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የአርትስት ሃጫሉ ሁንዴሳ ፖለቲካዊ ግድያ እንድምታ እና ቀጣዩ የኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ የትግል ምዕራፍ #HacaaluuHundeessaa #OromoProtests July 7, 2020

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
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ODEESSA=======Bilxiginnaan damee Oromiyaa (kan Afaan Oromoo dubbattu) walgahii godhattee waan armaan gadii murteeffatte. 1. Miidiyaa mootummaa fi kan Nafxanyootaa hunda fayyadamuun akka mormiin Oromiyaa keessaa toyannoo jaraa jala ooletti fakkeessanii ololuu, 2. Ajjeechaa fi hidhaa miseensa mormitootaa fi aktivistoota mootummaa qeeqan irratti godhamu jabeessanii itti fufuu, 3. Paartii Bilxiginnaa keessatti Oromoota waan mootummaan godhaa jiru kana irratti mormii calaqqisan qabanii hidhuu,4. Hacaaluun kan ajjeefame mooraadhuma qabsoo Oromootiin kan jedhuun Oromootti gara galchanii olola sobaatiin Nafxanyoota gaafatama jalaa baasuu5. Manguddoota Oromoo keessaa dantaadhaan salphaatti bitaman funaananii masaraa geessuun MM waliin footoo kaasanii ittiin Oromoo afanfaajjessuu, hamilee cabsuu. Ummanni keenya waan kana dursee itti dammaquun summii diinnni biiftu kamuu ofirraa haxaawee qabsoo isaa finiinsuu irratti akka fuulleffatu dhaamna.Qajeelcha:========1ffaa. Ummanni Oromoo guutuu Oromiyaa keessa jiruu fi kan ala jiru hunduu afaan faajjii ummata keenyarratti hojjetamaa jiru hubatee akka ummanni keenya hinburjaajofne godhuudhan qabsoo isaa kan karaa nagayaa itti fufuu qaba.2ffaa. Jaarsoliin biyyaa Oromoo shira ummata keenyarratti dalagamaa jiru hubachuudhan meeshaa diinaa akka hintaane gaafanna.3ffaa. Dabballoonni jaraa kan ummata keenya keessa faca’anii shira kanarratti hirmaachaa jiran akka karaa diinaa kanarraa deebi’an cimsinee nigaafanna. Warra kana gochuu dides ummanni keenya xireeffatee hariiroo hawaasummaa fi diinagdee isaan faana qabu akka dhaabuf dirqamu hubatamuu qaba.4ffaa. Afaan faajjifi olola mediyaa mootummaa harka jiruu fi mediyaa nafxanyootatiin ummata keenyarratti godhamuudhaf deemaa jiru ofirraa qoluudhaf mediyaalen Oromooti fi aktivistoonni Oromoo gocha diinaa kanarratti akka xiyeeffatan nigaafanna.5ffaa. Qabsoo karaa nagayaa ummanni keenya jalqabe hamma sirni nafxanyaa akka haaratti nurraatti ijaaramaa jiru ofirraa buqqifnutti kan itti fufu ta’uun hubatamee ummanni keenya tokkoomee akka falmatu ni gaafanna.

Dr. Birhaana Masqal irraa, karaa Awash post

#OromoProtests 2020 Peaceful Global Solidarity Continues #HacaaluuHundeessaa #Seattle #Beirut #Minnesota July 6, 2020

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
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#OromoProtests 2020 Peaceful Global Solidarity Continues #HacaaluuHundeessaa #Oromia #Seattle #Beirut #Minnesota USA, UK #London, #Australia, #Toronto, Canada #Germany, EU

#FreejawarMohammed

#FreeBakeleGerba

#FreeAllPoliticalprisoners

#HaacaaluuHundeessaa

#StopKillingOromos

#FreeOromia#

OromoProtests

#OromoRevolution

#HaacaaluuHundeessaa

Seattle,Washington

Hirirri biyya Germany magaalaa Frankfurt kessa godhamaa jiru

Haacaaluu Hundeessaa: A towering musician and an Oromo icon

Haacaaluu inspired a whole generation of Oromos to fight for their rights. His tragic death is an incalculable loss.

https://www.facebook.com/watchparty/584095765805909

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1 week ago in Ethiopia, Haacaalu Hundeessaaa, an iconic Oromo singer, songwriter and activist was assassinated, two U.S. citizens were unlawfully detained, the government has cut off the internet nationwide and BBC News report over 166 citizens have been murdered.Haacaalu was not an ordinary musician. He came from a lineage of poets and scholars and inspired people not only through his music, but through his life. Haacaaluu was imprisoned at the age of 17, and it was in his 5 years in prison that he learned to compose lyrics and melodies. He was deeply knowledgeable on Oromo culture and history and was committed to connecting us all to the Oromo’s aspirations through his gift. This is the Official Facebook page in support of the #OromoProtests global movement.

ከኦሮሚያ ቄሮ የተሰጠ ቀጣይ የትግል አቅጣጫ መግለጫ KMN:- July 06-2020================መላው የሀገራችን ህዝቦች እንደምትገነዘቡት የኦሮሞ ህዝብ ተወዳጁን አርቲስት ሃጫሉ ሁንዴሳን በጠላቶቹ ተነጥቋል:: የትግላችን መሪ የሆኑ እንቁ ታጋዮቻችን በመንግስት እንዲታሰሩ አድርጎአል። ህዝባችን ላይ የግድያ የእስርና የማሰቃየት ስራዎች ተፈጽመዋል። በኦሮሚያ ክልል በርካታ ህይወት በመንግስት ታጣቂ ሀይሎች እየረገፈ ይገኛል:: በመሆኑ አዲስ የትግል ምእራፍ ውስጥ ለመግባት ተገደናል:: ከዚህ በመነሳት የኦሮሞ ቄሮ ይህን የትግል አቅጣጫ አስቅምጧል።መላው የሀገራችን ህዝቦች እስከ ሰኔ 30/ 2012 ድረስ ለኑሮ አስፈላጊ የሆኑ ምግብ ነክና መሰል ቁሳቁሶችን እንዲያዘጋጁ/እንዲያከማቹ ከወዲሁ እናሳስባለን:: ከሐምሌ 1/ 2012 ጀምሮ፣ በኦሮሚያ ውስጥ ማንኛውም አይነት እንቅስቃሴ ሙሉ በሙሉ እንዲቆም ይደረጋል። የፈሰሰው የሀጫሉ ሁንዴሳ ደም ወደ ቤታችን እንድንመለስ አያደርገንም። የቱንም ያክል መስዋእትነት የሚጠይቀን ቢሆን እንኳን ትግላችን እስከ ነፃነት ድረስ ይቀጥላል። መሪያችን ጀዋር መሐመድ “የኦሮሞን ህዝብና አምላክን ተማምኜ ነው ወደ አገር የገባሁት” ብሎ ነበር። እኛም ለዚህ ውድ ጀግናችን አስተማማኝ አለኝታ መሆናችንን ለማሳየት ቁርጠኞች መሆናችንን በተግባር እናሳያለን:: አሁን ለኛ ለኦሮሞ ህዝብ ብሎ በእስር እንዲማቂቅ መደረጉ በእስር እንዲማቅቅ መደረጉ ለሰፊው የኦሮሞ ህዝብ ውርደት ነው ብለንም ስለምናምን እሱንና ሌሎች ከሱ ጋር የታሰሩ ውድ መሪዎቻችንን ለጠላት ጥለን እጃችንን አጣጥፈን ልንቀመጥ አንችልም:: ነፍጠኞች ” የኦሮሞን ታዋቂና ተፅእኖ ፈጣሪ ሰውን ብንገድል ኦሮሞ ለ አንድ ሳምንት ተንጫጭቶ ወደቤቱ ይመለሳል የሚል የተዛባ አስተሳሳብ እንዳላቸው ጠንቅቀን እናውቃለን:: በዚህም ሊያላግጡብን ይዳዳቸዋል:: በርግጥ ለነፃነት የምናደርገውን ትግላችንን አቋርጠን ወደየቤታችን ከተመለስን እንዲህ ዓይነቱ ማላገጥ በሰፊው እንደሚቀጥል የሚያጠያይቅ ጉዳይ አይደለም። ያ እንዲሆን አንዳች እድል ልንሰጥ አንችልም:: የሃጫሉ ግድያንና የመሪዎቻችንን እስራት ትተን ወደ ቤታችን ብንመለስ እንደ ህዝብ እራሳችንን ቀና አድርገን ለመራመድ ከአንድ ምእተ አመት በላይ ሊወስድብን ነው:: ስለዚህ በዚህ ዙር የምናካሂደው ትግል ከሌሎች ጊዜም ለየት ያለና በቆራጥ አቋም የምናከናውነው እንደሚሆን ልንገልፅላችሁ እንወዳለን:: በመሆኑም የፊታችን ሳምንት የሚካሄደው አዲሱ የትግል ምእራፍ የትግል አቅጣጫ ከዚህ እንደሚከተለዉ የተቀመጠ ሲሆን ይህ የትግል ሳምንትም “የነፃነት ጮራ” ተብሎ ተሰይሟል። 1. የነፃነት ጮራ ሳምንት የትግል አቅጣጫዎች1.1. ከየትኛውም አቅጣጫ ወደ አዲስ አበባ የሚወስዱ ጎዳናዎችና ድልድዮች ሙሉ በሙሉ ይዘጋሉ::1.2. ወደ ፊንፊኔ የሚገቡ የውኃና የኤሌክትሪክ አገልግሎት መስመሮች ሙሉ በሙሉ ይቆራረጣሉ:: 1.3. በኦሮሚያ ክልል ሙሉ በሙሉ የተሽከርካሪ እንቂቅስቃሴ እንዲቆም ይደረጋል።ፍንፍኔም የኦሮሚያ ከተማ እንደመሆኗ ወደ ከተማዋ የሚገቡና የሚወጡ ተሽከርካሪዎች ሙሉ በሙሉ እንዲቋረጡ ይደረጋል። እንዲንቀሳቀስ የሚፈቀድለት ተሽከርካሪ አምቡላንስ ብቻ ይሆናል:: እነርሱም ቢሆን ተፈትሸው በህክምና ተግባራቸው ላይ ብቻ የተሰማሩ እንደሆነ የማረጋገጥ ተግባር ይከናወናል። 1.4. በየትኛዉም የኦሮሚያ አካባቢ ለሕዝብ መጨቆኛ የሚውሉ የመንግስት ተቋማት – የወረዳ አስተዳደር: የከተማ አስተዳደር: የደህንነት ድርጅቶችና መሰል የመንግስት የአፈናና የግድያ ተቋማት ሙሉ በሙሉ ይወድማሉ ። 1.5. ከሚሊሻዎችና ከታጠቁ የመንግስት አካላት የሚፈቱ መሳሪያዎችን በሀገር ሽማግሌዎችና በአባ ገዳዎች አማካኝነት የመሳሪያ ልምድ ያላቸው ግልሰቦች እንዲታጠቁት ይደረጋል::1.6. በመንግስት የፀጥታና ደህንነት ተቋማት ውስጥ ተቀጥረው ህዝባችንን በመሰለልን አሳልፈው በሚሰጡ አካላት ላይ ተመጣጣኝ እርምጃ ይወሰዳል:: 2. የነፍጠኛ ስርዓት አቀንቃኝ የሆነዉን መንግስት በማገልገል ላይ ለምትገኙ የሀገር መከላከያ/የፖሊስና የፀጥታ አካላት 2.1. በመውደቅ አፋፍ ላይ የሚገኝን ስርዓት እንታደግ ብላችሁ ህዝባችሁ ላይ ማንኛውንም አይነት እርምጃ ከመውሰድ እንድትቆጠቡ እናሳስባለን:: 2.2. በኦሮሚያ ክልል ውስጥ ሆናችሁ ስርዓቱን በማገልገል ላይ ያላችሁ የመከላከያ/ የደህንነትና የፓሊስ አካላት የመንግስትን እኩይ አካሄድ ወደ ጎን በመተው ከሰፊው የኦሮሞ ህዝብ ትግልን እንድትቀላቀሉ ከወዲሁ ጥሪያችንን እናቀርባለን:: 3.ማሳሰቢያ———3.1. የኦሮሞ ህዝብ ትግል በቀጥታ የሚያነጣጥረው የነፍጠኛው ስርዓት ላይ እንጂ የትኛውም ብሔር/ሀይማኖት ላይ አይደለም:: ስለሆነም በዚህ ትግል ውስጥ የትኛውም በኦሮሚያ ክልል ውስጥ የሚኖር ብሔር ብሔረሰብም ሆነ የሀይማኖት ተቋማት አይነኩም:: የኦሮሞ ቄሮ እንደዚህ አይነት ጉዳዮችን በትኩረት ይከውናል:: አስፈላጊ የሆኑ ጥበቃዎችን ያደርጋል – ያስደርጋል! 3.2. ከሀምሌ 1 ጀምሮ ተግባራዊ የሚደረጉ ከኦሮሞ ቄሮ የተላለፉ ከላይ የተዘረዘሩትን የእንቅስቃሴ ገደቦችን በመተላለፍና በማንአለብኝነት አንዳች እንቅስቃሴ የሚያደርጉ አካላት ላይ አስፈላጊው እርምጃ የሚወሰድበት ሲሆን ለዚህ ሀላፊነቱን የሚወስዱት እራሳቸው እንደሚሆኑ ከወዲሁ ለማሳሰብ እንወዳለን:: ኦሮሚያ ነፃነቷን ትጎናፀፋለች! ሀገር አቀፍ የኦሮሚያ ቄሮ አመራርሰኔ 28/2012

Aljazeera: Haacaaluu Hundeessa: The protest singer who became an Oromo icon #HaacaaluuHundeessa July 4, 2020

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Popular protest singer Haacaaluu Hundeessa, whose killing earlier this week sparked deadly unrest, was one of Ethiopia’s biggest music stars whose popular songs galvanised the youth of country’s largest ethnic group, the Oromo. Click here to read the full article

The 34-year-old’s music gave voice to Oromos’ widespread sense of economic and political marginalisation during years of protests that in 2018 led to the downfall of Ethiopia’s government, sweeping Abiy Ahmed – the country’s first Oromo prime minister – to power.

“He is somebody who is seen as icon for the more than 50 million Oromos who live in Ethiopia and across Africa,” Awol Allo, senior lecturer of law at Keele University in England, told Al Jazeera, describing him as “a towering musical genius”.

Haacaaluu sang in the Oromo language but his lyrics about yearning for freedom and exhorting Ethiopians to solve their problems touched a chord more broadly.

His first album was released in 2009, after he had served five years in prison for his political activism. It was during that time when he wrote most of his songs, according to a profile in O Pride, an Oromo magazine.

His second album two years later was a hit on Amazon, but it was his single “Maalan Jira?” (What fate is mine?), released just before a wave of government-backed evictions began around the capital, Addis Ababa, in 2015, that became a rallying cry.

The song has been viewed more than three million times on YouTube.

As the government wavered, in 2017 he released Jirra, a defiant cry meaning “We Are Here” – that has become a greeting among Oromo youth. That December, he sang at a star-studded concert in Addis Ababa to raise money for displaced Oromo families.

“When people were out on the street being shot at and being killed, he comforted the Oromo people with his songs of revolution, love and resistance to the system that oppressed [them],” Tsedale Lemma, editor-in-chief of the Addis Standard publication, told Al Jazeera.

“He leaves behind a legacy of a man [who] is the institution of the consciousness of the Oromo people,” she said, noting that he embodied the struggle of his people “for equality and justice”

Over the next two years, the protests spread far beyond the Oromia region, meeting a bloody response from security forces. About 30,000 people were jailed, including activists, writers and opposition leaders.

Eventually, Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn resigned in February 2018 – unprecedented in Ethiopian history. Abiy, whose father is Oromo, was appointed prime minister instead.

Abiy released the political prisoners, unbanned many political parties and promised free and fair elections.

But some Oromo say they are still suffering government persecution – part of the region is under federal military control.

Haacaaluu was shot dead in Addis Ababa on Monday by unknown gunmen and buried on Thursday at a church in Ambo, his hometown about 100km (60 miles) west of Addis Ababa.

“He was a true freedom fighter,” Belay Aqenaw, the funeral’s organiser, said in a speech. “He was a singer who raised our spirits.”

Haacaaluu’s murder sparked protests in the capital and across the Oromia region which surrounds Addis Ababa.

Oromia regional police said on Thursday that 87 people, including four of the region’s police officers, had been killed over the last three days, with 76 seriously injured.

In a separate statement, Addis Ababa’s police said 10 people had been killed in the capital over that period, including two officers, which raises the total official toll to 97.

Related:

Can Ethiopia bridge its ethnic divide?

The killing of an ethnic Oromo singer-activist has led to days of violence in Ethiopia. Click here to read the full article

BBC: Hachalu Hundessa – Ethiopia’s murdered musician who sang for freedom

Hachalu on a horse commemorating Oromo horsemen who fought and defeated Italy on the Battle of Adwa in 1896 - March 2019

More than 80 people have been killed in two days of unrest in Ethiopia following the killing of prominent singer Hachalu Hundessa.

The 34-year-old had emerged as a powerful political voice of the Oromo ethnic group, and had made many enemies during his musical career.

Two suspects were arrested after he was shot dead while driving in the capital, Addis Ababa on Monday evening. However, police have not yet revealed a motive for the killing and no charges have been brought against the suspects.

Hachalu’s funeral has taken place in his hometown of Ambo.

BBC Afaan Oromoo’s Bekele Atoma writes about the musician who was a thorn in the flesh of successive governments. Click here to read the full article

Bloomberg: Ethiopia’s Nobel Winner Can’t Rest on His Laurels

No clampdown on communications can conceal the fact that Ethiopia’s prime minister, Abiy Ahmed, is struggling to calm his own people. Click to read the article

#OromoProtests Global Solidarity Rally, Justice for #HacaaluuHundeessaa Free Jawar Mohammed #AbiyMustgo July 4, 2020

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Ethiopia’s Nobel Winner Can’t Rest on His Laurels. No clampdown on communications can conceal the fact that Ethiopia’s prime minister, Abiy Ahmed, is struggling to calm his own people. #OromoProtests #AbiymustGo (mental slavery self-hater) https://www.bloomberg.com/opinion/articles/2020-07-03/ethiopia-s-nobel-winner-can-t-rest-on-his-laurels

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#HacaaluuHundeessaa #OromProtests #Colorado #Abiymustgo #OromoLivesMatter #BlackLivesMatter Hiriira balaaleffannaa ajjeechaa artist Haacaaluu Hawaasa Oromoo Koloraadootiin

https://twitter.com/hashtag/OromoLivesMatter?src=hashtag_click

BBc Afaan Oromoo: Hawaasni Oromoo biyya alaa jiru hiriirra mormii gaggeessaa jiraHawaasni Oromoo biyyoota addunyaa garaagaraa jiran ajjeechaa Art. Haacaaluu Hundeessaarratti raawwatameefi hidhamuu hooggantoota siyaasaa mormituu balaaleffatu gaggeefamaa jira.Dubbi himtuun hawaasa Oromoo Minesotaa kan kanaa kan taatee Najaat Hamzaa bulchiinsa sadarkaa gadi jirurraa qabee hanga Federalaatti gaaffii isaanii dhiyeeessaa akka jiran BBC’tti himte.”Wanni nuti gaafataa jirru Hooggantootni keenya hidhaa jiran akka gadlakkifamanfi mirgi Oromoo akka kabajamu dhiibbaa gochaa jirraa,” jette.Dabalata: Mormii hawaasni Oromoo biyya alaa gageessaa jiruKanneen mormiif daandiitti bahanSTEPHEN MATURENCopyright: STEPHEN MATURENArticle share tools

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Copy this linkWaa’ee geessituuwwan kanneenii dabalata dubbisi

…tti maxxanfame 6:406:40Akkam bultan!Miseensa Kongirasii Ameerikaa Ilhaan OmaarAFPCopyright: AFPHawaasni Oromoo bakkeewwan gara garaa jiru ajjeechaa weellisaa Hacaaluu mormuun daandiirra bahuu itti fufaniiru.Dhalattuun Somaaliyaafi miseensi kongirasii US Ilhaan Omaar ajjeechaa Hacaaluu irratti raawwateef haqni akka argamu Ameerikaan akka gargaartu waanin danda’e hunda nan godha jechuun fuula fesbuukii ishee irratti barreessite.Dabalataan biyyoonni biroo keessoo Itoophiyaa keessa seenuun jeequmsa akkasumas qoodinsa gara caalu akka hin finne akka eeggatan dhaamte.Mootummaan Itoophiyaallee intarneeta cufe akka banu gaafatte.

#Ethiopia’s Abiy Ahmed Security forces and killing squads killed atleast 129 and wounded 362 #Oromo nationals this week. The figure is rising. #AbiyiMustGo justice for #HacaaluuHundeessaa Free Jawar Mohammed free Bekele Gerba free OMN journalists #OromoProtests https://www.facebook.com/AwashPost/posts/2689505818005451

#OromoProtests 2020 Global Solidarity Rally in London #HacaaluuHundeessaa July 3, 2020

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Free Oromo Political Prisoners

Free Political prisoners

Join #OromoProtests Oromo resources

The Following is Peaceful Solidarity Rally in London videos

#OromoProtests global solidarity rally, London 3 July 2020

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Protest against Ethiopian government takes over Downtown intersection, OHIO

The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Press briefing note on Ethiopia July 3, 2020

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The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Press briefing note on Ethiopia

Spokesperson for the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights: Rupert ColvilleLocation: Geneva Date: 3 July 2020

Subject: Ethiopia

We are deeply concerned at violent events in Ethiopia this week where a prominent singer and activist from Oromia Region, Hachalu Hundessa, was shot and killed in the capital, Addis Ababa on Monday.The killing of Hundessa sparked protests across the country, including in the capital and in Oromia Region. While some of the protests were peaceful, a number were violent from the outset. According to information we have received, roads were reported to be blocked in most parts of Oromia Region and buildings vandalised and burnt, while there was gunfire and bomb explosions in Addis Ababa.

The authorities responded to the spread of the protests by shutting down the Internet in Oromia Region, as well as in Addis Ababa, making it extremely difficult to verify reports about the number of people killed and injured.

According to the Government, around 50 people were killed, while media sources indicated some 80 people had died, including three members of the security forces.

We note with concern that the protests following Hundessa’s killing have increasingly taken on an ethnic undertone. We therefore call on all, including young people, to stop carrying out ethnically-motivated attacks and to stop inciting to violence, acts that only serve to exacerbate underlying tensions.

We also urge the security forces to exercise restraint when managing protests and to refrain from using unnecessary or disproportionate force.

Thirty-five people were reported to have been arrested by security forces on Tuesday evening during a protest over the location of Hundessa’s funeral. According to the police, the protesters, who wanted the singer to be buried in Addis Ababa, unsuccessfully tried to prevent his body being taken to his hometown of Ambo.

His funeral went ahead in Ambo on Thursday. The shutting down of Internet services is of particular concern as it disproportionately restricts the enjoyment of the right to freedom of expression, including freedom to seek, receive and impart information and risks further exacerbating tensions.

We urge the authorities to restore Internet access without further delay.The authorities have announced that suspects in Hachalu Hundessa’s murder have been arrested. It is essential that there is a prompt, thorough, independent, impartial and transparent investigation into his death to ensure those responsible are held accountable. The victims and their families have the right to justice, the truth and reparations.We also stand ready to provide support to the Ethiopian Human Rights Commission in its investigation of potential human rights violations during these violent events.ENDS

For more information and media requests, please contact: Rupert Colville – + 41 22 917 9767 / rcolville@ohchr.org or Liz Throssell – + 41 22 917 9296 / ethrossell@ohchr.org or Marta Hurtado – + 41 22 917 9466 / mhurtado@ohchr.orgTag and share – Twitter: @UNHumanRights and Facebook: unitednationshumanrights

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DW: Ethiopia: The killing of Hachalu Hundessa cuts deep July 2, 2020

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Ethiopia: The killing of Hachalu Hundessa cuts deep

The unsolved fatal shooting of the celebrated Oromo resistance singer has ruptured Ethiopia’s brittle political system. Can talks on a national scale avert a bad-to-worse outcome for the multiethnic nation? Click hear to read the full article

The New York Times: Singer’s Killing Shows Ethiopia’s ‘Combustible’ Politics #HacaaluuHundeessaa July 2, 2020

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Singer’s Killing Shows Ethiopia’s ‘Combustible’ Politics

The unrest that followed the killing of Hachalu Hundessa underscores long-simmering tensions in the Horn of Africa nation.

The Ethiopian musician Hachalu Hundessa posing while dressed in a traditional costume in Addis Ababa in 2019.
The Ethiopian musician Hachalu Hundessa posing while dressed in a traditional costume in Addis Ababa in 2019.Credit…Tiksa Negeri/Reuters

By Abdi Latif Dahir, The New York Times

NAIROBI, Kenya — In life, Hachalu Hundessa’s protest songs roused and united Ethiopians yearning for freedom and justice. He is doing the same in death, with thousands flocking on Thursday to bury him in Ambo, the town 60 miles west of the Ethiopian capital of Addis Ababa where he was born and raised.

Mr. Hundessa, 34, was shot on Monday night by unknown assailants in Addis Ababa and later died of his wounds in a hospital. His death has ignited nationwide protests that have killed 81 people, injured dozens of others and caused extensive property damage. The authorities have blocked the internet and arrested 35 people, including a prominent media magnate and government critic, Jawar Mohammed.

The unrest, analysts say, threatens the stability of Africa’s second-most populous country and deepens the political crisis in a nation already undergoing a roller-coaster democratic transition.

“I am in bitter sadness,” said Getu Dandefa, a 29-year-old university student. When he saw Mr. Hundessa’s coffin in Ambo, he said he dropped to the ground and started crying.

“We lost our voice,” he said, “We will keep fighting until Hachalu gets justice. We will never stop protesting.”

Mr. Hundessa’s funeral serves as a moment of national reckoning in a country already facing myriad political, economic and social challenges. The fury aroused by his death poses a challenge to Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, who rose to power in 2018 following a wave of antigovernment protests that Mr. Hundessa — a member of the country’s largest but historically marginalized ethnic group, the Oromo — helped to galvanize through his music.

In this still image from a video by the Oromia Broadcasting Network, mourners are shown attending the funeral of Mr. Hundessa on Thursday.
In this still image from a video by the Oromia Broadcasting Network, mourners are shown attending the funeral of Mr. Hundessa on Thursday.Credit…Oromia Broadcasting Network, via Reuters

Since then, Mr. Abiy, an Oromo himself, has introduced a raft of changes aimed at dismantling Ethiopia’s authoritarian structure, releasing political prisoners, liberalizing the centralized economy, committing to overhaul repressive laws and welcoming back exiled opposition and separatist groups.

In 2019, Mr. Abiy was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his initiative to resolve the decades-long conflict with neighboring Eritrea and for spearheading regional peace and cooperation in the Horn of Africa.

A nation of about 109 million people, Ethiopia has one of the fastest-growing economies in Africa, hosts the headquarters of the African Union, and is a key United States ally in the fight against terrorism.

But while the 43-year-old prime minister has made great strides, the changes have unleashed forces that have produced a sharp increase in lawlessness in many parts of the country, with rising ethnic tensions and violence that have displaced 3 million people.

Yohannes Gedamu, an Ethiopian and lecturer in political science at Georgia Gwinnett College, in Lawrenceville, Ga., said that the ruling coalition had lost its grip on the structures it once used to maintain order in an ethnically and linguistically diverse nation. As a result, he added, as the country moves toward multiparty democracy, rival ethnic and political factions have clashed over resources, power and the country’s direction forward.

The government has come under fire for failing to stop the killing of government critics and prominent figures, like the chief of staff of the Ethiopian Army, and its inability to rescue a dozen or more university students abducted months ago.

In combating the disorder, the authorities have resorted to the tactics of previous, repressive governments, not only blocking the internet, but arresting journalists and enacting laws that human rights advocates say could limit freedom of expression. Ethiopian security forces have been accused of gross human rights violations, including rape, arbitrary arrests and extrajudicial killings.

The coronavirus pandemic has complicated all this, leading the government to postpone August elections that many saw as a critical test of Mr. Abiy’s reform agenda. The move drew condemnation from opposition parties, who fear the government will use the delay to attempt a power grab.

Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed of Ethiopia at a tree-planting ceremony last month. The fury the death of Mr. Hundessa touched off poses a challenge to Mr. Ahmed, who rose to power in 2018 following a wave of antigovernment protests.
Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed of Ethiopia at a tree-planting ceremony last month. The fury the death of Mr. Hundessa touched off poses a challenge to Mr. Ahmed, who rose to power in 2018 following a wave of antigovernment protests.Credit…Michael Tewelde/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

“The last few days demonstrate just how combustible the situation in Ethiopia is,” said Murithi Mutiga, the project director for the Horn of Africa at the International Crisis Group.

He added: “The merest spark can easily unleash all these bottled up, ethnonationalist passions that have become the defining feature of Ethiopian politics, especially as it goes through this very delicate transition.”

While Mr. Abiy has a daunting task at hand, many say the government’s forceful response to discontent could make matters worse. Laetitia Bader, the Horn of Africa director at Human Rights Watch, said the group had received reports that security forces had used lethal force on protesters in at least seven towns.

“The initial signs aren’t good,” Ms. Bader said. “The government needs to make clear that it is listening to these grievances, creating the space for them to be heard and adequately responding to them without resorting to repression or violence.”

Given Mr. Hundessa’s stature, and how his music provided a stirring soundtrack against repression, the authorities should pull back and allow “people to grieve in peace,” said Henok Gabisa, the co-chairperson of the International Oromo Lawyers Association, based in St. Paul, Minn. About 200 of the city’s Oromo community protested on Tuesday.

“The Oromo people are in disbelief, shocked and confused,” said Mr. Gabisa, who knew Mr. Hundessa and met him a few months ago in Ethiopia. But arresting political opposition leaders like Bekele Gerba, of the Oromo Federalist Congress party, and raiding Mr. Mohammed’s Oromia Media Network only risked inflaming long-simmering tensions, he said.

“Abiy fumbled,” Mr. Gabisa said. “He dropped the ball.”

Members of the Oromo community in St. Paul, Minn., protested after Mr. Hundessa’s death on Wednesday.
Members of the Oromo community in St. Paul, Minn., protested after Mr. Hundessa’s death on Wednesday.Credit…Stephen Maturen/Getty Images

Despite the recent upheaval, however, analysts still give Mr. Abiy high marks for his efforts to put Ethiopia on a new course.

Mr. Gedamu said the prime minister had taken huge strides on multiple fronts, establishing the nationally unifying Prosperity Party, overseeing a record-breaking tree planting project to tackle climate change and expediting efforts to complete the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, which would bolster the country’s electricity supply.

“It is my understanding that revolutionary positive changes might actually take some time,” Mr. Gedamu said. “But overall, the gains of the reform outweigh the challenges.”

For now, tensions remain high across Ethiopia as Mr. Hachalu is being laid to rest. The military was deployed to parts of the capital on Wednesday, and witnesses reported hearing gunshots.

Rawera Daniel, 24, an unemployed university graduate in Addis Ababa, said the authorities should not crack down on citizens who want to mourn.

On hearing of Mr. Hundessa’s death, “I cried like I lost my mother,” he said. “He fought for our freedom. His lyrics spoke on our behalf.”

Mr. Mutiga, of the International Crisis Group, said that Mr. Abiy should rise to the occasion not just as a political leader but as Ethiopia’s healer in chief.

“I think where Abiy definitely could do better is to try to fashion consensus,” he said, “persuade his opponents and be more deliberative and consultative and try to carry people along with him.,”

Tiksa Negeri contributed reporting from Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.Ethiopia’s Simmering Tensions

#Oromia: Artist Hacaaluu Hundeessaa, the prominent #Oromo singer, songwriter, is assassinated on Monday 29 June 2020 in Finfinnee July 2, 2020

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Artist Haacaaluu Hundeessaa (34), the prominent #Oromo singer, songwriter, is shot dead on Monday 29 June 2020 in Finfinnee, around Galan Condominium site. He was admitted to Tirunesh Beijing General Hospital but died of his injuries shortly after. R.I.P!
Artist Haacaaluu Hundeessaa waxabajjii 29 bara 2020 galgala naannawaa sa’aatii 9:30 magaalaa Finfinnee bakka addaa Kondominiiyemii Galaan jedhamutti ajjeefamuu maddeen naannichaa mirkaneessan.

ከዚህ በኋላ የእያንዳንዱ ኦሮሞ ታርክ ከጀግናው ሃጫሉ ሁንዴሳ ሞት በፊት እና በኋላ ተብሎ በደማቅ ቀይ መሰመር ተለይቶ ይፃፋል።

በሃጫሉ ሞት ለ150 ዓመታት በኦሮሞ ህዝብ ላይ የተንሰራፋው የበዕድ ስራዓት ከአሮጌዋ ኢትዮጵያ ጋር ዳግም ላይመለስ ከእያንዳንዱ ኦሮሞ ልብ ውስጥ ሞቷል!

የኦሮሞ ህዝብ ሁለት ልብ የሚሆንበት እና የሚያመነታበት ዘመን አብቅቷል። ዘረኛው ስረዓትም ከምድራችን ላይ በተባበረ የህዝባችን ክንድ ይነቀላል!

ከዚህ በኋላ፣ የኦሮሞ ህዝብ እራሱ በሚመሰርተው ስረዓተ መንግስት፣ በእራሱ ቋንቋ እና በእራሱ ባህል፣ በአባት አገሩ ላይ ታፍሮ እና ተከብሮ፣ በነፃነት፣ በተድላ እና በሰላም ይኖራል! ቃል ነው!!!

Dr. Beranemesqel Sanyi

Geerarsa #HacaaluuHundeesaa: Bishaan Baroo Dildilaa Gafaa Guutu Hin Beekanii, Lubuun Gootaa Billiiqaa Gaafa Duutu hin Beekaani. Trending forever https://youtu.be/l7uMks8BqEw

The slain singer’s wife, Santu Demisew Diro, gave a short speech after mourners laid wreaths. “Hachalu is not dead. He will remain in my heart and the hears of millions of Oromo people forever,” she said. Click here for more Africa News

The Ethiopian authorities must conduct prompt, thorough, impartial, independent and effective investigations into the killing of popular Oromo singer #HachaaluuHundeessaa Amnesty International said

There must be justice for the killing of Hachalu Hundesa. Sarah Jackson, Amnesty International’s Deputy Director for East Africa, the Horn and the Great Lakes

“There must be justice for the killing of Hachalu Hundesa. The musician’s songs rallied the country’s youth in sustained protests from 2015 leading to the political reforms witnessed in the country since 2018,” said Sarah Jackson, Amnesty International’s Deputy Regional Director for East Africa, the Horn and the Great Lakes.

Ethiopia Cracks Down Following Popular Singer’s Killing, HRW.

Hachalu Hundessa, Ethiopian Singer and Activist, Is Shot DeadThe musician, 34, was known for political songs that provided support for the ethnic Oromo group’s fight against repression and a soundtrack for antigovernment protests.nytimes.com

At least 10 dead as slaying of Ethiopian singer triggers protests

BBC: Hachalu Hundessa: Deadly protests erupt after Ethiopian singer killed

Far from being a footnote in the Oromo struggle, musicians like Haacaaluu Hundeessa have been its centre of gravity.

https://africanarguments.org/…/we-are-here-the-soundtrack-…/

Who is Hacaaluu: https://www.opride.com/longform/opride-oromo-person-year-2017-haacaaluu-hundeessaa/

https://twitter.com/FileObsi/status/1277736638161002496

OMN: Statement of condemnation of Artist Hacaaluu Hundeessaa’s assassination, the imprisonment of Oromo political leaders, and the closure of OMN in Ethiopia July 2, 2020

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Statement of condemnation of Artist Hacaaluu Hundeessaa’s assassination, the imprisonment of Oromo political leaders, and the closure of OMN in Ethiopia

July 1, 2020

We, the Board of Trustees of Oromia Media Network (OMN), are extremely shocked and devastated by the assassination of an Oromo icon, artist and human rights activist Hacaaluu Hundeessa, the detention of Oromo Political leaders Jawar Mohammed, Bekele Gerba, and others and the closure of OMN Finfinne Head Office.We condemn in the strongest terms possible the targeted assassination of an Oromo musical superstar whose music has been instrumental in mobilizing the Oromo mass and other Ethiopians for peaceful protest against the former leadership of the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) regime in Ethiopia. Hacaaluu was a voice for the voiceless Oromo mass until he was assassinated two days ago. Hacaaluu passionately believed in a non-violent struggle and committed his entire life to promoting respect for human rights and bringing social justice for the Oromo nation through his artistic talent. The OMN Board of Trustees believes that the environment that precipitated the assassination of Hacaaluu Hundeessa was set by the current Ethiopian regime. From day one, the administration embarked on praising and building new statues for the past emperors and dictators disregarding deep historical wounds, collective bad memories and anger of the people who suffered under those rulers. The emperors, whom Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed made his role models, are known for committing genocide against different ethnic groups of the country during their reigns. Through his reactionary and imperial ambitions, Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed created a political environment that led to the assassination of the human rights icon Hacaaluu Hundeessa. We, the OMN Board of Trustees, hold the leadership of Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed fully responsible for the assassination of Hacaaluu Hundeessaa.We condemn in the strongest terms possible the imprisonment of Oromo leaders, Jawar Mohammed, Bekele Gerba, and more than thirty others that the regime’s security announced. Jawar and Bekele have been champions of non-violent struggle against the tyrannical regimes of the former EPDRF and the current Prosperity Party (PP). By imprisoning these leaders of non-violent struggle, the Abiy Ahmed regime is plunging the country into chaos and making violent struggle the only option left for the oppressed people.We also condemn in the strongest terms possible the closure of OMN Finfinnee by the government of Abiy Ahmed. We would like to remind the regime that OMN has persisted in the service of the people even during the darkest days of the previous regime and will remain so despite all challenges. Let it be clear to all that the Oromo people will not allow its only voice to be silenced. We call upon our people to continue its unwavering support for its only true voice, the OMN.We are alarmed by the growing authoritarian tendencies and anti-constitutional practices of Abiy Ahmed’s administration. Given these grave circumstances and the uncharted territory the country is entering so quickly, the OMN Board of Trustees passes the following resolutions as a matter of urgency:1. We condemn in the strongest terms possible the political assassination of Hacaaluu Hundeessaa and demand that the culprits be identified and brought to justice through a credible and transparent investigation.2. We urge the government to release of Oromo political leaders Jawar Mohammed, Bekele Gerba and other political prisoners.3. We demand, in unequivocal terms, the reopening of OMN Finfinnee and urge the government to refrain from obstruction of this media organization.4. We demand the release of all OMN journalists, reporters, and other staff members and its Executive Director, Girma Gutema.5. We urge the government to release the security personnel in charge of OMN’s headquarters and Jawar Mohammed’s residence.6. We urge the government to start taking necessary measures for the removal of all statues and other relics of imperial subjugation and domination.7. We demand that the government withdraw the excessive military forces it dispatched across the Oromia National Regional State and stop human rights violations and intimidation of the public.8. We demand an immediate cessation of misrepresentations and other forms of discursive violence unleashed, through conventional and social media, against the rightful interest of the Oromo nation and the other nations and nationalities of Ethiopia.We call upon our compatriots back in Ethiopia to continue the peaceful struggle for democratic reform and full respect for human rights. We ask everybody to watch for each other and our leaders for the regime’s possible killings and detentions and expose such acts.The Ethiopian regime, just like its predecessors, depends on foreign aid to finance its security forces that it has unleashed on our grieving people. We ask the international community in general, and the donors in particular, to refrain from financing a repressive military regime and make all aids to the country dependent on respect for human and peoples’ rights.Finally, we express our heartfelt condolences and solidarity with Hacaaluu’s family, friends, and the Oromo Nation during this difficult time.Sincerely,(signed in the original by)Kitaba Magarsa, ChairmanOMN Board of Trustees

HRW: Ethiopia Cracks Down Following Popular Singer’s Killing July 1, 2020

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Ethiopia Cracks Down Following Popular Singer’s Killing

Lift Internet Shutdown, Avoid Force at Protests, Free Unjustly Held Politicians

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Laetitia Bader

Director, Horn of AfricaLaetitiaBaderLaetitiaBader

Ethiopian singer Hachalu Hundessa in a still from the music video for his song, "Maalan Jira".
Ethiopian singer Hachalu Hundessa in a still from the music video for his song, “Maalan Jira”.

Protests erupted in several towns across Ethiopia in response to the June 29 killing of Hachalu Hundessa, a popular Oromo singer whose songs captured the struggles and frustrations of the Oromo people during the 2014-2018 anti-government protest movement. Unidentified gunmen shot Hundessa dead in Addis Ababa, the capital. Hundessa’s uncle was also reportedly killed in Ambo today.

While police claim to have made arrests in connection with Hundessa’s killing, the government’s responses to the protesters risks enflaming long-simmering tensions. On Tuesday morning the government cut internet services across the country, which only amplified concerns that people are being silenced and that human rights abuses and communal violence, having rocked the country last year, are not being addressed.

The internet shutdown has also made it impossible to access information on those killed and injured in the protests. One witness told us: “There is no network. We don’t have any information flow … the government only tells people [they] are investigating, and so everyone is hypothesizing based on current affairs.”

Despite the blackout, credible reports of violence are emerging. A regional government spokesman said that three explosions shook the capital, Addis Ababa, the morning after Hundessa’s killing. Meanwhile, independent media reports suggest that more than 80 people have been killed in the Oromia region and a further 10 people were killed in Adama after a government building was set on fire.

An activist in Nekemte, western Oromia, told Human Rights Watch that three protesters were killed after Oromia police opened fire. A doctor in the town of Dire Dawa said that the hospital had received eight people with gunshot injuries after reportedly being fired at by security forces, and that two soldiers had also been shot and injured.

The government’s response took another worrying turn when authorities arrested political opposition leaders Jawar Mohammed and Bekele Gerba of the Oromo Federalist Congress party, late Tuesday morning after a reported standoff with security forces over Hundessa’s funeral site. Jawar and Bekele were initially held incommunicado, but are now known to be held in Sostegna police station in Addis Ababa. While their families have now been allowed to bring them food and medicine, it is unclear if they have access to a lawyer. Bekele’s son and daughter were also arrested, and their whereabouts remain unknown.

The media has also reported that another prominent political opposition leader, Eskinder Nega, has also been detained.

Rather than restoring calm, the authorities’ internet shutdown, apparent excessive use of force, and arrest of political opposition figures could make a volatile situation even worse. The government should take prompt steps to reverse these actions or risk sliding deeper into crisis.

The Guardian: Ethiopia protests: more than 80 killed as singer’s murder lays bare grievances, July 1, 2020

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Ethiopia protests: more than 80 killed as singer’s murder lays bare grievances

Troops on Addis Ababa streets as political tensions erupt over Haacaaluu death and wider Oromo claims

Ethiopian musician Haacaaluu Hundeessaa, in traditional costume, 2019

Haacaaluu Hundeessaa in 2019. His music served as the soundtrack to Oromos opposing political exclusion. Photograph: Tiksa Negeri/ReutersReuters in Addis AbabaPublished onWed 1 Jul 2020 16.15 EDT

Ethiopian troops have been deployed in the country’s capital in a second day of unrest, sparked by the assassination of the popular musician Haacaaluu Hundeessaa, which has claimed more than 80 lives.

Protests after Haacaaluu’s murder on Monday tapped into grievances fuelled by decades of government repression and what the Oromo, Ethiopia’s biggest ethnic group, describe as their historic exclusion from political power.

“I am angry. It’s eating me inside,” said Ishetu Alemu, a protester, as tyres smouldered in the street behind him.

Gunshots could be heard in many neighbourhoods, and gangs armed with machetes and sticks roamed the streets. Witnesses described a situation pitting youths of Oromo origin against other ethnic groups and the police.

“We had a meeting with the community, and we were told to arm ourselves with anything we have, including machetes and sticks. We no longer trust the police to protect us so we have to prepare ourselves,” said one resident in the capital, Addis Ababa, who like others interviewed asked not to be named for fear of reprisals.

Many residents fear that Haacaaluu’s funeral, scheduled for Thursday in his home town, Ambo, could lead to more violence.

“Security forces have invaded our town, we can’t go out to mourn. No vehicles are moving around except security patrols with machine guns,” Chala Hunde, 27, a student, told Reuters by phone from Ambo, about 60 miles west of Addis. “The security forces are putting a finger in our wound.”

Prof Awol Allo, at Keele University, England, said a tussle over whether to bury Haacaaluu in Ambo or Addis had laid bare the political tensions fanning the protests. “It’s very contentious. Oromos claim the city [Addis] to be theirs, as it lies fully within the Oromo regional state.” But the capital is under federal, not regional control.

The state broadcaster reported the arrest of the prominent journalist and activist Eskinder Nega, a former political prisoner who runs a pressure group opposed to what it describes as Oromo attempts to dominate the capital.

The dispute over Addis triggered three years of bloody street demonstrations that led to the resignation of the previous prime minister and Abiy Ahmed’s appointment to the post in 2018. Haacaaluu’s music was the soundtrack to a generation of young Oromos who led the protests.

The regional police commissioner, Bedassa Merdassa, told the state-run Ethiopian Broadcasting Corporation on Wednesday that more than 80 people had been killed in the clashes in Oromiya on Tuesday, including protesters and three members of the security forces. The dead also included 78 civilians, he said.

Another potential flashpoint was the arrest on Tuesday of the Oromo opposition leader, Bekele Gerba, and the media mogul Jawar Mohammed.

Abiy, Haacaaluu and Jawar are all Oromo. The singer and media owner were more critical of the prime minister in recent months; some Oromo activists have accused Ethiopia’s 41-year-old prime minister of repression.

In federal Ethiopia power is traditionally derived through the control of large ethnic voting blocs. Under the previous administration voting was rarely free or fair; opposition activists were jailed, tortured or driven into exile.

Related, Oromia Economist Sources:

Military deployed in Ethiopian capital after more than 50 killed in protests over musician’s assassination

NEWS ALERT: AT LEAST 50 PEOPLE KILLED AS PROTESTS OVER ASSASSINATED OROMO ARTIST CONTINUE; POLICE CONFIRM ARREST OF JAWAR MOHAMMED, BEKELE GERBA & 33 OTHERS

#Oromia: A New Phase of #OromoRevolution Tsegaye Ararssa #HacaaluuHundeessaa July 1, 2020

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A New Phase of #OromoRevolution,

By Dr. Tsegaye Ararssa #HacaaluuHundeessaa

As of yesterday, the struggle has entered a new phase. We now brace ourselves for a comprehensive set of protest measures as of this morning.A state-wide protest rallies are hoped to be staged from today on. It’s hoped that these protest measures will extend to other parts of the country as well.

The demands to be tabled are:

1. To give a dignified burial for Haacaaluu in Finfinnee–and that, after a proper examination of the cause of his death, identification of the assassins, and taking genuine measures for ensuring (legal, administrative, and political) accountability for the assassination;

2. To release all political prisoners including the leaders (e.g. Jawar Mohammed, Bekele Gerba, Hamza Borana, etc) and numerous other protesters arrested yestetday;3. Release the journalists, reporters, and other staff members of the Oromia Media Network (OMN) including its Executive Director, Girma Gutema;

4. Release the security personnel in charge of the security of the OMN premises and the residence of Jawar Mohammed; and

5. Take decisive measures to remove all historical relics of empire such as statues, flags, and symbols that insult the pluralist and federalist sensibilities of Oromos and all other nations in the country;

6. Stop the use of the media (conventional as well as social) to attack, misrepresent, and provoke the Oromo and the other ‘others’ of Ethiopia;

7. Stop the use of repressive military tactics that are deployed to terrorize, intimidate, and humiliate the people into submission;

8. Withdraw the military from the civilian lives of the local population;9. Start a genuinely inclusive discussion with all parties towards restoring constitutional rule, federalism, and rule of law, in a framework that eyes an election before the expiry of the term in October 2020.

10. Ensure that proper remedial measures are taken in order to redress victims of human rights violations in the past two years.Oromos from all walks of life shall be taking part in yhe protest measures. #Oromia_Protests_2020.

#Oromia: Artist Hacaaluu Hundeessaa, the prominent #Oromo singer, songwriter, is assassinated on Monday 29 June 2020 in Finfinnee

Ethiopia: Popular musician’s killing must be fully investigated

Oromia: OMN: Keessummaa – Wellisaa Hacaaluu Hundeessaa (Wax 22, 2020) June 23, 2020

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OMN: Keessummaa – Wellisaa Hacaaluu