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Why do the Oromo Resist the Finfinnee (Addis Ababa) Master Plan? December 1, 2015

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
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???????????Say no to the master killer. Addis Ababa master plan is genocidal plan against Oromo peopleSay no to the master killer. Addis Ababa master plan is genocidal plan against Oromo people. Say no.

Why do the Oromo Resist the Master Plan?

 By Asebe Regassa Debelo, PhD Candidate*

1.     Introduction

In this brief commentary, I will address some general conceptual issues related to resistance against development intervention and then I will proceed to the specific case about the ongoing contested master plan of Finfinne city called “integrated urban development”. This assessment is aimed to achieve multiple purposes; namely to contribute academic inputs to policy making, to clarify to the readers on the nexus between development interventions and resistance, and to indicate that the ongoing resistance from the Oromo is within the context of rights enshrined in the constitution of the country.

Like elsewhere in the modern world, successive Ethiopian governments have been engaged in translating various versions of development discourses into practice – albeit posited within different ideological orientations. The imperial and military regimes had put in place hegemonic systems in channeling down policies and programs that they also tried to sell to the populace under the buzz concepts such as ‘development’ and ‘modernization’. In this regard, historical accounts remind us the social, economic, cultural and political consequences of such modernist development discourses and practices of different groups in the country among which the Oromo were significantly affected. To mention one, the collectivization (villagization) program of the military regime disrupted social ties, economic practices and cultural connectedness of the people to their land. This hints at the repercussions of development projects that are conceived, implemented and managed within hegemonic systems of governance because absence of democratic systems opens the path to external interventions without proper consultation of citizens.  Nevertheless, the post-1991 political order in Ethiopia has put in place for the first time in the history of the country a system whereby nations and nationalities are given rights of self-determination to decide on matters that affect their communities including the right to administer resources and development projects, and to promote the language, culture and history of their people to mention a few – no matter how the practical implementation is still the subject of contestation.

2.     Development Interventions and Popular Resistance: An Overview

High modernist development practices all over the world entailed the exercise of top-down and expert-based scientific knowledge that considered participation of ordinary citizens and local knowledge at odds with the development visions of the state and/or non-state actors. High modernist development discourses give limited room for participatory approaches of development and government-public partnership. This approach was practiced by colonial powers and continued in the post-colonial periods as well. The general assumption behind high modernist development discourses was that few elites would plan development programs and mobilize the mass for its implementation under strict control of ‘experts’. However, as a famous scholar on peasant resistance, James Scott, has noted, the power of domination often produces the power of resistance from the group that is seemingly powerless as seen in literal conceptions of power. Since the mid-1980s, scholars began not to underestimate the agency of the “weak” who under conditions of domination can use different strategies of resistance against development interventions that they define from their own values, identity, worldviews and history.

However, it is misleading to construe local communities’ resistance against development intervention as if the people are against development – despite controversies revolving around the concept itself. Although the term can be given different meanings and manifestations according to the interest, ideology and worldviews of various actors, what local communities often resist is not the conventional understanding of the concept per se – referring to improvement in the overall wellbeing of human society and their environment. Rather, the approach, strategy and consequence of development programs, projects and practices constitute contestable meanings.

3.     The “Integrated Urban Development Plan and the Question of the Oromo

3.1.                       Background

According to the 1995 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Ethiopia (Article 49) Finfinne (Addis Ababa) became the capital city of the Federal government while at the same time it has been the seat of Oromia regional state. Finfinne is adjoined by Oromia region in all directions. Article 49.5 of the constitution gives special right for Oromia to get special benefit from Finfinne as it is the heartland of Oromia besides being its administrative capital. According to the constitution (Article 49.5), “The special interest of the State of Oromia in AddisAbaba, regarding the provision of social services or the utilization of natural resources and other similar matters,as well as joint administrative matters arising from the location of Addis Ababa within the State of Oromia, shall be respected. Particulars shall be determined by law”. Nevertheless, there are critiques that Oromia has not yet benefited from Finfinne. On this topic, because of lack of empirical evidence whether the Oromo People’s Democratic Organization (OPDO) tried to utilize the constitutional rights given to Oromia in getting benefit from Finfinne or not, I would not push this assertion forward.

The plan, according to the government, is intended to create integrated urban development between Addis Ababa city administration and Oromia towns surrounding the capital city such as Burayu, Sabata, Sululta, Bishoftu, Laga-Xafo Laga-dadhi, Galan and other semi-urban centers adjoining these towns. From this perspective, the government tries to disseminate its development programs by presenting to the public the advantages of the plan in terms of infrastructural and social provisions. On the other hand, the     Oromo from different walks of life, including some members of the OPDO officials are skeptical whether the Master Plan has been planned for mutual benefit of Finfinne and Oromia regional state or is just a systematic strategy of incorporating Oromia towns into Finfinne.  Thus, it is crucially important to analyze some underlying reasons behind Oromo’s resistance and discontent to the Master Plan. In the following section, I will try to discuss it situating within historical experiences, political scenarios and procedural drawbacks in the planning process. However, one should boldly know that no one is against development project that changes the lives of its people if carefully planned and implemented.

3.2.                       Why do the Oromo Resist the Master Plan?

  1. Memories and experiences of past evictions and dispossessions

Like other nations and nationalities in the country particularly those who faced the brutal conquest under emperor Menelik II during the late 19th century, the Oromo people have lived memories and experiences of ‘development’ induced displacement, dispossession and oppressions under the successive regimes. Moreover, the assimilationist and hegemonic systems in the past have left enduring repercussions on Oromo culture, language and identity with the case in Finfinne more appalling still today. Historical accounts of the establishment of Finfinne city in 1886 illuminate that the territory was inhabited by different Oromo clans until they were eventually displaced by the imperial regimes. The city was built on the ancestral land of the Oromo through policies of land alienation, dispossession and displacement of indigenous peoples in similar approaches to many other urban centers in the conquered regions of the South. It is, thus fair to argue that Finfinne city was established as a garrison town predominantly occupied by war generals and soldiers. There is no need to turn history books or archives to understand the displacement of indigenous Oromo communities from Finfinne and to comprehend the impacts of the assimilationist projects under the imperial and military regimes. It is rather enough to see the current ethnic composition of the Addis Ababa city where one can clearly see that people who identify themselves as Oromo are immensely few in contrast to Finfinne’s being the heartland of Oromia. Therefore, resistance against the Master Plan should be understood within the historical antecedents the Oromo experienced with regards to dispossession of their land, displacement from their ancestral land and the socio-economic, cultural and political repercussions of development interventions.

  1. In response to the constitutional rights

The Constitution of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (FDRE Constitution 1995: Article 43.2) clearly stipulates the right of each nation, nationality and people of Ethiopia to be fully consulted and involved in development projects that affect their community. In addition, Article 39 of the same constitution gives unconditional rights of self-determination to the nations, nationalities and peoples of Ethiopia that include the right and autonomy to determine which development program to envisage and the right of self-government on territories they historically inhabited. These are a few of the fundamental principles of ethnic federalism that are enshrined in the constitution. In this specific context, Oromia regional state and the Oromo people have constitutional rights to decide on the urban development programs through democratic, transparent, bottom-up and inclusive approaches of participation. They have the right to decide whether they opt to go for the integrated urban development or not. The resistance from Oromo intellectuals, politicians, students, peasants and business people should be understood as a response to interventions that to a large extent violated their constitutional right, particularly Article 43.2 of the FDRE’s constitution – the right to be consulted and involved in development projects.

  1. Mistrust generated from lack of genuine participation

Resistance to state development projects to a large extent reflects the nature of state-society relations, questions of legitimacy and trust. Governments have the leverage of building legitimacy and trust or become victims of legitimacy crisis based on their policies, programs and overall political systems vis-à-vis citizenship rights of the society. It has been evident from discussions during public sensitization programs on the Master Plan that the planning process was top-down and did not involve citizens who will be affected by the project. A higher official from EPRDF presumably acknowledged the importance of involving grassroots communities through bottom-up approaches though he maintained the view that there was no problem with the top-down approach in development intervention. Here comes the fundamental disparity between constitutional promises and practices.

Under such circumstances where citizens are not consulted and involved in the planning process, one should not be surprised if they resist the project because any conscious society does not accept something without knowing its benefits, impacts and implications. Therefore, resistance is a function of procedural incongruity with the constitutional promises.

  1. Anticipated Repercussions on the identity, culture and livelihood of the Oromo

Development projects such as urban expansion, dam projects, large scale agricultural projects, and protected areas conservation have significant repercussions on the livelihood, culture and identity of indigenous peoples all over the world unless critically handled. Because of historical experiences the Oromo faced under successive regimes in Ethiopia – experiences of displacement, suppression, exploitation and dispossession – the current project is also seen by the majority of the Oromo as a continuation of the past trends. Rhetoric and discourses can’t simply convince people who have lived-in scars and experiences in their minds, around their homesteads and in their neighbors that are reflected in their culture, identity, language, economy and politics. The government can rather convince the people on the benefits they would enjoy from the project not by injecting them with high modernist discourses of development but through practical and genuine involvement of the people in the projects.

Still another challenge that awaits the government is whether it has really delivered in other areas of development, whether other development projects didn’t have socio-economic and cultural impacts on local inhabitants elsewhere in the country and whether there is independent judiciary system that citizens can use as a guardian of their human rights in cases any development program threatens their right. I leave this question open to the readers. In practice, according to those who think it would incorporate Oromia towns surrounding Finfinne city, the current Master Plan will adversely affect the Oromo by reducing peasants into landlessness and in exacerbating land expropriation under the guise of investment. Like situations in the capital city, Oromo language, culture and other related rights would be suppressed if these towns are incorporated into the city without clear negotiation on who administers these “integrated” cities.

A way forward?

  1. The development project should not be imposed, rather it should involve stakeholders particularly local communities who will be affected by the project from inception to implementation.
  2. The integrated urban development can serve the interest of all stakeholders if and only if it is participatory and if it doesn’t violate constitutional rights of Oromia regional state and its geographical boundaries.
  3. Finfinne City has the potential to develop by its own given that the city administration makes inward looking to develop a system of modernizing the city not necessarily through horizontal expansion. The unanswered question is: why Finfinne city administration started this integrated plan while there are immense critiques that it is unable to solve its own municipal problems. Therefore, before launching ambitious and ambiguous projects like this, the city administration should have utilized all available opportunities within its administrative boundaries to develop and modernize the city.
  4. The regional government of Oromia has to claim its constitutional right to get special benefit from Finfinne (if not yet).
  5. What guarantee does the regional government of Oromia have as to whether Finfinne administration eventually incorporates the surrounding Oromia towns to its administration or not? This is critical question the federal government, Finfinne city administration and particularly the regional government of Oromia should address. More importantly, the failure to put this agenda on the front line in negotiating with the other actors will be a critical test to the legitimacy of OPDO in representing the Oromo people.

In conclusion, two fundamental issues should be made clear regarding resistance against the “Integrated Urban Development Master Plan” of Addis Ababa City:

1) It has been evident that people are not against development per se. However, where development projects are perceived to be threatening fundamental rights and needs of the citizens, it becomes a policy to be resisted rather than a program to be embraced. On the other hand, under contexts where the people are recognized as rightful citizens whose voices, views and knowledge contribute to the overall development vision through genuine participatory approaches, it would be expected, to a large extent, that development mobilizes the society towards similar goals of the state.

2) Regardless of the power of domination the intervening actor might have, development intervention faces the utmost resistance from the people whose livelihood, culture, language, identity and history will be affected. Therefore, the government should not overlook the potency of local resistance in impacting on its legitimacy and trust.

*The writer of this article can be reached at asebe2011@googlemail.com

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Oromia (Finfinnee): KFO fi Fincila Diddaa Saamicha Lafaa (FDSL). The public meeting convened by Oromo Federalist Congress (OFC) in Finfinne on Sunday, October 18, discussed the so called the ‘Master Plan’ and concluded that it is a land grab policy disguised as a development plan and called on Ethiopian authorities to halt it, and on the public to continue rejecting it. October 22, 2015

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???????????Say no to the master killer. Addis Ababa master plan is genocidal plan against Oromo people. Say no.Say no to the master killer. Addis Ababa master plan is genocidal plan against Oromo peopleOromo Federalist Congress Public Meeting in Finfinnee to protest TPLF's landgrab in the name of Master Plan. picture2Oromo Federalist Congress Public Meeting in Finfinnee to protest TPLF's landgrab in the name of Master Plan. picture3Oromo Federalist congress public meetingin Finfinnee against landgrab in Oromia, 18th October 2015Oromo Federalist congress public meetingin Finfinnee against landgrab in Oromia, 18th October 2015. picture2

Oromo Federalist Congress Public Meeting in Finfinnee to protest TPLF's landgrab in the name of Master PlanOromo Federalist congress public meetingin Finfinnee against landgrab in Oromia, 18th October 2015. picture3

“Siyaasi guddaan siyaasa lafaati. Namni lafa isaarraa buqqa’e eenyummaan isaas achitti dhaabbate.”  Dr Maraaraa Guddinaa

“Dubbiin Lafaa Dubbii Lafeeti.”
Obbo Baqqalaa Garbaa

Ibsa Ejjannoo
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Labsiin Fulbaana 21/2008 caffeen Oromiyaa raggaasise heera sirna federalummaan buluuf ba’e kan diiguu waan ta’eef jabeessinee balaaleffachaa akka haqamu gaafanna
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Mootummoonni habashaa waggoota dhibbaan dura humna qawween deeggaramanii lafa Oromoo fi ummata kibbaa weeraranii qabachuun Qe’ee fi lafa isaarraa buqqisanii aangoo isaaniitti dhimma ba’uudhaan dinagdee saba humnaan bitan laaffisuuf sadarkaa adda addaatti aangoo siyaasa murteessaa ta’e namoota isaanii muuddatanii magaalota waraanni isaanii keessa qubatu hundeeffachuun jiraattoota naannoo balleessuun aangoo siyaas-dinagdee isaanii cimsatanii aadaaf afaan jiraattoota naannoo keessumaa kan Oromoo balleessuun aadaa, afaanii fi amantii isaanii hundeessanii cimsachaa akka turan ni beekkama.Haaluma kanaan mootonni isaanii jijjiiramanus tooftaa ittiin ummata Oromoo dadhabsiisaanii qe’ee fi lafa isaarraa buqqisan baafachuun samichi lafa isaan gaggeessan itti fufeeti argama.

Seeronni isaaan baafatan hundi sirna saamichaa fi garboofannaa isaanii qofa kan jabeessu ture. Har’as waggoota dhibba tokkoo booda mootummaan ADWUI wayyaaneen hoogganamu karoora ummata Oromoo gabroomsuu, qe’ee isaarraa buqqisuun saamicha lafaa karoorfamee cimsee itti fufuudhaaf akka isaatti tolutti maqaa misoomaa magaalaa fi investimentiitiin Finfinneerraa ka’ee kallattii arfaniinuu hanga kilo-metira dhibba tokkoof shantamaatti jiru hunda qonnaan bultoota Oromoo hedduu buqqisuun aangoo murteessaaa fi mirga ofiin-of-bulchuu naannolee heera mootummaan tumame cabsuun mirga ofiin of bulchuu ummata Oromoo sarbuun weerara Miinilikii as yeroo lammaffaaf jibbaaf gara jabeenyaan ummata Oromoo qe’eesaarraa buqqisuuf karaa bakka buutoota DHDUO/OPDO saba Oromoo irraatti labsii baasee jira. Labsiin Caffeen Oromiyaa ajajamee Oromoo hedduu qe’eef lafa isaarraa buqqisuuf baase kun seera ofiin of bulchuu heeraan tumame sabni Oromoo qabu kan irraa mulquu fi qonnaan bultoota Oromoo daran buqqisuuf kan karoorfame waan ta’eef hatattamaan akka haqamee bulchiinsi magaalota Oromiyaa handhura Oromiyaa finfinnee dabalatee aangoo siyaasaa murteessaa ta’ee Oromoon akka argatu qabsoo karaa nagaatiin aarsaa gafatamu hunda baasuuf qophoofnee jirra.

Yeroo ammaa kana itti yaadamee maqaa misooma magaalaa fi investimeentiitiin qonnaan bultoota Oromoo naannoo magaalaa jiran dachee isaaniirraaa buqqisuuf Maaster pilaanii Finfinnee fi magaalota godina addaa naannawaa finfinnee walitti hiina jechuun Minilikiitti aanee waggoottan dhibbaa booda yeroo lammaaffaaf Oromoo lafa isaarra buqqisuuf dabni Ummata keenyarratti raawwatamaa jiru akka dhaabbatu Cimsinee ni balaaleffanna akkanni dhaabbatus ni gaafanna! Kanarraatti hundaa’uudhaan ibsa ejjaannoo qabxii sagal qabu kana baafnee jirra.

1. Qonnaan bulaan Oromoo lafa isaa irratti of ijaaree iddoo jirutti abbaa qabeenyaa akka ta’u gaafanna. Lafti isaa misoomaaf yo barbaadame Yeroo ammaa kana itti yaadamee maqaa misooma magaalaa fi investimeentiitiin qonnaan bultoota Oromoo naannoo magaalaa qubatan dachee isaaniirraaa buqqisuuf Maaster pilaanii Finfinnee fi magaalota godina addaa naannawaa finfinnee walitti hiina jechuun dabna Ummata keenyarratti raawwatamaa jiru Cimsinee ni balaaleffanna akkanni dhaabbatus ni gaafanna!
2. Labsiin magaalota Oromiyaa hundeessu jedhuun caffeen Oromiyaa gafa Fulbaana 21/2008 raggaasise;
a. Aangoo Oromoo Naannoo isaa bulchuuf heera Motummaatiin kennameef mulquun jiraattoota magaalaatii kan kennu waan ta’eef
b. Maqaa misoomaatiin Qonnaan bultoota Oromoo hedduu lafa isaarraa buqqisuuf kan karoorfamee waan ta’eef
c. Jiraattoota Oromoo Naannawaa Finfinnee buqqisuun Aadaa, Afaan, Seenaa fi Eenyummaa Saba Oromoo dhabamsiisuuf waan ta’eef
Seera sirna fideraalummaa diiguu fi faallaa heera mootummaa waan ta’eef akka haqamu jabeessinee gafanna. Hanga haqamee mirgii hiree murteeffaannaa Oromoo mirkanaa’utti Oromoo hundi cichee akka falmatu waamicha dhiyeessina.
3. Dacheen Oromoo yeroo saamamuu fi fudhatamu Ummanni Oromoo callisee laalee hin beeku. Mirga isaatiif gara kuteenyaan falmaa akka ture seenaan raga ni ba’a. Har’as taanaan saamicha lafa Oromoo mormuun karaa nagaa osoo qabsaa’anii kan kufan maraa ni yaadanna. Keessumaa barattoota Oromoo karoora master pilaanii magaalaa Finfinnee fi godina addaa naannawaa Finfinnee walitti hidhuu fi saba Oromoo lafasaarraa buqqisu mormuun Eebla 22/2006 fi karaa nagaa osoo falmanii gootummaadhaan lubbuu kaffalan guyyaa isaan itti wareegaman yaadachuun qabsoo mirgaaf abbaa biyyummaa ummanni Oromoo godhu keessatti iddoo seenaa guddaa qabatee jiru ta’uu amannee guyyaan kun seenaa qabsoo Oromoo keessatti weerara isa lammaffaa dura dhaabbachuun guyyaa itti du’an waan ta’eef Oromoon Eebla-22 hanga qabsoon Oromoo galma ga’ee mirgi hiree murteeffannaa ummata Oromoo dhugoomutti guyyaa gaddaa guddaa ta’ee waggaa waggaan akka yaadatamee kabajamu jennee labsineerra. Ummanni keenyaas kanuma hubatee akka hojiirra oolchu waamicha dabarsina.
4. Qabsoon ummanni Oromoo mirgaa fi abbaa biyyummaa isaatii karaa nagaatiin godhu daran akka cimee galma isaa ga’uuf Oromoon hundi ilaalcha: naannummaa, siyaasaa fi amantiidhaan osoo wal hin qoodin tokkummaa isaa cimsee ijaarsa tooftaa qabsoof barbaachisuun hundeeffatee ciminaan akka itti fufu waamicha dhiyeessina!
5. Bakka Oromoon jiru hundatti mormii fi diddaan karaa nagaa cimuun qabsoon itti fufinsa qabu akka qindaa’uuf soda tokko malee Oromoo hundi aarsaa bilisummaaf kanfalee akka waliif birmatu ta’ee Sagantaan hiriira nagaa Oromiyaa iddoo hundatti kan qophaa’u ta’uu ibsina. Qabsaa’oonni Oromoo hundi qabsoo saba isaanii waliin tokko ta’anii akka dhaabbatan waamicha seenaa dabarsina.
6. Mirgi sabummaa fi dimokiraasummaa ummata Oromo kabajamee hireen murteeffaannaa hanga dhugoomutti arsaa qabsoon karaa nagaa gaafatu hunda cichaan Oromoon marti biyya keessaas ta’ee biyya ambaa jiran walta’uudhaan milkaa’ina qabsoo saba Oromoof qooda keessan akka gumaachitan waamicha isiniif goona!
7. Sabaa fi sablammoonni biyya keenyaa deeggartoonnii fi falmitoonni mirga namoomaa yeroo rakkoo eenyummaan Oromoo sarbamee lafarraa buqqifamuuf qophiin godhamaa jiru kanatti waliin dhaabbachuun deeggarsa barbaachisu gochuudhaan sirna gabroofataa kana dhaabamsiisuun jaalalaaf kabajaan wal qixxummaan akka waliin jiraannu ga’ee keessan akka gumaachitan waamicha seenaa isiniif goona.
8. Oromoon Hojjattoota mootummaa, raayyaa ittisa biyyaa ,poolisii humni tikaa fi abbootii amantaa taatan hundi seerri yeroo amma Oromoo Miliyoonotaan dachee isaarraa buqqisuun dhabamsiif weerara lafaa fi fixinsa sanyii yeroo lammaffaa Oromoo irratti aggaamamaa jiru ta’uu hubattanii qabsoo seena qabeessa Oromoon mirga isaatii gochaa jiru bira akka daabattan waamicha isinii goona
9.Seer a faallaa heera mootummaa ta’ee fi sirna federaalizimii diigu baasuudhaan Ummata keenya dachee isaarra dhamsiisuuf godhaamaa jiru mormuuf qabsoo karaa nagaa ummaanni keenya gochaa jiru gufachisuuf tarkaanfii fudhatamaa tureefi fudhatamuuf jiru motummaan biyya bulchaa jiru itti gaafatamaa fudhachuu kan qabu ta’uusaa addunyaan akka nuuf hubatu gaafanna

Injifannoo Ummata Oromootiif
Kongiresii Federaalawaa Oromoo (KFO)
Onkololeessa 18/2015
Finfinnee

The public meeting convened by Oromo Federalist Congress (OFC) in Finfinne Sunday, October 18, to discuss the so-called Addis Ababa and Oromia Special Zone Integrated Development Master Plan has ended adopting a 9-point resolution.The meeting concluded that the Master Plan is a land grab policy disguised as a development plan and called on Ethiopian authorities to halt it, and on the public to continue rejecting it.
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Walgayiin ummataa Kongreseii Federaalawaa Oromootiin Finfinneetti har’a (Dilbata, 18/10/15) geggeeffamee ture ejjennoo qabxii 9 qabu irratti waliigaleetee uummachuun xumurameera.  Walgayichi maqaa Maastar Pilaan jedhuun karoorri mootummaan Itoophiyaa Finfinnee fi Godiina Addaa Oromiyaa keessatti hojiirra oolchuuf qophaawaa jiru karoora saamicha lafaa akka ta’e hubachiisee hatattamaan akka dhaabu gaafateera. Ummatis mormii isaa akka itti fufu dhaamsa dabarseera.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qZQXRKFIgrw&feature=youtu.be&app=desktop

http://www.oromiapress.com/breaking-news-the-public-meeting-convened-by-oromo-federalist-congress-ofc-in-finfinne-sunday-october-18/

Mormiin karoora Maaster pilaanii Finfinnee irratti taasifamu cimee itti fufuu qaba jedhame.

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/10/omn-london-oduu-onkololeessa-18-2015/

(OMN:Oduu Onk 18,2015) Paartiin Koongireensii Federalawa Oromoo har’a magaalaa Finfinneetti dhimma maaster pilaanii Finfinnee irratti marii hawaasaa gaggeesseera. Marii hawaasaa kanarratti bakka bu’oonni Paartii kanaa godinaalee Oromiyaa hundumaarraa bakka bu’uun irratti argamaniiran. Mariin kunille ijannoo tokkoon, uummanni Oromoo Maaster pilaanii Finfinnee dura dhaabachuun akka irra irra jiraatu walii gaaluudhaan, ibsa ijannoollee bafachuun mariin kun raawwateera.
Dura bu’aan paartii KFO Dr. Mararaa Guddinaa OMNtti akka himanitti, “kaayoon guddaan walgayii uummataa kana waamneef, maqaa maaster pilaanii Finfinneetiin lafa qonnaan bulaa keennaa Oromoorraa fudhachuuf yennaa mootummaan Itoophiyaa yaalii taasise, baratoota mormii dhageessisan hedduu ajjeeseera. Barana immoo mala malatanii karaa biraatiin seera lafa Oromoo ittiin saman hojiirraa olfachuuf socho’aa waan jiraniif, uummaanni Oromoo kana beekuun waan irra jiraatuuf” jedhaneeran.
Uummanni Oromoo barattoota universiitii dabalatee godinaallee adda addaa irraa kora kanarratti hiramaachuun, Maaster pilaanii Finfinnee kana dura dhaabachuu akka qaban yaadaa kennaaniin himuu isaanii Dr. Mararaan Dubbataneeran.
Lafti Oromoo waggaa dhibba dura saamamaa ture, bara dargii keessatti qonnaan bulaaf deebi’ee, ammalle kunoo yeroo lammeessoof lafti Oromoo qonnaan bulaa irraa fudhatamaa akka jiru, marii kanarratti dubbatamaa akka ture Dr. Maraaraan dabalanii himaneeran.
Guyyaa lafti Oromoo yeroo lameessoof Oromoo irraa fudhatameefi guyyaa ilmaan Oromoo itti dhuman yaadachuuf, Paartiin isaanii guyyaa gaddaa guddaa biyya keessaafi biyya alaatitti labsuuf akka karoofatanille Dr. Mararaan yaadachiisaneeran.
Partiin KFO marii taasiseen ibsa ijannoo bal’aa bafateera. Mariifi ibsa ijjannoo keessattille akka kaafametti, Oromoonni mootummaa mirga Oromoo sarbaa jiran wajjiin hojjatanille gara saba isaanitti akka deebi’aniif ibsa ijannoo kanaan waamichi akka dhihaateef Dr. Mararaan addeessaneeran.
Gabrummaa marsa lammeessoof itti dhufte kana, uummanni Oromoo sadarkaan jiru hundumtu, osoo ilaalchaafi amantaan wal-hinqoodin ka’ee qabsa’uun akka irra jiraatu Dr. Maraaraan dhaamsa gama isaanii dhaamaneeran.

Gabaasaan Daani’el Bariisoo Areeriiti

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/10/mormiin-karoora-master-pilaanii-finfinnee-irratti-taasifamu-cimee-itti-fufuu-qaba-jedhame/

KFO fi Fincila Diddaa Saamicha Lafaa (FDSL)

Onkololeessa 18, 2015 KFOn abbaa quba shani Walgahi Fincila Diddaa Saamicha Lafaa (FDSL) uummata Oromoo waliin godhee ammallee Wabii uummata Oromoo ta’ee akka qabsoo itti fufu ibsa ejjannoo qabxii sagal of keessa qabu baafachuun milkii guddaan xummurateera. Walgahi sanirratti namootni Oromoo hundi fageenyaf umuriin osoo hin daangeffamne kutaa Oromiyaa hundarraa dhufuun irratti hirmaataniiru. Qeerroo qacalee kan takkaa areeda hin baasinirraa qabee hanga manguddoo lafa bulan kan mataa isaanirra aarrii jibrii fakkaattu malee rifeensa gurraacha tokkicha irraa hin argineetti walgahi sanirratti hirmaataniiru. Walgahi guyyaa kana taasifame irrattii ajandaawwan akka armaan gadii ka’uun irratti mari’atameera.

1.Saamichi lafaa haala akka ammaa kanatti Oromiyaarratti gaggeeffamaa jiru kun dhaabbachu qaba.
2.Mana qotatee bulaa Oromoorraa diigani qabeenya isaatirraa buqqisuun hafuu qaba.
3. Maqaawwaan biyyaatifi kan naannoo jijjiirun hafuu qaba.
4. Manneen Barnoota afaan Oromoo magaala Finfinnee keessatti baballate afaan Oromoo afaan Hojii Finfinnee Keessatti ta’uu qaba kan jedhuufi ajandaaleen biroollee ka’ani irratti mari’atameera.

Walgahii kana kan hoogganan Dura taa’an KFO abbaa quba Shani Dr.Mararaa Guddinaa “Oromiyaa cunqursaaf gabrummaa jalaa baasuf dura of ijaaruf achiin booda biyya ijaarun dirqama keenya bahuu qabna” jechuun gorsa kennaniru.

Hirmaattotni walgahii kanarratti hirmaatan jechamoota hamilee namaa kakaasan hedduu tokko kaasaniru mee hangan yaadadhu keessa kunoo sadeen kana akka armaan gadiitti isiniin gaheera.
1. Ilmi laafan lafa abbaa isaat dhaba; Soddaa jabaan lafa abbiyyuut dhaala.
2. Maqaa jijiirun lafa keenyaa tuffidha; Yoo abbaa tuffatan malee qotiyyoo isaa maqaa sareetin hin waaman.
3.Diinni jalqaba barruu harkaat nama qabata. Yoo barruu harkaa nama qabatu ofirraa dhoowwuu yoo dadhaban ciqilee nama qabata. Yoo ciqilee nama qabatu ofirraa dhoowwuu yoo dadhaban morma qabeet hudhee nama kuffisa. Kanaafu, qabsoo keenya jalqabne kana hanga lafeen nu cabduufi lubbuun teenya baatutti itti fufuu qabna malee duubatti deebi’uu hin qabnu jedhaniiru.

Itti aanaan dura taa’aa KFO abbaa quba shani Ob. Baqqalaa Garbaa “Yeroo ammaa kana Oromiyaa keessatti namni hidhamee hin beekne nama hunda hidhanii fixani ana na tuffatanit na dhiisan moo anatu sabboonaa miti jedheet aaraa of gaafachaa jiraa” jechuun bifa qoosatin dubbatani warra wal gahiirratti hirmaate hunda kofalchiisaa erga cimaa dabarsaniiru.

Walumaagalatti, haalli wal gahii guyyaa kanaa irra hubatamu wayyaaneen uummata Oromoo ofumaa ofitti tuttuqtee umurii aangoo isii gabaabsa akka jirtu waan ifaaf bilisa ta’e. Yaa hattuu harree tana oofte ooftee booda abbaaf galchuu teessaa kan jedhan san waan dhihootti jechaan osoo hin ta’in gochaan arguuf deemnu fakkaata. Dhumarratti eebbi erga Godhamee booda ibsa ejjannoo qabxii sagal qabu baafachuun walgahiin kun xumurameera.
Fincilli Diddaa Saamicha Lafaa itti fufa.
‪#‎La_Lutta_Continua‬

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Mootummaan EPRDF(TPLF) Labsii Master Plan Finfinnee fi Magaaloota Oromiyaa To’achuuf Baasee Caffeen Oromiyaa Raggasiise Guutummaatti Dura Dhaabbachuun Qeerroon Bilsummaa Ibsa Qabxii 8 Baase. October 16, 2015

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
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???????????Say no to the master killer. Addis Ababa master plan is genocidal plan against Oromo people. Say no.Say no to the master killer. Addis Ababa master plan is genocidal plan against Oromo peoplecropped-qeerroo-edit.jpg

Mootummaan EPRDF(TPLF) Labsii Master Plan Finfinnee fi Magaaloota Oromiyaa To’achuuf Baasee  Caffeen Oromiyaa Raggasiise Guutummaatti Dura Dhaabbachuun Qeerroon Bilsummaa Ibsa Qabxii 8 Baase.

Onkoloolessa 12,2015
Finfinnee

Sochiin Dargaggoota Oromoo Biyyoolessaa (Qeerroon Bilisummaa Oromoo) Labsii Master Plan Finfinnee fi Magaaloota Oromiyaa to’achuuf labsame Caffeen Oromiyaa raggasiise duula Oromoo qe’ee isaa irraa balleessuu fi diigumsa Oromiyaarratti raggaasifame dha jechuun gadi jabeessee balaaleffachuun ibsa ejjennoo qabxii torba dabarsan.

Duula lammiilee Oromoo dhabamsiisuu fi Biyyaa Balleessuutu Uummata Oromoo fi  Oromiyaa  irratti labsame.Labsii mootummaan Wayyaanee maqaa OPDOn  Caffee Oromiyaa teessisuun yaa’ii Onkololessaa 1-3tti taa’ame  irratti labsii Master Plan Finfinnee mirkaneessuuf taa’ame , Finfinnee dabalatee Magaalotni Oromiyaa hundi akka harka mootummaa EPRDF/TPLF’n to’atamutti raggaaasifamee waan jiruuf Qeerroon Bilisummaa Oromoo dhimma labsii Caffeen Oromiyaa dabarsee kana gadi jabeessuun balaaleffachuun ibsa murtii qabasoon dura dhaabbachuu baase!!

Jaarmiyaan Sochii Dargaggoota Oromoo biyyoolessaa ykn  Qeerroon Dargaggootni  Barattootni Oromoo labsii kana yeroo dhageenyutti Oromiyaan, Uummatni Oromoo, Aadaan,Afaanii fi eenyummaan Oromoo akkasumas qabeenyi Oromoo ,sirni Gadaa Oromoo, hawaasummaan,barnootaa fi dinagdee Oromoo harka sirna garboomsaa EPRDF/TPLF ‘n kan to’atamu ta’uu waan nutti  muldhateef gadi jabeessuun balaaleffanne.

Labsiin Kun akkuma bara 2014 Qeerroon, Barattootni Oromoo dhaabbilee barnoota olaanoo mormii master Plan Finfinnee,Magaalota naannawaa Finfinnee fi Magaalotaa gurguddoo Oromiyaa kanneen akka Amboo,Jimmaa, Mattuu, Neqemtee, Gimbii, Walisoo, Adaamaa, Shaashamannee,fi Harammayaa to’achuun bulchiinsa Magaalaa Finfinneetiin akka to’atamtuuf kan itti yaadamee as baheedha jechuun gaaffii iyyannoo keenyaa lakkoofsa 1ffaa hanga 9ffaatti jiru keessatti kallattii hundaan dhiyeeffannee sagalee guddaa fi wareegama qaalii itti kanfaluun kan dura dhaabbatnedha. Yoo xiqqaatee ilmaan Oromoo 280 olitti lakka’aman wareegamakanfalaniiru, ilmaan Oromoo kumootaan lakkaa’aman manneen hidhaa biyyatti garaagaraa keessatti jumlaan hidhamuun dararaa ulfaataa argaa kan jiranii fi barattootni Oromoo dhibbootaan lakka’aman barnoota isaanii irraa arii’atamaniru. Labsiin raggasifame kunlLabsii wareegama ilmaan Oromoo irra tarkaanfatee afaan qawweetti abdachuun Oromiyaa diiguu fi ilmaan Oromoo shororkeessuun jireenya dhorkatuu fi labsii seenaa keessatti yakka ol-aanaa ta’e baasuu fi raggaasisuun Caffee Oromiyaa Wayyaaneen dhaabde itti gaafachiisu dha. Uummanni Oromoo labsii raggaasifame kana tokkummaan dura dhaabbachuun aduunyaa jiru mara keessatti mormiin akka dura dhaabbachuun barbaachisaa dha. Gahee abbaa biyyummaa fi mirga tikfachuu qabnu mara kafaluun mirga keenyaa fi mirga biyyaa keenyaa kabachiifachuuf ibsa armaan gadii uummata Oromoo hundaaf dabarsuuf dirqamnee jirra!!.

1. Nuti Qeerroon dargaggootni Oromoo mootummaan Wayyaanee maqaa master Palan jedhuun duula uummata Oromoo irratti bane jiru kan Caffeen Oromiyaa raggasise, Balaaleffachuun kallattii hundaan FDG finiinsuun mirga keenya akka falmatnu dhaammatna. Akkuma Irreechaa Hora Arsadee fi malkaa Ateetee irratti tokkummaa isaa jabeeffate diina rifaasisaa ture; akkasumas wal arguun dhimmoota labsii duguuginsa sanyii fi diigumsaa Oromiyaa irratti labsamee raggasifame kana balaaleeffachuun walleelee warraaqsaa fi sagalee dhaadanoo mormii guddaa dhageesisuun, labsiicha balaaleffatan kun waadaa guddaa waadaa Oromummaa waliif seenuun labsii diinaa ni fashaleessina,bakka hundatti mirga Oromoo ni kafachiifna,ni falminas jechuun waadaa mirga namoomaa fi Oromoo tiksuuf qabdanii haaromfattan kabajuuf qophii haa taanu jechuun Qeerroon dhaamsa dabarsa.

2. Caffeen Mootummaa naannoo Oromiyaa Onkololessaa 1-3tti taa’een seenaa gurracha fokkataa hojjechuun Master Plan Finfinnee raggasisuu irra darbee Magaalota Oromiyaa hunda dabarsee gurguree jiru kun uummata Oromoo kan bakka hin buune fi uummata Oromoof kan hin dhaabbatne ta’uu kan muldhisuu yoo ta’uu yakkaa ulfaata Oromoo fi Oromiyaa irratti raggasisee kana hattamaan irra deebi’uun akka haquu gadi jabeessinee gaafatna. Yoo labsii Wayyaanee EPRDF/TPLF kan qopheesse hin haquu ta’ee Caffeen Oromiyaa ofiin jedhuu yakkamaa ol anaa ta’ee seeratti akka dhihaachuu qabu uummanni Oromoo bakka jiruu irratti hojjechuu qaba jenna.

3. Yakka ajjeechaa fi saaminsa,akkasuman dararaa haraa hundaan mootummaan EPRDF/TPLF uummata Oromoo irratti fudhachaa turee fi jiruu, akkasumas yakka fulduratti uummata Oromoo fi saboota cunqurfamoo irratti fudhatamuuf Caffeen kun itti gaafatama guddaa jala jiraachuu Qeerroon hubachiisa!!

4. Miseensotni Caffee Murtii qomoo Oromoo balleessii Uummata irratti dabarse kun kan isaan jiraatan uummata Oromoo sadarkaa aanaa jiru keessa ta’uu beekuun Uummatni Oromoo dargaggootni Oromoo, hojjettootni Oromoo, Barattootni Oromoo, qonnaan bultootni Oromoo, ogeessootni fayyaa Oromoo , Poolisootni Oromoo , humni raayyaa ittisa biyyaa Oromoo taatanii fi hojii dhabdootni Oromoo yakka miseensota Caffee Oromiyaa uummata Oromoo fi Oromiyaa irratti taasisaa jiran dura akka dhaabbattan.

5. Uummatni Oromoo hundi Oromiyaa diigamaa fi gurguramaa jirtu, Saba Oromoo jumlaan ajjeefamaa, hidhaamaa fi jiruuf barnootarraa arii’atamaa jiru, uummata keenyaa qe’ee irraa buqqa’aa balaa beelaan haleelamaa jiruu garaa maalitu nuuf ta’aa? Kanaaf haalduree tokko malee yeroon gamtaan kaane falmannuu amma Oromoo harka walqabadhuun ka’ii!!

6. Jaarmiyaaleen siyaasaa Oromoo fi beektootni Oromoo hundi Labsii uummata Oromoo fi Oromiyaa irratti labsame kana utuu arginuu teenyee wal irratti ilaaluun itti gaafatama guddaa jala waan isin galchuuf, Oromoon kan qabsaa’uuf, Uummata isaa waanjoo garbummaa keessa jiru bilisa baasuu fi Oromiyaa harka abbaa irree keessatti qawween, saamamaa eegamaa turtee kana walaboomsuuf yoo ta’u, Erga biyyi ciicciramtee diigamtee maaliif akka qabsaa’amuu fi eenyuuf akka qabsa’amu gaaffii keessa waan isin galchuuf yeroon harka walqabatnee labsii waloon Oromiyaa fi Oromoo irratti labsame raggasifame kana waloon kaanee dura dhaabbachuun falmannuu amma ta’uu hubachuun waamicha lammummaa gadi jabeessuun isiniif dabarsina!!

7. Poolisootni Oromoo, korri bittinneessaa Oromiyaa, Milishoonnii Oromiyaa fi ilmaan Oromoo Raayyaa ittisa biyyaatti keessatti argamtan labsii Master Plan Finfinnee fi Magaalaalee Oromiyaa to’achuuf labsame raggasifame kana dura akka dhaabbattan waamicha keenya isiiniif dabarsina. Mootummaan Wayyaanee EPRDF/TPLF Humnoota caqafaman kana irraa meeshaa hidhannoo waraanaa hiikkachiisuu waan danda’uuf bakka jirtaan hundatti dammaqiinsaan of eeggannoo gootanii duula saba Oromoo irratti baname akka balaaleffattanii mirga saba keessanii falmattan jechuun waamicha keenya isinii goona . Jechuun Qeerroon Bilisummaa Oromoo labsii Master Plan Finfinnee fi Magaaloota Oromiyaa to’achuu fi Uummata Oromoo jumlaan hidhuu,fi aajjesuuf qophaa’e kana kutannoo fi muratnoodhaan dura dhaabbachuun falmachuutti kan jirruu ta’uu ibsa qabxii torba dabarfachuun labsii uummata keenyaa fi Oromiyaa irratti raggasifamee gadii jabeessuun balaaleffanna!!

Injifannoon Uummata Oromoof!

Gadaan gadaa Bilisummaati!!

Onkoloolessaa 12/2015

COVERING OROMO ISSUES: ETHIOPIA’S BESIEGED PRESS, INSTITUTIONAL BIAS AND THE #OROMOPROTESTS June 4, 2014

Posted by OromianEconomist in Africa, Amane Badhaso, Ambo, Finfinne is Oromia's land, Finfinnee, Finfinnee is the Capital City of Oromia, Finfinnee n Kan Oromoo ti, Genocidal Master plan of Ethiopia, No to land grabs in Oromia, No to the Addis Ababa Master Plan, NO to the Evictions of Oromo Nationals from Finfinnee (Central Oromia), Oromia Satelite Radio and TV Channels, Oromia wide Oromo Universtiy students Protested Addis Ababa Expansion Master Plan, Oromian Voices, Oromians Protests, Oromo and the call for justice and freedom, Oromo Diaspora, Oromo Identity, Oromo Media Network, Oromo Protests, Oromo Protests in Ambo, Oromo students protests, State of Oromia, The Tyranny of Ethiopia.
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O

The local coverage of the protests offer a best case study to look at Ethiopian media’s inherent, institutional bias toward Oromo stories. Given the foregoing discussion on Ethiopia’s challenging media environment, the dangers of balanced coverage are not contested. The government’s choke-hold on the media and fear of repercussions have discouraged journalists from visiting the scenes of protests and accurately reporting on the events. Ethiopia’s independent press is saturated in Finfinne, and many simply don’t have credible regional sources, especially in Oromia, who can feed them with the news of the protests. Besides, media institutions and some journalists consider approaching the protesters or contacting the victims’ families almost existential.

There is also an ideological bias toward “ethnic” based activism. In part this explains the reluctance among many journalists to visit some of the 15 towns included in the master plan and interview local residents and farmers. However, speaking to government officials and opposition politicians about the master plan, the protests and violent crackdown could have been done with minimum effort.

A closer look at reports by six web-based publications and three international correspondents reveals much not only about Ethiopia’s handcuffed press but also the deficiency of the so-called independent press itself. It took almost a month for most local outlets to offer basic, even if lopsided coverage on the cause of the protest and the causalities. Even considering the grim media environment, there were many missing links in those reports.

Others completely disregarded the matter and kept to their business as usual. For example, Addis Fortune, a weekly English newspaper with 10,000 monthly circulations, devoted only one singlesentence to the protests its May 11 report about the master plan.

Awramba Times republished a video and text from EthioFirst blog. To his credit, the EthioFirst reporter went to the scene of protests in Ambo town. The online only publication provided coverage supported with text and videos of what it said were destroyed properties. It also interviewed residents of Ambo, students of the Ambo University and chief of the university all denouncing the destruction of property. The report’s focus on the damage caused to properties as opposed to the loss of lives and arrests of hundreds gives us a reason for pause. Besides, the reporter made no attempt to speak with protesters, victims or their families.

Others recycled government statements and news releases from opposition political parties. For example, both the English and Amharic editions of The Reporter made its first coverage based on government statements. The English edition of the newspaper tried to balance the story by asserting“independent observers and those who claim to be eyewitnesses say that the death toll and injuries might be higher than what has been officially admitted.”

Sendek Amharic newspaper, which gave its reporting five days after the protests began, referred to a press release from the opposition Oromo Federalist Congress (OFC) and later conducted interviews with the party’s leaders.

Addis Admas, another local Amharic daily, also did its initial coverage using government statement and anonymous sources from Ambo, Robe and Haromaya, where the protests took place. In a subsequent report on May 10, the paper reached out to a farmer residing in Sabata, one of the 15 towns included in the master plan, and offered local grievances over issues of compensation and threat to the farmer’s livelihood. Addis Standard, a local English magazine, also did its “best” by relying on sources from the universities where protests were reported, otherwise largely toeing the line from government statement.

Unfortunately, Finfinne-based foreign correspondents also kept to the official line. The Associated Press carried a police statement, and even went a step further linking the protests to secession andOromo Liberation Front. Bloomberg News also repurposed the government statement, with a passing reference to opposition leaders. Reuters simply ignored the news.

Other newspapers offered sensationalized stories that reflect their bias more than journalistic inclinations. For example, on May 2, Addis Guday wrote, ‘Oromia: Gize Tebikiwu Yeminfeneda Bomboch-Yetameku ye politika bisotoch. Ye tebab bihertenynet tosoch’ roughly translated as ‘ Oromia: a ticking time bomb waiting to explode and a concealed political dissatisfaction. The scar of narrow-minded ethnicity” In all, almost no attempt was made to contact to the protesters or the farmers and residents affected by the master plan. And none of the aforementioned outlets treated the incident as a breaking news item.

Ethiopian journalism is still at its infancy stage. Restrictions against the press and physical harassment of journalist make it impossible to cover issues of public interest. The reliance on government press statement reveals the challenges of obtaining first-hand reports from the scene of the incident. The country’s ethnicized politics confounds the lack of impartial coverage. In a country where there is no single Oromo media outlet and given the jamming of diaspora-based websites, the Oromo are left with no voice so to speak. Dozens of Oromo newspapers and magazines that existed in the 1990s were either banned or forced out of business when Oromo journalists fled the country.

With a varying degree, both private and government media outlets share a common hostility toward Oromo interests. While some of the private media practitioners are in government pockets, others cater to non-Oromo political groups. The rest are far more concerned with making money and they know what their audience wants. “There is little independent media in Oromia to monitor these events, and foreign journalists who have attempted to reach demonstrations have been turned away or detained,” the HRW said. A case in point is the four-hour detention of Bloomberg’s William Davison on May 1, after attempting to report on protests that took place at Addis Ababa University.

In a nutshell, independent, objective journalism has essentially become a crime in Ethiopia. Given the highly restrictive media environment, Ethiopia’s “independent” press continues to teeter on the edge of death and survival. Under the circumstances, a lot of journalists have begrudgingly embraced the “developmental state” storyline. For others, strict self-censorship has become more of a norm. As a result, the professionalism and quality of Ethiopian journalism has been significantly compromised. Still more concerning is the inherent ideological and institutional bias toward coverage of “ethnic” stories, particularly stories about Oromo activism. The role of a journalist is to report on events as objectively and truthfully as possible. Journalists should act as non-participating spectators of events. When reporters become part of a story or offer their opinions, they are expected be transparent and issue a disclosure. These ethical values are rare in Ethiopia. However, if there’s any hope for future of Ethiopian journalism, Addis Ababa-based media houses should start checking their ethnicized and detached coverage of events outside of the capital. -To read the full article, visit OPride,  original source @http://www.opride.com/oromsis/news/3756-ethiopia-s-besieged-press-and-the-oromoprotests