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Join the Tom Lantos Human Rights Commission for a briefing on the current human rights situation in Ethiopia April 13, 2016

Posted by OromianEconomist in #OromoProtests, Africa, Oromia, Oromo.
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Odaa OromooThe Tom Lantos Human Rights Commission for a briefing on the current human rights situation in Ethiopia. p2The Tom Lantos Human Rights Commission for a briefing on the current human rights situation in Ethiopia


Human Rights in Ethiopia – An Update

Date:
Tuesday, April 19, 2016 – 11:00am
Location:
2255 Rayburn House Office Building

Announcement

Please join the Tom Lantos Human Rights Commission for a briefing on the current human rights situation in Ethiopia.

Home to the Oromo, Ethiopia’s largest ethnic group, the region of Oromia was witness to mostly peaceful student protests in November of 2015 against the Ethiopian Government’s plan to take over territory to expand the nation’s capital. However, this spontaneous outcry has developed into the country’s longest and most widespread protest movement since the ruling party took power in 1991.  The government has since ceased border expansion plans, but the discontent has proven to transcend land rights and to extend beyond any one particular ethnic group.  The government’s authoritarian structure and tight controls on the media have led many to feel that they have no voice.  Peaceful opposition is frequently met with arrest and detention (using the country’s draconian anti-terrorist law) and police brutality too often results in death.   Human Rights Watch has received reports of over 200 people killed and several thousand arrested (including many whose whereabouts are unknown), since protests began. Although the documented turmoil threatens to disrupt Ethiopia’s fragile political stability, Ethiopia’s strategic state partners have been relatively quiet.

This briefing will examine Ethiopia’s current human rights situation in light of the recent events in Oromia.  Speakers will provide an overview of the human rights situation and challenges, including how Ethiopia’s anti-terrorism law is misused to stifle dissent, and will make recommendations as to what role the U.S. government can play in promoting stabilization by advancing and protecting human rights.

This briefing will be open to members of Congress, congressional staff, the interested public and the media. For any questions, please contact David Howell (for Rep. McGovern) at 202-225-3599 orDavid.Howell@mail.house.gov or Isaac Six (for Rep. Pitts) at 202-225-2411 orIsaac.Six@mail.house.gov.

Hosted by:

James P. McGovern, M.C.
Co-Chairman, TLHRC
Joseph R. Pitts, M.C.
Co-Chairman, TLHRC

Participants

Panelists

  • Anuradha Mittal , Founder and Executive Director of the Oakland Institute
  • Mohammed Ademo, Journalist formally with Al Jazeera America
  • Adotei Akwei, Managing Director, Amnesty International USA

 Moderator

  • Lauren Ploch Blanchard, African Affairs Specialist, Congressional Research Service

 Opening Remarks

  • Rep. Keith Ellison, Executive Committee Member, Tom Lantos Human Rights Commissio

Bios [PDF]

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Oromia: Guyyaa Gootota Oromoo kan Bara 2016 Ilalachisee Ibsa Adda Bilisummaa Oromoo (ABO) April 13, 2016

Posted by OromianEconomist in Oromia, Oromo Art.
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Odaa OromooGootota OromoOromia Oromiaoromia


 Ebla (April) 15: Oromo Martyrs Memorial Day- Guyyaa goototaa Oromo


 

Guyyaa Gootota Oromoo kan Bara 2016 Ilalachisee Ibsa Adda Bilisummaa Oromoo (ABO)

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Guyyaan Gootota (Wareegamtoota) Oromoo Ebla 15, 1980 irraa eegalee waggaa waggaan kabajamaa fi yaadatamaa yoona gahe. Gootota gaafa alagaan biyya Oromoo cabsuuf itti duule diina biyya ofii irraa ittisuuf jecha diddaa gabrummaa irratti wareegaman dabalatee qabsaawoti bilisummaa Oromoo bifa adda addaan hanga har’aatti wareegama baasan hunda guyyaa kana yaadatna. Kana waliin, guyyaan wareegamtoota Oromoo, guyyaa miseensoti Adda Bilisummaa Oromoo, deggertootaa fi uummati Oromoo bal’aan kaayyoo sab-boontoti Oromoo dabran wareegamaniif galmaan gahuuf waadaa seenan itti haaromsani dha.

Seenaa Oromoo keessatti Ebla 15, guyyoota kaan irraa wanni adda taasisu bara 1980 keessa guyyaa kana hoogganooti siyaasaa Adda Bilisummaa Oromoo akka qaroo ija Oromootti ilaalaman kiristaana Islaama utuu hin jedhin jumulaan wareegamanii tokkummaa saba Oromoo dhiiga isaaniin mirkaneessan ta’uu irraa ti. Sanaa asittis hoogganootaa fi miseensoti Adda Bilisummaa Oromoo, deggertootaa fi ummati Oromoo, qabsaawotni bilisummaa bifa adda addaan qabsoo keessatti qooda qaban walumaa gala sab-boontoti Oromoo xurree hoogganooti ABO gaafa duraa saaqan irra bu’anii mirga abbaa biyyummaa Oromoof osoo falmaa irra jiranii wareegaman kuma hedduutti lakka’amu. Har’as Waraanni Bilisummaa Oromoo, miseensotaa fi deggertooti qabsoo, addatti ammo qerroon (barataa fi dargaggooti Oromoo) walumaa gala uummati Oromoo bal’aan bilisummaa Oromoo mirkaneessuuf wareegama ulfaataa baasaa jiru.

Guyyaa Wareegamtoota Oromoo kan bara kanaa wanni adda taasisu haala Warraaqsi bilisummaa Oromoo sirna gabrummaatti xumura gochuuf golee Oromiyaa hunda keessatti akka ibidda saafaa boba’aa jiru keessatti ayyaaneffatamaa jiraachuu isaa ti. Uummati Oromoo bakka hundaa kan yeroo kamii caalaa shiraa fi daba diinaatti dammaqee daangaa hanga daangaatti harka wal qabatee diddaa isaa mootummaa Wayyaaneetti agarsiisaa jira. Yeroon kun yeroo qabsoon bilisummaa Oromoo sadarkaa ol aanaatti tarkaanfatee jiru dha. Yeroo uummati Oromoo ammaan booda cunqursaa, saamichaa fi hacuuccaa alagaa baachuu hin danda’u! na gahe! jedhee sirna roorriftuu alagaa of irraa dabruuf harka duwwaa diina meeshaa lolaa baranee hidhate dura dhaabbatee murannoon wareegama barbaachisu baasaa jirutti yaadatama. Oromoon bilisummaa yookaan du’a! jechuun laphee dhiibee du’atti adeemuudhaan seenaa haaraa galmeessuu irratti argama. . Oromoon akka sabaatti uummata hundaaf kabajaa qabu, goota, jagnaa fi uummata guddaa tokkummaa qabu ta’uu hawaasa addunyatti agarsiiseera, agarsiisaas jira. Tarkaanfii fi diddaa uummati Oromoo tokkummaan ka’ee agarsiisaa jiru kunis hawaasa addunyaa kan raajee fi diina rifaasise dha.

Kana malees qabsoon bilisummaa Oromoo karaa diplomaasii murna wayyaanee kopxeesuu fi deggersa qabsoo Oromoo horachuu irratti injifannoo galmeessaa jira. Sirni Wayyaanee uummata Oromoo siyaasaa fi dinagdee biyyattii keessaa alatti dhiibee akka moggeesse hawaasa addunyaaf ifa ta’eera. Kanaaf gaaffiin Oromoo gaaffii haqaa fi mirgaa ta’uun har’a eessatti iyyuu hubatnaa argataa jira. Akkasumas qabsoon Oromoo tumsa uummatoota ollaa horachuudhaan Tumsi Bilisummaa fi Dimokraasii Uummatootaa kan Addi Bilisummaa Oromoo qooda gahaa keessatti qabu mirkanaa’uun isaas injifannoo siyaasaa fi diplomaasii galmaa’an keessaa isa tokko. Gabaabaatti qabsoon bilisummaa Oromoo shaffisaan fuul-duratti tarkaanfaataa jira.

Gama kaaniin, har’a oggaa mooraan qabsoo Oromoo tasgabbaa’aa fi cimaa jiru kanatti mooraan diinaa unkuramaa fi hundeen raafamaa akka jiru ifatti mul’ata. Tarkaanfiin abdii kutannaa irraa fudhatu caalaatti hammaatee fi qabaan mirga namoomaa fi dimokraasiis dhiphifamee, lammiileen akka hin dubbannee fi hin sossooneef cancalamanii fi gaadi’amanii jiran. Hidhaa fi ajjeechaan daangaa dhabee biyyattiin biyya gaddaaa tatee jirti. Hallii keessa jirru haala GOOLII DIIMAA BARA DARGII waliin wal fakkata.

Mootummaan abbaa irree TPLF/EPRDF, qabsoo bilisummaa Oromoo finiiinaa jiruun baarragee tarkaanfii abdii kutannaa fudhachuu irratti argama. Daa’ima umurii waggaa 8 hanga maangudoo waggaa 70 dabalatee Oromoota 500 ol ji’a 4 keessatti ajjeese; Oromoota lakkoobsaan kuma hedduutti lakka’aman mana hidhaa /Xollayi, Hursoo, Dhedheessaa, Tigiray fi bakka adda tti guuree dararaa jira. Qe’ee fi biyya Oromoo gooluun tarkaanfii abdii kutannaa fudhachuu irratti argama. Daa’imaa fi dubartoota ulfa , jaarsaa fi jaartii utuu hin jedhin jumulaan uummata nagaa ajjeesee bakkeetti gatuu, hidhuu fi reebee naaffisuu, walumaa gala gocha faashistummaa seenaa biyyattii keessatti hiriyaa hin qabne Oromoo irratti raawwata. Gaaffii uummati Oromoo karaa nagaa dhiheesseef deebii inni kenne akka bineensaatti itti dhukaasee ajjeesuu qofa ta’e. Walumaa gala murni Wayyaanee ammaan booda uummata Oromoos ta’e biyyattii bulchuu akka hin dandeenye hunda biratti hubatamaa dhufeera. Caasaa mootummaa sirni Wayyaanee Oromiyaa keessatti diriirfate gadii hanga oliitti laamsha’eera. Oromiyaa suduudaan bulchiinsa waraanaa jala galchuudhaan uummata Oomoo seera waraanaatiin bulchuuf dhama’uun kufaatii siyaasaa guddaa keessa seenuu hubachiisa. Murni alagaa sab-bicuu keessaa dhufe uummata guddaa akka saba Oromoo dhiitee, reebee, caccabsee, ajjeesee fi hidhee bara baraan akkan barbaadetti bita jedhee yaadu kun murna shiftaa har’a ajjeesee saamuu malee kan fuula duraa hin yaadne dha. Uummati Oromoo tarkaanfii hammeenyaa alagaan irratti raawwataa jiruuf tasa hin jilbeenfatu. Gochaan faashistummaa sirna wayyaanees umurii bittaa sirnichaa gabaabsa malee hin dheeressu.

Addi Bilisummaa Ummata Tigraayi, TPLF, gaafa dhalate Tigraayiin bilisoomsuu fi dantaa Tigraay tiksuuf uumame hanga har’aatti maqaa fi bifa jijjiirratee fedhii murnaa fi ummatan dhaabbadheef jedhu guutuuf saamicha, cunqursaa fi hacuuccaa daangaa hin qabne uummatoota kaan irratti raawwata. Dimookraasii, sirna paartii-danuu, qabsoo karaa nagaafi kkf afaaniin lallabaa biyyattii ol aantummaa paartii tokkoo jalatti irreen bulchuu erga murteeffatee waggaa 25 caalee jira. Sirna gama tokkoon dimokraasii fi federaalummaa maqaaf heera ofii tume irra kaa’ee gama biraan ilaalcha dimokraasii warraaqaa fi maqaa mootummaa misoomaa jedhu of labsuun gubbaa irraa hanga gadiitti paartii TPLF/EPRDF qofti bulchiinsaa fi dinagdee empaayerattii akka to’atu taasise dha. Humnoota siyaasaa walaba karaa nagaa qabsoofna jedhan hunda humna waraanaa fi tikaatti gargaaramuun sochii isaanii ugguree biyyattii dhuunfaa ofii taasifate. Filmaata kijibaa geggeessuun qaanii tokko malee dhibbaa dhibba injifadhe jedhee labsate. Mootummaan Wayyaanee mootummaa dinagdee biyyattii waggaa waggaan lakkoobsa cimdiin guddisaan jira jedhee hawaasa addunyaa sobaa bahee dha. Imaaammata saamichaa hordofuun uummatoota qe’ee fi lafa isaanii irraa buqqisee beelaa fi iyuummaaf saaxile. Har’a ummati miliyoona 18 ta’u beela’ee waan nyaatu dhabee harka biyya alaa eeggataa jira; kaan lubbuun darbaa jira. Beelladi akka baala bonaa harca’aa jira. Walumaa gala rakkoo dinagdee fi hawaasummaa dhuma hin qabnetu uummatoota biyyattii keessaahuu uummata Oromoo qabatee jira . Mootummaan wayyaanee gargaarsa midhaan nyaataaf biyyoota alaa irraa argamu illee dantaa siyaasaa fi dhuunfaa ofiif oolfataa akka jiru ifatti mul’ata.

Addi Bilisummaa Oromoo mootummaan Wayyaanee karaa nagaa aangoo gadi dhiisa jedhee hin amanu. Uummati Oromoos mootmmaan abbaa irree mirga isaa beekee fi kabajeefii hojiitti hiikaa irraa hin eegu. Waan taheef murna ummatoota qawween ukkaamsee bitaa jiru of irraa darbuuf qabsoo bifa kamuu geggeesuun mirga, Murni Wayyaanee qawween aangootti dhufe humna uummataa fi qabsoo qofaan aangoo irraa bu’a. Kanaaf uummati Oromoo qonnaan bulaan, hojjetaan, Qeerroon (Daragaggoon) barataan, daldalaan walumaa gala murnooti hawaasa Oromoo hundi qabsoo bilisummaa Adda Bilisummaa Oromoo jalatti hoogganummaa jiru bifa qindaa’een daran cimsitanii akka itti fuftanii fi kufaatii sirna cunqursaa wayyaaneetti xumura goodhan waamicha dabarsa. Addi Bilisummaa Oromoo qabsoo hidhannoo, siyaasaa fi diplomaasii walitti qindeessee hoogganaa jiru daran cimsee kan itti fufuu fi sochii diddaa gabrummaa Oromoof hooggana barbaachisu akka kennus irra deebi’ee mirkaneessa. Addi Bilisummaa Oromoo sirna Wayyaanee hundeen buqqisee gatuuf kan yeroo kamii caalaa qabsoo hidhannoo akka finiinsu gadi jabeessee uummata Oromoof mirkaneessa.

Sochiin bilisummaa Oromoo sochii biyoolessaa saba Oromoo ti. Akeeka sabboontoti Oromoo kumaatamaan itti wareegaman galmaan gahuuf ittisaa fi qabsoo bilisummaa biyya ofii keessatti qooda fudhachuun mirgaa fi dirqama seenaa lammiiiwwan Oromoo hundaa ti.

Hanga ammaatti dhugaan dirrettii mul’ataa jiru Oromoon gargaarsa alagaan malee diina lolaa jira. Amantii , gosa, kutaa fi ilaalcha siyaasaan osoo wal hin qoodin wal maddii dhaabbatee sagalee isaa dhageessisaa fi jabina isaa diinatti agarsiisuu irratti argama. Kanaaf tokkummaan qabsoo finiinsuu saba Oromoo daran jabaatee akka itti fufu Addi Bilisummaa Oromoo irratti hojjeta. Addi Bilisummaa Oromoo dantaa biyyoolessaa Oromoo giddu galeessa taasifachuun mooraa qabsoo Oromoo gabbisuufis ni hojjeta. Murnoota siyaasaa Oromoo walaba tahan sirna wayyaanee morman, akka ilmaan biyya tokkootti mooraa Oromoo tasagabeessuuf waliin hojjechuu caarraaqqii isaa itti fufa.

Addi bilisummaa Oromoo waggootii dheeraaf wahillummaan dhaabota cunqurfamtootaa hedduu waliin hojjataa fi wal tumsaa bahe. Har’a Tumsa Ummatootaa Bilisummaa fi Demokrasii waliiin ijaaruun waliin hojjatuu kana sadarkaa ol aanatti ceesisee jira. Tumsa kana bal’isuu fi nagaa waaraa, bilisummaa fi demokrasii naannoo keenyatti argamsisuuf jabaatee hojjata.

Gama biraanis dhaaboti siyaasaa biro biyya keessaa fi alatti mirgoota dimokraasii, mirga hiree murteeffannaa fi kabajamuu mirgoota dhala namaaf qabsaa’an hundi qabsoo haqaa uummati Oromoo finiinsaa jiru cinaa akka dhabbatan Addi Bilisummaa Oromoo waamicha dabarsa. Kabajamuun mirga Oromoo kabajamuu mirga uummatoota kaaniif wabii tahuu hiree kanaan hubachiisuu barbaada. Kanaaf uummatooti ollaa Oromoo moggaa dhaabbatanii sochii Oromoo daawwachaa jiran sochii Oromootti makamanii kufaatii sirna Wayyaanee akka ariifachiisan dhaamsa isaa dabarsaaf.

Dhuma irratti mootummooti aanga’oon biyya lafaa gaaffiin saba Oromoo gaaffii haqaa ta’uu osoo beekanii sirna abbaa irree wayyaanee maallaqa, dipplomaasii fi waraanaan gargaaraa jiran imaammata isaanii keessa deebi’anii akka sakatta’an, mootummaa abbaa irree gargaaruun dantaa uummatoota cunqurfamoo kan miidhu tahuu hubatuun komii seenaa jalaa akka of baasan ABOn gadi jabeessee gaafata. Hidhaa fi ajjeechaa mootummaan wayyaanee uummata Oromoo irratti raawwatu akka balaaleffatanii fi gochaan farra namoomaa kun akka dhaabbatuuf dhiibbaa barbaachisu akka taasisan hubachiisa.

Maayii irratti uummati Oromoo mirga politikaa, dinagdee fi hawaasummaa humna qawween irraa sabarbame wareegama barbaachisu baasee of harka galfachuuf dandeettii kan qabu tahuu hawaasa addunyaa hubachiiisuu barbaada.

Wareegamtooti bilisummaa Oromoo bara baraan yaadatamu!

Injifannoo Ummata Oromoof!

Adda Bilisummaa Oromoo

Foreign Policy In Focus: Deafening Silence from Ethiopia:The Ethiopian government is cracking down on journalists and NGOs. Where’s the outrage from the international community? April 13, 2016

Posted by OromianEconomist in #OromoProtests, Africa.
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Odaa Oromoohrwlogo#OromoProtests at Awaro Campus, Ambo, Oromia, 11 and April 2016 p2#OromoProtests in Limmuu Saqaa, Jimmaa, Oromia, 7 April 2016 p1#OromoProtests against the Ethiopian regime fascist tyranny. Join the peaceful movement for justice, democracy, development and freedom of Oromo and other oppressed people in Ethiopia

Deafening Silence from Ethiopia


Since November, state security forces have killed hundreds of protesters and arrested thousands in Oromia, Ethiopia’s largest region. It’s the biggest political crisis to hit the country since the 2005 election but has barely registered internationally. And with the protests now in their fifth month, there is an almost complete information blackout.

A teacher arrested in December told me, “In Oromia the world doesn’t know what happens for months, years or ever. No one ever comes to speak to us, and we don’t know where to find those who will listen to our stories.”

Part of the problem is the government’s draconian restrictions on news reporting, human rights monitoring, and access to information imposed over the past decade. But restrictions have worsened in the last month. Some social media sites have been blocked, and in early March security officials detained two international journalists overnight while they were trying to report on the protests. As one foreign diplomat told me, “It’s like a black hole, we have no idea what is happening. We get very little credible information.”

With difficulty, Human Rights Watch interviewed nearly 100 protesters. They described security forces firing randomly into crowds, children as young as nine being arrested, and Oromo students being tortured in detention. But the Ethiopian media aren’t telling these stories. It’s not their fault. Ethiopian journalists have to choose between self-censorship, prison, or exile. Ethiopia is one of the leading jailers of journalists on the continent. In 2014 at least 30 journalists fled the country and six independent publications closed down. The government intimidates and harasses printers, distributors, and sources.

International journalists also face challenges. Some do not even try to go because of the personal risks for them, their translators, and their sources. And when they do go, many Ethiopians fear speaking out against government policies—there are plenty of cases of people being arrested after being interviewed.

Diaspora-run television stations have helped fill the gap, including the U.S.-based Oromia Media Network (OMN). Many students in Oromia told me that OMN was one way they were able to learn what was happening in other parts of the region during the protests. But since OMN began broadcasting in March 2014 it has been jammed 15 times for varying periods. Radio broadcasts are also jammed–as international broadcasters like Voice of America and Deutsche Welle have experienced intermittently for years.

In December OMN began transmitting on a satellite that is virtually impenetrable to jamming. But security forces then began destroying private satellite dishes on people’s homes. Eventually the government applied pressure on the satellite company to drop OMN, which has now been off the air for over two months.

Social media has partially helped fill the information gap. Photos of injured students and videos of protests have been posted to Facebook, particularly in the early days of the protests. But in some locations the authorities have targeted people who filmed the protests on their phones. At various times in the last month, there have been reports of social media and file-sharing sites being blocked in Oromia, including Facebook, Twitter, and Dropbox. Website-blocking has been documented before – in 2013, at least 37 websites with information from Ethiopia were blocked. Most of the sites were operated by Ethiopians in the diaspora.

Independent non-governmental organizations that might be reporting what is happening face similar restrictions. The government’s Charities and Societies Proclamation of 2009 virtually gutted domestic nongovernmental organizations that work on human rights issues. The independent Human Rights Council released a report on the protests in March. It was a breath of fresh air, but the council released it at great risk. As the first report from Ethiopian civil society on an issue of great political significance, it was a damning indictment of the limits of freedom of expression in Africa’s second-largest country, with a population of 100 million.

The government may believe that by strangling the flow of information coming out of Oromia it can limit international concern and pressure. And so far the response from countries that support Ethiopia’s development has been muted. The deaths of hundreds, including many children, have largely escaped condemnation.

Yet the government’s brutally repressive tactics cannot be contained behind Ethiopia’s information firewall for long. The sooner the government recognizes this and acts to stop the mass arrests and excessive use of force, the better the outlook for the government and the affected communities.

The government—with the assistance of its allies and partners—needs to support an independent investigation of the events in Oromia, commit to accountability and justice for the victims, and start dismantling the legislative and security apparatus that has made Ethiopia one of the most hostile places for free expression on the continent. What’s happening in Oromia has long-term implications for Ethiopia’s stability and economic progress, and Ethiopians and the world need to know what is happening.

Felix Horne is the Ethiopia researcher at Human Rights Watch.


 

Deafening Silence from Ethiopia

https://www.hrw.org/news/2016/04/12/deafening-silence-ethiopia