoo ifatti yaadaanis ta’ee human qabnuun woliif birmachuu, wolcinaa dhabbachuu qabna. Yeroo karaan haqaa kiyya, kan isin bilisoomsus anuma jedhamu dabreera. Hundi oromoo yaada bilisummatti nugeessu minjala irra kaayuu qaba; ifaaf bilisatti. Kan irra baasu, hedduu funduratti nutankaarfachiisu filachuun kan sabboontota hundaati.  Hedduuun keenya yaada caalaa ta’es hinomishnu. Kanuma durii irratti kan mataa woldhukkubsinu.  Ugginee mootummaa abbaa irree afos hindhabbannu. Hidhamuufi lubbuu dhabuufis ufqopheessinu. Namoonni heddu hidhamuuf mitii mindaa baatii tokkoo dhabuuf qophii miti. Xiqqaachuu namoota murannoo qabaniiti kan qabsoo saba kanaa akkas lafarra harkise, saba guddaa kanas kan dukkana gabrummaafi hiyyummaa keessatti hanbise. Bilisummaan nuti laga, gaaraafi daggala keessa barbaannu daandii Finfinnee, Amboofi Adaamaa irra jirti. Nuti onnee tumamuu, hidhamuufi mindaa baatii muraasaa dhabuuf qophoofte qabna taanaan. Dirqama nurraa eeggamu bayuu dadhabnee Woyyaaneen ‘akkana, akkas’ nugoote jedhaa woggaa 25’f jiraanne.

http://www.awashpost.com/2015/09/08/baqqalaa-garbaa-woyyaaneen-maaliif-hiitee-akkas-itti-taphatte/

NPR: Ethiopian Prisoner, Bekele Gerba, Urges U.S. To Put Pressure On His Country Over Human Rights. #Oromia #Africa August 27, 2015

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http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2015/08/26/434975424/just-out-of-jail-ethiopian-leader-brings-a-sharp-message-to-obama?utm_campaign=storyshare&utm_source=facebook.com&utm_medium=social
(NPR) – Just a few months ago, Bekele Gerba was languishing in a high security Ethiopian jail, hearing the cries of fellow prisoners being beaten and tortured. Now, the 54-year-old foreign language professor is in Washington, D.C., for meetings at the State Department. His message: The Obama administration should pay more attention to the heavy-handed way its ally, Ethiopia, treats political opponents — and should help Ethiopians who are losing their ability to earn a living.

Gerba is a leader of the Oromo Federalist Congress, a political party that represents one of the country’s largest ethnic groups. With estimated numbers of about 30 million, the Oromo make up about a third of Ethiopia’s population.

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In 2011, Gerba was arrested after meeting with Amnesty International researchers and sent to prison on what he calls trumped up terrorism charges, often used in Ethiopia against political dissidents. In court he made remarks that have been widely circulated in Ethiopia and beyond: “I am honored to learn that my non-violent struggles and humble sacrifices for the democratic and human rights of the Oromo people, to whom I was born without a wish on my part but due to the will of the Almighty, have been considered a crime and to be unjustly convicted.”

Gerba was released from jail this spring in advance of President Obama’s July visit to Ethiopia. A soft spoken man, who seemed exhausted by his prison ordeal and his numerous appearances at U.S. universities and think tanks, Gerba tells NPR that Obama’s trip sent all the wrong messages.

“He [Obama] shouldn’t have shown any solidarity with that kind of government, which is repressive, very much authoritarian and very much disliked by its own people,” Gerba says.

Since Ethiopia’s ruling party and its allies control all of parliament, his party doesn’t have a voice, he says. What’s more, he says, his people are being pushed off their land by international investors.

“The greatest land grabbers are now the Indians and Chinese …. there are Saudi Arabians as well,” he says, adding that many families are being evicted and losing their livelihoods.

Gerba says those who do get jobs are paid a dollar a day, which he describes as a form of slavery. He is urging the U.S. to use its aid to Ethiopia as leverage to push the government to give workers more rights and allow people to form labor unions.

Gerba’s case has been featured in the State Department’s annual human rights reports. He describes himself as a Christian who believes in non-violence and says he spent his four years in prison pouring over the sermons and speeches of Martin Luther King and translating them into the Oromo language for a book that he hopes to see published. The title: “I Had A Dream.”

Bekele Gerba is not sure what he will face when he returns home from the U.S. When he was jailed, his wife, a high school teacher, lost her job. His family has struggled financially and psychologically.

“Nobody is actually sure in Ethiopia what will happen to him anytime,” he says. “Anytime, people can be arrested, harassed or killed or disappeared.”

Still, he plans to return home next week. He’s expected to return to his job at the Foreign Languages Department at Addis Ababa University.

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