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Global Citizen: 6 reasons why people go hungry September 6, 2015

Posted by OromianEconomist in Famine in Ethiopia, Food Production.
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6 reasons why people go hungry

One of the most common misconceptions about the challenges in food security (the term used to describe getting people consistent access to the food they need),  is that it exists due to a lack of food. That’s just not true. In fact, the world already produces more than one and a half times enough food to feed everyone on the planet. So what gives?

First, it’s important to understand that being food insecure isn’t just about lacking enough food to put on the table. It’s also about lacking access to diverse nutrient-dense foods like fresh produce. In this way, some people who are obese can actually be considered food insecure if the food they consume isn’t nutritious.

Here’s a rundown of the factors leading to food insecurity.

1) The most obvious is that people can’t afford nutritious food. While it’s up to governments to ensure that healthy, affordable food is available at all times, addressing the root causes of inequality will also go a long way towards empowering people to earn higher incomes.

2) Another barrier that stands in the way of food security is a lack of access. Around the world, people can find themselves in one of two dangerous situations: they live in areas so remote that there are limited options nearby, or they live in food deserts (urban neighborhoods or towns that lack ready access to fresh, healthy, and affordable food.) When the latter is true, families end up buying their food from convenience stores (think 7-11) and fast food chains- both which are filled with unhealthy, processed food.

3) Distribution can be just as much of a challenge when you consider all of the things that can go wrong between food leaving its point of production to its point of sale. In the developing world, many of the roads are poorly maintained and there are few high-quality railways to transport goods to a centralized market. Imagine a one-lane dirt road in the middle of a heavy rainstorm. If a truck is delayed and it lacks adequate temperature control, much of the food could go bad before arriving at its destination. That’s a problem for the farmer, and the consumer.

4) As the planet has grown warmer and prone to more extreme weather events, small-scale farmers are paying the price. Droughts and heavy rainfall affect crop yields, and poor farmers can’t bounce back the same way that large agribusiness can. This affects consumers as well, who end up paying more when food becomes scarce. To protect farmers and consumers, world leaders and governments need to work with local farmers to fix the existing systems that leave small-scale farmers vulnerable.

5) Conflict and political instability have the power to wreak havoc on already fragile systems by interrupting distribution and isolating people. Food aid can help, but it must be done the right way- with consideration of what the local people eat, and with the intention of minimizing dependence on foreign aid.

6) Lastly, too many small-scale farmers aren’t empowered to reach their full potential– especially women. In many countries, laws exist that prevent women from inheriting the land they’ve spent their entire lives working on when their fathers or husbands pass. Similarly, women are often prevented from purchasing land, and prevented from selling their food at the market. By empowering women, more families will have the opportunity to thrive, especially since women invest more of their income in their families than men.

Furthermore, men and women alike need access to education to learn the most effective ways to grow and sell food, and they need the resources to implement the strategies they’ve learned. Without these changes, small-scale farmers are missing out on a tremendous opportunity to not only lift their families out of poverty but also to provide their communities with delicious, healthy food.


While it might feel daunting to consider how many barriers stand in the way of food security, the silver lining is that it isn’t some mystery. Experts understand what needs to be done to feed the world’s people- it’s just a matter of building support and implementing proven strategies.

https://www.globalcitizen.org/en/content/6-reasons-why-people-go-hungry/

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OROMIA: SEENAA JIREENYA SABBOONAA QEERROO OROMIYAA, SANYII IDDOOSAA September 6, 2015

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
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???????????SANYII IDDOOSAA, SABBOONAA QEERROO OROMOOSANYII IDDOOSAA, SABBOONAA QEERROO OROMOO1
Shambal IDDOOSAA bara 1979 A.L.H. abbaa isaa obbo IDDOOSAA TURAA fi harmee isaa addee HUNDIYYEE LABATAA irraa godina shawaa lixaa aanaa abunaa gindabarat ganda qotee bulaa SOMBOO WALISOOTTI dhalate.Shambal ykn SANYII IDDOOSAA obboleewwaan dhiiraa 3fi durbaa 4 walin dhalate yoo tahu, maatii isaatif ilma 2ffaadha.Shambal mucaa safuu fi duudhaa hawaasa isaa kabajuufi guddisuuf tattaafatuudha.SANYII ykn Shambal guddatee ganna 8booda gara aanaa Ada’aa bargaa fira bira dhufudhan barnoota isaa jalqabe. SANYII IDDOOSAA nama waan ofiitif dhahamu, nama eenyuummaa isaa kabachiiauuf halkanii guyyaa dadhabu, nama lammii isaatif duursa jaalala qabu, qeerroo waan saba isaatif hin jilbiffanne, goota oromiyaadhaf of wareegu, qeerransoo maccaafi tuulamaa kan alagaaf gad hin jenne, dhiira madaan wayyaanee qaama isaa guute, qeerroo manni hidhaa wayyaanee mana jireenya isaa taate, kan ofduuba hin deebine… .madaayee jedhee kan hin nuffinee……kan yoom bilisummaa Oromo first fi oromiyaa arguufi argamsiisuuf Yeroo lakkaayaa jiru ture.

Shambal bara 2014 tti maqaa isaa gara SANYII tti jijjiire. SANYIn nama hiyyuummaa qabsoo qabu, nama haqa malee goonkuma soba hin beekne, nama ofiif otuu hin taane namaaf qofa jiraate, Oromoo hunda amantaa, umurii, kutaan, sadarkaa baruumsan, soorummaafi hiyyuummaan……osoo adda hin baafne oromummaa isaanii fi oromiyaa isaanii sabni isaa akka beekuufi beeksisu nama hirriiba dhabee carraaqaa tureedha. SANYIIn maqaan inni uummata isaa biratti ittin beekkamuufi waammamu “mucaa uummataa” jedhamu dha.sababa diinaatif amantaan isaa kan madda waalabu irraa jalqabde Yeroo dheeraaf dhokatuus aarsaafi wareegama cimaa kanfaluun hordoftoota amantaa WAAQEEFFANNAA walin bara 2014 tti magaalaa muger muka Odaatti HORA MALKAA BIRRAATTEE tti nama dhagaa bu’uuraa kaayedha ykn ummataaf ifatti baaseedha. Kana malees SANYIIn Yeroo baratuu kaasee Hanga ammaatti nama GDASAO dhaabeefi gara ammayyaatti as ceesiseedha. SANYIIn duudhaa, aadaa, amantaa, safuu, seera, sirna gadaa fi ittin buulmaata ummata oromoo kush kan iyyaafachaafi qorachaa tureefi itti jiruudha. Nama Oromoon akka wal baruufi wal jaalatu, nama nama lammiin Oromo kamiyyuu akka waliifi biyya isaa oromiyaadhaf dhabbatu sodaa diinaa tokko malee dalagaa tureedha.

SANYIIn gama ogummaa jireenya isaatinis konkolaachisaa doozeriiti. SANYIIn fuulbaana 4/2015  sa’aatii 8 tti osoo maashinichan hojjechaa jiru sababa sigigaachuu lafaatin dhabbaata warshaa simintoo Dangotee jedhamu keessa tti lubbuun isaa dabarte…….uuuuuuuuuufffffffff SANYIIkoo Yeroo mana hidhaa keessa walin turre wal gargaaraa turre. Hardha eenyuutu sigargaara?????? Osoo naaf dandayamee sin gargaara ture…..rabbi himachuu hin dandayaani maal siif godhu??????? ofbiraa sidhabuu kiyya tti gaddi natti bubbiseeraa…..SANYII koo kaayoofi waadaa saba keenyaa walin seenne hiriyoota kee walin itti fufnee galmaan geenya. yoomiyyuu bara baraan ummata kee biraatti bakka guddaa qabda. biyyoon sitti yaa Salphattu, boolla kee daadhiin yaa guutu………..

Hiriyaa Saanyii irra,

Ijoollee Dirree Tuulamaa

Millions at risk as severe drought hits Ethiopia September 6, 2015

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
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Drought, food crisis and famine in Afar state captured through social media, August 2015

 

 Ethiopia says it is managing crisis though UN says number in need has increased by more than 55 percent this year.

 

(Al Jazeera, 5th September 2015) – Around 4.5 million Ethiopians could be in need of food aid because of a drought in the country, the UN has said.

Hardest-hit areas are Ethiopia’s eastern Afar and southern Somali regions, while pastures and water resources are also unusually low in central and eastern Oromo region, and northern Tigray and Amhara districts.

Reacting to the UN’s claims that the number in need had increased by more than 55% this year, Alemayew Berhanu, spokesperson for Ministry of Agriculture, told Al Jazeera that Ethiopia had “enough surplus food at emergency depots and we’re distributing it”.

“When we were informed about the problem, the federal government and the regional state authorities started an outreach programme for the affected people,” he said.

In August, the Ethiopian government said that it had allocated $35m to deal with the crisis that has been blamed on El Niño, a warm ocean current that develops between Indonesia and Peru. The UN says it needs $230m by the end of the year to attend to the crisis.

“The absence of rains means that the crops don’t grow, the grass doesn’t grow and people can’t feed their animals,” David Del Conte, UNOCHA’S chief in Ethiopia, said.

One farmer in the town of Zway told Al Jazeera that he was selling personal belongings to stay alive.

“There is nothing we can do. We don’t have enough crops to provide for our families. We are having to sell our cattle to buy food but the cattle are sick because they don’t have enough to eat,” Balcha, who has a family of nine, and grows corn and wheat, said.

El Niño
The onset of El Niño means the spatial distribution of rainfall from June to September has being very low. According to the UN children’s agency (Unicef), the El Niño weather pattern in 2015 is being seen as the strongest of the last 20 years.

Experts say it could be a major problem for the country’s economy, as agriculture generates about half of the country’s income.

Climate shocks are common in Ethiopia and often lead to poor or failed harvests which result in high levels of acute food insecurity.

Approximately 44% of children under 5 years of age in Ethiopia are severely chronically malnourished, or stunted, and nearly 28% are underweight, according to the CIA World Factbook.

Unicef says that about 264 515 children will require treatment for acute severe malnutrition in 2015 while 111 076 children were treated for severe acute malnutrition between January and May 2015

The Standoff in Afar State and the Arbiter from Mekele (TPLF) September 6, 2015

Posted by OromianEconomist in Ethiopia's Colonizing Structure and the Development Problems of People of Oromia.
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The Afar were denied their fundamental right to vote for and elect their representatives and leaders. They are no exception in today’s Ethiopia. That is they have to fight together with the rest of the Ethiopians to dismantle this apartheid regime that has denied them their basic civil and democratic rights.

PRESS RELEASE

Afar Revolutionary Democratic Unity Front (ARDUF)

Over the past one quarter century of its rule the TPLF mafia group has created a number of puppet organizations to represent various national groups in Ethiopia particularly in the so called backward regions of Somali, Ben Shangul, Gambela and Afar. But none is loyal to its masters in Mekele than the Afar regional leaders in Samara, as the regional capital is now known, none is glued as an appendix to TPLF than APDPA or ADE as it is known locally.

This particular relation between TPLF and ADE has its own reasons. Some are historical others are due to the fact that the Afar region occupies in long range strategy of the TPLF. This “QADE” mafia gang originally was part of TPLF itself. They brought them or assigned them into the power by TPLF to make the Afar politically unpredictable, economically weak and infrastructurally underdeveloped, and to impose Tigray ethnic hegemonic control forcibly over the Afar people. The three regional leaders who came with TPLF are Ismail Ali Sirro, Awal Seyoum and Mohamed Anbatta are still in power in the Afar region. One as President, one as Security Official and the third as speaker of the regional Parliament. The longest serving region leader Ismail Ali Sirro is already elected to the National House of Representatives. So by definition he is not liable any more to be President of the Afar region.

The current Executive Committee of the ruling Party (ADNP) has disgracefully failed to elect a new President for the region due to the deep political division and corruption caused by the outgoing puppet President Ismail Ali Sirro who claims that the Afar will be at each other’s throat if he quits. The fact is that the rampant corruption, bad governance, maladministration, discrimination and tribalism policies planted by TPLF in the puppet officials of the Afar region is going to put the Afar region into violent chaos and anarchy, but not because Ismail Ali Sirro is replaced. The Executive Committee left for Mekele as they do every time, they are not able to settle their differences. Every Afar official in Samara has his own lord in Mekele with whom he shares the money he pockets from his corrupt practices. The three puppets are afraid not to be accountable for their crimes, but one day they will have to face the reality. They want to make sure that their cronies are placed in their places. Recently, over a hundred innocent people are arbitrarily and unlawfully arrested in the Afar region because they protested against those practices.

Constitutionally, all federal regional states are equally accountable to the Federal Constitution, while the Afar Regional State is accountable to the Tigrai Regional State and it ruled from Mekele directly. Afar people have no say in deciding their own destiny. It is a fact that, corruption, famine, insecurity and instability which are currently facing the Afar is directly linked to the climate of unethical, unskilled and inexperienced leadership inability of the so called Afar Democratic National Party (ADNP). While the whole Ethiopia and probably the world is worried about the hunger and starvation which killing both the livestock and human beings in the Afar region, the regional officials are in standoff as they were not able to elect the Executive Committee.

They are waiting an arbiter from Mekele to arrive. The Afar were denied their fundamental right to vote for and elect their representatives and leaders. They are no exception in today’s Ethiopia. That is they have to fight together with the rest of the Ethiopians to dismantle this apartheid regime that has denied them their basic civil and democratic rights.

Victory to the Ethiopian people!
Victory to the heroic ARDUF/UGUUGUMO

Military Command Centre (MCC)
Information Desk
Afar Revolutionary Democratic Unity Front (ARDUF)