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Foreign Policy: ARGUMENT: Obama Should Stay Away from Ethiopia July 8, 2015

Posted by OromianEconomist in US-Africa Summit.
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???????????OromoProtests against genocidal TPLF Ethiopia3. 19 June 2015Why Do Authoritarian Regimes Make Their Armies Readily Available to Participate in International PeacekeepingTPLF in electoral fraud, 24 May 2015Thousand Oromos detained in 2014 protests

Obama Should Stay Away from Ethiopia

BY JEFFREY SMITH, MOHAMMED ADEMO, Foreign Policy

 

Obama Should Stay Away from Ethiopia

Later this month, President Barack Obama will become the first sitting United States president to ever visit Ethiopia, Africa’s second most populous country, and a nation viewed by many as a bastion of stability in a region otherwise beset with civil strife. The trip — which will also include a stopover in Kenya — is being billed as part of the Obama administration’s regional efforts “to accelerate economic growth, strengthen democratic institutions, and improve security.”

These are indeed laudable goals and should be actively pursued by the U.S. government. But the timing and tenor of the visit to Addis Ababa sends a worrying signal that Washington’s priorities — not only in Ethiopia, but on the entire continent — are actually at odds with the president’s oft-repeatedrhetoric about advancing human rights and strengthening African democracy and institutions.

Let’s be clear: Ethiopia is not a model of democracy that should be rewarded with a presidential visit.

Let’s be clear: Ethiopia is not a model of democracy that should be rewarded with a presidential visit. The long-ruling Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), now in power for 25 years, claimed a landslide victory inlegislative polls held in May, winning all 547 parliamentary seats, which places it among the ranks of North Korea and Saddam Hussein’s Baathist Iraq in terms of the sheer efficiency of its electoral sweep. The results should not have come as a surprise: theEPRDF swept the last four elections, including in 2010,in which it took a whopping 99.6 percent of the vote. This time around, Washington and the European Union did not even bother sending election observers, knowing full well that anEPRDF victory was a foregone conclusion.The lead up to the May 24 vote saw a widespread crackdown on journalists, human rights activists, and opposition supporters. What’s worse, Obama’s trip was announced on June 19, the same week it was revealed that threeopposition party members were murdered in the country, all under highly suspicious circumstances.

So why is President Obama visiting a country where democracy is in such a sorry state and where human rights violations remain systemic and widespread? Because, despite the obvious lack of political rights and civil liberties in Ethiopia, and its status as one of the top jailers of journalists in the world, Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn is palatable to Washington and other Western donors precisely because of who he is not: a retrograde dictator in the mold of his regional counterparts, Isaias Afwerki of Eritrea or Omar al-Bashir of Sudan. The brutal and oft heavy-handed oppression exhibited by the latter two regimes is brazen, whereas Desalegn and the EPRDF work within the (regime-controlled) judicial system, giving their repression a veneer of legality.

A former academic, Desalegn’s elevation to the highest office in Ethiopia came courtesy of the sudden death in 2012 of Ethiopia’s strongman, Meles Zenawi, who had ruled the country for two decades. Zenawi was a favorite in Washington: Though he brutally crushed political opponents and implemented a series of draconian laws meant to muzzle the press and stifle dissent, he also managed to establish an image of Ethiopia as a stable and growing economy in the troubled Horn of Africa. Zenawi’s Western allies, particularly the United States, applauded the country’s modest economic growth and the regime’s willingness to endorse the so-called “War on Terror.” As a result, leaders in Washington routinely turned a blind eye to the EPRDF’s rampant human rights abuses and its ongoing suppression of civil society, the media, and political opposition.

Several key Obama advisers were close associates and personal friends of the late prime minister. Susan Rice, Obama’s national security advisor and former top diplomat at the United Nations, for instance, made no secret of her esteem for and friendship with Zenawi, whom she eulogized as “a servant leader.” Another top Obama aide, Gayle Smith — the current nominee to lead the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), which provided Ethiopia nearly $500 million in 2013 — was also never shy about her admiration for Zenawi.

Desalegn, largely seen as a compromise candidate for the shaky, ethnicity-based EPRDF coalition, has continued to rule in the same mode — and Washington’s perverse need to embrace a dictator in technocrat’s clothing has continued. This March, two months before Ethiopia’s sham elections, U.S. Undersecretary for Political Affairs Wendy Sherman publicly praised Ethiopia’s “democracy” during a visit to the country, which a state department spokesperson further bolstered by saying “her statements fully reflect the U.S. Government’s positions.” Even a cursory glance at Ethiopia’s abysmal human rights record would turn this bogus claim on its head.

On June 25, the State Department released its annual human rights reporton Ethiopia, citing widespread “restrictions on freedom of expression,” “politically motivated trials,” “harassment and intimidation of opposition members and journalists,” “alleged arbitrary killings and torture,” “limits on citizens’ ability to change their government,” and restrictions on freedom of assembly, association, and movement. Yet Ethiopia’s donors, including the United States, which provides nearly half of Ethiopia’s national budget, have continued to ignore these signs of trouble. The facade of economic growth and the West’s eagerness for a “development success story” to tout on the international stage has seemingly precluded genuine diplomatic pressure to reform.

To be sure, deeply afflicted countries surround Ethiopia. Despite recent progress, Somalia faces credible and ongoing threats from the al-Qaeda affiliated militant group, al-Shabab. South Sudan has devolved into an intractable civil war with no end in sight. Kenya has yet to fully overcome the ramifications of post-election violence in 2007–2008, not to mention its inability to ward off al-Shabab’s cross border attacks. Eritrea, dubbed by some as the North Korea of Africa, remains a highly repressive police state from which hundreds of thousands continue to flee. Further afield, Yemen is in a state of bloody lawlessness. By contrast, Ethiopia has remained largely stable.

Despite this outward veneer of stability and progress, Ethiopia’s current system is unsustainable. A one-time vocal opposition has been systematically weakened. Ethnic discontent is rife. Religious revival has been met with brutal state repression. Economic prosperity is not widely shared and inequality continues to rise. Nepotism and corruption plague an already bloated bureaucracy. Youth unemployment is a persistent and serious challenge. Independent media, the human rights community, and civil society writ large have been decimated. And countless citizens arebeing displaced from their ancestral lands under the guise of development. These factors, taken together, may ultimately sow the seeds of a tangled conflict that could reverberate across an already troubled and tense region.

In this context, Obama’s upcoming visit to Ethiopia sends the wrong message on Washington’s stated commitment to strengthening democratic institutions — not strongmen — in Africa. What is more, turning a blind eye to widespread human rights abuses for the sake of counterterrorism cooperation and so-called “regional stability” may prove to be a self-defeating strategy that is bad in the long term for the United States, as well as for citizens throughout the Horn of Africa.

If the United States wanted to help strengthen democratic institutions and stand in solidarity with Africans, who are now more than ever demanding democracy, then Nigeria would have been a much better alternative model. Nigeria, Africa’s most populous nation and its largest economy, held landmark elections this March, in which an opposition candidate ousted an incumbent who then graciously accepted defeat. In Ethiopia, this scenario remains a pipe dream for its 96 million citizens. The EPRDF is now set to lord over the country at least until 2020, allowing the party to further entrench its repressive machinery and to extend its dominance long beyond its current mandate.

It is unlikely that Obama and his handlers will change the itinerary of his upcoming trip. However, it is not too late for the president, and for the United States government, to speak honestly to the people of Ethiopia, making it clear that the historic visit is not intended to validate or otherwise endorse the EPRDF’s autocratic dominance. Rather, Obama should be clear with EPRDF leadership, both in private and most importantly, in public that the United States appreciates the complex challenges facing the country and that repression is not an acceptable means of addressing them.

Obama and his staff should also meet openly with Ethiopia’s political opposition and civic leaders, including those based in the country and abroad in Kenya, where many have been forced to relocate due to increasing oppression at home. Obama should additionally raise the issue of the recently murdered opposition members, as well as the many cases of journalists, activists, and political prisoners who have been wrongly jailed and arbitrarily detained under a raft of draconian laws that have criminalized dissent.

In the long-term, the U.S. government should redouble its commitment to Ethiopia’s beleaguered civil society. Obama’s 2016 budget request includes more than $400 million in assistance to the country, of which less than 1 percent is allocated for democracy and human rights programming — an actual improvement from last year, when zero was devoted to this vital sector, much of the spending going towards health and humanitarian aid. A robust, reenergized, and empowered Ethiopian civil society, in which human rights groups are free to operate, is central to deepening democratic principles, not only in Ethiopia, but also throughout the East and Horn of Africa.

Overall, Obama must firmly reiterate that stability and security, and respect for basic human rights and the legitimacy of civil society, are not mutually exclusive objectives in Ethiopia, or elsewhere. Rather, he should be unequivocal — in both rhetoric and in practice — that, together, these issues help form an unshakable and long-term pillar for U.S. engagement on the African continent.

Read more at:-

http://foreignpolicy.com/2015/07/08/obama-should-stay-away-from-ethiopia/?utm_content=buffer36aeb&utm_medium=social&utm_source=facebook.com&utm_campaign=buffer

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#HELOO, KANNEEN BEEKTUU LAATA??? July 8, 2015

Posted by OromianEconomist in Oromo Literature, Uncategorized.
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???????????

OMN: Keemikaalli,Zayita nyaataan walfakkaatu odoo gara magaalaa Gimbiitti geeffamaa jiruu daandiirratti qabame. July 8, 2015

Posted by OromianEconomist in Oromia News.
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???????????Oromia Media Network

 

OMN:Oduu Adol. 07,2015 Namooti Keemikaala zayita nyaataa fakkeessuun barmeela 18 gara Magaalaa Gimbitti geessaa turan Magaalaa Diggaa Irratti Poolisii aanichaan to’annaa Jala oolfaman.

Hogeessi Fayyaa OMN dubbise akka jedhanitti// Keemikaaloti akkasii kun Yoo soorataman dhukkuba Tiruu fi Kaanserii dhiigaa namarraan ga’uu Maluu jedhan.

Itti gaafatamaan Waajjira poolisii aanaa Diggaa Komaander Tashoomaa Mootummaa akka OMN tti himanitti, namni kun barmeela 18 Keemikaala Zayitii nyaataa Fakkeessuun Gurgurtaaf otuu gara Magaalaa Gimbiitti geessaa Jiruuti kan Qabame.

Waanti Zayitii nyaataati jedhamee fe’amee deemamaatti ture kun qorannoof gara Hospitaala Paasteritti akka ergame kan dubbatan Komander Tashoomeen, erga qoratamee booda Zayita Nyaataa akka hintaane nuu ibsaniiru.

Komaander Tashoomaan gaaffii fi deebii OMN waliin taasisaniin,
“Maalummaan keemikaala Sanaa sirriitti qoratamaa jira. Namni yakka sana dalages qabamee to’annaa mootummaa jala jira.”

Dhimma kana ilaalchisuun waa’ee rakkoolee Keemikaaloti waliin isaanii hinbeekamne kun namarraan ga’anii irratti Ogeessa Fayyaa Dr Abdulsamed Mohammed dubbisneerra.

Dr Abdulsamed hunda dura Maalummaan Keemikaala Sanaa qoratamee beekamuu akka qabu erga nuu himanii booda, Keemikaaloti amala Zayitii qabanii fi akka salphaatti zayita nyaataa waliin wal makatan hedduun jiru. Isaan kun kan qaama Namaa irratti balaa geessisanis ta’e hingeessisne ta’uu maluu Jedhan.

Hata’uutii Keemikalli sun kanneen fayyina namaa miidhan yoo ta’e dheerina yeroo keessa Madda dhukkuba Tiruutii fi Dhukkuba Kaanserii dhiigaa namatti fiduu malu akka Dr Abdulsamed Jedhanitti.

Dr Abdulsamed, Kaanseriin dhiigaa Maal akka ta’e erga nuu ibsanii booda, Isa kana addaan baafachuuf qorattooti, Keemikaalli sun Keemikaala attamii akka ta’e sirriitti qorachuu isaan feesisaa jedhan.

Dr Abdulsamed Mohammed, Itti dabaluunis Keemikaala sana qorachuu qofaa osoo hintaane, tarii Keemikaalli sun yeroo dheeraaf gabaarra kan ture ta’uu waan danda’uuf, iddoowwan Keemikaalli kun itti geessamaa turanii fi naannoon sun guutummaatti sirriitti hubatamee, Jiraattoti naannoo Sanaa Haalli Fayyaa isaanii maal akka fakkaatuu gadi fageenyaan qorachuun barbaachisaadhaa Jedhan.

Abdii Fiixeetu gabaase.

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/07/keemikaallizayita-nyaataan-walfakkaatu-odoo-gara-magaalaa-gimbiitti-geeffamaa-jiruu-daandiirratti-qabame/

SALTED HASH-TOP SECURITY NEWS: Hacking Team hacked, attackers claim 400GB in dumped data: An email from a person linked to several domains allegedly tied to the Meles Zenawi Foundation (MZF), Ethiopia’s Prime Minister until his death in 2012, was published as part of the cache of files taken from Hacking Team July 8, 2015

Posted by OromianEconomist in Censorship.
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???????????Enemies of Internet

Documents obtained by hackers from the Italian spyware manufacturer Hacking Team confirm that the company sells its powerful surveillance technology to countries with dubious human rights records.

Internal emails and financial records show that in the past five years, Hacking Team’s Remote Control System software — which can infect a target’s computer or phone from afar and steal files, read emails, take photos and record conversations — has been sold to government agencies in Ethiopia, Bahrain, Egypt, Kazakhstan, Morocco, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Sudan, Azerbaijan and Turkey. An in-depth analysis of those documents byThe Intercept shows Hacking Team’s leadership was, at turns, dismissive of concerns over human rights and privacy; exasperated at the bumbling and technical deficiency of some of its more controversial clients; and explicitly concerned about losing revenue if cut off from such clients.

https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/07/07/leaked-documents-confirm-hacking-team-sells-spyware-repressive-countries/

An email from a person linked to several domains allegedly tied to the Meles Zenawi Foundation (MZF), Ethiopia’s Prime Minister until his death in 2012, was published Sunday evening as part of the cache of files taken from Hacking Team.

In the email, Biniam Tewolde offers his thanks to Hacking Team for their help in getting a high value target.

hackingteam 9

Around the time the email was sent, which was eight months after the Prime Minister’s death, Tewolde had registered eight different MZF related domains. Given the context of the email and the sudden appearance (and disappearance) of the domains, it’s possible all of them were part of a Phishing campaign to access the target. Who the high value target is, remains unknown.

An invoice leaked with the Hacking Team cache shows that Ethiopia paid $1,000,000 Birr (ETB) for Hacking Team’s Remote Control System, professional services, and communications equipment.

Hacking team hackedHacking team hacked1

Read more at:-

http://www.csoonline.com/article/2943968/data-breach/hacking-team-hacked-attackers-claim-400gb-in-dumped-data.html

Itoophiyaan toora interneetii basaasuuf bara 2012 keessa doolara miliyoona tokko baasuunshii saaxilame.

OMN:Oduu Adol.06,2015 Xalayaan Dhaabbata basaasaa Biyya Xaaliyaanii Magaalaa Miilaanii Ejensii toora oddeeffannoo Itoophiyaaf ergame akka mullisutti, Itoophiyaan toora interneetii basaasuuf bara 2012 doolara miliyoona tokkko kaffalteetti.

Akka madda oduu kanaatti, dhaabbannii basaasaa Interneetii Xaaliyaanii Hacking Team jedhamu, dhaabbata biyyoota adda addaaf meeshaalee Interneetii ittiin basaasan qopheessuu fi tajaajila sanaa kennuu dha.

Bara 2012 Erga Ministirri Muummee Itoophiyaa duraanii du’anii asitti, namni Biniyam Tawalde jedhamu toora interneetii haaraa 8 fi Imeeloota adda addaa maqaa Mallas Zeenaawii Faawundeeshin jedhamu waliin hidhata qabuun hundeesse yookaan immoo bitee jira.

Haa ta’u malee galmeewwan kunnneen banamanii utuu hin turin deebi’anii akka badan waanti taasifamaniif, jalqabuma irra kaasanii kan banamaniif basaasa toora interneetiif deggersa kennuuf akka ta’e nama shakkisiisaa jechuun gabaasni kun dabalee addeesseera .

Namni maqaan isaa eerame kun,ragaa amma argame kanaan akka saaxilametti bara 2013 xalayaa garee basaastootaaf/Hacking Teamiif/ ergeen,kallattii xiyyeeffannaa isaaniin bu’aa guddaa arganneerra jedha.

Haa ta’u malee, qaamni balaa basaasaa Interneetii kanaan miidhamanii fi xiyyeeffaanna Mootummaa sanaa turan eenyufaa akka ta’an hin beekamne.

Kaampnaanii Xaaliyaanii Hacking Team,Mootummoonni fi dhaabbiillee basaasaa akka Lmmiilee isaanii basaasaniif deeggerrssa fi meeshaalee garagaraa dhiheessuun beeakamu kun ofuma isaatii iyyuu basaasamuun faayilonnii fi dataawwan isaa akka hatame gabaafame.

Hatamuun toora interneetii kanaa kan beekame, erga toorri Twitterii dhaabbata kanaa hatame fi maqaan isaa “Hacked Team”. jedhamutti jijirame booda.

Toora interneetii dhaabbatichaa hatame kana irra dokumentonnii dhaabbaticha GB 400 ta’an kanneen biroon hatamaniru.

Hatamuu toora interneetii kanaaf hanga ammatti qamni itti gaafatamummaa fudhate hin jiru.Haa ta’u malee meeshaan qorataa kaamaapaanichaa Da Vinci jedhamu warreen diiina internetii ta’antu hate jedheera.

Dokumeentonni hataman kunneen akka mull’isanitti,maamiltoota kaampaanii Sana fi biyyoota isaan keessatti argaman adda baasee jira.

Haaluma kanaan Itoophiyaa dabalatee biyyonni 35 meshaalee basaasa dhaabbnni kun dhiheesutti akka fayyadaman fi, lammiilee isaanii karaa toora Interneetiitiin akka basaasan beeksisee jira.

Meeshaalee fi tajaajili dhaabbanni kun Mootummotaa fi dhaabbiilee basaasaaf kennu dhimmoota dhuunfaa dhaabbiilee qoratootaa fi Miidiyaalee keessa seenuun miidhaa geesisaa jira.

Dhaabbanni Reporters Without Borders kaampaanii basaasaa Hacking Team kana toora kaampaanota diina Interneetii ittiin jedhe galmeessee bubbuleera.

Dhaabbanni nama hatuu ofii isaatiin nan hatama jedhee yaadee hin beeku kan jedhe gabaasichi,akka ragaa amma argame kanaan faayiloota ,Imeelota dokumantoota adda addaa argatan ifa gochaa jiru.

Akka gabaasa Human Rights Watch tti Dhaabbanni Hacking Team Mootummaan Sudan yuuroo kuma 400 fi kuma 80 dhaabbata kanaaf kennuu isaa kanaan dura kan haale oggaa ta’u, amma garuu ragaa kanaan ifattii saaxilameera.

Dhaabbanni Mootummota Gamtoomanii tibba sana Mootummaan Sudaan dhimma kana akka qulqulleessuuf xalayaan kan gaafate yemmuu ta’u, gocha sana hin raawwannee jechuun Sudaan haaltee turuun ishee ni yaadatama.

Daabbanni Mirga dhala namaaf falmu Human Rights Watch Bitootessaa bara 2015 ibsa baaseen,Mootummaan Itoophiyaa meeshaale basaasa spyware jedhaman biyya alaatii galchuun yaada walabaa lammiilee isaa ukkamsaa jira.

Dhaabbanni qorannoo torontoo maandhefate,Independent researchers jedhamu baatiidhuma sana keessa ibsa baaseen, Mootummaan Itoophiyaa komputera hoojetoota Televishinii Isat Ameerikaa jiru irratti xiyyeeffachuun yaalii dhoksaan cabsuu irratti gaaggeeffameera jedheera.

Gabaasni Miidiyaalee fi Qorannoo Dhaabbata Mirga dhala namaa akka mullisutti, Mootummaan Itoophiyaa seera farra shororkessummaa dahannoo godhachuun Biloogeroota fi gaazexxesitootaa dhimma siyaasaa fi hawwaasaa gabaasan irratti tarkaanfii fudhataman cimsee qeeqaa turuunsaa kan yaadatamudha.

Gabaasaan Alamaayyoo Qannaa ti.

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/07/itoophiyaan-toora-interneetii-basaasuuf-bara-2012-keessa-doolara-miliyoona-tokko-baasuunshii-saaxilame/

Waa’ee Uummata Oromoo Kana Beektuu Laata? Dubreen Oromoo Barnootaan Qaroo Taate Qalbii Sabaa Himaa Ameerikaa Hawatte July 8, 2015

Posted by OromianEconomist in Oromia, Oromo.
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???????????Biftuu DureessooVOA

Jaallannee Gammadaa Ijoollee Oromoo bara kana barnoota sadarkaa adda addaatiin xumuruun as Yuunaaited Isteetes keessatti eebbifaman keessaa tokko kan taate Biiftuu Dureessoo kutaa New Yoorke magaalaa Raachestertti kan argamu mana barnootaa sadarkaa lammaffaa “Wilson magnet High school” jedhamu keessatti qabxii ol aanaa galmeessisteen guyyaa eebba sanaatti haasaa “valedictorian” ykn haadaa guyyaa ayyaana eebbaa akka gootu filatamtee haasawicha dhageessistee turte. Jaallanneen Biiftuu Dureessoo fi kan yeroo dheeraa dhaaf maamila radiyoo sagalee Ameerikaa sagantaa Afaan Oromoo turan abbaa ishee obbo Jamaal Abdullaahii Dureessoo haasofsiistee jirti.

Gaaffii fi deebii geggeedffame armaan gaditti caqasaa
 http://www.voaafaanoromoo.com/content/article/2852387.html
 https://soundcloud.com/gadaa-oromo-radio/dubreen-oromoo-barnootaan-qaroo-taate-qalbii-sabaa-himaa-ameerikaa-hawatte
 http://gadaa.net/FinfinneTribune/2015/07/voa-dubreen-oromoo-barnootaan-qaroo-taate-qalbii-sabaa-himaa-ameerikaa-hawatte/