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The Guardian: Oromia: Ambo: ‘We fear for our lives’: A brutal crackdown on protest and the return of soldiers to the streets of Oromia region has fuelled growing anger and frustration with central government November 7, 2017

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Odaa Oromoooromianeconomist

“They walk around the city with their guns, intimidating people,”

‘We fear for our lives’: how rumours over sugar saw Ethiopian troops kill 10 people

A brutal crackdown on protest and the return of soldiers to the streets of Oromia region has fuelled growing anger and frustration with central government

The streets of Ambo have seen the return of military patrols since ethnic Oromos protested against a shipment of smuggled sugar on 25 October.
 The streets of Ambo have seen the return of military patrols since ethnic Oromos protested against a shipment of smuggled sugar on 25 October. Photograph: Tom Gardner

It began with a rumour. On 25 October, residents of Ambo, 120km west of the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa, heard word on social media that a shipment of smuggled sugar was due to pass through town.

“Sugar is so expensive now, the price has tripled,” explains 18-year-old Israel, a first-year undergraduate at Ambo University. “And they’re exporting it to other parts of the country but the people here don’t have any. It’s not fair.”

So Israel joined the large crowd of young men and women that erupted in protest as three trucks rolled down the high street later that day, seizing hold of the vehicles and setting up roadblocks. He threw stones in the ensuing confrontation with police and covered his face with a scarf to avoid the teargas launched in his direction. And he watched in fear as the national military entered the town that evening and, the next morning, began firing live bullets, killing 10 people and injuring more.

“They were shooting at us with silencers on,” he says. “One of the boys killed was only 15. They killed girls too – one was my friend. A lot of my friends have died.”

The sugar rumour and the tragic events it sparked exposed the bitter web of grievance felt by many in Ambo and the surrounding region of Oromia, home to Ethiopia’s largest ethnic group: anger at what is perceived to be an unequal distribution of the country’s wealth, a pervasive sense of ethnic marginalisation, frustration with the endemic corruption that facilitates crime and contraband, and, above all, a deep mistrust of the authoritarian federal government in Addis Ababa.

Protests and strikes have resumed across Oromia since a nine-month state of emergency intended to quell them was lifted in August. In September hundreds of Oromos were killed and tens of thousands displaced amid an outbreak of sustained violence along Oromia’s border with the neighbouring Somali region. And reports of communal clashes in other parts of the country have emerged in recent weeks.

But for many the return of violence to Ambo’s streets was especially significant: it is the symbolic home of the Oromo struggle.

“Ambo is the heartbeat of the revolution,” says Bilisuma Deberie, a former Oromo activist and political prisoner now living in Addis Ababa. “It is where it all began.”

Ambo University
 The gates of Ambo University. Classes were suspended for a week after the unrest. Photograph: Tom Gardner

Since the October protest, federal police have been stationed in Ambo and other towns along the road to Addis Ababa, some of which experienced similar confrontations between security forces and protesters in the days that followed. Ambo is once again occupied by military troops, whose street patrols bring back unpleasant memories of life under emergency rule.

“They walk around the city with their guns, intimidating people,” says Galana, a student in health science at the university. “People are afraid.”

Shops and businesses were shut for several days after the unrest. Classes at schools and universities were suspended for a week, as students protested against the extra police presence on campus.

“Students fear for their lives,” says Galana’s friend, Ganeti, also a student at the university. “Some don’t want to come to class.”

Though they avoided joining the protests for fear of violence, both sympathise with the cause. In particular, they echo many in Ambo and elsewhere in expressing anger at the mass displacement of Oromos from the Somali region, and outrage at the perceived failure of the central government to protect them from what survivors say were unprovoked attacks and human rights abuses by Somali regional security forces.

In the weeks running up to the protests many of the displaced had arrived in Ambo and the surrounding area seeking shelter.

The fact that the military were sent quickly into Ambo has fuelled suspicions about the motives of the central government. Gadisa Desalegn, head of the town’s communication bureau, says he doesn’t know where the order for the intervention came from. “The people are demanding an answer,” he says.

Since the uprising, the town has been gripped by speculation and conspiracy theory – fed in part by social media – and many now believe the protests were the work of outsiders sent by the central government to incite violence to justify reimposing emergency law.

“The sugar rumour was intentionally circulated to provoke unrest,” says Habtamu Wondemagne, a 28-year-old rickshaw driver. “Sugar always comes through this town – there’s nothing unusual about that.”

He points to two burnt-out trucks on Ambo’s main road and, like other young men in the town, says it was the military, not protesters, who set them alight during the unrest. “This was not a genuine protest,” he says.

The belief that outsiders are responsible for destabilising the region is common across Oromia, strengthened by the mass arrests of largely non-Oromos by the regional government in recent weeks, which has led to concerns that minorities in the area are being targeted unfairly.

Others blame the protests on members of the new Oromo regional administration, pointing to an upsurge in ethno-nationalist sentiment across Oromia in recent months. “A wing has emerged within the leadership that plays the ultra Oromo-nationalist card and could be behind this unrest,” argues René Lefort, a longtime observer of Ethiopian politics.

He is among those who argue that instability across Ethiopia stems in large part from the weakness of the central government and efforts of the various ethno-regional wings of the ruling coalition party, the Ethiopian People’s Ruling Democratic Front (EPRDF), to attain political pre-eminence.

But the most striking shift in Ambo and elsewhere in Oromia over the past year is the widespread popularity of the new regional leadership, with many singling out Lemma Megersa, the regional president, for approval.

“I love him,” says Israel, the young protester. “He is my life.”

Under Megersa, Oromia’s government has promised land redistribution, imposed higher taxes on foreign investors, and demanded that they provide more jobs for local young people.

Locals also note that demonstrations this year have been policed more peacefully by local security forces. The Oromo police, once seen as lackeys of the ruling party, are now widely considered allies in the struggle against the federal government.

For residents of Ambo, it is the assertiveness of this new government that best explains the brutality of the federal military in suppressing the October protest.

“Lemma and his administration are on the side of the people,” says Galana, the student. “The problem now is the central government.”

Related from Oromian  Economist sources:-

Fascist TPLF Ethiopia’s regime Agazi forces continue with mass killings in Oromia (Ethiopia): At least 10 killed and 20 wounded in Ambo. #OromoProtests

Oromia: Ibsa Adda Bilisummaa Oromoo Irraa kenname: Olola Dharaa Oomishee Facaasuu fi Ummata Shoororkeessuudhaan Umrii Bittaa isaa Dheereffachuuf Dhama’uun Mootummaa Wayyaaneetiif Aadaa Tahe. November 5, 2015

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Olola Dharaa Oomishee Facaasuu fi Ummata Shoororkeessuudhaan Umrii Bittaa isaa Dheereffachuuf Dhama’uun Mootummaa Wayyaaneetiif Aadaa Tahe.

(Ibsa Adda Bilisummaa Oromoo Irraa kenname, Sadaasa 05, 2015) Mootummaan Wayyaanee olola dharaa daangaa hin qabnee fi duula shoororkeessummaa, haaressa Adda Bilisummaa Oromoo fi qabsoo bilisummaa Oromoo irratti banee jira. Humnootiin tikaa fi miidiyaan Wayyaanee akkuma amala isaanii fiilmii dharaa maqaa Adda Bilisummaa Oromoo fi qabsoo bilisummaa Oromoo xureessu oomishuuf har’as olii fi gadi kaataa jiru . Duulli maqaballeessii fi jibbisiisaan kunis waan haaraa utuu hin taane itti fufa kan ammaan duraa ti. Gama biraanis humnootiin tikaa Wayyaanee maqaa miseensota Adda Bilisummaa Oromoo fi shoororkeessitoota jedhuun wayta ammaa ilmaan Oromoo nagaa biyya keessaa fi biyyoota ollaatii ukkaamsanii garii mana hidhaatti guuruu, kaan immoo ajjeesuu fi gara dabarsuun muddama uumuuf asii fi achi fiigaa jiru. Kijibni Wayyaanotaa fi fakkaattotni isaanii ABO fi walii gala qabsoo Oromoo irratti tarrisan: ABOn dhiphoo dha, shoororkeessituu dha, hooggannni ABO nama ajjeesa, nama qala, ABOn ergamaa alagaa ti, qabsoon Oromoo ummatoota kaan balleessuuf adeema, …kkf. kan jedhu olola hundee hin qabne dha. Olola fokkisaa gantoota sabaa fedhii dhuunfaa guuttachuuf jecha dantaa saba ofii balaa irra buusuuf luffisan keessaan oofuudhaan tokkummaa ummata Oromoo diiguu fi qabsoo bilisummaa Oromoo balleessuuf bara baraan dhama’u. Miidiyaa of harkaa qaban kan akka Dhaabbata Raadiyoo fi Televiziona Itoophiyaa, gaazexoota mootummaa, raadiyoo Faanaa, marsariitii isaanii kan akka Ayigaa Forum, Tigraay Online, Waarkaa, mana pal talk, akkasumas Youtube Gadaa TV fi kan kana fakkaatutti gargaaramanii sum’ii diinummaa isaanii Oromootti facaasuuf aaragalfii dhabaa jiru. Akeekni olola Wayyaanee inni guddaan bara baraan ummata Oromoo gandaa fi gosaan wal irratti kakaasee tokkummaa isaa laaffisuu fi qabsoo bilisummaa Oromoo dadhabsiisuu akka tahe amma kan hin hubanne jira hin fakkatu. Fedhiin isaa duula qorqalbii ummata Oromoo irratti oofuudhaan akka ummatichi boquu gadi qabatee sirna saamichaa fi hacuuccaa isaa ameen jedhee jalatti bulu taasisuuf ummaticha shoororkeessuu dha. Shoororkaa uumee ittiin ummata sodaachisa, doorsisa. Addatti ammoo yeroo ammaa ummatni Oromo Wayyaanee irratti tokkummaa isaa jabeeffatee sochii cimaa bifa gara garaatiin gochaa jiru irraa rifaatuu guddaa keessa waan seeneef olola kana haaromfate. Kana malees ummata Oromoo fi ummatoota cunqurfamoo empaayerattii keessa jiran kan biroo gidduutti shakkii uumuun akka waliif hin tumsine taasisuuf tattaafata. Mootummaan farra ummataa kun shakkii fi sodaa ummattoota gidduutti uumuun imaammata qoqqooodanii bituu akka hordofu ifaa dha. Ummatoota cunqurfamoo walitti diree dhiiga wal dhangalaasisaa ofii nagaadhaan giddduutti jiraachuun imaammata Wayyaanee dhaabbataa dha. Mootummaan Wayyaanee duula ololaa Adda Bilisummaa Oromoo fi qabsoo bilisummaa Oromoo irratti oofutti dabalee, maqaa miseensota ABO, shoororkeessitoota fi kkf. itti maxxansuun lammiiwwan Oromoo mana hidhaatti guura. Lammiiwwan Oromoo nagaa mana hidhaa keessatti dararee beelaa fi dhukkubaan akka du’an taasisa. Mootummaa nama ajjeesee qaanii tokko malee “of ajjeese.” jedhu dha. Namoota miseensota Adda Bilisummaa Oromoo ti jedhu shoororkeessummaan yakkee mana murtii!

federaalaa ofii itti ajajutti dhiheessee murtii jal’aa itti dabarsa. Sababa Bilisummaa Saba ofiif falmatan qofaaf yakka tokkoon maleetti hidhaa umrii guutuu fi du’aan adabuun mootummaa dabaa fi cubbuu guddaa ummata Oromoo fi kanneen biroo irrattis raawwataa jiruu dha. Mootummaan Wayyaanee, shoororkeessaan Sabboontota Oromoo mirga Oromoof falman bak ka argamanitti akka ajjeefaman maqaa isaanii tarrisee facaasaa akka jirus ragaa waliin ifa bahee jira. Duula Oromoo bara baraan shoororkeessuu bal’inaan itti fufee jira. Kana malees humnooti in tikaa Wayyaanee baqattoota Oromoo sirna isaa jalaa baqatanii biyya ollaa keessa jiraatan ad amsanii ukkaamsuu fi ukkaamsisuu irratti argamu. Obbo Dabbasaa Guyyoo Saafarroo, jaarsi umriin waggaa 80, Fulbaana 27, 2015 Naayiroobii keessaa ukkaamsamanii hanga ammaa achi buuteen isaanii hin baramne. Akkasumas baqattootni Oromoo maqaan tarrifame garii wal ta’iinsa humnoota tikaa Wayyaanee fi poolisoota Keeniyaatiin Naayiroobii fi bakkoota birootii guuramanii maqaa gooltummaatiin mana hidhaa biyya ormaa keessatti dararamaa jiru. Akka kanaan dalagaan gooltummaa mootummaa Wayyaaneetiin raawwatamu daangaa biyyaa fi biy yoota ollaa irra utaalee sadarkaa idiladdunyaatti tarkaanfateera. Wayyaaneen soba ija baasee fi olola dharaa oofuudhaan umrii bittaa ofii dheereffachuuf dhama’a. Soba tarrisuun, soba dhugaa fakkeessuu fi ummatoota gidduutti shakkii fi sodaa uumuun aangoo irra of tursuuf tattaafata. Kun tooftaa dhaabbataa fi dulloomaa murni kun kana tu na baasa, kana malee jiraachuu hin danda’u jedhee waggoota digadamii afuriif itti gar gaarame; ittis gargaaramaa jira. Olola dharaa oofuu mala jireenyaa taasifate. Murni aangoo dhuunfatee deggersa ummataa hin qabnee fi yeroo hunda bir’ataa jiraatu kun, fuula duras hanga gaafa aangoo irraa darbamuutti shira akkasii dalaguu irraa if duuba hin deebi’u. Umrii bittaa ofii dheereffachuuf olola diiggaa fi sum’aawaa oomishee ummata keessa facaasuun shakkii fi afanfaajja’iinsa uumuu irraa hin dhaabbatu. Mootummaa deggersa ummataa fi hundee hin qab ne humnaa fi ololaan biyya bulchuuf tattaafatu dha. Wayta amma Addi Bilisummaa Ummata Tigraay wal dhabbii of keessatti qabuu fi beela dabalatee rakkoolee hawaasummaa adda addaa ummatoota empaayerattii hudhanii qaban dhok suuf oduu fi fiilmii sobaa oomishee ilaalcha ummataa gara dabarsuuf abbala. Kana malees dhi hee bari’u mootummaa fi ummata biyya ollaa irratti olola jibbaa facaasuun ilaalcha ummatoota Itoophiyaa keessa jiranii gara dabarsuun bara bittaa isaa dheereffachuu barbaada. Hunda caalaa immoo, Adda Bilisummaa Oromoo dabalatee Tumsi Bilisummaa fi Dimokraasii Ummatootaa dhaabotni ummatoota cunqurfamoo shan dhiheenya ijaaran mootummaa Wayyaanee yaaddoo keessa buusee jira. Kanaaf waan qabatuu fi gadi dhiisu isa wallaalchisee akka saree maraatuu olii fi gadi kaachuun, keessaahuu, ummata Oromoo unkuruu irratti fuulleffate. Adda Bili summaa Oromoo fi ummata Oromoo irratti olola dharaa kan maqaballeessii oofee bulguu fakkeessuudhaan ummatoota biroo fi hawaasa addunyaa duratti dhiheessuuf tattaafata. Haa ta’u malee ummata Oromoos ta’e ummatootni cunqurfamoon empaayerattii keessa jiran olola dharaa fi tooftaa dulloomaa Wayyaanee kanaaf gurra kennaa hin jiran. Ummatootni em paayerattii Mootummaan Wayyaanee mootummaa ummata sobuu fi sobaan jiraatu ta’uu erga itti dammaqanii tureera. Mootummaa osoo ummatni beela’uu quufatu jira, dinagdee biyyaa da chaadhaan guddisnee jirra jedhuu fi kijibaan jiraatu ta’uu hundatu beeka. Mootummaa mirga dhala namaa gara jabinaan dhiitaa, bilisummaa namtokkee fi sabaa irra ejjetaa sirna dimokraasiin ijaaree na faarsaa, jedhee ija dhiibee ummatoota nin bulcha jedhuu fi hawaasa

addunyaa sobu dha. Haa ta’uu yeroon isaa yeroo itti ummatatti hurrii maranii bulchuun dan da’amu miti. Yeroo itti dammaqiinsi ummataa fi guddinni teknooloojii beeksisaas guddate ak kasii keessa miidiyaadhaan uummata sobuu yaaluun of gowoomsuu dha. Akkasumas umma tootni empaayerattii, keessaahuu, ummatni Oromoo har’a ololaa fi tarkaanfii shoororkeessum maa mootummaa Wayyaanee fi lukkeelee isaaf jilbeenfataa hin jiran. Hidhaa fi ajjeechaan qab soo keenya hin dhaabu, warri har’a karaa baay’ee nutti duulaa jiran boru karaa itti dhugaa fi ol’aantummaa ummataa jalaa bahan tokko illee hin qabaatan jechuudhaan hamilee fi muran noodhaan diina hanga funyaaniitti hidhate dura dhabbataa jiru. Dhuma irratti injifannoon kan ummataa akka ta’us shakkiin hin jiru.

Injifannoo Ummata Oromoof !
Adda Bilisummaa Oromoo Sadaasa 05, 2015

The return of the Tigrean rebels to TPLF camp might be shocking to those who have been counting on them to serve as reliable ally. However for those who has followed recent development carefully, this event could hardly be surprising. September 18, 2015

Posted by OromianEconomist in Tyranny.
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???????????Afro fascismWoyane unite to kill freedom

When an elite drawn from small minority ascends to power, the process of consolidation brings about two developments that are complementary and conflicting at the same time. On one hand, as they try to consolidate power by fending off potential rivals, they develop an exclusionist policy that leads them to accumulate disproportionately high wealth and power. On the other, such exclusionist policy leads to developments of resentment among excluded groups which would be expressed through generalized hostility towards the privileged group as whole. These two developments enable the regime to increase internal cohesion. The control of huge resource among the minority elites allows them to spread it around hence reducing internal competition and conflict. More importantly the ever increasing hostility of elites of the ‘other’ towards the privileged group in general creates sense of collective insecurity and solidarity making ‘sticking together’ an inevitable reaction.

This is basically what has been happening in Ethiopian politics in the last two and half decades. Tigreans who make up no more than 6% of the population have come to monopolize the meager wealth and power that country has. The TPLF regime has control over national resource that can be spread around the Tigrean elite reducing competition and conflict among them. The repression and exclusion of the rest has led to ever intensification of vocal hostility towards Tigreans. In such situation, even those Tigreans who might not support the regime policy and are not attracted to wealth and power would have to join the mothership due to shared sense of existential threat to the collective.

HIIBBOO PRESS እንቆቅልሽ ፕሬስ

The return of the Tigrean rebels to TPLF camp might be shocking to those who have been counting on them to serve as reliable ally. However for those who has followed recent development carefully, this event could hardly be surprising. In the last few years, particularly since Meles’ death, we have been witnessing re(unification) of Tigrean forces and Molla Asgedom’s decision to abandon opposition politics and rejoin the mothership is part of this trend.

1) Those who were purged during the the 2001 have either officially rejoined ( eg. Bitew Belay), or become active supporters of the regime ( Generals Tsadkan G/Tensai & Abebe Teklehaymanot) or have muted their criticism ( Seeye Abreha who has quit politics and took up a UN job. Even Gebreu Asrat has reduced his opposition to infrequent soft criticism).

2) Those intellectuals and media personnels who were once fierce critiques are slowly returning to the…

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Press release: UK: Minister for Africa expresses concern over Ethiopian elections June 23, 2015

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Mootummaan Biyya Inglizii flannoo Itopiyaatti ta’e ilaalchisee yaaddoo akka qabu ibse.

The UK: Minister for Africa expresses concern over elections in Ethiopia

Waxabajjii/June 23, 2015 · Finfinne Tribune | Gadaa.com

The following is a press release from the Minister for Africa of the UK government regarding the General Elections of 2015 in Ethiopia. —– Press release Minister for Africa expresses concern over Ethiopian elections UK Minister for Africa James Duddridge Minister for Africa James Duddridge calls on Ethiopian government to increase diversity in parliament and ensure the voices of all citizens are heard. Commenting on the election results, Minister for Africa James Duddridge said: “I welcome the fact that the recent Ethiopian parliamentary elections were conducted in a generally peaceful environment and that the Ethiopian people turned out in large numbers. I agree with European Union concerns about the negative impact on the electoral environment of arrests of opposition members and journalists, closure of media outlets, and obstacles faced by the opposition while campaigning … “In light of the results I urge the Ethiopian government to explore ways to increase the diversity of political parties in future parliaments, and to ensure those who voted for other parties this time still feel their voice is heard in the next five years. I hope that they will comprehensively address all the issues raised in the African Union Election Observation Mission report. The UK stands ready to offer support which might help in this regard.” —- Source: Gov.uk https://www.gov.uk/government/news/minister-for-africa-expresses-concern-over-ethiopian-elections

Exit Polls In Ethiopia Show Opposition Victory In May 24, 2015 Elections May 26, 2015

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???????????OFC MEDREK’S Election Symbol (Five Fingers with the Open Palm'High Five Goes ViralOFC Medrek’s Last Campaign Stops – Xuquur Incinii (Diree Badhaas) and Holataa in Central Oromia.

Blue Party Wins in Addis Ababa with 61.9%, Medrek Wins in Oromia with 52.1%


Allen Connelly, a western representative for the exit poll organizing group said, “The exit poll was carried out by a coalition of university student volunteers from Addis Ababa, Jimma and Adama.”

Independent team of college students randomly surveyed thousands of voters statewide on Sunday. The exit poll reportedly cross-examined thousands voters from Oromia and all 10 districts of Addis Ababa. All voters surveyed were asked for their party selection, their age and their ethnicity.

Mr Connelly said his group organized exit polls in Addis Ababa and Oromia state because of shortage of volunteers in other states. Two volunteers were arrested (then later released) by police in Dire Dawa and Ambo while operating the exit polls, added Mr Connelly.

According to the exit poll final results, the ruling party EPRDF received 26.4 percent of the votes in Oromia while the opposition party Medrek got nearly 52.1% (most of them in central and western Oromia zones.)

The OFC branch of Medrek and OPDO branch of EPRDF were the most popular parties mentioned by Oromia voters during the exit polls.

The EDP, UDJ, AEUO and other small opposition parties collectively received only 21.5% in Oromia, according to the survey.

In Addis Ababa city, the unofficial results show the opposition Blue Party won the election with 61.9% while the EDP, UDJ, Medrek and AEUO got a combined 30.6% and the ruling party EPRDF received only 7.5%. The AEUO and EDP parties were more popular among the older age city voters while the city youth overwhelmingly selected the Blue Party. Many Blue Party voters cited previous UDJ (Andinet Party) affiliation.

Among those Addis Ababa voters who voted for all the opposition (92.5%); nearly 38% identified themselves as Amhara ethnic groups, 21.5% mixed ethnic group, 17% as Oromo, 14.5% as Gurage and the rest were smaller ethnicities.

Some voters complained about the ballot box malfunction and many eyewitnessed opposition party election observers being harassed by the police. The majority voters during the exit poll said they have no confidence that their vote will be counted.


In Pictures/Videos: Review of the Historic Oromo Nationals’ Rallies for OFC/Medrek in Oromia (April/May 2015)


‘Déjà vu in Ethiopia’s May 24, 2015 Sham Elections: Marred by rampant electoral fraud, malpractice and violence by the ruling TPLF to stay on and maintain the 24 years tyrannic rules’