jump to navigation

What is happening in Oromia (Ethiopia)? 8/18/2020 August 19, 2020

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
Tags: , , ,
add a comment

In a single day, security forces massacred >40 innocent Oromos. Unheard-of security forces brutality, which turned Oromia into a bloodbath. Gruesome images and very disturbing reports are coming from various parts of Oromia, Ethiopia. The ‘reformer’ became a master killer.Does the world community say something about the killings in Ethiopia?

OLLAA: Massive Crackdown on Political Oppositions and Civilians by the Ethiopian Government May Undo Global Efforts in Controlling COVID-19 Pandemic August 19, 2020

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
Tags: , , ,
add a comment

Massive Crackdown on Political Oppositions and Civilians by the Ethiopian Government May Undo Global Efforts in Controlling COVID-19 Pandemic


(left: Gayyoo village, right: unidentified prison in Ethiopia) 

Compiled by Daniel Elias (PhD)

Aug 18th, 2020 – Following the killing of the widely popular Oromo artist and human rights activist Haacaaluu Hundeessaa by yet unidentified gunmen in the Ethiopian Capital on June 29th, 2020, and the subsequent arrest of influential Oromo politicians including Jawar Mohammed and Bekele Gerba, there was widespread protest in the restive Oromia region. By the government’s admission, more than 239 people were killed, more than 9,000 people arrested and hundreds wounded by the heavy-handed security forces who were raining live bullets against largely peaceful and unarmed protestors. 

In trying to silence the protest, the government led by prime minister Abiy Ahmed, has undertaken a brutal crackdown on opposition party supporters, resulting in the arrest of thousands of people in make-shift prisons in appallingly crowded conditions. In the face of the current COVID-19 pandemic, this may turn out to be yet another threat to global health. Ethiopia is the second most populous country in Africa with a population of over 115 million. 

In the past few weeks, UNOCHA reported that Ethiopia saw a three-fold increase in confirmed cases of COVID-19 in July. 59% of recent cases resulted through community transmission, heavily contributing to the rapid increase of COVID-19 cases (https://reliefweb.int/report/ethiopia/ethiopia-humanitarian-bulletin-issue-13-27-july-11-august-2020).

A recent report by the human rights watch reported the jailing of up to 500 people in single classrooms turned into prison cells in the capital Addis Ababa. This amounts to adding fuel to the already soaring COVID-19 infections in Ethiopia.  The daily report by the Ethiopian Health Minister showed that COVID-19 infection is exponentially increasing in Ethiopia following the recent popular unrest and the subsequent mass arrest. Considering the high population density, extreme poverty and poor healthcare infrastructure in Ethiopia, it is hard to imagine that the country can manage a crisis of such magnitude if urgent measures are not taken now to limit the spread of the infection.

While the extent to which the political turmoil in Ethiopia will exacerbate the global pandemic is difficult to estimate at the present time, it is becoming clear that COVID-19 infections are becoming very frequent in the crowded Ethiopian prisons. Detainees have been kept at different sites where they face increased risks of contracting COVID-19 in detention. Relatives, lawyers, and those released said that several security guards and detainees reportedly tested positive for the virus that causes COVID-19, Human Rights Watch said on August 15th, 2020.

Misganu Muleta, a lawyer representing some of the most prominent political prisoners in Ethiopia including Jawar Mohammed, has stated that one of his clients, Dawit Abdissa, who was jailed in one of the crowded cells in Addis Ababa, was confirmed to have contracted COVID-19. A spokesperson for the Ethiopian Health Minister, Tegene Tafa has recently confirmed that Dejene Tafa, the secretary of the Oromo Federal Congress (OFC), has tested positive for COVID-19. He was detained in a school turned prison in Addis Ababa along side hundreds of other political prisoners. https://www.msn.com/en-in/news/other/mass-arrests-in-ethiopia-raise-spectre-of-repressive-past/ar-BB17Vc92.  A Kenyan photo journalist, Yasin Juma, who was arrested in Addis Ababa was reported  (www.msn.com/en-xl/news/other/yassin-juma-kenyan) on August 13th, 2020 to have been tested positive for the infection. These are clear signs that the crowded Ethiopian prisons are becoming hot beds for the spread of COVID-19 infections. 

At a time when international and global health experts  are urging governments to reduce overcrowding in jails to tackle COVID-19, practices that lengthen the pre-trial period, are particularly problematic and ignore Ethiopia’s own commitments, Human Rights Watch said.

A more worrisome situation is that the Ethiopian government has renewed restrictions on individual rights. The government’s use of repressive tools in its latest crackdown—including arbitrarily arresting citizens and shutting down the internet and telephone services—echoes tactics employed by previous Ethiopian leaders and directly threatens the progress made over the last two years. This is fueling popular unrest across the country, to which the government is responding by rounding up people in hundreds and putting more and more people in makeshift prisons, a situation that favours the rapid spread of Coronavirus. In addition to the pandemic economic crisis, the month-long internet shutdown cost Ethiopia over $100m NetBlocks said, while the country is in need of humanitarian support for the displaced communities from the different parts of the country.

A recent UN report showed that the popular unrest is causing massive displacement of people making humanitarian operations, including COVID-19 activities difficult. For instance, according to the UN, more than 37,000 re-displaced people in west Wollega are in need of immediate, sustainable solutions. The UN Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA) stated that the unrest in Oromia has dramatically decreased testing for COVID-19 and disrupted contact tracing of suspected cases. 

As it stands now, there is no end in sight for the popular unrest, which was ongoing in the most populous Oromia region and it is in fact spreading to other regions in the South of the country, as indicated by the uprising in Wolaita on the 12th of July (2020), which has resulted in the killing of over 34 unarmed civilian protesters in a couple of days and the jailing of hundreds in crowded conditions. It appears that there is no end in sight for the unrest and the consequent social crisis resulting from massive imprisonment and displacement coupled with a poor healthcare system, which is a fearsome combo that may undo the global effort in controlling the COVID-19 pandemic.


International and Global health experts https://www.ohchr.org/EN/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=25745&LangID=E

NetBlocks: https://netblocks.org/reports/internet-cut-in-ethiopia-amid-unrest-following-killing-of-singer-pA25Z28b

UN – https://addisstandard.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/humanitarian_bulletin_27_july-10_august_2020_final_for_publication-1.pdf

Addis standard – https://addisstandard.com/news-more-than-37000-re-displaced-people-in-west-wollega-in-need-of-immediate-sustainable-solutions-un/Oromo Legacy Leadership And Advocacy Association (OLLAA) has stood alongside with voiceless and faceless victims killed, falsely arrested, and forced into exile to become refugees at homes and abroad by the thousands. We believe the Oromo people, like others, deserve to be heard and to be understood for all the sacrifices they have paid and are still paying. Right now, we are truly disturbed by the daily news of human rights violations coming from Oromia! 

Our Solution & Plan 

Our immediate quest is to show and pursue the international community that federalism is not up for debate and once again continue to speak up & build a platform for Oromos are being prosecuted. Donate to OLLAA as we:

  1. Hire professional human rights consultants to speak on behalf Oromos
  2. Hire researchers in Oromia to ensureaccurate real-time information and to write professional reports in English so as to spread truthful & repressed information internationally.
  3. Globalizing Oromo human rights violation concerns by writing weekly & building relationships with international non-profit like Human Rights Watch, Freedom House as well as United Nations & United States government
  4. Work on creating a stronger network & society through development work such as investing in education, youth leadership, women & girls projects, businesses, and much more

Oromia: #OromoProtests round 3, Jawar Jawar Jawar August 18, 2020 August 18, 2020

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
Tags: ,
add a comment
Oromo Protests 2020 on 18 August 2020, Awaday, Oromia
Oromo Protests 2020 3rd round on 18 August 2020, Eastern Oromia
Oromo Protests 2020 on 18 August 2020, Kofale, Arsi, Oromia
Oromo Protests 2020 3rd round on 18 August 2020, Laga Xaafoo town , Centra Oromia, road to Finfinne city closed
Oromo Protests 2020 on 18 August 2020, Ambo, Oromia
OromoProtests 2020, Naqamte, 17 August 2020
Oromo Protests, 17 August 2020, Macharaa, Micataa, Oromia
Oromo Protests 2020 on 18 August 2020,Sululta, Oromia
Oromo Protests 2020 on 17 August 2020, Kombolcha, Hararghe, Oromia
Oromo Protests 2020 on 17 August 2020, Buraayyuu, Oromia
Oromo Protests 2020 on 18 August 2020,Shashemene, Oromia
Oromo Protests 2020 on 18 August 2020, Adele, Oromia
Oromo Protests 2020 on 18 August 2020, Gadaba, Hasaasa, Oromia
Oromo Protests 2020 on 18 August 2020, Giddaa Ayyaanaa, Oromia
Oromo Protests 2020 on 18 August 2020, Fadis Bokkoo, Hararghe, Oromia
Oromo Protests 2020 on 18 August 2020, Fadis, Facaatuu, Oromia
Oromo Protests 2020 on 18 August 2020, Aseboot, Hararghe, Oromia
Oromo Protests 2020 3rd round on 17 August 2020, Awaday, Hararghe, Oromia
Oromo Protests 2020 on 18 August 2020, Dirree Dhawaa, Oromia
Oromo Protests 2020 on 18 August 2020, Dadar, Oromia
UNDSS Oromo Protests alert
Oromo Protests 2020 3rd round on 18 August 2020, Galamso, Oromia

Oromo Protests 2020 on 18 August 2020, Shanan Dhuuggoo, Oromia

Oromo Protests 2020 on 18 August 2020, Daro Labuu, Oromia

Oromo Protests 2020 on 18 August 2020, Baalee, Roobee, Oromia

Ethiopia: Now what can you call this regime of the 21st century that denies medical treatment to political detainees August 17, 2020

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
add a comment

Down with injustice

By Ibsaa Gutamaa

Nobody can tell brutality of Darg than those who were prisoners of Maa’ikalaawii. But it did not deny prisoners medical treatment. Just for instance, Dajaazmach Asegaheny, an elderly detainee despite his going to be executed was taken to hospital when he seriously fell ill before that day. I also was allowed to stay in hospital until I recovered. Several prisoners were sent even for simple treatments, when prison clinic cannot handle. Even if there was no known epidemic Maa’ikalaawii was never without water supply for an hour for cleanliness to keep it at bay. That was in 20th century. Now what can you call this regime of the 21st century that denies medical treatment to detainees and driving Oromo to overcrowded prisons without any protection despite pandemic, COVID 19.

What can be more shameful and dishonorable for a Nobel Laurette than denying medical treatment for those in dire need and intentionally exposing people to COVID 19. Compare and contrast with the Darg, what do we call such a regime? It is the most brutal rabid man-eating dictator we never experienced.

There is no reason why Jawar and compatriots should stay in prison even for an hour. What did they do to them except having different stand with them on the Oromo question? Such fascistic act has a consequence.

Oromo are not only the calm that drink only milk; after Tadddee Birruu’s advice there are also those that take hot pepper. Don’t provoke them and pile up vengeance. Remember that Mussolini was hanged with head turned down by the Italian people. Even Darg and Wayyaanee the most powerful forces in sub-Saharan Africa could not survive peoples’ rage. They can subject them to inhuman sufferings or even kill these heroes and heroines to add to numbers of Oromo martyrs. But days of dictators and Nafxanyaa system hopefuls are numbered and they can never stop Oromo revolution. If our people with whole family and their domestic animals go out on the streets and point their fingers to Waaqaa they can destroy it.

Oromiyaan haa jiraattu!

#OromoProtests 2020 all Oromia 3rd round August 16, 2020

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
Tags: ,
1 comment so far
#OromoProtests 12, 12, 12 August 17, 2020

OMN Waamicha Qabsoo Marsaa 3ffaa Qeerroo irraa Kenname! Hagaya/August 16, 2020 ከቄሮ የተላለፈ ሦስተኛ ዙር የትግል ጥሪ

Waamicha Qabsoo Marsaa 3ffaa Qeerroo irraa Kenname

Uummatni Oromoo sirna abbaa hirree Wayyaaneen mataa itti taatee turte waliin qabsoo hadhaawaa taasiseen of irraa erga garagalchee booda loote-seentuun sirna Nafxannyaa aangoo mootummaa qabattee jirti.

Erga sini Nafxanyaa Abiy Ahmed mataa itti ta’e aangoo argattee as Oromoon gidiraa seenaa isaa keessatti argee hinbeekneen hiraarfamaa jira. Haaluma kanaan gartuun Biltsiginnaa yeroo ammaa mootummaa ofiin jedhu Oromoo xiqqeessee Oromummaa balleessuuf akeekaa godhatee jira. Hayyootaa fi qaroon Oromoo hidhaa jiru, hidhaa irraa kan hafan ajjeefamaa, ariyatamaa, akkasumas xiqqeefamaa jiru. Oromoo fi lafa Oromoo qoqqoodanii daldaluun Itiyoophiyaa dhiiga Oromoo dhuguun gabbatte kana tiksuuf yaalu. Abdii uummatni Oromoo mirga heerawaa fayyadamee filannoo dhaan sirna nafxanyaa kana of irraa kaasuuf qabu filannoo karoorfame haqee, Oromiyaa humnaan bulchuuf waraanaa hanga funyaaniitti hidhate uummatatti bobbaasee jira.

Maqaa “olaantummaa seeraa” jedhu golgaa godhachuun mana uummataa gubuu, jumlaan ajjesuu, qabeenya saamuu fi shamarran gudeeduu hojii fardii tasifatee jira. Walumaagalatti, Oromiyaan sirna nafxanyaa jalatti kuftee jirti. Kanaaf, Qeerroon waamicha qabsoo marsaa 3ffaa Kudhalamaan Sadeen (12/12/12) jedhamee moggaafame labseera. Mormiin marsaa 3ffaa kun Kibxata Hagayya 12, 2012 irraa hanga Jimaataa, Fulbaana 01, 2013 guutuu Oromiyaa keessatti hojii irra oola.

Kaayyoon yeroo gabaabaa qabsoo marsaa kanaa hooggantootaa fi lammiilee Oromoo hidhaman mara hidhaa irraa hiiksisuu dha; yeroo giddu-galeessatti ammoo loltootni mootummaa magaalotaa fi gandoota baadiyyaa Oromiyaa gadhiisanii mooraa waraanaatti akka deebi’an taasisuu dha. Galmi qabsoo Oromoo inni xumura mirga hiree ofii ofiin murteeffachuu dhugoomsuu akka ta’e yaadachiisuu barbaanna. Kanaafuu, tooftaa sadarkaa qabsoon keenya irra gahe madaluu qeerroon yeroo filatetti kan labsuu waan ta’eef ummatni Oromoo arasaa barbaachiisu kafalee mirgaa isaa guutuu gonfachuuf akka of qopheessu gamanumaan beeksifina. Haaluma kanaan waamichi qabsoo marsaa haaraa armaan gadii Qeerroo irraa kennamee jira.

1. Uggura daandiiwwaniiHagayya 12, 2012 irraa eegalee hanga Hagayya 20, 2012 tti daandiiwwan magaalota Oromiyaa walquunnamsiisan akkasumas daandiiwwan Oromiyaa keessa qaxxamuranii Naannolee ollaa Oromiyaa fi biyyoota alaa walqunamsiisan hundi ni cufamu. Guyyaa uggura daandiiwwanii dheeresuun ykn gabaabssuun barbaachisaa ta’ee yoo argame Qeerroon beeksisa ni kenna.

2. Mormii waliigalaa guyyaadhaan hindaangeffamne

2.1. Dhaabbilee faayinaasii madda diinagdee sirna nafxanyaa Abiy Ahmed ta’an hundatti Oromoon akka hin tajajilamne waamicha dhiyeessina. Gibiras mootommaadhaaf akka hin kaffalle.

2.2. Caasaalee lukkeen Biltsiginnaa gandoota Oromiyaa keessatti itti fayadamuun Qeerroo adamsitee nafxanyaaf dabarstee kennan tajajilaan ala ta’uu qabu.

2.3. Jarsummaan aadaa Oromoon ittiin boonuu fi dhimma isaa jarsummaan xumurachuun aadaa uummata Oromoo keessa isa tokko. Hata’u malee, maqaa jaarsummaatiin namoontni dhuunfaa Oromoof naatoo hinqabne durgoo sirna nafxanyaa irraa funaannachaa umurii sirna gabroomfataa dheeressuuf kan dhama’an waan ta’aniif Oromoon akka jalaa hin dhageenye; jireenya hawaasummaa keessas akka baasu Qeerroon ni qoqqobata.

2.4. Ijaarsa milishoota gandaa dabalatee caasaleen Biltsiginnaa ganadoota magaalaa fi baadiyyaa Oromiyaa keessa maadheffachuudhaan, bilbilaan waraana yaamuudhaan Qeerroo qabsiisuu hojii taasifatanii jiran; dabalataanis, Qeerroo irrati odeeffannoo fi ragaa sobaa kennuu fi qindeesuu irraa akka of qusatan Qeerroon gadi jabeessee akeekachiisa . Akkeekkachiisa

1. Lukkeeleen Biltsiginnaa qabsoo ummata keenyaa xureessuuf, goolii uumuuf, akkasumas, sabaa fi sablamootaa Oromiyaa keessa jiraatanii fi manneen amantaa irratti balaa geesisuuf waan malaniif ummanni guutuun to’annoo fi eegumsa cimaa akka gootan.

2. Sabaa fi sablammootni Oromiyaa keessa jiraatan qaama hawaasa Oromooti. Qeerroon bakka hundatti eegumsa cimaa akka godhuuf cimsinee dhaamna.

3. Uggurri daandiiwwanii osoo hin eegalin dursuun ummanni waan isa barbaachisu qindeeffachuu akka xumuratu yaadachiifna.

4. Kibxata Hagayya 12, 2012 irraa eegalee daandiiwwan ugguramuu waliin walqabatee sochiin geejjibaa waan dhaabbatuuf guyyaa kana irraa eegalee namnii kamuu Oromiyaa keessa ykn Oromiyaa irraa gara naannoo biraatti imaluuf akka hin karoorfanne dursinee yaadachiifna.

5. Labsii Qeerroon kabaja uummata Oromoo fi Oromiyaa irratti abba biyyummaa isaa mirkaneefachuuf baase kana cabsuun sochii taasifamu guffachiisuf kan carraaqu hundaaf itti gaafatamummaan kanuma abbaa akka ta’e cimsinee hubachiifna. Hubbachiisa

1. Manneen yaalaa fi faarmaasiin ykn dukkaanni qorichaa labsiin kun isaan hin ilaallatu.

2. Manneen barnootaa, buufataaleen fayyaa fi maneen amantaa sochii ugguraa fi fincila hunda irraa walaba.

3. Sochiin Ambulaansii ugguraan daangeffamuu waan hinqabneef hamma lukkeelee diinaaf tajaajila hinkenninetti socho’uu danda’u. WAAMICHA 1. Ilmaan Oromoo mootummaa kana keessa jirtaniif;-

1.1. Sirni nafxanyaa amma ijaaramaa jiru Oromoo fi Oromiyaa balleessudhaaf kan kaayyoo godhate waan taheef, ilmaan Oromoo sadarkaa gadii irraa hanga gubbaatti mootummicha tajaajilaa jirtan yeroo murteessaa Oromoon akka sabaatti of baraarudhaaf qabsoo hadhooftutti jirru kanatti gara ummataatti akka makamtan waamicha lammummaa isiniif goona.

1.2. Ilmaan Oromoo, Raayyaa ittisa Biyyaa, Poolisii Federaalaa, Poolisii Oromiyaa, Humna Addaa Oromiyaa fi Milishaa keessa jirtan qabsoo Qeerron irratti wareegamaa jirtu cinaa akka dhaabbattan Waamicha isiniif goona.

2. Hayyoota Oromoo hundaaf;-

2.1. Hayyoonni Oromoo yeroon keessa jirru yeroo murteessituu fi hamtuu kan Oromoon akka Oromootti jiraachuu fi dhabamuu gidduu jiru tahuu isaa hubachuudhaan walitti dhuftanii mari’attanii hanga Oromoon abbaa biyyummaa goonfatutti of-kennummaadhaan akka hojjattan waamicha isiniif goona.

3. Ummata Oromoo hundaaf;

3.1. Qabsoon Qeerron itti jirtuu kan Oromoo maraa waan ta’eef hirmaanaa hundaa barbaachiisa. Kanaafuu, qeerroo cinaa dhaabbachuun, qabsoo akka finiinsitan waamicha isiniif dabarsina.

4. Sabaa fi sablammoota cunqurfamoo hundaaf;-

4.1. Mootummaan Abiyyii Ahmadiin hoogganamu yeroo ammaa sirna federaalizimii sabdaneessaa diigudhaan sirna nafxanyaa durii ijaarudhaaf duula gochaa jiru kana dura dhaabbachuun sabaa fi sabalammoonni cunqurfamoon hundi mirgaa sabaaf sablammotaa kabajsiisuuf adeemsifama jiruu kana keesatti akka wal tuumsiinuuf waammichaa obbolummaa isinii dabarsina.

Injifannoo Uumata Oromoo fi sabootaaf sablammoota hundaaf!

Haqa qabna, ni injifanna!

Ethiopia: A Dangerous Proposition August 16, 2020

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
add a comment

A Dangerous Proposition

By Dr Tsegaye Ararssa

Abiy’s attempt to side step the constitution (by defying, ignoring, suspending, or ‘reinterpreting’ it) is a step towards his own undoing. It’s a suicidal move. (This is good, as far as I am concerned.)But for Ethiopia, it is a dangerous proposition.

His attempt to undo the multinational federal arrangement enshrined in the constitution, all in the name of unity, is causing a disunity that may ultimately lead to the dismemberment of the polity. And that, through violence.

His personal engagement in acts of massive human rights violations (political assassinations, indiscriminate killings and summary executions, arbitrary arrests and mass detentions, tortures, political/genocidal rape, use of terror tactics such as razing houses and entire hamlets to the ground, political kidnappings, violent repression of journalists and media outlets, weaponization of the law and legal institutions to suppress dissent, persecuting political dissidents into exile, attacking them through its embassies and henchmen in their host countries, bribing and colluding with social media platforms to to gag and suppress activism, etc, etc) are all too well documented to let him enjoy impunity.

His careless, often antinomian, rhetoric is causing divisions that provoke nothing less than a civil war.Through his (speech) acts, Abiy is leading the country into a hellish madness. Along the way, he is also taking himself a step further into his own abyss. (Shall we say ‘God speed’?!?)In fact, in a crucial political sense, Abiy is already the past. Il’est passé. What is left now is the work of removing him from power (in order to make him completely the past in the more objective sense).

#Abiy_must_be_removed! #Abiy_is_the_past!

#OromoProtests: Oromia: Focus, Focus, Focus! The main task for all of us now is refusing to be distracted! August 16, 2020

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
add a comment

Focus, Focus, Focus!

The main task for all of us now is refusing to be distracted!

By Dr Tsegaye Ararssa

We should all recall that the resistance to Abiy’s murderous dictatorial rule has been driven by key popular demands.These demands of the people are crystal clear. Fundamentally, and almost invariably, they are questions of social justice (i.e., questions of representation and voice, questions of recognition of identity and collective agency, questions of equitable distribution of resources, opportunities, and benefits).The demands for achieving abbaa biyyummaa, the demands for more autonomy (self-rule, predicated upon the larger principle of constitutional self-determination), the demands of sovereignty over one’s natural resources (or communal ownership of key economic facilities such as land), the demands for linguistic justice in the Ethiopian polity (also predicated on the more fundamental principle of cultural self-determination), the demands for complete freedom from fear of the State (freedom from extrajudicial execution, arbitrary arrests, enforced disappearance, torture, unjust and politically weaponized judicial proceedings, and all other acts of state terror including burning down of villages, harvests, and hamlets), etc–these demands are the ones that drove the popular resistance that led to the change and these demands are the ones that Abiy ignored and, eventually, sought to crush through protracted state violence. In addition to these abiding demands, there are questions that Abiy’s violent misrule has brought to the fore: questions pertaining, for instance, to:

1. the politically motivated assassination of Artist Haacaaluu Hundeessaa;

2. the arrest of key political figures (including Jawar Mohammed, Bekele Gerba, Dejene Tafa, Dr Shigut Geleta, Kennasaa Ayyaanaa, and a host of other political party leaders);

3. the closure of the OMN and the illegal assault and vandalizing of its premises;

4. the arbitrary arrest of Oromo journalists;

5. the weaponizing of the law and the judicial process by orchestrating a political trial against the political leaders (such as Jawar Mohammed);

6. the unconstitutional postponement of the election and the derailing of the democratization process;

7. the onslaught on the popular demands for self-rule (aka for Statehood) among the numerous nations of what was hitherto known as the SNNPRS (eg. Wolaita);

8. the complete breakdown of law and order and the reign of anarchy in the ANRS;

9. the constant threat of war invoked against TNRS (and the propaganda warfare to inflict fear and isolation on the people of Tigray);

10. the threat to dismember Oromia by dividing it into 8 clusters to ve put under military rule;

11. the increasing practice of undermining the multinational federal order as enshrined in the constitution; and

12. the conspiracy among officials in top government circles to deregister selected political parties (especially OLF, OFC, TPLF, and all other political parties whom they consider identity-based) with a view to eliminating them from the Electoral Board’s roster of political parties;

13. the sinister schemes by Abiy and co to secretly amend the constitution so that they can delegitimize the election being held in TNRS;

14. the secret preparation to break the existing constituent units of the Federation (formally known so far as National Regional States) and to rearrange the federal set up, and to repeal the constitutional clauses pertaining to collective rights of nations (sovereignty, self-determination, collective agency, and ethno-cultural justice–precisely the decolonizing structure that helps dismantle the infrastructure of empire); etc.

These demands are about rights. These demands are about justice. In the final analysis, these demands are also about peace. A just peace at that. The resistance to Abiy’s misrule is driven and guided by the demands for these rights. These rights are legal and constitutional. Addressing them is not beyond the government’s reach. They are not too difficult to address, nor are they more onerous than the unnecessary (and irrational, even insane!) acts of Abiy & co.

The people’s focus should remain on the just causes of the popular resistance.The focus should be on how to remove the war-mongering, monstrously blood-thirsty, and dictatorial regime Abiy Ahmed is presiding over.The focus should now be on how to empower people to regain and assert their collective agency, to restore peace, and to re-establish first principles of politics, and to reinvigorate the democratic impulse towards transition and towards a more thorough state transformation.To spend time on non-essentials (such as Shimelis’s old rant leaked now by Abiy for tactical political reasons; or a gibberish that passes for a poem by an insane Prime Monster faking omnipotence) is simply missing the whole point. Yes, focus. And focus. And more focus.


አስቸኳይና አስፈላጊ መልዕክት ለኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ August 15, 2020

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
add a comment

አስቸኳይና አስፈላጊ መልዕክት ለኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ: From top Eritrean security officials

ዛሬ በኢትዮጵያ እየተከሰቱ ያለዉ ክስተቶች ለአንዳንዶቻችን ድንገት የተክሰቱ ጉዳዮች /ክስተቶች ቢመስሉንም እዉነታዉ ግን አቶ ኢሳያስ አዲስ አባባ እግሩ ከረገጠበት ጊዜ ጀምሮ የተጠነሰሱና በጥንቃቄ የተቀረፁ ዕቅዶች ትግበራ ነዉ። አቶ ኢሳያስ አዲስ አባባ በእግሩ ከረገጠ በኋላ የአብይን ልብ ለማንበብና የሚፈልገዉን ለመስራት ይችል ዘንድ ቀደም ብሎ የጠበቀ ግኑኝነት ባይኖራቸዉም ፅንሰ ሀሳቡን ለመቅረፅ የአዲስ አባባዉ ጉዞ መልካም አጋጣሚ ነበር።ከዚያች ጊዜ የጀመረዉ ግኑኝነት ቀስ በቀስ ከላይ ላይ ወደ ዉስጣዊና ሚስጥራዊ አደገኛ ይዞታ መሸጋገር ጀመረ። ብሎም ኢትዮጵያ ዛሬ ላይ ወዳለችበት አሸጋገራት።“ለመሆኑ ከሁለቶቹ ግኑኝነቶች ምን ተገኘ?” ብዬ ብተነትን በጣም ስለሚሰፋ በዋና ዋና ጉዳዮች ላይ ብቻ ላተኩር። ይህን እንፎርሜሽንና ትንተና የምሰጥ ሰዉ ማንነቴን መግለፅ ለተዓማንነት አስፈላጊ ቢሆንም ዛሬ ላይ ይህን ሚስጥር አውጥተዉ ላካፈሉኝ ኃላፊዎችና ለራሴም ደህንነት ስል ለጊዜዉ የኔን ማንነት መግለፁን ትቼ ወደ ዝርዝር ጉዳዬ እገባለሁ። ምክንያቱም ዛሬ የበለጠ አስፈላጊዉ “ጉዳዩ” እንጂ “ማን አመጣዉ?” አይደለምና። ጥርጣሬን ለማጥፋት “ማን አመጣዉ?” ለሚለዉም ጊዜዉና ሁኔታዉ ሲፈቅድ ማንነቴንም ለመግለፅ ቃል እገባለሁ። እስከዚያዉ መልዕቴ ይኸዉላችሁ።የኢሳያስና የአብይ ጉዳይ ለሀገራችንና ለቀጠናዉም አስጊ እየሆነ መጥቷል። የአስጊነቱ ልክ ደሞ በሁለቱ ግኑኝነቶችና በአጋሮቻቸው የግልና የማይቋጭ ስግብግብነት ላይ የተመሰረተ በመሆኑና ከዚህ ዉጪ ያለውን ሁሉ ማግለል ብቻ ሳይሆን በማጥፋት ፅንሰ ሀሳብ ላይ የተመሰረተም በመሆኑ ነዉ።አንድ ሰዉ ስለ ግሉ፣ ስለፓርቲዉና ስለመንግስቱ አበክሮ ማስላትና መሰራት ያለና የሚደገፍ ቢሆንም ፅንሰ ሀሳብን ለማስረግ ሌሎችን መስዋዕት በማድረግ ላይ የተመሰረተ ርዮተ ዓለም “እራስን በገነት ለማኖር ለሌሎች ገሃነም” የሚደገስላቸዉ ከሆነ የፅንሰ ሀሳቡ አራማጅ ከሰዉ ስብዕና ወጥቶ ወደ ሴይጣናዊ ማንነት መሸጋገሩን ያረጋግጣል።የኢሳያስና የአብይ ግኑኝነት በበጎ እሳቤ ላይ የተመርሰረተ ቢኖን ኖሮ፤ አይደለም ለኢትዮጵያና ለኤርትራ በቀጠናችንና በአፍሪካ ቀንድም ሰላምና መረጋጋትን ያስገኛል ብዬ አስብ ነበር።እንደምታውቁት ሀገራችን ኤርትራ ከነበረችበት መልካም ይዞታዋ ወርዳ ወደ ችግር ብሎም ወደ ባሰ ሲኦል እየሄደች ትገኛለች። ይህ ደሞ በአጋጣሚና በድንገት የተከሰተ ክስተት ሳይሆን ኢሳያስ ሀገሪቷንና ህዝቧን ለማጥፋት አቅዶ ሲሰራበት የነበረ ተንኮል መሆኑን የኤርትራ ህዝብ በሙሉ የሚያውቀዉና የማይቃረንበት እውነታ ነዉ።ይህ የኢሳያስ መሰሪ ተንኮል በኤርትራና በህዝቧ ላይ ሳያበቃ ይኸዉ የጎረቤት ህዝቦችንና ሀገራትንም በመናጥና በማናወጥ ላይ ይገኛል። ይህ ከሱዳን ጀምሮ በጂቡቲ፣ በየመን፣ በሶማሊያና አሁን ደሞ በኢትዮጵያ ተንኮሉ እያተራመሰ ይገኛል። የኢሳያስ በኢትዮጵያ ጣልቃ ገብነት ዛሬ በአብይ ዘመን የጀመረ አይደለም። ቀደም ሲልም የነበረ ነበር። ይሁን እንጂ በርካታ እንቅፋቶች ነበሩበት። የአሁኑ ጣልቃ ገብነት ግን እንዳቀዱት ሊሄድ የቻለዉ በጠቅላይ ሚ/ር አብይ አህመድ ትብብር እየተኬደበት ያለ በመሆኑ ነዉ። የሁለቶቹ ግኑኝነት ሲጀመር አብይ ኢሳያስን ሲቀርበው በበጎና በመፈቃቀድ ላይ የተመሰረተ ቢሆንም የአሁኑ ግኑኝነታቸዉ ግን ከልክ በላይ ከማለፉም በላይ ሁለቱም በመረዳዳት በተንኮላዊ ተልዕኮ ላይ በመተጋጋዝ መስራታቸዉ ነዉ።ትብብራቸዉ በበርካታ ዘርፎች ላይ የተሳሰረ ሲሆን በዚህ ዝግጅት በኢትዮጵያ ፀጥታ ላይ ባንዣበበዉ ጉዳይ ላይ ብቻ ማተኮር እፈልጋለዉ። በዚህ ረገድ፤1. ኢሳያስ አፈውርቂ የኮረና ነውጥ ሀገር እየናጠ በነበረበት ወቅትና ሀገራት ድንበሮቻቸዉን በዘጉበት ቅፅበት ሜይ 3 ቀን 2020 “የኢንዱስትሪ ፓርክ ለማስመረቅ” በሚል ሽፋን አዲስ አባባ የሄደው ለተባለዉ አጀንዳ ሳይሆን ጠ/ሚ/ር አብይ “ይፈታተኑኛል፤ እንዴት ላልፋቸዉ እችላለሁ?” ብሎ ላማከረዉ ወሳኝ ጥያቄዎች ያዘጋጀለትን ጥናት ከእነ ጀዋር ጀምሮ ያሉትን ተቀናቃኝ ፓርቲዎችና አክቲቪስቶች ደረጃ በደረጃ በራሱ መንገድ እንዴት እንደሚያጠፋቸዉ ሊያስረዳዉና የጥናቱን ፕሮጀክት ሊያስረክብዉ ነበር አዲስ አባባ የሄደዉ።2. ይህ ጥናት ቀደም ብሎ የጀመረ ሲሆን መጀመሪያ ከኢትዮ ኤርትራ የሰላም ስምምነት በኋላ በ26-09-2019 አራት የኤርትራ የፀጥታ ኤክስፐርቶች፡2.1.ሀድጎ ስዩም2.2.ሚካኤል ኃይሌ2.3.ሰመረ ባህታ2.4.ዳኔል ክፍሉ የሚባሉ በትግራይ በኩል እንደ ሲቪል ተጓዦች ለልዩ ተልዕኮ ወደ ኢትዮጵያ እንዲገቡ ተደርጓል።3. ቀጥሎም በ117 አባላት በላይ ያሉት ቡድን ለልዩ ተልዕኮ በሁለቱ መሪዎች እቅድ እንዲገባ ተደርጓል።4. ከነዚህም በኋላ በርካታ የሴኪዩሪቲ አባላት ተከታትለዉ አዲስ አባባ እንዲከትሙ ተደርጓል።እዚህ ላይ ሊነሱ ከሚችሉ አበይት ጥያቄዎች፤1. እነዚህ የፀጥታ አባላት ከኤርትራ ኢትዮጵያ የገቡት ምን ልያደርጉ ነዉ?2. በማን ፈቃድ ነዉ እነዚህ አካላት የተሰማሩት?3. የኢትዮጵያ የፀጥታ ኤጀንሲ ያዉቃቸዋል ወይ?4. እየተከሰቱ ካሉ ክስተቶችስ እጆቻቸዉ ነፃ ናቸዉ ወይ?በመጀመሪያ እነዚህ አካላት ወደ ኢትዮጵያ የገቡት በዶ/ር አብይ ጥያቄና እዉቅና ነበር። የመጀመሪያዉ ተልዕኳቸዉ የኤርትራ ተቃዋሚ ኃይሎች ላይ የማጥፋት እርምጃ እንዲወስዱባቸዉ ሲሆን እግረመንገዳቸውንም እንደነጆሀር ያሉትን ተቃዋሚ ፖለትከኞችና አክቲቭስቶችን ከእይታ በማጥፋት ለዶ/ር አብይ ገፀ በረከት ማቅረብ ነዉ።ታስታዉሱ እንደሆነ ከዘጠኝ ወር በፊት በ23/10/2019 የመጀመሪያ የግድያ ሙከራ በጆሀር ተደርጎበት በነበረ ወቅት በመኖሪያ ቤቱ የነበሩትን የግል ጠባቂዎች እንዲነሱ በማድረግ “በማይታወቁ ኃይሎች” (በዚህ ፅሁፍ ዉስጥ የተጠቀሱቱ አራት የኤርትራ የፀጥታ ኃይሎች) የጆሀር ጠባቂዎች በድንገት እኩለ ለሊት ላይ እንዲነሱ በተደረገበት ወቅት ቢሄዱ ኖሮ በሚከሰተው ክፍተት እነዚህ አራቶቹ የፀጥታ ኃይሎች ምንም አይነት ምልክት ለይተዉ ገለዉት እንዲሰወሩ የተቀናበረ ስልት ነበር የከሸፈዉ።ይህም በመሆኑ ጠባቂዎቹ፣ እራሱ ጆሀርና የኦሮሞዉ ወጣት በወሰዱት ፈጣን እርምጃ በዚያ ለሊት የጆሀር በህይወት ተርፎ፤ ወደ ዉጭ ሀገርም ወጥቶ ተመልሶም ለሁለተኛ ጊዜ በተጠነሰሰለት መርሃ ግብር እስኪያዝ ድረስ የሰራቸዉን ስራዎች ለመስራት በቅቷል። ይህም በመሆኑና አቶ ጆሀር ወደ ደጅ ወጥቶ ከተመለሰ በኋላ በስፋት በመንቀሳቅውሱና ህዝባዊ ተቀባይነቱም በጣም እየጎላ በመምጣቱ የሁለቶቹ መሪዎች የጥምረት ዕቅዳቸዉ ጥያቄ ዉስጥ እየገባ በመምጣቱ ሁለቶቹ መሪዎች በተከታታይ በሚስጢር እየተገናኙ ጆሀርን ወይ በግድያ ካልሆነም በእስር ከጨዋታ ሜዳ ከማጥፋት በታች ሌላ አማራጭ አልታያቸዉም። በመሆኑም ወደሚቀጥለዉ እርምጃቸዉ ተሸጋገሩ። ከተኬደባቸዉም ሚስጥራዊ ሴራዎች መካከል፤1. በኢትዮ ኤርትራ አምባሳደርና ቀንደኛዉ የክፋት አማካሪ አቶ ሠመረ ርዕሶም ሁለት ጊዜ በሚስጥር ከጠ/ሚ/ር አብይ ጋር ለብቻቸዉ በመገናኘት2. የአቶ ኢሳያስ ኦፊሴላዊ አማካሪ የሆነዉ የማነ መንኪን በመጨመር ለ3ኛ ጊዜ የሚስጢር ስብሰባ በማድረግ3. በመጨረሻም የዕቅዳቸዉን አተገባበር በጋራ ለመከወን ኮሮና ስጋት ሆኖ በኢትዮጵያ በጎላበት ወቅት በ03/05/2020 ኢሳያስ አፈወርቂን ወደ አዲስ አባባ በማምጣት ከላይ ከተጠቀሱት ግለሰቦች ጋር ጠ/ሚ/ር አብይን ጨምሮ ለአራት በመሆን የጁን 29 ቀን 2020 ክስተት ያለበትን አንኳር እቅዶች ቀርፀዉ ተለያዩ።በዚህ እቅድ ዶ/ር አብይ አህመድ ያላንዳች ፈታኝ ተግዳሮት ላለሙት የጊዜ ቀመር ተመራጭና ብቸኛ ተወዳዳሪና አሸናፊ መሪ ሆነዉ እንዲቀጥሉ የአሁኑን ወሳኝ ጊዜ ለመሸጋገር፤1. የምርጫ ጊዜን ላልትወሰነ ጊዜ ማራዘም2. በዚህ ዉሳኔ የሚነሱትን ችግሮች እንዴት ማለፍ እንደሚገባ3. ጆሀርን ጨምሮ ተቃዋሚዎች የሚለቀሙበትና እንቅፋት ከመሆን የሚፀዱበት ሴናሪዮ መፍጠር (ጁን 29 ቀን2020)4. ከዚህ በኋላ ለምትቀጥለዋ ኢትዮጵያ አብይ በአሸናፊነት እንደሚቀጥል መክረዉ የቤት ሥራዉን ለአብይና ለህቡኡ የፀጥታ ኃይል ሰጥተዉ ተለያዩ።እኔንም ይህን መልዕክት ለመፃፍ ያነሳሳኝ ለዚህ እቅዳችሀዉ ማስፈፀሚያ ሆኖ የተገደለዉ ንፁህ ሃጫሉ ሁንዴሳና የጆሀር መታሰር ነዉ። ጆሀርን የማሰርና ከፖለቲካ ምህዳር ለማዉጣት መዘጋጀት የነበረበት ወጥመድ ነበርና ይህንኑ አዘጋጅቶ ማጥመድ ነበር። ይህም እንዲደረግ የተፈለገበት ምክንያት የጆሀር ተሰሚነትና በህዝቡ ዉስጥ ያለዉ ተቀባይነት በቀጥታ እርምጃ ቢወሰድበት የሚያስከትለዉን ህዝባዊ አመፅ አስቀርቶ እሱን ምክኒያታዊ በሆነ ዘዴ ማግለል ተከወነ።ጆሀርን ከግድያ ጋር በተያያዘ ወንጀል ለመያዝ ሲባል ብዙ ለግድያ የቀረቡ እጩዎች ነበሩ። ሃጫሉ የተመረጠዉ ከነበርዉ ኪነጥበባዊ ዝናና ተወዳጅነት ሊኖረዉ የሚችለዉን ህዝባዊ ተቃዉሞ ከግንዛቤ በማስገባት ህዝብ በሱ ሞት ተረብሾ በሚናወጥበት ቅፅበት ዉስጥ የሚፈለገዉን ጆሀርን መያዝ በሁለተኛዉ ሰዉ ሳቢያ የሚከተለዉን ህዝባዊ አመፅ አስቀርቶ እሱን ምክኒያታዊ በሆነ ዘዴ ማግለል ተከወነ።

KELLO Media/ONN English Edition :A discussion with Swedish Democratic party MP Thomas Hammarberg -Human right expert and an Oromoo scholar Chala Abdissa on socio-political issues of Ethiopia. August 15, 2020

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
add a comment


HRW: Ethiopia: Opposition Figures Held Without Charge August 15, 2020

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
Tags: , ,
add a comment

Ethiopia: Opposition Figures Held Without Charge

Police Deny Lawyers, Relatives Access; Ignore Bail Orders

Ethiopia: Opposition Figures Held Without Charge

Police Deny Lawyers, Relatives Access; Ignore Bail Orders

HRW, 15 Auugust 2020

Ethiopia's police officers watch over a foot bridge as they patrol the streets of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia February 21, 2018.
Ethiopia’s police officers watch over a foot bridge as they patrol the streets of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia February 21, 2018. © 2018 Reuters

(Nairobi) –Ethiopian authorities have been detaining dozens of opposition members and journalists for prolonged periods and often without charge since late June 2020, raising serious rights concerns.

A month after one of the most violent spates of unrest in the country’s recent history, police and prosecutors need to publicly account for all detainees’ whereabouts, comply promptly and fully with court bail orders, and ensure easy and regular access to lawyers and relatives for those not released.

“The actions of Ethiopia’s investigative authorities raise concerns that they have not moved on from past practices of arresting first, and investigating later,” said Laetitia Bader, Horn of Africa director at Human Rights Watch. “The authorities should promptly bring credible charges based on clear facts and evidence against the detainees or ensure their release.”

The arrests follow the June 29 killing of a popular Oromo artist and activist, Hachalu Hundessa, in Addis Ababa, the capital. Hachalu’s death triggered unrest and violence in several towns, particularly in the Oromia region, and left at least 178 people dead from both civilians and law enforcement. Some were mourners and protesters, killed by security forces when they opened lethal fire. Attacks on mainly ethnic and religious minority communities in Oromia also resulted in killingsmassive property destruction, and displacement.

On June 30, security forces in Addis Ababa arrested Oromo Federalist Congress leaders Jawar Mohammed and Bekele Gerba, and Balderas Party figures Eskinder Nega and Sintayehu Chekol for their alleged involvement in the violence. The police have since arrested over 9,000 people, including government officials, many outside of Addis Ababa in the surrounding Oromia region, where independent monitoring of hearings and investigations is more limited.

The authorities detained government critics across the political spectrum, including Lammi Begna of the Oromo Liberation Front, whose whereabouts remained unknown for several weeks; Lidetu Ayalew, founding member of the Ethiopian Democratic Party; and officials from the former ruling Tigrayan People’s Liberation Front, such as Tewelde Gebre Tsadikan and Berihu Tsigie.

The police also arrested journalists representing various media outlets, including a Kenyan journalist, Yassin JumaGuyo Wario and Melesse Direbssa from the Oromia Media Network; and most recently, on August 6, Belay Manaye and Mulugeta Anberbir from the Amharic language outlet Asrat Media. 

The latest bout of violence reflects deeper socio-political tensions, which continued to build after the government’s decision to delay anticipated national elections due to Covid-19. The authorities have now accused many opposition politicians of involvement in the unrest and of allegedly directing or inciting violence, including ethnic violence.

Federal and regional officials blamed people acting on the orders of a breakaway armed group, the Oromo Liberation Army, for Hachalu’s killing. They accused the Tigrayan People’s Liberation Front of coordinating the killing and the violence that followed, and a regional official accused the Balderas party for involvement in unrest in Addis Ababa.

In media reports, officials accused several media outlets, including the Oromia Media Network, of broadcasting polarizing content during the unrest. Authorities opened investigations into and closed the Oromia Media Network’s Addis Ababa offices in early July. They have since alleged that the network and Asrat media broadcasts incited communal violence.

Given the gravity of the abuses and crimes during the week of June 29, Ethiopian authorities are responsible for thoroughly investigating and identifying those responsible. But their response should not undermine defendants’ presumption of innocence, run roughshod over detainees’ rights, nor restrict legitimate critical dissent, Human Rights Watch said.

Human Rights Watch interviews with lawyers, relatives, and people released from detention found that detentions and investigations have been marred by serious due process violations.

Oromia police authorities withheld the whereabouts of several Oromo Liberation Front members from their lawyers and relatives for over a month and denied access to both even after lawyers discovered where they were held, Human Rights Watch found. Refusal to disclose the whereabouts or fate of someone in detention constitutes an enforced disappearance, a serious violation of human rights, a crime under international law, and prohibited in all circumstances.

As of August 14, lawyers still could not meet with Lammi or another party official, Dawit Abdeta. Lawyers representing Chaltu Takele, a political activist arrested in early July, said they met with her for the first-time in federal court around July 20, weeks after her arrest.

Preventing detainees from communicating with families or promptly consulting with a lawyer may place the detainees at greater risk of abuse in detention and undermines their right to a fair trial, Human Rights Watch said.

Human Rights Watch reached out to the office of the federal attorney general for a response to allegations that detainees had not been allowed communicate with lawyers and family, the office responded acknowledging that communications between suspects detained at temporary police detention centers, such as schools, and their family and lawyers and suspects arrested had been limited. But they claimed that detainees held at police stations did not face the same problem. This is not consistent with the facts that Human Rights Watch has determined in many cases.

Though credible and thorough investigations into complex abuses and events take time, Human Rights Watch believes that in several cases police authorities sought to stretch or ignore legal requirements to prolong suspects detentions beyond what was justified by law. For example, they repeatedly appealed or seemed to ignore bail orders, requested more time to investigate, or transferred suspects between police authorities, some with overlapping jurisdictions, without informing relatives or counsel.

In response to Human Rights Watch inquiries, the office of the federal attorney general said that criminal investigations could move between various authorities depending on the location or nature of the crime, but did not comment on how this may affect the time a person spends in custody.

Chaltu’s lawyers and relatives said that federal authorities ignored a July 28 court bail order and transferred her to Oromia police custody. For over a week, regional police denied her access to lawyers and family, including her baby. Chaltu was eventually taken before Sululta district court in Oromia, where regional investigators accused her of the same offenses cited by federal authorities. Chaltu was finally released on August 11.

Under Ethiopian criminal law, courts can consider appeals against bail orders, and the federal attorney general’s office told Human Rights Watch that a detainee could stay in detention during that appeal. However, Human Rights Watch was told of cases in which police investigators also ignored court decisions denying appeals.

Federal and Addis Ababa police investigators appealed a federal court bail order to release Berihu, Tewelde, and three other detained Tigrayan People’s Liberation Front officials on July 30. Police then ignored a higher court decision rejecting the appeal and transferred them to a detention site at a primary school. Relatives and lawyers said that federal authorities still have them in custody, without a court order, and are seeking to open a new investigation based on the same accusations and evidence.

On August 5, federal police similarly ignored a bail order to release journalists Melesse and Yassin. On August 11, federal police transferred Yassin to Addis Ababa police custody where they accused him of the same allegations.

Defense lawyers expressed concern that courts granted repeated remand requests, even though investigators lacked new evidence. After Jawar, Bekele, Eskinder, Sintayehu, and Aster Seyoum spent a month in detention, the attorney general opened a preliminary inquiry in their casea process which allows the prosecutor to proceed with a case before a decision to proceed to a full trial is taken, and can continue to keep accused in custody on remand.

Detainees have been kept at different sites where they face increased risks of contracting Covid-19 in detention. Relatives, lawyers, and those released said that several security guards and detainees, including Dejene Tafa, a senior Oromo Federalist Congress member, and Yassin reportedly tested positive for the virus that causes Covid-19.

At a time when international and global health experts are urging governments to reduce overcrowding in jails to tackle Covid-19, practices that lengthen the pre-trial period, are particularly problematic and ignore Ethiopia’s own commitments, Human Rights Watch said.

In the last decade, Human Rights Watch and other domestic and international human rights organizations have documented arbitrary arrests and politically motivated prosecutions to stifle dissent in Ethiopia.

Ethiopia has domestic and international legal obligations to protect basic rights, including the rights to be free from arbitrary detention, and if lawfully detained, provided with humane treatment and conditions, and guaranteed a fair trial. The authorities should only bring charges for recognizable crimes and where there is sufficient evidence to proceed to trial. Those detained should be informed of the specific grounds for their arrest, be able to fairly contest their detention before an independent and impartial judge, be permitted access to a lawyer and family members, and have their case periodically reviewed.

“Communities reeling from the recent violence deserve meaningful justice,” Bader said. “Entrusted with this responsibility, the government needs to show that it is both doing the hard work of bringing those responsible to account and that it can adhere to the rule of law by conducting credible and thorough investigations while still upholding the rights of those accused of serious offenses.”

Ethiopia Insight: OMN: An ‘alien’ star in Ethiopia’s skewed media universe is ‘cancelled’ August 14, 2020

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
add a comment

OMN: An ‘alien’ star in Ethiopia’s skewed media universe is ‘cancelled’

by Girma Gutema, August 12, 2020

Oromia Media Network was a rare non-Amharic voice in Ethiopia’s media landscape. That is why its bureau was shutdown.

Oromia Media Network (OMN) is an independent media enterprise established in the U.S. six and a half years ago. Its stated mission is producing original and citizen-driven news and stories on Oromia and Ethiopia. The network is financed and operated by an extensive network of grassroots movements and the wider diaspora.

Among its early successes, OMN successfully guided the peaceful struggle of Oromo youth–the Qeerroo—that propelled Abiy Ahmed to power in 2018. In a move that history may record as ironic, OMN became the victim of its own success, when Abiy’s “reformist” government cracked down on the media house following the assassination of Oromo artist and rights activist Hachalu Hundessa on 29 June.

Two days after Hachalu’s killing, security forces raided and effectively shut down the OMN operation in the capital, Finfinne, the indigenous Oromo name for Addis Ababa. The premises were illegally searched, staff members detained, the organisation’s bank accounts blocked, and computers and broadcast equipment seized.

After establishing itself in exile as a Pan-Oromo voice—bringing stories from Oromia to the world and vice versa for more than four years—OMN was warmly welcomed by millions when it returned home in August 2018, particularly at the official event organized at the Millennium Hall. The move created such an excitement within the international community that the 26th World Press Freedom Day celebration was held in Ethiopia in recognition of the country’s bold move in opening up the free media landscape.

OMN had to replicate its U.S. operation to get established as OMN-Finfinne in Ethiopia (henceforth referred to as OMN), but maintained a close working relationship with its mother company, the Minnesota-based OMN. The government swiftly offered support, particularly in cutting bureaucratic red tape during registration and licensing. OMN’s working relations with the country’s media watchdog organization, the Ethiopian Broadcasting Authority (EBA), began well, but soon soured due to political interference, both from the Prime Minister’s Office and from other detractor groups within the media establishment that may have viewed it as a threat to their control of the dominant narrative.

Skewed landscape 

Ethiopia’s tightly-controlled media machinery has historically been defined by its imperialist slant. The direction of flow of news stories and agendas has always followed the route of the imperial march—from north-to-south! That is to say, elitist media narratives have always been set in the perspectives and language of the Abyssinians, whose wilful indifference to issues of justice and equality for the peoples of the wider south continues to this day, adding more layers onto the edifices constructed within the Ethiopian state to preserve their dominant status.

Hence, OMN was an ‘alien’ star beaming a light onto a “black hole” within the stellar constellation of Ethiopia’s historically inequitable media universe. It therefore had to be snuffed out.

What’s more, just weeks before the crackdown on OMN, it was reported that there are 30+ television and 60+ radio stations operating in Ethiopia with legal licenses. Most are based in Oromia’s capital Finfinne, but only a few of them use languages other than Amharic. To be precise, only four, including the state-owned Oromia Broadcasting Network, broadcast in the Oromo language—Afaan Oromoo.

Aftershocks of an assassinationBy Yared Tsegaye

The regulator, EBA, allowed this to happen in the heart of Oromia—a decision that could reasonably be taken as an act of imposing cultural imperialism, if not an outright linguistic genocide against the indigenous Oromo people of the area. OMN was erased from this historically unjust media firmament simply because it stood out as an ‘alien —an ‘alien’ that would be unimaginable in any country that maintains even a shred of press freedom. But, alas, this is Ethiopia.

Just as Al Jazeera’s initial mission in 2006 was to counteract the global monopoly held by western news outlets over the media narrative—that flows from northern to southern hemisphere—OMN challenged the historical biases and linguistic domination that are the hallmarks of Ethiopia’s mostly state-run media, flowing in pretty much same geographic direction. By boldly bringing to the fore stories and perspectives from Ethiopia’s diverse south, OMN provided a welcome alternative to the ‘everything’s wonderful’ picture painted by establishment media. And by so doing, OMN not only shone a light on the long-stifled quests, stories and narratives of Ethiopia’s historically subjugated southern peoples, the Oromo included, it also shook the historically biased media cabal to its core.

In all, not a bad record of achievement during the brief time OMN was permitted to operate from within the country.

Incendiary interview

And here is where the probable cause for the recent assassination of the popular Oromo artist and rights activist Hachalu Hundessa comes in. In his interview on the OMN, Hachalu had spoken about the Oromo understanding of who Emperor Menelik II was. In this telling, Menelik II was a medieval-era-styled 19th century feudal ruler who founded the Ethiopian empire by waging some of Africa’s most brutal wars of conquest and subjugation against many of the indigenous peoples, including the Oromo, in what is today southern Ethiopia.

Historical accounts of the human cost of the conquest written by foreign observers, including the emperor’s own Russian advisor Alexander Bulatovich, told that Menelik II committed crimes of genocidal proportions on some of the linguistic and cultural groups, using modern weapons provided by his European and Russian “Christian friends” from 1880 to 1900.

For instance, Bulatovich, a devout admirer who accompanied Menelik II’s army battalions during these wars of colonial conquest, wrote in his 1900 book titled “Ethiopia Through Russian Eyes” — that the Gimira people were on the verge of total extinction due to the war; but were spared after “his majesty, the emperor” ordered his army commanders to stop killing the remaining Gimira as “they shall be hunted down and caught to be sold as slaves”. Bulatovich wrote that Menelik II’s war of conquest had exterminated about 80 percent of the Gimira and 50 percent of the Oromo populations by that time.

Another book by a foreign observer, the French Catholic missionary Martial De Salviac, who had travelled extensively across the Oromo country, appears to precisely corroborate Bulatovich’s account. De Salviac’s 1901 book, “The Oromo: An Ancient People: Great African Nation” reports that of the 10 million Oromo population he estimated at the time, five million were killed in Menelik II’s war of conquest. These two independent foreign sources suggest what in another time and place would be called a genocide against the Oromo by Menelik II’s invading army, which “reduced the Oromo population by half”, to use Alexander Bulatovich’s words.

Historical accounts

These historical accounts resonate well with a compelling argument made by the Israeli historian Yuval Harari in his best-selling book “Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind”. Harari argues that building and maintaining an empire often required the slaughter of large populations and the oppression of everyone who was left out. Harari notes that the standard toolkit in building an empire includes war, enslavement, deportation, and genocide.

“When the Romans invaded Scotland in 83 AD, they were met with fierce resistance from local Caledonian tribes, and reacted by laying waste to the country,” Harari writes. “In reply to the Roman peace offers, the chieftain Calgacus called the Romans ‘the ruffians of the world’, and said that ‘to plunder, slaughter and robbery, they give the lying name of empire, they make a desert and call it peace”. It is perhaps worth noting that, in a rare interview with a local radio station, Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed said Harari’s book is among his favorites.

In his fateful interview with the OMN, Hachalu made a casual comment about the statue of Emperor Menelik II that stands in downtown Finfinne, suggesting that it is inevitable that the genocidal emperor’s statue would eventually be taken down in a city that is the capital of both Oromia federal state and Ethiopia’s federal government, as well as headquarters of the African Union. Hachalu’s comment came amidst of a globally heating up wave of protests that has witnessed statues of imperialist leaders and slave traders being torn down.

Historians like Harold G. Marcus regard Menelik II as the “greatest slave entrepreneur” of his time, who expropriated 10 percent of all his captives from southern Ethiopia into slavery. In line with this, in a paper he published on the journal of  African Economic History, Charles W. McClellan wrote that “while some of the slaves were deployed in the imperial gibbi (Menelik II’s palace), many others were exported to slave markets in Egypt, Arabia and east Africa, providing an important source of income for the government of emperor Menelik II”.

In defense of Jawar, a brilliant and dedicated agent of changeBy Ezekiel Gebissa

Hachalu’s offhand comment infuriated the falsely named “Ethiopianist” establishment, which exercises near absolute control over Ethiopia’s historical narrative. The establishment portrays Menelik II as a benevolent king, if not saint, who founded the “holy country” called Ethiopia, through “holy wars” of conquest. To dare to mention the feudal emperor’s genocidal deeds and suggest that his statue should be removed from Oromia’s capital is tantamount to trying to destroy their “emiye Ethiopia”. Measured by this yardstick, Hachalu’s comment was treasonous.

It should be underscored here that this viscerally violent and pre-political “Ethiopianist” group was resurrected and essentially emboldened not just by Abiy’s nostalgic imperialist rhetoric about the “great Ethiopia” of the past, which never existed anyway, but also by some of the practical  measures he took in his “palace renovation project” that were offensive to many southern peoples.

A day after Hachalu’s comment was broadcast, social media erupted with calls for his immediate murder—also see some of the comments written under OMN Facebook and YouTube pages in the days after the interview’s online publication. Two days later, PM Abiy appeared to indirectly criticize Hachalu, saying “only historians, not ordinary folks [like Hachalu] should make comments on the history of Ethiopia”. This statement, at a totally unrelated event to inaugurate a new bakery, can even be viewed as incitement against Hachalu.

About a month after Hachalu was assassinated, a group of young men in the capital came out in ecstasy to the street celebrating the killing of artist Hachalu, jubilantly chanting “Hachalu is dead, Jawar will be next”. On the same day, however, another youth group in the streets of the city spared Jawar from death via their rather lenient slogan “Jawar rots in jail”. In that fateful interview he had with OMN, Hachalu also told to the journalist that he has long been enduring death threats and other forms of intimidations including physical attacks from such “proud Ethiopians” every time he drives in the city.

Hijacked revolution

Prime Minister Abiy’s attitude toward Hachalu’s dissent had previously been documented. In a book titled “The Hijacked Revolution”  written by an anonymous author (pen name: Mudhin Siraj) and published about a year before Hachalu’s assassination—on page 109 of the book, the author recounts how Hachalu was summoned to the prime minister’s office for a ten-minute lecture. It was not a dialogue, but a stern ‘executive order’ in which Abiy told Hachalu in no uncertain terms that:

“…the Oromo political struggle is over. The country is now being led by an Oromo Prime Minister and, therefore, you shouldn’t dare to produce any music work which opposes my government. If you obey this strict order, we can fulfil all your material needs. But if you defy, I will not tolerate you even for a single day. Whether you like it or not, I [Abiy Ahmed] will remain leader of this country for at least the next ten years”.

As I am writing this piece, it has come to my attention that Abiy’s government has concocted a ridiculously amateurish video suggesting there is some link between Hachalu’s cold-blooded murder and two powerful Oromo opposition political groups (Oromo Federalist Congress [OFC] and Oromo Liberation Front [OLF]) and an independent, influential Oromo media house (OMN). This amateurishly doctored drama draws a fictitious triangle that purports to connect these three Oromo organizations that Abiy’s government considers its sworn opponents. The people in Oromia/Ethiopia should reject this laughable disinformation ploy; and I believe they have.

Since the day the OMN headquarters in the capital was shut down, all state-owned media and those affiliated with the ruling party have been waging a sustained propaganda campaign against the OMN. Their reason? OMN did a LIVE broadcast as Hachalu’s fans and supporters turned out in their thousands to accompany his body in the early morning hours of 30 June. But certainly, given the artist’s massive influence in Oromia and the entire country, it must have been odd for any Ethiopian media to ignore the story and come out criticizing what OMN did on that day. But alas, this is Ethiopia.

Prosperity propaganda

Plus, we see these days the government propaganda machines and affiliated detractors accusing OMN of conspiring with the propagandists’ own former master and ideological soulmate, the TPLF. The irony here is that some of these propaganda outlets like Fana Broadcasting Corporate, Walta Media and Communication Corporate are themselves the creations of the TPLF. Anyone who knows anything about OMN knows it would never have anything to do with the TPLF, or any other political party for that matter. The propagandists can choke on their words.

Furthermore, we have received credible information from within Prosperity Party circles over the last two years, that Amhara elements of the party have repeatedly demanded that the government should crackdown on the OMN and other popular Oromo entities like the OLF and OFC. And indeed, we knew this could perhaps come one day. It has long been a sticking point in internal political conversations between the Amhara and Oromo elements within the Prosperity Party, and we were anticipating the crackdown coming, especially if the balance of power tilts towards the former.

It should therefore be clearly stated here that the government’s move to shut down OMN’s headquarters in Finfinne and launch attacks against the OLF and OFC leadership is a political decision that has nothing to do with “upholding the rule of law”, as the state’s propaganda machine wants us to believe.

It is also worth noting that while the OMN and towering Oromo artists and activists like Hachalu have been sacrificing so much to save the Ethiopian empire from itself, Abiy and his “Ethiopianist” cabal are unyielding in pursuit of their counter-productive project of saving their “emiye Ethiopia” from the Oromo and the “other” peoples of the wider south. Will they be successful? The jury is still out.

Leading OMN

OMN was established as an activist entity aiming to offer extensive coverage of Oromo news and stories suppressed or ignored by state-run outlets and other interest groups in Ethiopia’s media industry. By so doing, it has developed a reputation for grassroots activism, aspiring to help mobilize Oromos in their quest for democracy, justice and equality in Ethiopia.

When I took over as Executive Director in December 2019, part of my plan was to steer OMN’s structural evolution toward more professionalism and independence. In pursuit of those goals, we devised a series of steps aimed at re-designing the organizational structure and capacity building.

The first order of business was to de-couple the organization from the shadows of my predecessor, the influential former executive director Jawar Mohammed, who had chosen to enter party politics. At that time, a commission established by the prior leadership had developed a valuable five-year strategic plan that laid out the 3Ps of OMN—passion, performance and professionalism. To broaden the audience base, the network had engaged with rights activists and intellectuals from the south, so much so that any casual visitor at office could feel OMN was a home for the perspectives of Ethiopia’s diverse nations and nationalities. And therefore, it wasn’t difficult to see the increasing influence that OMN commanded within Ethiopia’s media community, even while operating in a hostile environment marked by intimidation from the government and other interest groups.

Public service

In a multi-ethnic country like Ethiopia where over 75 distinct languages are spoken, the successful containment and control of the deadly COVID-19 virus requires a multidisciplinary approach and using as many languages as possible to communicate vital health information to the various linguistic and cultural groups. OMN’s multi-linguistic strategy in the pandemic public information campaign was widely applauded. Our unique track record of accomplishment is on display for anyone to see and judge.

One key point should be highlighted here: It is a matter of public record that no other media house, public or private, managed to regularly bring together, on a single table, teams of high-profile experts from a multitude of health science fields. Among them were epidemiologists, infectious disease specialists, medical anthropologists, virologists, pharmaceutical/medical supply system specialists, pharmaco-economists, health systems managers, community health workers, pharma/health technologists, preventive medicine specialists and others to inform and educate the public about the collective effort required to effectively fight the spread of the coronavirus. OMN also employed 18 Ethiopian languages, including sign language, in disseminating WHO’s vital health information as part of its fight against COVID-19. Certainly, no media in the country has been as multilingual and multidisciplinary as this in educating the public about the danger we face.

The big question

Indulging in a scholarly debate on the pitfalls of the barbaric political project called empire was not the objective of this piece.  But this moment presents a unique opportunity. As Harari wrote in his aforementioned book, empires throughout history have crushed threats and rebellions with an iron fist; and when its day comes, a frustrated and sinking empire has always used all its might to save itself, usually collapsing into chaos and carnage. But as Harari argues, history has taken a different course since the collapse of the European empires—particularly since 1945 when the British Empire started falling apart as its colonies across the globe were liberated one by one — most of them without violence.

The current Ethiopian state has a blood-stained history down to its imperial roots. Its first constitution, written in 1931, boldly described it as an “Empire State”. Its territories and subjects were all “possessions of the emperor”. Ever since, Ethiopians across the board have waged bitter struggles — both political and military — to break the yoke of imperial oppression and transform the empire into a republic of and by the people. During all these times, Ethiopia has sustained the shocks of two major revolutions (1974 and 1991) and also a ‘peaceful internal political coup’ spurred on by powerful protests by Oromo Qeerroo that ultimately propelled Abiy to power in March 2018.

Now the question is, in light of Ethiopia’s past, and the failure of Abiy’s much anticipated “reformist” government to address the chronic contradictions of the historically imperialist Ethiopian state, will the forces struggling to keep Abiy in the the palace step aside peacefully in keeping with the precedent set by other post-1945 collapsing empires? Or, will the country descend into chaos and anarchy, as was the rule during the pre-1945 period?

AI: Ethiopia: Stop the use of deadly force on protesters August 14, 2020

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
Tags: , ,
add a comment

Ethiopia: Stop the use of deadly force on protesters

Amnesty International, 14 August 2020

Following the killing of at least 16 people following protests over the arrest of zonal officials, community leaders and activists by Ethiopian security officers in the Wolaita Zone of Southern Nations, Nationalities and People’s Regional State (SNNPR) since 9 August, Amnesty International’s Director for East and Southern Africa, Deprose Muchena, said:

There is never justification for the use of lethal force when it is not to protect lives. This unnecessary force has claimed so many lives in recent days, including protesters and bystanders.

Deprose Muchena, Amnesty International Director for East and Southern Africa


“There is never justification for the use of lethal force when it is not to protect lives. This unnecessary force has claimed so many lives in recent days, including protesters and bystanders. Among the 16 people who have been killed are a boy who was homeless and a woman with a mental disability, neither of whom were participating in the protests. No one should be killed for exercising their right to freedom of peaceful assembly or for being around a protest.

No one should be killed for exercising their right to freedom of peaceful assembly or for being around a protest

Deprose Muchena, Amnesty International’s Director for East and Southern Africa

“The authorities must urgently stop the use of lethal force in the context of protests and thoroughly, effectively and impartially investigate these killings. All those found responsible must be brought to justice in fair trials. Victims and their families must also have access to adequate reparations.” 


People took to the streets on 9 August after Ethiopia’s Defence Forces arrested more than 20 officials of the Wolaita Zone, as well as community leaders and activists, allegedly for holding a meeting in contravention of COVID-19 measures.

According to multiple witnesses interviewed by Amnesty International, security forces beat up and shot at protesters and bystanders while trying to disperse the protest. A homeless boy was killed in Wolaita-Soddo city on 9 August as the security forces violently cleared people off the streets following the arrests. Seven more people were killed in Bodditi on 10 August, including a 14-year old boy, footballer Getahun Ashenafi and a woman with a mental disability.

According to government sources, at least 16 people have been killed to date as protests continue. Two witnesses told Amnesty International that a woman was killed by security forces on 12 August while on her way to shop for groceries. Tension remains high due to the heavy deployment of security officers from the police forces, the SNNPR special Liyu police, and the Ethiopian Defence Forces.

Medical sources told Amnesty International that 18 injured people have been admitted to Soddo Christian Hospital in Wolaita, some of them to the Intensive Care Unit.

Oromo Women International #OromoProtests global solidarity rally in Colorado August 13, 2020

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
add a comment

OMN News: Dubartoonni Oromoo Koloradoo hidhaa fi ajjeechaa mootummaa Koloneel Abiy Ahmad ummata Oromoo irraan gayaa jiru mormuun hiriira geggeesaa jiru.

Ethiopia under PM Abiy: a Failed State in the lurking August 12, 2020

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
add a comment

Ethiopia under PM Abiy: a Failed State in the lurking

By Faisal Roble, Somali Region News

If anything is unambiguous about the state of contemporary Ethiopia, it is that it looks more like a failed state for many political and historical reasons.The country is supposedly administered by a constitution that upholds the federal system. Yet, in practice, it is a ridged unitary and highly centralized system that is more like North Korea than any federal state we know of.The PM himself purposely undermined the spirit of the constitution and does not believe in any sort of federalism. He has already decided that he is the chosen 7th King to be resurrected.Also, the Prime Minister who was prematurely awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace is an agent that is quickly losing peace from east to west and from north to south. Ethiopia’s peace matrix is at the doldrums and is more reflective of autocratic anarchy on the verge of civil war.One of the factors contributing to the failed status is the vexing question and the unresolved historical issue – the nationality question.On top of all that, the Nobel Laureate is pulled to the side of authoritarianism for that is the only way he thinks he can resuscitate a dismally failing system of governance.And that is the wrong recipe.The unending internal purges of the PM’s own party, including the purge of Lemma Megarsa, who prepped the PM to take the mantel of the Oromo leadership, is a salient sign of internal anarchy and a festering political crisis within the Oromo elite.Chronic youth unemployment both in the rural and urban areas, almost non-existent service delivery in the cities, the ravages of Covid-19, the diplomatic difficulties brought about by the GERD (disagreement on the use of the Nile water) are also some of the underlying factors contributing to the failed status of the state of Ethiopia.Add to all these the lack of loyalty to the state by the peoples of the periphery regions such as Somalis, Oromo, Sidama, Afar, Gomoz, etc, and you have a state that is as weak as a heap of hay with no strong pillars to stand on.Genuine federalism would have given the hay real legs to stand on. However, autocratic Abiy and the propagandists for a unitary state are all agents towards the coming of a failed state. And we shall see what comes next.

Our hearts are bleeding with our siblings the Wala’ita people August 11, 2020

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
Tags: , , ,
add a comment

Our hearts are bleeding with our siblings the Wala’ita

By Ibsaa Gutama

The Nafxanyaa has been eulogizing SNNP’s as a model of Ethiopianism, because identity of each member was suppressed and they use Amharic as official language. This has political, economic and social benefit for remnants of the Nafxanyaa system. It is to maintain that status quo that Wala’ita are now subjected to inhuman suffering. Wala’ita, a people with proud history having own language and culture; is one of the most industrious peoples in the region. Relation of Wala’ita with Oromo goes beyond occupation not to mention relations with Maccaa and Tuulamaa Association, Icaat and Transitional government of 1991. Both had put the toughest resistance individually for years before they fell to superior fire power supplied by imperialists. They have stood in domestic and foreign slave market like cattle. This could have been avoid had they resisted together. Now let us hope they will not make the same mistake as then, in trying to rise separately. The Nafxanyaa system is still lingers around as our main problem. The Ethiopian constitution is the result of years of relentless struggle. Wala’ita and other people are demanding rights recognized by that constitution. But the response they got is killing, torture and imprisonment. Today our hearts are bleeding with our siblings the Wala’ita. They are being butchered in their homes, their own country. Wala’ita had suffered under all Ethiopian rulers but this one reminds them the first colonizer. It is at this very moment committing genocide on that great people. All the oppressed have to stand in solidary with them before it turns against them. All those that have the same question will not be spared. Nations nationalities and peoples have the right to national self-determination that no one has the right to deny. Victory to Wala’ita people! Long live solidarity of oppressed nations, nationalities and peoples!

Oromiyaan haa jiraattu!


New York Times: At Least 10 Dead in Ethiopia Protests Over Autonomy: Health Officials

Oromo solidarity with Wolayta people in their demand for self rule : ከኦሮሞ ቄሮ ለወላይታና ለሌሎች ጭቁን ህዝቦች የተላለፈ ጥሪ August 10, 2020

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
Tags: ,
add a comment


Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
add a comment


By Ibsaa Guutama

Getting away from present confusing state, direction of our struggle has to be determined before it costs us too much. One is to be Oromo and go in the direction Oromummaa dictates; the other is be Ethiopian without bargaining, tolerating insults, contempt and humiliation and be satisfied with available crumbs. We have seen that it is a joke to think of democratizing and living with equality and Oromummaa intact. If we select the first one, there are two choices; one is continuing with the present constitution and struggle for its implementation. The second is leaving the constitution and directly go for referendum and agitate for independence. It worth paying anything that costs. For this reason, goal of the struggle should be clear to Oromo youth and the people. Transparency in all national concerns wins trust from all. Above all, anything done in the name of the people should have someone who takes responsibility and accountability. If force of habit tries to hoodwink one, one has to get off the way fast for time is for the fresh. Leaders and nationalist are imprisoned while seeking to be Ethiopians. However, Ethiopia did not accept them. They are being abused for their being Oromo and daring to think of competing for Ethiopian power. It is not them that are despised but the nation they came out from. Therefore, the ongoing struggle is not only to condemn their imprisonment but must go far beyond. No reconciling before the Oromo are in full control of Oromiyaa. It is doom or liberation. Hacaaluu’s death has united the nation. Schism before that have to be forgotten not to divide support for Qeerroo struggle and prisoners. Those that joined PP camp have made their choice to live kowtowing for aliens. Bureaucracy, that is going to run the election, guns and intelligence, are built by PP who has them in his hands. Therefore, election run with it can never be fair and free. So, PP has to be excluded from next election or the election must run by third party all agree upon. Nations, nationalities and peoples have to found a new system of equals based on will of each of them. Oromiyaan haa jiraattu!

#OromoProtests Oromo Women Global Solidarity Rally (7 August 2020), Nuremberg(Germany), USA, Canada, London (UK) August 7, 2020

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
add a comment

The Ethiopian government has turned down a UN request August 6, 2020

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
add a comment

The Ethiopian government has turned down a request by Parfait Onanga-Anyanga, UN Secretary General’s special envoy to the Horn of Africa, to visit high profile political prisoners including Jawar Mohammed, a senior source has told FI.

Onanga-Anyanga was in town this week and has had a meeting with President Sahle-Work, former Prime Minister Hailemariam and other senior government officials. His request to speak to prisoners was met with an outright rejection by authorities.

A UN country team report circulating internally and amongst the diplomatic community characterises the recent arrests of opposition figures as purely politically motivated. The government’s move to round up and jail prominent opposition figures on trumped up charges and Abiy’s unilateral decision to extend the election indefinitely have caused great concern amongst western observers who once touted the Nobel laureate as a genuine reformist. Meanwhile, faced with increasing pressure from the donor community and rattled by this week’s protests in large parts of Oromia involving road blockages, Abiy’s government has moved Jawar out of solitary confinement, FI has heard from reliable sources. He’s now in the same cell with Bekele Gerba.

Qabsoon itti fufa!

RAGAA MILIQEE BA’E: [Waxabajjii 30, 2020] poolisisiin Oromiyaa maqaan isaa Magarsaa Yaaddessaa Eenyutu Ajjeese August 5, 2020

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
add a comment

Ragaa miliqee ba’ee fuulla FB Tsegaye R Ararssa irratti Afaan Amaraan maxxanfame hiikkoon Afaan Oromoo kunooti. Dubbisaa.


Fakkiiwwan barreeffamaa armaan gaditti agartan gaafa reeffi Aartist Hacaaluu Hundeessaa mooraa Galma Aadaa Oromoo keessa ture sana [Waxabajjii 30, 2020] poolisisiin Oromiyaa maqaan isaa #Magarsaa_Yaaddessaa jedhamu eenyu akka ajjeesee fi akkamitti akka ajjeefame kan ibsu dha. Odeeffannoon kun deebii shakkamtummaa poolisiin ajjeechaa kanaan shakkamee, Abdullaaziiz Gazzaalii, poolisii isa qorateef kenne irraa argame (Poolisoota odeeffannoo jabaataa kana nuuf kennan osoo hingalateeffatin hindabarru).Dubbii himatamaa kana irraa hubachuun akkuma danda’amu shakkamaan wayta rakkoon kun dhalatu mooraa Waajjira Biltsiginnaa keessaa hojii eegumsaa irra ture. Ajjeechaa Hacaaluu Hundeessaa waliin walqabatee itti gaafatama isaanii akka ba’aniif ajajni jabaan itti kennamee waan tureef dammaqinaan hojii naga-eegumsaa irra akka turan. Kanumaan walqabatee shakkamaan [Abdullaaziiz Gazzaalii] qawwee isaa rasaasa nyaachifatee, milaaccii qawwee deebifatee dammaqinaan ta’eewwan naannoo ofii hordofaa ture. Osoo Kanaan jiranii ajejaan dhufee “bakka bakka qabadhaa malee” jedhee wayta ajaju naasuudhaan socho’uu eegale, gidduutti gufatee milli isaa sakaalamuudhaan qubni isaa qaataa Qawweetti bu’uudhaan milaacciin Qewwee deebi’ee rasaasni tu’annoo poolisichaan ala harkaa ba’ee dhuka’e, rasaasni poolisicha harkaa ba’ee dhuka’e kun waa’ila isaa Poolisisii Magarsaa rukutee ajjeese.Ragaan qorannoo yakkaa kun ifatti akkuma agarsiisu yeroo [rakkoon kun dhalatu] kanatti eegdonni Jawaar dhukaasa tokkollee hindhukaasne; meeshaa keessan hiikkadhaa wayta jedhamanis [ajeja kennameef] waliin waliif galuudhaan hiikkataniiru. Himmannaan Biltiginnaa “ajjeechaa kana kan raawwate eegdo ta Jawaari, kanaaf Jawaar fa’aanis itti gaafatamu” jedhu tasumaa bu’uura hinqabu [dhugaa miti jechuudha].Waraqaan jecha himatamaa kun ragaalee dhimma kana waliin walqabatu jedhanii yaadan biroo waliin walqabsiisanii “preliminary hearing’ Dhaddacha Araadaatti raaw’atamu irratti akka ragaatti miiltoo taasisanii dhiyeessuf adeemu. Himannaa boodaan Mana Murtii Olaanaatti banamuuf adeemuufis qophii taasifamaa jiru ta’uu isaati. Qaama qophii adeemsa himannaa banuu keesaa tokko kan ta’e ragaa sobaa oomishuunis eegalamee akka jiru beekuun danda’amee jira. “Ragaa namaa” (dhuga-baatotni) dhimma kanaaf barbaachisan filatamanii Waajjira OPDO duraanii isa karaa Siddist Kiiloo irratti argamu keessatti akkaataa itti raga sobaa kana [Mana Murtii duratti dhiyaatanii] himan qorachaa, shaakalaa akka jiranis beekamee jira. Dabalataan “rasaasni reeffa keessaa argame rasaasa qawwee [poolisii] Abdullaaziiz Gazzaalii keessaa dhukaafame ta’uu isaaf ragaan hinjiru” kan jedhu ragaa qorannoo reeffaa (forensic) irraa argame jechuudhaan akka ragaatti galmee himannoo kanaatti dabalamee akka jiru poolisoonni [yakka kana qoratan] iccitii jiru baasaniiru. Namni marti ilaalee [dhugaa jiru kana hubatee] akka faraduuf jechi himatamaan kun [poolisii qorataa yakkaaf] kenninaan galmee himannaa kanaa keessatti hammatame kunoo maxxansa kana waliin walitti qabsiifamee jira.

The media’s crisis on Ethiopia August 4, 2020

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
Tags: , , ,
add a comment

The media’s crisis on Ethiopia

BYAyantu Ayana, Africa Is a Country

Western media coverage of Ethiopia’s political crisis turns a blind eye to the grassroots movement behind the protests.

Image credit Carsten ten Brink via Flickr CC.

Ethiopia is facing a turbulent political period of unrest ignited by the shooting death on June 29 of a beloved and iconic Oromo musician and activist, Haacaaluu Hundeessaa. Assassinated in the capital, Addis Ababa, Haacaaluu played a pivotal role providing inspiration and vision for the youth movement in 2014-2018 that forced a peaceful change at the top of Ethiopia’s ruling party in 2018.

In April 2018 in an internal party election of the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), Hailemariam Desalegn was succeeded by Abiy Ahmed. The latter embarked on a reform process which was supposed to address contradictions exposed within Ethiopian society and politics by the protests, especially the need for domestic economic reforms and breathing life into the federal character of the Ethiopian state. Abiy has since dismantled the EPRDF and formed a unitary party, the Prosperity Party (PP).

The news of Haacaaluu’s death shook a country already despairing of a smooth transition to democracy. It touched off widespread grassroots protests in the Oromia region, the largest and most populous of Ethiopia’s 10 federal states. Police responded with a brutal crackdown starting with firing live ammunition into crowds of mourners. Immediately a sweep of Oromo individuals and institutions followed. At the time of writing more than 300 people have been killed, many more injured by security forces in the aftermath of the assassination. Three weeks ago, government sources reported that more than 7,000 people have been detained. Although updated figures have since not been released, detention rates remain high and schools emptied by COVID-19 are now prisons.

The first taken were well-known opposition leaders Bekele Gerba and Jawar Mohammed, along with 35 others. Jawar’s arrest was particularly dramatic because, despite his stated skepticism, he was considered an early ally of Abiy. The next day after Jawar’s arrest, police ransacked and closed the Oromia Media Network (OMN), a popular alternative to government-controlled sources of information for millions of people in Afaan Oromo, a language spoken by about half of the country’s population. The OMN was established in 2013 by journalists and activists living abroad, and Jawar became its second Executive Director in the US. After Abiy became a prime minister, Jawar returned to Ethiopia.

Unfortunately, international English language media coverage of the unfolding crisis in Ethiopia has presented a single, incomplete narrative to explain the conflict. Major news outlets, such as Associated Press, Washington Post, and WSJ represented the crisis by attributing it to “ethnic” tension, using terms such as “violent mobs” and “vandalism.” Some outlets insinuate that the current catastrophe is a byproduct of the country’s “ethnic federal system.” TIME conspicuously implicated the country’s constitution because it “divides Ethiopia into ethnically based territories.”

In Ethiopia’s existing political landscape, a fraction of the approximately 20% of the population who are urban elites blame the constitution for the current tensions and want to dismantle the components that protect the rights of named regional states. They want the resource base to be treated as a centrally controlled asset they can exploit.  The model of multinational federalism created regional states from national/linguistic/cultural groups as semi-autonomous entities to cooperate in federal arrangement. This decision was the result of long resistance to autocratic centralized military rule. It retains a strong support among rural producers (at least 80% of the population).  They want rights to develop the lands they consider their birthright and to protect them from unsustainable development by urban elites controlled from Addis Ababa. Yet mainstream media coverage presumes that nationality-based territories protected in the constitution contribute to the unrest rather than provide a solution.

Ethiopia is on the brink of chaos, perhaps even at great risk for a devastating civil war, primarily due to Abiy’s attempts to subvert the existing constitutional arrangement. Most Ethiopians do not support the imposition of further centralization from Addis Ababa. By turning a blind eye to the mounting grassroots resistance, media coverage fails to provide the kind of complete picture or balance necessary to understand the crisis.

Media coverage of Ethiopia needs to acknowledge those who support the sort of regional state autonomy based on linguistic/cultural groups that is enshrined as “multinational federalism” in the Ethiopian constitution of 1995.  When Abiy stepped into the political opening created by the youth resistance, he explicitly promised to deliver the transition to democracy via free and fair elections that the previous regime had failed to deliver. The US, the EU, and other international bodies accepted and praised him for his commitment to democratic transition.

However, the basic demands of the grassroots movement have been deliberately dismissed. The marginalized groups are again disappointed.  Furthermore, Abiy has commanded an active campaign to delegitimize the peaceful protests and the youth who led them. His government encourages the maligning, denigrating, and targeting of Oromo youth categorically. Over the last two years and increasingly in the aftermath of the assassination, state media have continuously referred to them as “violent,” “hate-driven,” and violent mobs driving “inter-ethnic” conflict. They are now being scapegoated for the recent unrest. Both domestic and international media outlets have magnified this narrative.

With Abiy’s about-face, the glimmer of hope, presented by what was to be a transformative transition to participatory democracy, has now flickered and disappeared. In fact, while urging the youth movement and Oromo leaders to “give him time,” the prime minister has taken giant steps away from democratization.

Over the last year and half, while virtually all media reporting on Ethiopia centered around vanity projects which placed the Prime Minister in the limelight, his government has imposed a state of emergency and military command with severe restrictions on citizens in parts of Oromia where his policies enjoy little or no support. Forces under his direct control carry out extrajudicial killings, rape, torture, house burnings, displacement, and other human rights abuses in these dissident areas as documented by human rights groups such as Amnesty International.

Media reporting has missed how Abiy’s persistent steps have subverted the goals of the grassroots movement. In October 2019, for example, Abiy won the Nobel Peace Prize, winning laudatory media coverage. He also dramatically acted to dismantle the ruling coalition party, EPRDF, which provided the underpinning to multinational federalism. In an affront to the spirit of federalism he announced the creation of a single national party.

This move was universally unpopular with the youth movement as a betrayal of the promises of democracy. The ensuing region-wide youth demonstrations, in which 86 people died, were blamed on Jawar, noting his large following among the youth. He had spoken out publicly against Abiy’s political move against federalism by forming a single party. But media reports, and even human rights groups, missed this wider context of youth vexation over Abiy’s betrayal.

Remarkably, people managed to hang onto hope as they anticipated elections. A key to that constant reminder of hope was the music of Haacaaluu on everyone’s playlist, singing about what was possible if they peacefully harnessed their energy and looked to a future of unity. He embodied the grassroots. He himself had urged the youth to be patient with Abiy and to wait for him to get them to elections so that they could realize their desire to transition into a decentralized (multinational) federal system.

Haacaaluu’s assassination removed a safeguard against despair, not only for Oromo, but for other people brought forcibly into Ethiopia and marginalized thereafter. They all anticipated a change away from oppressive economic, political, and cultural structures.

Abiy’s return to authoritarian rule has re-ignited the #OromoProtests movement. His brutal response in suppressing the protests threatens to destabilize the country and the region. Yet the media claim that Abiy has “transcended” ethnic politics, missing many complexities, including a rise in incendiary historical narratives coming from his office and amplified on state and establishment media that pits national groups against each other. Following the assassination, media coverage has missed the scale and motivations for the ongoing government crackdown against anyone who does not agree with Abiy’s agenda. Journalists have presented simplistic narratives that suggest a personal conflict between Abiy and Jawar, reducing an extremely complex story involving much of the grassroots, who are entirely erased from coverage. By including the view from the grassroots, media outlets can deliver a more complete and balanced account of this volatile and fragile moment in Ethiopia.

#OromoProtests 2020: A civil disobedience campaign in action in Oromia: Boycott inter-city and inter-town transportation of good and people August 3, 2020

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
add a comment

Transport boycott in action Jimma, Oromia, 3 August 2020

Transport boycott, Gadab, Asaasaa, Oromia, august 3, 2020
Transport boycott in action, inter-city transport standstill, Finfinnee, Oromia, 3 August

The Economist: Urban Brawl: How Land Disputes Erupted in Ethiopia July 31, 2020

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
Tags: ,
add a comment

“We were born here, we grew up here, but now we live like beggars,” fumes Tsige Bule, gazing from a rain-splattered porch towards the grey and unfinished apartment block that looms over what remains of her family’s farmland. Several years ago the Ethiopian authorities confiscated almost all of it to build public housing for residents of Addis Ababa, the capital. In the past decade the expanding city has inched ever closer to Tsige’s village. She sold her cows and began buying jerry cans because water from the nearby river had become toxic. Her sons dropped out of school to work as labourers on nearby building sites. A life of modest comfort teetered toward destitution.There is a deep well of anger in the suburbs and countryside around the Ethiopian capital. In July riots took place near Tsige’s home after the assassination of Hachalu Hundessa, a popular musician and activist from the Oromo ethnic group. New housing estates were pelted with stones, cars and petrol stations were set alight. Towns across the vast region of Oromia, which surrounds Addis Ababa, were similarly ravaged. Much of central Shashamene, a booming entrepot some 200km south, was burned to the ground. There were widespread attacks on minorities, notably Amharas, the largest ethnic group after the Oromo. Hotels, businesses and homes were destroyed or damaged. By one count 239 people were killed, some murdered by mobs, others by security forces.The threads that connect the carnage in Oromia with the plight of Tsige’s family are real, even if hard to see. In recent years towns and cities in southern Ethiopia, especially in Oromia, have been flashpoints for political and ethnic turmoil. The latest bout was triggered by national politics: many Oromos saw Hachalu’s murder as an attack on the Oromo opposition movement. Much of their anger is also stoked by a fear that Abiy Ahmed, the prime minister, has reneged on promises he made in 2018 to end both authoritarian rule and the alleged marginalisation of Oromos. But a closer look at the pattern of violence in certain places suggests that local factors such as who owns land and businesses may also have played a big part.Many southern towns began as imperial garrisons after the conquests of Emperor Menelik ii, an Amhara, in the late 19th century. Establishing cities sometimes involved the eviction of those already on the land, including the Oromo clans who lived on ground that was taken for Addis Ababa. As towns expanded they attracted settlers from Ethiopia’s northern highlands, who spoke Amharic and dominated urban commerce and the state bureaucracy. Amharic-speakers are still perceived to control much of the urban economy. “If you take 50 hotels in the city, only three are owned by Oromos,” alleges the owner of a juice bar in Adama, the second-largest city in Oromia.Old tensions are exacerbated by two factors in modern Ethiopian politics. The first is the 1995 constitution, which carved up territory along ethnic lines. In doing so it introduced the notion of ethnic ownership of cities and towns. This is particularly pronounced in the case of Addis Ababa, in which the constitution granted Oromia a “special interest”. Oromo nationalists claim the city is part of their historic “homeland” and demand a final say over its governance. But similar conflicts fester elsewhere, sometimes turning violent, as in the eastern city of Harar, where a minority of ethnic Harari enjoyed political privileges at the expense of much larger Oromo and Amhara populations.The system also hardened perceptions of non-indigenous folk as alien settlers. In Shashamene mobs went from door to door checking identity cards, which record ethnicity, before burning property belonging to Christians and non-Oromos. “They have a plan to dominate the economy of this town,” frets a non-Oromo. “At the core this is about the concentration of economic power and opportunity in urban areas,” says Eshetayehu Kinfu of Hawassa University near Shashamene.The second factor is land. In Ethiopia, all land is owned by the state. Although the constitution guarantees free land to farmers, in practice farmers and poor folk in cities have few legal protections from eviction, says Logan Cochrane, also of Hawassa University. For urban officials, leasing and administering high-value land is a source of revenue, rents and patronage. So many grab lots of it, adding to the ranks of the landless and jobless.“Our fathers lost their land, so we have nothing to inherit,” says Tsige’s son Betemariam. An added sore is that public housing built on land that belonged to Oromo farmers was typically given to more prosperous city-dwellers. “It’s not fair,” says Beshadu Degife, who lives down the lane. “This land is ours but now it’s people from other places who are enjoying it.”The growing perception is that towns with mixed populations are strongholds of Abiy’s Prosperity Party, which seeks to have no ethnic slant. This perception may further aggravate tensions. As Ethiopia prepares for delayed elections some time next year, towns will be places to watch—and worry about.

Die Demokratisierung Äthiopiens auf einem schmalen Grat zwischen Erfolg und Scheitern July 31, 2020

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
add a comment

Nobelpreisträger im Krisenmodus


Arne Wulff, Emelie Braun

Die Demokratisierung Äthiopiens auf einem schmalen Grat zwischen Erfolg und Scheitern

Seitdem Premierminister Abiy im Amt ist, arbeitet er mit großer Energie an seinen Plänen, das Land zu reformieren – nicht nur innenpolitisch, sondern auch mit Blick auf die Außenbeziehungen. Mit dem Nachbarland Eritrea gelang bereits im Sommer 2018, nur wenige Monate nach seinem Amtsantritt, die Unterzeichnung eines Friedensabkommens, das nach Jahrzehnten der Feindschaft das Verhältnis beider Länder normalisieren sollte – angefangen mit der Öffnung der Grenzen. Außenpolitisch tritt Abiy zudem als Friedensvermittler in der Region auf, zum Beispiel in der maritimen Streitigkeit zwischen Kenia und Somalia sowie im Engagement für einen friedlichen Machtübergang im Sudan. Im Dezember 2019 wurde Abiy – insbesondere wegen des Friedenschlusses mit Eritrea – der Friedensnobelpreis verliehen. Viele fragten sich, ob die Verleihung nicht zu früh erfolgte. Denn die Grenze zu Eritrea wurde zwischenzeitlich wieder geschlossen, und der Übergang Äthiopiens zur Demokratie befindet sich auf einem schmalen Grat zwischen Erfolg und Scheitern. Die immer wieder aufflammenden ethnischen Spannungen mit einer Vielzahl von Todesopfern drohen den Fortschritt des Landes zu gefährden. Einen Vielvölkerstaat wie Äthiopien mit über 80 verschiedenen ethnischen Gruppen zu demokratisieren und gleichzeitig friedlich zu einen, ist eine Mammutaufgabe. Über 30 Jahre herrschte in Äthiopien ein sozialistisches, repressives Regime – von manchen als „Entwicklungsdiktatur“ betitelt. Von echter Demokratie war Äthiopien bis zum politischen Umbruch 2018 weit entfernt. Bis dato wurden Opposition, Presse und Zivilgesellschaft stark unterdrückt. Oppositionelle Kandidaten und ihre Anhänger wurden eingeschüchtert, politischen Gegnern wurden Stimmzettel gezielt verweigert und Wahlbetrug war an der Tagesordnung. Abiy hat sich auf die Fahnen geschrieben, dies zu ändern. Doch sein Reformkurs scheint ins Stocken geraten zu sein und vor dem Hintergrund der aktuellen Entwicklungen nehmen die skeptischen Stimmen zu – und damit wächst auch die Angst vor den Folgen eines Scheiterns der Reformagenda.

Der politische Umbruch

Äthiopien erlebt unter Abiy einen politischen Umbruch mit dem Potential, die Weichen für eine nachhaltige demokratische Entwicklung zu stellen. Der Umbruch war das Ergebnis der anhaltenden Proteste gegen die Vorgängerregierung, die 2015 begannen und 2018 ihren Höhepunkt fanden. Die Menschen gingen vor allem wegen der ungleichen Machtverhältnisse auf die Straße. Die Wut richtete sich insbesondere gegen die Tigray People‘s Liberation Front (TPLF), welche ethnisch zwar nur einen kleinen Teil des äthiopischen Volkes repräsentiert, aber in der Regierungskoalition der Ethiopian People‘s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) dominierte. Mehr und mehr begehrten viele Äthiopier gegen die Unterdrückung von ethnischen Minderheiten und politischen Opponenten auf und waren dazu bereit, für das Recht auf Meinungs- und Pressefreiheit zu kämpfen. Hinzu kam eine wachsende wirtschaftliche Unzufriedenheit vor dem Hintergrund, dass von dem Wirtschaftsboom Äthiopiens nur wenige profitierten. Bei diesen Protesten wurden Hunderte von Menschen getötet. Der ehemalige Ministerpräsident Hailemariam Desalegn trat schließlich im Februar 2018 zurück und Wissenschaftsminister Dr. Abiy Ahmed Ali wurde wenig später zu seinem Nachfolger gewählt. In der Folge wurden viele Repräsentanten des alten Regimes ausgetauscht, und neue Präsidentin wurde mit der erfahrenen Diplomatin Sahle-Work Zewde zum ersten Mal in der Geschichte des Landes eine Frau.

Ambitionierter Reformkurs

Nachdem Premierminister Abiy im Frühjahr 2018 an die Macht kam, leitete er tiefgreifende Veränderungen in die Wege. Besonders in seinem Demokratisierungs- und Reformkurs überraschte er mit seinem Mut zu schnellen Reformen, die teilweise bereits umgesetzt wurden und vor allem die folgenden Neuerungen beinhalteten:

  • Die Öffnung des Mehrparteiensystems
  • Das Bekenntnis zur Meinungs- und Pressefreiheit
  • Aufhebung der strengen Blockaden der Presse und des Internets
  • Überarbeitung der Mediengesetzgebung
  • Lockerung der strengen Regelungen für NGOs
  • Die Freilassung politischer Gefangener und Einladung an Exilanten, nach Äthiopien zurückzukehren
  • Eine Liberalisierung und Industrialisierung des Landes
  • Marktwirtschaftliche Öffnung (anstatt der zuvor streng staatlich regulierten Wirtschaft)
  • Privatisierung von Staatsbetrieben
  • Die Gleichstellung der Geschlechter
  • Besetzung wichtiger Positionen mit Frauen
  • Wichtige Wechsel auf Führungsebene
  • Eine umfassende Reform des Justizsystems
  • Das Friedensabkommen mit Eritrea.

“Die Zentrifugalkraft der Liberalisierung”

Die Reformambitionen des Premierministers sind zweifellos vielversprechend und fanden von Beginn an großen internationalen Zuspruch. Doch sind sie auch mit erheblichen Risiken verbunden und mit zahlreichen Hindernissen konfrontiert. Die womöglich größte Herausforderung ist es, trotz der Liberalisierung den Zusammenhalt des Volkes zu sichern und eine Zersplitterung des Landes zu vermeiden. Denn es bestehen weiterhin starke ethnische Spannungen und Konflikte innerhalb der Bevölkerung. Bis dato wurden diese im Keim erstickt, indem Regierungsgegner verhaftet und isoliert wurden. Dieneu gewonnene politische Freiheit bringt allerdings das Risiko mit sich, dass ethnische Gruppen regionalen Autonomiebestrebungen nachgehen und dem ambitionierten Premier die politische Kontrolle entgleitet. Viele der ethnischen Gruppen fühlen sich weder gleichberechtigt noch angemessen repräsentiert. Obwohl die Volksgruppe der Oromo mit 34 Prozent die größte im Land ist, dominieren die Amharen (27%) und die Tigray (6%) das politische Leben. Zwar ist mit Abiy erstmals ein Oromo (tatsächlich ist sein Vater Oromo, seine Mutter aber Amhare) an die Macht gelangt, aber er versteht sich nach eigener Auskunft – wohl auch vor dem Hintergrund seiner gemischten Abstammung – als Äthiopier und nicht als Vertreter einer bestimmten Ethnie. So sehr ihn dieses Selbstverständnis auszeichnet, so schwer scheint es für ihn, die Oromo, deren Wut aus einer über hundert Jahre andauernden politischen Unterdrückung resultiert, in eine Politik der nationalen Einheit ohne ethnische Bevormundung oder Bevorzugung einzubinden. Der Wunsch insbesondere dieser Volksgruppe nach mehr Autonomie und politischem Einfluss nimmt an Fahrt auf und scheint sich im Zuge der neu gewonnen Freiheiten auch auf bedrohlichen Wegen Bahn zu brechen. So sollen alleine in den ersten anderthalb Jahren nach Amtsantritt des neuen Premiers mehr Menschen Opfer politisch motivierter Gewalt geworden sein als zur Zeit der Unruhen davor. Abiys Idee, das ethnisch gespaltene Land einerseits politisch zu liberalisieren und zu demokratisieren, und andererseits als Nation zu einen, ist ein Ritt auf der Rasierklinge. Sollte ihm dieser Schritt gewaltfrei gelingen, könnte er als Wegbereiter eines neuen Äthiopiens in die Geschichte eingehen. Scheitert er dagegen, könnten der Zerfall des Staates und die damit einhergehende Gewalt kaum noch aufzuhalten sein. Die politische Kunst des Premiers wird darin bestehen müssen, die ethnischen Zentrifugalkräfte der Liberalisierung in die Richtung eines gemeinschaftlichen Zugehörigkeitsgefühls zu lenken. Es wachsen Zweifel, ob dies wirklich gelingen kann.

Herausforderungen und Gefahren der aktuellen Entwicklungen

Dies sind allerdings nicht die einzigen Herausforderungen, denen die Regierung gegenüber steht.  Die schwachen institutionellen Kapazitäten erschweren die Umsetzung der Reformvorhaben. Problematisch ist auch, dass in vielen Positionen des Regierungsapparates weiterhin Personen tätig sind, die dem alten repressiven Regime entstammen. Ihre Loyalität gegenüber dem neuen Kurs erscheint zweifelhaft.

Die Industrialisierung des Landes und die Verbesserung der Infrastruktur stehen auf Abiys Reformagenda weit oben. Dafür hat das Land bereits in der Vergangenheit enorme Schulden angehäuft: Die Staatsschulden belaufen sich auf 52,57 Mrd. USD (wovon 26,05 Mrd. USD externe Staatsschulden sind).[1] Dies sind rund 66 Prozent des Bruttoinlandsproduktes (der Durchschnitt Subsahara-Afrikas liegt bei rund 57 % des BIP[2]). Vor allem gegenüber China ist Äthiopien hoch verschuldet. Daraus haben sich Abhängigkeiten entwickelt, die den Reformkurs belasten könnten. Nicht zuletzt auch deswegen sucht die neue Regierung eine stärkere Anbindung an Europa, die USA und die arabischen Staaten. Es ist klar, dass Äthiopien sich keine größere Verschuldung mehr leisten kann. Stattdessen muss sich Abiy auf das Anwerben ausländischer Investoren konzentrieren. Grundsätzlich verfügt Äthiopien über das Potential eines attraktiven Wachstumsmarktes und vor allem der sich rasant entwickelnde Industriesektor bietet viele Möglichkeiten. Doch es bleibt fraglich, ob die ökonomische Transformation mit dem hohen Bevölkerungswachstum mithalten kann und ob sich für die Mehrheit der Bevölkerung nachhaltige wirtschaftliche Perspektiven ergeben. Die ökonomische und politische Transformation sind dabei in gegenseitiger Abhängigkeit mit einander verknüpft. Für die erforderlichen Investitionen bedarf es politischer Stabilität und verlässlicher rechtsstaatlicher Strukturen. Gleichzeitig lässt sich die Akzeptanz des politischen Reformkurses wohl nur bei einer positiven Wahrnehmung der wirtschaftlichen Lage gewährleisten.[3]

Obwohl bereits einige Erfolge und Fortschritte klar erkennbar sind, ist die Gemütslage der Äthiopier nur bedingt optimistisch. Aufgrund ihrer historisch schlechten Erfahrungen mit der politischen Führung nimmt die Ungeduld im Volke zu. Die kleinen Erfolge scheinen im eigenen Land nicht immer wahrgenommen und geschätzt zu werden. Viele beklagen schon jetzt, nach nur zwei Jahren, die Langsamkeit der Reformen und das Fehlen von Jobs und beruflicher Perspektiven. Der Druck auf Abiy, seine visionären Ankündigungen in greifbare Erfolge umzusetzen, wird damit immer größer. Dass in diesen Zeiten die Corona-Pandemie das öffentliche Leben quasi zum Stillstand bringt, dürfte sich als weiteres Hindernis für den Premier erweisen.

Die geplanten Wahlen 2020 und die Corona-Pandemie

Die ersten wirklich demokratischen Wahlen in Äthiopien stehen bisher unter keinem guten Stern. Die Parlamentswahlen sollten ursprünglich im Mai 2020 stattfinden. Anfang des Jahres wurden sie auf den 29. August 2020 verschoben. Grund dafür war die zu kurze Vorbereitungszeit für die Nationale Wahlkommission im Hinblick auf die notwendige Wählerregistrierung und Bestrebungen der Politik, sich im Zuge der Liberalisierung in Form neuer politischen Parteien sowie möglicher Koalitionsbündnisse neu zu sortieren. Denn während bis heute die EPRDF über alle 547 Sitze im Parlament verfügt, haben nun auch andere Parteien und Parteienbündnisse die Möglichkeit, durch demokratische Wahlen in Äthiopien an die Macht zu kommen oder politisch zu partizipieren. Die Durchführung allgemeiner, gleicher und freier Wahlen ist für die demokratische Legitimierung des Premiers außerordentlich wichtig. Nur dann kann es ihm gelingen, seinen Reformkurs erfolgreich fortsetzen. Um dem Nachdruck zu verleihen, hat er auch intensiv daran mitgewirkt, sich aus alten Parteienbündnissen wie der EPRDF zu befreien und eine neue Partei zu gründen. Die Ethiopian Prosperity Party (EPP) soll zukünftig für die politischen Ziele des Premiers stehen und verfolgt vor allem eine wirtschaftlich liberale Programmatik. Die früher die EPRDF beherrschende Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) hat sich jedoch dafür entschieden, sich der neuen Partei nicht anzuschließen. Insgesamt beklagt die politische Opposition im Lande, die insbesondere in den Ethnien der Oromo und Tigray vorhanden ist, nicht in die Politik eingebunden zu werden. Sie fühlen sich aus der von Premierminister Abiy versprochenen Transformation Äthiopiens zu einer echten Demokratie zunehmend ausgeschlossen.

Die nun im Lichte der Corona-Pandemie verordnete längere Zwangspause im politischen Wettbewerb lässt die Frustration weiter anwachsen. Der Kurs der demokratischen Erneuerung durch Wahlen ist fürs Erste unterbrochen. Nachdem am 12. März der erste Covid-19 Fall registriert worden war, wurde die nun für August geplante Parlamentswahl erneut verschoben – diesmal auf unbestimmte Zeit[4].

Mittlerweile zählt Äthiopien über 14.500 Infizierte und über 200 Todesfälle (Stand: 28.07.2020). Man geht aber von einer deutlich größeren Dunkelziffer aus, da es im Land nur geringe Testkapazitäten gibt. Und auch wenn die Zahl der Infektionen im Vergleich zu anderen Staaten wie Südafrika (über 450.000 Fälle, Stand: 28.07.2020) recht gering erscheint, muss leider festgestellt werden, dass die Behandlungskapazitäten (laut Regierung ca. 1.500 Intensivbetten und ca. 400 künstliche Beatmungsmöglichkeiten) zumindest für ernsthaft erkrankte Personen sehr gering sind und mittlerweile an ihre Grenzen geraten. Besonders in Addis Abeba ist die Lage kritisch. Hinzu kommt, dass im Zuge der Abwanderung von Fachkräften („Brain Drain“) viele gut ausgebildete äthiopische Ärzte der Verdienstmöglichkeiten wegen im Ausland arbeiten. Qualifiziertes Personal zur Behandlung von Covid-19 steht nur in geringem Umfang zur Verfügung.

Bereits am 8. April 2020 rief Abiy für zunächst fünf Monate den nationalen Notstand aus, der mit etlichen Restriktionen verbunden ist. So wurden unter anderem die Landgrenzen geschlossen, Zusammenkünfte von mehr als vier Personen untersagt, Schulen und Bildungseinrichtungen geschlossen, Reisebegrenzungen im Land sowie strenge Quarantänebestimmungen verhängt und eine Verpflichtung zum Tragen von Masken im öffentlichen Raum eingeführt. 

Politisch wiegt die erneute Verschiebung der Wahlen für die Regierung schwer – handelt es sich dabei doch bereits um die zweite weite Verschiebung innerhalb eines halben Jahres. Hinzu kommt, dass die Wahlperiode des Parlaments und damit auch die Amtszeit der Regierung im Sommer 2020 unter normalen Umständen verfassungsrechtlich endet. Dabei sind gerade die kommenden Wahlen für Äthiopien und seine Zukunft so entscheidend, denn mit diesen Wahlen werden die Weichen für die weitere Entwicklung des Landes gestellt; sie sind als „demokratische Premiere“ anzusehen. Ob das Land den ambitionierten Reformplänen Abiys weiter nachgehen wird und ob es sich weiter in Richtung Liberalisierung und Demokratie entwickelt, hängt maßgeblich von diesen Wahlen ab. Sie dienen dazu, dem Premier und seinen Reformvorhaben demokratische Legitimation zu verleihen und gelten daher als Bewährungsprobe.

Mord an Künstler löst Unruhen aus

Am 29. Juni 2020 wurde der Sänger und Aktivist Hachalu Hundessa in Addis Abeba niedergeschossen und erlag wenig später seinen Verletzungen. Hachalu gehörte zur Volksgruppe der Oromo und wurde in seiner Heimat als Stimme des Protestes gefeiert. Seine Lieder sind eng mit den Protesten zwischen 2015 und 2018 verbunden, die zum Rücktritt von Abiys Vorgänger führten. In der Folge seiner Ermordung kam es zu gewalttätigen Auseinandersetzungen zwischen Demonstranten und Sicherheitskräften in der Hauptstadt Addis Abeba und im Bundesstaat Oromia. Sie wurden begleitet von Straßensperren, mehreren Explosionen in Addis Abeba, brennenden Autos, eingeschlagenen Scheiben und Plünderungen. Über zwei Wochen wurden im Großraum Addis Abeba die Internetverbindungen abgeschaltet und auch Telefonate blockiert. Zahlreiche Menschen kamen bei den Ausschreitungen ums Leben: nach Angaben der Polizei gab es mindestens 239 Tote. Die Regierung reagierte mit harter Hand und ließ Oppositionelle festnehmen, darunter auch der sehr bekannte Oromo-Nationalist Jawar Mohammed. Die Anklage gegen ihn lautet auf Beteiligung an der Ermordung eines Polizisten während der Unruhen. Seine Anhänger bestreiten dies und beschuldigen Abiy, mit der Verhaftung Jawars einen politischen Kontrahenten aus dem Weg räumen zu wollen. Auch der von Jawar gegründete Fernsehsender „Oromia Media Network“ (OMN) wurde geschlossen. Unterdessen konnten zwei Tatverdächtige gefasst werden, die schließlich gestanden, an Hachalus Ermordung beteiligt gewesen zu sein. Nach Angaben der äthiopischen Generalstaatsanwaltschaft war die Tat Teil einer Verschwörung zum Sturz der Regierung. Weitere Hintergründe bleiben bisher unklar.

Diese jüngsten Ereignisse zeigen, wie fragil die Lage im Land ist und wie groß die Gefahr der Eskalation politischer und ethnischer Spannungen. Auffallend ist zudem, dass sich Premier Abiy im Angesicht der Unruhen offenbar der gleichen Instrumente bediente wie seine politischen Vorgänger: Abschaltung sämtlicher Kommunikationsmöglichkeiten sowie Verhaftung Oppositioneller. Beobachter verurteilten die Reaktionen der Regierung auf die Proteste und Unruhen als exzessiv und kontraproduktiv. Sie stehen im krassen Widerspruch zum gerne gepflegten Image Abiys als liberalem Reformer. Es mehren sich nun Befürchtungen, dass es erneut zu einer größeren Protestbewegung der Oromo kommen könnte. Die Entwicklungen belasten das ohnehin angespannte Verhältnis der Oromo zur Regierung und stärken das Mistrauen gegenüber Abyi. Kritiker aus seiner eigenen Volksgruppe werfen dem Premier ohnehin seit langem vor, sich nicht genug für die Belange seiner Heimatregion einzusetzen.


Angesichts der auslaufenden demokratischen Legitimierung des äthiopischen Parlaments und der Regierung Abiys sowie der auf unbestimmte Zeit verschobenen Wahlen ist damit zu rechnen, dass die politische Instabilität im Lande andauert. Die bestehenden ethnischen Konflikte konnten bisher auch durch die neue Regierung nicht gelöst werden. Hätten im August Wahlen stattgefunden, wäre Abiy im Ergebnis vom Parlament als Premierminister wohl bestätigt worden. Ob dies auch der Fall sein wird, wenn die Wahlen erst 2021 oder schlimmstenfalls 2022 stattfinden, ist zunehmend fraglich.

Die Zukunft Äthiopiens bleibt also ungewiss. Das Land am Horn von Afrika verfügt über ein enormes Potential, das aber ohne weitere Reformen nicht abgerufen werden kann. Gerade jetzt wären positive und vor allem für die Bevölkerung sichtbare Entwicklungen notwendig – Entwicklungen, von denen alle ethnischen Gruppen profitieren. Auf politischer Ebene stellt sich zudem die Frage, wie die jetzige und künftige Regierung dem Wunsch der Regionen nach mehr Autonomie nachgehen kann, um einerseits den nationalen Frieden zu wahren, andererseits aber die nationale Einheit nicht zu gefährden. In Betracht kommt eine Neudefinierung des ethnischen Föderalismus, bei der Deutschland mit seiner föderalistischen Expertise unterstützend und beratend zur Seite stehen könnte.

Auf wirtschaftlicher Ebene geht es für das Land darum, den seit Jahren anhaltenden wirtschaftlichen Aufschwung mit Wachstumsraten zwischen jährlich neun und zehn Prozent nachhaltig zu sichern und auszubauen. Dabei sollte vor allem zuerst der individuelle Bürger und dessen Bildung und gesellschaftliche Stellung im Vordergrund stehen. Die Themen Gleichstellung der Geschlechter, ethnische Inklusion sowie Umfang und Qualität der Bildung werden Äthiopiens Zukunft maßgeblich bestimmen. Zugleich muss die Arbeitslosigkeit parallel zum Problem einer rasant wachsenden jungen Bevölkerung ab- und Beschäftigung sowie Infrastruktur ausgebaut werden. Dafür sind weitere finanzielle Mittel und Programme sowie die Anwerbung von Investoren notwendig. Eine Aufnahme weiterer Kredite, vor allem von China, erscheint jedoch gefährlich und sollte unterlassen werden, um eine noch größere Verschuldung und Abhängigkeit des Landes zu vermeiden. Erschwerend kommt hinzu, dass durch die Corona-Pandemie die gesamte Weltwirtschaft – und insbesondere die der afrikanischen Länder – über Jahre zurückgeworfen werden wird. 

Es gibt zwei alternative Szenarien für die Zukunft des Landes. Einerseits ein optimistisches Zukunftsszenario, in dem ein inklusiver Politikwechsel stattfindet, auf dem weiteres Wirtschaftswachstum, innerer und äußerer Frieden und die Verbesserung der Lebensbedingungen folgen. Andererseits gibt es auch ein pessimistisches Zukunftsszenario, in welchem das Land ein abruptes Ende politischer Stabilität und den Zerfall staatlicher Ordnung mit der Folge erleben könnte, dass erneut diktatorische Kräfte die Macht ergreifen. Zurzeit lässt sich nicht sagen, welches Szenario das wahrscheinlichere ist. Umso mehr muss den demokratischen Staaten dieser Welt daran gelegen sein, den von Abiy Ahmed eingeschlagenen Weg der Demokratisierung politisch zu unterstützen und dem Land wirtschaftlich zu helfen. Dabei geht es auch darum, alle demokratischen Kräfte im Land zu stärken. Abiy Ahmed als viel gelobter Hoffnungsträger wird seine Reformagenda nicht im Alleingang verwirklichen können. Er muss die verschiedenen Kräfte im Vielvölkerstaat Äthiopiens an einen Tisch bekommen und einen echten nationalen Dialog in die Wege leiten. Nur dann kann die Herausbildung eines nationalen Zugehörigkeitsgefühls gelingen, welches die Grundlage für Stabilität bildet.

[1] Nora Kiefer, Sabine Odhiambo in „Äthiopien am Scheideweg“, Berlin, 27.Dezember2019; http://www.deutsche-afrika-stiftung.de/files/afrikapost_aktuell_aethiopien_am_scheideweg.pdf (12.05.2020)

https://www.indexmundi.com/g/g.aspx?c=et&v=94&l=de; https://wko.at/statistik/laenderprofile/lp-aethiopien.pdf (12.05.2020)

[2] Maria Scurell in „Das Länderinformationsportal“ zu Äthiopien, März 2020: https://www.liportal.de/aethiopien/wirtschaft-entwicklung/ (12.05.2020)

Paloma Anos Casero (IDA), Zeine Zidane (IMF), Kevin Fletcher (IMF)  in „Joint Bank-Fund Debt Sustainibility Analysis 2018: http://documents1.worldbank.org/curated/en/690431545161133088/pdf/wbg-ethiopia-debt-sustainability-analysis-2018-update-final-dec0718-12142018-636805946102250783.pdf (12.05.2020)

[3] Vgl. Tim Heinemann: „Äthiopien 2025: ein aufstrebender Industriestandort in Afrika?“, KfW Research Nr. 249, 27. März 2019: https://www.kfw.de/PDF/Download-Center/Konzernthemen/Research/PDF-Dokumente-Fokus-Volkswirtschaft/Fokus-2019/Fokus-Nr.-249-Maerz-2019-Aethiopien-2025.pdf (12.05.2020)

[4] Zwischenzeitlich hat das Parlament die Verschiebung in der Weise konkretisiert, als dass die Wahlen in einem Zeitraum von 9 – 12 Monaten nach Ende der Corona-Pandemie stattfinden sollen.

Nobel Laureates In Crisis Mode

By Arne Wulff, Emelie Braun, July 29, 2020

The Democratization Of Ethiopia On A Fine Line Between Success And Failure

Parliamentary elections were supposed to be held in Ethiopia in August 2020. But in view of the Corona pandemic, these have been postponed indefinitely. Thus, the question of democratic legitimacy for Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed Ali’s ambitious reform policy remains outstanding. True, the reforms that have begun seem to have put the country on the right track in many ways – and they are receiving a lot of international support and support. But, however promising the projects may be, the country continues to face major challenges.In addition to the peace with Eritrea, the continuation of democratization, and the fight against high poverty, these concerns above all the continuing strong ethnic tensions. Most recently, these escalated again when violent clashes broke out in the wake of the assassination of a popular Oromo singer, in which more than 200 people died. Ethiopia is at a crossroads: is Abiy succeeding not only in opening up the country but also at one another? Or does its failure threaten the nation’s disintegration?Early laurels for the hopefulSince Prime Minister Abiy took office, he has worked his plans to reform the country – not only domestically, but also with regard to external relations. In the summer of 2018, just a few months after taking office, neighboring Eritrea signed a peace agreement that, after decades of hostility, was supposed to normalize the relationship between the two countries – starting with the opening of borders. In foreign policy, Abiy also acts as a peace broker in the region, for example in the maritime dispute between Kenya and Somalia and in the commitment to a peaceful transition of power in Sudan.In December 2019, Abiy was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, in particular, because of the peace deal with Eritrea. Many wondered if the award ceremony was not too early. The border with Eritrea has since been closed again, and Ethiopia’s transition to democracy is on a fine line between success and failure. The ever-increasing ethnic tensions with a large number of deaths threaten to jeopardize the country’s progress.Democratizing a multi-ethnic state like Ethiopia with more than 80 different ethnic groups while at the same time peacefully unifying it is a mammoth task. For more than 30 years, Ethiopia was ruled by a socialist, repressive regime, dubbed by some as a “development dictatorship.” Ethiopia was a long way from true democracy until the political upheaval of 2018. To date, the opposition, the press, and civil society have been severely repressed. Opposition candidates and their supporters were intimidated, political opponents were deliberately denied ballot papers, and voter fraud was commonplace. Abiy is committed to changing this. But his reform course seems to have stalled, and in the context of current developments, skeptical voices are growing – and with it, the fear of the consequences of a failure of the reform agenda is growing.The political upheavalEthiopia is experiencing a political upheaval under Abiy with the potential to set the course for sustainable democratic development. The upheaval was the result of ongoing protests against the previous government, which began in 2015 and culminated in 2018. People took to the streets mainly because of the unequal balance of power. The anger was directed in particular at the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), which represents only a small part of the Ethiopian people ethnically, but dominated the ruling coalition of the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF).More and more, many Ethiopians rebelled against the oppression of ethnic minorities and political opponents and were willing to fight for the right to freedom of expression and freedom of the press. Added to this was growing economic dissatisfaction against the background that few benefited from Ethiopia’s economic boom. Hundreds of people were killed in these protests. Former Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn finally resigned in February 2018, and Science Minister Dr. Abiy Ahmed Ali was elected as his successor a short time later. As a result, many representatives of the old regime were replaced, and the new president became a woman with the experienced diplomat Sahle-Work Zewde for the first time in the country’s history.Ambitious reform courseAfter Prime Minister Abiy came to power in the spring of 2018, he initiated profound changes. Especially in his course of democratization and reform, he surprised with his courage in rapid reforms, some of which had already been implemented and which included, above all, the following innovations:The opening up of the multi-party systemThe commitment to freedom of expression and freedom of the pressLifting the strict blockades of the press and the InternetReview of media legislationEasing strict rules for NGOsThe release of political prisoners and invitation to exiles to return to EthiopiaLiberalization and industrialization of the countryMarket economy opening (instead of the previously strictly state-regulated economy)Privatization of state-owned enterprisesGender equalityFilling important positions with womenImportant changes at management levelA comprehensive reform of the judicial systemThe peace agreement with Eritrea.“The centrifugal power of liberalization”The Prime Minister’s reform ambitions are undoubtedly promising and have been very popular from the outset. But they also face significant risks and numerous obstacles. Perhaps the greatest challenge, despite liberalization, is to ensure the cohesion of the people and to avoid fragmentation of the country. Because there are still strong ethnic tensions and conflicts within the population. To date, these have been nipped in the bud by arresting and isolating government opponents. But the new political freedom that has been won risks ethnic groups pursue regional autonomy and the ambitious prime minister slips away from political control.Many of the ethnic groups do not feel equal or adequately represented. Although the Oromo ethnic group is the largest in the country with 34 percent, the Amhars (27%) dominate and the Tigray (6%) political life. With Abiy, an Oromo (in fact, his father Oromo, but his mother Amhara) came to power for the first time, but according to his own information – probably also against the background of his mixed lineage – he sees himself as an Ethiopian and not as a representative of a certain ethnic group. As much as this self-image characterizes him, it seems difficult for him to integrate the Oromo, whose anger stems from more than a hundred years of political oppression, into a policy of national unity without ethnic patronage or preference.The desire of this ethnic group in particular for more autonomy and political influence is gaining momentum and seems to be breaking ground in the course of the newly gained freedoms, even on threatening paths. In the first year and a half after the new prime minister took office alone, more people are said to have been victims of politically motivated violence than at the time of the riots before. Abiy’s idea of liberalizing and democratizing the ethnically divided country, on the one hand, and as a nation on the other, is a ride on the razor blade. If he succeeds in this step without violence, he could go down in history as a trailblazer for a new Ethiopia. If, on the other hand, he fails, the disintegration of the state and the violence that accompanies it could be hard to stop. The political art of the Prime Minister will have to be to steer the ethnic centrifugal forces of liberalization in the direction of a sense of common belonging. Doubts are growing as to whether this can really succeed.Challenges and dangers of current developmentsHowever, these are not the only challenges facing the government. The weak institutional capacity makes it difficult to implement the reform projects. It is also problematic that many positions of the government apparatus continue to be made up of people from the old repressive regime. Their loyalty to the new course seems dubious.The country’s industrialization and infrastructure improvement are high on Abiy’s reform agenda. In return, the country has accumulated enormous debt in the past: the national debt amounts to USD 52.57 billion (of which USD 26.05 billion is external government debt). This is about 66 percent of gross domestic product (average sub-Saharan Africa is about 57 percent of GDP). Ethiopia is particularly indebted to China. This has led to dependencies that could strain the course of reform. This is one of the reasons why the new government is seeking greater ties with Europe, the US, and the Arab states.It is clear that Ethiopia can no longer afford the greater debt. Instead, Abiy must focus on attracting foreign investors. In principle, Ethiopia has the potential for an attractive growth market and, above all, the rapidly developing industrial sector offers many opportunities. But it remains questionable whether economic transformation can keep up with high population growth and whether sustainable economic prospects emerge for the majority of the population. Economic and political transformation are interdependent. The necessary investment requires political stability and reliable constitutional structures. At the same time, acceptance of the course of political reform can probably only be guaranteed if the economic situation is positively perceived.Although some successes and progress are already clear, the mood of the Ethiopians is only partially optimistic. Because of their historically poor experience with political leadership, popular impatience is on the increase. The small successes do not always seem to be perceived and appreciated at home. Many are already lamenting, after only two years, the slowness of reforms and the lack of jobs and career prospects. The pressure on Abiy to translate his visionary announcements into tangible successes is thus growing. The fact that, in these times, the Corona pandemic is bringing public life to a virtual standstill is likely to prove to be another obstacle for the Prime Minister.The planned elections in 2020 and the Corona pandemicThe first truly democratic elections in Ethiopia have so far failed to take a good turn. Parliamentary elections were originally scheduled to take place in May 2020. At the beginning of the year, they were postponed to 29 August 2020. The reason for this was the too short preparation time for the National Electoral Commission in view of the necessary voter registration and efforts by politicians to regroup in the course of liberalization in the form of new political parties and possible coalition alliances. While the EPRDF still has all 547 seats in parliament, other parties and party alliances now have the opportunity to come to power or participate politically through democratic elections in Ethiopia.The holding of general, equal, and free elections is extremely important for the democratic legitimacy of the Prime Minister. Only then can he succeed in continuing his reform course. In order to reinforce this, he has also worked hard to free himself from old party alliances such as the EPRDF and to form a new party. The Ethiopian Prosperity Party (EPP) is to stand for the political goals of the Prime Minister in the future and pursues above all an economically liberal programmatic. However, the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), formerly dominant of the EPRDF, has chosen not to join the new party. Overall, the political opposition in the country, which exists in particular in the Oromo and Tigray ethnic groups, deplores not being involved in politics. They feel increasingly excluded from the transformation of Ethiopia into a true democracy promised by Prime Minister Abiy.The prolonged pause in political competition, now prescribed in the light of the Corona pandemic, further increases frustration. The course of democratic renewal through elections is interrupted for the time being. After the first Covid-19 case was registered on 12 March, the general election, now scheduled for August, was postponed again – this time for an indefinite period.Ethiopia now has more than 14,500 infected people and more than 200 deaths (as of 28.07.2020). However, it is assumed that the number of unreported cases is much higher, as there is little testing capacity in the country. And although the number of infections seems quite low compared to other countries such as South Africa (over 450,000 cases, as of 28.07.2020), it has to be noted that the treatment capacities (according to the government about 1,500 intensive care beds and about 400 artificial ventilation options) are very low, at least for seriously ill people, and are now at their limits. The situation is particularly critical in Addis Ababa. In addition, as a result of the brain drain, many well-trained Ethiopian doctors work abroad for the benefit of earning opportunities. Qualified staff to treat Covid-19 are available to a limited extent.As early as 8 April 2020, Abiy declared a national emergency for an initial period of five months, which is associated with a number of restrictions. Among other things, land borders were closed, more than four people had gathered, schools and educational institutions were closed, travel restrictions were imposed in the country and strict quarantine regulations were imposed, and an obligation to wear masks in public spaces was introduced.Politically, the rescheduling of the elections weighs heavily on the government – this is already the second far-off in six months. In addition, the parliamentary term, and thus the government’s term of office in the summer of 2020, will end constitutionally under normal circumstances. The forthcoming elections are so crucial for Ethiopia and its future, because these elections set the course for the country’s further development; they are to be regarded as a ‘democratic premiere’. Whether the country will continue to pursue Abiy’s ambitious reform plans, and whether it continues to move toward liberalization and democracy, depends largely on these elections. They serve to give democratic legitimacy to the Prime Minister and his reform plans and are therefore seen as a test.Artist’s murder sparks unrestOn June 29, 2020, singer and activist Hachalu Hundessa was gunned down in Addis Ababa and succumbed to his injuries a short time later. Hachalu belonged to the Oromo ethnic group and was celebrated in his homeland as a voice of protest. His songs are closely linked to the protests between 2015 and 2018 that led to the resignation of Abiy’s predecessor. In the aftermath of his assassination, violent clashes broke out between demonstrators and security forces in the capital Addis Ababa and in the state of Oromia. They were accompanied by roadblocks, several explosions in Addis Ababa, burning cars, smashed windows and looting. Over two weeks, Internet connections in the Addis Ababa area were shut down and telephone calls were also blocked. Many people were killed in the riots: according to the police, there were at least 239 dead.The government reacted with a hard hand, arresting opposition figures, including the well-known Oromo nationalist Jawar Mohammed. The charges against him include involvement in the murder of a police officer during the riots. His supporters deny this and accuse Abiy of trying to get rid of a political opponent by arresting Jawar. The Oromia Media Network (OMN), founded by Jawar, was also closed. Meanwhile, two suspects were arrested, who eventually confessed to being involved in Hachalu’s murder. According to the Ethiopian Prosecutor General’s Office, the act was part of a conspiracy to overthrow the government. The further background remains unclear.These recent events show how fragile the situation in the country is and the risk of escalating political and ethnic tensions. It is also striking that, in the face of the unrest, Prime Minister Abiy apparently used the same instruments as his political predecessors: shutting down all communication facilities and arresting opponents. Observers condemned the government’s response to the protests and unrest as excessive and counterproductive. They are in stark contrast to Abiy’s much-maintained image as a liberal reformer. There are now growing fears that a larger oromo protest movement could occur again. The developments strain the Oromo’s already tense relationship with the government and strengthen a mistrust of Abyi. Critics from his own ethnic group have long accused the prime minister of not doing enough to protect the interests of his home region.ViewGiven the expiry of democratic legitimacy of the Ethiopian Parliament and the Abiy government, as well as the elections postponed indefinitely, political instability in the country is expected to continue. The existing ethnic conflicts have not yet been resolved by the new government. If elections had taken place in August, Abiy would probably have been confirmed as Prime Minister by Parliament as a result. Whether this will also be the case if the elections do not take place until 2021 or, at worst, 2022, is increasingly questionable.So Ethiopia’s future remains uncertain. The horn of Africa country has enormous potential, but it cannot be called up without further reforms. Right now, positive developments, visible above all to the population, would be necessary – developments that benefit all ethnic groups. At the political level, the question also arises as to how the present and future governments can pursue the desire of the regions for greater autonomy, in order, on the one hand, to preserve national peace and, on the other, not to jeopardize national unity. A redefinition of ethnic federalism is envisaged, in which Germany could provide support and advice with its federalist expertise.At the economic level, the country’s goal is to sustainably secure and expand the economic recovery that has been going on for years, with growth rates of between nine and ten percent per year. First and foremost, the individual citizen and his education and social position should be in the foreground. The issues of gender equality, ethnic inclusion and the scope and quality of education will determine Ethiopia’s future. At the same time, unemployment must be removed and employment and infrastructure developed in parallel with the problem of a rapidly growing young population. This requires further financial resources and programms, as well as the recruitment of investors. However, borrowing further, especially from China, seems dangerous and should be avoided in order to avoid even greater debt and dependence on the country. To make matters worse, the Corona pandemic will set the entire global economy – and African countries in particular – back for years to come.There are two alternative scenarios for the future of the country. On the one hand, an optimistic future scenario, in which an inclusive policy change takes place, followed by further economic growth, internal and external peace and the improvement of living conditions. On the other hand, there is also a pessimistic future scenario in which the country could experience an abrupt end to political stability and the disintegration of the state order, with the result that dictatorial forces once again seize power.At the moment, it is not possible to say which scenario is more likely. All the more reason for the democratic states of the world to give political support to the path of democratization taken by Abiy Ahmed and to help the country economically. It is also a question of strengthening all democratic forces in the country. Abiy Ahmed, as a much-praised hopeful, will not be able to implement his reform agenda on his own. It must get the various forces in Ethiopia’s multi-ethnic state at the same table and initiate a genuine national dialogue. Only then can a national sense of belonging be developed, which forms the basis for stability.

#OromoProtests: Seenaa Jimjimoo ergaa qabdi Oromoo caqasaa July 31, 2020

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
add a comment

#OromoProtests: BEEKSISA: Waamicha Uggura Geejibaa fi Qoqqobbii Diinagdee Sirna Nafxanyaa Abiy Ahmad Irratti Gaggeessuuf waamame Ilaalchisee Beeksisa Qeerroo Irraa Kenname July 30, 2020

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
add a comment

BEEKSISA: Waamicha Uggura Geejibaa fi Qoqqobbii Diinagdee Sirna Nafxanyaa Abiy Ahmad Irratti Gaggeessuuf waamame Ilaalchisee Beeksisa Qeerroo Irraa Kenname

Lagannaan ugguraa geejibaa daandii Asphaltti fi Cirraacha/piistaa/ fi qoqqobbiin dinagdee Guutuu oromiyaa tti Adoolessa 27/11/2012 ALH ykn Monday ,AUG 3/8/2020 irraa calqabee Guyyoota Hin murtoofneef hojii irra Ni oola. Haaluma Kanaan toftaa qabsoo bifa lama of keessaa qabu bocuudhaan Qeerroon mata-duree Waamicha Uggura geejibaa fi Qoqqobbii Diinagdee Sirna Nafxanyaa Abiy Ahmad Irratti Gaggeessuuf waamame bifa qinda’een Guutuu oromiyaa tti Ni raawwata.

Akkaataa waamicha kanaatti qoqqobbiin diinagdee mootummaa Nafxanyaa Abiy Ahmed laamshessuuf waamame keessaa muraasni

…..Tooftaan 1ffaan Waamicha Uggura geejibaa fi Qoqqobbii Diinagdee Qeerroon Sirna Nafxanyaa Abiy Ahmadiin loluuf baafate immoo •••->uggura daandiiwwan gurguddoo (highways) irratti xiyyeeffataa. Kaayyoon uggura daandiiwwan gurguddoo kun daandiiwwan Oromiyaa seenanii fi ba’an cufuudhaan ujummoo diinagdee mootummaa Nafxanyaa Finfinnee keessa maadheffatee cufuu dha.Qeerroon addaan qoodame hinjiru, gara duraattis hanga bilisummaa dhugaa galmaan geenyutti hinjiraatu.

Toftaan 2ffaa..

••-> uummatni keenya kallattiidhaan ta’e al-kallattiidhaan baankiiwwanii fi inshuraansii mootummaa nafxanyaa kana deeggaran akka itti hin fayyadmne,

•• baankii haaraa amma sheerin isaa gurguramaa jiru akka hin bitne .Uummatni keenya irraa keenya mootummaa nfaxanyaa Abiy Ahmediif gibira akka hin kafalle;

••Jaarmiyaalee tajaajila geejjibaa kanneen sheerii warra diina uummata keenyaan ijaaraman fayyadamuu dhiisuu;

••konkolaataan isaanii Oromiyaa keessa akka hin sochoone ugguruu; ••Miidiyaalee diinaa dadhabsiisuu ilaalchisee miidiyaaleen diinaa fardii uummata Oromoo irratti duguuggaa sanyii labsan kanneen akka EBC, WALTA, ABBAY Media, ESAT, MEREJA tube fi ETHIO Tube, Fana fi kkf uummatni keenya akka hin daawwanne,

••Qabeenya abbootii qabeenyaa kanneen sirna Nafxanyaa kana tajaajilan ummatni Oromoo maqaan beeku qabeenya isaanii hunda irratti tarkaanfiin ugguru akka fudhatamu, qoqqobiin dinagdee akka irratti godhamu.

Waamicha uggura Geejjibaa Guutummaa Oromiyaa ilaalchiseeWaamichi uggura geejjibaa daandiiwwan gurguddoo Oromiyaa seenanii-ba’anii fi Oromiyaa Wiixata, Adoolessa 27, 2012 ALH ykn Monday, AUG 3/8/2020 irraa calqabee akka eegaluuf murtaa’ee jira. Kanaaf, Wiixata, Adoolessa 27, 2012 ALH ykn Monday ,AUG 3/8/2020 irraa eegalee daandiiwwan magaalota Oromiyaa wal agarsiisan marti guyyaa kana irraa kaasee cufaa ta’u. Haaluma Kanaan, daandiiwwan gurguddoo (highways) gara Magaalaa Finfinnee geessan dabalatee geejjibni marti akka dhaabbatu irra deebiin waamicha dhiyeessina. Uggurrii kun Wiixata Adoolessa 27 ALH ykn Monday ,AUG 3/8/2020 irraa egalee hojii irraa akka oolu firaafis ta’e diinaaf ifa haata’u jechuun Qeerroon murteessee jira. Cufiinsa daandiiwwanii kana keessa Ambulaansii irraa kan hafe sochiin geejjibaa Oromiyaa keessa deemuu fi ba’u marti ni dhaabbata.

Sochiin uggura geejjibaa marsaa kanaa daandiiwwan magaalota walquunnamsiisan qofa irratti kan xiyyeeffatu waan ta’eef sochiin taaksii keessoo magaalotaa fi daldalli garagaraa magaalota keessatti adeemsifamu kan itti fufan ta’a. Hariiroon magaalotaa garuu addaan cita. Waamichu uggura geejjibaa guutummaa Oromiyaa kun hamma Qeerroon ibsa baase akka dhaabbatuuf ifatti waamicha dhiyeessutti Guyyoota Hin murtoofneef kan itti fufu ta’a.Warreen murtii Qeerroo fudhachuu didanii socho’uuf yaaluu fedhan Yoo jiraate tarkaanfiin irratti fudhatamu fuula duratti Qeerroo fi qarreen ifa Ni godha.

KMN: የአርቲስት ሀጫሉ ግድያና የሰባተኛው የኢትዮጵያ ንጉስ ድብቅ ሴራ! July 30, 2020

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
add a comment

የአርቲስት ሀጫሉ ግድያና የሰባተኛው የኢትዮጵያ ንጉስ ድብቅ ሴራ!

KMN, July 29/2020

ኦሮሞ በግፍ በተገደለ ቁጥር የመንግስት ባለስልጣናት የሚያንጋጉት የይስሙላ መግለጫ ለኦሮሞ ህዝብ አዲስ አይደለም። የሀጫሉን ግድያ አስመልክቶ ግን የተተወነው ድራማ የኦሮሞ ህዝብን እይታ ሊጋርድ አልቻለም። አብይ እና ግብረ አበሮቹ ነፍጠኞች የዛሬ ዓመት ያገሪቷን ኢታማዦር ሹም ጀነራል ሰዐረ መኮንንና ጓዳቸው የነበሩትን ጀነራል ገዛኢ አበራን፣ ዶ/ር አምባቸው መኮንን እና በፌደራሊዝም የሚያምኑ የአማራ ክልል ብሔርተኛ አመራሮችን በግፍ በመግደል ምርጥ ድራማ ሰርተዋል። ዛሬም በተመሳሳይ አርቲስት ሀጫሉን ቀርጥፈው በልተው ሲያበቁ የህዝብን እይታ ለማዛባት የፈበረኩትን ድራማ ቀድመው ባቀናበሩት መሠረት ለመተወን ሞክረዋል። ሀጫሉን የገደሉት አብይና አሃዳውያን ነፍጠኞች መሆናቸውን ስንናገር በምክንያት ነው። አብይና የምኒልክ ሥርዓት ናፋቂዎች አርቲስት ሀጫሉን የገደሉት ለራሳቸው የፖለቲካ ትርፍ ነው። ተከድኖ የሚቀር ዘላለማዊ ሚስጥር የለም። ጉዳዩ እንዲህ ነው። ጠ/ሚ አብይ አህመድ እና ግብረ አበሮቹ ሀጫሉ ለኦሮሚያ ሚዲያ ኔትዎርክ ቴሌቪዥን የሰጠውን ቃለ መጠይቅ ተመለከቱ። አርቲስቱ በተናገራቸው ንግግሮች በጣም ተበሳጩ። በተለይ ደግሞ ሀጫሉ ወደፊት ”በቅርቡ ለሁሉም ነገር መልስ የሚሆን ሥራ ይዤ ብቅ እላለሁ” ያለውን ንግግር ከሀጫሉ አንደበት ሲሰሙ በድንጋጤ የሚይዙትና የሚጨብጡት ጠፋቸው። ጉዳዩ ከዚህ ቀደም ሀጫሉን ቤተ መንግስት ድረስ ጠርተው ያስጠነቀቁትና ግን ደግሞ የሀጫሉን ቆራጥነት በሚገባ የሚያውቁት ጠ/ሚ አብይ አህመድን በእጅጉ አሳሰባቸው። የዲያብሎስ ዳንኤል ክብረት ግፊትም በእጅጉ በረታባቸው።እናም በዚህ ጉዳይ እንቅልፍ ያጡት ጠቅላይ ወዲያውኑ ደመላሽ ገ/ሚካኤልን ጠርተው አማከሩት። “አርቲስት ሀጫሉ ለኦሮሚያ ሚዲያ ኔትዎርክ ቴሌቪዥን የሰጠውን ቃለ መጠይቅ ተመልክተህዋል? ሀጫሉ እጅግ በጣም አደገኛ አርቲስት ነው። አሁን ደግሞ አደገኛ ስራ እየሰራ ያለ ይመስለኛል። እንደሚታወቀው ይህ ግለሰብ በቄሮ ዘንድም ከፍተኛ ተሰሠሚነት አለው። እስኪጣራ ብለን እንጂ ከኦነግ ሸማቂዎች ጋር ግኑኝነት እንደነበረውም መረጃ ነበረን። ከቃለ መጠይቁ በኋላ በተከናወነው የማጣራት ስራ ደግሞ በዚህ ’ለሁሉም ነገር መልስ የሚሆን’ ባለው አዲስ ስራው የኦሮሞ ቄሮዎች ሸማቂዎችን እንዲቀላቀሉ የሚያነሳሳ መሆኑን ደርሰንበታል። ይህ ግለሰብ በፊንፊኔ ጉዳይ ላይ የሚያራምደው ዋልታ ረገጥ አቋሙም አስቀድመን የምናውቀው ነው። በበኩሌ ይህ ልጅ አሁን ቀዩን መስመር የረገጠ ይመስለኛል። ስለዚህ አስቀድመን አስቸኳይ መፍትሔ ልናበጅለት ይገባል ብዬ አምናለሁ።” አሉት። አክለውም ”በማን ይፈጸም? መቼ? የት? እንዴት? ለሚለው የዕቅዱን ዝርዝር መርሀ ግብር በ24 ሰዓት ጊዜ ውስጥ እንድታጠናቅቅ ይሁን። ከአፈጻጸሙ አስቀድሞ ግን ዝርዝር ዕቅዱን ማወቅ እፈልጋለሁ።” በማለት የግድያ ጠበብቱን አሰናበቱት። ከጉዳዩ ጋር አያይዘው የኦሮሞ ፖለቲከኞችን ለመወንጀል ደግሞ ለአቶ ሽመልስ አብዲሳ እና ለኢንጂነር ታከለ ኡማ ተመሳሳይ ትዕዛዝ ተሰጣቸው።ደመላሽ በተባለው የጊዜ ገደብ እቅዱን አዘጋጅቶ አቀረበላቸው። ጠቅላዩም የሀጫሉን ነፍስ ለመቅጨት የተነደፈውን የጥፋት ዕቅድ አጸደቁት። እንዲተገበርም ጥብቅ ትዕዛዝ አስተላለፉ። በአቶ ደመላሽ መሪነትና በአቶ ዮሀንስ ምትኩ አስፈጻሚነት የቤተ መንግስቱ ልዩ የጥበቃ ኃይል አባል የሆነችው ወታደር ላምሮት ከማልን ልከው የአርቲስት ሀጫሉን ህይወት ቀጠፉ። አቶ ሽመልስ እና ኢንጂነር ታከለም ምርጥ ተዋናይ ሆነው በድራማው ተሳተፉ። ጥቁር ለብሰው ሲያበቁ በሚዲያ ቀርበው የአዞ እንባ አነቡ። ወንጀላቸውንም በቀጥታ ሌሎች ላይ ደፈደፉት። ወንጀላቸውን በካይሮ፣ በወያኔ፣ በኦነግ ሸኔ እና በኦሮሞ ምሁራን ላይ ለመለጠፍ የተውኔቱን ሁለተኛ ምዕራፍ አጧጧፉት። ጀዋር መሀመድን፣ በቀለ ገርባን፣ ሀምዛ ቦረናን…ወዘተ አፍነው በማሰር አርቲስት ሀጫሉ ላይ የፈጸሙትን አሰቃቂ ግፍ ንጹሃኖቹ ወያኔ፣ ኦነግ ሸኔ እና የኦሮሞ ምሁራን ላይ ለማላከክ በብርቱ ተጉ። ጸያፍ ድርጊታቸውንም ከአርቲስቱ አስክሬን ጋር በፍጥነት ከፊንፊኔ አርቀው ለመቅበር ወሰኑ። ለዚህም ነው የሀጫሉ ሬሳ አምቦ ተወስዶ እንዲቀበር ግፊት ከማድረግ አልፈው ማምሻው ላይ አስክሬኑን በሄሊኮፕተር አምቦ ያስገቡት። እዚህ ጋር የኦሮሞ ህዝብ ቆም ብሎ ራሱን መጠየቅ የሚገባው ጥቂት ጥያቄዎች አሉ። ሀጫሉ ለኦሮሚያ ሚዲያ ኔትዎርክ በሰጠው ቃለ መጠይቅ ላይ ነፍጠኞችን ክፉኛ አስቆጥቷል። ብልጽግናን በብርቱ ተችቷል! ታዲያ ሀጫሉ ሲገደል የአማራ ኢሊቶችና የፖለቲካ ፓርቲ አመራሮች ለምን አልተጠረጠሩም? የኦሮሞ ፓርቲ አመራሮች ብቻ ለምን ተጠረጠሩ? ለምን እነርሱ ብቻ ታሰሩ? አንድም የነፍጠኞች ሚዲያ ሳይነካ የኦሮሞ ህዝብ ልሳን የሆነው ኦሮሚያ ሚዲያ ኔትዎርክ ብቻ ለምን ተዘጋ? የኦሮሚያ ሚዲያ ኔትዎርክ ጋዜጠኞች ብቻ ለምን ታገቱ? በዚሁ ቀን የሀጫሉን ሬሳ ለመቀበል የወጡ የኦሮሞ ወጣቶች በመንግስት ወታደሮች ጥይት ሲዘንብባቸው፤ ሲቆስሉና ሲገደሉ፤ ለተጨማሪ የጥፋት ተልዕኮ ተደራጅተው የተሠማሩት የነፍጠኞች የጥፋት ግብረ ሀይሎች ግን ያለማንም ከልካይነትና ሀይ ባይነት የኦቦ ድንቁ ደያሳ ንብረት የሆነውን የሪፍት ቫሊ ዩኒቨርቲ ቅርንጫፎችን በሙሉ ሲዘርፉና ሲያወድሙ የዋሉት እንዴትና በምን ስሌት ነው? ሀጫሉ ሲገደል አጠገቡ የነበረችው ወታደር ላምሮት ከማል የት ገባች? ወ/ሮ አዳነች ሚዲያ ፊት ቆማ ለምን ተንተባተበች? የኦሮሞ ህዝብ እነዚህን ጥያቄዎች ራሱን መጠየቅና ምላሽ ማግኘት ይኖርበታል። ይህ የአብይና የአሃዳውያን ነፍጠኞች ድራማ እነዚህ ሰዎች ለኦሮሞ ህዝብ ያላቸውን ቅጥ ያጣ ጥላቻና ንቀት የሚያመለክት የሴረኝነት ተውኔት ነው። በዚህ ተልካሻ ድራማ ኦሮሞን መሸወድ መቼም አይሳካላቸውም። የኦሮሞ ህዝብ የሀጫሉ ገዳዮች እነማን እንደሆኑ ጠንቅቆ ያውቃል። ይህ ታጋሽ ህዝብ ትናንትም የአርቲት ኤቢሳ አዱኛ ገዳዮችን እያወቀ! የአርቲት ዮሴፍ ገመቹ ገዳዮችን እያወቀ! የአርቲት ኦስማዮ ሙሳ ገዳዮችን እያወቀ! የአርቲስት ዳዲ ገላን ገዳዮችን እያወቀ ታግሶ አብሮ ኖሯል! አርቲስት ሀጫሉም ሰኔ 22/2012 ከምሽቱ 3:30 ሰዓት ላይ ተመሳሳይ ጽዋ ተጎነጨ። ከንግዲህ የኦሮሞ ህዝብ ከልጆቹ ገዳዮች ጋር ታግሶ ለመኖር ትዕግስቱ ተሟጧል! የታሠሩ የኦሮሞ ምሁራን ባስቸኳይ እንዲለቀቁ መራር ትግል ማድረግ አለበት። የሀጫሉን ጨምሮ በግፍ የፈሰሰው የንጹሃን የህዝብ ልጆች ደም በከንቱ ፈሶ አይቀርም። ነገ ሳይሆን ዛሬ! በኦሮሞ ሀዝብ አንድነትና ብርቱ ክንድ ይታፈሳልና!!!ግልጽ መልክዕት! ከኦሮሞ ህዝብ የቁርጥ ቀን ልጆች!ለኦቦ ለማ መገርሳ!በማር አንደበትህ ላታለልከንና ድላችንን ነጥቀህ ለሰባተኛው የኢትዮጵያ ንጉስ ገጸ-በረከት ያበረከትከው ኦቦ ለማ ሆይ! ትናንት በማር አንደበትህ ስትሸነግለን በየዋህነታችን አምነን ተከተልንህ። ”ጌታችን እናንተ ናችሁ! አጥፍተናልና ይቅር በሉን! ልንክሳችሁ ተነስተናልና ጊዜ ስጡን!” ስትለን ወንድማችን ነህ ብለን ያለ ምንም መጠራጠር ድላችንን አስረከብንህ። ዛሬ አንተ አባብለህ በጫንክብን የጭቆና ቋጥኝ ስንጨፈለቅ፣ አንተ በጠመድክብን የግፍ መትረየስ በጅምላ ስንታጨድ፣ ድምጽህን አጥፍተህ በቅምጥል ህይወት ስትቀይረን፣ ምላስህን ውጠህና አንደበትህን ቆልፈህ በስልጣን ጫካ ውስጥ ራስህን ስትሸሽግ ታዘብንህ። ዛሬ ከእኛ ዘንድ ምንም ወቀሳ የለብህም። ነገር ግን አንድ ሀቅ እንጠቁምህ። በሄድክበት ሁሉ የኦሮሞ ሰማዕታት አጥንት ይወጋሃል። ለነጻነታችን የፈሰሰው የኦሮሞ ልጆች ደም አፍ አውጥቶ ይወቅስሃል። ጣዕረ ሞታቸው በሄድክበት ሁሉ ይከተለሃል። ነገ ደግሞ ነፍሳቸው በፈጣሪ ፊት ይወቅስሃል። ፈጣሪ አምላክም በክህደትህ ልክ የማይቀረው ፍትሃዊ ፍርዱን ይሰጥሃል። እናም፣ ኦቦ ለማ ሆይ! ነገ በእውነተኛው ቀን ፈጣሪ ፊት ቀርበን ለመወቃቀስ ያብቃን!!!ግልጽ መልክዕት! ከኦሮሞ ህዝብ የቁርጥ ቀን ልጆች!ለሰባተኛው የኢትዮጵያ ንጉስ! ሰባተኛው የኢትዮጵያ ንጉስ ሆይ! ትናንት በኦሮሞ ልጆች ህይወትና ደም መስዋዕትነት ከባርነት ወደ ነጻነት ተሸጋገርክ። ከሎሌነት ወደ ንጉስነት ተረማመድክ። ከታዛዥነት ወደ አዛዥነት ተወረወርክ። ቀን ሲወጣልህ ያነገሰህን ህዝብ ከዳህና ከግብረ-አበሮችህ ጋር ተወዳጀህ። የነፍጠኞችን አጽም ከመቃብር አስነስተህ ዳግም ቤተ መንግስት አስገባህ። ከዚያም የኦሮሞን ስነ ልቦና በመግደል ዳግም ወደ ባርነት አዘቅት መዶል ተመኘህ። እንደተመኘሀውም ነፍጠኞችን አደራጅተህ የግድያ ግብረ ሀይል ውጪ ሀገር አሰልጥነህ ታዋቂና ቁልፍ የኦሮሞ ልጆች ላይ ስውር የግድያ ዘመቻ ከፈትከ። የኦሮሞ ህዝብ ትግል አርማ የሆነው አርቲስት ሀጫሉን በመግደል የኦሮሞን ቀንድ ለመስበር ሞከርክ። የቀድሞ ጌቶችህ (የትናንቱ ኦፒዲኦ) – አባ ዱላ ገመዳ እና ኩማ ደመቅሳ – የአምቦ አድባር የነበሩት ኦቦ ደራራ ከፈኔ ላይ የፈጸሙትን – የጭካኔ ታሪክ አድሰህ አምቦን ዳግም የሀዘን ማቅ አለበስካት። የኦሮሞ ህዝብን ዓይን ደንቁለህ ብሌኑን አጨለምክ። ልቡን በግፍ አደማህ። በኦሮሞ ህዝብ የደምና የእንባ ጎርፍ ዋኘህ። መግደል ሳያንስህ የሀጫሉን ሬሳ ቀብር ነስተህ አንገላታህ። ከሠፊዋ የፊንፊኔ መሬት ሁለት ክንድ አጥቅ ነፍገህ ሬሳውን አረከስክ። የሀጫሉን ቤተሰቦች በሀዘን አቆራምደህ ጥይት መረቅህላቸው። የሀጫሉን አጎት ገድለህ ተጨማሪ ሬሳ አስታቀፍካቸው። በልጃቸው ሀዘን የተሰበሩትን የሀጫሉ ቤተሰቦች በጥይት ቋንቋ “መጽናናትን” ተመኘህላቸው። ስለ ሀጫሉ ፍትህ ያለቀሱትን፣ ለሰማዕቱ አስክሬን ተገቢውን ክብር የተመኙትን የኦሮሞ ልሂቃን ከርቸሌ ዘጋህባቸው። ጀዋርና ኦቦ በቀለን የመሠሉ ታላላቅ የኦሮሞ ታጋዮችን አፍነህ አዋረድክ። በቆመጥ አስቀጠቀጥክ። ዓይንህን በጨው አጥበህ ስታበቃ በግፍ ያፈሰስከውን የወንድማቸውን (የሀጫሉን) ደም እነርሱ ላይ ለማላከክ ደመ ነፍስህን ላይ ታች መናወዝ ጀመርክ። ላንዴና ለመጨረሻ ጊዜ የኦሮሞ ህዝብን ትግል ለማዳፈን ዓይን ያወጣ ቅጥፈትህን አደባባይ አወጣህ። ድፍን ኦሮሚያ ውስጥ ስለሀጫሉ ፍትህ የወጡ ወገኖቹን በጥይት እንደቅጠል አረገፍካቸው። በኦሮሞ ደም እጅህን ታጠብክ። በንጹሃኖች ደም ዙፋንህን ማደላደል ተመኘህ። ለቀናትም ቢሆን ስለትህ ያዘልህ። የልጅነት ህልምህ እውን ሆነልህ። የዕድሜ ልክ ምኞትህ ሰመረልህ። እናም፤ ሰባተኛው የኢትዮጵያ ንጉስ ሆይ! በኦሮሞ ደም ነግሰህ በኦሮሞ ደም በመዋኘትህ እንኳን ደስ ያለህ። በመጨረሻ አንድ አጭር ምክር እናካፍልህ። አንድ ተጨባጭ ሀቅንም እንጠቁምህ። ከንግዲህ አንተ የምትፈጽምበትን ግፍ አሜን ብሎ የሚቀበል፣ የምትደርብለትን የውርደት ሸማ ለብሶ መኖር የሚፈቅድ የኦሮሞ ትውልድ ፍጹም እንደይማኖር ልብ ካለህ ልብ ብለህ አስተውል። እኛ የኦሮሞ ልጆች ለህዝባችን ነጻነት ውድ ህይወታችንን ለመገበር ቅንጣት አናመነታም። ከንግዲህ አንተ የምትጭንብንን የምኒልካውያን የባርነት ቀንበር የሚሸከም ጫንቃ በፍጹም የለንም። አንተ የምትጭንብንን አሳፋሪ ባርነት ከመሸከም ሞት ለእኛ ዘላለማዊ ክብር ነው። ሌላው ቢቀር በጥርሶቻችንና በጥፍሮቻችን እንዋጋለን። አንተ የኦሮሞ ህዝብን በግፍ ለመግደል ዝግጁ እንደሆንክ ሁሉ እኛም ኦሮሞ ሆነን በኦሮሞነታችን ለመሞት እስከ መጨረሻው ቆርጠን ተነስተናል። ይህ ውሳኔያችን አጉል ፉከራ መስሎ ከታየህ በእጅጉ ተሳስተሃል። ማረጋገጫ ካስፈለገህ በተግባር ከማረጋገጥ ይበልጥ አስተማማኝ ማስረጃ የለምና የጥፋት ዕቅድህን ቀጥልበትና ውሳኔያችን ተጨባጭ ሀቅ የመሆኑን እውነታ በተግባር አረጋግጥ። ሰባተኛው የኢትዮጵያ ንጉስ ሆይ! እሳት የጨበጠ ሰራዊት እንደምታሰማራብን እናውቃለን። በህገ አራዊት የሚመራና የኦሮሞ ህዝብ ደም የጠማው አራዊት አሰማርተህ እንደምትጨፈጭፈን እንገነዘባለን። ከሰማይ የምታዘንብብን የእሳት መዓት የሚኖርህ ከሆነ እሱንም ደርበህ አዝምትብን። በዚህ ወቅት ሞት ለእኛ ለቁቤ ትውልድ ሰርግና ምላሽ ነው። አንተ የደገስክልንን አፈናና የጅምላ ሞት እያለቀስን ሳይሆን እየጨፈርን በእልልታ ለመቀበል ቆርጠናል። የቁቤ ትውልድ በህይወት እስካለ ድረስ የኦሮሞ ህዝብን ዳግም ወደ ባርነት አዘቅት ለማንደርደር ከአሃዳውያን ጋር የነደፍከው የጥፋት ዕቅድህ ፈጽሞ ሊሰምር አይችልም። ሰይጣናዊ ዕቅድህ ሊሰምር የሚችለው ሀምሳ ሚሊዮኑን የኦሮሞ ህዝብ በጅምላ መቅበር ስትችል ብቻ ነው። አንተ በምታሰማራብን ደም የጠማው ነፍሰ ገዳይ ሰራዊትህ የሀምሳ ሚልዮን ኦሮሞዎች ግብዓተ መሬት እስኪጠናቀቅ ድረስ የጀመርነው መራር ትግላችን ከቀን ወደ ቀን ይበልጥ ተጠናክሮ የሚቀጥል መሆኑን እነሆ ሰው ሆነን ስንፈጠር ሙሉ ነጻነት አጎናጽፎ በፈጠረን ፈጣሪያችን ስም ቃል እንገባልሃለን። ሽንፈት ለነፈሰ ገዳዮ አብይና ግብረ አበሮቹ! ድል ለሰፊው የኦሮሞ ህዝብ ይሆናል!!!ከኦሮሞ ህዝብ የቁርጥ ቀን ልጆች!ሀምሌ 20/2012 ዓም

#OromoProtests Global Solidarity Rally United Kingdom (Uk) Birmingham (29 July 2020) July 29, 2020

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
add a comment

Hiriira mormii United Kingdom (Uk) Birmingham

The last effort to destroy the name ‘OLF’ is set on. Ifajeen dhumaa maqaa “ABO” jedu balleessuu qasiifamee jira July 29, 2020

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
add a comment

The last effort to destroy the name ‘OLF’ is set on

By Obbo Ibsaa Guutama

It is saddening to hear that the elderly freedom fighter and the chairman of OLF Party is under house arrest for unexplained cause. Whatever he may be accused of cannot be outside what he has done as an Oromo national and on behalf of his party.

He is the personification of that party. Therefore, his comrades should not do anything that will compromise his leadership until he is legally replaced. It is the party in power that has arrested him. Therefore, remaining party officials are expected to sever any relation with that party unless sanctioned by him. Otherwise it amounts to collaboration with enemy of the party and therefore betrayal to its constitution not pure rebellion against him. On the surface the matter may seem one party’s internal affairs. But it should be clear to any one that it is far beyond that when viewed against the present happenings. It is in the category of alien interference in Oromo affairs; Hacaaluu’s killing and imprisonment of Jawar Mohamad and all Oromo leaders and nationals. It is part of the genocide going on in many parts of Oromiyaa. Many Oromo nationalists might have conflicts with Chairman Daawud Ibsaa. But at this trying time solidarity with him becomes a duty of Oromummaa. Enemy conspiracy may pulldown in turns billboards carrying name “OLF” never OLF itself.

Oromiyaan haa jiraattu.

Ifajeen dhumaa maqaa “ABO” jedu balleessuu qasiifamee jira: Manguddichi qabsaawaa bilisummaa, hogganni Gola ABO, Daawud Ibsaa kaasaa hin ifsamneef manaa akka hin baane taasifamuu dhagahuun nama gaddisiisa. Waanti inni ittiin himatame maaluu haa tahu waan Oromoo ta’ee fi gola ofii bakka bu’ee hojjetee ala hin ta’u. Golichaaf fuula namummaa kan kennuufii isaa. Kanaaf jaallewwan saa hagamu qurrama qabaatanuu hanga seeraan bakka buufamutt waan hoggansa saa gaaffii keessa galchu raawwachuu hin qabanii. Gola aangoo irra jirutu isa qabe. Kanaaf qondaaloti dhaabichaa hidhaa irraa hafan yoo inni hin hayyamin hariiroo gola sanaa waliinii kutuu qabu. Sana malee diinatt galuu fi heera golichaa ganuutt malee, isaan mormanii kan itt fincilanitt hin fudhatamu. Irrakeessaan wanti kun dhimma gola tokko keessaa fakkaachuu danda’aa. Garuu waan amma ta’aa jiruun yoo walitt ilaalamu akka sana irraa fagoo ta’e hundaaf ifaa ta’uu qaba. Akaakuu halagaan dhimma Oromoo keessa seenuu, ajjeechaa Hacaaluu, fi hidhamuu Jawaar Mohamadii fi hogganoota Oromoo fi sabboonota hundaatii. Qaama qaceefixiisa Oromiyaa bakka hundatt gaggeefamaa jiruuti. Sabboonoti Oromoo hedduun Dura Taa’aa Daawud Ibsaa waliin waldhabdee qabaachuu ni danda’uu. Garuu yerottii qortuu kanatt tumsuufiin dirqama Oromummaa ta’a. Sadoon nyaaphaa saanqaa maqaan “ABO” irra jiru darabeen gadi buusuu ni dandaha, ABO gonka hin danda’uu.

Oromiyaan haa jiraattu!


Oromo political struggle had its goal as establishing independent republic Oromiyaa. Something went wrong when some went back to the initially rejected position by founding fathers of movement for independence. That is where the Oromo should have the courage and determination to go back to. Anything they tried short of that have failed for their arbitrary imprisonment, torture, killings and exiles never stopped. Enslaved people have to be completely free from their enslavers to negotiate with them on equal terms for any eventuality. They have first to unequivocally stop taking them as their subservient devoid of the right to self-determination. There cannot be freedom for nations and nationalities until the empire under which they are imprisoned is dismantled and they are set free to decide on their own. All polities in Africa are colonial made and should not be looked upon as indivisible and sacred. Oromiyaa and Ethiopia are African countries; it should not be seen as if one is above the other because fall time caused. Just like Dr. Abiy said you shall destroy us before you destroy Ethiopia, there are those that say you have to destroy us before you completely destroy Oromiyaa. Before wellbeing of human beings is more endangered by spite of dictators, peace lovers have to come to the rescue. Nafxanyaa system hopefuls and their lackies’ fooling of democratization, federalism, common history etc. must stop and the truth put up. So far, no member of the oppressor group has comeout to solve existing problems in good faith. As one of ancient nations of Africa Oromo stand for Pan Africanism is unquestionable. They want strong union in which all peoples’ political, social and economic interests are reflected. Ethiopia must be liberated from Nafxanyaa colonizer’s mentality to live with. Oromo love freedom and are now determined more than ever to pay what it takes to realize it. It is the most honorable to die fighting against injustice rather than on one’s knees. Therefore, get organized wherever you are starting from grassroots. Overseas, strengthen your community associations. It is there that you can test how far you can go together overcoming personal greed and narrowness of the mind. It is only if you overcome that that you can pass to a higher level. Any trial that does not start from the bottom up will collapse before going farther. For the purpose remember you are not the tribe or region or the religion or any group you come from but proud Oromo. Whatever you plan is to empower the Oromo to overcome their chronic colonial problem. All patriots so far relentlessly advocating for their national cause will have legitimacy in their communal base. In case Homefront is disabled that they may be called upon to lead the struggle cannot be ruled out. Therefore, they have to get organized with that in mind. There are Oromo community associations throughout the world. There are also attempts to coordinate efforts of all Oromo communities on country and global levels. Go back and strengthen those. The most urgent need our people require is rescuing victims of Nafxanyaa system genocide. The assassination of the beloved artist Hacaaluu Hundeessaa and killings and mass arrests that came after that is only the continuation of more than 150 years of genocide. Oromo nationalist’s determination is called for to alleviate the victims’ agonies and go after those instigating genocide from behind the riff raffs. Before the worst comes to the region their names and evil deeds should be exposed and brought to international court of justice. Now family support, medication, legal expenses and support for those wounded and imprisoned are urgent. For this thing is not going away soon, a permanent accountable task force/institution of professionals and volunteers may need to be formed. Since the source and the target are the same it could be advantageous to centralize fund raising to enable prioritizing budget according to urgency of need. Then similar institution for research and information seems a must. Legality and transparency in all endeavors is helpful. Let theory turn into practice. Task of diaspora can be summarized as providing with money, advocacy, material and knowledge.

Oromiyaan haa jiraattu!

Ibsaa Guutama

Definition of Qeerroo and Faannoo: When one talks of Qeerroo and Faannoo one has to understand the difference in concept. Qeerroo are young men who are not married and defending society is one of their roles. Qarree means unmarried virgins. Literally Qeerroo is plural of leopard. The Oromo take their young to be as brave and daring as the leopard and leopardess. They are not war mongers but come out only when the nation’s honor and interests are challenged and when duty calls. Fannoo means leaderless campaigner (zamach) volunteer campaigner, war monger (Desta Takla Wald dictionary p. 990). Faannoo are not limited to age group but includes all that are rebellious and unruly. It will therefore, be a mistake to understand it as Qeerroo when Amaaraa says Faannoo. Conceptually Faannoo is aggressive while Qeerroo is peaceful youth until it is provoked to engage. Abbaa Duulaa is always assigned to lead them in battle so cannot be leaderless.

OMN: Oromoo amantaan walitti buusuuf shira mootummaan dalagaa jiru irratti Dr. Biranemesqel Abbabaa Sanyii waliin July 29, 2020

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
add a comment


Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
add a comment




Hacaaluu Hundessa’s only weapon was his music. His sentence for singing was death. One of Ethiopia’s most popular musicians, Hacaaluu sang of the plight of the Oromo—Ethiopia’s largest but most repressed ethnic community. His June murder sparked protests around the country and, tragically, confirmed the very repression he sought to end. What’s more, his killing exposed the autocratic DNA of Ethiopia’s government, a regime that benefits from nearly a billion dollars of U.S. aid every year while staying cozy with China and crushing Ethiopia’s most pro-American constituency—the Oromo.

Ethiopia’s Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed used the protests following Hacaaluu’s murder as a pretext to jail his political opponents and shut off the country’s internet access, a blackout that has lasted for three weeks. Fearing a democratic electoral repudiation, Abiy also indefinitely postponed Ethiopia’s elections. Those chillingly anti-democratic actions are just the latest chapter of Abiy’s illiberal regime. Amnesty International reported in May that during Abiy’s rule up to 10,000 people were unjustly arrested and that at least 239 people—including a 16-year-old boy—were killed in extrajudicial executions in Oromo-majority regions of Ethiopia.

Paradoxically, Abiy himself is an Oromo. But his refusal to protect the human rights of his own people combined with his democratic backsliding is a problem for Washington. As the largest country in East Africa, Ethiopia has been a vital partner in Washington’s Global War on Terror and could yet provide a bulwark to China’s expansion in Africa. But Ethiopia cannot reliably advance U.S. interests in East Africa if the government in Addis Ababa invites instability by repressing Ethiopia’s largest ethnic group. Ending this repression and cementing strong bilateral ties with the United States, as authoritarian countries like China seek inroads to our continent, is the goal of the Oromo community.

It’s a goal that can most swiftly be met with pressure from Washington. Lawmakers, diplomats, and military officials in the U.S. responsible for providing security assistance and funding to Ethiopia should call on Abiy to immediately and unconditionally release the political prisoners he rounded up both before and after Hacaaluu’s murder. As a member of the Oromo diaspora in America, I treasure my protected right of free speech. But I am too frequently reminded that today in Ethiopia I could be jailed along with peaceful Oromo protesters—like human rights activist Jawar Mohammed—just for voicing my opinions.

Fortunately, the U.S. Congress agrees that this goal should be achieved. In April of 2018, The House of Representatives unanimously approved a resolution calling for the Ethiopian government to, “release all activists, journalists, and opposition figures who have been imprisoned for exercising their constitutional rights.

I would ask that Congress go one step further by holding to account anyone in the Ethiopian government who is responsible for human rights violations under the Magnitsky Accountability Act. The Oromo community has been heartened to see the bipartisan application of the Magnitsky Act across two presidential administrations to use America’s considerable might to extend a hand to voiceless minorities that would otherwise be forgotten, or even vanquished.

The same congressional act that called for the release of Ethiopian activists also called on the State Department and U.S. Agency for International Development to “engage in a cooperative effort to advance democracy.” That clause has never been more needed. Afraid of being voted out of power, Abiy, citing the coronavirus, indefinitely postponed Ethiopia’s elections, which were originally scheduled to take place in May. Ethiopia would face a constitutional crisis should Abiy rule beyond October. And while the virus is, undoubtedly, a serious concern, the United Nations has said that Ethiopia can safely hold elections as soon as August.

A vital part of any robust democracy is a free, independent press. This includes opinion journalism, and outlets dedicated to specific groups like the Oromo. Unfortunately, the Ethiopian government has shut down all independent newspapers published in the Oromo language along with those that report on issues important to the Oromo people. Diaspora blogs have sought to illuminate Oromo issues, but those outlets cannot replace shoe leather reporting in Ethiopia. With the government able to shut down the internet at will, the Oromo seeking news in their own language may soon be forced to rely on carrier pigeons.

Finally, it is my hope that an independent commission will be allowed to investigate Hacaaluu’s assassination. The government clearly has a conflict of interest in the outcome of this investigation and has actively created disinformation about his killing. So far, the government has blamed Hacaaluu’s killing on the Egyptians, and two separate Ethiopian ethnic groups while opting against conducting an official autopsy. As the highest profile victim of anti-Oromo violence, if Hacaaluu cannot receive justice, can any other Oromo expect it?

Hacaaluu’s assassination laid bare Ethiopia’s underlying fragility, which stems from the Ethiopian peoples’ anxiety about losing their democratic and human rights for good. Ethiopia has long been a stable U.S. partner in beating back terrorism and is well-positioned to face burgeoning security challenges. But continuing any meaningful security or economic partnership requires stability. For the U.S., promoting the rights of the Oromo and other oppressed groups in Ethiopia is a national security issue. Congress has already laid out a blueprint that would help return stability to Ethiopia. For the sake of both our countries, it is time to act on it.

AboutSeenaa Jimimo :Seenaa Jimimo is an Oromo-American born in and raised in Ethiopia. She is the Executive Director of the Oromo Legacy, Leadership and Advocacy Association, a U.S.-based association of grassroots chapters of the Ethiopian Oromo diaspora, advocating for human rights and democracy in Ethiopia.

The views presented in this article are the author’s own and do not necessarily represent the views of any other organization.

የእምዬ የኢትዮያ ጉዞ ወደኋላ!Ethiopia : Marching Backwards July 28, 2020

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
Tags: ,
add a comment

የእምዬ የኢትዮያ ጉዞ ወደኋላ!Ethiopia : Marching Backwards

By Leenjisso Diigaa | July 27, 2020

Whenever hate rides arrogance outpacing reason, tolerance and harmony the outcome is fairly predictable. Fanning persistent campaign of Oromophobia over the airwaves and other venues is a clear and present danger to society. This impacts not only the Oromo human dignity and that of people of the wider-South, who share similar historical experiences and aspirations but also to the well-being of the entire malformed Ethiopian Nation State (of victims). The bigoted self-righteous forces of alienation and despair must investigate their racist persuasions before irreversible damage is done. The appeal for Red Terror re-enactments by the resurrected remnants of Derg proponents is not only incompatible with current politically savvy society but it’s also a regrettable reliving of a savage and barbaric episode in human history. Declarations of open war on the Oromo, urging and prodding for more massacres of an innocent population, arbitrary arrests, tortures and meting out cruelty of injustices in society will not bring any submissions or peace but intensifies the resolve to resist it. Violence begets violence for there must be a limit to the level of beatdowns and indignation human beings can endure before they SAY NO to it. The more people are marginalized the more determined they become to end it. History is replete with such human experiences. It’s the law of human nature. Violence in all its forms must be condemned regardless of the identity of the victims. For one to campaign with the right hand to free one (Iskender) and with left hand to jail the other (Jawar) betrays the contradictory nature of the ideology of the hypocrites. Justice must not be partially enforced. It’s ought to be based on nothing but the truth, not on the person’s identity.Fate of the people occupying same echo system is inevitably and intricately intertwined. Irresponsibly disturbing their long maintained equilibrium for peace and harmony comes at an immense cost. The evidence is loud and clear. The lLoss of majority Oromo lives and that of others along with their properties are the direct results of Oromophobia driven well financed and orchestrated campaign of destruction. It will benefit no party. Oromo’s ethos of love and accommodation should have not been reciprocated with egregious, rude and rubbish narratives that promotes their dehumanization, antagonization that foments conflicts.Condemning followers of particular faith as “extremists” or “terrorists” for political expediency is wrong. Religions have long been with the people and will continue to exist in the future.As much as others do in theirs, the Oromo of any religious affiliation have the right to a dignified life in their homeland, Oromia of Ethiopia, not Madagascar or Indian Ocean. Ethiopia must change her attitude of omission and animosity towards people who resist her antiquated addiction with human misery, it’s only thereafter that God will bless her richly. Until Ethiopia begins to see all nationalities as a equal human beings with dignity no power or force can buy her peace and prosperity. Why would Ethiopia march backwards to the “ብሔራዊ ዉትድርና” era and beyond (to the era of የተገዙ “ቀይ ባሪያ”ና “ጥቁር ባሪያ”).In the season when a communist Derg is offered a comfort from where he preaches about God’s blessing while rehearsing the long forgotten feverish slogans of oppression and, with the same breath, calling for annihilation of people, Ethiopia is for sure in big trouble. The ghosts of the past belong in their distant attics not in public place of influence. Col. Mengistu must be laughing his heart out all the way from Zimbabwe hearing the echo of his reigns. የእምዬ የኢትዮያ ጉዞ …

Oromo Lawyer Says Protests in Ethiopia Stem From Systematic Discrimination July 28, 2020

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
Tags: , , , , , ,
add a comment

Oromo Lawyer Says Protests in Ethiopia Stem From Systematic Discrimination #OromoProtests

VOA: The Oromo are the single largest ethnic group in Ethiopia and East Africa, comprising more than 35 percent of Ethiopia’s 100 million people. For years, Oromos have protested what they say are years of discrimination and injustice. According to Amnesty International, the government has often responded with overwhelming and disproportionate force, unleashing “a vicious cycle of protests and totally avoidable bloodshed”. The recent death of popular Oromo musician Haacaaluu Hundeessa heightened ethnic tensions in the nation and at least 160 people died in the aftermath of protests. Ethiopia’s government has denied accusations that it sanctioned Hundeessa’s killing. Africa 54’s Managing Editor, Vincent Makori, recently spoke with Henok Gabisa, co-chair of the International Oromo Lawyers Association, and asked him about the grievances of the Oromo people. #Ethiopia #Oromia #Oromo #Protests #HaacaaluuHundeessa

Related from Oromian Economist:

የቀሩት ምርጫዎች: ኮሎኔል አቢይ ብዙ ችግሮች ዉስጥ ገብቶአል #OromoProtests July 27, 2020

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
Tags: , , , ,
1 comment so far

የቀሩት ምርጫዎች

BY Mekbib Gebeyehu

ኮሎኔል አቢይ ብዙ ችግሮች ዉስጥ ገብቶአል. ችግሮቹ ዘርፈ-ብዙና ስር የሰደዱ ናቸዉ. በኔ ግምት ችግሮቹ ኮሎኔል አቢይ መፍታት ከሚችለዉ በላይ ሄደዋል. የያዜዉ መንድ የጥፋትና ሊሆን የማይችል መሆኑን ቢገነዘብ የብዙ ህይወት ማለፍንና የንብረት መዉደምን መቀነስ ይቻላል.”When you have eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth”. የሚባል አባባል አለ. ኮሎኔል አቢይ ቢያንስ ሁለት ሊሆኑ የማይችሉትን ከአላማዉ ማሰጣት አለበት. በጥቅሱ እንዳነሳሁት የቀረዉ ምናልባትም ቢሆን እዉነት ይሆናል . ይህ የማይሆነዉን የማስወገድ ዜዴ በምርምር እንዲሁም ለችግሮች መፍትሄ በማምጣት ረገድ ይጠቀሙበታል.ዛሬም ሆነ ወደፊት በዚይች ሃገር የማይሆኑት፡

1. ኢትዮጵያ ዉስጥ አሃዳዊ አስተዳደር በፍጹም ሊመሰረት አይችልም. ሙከራዎች አይደረጉም ማለት አይደለም፣ ግን በፍጹም አይሳካም. ለብዙ ህይወት መጥፋትና ንብረት መዉደም ዋናዉ ምክንያት ሊሆን ይችላላ. የአሃዳዊዉ ስርአት አቀንቃኞች በብዛት ካንድ ብሄር ብቻ የወጡ የፖለቲካ ኤሊቶች መሆናቸዉና ስርአቱ ተሞክሮ የከሸፈ መሆኑ ከምርጫዉ ዉጪ ያደርገዋል. የፈደራል ስርአቱ ድክመት እንዳለ ሆኖ የተለላያዩ ብሄሮች ከፈደራል አስተዳደሩ ያግኙት ጥቅም ለምሳሌ በማንነት፣ በቁዋንቁዋና በባህል አከባቢ አሃዳዊዉን ስርአት እንዳይቀበሉ ያደርጋል. በመሆኑም ያአሃዳዊው ስርአት ሊሆኑ ከማችሉት ዉስጥ የሚመደብ ነዉ. ስርአቱ እንደ ነፍጠኛዉ ስርአት ላለመመለስ ሄዶአል.

2. ኮሎኔል አቢይ አምባገነን ሆኖ ማስተዳደር አይችልም. የህዝቡ ንቃተ ህሊና የደረሰበትና አልገዛም ባይነቱ ጸጥታዉን ለማስጠበቅ አቅም ያሳጣዋል፡ መቆጣጠር ወደ ማይቻልበት ሁኔታ ያደርሰዋል. የኮሎኔሉ ወደ አስመራ ሩጫ ለዚህ ማስረጃ ነዉ. ኤሪትሪያ ደግሞ ብዙ የሚትረዳዉ አይመስለኝም. የአቢይ ለራሱ ጥበቃ ከኢትዮጵያ ይልቅ በኢርትሪያ ጠባቂዎች መተማመን በሌሎች አከባቢ ቅራኔ ያስነሳል. በዉጪ ወታደር እርዳታ አምባገነን መሆን ከባድ ነዉ. የኦሮሚያ ፖሊስ ካለፈዉ የተማረዉ ልምድ አለዉ. ሁኔታዎቹ እየገፉ ሲመጡ ከራሱ ህዝብ ጋር ይሰለፋል. የመከላከያ ሰራዊቱም ቀስ በቀስ ያንኑ ይከተላል. ይህ ብቻ ሳይሆን ኤኮኖሚዉም ለዚህ አመቺ አይደለም. ያለም አቀፉም ህብረተሰብ የኮሎኔሉን ማንነት እየተረዳዉ ነዉ. ብዙ የመገናኛ መሳሪያዎች በሰፊዉ እየዘገቡ ነዉ.ባጭሩ ከላይ ያነሳኋችዉ ሁለት ሁኔታዎች በኢትዮጵያ ፖለቲካ ዉስጥ ሊሆኑ የማይችሉ ናቸዉ. ያንን ስራ ላይ ለማዋል መስራት የጥፋት መንገድ ነዉ. የአማራዉ ኤሊት ይህ ሳይገባዉ ቀርቶ ሳይሆን “ምናልባት ቢሳካ” ከሚል አስተሳሰብ ነዉ. ያን አስተሳሰብ ቢትዉ የበለጠ ይጠቀማሉ.ሊሆኑ የሚችሉት”however improbable”

1. በመፈቃቀድ ላይ የተመሰረተ ብሄር ተኮር ጠንካራ ፈድራሊስም ሊፈጠር ይችላል. ይህ አዝማሚያ በሰፊዉ እየታየ ነዉ. ብዙ ጥናት አዘል ስብሰባዎች እየትካሄዱ ነዉ. የፈደራል ሃይሉ ማለትም ከአምራዉ ኤሊት በስተቀር ሁሉም በዚህ ጎራ ዉስጥ የተሰለፉ ናቸዉ. የተለያዩ ብሄሮች ለምሳሌ የሲዳማ፣ የሃረሪ፣ የትግራይ፣ የቅማንት ወዘት ተወካዮች ትናንት ኦሮም ግሎባል ፎሩም ባካሄደዉ ስብሰባ ላይ የተናገሩት አንዱማስረጃ ነዉ.

2. ኢትዮጵያ የዛሬዉን ቅርጽዋን ታጣለች. ለምሳሌ ትግራይ ወይም ኦሮሚያ ወይም ሁለቱም የራሳቸዉን መንግስት መመስረት ይችላሉ. ለብዙዎቹ ይህ እስኪሆን እዉነት አይመስልም. ሲሆን ግን ለመቀብለ ይገደዳሉ.ይህ የመጀመሪያዉ ሰናሪዮ ካልተሳካ የሚመጣ ነዉ.እንዲዲህ ሊሆኑ የማችሉትን ካስወጣን ሊሆኑ ከሚችሉት ሁለት አማራጮች ጋር ቀርተናል. ማተኮር ያለብን በነሱ ላይ መሆን አልበት. ያንን መረዳት ከላይ ለመንካት እንደሞከርኩት የሚጠፋዉን ህይወትና የሚወድመዉን ንብረት መቀነስ ይቻላል.

የብልጽግና የሶሻል ሚዲያ ካድሬዎች July 27, 2020

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
1 comment so far

የብልጽግና የሶሻል ሚዲያ ካድሬዎች

By Fatuma Nuryea

የጠ/ሚር አብይ አህመድ አስተዳደር ወደ ስልጣን ከወጣ በሗላ ስራውን የጀመረው የሶሻል ሚዲያዎችን ካድሬዎችን በማደረጀት ነበር።የካድሬ ምልመላውን ስራ የሚሰራው በዛጊ አብርሃ በኩል ነው። ሰንሰለቱ ከሀገር ቤት እስከ ውጭ የሚኖሩ ጋዜጠኞች፣ሚዲያዎች፣ አክቲቪስቶች፣ ተፎካካሪ ተብለው የተመዘገቡ፣ አንድነት ፓርቲዎች እና አቀንቃኞችን ያቀፈ ስብስብ ነው። ወደ ስራ ሲገባ ከጠቅላይ ሚኒስቴር ቢሮ ከፍተኛ በጀት ተመድቦለታል። አንድ የሶሻል ሚዲያ ካድሬ በእያንዳንዷ በሚጽፋት ክፍያ ይፈጸምለታል።”አንድ ካድሬ በዛዲግ አብርሃ በሚመራው ቡድን ምልመላ ሲያደርግ ሀገራችንን እናድን ለሀገር እንሰራ የተጀመረውን የዲሞክራሲ መንገድ ለማስቀጠል ነውጠኞችን መታገል አለብን።” በሚል የካድሬነት ጠመቃ እንደሚደረግለት መረጃውን ካደረሰን ግለሰብ ለማወቅ ተችሏል።በአሁን ወቅት በስደት የሚኖር ኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ በነበረበት ሰአት ብዙ ጊዜ እስር ያገጠመው የተቃዋሚ ፖለቲካ ድርጅ አባል የነበረ ግለሰብ ነበር። የዚህ የሶሻል ሚዲያ ካድሬ ዋና መልማይ የነበረ ሲሆን በአሁን ሰአት ከዚህ ስብስብ ውስጥ እራሱን እንዳገለለ ገልጾልናል።ወደዚህ ስብስብ ሲገባ ኢትዮጵያን ለመታደግ እንስራ በሚል ሲሆን የሱ ስራ የነበረው ከፍተኛ ተከተይ ያላቸውን የማህበራዊ ሚዲያ ተጠቃሚዎች ለዚህ አላማ ማዘጋጀት ነው። በግሉ ብቻ ብዙ ሰዎችን ወደዚህ ስብስብ እንዲገቡ ብዙ ስራ ሰርቷል። ለምሳሌ ስዩም ተሾመ፣ የትነበርክ ታደለ (በኬንያ የሚኖር)፣ ናትናኤል መኮንን ፣ ዮናታን ተስፋዬ፣ ደረጄ ሀ/ወልድ .ወ.ዘ.ተ ከአማራ ብሄርተኞች እስከ የኦሮሞ ብሄርተኞች አቀንቃኝ ነን የሚሉ ይገኙበታል። ከሚዲያዎች እና ከጋዜጠኞች እስከ ከአንድ አፍታ ሚዲያ ፣ ከአባይ ሚዲያ እስከ ኢሳት ዘሀበሻን ጨምሮ እዚህ ስብስብ ውስጥ በዋናነት የተሰለፉ ናቸው።ከነዚህ ሰዎች ውስጥ በሱ ምልመላ የገቡ እንዳሉ ይሄው መረጃ ሰጫቺን ሳይሸሽግ ገልጾልናል። የዚህ አላማ የመጀመሪያ ተመልማዮች የኢሳቶች እና ኢዜማዎች ሰዎች እንደሆኑ ይታወቃል። ጠ/ሚ አብይ አህመድ ለኢሳት 20 ሚሊዮን ብር እንዲሰጣቸው አድርጓል። የኢሳት ጋዘጠኞች ወደ ካድሬነት ጠመቃው ለማስገባት የሚፈልጉትን ግለሰብ ለማማለል ሲፈልጉ ግለሰቡ ባለበት ንጉሱ ጥላሁን ጋር ደውለው እንደሚያወሩ አንዳንዴም ተዋወቁ ብለው እንደሚያስተዋዉቋቸው በዚህ መሰል የማማለል ስትራቴጂ እንደሚጠቀሙ ከኢሳቶች ቅርበት ከነበረው ግለሰብ ለማወቅ ተችሏል።የሶሻል ሚዲያ ካድሬዎች ዋና ስራቸው ምንድነው?የሶሻል ሚዲያ ካድሬዎች ዋና ስራቸው የጠ/ሚሩ እና የብልጽግና ፕሮፓጋንዳ ስራ ይሰራሉ። ተቃዋሚ ናቸው የሚሏቸውን አካላት፣ ታዋቂ ግለሰቦችን፣ ቡድኖችን፣ ፓርቲዎችን፣ ብሄሮችን፣ የሀይማኖት መሪዎችን በህዝቡ እንዲጠሉ እና በጥርጣሬ እንዲታዩ የማድረግ ስራ በዋናነት ይሰራሉ። በተለይ “Ethnic outbidding strategy” በሚባል ስልት አገሪቱን በቀውስ አዙሪት ውስጥ በመድፈቅ፤ ከ”ዘውግ ብሔረተኛ” አደረጃጀት ለመውጣት እንደሚሰሩም ምንጫችን ገልፆልናል!ለምሳሌ ያህል በአብን ፓርቲ፣ በባልደራስ፣ በቄሮ እና በጀዋር ላይ የሚከፈቱት ዘመቻን መጥቀስ ይቻላል። መንግስት የሚፈጽማቸውን ግድያዎች እና የሰብአዊ መብት ጥሰቶችን ግለሰቦች እና ቡድኖች የፈጸሙት በማስመሰል ትልቅ ዘመቻ ይከፍታሉ። ከማህበራዊ ሚዲያ ዘመቻ እስከ ሰላማዊ ሰልፍ እስከሚደርስ ዘመቻን ያጠቃልላል። በሴኔ 15ቱ የባለስልጣናት ግድያን የአማራ አክቲቪስቶችን እና ፖለቲከኞችን የፈጸሙት ድርጊት አስመስሎ የተከፈተውን ዘመቻ ማስታወስ ይቻላል። በሞጣ ሙስሊሞች ላይ የተፈጸመውን ጥቃት ኡስታዝ አህመዲን እጁ እንዳለበት ተደርጎ የተከፈተው ዘመቻም የዚሁ ስብስብ አንድ አካል ሲሆን የጀዋር መሐመድ የግድያን ሙከራ ውሸት እንደሆነ የተገደሉት 86 ሰዎችን እሱ ያስገደለ እንደሆ ተደርጎ የተከፈቱት የሰም ማጥፋት ዘመቻዎች ይገኙበታል።ስልጠናዎች በምን መልኩ ይሰጣሉ?በጀርመን ሀገር የሚገኝ ጠበቃ እና አስተርጓሚ የሆኑት ዶ/ር ለማ ይፍራሸዋ የተባሉ ግለሰብ በአውሮፖ የሚገኙ የብልጽግና የማህበራዊ ሚዲያ ካድሬዎችን ስልጠና እንደሚሰጣቸው በጀርመን የሚገኙ የናዚ ናሽላሊዝም አቀንቃኞችን ገዢው መንግስት ተጽእኖ ይፈጥራሉ የሚባሉ ሰዎችን በተለያዩ የወንጀል ዶሴዎች በመጥቀስ በክስ እና የሚዲያ ዘመቻ ጫናን ሸሽተው እራሳቸውን እንደሚያገሉ የደረጋል። በተመሳሳይም ይሄን በኢትዮጵያ ለመድገም ተፎካካሪ ተጽእኖ ፈጣሪ የሚባሉትን ግለሰቦችን እና ቡድኖችን ከጀርመን ልምድ በመውሰድ ስልጠና እየሰጠ እንደሚገኙ ከሰልጣኞች መረጃ የደረሰን ሲሆን ወደ ተባሉት ግለሰብም ይሄን ለማረጋገጥ ደውለን ነበር።ስማቸው ዶ/ር ለማ ይፍራሸዋ እንደሚባል። ወደ ጀርመን ከመጡ ሀያ አመት እንደሆናቸው። የራሳቸው የትርጉም ስራ ድርጅት እንዳላቸው። የሶሻል ዲሞክራት አባል መሆናቸውን ገልጸውልናል። “የብልጽግና አባል አይደለሁም። ስለኢትዮጵያ ፖለቲካ ስጠየቅ በመንግስት ሚዲያ ሀሳቤን እገልጻለሁ። እኔ የሰው ልጅ እንዲጠላ የማደርገው ነገር የለም።የሰው ልጅ ተከብሮ ቢኖርበት ሀገር ነው የምኖረው። የሰው ልጅ እንዲጠላ እንዲህ አድርግ ብዬ የምመክርበት ነገር የለኝም። እኔ የህገ መንግስት የአጣሪ ጉባኤ በምርጫ ማራዘም ዙሪያ ላይ ባወጣው ማስታወቂያ ላይ የራሴን አስተያየት ጽፌለሁ። ምርጫው ይራዘም በሚል በሙያዬ የሚሰማኝን ጽፌለሁ። ስልጠና ከመስጠቱ ጋር የሚያገናኘኝ ነገር የለም።” ብለዋል።ይሄን መረጃ ያደረሰን ግለሰብ በበኩሉ የብልጽግ የሶሻል ሚዲያ ካድሬ ስልጠና በጀርመን እና በአዲስ አበባ እንደሚሰጣቸው አረጋግጦልናል።” ወደዚህ ስብስብ ሲገባ አላማው ለሀገር ጉዳይ ነበር። ሀገርን የማዳን እና ለኢትዮጵያ የተሻለ ነገር ለማበርከት ነበር። ውስጡ ገብቼ ስመለከት ግን የሚሰራው ለሀገር ሳይሆን ለስልጣን ብቻ ነው። ስለዚህ የታሰርኩት፣ የተሰደድኩት አምባገነን መንግስት ለመመስረት ሳይሆን ፍትህ የሰፈነባት ኢትዮጵያ እድትመሰረት ነው። ስለዚህ ከዚህ ስብስብ እራሴን አግልያለሁ።” ሲል ገልጾልናል።

Qabsoo Ummata Oromoo fi Jaarmiyaa Hangafa Qabsoo Kan t’e ABO Shira Nafxanyaa Irraa Tiksuun Dirqama Oromoo Hundaati. Ibsa Gabaabaa Hoganoota ABO Biyya Ambaa July 26, 2020

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.

Qabsoo Ummata Oromoo fi Jaarmiyaa Hangafa Qabsoo Kan t’e ABO Shira Nafxanyaa Irraa Tiksuun Dirqama Oromoo Hundaati. Ibsa Gabaabaa Hoganoota ABO Biyya Ambaa

Haalli siyaasaa fi nageenyi Oromiyaas ta’e waliigala Ethiopia keessa deemaa jiru,jireenya sabootaafis ta’e ummata Oromoof yaaddessaa erga ta’ee bubbuleera. Yeroo ammaa kanatti Oromiyaa dirree jeequmsaa taasisuuf jecha karoorfatamee shirri xaxamaa jiruu fi gagga’amni lubbuus ta’e qabeenya ummata Oromoo irra gahaa jiru daangaa dhabee jira. Wareegamuu artst keenya qaalii Hacaaluu Hundeessaan as loltooti mootumma Oromiyaa walii gala keessa bobba’uun maqaa ABO tiin ummata Oromoo hidhuu fi ajjeessuu akkasumas reebichaan qama miidhuu,qabeenya saamuu fi mancaasuu hojii guyyuu godhatanii itti jiru. Haalli kun yaaddessaa ta’uu ABOn irra deddeebi’ee ibsee jira. Ammatti nageenyi jaarmiyaa ABO fi KFO rakkoo guddaa keessa galee jiraachuu wanneen mirkaneessan akka armaan gadii kanatti ibsina.

1. Manni jireenya HD ABO Jaal Daawud Ibsaa human waraana mootummaa fi tikaan marfamee jira. Toorri bilbila HD biyya keessaa jalaa cite jira.

2. Waajjira Gullallee jiru konkolaataa mootummaan seenanii bahaa jiraachuutu muldhata,naannichas marsanii tohachaa jiraachuutu himama.

3. Maddeeen qabatamaa irraa akka dhagahamutti mediyaaleen motummaa booru waajjira Gullalleetti akka argaman qajeelchi kennamee jira.

4. Miseensotiin ABO nagaan bahanii galuu ykn sosso’anii hojjechuu hin dandeenye.

5. Waajjirooti ABO Oromiyaa mara keessa jiran caccabanii saamamanii qondaalotii fi dabballoonni godinoota irra jiran hidhamanii jiran.

6.Waajjiri ABO naannoo addaa Finfinnee keessa jiran samamanii jiran

7. Waajjira ABO guddaan kan Gullallee jiru sakata’amuu fi miseensootiin achi keessa jiranis qabamanii hidhamuun itti fufee jira.

9. Mootummaan miseensota ABO fi KFO harca’oo dha jedhee yaadu maallaqaan bituu fi dantaan goyyomsuun akka isaan ABO irratti shiraa yaadanii dantaa Oromoo nafxanyaa jala galchaniif shira hammana hin ja’amne xaxaa jira.

10.Hayyootii fi abbootiin qabeenyaa Oromoo ta’an maqaa ABO deggertuun Oromiyaa bakka mara keessaa funaanamanii hidhamaa jiru.

11. Caasaa mootummaa fi human Poolisii ykn waraana keessaa miseensota ABO ti jedhamanii kanneen shakkaman mana hidhaatti guuramaa jiru, kaan ammo hojii irraa arihamaa jiru. Walumaa galatti haalli QBO, ummanni keenya, ABO fi KFOn keessa jiran kun, haala ifatti deemaa jiruu fi guyya guyyaan shira keessaan qabsoo Oromoo irratti xaxamaa jiru ta’uu ummanni keenya hubatee dantaa Oromoo tiksuu fi tokkummaa qabsaawotaa eeggachuu irratti akka fuulleffatuu waamicha goona. Qaama kamuu kan hiree Oromoo duubatti deebisuu fi eenyummaa Oromoo cabsee sirna gabroonfataa Oromiyaa irratti diriirsuuf gamaa jiru sabi keenya Oromoon biyya alaa fi keessa jirtan wareega fedhe baaftanii akka dura dhaabbataa abdii guddaa namaa kenna waan ta’eef tokkummaan keessan jabaatee qabsoo Oromoo akka kunuunfattan,dhaaba keessan ABO fi KFOs akka tikfattan waamicha isinii goona.

Injifannoo Ummata Oromoof!

Adoolessa 25, 2020

Amhara regional state special forces conduct genocide against indigenous people of Qimant and Agaw July 26, 2020

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
Tags: , ,
1 comment so far

Amhara regional state special forces conduct genocide against indigenous people of Qimant and Agaw

#OromoProtests 2020 Global Solidarity Rally in Nuernberg Germany, Paris, France, Stockholm, Sweden (25 July 2020) July 25, 2020

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
Tags: , , , , ,
1 comment so far
Oromo Protests global solidarity rally in Nuernberg, Germany, 25 July 2020
Oromo Protests global solidarity rally in Nuernberg, Germany, 25 July 2020
Oromo Protests global solidarity rally in France, Paris, 25 July 2020
Oromo Protests global solidarity rally in Sweden, Stockholm, 25 July 2020


Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
Tags: , ,
1 comment so far


Waamicha Mormii fi Qoqqobbii Diinagdee Sirna Nafxanyaa Abiy Ahmad Irratti Gaggeeffamu

Waamicha uggura Geejjibaa Guutummaa OromiyaaWiixata, Adoolessa 20, 2012 [Wiixata, Adoolessa 27, 2020] irraa eegalee sochiin geejjibaa kamillee Oromiyaa keessa hinjiraatu.


Motummaan Abiy Ahmed lola gochaa fi jechaan mul’atu saba Oromoo irratti baneera. Oromoo ajjeesuun, hidhuun, dararuun, hiraarsuun, itti fufee jira. Haacaaluu ajeessudhaan agartuu keenya balleesseera. Hogganoota keenya hidhuu dhan, Oromoo saba hogganoota hin qabne godhuf tattafachaa jira. Jaarmiyalee siyaasaa Oromoota reebuu dhan, wajira isaani irraa saamuu dhan, akka Oromoon jaarmiyaa jabaa hin ijaarranne, kan ijaarrates akka hin jabeeffanne godheera. Midiyaa uummata Oromoo bal’aa kan ta’e OMN cuffuu dhaan sagalee Oromoo ugguruu baldhi naan itti fufeera. Midiyaalee Oromoo addaa addaa saatalaytiirraa buussu dhaan, kan immoo Intarneetii cufuu dhan laamsheessuuf dhabamsiisufi dhaddachaa jira. Midiyaalee motummaa adda addaa fi midiyaalee nafxanyootaa motummaa dhan deeggaramanin fayyadamee, uummata keenya sobaan maqaa xureessaa, olola yakkaa irrati ofaa, gama proppagaandaa siyaasaatin maqaa fi kabaja saba keenyaa balleessutti xiyyeeffatee dalagaa jira. Gaazexessitottaa fi aktivistota Oromoo hedduu badii tokko malee mana hidhaatti darbatee sagalee nu dhabamsiisuf tattaaffii guddaa godhaa jira. Aktivistoonni fi beektoonni Oromoo biyya alaa jiran rakkina uummatni keenya itti jiru akka addunyaatti hin ibsine jecha midiyaa hawaasaa kan akka Facebook fayyadaman irraa cufsisuf duula guddaa geggeessaat jira. Walumaa glattit, motummaan nafxanyaa Abiy Ahmed lola isa dhumaa Oromiyaa irratti baneera. Qeerroon mormii isaa itti fufa. Kaayyoon moormii marsaa ammaa, sirna nafxanyaa Abiy Ahmadiin ijaarramee lafa qabachuuf totoora’aa jiru diiggamee Oromiyaan walaboomte akka ijaaramtuuf haala mijeessuudha. Dabalataanis motummaan Abiy Ahmed humna horatee uummata keenya irratti tarkaanfii akka inni hin fudhanne laamshessuudha. Kaayyoon keenya kan yeroo gabaabaa mootummaan Naftxanyaa aangoo irra jiru hooggantoota siyaasaa Oromoo hidhee jiru akka hiikuuf harka micciiruu dha. Bifuma kanaanis kallattiiwan qabsoo armaan gadii Qeerroo guutuu Oromiyaa irraa kennamee jira.Uummatni Oromoo torbee darbe waamicha gabaa lagannaa waliif taasisee guyyaa shaniif walitti aansee adeemsisuudhaan injifannoowwan gurguddaa akka gonfate ni yaadatama. Mormii marsaa ammaa kana keessatti ammoo akka armaan gadiitti itti fufa. Waamicha uggura Geejjibaa Guutummaa OromiyaaWiixata, Adoolessa 20, 2012 [Wiixata, Adoolessa 27, 2020] irraa eegalee sochiin geejjibaa kamillee Oromiyaa keessa hinjiraatu. Daandiiwwan magaalota Oromiyaa wal agarsiisan marti guyyaa kana irraa kaasee cufaa ta’u. Haaluma Kanaan, daandiiwwan gurguddoo gara Magaalaa Finfinnee geessan dabalatee geejjibni marti akka dhaabbatu waamicha dhiyeessina. Uggurrii kun Wiixata 27 irraa egalee hojii irraa oola. Cufiinsa daandiiwwanii kana keessa Ambulaansii irraa kan hafe sochiin geejjibaa Oromiyaa keessa deemuu fi ba’u hinjiru. Sochiin uggura geejjibaa marsaa kanaa daandiiwwan magaalota walquunnamsiisan qofa irratti kan xiyyeeffatu waan ta’eef sochiin taaksii keessoo magaalotaa fi daldalli garagaraa magaalota keessatti adeemsifamu kan itti fufan ta’a. Hariiroon magaalotaa garuu addaan cita. Waamichu uggura geejjibaa guutummaa Oromiyaa kun hamma hamma Qeerroon ibsa baase akka dhaabbatuuf ifatti waamicha dhiyeessutti kan itti fufu ta’a.


1) Diinagdee Mootummaa kanaa lamsheesuuf, tooftaan jiru madda maallaqaa inni qabu googsuu ta’uu qaba. Kanaaf, uummatni keenya kallattiidhaan ta’e al-kallattiidhaan baankiiwwanii fi Inshuraansii mootummaa nafxanyaa kana deeggaran akka itti hin fayyadmne, akkasumas Baankii haaraa amma sheerin isaa gurguramaa jiru akka hin bitne waamicha dhiyeessina.

2) Mootumaan naftaxanyaa yakka adda addaa ummata keenya irratti rawwataa kan jiru maallaquma ummatumata irraa guruu fayyadamee akka ta’e ni beekama. Humna maallaqaa kana irraa cabsuuf jecha u ummanni keenya Mootummaaf Gibira akka hin kafalle.

3) Gama tajaajila geejjibaatiin kanneen sheerii warra diina ummata keenyaan ijaaraman fayyadamuu dhiisuu. Haaluma kamiinuu Oromiyaa keessa akka hin sochoone ugguruu.

4) Gama miidiyaatiin duguuggaa sanyii saba Oromoo irratti fardii labsan kanneen akka EBC, WALTA, ABBAY Media, ESAT, MEREJA tube fi ETHIO Tube, Fana fi kkf uummatni keenya akka hin daawwanne, akka hin dhaggeeffannee fi odeeffannoo akka hin kennineef waamicha dhiyeessina.

5) Qabeenya Abbootii qabeenyaa kanneen sirna Nafxanyaa kana tajaajilanii fi kanneen Artiist Haacaaluu ajjeesuu keessaatti deeggarsa godhaman jedhamanii shakkaman kanneen sirnaa kanaaf madda dinagdee ta’an kan ummatni Oromoo maqaan beeku qabeenya isaanii hunda irratti tarkaanfiin ugguru akka fudhatamu, qoqqobiin dinagdee akka irratti godhamu.


1) Sabaaf sablammootni Ityoophiyaa hiree fi egereen keessan kan ummata Oromoon walitti kan hidhate ta’uun beekamaa dha. Hawwiin keessanii fi kan ummata Oromoos walfakkataa dha. Qabsoon heeraa fi seeraa biyyaa kabachiisuf qeerroon Oromoo eegalee jiru qabsoo keessani. Kanaaf jecha akka qabsoo keenya deggertanii nu cinaa dhaabbattan asumaan waamicha isniif goona.

2) Hojjeetoota mootummaa, miseensoota Rayyaa Ittisa Biyyaa, Poolisii Oromiyaa, Humna Addaa Oromiya akkasumas humna tikaa keessa kan tajaajilaa jirtan dhalattootni Oromoo, dararaa uummata keesaan irra gahaa jiru akka hubattan ni abdanna. Qaamolee mootuumaa kan seentan lammii keessan tajaajiluuf malee dararuuf akka hin taane beektanii, yakka ummata Oromoo irratti akka hin rawwanne, qabsoo ummatni Oromoo mirga isaa eegsisuuf adeemsisaa jiru dura akka hin dhabbanne waamicha isiiniif goona.

3) Ummatni Oromoo kaadiree mootummaa wajjin quunnamtii hawaasummaa qabu mara akka dhaabu waamicha isiniif goona. Afooshaa fi ijaarsa hawaasummaa keessaa akka baafaman taasisuu, gaafa du’an ykn gaafa miseensi maatii isaanii boqote akka awwaalcha hin dhaqne, gaafa cidha isaanii akka irratti hin argamne waamicha isiniif goona.

4) Waltajjii kaadireen Bilxiginnaa magaalattis ta’e baadiyyaatti waamtu irratti akka hin argamne waamicha isiniif dhiyeessina. Namoonni ‘Jaarsolii Biyyaa’ ofiin jechuudhaan durgoo fudhattanii ykn fayyaalesummaadhaan jaarsummaadhaan motummaa kana umrii dheeressuuf olii fi gadi deemtan ammaa kaassee akka hojii akkanaa irraa of qusattan waamicha goona.


1) Tarkaanfiiwwan armaan olii keessatti manneen baruumsaa, keellaawwan fayyaa namaa fi beyladaa, iddoon leenjii qonnaan bulaa akka hin tuqamne wal hubchiifna.

2) Tarkaanfiiwwan fudhataman marti xiyyeeffannaan isaanii mootummaa sirna Nafxanyaa seeraan ala aangoo qabatee jiru ta’uun beekamaadha. Kanaaf, akkuma barsiifata Qeerroo jaarmiyaaleen amantaa hintuqaman, sirumaa gaafa danda’ame eegumsi ni taasifamaaf. Akkuma baroota darban akeessa taasifamaa ture sabaa fi sablammootni Oromiyaa keessa jiraatan qaama hawaasaa keenyaati. Kanaafuu sabaa fi sablammootaa fi manneen amantaa hunda akkuma kanaan duraa eegumsa gochuufiin barbaachisaadha .


Akkuma armaan olitti ibsame qabsoon uummatni Oromoo itti seenee jiru hanga mirgi abbaa biyyuummaa Oromoo mirkanaa’utti kan itti fufu ta’a. Kanaaf, qabsoon marsaa kanaa gaafa xumurame tooftaan qabsoo guutummaa Oromiyaatti taasifamu marsaa haaraan akka labsamu gamanumaan isin hubachiisna.

Injiifanoon Kan Ummata Oromooti



Qabsoo itti beekna, Injifannees beekna waan taheef hin yaadawinaan dhaamsa keenya.


Akkuma bara wayanee gochaa turre wal dhageefacha deemna waan taheef, labsiin marsaa kana Ayyaana Iidaa Arafaa booda haala qabatama ilaalle kan isin beeksifnu taha.

Ammaaf Qeerroon Oromiyaa ummata baldhaa Oromoo dhageefachuun Labsii Lagannaa geejjiba Magaalota gidduu Ayyaana boodaati tahu isin beeksisuu feena.Kayyoon fi galmi qabsoo kana faayida saba Oromoo tahu hunduu hubachuudha qabna. Akkuma bara wayanee haala qabatama ilaala ummata keenya dhageefacha qabsaaya turre ammas ummata keenya dhageefachuun murtii kana irra akka geenye isin beeksisuu feena.Waldhageefanne akka wayanee kuffisnetti Waldhageefanne sirna gita bittaa Nafxanyaas ni kuffifna.


Akkuma guyyaa muraasa dura isiniif ibsine mootummaan Lagannaa kana hanqisuuf kaabinoota gubbaa hanga jalatti, qaamolee nageenya fi basaastota hedduu mallaqa guddaa ramaduun bobaase jira… Duurgoon itti nyaatame mallaqnis qisaasa’eeti jira. Kuni injifannoo tokkoodha, inni lammataa eega bobbin godhamee booda haqamuu yeroo dhagahan waan qabaniif gadi dhiisan walaalani burjaajaya jiru. Kunis isaan Afaan walwalalchisuun bu’aa nuuf buuse qaba.Diinagdee mootummaa sirna nafxanyaa hedduu akka miidha jirru sabni kun hubachuudha qaba. Kanaafu Tarsiimoo bilchaata fi bu’aa saba kanaaf buusuun imalla waan taheef yaaddoo tokko hin qabaatina. Haala qabsoo itti aanu wantoota qabatamaa lafarra jiran ilaaluun Ayyaana booda guyyaa kan ibsinu taha.Haqa qabna Ni Falmanna Tarsiimoon Masakamna Ni Injifanna! Injifannoon Kan Ummata Oromooti!



#OromoProtests Global Solidarity Rally in Saskatoon Rallies for Human Rights in Ethiopia July 25, 2020

Posted by OromianEconomist in Uncategorized.
Tags: ,
1 comment so far

Protest in Saskatoon Rallies for Human Rights in Ethiopia

Saskatoon, SK, Canada / Country 600 CJWWBrad JenningsJul 24, 2020 2:48 PM

Protest in Saskatoon Rallies for Human Rights in Ethiopia

The Oromo-Canadian Community of Saskatoon held a protest Friday to bring attention to recent political developments in the country of Ethiopia.

The rally began beside the Bessborough at 22nd Street and 5th Avenue, protestors marched west up 22nd Street and then north up 3rd Avenue to meet in front of City Hall.

Organizers say the protest, which say nearly 100 people attend, is to appeal to the Canadian government to review it’s relations with the Ethiopian regime in the interest of advancing human rights, political freedom, access to information and media freedom, as well as due process of the laws for prisoners, and the right to live.  The Oromo make up the largest ethnic group of Ethiopia.  The protest also looked to condemn recent police violence, politically motivated arrests, and the killing of a prominent Oromo artist and activist.

The Saskatoon Oromo-Canadian Community made 6 requests to the Canadian government:

Call for an impartial and independent investigation of the assassination of Oromo artist and activist Haacaaluu Hundeessaa

  • Demand the immediate release of all political prisoners
  • Demand the reopening of OMN (A news network for the Oromo in Ethiopia) and reconnect the internet
  • Demand an immediate end of the illegal military command posts in Western and Southern Oromia
  • Call for democracy through the timely administration of free and fair elections
  • Call on the international community to impose sanctions if these demands are not met

Realted from Oromian Economist sources:-