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Oromia: Dr Birhanu Nega alone displaced and took the farmland of 217 Oromo farmers household. That means he alone displaced and grabbed the farmland of more than 1000 Oromos using the racist and anti Oromo regime. September 5, 2020

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
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/Directio/nአቅጣጫ

By Birhanemeskel Abebe Segni

Dr Birhanu Nega alone displaced and took the farmland of 217 Oromo farmers household. That means he alone displaced and grabbed the farmland of more than 1000 Oromos using the racist and anti Oromo regime. Could these Oromo victims get justice from the racist Neftagna regime? Not at all. Over the last 15 years alone, Addis Ababa expanded three fold by displacing about 1,500,000 Oromo people. Literally, the racist and anti Oromo regime committed genocide on our people. Still, system driven, land grab and the genocidal mission against the Oromo people continued in the name of development, religion, business etc. It is forgone conclusion that the Oromo people cannot seek justice from the racist regime. Then, what type of political discourse could an Oromo hold with the racist system that calls an Oromo who speak about the equality of the Oromo people in that country an extremist, terrorist and so forth? None! From now on, the Oromo people should not fool themselves and wast any time by talking about democracy, election, law etc for there is none! Oromos who talk about these nonexistent things should also stop lying and giving false hope to the Oromo people. It is critically important to know that unless and until the racist Neftagna System is defeated, subdued and dismantled, let alone equality, the Oromo people will not be considered as human beings in Ethiopia. These dehumanization of the Oromo!? We have all seen it. We are all living it! Therefore, let all Oromos focus only on organizing and mobilizing the Oromo people to defeat, subdue and dismantle the racist Neftagna System!

ዶ/ር ብርሃኑ ነጋ ብቻ 217 የኦሮሞ ገበሬ አባወራዎችን (በትንሹ ከአንድ ሺህ ህዝብ በላይ) አፈናቅሎ መሬታቸውን ወስዷል። እነዚህ ኦሮሞዎች ከዘረኛው ነፍጠኛ ስረዓት ፍትህ መጠየቅ ይችላሉ? በጭራሽ! ይህ አሁን ያወቅነው አንድ ሰው ብቻ ስረዓቱን ተጠቅሞ የፈፀመው ግፍ ነው። ባለፉት 15 ዓመት ብቻ አዲስ አበባ አንድ ሚልዮን አምስት መቶ ሺህ የኦሮሞ ህዝብ ላይ ጄኖሳይድ ፈፅማ በቆዳ ስፋት ሶስት እጥፍ ሰፈታለች! በልማት፣ በሃይማኖት፣ በንግድ፣ በተለያዩ የሌብነት ስልቶች የኦሮሞ ህዝብ መሬት መቀማቱን ቀጥሏል። ይህን የተደራጀ ስረዓታዊ ወረራ እና ጄኖሳይድ ለስረዓቱ ሌቦች አቤት በማለት የኦሮሞ ህዝብ የሚያገኘው አንዳች ፍትህ የለም። ለኦሮሞ ህዝብ እኩልነት የሚናገር ፅንፈኛ በሚባልበት ስረዓት ውስጥ የምን ፖለቲካ ነው ኦሮሞ የሚያካሄደው? የለም! የኦሮሞ ህዝብ ከዚህ በኋላ ለአንድ ቀን እራሱን ዲሞክራሲ፣ህግ፣ ምርጫ፣ ቅርጫ እያለ ማታለል የለበትም። ይህን ውሸት መፍትሄ ብላችሁ የምታወሩ ኦሮሞዎችም አቁሙ! የነፍጠኛው ስረዓት ካልተሸነፈ እና ካልገበረ የኦሮሞን ህዝብ እንኳን እኩልነት፣ እንደሰውም አይቆጥርም። ውሸት ነው እንዳትሉ እያያችሁት እና እየኖራችሁት ነው። ስለዚህ የኦሮሞ ህዝብ ብቸኛ ግብ የነፍጠኛው ስረዓት ማፍረሰ እና ማስገበር ብቻ መሆኑን አውቃችሁ በሙሉ ኃይላችሁ ህዝቡን አንቁ እና አደራጁ!!

Related:

Azhar Kïa Abadir

Amhara businessmen Belayneh Kindie and Worku Aytenew took 250 hectares of land from the hearts of Addis through direct involvement of the retard. Haile G/S took free land from South, Oromia and Amhara in the name of building resort. These three Amhara looters are behind all of Addis land grab and why they are supporting this retard. Oromo businessmen Dinku Deyasa and Gemshu Beyene are chased away from their mother land. Gemshu is still in Oromia but Dinku was attacked by mafias several times. It is so sad that Oromo’s resources are looted by these crooked Amharas but Oromos are killed on their soil because they born Oromo. This madness must be stopped by the blood of Oromos. This struggle must be the binding one. You have well prepared leaders and there will be no risk of power sabotage afterwards. In this short time, peaceful struggle aimed at deteriorating the mafia’s economy must be strongly executed. This is a bitter struggle. Military is told to shoot anyone on the road so that direct confrontation is risky. However, self defense is legal whenever the military is attacking you while you are protesting peacefully. Military has no legal ground to kill peaceful protesters. It is beyond its mandate and should be taught a desirable lesson like of Tegarus. Military seems to be brave on Oromos because they knew that Oromos are peaceful. Effective road closure surrounding Addis will bring down this mafia. Never carry gun or other artileries. Just peacefully. You will definitely win and determine your fate. Amharas who did not support this mafia are just your families and protect them taking any respobsibilities. However, any nation and nationalities who support this mafia have to learn some lessons. All lessons should of economic deterioration.

Oromo is winning! Luel Henok

የኦሮሞን መሬት ለመቀማት እጅግ ቀላሉ መንገድ -ትናንት፣ ዛሬና ነገ-(The Easiest way to grab Oromo’s land)****************************

1. አንድ ጨረቃ ቤተ እምነት ይሰራል!

2. ከዚያ በዙሪያ የመጤ ሰፋሪዎች ጨረቃ ቤት ይሰራል!

3. እድርና ማህበር ይበዛል!

4. መብራት:ውሃና ስልክ በፊውዳል ሰንሰለት በፍጥነት ይገባላቸዋል!

5. ከፖሊስና ፀጥታ አካላት ሰንሰለት በመፍጠር አካባቢያችሁን ጠብቁ በሚል ያስታጥቋቸዋል!

6. ኦሮሞ ያለ ቤተ እምነት በራሱ መሬት ላይ መቀበር አልችልም ብሎ ስላመነ መቀበሪያ አገኘሁ ብሎ ይደሰታል:ተጨማሪ መሬቱን ይሰጣል;ንብረቱን ይሰጣል::

7.በአገልግሎትና በበአላት ስም የሚመጣ ፊውዳል እዚያው ቀርቶ ጨረቃ ቤት ይሰራል!

8. ኦሮሞ ምስጢራቸውን እንዳያይባቸው የትኛውም አገልግሎት ውስጥ አያስገቡትም!

9. ቆይቶ ኦሮሞና ኦሮሙማ ጠፍቶ….ባዶ እጁን ቀርቶ;ቤተሰቡን በትኖ; መቀበሪያ አገኘሁ ያለውንም ሳያገኝ ተሰዶ መንገድ ዳር ሞቶ ማዘጋጃ ይቀብረዋል::ይሄ ትናንት ነዉ። ዛሬም ይሄ እንዳለ ሆኖ ሌላ ሀይል ተጨምሯል። ሴቶችና ህፃናት ከየጎዳናዉ ተሰብስበዉ የደብተራዎች ሚዲያ በሆነዉ ESAT እና EBC ዜና ይሰራል። ለዶ/ር ምልኬሳም ይደወላል። በዚህ ስልት አንፎ አካባቢ የተጀመረዉ ቆሟል። ነገስ? ነገ ኦሮሞ ነቅቶባቸዋልና ቄሮ በራሱ መሬቱን ያፀዳል።=with Worku Bedada=

Oromia: Bilxiginnaan Maaster Pilaaniin saamichaa bifa haarawaan qabattee as baate:“Zoonii Diinagdee Addaa Gadaa” jedha maqaansaa: Extensions of the garrison-town-economic-model of Ethiopia February 23, 2020

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Awash Post: Bilxiginnaan Maaster Pilaaniin saamichaa bifa haarawaan qabattee as baate. Karoorri haarofni Adaamaa Minjaarii (naannoo Amaaraa) fi godina Guraageen (Na Kibba) walqunnamsiisa. Zooniin diinagdee addaa uumamu kun bulchiinsa Oromiyaan ala ta’a. Oromiyaan qircamuuf! Hanga Oromiyaan diigamtutti jarreen raftee bulaarti hin fakkaatu.

Kan Dr Barii Ayano, professor of economics, barreesse dubbisaa!!!

PP’s Plan of Economic Zones in Oromia a State within a State: Disintegrating & Weakening Oromia

1. A friend inbox me PP’s Cafee Oromia draft a proclamation titled “Wixinee Labsii Zoonii Diinagdee Addaa Gadaa”, which has a theme to create economic zones. I read it thoroughly. It is important to note that the proposed economic zones stretch from Adama to Minjar Shonkoraa and Gurage zone. Thus, it is not limited to the Oromia Regional State. It is another puzzling document that adds to our mistrust of PP leaders’ plans for the Oromia State & the Oromo people.


2. Different countries create economic zones for various reasons. However, the underlying objectives are similar. The special economic zones have sets of business, trade, financial and economic laws that differs from the wider systems of a country. Economic zones also have sets of tax laws and regulations, which are very lax and different from the rest of a country. For instance, China started establishing special economic zones in late 1970s to create two economic systems in the country. The larger China operates under the Central Planned Economy whereas economic zones operated under the liberal market economy like the West. The goal of the two economic system was to attract Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) from the advanced economies to the economic zones, which have the modus operandi of the Western liberal market economic system. Simply put, the market economy was allowed in the economic zones whereas planned economy operates in the rest of the larger China. The plan worked for China in attracting foreign capital in the form of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), which helped China to largely avoid foreign borrowing-dependent economy.

3. When it comes to PP’s plan for the economic zones, it raises more questions than answers. First, the title of the “Zoonii Diinagdee Addaa Gadaa” is literally annoying. I am stating this not based on my opinion but after reading the contents of the draft proclamation. The planned economic zones have nothing to do with the Gadaa culture. The economic zones will be very independent of Oromia Regional State in business, trade, governance, etc. laws and regulations. Simply put, the economic zones will be administered by a board, which will be mandated to administer the economic zones as the board members see fit. The outlying areas (like farmers) that will be included in the economic zones will be subjected to the laws and regulations set up by the board. (I am well versed in the economic zones and their applications in different countries). The planed economic zones of PP will one of the most relaxed economic zones in the world that accord unlimited powers to the board that govern the economic zones. Simply put, the economic zones will be a state within a state, with very little control of the Oromia Region on their modus operandi.

4. The economic zones will be independent and the most economically powerful area in the Oromia Region, which can eventually surpass the already economically powerful Addis Ababa. What is the core purpose of creating an independent economic power within the Oromia Regional State? Why does the border of the economic zones cross all the way to Minjar Shenkora and Gurgage zones? What is the impact of the very large independent and powerful economic zones on the integrity and viability of Oromia as a state? What is the effect of the economic zones on rural Oromia around and within the economic zones? The draft proclamation states the economic zones will have positive impacts on the Oromo people and our cultural ethos. Yet, the economic zones will be governed by independent board members, with the prime duty to attract foreign and local investors. The Oromia Region cannot intervene and enforce pro-Oromo laws and regulations.

5. Whenever we discuss economic matters, our premise should be the fact that our people are predominantly agrarian with rural based economy. An economic model that transforms the livelihood of our people must begin from transforming the mainstay-the dominant-agricultural sector. PP’s economic plans of mega city and economic zones owned by foreigners and the few local rich people won’t improve the living standards of our people. They are just another master plan schemes that will evict Oromo farmers in millions from their ancestral lands. We will end up under the scenario where the top 2% or 1% of the rich, who are connected nepotism and corruption are rampant, owning and dominating the economy. At its core, PP’s economic plan is merely serving the rich. The majority will end up being daily laborers with meager salary that cannot even feed their families. The farmers within the economic zones will be evicted and become landless. (PP’s document itself hints this and glossy over it by stating compensation). There is nothing economically worse for the Oromos or other farmers than losing their ancestral lands. Simply put, we should measure economic progress and development in terms of their contributions to improving the living standards of our people. The proposed economic zones will not improve the living standards of our farmers, who dominate the economy. The few rich, who have access to capital, so-called investors, will get rich; the poor majority will get poorer. There are alternative economic policies that can be drawn that can seriously consider the economic hardships of our people in order to improve their living standards.

6. Politically speaking, the economic zones will create a powerful economic state within Oromia. It will weaken the rest of Oromia in political and economic terms. The economics zones will be more powerful than the other parts of larger Oromia. It also destroys the integrity and viability of Oromia as a state. We can safely conclude that PP’s unitary government plan has the agenda to bank on unitary economic plan. In other words, unitary government will give us unitary economic policy tools that favors the few rich urbanities, with the help of foreign finance. It’s not geared towards addressing the economic plights of the rural majority. The multinational federal system, if it is correctly implemented, will give us decentralized economic system that will consider the real economies on the ground. Banking on mega cities and mega economic zones will not help the majority. They are just extensions of the garrison-town-economic-model of Ethiopia, which has survived for generations by exploiting and extracting resources from the rural sector with very little reciprocated benefits.

7. Theoretically speaking, Ethiopia is heading towards elections in few months. Why do the PP leaders in Oromia come up with large scale mega projects that take years to complete? Where do they get the mandate for the long-term plan on the eve elections? They cannot be taken as economic policy proposals for election campaigns either since the opposition groups can easily dig into them and capitalize on them for their advantages. PP leaders are not drawing economic policies that attract the majority. Giving it a title “Diinagdee Addaa Gadaa” for the proposed economic zones is less than fool hardy. It is insulting our intelligence. We can read their proposal and evaluate its impact on our people in terms of economy, politics, culture, etc. The EPRDF/PP regime never contemplate impact studies of their mega projects. They are addicted to copycat syndrome. Yet, they have the audacity to lecture us that they are building ‘homegrown’ economy.

Oromia: Dirmannaa Iyya Koyyee: Lafti Keenya Lafee Keenya: Hiriirri Nagaa Oromiyaa Har’as Itti Fufee Oole. #OromoProtests continues for the 3rd day. The Government of Oromia Reacts. March 8, 2019

Posted by OromianEconomist in #OromoProtests, Uncategorized.
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Lafti keenya lafee keenya. Lafeen keenya ammoo alagaaf hin kennamu. Kooyyee Facceen Oromiyaa dha. Mootummaan Oromiyaa bulchuu qaba. #QeerrooPower

Hiriirri nagaa Oromiyaa keessatti magaalootaa fi bakka heddutti guyyaa sadaffaaf geggefamaa oolera. Kayyoo isaa yeroo gabaabaa waan guuttateef hiriirri kun yeroof har’a boodee akka dhaabatu ibsamee jira.

Bakkawwan hiriirri nagaa har’a itti geggeefamaa turan keessaa kan odeeffannoo qabnu:
Ambo, Adaabbaa, AqaaqiiAwwadaay, Adaamaa, Asallaa, Ajjee, Asaboot, Baakkoo, Baalee Roobee, Baddeessaa, Baroodaa, Baatee (Walloo), Bishooftuu, Boolloo, Bulbulaa, Bule Horaa, Calanqoo (Meettaa), Ciroo, Cinaaksan, Dannab Guddoo, Dadar, Nagallee(Arsi) Diksiis, Dirree Incinnii, Dirree Dhawaa, Dhummuugaa, Doobbaa, Gobbaa, Gudar, Gimbi, Gindhiir, Galamsoo, Gololchaa, Gursum, Guumaa, Haramayaa, Adaree Biyyoo (Harar), Hanqooloo (Waabee), Harawacaa, Hirnaa, Holotaa, Jimma, Darbaa, Calalaqaa, Aana Fadis, dinshoo, Arsi Qarsaa, Beddellee, Bookee, Magaalaa Alii, Kooraa, Abootee, Gurawaa, Dubiluqi, Laaftoo Harwa, Gooroo Mootii, Ada’aa Bargaa/Mogor/Reejjii, Sandaafaa, Aanaa bookee, Borana Yabelloo, Harargee bahaa Jaarsoo Ejersa Gooroo, Kokkossaa (Arsi Lixxaa), Kofalee, Gindabarat, Kaachis, Langey, Miinoo(Qumbi), Saaris, Sabbataa, Shanan Dhuugoo, Machaara, Mi’essoo, Qaallittii, Qullubbii, Qilinxoo, Asandaaboo (Jimmaa), Soqaa, Walisoo, Walloo Kamisee, Shashaamannee, Sigimoo, Sibu Siree, Salaalee, Saddiqaa, (Fichee), Sulultaa, Universitii Jimmaa, Xuulloo, Watar

Laftii teenna lafee teenna!
Finfinneen Handhura teenna!
Cinaaqsan cinaacha teenna!
Mooyyalee Balbala teenna!
Dirree Dhawaan dirra teenna!

Ethiopia land protest enters second day, Oromia govt reacts, Africa News

ባለፉት ቀናት በኦሮሚያ ሲካሄድ የነበረው የተቃውሞ ሰልፍን የታለመለትን ግብ ስለመታ ለጊዜው ቆሟል። እነዚህ ሰልፎች በሞቶዎች የሚቆጠሩ ከተሞች ውስጥ ፍጹም ሰላማዊ በሆነ መልኩ የተካሄዱ ሲሆን ምንም አይነት ጉዳት በሰውም ሆነ ንብረት ላይ ሳይደርስ ተጠናቋል።

ምስጋና ለቄሮ፣ ለጸጥታ አካላት እና ለሰፊው ህዝብ !!

Jammo, Finfinnee
Buraayyuu
Laga Xaafoo
Finfinnee
Ambo
Sabbataa
Asandaaboo
Adaree Biyyoo (Harar
Gimbii
Calanqoo
Jimma
Jimmaa
Dirree Dhawaa, Oromia
Dirree Dhawa
Dirree Dhawaa
Mgaalaa Soqaa
Salaalee
Macharaa
Arsi Lixa, Kokkossaa
Baatee, Oromoo Walloo
Baalee, Gobbaa
Cinaaksan

Arsi, Adaabbaa
Dukam
Bule Horaa
Bulee Horaa
Kofale
Aanaa Shanan Dhuugoo
Buraayyuu Ashawwaa Meedaa
Harawacaa
Sigimoo
Dhummuugaa
Bishooftuu
Guumaa, Jimma
Hanqooloo, Waabee
Baakkoo
Shirkaa
Dubiluqi

Oromia: Dirmannaa Iyya Koyyee: Lafti keenya lafee keenya. Lafeen keenya ammoo alagaaf hin kennamu. #OromPotests underway in towns of Oromia against illegal mega buildings and settlements on Oromo farm lands. #QeerrooPower March 7, 2019

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
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Lafti keenya lafee keenya. Lafeen keenya ammoo alagaaf hin kennamu. Kooyyee Facceen Oromiyaa dha. Mootummaan Oromiyaa bulchuu qaba. #QeerrooPower

Qeerroo Shashee

Hiriirri nagaa Oromiyaa keessatti magaalootaa fi bakka heddutti geggefamaa oolera. Amma gaaffiiwwan ka’an deebii quubsa argatanitti akka itti fufuf qeerroon beeksisaniru. Hiriirri kun kaleessa Koyyee Facceetti akka calqabe beekamee jira.

Bakkawwan hiriirri nagaa har’a itti geggeefamaa oolan Kessaa kan odeeffannoo qabnu:
Aqaaqii, Awwadaay, Adaabbaa, Adaamaa, Asallaa, Adaabbaa, Ajjee, Asaboot, Baalee Roobee, Baddeessaa, Baroodaa, Boolloo, Bulbulaa, Ciroo, Dannab Guddoo, Diksiis, Dirree Incinnii, Dirree Dhawaa, Doobbaa, Gudar, Gindhiir, Galamsoo, Gursum, Haramayaa, Hirna, Holotaa, Koyyee, Mi’essoo, Qaallittii, Qullubbii, Qilinxoo, Sandaaboo (Jimmaa), Walisoo, Walloo Kamisee, Shashaamannee, Sulultaa, Universitii Jimmaa, Xuulloo, Watar

Ethiopia’s Oromia hit by protests over Addis Ababa housing project, Africa News


Finfinne, the capital of Oromia is not negotiable’ say the Qeerroo/Qarree in Gudar
Roobee
Malkaa Jabduu
Asaboot
Asallaa


Harargee Lixaa, Galamsoo
Jimma University
Harargee Bahaa, Qullubbii
Walloo, Kamisee
Ciroo
Adaamaa

Holataa
Gidhir
Koyyee Faccee
Koyyee Faccee
Xuulloo, Harargee Lixaa
Sandaaboo, Jimmaa
Haramaayaa
Buraayyuu, Malkaa Gafarsaa
Dodolaa
Qilinxoo
Gursum
Dirree Incinnii
Adaabbaa
Boolloo
Baddeessaa
Awwadaay
Barooda
Doobbaa, Harargee Lixaa
Watar, Harargee Bahaa


በኦሮሚያ የተቃውሞ ሰልፎች እየተካሄዱ ነው
የአዲስ አበባ መስተደድር በትናንትናው ዕለት ከ51 ሺህ በላይ የጋራ መኖርያ ቤቶችን በዕጣ ማስተላለፉን ተከትሎ በኦሮሚያ ክልል የተለያዩ ከተሞች የተቃውሞ ሰልፎች በመካሄድ ላይ ይገኛሉ።
የተቃውሞ ሰልፎቹ በሻሸመኔ፣ በጅማ፣ በአዳማ፣ በባሌ ሮቤ፣ በጭሮ፣ በሻምቡ፣ በአሰላ፣ በአጄ፣ በአዳባ፣ በጉደር፣ በሂርና፣ በከሚሴ(ወሎ)፣ በቁሉቢና በመሳሰሉት ከተሞች በመካሄድ ላይ ይገኛሉ።
ተቃውሞው ከመስተዳድሩ ወሰን ውጭ የነበሩና አርሶ አደሮችን በማፈናቀል በኮዬ ፈጬ፣ በቦሌ አራብሳና ቱሉ ዲምቱ በመሳሰሉ አከባቢዎች የተገነቡት የጋራ መኖርያ ቤቶች እየቀረበባቸው የነበረው ቅሬታ ተገቢው ምላሽ ሳይሰጥበት በዕጣ ለማስተላለፍ መወሰኑ እንደሆነ ታውቋል።
መስተዳድሩ የተወሰኑ የጋራ መኖርያ ቤቶችን ያለዕጣ ለተፈናቃዮች እና ቤተሰቦቻቸው ማስተላለፉን ቢገልፅም ሕገ መንግሥታዊው የወሰን ጉዳይ እልባት ባላገኘበት ሁኔታ በድንገት መፈጸሙ የሕዝቡን ቁጣ ቀስቅሷል።
በተለይ የኦሮሚያ ክልል መንግሥት አርሶ አደሮቹ በግፍ በተፈናቀሉበት ወቅትም ሆነ አሁን በሁነቱ ላይ እንደውጭ ተመልካች ዝምታን መምረጡ ብዙዎችን ያነጋገረ ጉዳይ ሆኗል። አስቸኳይ የመፍትሔ እርምጃ ካልተወሰደም ሁኔታው ተባብሶ ወደ አደገኛ አቅጣጫ ሊሄድ እንደሚችል ሁኔታዎች እያመለከቱ ይገኛሉ። ይህ በእንዲህ እንዳለ የኦሮሚያ ክልላዊ መንግሥት በተከሰተው ሁኔታና በአዲስ አበባ ጉዳይ ላይ በዛሬው ዕለት መግለጫ ሊሰጥ ይችላል ተብሎ ይጠበቃል። Source: Gulale Post

MULTIPLE PROTESTS ACROSS OROMIA REGION IN WAKE OF CONDO HOUSES DISTRIBUTION BY ADDIS ABEBA CITY ADMIN, Hayalnesh Gezahegn – addisstandard News,  March 7, 2019

Dejene Tafa, center, first secretary general of the Oromo Federalist Congress (OFC) joined protesters today near Koye Feche site

Thousands of demonstrators in several cities and towns across the Oromia regional state have taken to the streets today. The protests were triggered after the Addis Ababa City Administration Savings & Houses Development Enterprise (AASHDE) handed over thousands of condominium houses located both in the city, and in Oromia regional state special zone.

Addis Standard confirmed from local security and police officers that protests took place in the following cities: Adama, Shashemene, in western Arsi, oromia regional state; Bale Robe and Assela in south east Oromia; as well as Haramara in eastern Oromia regional state. A report by the BBCAmharic said protests have taken place in in ten cities across the region.

Demonstrators are protesting AASHDE’s decision to hand over thousands of condominium houses using a computerized lottery draw without the involvement the Oromia regional state, which has administrative jurisdiction of the site where Koye Feche one and two condominiums are located at. Some 7,127 people were given condominium unites of studio, one and two bedroom apartments built on a vast plot of land which used to a farmland.

Partial view of the condominium housing in Koye Feche. Photo: Social media

The winners of yesterday’s lottery draw were those who were registered for the housing under the saving schemes commonly known as 20/80 and 40/60 in which they were asked to save 20% for studio, one and two bedroom apartments and the government promised to help with the remaining 80%. The same mechanisms were applied for those who could save 40%.

Would be home owners were also told that if they saved 100%, they would be automatically entitled for the apartments. But the scheme has already left many dissatisfied as the mayor’s office recently scraped that and said the administration would stick to the original saving mechanism of 20/80 and 40/60.

The winners who got the apartments located in Koye Feche one and two sites, located in the southern outskirt of the city of Addis Abeba, some 20 km into the Oromia regional state administrative border in Akaki/Kality area, are those who are under the 20/80 saving scheme. While the apartments with three bedrooms are located in various condominium sites mostly in Addis Abeba.

Koye Feche is located in one of the eight zonal towns surrounding Addis Abeba which were established by the Oromia Regional State under the administrative name of “Oromia regional State Special Zone Surrounding Finfinne” in 2008.

Now, protesters are saying the Addis Abeba city administration is acting outside of its jurisdiction and without involving Oromia regional government. Many are carrying banners reading “our land is our bones,” “Koye Feche is in Oromia”, and “No to the master plan,” the later in reference to the infamous city master plan which wanted to expand the city of Addis Abeba into the surrounding Oromia region towns and cities. Although it was later scarped, the master plan was one of the immediate causes that triggered the sustained three years protest in Oromia regional state.

Koye Feche site one and two is only one of the multiple condominium sites built by Addis Abeba city administration on sites located in various places within the Oromia special zone over the last ten years.

However, the administrative procedure in which the lands were taken from the farmers and the inadequate compensations paid afterwards, the shocking details of which were revealed by a former federal official, drew severe criticisms in recent years as hundreds of thousands of farmers were left itching to have ends met.

During the lottery ceremony yesterday, Takele Uma, deputy mayor of Addis Abeba, said that families of displaced farmers were included in the housing distribution without the lottery draw. “We would like to say that your pain is ours, especially those of you who have lost your farmlands in order to clear for these [housing] projects and were exposed for economic and social crisis,” Takele said. However, Takele did not explain what has been done both by city authorities and the regional state to include those who have been dispossessed for little compensations. Several people at Koye Feche one and two sites and at Bole Arabssa site, a site for another massive condominium project, who spoke to OBN said they have been contacted neither by city administration officials nor by officials from the Oromia regional state special zone. Addis Standard’s attempts to reach both officials since yesterday has been to no avail.

So far both city officials and officials from the Oromia regional state did not release statements on the protests whereas online activists are calling for more protests tomorrow especially in Ambo and its environs. AS

BBC Afaan Oromoo: Qonnaan bultoota Koyyee Faccee fi Boolee Arraabsaa: ‘Lafa keenyas dhabnee ijoolleen keenyas daandii irratti hafte’

ስለ ፊንፊኔ/አዲስ አበባ አንዳንድ ነጥቦች (በድጋሚ) 
By Tsegaye Ararssa
==============
በፊንፊኔ ላይ የሚደረግ ማንኛውም ውይይት፣ ከዚህ በታች የተዘረዘሩትን ነጥቦች ታሳቢ ቢያደርግ ፍሬያማና ውጤታማ ይሆናል። እነዚህን ታሳቢ ባናደርግ፣ ውይይቱም ፍሬ-ቢስ፣ ፖለቲካውም ውጤት አልባ ሆኖ ይቀጥላል።

1. መልክዓ-ምድራዊ ተጠየቅም (the geographic logic)፣ የታሪክ ማስረጃውም፣ የአገሪቱ የሕግ ድንጋጌዎችም፣ ፊንፊኔ የኦሮምያ መሆኗን ይመሰክርሉ።

ፊንፊኔ የኦሮሚያ ከተማ ነች።

ከዚህም ባሻገር፣ የኦሮሚያ መንግሥት ዋና ከተማ፣ የፌደራል መንግሥቱም መቀመጫ ነች። ከተለያዩ የኢትዮጵያ ክፍሎች በተለያየ ወቅትና ምክንያት፣ ለተለያየ ዓላማ፣ የፈለሱ ነዋሪዎችን የያዘች፣ የህዝቦች መዲና፣ እና የንግድና የፖለቲካም ማዕከል መሆኗም ይታወቃል። በማንኛውም ከተማዋን በሚመለከት ውይይት ውስጥ፣ ይሄ ታሳቢ ሊሆን ይገባል።

2. በታሪክም፣ በመልክዓ-ምድራዊ ተጠየቅም፣ ሆነ በሕግ፣ ፊንፊኔ በኦሮሚያ ክልል የምትገኝ የፌደራል መንግሥቱ መቀመጫ ነች እንጂ እራሷን የቻለች ክልል አይደለችም።

የፌደራል መንግሥቱ መቀመጫ ነች ሲባል፣ የፌደራል መንግስቱ ተቃማት ጽሕፈት ቤቶች ሥራቸውን በዋናነት የሚያከናውኑባት ከተማ ናት ማለት ነው።

በተደጋጋሚ የምናየው ከተማይቱን እንደ ክልል የመቁጠር ስህተት ሊታረም ይገባዋል። አገሪቱ በሽግግር ጊዜ በቻርተር በተዳደረችበት ዘመን (ከ1983-1987 ዓም፣ ወይም እኤአ ከ1991-1995) እራሷን የቻለች ክልል የነበረች ቢሆንም ሕገመንግሥቱ ከፀናበት ጊዜ ጀምሮ ይሄ ክልልነት አብቅቷል።

አሁንም (በታከለ ኡማ አስተዳደር ሥር እየተሞከረ እንዳለው)፣ ከተማዋን ከኦሮሚያ ለመንጠቅ በማሰብ ብቻ፣ (“ብራስልስን እንደ ሞዴል ወስደን) እራሷን የቻለች ከተማ-ክልል (city-state) እናድርጋት” የሚለው አካሄድ ሊታረም ይገባል።

በመሆኑም፣ ፊንፊኔ በኦሮሚያ ክልል ውስጥ የምትገኝ፣ የኦሮሚያ ከተማ የሆነች፣ የፌደራል መንግሥቱ መቀመጫ ነች። በቃ።

3. የከተማው አስተዳደር ተጠሪነቱ (በቅድሚያ ለኦሮሚያ መሆን ሲገባው፣ ሕገመንግሥቱ ሲረቀቅ በተፈፀመ ስህተት ምክንያት) ለፌደራል መንግሥት የሆነና እራሱን በቻርተር የሚያስተዳድር የከተማ አስተዳደር (municipality) ነው። ተጠሪነቱ (በስህተት) ለፌደራል መንግስቱ (ብቻ) መሆኑ ግን፣ ከተማዋ ከኦሮሚያ ውጭ የሆነች ራስ-ገዝ ከተማ ነች፣ ወይም የፌደራሉ መንግሥት ይዞታ የሆነች ከተማ ነች ማለት አይደለም።

4. አንዳንዶች አልፎ አልፎ ለመከራከር እንደሚዳዱት፣ የከተማው አስተዳደር ተጠሪነቱ ለፌደራል መንግሥት በመሆኑ ብቻ ከክልሎች (ማለትም ከኦሮሚያ) ነፃ የሆነች የፌደራል ግዛት (Federal District, or Federal Capital Territory) አያደርጋትም፣ አላደረጋትም። በነገራችን ላይ፣ በኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ አንድም የአገሪቱ ክፍል በቀጥታ ‘የፌደራል ግዛት’ ተብሎ በሕገመንግሥቱም ሆነ በሌላ ከዛ ወዲህ በወጣ ህግ፣ ወይም በሌላ ህጋዊ አስገዳጅነት ባለው ስምምነት የተሰየመ አካባቢ የለም። ከተማዋ የፌደራል መንግሥት መቀመጫ ስትደረግም እንኳን ይህ የተፈፀመው፣ ጥልቀት ባለው ውይይት፣ ወግ ባለው ድርድርና፣ በውል ሳይሆን እንዲሁ ከቀድሞ ዘመን በተወረሰ ልማዳዊ ተጠየቅ ብቻ ነው። የፌደራል መንግሥቱ ‘መቀመጫ የት ይሁን?’ የሚለው ጥያቄ፣ ዛሬም ቢሆን እንደ አዲስ ተነስቶ ውይይት ቢደረግበትም ለአገሪቱ ሰላምና መረጋጋት ብዙ ፋይዳ ይኖረዋል። በዘረፋ የተያዘ ቋሚ ንብረት ላይ ብዙ መቆየት ባለቤት አያደርግምና፣ ባለቤቱ ጥያቄውን ባነሳ ቁጥር ከመበርገግና ሰላም ከማጣትም ያድናል።

5. የከተማው ነዋሪዎች ባለሙሉ መብት ዜጎች ናቸው፤ ሆነውም ይቀጥላሉ። እራሳቸውንም፣ በመረጡት ተወካይ የማስተዳደር መብት አላቸው። (ይሄ ማንም የማይነፍጋቸው [እና ማንም የማይቸራቸው] ሕገመንግሥታዊ መብታቸው ነው።) በፌደራል ፓርላማ ውስጥ ባሉት ተወካዮቻቸው በኩልም አገሪቱን ከሌሎች ሕዝቦች ጋር በጋራ ያስተዳድራሉ።

‘አልተወከልንም’ የሚለው የዘወትር አነጋገር፣ ፍፁም ስህተት ብቻ ሳይሆን፣ ለማምታታት የተፈጠረ የፖለቲካ ግነት (political hyperbole) ነው። እውነቱ ግን፣ የከተማው ነዋሪ፣ በተወካዮች ምክር ቤት ውስጥ፣ በ23 ወይም 24 ድምፅ ተወክሎአል። በከተማው ምክር ቤትም እንዲሁ ሙሉ ውክልና አለው (ያው፣ ተመራጮቹ በዴሞክራሲያዊ ምርጫ ያልተመረጡ መሆናቸው፣ እንደሌሎቹ ክልሎች ተወካዮች ሀሉ፣ የተመራጮቹ ትክክለኛ ሕዝባዊ ውክልናቸው ጥያቄ ውስጥ የሚገባ ቢሆንም!)

በተጨማሪም፣ ነዋሪዎቿ የየብሔራቸውን የወል መብትና ጥቅም ለማስከበር የሚያስችል ውክልና በፌደሬሽን ምክር ቤት ውስጥ ባሉ፣ የሁሉም የኢትዮጵያ ብሔር፣ ብሔረሰብና ሕዝቦች ተወካዮች ተወክለዋል። በመሆኑም፣ በከተማዋ ውስጥ የሚኖሩ አማሮች እንደ አማራ፣ ኦሮሞዎች እንደ ኦሮሞ፣ ጉራጌዎች እንደ ጉራጌ፣ ስልጤዎች እንደ ስልጤ፣ ተጋሩ እንደተጋሩ፣ ወዘተ፣ ለቁጥራቸው ተመጣጣኝ በሆነ መንገድ ተወክለው አሉ። እርግጥ፣ የፌደሬሽን ምክር ቤት አባላት ምርጫ፣ እስካሁን ሲደረግ እንደቆየው፣ በክልሎች ምክር ቤት ከሚሆን ይልቅ በቀጥታ በሕዝብ ቢሆን ኖሮ፣ ውክልናው የተሻለ ይሆን ነበር። ነገር ግን እስካሁን ባለው አሰራርም ቢሆን ማንም በፌደሬሽን ምክር ቤት ውስጥ ያልተወከለ ብሔር እስከሌለ ድረስ–ሁሉም ብሔር በምክር ቤቱ ውስጥ ተወክሏል ባልን መጠን የከተማይቱ ነዋሪዎችም ተወክለዋልና–‘የከተማዋ ነዋሪዎች አልተወከሉም ብሎ ማለት ብዙ ርቀት የሚያስኬድ ክርክር አይሆንም። ብሔር የሌለው የከተማ ነዋሪ የለምና። ከብዙ ብሔር የተወለደም ሰው እንኳን ቢኖር፣ ባለብዙ ብሔር ሆኖ በብዙ ተወካዮች ይወከል ይሆናል እንጂ፣ ሳይወከል የሚቀርበት ምንም ዓይነት ሁኔታ የለም። (በመሆኑም፣ አንዳንዴ በውሸት ‘ብሔር የለንም’ በማለት፣ ሌላ ጊዜ ደግሞ ‘እንደ ብሔር፣ ወይም በወል እንደ ሕዝብ፣ አልተውከልንም’ እያሉ አቅል-የለሽ ጩኸት ማሰማት፣ ተራ የፖለቲካ መደዴነት ነው።)

የከተማው ሕዝብ እንደ ግለሰብ ዜጋም፣ እንደ ህዝብም (በወል) ሙሉ መብት ያለው ሕዝብ ነው። ከተማዋ፣ በእርግጥም የአገሪቱ ሕዝቦች ሁሉ መዲና በመሆኗ እውነተኛ የሕብራዊነት(የብዝሓነት) ተምሳሌት ሆና መኖር ትችላለች፣ ልትሆንም ይገባል። ከዚህ ይልቅ፣ በአንድ ብሔር ማንነት ልክ በተሰራ አፋኝ ኢትዮጵያዊነት ጭምብል ሥር ተደብቆ፣ ‘እኔ ኢትዮጵያዊ ነኝ እንጂ ብሔር የለኝም’ እያሉ መመፃደቅና ‘ያው…ብሔር አለኝ ግን በብሔሬ አትጥሩኝ’ ማለት ተገቢ አይሆንም። (ይሄ የከተማዋ ‘በረራ’ነት አሉባልታም የበረከተው እንደዚህ ዓይነት ወገኖች ብቻ መሆኑም ይሄንን በግልፅ የሚያሳይ ይመስለኛል።)

6. ፊንፊኔ የኦሮሚያ ከተማ ነች ማለት፣ ኦሮሞ ያልሆነ ሰው በእኩልነት አይኖርባትም ማለት አይደለም። እንዲህ ሊባል አይገባም። ተብሎም አያውቅም። እንዲህ ያለ አስተሳሰብ፣ በሕግም በፖለቲካ ሥነምግባርም ዓይን ሲታይ ነውር የሆነና መቼም ቢሆን፣ በፍፁም ሊስተናገድ የማይገባው አስተሳሰብ ነው። (ታድያ፣ በሌሎች ላይ–በተለይ በከተማው ባለቤት በሆኑ ሕዝቦች ላይ–የበላይ ሆኖ ለመኖርና ያልተገባ መብት [privilege] መጠየቅም እንደዚሁ ነውር ነውና፣ ይሄም አብሮት ሊወገዝ ይገባዋል።)

ይሄ የከተማዋን የኦሮሚያ መሆን ተቀብሎ እንደ ባለ ሙሉ መብት ዜጋ፣ በእኩልነት ተከብሮ መኖር ማለት፣ በተጨባጭ ሲታይ ምን ማለት ነው ቢባል፣ የከተማው አስተዳደር ተጠሪነቱ ለኦሮሚያም ይሆናል ማለት ነው እንጂ፣ ነዋሪው ሁሉ በግድ ኦሮምኛ ተናጋሪ ይደረጋል ማለት አይደለም። ነገር ግን፣ ለምሳሌ የከተማው መስተዳድር የሥራ ቋንቋ አማርኛና ኦሮምኛ ቢሆን ለአሰራር ቅልጥፍና ጠቃሚነት አለው፣ ለኦሮሞ ነዋሪዎችና ለክልሉም ተገቢውን አክብሮት መስጠትን ያሳያል። እንደእውነቱ ከሆነ ይሄን ማድረግ፣ ከከተማው ህሕብራዊነት አንፃር፣ ሌሎች ቋንቋዎችንም የስራ ቋንቋ ለማድረግ መንገድን አመላካች ነው። በኔ ምርጫ ቢሆን፣ ፊንፊኔ፣ የሁሉም የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝቦች መናኸሪያ በመሆኗ የከተማው መስተዳድር የሥራ ቋንቋ፣ ሁሉም የኢትዮጵያ ቋንቋዎች ቢሆኑ ይሻላል እላለሁ። አዲሱና እውነተኛው ሁሉን አቃፊ ኢትዮጵያዊነትም በዚህ ሕብራዊ ቀመር ላይ ይመሠረታልና። በዛ ላይ፣ እራሱን እንግዳ ተቀባይ ብሎ ከሚያንቆለጳጵስና ለውጭ አገር ቋንቋዎች እንኳን መስሪያ ቤቶቹን፣ ሕጎቹን፣ የልጆቹን ትምህርት ቤቶች እና የግል ጓዳውን ጭምር (በቴሌቪዥን ለሚተላለፉ የውጭ ፕሮግራሞች) ክፍት አድርጎ ለሚኖር ማሕበረሰብ፣ ‘የራሱ የሆኑ’ ሕዝቦችን ቋንቋዎች በሥራ ቋንቋነት አለመቀበል ግብዝነት ይሆንበታል።

እነዚህን ነጥቦች ታሳቢ አድርገን ብንወያይ ወደፊት ልንራመድ የምንችል ይመስለኛል። ኬልሆነ ግን…